CN102011495A - Anti-leakage balcony and hollow ecological garden of balcony type - Google Patents

Anti-leakage balcony and hollow ecological garden of balcony type Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102011495A
CN102011495A CN 201010502615 CN201010502615A CN102011495A CN 102011495 A CN102011495 A CN 102011495A CN 201010502615 CN201010502615 CN 201010502615 CN 201010502615 A CN201010502615 A CN 201010502615A CN 102011495 A CN102011495 A CN 102011495A
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balcony
floor
seam
balcony slab
exterior
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CN102011495B (en
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胡德明
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胡德明
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Abstract

The invention relates to an anti-leakage balcony and a hollow ecological garden of a balcony type. The anti-leakage balcony comprises an outer wall or a floor of a main building, a balcony board, a guardrail board erected at one side of the balcony board, an outrigger or upright post is supported at the bottom of the balcony board, and a separation seam is formed between the outer wall or the floor of the main building and the balcony board. The hollow ecological garden built on the anti-leakage balcony is provided with a clapboard is arranged at one side close to the separation seam, the outrigger and the balcony board are integrally arranged above either side of the balcony board, the upper side of the outrigger and the guardrail board are integrally connected, and the outrigger, the balcony board, the clapboard and the guardrail board are encircled into a soil storage tank for planting plants. The invention thoroughly solves the problem of indoor leakage of seeper or vapor generated by the balcony through a wall or floor structure and has the advantages of simple structure, reasonable design, convenient construction, low manufacture cost, good anti-seep and anti-leakage effects, and the like. The hollow ecological garden greatly improves and beatifies the living environment of human beings.

Description

Antiseep balcony and the aerial ecological yard of balcony type
Technical field
The invention belongs to the buildings in general structure, specifically relate to a kind of multilayer, high-rise building antiseep formula balcony and building aerial ecological yard thereon
Background technology
No matter existing building is multilayer, outer facade on the middle and senior level or super highrise building does not all have ecological yard, its reason mainly is the leakage problems that can't solve building balcony, the improvement of having done only is confined on balcony place flowerpot or solving of special use " accommodating body of serike " is set, as, Chinese invention patent (the patent No.: CN200510200322.1) disclose a kind of garden foreign-style house with staggered platform for planting green plant, Lou Tiwei is many, high-rise reinforced concrete cast-in-situ structure, outdoor aerial structure hanging garden at the building residential building, the carrier of hanging garden is a staggered platform for planting green plant, described " platform " is meant the platform of bottom by the local building body support of lower floor, described " choosing " is meant that at least one outwards picks out from above-mentioned platform, and the accommodating body of the serike that fuses with platform, above-mentioned " platform " and " accommodating body of serike " constitutes the hanging garden carrier jointly, above-mentioned hanging garden carrier width occupies the part of each household floor face width, be crisscross arranged about upper strata hanging garden and lower floor's hanging garden, every two-layer to circulation of four layers of formation.Above-mentioned platform outside be connected as a single entity to the external bridging piece of choosing in building.
Present building balcony is to depend on the facade of main building, with the floor of main building or exterior wall monobloc cast together, because being integral with structure between the balcony, the exterior wall of main building or floor be connected, ponding in the balcony or steam are to be easy to the structure infiltration of corner, the foot of a wall or floor by outer body of wall and to have influence on indoor environment in the main building, cause by the outer body of wall of balcony one side or the seepage of floor, the blackout of going mouldy of body of wall, floor or ceiling make moist, peeling and phenomenon such as come off, and make house decorative material rotten and damage; And maintenance leak stopping work is very difficult, and the impervious leakage-stopping measure is difficult to take effect and eradicate, and has a strong impact on indoor decorative effect, and also can produce long-term adverse effect to human settlement and health, the application life of also having reduced building self simultaneously.
The greening of city office building, residential quarters at present only rests on ground, one side is because of the rise of Urban Land Price, green coverage often is expressed to minimum edge by building, on the other hand, the large-area aerial part of building is stiff, lifeless, not only environment is not beautiful, and air quality also descends greatly.
Summary of the invention
One of purpose of the present invention be thoroughly solve balcony or similar balcony structure and main building build the ponding of its generation after the one or steam along the corner, the foot of a wall or floor slab structure leak into the problem of indoor environment, provide a kind of simple in structure, cost is low, easy construction, the effective antiseep type balcony of the anti-leakage of antiseepage.
Two of purpose of the present invention provide a kind of simple in structure, cost is low, easy construction, antiseepage is anti-leaks effective balcony type ecological yard, to improve the ecological environment of the aerial part of building.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly solved by following technical proposals:
A kind of antiseep balcony comprises the exterior wall or the floor of main building thing, balcony slab, and upright on the side of balcony slab have guardrail board, and the bottom supporting of balcony slab has outrigger or column, is provided with between the exterior wall of described main building thing or floor and the balcony slab to isolate seam.
As preferably, the clearance control of the isolation seam between described exterior wall or floor and the balcony slab is in 1~20 centimeter scope, and the upper end that isolates seam is provided with seals.
As preferably, described balcony slab is lower than floor, and the balcony slab upper surface is provided with banquette along isolating seam one side, and correspondence is provided with shelves on the exterior wall, seals on the described isolation seam to be metal sheet, and a side of metal sheet is fixed on the shelves, and opposite side is fixed on the banquette.
As preferably, the bottom surface of described metal sheet and surface are respectively equipped with waterproof gasket cement and waterproofing course.
As preferably, the waterproofing course of described metal sheet surface is made of water-repellent paint layer, block layer and waterproofing mortar layer from bottom to top successively, and described waterproofing mortar course balcony slab extends and is connected with waterproofing course on the balcony.
As preferably, the lower end of described isolation seam is provided with lower sealing.
The aerial ecological yard of a kind of balcony type, the exterior wall or the floor that comprise the main building thing, balcony slab, the outrigger or the column of guardrail board and support balcony slab, be provided with between the exterior wall of described main building thing or floor and the balcony slab and isolate seam, the upper end that isolates seam is provided with seals, and described balcony slab is lower than floor, is provided with dividing plate by isolating seam one side; Described outrigger and balcony slab are arranged on the top of the both sides of balcony slab with being integral, the top of outrigger is integral with guardrail board and is connected, outrigger and balcony slab, dividing plate and guardrail board surround holds Tu Chi, hold and plantation is housed in the native pond with native, plantation is gone up to plant with soil and is implanted with plant, the inner surface of the described Tu Chi of holding is provided with the anti-puncture layer of watertight insulation and plant, and described upright supports is in the bottom of balcony slab.
As preferably, seal on the described isolation seam and be metal sheet, on exterior wall, be provided with shelves, a side of metal sheet is fixed on the shelves, and opposite side is fixed on the upper surface of dividing plate, and the bottom surface of described metal sheet and surface are respectively equipped with waterproof gasket cement and waterproofing course.
As preferably, the waterproofing course of described metal sheet surface is made of water-repellent paint layer, waterproofing mortar layer and floor tile layer from bottom to top successively.
As preferably, the doorway of ecological yard with hold native pond intersection door be installed, on the exterior wall bead that seals by main building thing one side be provided with French window, on the top of sealing cover the non-slip floor material and form manway, on the window frame of French window handrail is installed.
The present invention is by being provided with the measure of isolating seam between balcony or ecological yard and main building, make the structure between them thoroughly separate the slit that disconnects and produce certain interval, form the cavity of an isolation, make main building and ecological yard or balcony all become relatively independent member, thereby thoroughly blocked ponding in balcony or the ecological yard or steam are penetrated into main building by the structure of outer body of wall or floor passage.The present invention has simple in structure, reasonable in design, easy construction, and cost is low, and antiseepage is anti-leaks effect advantage such as get instant result.The concrete useful effect that the present invention produces is as follows: the agent structure and the structure of aerial ecological yard or balcony are disconnected fully, main building and ecological yard or balcony all become relatively independent member, block ponding or water vapor permeable to the exterior wall of main building or the approach of floor, thereby reached the regional beneficial effect of waterproof, seepage control for a long time that main building and ecological yard or balcony are bordered on; 2, can stop at present because of the ponding in the building balcony or steam to the harmful effect that the infiltration of main building causes, improved the inhabitation quality; 3, adopt balcony type ecological yard of the present invention, building water scenery, pond or planting etc. in its scope can be because of seepage and permeable problem and influence exterior wall, floor and the indoor environment of main building, can make the design scheme of aerial ecological yard be implemented and promote, improve and beautify human dwelling environment greatly.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of antiseep balcony embodiment of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the local enlarged diagrams of isolating seam among Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is plan views of the aerial ecological yard of balcony type of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 4 is A-A sectional views of Fig. 3;
Accompanying drawing 5 is the local enlarged diagrams of isolating seam among Fig. 4.
Among the figure: main building 1, exterior wall 2, floor 3, balcony slab 4, outrigger 5, isolate seam 6, on seal 7, banquette 8, metal sheet 9, balcony 10, brick wall 11, window 12, guardrail board 13, lower sealing 14, water-repellent paint 15, shelves 16, fragment of brick 17, waterproofing mortar 18, ecological yard 19, French window 20, manway 21, door 22, door 23, handrail 24, indoor terrace 25, watertight insulation 26, floor tile 27, dividing plate 28, anti-puncture layer 29, soil 30, waterproof gasket cement 31.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, and in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1: present embodiment is a kind of embodiment of antiseep balcony of the present invention, and accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 2 are structural representations of this embodiment.As shown in Figure 1, 2, between the exterior wall 2 of main building 1 and balcony slab 4, be provided with and isolate seam 6, the clearance control of isolating seam 6 is 1~20 centimeter scope, form a segregate cavity, the balcony slab 4 and exterior wall 2 structures of main building 1 are disconnected fully, thereby thoroughly blocked water in the balcony 10 or steam are penetrated into main building 1 by the structure of exterior wall 2 transmission channels.The bottom supporting of balcony slab 4 is on the exterior wall 2 outward extending outriggers 5 by main building 1, and balcony 10 its loads after structure disconnects pass on the main building 1 by outrigger 5.Erect on the outer side edges of balcony slab 4 guardrail board 13 is arranged.Isolate among the slit for preventing that foreign material from falling into, also attractive in appearance for the levels balcony can take to seal processing respectively in the two-port up and down of isolating seam 6 simultaneously.The mode of sealing can be a lot, for example, can along isolating seam 6 one sides banquette 8 be set at balcony slab 4 upper surfaces earlier, and correspondence is provided with shelves 16 on the exterior wall, and banquette 8, shelves 16 are mutually concordant with floor 3; Seal main employing metal sheet 9, adopt waterproofing work up and down, fix with the brick compacting above at metal sheet 9.Metal sheet 9 is covered on isolation seam 6 ports, one side of metal sheet 9 is placed on that another side is placed on the banquette 8 on the shelves 16, according to the shape of banquette 8 and shelves 16, metal sheet 9 is converted into approximate L type, as shown in Figure 2, metal sheet 9 is upwards turned up along exterior wall 2 at a side of shelves 16, the flanging height is between 20~50cm, and the width of horizontal component is between 20~40cm, in the downward bending of banquette 8 one sides along banquette 8, is between 3~10cm along banquette 8 to lower hem length, is step-like.Buildings waterproof fluid sealant 31 or other water-repellent paints are all coated in the surface of the shelves 16 of exterior wall and the banquette 8 of balcony, metal sheet 9 by waterproof gasket cement 31 directly and banquette 8 and shelves 16 fit.Metal sheet 9 surfaces are smeared water-repellent paint 15 top building by laying bricks or stones with fragment of brick 17 again and are fixed fragment of brick 17 upper berth waterproofing mortars 18.As shown in Figure 1, 2, the waterproofing course of isolating seam 6 upper metal plate surfaces is made of water-repellent paint layer, block layer and waterproofing mortar layer from bottom to top successively, and waterproofing mortar course balcony 10 directions are extended with waterproofing course on the balcony 10 and are connected; Block layer is extended along the brick wall 11 of banquette 8 to exterior wall 2, and the brick wall 11 of building by laying bricks or stones is concordant with windowsill, and the long flanging that metal sheet 9 makes progress is built by laying bricks or stones at exterior wall 2 middle with brick wall 11.The form of lower sealing 14 also can have multiple, optional be used in to isolate in the seam 6 inlay short Wooden Batten, short Wooden Batten two ends apply glue and two sides body of wall gluing, short Wooden Batten evenly distributes at certain distance, is screwed gypsum plank then thereon and seals and get final product.
Embodiment 2: present embodiment is the aerial ecological yard of a kind of balcony type of the present invention, and accompanying drawing 3, accompanying drawing 4 and accompanying drawing 5 are structural representations of this embodiment.As shown in Figure 3, ecological yard 19 is based upon on the balcony slab 4.Shown in Fig. 4,5, be provided with between the exterior wall 2 of main building 1 and the balcony slab 4 and isolate seam 6, the clearance control of isolating seam 6 is 1~20 centimeter scope, form a segregate cavity, the balcony slab 4 and exterior wall 2 structures of main building are disconnected fully, thereby thoroughly blocked water in the ecological yard 19 or steam are penetrated into main building 1 by the structure of exterior wall 2 transmission channels.Balcony slab 4 is lower than floor 3 and is provided with, be provided with dividing plate 28 by isolating seam 6 one sides, dividing plate 28 upper surfaces are mutually concordant with floor 3, erect on the outer side edges of balcony slab 4 guardrail board 13 is arranged, balcony slab 4 is supported on the exterior wall 2 outward extending outriggers 5 by main building 1, outrigger 5 and balcony slab 4 are arranged on the top of the both sides of balcony slab 4 with being integral, and the top of outrigger 5 (floor is part above water) is integral with guardrail board 13 and is connected.Ecological yard 19 its loads after structure disconnects pass on the main building thing 1 by outrigger 5; Outrigger 5 surrounds with balcony slab 4, dividing plate 28 and guardrail board 13 and holds Tu Chi, holds plantation to be housed with soil 30 in the native pond, plants with planting on the soil 30 and is implanted with plant, constitutes ecological yard 19.The inner surface that holds Tu Chi is provided with the anti-puncture layer 29 of watertight insulation 26 and plant, destroys the ecological yard structure to prevent water and plant roots.Isolate among the slit for preventing that foreign material from falling into, influence attractive in appearance and walking safety, stitch 6 two ends up and down and can take to seal processing respectively isolating.Referring to Fig. 5, isolate seam 6 in exterior wall 2 upper edges and be provided with shelves 16 with floor 3 mutually concordant places.On shelves 16 and dividing plate 28 upper surfaces, directly smear one deck waterproof gasket cement 31 or other water-repellent paints, covering metal sheet 9 on it will isolate seam 6 upper port and seal, metal sheet 9 turning up on exterior wall 2 side direction, between height 1~3cm, horizontal width is between 40~50cm, the 9 downward bendings of ecological yard 19 1 side metal sheets are between flanging length 3~20cm; Waterproof gasket cement 31 on the coated on bottom side of metal sheet 9, it is directly pressed on shelves 16 and dividing plate 28 upper surfaces, be integral with waterproof gasket cement 31 gluings of having coated, painting water-proof adhesive or water-repellent paint 15 more in the above then, can on water-repellent paint 15, spread waterproofing mortar 18 after finishing, again paving floor tile 27 earth materials such as grade in the above.Referring to Fig. 3,4, on seal on 7 the shelves 16 French window 20 and door 22 be set by the exterior wall of main building one side, the installation site of French window 20 is as far as possible near indoor, make the usefulness of the manway 21 of garden inner close fitting French window with vacating space, the setting of manway 21 is to avoid the people to walk about in garden and movable plant of trampling in the institute.Handrail 24 is installed, so that the safety of people's walking is positioned at the manway 21 that seals on 7 and should lays ship-and-galley tile 27 or other non-slip floor materials as required on French window 20 window frames.The doorway of 19 22 of ecological yards with hold native pond intersection one prefabricated door 23 can be installed, the seam that is connected with ground and side is played the glue sealing, with isolation with prevent earth in the institute or water etc. is brought into indoor.The waterproofing course of ecological yard 19 inboards and on the joint that seals between 7 the metal sheet 9 make the overlap joint waterproofing work, permeate once more by the overlap joint of metal sheet 9 to avoid in the ecological yard 19 water or steam with wall face.Lower sealing 14 can adopt in isolating the slit inlays short Wooden Batten, and short Wooden Batten two ends apply glue and two sides body of wall gluing, and short Wooden Batten evenly distributes at certain distance, is screwed gypsum plank then thereon and seals and get final product.

Claims (10)

1. antiseep balcony, the exterior wall or the floor that comprise the main building thing, balcony slab, standing on the side of balcony slab has guardrail board, the bottom supporting of balcony slab has outrigger or column, it is characterized in that: be provided with between the exterior wall of described main building thing or floor and the balcony slab and isolate seam.
2. according to claims 1 described antiseep balcony, it is characterized in that: the clearance control of the isolation seam between described exterior wall or floor and the balcony slab is in 1~20 centimeter scope, and the upper end that isolates seam is provided with seals.
3. according to claims 1 or 2 described antiseep balconies, it is characterized in that: described balcony slab is lower than floor, the balcony slab upper surface is provided with banquette along isolating seam one side, correspondence is provided with shelves on the exterior wall, seal on the described isolation seam and be metal sheet, one side of metal sheet is fixed on the shelves, and opposite side is fixed on the banquette.
4. according to claims 3 described antiseep balconies, it is characterized in that: the bottom surface of described metal sheet and surface are respectively equipped with waterproof gasket cement and waterproofing course.
5. according to claims 4 described antiseep balconies, it is characterized in that: the waterproofing course of described metal sheet surface is made of water-repellent paint layer, block layer and waterproofing mortar layer from bottom to top successively, and described waterproofing mortar course balcony slab extends and is connected with waterproofing course on the balcony.
6. according to claims 3 described antiseep balconies, it is characterized in that: the lower end of described isolation seam is provided with lower sealing.
7. aerial ecological yard of balcony type, the exterior wall or the floor that comprise the main building thing, balcony slab, the outrigger or the column of guardrail board and support balcony slab, it is characterized in that: be provided with between the exterior wall of described main building thing or floor and the balcony slab and isolate seam, the upper end that isolates seam is provided with seals, and described balcony slab is lower than floor, is provided with dividing plate by isolating seam one side; Described outrigger and balcony slab are arranged on the top of the both sides of balcony slab with being integral, the top of outrigger is integral with guardrail board and is connected, outrigger and balcony slab, dividing plate and guardrail board surround holds Tu Chi, hold and plantation is housed in the native pond with native, plantation is gone up to plant with soil and is implanted with plant, the inner surface of the described Tu Chi of holding is provided with the anti-puncture layer of watertight insulation and plant, and described upright supports is in the bottom of balcony slab.
8. according to the aerial ecological yard of claims 7 described balcony types, it is characterized in that, seal on the described isolation seam and be metal sheet, on exterior wall, be provided with shelves, one side of metal sheet is fixed on the shelves, opposite side is fixed on the upper surface of dividing plate, and the bottom surface of described metal sheet and surface are respectively equipped with waterproof gasket cement and waterproofing course.
9. according to the aerial ecological yard of claims 8 described balcony types, it is characterized in that the waterproofing course of described metal sheet surface is made of water-repellent paint layer, waterproofing mortar layer and floor tile layer successively from bottom to top.
10. according to the aerial ecological yard of claims 7 described balcony types, it is characterized in that the doorway of ecological yard door with hold native pond intersection door be installed, on the exterior wall bead that seals by main building thing one side be provided with French window, on the top of sealing cover the non-slip floor material and form manway, on the window frame of French window handrail is installed.
CN 201010502615 2010-09-30 2010-09-30 Anti-leakage balcony and hollow ecological garden of balcony type Active CN102011495B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103225373A (en) * 2012-01-29 2013-07-31 吴淑环 Roof eaves board

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1275181A (en) * 1998-08-11 2000-11-29 崔正雄 Damp-proof construction and method of basement
CN1570330A (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-01-26 胡德明 Ecological garden in the air
CN1844611A (en) * 2006-05-12 2006-10-11 胡德明 Pot type ecological yard and construction method thereof
CN201818066U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-05-04 胡德明 Anti-leakage balcony and balcony type overhead ecological garden

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1275181A (en) * 1998-08-11 2000-11-29 崔正雄 Damp-proof construction and method of basement
CN1570330A (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-01-26 胡德明 Ecological garden in the air
CN1844611A (en) * 2006-05-12 2006-10-11 胡德明 Pot type ecological yard and construction method thereof
CN201818066U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-05-04 胡德明 Anti-leakage balcony and balcony type overhead ecological garden

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103225373A (en) * 2012-01-29 2013-07-31 吴淑环 Roof eaves board

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