CN102069378B - Buckling machine for use in cylinder assembly - Google Patents

Buckling machine for use in cylinder assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102069378B
CN102069378B CN201010605784A CN201010605784A CN102069378B CN 102069378 B CN102069378 B CN 102069378B CN 201010605784 A CN201010605784 A CN 201010605784A CN 201010605784 A CN201010605784 A CN 201010605784A CN 102069378 B CN102069378 B CN 102069378B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
vertical
oil cylinder
framework
horizontal
Prior art date
Application number
CN201010605784A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102069378A (en
Inventor
柳育红
秦书勤
龙玉霞
李金荣
杨爱萍
牛永进
悦平
王锐敏
潘裕林
覃卫文
Original Assignee
长治清华机械厂
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Application filed by 长治清华机械厂 filed Critical 长治清华机械厂
Priority to CN201010605784A priority Critical patent/CN102069378B/en
Publication of CN102069378A publication Critical patent/CN102069378A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102069378B publication Critical patent/CN102069378B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a buckling machine for use in cylinder assembly and belongs to the technical field of automatic assembly equipment for large-sized oil cylinders and air cylinders. Technical problems to be solved are to reduce labor intensity and precisely control the fastening force of screw threads and meet requirements for batch production of large-sized hydraulic oil cylinders. The invention adopts a technical scheme that: horizontal guide rails and a horizontal oil cylinder are arranged at the bottom of a frame, a horizontal carriage is fixed on the horizontal oil cylinder body, the horizontal oil cylinder is arranged horizontally, a piston rod of the horizontal oil cylinder is connected with the horizontal carriage, and the body of the horizontal oil cylinder is fixed on the frame; two vertical guide rails are oppositely arranged on the sides of the frame, a vertical movable carriage is mounted on the vertical guide rails, a vertical oil cylinder is mounted vertically, the piston rod of the vertical oil cylinder is connected with the vertical movable carriage, and the body of the vertical oil cylinder is fixed on the top of the frame; and a torque mechanism and a piston pressurizing mechanism are arranged on the vertical movable carriage, the piston pressurizing mechanism is positioned in front of the torque mechanism, and a locking device is arranged on the middle and lower part of the frame. The machine can be used for assembling large-sized hydraulic cylinders.

Description

Deduction on the dress cylinder
Technical field
The present invention adorns deduction on the cylinder, belongs to large hydraulic oil cylinder and cylinder automated assembling equipment technical field.
Background technology
At present, it all is with after the cylinder barrel placement level that the piston rod of large hydraulic oil cylinder is installed, and again with the piston rod horizontal positioned and adjust it and the cylinder barrel concentric, then the piston rod applied thrust is packed into piston rod in the cylinder barrel.This kind assembly method is easier to realize for the assembling ratio of middle-size and small-size oil cylinder, and for the assembling of large hydraulic oil cylinder difficulty relatively just, main cause is that the seal of large hydraulic oil cylinder and guide size are relatively large; When level was installed, the frictional force of the seal of piston crown and guide and inner wall of cylinder was big, and the width that leads relatively is less; Thereby cause piston rod thrust big; And the guiding support reduces after piston rod gets into the cylinder barrel part, and the piston rod deadweight is bigger, takes place sagging in the horizontal direction; Cause piston bar and cylinder barrel axiality reduce difficult installation.The fairlead Heavy Weight of large hydraulic oil cylinder, volume are big; Seal and guide are corresponding also bigger; Poor when trapezoidal thread when assembling with cylinder barrel on the fairlead and the trapezoidal thread on the cylinder barrel are installed owing to level to neutrality, be not easy to aim at screw thread, the assembling difficulty; And the friction of fairlead seal and guide and inner wall of cylinder is very big, so required torque is very big during the precession screw thread.To sum up during actual conditions large hydraulic oil cylinder assembly fee, effort, and screw thread damages easily, the screwing force of screw thread is difficult to control, is difficult for guaranteeing product requirement, damages oil cylinder easily.
Summary of the invention
The present invention overcomes the deficiency of prior art, and technical problem to be solved is for providing deduction on a kind of dress cylinder, can lower labour intensity, enhance productivity, accurately controls the screwing force of screw thread, satisfies the batch production requirements of large hydraulic oil cylinder.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above; The technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: deduction on the dress cylinder, and comprise framework, horizontal guide rail, translation balladeur train, locking device, vertically move balladeur train, vertical guide rail, torque mechanism, cross cylinder, vertical oil cylinder and piston press structure, be provided with horizontal guide rail and cross cylinder in base of frame; Horizontal carriage is installed on the horizontal guide rail; The cross cylinder level is installed, and the piston rod of cross cylinder is connected with horizontal carriage, and the cylinder body of cross cylinder is fixed on the framework; At frame facet two vertical guide rails are installed relatively, the vertical balladeur train that moves is installed on the vertical guide rail, vertical oil cylinder is vertically installed, and the piston rod of vertical oil cylinder is connected with the vertical balladeur train that moves, and the cylinder body of vertical oil cylinder is fixed on the top of framework; Vertical moving on the balladeur train is equipped with torque mechanism and piston press structure, and the piston press structure is positioned at the place ahead of torque mechanism, and the structure of said torque mechanism is: shift fork is installed in the output of hydraulic motor, and hydraulic motor is installed in vertical moving on the balladeur train; Middle and lower part at framework is equipped with locking device.
The structure of said locking device is: an end of round-link chain is installed on the round-link chain holder, and the round-link chain holder is arranged on the framework, and the other end of round-link chain is connected with the piston rod of locking cylinder, and the cylinder body of locking cylinder is fixed on the framework.
Described cross cylinder is connected with the overflow valve I of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve I and control of its action of control; Described locking cylinder is connected with the overflow valve II of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve II and control of its action of control; Described vertical oil cylinder is connected with the overflow valve III of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve III and control of its action of control, and described hydraulic motor is connected with the solenoid directional control valve IV of its action of control and the overflow valve IV of its torque of adjustment.
The beneficial effect that the present invention is compared with prior art had is:
The present invention adorns deduction on the cylinder, has adopted the method for vertical cylinder-installing, good when making the dress cylinder to neutrality, and the dress cylinder is easy, and has adopted hydraulic motor to apply moment of torsion, and the accurate screwing force of fairlead has guaranteed the assembly precision requirement of mill type cylinder.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further specified:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of locking device among the present invention.
Among the figure: 1 is that framework, 2 is that horizontal guide rail, 3 is that translation balladeur train, 4 is that locking device, 5 is that fairlead connector, 6 is that vertically mobile balladeur train, 7 is that vertical guide rail, 8 is that hydraulic motor, 9 is that torque mechanism, 10 is that shift fork, 11 is that cross cylinder, 12 is that vertical oil cylinder, 13 is that round-link chain, 14 is that round-link chain holder, 15 is that locking cylinder, 16 is the piston press structure.
The specific embodiment
Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2; The present invention adorns deduction on the cylinder; Comprise framework 1, horizontal guide rail 2, translation balladeur train 3, locking device 4, vertically move balladeur train 6, vertical guide rail 7, torque mechanism 9, cross cylinder 11, vertical oil cylinder 12 and piston press structure 16; Be provided with horizontal guide rail 2 and cross cylinder 11 in framework 1 bottom, horizontal carriage 3 is installed on the horizontal guide rail 2, cross cylinder 11 levels are installed; The piston rod of cross cylinder 11 is connected with horizontal carriage 3, and the cylinder body of cross cylinder 11 is fixed on the framework 1; In framework 1 side two vertical guide rails 7 are installed relatively, the vertical balladeur train 6 that moves is installed on the vertical guide rail 7, vertical oil cylinder 12 is vertically installed, and the piston rod of vertical oil cylinder 12 is connected with the vertical balladeur train 6 that moves, and the cylinder body of vertical oil cylinder 12 is fixed on the top of framework 1; Vertical moving is equipped with torque mechanism 9 and piston press structure 16 on the balladeur train 6; Piston press structure 16 is positioned at the place ahead of torque mechanism 9; The structure of said torque mechanism 9 is: shift fork 10 is installed in the output of hydraulic motor 8, and hydraulic motor 8 is installed in vertical moving on the balladeur train 6; In the middle and lower part of framework 1 locking device 4 is installed.
As shown in Figure 3; The structure of said locking device 4 is: an end of round-link chain 13 is installed on the round-link chain holder 14; Round-link chain holder 14 is arranged on the framework 1, and the other end of round-link chain 13 is connected with the piston rod of locking cylinder 15, and the cylinder body of locking cylinder 15 is fixed on the framework 1.
Described cross cylinder 11 is connected with the overflow valve I of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve I and control of its action of control; Described locking cylinder 15 is connected with the overflow valve II of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve II and control of its action of control; Described vertical oil cylinder 12 is connected with the overflow valve III of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve III and control of its action of control, and described hydraulic motor 8 is connected with the solenoid directional control valve IV of its action of control and the overflow valve IV of its torque of adjustment.
Method of attachment between described each reversal valve, overflow valve and each oil cylinder, the hydraulic motor is a prior art.
The workflow that the present invention adorns when deduction assembles oil cylinder on the cylinder is: vertically lift on the translation balladeur train 3 on the horizontal guide rail 2 product oil cylinder urceolus fixing earlier; Start hydraulic oil source then; Handle the solenoid directional control valve II and make locking cylinder 15 actions, round-link chain 13 is tightened up product oil cylinder urceolus, vertically lift the product piston rod and aim at product oil cylinder urceolus oral area and introduce in the product oil cylinder urceolus; Restart hydraulic oil source; Handle the solenoid directional control valve I and make cross cylinder 11 actions, make product oil cylinder urceolus move to piston press structure 16 belows of deduction on this vertical cylinder-installing along horizontal guide rail 2, handle the solenoid directional control valve III and make vertical oil cylinder 12 drive piston press structures 16 to descend with translation balladeur train 3; Piston vertically is pressed in the product oil cylinder urceolus; Handling the solenoid directional control valve III again drives on the piston press structures 16 vertical oil cylinder 12 to move, leave product oil cylinder urceolus, the piston rod installation; Next step is the installation of product oil cylinder fairlead; The product oil cylinder fairlead that fairlead connector 5 is housed is lifted product oil cylinder urceolus oral area and introduces in the product oil cylinder urceolus; Handling the solenoid directional control valve I makes cross cylinder 11 shift the product oil cylinder onto on this vertical cylinder-installing deduction inside; Be the below of hydraulic motor 8, handle the hydraulic motor 8 that the solenoid directional control valve III makes vertical oil cylinder 12 that shift fork 10 will be installed and vertically fall, guarantee that the fairlead connector 5 that is connected on shift fork 10 and the product oil cylinder fairlead intersects; Handling the solenoid directional control valve IV then makes 8 pairs of product oil cylinders of hydraulic motor fairlead apply rotation torque; Torque shows that by the Pressure gauge that is connected with hydraulic motor 8 overflow valve that is connected with hydraulic motor 8 can be adjusted the size of moment of torsion, after product oil cylinder fairlead is threaded to the position; Handling the solenoid directional control valve IV stops hydraulic motor 8; Handle hydraulic motor 8 that the solenoid directional control valve III makes vertical oil cylinder 12 that shift fork 10 will be installed again and move up and leave the product oil cylinder, handle the product oil cylinder that the solenoid directional control valve I makes cross cylinder 11 will assemble piston rod and fairlead again and move on to original position, handle the solenoid directional control valve II and make locking cylinder 15 pressure releases; The assembling of product oil cylinder is accomplished in locking device 4 releases.

Claims (3)

1. deduction on the dress cylinder; Comprise framework (1), horizontal guide rail (2), translation balladeur train (3), locking device (4), vertically move balladeur train (6), vertical guide rail (7), torque mechanism (9), cross cylinder (11), vertical oil cylinder (12) and piston press structure (16); It is characterized in that: be provided with horizontal guide rail (2) and cross cylinder (11) in framework (1) bottom; Horizontal carriage (3) is installed on the horizontal guide rail (2); Cross cylinder (11) level is installed, and the piston rod of cross cylinder (11) is connected with horizontal carriage (3), and the cylinder body of cross cylinder (11) is fixed on the framework (1); In framework (1) side two vertical guide rails (7) are installed relatively; The vertical balladeur train (6) that moves is installed on the vertical guide rail (7); Vertical oil cylinder (12) is vertical to be installed, and the piston rod of vertical oil cylinder (12) is connected with the vertical balladeur train (6) that moves, and the cylinder body of vertical oil cylinder (12) is fixed on the top of framework (1); Vertical moving on the balladeur train (6) is equipped with torque mechanism (9) and piston press structure (16); Piston press structure (16) is positioned at the place ahead of torque mechanism (9); The structure of said torque mechanism (9) is: shift fork (10) is installed in the output of hydraulic motor (8), and hydraulic motor (8) is installed in vertical moving on the balladeur train (6); In the middle and lower part of framework (1) locking device (4) is installed.
2. deduction on the dress cylinder according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the structure of said locking device (4) is: an end of round-link chain (13) is installed on the round-link chain holder (14); Round-link chain holder (14) is arranged on the framework (1); The other end of round-link chain (13) is connected with the piston rod of locking cylinder (15), and the cylinder body of locking cylinder (15) is fixed on the framework (1).
3. deduction on the dress cylinder according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: described cross cylinder (11) is connected with the overflow valve I of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve I and control of its action of control; Described locking cylinder (15) is connected with the overflow valve II of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve II and control of its action of control; Described vertical oil cylinder (12) is connected with the overflow valve III of its operating oil pressure size of solenoid directional control valve III and control of its action of control, and described hydraulic motor (8) is connected with the solenoid directional control valve IV of its action of control and the overflow valve IV of its torque of adjustment.
CN201010605784A 2010-12-20 2010-12-20 Buckling machine for use in cylinder assembly CN102069378B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010605784A CN102069378B (en) 2010-12-20 2010-12-20 Buckling machine for use in cylinder assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010605784A CN102069378B (en) 2010-12-20 2010-12-20 Buckling machine for use in cylinder assembly

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CN102069378A CN102069378A (en) 2011-05-25
CN102069378B true CN102069378B (en) 2012-09-05

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103671337B (en) * 2012-09-25 2016-06-01 北京航天发射技术研究所 A kind of continuous propulsion system of multi-cylinder
CN104889733A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-09 长治清华机械厂 Vertical cylinder assembling machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1974117A (en) * 2006-12-19 2007-06-06 郑州煤矿机械集团有限责任公司 Vertical cylinder-installing and cap-mounting machine
CN200977602Y (en) * 2006-12-15 2007-11-21 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Integral hydraulic support disassembling machine
RU2389123C1 (en) * 2009-04-02 2010-05-10 Открытое Акционерное Общество "Российские Железные Дороги" Device for withdrawal of wedges from electric machine stator slots
CN201592344U (en) * 2010-01-06 2010-09-29 格力乐液压系统(常州)有限公司 Oil cylinder assembling machine
CN201645137U (en) * 2010-01-06 2010-11-24 格力乐液压系统(常州)有限公司 Tightening device used for assembling oil cylinder

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200977602Y (en) * 2006-12-15 2007-11-21 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Integral hydraulic support disassembling machine
CN1974117A (en) * 2006-12-19 2007-06-06 郑州煤矿机械集团有限责任公司 Vertical cylinder-installing and cap-mounting machine
RU2389123C1 (en) * 2009-04-02 2010-05-10 Открытое Акционерное Общество "Российские Железные Дороги" Device for withdrawal of wedges from electric machine stator slots
CN201592344U (en) * 2010-01-06 2010-09-29 格力乐液压系统(常州)有限公司 Oil cylinder assembling machine
CN201645137U (en) * 2010-01-06 2010-11-24 格力乐液压系统(常州)有限公司 Tightening device used for assembling oil cylinder

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Address after: 046012 mailbox, Changzhi, Shanxi, 6

Patentee after: Shanxi spaceflight Qinghua Equipment Co., Ltd.

Address before: 046012 mailbox, Changzhi, Shanxi, 6

Patentee before: Qinghua Machinery Plant, Changzhi