CN102011607A - Electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge cabin - Google Patents

Electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge cabin Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102011607A
CN102011607A CN2010105569538A CN201010556953A CN102011607A CN 102011607 A CN102011607 A CN 102011607A CN 2010105569538 A CN2010105569538 A CN 2010105569538A CN 201010556953 A CN201010556953 A CN 201010556953A CN 102011607 A CN102011607 A CN 102011607A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dehumidification
cool
gas
cooling
refuge cabin
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010105569538A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
安树桐
孙光辉
张巍
李晓宁
Original Assignee
天津市天矿电器设备有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 天津市天矿电器设备有限公司 filed Critical 天津市天矿电器设备有限公司
Priority to CN2010105569538A priority Critical patent/CN102011607A/en
Publication of CN102011607A publication Critical patent/CN102011607A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to an electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for a refuge cabin, which belongs to the technical field of life saving apparatuses. The electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for the refuge cabin is characterized by comprising a liquid CO2 gas bottle, a temperature control device and a dehumidifying and purifying device, wherein the temperature control device consists of a gas pressure regulation mechanism, a pneumatic motor and a cooling mechanism; the liquid CO2 gas bottle is connected with the gas pressure regulation mechanism; the gas pressure regulation mechanism is communicated with the pneumatic motor; the pneumatic motor is communicated with the cooling mechanism; and the cooling mechanism is connected with the dehumidifying and purifying device. The device has the advantages of ensuring the normal breathing and metabolism of human bodies, avoiding the secondary damage of harmful gases to refugees and simultaneously realizing filtration, cooling and dehumidifying functions by using a set of mechanism, along with high degree of integration, high refuge cabin reliability and safety, and the like.

Description

A kind of refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device
Technical field
The invention belongs to the Life Saving Apparatus technical field, particularly relate to a kind of refuge cabin unregulated power and drive the cool-down dehumidification device.
Background technology
At present, coal mine gas from explosion, coal and gas are outstanding, fire, disastrous accident such as cave in, and have that destructive power is big, cause of accident is complicated, occur with anoxic, toxic and harmful simultaneously and hot environment and very easily cause characteristics such as Secondary cases accident.Because the complexity that above-mentioned disaster takes place makes the rescue personnel be difficult to distress personnel is is in time sued and laboured.The refuge cabin humiture is subjected to human consumption oxygen and food to produce heat, forming shell temperature also dispels the heat by body skin, the thermal source that comes from space outerpace in the cabin in addition imports into, in main cabin, form temperature rise, temperature is higher than that humidity is higher than at 85% o'clock in 35 ℃, cabin in the cabin, influences human body eupnea and metabolism.
The CO that the hedging personnel breathe out 2In refuge cabin, assemble for a long time, if human body sucks excessive CO 2, CO will take place 2Poison or hypercapnia serious threat hedging personnel life.Hedging personnel opened door or owing to, can bring certain density CO in the main cabin under panic state simultaneously in the transfer chamber misoperation.Existing lifesaving appliance structure is single can't carry out the Temperature and Humidity Control dress and regulate, and all can cause hedging personnel's secondary injury.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of refuge cabin unregulated power to drive the cool-down dehumidification device for solving the problem that prior art exists.
The present invention seeks to solve the influence problem of existing refuge cabin humiture, guarantee human body eupnea and metabolism, avoid the secondary injury of pernicious gas, the reliability and the safety that improve refuge cabin the hedging personnel to human body.
Refuge cabin unregulated power of the present invention drives the cool-down dehumidification device and adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, and be characterized in: the cool-down dehumidification device comprises liquid CO 2Gas cylinder, temperature control equipment and dehumidifying purifier, temperature control equipment have gas pressure governor motion, air motor and cooling mechanism to constitute liquid CO 2Gas cylinder connects the gas pressure governor motion, and the gas pressure governor motion is communicated with air motor, pneumatic communication cooling mechanism, and cooling mechanism connects the dehumidifying purifier.
Refuge cabin unregulated power of the present invention drives the cool-down dehumidification device can also adopt following technical measures:
Described refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, is characterized in: there is gas distributing device in pneumatic communication cooling mechanism, and gas is communicated with cooling mechanism through the branch control valve of gas distributing device.
Described refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, is characterized in: it is CO that the branch control valve of gas distributing device connects cooling mechanism 2Stride critical injection capillary tube and condenser syndeton.
Described refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, is characterized in: the air motor relative position is equipped with humiture regulates window, and two blower fans of the coaxial interlock of air motor, blower fan drive the rotation of fan leaf and make air circulation.
Described refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, and be characterized in: two blower fan branches are arranged above and below, and top blower fan place is provided with air filtration mechanism, and top blower fan provides mobilization dynamic, and the gas in the main cabin is through CO 2, the CO absorbent filters absorption.
Described refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, and be characterized in: air motor is provided with inlet gas pressure display list and exit gas pressure display table.
Described refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, is characterized in: dehumidifying purifier downside is provided with dewatering installation.
Advantage that the present invention has and good effect:
The refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, owing to adopted brand-new technology scheme of the present invention, compared with prior art, the present invention adopts CO 2With CO absorbent filter type in addition.CO 2Absorbent is Ca (OH) 2, the CO absorbent is catalyst.The present invention utilizes liquid CO 2As the cool-down dehumidification integrating device that drives power and refrigerant.Utilize CO 2Stride critical spraying cycle Refrigeration Technique and vortex tube technology, solved filtration cool-down dehumidification key issue, but also utilize liquid CO 2As driving power and the use of cooling medium, in filtering the cool-down dehumidification device and by a cover frame for movement, finish simultaneously and filter the cool-down dehumidification function, integrated degree is improved greatly.
The present invention has not only avoided the electrification system to the hidden danger of bringing under the coal mine, and has increased the reliability and the safety of system greatly.
Refuge cabin innovative point of the present invention: utilize liquid CO 2Use in dehydrating unit as driving power and medium; Realize the function of drying simultaneously by a cover frame for movement.Therefore, ⑴ is except that communication equipment, monitored gas environment equipment, and dehumidifying and other device are entirely unregulated power and drive, and avoid the hidden danger of bringing thus; ⑵ finish dehumidification function simultaneously by a cover frame for movement, realized integrated concept; ⑶ ground presses the wind apparatus delivery outlet to adopt the vortex tube technology, the air of compressed-air system can be separated, and separated cold air is imported main cabin, hot gas is got rid of out of my cabin, makes that the hedging personnel breathe fresher, comfortable air quality in the main cabin; ⑷ stride critical spraying cycle Refrigeration Technique with CO2 and be applied in dehydrating unit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the refuge cabin unregulated power drives cool-down dehumidification apparatus structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is that the refuge cabin unregulated power drives cool-down dehumidification device inner connecting structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is that the refuge cabin unregulated power drives cool-down dehumidification principle of device schematic diagram.
Among the figure, 1. dewatering installation, 2. temperature control equipment, 3. guard shield, 4. humiture is regulated window, 5. the dehumidifying purifier, 6. inlet gas pressure display list, 7. exit gas pressure display table, 8. air motor, 9. cooling mechanism, 10. gas distributing device, 11. gas pressure governor motions, 12. gas access, 13. gas vent, 14. capillary tubies, 15. condensers.
The specific embodiment
For further understanding technology contents of the present invention, characteristics and effect, enumerate following example now, and conjunction with figs. is described in detail as follows:
With reference to accompanying drawing 1 to Fig. 3.
Embodiment 1
A kind of refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, comprises liquid CO 2Gas cylinder, temperature control equipment 2 and dehumidifying purifier 5, temperature control equipment 2 have gas pressure governor motion, air motor 8 and cooling mechanism 9 to constitute liquid CO 2Gas cylinder connects the gas pressure governor motion, and the gas pressure governor motion is communicated with air motor 8, pneumatic communication cooling mechanism 9, and cooling mechanism 9 connects dehumidifying purifier 5.Dehumidifying purifier 5 downsides are provided with dewatering installation 1.
There is gas distributing device in pneumatic communication cooling mechanism, and gas is communicated with cooling mechanism through the branch control valve of gas distributing device 10.It is CO that the branch control valve of gas distributing device connects cooling mechanism 2Stride critical injection capillary tube and condenser syndeton.
The air motor relative position is equipped with humiture regulates window 4, and two blower fans of air motor 8 coaxial interlocks, blower fan drive the rotation of fan leaf and make air circulation.Two blower fan branches are arranged above and below, and top blower fan place is provided with air filtration mechanism, and top blower fan provides mobilization dynamic, and the gas in the main cabin is through CO 2, the CO absorbent filters absorption.Air motor is provided with inlet gas pressure display list 6 and exit gas pressure display table 7.
The power source of present embodiment comes from the liquid CO of deposit in the cabin 2Gas cylinder utilizes liquid CO 2By the back source of the gas that gasifies, realize refrigeration cool-down, the purpose of air circulation as refrigerant and pneumatic element.Liquid CO 2Simultaneously as the refrigeration source of lowering the temperature.Except that communication equipment, monitored gas environment equipment, cooling and other device are entirely unregulated power and drive, and avoid the hidden danger of bringing thus.
CO 2Stride critical spraying cycle Refrigeration Technique and be applied in filtration cool-down dehumidification device: liquid CO 2Through liquid injection vaporization, the CO after the vaporization 2Enter raceway coil and absorb heat and then drive air motor 8, coaxial mounted two blower fans up and down of air motor 8 drives rotate realization at a high speed air are lowered the temperature.Promptly finish simultaneously CO, CO in the gas of space, main cabin by a machine assembly 2The adjusting of concentration control and temperature, humidity and control.Top air motor blower fan is high pressure, low discharge, and machine is low pressure, big flow in the following air motor, and all can form negative pressure in cooling, dehumidifying casing.The mobile power that provides of air filtration is provided top blower fan, and it attracts the gas process CO in the main cabin 2, the CO absorbent filters.
Realized simultaneously filtering the cool-down dehumidification function by a cover frame for movement, it is integrated to have realized that removable split type refuge cabin filters the cool-down dehumidification device.
Present embodiment refuge cabin unregulated power drives the concrete structure and the course of work thereof of cool-down dehumidification device:
Present embodiment increases isolation layer at removable split type refuge cabin cabin body inner surface, with reduce outside heat in the cabin importing and the cabin in temperature scatter and disappear.
Unregulated power drives and filters the cool-down dehumidification integrating device is the main system that regulates survival capsule master cabin temperature and humidity.This system adopts non-electricity to drive, and finishes cooling and dehumidification function simultaneously.
Unregulated power drives filtration cool-down dehumidification integrating device and adorns guard shield 3 outward, has adopted the liquid CO of deposit in the cabin 2The liquid CO that gas cylinder is carried 2As power, drive to filter gas access 12 on the cool-down dehumidification integrating device and enter and be located at unregulated power and drive and filter cool-down dehumidification integrating device top gas pressure regulating mechanism 11 by being located at unregulated power, connect valve and carry out the gas pressure adjusting, gas after the control air output size adjustment drives the inlet gas pressure display list 6 that filters cool-down dehumidification integrating device front through being located at unregulated power, exit gas pressure display table 7, show pressure, be split into four branch controls of four routes valve control cooling-down effect then, regulate through temperature control equipment 2, enter then and be located at the air motor 8 that unregulated power drives filtration cool-down dehumidification integrating device top, make air motor begin rotation, drive the rotation of fan leaf and make air circulation begin circulation.At this moment, gas enters processings of lowering the temperature of cooling mechanism's 9 capillary tubies 14 and condenser 15 by gas distributing device 10 again, by gas circulation by the 5 pairs of gases of purifier that the dehumidify purified treatment that dehumidifies.
The condensed water that unregulated power driving filtration cool-down dehumidification integrating device produces in temperature, humidity regulation process will reclaim and discharge by dewatering installation 1, and gas is discharged to the place of appointment by gas vent 13 then.The humiture adjusting window 4 that is located at unregulated power driving filtration cool-down dehumidification integrating device front is mainly used to regulate wind direction and distinguished and admirable size, has reached the human body sensory optimum state.
The operating principle of present embodiment and adjustment process:
Utilize CO 2Stride critical spraying cycle Refrigeration Technique, make liquid CO 2 back as the source of the gas that removes humid medium and pneumatic element, realize refrigerated dehumidification, the purpose of air circulation by gasifying.Its power source comes from the liquid CO in the steel cylinder of deposit cabin 2, liquid CO of while 2It also is the refrigeration source of dehumidifying.Liquid CO 2Through liquid injection vaporization, the CO after the vaporization 2Enter raceway coil and absorb heat and then drive air motor, coaxial mounted two blower fans up and down of air motor drive rotate realization at a high speed air are dehumidified.Promptly finish adjusting and control simultaneously to humidity in the gas of space, main cabin by a machine assembly.
Be stored in the liquid CO in the steel cylinder 2Through vaporizing behind the main control valve liquid injection.CO2 after the vaporization has very strong effect on moisture extraction, enters raceway coil respectively and absorbs heat, is split into four branch controls of four routes valve control effect on moisture extraction then.The gas that absorbs heat through raceway coil drives air motor by the road and takes by the road out of my cabin, and air motor drives coaxial two blower fans up and down and rotates at a high speed.Top blower fan is designed to high pressure, low discharge, and following blower fan is designed to low pressure, big flow, and all can form negative pressure in the dehumidifying casing.The mobile power that provides of air filtration is provided top blower fan, and it attracts the gas process CO in the main cabin 2, the CO absorbent filters.Because CO 2Produce chemical reaction heat with the absorbent reaction, raceway coil is lowered the temperature to the thermal current after filtering.Below blower fan be mainly air cooling main cabin in and circulate power is provided, it attracts the gas in the main cabin to be back to main cabin again after raceway coil is lowered the temperature by the bottom.Two fans because the cooling effect of raceway coil can play condensation to the gas that contains moisture, have reduced the humidity of recyclegas in the main cabin when gas is through the raceway coil process in attracting main cabin up and down.Cooling effect will be controlled according to human body is regulated four branch control valves under the relative enabled condition of different humidity unlatching.

Claims (7)

1. a refuge cabin unregulated power drives the cool-down dehumidification device, and it is characterized in that: the cool-down dehumidification device comprises liquid CO 2Gas cylinder, temperature control equipment and dehumidifying purifier, temperature control equipment have gas pressure governor motion, air motor and cooling mechanism to constitute liquid CO 2Gas cylinder connects the gas pressure governor motion, and the gas pressure governor motion is communicated with air motor, pneumatic communication cooling mechanism, and cooling mechanism connects the dehumidifying purifier.
2. drive the cool-down dehumidification device according to the described refuge cabin unregulated power of claim 1, it is characterized in that: there is gas distributing device in pneumatic communication cooling mechanism, and gas is communicated with cooling mechanism through the branch control valve of gas distributing device.
3. drive the cool-down dehumidification device according to the described refuge cabin unregulated power of claim 2, it is characterized in that: it is CO that the branch control valve of gas distributing device connects cooling mechanism 2Stride critical injection capillary tube and condenser syndeton.
4. drive the cool-down dehumidification device according to the described refuge cabin unregulated power of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the air motor relative position is equipped with humiture regulates window, and two blower fans of the coaxial interlock of air motor, blower fan drive the rotation of fan leaf and make air circulation.
5. drive the cool-down dehumidification device according to the described refuge cabin unregulated power of claim 4, it is characterized in that: two blower fan branches are arranged above and below, and top blower fan place is provided with air filtration mechanism, and top blower fan provides mobilization dynamic, and the gas in the main cabin is through CO 2, the CO absorbent filters absorption.
6. drive the cool-down dehumidification device according to the described refuge cabin unregulated power of claim 1, it is characterized in that: air motor is provided with inlet gas pressure display list and exit gas pressure display table.
7. drive the cool-down dehumidification device according to the described refuge cabin unregulated power of claim 1, it is characterized in that: dehumidifying purifier downside is provided with dewatering installation.
CN2010105569538A 2010-11-25 2010-11-25 Electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge cabin CN102011607A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105569538A CN102011607A (en) 2010-11-25 2010-11-25 Electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge cabin

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105569538A CN102011607A (en) 2010-11-25 2010-11-25 Electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge cabin

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102011607A true CN102011607A (en) 2011-04-13

Family

ID=43841917

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010105569538A CN102011607A (en) 2010-11-25 2010-11-25 Electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge cabin

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102011607A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102562117A (en) * 2012-01-10 2012-07-11 南京航空航天大学 Method for regulating temperature and humidity of CO2 and purifying air in enclosed space
CN102562119A (en) * 2012-02-02 2012-07-11 朱海元 Inner rotation type condensing, dehumidifying and cooling all-in-one machine

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6453686B1 (en) * 2001-09-25 2002-09-24 Ray M. Alden Deep cycle heating and cooling apparatus and process
JP2003343933A (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-03 Denso Corp Super-critical refrigeration cycle
CN101021367A (en) * 2006-02-16 2007-08-22 株式会社电装 Refrigerant flow-amount controlling device and ejector refrigerant cycle system using the same
CN101545380A (en) * 2008-03-28 2009-09-30 三一重型装备有限公司 Mine refuge cabin
CN201322488Y (en) * 2008-10-31 2009-10-07 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 Ice-storage box for mine rescue capsule
CN201358809Y (en) * 2009-03-09 2009-12-09 山东同方能源工程技术有限公司 System for temperature reduction and moisture removal in coal pit
US20100018391A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-01-28 Geoffrey Allan Whittaker Self-contained refuge chamber
CN102022132A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-04-20 黑龙江龙煤卓异救援装备科技有限公司 Cooling and dehumidifying system of underground shelter
CN201857993U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-08 天津市天矿电器设备有限公司 Non-power driven cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge chamber

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6453686B1 (en) * 2001-09-25 2002-09-24 Ray M. Alden Deep cycle heating and cooling apparatus and process
JP2003343933A (en) * 2002-05-29 2003-12-03 Denso Corp Super-critical refrigeration cycle
CN101021367A (en) * 2006-02-16 2007-08-22 株式会社电装 Refrigerant flow-amount controlling device and ejector refrigerant cycle system using the same
CN101545380A (en) * 2008-03-28 2009-09-30 三一重型装备有限公司 Mine refuge cabin
US20100018391A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-01-28 Geoffrey Allan Whittaker Self-contained refuge chamber
CN201322488Y (en) * 2008-10-31 2009-10-07 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 Ice-storage box for mine rescue capsule
CN201358809Y (en) * 2009-03-09 2009-12-09 山东同方能源工程技术有限公司 System for temperature reduction and moisture removal in coal pit
CN102022132A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-04-20 黑龙江龙煤卓异救援装备科技有限公司 Cooling and dehumidifying system of underground shelter
CN201857993U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-08 天津市天矿电器设备有限公司 Non-power driven cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge chamber

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102562117A (en) * 2012-01-10 2012-07-11 南京航空航天大学 Method for regulating temperature and humidity of CO2 and purifying air in enclosed space
CN102562119A (en) * 2012-02-02 2012-07-11 朱海元 Inner rotation type condensing, dehumidifying and cooling all-in-one machine

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104136855B (en) For the method and system of the air in the regulation enclosed environment of air circulation system in a distributed manner
US7601189B2 (en) Filtration method and a filter device for removing impurities from the air of a limited space and an apparatus for removing carbon dioxide from the air of an air-raid shelter
US7658786B2 (en) Method for improving the air quality in the limited space and the equipment using thereof
CN105709563B (en) Absorption type removing and concentrating device
KR20130124158A (en) Method and system for improvemed-efficiency air-conditioning
CN103742999B (en) A kind of can optimizing regulation air quality there is the equipment of direct drinking function
CN102052713B (en) Conditioner
RU2478792C2 (en) Autonomous shelter chamber
CN104089331B (en) A kind of water-washing type air purification system
TWI590932B (en) Hand mode operation box
US6666039B2 (en) Aircraft air conditioner
US8021542B2 (en) Method for recovering potable water from the exhaust of an internal combustion engine
CN101715535B (en) Motor cycle air conditioning system
EP2150461A2 (en) Systems and methods for providing airflow in an aerospace vehicle
CN103453587B (en) Supplemental oxygen, the multifunctional air purifier of absorbing carbon dioxide and method
CN107339779A (en) For the method and system for managing air quality in air-conditioning system and energy uses
US20110132027A1 (en) Liquid desiccant dehumidification system and heat /mass exchanger therefor
CN103256675B (en) A kind of Simple air purification drying device
WO2015165313A1 (en) Adsorption dehumidification process method and apparatus
CN103889892B (en) PH20CP-Portable water and weather produce system
CN103727598B (en) A kind of device removing indoor formaldehyde
CN104491981B (en) A kind of health instrument
JP2005090941A (en) Air conditioning auxiliary device and air conditioning auxiliary method
KR20140053210A (en) A unique doas system designed for integration with recirculation air handling systems
CN102135008A (en) High-pressure refrigerant-driven refrigeration and purification integrated machine and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20110413