CN102002923B - Vehicle-mounted snow removal mechanism - Google Patents

Vehicle-mounted snow removal mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102002923B
CN102002923B CN2010105856759A CN201010585675A CN102002923B CN 102002923 B CN102002923 B CN 102002923B CN 2010105856759 A CN2010105856759 A CN 2010105856759A CN 201010585675 A CN201010585675 A CN 201010585675A CN 102002923 B CN102002923 B CN 102002923B
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China
Prior art keywords
scraper bowl
links
small
besom
dipper
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010105856759A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102002923A (en
Inventor
鲁国庆
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鲁国庆
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Priority to CN2010105856759A priority Critical patent/CN102002923B/en
Publication of CN102002923A publication Critical patent/CN102002923A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102002923B publication Critical patent/CN102002923B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a vehicle-mounted snow removal mechanism. Piston rods of two hydraulic cylinders of the vehicle-mounted snow removal mechanism are hinged with a main arm of a dipper frame, and the lower part of the main arm is connected with a dipper. A frame axle in two axle holes of the main arm is provided with a pair of assistant arms of the dipper frame, and the lower ends of the assistant arms are connected with the dipper. One end of a screw axle is arranged in an end plate on one side of the dipper, and the end plate is connected with a motor outside the end plate; an end plate on the other side of the dipper is provided with a bearing pedestal supported by a spoke, and the other end of the screw axle is embedded in a rolling bearing; the top of the axle end is connected with one end of a cardan, and the other end of the cardan is connected with a small screw axle; the outer surfaces of the screw axle and the small screw are both provided with helical plates; a snow guidance path is arranged outside the small screw facing to the side surface; and the bearing pedestal arranged in the upper end of the snow guidance path is provided with the other end of the small screw axle. The two end plates of the dipper are respectively provided with broom arms and a small hydraulic cylinder, a broom spindle passes through a roller-type broom roller, one end of the broom spindle is connected with a small motor, and the wall of the roller is provided with a rolling broom. The invention has the advantage of high snow removal efficiency.

Description

Vehicle-mounted snow removing mechanism
Technical field the present invention relates to a kind of snow removing machinery.
Background technology is snowed and is caused very big difficulty to people's trip along with the Northern Hemisphere arrival in winter.In order to remove the accumulated snow of road and airfield runway, even also being still, more advanced country adopt bulldozer to clear the snow, when snow is shifted certain altitude onto, need other vehicles to cooperate, snow is transported, just can work on then.Its weak point is: 1, discontinuous operation, efficient are low; 2, bulldozer scraper bowl its base plate of when work need paste ground, can not make the impaired minimizing of bulldozer hydraulic part application life at ordinary times like road.
Summary of the invention the object of the present invention is to provide does not a kind ofly need other mechanical engagement, can work continuously, the vehicle-mounted snow removing mechanism of long service life.The present invention is provided with snow removing mechanism on car body.This car body is loader, bulldozer or the forklift that has scraper bowl, its can be caterpillar also can be that rubber is wheeled.Snow removing mechanism mainly includes: dipper frame, scraper bowl, screw rod, roll-type besom, snow guide channel and trundle.Wherein, its tailpiece of the piston rod top of two hydraulic cylinders that is located on the car body is hinged with dipper frame principal arm middle part.Preferably the tailpiece of the piston rod top links to each other through buffer gear with the dipper frame principal arm, and this buffer gear has a connector, and it links to each other with an end of minor axis, and the minor axis that this outside is with spring places in the slotted eye on tailpiece of the piston rod top.Above-mentioned dipper frame principal arm is two, and its underpart links to each other with the scraper bowl rear lower, and axis hole is established on top, and the support shaft that is located in two axis holes also passes the journal stirrup that is located on the car body, and this support shaft is the fulcrum that scraper bowl goes up and down.Above-mentioned support shaft also links to each other with the upper end of the auxilliary arm of a pair of dipper frame, and the lower end of this auxilliary arm links to each other with the scraper bowl upper back.The main and auxiliary arm of above-mentioned dipper frame can be controlled the duty of scraper bowl.Scraper bowl of the present invention is basic the same with the scraper bowl shape of loader or bulldozer, can adjust size as required.End plate is established at the scraper bowl two ends, and the end plate of one of which side is established small through hole, establishes bearing support in the hole, is provided with rolling bearing in the bearing support again, is provided with an end of screw shaft in this rolling bearing, and it links to each other with the outer motor of this side end panel.Scraper bowl opposite side end plate is provided with the coupled 2-4 root spoke other end of large through-hole and links to each other with a bearing support together, and preferably the spoke cross section assumes diamond in shape, and the water chestnut point is towards the snow traffic direction.Establish rolling bearing in the above-mentioned bearing support, this rolling bearing is built-in with the other end of screw shaft, and this axle head top of passing end plate links to each other with universal joint one end, and this universal joint other end links to each other with the small screw axle.Above-mentioned screw shaft and small screw axle external surface are equipped with spiral plate, are screw rod and small screw.Should be towards the side to be provided with the barrel-type casing that they are covered in it be snow guide channel the small screw outside of (or side top).This snow guide channel lower end links to each other with large through-hole on the scraper bowl end plate; The snow guide channel upper end is a free end, in this free end, is provided with coupled 2-4 root spoke, and the other end of these spokes is with linking to each other with a bearing support; Preferably the spoke cross section assumes diamond in shape, and the water chestnut point is towards the snow traffic direction.Establish rolling bearing in this bearing support, this rolling bearing is built-in with the other end of small screw axle.On the two end plates of scraper bowl, be respectively equipped with two besom arms again, the one of which end is hinged on the middle part of scraper bowl end plate opening, and the other end links to each other with the besom rotating shaft.At the fixing small cylinder of end plate upper opening portion, its tailpiece of the piston rod top is hinged with above-mentioned besom arm middle part in addition.Best, link to each other through buffer gear, this buffer gear has a connector, and it links to each other with an end of minor axis, and the minor axis that this outside is with spring places in the slotted eye on tailpiece of the piston rod top.Set bearing support and the rolling bearing in drum-type besom cylinder both sides passed in above-mentioned besom rotating shaft, and an end links to each other with small machine on being located at the besom arm.It is coupled to establish an end on the cylinder wall, and the other end is free-ended silk or bar with certain rigidity, constitutes the roll-type besom.Preferably be provided with axial boss discontinuously on the roller wall, it can be crushed thin ice, by besom it is swept in the scraper bowl then.Scraper bowl base plate opening is established movable batten, and the two ends at its rear portion are hinged through connector and scraper bowl two end plates, and its anterior two ends are fixed with an end of spring, and the spring other end is fixed on the scraper bowl two end plates.Respectively establish a trundle on the hinge axis outside above-mentioned end plate.
When removing thick snow, scraper bowl is put down its base plate rear portion built on stilts; The trundle of front supports scraper bowl; And the movable batten of base plate front end is downward-sloping under spring action, the end limit can be attached on the road surface, with the snow cave shovel on it in scraper bowl; Screw rod in the scraper bowl snows the side of shifting onto in the scraper bowl in motor drives, shifts snow onto roadside by the small screw in the snow guide channel again.When Uneven road, movable batten is understood the height on adjusting automatically and ground and is avoided little obstruction.After position of bucket was reserved, hydraulic cylinder piston kept this position motionless basically, and when running into little obstacle, flexible without piston rod, the buffer gear that is located on the hydraulic cylinder piston rod can be finely tuned piston rod length automatically.When removing Bao Xueshi; Not only will scraper bowl be put down, also will put down the roll-type besom simultaneously, it can sweep into the snow on road surface in the scraper bowl on the one hand; Be discharged to the roadside via snow guide channel then; Boss on the roller wall also can be crushed thin ice on the other hand, by the besom on the roller ice cube is swept into scraper bowl again, together removes with snow.
The present invention compared with prior art has following advantage:
1, snow removing efficient is high, does not need other mechanical engagement, directly snow is delivered to the roadside while walking; Snow removing is once thoroughly accomplished in limit operation, limit cleaning; Operating speed is fast, uninterruptedly operation.
2, all establish flexible connection mechanism at flimsy position, can not only avoid the equipment damage caused because of impacting, and can also reduce hydraulic system frequent starting at low temperatures, prolong the application life of equipment.
3, applied widely, slight snow, heavy snow can not only be removed, and thin ice can also be removed.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that simplified schematic diagram is cutd open by the main office of looking of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to view.
Fig. 3 is that the B of Fig. 1 is to view.
Fig. 4 is that simplified schematic diagram is amplified in roller of the present invention cross section.
Fig. 5 is that simplified schematic diagram is amplified in the part of I among Fig. 2.
The specific embodiment is in the simplified schematic diagram of Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3 vehicle-mounted snow removing mechanism; Car body is the loader that has scraper bowl; Two hydraulic cylinders, 2 its tailpiece of the piston rod tops that are located on the car body 1 are hinged through buffer gear with dipper frame principal arm 3 middle parts; This buffer gear has a connector 4, and it links to each other with an end of minor axis 5, and the minor axis that this outside is with spring 6 places in the slotted eye on tailpiece of the piston rod top.Above-mentioned dipper frame principal arm is two, and its underpart links to each other with scraper bowl 7 rear lowers, and axis hole is established on top, and the support shaft 8 that is located in two axis holes also passes the journal stirrup that is located on the car body.Above-mentioned support shaft also links to each other with the upper end of the auxilliary arm 9 of a pair of dipper frame, and the lower end of this auxilliary arm links to each other with the scraper bowl upper back.End plate is established at scraper bowl of the present invention two ends, and the end plate 10 of one of which side is established small through hole, establishes bearing support in the hole, is provided with rolling bearing in the bearing support again, is provided with an end of screw shaft 11 in this rolling bearing, and it links to each other with the outer motor 12 of this side end panel.Scraper bowl opposite side end plate 13 is provided with 2 coupled spoke 14 other ends of large through-hole with linking to each other with a bearing support 15, and the spoke cross section assumes diamond in shape, and the water chestnut point is towards avenging traffic direction.Establish rolling bearing in the above-mentioned bearing support, this rolling bearing is built-in with the other end of screw shaft, and this axle head top of passing end plate links to each other with universal joint 16 1 ends, and this universal joint other end links to each other with small screw axle 17.Above-mentioned screw shaft and small screw axle external surface are equipped with spiral plate 18,19, are screw rod and small screw.Should be provided with the barrel-type casing that they are covered in it towards the small screw outside of side top is snow guide channel 20.This snow guide channel lower end links to each other with large through-hole on the scraper bowl end plate; The snow guide channel upper end is a free end, in this free end, is provided with 2 coupled spokes 21, and the other end of these spokes is with linking to each other with a bearing support 22; And the spoke cross section assumes diamond in shape, and the water chestnut point is towards the snow traffic direction.Establish rolling bearing in this bearing support, this rolling bearing is built-in with the other end of small screw axle.On the two end plates of scraper bowl, be respectively equipped with two besom arms 23 again, the one of which end is hinged on the middle part of scraper bowl end plate opening, and the other end links to each other with the besom rotating shaft.At the fixing small cylinder 24 of end plate upper opening portion, its tailpiece of the piston rod top is hinged through buffer gear and above-mentioned besom arm middle part in addition.This buffer gear has a connector, and it links to each other with an end of minor axis, and the minor axis that this outside is with spring places in the slotted eye on tailpiece of the piston rod top.Set bearing support and the rolling bearing in drum-type besom cylinder 25 both sides passed in above-mentioned besom rotating shaft, and an end links to each other with small machine 26 on being located at the besom arm.It is coupled to establish an end on the cylinder wall, and the other end is free-ended nylon yarn or formation roll-type besom 27, and also is provided with axial boss 28 on the roller wall discontinuously, as shown in Figure 4.Scraper bowl base plate opening is established movable batten 29, and the two ends at its rear portion are hinged through connector and scraper bowl two end plates, and its anterior two ends are fixed with an end of spring 30, and the spring other end is fixed on the scraper bowl two end plates.Respectively establish a trundle 31 on the hinge axis outside above-mentioned end plate, as shown in Figure 5.

Claims (2)

1. vehicle-mounted snow removing mechanism, it is characterized in that: this tailpiece of the piston rod top that is located at its two hydraulic cylinder of snow removing mechanism on the car body is hinged through buffer gear with dipper frame principal arm middle part, and above-mentioned dipper frame principal arm is two; Its underpart links to each other with the scraper bowl rear lower, and axis hole is established on top, and the support shaft that is located in two axis holes also passes the journal stirrup that is located on the car body; Above-mentioned support shaft also links to each other with the upper end of the auxilliary arm of a pair of dipper frame, and the lower end of this auxilliary arm links to each other with the scraper bowl upper back, and end plate is established at the scraper bowl two ends; The end plate of one of which side is established small through hole, establishes bearing support in the hole, is provided with rolling bearing in the bearing support again; Be provided with an end of screw shaft in this rolling bearing, it links to each other with the outer motor of this side end panel, and scraper bowl opposite side end plate is provided with a large through-hole; The coupled 2-4 root spoke other end is established rolling bearing with linking to each other with a bearing support in the above-mentioned bearing support, and this rolling bearing is built-in with the other end of screw shaft; This screw rod axle head top of passing end plate links to each other with universal joint one end, and this universal joint other end links to each other with the small screw axle, and above-mentioned screw shaft and small screw axle external surface are equipped with spiral plate; Be screw rod and small screw, should be provided with the barrel-type casing that they are covered in it towards the small screw of side outside is snow guide channel, and this snow guide channel lower end links to each other with large through-hole on the scraper bowl end plate; The snow guide channel upper end is a free end, in this free end, is provided with coupled 2-4 root spoke, and the other end of these spokes is with linking to each other with a bearing support; Establish rolling bearing in this bearing support, this rolling bearing is built-in with the other end of small screw axle, on the two end plates of scraper bowl, is respectively equipped with two besom arms again; The one of which end is hinged on the middle part of scraper bowl end plate opening, and the other end links to each other with the besom rotating shaft, in addition at the fixing small cylinder of end plate upper opening portion; Its tailpiece of the piston rod top is hinged with above-mentioned besom arm middle part; Set bearing support and the rolling bearing in drum-type besom cylinder both sides passed in above-mentioned besom rotating shaft, and an end links to each other with small machine on being located at the besom arm, establishes the roll-type besom on the cylinder wall.
2. vehicle-mounted snow removing according to claim 1 mechanism; It is characterized in that: scraper bowl base plate opening is established movable batten; The two ends at its rear portion are hinged through connector and scraper bowl two end plates; Its anterior two ends are fixed with an end of spring, and the spring other end is fixed on the scraper bowl two end plates, respectively establish a trundle on the hinge axis outside above-mentioned end plate.
CN2010105856759A 2010-12-11 2010-12-11 Vehicle-mounted snow removal mechanism Expired - Fee Related CN102002923B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105856759A CN102002923B (en) 2010-12-11 2010-12-11 Vehicle-mounted snow removal mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105856759A CN102002923B (en) 2010-12-11 2010-12-11 Vehicle-mounted snow removal mechanism

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CN102002923A CN102002923A (en) 2011-04-06
CN102002923B true CN102002923B (en) 2012-08-15

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106245570A (en) * 2016-08-07 2016-12-21 桐城市神墩环卫保洁有限公司 A kind of environmental sanitation snow sweeper
CN112982270A (en) * 2021-03-23 2021-06-18 深圳市嘉能达贸易有限公司 Device that opens ice in overpass drainage pipe
CN113832900A (en) * 2021-10-20 2021-12-24 无锡工艺职业技术学院 Automatic accumulated snow cleaning equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2427553Y (en) * 2000-06-21 2001-04-25 郑州郑工机械集团有限责任公司 Snow removing equipment combined with loading vehicle
CN2846489Y (en) * 2005-11-24 2006-12-13 李维仁 Snow remover
CN201010877Y (en) * 2007-03-29 2008-01-23 刘佩服 High-efficiency energy-saving snow removing machine
CN201526027U (en) * 2009-10-18 2010-07-14 王昊杰 Combined snow cleaning tail machine
CN201933453U (en) * 2010-12-11 2011-08-17 鲁国庆 Vehicle-mounted snow removing mechanism

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007107296A (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-26 Kobelco Contstruction Machinery Ltd Mounting member of working device and operation machine equipped therewith

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2427553Y (en) * 2000-06-21 2001-04-25 郑州郑工机械集团有限责任公司 Snow removing equipment combined with loading vehicle
CN2846489Y (en) * 2005-11-24 2006-12-13 李维仁 Snow remover
CN201010877Y (en) * 2007-03-29 2008-01-23 刘佩服 High-efficiency energy-saving snow removing machine
CN201526027U (en) * 2009-10-18 2010-07-14 王昊杰 Combined snow cleaning tail machine
CN201933453U (en) * 2010-12-11 2011-08-17 鲁国庆 Vehicle-mounted snow removing mechanism

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP特开2007-107296A 2007.04.26

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Granted publication date: 20120815

Termination date: 20121211