CN102085120B - Force-sensor-based device for measuring orthodontic force for orthodontics - Google Patents

Force-sensor-based device for measuring orthodontic force for orthodontics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102085120B
CN102085120B CN 201110055843 CN201110055843A CN102085120B CN 102085120 B CN102085120 B CN 102085120B CN 201110055843 CN201110055843 CN 201110055843 CN 201110055843 A CN201110055843 A CN 201110055843A CN 102085120 B CN102085120 B CN 102085120B
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end
screw
connected
force
orthodontic
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CN 201110055843
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102085120A (en )
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汤文成
黄辉祥
吴斌
严斌
胡猛
李明
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东南大学
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Abstract

一种基于力传感器的牙齿矫正正畸力测量装置,包括固定架和测量主体部件,在固定架上连接有弧形架,在弧形架设有用于调整测量主体部件所处位置的调节机构,所述弧形架通过所述轴向调节机构与测量主体部件连接,所述测量主体部件包括螺杆和弹性抓紧爪,在螺杆和弹性抓紧爪之间设有调节管和力传感器,所述调节管的一端与螺杆的一端连接,调节管的另一端与力传感器的一端连接,力传感器的另一端与弹性抓紧爪连接,所述螺杆的另一端与调节机构连接。 Based on the orthodontic force measuring apparatus orthodontic force sensor, and a measurement body holder member comprising, on a holder frame connected to the curved, arcuate erection mechanism for adjusting the location of the measurement body adjusting member, the said arcuate holder axially adjustable by means of said body member connected to the measurement, the measuring body comprises a screw member and an elastic gripping claw, provided with the sensor tube and the force between the screw and an elastic gripping claw, the adjusting tube One end is connected to one end of the screw, the other end of the adjusting tube and the end of the force sensor is connected to the other end of the elastic claw grip force sensor is connected, the other end of the screw is connected to the adjustment mechanism. 本发明能够实现多齿正畸力同时测量,而且能够在口腔内直接测量。 The present invention enables simultaneous measurement of orthodontic force polydentate, and can be measured directly in the mouth.

Description

基于力传感器的牙齿矫正正畸力测量装置 Based on the force sensor orthodontic orthodontic force measuring device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于口腔正畸矫治中的微量正畸力体内测量技术领域,特别涉及人体牙齿矫正的正畸力快速测量装置。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field vivo measurement of trace orthodontic appliance orthodontic force, particularly to orthodontic force human orthodontic fast measurement apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 临床矫治中,正畸力是通过弓丝变形产生回弹力来实现的,正畸力的大小与弓丝变形程度密切相关,正畸力的测量对于临床矫治具有重要的指导意义。 [0002] The clinical treatment, the orthodontic arch wire force is generated by the deformation resilience to achieve, it is closely related to the size and the degree of deformation of orthodontic arch wire force, orthodontic force measurement for clinical treatment of important guiding significance.

[0003]目前国内的微量正畸力测量装置是基于体外测量的,并且借助于卡尺等测量工具间接测量正畸力。 [0003] Currently trace orthodontic force measuring device is based on in vitro measurements, caliper measurement tool by means of indirect measurement orthodontic force. 需要翻印牙模,成本比较高;通过游标卡尺测量,精度不高,且误差比较大;测量之前需要另用其它弓丝和托槽绑扎到牙模上,操作复杂,而且测量并非是同一对象。 Permission to reproduce the dental cast, the cost is relatively high; by caliper measurements, accuracy is not high, and the error is relatively large; need for another binding with other archwire and bracket to the dental model prior to the measurement, complicated operation, and the measurement is not the same object. 国外有介绍将应力传感器集成于灵敏托槽内,通过测量应力来获得正畸力,还只是用于体外牙模测量,而且每次只能对一个牙模进行测量,此种方法需要借助计算机进行数据处理,将应力转换为相应的力值,测量复杂,不宜为正畸师所掌握。 Introduce foreign stress sensors are integrated in the tank spirit Mintuo be obtained by measuring the stress of orthodontic forces, but also for the in vitro measurement of the dental cast and the mold can only be measured on a tooth, this method needs the computer data processing, converted to the corresponding stress force value measured complex to be mastered for the orthodontic division.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明提供了一种能够方便实现多齿正畸力同时测量,而且能够在口腔内直接测量的基于力传感器的牙齿矫正正畸力测量装置。 [0004] The present invention provides a plurality of teeth can be easily achieved simultaneously orthodontic force measurement, and corrective orthodontic tooth force sensor based on a force measuring device can be directly measured in the oral cavity.

[0005] 本发明采用如下技术方案: [0005] The present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0006] 一种基于力传感器的牙齿矫正正畸力测量装置,包括固定架和测量主体部件,在固定架上连接有弧形架,在弧形架设有用于调整测量主体部件所处位置的调节机构,所述弧形架通过所述轴向调节机构与测量主体部件连接,所述测量主体部件包括螺杆和弹性抓紧爪,在螺杆和弹性抓紧爪之间设有调节管和力传感器,所述调节管的一端与螺杆的一端连接,调节管的另一端与力传感器的一端连接,力传感器的另一端与弹性抓紧爪连接,所述螺杆的另一端与调节机构连接。 [0006] Based on the orthodontic force measuring apparatus orthodontic force sensor, and a measuring body comprising a holder member, the holder is connected to the arcuate frame, for adjusting the arc is stretched to adjust the location of the measurement body member mechanism, said arcuate frame by means of the axially adjustable member connected with the measuring body, the measuring body comprises a screw member and an elastic gripping claw, provided with the sensor tube and the force between the screw and an elastic gripping claw, the One end of one end of the tube is connected to adjustment screw, adjusting the another end of the tube and the force sensor is connected to the other end of the elastic claw grip force sensor is connected, the other end of the screw is connected to the adjustment mechanism.

[0007] 与现有技术相比,本发明具有如下优点: [0007] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0008] 利用弧形架中的固定槽可实现测量装置的角度快速调节;通过调节螺母可快速实现测量装置的前后伸缩;借助调节管可根据牙齿的姿态快速实现检测装置的姿态调整;抽出插拔垫片,(图1)将弓丝变形产生的正畸力(见图6)传递给弹性抓紧爪,并传递到力传感器,于是便测量出正畸力的大小(从力传感器读取)。 [0008] The use of arcuate holder fixing groove angle measuring device can be achieved quickly adjusted; fast forward and backward measuring apparatus achieved by adjusting the nut; conditioning duct by means of the posture adjustment can be achieved quickly detecting apparatus according to the posture of the tooth; extraction plug pull shim (FIG. 1) will force the orthodontic archwire modification (see FIG. 6) is passed to an elastic gripping claw, and is transmitted to the force sensor, so they orthodontic force measured magnitude (read from the force sensor) . 弧形架中的检测装置的数量可根据需要而快速调整。 Number detecting means arcuate rack may be quickly adjusted as needed. 本发明工装拆卸、组装方便,有利于测量装置的消毒以及维护等操作。 Removing tooling of the present invention, easy assembly, useful for measuring the sterilizing apparatus and maintenance operations. 本发明设计的测量装置,结构相对简单,借助于力传感器、调节管和调节螺母,可较快速实现口腔内正畸力的测量,省去了口腔内取模、翻模的过程及成本,利用该装置可以根据牙齿的不同姿态进行局部装置调整,可实现同时测量多个牙齿受到的正畸力。 Measuring device is designed according to the invention, a relatively simple structure by means of a force sensor, a tube and the adjusting nut, the measurement can be more quickly achieved orthodontic force, eliminating the modulo the oral cavity, the process of turning model and cost, using the device may be adjusted according to different local apparatus teeth posture, allows the simultaneous measurement of orthodontic force by the plurality of teeth.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0009] 图1是正畸力测量装置的主体结构示意图。 [0009] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the main structure orthodontic force measuring device. [0010] 图2是本发明的BB剖视图。 [0010] FIG. 2 is a BB sectional view of the present invention.

[0011] 图3是测量主体部件结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the measurement main body structure member.

[0012] 图4是托槽结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the bracket structure.

[0013] 图5是本发明的结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.

[0014] 图6是正畸力产生示意图。 [0014] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the orthodontic force.

[0015]1.弧形架2.调节管3.力传感器4.弹性抓紧爪5.托槽6.插拔垫片7.底板8.螺母9.垫片10.垫片11.调节螺母12.弓丝13.固定架14.螺杆15.固定槽。 [0015] 1. arcuate frame 2. The force sensor conditioning duct 3. 4. 5. resilient claw grip bracket plate 6. 7. 8. plug gasket nut 10. The spacer washer 11. 9. adjustment nut 12 archwire 13. The bracket 14 of the screw 15. The fixing groove.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0016] 一种基于力传感器的牙齿矫正正畸力测量装置,包括固定架13和测量主体部件,在固定架13上连接有弧形架1,在弧形架I设有用于调整测量主体部件所处位置的调节机构,所述弧形架I通过所述轴向调节机构与测量主体部件连接,所述测量主体部件包括螺杆14和弹性抓紧爪4,在螺杆14和弹性抓紧爪4之间设有调节管2和力传感器3,所述调节管2的一端与螺杆14的一端连接,调节管2的另一端与力传感器3的一端连接,力传感器3的另一端与弹性抓紧爪4连接,所述螺杆14的另一端与调节机构连接。 [0016] Based on the orthodontic force measuring apparatus orthodontic force sensor, comprising a measurement body holder member 13 and, on the holder 13 is connected to the arcuate frame 1, frame I arcuate body member is provided for adjusting the measurement location of the adjustment mechanism, the connection between the arcuate frame I adjusting mechanism 4 through the measurement of the body member axially, said measuring means comprises a screw body 14 and an elastic gripping claw 4, the screw 14 and the resilient claw grip 2 and the force sensor is provided with adjusting tube 3, one end of the adjusting screw 14 connected to one end of the tube 2, the other end of the adjusting tube 2 one end of the force sensor 3 is connected to the other end of the elastic force sensor 3 and the gripping claw 4 is connected , the other end of the screw 14 is connected with the adjusting mechanism. 在本实施例中,调节机构包括设在弧形架I上的固定槽15,所述固定槽15的横截面由两个背靠背的喇叭形截面构成,所述螺杆14伸入固定槽15,且在螺杆14上套设有能够与固定槽15形成配合的第一垫片9和第二垫片10,所述第一垫片9和第二垫片10分别位于弧形架I的两侧,并且所述的测量主体部件由设在螺杆14的调节螺母11调整并固定在弧形架I上。 In the present embodiment, the adjustment mechanism comprises a rack disposed in an arcuate groove 15 is fixed I cross section of the fixing groove 15 is constituted by the horn-section of two back to back, the fixing screw 14 extends into the groove 15, and 14 is provided in the sleeve 9 is capable of forming a first spacer and a second spacer engaged with the fixing groove 1510, the first spacer 9 and the second gasket 10 are located on both sides of the arc-shaped screw holder I, and said body member is adjusted by the measurement adjusting nut 11 provided in the screw 14 and fixed to the arcuate frame I. 在本实施例中,弹性抓紧爪4的两个爪子之间装有拉紧弹簧,弹性抓紧爪的尾端与力传感器固定连接。 In the present embodiment, the elastic gripping jaws between two claws 4 with the tension spring, the trailing end of the elastic claw grip is fixedly connected with the force sensor.

[0017] 实施方法: [0017] The procedure:

[0018] 采用本装置进行牙齿矫正时正畸力的测量步骤如下: [0018] The present apparatus orthodontic orthodontic force test procedure as follows:

[0019] (I)根据患者需要正畸矫治的牙齿数量配置好测量组件(图3)个数; [0019] (I) the configuration according to the number of teeth of the orthodontic patient in need of a good measurement assembly (FIG. 3) number;

[0020] (2)将托槽底板7、插拔垫片6和托槽5用螺母8装配到一起,然后根据正畸矫治要求,将所有装配好的托槽底板外表面分别粘结到各个牙冠上。 [0020] (2) the bracket plate 7, the gasket 6 and the plug 5 together with the bracket 8 is fitted a nut, and then according to claim orthodontic treatment, all the surfaces are bonded outer bottom bracket assembled to each on the crown.

[0021] (3)将弯制好的弓丝12根据医学治疗要求绑扎到托槽5槽沟内。 [0021] (3) The good bending ligating the archwire 12 to the bracket 5 Trenches medical treatment according to the requirements.

[0022] (4)根据被测托槽在患者口腔内的位置,粗略布置好测量组件在弧形架I中的位置,通过调节螺母11大致调整装置头部在弧形架中的径向前后位置; Before and [0022] (4) The position of the brackets measured in the patient's mouth, the coarse position measurement arrangement well arcuate rack assembly I, radial head means is substantially arcuate rack 11 is adjusted by adjusting nut position;

[0023] (5)将正畸力测量装置(图5)戴在患者头上,并调节好测量装置头部与患者牙齿上托槽之间的位置; [0023] (5) The orthodontic force measuring device (FIG. 5) worn on a patient's head, and adjust the position between the head and the bracket means on a better measure the patient's teeth;

[0024] (6)细调测量装置头部,控制调节管2,使力传感器3中心线垂直于托槽底平面,将弹性抓紧爪4依次扣入托槽,使弹性抓紧爪前平面与托槽底平面达到面面接触,并抓紧托槽,依次记录此时力传感器3的读数; [0024] (6) the fine measuring device head, the control conditioning duct 2, so that the force sensor 3 to the tray bottom plane perpendicular to the centerline, the elastic gripping jaws 4 turn buckle nursery groove, the elastic gripping claw and the bracket front plane reaches the bottom plane surface contact and gripping bracket, a force sensor reading sequentially recorded case 3;

[0025] (7)旋出螺母8,抽去插拔垫片,读出此时对应测量装置头部力传感器的读数,然后再将螺母8旋上,重复此步骤依次记录各个读数。 [0025] (7) unscrewing the nut 8, removing the plug gasket, this time corresponding to the read head of the measuring device a force sensor readings, and then the nut 8 is screwed, this step is repeated sequentially reading each record.

[0026] (8)将前后传感器的读数对应作差,即可求出不同牙齿上的正畸力的大小值。 [0026] (8) corresponding to the sensor readings as a difference before and after, to obtain orthodontic force magnitude values ​​on different teeth.

Claims (2)

  1. 1. 一种基于力传感器的牙齿矫正正畸力测量装置,其特征在于,包括固定架(13)和测量主体部件,在固定架(13)上连接有弧形架(I ),在弧形架(I)设有用于调整测量主体部件所处位置的调节机构,所述弧形架(I)通过所述调节机构与测量主体部件连接,所述测量主体部件包括螺杆(14)和弹性抓紧爪(4),在螺杆(14)和弹性抓紧爪(4)之间设有调节管(2)和力传感器(3),所述调节管(2)的一端与螺杆(14)的一端连接,调节管(2)的另一端与力传感器(3)的一端连接,力传感器(3)的另一端与弹性抓紧爪(4)连接,所述螺杆(14)的另一端与调节机构连接。 An orthodontic orthodontic force based on force sensor measuring apparatus, characterized by including retention mechanism (13) and the measurement body member in the holder (13) is connected to the arcuate frame (the I), the arcuate frame (I) provided with adjustment means for adjusting the location of the measurement body member, said arcuate frame (I) is connected by means of the adjusting member and the measuring body, the measuring body comprises a screw member (14) and an elastic gripping pawl (4), between the screw (14) and an elastic gripping claw (4) provided with conditioning duct (2) and a force sensor (3), one end of said adjusting end of the tube (2) with a screw (14) is connected one end of the adjusting tube (2) and the other end of the force sensor (3) is connected to the other end of the force sensor (3) with an elastic grip claw (4), said screw (14) is connected to the other end of the adjustment mechanism.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的基于力传感器的牙齿矫正正畸力测量装置,其特征在于,调节机构包括设在弧形架(I)上的固定槽(15),所述固定槽(15)的横截面由两个背靠背的喇叭形截面构成,所述螺杆(14)伸入固定槽(15),且在螺杆(14)上套设有能够与固定槽(15)形成配合的第一垫片(9)和第二垫片(10),所述第一垫片(9)和第二垫片(10)分别位于弧形架(I)的两侧,并且所述的测量主体部件由设在螺杆(14)的调节螺母(11)调整并固定在弧形架(I)上。 The orthodontic orthodontic force based on force sensor measurement device, of claim 1 wherein the adjustment mechanism comprises a rack disposed in an arcuate (I) of the fixing groove (15), said fixing groove (15 claim ) cross section consists of two back to back flared cross section, said screw (14) extends into the fixing groove (15), and a first screw (14) can be provided on the sleeve (15) is formed with a fixing groove gasket (9) and second spacers (10), said first gasket (9) and second spacers (10) on each side of the arcuate frame (I), and the measurement of the body member (11) provided by the adjustment screw (14) of the adjustment nut and fixed to the arcuate frame (I).
CN 201110055843 2011-03-09 2011-03-09 Force-sensor-based device for measuring orthodontic force for orthodontics CN102085120B (en)

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CN103054658B (en) * 2012-12-18 2015-01-28 浙江工业大学 Modeling method of oral cavity model used for individual three-dimensional orthodontic force test
CN106580509B (en) * 2016-12-02 2018-03-16 浙江工业大学 The appliances quasi-dynamic force measuring method and device can be simulated at any time of treatment
CN106725943B (en) * 2017-02-03 2018-08-10 华侨大学 Species suitable for printing 3d dental model articulator

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EP0574868A2 (en) 1992-06-17 1993-12-22 Helge Arndt Installation for guiding a dental instrument or a measuring device and method of preparing teeth and of producing restorations
DE10017119A1 (en) 2000-04-06 2001-10-31 Fischer Brandies Helge Device for measuring forces acting on teeth, teeth models and/or implants has sensors for detecting spatial force and/or torque components on teeth, model tooth crowns, dentures, implants
CN202060909U (en) 2011-03-09 2011-12-07 东南大学 Orthodontic force measuring device based on force sensor

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EP0574868A2 (en) 1992-06-17 1993-12-22 Helge Arndt Installation for guiding a dental instrument or a measuring device and method of preparing teeth and of producing restorations
DE10017119A1 (en) 2000-04-06 2001-10-31 Fischer Brandies Helge Device for measuring forces acting on teeth, teeth models and/or implants has sensors for detecting spatial force and/or torque components on teeth, model tooth crowns, dentures, implants
CN202060909U (en) 2011-03-09 2011-12-07 东南大学 Orthodontic force measuring device based on force sensor

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