CN102040005A - Safe, efficient, energy-saving and novel boosting method and device for takeoff of aircraft carrier-based plane - Google Patents

Safe, efficient, energy-saving and novel boosting method and device for takeoff of aircraft carrier-based plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102040005A
CN102040005A CN2009101802780A CN200910180278A CN102040005A CN 102040005 A CN102040005 A CN 102040005A CN 2009101802780 A CN2009101802780 A CN 2009101802780A CN 200910180278 A CN200910180278 A CN 200910180278A CN 102040005 A CN102040005 A CN 102040005A
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China
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air cushion
aircraft
boosting
energy
slide plate
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Pending
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CN2009101802780A
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Chinese (zh)
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张新华
张未
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张新华
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Priority to CN2009101802780A priority Critical patent/CN102040005A/en
Publication of CN102040005A publication Critical patent/CN102040005A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a novel boosting method and device for the takeoff of an aircraft carrier-based plane. The device in the invention is composed of three components, namely an air cushion sliding plate, a power component and auxiliary parts, wherein the air cushion suspension sliding plate is embedded in the gap of a smooth deck track, the air cushion ejects a pressure gas membrane to jack up the sliding plate and the plane hinged on the sliding plate from the smooth deck surface and realize suspension; the power component comprises an energy-storing part and a triggering part, the energy-storing part is released to boost and eject the plane at a high speed along the deck track; and the auxiliary parts comprise an air pump throttle valve which is used to perform constant pressure inflation on the air cushion, a sliding plate brake guy reset part and the like. The key point of the invention is as follows: the mature and easiest air cushion suspension technology is used to replace the expensive and complicated electromagnetic suspension technology and ski jump boosting technology with high friction and poor performance, or the key point of the invention is that the performance of the ski jump device is improved, wherein the air cushion suspension technology can be used to reduce the friction by thousand times, i.e. increase the thrust by thousand times; the problem that the load is large and the thrust is not enough can be solved; and the device in the invention can satisfy the demand of the carrier-based plane with any weight in theory. The method and device in the invention can also be used to reduce the friction and save energy of large transport machines such as trains and ground-effect automobile.

Description

Safe and efficient energy saving propelled method and device that a kind of aircraft carrier takes off
Technical field
The present invention relates to novel propelled method of carrier-borne aircraft and device, more particularly, relate to safe and efficient energy saving propelled method and device that a kind of aircraft carrier takes off, the simplest method of designing of the present invention, the air cushion suspension technology of high cost performance, allowing the heavy boosting under power of the load in 65 years in the puzzlement world cause the low difficult problem of poor performance under battle conditions of efficient to be readily solved, is to look for another way to catch up with and surpass the selection of Great Britain and America's optimum strategy.
Background technology
Take off from nineteen forty-four Britain's invention aircraft carrier cunning formula of jumping, existingly sliding so far jump, steam launches, three kinds of propelled methods such as electromagnetic launch and device, defectiveness all separately, the simple but low influence of load of the sliding formula that jumps is performance under battle conditions; Steam ejection type technology is than maturation but power plant pipeline complexity is huge, weak link multiple faults rate height, and the big use maintenance cost of energy consumption height, operation is 120 people nearly, and it is limited that load continues room for promotion; The U.S. spends 22 years huge fund research and development electromagnetic launch formulas, firm place in operation in 2004, and performance improves but technical pattern is more complicated, and the big stability of technical risk has to be tested, costs an arm and a leg, and the higher maintenance difficult that consumes energy also must 90 people be operated; Take a broad view of 65 years three kinds of boosting modes, the not enough actual combat of boosting power poor performance becomes world's general character difficult problem, once go into to add load and must add the power insignificant problem, and power can not infinitely promote, have to sacrifice load and reduce fight capability, China's experience strength does not all have advantage, do step Great Britain and America's dust kicked up by somebody walking in front research and development 20 years still look for another way and catch up with and surpass? how whether risk controlled for strength? urgent how difficult the selection.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, the not enough performance under battle conditions of above-mentioned boosting power at prior art is difficult poor, technical pattern complex fault rate height, big cost height consumes energy, the defective that efficient lower security coefficient is low, a kind of simple and safe energy-efficient aircraft carrier cheaply take off novel propelled method and device are provided, solve the heavy boosting under power of a load difficult problem.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
The air cushion suspension high with the simple maturity price ratio of technology replaces the still jejune electromagnetic suspension new approaches of utmost point complex and expensive, construct a kind of carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device, manage to divide gravity W1, reduce its friction force W1 for thousand times with the air cushion suspension process again 99% or whole transfer of aircraft gross load W to the deck malleation μ 1Thereby the thousand demultiplications required tractive force that takes off for a short time has been equivalent to easily increase thousand times boosting power, then 1%W or still less power (satisfy W2 μ 2-W1 μ 1Greater than zero, acceleration/accel 4.56) but just the boosting carrier-borne aircraft quicken to take off, a boosting under power difficult problem is readily solved, and can easily satisfy any weight classes carrier-borne aircraft take off assist needs in theory.Described boost installation comprises the air cushion skateboard component that embeds smooth deck track, and air cushion ejection air film suspends slide plate and aircraft W1; Power Component comprises the energy storage part and triggers part, discharges energy storage part boosting aircraft and ejects along the deck rail high speed; The auxiliary assembly is included as the gas filed air pump flow regulating valve of air cushion constant voltage, and slide plate brake, guy rope return unit and aircraft and the hinged open and close device of slide plate that boosting finishes startup close during the switch triggering boosting, open when warship.
In carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, described air cushion skateboard component comprises air cushion, slide plate and attaching parts, ring shaped air-cushion regular arrangement micropore, constant voltage inflation back ejection pressure air film, divide heavy W1 jack-up to suspend with aircraft on being connected it on slide plate, the whole smooth deck track that embeds of air cushion skateboard component, doing the time spent in boosting power can be along deck guide rail utmost point low-frictional force W1 μ 1Slide.
In carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, described Power Component comprises the energy storage part and triggers part, discharge energy storage part boosting air cushion skateboard component and on the aircraft that is connected eject along smooth smooth deck rail high speed; Described energy storage part comprises at least one group of spring spare/coil that adopts Pneumatic hydraulic or electromechanical means compressed energy-storage; Or be the container of splendid attire ignitable fuel, high pressure gas energy storage, its cylinder diameter sharply dwindles the back expansion, and structure meets Bearing score pipe principle, and diameter of cylinder is about four times of throat diameter, the gas tank of the about 10-30 degree in export expansion angle (as figure); Or be sliding jumping from pushing away member.
Described triggering part is trigger or power-on switch etc., when triggering release spring power, or triggers and lights described ignitable fuel or discharge described high pressure gas, and acutely expanding by the gas volume in the gas tank produces moment thrust; Or triggering sliding jumping when pushing away member, described member is pressed the enough big frictional traction W2 of generation by the aircraft wheel μ 2, overcome air cushion slide plate friction force W1 μ 1After, aircraft adds ski-running and jumps up and fly; When the energy storage part was triggered rapidly in a word, aircraft was quickened boosting from warship by elastic force, thrust gas or frictional traction.
In carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, described cunning jumps, and member comprises barostat and with high friction plate, make W2 greater than zero (the aircraft wheel is not unsettled), plate friction coefficient from pushing away μ 2Enough big, allow the aircraft wheel produce enough big traction friction force W2 μ 2, overcome air cushion slide plate friction force W1 μ 1The after-acceleration cunning is jumped up and is flown; Described barostat is by pneumatic dynamo-electric accomplished in many ways, allow high friction plate constant force be close to the aircraft wheel, described high friction plate has more structural materials methods to realize, also through the great friction coefficient deck of special Local treatment, this moment, barostat was contained on the aircraft wheel, the aircraft wheel is defeated tight deck with W2, produces enough large traction friction force W2 μ 2, overcome air cushion slide plate friction force W1 μ 1The after-acceleration cunning is jumped up and is flown.
In carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, described Power Component comprises gas tank and flip flop equipment, described gas tank is that bore sharply dwindles the open container in back, splendid attire ignitable fuel or high pressure gas, described flip flop equipment is lighted described ignitable fuel or is discharged described high pressure gas, and acutely expanding by gas volume produces moment thrust.
In carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, described Power Component comprises energy storage part and triggering part, and wherein said energy storage part is spring/coil, and the triggering part is trigger/power-on switch, and opening rapidly and triggering part is that spring or hot-wire coil produce moment thrust.
In carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, also comprise bumper assembly, and described bumper assembly comprises preceding anti-striker and the rear defence striker that lays respectively at air cushion skateboard component head and afterbody.
The present invention also provides a kind of Power Component of carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device, comprises gas tank, splendid attire ignitable fuel or high pressure gas, and the structure of described gas tank meets Bearing score pipe principle, and promptly the bore of its open end sharply is reduced to the back expansion of minimum throat place.
In the Power Component of carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, the diameter at the minimum place of the bore of described gas tank is not more than 1/2nd of its tank diameter, and bore is the 10-30 degree from the subtended angle that minimum place expands outwardly.
In the Power Component of carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, also comprise flip flop equipment, be used in the fuel cartridge described ignitable fuel or discharge described high pressure gas, and described gas tank and flip flop equipment are removably mounted on the carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device.
Implement carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, have following beneficial effect:
Carrier-borne aircraft take off assist device of the present invention, idea and method is novel unique, the present invention designs with simple structure, easily solved the low poor performance hang-up under battle conditions of the boosting under power efficient in 65 years in the puzzlement world, adopted the Power Component of air cushion suspension technology, aerodynamic principle, energy-efficient stable practical fault rate is low, cost is low, the safety factor height greatly reduces technical risk and fault rate, and technology maturation convenient for maintaining cost is extremely low; Greatly promote boosting efficient and actual combat performance.
The most important thing is, core thinking of the present invention is to manage aircraft gross load 99% or all be transferred to the deck to bear, air cushion suspension process with high cost performance reduces by thousand times of friction force again, reduce thousand times of required tractive forces, be equivalent to easily increase thousand times of boosting abilities, give for ever-increasing aircraft load and to have stayed enough large spaces, (air cushion suspends and electromagnetic suspension plays the same tune on different musical instruments can to contend with or surmount the current state-of-the-art electromagnetic launch aircraft carrier boosting technology of the U.S. fully, but ripe practicality fault rate of complexity and cost are many-sided as far apart as heaven and earth), can easily satisfy any weight classes carrier-borne aircraft take off assist needs in theory.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, in the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the block diagram of the novel boost installation embodiment of carrier-borne aircraft of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the Power Component of the novel boost installation of carrier-borne aircraft of the present invention.
31 gas tanks, 40 return assembly, 51 preceding anti-strikers, 52 rear defence strikers.
Catapult-assisted take-off when W aircraft gross load W2 is zero, otherwise cunning jumps or makes up and take off
99% fen gravity of W1 aircraft
W2 aircraft wheel is pressed in deck last 1% minute of gravity
μ 1 friction coefficient reduces by thousand times because of air cushion suspends
μ 2 friction coefficient artificially increase
The acceleration (4 of aircraft.56)
W1 μ 1 aircraft main body is pressed in the suspension friction force that produces on the air cushion skateboard component
W2 μ 2 aircraft wheels are pressed in deck or sliding jumping from pushing away the boosting power that produces on the member
The specific embodiment
As shown in the figure, the novel boost installation of carrier-borne aircraft of the present invention comprise embed smooth deck track can spray the air cushion skateboard component that air film suspends the branch gravity W1 of slide plate and aircraft, triggering discharges energy storage and ejects the aircraft power assembly along the track boosting, for the inflation of air cushion constant voltage, boosting finish the auxiliary assemblies such as the anti-striker in air pump (20M3), flow regulating valve, open and close device, guy rope spare and front and back that braking return board release aircraft resets subsequently.
Air cushion skateboard component of the present invention can have multiple implementation, in the present embodiment, the air cushion skateboard component of forming by air cushion, slide plate, embedding smooth deck track also can be along slide, slide plate supports big of aircraft or total weight W1, air cushion ejection air film suspends the slide plate aircraft, and the air pump flow regulating valve is the inflation of air cushion constant voltage.
Air cushion of the present invention is the regular arrangement micropore ringwise, and constant voltage inflation back ejection pressure air film is along smooth deck guide rail force of sliding friction W1 μ 1Extremely low.
As shown in the figure, Power Component of the present invention comprises the energy storage part and triggers part, discharges energy storage part push-assisting slider aircraft and ejects along rail high speed; Described energy storage part comprises at least one group of spring; Described triggering part is trigger or power-on switch etc., when triggering release spring power, or triggers and lights described ignitable fuel or discharge described high pressure gas, and acutely expanding by the gas volume in the gas tank produces moment thrust; Launch the boosting aircraft along track from warship.
Power Component of the present invention comprises gas tank and flip flop equipment, described gas tank is that bore sharply dwindles the open container in back, splendid attire ignitable fuel or high pressure gas, described flip flop equipment are lighted described ignitable fuel or are discharged described high pressure gas, and acutely expanding by gas volume produces moment thrust.
In the Power Component of the present invention, described triggering cunning jumps from pushing away member, comprises barostat, high friction plate, makes W2 greater than zero (the aircraft wheel is not unsettled), plate friction coefficient μ 2Enough big, trigger the back member and pressed the enough big frictional traction W2 of generation by the aircraft wheel μ 2, overcome air cushion slide plate friction force W1 μ 1After, aircraft adds ski-running and jumps up and fly; Described barostat is by pneumatic dynamo-electric accomplished in many ways, described high friction plate has more structural materials methods to realize, described high friction plate is also through the great friction coefficient deck of special Local treatment, this moment, barostat was contained on the aircraft wheel, the aircraft wheel is defeated tight deck with W2, produces enough large traction friction force W2 μ 2
When the energy storage part was triggered rapidly in a word, aircraft was quickened boosting from warship by elastic force, thrust gas or frictional traction.
Auxiliary assembly of the present invention, be included as air cushion constant voltage inflation air pump (20M3) flow regulating valve return unit, also comprise the preceding anti-striker and the rear defence striker that lay respectively at air cushion skateboard component head and afterbody, anti-striker is in order to prevent that the air cushion skateboard component from knocking the assembly of termination, track front and back, deck, lay respectively at air cushion skateboard component front-end and back-end, multiple respective outer side edges such as available spring, baffle plate, air cushion make and are used for realizing.Return unit is for the air cushion slide plate being resetted after operation is finished, multiple implementation can being arranged.
And Power Component of the present invention also can have multiple implementation:
1) passes through chemical method, as utilize fuel to produce a large amount of gases in the container internal combustion of certain volume, thereby make violent expansion of volume go out container and drive whole assembly apparatus and move, comprise gunpowder, acetylene, alcohol, gasoline etc. as various solids or liquid fuel to produce very big force of explosion and reaction thrust;
2) by physical method, discharge as the packaged unexpected opening of can high pressure gas being made it, the enough big reaction thrust of generation is run out of in gaseous tension reduction suddenly from opening forces assembly apparatus to advance, and can adopt high pressure air or unreactable gas etc.; And for example to the encapsulation dry ice (CO 2) heating, dry ice gasification cubic expansion is gone out also from default opening part and can be produced very big reaction thrust; And for example can utilize electromagnetic force to produce thrust, the big coil of multiturn is switched on suddenly, produce high-intensity magnetic field and give the air cushion skateboard component an instantaneous thrust, also can be described as propulsion source of the present invention;
3) pass through mechanical means, as use the spring or the elastic element of energy storage, before whole assembly apparatus operation, the spring or the elastic element of compressing energy storage are in the compressed energy-storage state, its energy discharges when starting the air cushion skateboard component, produces instantaneous momentum propulsion power assembly; And for example utilize the Pneumatic hydraulic device, adopt electric screw-jacks etc.
As shown in Figure 2, the Power Component of present embodiment comprises gas tank 31, and acutely expanding by gas volume produces moment thrust.The structure of described gas tank 31 meets Bearing score pipe principle, for bore sharply dwindles the open container in back, splendid attire ignitable fuel or high pressure gas, present embodiment can comprise that also flip flop equipment is used to light described ignitable fuel or discharges described high pressure gas to produce a large amount of gases.
As shown in Figure 2, the gas tank 31 in the present embodiment is the container of opening less than tank body, and the d of the minimum place of opening diameter is 1/4th of tank diameter 4d, and opening opens after sharply dwindling, and the flaring cone angle of flare up, and cone angle is 18 degree.The gas tank 31 of present embodiment is not a limitation of the present invention, and every described scope of claims of the present invention that meets is all within protection domain of the present invention.
Power Component of the present invention is not limited in the described feature of this preferred embodiment, can design various embodiments according to the multiple implementation of above-mentioned Power Component, does not do one by one at this and describes in detail.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to restriction the present invention, all any modifications of being done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, is equal to and replaces and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a safe and efficient energy saving propelled method and the device that aircraft carrier takes off is characterized in that, is made of energy-conservation air cushion skateboard component, Power Component, auxiliary assembly.Divide the gravity sum if aircraft gross weight W is W1, W2, the aircraft wheel is born branch gravity W2 (catapult-assisted take-off when W2 is zero, otherwise sliding jump or make up and take off).Described energy-conservation air cushion skateboard component gap embeds in the track of smooth smooth deck and can reciprocatingly slide, and air cushion ejection air film supporting slide plate and the aircraft (dividing gravity W1) that is hinged on it suspend with very big reduction friction force W1 μ 1 from deck plane jack-up; Power Component discharges energy storage boosting aircraft and ejects along the deck rail high speed, and overcome friction quickens (4.56) take off, described Power Component comprises the energy storage part and triggers part; Auxiliary assembly air pump (20M3) flow regulating valve is the inflation of air cushion constant voltage, and slide plate brake guy rope return unit started when boosting finished, and the hinged folding of aircraft and slide plate is closed during the switch triggering boosting, opens when warship.
2. according to claim 1, described energy-conservation air cushion skateboard component (at least one cover) is characterized in that, comprises its air cushion of slide plate and supporting (at least one), described air cushion micropore ejection air film slide plate together with aircraft W1 from smooth smooth deck plane jack-up suspends (thousand times of coefficientoffriction 1 reductions)
3. according to claim 1, described Power Component is characterised in that, comprises the energy storage part and triggers part, and described energy storage part comprises one or more groups spring spare/coil with Pneumatic hydraulic or electromechanical means compressed energy-storage; Or be the container of contain fuel, high pressure gas energy storage, its cylinder diameter sharply dwindles the back expansion, and structure meets Bearing score pipe principle, and diameter of cylinder is about four times of throat diameter, the gas tank of the about 10-30 degree in export expansion angle (as figure); Or be sliding jumping from pushing away member.Described triggering part is trigger or power-on switch etc., when triggering release spring power, or triggers and lights described fuel or discharge described high pressure gas, and acutely expanding by the gas volume in the gas tank produces moment thrust; Or triggering sliding jumping from pushing away member, the aircraft wheel produces enough frictional tractions and overcomes air cushion slide plate friction force W1 μ 1 and add ski-running and jump up and fly; When the energy storage part was triggered rapidly in a word, aircraft was quickened accelerated take-off by elastic force, thrust gas or frictional traction.
4. according to claim 3, described cunning jumps and is from pushing away component specification, and the aircraft wheel is pressed in sliding jumping from pushing away on the panels, by increasing coefficientoffriction 2: tractive force W2 μ 2-W1 μ 1 " " 0, the aircraft wheel overcomes suspension friction force W1 μ 1 and quickens (4.56) the boosting cunning is jumped up and is flown; When W2 was zero W1=W special case, the aircraft wheel is unsettled to overcome W1 μ 1 boosting catapult-assisted take-off by Power Component generation ejection force fully.
5. according to claim 3, described cunning jumps and is from pushing away component specification, comprises barostat and with high friction plate, makes W2 greater than zero, and the big coefficientoffriction 2 of plate allows the aircraft wheel that enough large traction friction force W2 μ 2 are arranged, and overcomes air cushion slide plate friction force W1 μ 1 after-acceleration (4.56) sliding jumping up flies; Described barostat is by pneumatic dynamo-electric accomplished in many ways, allow high friction plate constant force be close to the aircraft wheel, described high friction plate has more structural materials methods to realize, also through the great friction coefficient deck of special Local treatment, this moment, barostat was contained on the aircraft wheel, and the aircraft wheel is pressed on the deck.
6. according to claim 1, described auxiliary module diagnostic is, comprise that air pump (20M3) tracheae flow regulating valve is the inflation of air cushion constant voltage, described air pump power at least, described slide plate brake guy rope return unit starts when boosting finishes aircraft from warship, also comprise the hinged open and close device of aircraft and slide plate, close during the switch triggering boosting, when warship, open.
7. auxiliary module diagnostic according to claim 1 is, also comprises air cushion slide plate bumper assembly, and described bumper assembly comprises preceding anti-striker and the rear defence striker that lays respectively at head and afterbody.
8. Power Component according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the diameter at the minimum place of the bore of described gas tank is not more than 1/2nd of its tank diameter, and bore is the 10-30 degree from the subtended angle that minimum place expands outwardly.
9. Power Component according to claim 1 is characterised in that, also comprise flip flop equipment, be used in the fuel cartridge described fuel or discharge described high pressure gas, and described gas tank and flip flop equipment be removably mounted on the combination boost installation, described fuel can be solid, gas, liquid.
CN2009101802780A 2009-10-12 2009-10-12 Safe, efficient, energy-saving and novel boosting method and device for takeoff of aircraft carrier-based plane Pending CN102040005A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103895848A (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-07-02 冯艳华 Efficient aircraft carrier with seamless steam catapult
CN106945807A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-14 常州信息职业技术学院 A kind of unmanned air cushion platform without flight-deck aircraft carrier

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103895848A (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-07-02 冯艳华 Efficient aircraft carrier with seamless steam catapult
CN106945807A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-14 常州信息职业技术学院 A kind of unmanned air cushion platform without flight-deck aircraft carrier

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