CN102028533A - Spinal deformation correcting device and using method thereof - Google Patents

Spinal deformation correcting device and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102028533A
CN102028533A CN 201110006562 CN201110006562A CN102028533A CN 102028533 A CN102028533 A CN 102028533A CN 201110006562 CN201110006562 CN 201110006562 CN 201110006562 A CN201110006562 A CN 201110006562A CN 102028533 A CN102028533 A CN 102028533A
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pedicle screw
longitudinal
tail
rod
push bar
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CN 201110006562
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102028533B (en
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邱勇
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邱勇
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of medical apparatus, and discloses a spinal deformation correcting device. The spinal deformation correcting device comprises pedicle screws, a longitudinal connective bar, a bar presser, a locking nut, transverse connectors and a longitudinal connecting framework, wherein the screw bodies of the pedicle screws are implanted into a vertebral body of aspinal column to be corrected; the longitudinal connective bar is spliced with grooves of the pedicle screws; the bar presser is sleeved on the outer side of the pedicle screws; the locking nut is matched with internal threads of the pedicle screws; the transverse connectors are connected with tail pipes of two pedicle screws positioned on the same vertebral body; and a plurality of the transverse connectors positioned in the longitudinal direction of the spinal column are connected with one another through the longitudinal connecting framework. Besides, the invention also discloses a using method of the spinal deformation correcting device.

Description

一种脊柱变形矫正装置及其使用方法技术领域[0001] 本发明涉及医疗器械技术领域,尤其涉及一种脊柱变形矫正装置。 A spinal deformation correcting apparatus and method of using Field [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical devices, particularly to a spinal deformation correcting apparatus. 本发明还涉及一种上述脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法。 The present invention also relates to methods of using one of the above modification spinal orthotic device. 背景技术[0002] 通过脊柱内固定技术的手术治疗脊柱畸形已有几十年的历史;从我国20世纪80 年代采用脊柱内固定技术至今,从最初的Harrington (哈氏棒)技术到70年代的Luque锥板下钢丝固定,再到CDKotrel-Dubousset)内固定系统,脊柱内固定技术得到了很大的进步。 [0002] treatment of spinal deformity has several decades of history through the spinal fixation surgery; spinal fixation so far from our country in the 1980s adopted from the initial Harrington (Harrington) technology to 70 years Luque lower cone plate fixing wire, to CDKotrel-Dubousset) internal fixation, spinal fixation technique has been great progress. 近年来,随着脊柱生物力学研究和材料科学的发展,脊柱内固定技术在脊柱退行性疾病、脊柱肿瘤、创伤以至于脊柱感染等手术治疗中得到了广泛应用。 In recent years, with the development of spinal biomechanics research and materials science, spinal fixation technology has been widely used in the surgical treatment of spinal degenerative disease, spinal tumors, spinal infections in wounds that. [0003] 脊柱内固定技术使用的器械包括椎弓根钉、棒、压棒器、蛙式钳、摇摆钳等。 [0003] Spinal fixation devices include pedicle screws, rods, push bar, a frog clamp swing clamp. 棒与椎弓根钉相对固定,通过使用压棒器、蛙式钳、摇摆钳等器械对具有一定塑性的棒进行弯棒、 压棒、旋棒等操作从而带动椎弓根钉,实现对椎体的矫形复位。 Pedicle screw rod and fixed relative, frog clamp swing clamp rod having a certain plasticity of the instrument is operated rod bending, pressure bars, rods and the like by using a rotary pressure filter rod so as to drive the pedicle screw, to achieve vertebral reset orthopedic body. [0004] 请参考图1,图1是现有技术中椎弓根钉的结构示意图。 [0004] Please refer to FIG 1, FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the prior art pedicle screw. [0005] 现有技术中所采用的椎弓根钉包括钉座和钉体,钉体可植入脊柱中,钉座设置有U 型槽1,棒可以置入椎弓根钉钉座的U型槽1中,在U形槽1的上方沿槽的侧壁上方设置有螺纹2,该螺纹2与适当的锁紧螺母配合能够将棒锁紧。 [0005] employed in the prior art pedicle screw comprises a body and a staple anvil, the staple body implantable spinal staple holder is provided with a U-shaped groove, the rod holder can be nailed pedicle U in-groove 1, above the top of the side wall U-shaped groove 1 is provided along the groove of a thread 2, the thread 2 with a suitable locking nut engaging the rod can be locked. [0006] 在进行脊柱内固定技术时,先选择适当的椎弓根钉,将椎弓根钉的钉体植入脊柱中;再使用蛙式钳将适当的棒压到椎弓根钉的U型槽1的底部。 When the [0006] performing spinal fixation, to select the appropriate pedicle screws, pedicle screw nail implant body in the spinal column; then use the appropriate frog clamp rod to pedicle screw press of U 1-groove bottom. 手术过程中,需要将棒压到椎弓根钉的钉座的凹槽中,由于椎弓根钉是根据人体生理曲线植入的,因此将棒穿入设置不在同一直线上的多个椎弓根钉是非常困难的。 During surgery, it is necessary to press the rod into the recess of the pedicle screw anvil, since a plurality of arch pedicle screw is provided not in the same line in accordance with the physiological curve implant, thus penetrate rod nails are very difficult. 为了将棒顺利的装入U型槽,并将棒塑型至患者的生理曲线,除了要使用蛙式钳外,还必须使用摇摆钳、压棒器等大量的配套器械进行拉棒、压棒操作。 In order to smooth rods loaded U-shaped groove, and the shaping rods physiological curve to the patient, in addition to using the frog clamp, must also support a large number of instruments swing clamp, push bar or the like for pulling rod, the push bar operating. 装棒、压棒操作完成后,再进行复位矫形操作;在复位矫形操作过程中, 通过旋棒操作,用弯棒工具对棒进行体内预弯,使棒能够很好的符合人体的生理曲线,同时还需要配合其他部件进行撑开和加压等操作。 Loaded rod, the rod pressing operation is completed, then the reset operation orthopedic; orthopedic during the reset operation, by rotating the operating rod, with the rod bending tool pre-bent rods vivo, the rod can be a good physiologic human body, also we need to be stretched with other components and pressing operations. 以上弯棒、撑开、加压等操作常常是交替进行的。 More curved rods, distraction, and other pressing operations are often carried out alternately. [0007] 由上述手术操作过程的介绍可知,在装棒和压棒操作中,利用现有技术中的椎弓根钉和压棒器的操作过程非常复杂,从而增加了手术的难度。 [0007] apparent from the above described procedure surgical operation, the push bar and rod loading operation, the process operation utilizing the prior art pedicle screw and a push bar is very complicated, thus increasing the difficulty of the operation. [0008] 因此,提供一种方便进行治疗脊柱畸形手术操作的脊柱变形矫正装置是本领域技术人员所需要解决的技术问题。 [0008] Accordingly, to provide a convenient surgical procedure for treatment of spinal deformity of spinal deformation correcting means are skilled in the art the technical problem to be solved. 发明内容[0009] 本发明的第一个目的是提供一种脊柱变形矫正装置,该脊柱变形矫正装置能够方便进行脊柱变形矫正操作。 SUMMARY [0009] A first object of the present invention is to provide a spinal deformity correction means, the spinal deformation correcting device can easily perform spinal deformity correction operation. [0010] 此外,本发明的另一个目的是提供一种上述脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法。 [0010] Further, another object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus of the above-described spinal deformation correcting method used. [0011] 为实现上述第一个目的,本发明所提供的脊柱变形矫正装置,包括椎弓根钉、纵向连接棒、压棒器、锁紧螺母、横向连接器及纵向连接框架;[0012] 所述椎弓根钉的钉体植入需要矫正的脊柱的椎体内,所述纵向连接棒与所述椎弓根钉的凹槽插接,所述压棒器套于所述椎弓根钉的外侧,所述锁紧螺母与所述椎弓根钉的内螺纹配合;横向连接器分别与位于同一椎体上的两个椎弓根钉的尾部管连接;位于脊柱纵向的多个横向连接器通过纵向连接框架连接。 [0011] To achieve the above first object, spinal deformation correcting apparatus according to the present invention is provided, comprising a pedicle screw, a longitudinal connecting rod, the push bar, a locking nut, transverse connectors and longitudinal connection frame; [0012] the nail implant body vertebral pedicle screw and to correct the spine, a longitudinal groove connected to the rod and pedicle screw plug, the push bar is fitted onto the pedicle outer nail, the locking nut and the mating internal threads of pedicle screw; transverse connector connecting pipe are located on the same two vertebral pedicle screw tail; a plurality of longitudinal lateral spine via longitudinal connectors connecting frame. [0013] 优选的,所述椎弓根钉包括钉体、与钉体连接的钉座,所述钉座上设置有凹槽,所述凹槽内侧壁设有内螺纹,所述钉座的尾端面设有尾部管,所述尾部管的延伸方向与所述钉体的延伸方向相反,所述尾部管上设有沿尾部管轴向延伸的供所述纵向连接棒沿尾部管径向插入的长圆孔,该长圆孔与所述凹槽连通,所述尾部管的内径不小于所述内螺纹的外径。 [0013] Preferably, the pedicle screw includes a staple body, and the staple anvil connector body, the staple is provided with a seat recess, said internally threaded recess side wall, the staple holder the trailing edge has a tail pipe, opposite the extending direction of the tail pipe and the staple body, is provided for the tail tube along the longitudinal connecting bars extending axially along the tail portion is inserted into the tail tube diameter the oblong hole, a long hole which communicates with the groove, the inner diameter of the tail pipe is not less than the outer diameter of the internal thread. [0014] 优选的,所述尾部管的管壁设置有相对的、分别与中心孔相通的两个穿棒槽,两个所述穿棒槽形成所述长圆孔;所述穿棒槽的外端封闭。 [0014] Preferably, the wall of the tail pipe is provided with opposite, respectively, two through hole communicating with the central rod groove, the two grooves are formed through said oblong holes rod; rod through said outer groove end closed. [0015] 优选的,所述压棒器为管状结构,所述压棒器的内径不小于所述尾部管的外径,所述压棒器的内壁上设有用于单向锁紧的锁紧结构。 [0015] Preferably, the push bar is a tubular structure, the inner diameter of the push bar is not smaller than the outer diameter of the tail pipe, the inner wall of the pressure locking bar is provided for locking the one-way structure. [0016] 优选的,所述锁紧结构为与所述尾部管侧壁上的倒齿相配合卡齿。 [0016] Preferably, the locking structure and the tail pipe pawls cooperating latch on the side walls. [0017] 优选的,所述压棒器的侧壁设有凹槽,该凹槽内设有弹片,该弹片的内侧面设有与所述尾部管侧壁上的圆齿相配合的斜坡圆台。 [0017] Preferably, the side walls of the push bar is provided with a groove equipped with shrapnel, the inner side of the leaf spring is provided with scalloped ramp cooperating with the tail pipe on the side wall frustum . [0018] 本发明所提供的脊柱变形矫正装置包括椎弓根钉、纵向连接棒、压棒器、锁紧螺母、横向连接器及纵向连接框架;所述椎弓根钉的钉体植入需要矫正的脊柱的椎体内,所述纵向连接棒与所述椎弓根钉的凹槽插接,所述压棒器套于所述椎弓根钉的外侧,所述锁紧螺母与所述椎弓根钉的内螺纹配合;横向连接器分别与位于同一椎体上的两个椎弓根钉的尾部管连接;位于脊柱纵向的多个横向连接器通过纵向连接框架连接。 [0018] spinal deformation correcting apparatus according to the present invention include pedicle screws, the longitudinal connecting rods, the push bar, a locking nut, transverse connectors and longitudinal connection frame; staple the pedicle screw implant needs correction of spinal vertebral body, the longitudinal groove of the connecting rod and pedicle screw plug, the push bar is fitted onto the outer side of the pedicle screw, the locking nut and the pedicle screw mating internal thread; each transverse connector tube connecting two pedicle screws located on the same tail vertebrae; a plurality of spinal lateral longitudinal connectors are connected by longitudinal connecting frame. [0019] 这种结构的脊柱变形矫正装置,仅采用椎弓根钉、纵向连接棒、压棒器、锁紧螺母、 横向连接器及纵向连接框架即可实现脊柱变形矫正手术,可使得脊柱变形矫正手术操作简单、易于操作、手术精确、危险性小。 Spinal deformation correcting device [0019] such a configuration, only the use of pedicle screws, the longitudinal connecting rods, the push bar, a locking nut, and a transverse connector connecting the frame to achieve a longitudinal deformation correction of spinal surgery may cause deformation of the spine corrective surgery simple, easy to operate, accurate operation, small risk. [0020] 为了实现上述第二个目的,本发明还提供了一种上述脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法,该方法按以下步骤进行:[0021] S101,将椎弓根钉的钉体植入椎体内;[0022] S102,将纵向连接棒插入椎弓根钉的尾部管的长圆孔内;[0023] S103,将压棒器套装在所述椎弓根钉的尾部管的外侧,移动所述压棒器压所纵向连接棒,直至将所述纵向连接棒压入所述椎弓根钉的钉座的凹槽内;[0024] S104,将锁紧螺母通过所述尾部管进入所述钉座内,与所述钉座的内螺纹配合,形成临时锁紧;[0025] S105,进行脊柱复位操作;[0026] S106,锁紧所述纵向连接棒;[0027] S107,除去椎弓根钉的尾部管。 [0020] To achieve the second object, the present invention also provides a method of using the above-described deformation of the spine correction apparatus, the method proceeds according to the following steps: [0021] S101, the nail body vertebral pedicle screw implant vivo; [0022] S102, longitudinal inner oblong hole connecting rod is inserted into the tail tube pedicle screw; [0023] S103, the push bar is fitted over the outside of the tail tube of the pedicle screw, the movement said push bar is pressed by the connecting rod longitudinal direction, until the connecting rod is pressed into the longitudinal groove of the anvil body of the pedicle screw; [0024] S104, the lock nut through the tube into the tail the anvil, mating with the internal thread of the nail holder, form a temporary locking; [0025] S105, spine reset operation; [0026] S106, the locking of the longitudinal connecting rod; [0027] S107, the vertebral arch was removed nails tail pipe. [0028] 优选的,所述步骤S105具体为,采用横向连接器、纵向连接器进行脊柱复位操作。 [0028] Preferably, the step S105 specifically, using the transverse connector, the connector longitudinal spine reset operation. 附图说明[0029] 图1为现有技术中椎弓根钉的结构示意图;[0030] 图2为本发明所提供脊柱变形矫正装置的椎弓根钉的一种具体实施方式的主视图;[0031] 图3为图2所示的椎弓根钉的侧视图;[0032] 图4为图2所示的椎弓根钉的三维剖视图;[0033] 图5为本发明所提供的椎弓根钉的尾部管与钉座分体连接的结构示意图;[0034] 图6为本发明所述提供的椎弓根钉的尾部管分体加工的一种具体实施方式的结构示意图;[0035] 图7为本发明所提供的压棒器的剖视图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0029] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the prior art pedicle screw; a front view of a specific spinal deformation correcting device provided pedicle screw embodiment [0030] FIG. 2 of the present invention; [0031] FIG. 3 is a side view of the pedicle screw shown in FIG. 2; [0032] FIG. 4 is a three-dimensional cross-sectional view of the pedicle screw shown in Figure 2; provided vertebral [0033] FIG. 5 of the present invention pedicle screw and a tail pipe connected to the anvil structure diagram split; split structural diagram of the tail pipe of the invention is to provide a pedicle screw machining a specific embodiment [0034] FIG. 6 is; [0035 ] Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view of the invention provides a push bar's. [0036] 图8为锁紧螺母安装时的结构示意图;[0037] 图9为本发明所提供的脊柱变形矫正装置使用方法的流程图;[0038] 图10为椎弓根钉植入椎体的结构示意图;[0039] 图11为脊柱上植入多个椎弓根钉的结构示意图;[0040] 图12为压棒器进行压棒操作的结构示意图;[0041] 图13为多个椎弓根钉穿有纵向连接棒的结构示意图;[0042] 图14为同一椎体上的两个椎弓根钉由横向连接器固定的结构示意图[0043] 图15为位于脊柱纵向的多个横向连接器由纵向连接框架固定的结构示意图。 [0036] FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a locking nut installed; flowchart illustrating a method of correcting deformation of the spine using the apparatus provided by the invention [0037] FIG. 9 present; [0038] FIG. 10 is a pedicle screw Interbody schematic structure; structural diagram of a plurality of pedicle screw implanted in the spine [0039] FIG. 11 is a; [0040] FIG. 12 is a schematic structure of the press operation performed for the rod bar is pressed; [0041] FIG. 13 is a plurality of vertebral pedicle screw pierced with a longitudinal schematic view of a connecting rod; [0042] FIG. 14 on the same two vertebral pedicle screw by a fixed structure schematic transverse connector [0043] FIG. 15 is a plurality of laterally positioned longitudinal spine the connector fixed structure by a longitudinal schematic view of the connecting frame. 具体实施方式[0044] 本发明的第一个核心是提供一种脊柱变形矫正装置,该脊柱变形矫正装置能够方便进行脊柱变形矫正操作。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0044] The first core of the present invention is to provide a spinal deformity correction means, the spinal deformation correcting device can easily perform spinal deformity correction operation. 本发明的另一个核心是提供一种上述脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法。 Another core of the present invention is to provide an apparatus of the above-described spinal deformation correcting method used. [0045] 为了使本技术领域的人员更好地理解本发明方案,下面结合附图和具体实施方式对发明作进一步的详细说明。 [0045] In order to make those skilled in the art a better understanding of the invention, the accompanying drawings and the following specific embodiments of the invention will be further described in detail. [0046] 本发明提供的脊柱变形矫正装置包括椎弓根钉、纵向连接棒、压棒器、锁紧螺母、 横向连接器及纵向连接框架。 Spinal deformation correcting device provided by the invention [0046] This comprises a pedicle screw, a longitudinal connecting rod, the push bar, a locking nut, and a transverse connector connecting the longitudinal frame. [0047] 所述椎弓根钉的钉体植入需要矫正的脊柱的椎体内,所述纵向连接棒与所述椎弓根钉的凹槽插接,所述压棒器套于所述椎弓根钉的外侧,所述锁紧螺母与所述椎弓根钉的内螺纹配合;横向连接器分别与位于同一椎体上的两个椎弓根钉的尾部管连接;位于脊柱纵向的多个横向连接器通过纵向连接框架连接。 The [0047] of the pedicle screw and to correct the staple implanted vertebral bodies of the spinal column, the longitudinal grooves of the connecting rod and pedicle screw plug, the push bar to the sheath outside the pedicle screw, the locking nut engaging with the inner thread of the pedicle screw; a transverse connector connecting pipe are located on the same two vertebral pedicle screw tail; longitudinal spine situated a plurality of connectors connected by longitudinal transverse connecting frame. [0048] 这种结构的脊柱变形矫正装置,仅采用椎弓根钉、纵向连接棒、压棒器、锁紧螺母、 横向连接器及纵向连接框架即可实现脊柱变形矫正手术,可使得脊柱变形矫正手术操作简单、易于操作、手术精确、危险性小。 Spinal deformation correcting device [0048] such a configuration, only the use of pedicle screws, the longitudinal connecting rods, the push bar, a locking nut, and a transverse connector connecting the frame to achieve a longitudinal deformation correction of spinal surgery may cause deformation of the spine corrective surgery simple, easy to operate, accurate operation, small risk. [0049] 其中,如图2-图4所示,椎弓根钉100包括钉体8和钉座7,钉座7的尾部设置有在其尾端面开口的凹槽72,凹槽72内侧壁设有内螺纹71。 [0049] wherein, as shown in FIG. 2 to FIG. 4, includes a pedicle screw 100, the inner groove 72 sidewall 7 staple 8 staple holder, anvil tail 7 is provided with a recess on its trailing end surface of the opening 72 and 71 is provided with an internal thread. 钉座7的尾端面设有尾部管4, 尾部管4具有预定的长度,其延伸方向与钉体8的延伸方向相反。 Trailing face anvil 7 is provided with a tail pipe 4, the tail pipe 4 having a predetermined length, which is opposite to the extending direction of the extending direction of the nail body 8. 尾部管4为管状结构,其内径dl不小于内螺纹71的外径d2 (图中所示为两者相等的情况)。 Tail tube 4 is a tubular structure having an inner diameter smaller than the outer diameter dl d2 is not an internal thread 71 (as shown in FIG both are equal). 尾部管4的管壁上设置有相对的、分别与尾部管4的中心孔11相通的两个穿棒槽10 ;穿棒槽10在所述尾部管45的中心线方向延伸,且内端与凹槽72相通,两个穿棒槽10形成供所述纵向连接棒40沿尾部管径向插入的长圆孔,该长圆孔即中心孔11 ;尾部管4的管壁外表面设置有卡止口朝向其内端倒齿5。 There is provided opposite the tail, the tail pipe respectively, the central hole 4 of the rod 11 through two communication grooves 10 of the wall 4; grooves 10 extending through rod 45 in the direction of the center line of the tail pipe, and the inner end communicating groove 72, two grooves 10 formed in rod 40 through an oblong hole for the connecting rod longitudinal direction of tail insertion diameter, i.e., the center hole 11 oblong hole; tail pipe outer wall surface disposed in an engaging opening 4 towards its inner end pawls 5. [0050] 所述纵向连接棒40与所述凹槽插接,压棒器20套于所述椎弓根钉100的外侧,上述锁紧螺母30与所述内螺纹相配合。 [0050] The longitudinal connecting rod 40 inserted with the groove, the push bar 20 to the pedicle outer sheath of staple 100, the locking nut 30 engaged with the internally threaded. [0051] 这种结构的脊柱变形矫正装置,在进行装棒操作时,由于具有预定长度的尾部管4,在钉体8植入脊柱后,多个椎弓根钉100的尾部管4的外端可以偏离椎弓根钉100的植入点,进而使多个椎弓根钉100的尾部管4的外端排列位置与纵向连接棒40延伸方向更接近;这样,在穿棒操作中,可以更容易地将纵向连接棒40依次穿过多个椎弓根钉100的尾部管4的穿棒槽10中。 When [0051] spinal deformation correcting device of this configuration, during the rod loading operation, since the tail portion having a predetermined length of the tube 4, after implanting spinal staple body 8, a plurality of staple the tail 100 of the pedicle outer tube 4 end of the pedicle screw implant may deviate from point 100, thereby enabling a plurality of pedicle screw tail pipe 100 and the outer end of the arrangement position of the connecting rod 40 extends closer to the longitudinal direction 4; in this way, the operation rod wear, can tail easier longitudinal connecting rod 40 passes through a plurality of pedicle screw rod 100 through tube 10 in the groove 4. [0052] 在压棒操作中,利用后述的压棒器20使棒顺着穿棒槽10向尾部管4内端移动;由于穿棒槽10的内端与钉座7的凹槽72相通,因此,可以将纵向连接棒40顺利地压到椎弓根钉100的钉座7的凹槽72中。 [0052] In operation, the push bar, the push bar 20 is described later along the rod 10 moves through the slot stick aft end of the inner tube 4; since the rod through the slot inner end of the recess 10 of the anvil 72 is in communication 7 Therefore, the longitudinal connecting rod 40 can be smoothly pressed into anvil recess 100 pedicle screw 7 72. [0053] 在利用压棒器20进行压棒时,纵向连接棒40顺穿棒槽10移动的同时,纵向连接棒40还能够带动椎弓根钉100移动,实现一定的矫形复位。 While [0053] When the rod 20 by press press-bar, the connecting rod 40 along the longitudinal groove 10 through the rod moves, longitudinal connecting rod 40 can drive 100 moves further pedicle screw, to achieve a certain orthopedic reset. 穿棒及压棒操作完成后,由于尾部管4的内径不小于内螺纹71的外径,可以将锁紧螺母30从尾部管4的中心孔11中穿过,到达内螺纹71处,再锁紧锁紧螺母30,使纵向连接棒40与椎弓根钉100的保持相对固定。 Wear down bar and rod operation is completed, since the inner diameter of the tail pipe 4 is not less than the outer diameter of the internal thread 71, the locknut 30 can be from the end of the central pipe 11 through the hole 4, reaches the internal threads 71, and then locks the lock nut 30, so that the longitudinal connecting rod 40 and the pedicle screw 100 remains relatively fixed. 因此,该椎弓根钉100能够方便进行装棒和压棒操作。 Thus, the pedicle screw 100 to facilitate loading operation rod and push bar. [0054] 这种结构的脊柱变形矫正装置能够方便进行装棒和压棒操作。 Spinal deformation correcting apparatus [0054] This structure can facilitate loading operation rod and push bar. 同时,在进行压棒操作中,可以使椎弓根钉100随纵向连接棒40摆动,从而能够实现一定的复位矫形,为后续复位矫形操作提供良好前提。 Meanwhile, the push bar operation is performed, so that the pedicle screw 100 may be connected with the longitudinal rod 40 swings, it is possible to achieve a certain orthopedic reset, a reset to provide a good prerequisite for subsequent orthopedic operation. [0055] 倒齿5的卡止口朝向尾部管4的内端,且倒齿5与压棒器20的卡齿相配合,这样, 在将纵向连接棒40压入凹槽72或压到预定位置时,倒齿5与压棒器20的卡齿相配合可以使压棒器20与尾部管4保持相对固定,使棒保持暂时锁止,从而为进行固定纵向连接棒40 或其他操作提供前提。 [0055] The locking pawls 5 opening toward the tail end of the inner tube 4, and 5 and the push bar pawls card cooperating teeth 20, so that, when the connecting rod 40 is pressed into the longitudinal groove 72 to a predetermined pressure or position, the push bar 5 and the pawls card mating teeth 20 can push bar 204 is held stationary relative to the tail pipe, the rod remains temporarily locked so as to be fixed to the longitudinal connecting rods 40, or other operation provides premise . [0056] 此外,尾部管4上,倒齿5的数量和位置可以根据实际需要进行选择。 [0056] Further, the tail pipe 4, the number and position of pawls 5 may be selected according to actual needs. 当设置有多个倒齿5时,可以将多个倒齿5沿一个或者两个穿棒槽10的外边缘设置,如图4中所示;将多个倒齿5沿穿棒槽10设置可以使压棒操作更加方便。 When provided with a plurality of inverted tooth 5:00, a plurality of inverted tooth 5 along the outer edge of a bar or two through grooves 10 provided, as shown in FIG. 4; 5 a plurality of pawls 10 is provided along the groove through the rod push bar may be more convenient to operate. 当然,倒齿5也可以设置在尾部管4的管壁外表面的其他位置。 Of course, pawls 5 may be provided at other positions the outer surface of the tail pipe wall 4. [0057] 本发明提供的一种具体实施方式中的椎弓根钉100中,穿棒槽10的外端封闭,这样一方面可以避免穿棒过程中,纵向连接棒40滑出穿棒槽10,同时还能够增加尾部管的强度,以达到更好的固定效果。 In [0057] a specific embodiment of the present invention provides the pedicle screw 100, through the outer end of the rod groove 10 is closed, so that one can avoid wear during rod, the connecting rod 40 from slipping out through the longitudinal groove 10 bar , while also increasing the strength of the tail pipe, in order to achieve a better fixing effect. [0058] 当穿棒槽10的外端采用封闭结构时,可以在尾部管4的外端部分设置相对的两个U型开口9 ;两个U型开口9与两个穿棒槽10在尾部管4的中心线垂直投影面上相互交错; 同时,在尾部管4的管壁外表面设置延伸方向与尾部管4的中心线垂直的第一折断槽3 ;其中,第一折断槽3与尾部管4的外端之间的距离L2小于U型开口9的底端与尾部管4的外端之间的距离Li,并且大于穿棒槽10的外端与尾部管4的外端之间的距离L3。 [0058] When the outer end of the rod through the slot 10 of the use of closed structure, the outer end portion of the pipe 4 is disposed opposite the two U-shaped openings in the rear 9; 9 two openings with two U-shaped grooves 10 at the end of the rod through projection plane vertical centerline of tube 4 are interleaved; Meanwhile, the tail pipe outer wall surface 4 is provided with a tail extending in a direction perpendicular to the centerline of the first break groove 4 is 3; wherein the first break groove and the tail 3 the distance between the end of the outer tube 4 is smaller than the bottom end L2 of the U-shaped opening 9 and the tail pipe distance Li between the outer end 4, and larger than the outer end of the rod through the slot 10 between the tail end of the outer tube 4 distance L3. 这样在手术完成后,可以将两个U型开口9两侧的部分沿第一折断槽3折断,进而使穿棒槽10外端转换成开口结构,为进一步折断穿棒槽10的两侧部分提供便利。 After completion of this procedure, may be U-shaped opening portion in the two sides of the first break groove 9 3 broken, thereby enabling the rod 10 through the outer end of the groove is converted into an open structure, is further broken rod through both side portions of the groove 10 convenience. [0059] 为了便于折断穿棒槽10的两侧部分,进一步地,在尾部管4的管壁外表面设置有延伸方向与尾部管4的中心线垂直的第二折断槽6,第二折断槽6与尾部管4的外端之间的距离L大于第一折断槽3与尾部管4的外端之间的距离L2 ;在压棒操作完成后,可以沿第二折断槽6折断穿棒槽10两侧部分,进而缩短椎弓根钉100的长度。 Surface is provided with a tail portion extending in a direction perpendicular to the centerline of the second break groove 4 [0059] In order to facilitate breaking through both side portions of the rod groove 10, and further, the outer wall of the pipe 4 at the end 6 of the second break groove 6 between the outer tube 4 and the tail end of the first break groove is greater than the distance L between the distance of the outer end 4 of the tube 3 L2 of the tail; push bar after completion of the operation, can break through the rod 6 in the second slot groove broken both side portions 10, thereby shortening the length of the pedicle screw 100. [0060] 第二折断槽6可以设置在第一折断槽3与尾部管4的内端之间。 [0060] The second breaking groove 6 may be disposed between the inner end of the first break groove 3 and the tail pipe 4. 优选的实施方式, 是将第二折断槽6设置在尾部管4与钉座7的连接处,并使第二折断槽6的延伸方向与尾部管4的中心线垂直。 Preferred embodiment, the second breaking groove 6 is provided at the anvil 7 and the connecting tail pipe 4, and the extending direction of the groove 6 is broken and the second tail portion 4 of the vertical centerline. 这样,在进行折断操作时,可以完全将尾部管4去掉,仅保留椎弓根钉100的钉体8和钉座7,减少手术后椎弓根钉100占用的空间。 Thus, during the breaking operation, the tail pipe 4 can be completely removed, leaving only the pedicle 100 of staple anvil 7 and 8, the pedicle screw 100 to reduce surgical space occupied. [0061] 第二折断槽6与尾部管4的外端之间的距离L、U型开口9的底端与尾部管4的外端之间的距离Li、第一折断槽3与尾部管4的外端之间的距离L2以及穿棒槽10的外端与尾部管4的外端之间的距离L3的数值范围是配合设置的,即尾部管4采用不同的长度、穿棒槽10采用不同的长度,上述距离都会有所变化,可根据实际需要选择。 [0061] The second breaking groove pipe 6 and the distance L between the tail end 4 of the outer, U-shaped open bottom end of the tail pipe 9 and the distance Li between the outer end 4, a first tail tube 3 and the break groove 4 the distance L2 between the outer end of the rod through the slot and the tail end of the outer tube 10 of the numerical range L3 is the distance between the outer end 4 is provided with, i.e., the tail pipe 4 different lengths, the rod 10 through the groove using different lengths, the distance will vary, may be selected according to need. [0062] 上述第一折断槽3和第二折断槽6的设置并非只限定了折断槽的为两个,折断槽的数量和位置可以根据实际操作进行选择,当然,在尾部管材料易折的情况下,也可以不设置折断槽。 [0062] The first and second breaking groove 3 disposed break groove 6 is not limited only to two of the break groove, the breaking grooves the number and position can be selected according to the actual operation, of course, easy to break at the end of the tube material case, break grooves may not be provided. [0063] 在特定情况下,也可以将穿棒槽10的外端设置为开口结构。 [0063] In certain cases, it may be the outer end of the rod groove 10 is provided through an opening structure. 采用开口结构时,在手术后对尾部管4的折断操作也会比较方便。 When using open structure, after the operation of breaking the tail pipe 4 will be relatively easy to operate. 当穿棒槽10为开口结构时,尾部管4的管壁外表面也可以设置延伸方向与尾部管4的中心线垂直的折断槽,为手术后的折断操作提供方便,并且折断槽的数量可以根据实际加工的需要进行设置。 When the rod groove 10 through an opening structure, the outer surface of the tail pipe wall 4 may be provided with a tail portion extending in a direction perpendicular to the centerline 4 of the break groove, the breaking operation provides for the convenience of operation, and the number of slots may be broken It is set according to actual machining. [0064] 以上所述外端和内端均是相对于钉体8而言,即靠近钉体8的一端为内端,远离钉体8的一端为外端。 [0064] The above outer and inner ends are concerned relative to the staple body 8, i.e., one end 8 of the inner end, remote from the one end of the nail 8 is close to an outer end of the nail body. [0065] 尾部管4和钉座7可以设置为一体结构,即使尾部管4和钉座7 —体成型。 [0065] The tail pipe 4 and the anvil 7 may be provided as an integral structure, even if the tail pipe 4 and the anvil 7-- shaping. 相对于钉座7,由于尾部管4较长,对钉座7的内螺纹71的加工会比较困难;为了便于加工,尾部管4与钉座7也可以设置为分体结构,即在分别加工后,再采用焊接或其他方式固定连接。 7 with respect to the anvil, since the longer the tail pipe 4, the internal thread 7 of 71 would be more difficult processing anvil; For ease of processing, the tail pipe 4 and anvil 7 may be provided as a separate structure, i.e., each processing after then welded or otherwise secured connection. 采用焊接方式时,需注意为了不影响第二折断槽6的设置,焊接位置要与第二折断槽6的位置错开。 When using welding, note the broken order not to affect the second set of grooves 6, and a welding position is shifted to the second position of the break groove 6. [0066] 请参考图5和图6,图5为本发明所提供的椎弓根钉的尾部管与钉座分体连接的结构示意图,图6为本发明所述提供的椎弓根钉的尾部管分体加工的一种具体实施方式的结构示意图。 [0066] Please refer to FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, FIG 5 the tail of the pedicle screw is provided with a structural diagram of the present invention anvil tube split connector, FIG. 6 of the pedicle screw of the present invention provides separate tail pipe schematic structure of a specific processing embodiment. [0067] 所述将尾部管4分体加工是指,首先,将尾部管4的一部分与钉座7加工为一体, 尾部管4的另一部分单独加工后,将尾部管4的两部分焊接,然后再加工穿棒槽10、U型开口9以及倒齿5等结构。 [0067] The separate processing of the 4 tail pipe means, first, a portion of the tail pipe 7 and the staple holder 4 is integrally processed, another part of the tail pipe 4 is processed individually, the tail portion of the welding two pipes 4, and then processed through the rod groove 10, and the pawls 9 5 like the U-shaped opening configuration. 当然,也可以根据实际需要改变加工工艺过程。 Of course, the machining process may be changed according to actual needs. [0068] 请参考图7,图7为本发明所提供的压棒器的剖视图。 [0068] Please refer to FIG. 7, the invention provides a cross sectional view of FIG pressure bar 7 present. [0069] 如图7中所示,该压棒器20为管状结构,压棒器20的内径D2不小于上述尾部管4的外径D1,压棒器20的内壁上还设置有与上述倒齿5相配合的卡齿12。 [0069] As shown in FIG. 7, the push bar 20 is a tubular structure, the inner diameter D2 of the push bar 20 is not less than said tail portion of the tube outer diameter D1 4, the push bar provided with the above-described further down on the inner wall 20 5 cooperating latch tooth 12. 卡齿12可以通过弹性片或其他弹性部件与压棒器20的内壁的相连;这样,在进行压棒操作过程中,可以使卡齿12在倒齿5顶端作用下向外摆动,以方便压棒器20向下滑动;弹性部件能够保持卡齿12向内移动趋势,以在预定的位置保持与倒齿5的配合。 Latch 12 may be connected by an elastic piece or other resilient member and the inner wall of the push bar 20; thus, the push bar during the operation is performed, latch 12 can swing outwardly under the action down tooth tip 5 to facilitate pressure the rod 20 slides downward; an elastic member capable of holding the latches 12 move inwardly tendency to keep down the mating teeth at predetermined positions 5. [0070] 另外,在压棒器20的内径更大,且具有合适尺寸时,也可以使卡齿12与压棒器20内壁保持固定;该情况下,在压棒时,需要使压棒器20的中心线偏离尾部管4的中心线,使卡齿12与倒齿5保持分离,在压棒器20到达预定位置后,再使压棒器20平移,使卡齿12 与倒齿5保持配合。 [0070] Further, the larger the inner diameter of the push bar 20, a suitable size and having, latch 12 may be made with an inner wall of the push bar 20 remains stationary; In this case, when the push rod, the push bar is necessary to offset from the centerline 20 aft centerline 4 of the latch pawls 12 and 5 kept separate, after the push bar 20 reaches a predetermined position, then the pressing rod 20 is translated so that the teeth 12 and the card holding pawls 5 cooperation. [0071] 进行压棒操作时,由于压棒器20的内径D2不小于尾部管4的外径D1,因此,可以将压棒器20套到椎弓根钉100尾部管4外。 [0071] When the operation pressure bar, since the inner diameter D2 of the push bar 20 is not less than the outer diameter Dl tail pipe 4, and therefore, the push bar 20 may be set to the pedicle screw 100 outside the tail pipe 4. 将压棒器20下压,使纵向连接棒40沿穿棒槽方向移动,在需要定位时,使卡齿12与倒齿5配合,暂时将棒锁止。 The pressure rod 20 is depressed, so that the connecting rod 40 is moved longitudinally through the rod in the direction of the groove, when the need to locate the latch pawls 5 and 12 cooperate to temporarily lock the rod. 在卡齿12和倒齿5相配合的情况下,就可以实现压棒器20的定位和纵向连接棒40的暂时锁止,因此,压棒器20 可以适用于尾部管4的外径小于其内径的不同型号的上述椎弓根钉100。 In the case where the latch pawls 12 and cooperating 5, the push bar can be achieved temporarily lock the connecting rod 20 is positioned longitudinally and 40, therefore, the push bar 20 may be adapted to the outer diameter of the tail tube 4 is smaller than the different types of the above-mentioned pedicle screw 100 in the inner diameter. [0072] 此外,在压棒器20的一侧端面设置有相对的两个棒卡槽13。 [0072] Further, at a side end surface of the push bar 20 is provided with two opposing slots 13 bars. 操作过程中,棒卡槽13用于卡在纵向连接棒40的侧面上,在压棒器20的作用下使纵向连接棒40沿穿棒槽10 移动。 During operation, the slot 13 for locking the rod in the longitudinal direction on the side of the connecting rod 40, so that the connecting rod 40 along the longitudinal groove 10 through the rod under the effect of the pressure moves the rod 20. [0073] 压棒器20的卡齿12可以只设置一个,压棒器20进行压棒时,随着压棒器20的下移,卡齿12能够与压棒器20中心线方向上位置不同的倒齿5配合,同样能够在预定的位置将棒暂时锁止。 [0073] 12 latches the push bar 20 is provided may be only one, when the push bar 20 is press-rod, as the rod 20 is pressed down, the latch 12 can be different on the centerline direction push bar 20 is 5 with the inverted tooth, the rod can likewise be temporarily locked in a predetermined position. 当然,卡齿12还可以设置为多个。 Of course, the latch 12 may be provided in plurality. [0074] 上述实施例中,用于单向锁紧压棒器20的锁紧结构,采用与所述尾部管侧壁上的倒齿相配合卡齿的结构,所述锁紧装置还可以采用以下结构:在压棒器20的侧壁设有凹槽,该凹槽内设有可沿压棒器20径向弹性变形的弹片,该弹片的内侧面设有斜坡圆台,该斜坡圆台的侧面可与尾部管侧壁上设置的圆齿相配合,以单向锁紧压棒器20 ;在退出压棒器20时,可下压弹片,使得斜坡圆台与圆齿脱离配合。 [0074] The above-described embodiments, the locking structure for locking the one-way pressure rod 20, using the latch pawls cooperating structures on the side wall of the tail tube, said locking means may also be employed the following structure: in the push bar the side wall 20 is provided with a groove can be equipped with radially elastically deformed elastic piece 20 in the push rod's inner surface of the circular table leaf spring is provided with a ramp, the ramp side frustum the scalloped upper fit may be provided with a tail tube side walls, a unidirectional locking push bar 20; 20 exits the nip at the rod, which can be pressed elastic piece, so that the rotary table with scalloped ramp disengaged. [0075] 当纵向连接棒40压入椎弓根钉100的钉座上的凹槽内时,为了固定纵向连接棒40,可采用锁紧螺母30与凹槽上的内螺纹形成配合,如图8所示,锁紧螺母30从尾部管4的中心孔11中穿过,到达内螺纹71处,再锁紧锁紧螺母30,使纵向连接棒40与椎弓根钉100 的保持相对固定。 [0075] When the connecting rod longitudinal recess 40 is pressed into the pedicle screw 100 staple seat, fixed to the longitudinal connecting rods 40 can be employed on an internally threaded locking nut 30 mating with the groove is formed, as shown in 8, the locking nut 30 from the rear center of the tube 11 through the hole 4, reaches the inner thread 71, and tighten the lock nut 30, so that the longitudinal connecting rod 40 and the pedicle screw 100 remains relatively fixed. [0076] 具体的方案中,所述横向连接器的结构如图14所示,横向连接器50可与同一椎体上的两个椎弓根钉100连接,可用于调整两个椎弓根钉100之间的夹角。 [0076] In a specific embodiment, the transverse structure of the connector as shown, the transverse connector 50 may be connected to 100 on the same two vertebral pedicle screw 14 can be adjusted for two pedicle screws the angle between 100. [0077] 具体的方案中,所述纵向连接框架的结构如图15所示,纵向连接框架包括横向连接杆和并排设置的两个纵向连接杆,纵向连接杆连接多个横向连接器50,横向连接杆连接两个纵向连接杆,横向连接杆上设有与卡槽结构,可活动调节两个纵向连接杆之间的距离, 并可单向锁紧,以起到固定作用。 [0077] In a specific embodiment, the longitudinal connecting frame structure shown in Figure 15, longitudinal connecting rods and transverse connecting frame comprises two longitudinal connecting rods arranged side by side, the longitudinal connecting rod 50 connected to a plurality of transverse, lateral connecting rod connecting the two longitudinal connecting rods, the transverse connecting rod is provided with a slot structure, movable to adjust the distance between the two longitudinal connecting rods, and one-way lock to play a role in fixing. [0078] 本发明还提供了一种上述的脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法,以下实施例结合附图对其进行简单介绍。 [0078] The present invention also provides a method of using the above-described spinal deformity correction device, the following embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings be brief. [0079] 请参看图9,图9为本发明所提供的脊柱变形矫正装置使用方法的流程图。 [0079] Referring to Figure 9, a flowchart of a method provided herein spinal deformity correction apparatus of FIG. 9 present. [0080] 如图9所示,该脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法包括以下步骤。 [0080] As shown in FIG. 9, the spinal deformation correcting method using the apparatus includes the following steps. [0081] 步骤101,将椎弓根钉100的钉体植入椎体内。 [0081] Step 101, the pedicle screw implant body 100 within the vertebral body staples. 如图10所示,根据需要,选择具有合适长度、直径的椎弓根钉100,在锥体上选择合适的入钉角度、入钉点,在所述入钉点植入椎弓根钉100的钉体;如图11所示,在脊柱的两侧分别沿A1、A2方向,在多个锥体上植入多个椎弓根钉100。 10, according to need, selecting a suitable length, the diameter of the pedicle screw 100, to select the appropriate angle into a staple on the cone, the anchor point, the anchor point of the implant pedicle screw 100 nail body; shown in Figure 11, along the spine on both sides, respectively A1, A2 direction, a plurality of pedicle screw 100 implanted in a plurality of cones. [0082] 步骤102,将纵向连接棒40插入椎弓根钉100的尾部管4的中心孔11内。 [0082] Step 102, the longitudinal connecting rod 40 is inserted into the central hole 100 of the pedicle screw 11 tail pipe 4. 将纵向连接棒40插入椎弓根钉100的尾部管4的中心孔11内,一个纵向连接棒40依次插入脊柱8同一侧的多个椎弓根钉100的尾部管4的中心孔11内。 Tail plurality of pedicle screw 11, rod 40 connected to a central longitudinal bore 40 longitudinal connecting rod 100 is inserted into the pedicle screw sequentially inserted into the tail pipe 4 side of the spine 8 with the central bore 100 of the tube 4 of 11. [0083] 步骤103,如图12所示,将压棒器20套装在椎弓根钉100的尾部管4的外侧,移动压棒器20,使得压棒器20的底部抵靠纵向连接棒40,向下压纵向连接棒40,直至将纵向连接棒40压入椎弓根钉100的钉座7的凹槽内,如图13所示,纵向连接棒40穿过多个椎弓根钉100,纵向连接棒40穿过多个椎弓根钉100时,可对脊柱进行初步复位调整。 [0083] Step 103, as shown, the push bar 20 is fitted over the tail pipe 12 of the pedicle screw 100 in the outer 4, moving the push bar 20, such that the push bar 20 against the bottom of the longitudinal connecting rod 40 , longitudinal connecting rod 40 is pressed down, until the longitudinal connecting rod 40 is pressed into the groove 100 of the pedicle screw anvil 7, FIG. 13, a plurality of longitudinal connecting rods 40 through pedicle screw 100 longitudinal connecting rod 40 passes through a plurality of pedicle screws 100, may reset the initial adjustment of the spine. [0084] 步骤104,将锁紧螺母30通过尾部管4进入钉座内,锁紧螺母30与钉座7的内螺纹71形成配合,可对纵向连接棒40形成临时锁紧。 [0084] Step 104, the lock nut 30 through the tail pipe 4 into the anvil, the locking nut 30 and the anvil 71 formed within the mating thread 7 may be formed on the temporarily locking the longitudinal rod 40 is connected. [0085] 步骤105,进行脊柱复位操作。 [0085] Step 105, the reset operation spine. 对脊柱进行矫正复位,可采用横向连接器50,如图14所示,横向连接器50与同一椎体上的两个椎弓根钉100连接,可调整两个椎弓根钉100 之间的夹角,可通过横向连接器50及纵向连接框架60对脊柱进行矫正复位操作。 Reset corrected spine, lateral connector 50 may be employed, as shown, the transverse connector 50 is connected to the two pedicle screws 100 on the same vertebral body 14 adjustable between two pedicle screw 100 angle, can be corrected by a reset operation of the spinal column and a longitudinal transverse connector 50 connecting frame 60. [0086] 步骤106,对脊柱进行矫正复位操作完毕后,旋紧锁紧螺母30,将纵向连接棒40锁紧。 [0086] Step 106, the spine is corrected after the reset operation is completed, the lock nut 30 is screwed, the longitudinal connecting rod 40 locking. [0087] 步骤107,折断椎弓根钉100的尾部管4。 [0087] Step 107, the tail 100 of the pedicle screw to break pipe 4. 锁紧纵向连接棒40后,去除尾部管4,具体通过折断的方式去除尾部管4,脊柱的矫正复位操作完成。 After locking the longitudinal connecting rods 40, removing the tail pipe 4, particularly the removal of the tail pipe 4 to complete the spine correction reset operation by breaking the way. [0088] 这种脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法,能够方便进行装棒和压棒操作,能够较容易地实现脊柱的矫正复位操作。 [0088] This method of use of spinal deformation correcting device, it is possible to facilitate loading operation rod and the push bar can be more easily achieved spinal correction reset operation. [0089] 本文中应用了具体实施例对本发明的原理及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例的说明只是用于棒助理解本发明的方法及其核心思想。 [0089] As used herein specific embodiments of the application of the principles and embodiments of the invention are set forth in the above described embodiment except for the bars to help understand the method and core idea of ​​the present invention. 应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以对本发明进行若干改进和修饰,这些改进和修饰也落入本发明权利要求的保护范围内。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, may also be a number of modifications and improvements of the present invention, and these improvements and modifications also fall within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. 一种脊柱变形矫正装置,其特征在于,包括椎弓根钉、纵向连接棒、压棒器、锁紧螺母、横向连接器及纵向连接框架;所述椎弓根钉的钉体植入需要矫正的脊柱的椎体内,所述纵向连接棒与所述椎弓根钉的凹槽插接,所述压棒器套于所述椎弓根钉的外侧,所述锁紧螺母与所述椎弓根钉的内螺纹配合;所述横向连接器分别与位于同一椎体上的两个椎弓根钉的尾部管连接;位于脊柱纵向的多个所述横向连接器通过所述纵向连接框架连接。 1. A spinal deformation correcting device, wherein the pedicle screw comprises a longitudinal connecting rod, the push bar, a locking nut, transverse connectors and longitudinal connection frame; staple the pedicle screw implant and to correct the spine of the vertebral body, the longitudinal groove of the plug connection bar and the pedicle screw, the rod is press-fitted onto the outer side of the pedicle screw, the locking nut and the with said internal thread of the pedicle screw; respectively connecting said lateral pipe connecting two pedicle screws located on the same tail vertebrae; a plurality of connectors of said lateral longitudinal spine by said longitudinal connection connected to the frame.
2.根据权利要求1所述的脊柱变形矫正装置,其特征在于,所述椎弓根钉包括钉体、 与钉体连接的钉座,所述钉座上设置有凹槽,所述凹槽内侧壁设有内螺纹,所述钉座的尾端面设有尾部管,所述尾部管的延伸方向与所述钉体的延伸方向相反,所述尾部管上设有沿尾部管轴向延伸的供所述纵向连接棒沿尾部管径向插入的长圆孔,该长圆孔与所述凹槽连通,所述尾部管的内径不小于所述内螺纹的外径。 2. spinal deformation correcting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said pedicle screw includes a staple anvil body, the body is connected with the staple, the staple base is provided with a recess the internally threaded sidewall, the trailing face of the anvil is provided with a tail tube, the extending direction of the tail pipe extending direction of the body opposite to the nail, with the tail extending axially along the tail pipe for the longitudinal connecting rod, which oblong hole recess in communication with the insertion of the tail along the oblong hole diameter, the inner diameter of the tail pipe is not less than the outer diameter of the inner thread.
3.根据权利要求1所述的脊柱变形矫正装置,其特征在于,所述尾部管的管壁设置有相对的、分别与中心孔相通的两个穿棒槽,两个所述穿棒槽形成所述长圆孔;所述穿棒槽的外端封闭。 The spinal deformation correcting apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the wall of said tail tube is provided with opposite, respectively, the central bore communicating through two rods grooves, the two grooves are formed through bars the oblong hole; through the closed end of the outer rod groove.
4.根据权利要求1所述的脊柱变形矫正装置,其特征在于,所述压棒器为管状结构,所述压棒器的内径不小于所述尾部管的外径,所述压棒器的内壁上设有用于单向锁紧的锁紧结构。 The spinal deformation correcting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said push bar is a tubular structure, the inner diameter of the push bar is not smaller than the outer diameter of the tail pipe, the pressure rod's for unidirectional locking structure provided on the inner wall of the locking.
5.根据权利要求4所述的脊柱变形矫正装置,其特征在于,所述锁紧结构为与所述尾部管侧壁上的倒齿相配合卡齿。 The spinal deformation correcting device as claimed in claim 4, wherein the locking structure on the tail pipe sidewall pawls cooperating latches.
6.根据权利要求4所述的脊柱变形矫正装置,其特征在于,所述压棒器的侧壁设有凹槽,该凹槽内设有弹片,该弹片的内侧面设有与所述尾部管侧壁上的圆齿相配合的斜坡圆台。 6. The spinal deformation correcting device as claimed in claim 4, wherein said side wall is provided with the push bar a groove equipped with shrapnel, the inner side of the leaf spring is provided with the tail tube scalloped ramp on the side walls cooperating frustum.
7. —种权利要求1-6任一项所述的脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法,其特征在于,该方法按以下步骤进行:S101,将椎弓根钉的钉体植入椎体内;S102,将纵向连接棒插入椎弓根钉的尾部管的长圆孔内;S103,将压棒器套装在所述椎弓根钉的尾部管的外侧,移动所述压棒器向下压所述纵向连接棒,直至将所述纵向连接棒压入所述椎弓根钉的钉座的凹槽内;S104,将锁紧螺母通过所述尾部管进入所述钉座内,与所述钉座的内螺纹配合,形成临时锁紧;S105,进行脊柱复位操作;S106,锁紧所述纵向连接棒;S107,折断椎弓根钉的尾部管。 7. - The method of claims 1-6 using spinal deformation correcting apparatus according to claim species, wherein the process is performed by the following steps: S101, the pedicle screw implanted in the vertebral body staples; S102, longitudinal connecting rod is inserted into an oblong hole of the tail tube pedicle screw; S103, is set in the push bar tube outboard end of the pedicle screw, the movement of the push bar is pressed down longitudinal connecting rod, until the connecting rod is pressed into the longitudinal groove of the anvil body of the pedicle screw; S104, the locknut by the tail tube into said anvil, said anvil internally threaded fitting, forming a temporary locking; S105, spine reset operation; S106, locking the longitudinal connecting rod; S107, broken tail tube pedicle screw.
8.根据权利要求7所述的脊柱变形矫正装置的使用方法,其特征在于,所述步骤S105 具体为,采用横向连接器、纵向连接器进行脊柱复位操作。 The method of using the spinal deformation correcting apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that, the step S105 specifically, using the transverse connector, the connector longitudinal spine reset operation.
CN 201110006562 2011-01-13 2011-01-13 Spinal deformation correcting device CN102028533B (en)

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CN105662564A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-15 邓宇 Fixing sleeve of thoracolumbar vertebral fracture posterior minimally-invasive nail rod fixing external skin restoration system
CN105832394A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-08-10 邓宇 Posterior minimally invasive screw-rod fixation skin-outer resetting system for thoracolumbar vertebral fracture

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WO2013063865A1 (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-05-10 Zhang Yonggang Spinal orthopedic device
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CN105832394A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-08-10 邓宇 Posterior minimally invasive screw-rod fixation skin-outer resetting system for thoracolumbar vertebral fracture

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