CN102071795A - Light high strength composite template - Google Patents

Light high strength composite template Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102071795A
CN102071795A CN 201010576114 CN201010576114A CN102071795A CN 102071795 A CN102071795 A CN 102071795A CN 201010576114 CN201010576114 CN 201010576114 CN 201010576114 A CN201010576114 A CN 201010576114A CN 102071795 A CN102071795 A CN 102071795A
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China
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panel
inner core
high strength
composite template
strength composite
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CN 201010576114
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Chinese (zh)
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陆雪荣
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常熟科盈复合材料有限公司
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Priority to CN 201010576114 priority Critical patent/CN102071795A/en
Publication of CN102071795A publication Critical patent/CN102071795A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a light high strength composite template, belonging to the technical field of construction members used for building operation. The composite template comprises an inner core body, a first panel, a second panel and a sealing stripe, wherein the first panel is combined with one side of the inner core body, the second panel is combined with the other side of the inner core body, the sealing stripe is combined with the edge part around the inner core body and is combined with the edge part of the first panel and the edge part of the second panel, the first panel and the second panel are made from glass fiber reinforced plastics, the inner core body is made from polypropylene, and the sealing stripe is a sealing rubber stripe. The invention has the advantages that the weight is light, the intensity of filed operation can be reduced, the composite template is convenient to carry and transport, and the construction efficiency is improved; the work load of cleaning care on the template after the template is used is reduced, the surface of a building can be ensured to be bright and clean, and the work load of brushing on the surface can be reduced; the repeated utilization factor is high, the composite template can be recycled for pelleting after being abandoned, thus the use cost is reduced and the resource is saved.

Description

轻质高强度复合模板 Lightweight high strength composite template

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于建筑施工构件技术领域,具体涉及一种轻质高强度复合模板。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of building construction element, particularly relates to a lightweight high strength composite template. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 已有技术中通常使用钢模板作为建筑施工用的模板,钢模板具有强度高重复使用性强的长处,但是客观上存在以下欠缺:其一,质量大即笨重,施工作业劳动强度大;其二, 由于易与水泥砂浆粘结,因此在每次使用后需要对钢模板的表面人为清洁,并且在清洁后涂抹脱模剂;其三,施工效率低下,影响工期的及时快捷进展;其四,一旦出现变形,难以修校,只能作为废钢材回收给物资再生利用单位,因此使用成本较大;其五,由于钢模板自身因时间的推移而出现表面氧化并且产生密布的凹坑和突起,尤其是在使用过程中造成的凸凹缺陷较多,因此浇铺水泥砂浆或称混凝土作业完成并且渡过保养期后,当撤去钢模板后, 浇铺的建筑物表面粗糙不平,需由后续的表面粉刷得以弥补,故粉刷工作量大并且大量耗取粉刷用的材料,特别是后续粉刷的 [0002] The generally used prior art construction as the steel template with the template, the template having a high strength steel reusable strong advantages, but there is a lack of objective: First, i.e. bulky large mass, large labor-intensive construction work ; Second, since the easily bonded with cement mortar, it is necessary after each use to clean the surface of the steel artificial template, and a release agent applied after cleaning; Third, low construction efficiency, timely and efficient progress of the duration of the impact; Fourth, once the deformation occurs, correction is difficult to repair, recycling waste steel only as a material recycling units, the use of large costs; Fifth, the template itself steel surface oxidation occurs due to the passage of time since the pits and produce clouds and projections, especially caused by defects in the course of punch and more, so shop pouring cement mortar or concrete, said the job is completed and the maintenance period after the tide, when removed steel formwork, pouring shop buildings rough surface, to be made to make up subsequent surface stucco, stucco work so large and a large amount of extractive material with paint, in particular painted subsequent 料因无法与浇铺基础可靠结合,故易出现剥落现象; 其六,由于制作钢模板需耗用宝贵的钢材资源,不利于体现资源节约型精神。 Inability to lay the basis of reliable materials combined with water, it is prone to flaking; Sixth, due to the production of steel formwork steel to be consumed valuable resources, is not conducive to reflect resource-saving spirit.

[0003] 或许有人会提出:既然钢模板存在并不限于上面所例举的欠缺,那么可以使用木模板取代。 [0003] One might propose: Since the steel template exists is not limited to the above-mentioned lack of, you can replace a wooden template. 然而,木模板也有其自身的不足,例如大多只能一次性使用,由于是一次性使用, 因此毫无标准化、规格化可言,通常在建筑现场临时制作,即,边制作边搭建;因大量耗用木材资源而给环境产生影响;施工效率低;后续粉刷工程量大,等等。 However, wood template also has its own shortcomings, such as most of the time use only, due to the one-time use, so there is no standardization, normalization at all, is usually temporary production at the building site, namely, the production side edge structures; due to the large number of consumption of timber resources and the impact on the environment; construction of low efficiency; follow-up paint large projects, and so on.

[0004] 因此有必要对已有技术中的模板进行改进,本申请人还对专利文献进行了检索, 但是未见诸有得以弥补前述模板的技术问题的可借鉴的启示,经本申请人的有益探索和反复尝试,找到了解决问题的办法,下面将要介绍的技术方案便是在这种背景下产生的。 [0004] It is essential to the prior art to improve the template, the present applicant has also patent literature retrieval, but is not seen in revealing the aforementioned technical problems to make up the template can draw, by the present applicant useful exploration and repeated attempts to find a solution to the problem, the following technical solutions will be introduced in this context is generated.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的任务在于提供一种有助于减轻质量而籍以降低施工作业的作业强度、便于运输及搬运以及提高施工效率,有利于保障表面平整度和光洁度而籍以避免与水泥砂浆粘结并且减少撤模后对建筑物的表面粉刷的工程量,有益于提高重复使用率并且确保可回收性而籍以降低使用成本及节约资源的轻质高强度复合模板。 [0005] The object of the invention is to provide a quality membership helps reduce the strength of the job to reduce the construction work, easy to transport and handling and increase construction efficiency, help protect the surface flatness and finish while membership to avoid cement mortar bond and reducing the amount of the project after withdrawal of the mold painted surfaces of buildings, and to ensure beneficial to improve the reusability and recyclability membership to reduce the cost and resource saving lightweight high strength composite template.

[0006] 本发明的任务是这样来完成的,一种轻质高强度复合模板,包括内芯体、第一、第二面板和封边条,第一面板结合在内芯体的一侧,第二面板结合在内芯体的另一侧,封边条与内芯体的四周边缘部位相结合并且与第一面板的边缘部位以及第二面板的边缘部位结合,所述的第一面板和第二面板均为玻璃钢,而所述的内芯体为聚丙烯,而所述的封边条为密封胶条。 [0006] The object of the present invention is accomplished, a lightweight high strength composite template, comprising an inner core, a first, a second panel and the edge strip, a first side panel connecting the inner core, binding the other side of the inner core of the second panel, with the edge strip around the edge portion of the inner core and combined with the combined edge portions of the first panel and the edge portion of the second panel, the first panel and the second panel are glass, steel, and said inner core is polypropylene, and said sealing strip for the edge strip.

[0007] 在本发明的一个具体的实施例中,所述的内芯体与所述的第一面板之间还设置有第一阻隔层,而内芯体与第二面板之间还设置有第二阻隔层。 [0007] In one particular embodiment of the present invention, there is also provided a first barrier layer between said inner core member with said first panel, and also disposed between the inner core and the second panel The second barrier layer.

[0008] 在本发明的另一个具体的实施例中,所述的内芯体为蜂窝状的构造。 [0008] In another specific embodiment of the present invention, the inner core is a honeycomb structure.

[0009] 在本发明的又一个具体的实施例中,所述的第一、第二阻隔层均为无纺布。 [0009] In a further particular embodiment of the present invention embodiment, the first, second barrier layer are non-woven. [0010] 在本发明的再一个具体的实施例中,所述的内芯体的四周边缘部位构成有一环通的嵌合槽,所述的封边条朝向所述的内芯体的一侧延伸有一位置与嵌合槽相对应的并且与嵌合槽相适配的嵌合突缘,嵌合突缘嵌入所述的嵌合槽内。 [0010] In a specific embodiment In yet another embodiment of the present invention, around the edge portion of said inner core body is formed with a through-ring fitting groove, the edge strip toward one side of the inner core extends a position corresponding to the fitting groove and the fitting flange adapted to fitting groove, the fitting groove of the flange is fitted into the fitting.

[0011] 在本发明的还有一个具体的实施例中,所述的嵌合槽的横截面形状呈U形或燕尾形。 [0011] In yet a particular embodiment of the present invention, the cross-sectional shape of the fitting groove of U-shaped or dovetail.

[0012] 在本发明的更而一个具体的实施例中,所述的嵌合槽构成于所述内芯体的高度方向的居中部位。 [0012] In more and a specific embodiment of the present invention, the fitting groove configured in a height direction of the center portion of the inner core.

[0013] 本发明提供的技术方案由聚丙烯作为内芯体,由玻璃钢作为第一、第二面板并且由封边条对内芯体的四周边缘部位封护,因此具有重量轻,可降低施工作业的作业强度、便于搬运和运输以及提高施工效率的长处;因第一、第二面板为表面光洁的玻璃钢,因此不易与水泥砂浆粘结,减轻使用后对模板的清护工作量并且能保障建筑物表面的光洁性,减少表面粉刷工作量;重复利用率高并且在废弃后可回收再造粒,降低使用成本并且节约资源。 [0013] The present invention provides a technical solution of a polypropylene inner core, fiberglass as the first, the second panel and the inner edge portion of the core four weeks by the protective edge strip seal, thus having a light weight, can reduce construction job job strength, ease of handling and transportation efficiency as well as improve the construction strengths; by the first, second panel surface finish fiberglass, cement mortar it is not easy to bond, to reduce the workload of the template clear protection after use and to protect smooth surface of the building, reducing the workload of the surface paint; high reuse waste and recyclable after granulation, reduce the cost and save resources.

附图说明, BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF,

[0014] 图1为本发明的实施例结构图。 [0014] FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the invention. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015] 为了使专利局的审查员尤其是公众能够更加清楚地理解本发明的技术实质和有益效果,申请人将在下面以实施例的方式作详细说明,但是对实施例的描述均不是对本发明方案的限制,任何依据本发明构思所作出的仅仅为形式上的而非实质性的等效变换都应视为本发明的技术方案范畴。 [0015] In order to make the examiner particular public offices can be more clearly understood from the technical spirit of the present invention and the advantageous effects, the applicant will be described below by way of example of the detailed description, the description of the embodiments of the present embodiments are not limiting scheme of the invention, any merely formal and not substantive equivalent transformation in accordance with the inventive concept made technical solutions should be considered the scope of the invention.

[0016] 请见图1,给出了构成本发明轻质高强度复合模板的内芯体1,该内芯体1由聚丙烯(PP)材料制作,并且内芯体1为多孔状的构造,本实施例将内芯体1构成为蜂窝状的构造,如果将蜂窝孔变异为圆孔状成三角形或其它类似的形式,那么应当视为等效性变换而依然受到本发明的权利要求的保护。 [0016] See Figure 1, shows the inner core of the present invention constitutes a high strength lightweight composite template 1, the core body 1 is made of polypropylene (PP) material, and the inner core 1 is a porous structure , the present embodiment the inner core 1 constituting a honeycomb structure, if the variation of the honeycomb-shaped circular triangular or other similar forms, it should be considered equivalent conversion is still subject to the claims of the present invention requires protection. 在内芯体1的四周的边缘部位开设有一道贯通(也可称环通)的嵌合槽11,该嵌合槽11的横截面形状既可以是U形,也可以是燕尾形或其它类似的形状,本实施例选择U形,并且嵌合槽11位于内芯体1的高度方向的居中部位。 The inner peripheral portion around the core 1 defines a through (also known as loop-through) of the fitting groove 11, the cross-sectional shape of the fitting groove 11 may be a U-shaped, and may be a dovetail or other similar shape, the present embodiment selects a U-shape, and the fitting groove 11 centrally located within the core portion in the height direction of the body 1.

[0017] 继请见图1,作为构成本发明的轻质高强度模板的第一面板2粘固于前述的内芯体1的一侧的表面,而第二面板3粘固于内芯体1的另一侧的表面。 [0017] Following see Figure 1, the first panel as a lightweight high-strength cement template 2 in the configuration of the present invention, one surface of the core body 1, while the second panel 3 is adhered to the inner core a surface of the other side. 第一、第二面板2、3的材料为玻璃钢(FRP),表面均十分光洁。 First and second panels 2 and 3 of glass fiber reinforced plastic material (the FRP), are very smooth surface. 为了避免在将第一、第二面板2、3与内芯体1结合时所用的胶粘剂(胶浆)侵入前述的蜂窝状的孔内,因此在内芯体1的一侧与第一面板2 之间增设有一第一阻隔层5,以及在内芯体1的另一侧与第二面板3之间增设有一第二阻隔层6,第一、第二阻隔层5、6均优选使用无纺布。 In order to avoid the adhesive 1 when the combined first and second panels 2 and 3 and the core body is used (dope) invade the pores of honeycomb, and therefore the inner side of the core 1 with the first panel 2 adding between a first barrier layer 5, the inner core and the addition of a second barrier layer 6 between the second 3 and the other side panel 1, the first and second barrier layers 5, 6 are preferably nonwoven cloth. 作为构成本发明方案的封边条4设置在内芯体1的四周边缘部位,与内芯体1相嵌合,并且还与第一、第二面板2、3的彼此面对面的边缘部位相结合,封边条4的材料为具有一定弹性的密封胶条,以便在使用时适应用于固定模板的扣件(紧固件)。 As the edge strip around the edge portion 4 constituting the embodiment of the present invention provided the inner core 1, the inner core 1 is fitted, and also combined with the first, second edge portions facing each other the panels 2 , the edge strip material is a sealing strip 4 having a certain elasticity, to accommodate a fastener (a fastener) for securing the template in use. 在封边条4朝向内芯体1的一侧并且与嵌合槽11相对应的位置延伸有与嵌合槽11相适配的嵌合突缘41,嵌合突缘41嵌入嵌合槽11内。 4 and extends toward the side of the inner core 1 and the edge strip fitting groove 11 corresponding to the position of the flange fitting 11 and the fitting groove 41 adapted to the fitting flange 41 fits in the fitting groove 11 Inside.

[0018] 在本实施例中,嵌合槽11数量为一条并且位于内芯体1的高度方向的中部,然而如果合理增加嵌合槽11的数量,并且相应地增加嵌合突缘41的数量,那么应当视为未脱本发明所限定的技术方案的保护范围。 [0018] In the present embodiment, the number of 11 and a fitting groove is located in the middle in the height direction of the inner core 1, however, if a reasonable increase in the number of fitting grooves 11, and correspondingly increase the number of the flange 41 of the fitting , it should be considered not off the scope of the invention as defined in the technical solution. 本发明由上述实施例所得到的模板的长度和宽度并不需要特别限定,具体可以依据需要而确定。 Example embodiments of the present invention obtained by the length and width of the template does not require particularly limited, and may be determined according to the specific needs.

[0019] 申请人将上述实施例得到的轻质高强度模板在保密措施下进行了模拟使用,结果表明,完全能体现在技术效果栏中所述的所有技术效果,因而不失为是一个极致的技术方案。 [0019] The lightweight high strength applicant template obtained above embodiment was simulated using the security measures, the results show that fully reflected in all of the technical effects in the art field effect, and thus is regarded as an extreme technique Program.

Claims (7)

1 一种轻质高强度复合模板,其特征在于包括内芯体(1)、第一、第二面板(2、;3)和封边条G),第一面板O)结合在内芯体(1)的一侧,第二面板(3)结合在内芯体(1)的另一侧,封边条(4)与内芯体(1)的四周边缘部位相结合并且与第一面板O)的边缘部位以及第二面板C3)的边缘部位结合,所述的第一面板(¾和第二面板C3)均为玻璃钢,而所述的内芯体(1)为聚丙烯,而所述的封边条(4)为密封胶条。 1. A lightweight high strength composite template, characterized by comprising an inner core (1), first and second panels (2; 3) and the edge strip G), the first panel O) to the inner core side (1), and another second panel (3) in conjunction with the inner core body (1) side of the edge strip (4) and the inner core (1) of the peripheral edges and combined with the portion of the first panel O) and the edge portion of the second panel C3) combined edge portions, said first panel (¾ second panel and C3) are fiberglass, and said inner core (1) is a polypropylene, and the said edge strip (4) is a sealing strip.
2.根据权利要求1所述的轻质高强度复合模板,其特征在于所述的内芯体(1)与所述的第一面板(¾之间还设置有第一阻隔层(5),而内芯体(1)与第二面板C3)之间还设置有第二阻隔层(6)。 2. The lightweight high strength composite template according to claim 1, wherein said inner core (1) with said first panel (¾ further provided between the first barrier layer (5), and further provided between the inner core (1) and the second panel C3) has a second barrier layer (6).
3.根据权利要求1所述的轻质高强度复合模板,其特征在于所述的内芯体(1)为蜂窝状的构造。 3. The lightweight high strength composite template according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner core (1) according to a honeycomb structure.
4.根据权利要求2所述的轻质高强度复合模板,其特征在于所述的第一、第二阻隔层(5,6)均为无纺布。 4. The lightweight high strength composite template according to claim 2, wherein said first, second barrier layer (5, 6) are non-woven.
5.根据权利要求1所述的轻质高强度复合模板,其特征在于所述的内芯体(1)的四周边缘部位构成有一环通的嵌合槽(11),所述的封边条(4)朝向所述的内芯体(1)的一侧延伸有一位置与嵌合槽(11)相对应的并且与嵌合槽(11)相适配的嵌合突缘(41),嵌合突缘(41)嵌入所述的嵌合槽(11)内。 5. The lightweight high strength composite template according to claim 1, wherein a peripheral edge portion of the inner core (1) constituting the ring through a fitting groove (11), said edge strip side (4) facing the inner core (1) extending in said fitting flange (41) and a position of the fitting groove (11) and corresponding to the fitting groove (11) adapted, fitted joint flange (41) fitted within said fitting groove (11).
6.根据权利要求5所述的轻质高强度复合模板,其特征在于所述的嵌合槽(11)的横截面形状呈U形或燕尾形。 6. The lightweight high strength composite template according to claim 5, characterized in that the cross-sectional shape of the fitting groove (11) of said U-shaped or dovetail.
7.根据权利要求5所述的轻质高强度复合模板,其特征在于所述的嵌合槽(11)构成于所述内芯体(1)的高度方向的居中部位。 The lightweight high strength composite template according to claim 5, wherein said fitting groove (11) constituting the center portion in the height direction of said inner core member (1).
CN 201010576114 2010-12-07 2010-12-07 Light high strength composite template CN102071795A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06212791A (en) * 1993-01-19 1994-08-02 Shinko Kigyo Kk Synthetic resin unit form for architectural form
CN2499492Y (en) * 2001-08-06 2002-07-10 卢兴明 Combined glass fiber reinforced plastic formwork
CN1657275A (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-08-24 冷鹭浩 Rectangular plastic plate with cellular sandwich
CN2723597Y (en) * 2004-08-30 2005-09-07 北京玻璃钢研究设计院 Composite material building formwork
WO2008095897A1 (en) * 2007-02-08 2008-08-14 Europlastica Srl Panel for poured concrete retaining walls of concrete forms, particularly for concrete slab forms or the like and process of making such panel
CN201908435U (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-07-27 常熟科盈复合材料有限公司 Light-weight high-strength composite formwork

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06212791A (en) * 1993-01-19 1994-08-02 Shinko Kigyo Kk Synthetic resin unit form for architectural form
CN2499492Y (en) * 2001-08-06 2002-07-10 卢兴明 Combined glass fiber reinforced plastic formwork
CN1657275A (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-08-24 冷鹭浩 Rectangular plastic plate with cellular sandwich
CN2723597Y (en) * 2004-08-30 2005-09-07 北京玻璃钢研究设计院 Composite material building formwork
WO2008095897A1 (en) * 2007-02-08 2008-08-14 Europlastica Srl Panel for poured concrete retaining walls of concrete forms, particularly for concrete slab forms or the like and process of making such panel
CN201908435U (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-07-27 常熟科盈复合材料有限公司 Light-weight high-strength composite formwork

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