CN102068825A - Stage magic performance theater system - Google Patents

Stage magic performance theater system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102068825A
CN102068825A CN2009101685310A CN200910168531A CN102068825A CN 102068825 A CN102068825 A CN 102068825A CN 2009101685310 A CN2009101685310 A CN 2009101685310A CN 200910168531 A CN200910168531 A CN 200910168531A CN 102068825 A CN102068825 A CN 102068825A
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China
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stage
illusion
system
space
real
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CN2009101685310A
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Chinese (zh)
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余文恭
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余文恭
余达凡
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Priority to CN2009101685310A priority Critical patent/CN102068825A/en
Publication of CN102068825A publication Critical patent/CN102068825A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03B15/00Special procedures for taking photographs; Apparatus therefor
    • G03B15/08Trick photography
    • G03B15/12Trick photography using mirrors

Abstract

The invention relates to a stage magic performance theater system which uses spatial aliasing as a main technical means and combines digital acousto-optical-electric program control. The system comprises a real stage scene (1), a virtual stage scene (2), a movable reflecting vehicle (3), performer performance (4), a multi-layer movable screen (5), audio/video play (6), stage lighting (7) and a program control system (8). The system makes a gorgeous and miraculous performance wonder which exceeds reality, visual logic and imagination through physical dislocation and visual coincidence, scarfing and fusion between a real scene and a phantom, and develops a wide development space for stage performance art.

Description

舞台幻术表演剧场系统 Illusion show stage theater system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及计算机控制、视频影象和空间错觉技术,具体地说,涉及传统舞台表演实像与受计算机控制的由光学位移产生的三维虚像的结合而构成的,一种具有奇异表演效果、可以表现超越正常时空逻辑和时空经验的表演剧场系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to computer control, video images and the illusion of space technology, and more particularly, to a traditional stage performances in combination with the real image generated by the three-dimensional virtual image by a computer-controlled optical displacement constituted, having a singular performances of , it can be expressed in normal time and space beyond logic and experience of space and time performance theater system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 传统舞台表演由舞台布景、演员表演、灯光音响系统构成,现代舞台虽然引入了各种可控烟雾、烟花、光电特效技术来丰富舞台表现力,但总的来说所呈现的依然是各种表演元素的实体,很难达到超越常规的奇异表现效果。 [0002] traditional stage performances, performers, lighting and sound system consists of stage sets, modern stage despite the introduction of a variety of controlled smoke, fireworks, special effects technology to enrich the photoelectric stage presence, but overall still presented various entities acting element, it is difficult to reach beyond the conventional singular performance results.

[0003] 在传统舞台前加入一个斜置的半透明镀膜玻璃层,利用镜像反射原理,使位于舞台空间外的副台场景和视频影像进入舞台空间,这样就构成了目前比较热门的特效舞台剧场系统-魔幻剧场技术,它可以实现真实的演员在表演中忽隐忽现、任意变化,舞台道具(如烟雾)可以变化参与表演,在舞台空间中凌空成像等等神奇的表演效果,大大地丰富了舞台表演的内容,使舞台表演艺术出现了更多的可能性。 [0003] Add a canted stage before conventional translucent glass coating layer, using a mirror reflection principle, the sub-station and the video image scene located outside into the stage space stage space, thus it constitutes a more popular effects Stage Theater system - magic Theater technology, it can achieve real actor in the show flickering, any changes, stage props (such as smoke) can be varied to perform, volley imaging and so magical performances of the stage space, greatly enriched the stage performances of the content, the theatrics there are more possibilities.

[0004] 但这种系统的缺陷是: [0004] However, drawbacks of this system are:

[0005] 1.舞台前必须有斜置的半透明镀膜玻璃层,由于玻璃的重量和结构特征,只能采用永久固定的方式,这样就使观众一进入剧场就对此后在舞台上发生的表演效果有了预先的认知,等于谜底已经呈现了一半,这会使最终的表演效果大打折扣。 There must be inclined translucent coating layer of the front glass [0005] 1. stage, due to the weight and structural characteristics of the glass, it can only be used permanently fixed manner, thus making the viewer to enter a theater performances this would occur after the stage With the effect of pre-cognition, equal to half the answer has been presented, which makes the final performance so far been ineffective.

[0006] 2.由于镀膜玻璃的透射率和反射率本身是一对矛盾,就是说,必须牺牲舞台的亮度或牺牲影象的亮度才能实现虚实的结合,这样就将呈现内容限制在了一些昏暗、古老的视觉环境中,使题材的选择受到很大的限制。 [0006] 2. Since the transmittance and reflectance of the coated glass itself is a contradiction, that is, must sacrifice or sacrifice image luminance of the stage in order to achieve the combination of the actual situation, this will render the content restrictions in some dim ancient visual environment, the choice of subject matter is greatly limited.

[0007] 3.由于大面积镀膜玻璃在斜置情况下的自然变形,需要玻璃有一定的厚度,而玻璃的厚度决定了正反两个反射面之间的距离,由于这个距离的存在,在实际的反射成像过程中会产生重叠的影象,因此它通常只能呈现较大的、或边缘虚化的虚拟物像,不能呈现精确物象。 [0007] 3. Due to the natural deformation of a large area glass coating in the case of inclined, requires a certain thickness of glass, the thickness of the glass determines the distance between the front and back two reflecting surfaces, due to the presence of this distance, in the actual reflection imaging produces images overlap, so it is generally only larger presentation, or blurring the edges of a virtual object image can not render accurate physical image.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明要解决的技术问题是,如何构造一种新的系统结构,使观众在观赏过程中感觉不到镀膜玻璃反射层的存在,进而欣赏到一种清晰明亮的,超越现实、超越正常时空逻辑的,奇异绚丽的舞台表演。 [0008] The present invention to solve the technical problem is how to construct a new system architecture, so that the audience feel the presence of coated glass reflective layer in the process of viewing, and then enjoy a clear and bright, beyond reality, beyond normal logic of time and space, strange brilliant stage performances.

[0009] 本发明这样解决上述技术问题:构造一种特殊的舞台系统,它包括舞台场景和舞台灯光、演员表演,以及与舞台空间对应的多层移动银幕、和舞台局部场景呈镜像关系的实物,还有视频音频播放设备和计算机总控系统;其特征在于,还包括可以隐藏的固定于滑轨车的反射层,所述移动机构有效解决了反射层隐藏的问题,使观众在观赏时察觉不到反射层的存在,所述高分子反射膜有效地解决了透射率和反射率之间的矛盾,以及影象清晰度的问题,使系统可以呈现更为丰富的主题内容和更明亮绚丽的视觉画面。 [0009] Thus the present invention is to solve the above problems: a special configuration of the stage system which includes the stage set and stage lighting, performers, and a multilayer screen with a moving space corresponding to the stage, and a partial scene in the form of physical stage mirror image relationship , as well as video and audio player and the overall computer control system; characterized by, further comprising a hide reflective layer fixed rail vehicle, the moving mechanism effectively solves the problem of the reflective layer is hidden, when viewing the audience perceive less reflective layer is present, the polymeric reflective film effectively solve the conflict between the transmittance and reflectance, and image sharpness of the problem, the system may present subject matter is more abundant and more bright beautiful visuals. [0010] 按照本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述舞台场景,分为实舞台场景和虚舞台场景,所述实舞台场景,是根据主题设定的舞台环境和道具,是演员表演的真实空间;所述虚舞台场景,是根据镜像原则制作的实舞台场景中的局部,用于演员表演过程中根据需要对实舞台部分进行遮挡,以制造演员消失、出现、淡入淡出的效果;在舞台场景的概念中,道具包含在内。 [0010] The system according to stage illusion theater performances provided by the present invention, wherein the stage set, the stage set is divided into real and imaginary stage set, the real stage set, based on the stage props, and environments subject of setting, performers is a real space; stage the virtual scene, the mirror is made in accordance with the principles of the local real stage set, for blocking performers as needed during the real part of the stage, to produce an actor disappears and, fade effects; in the concept stage scene, props included.

[0011] 按照本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述舞台灯光,包括虚实舞台的灯具、与灯具连接的灯光控制流程服务器,实舞台的灯光用于塑造舞台气氛和显示物体空间体积、塑造演员形象;虚舞台的灯光主要用于呈现和在不同的物理位置上局部取代实舞台场景,为表演制造空间错觉。 [0011] The system according to stage illusion theater performances provided by the present invention, wherein the stage lighting, stage lighting including actual situation, lighting and lighting control flow of a server connected to the solid stage lighting and stage atmosphere for a display object shape space volume, shape actor image; virtual lighting stage is mainly used for topical presentation and substituted real stage set at different physical locations, for the manufacture performing spatial illusion.

[0012] 按照本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述演员表演,指演员根据剧本要求在舞台上的表演活动。 [0012] The system according to stage illusion theater performances provided by the present invention, wherein, the performers, the script according to the requirements of an actor on stage performances.

[0013] 按照本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述与舞台空间对应的多层移动银幕,是安装于舞台前上方可以移动或作旋转运动的正投或背投银幕,银幕的尺寸根据需要可大可小,银幕的位置根据舞台上需要呈现的幻像的空间位置而定。 [0013] The system according to stage illusion theater performances provided by the present invention, wherein the multilayer screen moves corresponding to the stage space, is moved upward or rotational movement may be attached to the front stage or rear projection screen positive, the screen size according to the needs vary in phantom spatial position of the screen according to the stage need to be rendered may be.

[0014] 按照本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述音视频播放设备包括音箱、功放、投影机、程控光间、播放计算机,所述音箱、功放、投影机、播放计算机均由总控计算机控制工作。 [0014] The system according to stage illusion theater performances provided by the present invention, wherein the audio and video playback apparatus includes speakers, amplifiers, projectors, among program-controlled light, play a computer, speakers, amplifiers, projectors, displays computer total control by computer control.

[0015] 按照本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述反射车,包括滑轨车机构和反射膜,滑轨车由电机或液压装置驱动,可以根据总控程序和流程沿滑轨按指定时间、指定位置运动,在需要隐藏的时候移动到观众视线以外,在需要显示的时候,移动到指定位置;所述反射膜为高分子膜状材料,具有高透明,高反射的特性。 [0015] The system according to stage illusion theater performances provided by the present invention, wherein the reflective vehicle, rail car bodies and comprising a reflective film, rail car, can be moved by a motor or hydraulic means driven procedures and processes in accordance with the master control rails specified time, the specified position, the time needed to move to hide from view the viewer, the display when needed, to a specific location; the reflective film is a polymer film-like material having a high transparency, high reflective characteristic.

[0016] 按照本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述总控系统包括总控服务器和全部控制程序,可以根据节目流程同时调度:音视频播放、程控光间启闭、虚实舞台灯光变化、台口反射膜轨道车运动、多层移动银幕的运动。 [0016] The system according to stage illusion theater performances provided by the present invention, wherein the master control system comprising a master control server and all of the control program, the program may be simultaneously scheduled in accordance with the process: audio and video, between the programmable light shutters, the actual situation stage lighting changes, proscenium railcar moving reflective film, multilayer moving the screen movement.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1是本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统侧解剖图A :有反射层表演。 [0017] FIG. 1 is a stage of the present invention to provide a system side illusion theater performances anatomical Panel A: a reflective layer performance.

[0018] 图2是本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统侧解剖图B :无反射层表演。 [0018] FIG. 2 is an illusion of the present invention to provide a stage performance theater system side anatomy B: non-reflection layer performance.

[0019] 图3是本发明提供的舞台幻术表演剧场系统控制原理示意图。 [0019] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of principle stage illusion theater performances control system of the present invention is provided.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0020] 本发明的舞台幻术表演剧场技术,是将真实舞台表演和计算机动画、光学影像通过特殊的物像位移手段有机融合在一起,营造出一种超越现实、超越对时空正常认识逻辑的奇异舞台表演系统,具有超常的艺术表现力和无与伦比的现场表现效果。 [0020] stage magic show theater techniques of the present invention is a real stage performances and computer animation, special optical image by means of displacement of organic matter like together to create a singular kind of beyond reality, beyond normal understanding of the spatial and temporal logic stage performance system, with extraordinary artistic expression and unmatched field performance results. 本发明的舞台幻术表演剧场技术,可以分为数字影象制作、空间混淆技术、光学位移成像技术,和音视频同步播放、灯光、运动机构同步控制技术。 Stage Illusion theater performances techniques of this invention may be made into a digital image, spatial aliasing technique, the displacement of the optical imaging technology, and audio and video synchronization playback, lighting, motion mechanism synchronous control technique. 它通过以下几个部分实施: It is carried out by the following parts:

[0021] 1.空间混淆技术 [0021] 1. Space obfuscation

[0022] 观众进入表演现场时,看到的是一个真实的,透空的舞台,得到的是一个真实空间的认知结果;当表演者在舞台上凭空出现时,空间认识上的逻辑冲突就发生了,而当演员在表演中有意穿过台口,是再次强调了舞台空间的真实性,节目最后,当演员在观众的眼皮底下慢漫消失,就使这种空间逻辑的混淆达到了高潮。 [0022] When the audience enters the performance scene, to see is a real, through the empty stage, the resulting perception is the result of a real space; when the performers on stage appeared out of thin air, logical understanding on conflict of space It happened, and as an actor in the show deliberately through the proscenium, a stage space is re-emphasized the authenticity of the program, when the actor diffuse slowly disappear under the eyes of the audience, just to confuse the logic of this space culminated . 观众通过高度透明的反射膜可以清晰地看到舞台实景,同时通过反射光又可以看到虚舞台和银幕显示的影象,这两种处于不同空间位置的同样的像之间,就是演员隐藏的空间,而当反射膜在不被察觉的情况下被移走, 演员再次穿越这个空间时,观众的空间概念将产生进一步的混乱,从而可以达到一种精彩、 奇异的表现效果,这种方法我们称之为空间混淆技术。 The viewer can clearly see the stage by real reflection film highly transparent, while the virtual image can be seen by the stage and screen display of the reflected light, between the two same images at different spatial locations, the actor is hidden space, and when the reflective film is removed without being noticed, the actor once again through this space, spatial concepts of the audience will create further confusion, which can achieve a wonderful, strange performance results, this approach we called spatial aliasing technology.

[0023] 2.多层光学位移成像 [0023] The multilayer imaging optical displacement

[0024] 在投影银幕上投出的影象经反射后,可以在舞台空间中一个平面上的任意位置成像,如果在纵深方向有变化要求,就必须在多层银幕上成像,因此为使不同层的银幕之间不发生冲突,系统采用了多层移动银幕。 [0024] In the cast that an image projection screen is reflected and may be an arbitrary position on the image plane, if there is a change required in the depth direction, it must be imaged on the screen in the multilayer stage space, so as to make a different a conflict occurs between the screen layer, the system uses the movement of a multilayer screen. 多层移动银幕可以使反射的物像或影象准确地和舞台实景对位,产生精确、真实、神奇的表演效果。 The multilayer reflector can move the screen image or the object image on the real scene and accurate position to produce accurate, real magic performance results.

[0025] 3.同步程序控制 [0025] 3. The synchronization program control

[0026] 为保证各表演元素(包括演员表演)和设备工作的一致性,所有子系统都需要由总控流程控制器按照统一的时间轴进行调度控制,除了按规定的程序训练演员外,系统在舞台内设置表演提示装置,供演员在表演时掌握时间节奏;系统的开启由操作人员一键启动,完成后自动结束。 [0026] To ensure the performance of each element (including performers) and consistency of the work apparatus, all the subsystems need to be controlled in accordance with scheduling by the master control axis uniform flow controller, in addition to training actors predetermined procedures, the system set in the stage show presentation device for actors to master the rhythm of time when performers; open system is activated by a key operator, automatically ends upon completion.

[0027] 4.影象制作和播放 [0027] 4. The image creation and playback

[0028] 表演的特殊性决定了影象制作的特殊性,因此在影象的制作中需要采用三维、三维特效、实拍、蓝幕拍摄、后期制作等多种方法才能完成制作;由于舞台宽度和高度超出了正常的视频影象比例,需要由3个以上投影画面进行无缝拼接,由于需要在不同层的银幕上播放影像,需要多台投影机在不同的位置播放。 [0028] particularity performances determine the specificity of images produced, so the need to make images of three-dimensional, three-dimensional effects, real shot, blue screen shooting, a variety of methods to complete post-production and other production; due to the width of the stage and a height greater than the proportion of the normal video image, the need for three or more seamless projection screen, the need to play back images on different layers of the screen, projectors require multiple players at different locations.

Claims (9)

1. 一种以空间混淆为主要技术手段,结合数字声光电程序控制的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,包括实舞台场景(1);虚舞台场景(2);移动反射车(3);演员表演⑷;多层移动银幕(5);音视频播放(6);舞台灯光(7);程序控制系统(S)0 A spatial aliasing in the main technical means, the control program in conjunction with a digital optical sound stage illusion performance theater system, including a real stage set (1); Stage virtual scene (2); a moving vehicle reflector (3); ⑷ performers ; multilayer moving the screen (5); audio and video (6); stage lighting (7); the program control system (S) 0
2.根据权利要求1所述的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述实舞台场景(1), 是根据主题设定的舞台环境和道具,是演员表演的真实空间。 The stage illusion performance theater system according to claim 1, wherein said real stage set (1), based on the theme set props and stage environment is performers real space.
3.根据权利要求1所述的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述虚舞台场景0), 是根据镜像原则制作的对应于实舞台场景局部的实物,其作用是通过反射显示与舞台实景在视觉上重合,利用成像物理位置的空间差,制造出空间错觉和演员的藏身空间,使演员在表演过程中可以根据剧本的需要突然消失、突然出现,或淡入淡出的效果;在舞台场景的概念中,道具包含在内。 3. The system of claim stage illusion theater performances according to claim 1, characterized in that said virtual scene stage 0), based on a partial image corresponding to the principle of making real stage set in kind, the effect by the reflective display stage real visually coincident with the imaging physical location space difference, to create a spatial illusion and actors hiding space, so that the actor can suddenly disappear in the process of performing the necessary script, suddenly, or fade effect; the stage scene the concept, props included.
4.根据权利要求1所述的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述移动反射车(3), 包括滑轨车机构和反射膜两部分,滑轨车由电机或其他装置驱动,可以根据控制流程沿滑轨按指定时间、指定位置运动,在需要隐藏的时候移动到观众视线以外,在需要显示的时候,移动到指定位置;所述反射膜为高分子膜状材料,具有高透明,高反射的特性。 The stage illusion performance theater system according to claim 1, wherein said moving vehicle reflector (3), comprising a rail car bodies and the reflective film of two parts, rail vehicle driven by a motor or other means, can be the control flow along the rails by a specified time, the specified position, the time needed to move to hide from view the viewer, the display when needed, to a specific location; the reflective film is a polymer film-like material having a high transparency , highly reflective properties.
5.根据权利要求1所述的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述演员表演,指演员根据剧本要求在舞台上的表演活动。 The stage illusion theater performances of the system according to claim 1, characterized in that, the performers, the script according to the requirements of an actor on stage performances.
6.根据权利要求1所述的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述多层移动银幕(5),是安装于舞台前上方,与舞台空间对应的可移动或作旋转运动的正投或背投银幕,以电机或其他方式驱动,银幕的尺寸根据需要可大可小,银幕的位置根据舞台上需要呈现的幻像的空间位置而定,其作用是通过反射显示,在舞台空间的任意位置做与演员相配合的影象表演,包括制造空间错觉,使演员隐身的表演。 6. stage illusion theater performances of the system according to claim 1, wherein said multilayer moving the screen (5) is mounted above the front stage, removable or rotational movement being administered corresponding to stage space or rear-projection screen to the motor or otherwise driven, the screen vary in size according to need, according to the spatial position of the screen need to be rendered on the stage of the phantom may be, the effect is displayed by reflecting any stage in the space position cooperating with the actors to do the image shows, including manufacturing space illusion, the actor stealth performance.
7.根据权利要求1所述的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述音视频播放(6), 包括音箱、功放、投影机、程控光间、播放计算机设备,所述音箱、功放、投影机、播放计算机, 均按流程控制器的指令同步工作。 The stage illusion performance theater system according to claim 1, wherein said audio and video (6), including inter-speakers, amplifiers, projectors, program-controlled light computer playback device, a speaker, amplifier, projectors, computer displays, the instructions are by process controller synchronization.
8.根据权利要求1所述的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述舞台灯光(7),包括实舞台场景和虚舞台场景的灯具、灯光控制设备、控制程序,其作用是在表演环境中营造氛围、调整物体可视度、强调空间感、丰富色调,同时也是通过反射显示制造空间错觉的重要元素。 8. The system of claim stage illusion theater performances in claim 1, characterized in that said stage lighting (7), comprising a stage lighting scene real and imaginary stage setting, lighting control device, a control program, which in effect is acting environment to create an atmosphere, to adjust the visibility of the object, emphasizing the sense of space, rich colors, but also shows the key elements of manufacturing space by reflecting illusion.
9.根据权利要求1所述的舞台幻术表演剧场系统,其特征在于,所述程序控制系统(8),包括总控服务器和全部控制程序,可以根据节目流程同步调度:音视频播放、程控光闸启闭、虚实舞台灯光变化、反射车运动、多层移动银幕的运动。 9. The system of claim stage illusion theater performances according to claim 1, characterized in that said program control system (8), comprising a master control server and all of the control program, the program may be scheduled according to the synchronization process: audio and video, program-controlled light shutter opening and closing motion stage lighting changes in the actual situation, the vehicle motion reflection multilayer movement of the screen.
CN2009101685310A 2009-08-16 2009-08-16 Stage magic performance theater system CN102068825A (en)

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