CN102005810A - System and method for vehicle power supply, power source, installation device and power adapter - Google Patents

System and method for vehicle power supply, power source, installation device and power adapter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102005810A
CN102005810A CN2010105748970A CN201010574897A CN102005810A CN 102005810 A CN102005810 A CN 102005810A CN 2010105748970 A CN2010105748970 A CN 2010105748970A CN 201010574897 A CN201010574897 A CN 201010574897A CN 102005810 A CN102005810 A CN 102005810A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power supply
auxilliary
main battery
auxilliary power
vehicle
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Pending
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CN2010105748970A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘卉
郭春林
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刘卉
郭春林
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Application filed by 刘卉, 郭春林 filed Critical 刘卉
Priority to CN2010105748970A priority Critical patent/CN102005810A/en
Priority to CN2010206440360U priority patent/CN202006737U/en
Publication of CN102005810A publication Critical patent/CN102005810A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0046Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to electric energy storage systems, e.g. batteries or capacitors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/30Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power stored mechanically, e.g. in fly-wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/40Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by capacitors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/14Conductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/12Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries responding to state of charge [SoC]
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/18Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules
    • B60L58/20Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules having different nominal voltages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/24Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries for controlling the temperature of batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L8/00Electric propulsion with power supply from forces of nature, e.g. sun or wind
    • B60L8/003Converting light into electric energy, e.g. by using photo-voltaic systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/10DC to DC converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/30AC to DC converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/40DC to AC converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2250/00Driver interactions
    • B60L2250/10Driver interactions by alarm
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

The invention relates to a system and method for vehicle power supply. The system comprises a main battery, an auxiliary power source, an external charging interface, an energy conversion unit, a control unit and a drive unit, wherein the main battery is a storage battery; the external charging interface is connected with the power source to acquire electric energy; the energy conversion unit is respectively connected with the main battery, the auxiliary power source, the drive unit and the external charging interface; and the control unit is used for controlling the main battery, the auxiliary power source, energy conversion unit and the drive unit, thereby realizing energy management and vehicle driving. The invention is characterized in that the auxiliary power source is an infrequently-used component, and is installed in the installation space of the auxiliary power source only when necessary; and when the auxiliary power source is installed, the operation mode of the energy conversion unit comprises at least one of the following: a main battery independent operation mode, an auxiliary power source independent operation mode, and a main battery/auxiliary power source common operation mode.

Description

Vehicle electric power system and method, power supply, erecting device and electric power switching device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vehicle electric power system and method, particularly a kind of electric automobile primary and secondary power electric power system and method for forming by main battery, auxilliary power supply, external charge interface, energy conversion unit, control unit and driver element.The invention still further relates to corresponding power supply, erecting device and electric power switching device.
Background technology
Along with the oil shortage problem is increasingly sharpened and greenhouse effect harm increasing year by year, the energy-conservation and reduction of discharging potentiality of orthodox car can not be satisfied the demand.Electric automobile is low because of efficient height, discharging, can fundamentally reduce dependence to oil, increase the utilization of regenerative resource, reduce the discharging of carbon dioxide and pollutant, obtained paying attention to widely, countries in the world are dropped into a huge sum of money one after another, carry out the electric vehicle engineering research and development, especially aspect the electric power system of core, drive system, carry out big quantity research, obtained considerable progress.
Aspect energy use, pure electronic, hybrid power, fuel cell and plug-in (Plug-in) four kinds of forms have been researched and developed, wherein hybrid power comprise again littlely mix, in mixedly heavily mix three kinds of different blend proportions, have different complete vehicle structures, equipment, performance and efficient separately.On charging modes, propose normal charge, quick charge, three kinds of modes of replacing battery and developed relevant device and service system.On power mode, researched and developed parallel, tandem, three kinds of basic driver structures of series parallel type, and multiple power-saving technology such as feedback braking, idle stop.In addition, also having done a lot of trials aspect the key technology of parts such as electric interfaces, battery module, drive motors and the standardization, some useful achievements have been obtained.
Yet it is pointed out that the electric power system as the electric vehicle engineering core, its versatility, compatibility are still very weak.Though the prior art kind is very abundant; but versatility, compatibility are all not enough; can't support a kind of flexible, low price, widely used new vehicle; so just can not realize the scale application; the cost that its car load production, components supplying, auxiliary facility are built will be very high all, just not have Real Competition power.
To the electric automobile situation very similar be computer realm.Early stage computer compatibility is very poor, each producer all designs a calculating machine according to oneself thinking and standard, and parts each other can't be compatible, and range of choice was little when the user used, autgmentability is low, very inconvenient, and cost an arm and a leg, seriously restricted applying of computer.Afterwards, IBM releases compatible, adopts open bus, roomy cabinet and unified interface, and the manufacturer just can only provide the main frame of basic configuration like this, other parts can obtain from a large amount of compatible merchants there, and the user can dispose various integrated circuit boards, peripheral hardware easily according to own needs.The release of this compatible technique makes the apolegamy of computer parts become very flexible, convenient, and cost reduces greatly, has effectively promoted popularizing of personal computer.
The electric automobile electric power system need solve big capacity energy storage, fill the problem that can, reduce cost etc. fast, and electrokinetic cell is of a great variety, performance is different, update is rapid, need to use for reference the experience in fields such as computer, the overall technical architecture of highly compatible is proposed, improve versatility, compatibility and the convenience of electric power system, satisfy different user needs in all cases, this is the key problem and the great difficult point of electric automobile research and development, also is that can electric vehicle engineering realize the key point that breaks through.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at the demand that exists in the prior art, a kind of vehicle electric power system and method have been proposed, cooperate scientifically and rationally at aspects such as kind, capacity, allocating method, charging modes, driving supply power modes by main battery and auxilliary power supply, plug-in charge mode and auxilliary power supply change cooperatively interacting of power mode, and technology such as auxilliary power supply installing space, erecting device, electric power switching device, auxilliary Power Management Unit, improve the whole versatility and the parts compatibility of electric automobile electric power system comprehensively, satisfy user's various demands better.
The present invention relates to a kind of vehicle electric power system, comprise main battery, auxilliary power supply, the external charge interface, energy conversion unit, control unit and driver element, described main battery is a storage battery, described external charge interface is used for being connected with power supply and obtains electric energy, described energy conversion unit connects main battery respectively, auxilliary power supply, driver element and external charge interface, described control unit control main battery, auxilliary power supply, energy conversion unit and driver element, realize energy management and vehicle traction, it is characterized in that, described auxilliary power supply is non-common parts, and it only is installed in when needs use in the auxilliary power supply installing space; And the operational mode of wherein said energy conversion unit when auxilliary power supply has been installed comprise following one of at least: main battery isolated operation pattern, auxilliary power supply isolated operation pattern and main battery and the common operational mode of auxilliary power supply.
The invention still further relates to a kind of erecting device, it is used for being suitable for the fixedly object of difformity, size and quantity by being connected with fixation, it comprises installing component, described installing component becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, described installing component partly or entirely be used for one or more described fixation to be connected on link be complementary, to realize safe and reliable connection.
The invention still further relates to a kind of electric power switching device, comprise base and the parts that are used for fixing described power supply, described base comprises link, described link becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, be used for being complementary, to realize safe and reliable connection with the part or all of installing component of above-mentioned erecting device.
The invention still further relates to a kind of power supply, it comprises base, and described base comprises link, and described link becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, is used for being complementary with the part or all of installing component of above-mentioned erecting device, to realize safe and reliable connection.
The invention still further relates to a kind of vehicle method of supplying power to, it is powered to vehicle by above-mentioned vehicle electric power system.
By using according to charging system of the present invention and method, can freely select the multi-form power supplier of different capabilities as auxilliary power supply, have high degree of compatibility, and can adapt to the situation that current techniques updates rapidly, have long-range nature.In addition, can be only under the situation of for example long-distance travel etc., just use auxilliary power supply, and the installing space that is used for auxilliary power supply can be used as his in the time that auxilliary power supply is installed at ordinary times, expanded usage space in the car, in the time of not using auxilliary power supply, played the effect that alleviates car weight, energy-conserving and environment-protective simultaneously, and auxilliary power supply not the indispensable parts of vehicle, thereby saved integral vehicle cost, also improved charge efficiency.
Description of drawings
Hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings specific embodiments of the present invention is illustrated in more detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a primary and secondary power electric power system schematic diagram according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is an energy conversion unit structure chart according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 ties up rope fixture schematic diagram according to an embodiment of the invention, shows in auxilliary power supply installing space with the exemplary method of tying up the fixing auxilliary power supply of rope;
Fig. 4 is the base of erecting device and connected auxilliary power supply or switching device according to an embodiment of the invention, shows the position relation between the base of erecting device in auxilliary power supply installing space and connection;
Fig. 5 is the profile according to erecting device of the present invention, wherein shows 4 kinds of different installing components;
Fig. 6 is auxilliary according to an embodiment of the invention electric power switching device schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the profile that the auxilliary electric power switching device shown in Figure 6 of battery is installed, and shows the mode of auxilliary electric power switching device by the fixing auxilliary power supply of bayonet socket;
Fig. 8 shows the schematic diagram of battery being installed having on the erecting device of single installing component; And
Fig. 9 shows the schematic diagram of switching device being installed having on the erecting device of single installing component.
Embodiment
A kind of electric automobile primary and secondary power electric power system disclosed in this invention and method, described system comprise main battery, auxilliary power supply, external charge interface, energy conversion unit, control unit and driver element.Wherein main battery is standing storage battery, satisfies the daily demand of user; Auxilliary power supply is a selectable unit (SU), satisfies long-distance trip of user or emergency requirement, and employing is placed on technology such as auxilliary power supply installing space, normalization electric interfaces and general many specifications jockey, has improved compatibility and has changed the convenience that electricity is got energy; The external charge interface can be connected charging with the power supply of for example electrical network, has improved the convenience that energy is got in daily charging.Preferably, if the performance of capacitor, energy accumulation device for fly wheel, superconducting magnetic energy storage can improve a lot in the future, can satisfy user's daily demand, these power supplys also can be as main power source to replace main battery, and these variations also belong to range of application of the present invention.Generally speaking, these technical measures of the present invention have improved versatility, the compatibility of electric automobile electric power system greatly.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing specific embodiments of the invention are described.
Fig. 1 is a primary and secondary power electric power system schematic diagram according to an embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention proposes a kind of vehicle primary and secondary power electric power system, comprises main battery 6, auxilliary power supply 9, external charge interface 2, energy conversion unit 5, control unit 4 and driver element 1.Wherein external charge interface 2 can be connected with electrical network 3 at any time and obtains electric energy and electric energy is offered energy conversion unit 5; And main battery 6, auxilliary power supply 9, driver element 1 can carry out two-way flow of electrical power with energy conversion unit 5, wherein, is under the situation of non-charge power supply at auxilliary power supply 9, only unidirectionally provides electric energy for energy conversion unit 5; Driver element 1 can drive the corresponding component operation after obtaining electric energy, thereby drives electric automobile during traveling; And 4 pairs of various pieces of control unit are monitored and are managed, and realize the every function that needs.In above-mentioned parts, main battery 6, external charge interface 2, energy conversion unit 5, control unit 4 and driver element 1 are standing parts, constitute the fundamental system that satisfies daily demand; And auxilliary power supply 9 is optional non-common parts, is used for the continuous ability of speeding that provides additional under specific situation.
Described auxilliary power supply 9 is installed in the auxilliary power supply installing space 8 in use, in described auxilliary power supply installing space 8 General Electric's interface 7 can be set.Auxilliary power supply installing space 8 refers to a kind of continuous, regular, larger-size space in the present invention, it can place the auxilliary power supply and the auxiliary equipment thereof of an above Common Shape and size easily, meeting auxilliary power supply places and requires and be convenient to dismantle with maintaining, do not influence passenger's safety and facility, as back in-support carriage space and interior segment space thereof, headstock inner by suitable cloth postpone form than the space in large space, roof luggage compartment, the trailer etc., and narrow and small or awkward chassis, space, compartment generally do not belong to and assist the power supply installing space.After auxilliary power supply installing space 8 is equipped with General Electric's interface 7, satisfactory one or more auxilliary power supply just can be installed easily.
In the present invention, main battery 6 mainly satisfies user's go off daily demand, and general operating range is more stable, distance is little, the charging interval is loose; Satisfy emergent and special trips and auxilliary power supply 9 is main, comprise long-distance trip, forget charging, the needs of situation such as main battery fault, general operating range length or charging interval urgent, the difference of this user demand has determined the technical need that the two is different.
On allocating method, be respectively standing and optional; On power type, main battery 6 should be selected storage battery, and auxilliary power supply 9 can adopt multiple form of power, comprises one or more one or more of storage battery, capacitor, energy accumulation device for fly wheel, superconducting magnetic energy storage, primary cell, fuel cell, conventional fuel generator; Aspect Rated Capacity Choice, main battery during with the daily use of user facility, economy be as the criterion, should some class be set according to the trip total amount of different user colony, in general be advisable in 2-4 days once to charge with travelling, perhaps once charging is travelled 100 kilometers etc., concrete standard can be determined according to the statistical analysis of a large number of users feedback data, and auxilliary power supply should be provided with a series of specifications, and the user can select arbitrarily as required; Aspect charging modes, main battery is mainly electrical network and connects the normal charge mode, and auxilliary power supply often adopts machinery to change electric mode, also can use the normal charge mode in the time when sufficient certainly; Aspect dismounting, main battery is seldom dismounting generally, and auxilliary power supply is then dismantled at any time according to user's needs; Aspect installation, main battery is not because need often dismounting and change, therefore its structure, size, position, dedicated mode that interface can be taked to be complementary with the general structure and the layout of affiliated electric automobile, thereby improve space utilization efficient, satisfy the complete vehicle structure needs, and auxilliary power supply generally is placed in the auxilliary power supply installing space, adopt normalization electric interfaces and general many specifications connected mode, its shape, dimensional configurations are free relatively.
Table 1 clearly show that main battery and the auxilliary power supply contrast situation in many aspects.
Table 1
By cooperatively interacting of above-mentioned main battery, auxilliary power supply, and the cooperation of parts such as external charge interface, primary and secondary power electric power system according to the embodiment of the invention is with good expansibility, compatibility, can satisfy user's different demands very easily, improve convenience, economy, the flexibility of electric automobile.
In addition, also can install and fix and/or the extensible solar panel of upper surface of described auxilliary power supply installing space outside is for the charge in batteries that loaded or be electric vehicle power supply.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of energy conversion unit according to an embodiment of the invention.Wherein, main battery 6, auxilliary power supply 9, external charge interface 2, driver element 1 are connected to dc bus 14 by DC/DC current transformer 12, DC/DC current transformer 13, rectifier 11, DC/AC current transformer 10 respectively, wherein DC/DC current transformer 12, DC/DC current transformer 13, DC/AC current transformer 10 all have two-way current conversion energy, and 11 needs single-phase rectifiers of rectifier ability gets final product.Preferably, rectifier also can adopt reversible convertor, thereby just can be to the electrical network feedback energy, and this also belongs to range of application of the present invention.That such configuration has is powerful, power conversion and managerial ability easily.
The operational mode of described energy conversion unit when auxilliary power supply has been installed comprise following one of at least: main battery isolated operation pattern, auxilliary power supply isolated operation pattern and main battery and the common operational mode of auxilliary power supply.
Described control unit can detect auxilliary power supply status automatically, automatically or/and the operational mode of artificial selection energy conversion unit.
When the electric automobile stopping for charging, the external charge interface becomes direct current by rectifier with the civilian AC rectification that electrical network provides, and is main battery and/or auxilliary power source charges.Preferably, the external charge interface can also comprise the special charging interface, and can connect special-purpose non-vehicle-mounted charge machine is main battery and/or auxilliary power source charges.
Mode for main battery and/or auxilliary power source charges under described main battery and the common operational mode of auxilliary power supply comprises: only charge to main battery, only give auxilliary power source charges, give auxilliary power source charges then for earlier main battery, charge for earlier auxilliary power supply then to main battery, give main battery and auxilliary power source charges simultaneously, alternately to main battery and auxilliary power source charges, alternately to main battery and auxilliary power source charges and discharge, charge to main battery by auxilliary power supply, give one or several combination of auxilliary power source charges by main battery.
Above-mentioned each charging modes can be selected for use according to concrete condition, for example, auxilliary power supply of the interim use of user, using the back wishes to give back as early as possible, just can select the charging modes of electric energy transfer to main battery, energy conversion unit will be assisted the power supply dump energy and be transferred to main battery, if inadequately again by outside electric power network be main battery be charged to be full of till.Under the another kind of situation, the user need continue primary and secondary power simultaneously, just can set successively or the mode of charging for primary and secondary power simultaneously.When not having external power supply, can charge to main battery by auxilliary power supply, its dump energy is transferred in the main battery as far as possible.In addition, for satisfied temperature control needs to adopt alternately charging modes, to prevent to continue the overheated problem of battery that charging causes; For reducing the link that adverse effect that charging causes battery can also add mutual discharge.Obviously, this area professional can expect, according to the needs of battery electrochemical characteristic and management, can set more multi-form charging modes, and these all belong to range of application of the present invention.
When electric automobile during traveling, the mode for the driver element power supply under described main battery and the common operational mode of auxilliary power supply comprises: separately by main battery power supply, independent by a kind of of auxilliary power supply power supply, main battery and the power supply simultaneously of auxilliary power supply, main battery and auxilliary power supply interleaved power, main battery and auxilliary power supply interleaved power and energy storage or combination.
Above-mentioned a plurality of supply power mode can be selected for use according to concrete condition.For example, the user uses an auxilliary power supply temporarily, can select to be powered by auxilliary power supply separately, also can select auxilliary power supply to charge to main battery in power supply, will assist the electric energy transfer of power supply as early as possible in main battery.In fact, main battery, auxilliary power supply have two states that discharge and recharge, and driver element also has driving and brakes two states, can form a plurality of energy supply patterns neatly.
Each unsteady flow module of energy conversion unit shown in Figure 2 only is a kind of schematic diagram, can also be various topological structures in actual applications, this has had very ripe application in fields such as Switching Power Supply, RHVC, chargers, and those skilled in the art can be applied to these concrete topological structures in the corresponding unsteady flow module according to thinking of the present invention.
In addition, in design, described energy conversion unit can also have the overall plan of optimization, for example omit in two DC/DC current transformers, allow main battery and auxilliary power sharing DC/DC current transformer, with rectifier and the shared a part of components and parts of DC/AC current transformer, and sampling biphase rectification device etc.Those skilled in the art can design corresponding powering mode according to the needs of running car to electric energy, and these all should fall into the scope of the invention.
Electric automobile quickens, brakes, shakes through regular meeting in the process of moving, and auxilliary power safety is placed in the auxilliary power supply installing space and also needs suitable fixture, brings danger and adverse effect to avoid its motional collision.Because the auxilliary power supply that electric automobile uses and may use has polytype, its size, structure, shape etc. have nothing in common with each other, in order to improve compatibility, preferably adopt a kind of general many specifications fixture, described general many specifications fixture fixedly the auxilliary power supply of difformity, size and quantity or/and be used for the switching device of auxilliary power supply, the safety of auxilliary power supply when its Structure ﹠ Intensity must guarantee that described electric automobile normally uses.
Fig. 3 ties up rope fixture schematic diagram according to an embodiment of the invention, and it is a kind of of general many specifications fixture of the present invention.Wherein show and in auxilliary power supply installing space 8, use the exemplary methods of tying up rope 15 fixing auxilliary power supplys (for example battery) 16, by this method, the fixing auxilliary power supply of difformity, size and quantity and/or be used for the switching device of auxilliary power supply.As shown in the figure, described auxilliary power supply installing space 8 in position is equipped with and ties up the rope link, dispose or provide tying up of sufficient intensity for oneself by the user and restrict 15 with car, when power supply is assisted in the needs use,, fix with the tying up rope 15 and will assist power supply and tie up of right quantity from two above directions with regard to the safety that has realized auxilliary power supply.
Fig. 4 is erecting device 17 and the auxilliary power supply that connects thereon by installing component 18 or the base 19 of auxilliary electric power switching device according to an embodiment of the invention, wherein installing component 18 becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, described installing component partly or entirely be used for one or more auxilliary power supply to be connected and/or auxilliary electric power switching device on link be complementary, to realize safe and reliable connection.Position relation between the base 19 that erecting device 17 in the auxilliary power supply installing space has been shown among Fig. 4 and has connected thereon.
In the present invention, as mentioned above, the form of assisting power supply is not had specific limited, it can also can have arbitrary shape and size for any power supply generator that can obtain in this area, this advantage also of the present invention just place.Under the situation of battery commonly used, can wait the device self-contained battery by the above-mentioned rope of tying up, also can power supply be installed by auxilliary electric power switching device.Simultaneously, the present invention proposes a kind of specific auxilliary power supply, and it is suitable for being connected according in the auxilliary power supply mounting apparatus of the present invention.Should comprise such base 19 by auxilliary power supply, described base comprises the link (not shown), described link becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, be used for being complementary with the installing component 18 of power supply mounting apparatus, to realize safe and reliable being connected with power supply mounting apparatus, for example mechanical connection.
Wherein, described electric power switching device is used to realize fixedlying connected between auxilliary power supply and the erecting device, the parts that it comprises base 19 and is used for fixing described power supply, and optionally, it also can comprise the parts that are used to be electrically connected power supply mounting apparatus and power supply.Base 19 comprises the link (not shown), and described link becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, is used for being complementary with the installing component 18 of power supply mounting apparatus, with safe and reliable be connected of realization with erecting device, for example mechanical connection.
Mentioned above with certain rule become with spacing arrangement array can for as shown in Figure 4 be arranged in array according to unified line space and unified column pitch, optionally, it also can be other array format, for example parallelogram array, rhombus array etc.
Wherein, link in the base 19 of described auxilliary power supply or auxilliary electric power switching device can have multiple different quantity, position and spacing combination, generally be arranged in the same plane, and corresponding with the position of the part or all of installing component 18 of erecting device 17.
For example, the array of the installing component 18 of described erecting device can be with the pitch arrangement of 20cm * 20cm in one plane, need according to plurality of specifications such as 20cm * 20cm, 20cm * 40cm, 40cm * 20cm corresponding link to be set on the base 19 of stationary device, by these links are connected with corresponding installing component, just can fix this device safely.Like this, when auxilliary power supply installing space is big, can arrange the erecting device of large-size, the device of fixedly various sizes that just can be flexible (auxilliary power supply or auxilliary electric power switching device) can also be laid multiple arrangement simultaneously if allow in the space.
As shown in Figure 4, wherein erecting device adopts the array of the installing component of 20cm * 20cm specification 5 * 5, the base of auxilliary power supply/auxilliary electric power switching device can adopt the corresponding connection parts part of 20cm * 20cm specification 3 * 5, after these links connections, just can fix auxilliary power supply/auxilliary electric power switching device safely.
For installing component, can take the parts of various ways to constitute, it is preferably and is integrated on the base plate, avoids projecting part as far as possible, to reduce cost, does not influence other function of use when not fixing any device on it simultaneously.Erecting device can by insulating material or isolate with battery electricity and make with the metal material that the automobile earth electrode reliably is connected.
Fig. 5 is the profile according to erecting device of the present invention, has wherein schematically illustrated 4 kinds of different installing components.
Wherein the 1st kind of erecting device 20 adopts bolted mode, and the array of screw 25 is set on its base plate 24, and the jockey corresponding with it is made up of the bolt of corresponding layout, and it just can mount and dismount by simple common tool.
The 2nd kind of erecting device 21 adopts the snib ways of connecting, wherein hole clipping 26 and snib 28 have suitable shape, constitute installing component and link respectively, and snib 28 can insert hole clipping 26 easily, turn over certain angle with knob 27 then, just snib 28 is fixed on the hole clipping 26; At the hole clipping lower surface, can dispose shape of threads projection structure, it is more and more tighter to make that snib card when a direction rotation gets, and can also dispose spot-like projections, makes snib can not rotate when rotating to described projection position again.Like this, just can realize by hand connecting and dismounting, make when the user uses very convenient.The A-A ' of upper right quarter, B-B ', C-C ' represent the sectional view of snib correspondence position respectively among this figure.
The 3rd kind of erecting device 22 adopts the connected mode of annulus, and corresponding link adopts the hook with stretching structure, hooks annulus 29 with hook and just object can be fixed on the base plate 24, and this also is a kind of connected mode very easily that can hand disassembly.And annulus can be fallen in base plate 24 surfaces or its surperficial groove when not using, and did not place other article thereby do not influence on base plate.
The 4th kind of erecting device 23 adopts static lines to connect, and it is corresponding to embodiment illustrated in fig. 3, and by rope 30 binding backs just can be realized fixing, this also is a kind of connected mode very easily that can hand disassembly.
Should be noted that, be that example shows several erecting devices among the figure, some accessory structures be can dispose during actual the use and fixedly reliability, ease of use improved, the various in addition interconnection techniques of using in prior art can be used at this, as long as it can realize safe and reliable connection, for example, the connected mode that realize to connect by electromagnetic force etc.These it may occur to persons skilled in the art that substitutes, improvement and variation etc. all should fall into protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of electric power switching device 31 according to an embodiment of the invention, and it is a kind of concrete form of implementation of electric power switching device of the present invention.
As previously mentioned, the auxilliary power supply that electric automobile uses and may use has polytype, and its size, structure, shape etc. have nothing in common with each other, and its fixture has nothing in common with each other.For the battery that will adopt the different fixing device is fixed on the same erecting device, need to adopt switching device.This switching device comprises base and is used for fixing the parts of described power supply that optionally, it can also comprise the parts that are used to be electrically connected power supply mounting apparatus and power supply.Wherein can be with reference to above-mentioned description at Fig. 4 about the description of base, the parts that are used to be electrically connected can be implemented according to this area common technology, at this it are not described in detail.In Fig. 6, the base of switching device 35 adopts 3 * 3 the bolt 32 of 20cm * 40cm to constitute jockeys, to be used to be connected to erecting device.
Simultaneously, the parts that are used for fixing battery that the switching device among Fig. 6 is included comprise bayonet socket device 33 and locking device 34.Wherein, bayonet socket device 33 can be complementary with the corresponding protrusion of described fixation (for example battery), and corresponding protrusion can insert described bayonet socket device 33.Described locking device 34 has elastic construction, and described fixation forces down the back with locking device 34 and inserts bayonet socket device 33, and locking device 34 is upspring under the effect of elastic construction and fixation is locked then.
Fig. 7 is a profile embodiment illustrated in fig. 6, shows the mode of auxilliary electric power switching device by bayonet socket 33 fixing auxilliary power supplys 16.Can see that the protrusion on switching device 31 and the auxilliary power supply is worked in coordination, and has fixed auxilliary power supply well.
Certainly, embodiment shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 just has a kind of switching device of the battery proposition of protrusion at the bottom, in concrete the application, according to the quantity of assisting power supply, fixed structure etc., can constitute the switching device of various ways, thereby select as required to use.
In foregoing of the present invention, described and to have assisted objects such as power supply, switching device and be fixed to instantiation on the erecting device of array format with multirow and multiple row.Yet, the present invention is not limited to this concrete situation, and for the consideration of aspects such as economy, space, the array among the present invention also can be the form of single array or single-row array, and, can also set the installation portion number of packages that comprises in the single or single-row array as the case may be.For example, with reference to figure 8 and Fig. 9, show the specific embodiment of object being installed having on the erecting device of single installing component.
Fig. 8 shows the schematic diagram that battery 16 is installed on the erecting device with single installing component 18.Wherein, promptly can fix a battery by two in the single installing component 18,, the battery of different size can be installed, simultaneously, the battery 16 of different numbers can be installed simultaneously also by selecting the installing component 18 of different distance.Fig. 9 shows the schematic diagram that switching device 31 is installed on the erecting device with single installing component 18.Similarly, by two described installing components 18 switching device can be installed, the switching device of different size can be installed by the installing component 18 of selecting different distance, on corresponding switching device, corresponding battery can be installed again, thereby reach the purpose of the battery that difformity, size and quantity are installed.Only show situation among Fig. 8 and 9, certainly, can set the number of installing component 18 in actual applications as the case may be with 6 installing components 18.And described installing component 18 also can be with the direction setting perpendicular to the orientation in the accompanying drawing, and this depends on the concrete factors such as object that the space are set, will install.
In addition; in order to realize temperature, safety management and protection to auxilliary power supply, can be at described auxilliary power supply, auxilliary electric power switching device or/and auxilliary power supply installing space be installed one of battery management unit, heat abstractor, device for monitoring temperature, safety monitoring device, accident warning device, protective cover or combination.
Wherein said battery management unit comprises that following function one of at least: communicate by letter with auxilliary power supply; Automatically detect type, capacity, quantity, impedance, state-of-charge, the performance state of described auxilliary power supply; Energy to each auxilliary power supply carries out balance; Discharging and recharging of each auxilliary power supply carried out orderly management; And communicate by letter, and accept and carry out its order with the motor vehicle control unit.
The vehicle according to the invention method of supplying power to is undertaken by according to above-mentioned vehicle electric power system vehicle being powered.In the present invention program, the method for vehicle electric energy supplement is comprised following one or more: connect described external charge interface and power supply and charge; Increase new auxilliary power supply at described auxilliary power supply installing space; Existing auxilliary power supply is replaced by new auxilliary power supply; And for using the auxilliary power supply interpolation fuel of fuel.
Though in above detailed description, provided at least one exemplary embodiment, should be understood that to have a large amount of modified examples.Should also be understood that one or more exemplary embodiments only are examples, it never is intended to limit scope, applicability or the configuration of described embodiment.Should be understood that under the situation of scope that does not break away from claims to be set forth and equivalent thereof, can on the function and being provided with of key element carry out various changes.

Claims (15)

1. vehicle electric power system, comprise main battery, auxilliary power supply, external charge interface, energy conversion unit, control unit and driver element, described main battery is a storage battery, described external charge interface is used for being connected with power supply and obtains electric energy, described energy conversion unit connects main battery, auxilliary power supply, driver element and external charge interface respectively, described control unit control main battery, auxilliary power supply, energy conversion unit and driver element are realized energy management and vehicle traction
It is characterized in that described auxilliary power supply is non-common parts, it only is installed in when needs use in the auxilliary power supply installing space; And
The operational mode of wherein said energy conversion unit when auxilliary power supply has been installed comprise following one of at least: main battery isolated operation pattern, auxilliary power supply isolated operation pattern and main battery and the common operational mode of auxilliary power supply.
2. vehicle electric power system according to claim 1, it comprises one or several combination of following charging modes under the situation that auxilliary power supply is installed: only to the main battery charging, only give auxilliary power source charges, earlier give main battery give then auxilliary power source charges, earlier give auxilliary power supply then to the main battery charging, simultaneously give main battery and auxilliary power source charges, alternately give main battery and auxilliary power source charges, by auxilliary power supply to the main battery charging and by main battery to assisting power source charges.
3. vehicle electric power system according to claim 1, it comprises following one or several combination for described driver element power supply under the situation that auxilliary power supply is installed: separately by the main battery power supply, separately by auxilliary power supply power supply, main battery and the power supply simultaneously of auxilliary power supply, main battery and auxilliary power supply interleaved power and main battery and auxilliary power supply interleaved power and energy storage.
4. according to each described vehicle electric power system among the claim 1-3, comprise erecting device in the described auxilliary power supply installing space, described erecting device makes it possible to the fixedly auxilliary power supply of difformity, size and quantity.
5. vehicle electric power system according to claim 4, described erecting device is by the fixing described auxilliary power supply of auxilliary electric power switching device.
6. according to claim 4 or 5 described vehicle electric power systems, wherein, described erecting device comprises installing component, described installing component becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, described installing component partly or entirely be used for one or more described auxilliary power supply to be connected and/or auxilliary electric power switching device on link be complementary, to realize safe and reliable connection.
7. according to each described vehicle electric power system among the claim 1-6, wherein, described auxilliary power supply installing space comprise in back in-support carriage, roof luggage compartment, the trailer or in the headstock continuously, rule, size be than one or more of large space; Described auxilliary power supply installing space is equipped with the electric interfaces that is connected with energy conversion unit.
8. according to each described vehicle electric power system among the claim 1-7, the upper surface of wherein said auxilliary power supply installing space outside is equipped with fixing and/or extensible solar panel, thinks the charge in batteries that is loaded or is electric vehicle power supply.
9. according to each described vehicle electric power system among the claim 1-8, wherein said energy conversion unit comprise following one of at least: the DC/DC current transformer that is connected with main battery, the DC/DC current transformer that is connected with auxilliary power supply, DC/AC current transformer that is connected with driver element and the rectifier that is connected with the external charge interface.
10. according to each described vehicle electric power system among the claim 1-9, wherein described auxilliary power supply, auxilliary electric power switching device and described auxilliary power supply installing space one of at least in one of heat abstractor, device for monitoring temperature, safety monitoring device, accident warning device, protective cover or its combination are installed.
11. according to each described vehicle electric power system among the claim 1-10, wherein in described auxilliary electric power switching device and/or described auxilliary power supply installing space auxilliary Power Management Unit is installed, described auxilliary Power Management Unit comprises the function that at least one is following: communicate by letter with auxilliary power supply; Automatically detect type, capacity, quantity, impedance, state-of-charge, the performance state of described auxilliary power supply; Energy to each auxilliary power supply carries out balance; Discharging and recharging of each auxilliary power supply carried out orderly management; And communicate by letter, and accept and carry out its order with the motor vehicle control unit.
12. erecting device, it is used for being suitable for the fixedly object of difformity, size and quantity by being connected with fixation, it comprises installing component, described installing component becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, described installing component partly or entirely be used for one or more described fixation to be connected on link be complementary, to realize safe and reliable connection.
13. electric power switching device, comprise base and the parts that are used for fixing described power supply, described base comprises link, described link becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, be used for being complementary, to realize safe and reliable connection with the part or all of installing component of erecting device according to claim 12.
14. power supply, it comprises base, and described base comprises link, and described link becomes array with certain rule with spacing arrangement, be used for being complementary, to realize safe and reliable connection with the part or all of installing component of erecting device according to claim 12.
15. a vehicle method of supplying power to, it is by powering to vehicle according to each described vehicle electric power system among the claim 1-11.
CN2010105748970A 2010-11-26 2010-11-26 System and method for vehicle power supply, power source, installation device and power adapter Pending CN102005810A (en)

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