CN102067905B - Horizontal convection integral grain drying machine - Google Patents

Horizontal convection integral grain drying machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102067905B
CN102067905B CN2011100220510A CN201110022051A CN102067905B CN 102067905 B CN102067905 B CN 102067905B CN 2011100220510 A CN2011100220510 A CN 2011100220510A CN 201110022051 A CN201110022051 A CN 201110022051A CN 102067905 B CN102067905 B CN 102067905B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
heat
dram
flue
airduct
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CN2011100220510A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102067905A (en
Inventor
刘晓颖
刘明礼
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哈尔滨中盛龙供热设备科技开发有限公司
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Priority to CN2011100220510A priority Critical patent/CN102067905B/en
Publication of CN102067905A publication Critical patent/CN102067905A/en
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Publication of CN102067905B publication Critical patent/CN102067905B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal convection integral grain drying machine, relating to a grain drying machine. By using the horizontal convection integral grain drying machine, the problems of high cost, low efficiency, low temperature, low warming speed, large energy consumption and pollutant discharge are solved. The stator reels of the grain drying machine are symmetrically arranged on two ends of a drying cylinder; a superconductive tube is arranged in the drying cylinder; the right end of the superconductive tube is arranged in the combustion chamber of a heat supply furnace by the stator reels; an air tube is arranged below the superconductive tube; the air tube and the superconductive tube are arranged in a hot-proof cyclone cover below which a hot wind port is arranged; and a dust catcher is arranged between a flue and a discharge flue. The horizontal convection integral grain drying machine has the advantages of compact design, small volume, simple structure, low cost, high efficiency and low cost, and is convenient in installation, is energy-saving, environment-friendly, wherein the grain drying machine can save energy by 30-40% and save electricity by 20-30% if compared with the existing drying equipment under the same condition, and improve efficiency by 15-20% if compared with the existing drying equipment, and the cost of the grain drying machine is 60-70% of that of the existing equipment.

Description

A kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer
Technical field
The present invention relates to grain drying machine.Be specifically related to a kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer.
Background technology
At present, China is maximum in the world cereal producing country and mouthful national cereal of consumption office sampling shows, because of cool naturally shine and grain storage equipment simple and crude, the cool solarization of cereal is in the storage, loss amount exceeds 150 * 10 8~200 * 10 8Kilogram, year loss rate north 3%~5%, south 5%~8%.At present, crop dryer is of a great variety, is mainly tower; Drying modes such as crossing current, adverse current, following current, mixing are arranged, and rower drier technology falls behind, Cheng Xiaogao; Efficient is low, and the speed of intensification is slow, and energy resource consumption is bigger; Disposal of pollutants is arranged, and existing drying plant is prone to cause the burnt paste of cereal, smoke blowing, the problem that the quality of the cereal after causing drying reduces.
Summary of the invention
The present invention falls behind in order to solve existing rower drier technology, and cost is high, and efficient is low; Temperature speed low and that heat up is slow, and energy resource consumption is bigger, and disposal of pollutants is arranged; Be prone to cause the burnt paste of cereal, smoke blowing; The problem that the quality of the cereal after causing drying reduces provides a kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer at present, and the concrete technical scheme that addresses the above problem is following:
A kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer of the present invention, by dram, stator reel, super heat-conductive pipe, airduct, anti-scald whirlwind cover, flue, warm-air pipe, bearing, sprocket wheel, the gear teeth, decelerator, reducer output shaft, heating stove, deduster, smokejack, air-heater, annular air heat pipe, blower fan, plate dialled by cereal and filter screen is formed, stator reel symmetry is located at the two ends of dram; The end face of stator reel is provided with bearing, and the outer shroud of bearing is connected with dram, and the left end of super heat-conductive pipe is located on the left end stator reel uniformly; The right-hand member of super heat-conductive pipe is provided with an airduct below every super heat-conductive pipe in the stator reel is located at the combustion chamber of heating stove, super heat-conductive pipe and airduct are located in the anti-scald whirlwind cover; The below of anti-scald whirlwind cover has hot-air mouth, between flue and smokejack, is provided with deduster, and the upper right side of flue is communicated with the combustion chamber; The bottom righthand side of flue is communicated with the bottom and the deduster of combustion chamber respectively, is provided with airduct around the flue, and flue and airduct are located in the anti-scald whirlwind cover; Have the wind hole on first tube wall of airduct in drying chamber, warm-air pipe evenly is located in the drying chamber, evenly has the hot blast hole on the tube wall of the warm-air pipe in drying chamber; The right-hand member of warm-air pipe is communicated with the output of annular air heat pipe in being located at the heating stove combustion chamber, and the input of annular air heat pipe is connected with air-heater, and airduct is connected with blower fan; On the barrel of dram left end, be provided with dust-exhausting port; Dust-exhausting port is provided with filter screen, on the inwall of dram, establishes capable cereal and dials plate, and the gear teeth are located on the outer wall of dram; Sprocket wheel cooperates with the gear teeth; Sprocket wheel is connected with reducer output shaft, is provided with dust room in the outside of left end dram and stator reel, and dust room is communicated with the dust discharge pipeline; The output of dust discharge pipeline is connected with deduster, and dram is provided with feed inlet and outlet.
A kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer of the present invention, heating stove adopt coil and refractory material to constitute < having replaced existing hot-blast stove>collection as hot blast, thermal source, supply the moisture evaporation of grain-drying chamber with cereal; Adopt the super heat-conductive pipe radiating mode, the super heat-conductive pipe heat radiation has the characteristics of curve heat supply, and applying flexible is convenient; Heat-transfer effect is 2 times of phase change technique, with in the thermal source direct-furnish grain-drying tube and in dram, be provided with hot blast simultaneously and make and reach the required bake out temperature of cereal in the dram fast, and 160~180 ℃ of 20 minutes tube Nei Wenduda of heat supply; Force down in the dram; Safe and reliable, never fouling in the super heat-conductive pipe is not frozen under the low-temperature condition; Fume exhausting type adopts recycle, and the flue gas of partial discharge supplies the combustion chamber to burn once more, and another part flue gas of discharging is handled through high-temperature oxygen-enriched heating deduster, has not only reduced the slow blackness of woods lattice but also has reduced the discharging of dust, and effect is splendid; Dram adopts rotational structure, and the cereal of oven dry is heated evenly, and cereal is non-burnt, not smoke blowing, and dried grain quality is good; These machine sharpest edges be it have compact to design, volume is little, simple in structure, easy for installation, cost is low, not only environmental protection, but also energy-conservation (compare with existing drying plant under the equal conditions energy-conservation 30~40%); (economize on electricity 20~30%), the advantage of efficient high (than existing drying plant efficient raising 15~20%) and cost low (be existing equipment cost 60~70).The medium and small movable operation of dryer of the present invention has reduced the capital expenditure cost.The large-scale fixed form that adopts.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention, and Fig. 2 is the cutaway view of Figure 1A-A, and Fig. 3 is that Figure 1B-B is to view.21 is fire door among the figure.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment one: combine Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 to describe this embodiment.This embodiment by dram 1, stator reel 2, super heat-conductive pipe 3, airduct 4, anti-scald whirlwind cover 5, flue 6, warm-air pipe 7, bearing 9, sprocket wheel 10, the gear teeth 11, decelerator 12, reducer output shaft 13, heating stove 14, deduster 15, smokejack 16, air-heater 17, annular air heat pipe 18, blower fan 19, plate 26 dialled by cereal and filter screen 27 is formed, stator reel 2 symmetries are located at the two ends of dram 1, the end face of stator reel 2 is provided with bearing 9; The outer shroud of bearing 9 is connected with dram 1, and the left end of many super heat-conductive pipes 3 is located on the left end stator reel 2 uniformly, and the right-hand member of many super heat-conductive pipes 3 is in right-hand member stator reel 2 is located at the combustion chamber 20 of heating stove 14; Below every super heat-conductive pipe 3, be provided with an airduct 4, super heat-conductive pipe 3 is located in the anti-scald whirlwind cover 5 with airduct 4, and the lower left of anti-scald whirlwind cover 5 has hot-air mouth; Between flue 6 and smokejack 16, be provided with deduster 15, the upper right side of flue 6 is communicated with combustion chamber 20, and the bottom righthand side of flue 6 is communicated with the bottom and the deduster 15 of combustion chamber respectively; Be provided with airduct 4 around the flue 6; Flue 6 is located in the anti-scald whirlwind cover 5 with airduct 4, has the wind hole on airduct 4 first tube walls in drying chamber, and many warm-air pipe 7 even levels are located in the drying chamber 22; Evenly have the hot blast hole on the tube wall of the warm-air pipe 7 in drying chamber 22; The right-hand member of warm-air pipe 7 is communicated with the output of annular air heat pipe 18 in being located at heating stove 14 combustion chambers 20, and the input of annular air heat pipe 18 is connected with air-heater 17, and airduct 4 is connected with blower fan 19; On the barrel of dram 1 left end, be provided with dust-exhausting port 8; Dust-exhausting port 8 is provided with filter screen 27, and level is provided with a plurality of cereal and dials plate 26 on the inwall of dram 1, and the gear teeth 11 are located on the outer wall of dram 1; Sprocket wheel 10 cooperates with the gear teeth 11; Sprocket wheel 10 is connected with reducer output shaft 13, is provided with dust room 24 in the outside of left end dram 1 and stator reel 2, and dust room 24 is communicated with dust discharge pipeline 25; The output of dust discharge pipeline 25 is connected with deduster 15, and dram 1 is provided with feed inlet and outlet 23.
The specific embodiment two: combine Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 to describe this embodiment.This embodiment also comprises pedestal 30, support bar 31 and connecting axle 32, and the lower end of support bar 31 is connected with pedestal 30, and the upper end of support bar 31 is connected with connecting axle 32, and the end of connecting axle 32 is connected with stator reel 2.Pedestal 30 is provided with wheel and just can draws mobile.
The specific embodiment three: combine Fig. 1 to describe this embodiment.In the deduster 15 of this embodiment industrial coke is set.
The specific embodiment four: combine Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 to describe this embodiment.It is the steel pipe of 240~260mm that the flue 6 of this embodiment adopts diameter, and it is the steel pipe of 70~90mm that super heat-conductive pipe 3 adopts diameter, and it is the steel pipe of 30~40mm that airduct 4 adopts diameter, and it is the steel pipe of 20~26mm that warm-air pipe 7 adopts diameter.
The specific embodiment five: combine Fig. 1, Fig. 2 to describe this embodiment.Be provided with heat-conducting medium in this embodiment super heat-conductive pipe 3, heat-conducting medium adopts ethers or anti-type of heat-conducting medium, and the boiling point of ethers heat-conducting medium is 75~78 ℃, and freezing point is at subzero 30~40 ℃.
The burning area of heating stove of the present invention is 60% of 100 tons, 150 tons, 200 tons, 300 tons, 400 tons, 500 tons or 600 tons required heating stove 14 burning areas of drying plant of oven dry in existing day.
The present invention adopts super heat-conductive pipe 3 heat radiations, under low-temperature condition, does not thaw, and when heat source temperature reaches 65 degrees centigrade, can begin heat conduction, and is better for the pipe effect of 10 meters~30 meters of overlength pipes.It overcomes heat pipe (being phase change technique) is original in the upwards heat transfer line by line again of lower curtate elder generation heat from being heated, easy generation hydrogen, and make the heat-transfer pipe partial failure, it is high that interior pressure is prone to, heat-transfer pipe reduction heat transfer efficiency.And super heat-conductive pipe 3 heat radiations have overcome the above-mentioned deficiency of heat pipe just, make its convection circulation, and it also can flow with air-flow even produce some hydrogen.It than hot pipe technique heat conduction fast 2~3 times, long service life.
Because the super heat-conductive pipe 3 in the grain drying machine of the present invention and the temperature of flue 6 are high, therefore, adopt anti-scald whirlwind cover 5 to avoid the high temperature of super heat-conductive pipe 3 and flue 6 that cereal is scalded; Because the oven dry indoor temperature is high; So, can adopt different temperature control to the different baking stages of the cereal of various moisture contents, promptly do not destroy the quality of cereal; Improve the drying efficiency of cereal again, the more important thing is the effective of energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Claims (6)

1. horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer, it dials plate (26) by dram (1), stator reel (2), super heat-conductive pipe (3), airduct (4), anti-scald whirlwind cover (5), flue (6), warm-air pipe (7), bearing (9), sprocket wheel (10), the gear teeth (11), decelerator (12), reducer output shaft (13), heating stove (14), deduster (15), smokejack (16), air-heater (17), annular air heat pipe (18), blower fan (19), dust discharge pipeline (25), cereal and filter screen (27) is formed, and it is characterized in that stator reel (2) symmetry is located at the two ends of dram (1); The end face of stator reel (2) is provided with bearing (9); The outer shroud of bearing (9) is connected with dram (1), and the left end of super heat-conductive pipe (3) is located on the left end stator reel (2), and the right-hand member of super heat-conductive pipe (3) is in right-hand member stator reel (2) is located at the combustion chamber (20) of heating stove (14); Be provided with an airduct (4) in the below of every super heat-conductive pipe (3); Super heat-conductive pipe (3) and airduct (4) are located in the anti-scald whirlwind cover (5), and the below of anti-scald whirlwind cover (5) has hot-air mouth, between flue (6) and smokejack (16), are provided with deduster (15); The upper right side of flue (6) is communicated with combustion chamber (20); The bottom righthand side of flue (6) is communicated with the bottom and the deduster (15) of combustion chamber respectively, is provided with airduct (4) around the flue (6), and flue (6) and airduct (4) are located in the anti-scald whirlwind cover (5); Have the wind hole on first tube wall of airduct in drying chamber (4); Warm-air pipe (7) evenly is located in the drying chamber (22), evenly has the hot blast hole on the tube wall of the warm-air pipe in drying chamber (7), and the right-hand member of warm-air pipe (7) is communicated with the output of annular air heat pipe (18) in being located at heating stove (14) combustion chamber; The input of annular air heat pipe (18) is connected with air-heater (17); Airduct (4) is connected with blower fan (19), on the barrel of dram (1) left end, is provided with dust-exhausting port (8), and dust-exhausting port (8) is provided with filter screen (27); On the inwall of dram (1), be provided with cereal and dial plate (26); The gear teeth (11) are located on the outer wall of dram (1), and sprocket wheel (10) cooperates with the gear teeth (11), and sprocket wheel (10) is connected with reducer output shaft (13); Between the left side of left end stator reel (2) and dram (1) left end inwall, be provided with dust room (24); Dust room (24) is communicated with dust discharge pipeline (25), and the output of dust discharge pipeline (25) is connected with deduster (15), and dram (1) is provided with feed inlet and outlet (23).
2. a kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that super heat-conductive pipe (3) is many.
3. a kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that it is a plurality of that cereal is dialled plate (26).
4. a kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with heat-conducting medium in the super heat-conductive pipe (3), and heat-conducting medium adopts the ethers heat-conducting medium.
5. a kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that in the deduster (15) industrial coke being set.
6. a kind of horizontal convection current whole cereal dryer according to claim 1; It is characterized in that it is the steel pipe of 240~260mm that flue (6) adopts diameter; It is the steel pipe of 70~90mm that super heat-conductive pipe (3) adopts diameter; It is the steel pipe of 30~40mm that airduct (4) adopts diameter, and it is the steel pipe of 20~26mm that warm-air pipe (7) adopts diameter.
CN2011100220510A 2011-01-19 2011-01-19 Horizontal convection integral grain drying machine CN102067905B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100220510A CN102067905B (en) 2011-01-19 2011-01-19 Horizontal convection integral grain drying machine

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CN102067905A CN102067905A (en) 2011-05-25
CN102067905B true CN102067905B (en) 2012-11-07

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104351336A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-02-18 侨健新能源科技(苏州)有限公司 Large corn drying system
CN104748533B (en) * 2015-04-03 2016-09-21 浦江简丰环保科技有限公司 Use fertilizer stand-by provision and the preparation method of angle-adjusting mechanism
CN104792139B (en) * 2015-04-03 2016-09-21 江苏瑞安特重型机械有限公司 Fertilizer stand-by provision and preparation method with baffle plate and pump-line
CN104792124B (en) * 2015-04-03 2018-05-25 金华市卡德姆昌德自动化设备有限公司 A kind of fertiliser granulates drying device of low vibrations
CN104764307B (en) * 2015-04-03 2017-01-11 林彩凤 Fertilizer preparation device and fertilizer preparation method applying baffle plate
CN104807302B (en) * 2015-04-03 2016-12-07 浦江县安恒进出口有限公司 There is fertilizer stand-by provision and the preparation method of heat sinking function
CN104807301B (en) * 2015-04-03 2016-11-23 重庆市巴南区前进机械厂 It is easy to fertilizer stand-by provision and the preparation method removed
CN105352271A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-02-24 浙江大学 Vacuum pulse driving device based on superconductive tubes

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2265519Y (en) * 1996-07-12 1997-10-22 郝钰 High-efficiency grain-drying machine
CN2769796Y (en) * 2005-02-06 2006-04-05 王志军 Middle range double-rotary drum mixed-flow grain drying machine
CN200979348Y (en) * 2006-12-15 2007-11-21 贾生活 Drying machine used after coating seed
CN202043581U (en) * 2011-01-19 2011-11-23 哈尔滨中盛龙供热设备科技开发有限公司 Horizontal convection integral grain drying machine

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