CN102011228B - Rough yarn strip fascinated yarn and spinning device and spinning method thereof - Google Patents

Rough yarn strip fascinated yarn and spinning device and spinning method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102011228B
CN102011228B CN 201010534467 CN201010534467A CN102011228B CN 102011228 B CN102011228 B CN 102011228B CN 201010534467 CN201010534467 CN 201010534467 CN 201010534467 A CN201010534467 A CN 201010534467A CN 102011228 B CN102011228 B CN 102011228B
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China
Prior art keywords
yarn
rove
lever jack
decorative
spinning
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CN 201010534467
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CN102011228A (en
Inventor
吴穗生
练炳发
杨柳
任学勤
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Guangdong GuangFang Testing Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Guangzhou textile industry research institute
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Abstract

The invention discloses a rough yarn strip fascinated yarn and a spinning device and a spinning method thereof. The rough yarn strip fascinated yarn is formed by spinning rough strips and two filaments or rough strips and two yarns; the two filaments or the two yarns are respectively used as a core yarn and a fixed yarn; the rough yarn strips formed by drawing drawn slivers are used as a decorative yarn; and one filament or yarn is coated by the rough yarn strips and the other filament or yarn coats the rough yarn strips, and the rough yarn strip fascinated yarn directly used for various textiles is formed. The spinning device comprises that: two or more feeding devices are additionally arranged on a common roving frame, can directly change slivers into the fascinated yarns in the production, and make the fascinated yarns form a cheese directly. The process flow is short, and the rough yarn strip fascinated yarn is formed at one time without postprocessing, and can be directly used for weaving.

Description

A kind of rove yarn fancy yarns and spinning apparatus and spinning method
Technical field
The present invention relates to spinninging technical field, be specifically related to rove yarn fancy yarns and spinning apparatus thereof and spinning method.
Background technology
Fancy yarn is with its novel yarn texture, riotous with colour three-dimensional appearance effect, soft comfortable serviceability, catered to that people follow the fashion, the wear psychology of individual character.Rove yarn fancy yarns can be spun into various variation effects, and third dimension is strong, fluffy, good springiness, and unique style is relatively a kind of fancy yarn of demand of existing market.
The slubbing yarn that exists in the market mainly is woolen yarn, but is difficult to that in structure and color large variation is arranged, and traditional fancy yarn is to form by fancy yarn machine spinning, and technological process is long, and efficient is low, and cost is high.
Existing Speed frames just are used for doing rove, are the middle operations of spinning process, and spun rove need to enter next step spinning line and could sell or use as finished product.Utilize existing Speed frames to make and to directly apply to woven yarn, and spun rove does not structurally change yet.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the prior art above shortcomings, a kind of rove yarn fancy yarns is provided, it forms by thick yarn and two threads or by thick yarn and two one threads spinning, described two threads or two one threads are made respectively heart yarn and solid yarn, do decorative yarn by ripe described rove yarn that forms through drawing-off, wherein a threads or yarn are coated by the rove yarn, and another threads or yarn wrap the rove yarn, form the described rove yarn fancy yarns that is directly used in each kind fabric.
Another object of the present invention also provides the spinning method of described rove yarn fancy yarns, the method comprises: then described decorative yarn arrives front roller through the drawing-off of middle roller and rear roller by the decorative yarn drawing rollers that the guiding of decorative yarn lever jack arrives on the Speed frames, enters the decorative yarn passage of triangle guide piece; Described heart yarn is then by the first lever jack, the second lever jack and the guiding of feeding locator, without drawing-off, directly arrive the front roller place by the heart yarn passage of triangle guide piece, converge with described decorative yarn, because the twisting effect, described heart yarn and decorative yarn are simultaneously through mutually coating behind the front roller, and arrival guide magnetic eye, converge with the solid yarn by the guiding of the 3rd lever jack, heart yarn and decorative yarn are reinforced, thereby formed stable rove yarn fancy yarns.
In the above-mentioned spinning method, the difference collocation by to rove yarn Raw and raw material specification forms the rove yarn fancy yarns with ring, ripple or concave-convex effect at resultant yarn.
In the above-mentioned spinning method, the shrinkage factor of different material in the rove yarn, dyeability and fiber distribute different dyed after, form different pattern effects at resultant yarn.
In the above-mentioned spinning method, after spinning, the fiber in the rove yarn is to be in low twist or non-twist state, and rove yarn fancy yarns feel is fluffy plentiful.
The present invention also provides a kind of spinning apparatus of rove yarn fancy yarns, comprise feeding unit, described feeding unit comprises the first lever jack, the second lever jack, the 3rd lever jack, front roller, middle roller, rear roller, decorative yarn drawing rollers, feeding locator, triangle guide piece and guide magnetic eye, the first lever jack, the second lever jack are used for guiding heart yarn and solid yarn, and all are provided with separately two spring tension devices on the first lever jack, the second lever jack; The feeding locator is between front roller and the second lever jack, and triangle guide piece is between front roller and guide magnetic eye, and the decorative yarn drawing rollers are between decorative yarn lever jack and rear roller, and the 3rd lever jack is between front roller and guide magnetic eye.
In the above-mentioned spinning apparatus, described triangle guide piece has decorative yarn passage, heart yarn passage and decorative yarn and heart yarn passage.
Above-mentioned spinning apparatus, also comprise the winch spool be used to the described fancy yarns of reeling, described winch spool is divided into three parts in upper, middle and lower, top is the plastic tube seat of honour, the bottom is the plastic tube base, the middle part is connected at the plastic tube seat of honour with the plastic tube base connecting axle connects, and is nested with paper tube on the connecting axle, fixes with tight loop between paper tube lower end and the plastic tube.
Rove yarn fancy yarns, heart yarn and solid yarn are long filament or yarn, the rove yarn is as decorative yarn, can obtain the thicker yarn of similar wool spinning, variation by different material and raw material specification, can obtain multiple pattern effect through draw twisting, the difference because shrinkage factor, dyeability and fiber distribute can obtain multiple pattern effect at resultant yarn simultaneously.
With respect to prior art, technological process of the present invention is short, and one-shot forming need not rear processing, can be directly used in to weave.The rove yarn fancy yarns that adopts the present invention to produce need not the operations such as winder, can be directly used in weaving of woolens, knitting woven and bunting etc., and can reach different pattern effects by the adjusting that changes yarn raw material, spinning process and dyeing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the feeding unit schematic diagram in the embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of triangle guide piece shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 3 is the winch spool schematic diagram in the embodiment.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing enforcement of the present invention is described in further detail, but protection of the present invention and practical range are not limited to this.
The feeding system of the rove yarn fancy yarns of present embodiment, change original individual event feeding into three feedings, namely FA415 type Speed frames are installed additional lever jack, spring tension device, feed locator and install triangle guide piece additional at the front roller place, guide respectively heart yarn and solid yarn to arrive corresponding position.Then decorative yarn 14 arrives front roller 10 through the drawing-off of middle roller 11 and rear roller 12 by the decorative yarn drawing rollers 13 that 15 guiding of decorative yarn lever jack arrive on the FA415 type Speed frames, enters the decorative yarn passage 23 (such as Fig. 2) of triangle guide piece 16; 1 of described heart yarn passes through the first lever jack 5, the second lever jack 8 and 9 guiding of feeding locator, without drawing-off, directly arrive front roller 10 places by the heart yarn passage 24 of triangle guide piece 16, converge with described decorative yarn, described heart yarn and decorative yarn are simultaneously through mutually coating behind the front roller 10, heart yarn and decorative yarn (seeing mark 18 among the figure) after mutually coating, arrive guide magnetic eye 19, converge with the solid yarn 2 by 17 guiding of the 3rd lever jack, heart yarn and decorative yarn are reinforced, thereby formed stable rove yarn fancy yarns 20.
Such as Fig. 1, feeding unit in this spinning apparatus comprises the first spindle support 21, the second spindle support 22, the first lever jack 5, the second lever jack 8, the 3rd lever jack 17, front roller 10, middle roller 11, rear roller 12, decorative yarn drawing rollers 13, a feeding locator 9, triangle guide piece 16 and guide magnetic eye 19, the first lever jack 5, the second lever jack 8 is used for guiding heart yarn and solid yarn, and the first lever jack is provided with two spring tension devices (3,4), the second lever jack is provided with two spring tension devices (6,7), the spring tension device is used for the feeding tension force of control heart yarn and solid yarn; The feeding locator is between front roller 10 and the second lever jack 8, triangle guide piece 16 is between front roller 10 and guide magnetic eye 19, decorative yarn drawing rollers 13 are between decorative yarn lever jack 15 and rear roller 12, and the 3rd lever jack 17 is between front roller 10 and guide magnetic eye 19.
Triangle guide piece in the present embodiment is combined by a thick plastic tube and a thin plastic pipe, thick plastics pipe range 10mm, and diameter is 5mm, and the thin plastic pipe diameter is 2mm, and length is 8mm, and two plastic tube angles are 45 °.
Feeding locator in the present embodiment, by the spirality device that steel wire is made, long 50mm, screw diameter are 10mm.
As shown in Figure 3, the coiler device of the rove yarn fancy yarns in the present embodiment is winch spool, consisted of by upper, middle and lower three parts, adopt two plastic tubes to carry out nested combination with a paper tube, above and below be plastic tube, the centre is connecting axle, paper tube 202 is nested on the connecting axle 204 of two plastic tubes, and fixing with tight loop 205 in the place that contacts with following plastic tube, rove yarn fancy yarns resultant yarn 208 is on paper tube 202; Following plastic tube is the combination of two cylinders and a round platform, and wherein the end diameter as the cylinder of base 201 is 54mm, and height is 10mm, the end diameter of another cylinder is 44mm, and height is 60mm, and the diameter of going to the bottom of round platform is 54mm, the upper base diameter is 44mm, and height is 6mm; Above plastic tube be cylinder, be 44mm as the end diameter of the seat of honour 203 cylinders, height is 65mm.Middle paper tube is cylinder, and end diameter is 44mm, and height is 300mm.Velcro 206 is positioned at the plastic tube seat of honour, apart from the top 50mm at the plastic tube seat of honour; Flier 207 is positioned at the outside of winch spool, moves in a circle around winch spool.The spinning method of the rove yarn fancy yarns in the present embodiment, may further comprise the steps, decorative yarn is through lever jack, guide to the decorative yarn drawing rollers, arrive front roller after the drawing-off through middle roller and rear roller, heart yarn arrives front roller through after the guiding of lever jack, after in triangle guide piece, converging twisting with decorative yarn, both arrive guide magnetic eye together, converge with the solid yarn that passes through respectively feeding locator and lever jack, Gu yarn is reinforced the above two, formed stable fancy yarns, finally be wound up on the winch spool.
The present invention can be on existing common Speed frames, original individual event feeding is become feeding more than three or three, feed simultaneously the yarn more than three or three during production, respectively as heart yarn, decorative yarn and solid yarn, heart yarn and decorative yarn are drawn by different lever jacks and converge to the front roller place and twist the flower type that forms, then the flower type is reinforced by solid yarn at guide magnetic eye place, formed at last stable rove yarn fancy yarns and be wound up on the special winch spool.Upper, middle and lower three parts of winch spool are detachable, the resultant yarn direct winfing is to middle paper tube, arrive and just mid portion can be taken off after the regulation package directly as the cheese application, need not following process, be directly used in all kinds of the weaving such as woolens, knitting, woven and bunting.

Claims (9)

1. rove yarn fancy yarns, form by thick yarn and two threads or by thick yarn and two one threads spinning, it is characterized in that described two threads or two one threads make respectively heart yarn and solid yarn, do decorative yarn by ripe described rove yarn that forms through drawing-off, wherein a threads or yarn are coated by the rove yarn, another threads or yarn wrap the rove yarn, form the described rove yarn fancy yarns that is directly used in each kind fabric.
2. rove yarn fancy yarns according to claim 1 is characterized in that described rove yarn is the homogeneous raw material of different size or homogeneous raw material not.
3. the spinning method of the described rove yarn of claim 1 fancy yarns, it is characterized in that then described decorative yarn arrives front roller through the drawing-off of middle roller and rear roller by the decorative yarn drawing rollers that the guiding of decorative yarn lever jack arrives on the Speed frames, enters the decorative yarn passage of triangle guide piece; Described heart yarn is then by the first lever jack, the second lever jack and the guiding of feeding locator, without drawing-off, directly arrive the front roller place by the heart yarn passage of triangle guide piece, converge with described decorative yarn, described heart yarn and decorative yarn are simultaneously through mutually coating behind the front roller, and arrival guide magnetic eye, converge with the solid yarn that guides by the 3rd lever jack, heart yarn and decorative yarn are reinforced, thereby formed stable rove yarn fancy yarns.
4. spinning method according to claim 3 is characterized in that forming the rove yarn fancy yarns with concave-convex effect at resultant yarn by the difference collocation to rove yarn Raw and raw material specification.
5. spinning method according to claim 3, shrinkage factor, dyeability and the fiber that it is characterized in that different material in the rove yarn distribute different dyed after, form different pattern effects at resultant yarn.
6. spinning method according to claim 3 is characterized in that, after spinning, the fiber in the rove yarn is to be in low twist or non-twist state, and rove yarn fancy yarns feel is fluffy plentiful.
7. the spinning apparatus of a rove yarn fancy yarns, it is characterized in that comprising feeding unit, described feeding unit comprises the first lever jack, the second lever jack, the 3rd lever jack, front roller, middle roller, rear roller, decorative yarn drawing rollers, feeding locator, triangle guide piece and guide magnetic eye, the first lever jack, the second lever jack are used for guiding heart yarn and solid yarn, and all are provided with separately two spring tension devices on the first lever jack, the second lever jack; The feeding locator is between front roller and the second lever jack, and triangle guide piece is between front roller and guide magnetic eye, and the decorative yarn drawing rollers are between decorative yarn lever jack and rear roller, and the 3rd lever jack is between front roller and guide magnetic eye.
8. spinning apparatus according to claim 7 is characterized in that described triangle guide piece has decorative yarn passage, heart yarn passage and decorative yarn and heart yarn passage.
9. spinning apparatus according to claim 7, characterized by further comprising the winch spool be used to the described fancy yarns of reeling, described winch spool is divided into three parts in upper, middle and lower, top is the plastic tube seat of honour, the bottom is the plastic tube base, the middle part is connected at the plastic tube seat of honour with the plastic tube base connecting axle connects, and is nested with paper tube on the connecting axle, fixes with tight loop between paper tube lower end and the plastic tube.
CN 201010534467 2010-11-05 2010-11-05 Rough yarn strip fascinated yarn and spinning device and spinning method thereof Active CN102011228B (en)

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CN102181979B (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-11-14 山东岱银纺织集团股份有限公司 Production method of intervention type stranded colored slubby yarn
CN102534893A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-07-04 常熟市浩通市政工程有限公司 Thread guide wire installer
CN102618981B (en) * 2012-02-11 2014-07-02 东华大学 Torsion release intermittent yarn feeding device for interrupted composite yarn spinning, method and application
CN102560767B (en) * 2012-02-11 2014-05-28 东华大学 Intermittently yarn feeding device capable of triggering rollers directly in intermittent composite spinning and method and application thereof
CN102943324A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-02-27 河北太行机械工业有限公司 Method and device for producing covering yarn by using roving frame
CN104195697A (en) * 2014-09-21 2014-12-10 江苏丹毛纺织股份有限公司 Wrapping method of worsted fancy yarns
CN104818560B (en) * 2015-05-29 2017-04-05 广州纺织服装研究院有限公司 A kind of plush yarn and its production method
CN107700008A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-02-16 中原工学院 A kind of compound flame of health and preparation method thereof
CN107557935A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-01-09 中原工学院 Film splits the preparation method of method antibacterial flame-retardant Antistatic radiation-proof fancy complex yarn
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CN109989146B (en) * 2019-03-25 2021-02-02 苏州市华润蒙羊精毛纺有限公司 Special spinning machine

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GB2104113A (en) * 1981-08-20 1983-03-02 Saurer Allma Gmbh Apparatus for the production of fancy yarn
CN1044834A (en) * 1988-12-22 1990-08-22 弹簧实业有限公司 The friction spinning apparatus of cladded yarn and method thereof
CN1263572A (en) * 1998-04-03 2000-08-16 青泽纺织机械有限公司 Method and spinning machine for production of core yarn
CN1372027A (en) * 2002-03-07 2002-10-02 薛元 Method and apparatus for making core-spun yarn of steple-fibre covered filament
CN1718887A (en) * 2005-07-06 2006-01-11 山东岱银纺织集团股份有限公司 Production method of short staple enveloped composite yarn and its device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2104113A (en) * 1981-08-20 1983-03-02 Saurer Allma Gmbh Apparatus for the production of fancy yarn
CN1044834A (en) * 1988-12-22 1990-08-22 弹簧实业有限公司 The friction spinning apparatus of cladded yarn and method thereof
CN1263572A (en) * 1998-04-03 2000-08-16 青泽纺织机械有限公司 Method and spinning machine for production of core yarn
CN1372027A (en) * 2002-03-07 2002-10-02 薛元 Method and apparatus for making core-spun yarn of steple-fibre covered filament
CN1718887A (en) * 2005-07-06 2006-01-11 山东岱银纺织集团股份有限公司 Production method of short staple enveloped composite yarn and its device

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Address after: No.16, Keke Road, Science City, Luogang District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, 510663

Patentee after: Guangdong GuangFang Testing Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No.16, Keke Road, Science City, Luogang District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, 510663

Patentee before: GUANGZHOU TEXTILE INDUSTRY Research Institute

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder