CN102066885B - A method for operating a transport vehicle, a transport vehicle, a method for controlling operation of a work site and a work site system - Google Patents

A method for operating a transport vehicle, a transport vehicle, a method for controlling operation of a work site and a work site system Download PDF

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CN102066885B
CN102066885B CN 200880129861 CN200880129861A CN102066885B CN 102066885 B CN102066885 B CN 102066885B CN 200880129861 CN200880129861 CN 200880129861 CN 200880129861 A CN200880129861 A CN 200880129861A CN 102066885 B CN102066885 B CN 102066885B
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method
work
transport
vehicle
site
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CN 200880129861
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102066885A (en )
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约翰·阿道夫松
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沃尔沃建筑设备公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K28/00Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions
    • B60K28/08Safety devices for propulsion-unit control, specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles, e.g. preventing fuel supply or ignition in the event of potentially dangerous conditions responsive to conditions relating to the cargo, e.g. overload
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01GWEIGHING
    • G01G19/00Weighing apparatus or methods adapted for special purposes not provided for in the preceding groups
    • G01G19/08Weighing apparatus or methods adapted for special purposes not provided for in the preceding groups for incorporation in vehicles
    • G01G19/083Weighing apparatus or methods adapted for special purposes not provided for in the preceding groups for incorporation in vehicles lift truck scale
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01GWEIGHING
    • G01G23/00Auxiliary devices for weighing apparatus
    • G01G23/18Indicating devices, e.g. for remote indication; Recording devices; Scales, e.g. graduated
    • G01G23/36Indicating the weight by electrical means, e.g. using photoelectric cells
    • G01G23/37Indicating the weight by electrical means, e.g. using photoelectric cells involving digital counting
    • G01G23/3728Indicating the weight by electrical means, e.g. using photoelectric cells involving digital counting with wireless means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO ASPECTS CROSS-CUTTING VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
    • B60Y2200/00Type of vehicle
    • B60Y2200/40Special vehicles
    • B60Y2200/41Construction vehicles, e.g. graders, excavators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO ASPECTS CROSS-CUTTING VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
    • B60Y2200/00Type of vehicle
    • B60Y2200/40Special vehicles
    • B60Y2200/41Construction vehicles, e.g. graders, excavators
    • B60Y2200/415Wheel loaders

Abstract

本发明涉及一种用于运行设有车斗的运输车辆的方法,该方法适当考虑了所述车斗内容纳的物料的重量。 The present invention relates to a method for operating a transport vehicle is provided for the bucket, the method takes into account the weight of the appropriate bucket housed materials. 该方法包括如下步骤:从外部源接收与所述车斗内容纳的物料的重量有关的信息(501);以及,响应于该重量信息来控制所述车辆的运行(503)。 The method comprises the steps of: information (501) received from the external source and the bucket housed related to the weight of the material; controlling operation of said vehicle (503) and, in response to the weight information.

Description

用于运行运输车辆的方法、运输车辆、用于控制作业现场的运行的方法及作业现场系统 A method for operating a transport vehicle, a transport vehicle, a method for controlling the operation of a work site and a work site system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种用于运行设有车斗的运输车辆的方法,该方法适当考虑了所述车斗内容纳的物料的重量。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for operating a transport vehicle is provided for the bucket, which due consideration to the weight of the bucket housed materials. 本发明还涉及这种运输车辆。 The present invention also relates to such a transport vehicle.

[0002] 本发明还涉及一种用于控制作业现场的运行的方法,该作业现场包括工程机械和运输车辆,该工程机械被构造为在高于地面的升高位置装载物料,该运输车辆设有车斗,该车斗被构造为用于从所述工程机械接收物料。 [0002] The present invention further relates to a method for controlling the operation of the work site, the construction machine comprising a work site and transport vehicles, the construction machine is configured to load an elevated position above the ground material, the transport vehicle is provided there bucket, the bucket car is configured for receiving material from the mechanical engineering. 本发明还涉及这种作业现场系统。 The present invention also relates to such work site system.

[0003] 本发明尤其涉及如下一种运输车辆:该运输车辆被构造为用于在无道路的区域内运输诸如土、石或砂等的重型物料,例如用于与道路或隧道修建、沙坑、矿山和类似环境相关的运输。 [0003] The present invention particularly relates to a vehicle for transporting: the transport vehicle is configured for transport such as soil, sand stone or a road region in the non-heavy material, for example for the construction of a road or a tunnel, bunker , mining and transport similar environment-related. [0004] 下面,将针对具有铰接式运输车类型的工程机械形式的运输车辆来说明本发明。 [0004] Next, for the type of transport vehicle having an articulated hauler in the form of a construction machine of the present invention will be described. 然而,这种应用仅应视作运输车辆的优选示例,且本发明可适用于其他类型的运输车辆,例如带有刚性车架的自卸卡车。 However, this is only a preferred example of the application should be considered as a transport vehicle, and the present invention is applicable to other types of transport vehicles, such as dump truck with a rigid frame.

背景技术 Background technique

[0005] 在铰接式运输车内,已知具有车载式重量测量设备。 [0005] In an articulated transport vehicle, it is known to have onboard weight measurement device. 在一个这种已知的设备中,通过刚性附接到转向架装置内的转向架梁的应变计来测量重量。 In one such known apparatus, the weight is measured to gauge bogie in the bogie beam by means rigidly attached. 所测量到的重量信息在驾驶室内的显示屏上呈现给操作者。 The measured weight information presented to the operator in the cab display. 更具体地,对载运物的重量进行监测,以防止特定类型的铰接式运输车过载。 More specifically, the weight of the payload is monitored to prevent a particular type of articulated hauler overload.

[0006] 然而,在长期的恶劣环境下,这样的重量测量设备无法实现所要求的精度和可靠性。 [0006] However, in the harsh environment of long-term, such a weight measurement device can not achieve the required accuracy and reliability. 更具体地,应变计暴露于灰尘、尘土和物料,因此可能受到磨损,并且可能在此恶劣环境中失效。 More specifically, the strain gage is exposed to dust, dirt and material, and therefore may be subject to wear and may fail in this harsh environment.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明的第一目的是实现一种用于运行运输车辆的方法,该方法适当考虑了载荷重量,该方法可靠、具有成本效率且适合应用于恶劣环境中。 The first object of the [0007] present invention is to achieve a method for operating a transport vehicle, which properly takes into account the load weight, which method is reliable, cost-efficient and suitable for harsh environments.

[0008] 该目的通过权利要求I所述的特征而实现。 [0008] This object is achieved according to I characterized by the claims. 因此,实现该目的的方法包括如下步骤:从外部源接收与所述车斗内容纳的物料的重量有关的信息;以及,响应于该重量信息来控制所述车辆的运行。 Thus, to achieve this purpose the method comprising the steps of: receiving information from an external source to the weight of the bucket with material housed; and, in response to the weight information controlling operation of said vehicle.

[0009] 因此,运输车辆从外部源接收该重量信息。 [0009] Thus, the weight of the transport vehicle receives information from an external source. 该外部源被构造为用于测量装载在运输车辆的车斗内的物料的重量,并将该信息传送到运输车辆。 The external source is configured for measuring the weight of the material loaded on the transport vehicle the bucket, and transmits the information to the transport vehicle. 这样,运输车辆不必设有车载式重量测量设备。 Thus, the transport vehicle need not be provided onboard weight measurement device. 因此,本发明为响应于装载在所述车斗内的物料的重量来改善运行创造了条件,同时维持了运输车辆的成本效率。 Accordingly, the present invention is in response to the weight of the material loaded into the bucket to create the conditions for improving the operation, while maintaining the cost-effectiveness of the transport vehicle.

[0010] 此外,通过响应于所接收到的重量信息来自动地控制所述运输车辆的运行,能够实现改善的运行,因为不同的车辆系统可相应地受到控制,以提高燃料效率、操作者舒适性 [0010] Further, in response to the weight of the received information to automatically control the operation of the transport vehicle, improved operation can be achieved, since the different vehicle systems may be controlled accordingly, to improve fuel efficiency, operator comfort sex

坐寸O[0011] 在作业现场,多个运输车辆在不同目的地之间移动,以装载和卸载物料。 Sat inch O [0011] at the job site, the plurality of the transport vehicle moves between different destinations for loading and unloading material. 此外,诸如轮式装载机和挖掘机等的装载车辆位于不同的装载目的地,以对运输车辆进行装载。 Furthermore, wheel loaders and excavators and the like, such as a load carrying vehicle in different loading destination to load transport vehicles.

[0012] 根据一优选实施例,该方法包括如下步骤:从将物料装载在所述车斗内的工程机械接收与所容纳的物料的重量有关的信息。 [0012] According to a preferred embodiment, the method comprises the steps of: information related to the weight of the material loaded into the bucket receiving mechanical engineering and the contained material. 因此,根据该实施例,该装载车辆(例如轮式装载机)形成上述外部源。 Thus, according to this embodiment, the loading of the vehicle (e.g., wheel loader) formed in the external source. 与铰接式运输车相比,诸如轮式装载机等的装载车辆更适于配备有车载式重量测量系统,因为载荷传感器可容易地与用于操作铲斗的液压系统相关地布置。 Compared with the articulated truck, such as a load carrying vehicle such as a wheel loader equipped with a more suitable system onboard weight measurement, because the load sensor can be arranged easily in relation to the hydraulic system for operating the bucket.

[0013] 因此,该装载车辆设有车载式重量测量设备,且包括用于将具有所述重量信息的信号发送到运输车辆的装置。 [0013] Thus, the loading vehicle is provided with onboard weight measurement device, and comprises means for transmitting a signal having the weight information to the transport vehicles. 特别地,工程机械车队(包括运输车辆和轮式装载机)的采购和控制可具有成本效率。 In particular, construction machinery fleet (including transport vehicles and wheel loaders) procurement and control can be cost-effective. 对于其运输车辆的数量大于装载车辆数量的作业现场来说,成本效益尤其明显。 For its transportation vehicle is greater than the number of the number of vehicles loaded work site, the cost effectiveness is particularly evident.

[0014] 设有这种用于防止其过载的车载式重量测量设备的轮式装载机是公知的。 [0014] This is provided for preventing the wheel loader onboard weight measuring apparatus which overload is well known. 因此,以上实施例为获得所装载物料的重量值创造了条件,以通过使用已知的重量测量设备来控·制所述运输车辆的运行,且仅为该运输车辆提供了诸如天线等的结构较小的特征件和控制器内的相应软件。 Accordingly, the structure above embodiment to create the conditions for obtaining the loaded material weight value to weight measurement by using known devices to control the operation of the vehicle-transport system, and provides only the haulage vehicle such as an antenna or the like smaller features and software within a corresponding controller.

[0015] 根据另外的扩展,该方法包括如下步骤:从将物料装载在所述车斗内的工程机械直接接收与所容纳的物料的重量有关的信息。 [0015] According to a further extension, the method comprising the steps of: receiving information relating to the weight of the material received directly from the material loaded into the bucket construction machine. 优选地,在装载车辆与运输车辆之间存在有无线通信。 Preferably, between the loading vehicle and the transport vehicles there is wireless communication. 此无线通信至少是单向的,即从装载车辆朝向运输车辆。 This is at least one-way radio communication, i.e., toward the transport vehicle from the loading vehicle. 根据一替代或补充方案,该重量信息从装载车辆发送到作业现场的中心站,以进一步分配给运输车辆。 According to an alternative or complement, the weight information transmitted from the loading vehicle to a work site central station, for further distribution to a transport vehicle.

[0016] 根据一优选实施例,该方法包括如下步骤:当所述车辆将所容纳的物料向目的地运输时,响应于该重量信息来控制所述车辆的运行。 [0016] According to a preferred embodiment, the method comprises the steps of: when the vehicle to transport the material to the destination received, to control the operation of the vehicle in response to the weight information. 优选地,自动地控制至少一个车辆系统,例如悬架系统或动力传动系。 Preferably, automatically controlling at least one vehicle system, such as the suspension system or powertrain. 这样,能够明显改善该运输车辆的运行。 In this way, it can significantly improve the operation of the transport vehicle.

[0017] 优选地,该运输车辆的特定控制被设定为与未装载的车斗有关的标准模式(缺省模式)。 [0017] Preferably, the specific control of the transport vehicle is set as the standard mode and unloaded bucket associated (default mode). 在装载之后,确定与所述车斗内的载荷重量相对应的模式,且该车辆在其通往卸载目的地的路上受到相应控制。 After loading, the load determining the vehicle weight in the bucket corresponding to the pattern, and the corresponding control vehicle is on the road leading to unload its destination.

[0018] 根据上一实施例的扩展,该方法包括如下步骤:当该车辆已到达目的地时,中断响应于该重量信息对所述运输车辆的运行的控制。 [0018] According to an embodiment of the expansion, the method comprising the steps of: when the vehicle has reached the destination, the interrupt in response to the weight information controlling operation of the transport vehicle. 这样,该运输车辆再次根据空的车斗(即根据缺省模式)受到控制。 Thus, the transport vehicle according to the empty bucket (i.e., according to the default mode) is controlled again.

[0019] 本发明的第二目的是实现设有车斗的运输车辆,该车斗被构造为用于容纳物料,该运输车辆被构造为适当考虑载荷重量来控制其运行,该运输车辆可靠、具有成本效率且适合应用于恶劣环境中。 [0019] The second object of the present invention is to realize a transport vehicle provided with the bucket, the vehicle is configured as a hopper for receiving the material, the transport vehicle is configured to load weight due consideration to control its operation, the reliable transport vehicle, cost-effective and suitable for harsh environments.

[0020] 该目的通过权利要求17所述的特征而实现。 [0020] This object is according to the features of claim 17 is achieved by. 因此,实现该目的的运输车辆包括接收装置和控制器,该接收装置用于以无线方式接收与容纳在所述车斗内的物料的重量有关的信息,该控制器以可操作方式连接到所述接收装置,其中,该控制器适于响应于该重量信息来控制所述车辆内的至少一个系统。 Thus, to achieve this object a transport vehicle comprising a receiving device and a controller, the receiving means for receiving information relating to the weight of the material contained within the bucket in a wireless manner, the controller is operatively connected to the said receiving means, wherein the controller is adapted in response to the at least one system information to control the weight of the vehicle.

[0021] 本发明的第三目的是实现一种用于控制作业现场的运行的方法,该作业现场包括工程机械和运输车辆,该工程机械被构造为在高于地面的升高位置处装载物料,该运输车辆设有车斗,该车斗被构造为用于从所述工程机械接收物料,该方法可靠、具有成本效率且适合应用于恶劣环境中。 [0021] The third object of the present invention is to realize an operation control method for the work site, the construction machine comprising a work site and transport vehicles, the construction machine is configured as raised above the ground at a location of the loading material the transport vehicle is provided with the bucket, the bucket car is configured for receiving material from the mechanical engineering, the method is reliable, cost-efficient and suitable for harsh environments. [0022] 该目的通过权利要求19所述的特征而实现。 [0022] This object is according to the features of claim 19 is achieved by. 因此,实现该目的的方法包括如下步骤:对物料称重并将物该料装载到所述车斗内;把与物料重量有关的信息以无线方式传输到所述运输车辆;以及,响应于所传输的重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的运行。 Thus, the object is achieved in a method comprising the steps of: weighing the material and the material was loaded into the bucket; the information relating to the weight of material transferred to the transport vehicle in a wireless manner; and, in response to the transmitted weight information controlling operation of the transport vehicle.

[0023] 本发明的第四目的是实现作业现场系统,该作业现场系统包括工程机械和运输车辆,该工程机械被构造为在高于地面的升高位置处装载物料,该运输车辆设有车斗,该车斗用于从所述工程机械接收物料,该作业现场系统可靠、具有成本效率且适合应用于恶劣环境中。 [0023] A fourth object of the present invention is to achieve a work site system, which system comprises a work site machinery and transport vehicles, the construction machine is configured to be loaded material at an elevated position above the ground, the vehicle is provided with a transport vehicle bucket, bucket car for receiving material from the mechanical engineering, the job-site system is reliable, cost-efficient and suitable for harsh environments.

[0024] 该目的通过权利要求20所述的特征而实现。 [0024] The object of the features described in claim 20 is achieved by the claims. 因此,实现该目的的工程机械包括用于对装载在所述车斗内的物料进行称重的装置和用于发送信号的装置,所发送的信号具有与物料的重量有关的信息,所述运输车辆包括包括接收装置和控制器,该接收装置用于接收信号,所接收的信号具有与容纳在所述车斗内的物料的重量有关的信息,该控制器以可操作方式连接到所述接收装置,其中,该控制器适于响应于该重量信息来控制所述车辆内的至少一个系统。 Accordingly, this object is achieved for a construction machine comprising means for loading the weighing bucket in the material and means for transmitting a signal, the transmitted signal with information about the weight of the feed, the transport and receiving means includes a vehicle comprising a controller means for receiving the reception signal, the received signal has information relating to the weight of the bucket housed within the material, the controller is operatively connected to the receiver apparatus, wherein the controller is adapted to control at least one vehicle within the system in response to the weight information. [0025] 在以下描述和从属权利要求中阐明了本发明各个实施例的其他有利特征和功能。 [0025] Other advantageous features and forth features of the various embodiments of the present invention in the following description and the dependent claims. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026] 下面,将参考附图所示的实施例来说明本发明,在附图中: [0026], the following embodiment will be illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings to illustrate the present invention, in the drawings:

[0027] 图I以侧视图示出了轮式装载机, [0027] Figure I shows a side view of the wheel loader,

[0028] 图2以侧视图示出了铰接式运输车, [0028] FIG. 2 shows a side view of the articulated truck,

[0029] 图3示出了在作业现场该轮式装载机和铰接式运输车的运行, [0029] FIG. 3 shows the operation of the wheel loader and the articulated hauler at the job site,

[0030] 图4示意性示出了用于控制铰接式运输车的运行的系统,并且[0031 ] 图5示出了本发明的实施例示例的流程图。 [0030] FIG 4 schematically illustrates a system for controlling the operation of the articulated hauler, and [0031] FIG. 5 shows a flowchart of the exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0032] 图I以侧视图示出了构成轮式装载机101的车架转向式工程机械。 [0032] Figure I shows in side view a frame 101 constituting a steering wheel loader-type construction machine. 轮式装载机101的车身包括前车身部分102和后车身部分103,这些车身部分分别具有用于驱动一对车轮的车轴112、113。 The wheel loader 101 comprises a front vehicle body portion 102 and the rear section 103, these portions of the vehicle body, respectively, for driving a pair of wheels 112 and 113 of the axle. 后车身部分103包括驾驶室114。 The rear section 103 includes a cab 114. 车身部分102、103以如下方式彼此连接:即,它们能够通过两个第一致动器相对于彼此绕竖直轴线枢转,所述两个第一致动器为布置在两个车身部分之间的液压缸104、105的形式。 Body portions 102, 103 are connected to each other in the following manner: That is, they can be two first actuator with respect to one another about a vertical pivot axis, the two first actuator is disposed in the two portions of the body in the form of hydraulic cylinders 104,105 between. 因此,液压缸104、105在车辆行驶方向上的车辆水平中心线的每一侧各布置有一个,以使轮式装载机101转向。 Thus, each horizontal centerline of the vehicle is disposed on each side of the hydraulic cylinders 104 and 105 in the traveling direction of a vehicle, to turn the wheel loader 101.

[0033] 轮式装载机101包括用于处理物体或物料的设备111。 [0033] The wheel loader 101 comprises an equipment 111 for handling objects or material. 该设备111包括装载臂单元106和装配在该装载臂单元上的铲斗形式的工具107。 The device 111 comprises a load-arm unit 106 in the form of a bucket fitted on and the loading arm 107 unit tool. 装载臂单元106的第一端枢转地连接到前车身部分102。 A first end of the load-arm unit 106 is pivotally connected to the front section 102. 工具107枢转地连接到装载臂单元106的第二端。 Tool 107 is pivotally connected to the second end 106 of the load-arm unit.

[0034] 装载臂单元106可通过两个第二致动器相对于前车身部分102升高和降低,所述两个第二致动器为两个液压缸108、109的形式,它们中的每一个均在一端处连接到前车身部分102并在另一端处连接到装载臂单元106。 [0034] The load-arm unit 106 by two second actuators 102 relative to the front portion of the vehicle body raised and lowered, the two second actuators in the form of two hydraulic cylinders 108, 109, which in are each connected at one end to the front section 102 and is connected to the load-arm unit 106 at the other end. 铲斗107能够通过第三致动器而相对于装载臂单元106倾翻,该第三致动器为液压缸110的形式,它在一端处连接到前车身部分102并在另一端处经由连杆臂系统115连接到铲斗107。 Bucket 107 through a third actuator with respect to tipping load-arm unit 106, the third actuator in the form of a hydraulic cylinder 110, which is connected to the front portion of the vehicle body 102 at one end and connected at the other end via the system 115 is connected to the lever arm 107 bucket.

[0035] 图2以侧视图示出了铰接式运输车(也称为车架转向式自卸车)201。 [0035] FIG. 2 shows a side view of an articulated hauler (also referred to as a frame-steered dumper) 201. 该铰接式运输车包括前车辆部分202,该前车辆部分202包括前车架203、前轮轴204和用于驾驶员的驾驶室206。 The articulated hauler comprises a front vehicle section 202, the front vehicle section 202 includes a front frame 203, a front wheel axle 204 and a cab 206 for a driver. 铰接式运输车201也包括后车辆部分207,该后车辆部分207包括后车架208、前轮轴209、后轮轴210和可倾斜车斗211。 The articulated hauler 201 also comprises a rear vehicle section 207, the rear vehicle section 207 comprising a rear frame 208, a front wheel axle 209, the axle 210 and the bucket 211 can be tilted.

[0036] 第一枢转接头225适于允许前车架203和后车架208相对于彼此围绕虚拟的纵向轴线枢转,换言之,所述虚拟的纵向轴线是在车辆201的纵向方向上延伸的轴线。 [0036] The first pivot joint 225 is adapted to allow the front frame 203 and rear frame 208 relative to each other about the longitudinal axis of the virtual pivot, in other words, the virtual longitudinal axis is extending in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle 201 axis.

[0037] 前车架203经由第二接头221连接到后车架208,这允许前车架203和后车架208相对于彼此围绕竖直轴线234枢转,以使该车辆转向(转弯)。 [0037] The front frame 203 via a second connector 221 connected to the rear frame 208, which allows the front frame 203 and rear frame 208 relative to each other about a vertical pivot axis 234, so that the vehicle steering (turning). 一对液压缸224形式的致动器布置在用于使该车辆转向的旋转接头221的各侧。 Pair of hydraulic cylinders 224 in the form of an actuator disposed on each side of the vehicle for steering rotary joint 221. 这些液压缸由车辆驾驶员通过方向盘和/或操纵杆(未示出)来控制。 Hydraulic cylinders controlled by a vehicle driver through the steering wheel and / or a joystick (not shown).

[0038] 车斗211在后车架208的后部处经由铰接件(未示出)连接到该后车架。 [0038] Body 211 at the rear of the rear frame 208 is connected to the rear frame via a hinge member (not shown). 一对倾斜缸232以第一端连接到后车架208且以第二端连接到平板车身211。 A pair of inclined cylinders 232 to a first end connected to the rear frame 208 and a second end connected to the platform body 211. 在该车辆的沿其纵向方向的中心轴线的每一侧各定位有一个倾斜缸232。 On each side of the central axis of the vehicle in its longitudinal direction, each positioned a tilt cylinder 232. 因此,当致动这些倾斜缸232时,平板车身211相对于后车架208倾斜。 Thus, when the actuator 232, the plate 211 after the body frame 208 is inclined with respect to the tilt cylinder.

[0039] 该车斗通常为具有侧壁、前壁、封闭底部和敞口顶部的盒体的形式。 [0039] The car is generally bucket having sidewalls, a front wall, a closed bottom and open top of the cartridge form. 在倾卸其间,容纳物从该盒体滑落到地面上或滑落到在一旁等待的车斗内。 Tipping therebetween, the contents slide from the cassette to fall to the ground or at the side of the bucket waiting.

[0040] 参考图3,示出了在作业现场该轮式装载机101和铰接式运输车201的运行。 [0040] Referring to Figure 3, there is shown a work site in the wheel loader 101 and the articulated hauler 201 is running. 轮式装载机101用于使用铲斗107从装载位置掘起物料(挖掘天然地面301)并将该物料卸载到铰接式运输车201的车斗211中。 101 wheel loader bucket for using the material 107 rise from the loading position (excavating a natural ground 301) and to unload the material of the articulated hauler 201 bucket 211.

[0041] 图3示出了行驶模式,其包括从挖掘至装载到铰接式运输车201上的一系列步骤。 [0041] FIG. 3 shows a driving pattern comprising a series of steps to excavation to loading on the articulated hauler 201. 具体地,轮式装载机101在直行位置向前(见箭头302)行驶到天然地面301,其中,前车辆部分和后车辆部分成一条直线。 Specifically, the wheel loader 101 in the straight forward position (see arrow 302) with the natural ground 301, wherein the vehicle front and rear portions of the vehicle in a straight line. 当轮式装载机101接近该天然地面301时,轮式装载机101推入到天然地面中,见箭头303。 When the wheel loader 101 approaches the natural ground 301, the wheel loader 101 is pushed into the natural ground, see arrow 303. 然后,装载臂单元升起,其中铲斗107装满了来自天然地面的物料。 Then, the loading arm unit is raised, wherein the bucket 107 is filled with material from the natural ground.

[0042] 当完成挖掘时,轮式装载机101从挖掘操作位置以高速度撤回,见箭头304,且该轮式装载机向右转(或向左转),见箭头305。 [0042] Upon completion of excavation, the wheel loader 101 is withdrawn from the excavating operation position at high speed, see arrow 304 and the wheel loader a right turn (or left turn), see arrow 305. 然后,轮式装载机101向前移动,见箭头306,同时向左(或向后)急转,然后调直该车辆以行驶接近所述铰接式运输车201,见箭头307。 Then, the wheel loader 101 moves forward, see arrow 306, while the left (or backward) Sharp, then straightening the traveling vehicle approaches the articulated hauler 201, see arrow 307. 提升臂单元106升起,铲斗107倾斜,且将物料堆积在该铰接式运输车的车斗内。 Lifting arm unit 106 is raised, the bucket 107 tilted and the material deposited in the bucket of the articulated hauler. 当自卸卡车320的装载操作结束时,轮式装载机101从铰接式运输车201反向移开,见箭头308,转向至停止位置309,且再次朝向天然地面301向前行驶310。 When the end of the loading operation of the dump truck 320, the wheel loader 101 201 is removed from the reverse articulated hauler, see arrow 308, to the turning stop positions 309, 301 and toward the natural ground 310 with forward again. 轮式装载机101的这种操作重复进行,直至车斗211被装满。 This operation of the wheel loader 101 is repeated until the bucket 211 is filled.

[0043] 当车斗211中装满物料时,铰接式运输车201从其装载位置311经由路径312移向目的地313,该目的地313为卸载位置的形式。 [0043] When the bucket filled with the material 211, the articulated hauler 201 311 312 via path 313 from its loading position toward the destination, the destination 313 is in the form of an unloading position. 在位置314处,通过使车斗211倾斜,车斗211内的容纳物被卸载。 At position 314, by making the tilt bucket 211, The contents of the bucket 211 is unloaded.

[0044] 图4示出了用于控制该铰接式运输车的运行的系统401。 [0044] FIG. 4 shows a method for controlling the operation of the system of the articulated hauler 401. 系统401包括轮式装载机101和铰接式运输车201。 The system 401 includes a wheel loader 101 and the articulated hauler 201.

[0045] 轮式装载机101包括用于确定铲斗107内的物料重量的装置403、405、407。 [0045] The wheel loader 101 includes means 403,405,407 for determining a weight of the material in the bucket 107. 所述重量确定装置403、405、407包括适于感测铲斗107的位置的至少一个传感器403。 Said weight determining means 403,405,407 includes at least one sensor 403 is adapted to sense the position of the bucket 107. 更具体地,第一位置传感器适于感测铲斗107的竖直位置,更确切地说,用于感测提升臂106相对于车架102的角位置。 More specifically, a first position sensor adapted to sense the vertical position of the bucket 107 and, more specifically, the lifting arm 106 for sensing the angular position relative to the frame 102. 第二传感器适于感测铲斗107相对于提升臂106的角位置。 A second sensor adapted to sense the bucket 107 with respect to the angular position of the lift arm 106. 该第一传感器和第二传感器例如可由布置在各枢转接头内的角度传感器形成,或者由适于检测各液压缸的直线位移的直线传感器形成。 The first and second sensors, for example, an angle sensor may be disposed within each of the pivot joint is formed, it is formed by a straight line or linear displacement sensor adapted to detect the hydraulic cylinder.

[0046] 所述重量确定装置还包括适于感测液压系统内的压力的传感器405,该压力表示施加在所述系统上的载荷。 The [0046] weight determination means further comprises a pressure sensor 405 adapted to sense in a hydraulic system, which represents the load pressure exerted on the system. 优选地,传感器405适于感测提升缸108、109内的压力。 Preferably, the sensor 405 adapted to sense the pressure in the lift cylinders 108, 109.

[0047] 所述重量确定装置还包括控制器407,该控制器407适于从传感器403、405接收具有位置信息和压力信息的信号。 The [0047] determining means further comprises a weight controller 407, the controller 407 is adapted to receive signals having position information and pressure information from sensors 403, 405. 控制器407包括用于基于传感器信号内的信息来确定物料重量并产生相应的重量信号的软件。 The controller 407 includes means for determining the weight of the material and generating a weight signal corresponding to the software based on the information in the sensor signal.

[0048] 轮式装载机101还包括用于发送由控制器407产生的重量信号的装置409。 [0048] The wheel loader 101 further comprises means 409 for transmitting the weight signal generated by the controller 407. 该发送装置409优选包括天线,它以可操作方式连接到控制器407且构造为用于传输电磁波,例如无线电波。 The transmission device preferably comprises an antenna 409, which is operatively connected to the controller 407 and configured for transmitting electromagnetic waves, such as radio waves.

[0049] 铰接式运输车201包括用于从轮式装载机101接收重量信号的接收装置411。 [0049] The articulated hauler 201 comprises a receiving means for receiving a signal from the weight of the wheel loader 101 411. 优选地,该接收装置411包括被构造为用于接收电磁波的天线。 Preferably, the receiving device 411 comprises an antenna configured for receiving electromagnetic waves.

[0050] 铰接式运输车201还包括控制器413,所述控制器413以可操作方式连接到天线411,用于接收所述重量信号。 [0050] The articulated hauler 201 also comprises a controller 413, the controller 413 is operatively connected to an antenna 411 for receiving the weight signal. 控制器411包括如下软件:该软件用于确定并产生被输出给至少一个车辆系统415、417或车辆部件的输出信号,以对它们进行控制。 The controller 411 includes the following software: The software for determining and generating an output signal is output to at least one vehicle or vehicle system components 415, 417 to control them.

[0051] 第一车辆系统被示例为动力传动系415。 [0051] The vehicle system is exemplified by a first power train 415. 内燃发动机(柴油发动机)形式的动力源419适于推进该运输车201。 A power source (diesel) internal combustion engine 419 is adapted to form the propulsion truck 201. 该动力传动系还包括自动变速箱形式的主变速箱421,该主变速箱421以可操作方式连接到发动机419的输出轴。 The powertrain further includes an automatic transmission 421 in the form of a main transmission, the main transmission 421 is operatively connected to an output shaft of the engine 419. 该动力传动系还包括中间变速箱423 (分动变速箱),以在前轮轴204与后轮轴209、210(见图2)之间分配驱动动力。 The powertrain further comprises an intermediate gearbox 423 (transfer gearbox), to partitioned between (see FIG. 2) the front axle 204 and rear axle 209 and 210, driving power.

[0052] 第一驱动轴(传动轴)在车辆的纵向方向上延伸且以可操作方式连接在分动变速箱423与轮轴204内的中心变速器425 (差速器)之间。 [0052] The first drive shaft (drive shaft) extends in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle and operatively connected to the transfer gearbox 423 and the center shaft 204 of the transmission 425 (differential) between. 一对横向驱动轴(棒状轴)从中心变速器425沿两个相反方向延伸。 A pair of transverse drive shafts (rod axis) extending in two opposite directions from the center 425 of the transmission. 每个横向驱动轴驱动一个车轮。 Each transverse drive shafts drives one wheel.

[0053] 第二车辆系统被示例为悬架系统417。 [0053] The second system is exemplified by the vehicle suspension system 417. 该示例的悬架系统417适于将车架203、208悬挂在轮轴204、209、210上。 The suspension system of this example is adapted to the frame 417 is suspended from the axle 203, 208 204,209,210. 具体地,悬架系统417构造为响应于转弯、坡道等来进行连续控制。 In particular, the suspension system 417 is configured in response to a turning, continuous control ramps and the like.

[0054] 控制器413还适于产生被输出给操作者显示装置427的输出信号,以向驾驶员指示所装载的重量。 [0054] The controller 413 is further adapted to generate the output weight of an output signal to an operator display device 427 to the load instruction to the driver. 控制器413还适于产生被输出给电子存储器的输出信号,该电子存储器为存储器429的形式,用于与个体操作者、作业班次等相关地存储该重量信息。 The controller 413 is further adapted to produce an output signal is output to the electronic memory, the electronic memory is a form of a memory 429 for storing the weight information associated with the individual operator, work shift and the like.

[0055] 下面,将描述用于控制该铰接式运输车的方法的实施例示例。 [0055] Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments will be described a method for controlling the articulated hauler.

[0056] 根据第一示例,见图5,该方法开始于框501。 [0056] According to the first example, shown in Figure 5, the process begins at block 501. 该方法包括如下步骤:从外部源接收与所述车斗内容纳的物料的重量有关的信息503 ;以及,响应于该重量信息来控制所述车辆的运行505。 The method comprises the steps of: receiving from an external source and the bucket 503 accommodated in the information about the weight of the material; and, in response to the weight information controlling operation of the vehicle 505. 具体地,该方法包括如下步骤:从将物料装载在所述车斗内的工程机械101接收与所容纳的物料的重量有关的信息。 Specifically, the method comprising the steps of: receiving from the information on the weight of the material loaded into the bucket 101 and the construction machine of the receiving material. 优选地,该方法包括如下步骤:以无线方式接收与所容纳的物料的重量有关的信息。 Preferably, the method comprises the steps of: receiving information about weight wirelessly with the contained material.

[0057] 该方法还包括如下步骤:当所述车辆将所容纳的物料向目的地313运输时(见图3中的行驶路径312),响应于该重量信息来控制所述车辆的运行。 [0057] The method further comprises the step of: when the vehicle to transport the material to the destination received 313 (see FIG. 3 in the travel path 312) in response to the weight information controlling operation of said vehicle. 更具体地,该方法还包括如下步骤:响应于该重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的悬架系统417。 More specifically, the method further comprising the step of: in response to the weight of the suspension system information to control the transport vehicle 417. 该方法优选包括如下步骤:响应于该重量信息来自动地控制所述运输车辆的运行。 The method preferably comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information controlling operation of said automatic transport vehicle.

[0058] 该方法还包括如下步骤:当所述车辆已到达目的地313时,中断响应于该重量信息对运输车辆的运行的控制507。 [0058] The method further comprises the step of: when the vehicle has arrived at the destination 313, an interrupt in response to the weight information controlling operation of the transport vehicle 507. 特别地,该方法包括如下步骤:当物料已在目的地处被卸载时,中断响应于该重量信息对运输车辆的运行的控制。 Particularly, the method comprising the steps of: when the material has been unloaded at the destination, the interrupt in response to the weight information controlling operation of the transport vehicle. 然后,该方法回到框501,用于在随后的装载阶段中再次开始这种过程。 Then, the method returns to block 501, this process begins again for the subsequent loading stage.

[0059] 除了自动地控制车辆系统之外,该方法优选还包括如下步骤:把与所述重量有关的信息呈现给所述运输车辆的驾驶员,以响应于该信息来手动控制所述车辆的运行。 [0059] In addition to automatically controlling a vehicle system outside, the method preferably further comprising the step of: presenting information related to the weight of the driver of the transport vehicle, in response to the information of the manual control of the vehicle run. 优选地,在驾驶室内的显示器上显示信息。 Preferably, the information displayed on the cab display. 例如,驾驶员可以注意到所述车斗何时完全装满,或装填到希望的重量极限,其中,驾驶员可立即开始使所述运输车辆前行到希望的目的地。 For example, the driver may be noted that when the bucket is completely filled or filled to a desired weight limit, wherein the driver may begin to immediately preceding the transport vehicle to a desired destination.

[0060] 根据该方法的、可视作第一实施例示例的替代或补充方案的第二实施例,该方法包括如下步骤:响应于该重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的动力传动系415。 [0060] According to this method, the second embodiment may be regarded as a first embodiment according Alternatively or additionally, exemplary embodiment, the method comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information controlling the transport vehicle powertrain 415. 更具体地,该方法包括如下步骤:响应于该重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的动力源419。 More specifically, the method comprising the steps of: a power source 419 in response to the weight information controlling the transport vehicle. 更具体地,该方法包括如下步骤:从多个可用曲线中选择发动机曲线,并根据所选择的发动机曲线来控制内燃发动机。 More specifically, the method comprising the steps of: selecting an engine curve from a plurality of available curves and controlling an internal combustion engine in accordance with the selected engine curve.

[0061] 根据上述任何实施例示例的替代或补充方案,该方法包括如下步骤:从多个可用换档模式中选择换档模式,并根据所选择的换档模式来控制变速箱421。 [0061] According to the above embodiments or in addition to any alternative exemplary embodiment, the method comprises the steps of: selecting from a plurality of available shift pattern shift pattern, and to control the transmission 421 in accordance with the selected shift pattern.

[0062] 根据上述任何实施例示例的另一替代或补充方案,该方法包括如下步骤:响应于该重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的差速器。 [0062] According to any of the above embodiments or in addition to another alternative exemplary embodiment, the method comprises the steps of: in response to the differential information to control the weight of the transport vehicle.

[0063] 根据上述任何实施例示例的又一替代或补充方案,该方法包括如下步骤:响应于该重量信息来控制所述运输车辆中的巡航控制功能。 [0063] According to any of the above or in addition to yet another alternative exemplary embodiment embodiment, the method comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information to control the cruise control function of the transport vehicle.

[0064] 根据上述任何实施例示例的又一替代或补充方案,该方法包括如下步骤:将该重量信息与所述运输车辆的个体驾驶员相关地存储在电子存储器429内。 [0064] According to any of the above or in addition to yet another alternative exemplary embodiment embodiment, the method comprises the steps of: the weight of the individual driver of said transport vehicle and information stored in the associated electronic memory 429.

[0065] 另外,根据一替代方案,该方法包括如下步骤:在多个装载步骤中接纳物料;以及,与每个装载步骤相结合地接收与每个步骤中所接纳的物料的重量有关的信息。 [0065] Further, according to an alternative embodiment, the method comprises the steps of: receiving a plurality of the material in the loading step; and, in combination with each loading step of receiving information relating to the weight of each step of the receiving material . 根据第二替代方案,该方法包括如下步骤:在多个装载步骤中接纳物料;以及,与最后一个装载步骤相结合地接收与在所有步骤中接纳的所有物料的重量有关的信息。 According to a second alternative, the method comprising the steps of: receiving a plurality of the material in the loading step; and a weight received in the receiving step, all in combination with a final step of loading all the information about the material. 一个装载步骤代表该工程机械的铲斗被装满一次。 A bucket loading step on behalf of the working machine is filled once. 因此,该方法包括如下步骤:以无线方式接收具有与所容纳的物料的重量有关的信息的至少一个信号。 Thus, the method comprising the steps of: receiving at least one signal having information relating to the weight of material contained in a wireless manner.

[0066] 本发明决不局限于上述实施例,相反,在不偏离所附权利要求的范围的情况下,可以进行各种替代和修改。 [0066] The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, but, without departing from the scope of the appended claims, various alternatives and modifications can be made.

[0067] 根据上述任何实施例示例的又一替代或补充方案,向驾驶员发出信号,以在所述车斗装填到希望的极限时警示该驾驶员。 [0067] According to any of the above embodiments or in addition to yet another alternative exemplary embodiment, the signal sent to the driver, to the desired bucket filled to the limit when the driver alert. 然后,驾驶员可立即开始向目的地运输物料。 Then, the driver can immediately begin shipping the material to the destination. 因此,能够缩短装载循环时间。 Thus, the loading cycle time can be shortened.

[0068] 根据上述任何实施例示例的又一替代或补充方案,当所述车斗装填到希望的极限时,变速器自动置于前进档。 [0068] According to any of the above or in addition to yet another alternative exemplary embodiment of the embodiment, when the bucket filled to a desired limit, the automatic transmission is placed in forward gear. 这样,能够缩短装载循环时间。 Thus, the loading cycle time can be shortened.

[0069] 根据上述任何实施例示例的又一替代或补充方案,当所述车斗装填到希望的极限时,使在装载阶段被致动的制动器自动分离。 [0069] According to any of the above or in addition to yet another alternative exemplary embodiment of the embodiment, when the bucket filled to a desired limit, so that in the loading phase of the brake is actuated automatically separated. 这样,能够缩短装载循环时间。 Thus, the loading cycle time can be shortened.

Claims (21)

  1. 1. 一种用于运行设有车斗(211)的运输车辆(201)的方法,所述方法考虑了所述车斗内容纳的物料的重量,其中所述方法包括如下步骤:从外部源接收与所述车斗内容纳的物料的重量有关的信息(501);以及,响应于该重量信息来控制所述车辆的运行(503),其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:从将所述物料装载在所述车斗内的工程机械(101)接收与所容纳的物料的重量有关的信息。 The method of transport vehicles (201) is provided for operating 1. A bucket (211), the method takes into account the weight of the bucket housed material, wherein said method comprises the steps of: from an external source receiving the information accommodated in the bucket related to the weight of the material (501); and controlling the operation of the vehicle (503) in response to the weight information, wherein, said method comprising the steps of: from the information about the weight of the material loaded in the bucket of the work machine (101) to receive the material contained.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:当所述车辆将所容纳的物料向目的地(314)运输时,响应于所述重量信息来控制所述车辆的运行。 2. The method as claimed in claim I, wherein said method comprises the steps of: when the vehicle The receiving material to the destination (314) transport, in response to the weight information controlling the operation of the vehicle.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:当所述车辆已到达所述目的地时,中断响应于所述重量信息对所述运输车辆的运行的控制(505)。 3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: when the vehicle has reached the destination, the interrupt control information in response to the weight of the operation of the transport vehicle (505).
  4. 4.根据权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:当所述物料已在所述目的地处被卸载时,中断响应于所述重量信息对所述运输车辆的运行的控制。 4. The method of claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: when said material has been unloaded at the destination, the interrupt information in response to the weight of the transport control the operation of the vehicle.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:以无线方式接收与所容纳的物料的重量有关的信息。 5. A method according to any one of claims 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: receiving information about weight wirelessly with the contained material.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:响应于所述重量信息来自动地控制所述运输车辆的运行。 6. A method according to any one of claims 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information to automatically control the operation of the transport vehicle.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:把与所述重量有关的信息呈现给所述运输车辆的驾驶员,以响应于所述信息来手动地控制所述车辆的运行。 7. The method according to any one of claims 1-3, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: relating the information presented to the driver of the weight of the transport vehicle, in response to the information manually controlling operation of said vehicle.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:响应于所述重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的悬架系统(417)。 8. A method according to any one of claims 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information to control the transport vehicle suspension system (417).
  9. 9.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:响应于所述重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的动力传动系(415)。 9. The method according to any one of the 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information to the powertrain control (415) of the transport vehicle.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:响应于所述重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的动力源(419)。 10. The method according to any one of the 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information controlling the power source of the transport vehicle (419).
  11. 11.根据权利要求10所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:从多个可用曲线中选择发动机曲线,并根据所选择的发动机曲线来控制内燃发动机。 11. The method according to claim 10, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: selecting an engine curve from a plurality of available curves and controlling an internal combustion engine in accordance with the selected engine curve.
  12. 12.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:从多个可用换档模式中选择换档模式,并根据所选择的换档模式来控制变速箱(421)。 12. A method according to any one of claims 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: selecting from a plurality of available shift pattern shift pattern, according to the selected shift mode controlled gearbox (421).
  13. 13.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:响应于所述重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的差速器(425)。 13. The method according to any one of the 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information to control the differential of the transport vehicle (425).
  14. 14.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:响应于所述重量信息来控制所述运输车辆中的巡航控制功能。 14. A method according to any one of claims 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: in response to the weight information to control the cruise control function of the transport vehicle.
  15. 15.根据权利要求1-3中的任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:将所述重量信息与所述运输车辆的个体驾驶员相关地存储在电子存储器(429)内。 15. A method according to any one of claims 1-3 claims, characterized in that the method comprises the steps: an individual driver of the weight information associated with the transport vehicle is stored in an electronic memory ( 429) inside.
  16. 16. 一种设有车斗的运输车辆,所述车斗被构造为用于容纳物料,其特征在于,所述运输车辆包括接收装置(411)和控制器(413),所述接收装置(411)用于以无线方式接收与容纳在所述车斗内的物料的重量有关的信息,所述控制器(413)以可操作方式连接到所述接收装置,其中,所述控制器适于响应于重量信息来控制所述车辆内的至少一个系统(415,417)。 16. A transport vehicle provided with the bucket, the bucket is configured for receiving material, characterized in that the transport vehicle comprises a receiving means (411) and a controller (413), said receiving means ( 411) for receiving information relating to the weight of material received within the bucket in a wireless manner, the controller (413) operatively connected to said receiving means, wherein the controller is adapted in response to the weight information controlling at least one system (415, 417) within said vehicle.
  17. 17.根据权利要求16所述的运输车辆,其特征在于,所述车辆是铰接式运输车(201)。 17. Vehicle according to claim 16, wherein the vehicle is an articulated hauler (201).
  18. 18. 一种用于控制作业现场的运行的方法,所述作业现场包括工程机械(101)和运输车辆(201),所述工程机械(101)被构造为在高于地面的升高位置处装载物料,所述运输车辆(201)设有车斗(211),所述车斗(211)被构造为用于从所述工程机械接收物料,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤:对物料称重并将所述物料装载在所述车斗内;把与所述物料的重量有关的信息以无线方式传输到所述运输车辆(201);以及,响应于所传输的重量信息来控制所述运输车辆的运行。 18. A method of controlling operation of a work site for a construction machine comprising a work site (101), and a transport vehicle (201), the work machine (101) is configured at a raised position above the ground loading material, the transport vehicle (201) is provided Body (211), said bucket (211) is configured for receiving material from the mechanical engineering, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of: material weighing and loading of the material in the bucket; information relating to the weight of the material is transmitted to the transport vehicle (201) in a wireless manner; and, in response to the transmitted weight information controlling the transport operation of the vehicle.
  19. 19. 一种作业现场系统,所述作业现场系统包括工程机械(101)和运输车辆(201),所述工程机械(101)被构造为在高于地面的升高位置处装载物料,所述运输车辆(201)设有用于从所述工程机械接收物料的车斗,其特征在于,所述工程机械包括用于对装载在所述车斗内的物料进行称重的装置(403,405)和用于发送信号的装置(409),所发送的信号具有与所述物料的重量有关的信息,所述运输车辆(101)包括接收装置(411)和控制器(413),所述接收装置(411)用于接收信号,所接收的信号具有与容纳在所述车斗内的物料的重量有关的信息,所述控制器(413)以可操作方式连接到所述接收装置,其中,所述控制器适于响应于重量信息来控制所述车辆内的至少一个系统(415,417)。 19. A work site system comprising a work site of said construction machine system (101), and a transport vehicle (201), the work machine (101) is configured as a loading material at an elevated position above the ground, vehicle (201) is provided with a bucket from the mechanical engineering receiving material, characterized in that the work machine comprises a means for loading the weighing bucket in the material for (403, 405) and means (409) for transmitting a signal, the transmitted signal with information about the weight of the material, said transport vehicle (101) comprises receiving means (411) and a controller (413), said receiving means (411) for receiving a signal, the received signal has information relating to the weight of material received within the bucket, the controller (413) operatively connected to said receiving means, wherein the said controller is adapted in response to the weight information controlling at least one system (415, 417) within said vehicle.
  20. 20.根据权利要求19所述的作业现场系统,其特征在于,所述车辆是铰接式运输车。 20. A work site system according to claim 19, wherein the vehicle is an articulated hauler.
  21. 21.根据权利要求19或20所述的作业现场系统,其特征在于,所述工程机械是轮式装载机。 21. A work site system of claim 19 or claim 20, wherein said construction machine is a wheel loader.
CN 200880129861 2008-06-17 2008-06-17 A method for operating a transport vehicle, a transport vehicle, a method for controlling operation of a work site and a work site system CN102066885B (en)

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