CN102029522B - Four-axis four-linkage inverted turning and milling combined machining device - Google Patents

Four-axis four-linkage inverted turning and milling combined machining device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102029522B
CN102029522B CN2010105910077A CN201010591007A CN102029522B CN 102029522 B CN102029522 B CN 102029522B CN 2010105910077 A CN2010105910077 A CN 2010105910077A CN 201010591007 A CN201010591007 A CN 201010591007A CN 102029522 B CN102029522 B CN 102029522B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
inverted
machining
linear guides
unit
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010105910077A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102029522A (en
Inventor
刘江
李超
齐风华
陈经界
徐士昌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Xinnan Numerical Control Technology Co ltd
Shandong Xintai Digital Control Equipment Technology Co ltd
Beijing University of Technology
University of Science and Technology Beijing USTB
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Xinnan Numerical Control Technology Co ltd
Shandong Xintai Digital Control Equipment Technology Co ltd
University of Science and Technology Beijing USTB
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Application filed by Guangzhou Xinnan Numerical Control Technology Co ltd, Shandong Xintai Digital Control Equipment Technology Co ltd, University of Science and Technology Beijing USTB filed Critical Guangzhou Xinnan Numerical Control Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN2010105910077A priority Critical patent/CN102029522B/en
Publication of CN102029522A publication Critical patent/CN102029522A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102029522B publication Critical patent/CN102029522B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a four-axis four-linkage inverted turning and milling combined machining device, which belongs to the technical field of manufacturing of numerical control machine tools. The main technical scheme is that: a lathe bed is horizontally arranged; a sliding plate is arranged on an X-direction guide rail of the lathe bed; a sliding column type sliding saddle is arranged on a Y-direction guide rail of the sliding plate; a Z-direction guide rail at the front end of the sliding saddle is provided with a main shaft box unit which comprises an inverted main shaft unit and a main motor; and a power turret is fixed on the left lower part of the lathe bed. In the machining device, a manipulator is substituted by the inverted main shaft unit, so material grabbing of the inverted main shaft unit and four-axis four-linkage turning and milling combined machining are realized, and the device has the advantages of compact overall structure, high part machining automation and continuity, high production efficiency, low operation labor intensity and high machining quality, and is particularly suitable for machining of various disk or sleeve type parts.

Description

Four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device
Technical field
Four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device belongs to Digit Control Machine Tool manufacturing technology field.This device surface is to machine components automation processing, is primarily aimed at dish, cover parts carries out the turnning and milling Compound Machining, has advantages such as hommization, high efficiency, high accuracy.
Background technology
At present, though free-standing upright lathe and free-standing handstand lathe in the processing to dish, cover parts, have all played positive effect to improving aspects such as part processing precision and production efficiency; But; Because positive vertical lathe and inverted lathe adopt the stand-alone configuration design, there are a plurality of needs processing or compound working procedure to add man-hour at blank, participate in adjustment or be transferred to corresponding lathe handling with regard to needs are artificial; Not only reduced working (machining) efficiency; Increase operating personnel's work load, also made operation serialization degree reduce, caused the precision of processing parts to be difficult for guaranteeing.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly problem and the defective to free-standing upright lathe in the above-mentioned prior art and the existence of free-standing handstand lathe; Design and a kind ofly be the basis with stand alone type handstand lathe; Inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device with turnning and milling Compound Machining function; Reach and improve Digit Control Machine Tool production and processing automatization level and serialization level, the purpose of raising part processing production efficiency, the labor intensity of operating staff that alleviates, assurance product processing quality, reduction part processing cost.
Basic design of the present invention is: the X that arranges in the lathe bed horizontal direction places skateboard on linear guides, realizes left and right sides high-speed mobile at the driving lower skateboard of servomotor; Y at slide plate places saddle and counter weight construction on linear guides, high-speed mobile before and after under the driving of servomotor, realizing; The main spindle box unit that comprises inversion type main axle unit and main motor then moves up and down to linear guides along the Z that the vertical direction of saddle is arranged; Power cutter tower is installed on lathe bed left side downside, axially with radially dynamic tool apron under the driving of power cutter tower motor, realize the cutter rotation, accomplish Milling Process; Main shaft rotates at a high speed, also possesses the C s function, cooperates X, Y, three feedings of Z, finally accomplishes four-shaft four-linkage turnning and milling Compound Machining.
The present invention has avoided free-standing upright lathe and the existing deficiency of free-standing handstand lathe self, has realized the processing of multiple operation, the extracting of workpiece, puts back to; Do not need repeated clamping in the whole process; Improve working (machining) efficiency, reduced staff's labour intensity, and further guaranteed the crudy of workpiece; The production cost and the process-cycle of workpiece have been reduced, the use that is particularly useful for various dishes, cover class and the multiple operation processing parts is arranged.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall assembly structure sketch map of a present invention front view;
Fig. 2 is the overall assembly structure sketch map of a present invention left view;
Piece number explanation among the figure:
1, oild chuck, 2, inverted main axle unit, 3, encoder, 4, Z is to guideway, 5, angling cylinder, 6, Z is to lead screw pair; 7, Z is to servomotor, and 8, main spindle box, 9, inverted main motor, 10, X is to guideway, 11, power cutter tower; 12, X is to servomotor, and 13, the Weighting system chain-wheel mechanism, 14, the Weighting system guide rail mechanism, 15, balancing weight, 16, saddle; 17, Y is to guideway, and 18, slide plate, 19, Y is to servomotor, 20, Y is to lead screw pair, 21, lathe bed.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present invention are described in detail explanation.
Integral layout of the present invention: this device belongs to cross slide column type main shaft inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device.Lathe bed 21 horizontal positioned, lathe bed 21 head rail faces are installed X to linear guides secondary 10.Select the ball-screw transmission for use between two linear guides, X is installed on lathe bed 21 left sides to servomotor 12, drives the ball-screw rotation through the plum blossom shaft coupling.
Slide plate 18 is installed on X on linear guides secondary 10, and slide plate 18 head rail faces are installed Y to linear guides secondary 17.Select the ball-screw transmission for use between two linear guides, Y is installed on slide plate 18 rear sides to servomotor 19, drives the ball-screw rotation through the plum blossom shaft coupling.Slide plate 18 bottoms are connected with nut seat and whole link to ball screw assembly, with X, at X to the driving lower edge of servomotor 12 X to linear guides left and right sides high-speed mobile.
Column saddle 16 is installed on Y on linear guides secondary 17, and saddle 16 middle chambers are installed balancing weight 15.Weighting system chain-wheel mechanism 13 is installed at saddle 16 tops; Balancing weight 15 left and right sides are Weighting system guide rail mechanisms 14; Saddle 16 front side rail faces are installed Z and between guideway 4, two guide rails, are selected for use Z to lead screw pair 6 transmissions, and Z is installed on saddle 16 top front to servomotor 7.Saddle 16 bottoms are connected with nut seat and whole link to ball screw assembly, 20 with Y, at Y to the driving lower edge of servomotor 19 Y to linear guides 17 front and back high-speed mobile.
The left side square opening of main spindle box 8 is installed inverted main motor 9; The right side centre bore is installed inverted main axle unit 2; Angling cylinder 5 is installed in inverted main axle unit 2 upper ends, and oild chuck 1 is installed in inverted main axle unit 2 lower ends, and inverted main axle unit 2 replaces manipulator and realizes taking, putting material.The front side Plane Installation encoder 3 of main spindle box 8 is installed synchronous pulley on encoder 3 and inverted main axle unit 2, inverted main axle unit 2 and the main motor 9, through high efficiency synchronous band transmission campaign.The back plane of main spindle box 8 is connected with nut seat and integral body links with ball-screw, moves up and down to linear guides along Z under the driving of servomotor 7 at Z.
Power cutter tower 10 is installed on the left downside of lathe bed 21, and dynamic tool apron is driven by the direct current generator of power cutter tower, when the cutter rotation is moved workpiece and cutter produce relative cutting movement, carry out Milling Process at the end face and the arc surface of workpiece.
During processing work, the workman is at charging position place work piece blank, and rotation top layer pallet lock clamping of workpieces, be transported to the material loading position after, to system, system stops feed mechanism motor and decelerator motion to the feed mechanism travel switch with signal feedback.And send simultaneously instruction to X to servomotor 12, drive ball-screw and drive slide plate 18 and move right, slide plate 18 drives saddles 16 and moves together with main spindle box 8.After arriving appointment material loading position; Send instruction to Y to servomotor 19; Drive Y and move forward and backward to ball-screw 20 drive saddles 16, the position of centering material loading is also sent instruction simultaneously and is moved down to ball-screw 6 drive main spindle boxes 8 to servomotor 7 driving Z to Z, in this process, opens oild chuck 1 claw; Aim at the material loading pallet body; Workpiece is compressed and closed chuck 1 grabbing workpiece, and material grasping carries out turning, milling, boring, bore hole or turnning and milling Compound Machining according to the processing program order that weaves in advance then to the machining area at power cutter tower 10 places.After accomplishing processing, inverted main axle unit 2 carries the part that processes and is back to the material loading position along X to former road, unclamps the workpiece that oild chuck 1 puts down completion of processing.Send instructions then to the feed mechanism motor, move the supreme material level of workpiece blank of next station clockwise and put, operation is accomplished the processing of next workpiece before repeating.In the blanking position, artificial assisting taken off the workpiece of completion of processing, and puts new workpiece blank and carry out next batch processing.So far, the present invention accomplishes whole manufacturing procedures.

Claims (5)

1. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device, comprise X to, Y to, Z to feed mechanism and C axle rotating mechanism, it is characterized in that: slide plate (18) lathe bed (21) go up realize X left, move right; Saddle (16) is gone up at slide plate (18) and is realized that Y moves to forward and backward; Saddle (16) front end is equipped with the main spindle box (8) that moves up and down along Z; Inverted spindle motor (9) is installed in the left side square opening of main spindle box (8), and the right side centre bore is installed inverted main axle unit (2); Angling cylinder (5) is installed in inverted main axle unit (2) upper end, and oild chuck (1) is installed in the lower end, and inverted main axle unit (2) replaces manipulator and realizes taking, putting material; Power cutter tower (11) then is packed in the left downside of lathe bed (21); Automatic feed mechanism is installed on the forward right side of lathe bed (21) as feeding unit material independently; During processing work, at charging position place work piece blank, and rotation top layer material loading pallet body locking workpiece; After being transported to the material loading position; To system, system stops the motion of automatic feed mechanism motor and decelerator to the feed mechanism travel switch with signal feedback, and send simultaneously instruction to X to servomotor (12); Driving X drives slide plate (18) to ball screw unit and moves right, and slide plate (18) drives saddle (16) and main spindle box (8) moves together; After arriving appointment material loading position; Send instruction to Y to servomotor (19); Drive Y and move forward and backward to ball screw unit (20) drive saddle (16), the position of centering material loading is also sent instruction simultaneously and is moved down to ball screw unit (6) drive main spindle box (8) to servomotor (7) driving Z to Z, in this process, opens oild chuck (1) claw; Make it aim at the material loading pallet body; Workpiece is compressed and closed oild chuck (1) grabbing workpiece, and material grasping is finally realized X axle, Y axle, Z axle and C axle four-shaft four-linkage turnning and milling Compound Machining according to the processing program order that weaves in advance then to the machining area at power cutter tower (10) place.
2. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: lathe bed (21) top processing guide pass; The X that installation is parallel to each other is to linear guides (10); Slide plate (18) is installed on the linear guides slide block, and is connected cooperation to ball screw unit through nut seat with X, at X to the driving lower edge of servomotor (12) X to linear guides (10) move left and right.
3. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: slide plate (18) top processing guide pass; The Y that installation is parallel to each other is to linear guides secondary (17); Saddle (16) is installed on the linear guides slide block, and is connected cooperation to ball screw unit (20) through nut seat with Y, moves forward and backward to linear guides secondary (17) to the driving lower edge of servomotor (19) Y at Y.
4. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: inverted main axle unit (2) transmits motion with spindle motor (9) through being with synchronously, and inverted main axle unit (2), inverted spindle motor (9) are assembled into one with main spindle box (8); The Z that the installation of saddle (16) forward track machined surface is parallel to each other is to linear guides secondary (4); Main spindle box (8) is installed on the linear guides slide block; And be connected cooperation to ball screw unit (6) through nut seat with Z, move up and down to linear guides secondary (4) to the driving lower edge of servomotor (7) Z at Z.
5. four-shaft four-linkage inversion type turnning and milling complex machining device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: X axle, Y axle, three directions of Z axle adopt great lead ball lead screw, realize high speed feed; Angling cylinder (5) is installed in inverted main axle unit (2) upper end, and oild chuck (1) is installed in the lower end, and oild chuck (1) clamping workpiece around 360 ° of rotations of Z axle, becomes the C axle voluntarily; Carry out simple turning and add man-hour, this device uses as inverted lathe; When workpiece has complex-curvedly when needing milling, the dynamic tool apron of power cutter tower drives the cutter rotation, cooperates the small angle deflection of X, Y, three direction feedings of Z and C axle, accomplishes complicated Machining of Curved Surface.
CN2010105910077A 2010-12-16 2010-12-16 Four-axis four-linkage inverted turning and milling combined machining device Expired - Fee Related CN102029522B (en)

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CN102873219A (en) * 2011-07-16 2013-01-16 浦俊华 Numerical control workbench for precision hydraulic combined punching and shearing machine
CN102689186B (en) * 2012-05-22 2014-09-24 东营信盛车桥有限公司 Frame of automatic hinge pin machining lathe
CN106903329B (en) * 2017-04-24 2018-11-13 连云港冠钰精密工业有限公司 The finish turning lathe of turbocharger valve
CN110355383A (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-10-22 广东精锐机械有限公司 Merry-go-round type bunker intelligent integrated lathe
CN112338636A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-09 滨州博海精工机械有限公司 Equipment for automatically processing piston disc-shaped groove
CN113664546A (en) * 2021-08-30 2021-11-19 东莞市宝科精密机械有限公司 Main shaft inverted compound machine tool system

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US3484064A (en) * 1967-07-12 1969-12-16 Gray & Co G A Plumb control for horizontal boring drilling and milling machine
US4632615A (en) * 1984-02-09 1986-12-30 Teijin Seiki Company Limited Machine tools
US4792267A (en) * 1987-02-09 1988-12-20 Kearney & Trecker Corporation Carriage for a machine tool
US5988959A (en) * 1996-10-19 1999-11-23 Horkos Corp. Spindle supporting box structure, a damping structure, a gas supply related device, and a balance cylinder gas actuated device for machine tools
DE19919692A1 (en) * 1999-04-30 2000-11-09 Stama Maschinenfabrik Gmbh Machine tool with mechanical energy storage
CN201009087Y (en) * 2007-02-16 2008-01-23 严孝诚 Side-hanging horizontal numerical control machining center machine tool construction
CN101585109A (en) * 2009-06-22 2009-11-25 柳州市利林汽车配件厂 Full-automatic high speed four-shaft two-operating positions rotary welding device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3484064A (en) * 1967-07-12 1969-12-16 Gray & Co G A Plumb control for horizontal boring drilling and milling machine
US4632615A (en) * 1984-02-09 1986-12-30 Teijin Seiki Company Limited Machine tools
US4792267A (en) * 1987-02-09 1988-12-20 Kearney & Trecker Corporation Carriage for a machine tool
US5988959A (en) * 1996-10-19 1999-11-23 Horkos Corp. Spindle supporting box structure, a damping structure, a gas supply related device, and a balance cylinder gas actuated device for machine tools
DE19919692A1 (en) * 1999-04-30 2000-11-09 Stama Maschinenfabrik Gmbh Machine tool with mechanical energy storage
CN201009087Y (en) * 2007-02-16 2008-01-23 严孝诚 Side-hanging horizontal numerical control machining center machine tool construction
CN101585109A (en) * 2009-06-22 2009-11-25 柳州市利林汽车配件厂 Full-automatic high speed four-shaft two-operating positions rotary welding device

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Granted publication date: 20120718

Termination date: 20161216