CN102005810A - System and method for vehicle power supply, power source, installation device and power adapter - Google Patents

System and method for vehicle power supply, power source, installation device and power adapter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102005810A
CN102005810A CN 201010574897 CN201010574897A CN102005810A CN 102005810 A CN102005810 A CN 102005810A CN 201010574897 CN201010574897 CN 201010574897 CN 201010574897 A CN201010574897 A CN 201010574897A CN 102005810 A CN102005810 A CN 102005810A
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power supply
auxiliary power
main battery
mounting
auxiliary
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CN 201010574897
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Chinese (zh)
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刘卉
郭春林
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刘卉
郭春林
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration, power consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0046Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to electric energy storage systems, e.g. batteries or capacitors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/002Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using electric power supply other than engine driven generators, electrical or fuel-cells
    • B60L11/005Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using electric power supply other than engine driven generators, electrical or fuel-cells using capacitors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/16Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power stored mechanically, e.g. in flywheel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1809Charging electric vehicles
    • B60L11/1816Charging electric vehicles by conductive energy transfer, e.g. connectors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1851Battery monitoring or controlling; Arrangements of batteries, structures or switching circuits therefore
    • B60L11/1868Controlling two or more batteries with different voltages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L8/00Electric propulsion with power supply from force of nature, e.g. sun, wind
    • B60L8/003Converting light into electric energy, e.g. by using photo-voltaic systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/10DC to DC converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/30AC to DC converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2210/00Converter types
    • B60L2210/40DC to AC converters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2250/00Driver interactions
    • B60L2250/10Driver interactions by alarm
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7022Capacitors, supercapacitors or ultracapacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/7055Controlling vehicles with more than one battery or more than one capacitor
    • Y02T10/7066Controlling vehicles with more than one battery or more than one capacitor the batteries or capacitors being of a different voltage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7077Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors on board the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7083Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors on board the vehicle with the energy being of renewable origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7208Electric power conversion within the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7216DC to DC power conversion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7208Electric power conversion within the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7241DC to AC or AC to DC power conversion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/127Converters or inverters for charging
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

The invention relates to a system and method for vehicle power supply. The system comprises a main battery, an auxiliary power source, an external charging interface, an energy conversion unit, a control unit and a drive unit, wherein the main battery is a storage battery; the external charging interface is connected with the power source to acquire electric energy; the energy conversion unit is respectively connected with the main battery, the auxiliary power source, the drive unit and the external charging interface; and the control unit is used for controlling the main battery, the auxiliary power source, energy conversion unit and the drive unit, thereby realizing energy management and vehicle driving. The invention is characterized in that the auxiliary power source is an infrequently-used component, and is installed in the installation space of the auxiliary power source only when necessary; and when the auxiliary power source is installed, the operation mode of the energy conversion unit comprises at least one of the following: a main battery independent operation mode, an auxiliary power source independent operation mode, and a main battery/auxiliary power source common operation mode.

Description

车辆供电系统和方法、电源、安装装置及电源转接装置 The vehicle power supply system and method, the power supply, power adapter, and mounting means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种车辆供电系统与方法,特别涉及一种由主电池、辅电源、外接充电接口、能量转换单元、控制单元和驱动单元组成的电动汽车主辅电源供电系统与方法。 [0001] A vehicle power supply system and method, and particularly relates to an electric power supply system and method of the present invention, one kind of the primary and secondary auto charged by the main battery and auxiliary power supply, external interfaces, power conversion unit, a control unit and the drive units. 本发明还涉及相应的电源、安装装置及电源转接装置。 The present invention further relates to a corresponding power supply, power adapter, and mounting means.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着石油短缺问题日益加剧和温室效应危害逐年加大,传统汽车的节能和减排潜力已经不能满足需要。 [0002] As oil shortages and increasing greenhouse effect hazards increased year by year, energy-saving and emission reduction potential of conventional cars can not meet the needs. 电动汽车因为效率高、排放低,能够从根本上减少对石油的依赖,增加可再生能源的利用,降低二氧化碳和污染物的排放,得到了广泛的重视,世界各国纷纷投入巨额资金,开展电动汽车技术研发,尤其是在核心的供电系统、驱动系统方面,进行了大量研究,取得了长足的进展。 Electric vehicles because of the high efficiency, low emissions, can radically reduce dependence on oil, increase the use of renewable energy and reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and pollutants, it has been widely appreciated all over the world have invested huge amounts of money to carry out electric car technology research and development, especially in the core of the power supply system, drive system, a lot of research, has made considerable progress.

[0003] 在能源使用方面,研发了纯电动、混合动力、燃料电池以及插电式(Plug-in)四种形式,其中混合动力又包括微混、中混和重混三种不同搭配比例,各自具有不同的整车结构、设备、性能和效率。 [0003] In terms of energy use, research and development of electric, hybrid, and fuel cell electric plug (Plug-in) four forms, which also includes a hybrid micro-mixing, remixing the mixture with three different proportions, each It has a different body structure, device performance and efficiency. 在充电方式上,提出常规充电、快速充电、更换电池三种方式并开发了相应设备和服务体系。 In the charging method is proposed normal charging, fast charging, replace the battery in three ways and the development of appropriate equipment and service system. 在用电方式上,研发了并联式、串联式、混联式三种基本驱动结构, 以及制动回馈、怠速停机等多种节能技术。 On power mode, we developed a parallel tandem, three basic hybrid type drive structure, and a brake feedback, the idle stop, and other energy-saving technologies. 此外,在电气接口、电池模块、驱动电机等部件的关键技术和标准化方面也做了很多尝试,取得了一些有益的成果。 In addition, in terms of technology and standardization of key components of the electrical interface module battery, drive motor, also we made a lot of attempts, made some useful results.

[0004] 然而需要指出的是,作为电动汽车技术核心的供电系统,其通用性、兼容性仍然十分薄弱。 [0004] However, it should be noted that electric vehicle technology as the core of the power supply system, its versatility, compatibility is still very weak. 现有技术虽然种类很丰富,但通用性、兼容性都不够,还不能支撑一种灵活方便、价格便宜、应用广泛的新型车辆,这样就不可能实现规模化应用,其整车生产、零部件供应、配套设施建设的成本都将十分高昂,就没有真正的竞争力。 Although the prior art, the kind of very rich, but versatility, compatibility is not enough, it can not support a flexible and convenient, cheap, widely used in new vehicles, making it impossible to achieve large-scale applications, the vehicle manufacturers, parts supply facilities construction cost will be very high, there is no real competition.

[0005] 与电动汽车情形很相似的是计算机领域。 [0005] electric car situation is very similar to the computer field. 早期的计算机兼容性很差,每个厂家都按照自己的思路和标准来设计计算机,彼此的部件无法兼容,用户使用时选择范围小、扩展性低、十分不方便,而且价格昂贵,严重制约了计算机的推广应用。 Early computer compatibility is poor, every vendor in accordance with their own ideas and standards to design computer components are not compatible with each other, choose a small range of users, scalability, low, very inconvenient, and expensive, severely restricted promote the use of computers. 后来,IBM推出兼容机, 采用开放总线、宽大机箱和统一接口,这样生产商就可以只提供基本配置的主机,其它部件可以从大量兼容商那里获得,用户可以根据自己需要方便地配置各种板卡、外设。 Later, IBM introduced compatible, an open bus, large and uniform interface chassis, so that the manufacturer can provide only the basic configuration of the host, other components may be obtained from a number of business, where compatible, the user may need to easily configure various panels according to their cards and peripheral devices. 这一兼容技术的推出,使得计算机零部件的选配变得十分灵活、方便,成本大大降低,有力地推动了个人计算机的普及。 This is compatible with the introduction of technology, making the optional computer components become very flexible, convenient, cost is greatly reduced, effectively promoted the spread of personal computers.

[0006] 电动汽车供电系统需要解决大容量储能、快速充能、降低成本等问题,而动力电池又种类繁多、性能各异、更新换代迅速,需要借鉴计算机等领域的经验,提出高度兼容的整体技术方案,提高供电系统的通用性、兼容性和便利性,满足不同用户在各种情况下的需要,这是电动汽车研发的核心问题和重大难点,也是电动汽车技术能否实现突破的关键所在。 [0006] power supply system needs to solve large-capacity storage, fast charge and can reduce the cost and other issues, and the battery has a wide range of different properties, the rapid replacement needs to learn from the experience in the field of computers, made highly compatible the key overall technical programs to improve the versatility, compatibility and ease of power supply system to meet the needs of different users in a variety of situations, this is the core issue of research and development of electric vehicles and a major difficulty, but also the electric vehicle technology can achieve breakthrough lies.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明的目的是针对现有技术中存在的上述需求,提出了一种车辆供电系统与方法,通过主电池和辅电源在种类、容量、配备方式、充电方式、驱动供电方式等方面科学合理地配合,插电式充电模式和辅电源换电模式的相互配合,以及辅电源安装空间、安装装置、 电源转接装置、辅电源管理单元等技术,全面提高电动汽车供电系统的整体通用性和部件兼容性,更好地满足用户的各种需求。 [0007] The object of the present invention is directed to the aforementioned needs in the prior art, the proposed method and a vehicle power supply system, power supply by the main battery and a secondary aspect type, capacity, equipped mode, the charging mode, the driving power supply, etc. scientific and rational fitting, plug-in charging mode and a secondary power supply for power mode complement each other, and the auxiliary power source installation space technology, mounting means, power adapter, the auxiliary power management unit and the like, comprehensively improve the overall power supply system of the General and compatibility of components, to better meet the needs of users.

[0008] 本发明涉及一种车辆供电系统,包括主电池、辅电源、外接充电接口、能量转换单元、控制单元和驱动单元,所述主电池为蓄电池,所述外接充电接口用于与电源连接获取电能,所述能量转换单元分别连接主电池、辅电源、驱动单元和外接充电接口,所述控制单元控制主电池、辅电源、能量转换单元和驱动单元,实现能量管理和车辆驱动,其特征在于,所述辅电源为非常用部件,其仅在需要使用时被安装在辅电源安装空间中;以及其中所述能量转换单元在安装了辅电源时的运行模式包括以下至少之一:主电池单独运行模式、辅电源单独运行模式和主电池与辅电源共同运行模式。 [0008] The present invention relates to a vehicle power supply system, including a main battery and auxiliary power supply, external charging port, an energy conversion unit, the control unit and the drive unit, the battery is a primary battery, said external charging interface for connection with a power source obtaining electrical energy, said energy conversion unit are connected to the main battery and auxiliary power supply, drive unit and the external charging interface, the control unit controls the main battery and auxiliary battery, the energy conversion unit and a driving unit for performing energy management and the vehicle drive, characterized in wherein the secondary power source is very member, which only need to use the auxiliary power supply is installed in the installation space; and wherein said energy conversion unit operating mode when the auxiliary power supply comprises mounting at least one of: a main battery alone mode of operation, a separate auxiliary power running mode and the main battery and auxiliary power supply common mode of operation.

[0009] 本发明还涉及一种安装装置,其用于通过与被固定物连接而适于固定不同形状、 尺寸和数量的物体,其包括安装部件,所述安装部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,所述安装部件的部分或全部用于与待连接的一个或多个所述被固定物上的连接部件相匹配,以实现安全可靠的连接。 [0009] The present invention further relates to a mounting device, which is connected by a suitable fixture and fixing of different shapes, sizes and numbers of objects, which includes a mounting member, said mounting member are arranged at a constant spacing and regular array, part or all of the mounting member for one or more matches are to be connected to the connecting member on the fixture, to achieve a secure connection.

[0010] 本发明还涉及一种电源转接装置,包括底座和用于固定所述电源的部件,所述底座包括连接部件,所述连接部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,用于与上述安装装置的部分或全部安装部件相匹配,以实现安全可靠的连接。 [0010] The present invention further relates to a power switching apparatus, comprising a base and means for fixing said power source, said base comprising a connecting member, said connecting member at a constant pitch arranged in an array of rules and, for the above-described part or all of the mounting device matched to the mounting member, in order to achieve safe and reliable connection.

[0011 ] 本发明还涉及一种电源,其包括底座,所述底座包括连接部件,所述连接部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,用于与上述安装装置的部分或全部安装部件相匹配,以实现安全可靠的连接。 [0011] The present invention also relates to a power supply, which includes a base, said base comprising a connecting member, a certain part of the rules and spacing member arranged in an array, the mounting means for the whole of the connecting member is mounted to match, in order to achieve safe and reliable connection.

[0012] 本发明还涉及一种车辆供电方法,其通过上述车辆供电系统对车辆进行供电。 [0012] The present invention further relates to a vehicle power supply method that supplies power to the vehicle via the vehicle power supply system.

[0013] 通过使用根据本发明的充电系统及方法,可以自由选择不同容量不同形式的电源供给装置作为辅电源,具有高度兼容性,并且可以适应当前技术迅速更新换代的局面,具有长远性。 Power supply means [0013] By using the charging system and method of the present invention can be freely selected depending on the capacity of a secondary power source forms, having a high degree of compatibility, and can adapt to the current situation of rapid technological upgrading, with long-term properties. 另外,可以仅仅在例如长途旅行等的情况下才使用辅电源,而用于辅电源的安装空间在平时未安装辅电源的时间可以用作他用,扩充了车内使用空间,同时在不使用辅电源的时间中起到了减轻车重、节能环保的作用,并且,辅电源不是车辆的必备部件,从而节省了整车成本,也提高了充电效率。 In addition, only the case of long-distance travel, for example, in the like before using the secondary power supply, and the installation space for the auxiliary power source may be used as the time he is not usually installed auxiliary power, use of expanded interior space while not in use time plays a secondary power supply reduce vehicle weight, energy saving effect, and the auxiliary power supply is not an essential part of the vehicle, thus saving the cost of the vehicle, but also to improve the charging efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 下文将参照附图对本发明的具体实施方案进行更详细的举例说明,其中: [0014] Hereinafter, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described more in detail with reference to an example, wherein:

[0015] 图1是根据本发明一个实施例的主辅电源供电系统示意图; [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the main and auxiliary power supply system according to one embodiment of the present invention;

[0016] 图2是根据本发明一个实施例的能量转换单元结构图; [0016] FIG. 2 is a configuration diagram of the conversion unit according to an embodiment of the present energy invention;

[0017] 图3是根据本发明一个实施例的绑绳固定装置示意图,示出了在辅电源安装空间中用绑绳固定辅电源的示例方法; [0017] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a fastening means tying embodiment of the present invention, it shows an example of a method of tying a fixed auxiliary power supply in the secondary space by mounting;

[0018] 图4是根据本发明一个实施例的安装装置及与其连接的辅电源或转接装置的底座,示出了在辅电源安装空间中的安装装置和连接的底座之间的位置关系; [0018] FIG. 4 is a mounting device according to an embodiment of the present invention and the base of the auxiliary power supply connected thereto or the switch device, showing the positional relationship between the mounting means and the base in the secondary power supply is connected to the mounting space;

[0019] 图5是根据本发明的安装装置的剖面图,其中示出了4种不同的安装部件; [0019] FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the mounting device according to the present invention, showing four different mounting member;

[0020] 图6是根据本发明一个实施例的辅电源转接装置示意图;[0021] 图7是安装有电池的图6所示的辅电源转接装置的剖面图,示出了辅电源转接装置通过卡口固定辅电源的方式; [0020] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a secondary power switch device according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0021] FIG. 7 is a sectional view of the secondary power adapter device shown in FIG. 6 is mounted with a battery, a secondary power adapter is shown auxiliary power supply apparatus connected through the fixed mount;

[0022] 图8示出了在具有单排安装部件的安装装置上安装电池的示意图;以及 [0022] FIG. 8 shows a schematic diagram of a battery mounted on the mounting means having a single row of mounting member; and

[0023] 图9示出了在具有单排安装部件的安装装置上安装转接装置的示意图。 [0023] FIG. 9 shows a schematic diagram of switching means mounted on the mounting means mounting member having a single row.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0024] 本发明所公开的一种电动汽车主辅电源供电系统与方法,所述系统包括包括主电池、辅电源、外接充电接口、能量转换单元、控制单元和驱动单元。 [0024] An electric vehicle power supply system and the primary and secondary methods disclosed in the present invention, the system comprises comprises a main battery and auxiliary power supply, external charging port, an energy conversion unit, the control unit and the drive unit. 其中主电池为常备的蓄电池,满足用户日常需求;辅电源为可选部件,满足用户长途出行或者应急需要,采用放置在辅电源安装空间、规格化电气接口和通用多规格连接装置等技术,提高了兼容性和换电取能的便利性;外接充电接口可以与例如电网的电源连接充电,提高了日常充电取能的便利性。 Wherein the primary battery is a battery standing, meet the users needs; optional auxiliary power supply means, to meet user needs for emergency or long-distance travel, using the auxiliary power source is placed in the mounting space, and the common electrical interface technology standardized multi-standard connection device or the like, to improve the taking compatibility and convenience for electric energy; external charging interface can be connected to a charging power supply grid, for example, can be taken to improve the usual charging convenience. 优选的,如果将来电容器、飞轮储能装置、超导储能装置的性能能够有很大的提高,可以满足用户的日常需求,这些电源也可以做为主电源以代替主电池,这些变化也属于本发明的应用范围。 Preferably, if in the future performance of the capacitor, a flywheel energy storage device SMES device can be greatly improved to meet the user's daily requirements, which may be done main power supply instead of the main battery, also belong to these changes applications of the present invention. 整体而言,本发明的这些技术措施,大大提高了电动汽车供电系统的通用性、 兼容性。 Overall, these measures present invention, greatly improving the versatility of the electric vehicle power supply system compatibility.

[0025] 下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施例进行描述。 BRIEF specific embodiments of the present invention will be described [0025] below in conjunction.

[0026] 图1是根据本发明一个实施例的主辅电源供电系统示意图。 [0026] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the main and auxiliary power supply system according to one embodiment of the present invention.

[0027] 如图1所示,本发明提出一种车辆主辅电源供电系统,包括主电池6、辅电源9、外接充电接口2、能量转换单元5、控制单元4和驱动单元1。 [0027] As shown in FIG 1, the present invention provides a vehicle main and auxiliary power supply system 6 includes a main battery and auxiliary power supply 9, a plug connector 2, the energy converting unit 5, the control unit 4 and the drive unit 1. 其中外接充电接口2能随时与电网3连接获取电能并将电能提供给能量转换单元5 ;而主电池6、辅电源9、驱动单元1能够与能量转换单元5进行双向电能流动,其中,在辅电源9为非充电电源的情况下,只单向为能量转换单元5提供电能;驱动单元1获取电能后可以驱动相应部件运行,从而驱动电动汽车行驶;而控制单元4对各个部分进行监控和管理,实现需要的各项功能。 Wherein the external charging interface 2 can always draw power from the grid 3 and the power supplied to the power conversion unit 5; 6 and the main battery and auxiliary power supply 9, the drive unit 1 is capable of converting an energy unit 5 bi-directional power flow, wherein the secondary 9 when the power source is non-rechargeable power supply, in one direction only to provide power for the energy conversion unit 5; after obtaining the power drive unit 1 may drive the respective operating member, thereby driving the electric car; the various parts of the control unit 4 monitors and manages to achieve the required functions. 在上述部件中, 主电池6、外接充电接口2、能量转换单元5、控制单元4和驱动单元1为常备部件,构成满足日常需求的基本系统;而辅电源9为可选的非常用部件,用于在特定的情况下提供附加的续驰能力。 In the above-described components, the primary battery 6, a plug connector 2, the energy converting unit 5, the control unit 4 and a standing member of the drive unit 1, the basic system configuration to meet the daily requirements; the auxiliary power supply 9 is used as an optional component, for providing additional in particular cONTINUED Chi capability.

[0028] 所述辅电源9在使用时安装在辅电源安装空间8中,在所述辅电源安装空间8中可设置通用电气接口7。 [0028] When the auxiliary power supply 9 is mounted using the auxiliary power supply 8 in the installation space, the installation space in the auxiliary power supply 8 may be provided in the interface 7 General Electric. 辅电源安装空间8在本发明中指一种连续、规则、尺寸较大的空间, 其能够方便地放置一个以上常见形状和尺寸的辅电源及其附属装置,符合辅电源放置要求并便于拆卸和维护保养、不影响乘客的安全和便利,如后备厢空间及其内的部分空间、车头内部通过适当布置后形成的较大空间、车顶行李厢、拖车内的空间等,而空间狭小或者使用不便的底盘、车厢一般都不属于辅电源安装空间。 8 a continuous, regular, large size space of the auxiliary power supply is installed in the middle space of the present invention, which is more than can be conveniently placed in a common shape and size of the auxiliary power supply and the slave device, it is placed in line with the auxiliary power requirements and easy removal and maintenance maintenance, does not affect passenger safety and convenience, as part of the space and the trunk space, a large space is formed inside the front by a suitable arrangement, a roof compartment, the inner space of the trailer, and the limited space and inconvenient to use or chassis, passenger compartment generally do not belong to the secondary power installation space. 辅电源安装空间8配备通用电气接口7 后,就可以方便的安装符合要求的一个或者多个辅电源。 The auxiliary power supply 8 is provided with a mounting space GE interface 7, it can be easily installed or a plurality of secondary power to meet the requirements.

[0029] 在本发明中,主电池6主要满足用户日常出行需求,一般行驶距离比较稳定、距离不大、充电时间宽松;而辅电源9主要满足应急与特殊出行,包括长途出行、忘记充电、主电池故障等情况的需要,一般行驶距离较长或者充电时间急迫,这种使用需求的不同决定了二者不同的技术需求。 [0029] In the present invention, the primary battery 6 mainly meet the users needs to travel, the travel distance is generally more stable, small distance, the charging time relaxed; the main and auxiliary power supply 9 and a special trip to meet the emergency, including long-distance travel, forget to recharge, case of main battery failure requires the like, generally with a longer distance or urgent charging time, this difference determines the needs of two different technical requirements.

[0030] 在配备方式上,分别为常备和可选;在电源种类上,主电池6应该选择蓄电池,而辅电源9可以采用多种电源形式,包括蓄电池、电容器、飞轮储能装置、超导储能装置、原电池、燃料电池、常规燃料发电机的一种或多种的一个或多个;在额定容量选择方面,主电池以用户日常使用时便利、经济为准,应根据不同用户群体的出行总量设置若干档次,一般来说以一次充电行驶2-4天为宜,或者一次充电行驶100公里等,具体标准可以根据大量用户反馈数据的统计分析来确定,而辅电源应设置一系列规格,用户可以根据需要任意选择;在充电方式方面,主电池主要为电网连接常规充电方式,辅电源经常采用机械换电方式,当然在时间充足时也可以用常规充电方式;在拆卸方面,主电池一般很少拆卸,而辅电源则根据用户需要随时拆卸;在安装方面,主电 [0030] In the embodiment with, respectively, and optionally standing; the power supply type, the primary battery 6 should choose a battery, and the secondary power supply 9 may take a variety of forms, including a battery, a capacitor, a flywheel energy storage device, a superconducting energy storage means, a primary battery, a fuel cell, a generator of a conventional fuel or more of one or more; in the choice of rated capacity, when the main battery to facilitate the user's daily use, subject to economic, according to the different user groups the total amount of travel is provided a plurality of grades, in general, preferably 2-4 days with a charge, a charge 100 km or the like, may be determined according to specific criteria statistical analysis of a large number of user feedback data, and the secondary power supply should be provided with a series specifications, the user may be arbitrarily selected as needed; in a charging mode, the main battery mainly for grid-connected normal charging mode, the auxiliary power source is often used mechanical transducers electrically, of course, when there is sufficient time may be a conventional charging system; disassembly aspect, rarely detached main battery, and the secondary power source is detached at any time according to user needs; the installation, mains 因为不需要经常拆卸与更换,因此其结构、尺寸、位置、接口都可以采取与所属电动汽车的总体结构和布置相匹配的专用方式,从而提高空间利用效率、满足整车结构需要,而辅电源一般放置在辅电源安装空间中,采用规格化电气接口和通用多规格连接方式,其形状、尺寸配置相对自由。 Since no frequent removal and replacement, and therefore its structure, size, location, the interface can take the overall structure and specific manner and belongs to an electric vehicle arranged matches, thereby improving space efficiency, to meet the needs of vehicle structure, and the secondary power supply generally placed secondary power installation space, and general use of the normalized multi-standard electrical interface connection, the shape, size configuration relative freedom.

[0031] 表1清楚地示出了主电池和辅电源在多个方面的对比情况。 [0031] Table 1 clearly shows a comparison of the main battery and the auxiliary power supply of the various aspects.

[0032]表 1[0033] [0032] Table 1 [0033]

Figure CN102005810AD00071

[0034] [0034]

[0035] 通过上述主电池、辅电源的相互配合,以及外接充电接口等部件的配合,根据本发明实施例的主辅电源供电系统具有良好的可扩展性、兼容性,能够很方便的满足用户的不同需求,提高电动汽车的便利性、经济性、灵活性。 [0035] by blending the above components main battery and auxiliary battery with each other, and a plug interface, with good scalability main and auxiliary power supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention, compatibility, users can easily satisfy different needs, improve electric vehicles convenience, economy, flexibility.

[0036] 另外,所述辅电源安装空间外部的上表面还可安装固定的和/或可展开的太阳能电池板,为所装载的蓄电池充电或者为电动车辆供电。 [0036] Further, the secondary external power source mounted on the surface of the space may also be fixed and / or deployable solar panel to charge the battery is loaded or an electric vehicle supply. [0037] 图2是根据本发明一个实施例的能量转换单元的结构示意图。 [0037] FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an energy conversion units to one embodiment of the present invention. 其中,主电池6、辅电源9、外接充电接口2、驱动单元1分别通过DC/DC变流器12、DC/DC变流器13、整流器11、 DC/AC变流器10连接到直流母线14,其中DC/DC变流器12、DC/DC变流器13、DC/AC变流器10均具有双向换流能量,而整流器11只需要单相整流能力即可。 Wherein the primary battery 6, the auxiliary power supply 9, a plug connector 2, the drive unit 1 12, DC / DC converter 13, a rectifier 11, DC / AC converter 10 is connected to the DC bus, respectively, the DC / DC converter 14, wherein the DC / DC converter 12 is, DC / DC converter 13, DC / AC converter 10 has a bi-directional power converter, the rectifier 11 need only the ability to single-phase rectifier. 优选的,整流器也可以采用可逆变流器,从而就可以向电网回馈能量,这也属于本发明的应用范围。 Preferably, the rectifier may be employed reversible flow, so that energy can be reserved to the grid, which also belongs to the scope of application of the present invention. 这样的配置具有强大、方便的能量转换和管理能力。 This configuration has a powerful and convenient energy conversion and management capabilities.

[0038] 所述能量转换单元在安装了辅电源时的运行模式包括以下至少之一:主电池单独运行模式、辅电源单独运行模式和主电池与辅电源共同运行模式。 [0038] The energy conversion unit operating mode when the secondary power supply comprises mounting at least one of: a single mode of operation of the main battery and auxiliary power supply separate mode of operation and a main battery and auxiliary power supply common mode of operation.

[0039] 所述控制单元能够自动检测辅电源状态,自动或/和人工选择能量转换单元的运行模式。 [0039] The control unit can automatically detect the secondary power state, automatic and / or manual selection of the operating mode of energy conversion units.

[0040] 当电动汽车停车充电时,外接充电接口通过整流器将电网提供的民用交流电整流成直流电,为主电池和/或辅电源充电。 [0040] When charging the electric vehicle parking, external charging interface through the rectifier rectifying the AC power supplied civilian into DC power, the main battery and / or charging the secondary power supply. 优选地,外接充电接口还可以包括专用充电接口, 可以连接专用非车载充电机为主电池和/或辅电源充电。 Preferably, the external charging interface may also include a dedicated charging interface can be connected to a dedicated off-board battery charger main and / or auxiliary power supply charging.

[0041] 所述主电池与辅电源共同运行模式下为主电池和/或辅电源充电的方式包括:只给主电池充电、只给辅电源充电、先给主电池然后给辅电源充电、先给辅电源然后给主电池充电、同时给主电池和辅电源充电、交替给主电池和辅电源充电、交替给主电池和辅电源充电和放电、由辅电源给主电池充电、由主电池给辅电源充电的一种或者几种的组合。 The main [0041] the main battery and auxiliary battery power supply common operational mode and / or a way of charging the secondary power supply comprising: charge the main battery only, only to charge the auxiliary power supply, to give the main battery and auxiliary battery is then charged, first to the auxiliary power source and to the main battery, while the main battery and the auxiliary power charging, alternately to the main battery and the auxiliary power charging, alternately to the main battery and the auxiliary power supply charging and discharging, from the auxiliary power source to the main battery, to the main battery or any combination of an auxiliary power supply charging.

[0042] 上述各个充电方式可依据具体情况选用,例如,用户临时使用一个辅电源,使用完后希望尽快归还,就可以选择将电能转移到主电池的充电方式,能量转换单元将辅电源剩余电能转移到主电池,如果不够的话再通过外接电网为主电池充电到充满为止。 [0042] The above-described embodiment may each charging selected case by case basis, for example, a user using a temporary auxiliary power supply, as soon as possible after the return of hope, you can choose to transfer electrical energy to the main battery charging mode, the energy conversion unit and auxiliary battery remaining power transferred to the main battery, if not, then again by the external power grid to charge the main battery full. 另一种情况下,用户需要继续同时主辅电源,就可以设定先后或者同时为主辅电源充电的方式。 In another case, the user needs to continue while the main and auxiliary power supply, can be set at the same time or successively charging the main secondary power supply manner. 在没有外接电源时,可以由辅电源向主电池充电,将其剩余电量尽可能转移到主电池中。 When no external power supply, the auxiliary power source to be charged by the main battery, which is transferred to the main battery remaining power as possible. 另外, 为了满足温度控制需要可以采用交替充电方式,以防止持续充电造成的电池过热的问题; 为减少充电对电池造成的不利影响还可以加入相互放电的环节。 Further, in order to meet the temperature control can be used alternately needs charging, to prevent problems caused by the continuous charging of the battery overheating; to reduce the adverse effects caused by the charging of the battery may also be added to link each discharge. 显然,本领域专业人员可以想到,根据电池电化学特性和管理的需要,可以设定更多形式的充电方式,这些都属于本发明的应用范围。 Obviously, those skilled in the art can be occur, and electrochemical characteristics of the battery required management, charging can be set more forms of embodiment, which belong to the scope of application of the present invention.

[0043] 当电动汽车行驶时,所述主电池与辅电源共同运行模式下为驱动单元供电的方式包括:单独由主电池供电、单独由辅电源供电、主电池和辅电源同时供电、主电池和辅电源交替供电、主电池和辅电源交替供电和储能的一种或者组合。 [0043] When an electric car, the common operating mode of the main battery and auxiliary power to the drive system power supply unit comprises: a single, separate from the power supply by the main battery and auxiliary power supply, while the main battery and the auxiliary power supply, the main battery and a secondary alternating power supply, the main battery and the auxiliary power source, or a combination of alternating power and energy storage.

[0044] 上述多个供电方式可依据具体情况选用。 [0044] The plurality of power supply can be selected case by case basis. 例如,用户临时使用一个辅电源,可以选择单独由辅电源供电,也可以选择辅电源在供电的同时向主电池充电,以尽快将辅电源的电能转移到主电池里。 For example, a secondary power supply using the temporary user may be individually selected by the secondary power supply, may choose to charge the main battery and auxiliary power supply at the same time to transfer the power as soon as the auxiliary power source to the main battery in. 实际上,主电池、辅电源具有充放电两个状态,驱动单元也有驱动和制动两个状态,可以灵活地组成多个供能模式。 In fact, the main battery and auxiliary power supply having two charge-discharge state, the drive unit has two driving and braking state, energizing the flexibility to form a plurality of patterns.

[0045] 图2所示的能量转换单元的各个变流模块仅仅是一种示意图,在实际应用中还可以为多种拓扑结构,这在开关电源、变频调速装置、充电器等领域已经有很成熟的应用,本领域技术人员按照本发明的思路可以将这些具体拓扑结构应用到相应的变流模块中。 Energy shown in [0045] FIG converter 2 converts the respective module unit is merely a schematic view, in practical application may also be a variety of topologies, which are already in the switching power supply, frequency control devices, chargers, and other art very sophisticated applications, those skilled in the art according to the idea of ​​the present invention may be applied to the specific topology of the respective converter module.

[0046] 另外,在设计上,所述能量转换单元还可以具有优化的整体方案,例如省略两个DC/DC变流器中的一个,让主电池和辅电源共用DC/DC变流器,将整流器与DC/AC变流器共用一部分元器件,以及采样双向整流器等。 [0046] Further, in the design, the energy conversion unit may further have an overall optimization of the program, for example, omitting two DC / DC converter is one of the main battery and the auxiliary power source so that a common DC / DC converter, rectifier and DC / AC inverter share a portion of the components, and the sampling bidirectional rectifiers. 本领域技术人员可以根据汽车行驶对电能的需要,设计出相应的供电模式,这些都应落入本发明范围中。 Those skilled in the art may need to power cars, design the appropriate power mode, which should fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0047] 电动汽车在行驶过程中经常会加速、刹车、震动,辅电源安全放置在辅电源安装空间里还需要有适当的固定装置,以避免其移动碰撞带来危险和不利影响。 [0047] Electric cars are often in motion the process will accelerate, brake, shock, auxiliary power auxiliary power supply placed in safe installation space also need to have proper fixtures, in order to avoid collision moving dangerous and adverse effects. 由于电动汽车使用和可能使用的辅电源有多种类型,其大小、结构、形状等各不相同,为了提高兼容性,最好采用一种通用多规格固定装置,所述通用多规格固定装置可以固定不同形状、尺寸和数量的辅电源或/和用于辅电源的转接装置,其结构与强度必须保证所述电动汽车正常使用时辅电源的安全。 Since the use of electric vehicles and the auxiliary power supply may use a variety of types, size, structure, shape and the like are different, in order to improve the compatibility, it is preferable to adopt a common multi-standard fixing means, the fixing means may be universal multi-standard fixing of different shapes, sizes and number of the auxiliary power supply and / or means for switching the auxiliary power supply, which must ensure that the structure and strength of the secondary power supply safe normal use when the electric vehicle.

[0048] 图3是根据本发明一个实施例的绑绳固定装置示意图,其为本发明所述的通用多规格固定装置的一种。 [0048] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a tying fixing means according to an embodiment of the present invention, a universal multi-standard fixture according to the present invention which. 其中示出了在辅电源安装空间8中使用绑绳15固定辅电源(例如电池)16的示例方法,通过该方法,可以固定不同形状、尺寸和数量的辅电源和/或用于辅电源的转接装置。 Wherein the tying 15 illustrates the use of a fixed auxiliary power source (e.g. battery) power supply is installed in the auxiliary space 16. A method of example 8, by this method, it can be fixed in different shapes, sizes and number of secondary power supply and / or for the secondary power supply switching means. 如图所示,所述辅电源安装空间8在适当位置配备绑绳连接部件,随车配置或由用户自备足够强度的绑绳15,当需要使用辅电源时,从两个以上方向用适当数量的绑绳15将辅电源绑好,就实现了辅电源的安全固定。 As shown, the mounting space of the secondary power supply connection 8 with a tying member in position, vehicle owned by the user or configuration sufficient strength tying 15, the auxiliary power supply when required, from two or more directions with appropriate the number of secondary power supply 15 tying tie, to achieve secure attachment of the auxiliary power supply.

[0049] 图4是根据本发明一个实施例的安装装置17及通过安装部件18在其上连接的辅电源或辅电源转接装置的底座19,其中安装部件18以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,所述安装部件的部分或全部用于与待连接的一个或多个辅电源和/或辅电源转接装置上的连接部件相匹配,以实现安全可靠的连接。 [0049] FIG. 4 is an embodiment of a mounting device 17 of the present invention, the mounting member 18 and the base 19 by a secondary or auxiliary power supply switching means connected thereto in which the mounting member 18 at a constant pitch arranged in an array of rules and the portion of the mounting member or one or more auxiliary power supply to be used exclusively for connection and / or connecting member on the secondary power adapter matched to achieve a secure connection. 图4中示出了辅电源安装空间中的安装装置17和在其上连接的底座19之间的位置关系。 FIG 4 shows a positional relationship between the mounting means and the auxiliary power supply 17 installed in the space between the base 19 connected thereto.

[0050] 在本发明中,如上所述,对辅电源的形式没有特定限制,其可以为本领域中可以获得的任何一种电源提供装置,也可以具有任意形状和尺寸,这也正是本发明的优势所在。 [0050] In the present invention, as described above, there is no particular limitation to the form of the auxiliary power supply, which may be any power source can be obtained in the present art to provide apparatus may have any shape and size, which is present advantage of the invention lies. 在常用电池的情况下,可以通过上述的绑绳等装置固定电池,也可以通过辅电源转接装置安装电源。 In the case of conventional batteries, and the like by tying in the above-described battery device is fixed, may be installed by the auxiliary power unit power adapter. 同时,本发明提出一种特定的辅电源,其适于连接在根据本发明的辅电源安装装置中。 Meanwhile, the present invention proposes a specific auxiliary power supply, which is adapted to be connected in the auxiliary power supply mounting apparatus according to the present invention. 该辅电源包括这样的底座19,所述底座包括连接部件(未示出),所述连接部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,用于与电源安装装置的安装部件18相匹配,以实现与电源安装装置的安全可靠的的连接,例如机械连接。 The auxiliary power supply 19 includes a base, said base comprising a connecting member (not shown), the connection member arranged at a constant spacing and regular array, with the mounting member for mounting the power supply apparatus 18 matches, in order to achieve the safety reliable power supply mounting apparatus is connected, for example, mechanical connection.

[0051 ] 其中,所述电源转接装置用于实现辅电源与安装装置之间的固定连接,其包括底座19和用于固定所述电源的部件,可选的,其也可以包括用于电气连接电源安装装置和电源的部件。 [0051] wherein, said power supply switching means for achieving a fixed connection between the power source and the auxiliary mounting apparatus, comprising a base 19 and a fixing member for the power supply, Alternatively, it may also include an electrical and a power supply means connected to the power supply section of the installation. 底座19包括连接部件(未示出),所述连接部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列, 用于与电源安装装置的安装部件18相匹配,以实现与安装装置的安全可靠的连接,例如机械连接。 Base 19 includes a connecting member (not shown), the connection member arranged at a constant spacing and regular array, with the mounting member for mounting the power supply apparatus 18 matches, in order to achieve safe and reliable connection with the mounting means, such as mechanical connection.

[0052] 上文提到的以一定规则和间距排列成阵列可以为如图4中所示的按照统一的行间距和统一的列间距排列成阵列,可选的,其也可以为其它阵列形式,例如平行四边形阵列、菱形阵列等。 [0052] In certain rules mentioned above and arranged in an array pitch of the pitch may be arranged in an array as shown in a column line spacing according to a uniform and consistent in FIG. 4, an alternative, which may be in the form of an array of other , for example, an array of a parallelogram, a diamond arrays.

[0053] 其中,所述辅电源或辅电源转接装置的底座19中的连接部件可以具有多种不同的数量、位置和间距组合,一般布置在同一平面内,并且与安装装置17的部分或全部安装部件18的位置相对应。 [0053] wherein the connecting member of the secondary power source or auxiliary power adapter chassis 19 may have a variety of different number, location, spacing and composition, is generally disposed in the same plane, and a portion 17 with the mounting means or all positions corresponding to the mounting member 18.

[0054] 例如,所述安装装置的安装部件18的阵列可以以20cmX20cm的间距布置在一个平面上,需要固定的装置的底座19上可以按照20cmX20cm、20cmX40cm、40cmX20cm等多种规格设置对应的连接部件,通过将这些连接部件与对应的安装部件相连接,就可以安全固定该装置。 [0054] For example, the array 18 of the mounting means mounting member may be arranged at a pitch 20cmX20cm on a plane, the device needs to be fixed on the base 19 can follow 20cmX20cm, 20cmX40cm, 40cmX20cm other specifications provided corresponding connecting member , by which the connecting member is connected to the corresponding mounting member, the device can be securely fastened. 这样,当辅电源安装空间较大时,可以布置较大尺寸的安装装置,就能够灵活方便的固定各种尺寸的装置(辅电源或辅电源转接装置),如果空间容许还可以同时安放多个装置。 Thus, when the auxiliary power larger installation space, the mounting means may be arranged in a larger size, can be of various sizes flexible fixing means (auxiliary power source or auxiliary power adapter), allowing space may also be placed if multiple simultaneously a means.

[0055] 如图4中所示,其中安装装置采用20cmX20cm规格5X5的安装部件的阵列,辅电源/辅电源转接装置的底座可以采用20CmX20Cm规格3X5的对应连接部件,将这些连接部件连接后,就可以安全固定辅电源/辅电源转接装置。 [0055] As shown in FIG. 4, wherein the mounting means mounting member employed in the specification 20cmX20cm array of 5X5, 3X5 size after 20CmX20Cm corresponding connecting member, the connecting member connecting the base of the secondary power / auxiliary power adapter can be used, a secondary power supply can be securely fastened / secondary power adapter.

[0056] 对于安装部件,可以采取多种形式的部件来构成,其优选为集成在底板上,尽量避免突出部件,以降低成本,同时不影响当其上没有固定任何装置时的其它使用功能。 [0056] respect to the mounting member, the member can take many forms constituted, which is preferably integrated in the floor, to avoid projecting member, to reduce costs, without compromising on when it does not have any means for fixing other functionality. 安装装置可以由绝缘材料或者与电池电隔离的且与汽车接地极可靠连接的金属材料制成。 Made of a metal material and ground of the vehicle mounting means may be separated by an insulating material or with highly reliable battery connection.

[0057] 图5是根据本发明的安装装置的剖面图,其中示意示出了4种不同的安装部件。 [0057] FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the mounting device according to the present invention, which schematically illustrates four different mounting member.

[0058] 其中第1种安装装置20采用螺栓连接的方式,在其底板24上设置螺孔25的阵列, 与其对应的连接装置由相应布置的螺栓组成,其通过简单的常用工具就可以进行安装和拆卸。 [0058] wherein the first type of mounting device 20 by way of screw connections, an array of holes 25 is provided on its bottom plate 24, corresponding thereto by a respective connection means composed of a bolt arrangement which can be installed by a simple common tools and removal.

[0059] 第2种安装装置21采用卡栓连接的方式,其中卡孔26和卡栓28具有适当的形状,分别构成安装部件和连接部件,卡栓28可以方便地插入卡孔26,然后用旋转钮27转过一定角度,就将卡栓28固定在卡孔26上;在卡孔下表面,可以配置螺纹状突起构造,使得卡栓向一个方向旋转时卡得越来越紧,还可以配置点状突起,使得卡栓旋转到所述突起位置时不能够再旋转。 [0059] The second type mounting means 21 by way of a bayonet connection, wherein the locking hole 26 and the latches 28 having a suitable shape, constitute the mounting member and the connecting member, latching 28 can be easily inserted into the engaging hole 26, and then rotation knob 27 is rotated a certain angle, the latches 28 will be fixed to the engaging hole 26; hole in the card surface, threaded protrusion configured may be configured such that the latching card tighter and tighter when rotated in one direction, can also point-like protrusions arranged such that rotation of the bayonet can no longer be rotated to the projecting position. 这样,就可以用手工实现连接和拆卸,使得用户使用时十分方便。 Thus, it can be implemented manually attached and detached, so that the user is very convenient to use. 该图中右上部的A-A'、B-B'、C-C'分别表示卡栓对应位置的截面图。 The upper right portion of FIG. A-A ', B-B', C-C 'sectional view, respectively, showing the position corresponding to the latches.

[0060] 第3种安装装置22采用圆环的连接方式,对应的连接部件采用具有伸缩结构的钩子,用钩子钩住圆环29就可以将物体固定在底板24上,这也是一种可以手工拆卸的很方便的连接方式。 [0060] A third apparatus 22 is mounted using connection ring, the corresponding connecting member has a telescopic structure using a hook, the ring 29 can be fixed to the base body 24 put hooks, which is a manually easily detachable connection. 而且,圆环在不使用时,可以被放倒在底板24表面或者其表面的凹槽内,从而不影响在底板上放置其它物品。 Further, the ring when not in use, may be laid down within the groove 24 or the surface of the floor surface thereof so as not to affect other items placed on the bottom plate.

[0061] 第4种安装装置23采用固定绳连接,其对应于图3所示实施例,通过将绳子30绑定后就可以实现固定,这也是一种可以手工拆卸的很方便的连接方式。 [0061] The fourth mounting means 23 connected to a fixed rope, which corresponds to the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, by binding the rope 30 after fixing can be achieved, which is a connection can be easily disassembled by hand.

[0062] 应该说明的是,图中只是示例示出了几种安装装置,实际使用时可以配置一些附属结构来提高固定可靠性、使用便利性,另外各种在现有技术使用的连接技术都可以在此使用,只要其可以实现安全可靠的连接即可,例如,通过电磁力实现连接的连接方式等。 [0062] It should be noted that only an example shown in FIG several mounting device can be configured a number of subsidiary structures to improve the practical use fixed reliability, ease of use, are connected to various additional prior art technique used it may be used herein, as long as it can achieve safe and reliable connection to, for example, to achieve connection mode and the like by an electromagnetic force. 这些本领域技术人员可以想到的替代、改进和变化等都应落入本发明的保护范围中。 Those skilled in the art can be occur substitutions, and other modifications and variations should fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0063] 图6是根据本发明一个实施例的电源转接装置31的示意图,其为本发明所述的电源转接装置的一种具体实施形式。 [0063] FIG. 6 is a power supply according to the present invention, a schematic view of the embodiment of the adapter device 31, which is a specific form of embodiment of the invention the power adapter of the present apparatus.

[0064] 如前所述,电动汽车使用和可能使用的辅电源有多种类型,其大小、结构、形状等各不相同,其固定装置各不相同。 [0064] As described above, electric vehicles and the auxiliary power supply may use a variety of types, which are different sizes, structures, shapes and the like, which fixing means are different. 为了将采用不同固定装置的电池固定在同一安装装置上, 需要采用转接装置。 In order to use different battery fixing device is fixed to the same mounting means, switching means need. 该转接装置包括底座和用于固定所述电源的部件,可选的是,其还可以包括用于电气连接电源安装装置和电源的部件。 The adapter device comprises a base and means for fixing the power supply, Alternatively, it may further comprise means for electrically connecting the power supply and the mounting means. 其中关于底座的描述可以参考上述针对图4的描述,用于电气连接的部件可以根据本领域常用技术实施,在此对其都不进行详细叙述。 Wherein the description of the base may be described with reference to the above for FIG. 4, the means for electrical connection may be implemented according to conventional techniques in the art, are not described in detail herein them. 在图6中,转接装置的底座35采用20CmX40Cm的3X3的螺栓32构成连接装置,以用于连接到安装装置上。 In FIG. 6, the base of the switching apparatus 35 using a bolt 32 20CmX40Cm 3X3 configuration of the connection means, for connection to the mounting means.

[0065] 同时,图6中的转接装置所包括的用于固定电池的部件包括卡口装置33和锁定装置34。 [0065] Also, in FIG. 6 includes a switching device for fixing the battery means comprises a bayonet locking means 33 and the means 34. 其中,卡口装置33能够与所述被固定物(例如电池)的对应凸出相匹配,对应凸出能够插入所述卡口装置33。 Wherein the bayonet means 33 can be of the fixture (e.g., a battery) matches a corresponding projection, can be inserted into a corresponding projection 33 of the bayonet means. 所述锁定装置34具有弹性结构,所述被固定物将锁定装置34 压低后插入卡口装置33,然后锁定装置34在弹性结构的作用下弹起而将被固定物锁定。 The locking means 34 has an elastic structure, to be fixed to the locking device 34 is inserted into the bayonet means after the depression 33, the locking means 34 and then pops up in the elastic structure and the fixture is locked.

[0066] 图7是图6所示实施例的剖面图,示出了辅电源转接装置通过卡口33固定辅电源16的方式。 [0066] FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the embodiment shown the secondary power adapter is fixed by a bayonet 16 and auxiliary battery 33. 可以看到,转接装置31和辅电源上的凸出互相配合,很好地固定了辅电源。 Can be seen, the adapter 31 and projection means cooperate with each other on the auxiliary power supply, the auxiliary power well fixed.

[0067] 当然,图6和图7中所示实施例只是针对下部具有凸出的电池提出的一种转接装置,在具体应用中,根据辅电源的数量、固定结构等,可以构成多种形式的转接装置,从而根据需要选择使用。 [0067] Of course, the embodiment shown in FIGS. 7 and FIG. 6 except for the lower portion protruding to have a battery adapter device proposed in specific applications, depending on the number of the auxiliary power supply, the fixed structure, can constitute various in the form of switching means so as to be selected according to use.

[0068] 在本发明上述内容中,描述了将辅电源、转接装置等物体固定到具有多行和多列的阵列形式的安装装置上的具体实例。 [0068] In the context of the present invention, the object described specific examples of the auxiliary power supply, switching devices is fixed to the mounting means having a plurality of rows and columns of an array of. 然而,本发明并不局限于该具体情形,出于经济、空间等方面的考虑,本发明中的阵列也可以是单排阵列或单列阵列的形式,并且,还可以根据具体情况设定单排或单列阵列中包括的安装部件数。 However, the present invention is not limited to this particular case, of economic considerations and space, in the present invention may be a single row array in the form of an array or separate arrays, and can also set a single row as the case single array or the number of components included in the installation. 例如,参考图8和图9,示出了在具有单排安装部件的安装装置上安装物体的具体实施例。 For example, with reference to FIGS. 8 and 9, it shows a specific object mounted on the mounting means mounting member having a single row embodiment.

[0069] 图8示出了在具有单排安装部件18的安装装置上安装电池16的示意图。 [0069] FIG. 8 shows a schematic diagram of the battery 16 is mounted on the mounting means having a mounting member 18 in a single row. 其中, 通过单排安装部件18中的两个即可以固定一个电池,通过选择不同距离的安装部件18,可以安装不同尺寸的电池,同时,也可以同时安装不同数目的电池16。 Wherein, i.e. two single row can be fixed by the mounting member 18 in a cell, by choosing different distances of mounting member 18, may be mounted batteries of different sizes, but may be a different number of installed battery 16 simultaneously. 图9示出了在具有单排安装部件18的安装装置上安装转接装置31的示意图。 Figure 9 shows a schematic view of the adapter device 31 is mounted on the mounting means having a mounting member 18 in a single row. 同样地,通过两个所述安装部件18 可以安装一个转接装置,通过选择不同距离的安装部件18可以安装不同尺寸的转接装置, 在相应的转接装置上又可以安装对应的电池,从而达到安装不同形状、尺寸、和数量的电池的目的。 Likewise, an adapter may be mounted by means of the two mounting members 18, by selecting the mounting member 18 may be mounted at different distances adapter device of different sizes, and can be installed in the corresponding cell on the corresponding switching means, so that to achieve the purpose of the installation of different shapes, sizes, and number of cells. 图8和9中仅示出了具有6个安装部件18的情况,当然,在实际应用中可以根据具体情况设定安装部件18的数目。 8 and FIG. 9 shows only a case where mounting member 18 having six, of course, the number of the mounting member 18 may be set depending on the circumstances in practical applications. 并且,所述安装部件18也可以是以垂直于附图中的排列方向的方向设置,这取决于具体的设置空间、将要安装的物体等因素。 And the mounting member 18 may also be based on a direction perpendicular to the arrangement direction in the drawing is provided, depending on the particular installation space of the object to be installed and other factors.

[0070] 另外,为了实现对辅电源的温度、安全管理和保护,可以在所述辅电源、辅电源转接装置或/和辅电源安装空间安装电池管理单元、散热装置、温度监控装置、安全监控装置、故障报警装置、保护罩之一或者组合。 [0070] In order to achieve the temperature of the secondary power supply, security management and protection, switching means and / or secondary power installation space for installing the battery management unit, cooling means, temperature monitoring means, the secondary safety in power, auxiliary power supply monitoring means, failure alarm device, or a combination of one of the protective cover.

[0071] 其中所述电池管理单元包括如下功能至少之一:与辅电源通信;自动检测所述辅电源的类型、容量、数量、阻抗、荷电状态、性能状态;对各个辅电源的能量进行平衡;对各个辅电源的充放电进行有序管理;以及与电动车辆控制单元通信,并接受和执行其命令。 [0071] wherein said battery management unit comprises at least one of the following functions: communication with the auxiliary power; automatically detect the type of the auxiliary power supply, the capacity, the number, the impedance state of charge, the performance state; the energy of each auxiliary power source is balance; for each of the charging and discharging of the secondary power orderly management; and a control unit in communication with the electric vehicle, and to receive and execute its command.

[0072] 根据本发明的车辆供电方法通过根据上述的车辆供电系统对车辆进行供电而进行。 [0072] while the above vehicle power supply system for vehicle according to the vehicle power supply in accordance with the method according to the invention. 在本发明方案中,对车辆补充电能的方法包括下面的一种或多种:连接所述外接充电接口和电源进行充电;在所述辅电源安装空间增加新的辅电源;将已有辅电源更换为新的辅电源;以及为使用燃料的辅电源添加燃料。 In the embodiment of the present invention, a method for a vehicle supplementary electric energy includes one or more of the following: connecting the external power supply for charging, and charging interface; add new secondary power supply installation space in the secondary; the auxiliary power supply has replaced with a new secondary power supply; and adding auxiliary fuel supply of fuel.

[0073] 虽然在以上详细描述中给出了至少一个示例性实施例,但应理解,存在大量变型例。 [0073] While at least one exemplary embodiment described in detail above, it should be understood that there are a large number of modifications. 还应理解,一个或多个示例性实施例仅仅是实例,其决不旨在限制所述实施例的范围、 适用性或配置。 It should also be understood that one or more exemplary embodiments are merely examples, which in no way intended to limit the scope of the described embodiments, applicability, or configuration. 应理解,在不脱离在所附权利要求中所阐述的范围及其等同物的情况下,可在功能上和要素的设置上进行各种改变。 It should be understood, that various changes may be made in the function and setting elements without departing from the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents forth.

Claims (15)

  1. 1. 一种车辆供电系统,包括主电池、辅电源、外接充电接口、能量转换单元、控制单元和驱动单元,所述主电池为蓄电池,所述外接充电接口用于与电源连接获取电能,所述能量转换单元分别连接主电池、辅电源、驱动单元和外接充电接口,所述控制单元控制主电池、辅电源、能量转换单元和驱动单元,实现能量管理和车辆驱动,其特征在于,所述辅电源为非常用部件,其仅在需要使用时被安装在辅电源安装空间中;以及其中所述能量转换单元在安装了辅电源时的运行模式包括以下至少之一:主电池单独运行模式、辅电源单独运行模式和主电池与辅电源共同运行模式。 A vehicle power supply system, including a main battery and auxiliary power supply, external charging port, an energy conversion unit, the control unit and the drive unit, the battery is a primary battery, the charging interface for connecting an external power supply obtaining electrical power, the said energy converting means are connected to the main battery and auxiliary power supply, drive unit and the external charging interface, the control unit controls the main battery and auxiliary battery, the energy conversion unit and a driving unit for performing energy management and the vehicle drive, characterized in that said auxiliary power supply is used for the member, which is mounted only when required for use in the secondary power supply installation space; and wherein the operation mode of the energy conversion unit in the auxiliary power supply comprises at least one mounting: single operation mode of the main battery, separate auxiliary power running mode and the main battery and auxiliary power supply common mode of operation.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的车辆供电系统,其在安装辅电源的情况下包括以下充电方式的一种或者几种的组合:只给主电池充电、只给辅电源充电、先给主电池然后给辅电源充电、先给辅电源然后给主电池充电、同时给主电池和辅电源充电、交替给主电池和辅电源充电、由辅电源给主电池充电、以及由主电池给辅电源充电。 The vehicle power supply system according to claim 1, comprising a secondary power supply in a case where the installation of one or a combination of several of the following charging mode: only to the main battery, only to the auxiliary power supply charging the main battery give and then to charge the auxiliary power supply, and to give the main and auxiliary power supply charging the battery, while the main battery and the auxiliary power supply charging the main battery and the auxiliary alternating power charging from the auxiliary power source to the main battery and the auxiliary power supply from the main battery to charge .
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的车辆供电系统,其在安装辅电源的情况下包括以下为所述驱动单元供电的一种或者几种的组合:单独由主电池供电、单独由辅电源供电、主电池和辅电源同时供电、主电池和辅电源交替供电、以及主电池和辅电源交替供电和储能。 3. The vehicle power supply system according to claim 1, which comprises a case where the auxiliary power source installed below the drive unit as a power supply or a combination of several of: separate from the main battery powered solely by the auxiliary power supply, At the same time the main battery and the auxiliary power supply, the main battery and the auxiliary power supply alternately, and a primary battery and a secondary power storage and supply alternately.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1-3中任一项所述的车辆供电系统,所述辅电源安装空间中包括安装装置,所述安装装置使得能够固定不同形状、尺寸和数量的辅电源。 The vehicle power supply system according to any one of the claims, the secondary power supply comprises a mounting device mounting space, such that the mounting means can be fixed in different shapes, sizes and number of secondary power.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的车辆供电系统,所述安装装置通过辅电源转接装置固定所述辅电源。 The vehicle power supply system according to claim 4, fixed to the secondary power supply apparatus through the secondary power adapter to the mounting apparatus.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4或5所述的车辆供电系统,其中,所述安装装置包括安装部件,所述安装部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,所述安装部件的部分或全部用于与待连接的一个或多个所述辅电源和/或辅电源转接装置上的连接部件相匹配,以实现安全可靠的连接。 6. The vehicle power supply system according to claim 4 or claim 5, wherein said mounting means comprises a mounting member, a certain part of the rules and spacing member arranged in an array, the mounting of the mounting member to be used for all or one or more of the secondary power supply connection and / or connecting member on the secondary power adapter matched to achieve a secure connection.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1-6中任一项所述的车辆供电系统,其中,所述辅电源安装空间包括后备厢、车顶行李厢、拖车内或者车头内连续、规则、尺寸较大空间的一种或多种;所述辅电源安装空间配备有与能量转换单元连接的电气接口。 The vehicle power supply system as claimed in claims 1-6, wherein the secondary power supply comprises a mounting space of the trunk, roof luggage compartment, the front of the trailer or the continuous, regular, large size space one or more; the secondary power source installation space is equipped with an electrical interface unit connected to the energy conversion.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1-7中任一项所述的车辆供电系统,其中所述辅电源安装空间外部的上表面安装有固定的和/或可展开的太阳能电池板,以为所装载的蓄电池充电或者为电动车辆供电。 The vehicle power supply system as claimed in any one of claims 1-7, wherein the upper surface of the outer space of the secondary power supply is attached to a fixed mounting and / or deployable solar panel, that the loaded battery charge or to power electric vehicles.
  9. 9.根据权利要求1-8中任一项所述的车辆供电系统,其中所述能量转换单元包括以下至少之一:与主电池连接的DC/DC变流器、与辅电源连接的DC/DC变流器、与驱动单元连接的DC/AC变流器和与外接充电接口连接的整流器。 9. The vehicle power supply system as claimed in claim any one of claims 1-8, wherein the energy conversion unit comprises at least one of the following: DC connected to the main battery / DC converter, DC-connected to the secondary power source / DC converter is connected with the drive unit of the DC / AC converter and a rectifier connected to the external charging interfaces.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1-9中任一项所述的车辆供电系统,其中在所述辅电源、辅电源转接装置和所述辅电源安装空间的至少之一中安装有散热装置、温度监控装置、安全监控装置、 故障报警装置、保护罩之一或者其组合。 1-9 vehicle power supply system as claimed in any of claims, wherein the at least one mounted in the secondary power supply, power adapter, and said auxiliary secondary power installation space with a heat sink, temperature monitoring one of the cover means, the safety monitoring device, a failure alarm, protection or combinations thereof.
  11. 11.根据权利要求1-10中任一项所述的车辆供电系统,其中在所述辅电源转接装置和/或所述辅电源安装空间中安装有辅电源管理单元,所述辅电源管理单元包括至少一个如下的功能:与辅电源通信;自动检测所述辅电源的类型、容量、数量、阻抗、荷电状态、性能状态;对各个辅电源的能量进行平衡;对各个辅电源的充放电进行有序管理;以及与电动车辆控制单元通信,并接受和执行其命令。 11. The vehicle power supply system as claimed in claim any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the secondary power adapter and / or the secondary power supply is installed in the installation space auxiliary power management unit, power management in the secondary at least one unit comprises the following functions: communication with the auxiliary power; automatically detect the type of the secondary power supply, the capacity, the number, the impedance state of charge, the performance state; energy balance of each of the secondary power supply; charge each auxiliary power source discharging orderly management; and a control unit in communication with the electric vehicle, and to receive and execute its command.
  12. 12. 一种安装装置,其用于通过与被固定物连接而适于固定不同形状、尺寸和数量的物体,其包括安装部件,所述安装部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,所述安装部件的部分或全部用于与待连接的一个或多个所述被固定物上的连接部件相匹配,以实现安全可靠的连接。 12. A mounting device for spacing by certain rules and arranged in an array, the mounting fixture and adapted to be connected with fixed different shapes, sizes and numbers of objects, which includes a mounting member, said mounting member some parts or all of the one or more matches are to be connected to the connecting member on the fixture, to achieve a secure connection.
  13. 13. 一种电源转接装置,包括底座和用于固定所述电源的部件,所述底座包括连接部件,所述连接部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,用于与根据权利要求12所述的安装装置的部分或全部安装部件相匹配,以实现安全可靠的连接。 A switching power supply apparatus, comprising a base and means for fixing said power source, said base comprising a connecting member, said connecting member at a constant pitch arranged in an array of rules and, according to claim 12 with portion or all of the mounting device matched to the mounting member, in order to achieve safe and reliable connection.
  14. 14. 一种电源,其包括底座,所述底座包括连接部件,所述连接部件以一定规则和间距排列成阵列,用于与根据权利要求12所述的安装装置的部分或全部安装部件相匹配,以实现安全可靠的连接。 14. A power supply, comprising a base, said base comprising a connecting member, said connecting member at a constant pitch arranged in an array of rules and, for a partial match with the mounting device 12 or all of the mounting member as claimed in claim in order to achieve safe and reliable connection.
  15. 15. 一种车辆供电方法,其通过根据权利要求1-11中任一项所述的车辆供电系统对车辆进行供电。 A power supply method for a vehicle, the vehicle powered by the vehicle power supply system according to any one of 1-11 claims.
CN 201010574897 2010-11-26 2010-11-26 System and method for vehicle power supply, power source, installation device and power adapter CN102005810A (en)

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