CN102021750A - Spunbonded-metallic composite nonwoven material as well as manufacturing method and device thereof - Google Patents

Spunbonded-metallic composite nonwoven material as well as manufacturing method and device thereof Download PDF

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CN102021750A
CN102021750A CN2010106028375A CN201010602837A CN102021750A CN 102021750 A CN102021750 A CN 102021750A CN 2010106028375 A CN2010106028375 A CN 2010106028375A CN 201010602837 A CN201010602837 A CN 201010602837A CN 102021750 A CN102021750 A CN 102021750A
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metal
web
spunbond
apparatus
composite
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CN2010106028375A
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罗俊
陈光林
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山东俊富非织造材料有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a spunbonded-metallic composite nonwoven material as well as a method and device for manufacturing the composite nonwoven material. As for the device, a metal melt spinning device is additionally arranged between two spunbonded devices, thus forming the arrangement mode of a spunbonded fiber web, a metallic fiber web and a spunbonded fiber web, and a cloth is cured by any one form of hot rolling, needling, spunlacing, hot blast and ultrasonic waves. Compared with the non-metallic fibers (comprising organic fibers and inorganic fibers), the composite nonwoven materal provided by the invention has the unique and fine characteristics of thermal conductivity, electric conductivity, flexibility, thermal resistance, corrosion resistance and the like. Simultaneously, the composite nonwoven materal provided by the invention has high strength, good abrasion resistance and fine coking property, is supplementary with the non-metallic fibers in advantages and disadvantages, and is suitable for the fields such as construction industry, aviation spacecraft industry, medical treatment and public health industry, agriculture and the like.

Description

纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料及其制造方法与设备技术领域[0001] 本发明涉及非织造材料领域,特别是涉及一种纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料, 所述非织造材料的制造方法及其制造设备。 Metal composite with a spunbond nonwoven material and manufacturing method and apparatus TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] manufacture of the nonwoven material of the invention relates to the field of non-woven material, more particularly to a metal composite with a spunbond nonwoven material, A method and a manufacturing apparatus. 背景技术[0002] 金属纤维是一种新型产业用纺织品纤维,由金属或合金材料制成。 [0002] Metal fiber is a new industrial textile fibers, made of a metal or alloy material. 金属纤维20 世纪中期在美国实现产业化以后,逐渐受到各国的青睐和重视。 The mid-20th century, after the metal fibers to achieve the industrialization of the United States, gradually favored and national attention. 我国在20世纪80年代中期研发成功了不锈钢纤维,其后金属纤维品种不断增多。 Our country in the mid-1980s successfully developed stainless steel fibers, metal fibers subsequently increasing variety. 金属纤4维与非金属纤维(包括有机纤维和无机纤维)相比,金属纤维具有优良导热性、导电性、柔韧性、耐热性、 耐腐蚀性等特性,以及强度高、耐磨性好、良好的烧结性等。 4-dimensional metal fiber compared to non-metallic fibers (including organic and inorganic fibers), metallic fibers having high thermal conductivity, high electrical conductivity, flexibility, heat resistance, and corrosion resistance properties, as well as strength, wear resistance good sinterability and the like. 金属纤维可以单独纺制成纱线、非织造布,或与其他纺织纤维混纺,还可与其他纤维织物或材料(树脂、橡胶、 陶瓷、水泥等)复合,制成改性的特殊功能材料。 Metal fibers may be made separately spun yarn, nonwoven fabric, or with other textile fibers blended with other fibers may also be fabric or material (resin, rubber, ceramics, cement, etc.) composite, made of special functional material modification. 由金属纤维制成的各种材料除用于国防、汽车和建筑业外,也适于民用工业和电子工业产品的开发应用,金属纤维的应用领域扩展很快。 Materials made of metal fibers other for defense, automotive and construction industry, but also suitable for the industrial development of civilian applications, the field of industrial products and electronics applications soon expand metal fibers. [0003] 虽然金属纤维有这些优良的特性,但金属纤维应用于无纺布行业却并不广泛。 [0003] Although metal fibers with these excellent characteristics, the metal fibers is applied to the nonwoven fabric industry is not widespread. 申请号为02814190.3的专利介绍了一种金属纤维无纺布制造装置,层合铝材及其制造方法,但此方法仅涉及单层金属纤维无纺布,以及铝纤维无纺布的制造方法,并未涉及无纺布与金属纤维复合的非织造材料领域。 Patent Application No. 02814190.3 describes a metal fiber nonwoven fabric manufacturing apparatus, and a manufacturing method of laminated aluminum, but this method involves only a single layer metal fiber nonwoven fabric, and a method for producing an aluminum fiber nonwoven fabric, No art relates to a nonwoven fabric of non-woven material and a metal fiber composite. 金属纤维网与普通无纺布复合,互取优点,应用领域广泛。 Ordinary non-woven metal fiber web and the composite, each getting advantages, wide range of applications. 发明内容[0004] 本发明的目的是提供一种优良导热性、导电性、柔韧性、耐热性、耐腐蚀性等特性,以及强度高、耐磨性好、烧结性良好的纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a superior thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, flexibility, heat resistance, corrosion resistance and other properties, and high strength, good wear resistance, sintered metal with good spunbond composite nonwoven material. [0005] 本发明的另一目的是提供一种所述纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料的制造方法。 [0005] Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for producing a metal composite with said one spunbond nonwoven material. [0006] 本发明的再一目的是提供一种制造所述纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料的设备。 [0006] A further object of the present invention is to provide a method of manufacturing the nonwoven spunbond complexed with a metal device. [0007] 为了实现上述目的,本发明采用了以下技术方案:[0008] 本发明公布了一种纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料,所述非织造材料由至少三层材料复合而成,包括第一层、第二层和第三层,第一层和第三层为纺粘纤网,第二层为金属纤网,所述金属纤网复合固结于第一层和第三层纺粘纤网中间。 [0007] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solution: [0008] The present invention discloses a metal composite with a spunbond nonwoven material, the nonwoven composite material formed from at least three layers, including first, second and third layers, the first layer and the third layer is a spunbonded web, web of the second layer is a metal, the metal compound consolidated web to the first textile layer and the third layer sticky intermediate webs. [0009] 所述金属纤网的纤维细度为0.5-4.5旦尼尔。 [0009] The fiber fineness of 0.5 to 4.5 metal web denier. [0010] 所述金属纤网的材料为铝、铜、铁、不锈钢、银中的一种或多种。 [0010] The web material of the metal is aluminum, copper, iron, stainless steel, silver, one or more. [0011] 所述纺粘纤网的原料为聚丙烯、聚乙烯、聚酯、聚酰胺中的一种或多种。 Material [0011] The spunbond webs of polypropylene, polyethylene, polyester, polyamide, one or more. [0012] 本发明还公布了一种上述纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料的制造方法,所述制造方法包括:[0013] a.采用纺粘设备制备第一层纺粘纤网;[0014] b.采用金属熔融纺丝设备在第一层纺粘纤网上纺丝,形成第二层金属纤网;3[0015] c.再采用纺粘设备在形成的第二层金属纤网上制备第三层纺粘纤网;[0016] d.将步骤C的产物复合固结,形成所述纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料。 [0012] The present invention also discloses a method for producing a metal complexed with the aforesaid spunbonded nonwoven material, said method comprising: [0013] a spunbond apparatus for preparing a first layer spunbond web; [0014. ] B metal melt spinning apparatus in a first layer of a spunbond web of spun web to form a second layer of metal;.. 3 [0015] c in the apparatus further spunbond web of prepared second layer of metal is formed three spunbond web; [0016] d the consolidated composite product of step C, the metal forming the spunbond composite nonwoven material. [0017] 所述金属纺丝设备为熔融纺丝设备,通过熔融纺丝形成金属纤网。 The [0017] metal spinning apparatus for the melt spinning apparatus, the metal web is formed by melt spinning. [0018] 所述复合固结包括采用热轧、热风、水刺、针刺、超声波、化学粘合中的任一种方式。 [0018] The use of composite consolidation comprises hot rolling Either way, hot air, hydroentangling, needling, ultrasonic, chemical bonding of the. [0019] 所述金属熔融纺丝包括使用溶液挤出法、回转液法、金属萃取法、喷液急冷法中的任一种方法固化成形。 [0019] The metal melt spinning using a solution comprising an extrusion method, a rotary fluid method, a metal extraction method, any method of forming a cured liquid ejecting quenching. [0020] 本发明还公布了一种制造所述纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料的设备,所述设备包括纺粘设备(1)和O)、金属纺丝设备(3)、复合固结设备(6)、传动装置,所述传动装置的正上方按网带前进方向依次固定着纺粘装置(1)、金属纺丝设备(3)以及纺粘设备(2),并且在传动装置的末端连接复合固结设备(6)。 [0020] The present invention also announced an apparatus for manufacturing a nonwoven material and a metal complex of the spunbond, spunbond apparatus comprising the device (1) and O), a metal spinning apparatus (3), a composite consolidation device (6), transmission means, directly above the drive means by belt traveling direction are sequentially fixed spunbond apparatus (1), a metal spinning apparatus (3), and a spunbond apparatus (2), and drive means terminus composite consolidation device (6). [0021] 所述金属纺丝设备为熔融纺丝设备;所述复合固结设备为热轧机、热风固结设备、水刺固结设备、针刺固结设备、超声波设备、化学粘合设备中的任一种。 [0021] The metal spinning apparatus for the melt spinning apparatus; consolidation of the composite device is a hot rolling machine, hot air equipment consolidation, consolidation apparatus hydroentangling, needling consolidation equipment, ultrasound equipment, chemical bonding apparatus any one of a. [0022] 由于采用以上技术方案,本发明的有益效果在于:[0023] 本发明的纺粘金属复合非织造布,由于加入了金属纤维层,赋予了复合材料优良导热性、导电性、柔韧性、耐热性、耐腐蚀性,以及强度高、耐磨性好、良好的烧结性等特性;而金属纤维层上下被纺粘纤维复合,又有纺织品的手感。 [0022] Due to the above technical solutions, advantageous effects of the present invention is: [0023] metal composite spunbonded nonwoven fabric of the present invention, since the addition of the metal fiber layer, impart excellent thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, flexibility of the composite material , heat resistance, corrosion resistance, and high strength, wear resistance, and good sintering properties and the like; and metal fiber layer is spunbond fiber composite upper and lower, there are textile feel. 本发明提供的制造方法操作简单,并且结合本发明提供的制造设备能够在同一生产线上实现复合材料自动化的一次性加工,不需要复杂的后续处理步骤,生产工艺简单、效率高、成本低。 The present invention provides a method for producing a simple operation, and in conjunction with the manufacturing apparatus of the present invention provides a composite material can be realized in the same time processing automated production line, does not require complicated subsequent processing steps, the production process is simple, efficient, and low cost. 本发明的纺粘金属复合非织造材料适合用于建筑业、航空航天业、医疗卫生行业、农业等领域。 Spunbond non-woven metal composite material of the present invention is suitable for use in the field of construction industry, the aerospace industry, medical industry and agriculture. 附图说明[0024] 图1是本发明实施例中纺粘金属复合非织造生产线示意图;[0025] 图2是本发明实施例中金属熔融纺丝设备示意图;[0026] 图3是本发明实施例中纺粘金属复合非织造材料平面图(已部分剥离)。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0024] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the metal composite spunbond nonwoven production lines embodiment of the present invention; [0025] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a melt spinning apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention, the metal; [0026] FIG. 3 is an embodiment of the present invention Example spunbond nonwoven composite metal plan view (partially peeled). 具体实施方式[0027] 金属纤维是一种新型产业用纺织品纤维,通常采用较细的0.03-0.04mm金属丝进行纺织。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0027] Metal fiber is a new industrial textile fibers, usually metal thin wire for textile 0.03-0.04mm. 也有金属与其他纤维经过加工复合而成的纱线,以用于不同的纺织工艺。 Metal and other fibers are also made of composite yarn is processed, for different textile technology. 但是尚未有无纺布与金属纤维直接复合的非织造材料。 However, the metal fiber nonwoven fabric not yet direct composite nonwoven material. [0028] 本发明将金属纤网复合于两层纺粘纤网中间,形成复合的非织造材料。 [0028] The present invention is a metal complex in two intermediate webs spunbond web, forming a composite nonwoven material. 所述金属纤网的纤维细度为0.5-4.5旦尼尔,所述金属纤网的材料为铝、铜、铁、不锈钢、银中的一种或多种,所述纺粘纤网的原料为聚丙烯、聚乙烯、聚酯、聚酰胺中的一种或多种。 The fineness of the fiber metal web denier 0.5 to 4.5, the metal material into a web of aluminum, copper, iron, stainless steel, silver or more, the spunbond web material polypropylene, polyethylene, polyester, polyamide, one or more. [0029] 为了获得上述复合非织造材料,本发明在同一生产线中,首先采用纺粘设备(1) 制备第一层纺粘纤网,通过传动装置一网带(4)将第一层纺粘纤网运送到金属纺丝设备(3)处,在第一层纺粘纤网上形成第二层金属纤网,再通过传动装置一网带(4)继续将含有第一层纺粘纤网和第二层金属纤网的材料运送到纺粘设备(¾处,在第二层金属纤网上形成第三层纺粘纤网,最后采用复合固结设备将三层材料复合固结,形成本发明所述的纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料。另外,为了达到上述生产工艺,本发明还提供了相应的制造设备。通过上述工艺和设备制造的纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料不仅具有金属纤维优良的导热性、导电性、柔韧性、耐热性、耐腐蚀性等特性,同时具有纺织产品的手感,所述复合非织造材料强度高、耐磨性好、烧结性好,适合用于建筑 [0029] In order to achieve the above-described composite nonwoven material according to the present invention in the same production line, using first a spunbond apparatus (1) preparing a first layer of spunbonded web, through a transmission network with (4) a first layer of spunbonded conveying the web to the metal spinning apparatus (3), the second layer of metal is formed in the web of the first layer spunbond web, and then continue the spunbond web comprising a first layer network via a transmission belt (4) and a second layer of metal material web conveyed to the spunbond apparatus (¾ at the third layer of a spunbonded web is formed in the web of the second metal layer, and finally the composite consolidation three-layer composite consolidation device, the present invention is formed the metal composite with a spunbond nonwoven material. in order to achieve the above-described production process, the present invention also provides a corresponding manufacturing apparatus manufactured by the above process and apparatus the metal spunbond composite nonwoven material having not only a metal excellent thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, flexibility, heat resistance, and corrosion resistance properties of the fiber, while having a feel of textile products, the composite nonwoven material of high strength, wear resistance, good sinterability suitable for building 业、航空航天业、医疗卫生行业、农业等领域。[0030] 下面通过具体实施例并结合附图对本发明作进一步详细说明。以下实施例仅仅对本发明进行进一步的说明,不应理解为对本发明的限制。[0031] 实施例1[0032] 如图1-图3所示,纺粘设备1、2与金属纺丝设备3、复合固结设备6组成一条生产线。本实施例中,所述金属纺丝设备3为金属熔融纺丝设备,所述复合固结设备6 为热轧机,所述传动装置为网带4。首先由纺粘设备1进行纺丝成网制成聚丙烯纤网,聚丙烯纤网通过网带4运送到金属纺丝设备3处,金属纺丝设备3以不锈钢为原料,在纺粘设备1铺成的聚丙烯纤网上进行纺丝形成不锈钢金属纤网,聚丙烯纤网和不锈钢金属纤网经过网带4运送到纺粘设备2处,纺粘设备2以聚丙烯为原料在纺粘设备1和金属纺丝设备3形成的纤网上铺网,形成纺粘纤网+金属纤网+纺粘纤 Industry, aerospace industry, health care industry, agriculture and other fields. [0030] The following specific embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the present invention will be further described in detail. The following examples merely present invention will be further described, it should not be construed as the present invention limitation. [0031] Example 1 [0032] Figures 1 to 3, spunbond spinning equipment devices 1, 2 and 3 of metal, composite consolidation device 6 composed of a production line. in this embodiment, the metal spinning device 3 is a metal melt spinning apparatus, the apparatus 6 for the consolidation of the composite hot rolling mill, the transmission means is a belt 4 is first apparatus spunlaid spunbond polypropylene web 1 polypropylene web is conveyed to the metal belt 4 spinning device 3, a spinning device 3 to the metal material as stainless steel, stainless steel wire formed spinning in a spunbond web of polypropylene fibers paved apparatus 1 online, poly propylene webs and webs through stainless steel mesh belt conveying device 4 at 2 to spunbond, spunbond apparatus 2 as raw material polypropylene spunbond web of laying equipment 1 and 3 forming a metal spinning apparatus, is formed spunbond + metal web a spunbonded web + 的三层复合材料,所述复合材料经过热轧机固结成布,形成最终产品的纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料,具体为聚丙烯纺粘纤网与不锈钢金属纤网复合非织造材料。其中,金属纺丝设备3的纺丝过程是将金属7 (本实施例为不锈钢)通过燃气8在高压容器10内的坩埚9中熔化,经过纺丝口11挤出,在牵伸风12下牵伸,形成金属纤网13。[0033] 本发明的有益之处在于不锈钢金属纤网与聚丙烯纺粘纤网结合,会形成很多优良特性,例如高强度、高硬挺度、高导热性、外表面柔软性等,可以应用很多领域。[0034] 实施例2[0035] 如图1-图3所示,纺粘设备1、2与金属纺丝设备3、复合固结设备6组成一条生产线。本实施例中,所述金属纺丝设备3为金属熔融纺丝设备,所述复合固结设备6 为针刺固结设备,所述传动装置为网带4。 The three-layer composite material, said composite material through a hot rolling mill consolidated into fabrics, spunbond to form the final product with metal composite nonwoven material, particularly a polypropylene spunbond web composite with stainless steel nonwoven web among them, the metal spinning process the spinning device 3 is 7 metal (stainless steel in this embodiment) in the melting crucible 9 through the gas 8 within the high pressure vessel 10, through spinneret 11 extrusion, drawing air at 12 the drawing, a metal web 13. [0033] the benefits of the present invention is combined with the stainless steel web of polypropylene spunbond web, formed many excellent properties such as high strength, high stiffness, high thermal conductivity the outer surface of the flexibility and the like, may be applied in many fields. [0034] Example 2 [0035] Figures 1 to 3, spunbond spinning equipment devices 1, 2 and 3 of metal, consisting of a composite consolidation apparatus 6 production line. in this embodiment, the metal is a metal spinning apparatus 3 melt spinning apparatus, the apparatus 6 for the consolidation of composite consolidation needling apparatus, the transmission means is a belt 4. 首先由纺粘设备1进行纺丝成网制成聚酯纤网,聚酯纤网通过网带4运送到金属纺丝设备3处,金属纺丝设备3以铜为原料,在纺粘设备1铺成的聚酯纤网上进行纺丝形成铜金属纤网,聚酯纤网和铜金属纤网经过网带4运送到纺粘设备2处,纺粘设备2以聚酯为原料在纺粘设备1、金属纺丝设备3形成的纤网上铺网,形成纺粘纤网+金属纤网+纺粘纤网的三层复合材料,所述复合材料经过针刺固结设备固结成布,最终形成聚酯纺粘纤网与铜金属纤网复合非织造材料。 First, the device 1 by the spunlaid spunbond polyester web made from polyester web is conveyed to the metal belt 4 at the spinning device 3, the spinning device 3 to copper metal as a raw material, a spunbond apparatus paved web of polyester spun web to form a copper metal, copper metal and the polyester web belt conveying the web through the apparatus 24 to the spunbond, spunbond apparatus 2 as a raw material in polyester spunbond apparatus 1, laying the web of metal spinning apparatus 3 is formed, forming a three-layer composite metal spunbond web web + + spunbonded web, the composite material through consolidation needling apparatus consolidated into cloth, the final polyester spunbond web is formed with a copper metal composite nonwoven web material. 其中,金属纺丝设备3的纺丝过程是将金属7 (本实施例中为铜)通过燃气8在高压容器10内的坩埚9 中熔化,经过纺丝口11挤出,在牵伸风12下牵伸,形成金属纤网13。 Wherein the metal spinning process the spinning device 3 is 7 metal (copper in the present embodiment) in the melting crucible 9 through the gas 8 within the high pressure vessel 10, through spinneret 11 extrusion, drawing air at 12 the drawing, a metal web 13 is formed. [0036] 本发明的有益之处在于铜金属纤网与聚酯纺粘纤网结合,会形成很多优良特性,例如高强度、高硬挺度、高导热性、外表面柔软性等,可以应用很多领域。 [0036] the benefits of the present invention is combined with copper metal web polyester spunbond web, formed many excellent properties such as high strength, high stiffness, high thermal conductivity, the outer surface of the flexibility and the like, can be applied to many field. [0037] 实施例3[0038] 如图1-图3所示,纺粘设备1、2与金属纺丝设备3、复合固结设备6组成一条生产线。 [0037] Example 3 [0038] Figures 1 to 3, spunbond spinning equipment devices 1, 2 and 3 of metal, composite consolidation device 6 composed of a production line. 本实施例中,所述金属纺丝设备3为金属熔融纺丝设备,所述复合固结设备6 为超声波设备,所述传动装置为网带4。 In this embodiment, the metal is a metal spinning apparatus 3 melt spinning apparatus, the apparatus 6 for the consolidation of composite ultrasound apparatus, the transmission means is a belt 4. 首先由纺粘设备1进行纺丝成网制成聚乙烯纤网,聚乙烯纤网通过网带4运送到金属纺丝设备3处,金属纺丝设备3以铝为原料,在纺粘设备1铺成的聚乙烯纤网上进行纺丝形成不锈钢金属纤网,聚乙烯纤网和铝金属纤网经过网带4运送到纺粘设备2处,纺粘设备2以聚乙烯为原料在纺粘设备1、金属纺丝设备3形成的纤网上铺网,形成纺粘纤网+金属纤网+纺粘纤网的三层复合材料,所述复合材料经过超声波固结成布,形成最终的纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料,具体为聚乙烯纺粘纤网与铝金属纤网复合非织造材料。 Firstly spunlaid spunbond apparatus 1 is made of a polyethylene web, a polyethylene web is conveyed to the metal belt 4 at the spinning device 3, the spinning device 3 to the metal aluminum as raw materials, spunbond apparatus 1 paved spun web of polyethylene formed stainless steel web, a polyethylene web and the aluminum web through the belt conveying device 24 to the spunbond, spunbond polyethylene device 2 as a raw material in the spunbond apparatus 1, laying the web of metal spinning apparatus 3 is formed, forming a three-layer composite metal spunbond web web + + spunbonded web, the composite material through ultrasonic consolidated into a fabric, to form the final spunbond and metal composite nonwoven material, particularly a spunbond web of polyethylene and aluminum composite nonwoven web material. 其中,金属纺丝设备3的纺丝过程是将金属7(本实施例中为铝)通过燃气8在高压容器10内的坩埚9中熔化,经过纺丝口11挤出,在牵伸风12下牵伸,形成金属纤网13。 Wherein the metal spinning process the spinning device 3 is 7 metal (aluminum in this embodiment) in the melting crucible 9 through the gas 8 within the high pressure vessel 10, through spinneret 11 extrusion, drawing air at 12 the drawing, a metal web 13 is formed. [0039] 本发明的有益之处在于铝金属纤网与聚乙烯纺粘纤网结合,会形成很多优良特性,例如高强度、高硬挺度、高导热性、外表面柔软性等,可以应用很多领域。 [0039] the benefits of the present invention is aluminum metal bonded to the polyethylene web is a spunbond web, formed many excellent properties such as high strength, high stiffness, high thermal conductivity, the outer surface of the flexibility and the like, can be applied to many field. [0040] 实施例4[0041] 如图1-图3所示,纺粘设备1、2与金属纺丝设备3、复合固结设备6组成一条生产线。 [0040] Example 4 [0041] Figures 1 to 3, spunbond spinning equipment devices 1, 2 and 3 of metal, composite consolidation device 6 composed of a production line. 本实施例中,所述金属纺丝设备3为金属熔融纺丝设备,所述复合固结设备6 为热风固结设备,所述传动装置为网带4。 In this embodiment, the metal is a metal spinning apparatus 3 melt spinning apparatus, the apparatus 6 for the consolidation of the composite hot consolidation apparatus, the transmission means is a belt 4. 首先由纺粘设备1进行纺丝成网制成聚酰胺纤网,聚酰胺纤网通过网带4运送到金属纺丝设备3处,金属纺丝设备3以铁为原料,在纺粘设备1铺成的聚酰胺纤网上进行纺丝形成铁金属纤网,聚酰胺纤网和铁金属纤网经过网带4运送到纺粘设备2处,纺粘设备2以聚酰胺为原料在纺粘设备1、金属纺丝设备3形成的纤网上铺网,形成纺粘纤网+金属纤网+纺粘纤网的三层复合材料,所述复合材料经过热风固结设备固结成布,形成最终的纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料,具体为聚酰胺纺粘纤网与铁金属纤网复合非织造材料。 By spunbonding apparatus 1 is first spun laid web made of polyamide, a polyamide web is conveyed to the metal belt 4 at the spinning device 3, the spinning device 3 to the metal iron as a raw material, a spunbond apparatus paved spinning polyamide fibers internet web formed of iron metal, iron metal and polyamide webs belt conveying the web through the apparatus 24 to the spunbond, spunbond apparatus 2 as a raw material in the polyamide spunbond apparatus 1, laying the web of metal spinning apparatus 3 is formed, forming a three-layer composite metal spunbond web web + + spunbonded web, the composite material through a hot air apparatus consolidated into fabrics consolidated to form a final complexed with a metal spunbond nonwoven material, particularly a spunbond web and a polyamide-ferrous metal composite nonwoven web material. 其中,金属纺丝设备3的纺丝过程是将金属7 (本实施例中为铁)通过燃气8在高压容器10内的坩埚9中熔化,经过纺丝口11挤出, 在牵伸风12下牵伸,形成金属纤网13。 Wherein the metal spinning process the spinning device 3 is 7 metal (iron in this embodiment) in the melting crucible 9 through the gas 8 within the high pressure vessel 10, through spinneret 11 extrusion, drawing air at 12 the drawing, a metal web 13 is formed. [0042] 本发明的有益之处在于铁金属纤网与聚酰胺纺粘纤网结合,会形成很多优良特性,例如高强度、高硬挺度、高导热性、外表面柔软性等,可以应用很多领域。 [0042] the benefits of the present invention is combined with iron metal web polyamide spunbond web, formed many excellent properties such as high strength, high stiffness, high thermal conductivity, the outer surface of the flexibility and the like, can be applied to many field. [0043] 实施例5[0044] 如图1-图3所示,纺粘设备1、2与金属纺丝设备3、复合固结设备6组成一条生产线。 [0043] Example 5 [0044] 3 shown in Figures 1, 2 and the metal device spunbond spinning apparatus 3, the device 6 composed of a compound consolidated production line. 本实施例中,所述金属纺丝设备3为金属熔融纺丝设备,所述复合固结设备6 为水刺固结设备,所述传动装置为网带4。 In this embodiment, the metal is a metal spinning apparatus 3 melt spinning apparatus, the apparatus 6 for the consolidation of composite consolidation hydroentangling apparatus, the transmission means is a belt 4. 首先由纺粘设备1进行纺丝成网制成聚丙烯纤网,聚丙烯纤网通过网带4运送到金属纺丝设备3处,金属纺丝设备3以银为原料,在纺粘设备1铺成的聚丙烯纤网上进行纺丝形成银金属纤网,聚丙烯纤网和银金属纤网经过网带4运送到纺粘设备2处,纺粘设备2以聚丙烯为原料在纺粘设备1、银金属纺丝设备3形成的纤网上铺网,形成纺粘纤网+金属纤网+纺粘纤网的三层复合材料,所述复合材料经过热轧机固结成布,形成最终的纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料,具体为聚丙烯纺粘纤网与银金属纤网复合非织造材料。 First, the device 1 by the spunlaid spunbond polypropylene web, a polypropylene web is conveyed to the metal belt 4 at the spinning device 3, the spinning device 3 to the silver metal as a raw material, a spunbond apparatus paved web of polypropylene spun web forming silver metal, silver metal and polypropylene web after the web to the belt conveying device 24 spunbond, spunbond apparatus 2 as raw material polypropylene spunbond apparatus 1, laying the web of silver metal spinning apparatus 3 is formed, forming a three-layer composite metal spunbond web web + + spunbonded web, the composite material through a hot rolling mill to form a solid fabric to form a final complexed with a metal spunbond nonwoven material, particularly composite nonwoven web material is a polypropylene spunbond web with a silver metal. 其中,金属纺丝设备3的纺丝过程是将金属7 (本实施例中为银)通过燃气8在高压容器10内的坩埚9中熔化,经过纺丝口11挤出,在牵伸风12下牵伸,形成金属纤网13。 Wherein the metal spinning process the spinning device 3 is 7 metal (silver in this embodiment) in the melting crucible 9 through the gas 8 within the high pressure vessel 10, through spinneret 11 extrusion, drawing air at 12 the drawing, a metal web 13 is formed. [0045] 本发明的有益之处在于银金属纤网与聚丙烯纺粘纤网结合,会形成很多优良特性,例如高强度、高硬挺度、高导热性、外表面柔软性等,可以应用很多领域。 [0045] the benefits of the present invention is combined with a silver metal web of polypropylene spunbond web, formed many excellent properties such as high strength, high stiffness, high thermal conductivity, the outer surface of the flexibility and the like, can be applied to many field. [0046] 以上内容是结合具体的实施方式对本发明所作的进一步详细说明,不能认定本发明的具体实施只局限于这些说明。 [0046] The above is described in further detail with reference to specific embodiments of the present invention is made, can not be considered that the specific embodiments of the present invention is only limited to these descriptions. 对于本发明所属技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干简单推演或替换,都应当视为属于本发明的保护范围。 Those of ordinary skill in the art for the present invention, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various simple deduction or replacement, should be deemed to belong to the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. 一种纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料,其特征在于:所述非织造材料由至少三层材料复合而成,包括第一层、第二层和第三层,第一层和第三层为纺粘纤网,第二层为金属纤网,所述金属纤网复合固结于第一层和第三层纺粘纤网中间。 A metal composite with a spunbond nonwoven material, wherein: said nonwoven composite material formed from at least three layers including a first layer, a second layer and a third layer, the first layer and the second three spunbond web, web of the second layer is a metal, the metal compound consolidated web intermediate the first and third layers of spunbond web.
2.根据权利要求1所述的非织造材料,其特征在于:所述金属纤网的纤维细度为0.5-4.5旦尼尔。 2. A nonwoven material according to claim 1, wherein: said fiber fineness of 0.5 to 4.5 metal web denier.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的非织造材料,其特征在于:所述金属纤网的材料为铝、 铜、铁、不锈钢、银中的一种或多种。 The nonwoven material of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said metal web material is aluminum, copper, iron, stainless steel, one or more of silver.
4.根据权利要求3所述的非织造材料,其特征在于:所述纺粘纤网的原料为聚丙烯、聚乙烯、聚酯、聚酰胺中的一种或多种。 4. The nonwoven material according to claim 3, wherein: said material is a spunbond web of polypropylene, polyethylene, polyester, polyamide, one or more.
5.权利要求1-4任一项所述纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料的制造方法,其特征在于: 所述制造方法包括:a.采用纺粘设备制备第一层纺粘纤网;b.采用金属纺丝设备在第一层纺粘纤网上纺丝,形成第二层金属纤网;c.再采用纺粘设备在形成的第二层金属纤网上制备第三层纺粘纤网;d.将步骤c的产物复合固结,形成所述纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料。 A method for producing a metal composite with a spunbond nonwoven material according to any one of the claims 1 to 4, wherein: said manufacturing method comprises:. A spunbond web with a first layer of spunbond equipment; . b spinning apparatus in a first metal layer of a spunbond web of spun web to form a second layer of metal;. c third layer was prepared and then a second layer of a spunbond web formed of a metal web of spunbond equipment ;. D the product of step c consolidated composite, the metal composite forming the spunbonded nonwoven material.
6.根据权利要求5所述的制造方法,其特征在于:所述金属纺丝设备为熔融纺丝设备,通过熔融纺丝形成金属纤网。 The manufacturing method according to claim 5, wherein: said metal spinning apparatus for the melt spinning apparatus, the metal web is formed by melt spinning.
7.根据权利要求6所述的制造方法,其特征在于:所述复合固结包括采用热轧、热风、水刺、针刺、超声波、化学粘合中的任一种方式。 7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that: said consolidation comprises composite employing any way hot rolled, hot air, hydroentangling, needling, ultrasonic, chemical bonding of the.
8.根据权利要求7所述的制造方法,其特征在于:所述金属熔融纺丝包括使用溶液挤出法、回转液法、金属萃取法、喷液急冷法中的任一种方法固化成形。 8. The method according to claim 7, wherein: said metal melt spinning using a solution comprising an extrusion method, a rotary fluid method, a metal extraction method, any method of forming a cured liquid ejecting quenching.
9. 一种制造权利要求1-4任一项所述纺粘与金属复合的非织造材料的设备,所述设备包括纺粘设备(1)和(2)、金属纺丝设备(3)、复合固结设备(6)、传动装置,其特征在于:所述传动装置的上方按传动方向依次设置有纺粘设备(1)、金属纺丝设备(3)以及纺粘设备(2),并且在传动装置的末端连接复合固结设备(6)。 The apparatus comprises a spunbonding apparatus (1) and (2), a metal spinning apparatus (3), A device according to claim producing a metal composite with a spunbond nonwoven material of claims 1-4 consolidation of the composite device (6), a transmission, wherein: the transmission means over the drive direction successively provided by spunbond apparatus (1), a metal spinning apparatus (3), and a spunbond apparatus (2), and compound consolidated connection device (6) at the end of the transmission.
10.根据权利要求9所述的设备,其特征在于:所述金属纺丝设备为熔融纺丝设备, 通过熔融纺丝形成金属纤网;所述复合固结设备为热轧机、热风固结设备、水刺固结设备、针刺固结设备、超声波设备、化学粘合设备中的任一种。 10. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein: said metal spinning apparatus for the melt spinning apparatus, the metal web is formed by melt spinning; consolidation of the composite device is a hot rolling mill, hot consolidation An apparatus according to any, hydroentangling equipment consolidation, consolidation needling equipment, ultrasound equipment, chemical bonding apparatus.
CN2010106028375A 2010-12-23 2010-12-23 Spunbonded-metallic composite nonwoven material as well as manufacturing method and device thereof CN102021750A (en)

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