CN102001866A - Manufacturing method of ceramic imitating concavo-convex reticulation of sesame stone - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of ceramic imitating concavo-convex reticulation of sesame stone Download PDF

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CN102001866A
CN102001866A CN 201010590233 CN201010590233A CN102001866A CN 102001866 A CN102001866 A CN 102001866A CN 201010590233 CN201010590233 CN 201010590233 CN 201010590233 A CN201010590233 A CN 201010590233A CN 102001866 A CN102001866 A CN 102001866A
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glaze
oxide
glaze slip
color base
concavo
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CN102001866B (en
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陈树波
陈佩娟
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陈佩娟
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Abstract

The invention discloses a manufacturing method of ceramic imitating the concavo-convex reticulation of sesame stone due to the furnace transmutation of a glaze layer in the firing process. The method comprises the steps of: preparing first glaze slurry containing tin dioxide, zirconium dioxide, nickel oxide and cobalt oxide, second glaze slurry containing cobalt oxide, nickel oxide, chromic oxide, ferric oxide and manganese dioxide, third glaze slurry containing tin dioxide, zirconium dioxide, nickel oxide and antimony oxide, and fourth glaze slurry containing diboron trioxide, calcium oxide, strontium oxide and zinc oxide; and orderly applying the first glaze slurry, the second glaze slurry, the third glaze slurry and the fourth glaze slurry on a ceramic body. After the firing, the glaze layer of the ceramic product has furnace transmutation and concavo-convex reticulations appear on the surface of the glaze layer; the concave parts are like scales in which color spots in grayish black and white and the like appear, and the depth and the distribution of the color spots are similar to the sesame stone and appearance visual effect of the sesame stone is provided; and the convex parts are white striped color spots among the scales and mutually connected to form reticulations.

Description

The manufacture method of the concavo-convex reticulate pattern pottery of a kind of imitative sesame stone
Technical field
The present invention relates to the manufacture method of pottery, relate in particular to the manufacture method of ceramic with bag appearance effect.
Background technology
Have the ceramic of stone grain effect owing to have a special appreciation effect, be subjected to human consumer's favor, have the vast market space as vase, ornaments, apparatus or collectibles.Therefore, it becomes a developing direction of decorating ceramic products.
Chinese invention patent ublic specification of application CN1218020A has proposed a kind of method that forms marble pattern on pottery, one high-density at first is provided, viscosity is little, the ground-coat enamel of high-consistency, then that proportion is little, viscosity is big, the cover-coat enamel of low denseness is slowly poured in the ground-coat enamel, drop owing to two kinds of glaze proportions and viscosity, cover-coat enamel does not decompose in ground-coat enamel immediately, and float on the top layer of ground-coat enamel, then the paddling glaze makes it produce marble grain, then the biscuiting embryo partly is dipped in to roll in the glaze and turns around, muffle painting is overlying on the embryo, finishes in high temperature, to fire after the glazing program promptly producing marble grain.This method operation is difficult to control, and reproducibility is relatively poor, and yield rate is low, and is difficult to form the natural color spot that can not form stone.
The disclosed pottery with bag top layer of CN1241497A, CN1424190A, CN1546294A, CN1727147A, CN1887558A and CN101585210A is to adopt mechanical means that one or more mill bases are dispersed in the biscuit of ceramics surface, burns till the back ceramic surface and shows that the plurality of color pulp color embodies the stone speckle.But these method complicated operations, and because speckle is too regular, imitative stone effect is relatively poor.
CN1923747A thinks, pigment is wrapped in the frit, can form the stone imitation pattern glazed ceramic after burning till, but because the pigment patch is too small, the stone material pattern occurs and the natural stone gap is bigger.
CN101066890A thinks, on ceramic paste preforms, execute one deck ground-coat enamel, preparation ground-coat enamel base, ground-coat enamel base surface is picked the color glaze that contains bubble, form marbling because the color glaze slurry bubble vanishes, this method applicability can be strong, can be applicable to the ceramic product of type complexity, but color spot is single, and the ceramic product surface finish is relatively poor, and is far away with natural stone texture gap.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of operation simple and easy, transmutation occurs and form the process for preparing ceramic of imitating the concavo-convex reticulate pattern of sesame stone at sintering procedure glaze layer.
This method may further comprise the steps:
A. preparation contains tindioxide 11~13% by weight percentage, zirconium dioxide 78~82%, nickel oxide 4~6%, the first color base material of cobalt oxide 2~4%, adding water by 50~60% of the first color base material weight grinds, the first color base material after will grinding in the first color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds first glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50~52%;
B. preparation contains cobalt oxide 14~16% by weight percentage, nickel oxide 9~11%, chromium sesquioxide 14~16%, ferric oxide 18~22%, the second color base material of Manganse Dioxide 38~42%, add water by 50~60% of the second color base material weight and grind, the second color base material after will grinding in the second color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds second glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50~52%;
C. preparation contains tindioxide 11~13% by weight percentage, zirconium dioxide 68~72%, nickel oxide 2~4%, the tertiary color sill of weisspiessglanz 9~11%, adding water by 50~60% of tertiary color sill weight grinds, tertiary color sill after will grinding in tertiary color sill and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds the 3rd glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50~52%;
D. prepare trioxygen-containingization two boron 38~42% by weight percentage, calcium oxide 28~32%, strontium oxide 14~16%, the 4th color base material of zinc oxide 14~16%, adding water by 50~60% of the 4th color base material weight grinds, the 4th color base material after will grinding in the 4th color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds the 4th glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50~52%;
E. on ceramic body, execute first glaze slip, second glaze slip is executed in seasoning after 0.5~1 hour, the 3rd glaze slip is executed in seasoning after 1~1.5 hour again, the 4th glaze slip is executed in seasoning after 1~1.5 hour again, and the ratio of the consumption of first glaze slip, second glaze slip, the 3rd glaze slip and the 4th glaze slip is 1: 0.55~0.65: 0.35~0.45: 0.14~0.18;
F. the ceramic body after the glazing is fired: per hour heat up 180~200 ℃ in the time of 200~800 ℃; per hour heat up in the time of 800~1100 ℃ 90~100 ℃; per hour heat up in the time of 1100~1260 ℃ 50~60 ℃; cease fire when arriving 1260~1270 ℃ and lower the temperature, cooling back ceramic body becomes the imitative concavo-convex reticulate pattern ceramic of sesame stone.
Among the present invention, transparent parent glaze is the normal transparent glaze that uses in the ceramic industry, perhaps becomes frit.
In steps A, the weight percentage of the preferred first color base material is a tindioxide 12%, zirconium dioxide 80%, nickel oxide 5%, cobalt oxide 3%.
In step B, the preferred second color base material weight percentage composition is a cobalt oxide 15%, nickel oxide 10%, chromium sesquioxide 15%, ferric oxide 20%, Manganse Dioxide 40%.
In step C, the weight percentage of preferred tertiary color sill is a tindioxide 10%, zirconium dioxide 70%, nickel oxide 3%, weisspiessglanz 10%.
In step D, the weight percentage of preferred the 4th color base material is a boron trioxide 40%, calcium oxide 30%, strontium oxide 15%, zinc oxide 15%.
In step e, the ratio of the consumption of first glaze slip, second glaze slip, the 3rd glaze slip and the 4th glaze slip is 1: 0.6: 0.4: 0.18.
In step F, when sintering procedure is 800~900 ℃ in temperature, adopt the reduction mode to fire, promptly strengthen firing rate but do not increase air flow quantity, fuel burns under anoxic condition in the kiln, other temperature range in addition adopts mode of oxidizing to fire i.e. fuel perfect combustion under the sufficient state of oxygen.
The present invention transmutation occurs at sintering process glaze layer, ceramic after burning till occurs concavo-convex at the glaze laminar surface, recessed portion multiple color spots such as grey black and white occur as scale in the scale, the color spot depth and distribution situation are close with sesame stone, has sesame stone outward appearance visual effect, the part of projection is the white stripes color spot, and is interconnected to form netted between scale, glazing operation of the present invention is not difficult to control, and sintering procedure and common glazed ceramic are basic identical.Owing to adopt low plumbous, low cadmium material, product meets the plumbous cadmium standard of California, USA 65 and European Union.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the ceramic appearance design sketch that the method for embodiment 1 is made.
Fig. 2 is the local surfaces appearance effect figure of Fig. 1 ceramic.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Preparation by weight percentage contains tindioxide 12%, zirconium dioxide 80%, nickel oxide 5%, the first color base material of cobalt oxide 3%, adding water by 60% of the first color base material weight grinds, the first color base material after will grinding in the first color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds first glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50%.
Preparation by weight percentage contains cobalt oxide 15%, nickel oxide 10%, chromium sesquioxide 15%, ferric oxide 20%, the second color base material of Manganse Dioxide 40%, the second color base material after will grinding in the second color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds second glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50%.
Preparation by weight percentage contains tindioxide 10%, zirconium dioxide 70%, nickel oxide 3%, the tertiary color sill of weisspiessglanz 10%, adding water by 60% of tertiary color sill weight grinds, tertiary color sill after will grinding in tertiary color sill and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds the 3rd glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50%.
Prepare trioxygen-containingization two boron 40% by weight percentage, calcium oxide 30%, strontium oxide 15%, the 4th color base material of zinc oxide 15%, adding water by 60% of the 4th color base material weight grinds, the 4th color base material after will grinding in the 4th color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds the 3rd glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50%.
On ceramic body, adopt infusion method to execute first glaze slip, seasoning adopts spraying method evenly to spray second glaze slip after 0.8 hour, seasoning adopts spraying method evenly to spray the 3rd glaze slip after 1 hour again, seasoning adopts spraying method evenly to spray the 4th glaze slip after 1 hour again, the dried thickness of first glaze slip is about 0.2mm, and the ratio of the consumption of first glaze slip, second glaze slip, the 3rd glaze slip and the 4th glaze slip is 1: 0.37: 0.30: 0.25.
Ceramic body after the glazing is fired: slowly heat when beginning; moisture in the ceramic body is slowly evaporated; prevent the ceramic body distortion; heat and to be elevated to 80 ℃ after 1 hour; strengthen firepower afterwards gradually; after 1 hour, be elevated to 200 ℃; between 200~800 ℃, per hour heat up 200 ℃; after temperature is elevated to 800 ℃; between 800~900 ℃; adopt the reduction mode to fire, promptly strengthen firing rate but do not increase air flow quantity, fuel incomplete combustion under anoxic condition in the kiln; temperature is elevated to 900 ℃ after 1 hour; increase air flow quantity afterwards, fuel perfect combustion in the kiln per hour heats up between 900~1100 ℃ 100 ℃; per hour heat up between 1100~1260 ℃ 60 ℃; cease fire when arriving 1260 ℃ and lower the temperature, open kiln behind the cool to room temperature, ceramic body becomes the imitative concavo-convex reticulate pattern ceramic of sesame stone.
This ceramic outward appearance visual effect as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, Fig. 2 is 1: 1 a local surfaces outside drawing of chi in proportion, from Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 as seen, the glaze laminar surface occurs concavo-convex, and recessed portion is as scale, multiple color spots such as grey black and white appear in the scale, the color spot depth and distribution situation are close with sesame stone, have clear and definite sesame stone outward appearance visual effect, and the part of projection is between scale, be the white stripes color spot, and be interconnected to form netted.

Claims (7)

1. the manufacture method of the concavo-convex reticulate pattern pottery of imitative sesame stone is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
A. preparation contains tindioxide 11~13% by weight percentage, zirconium dioxide 78~82%, nickel oxide 4~6%, the first color base material of cobalt oxide 2~4%, adding water by 50~60% of the first color base material weight grinds, the first color base material after will grinding in the first color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds first glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50~52%;
B. preparation contains cobalt oxide 14~16% by weight percentage, nickel oxide 9~11%, chromium sesquioxide 14~16%, ferric oxide 18~22%, the second color base material of Manganse Dioxide 38~42%, add water by 50~60% of the second color base material weight and grind, the second color base material after will grinding in the second color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds second glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50~52%;
C. preparation contains tindioxide 11~13% by weight percentage, zirconium dioxide 68~72%, nickel oxide 2~4%, the tertiary color sill of weisspiessglanz 9~11%, adding water by 50~60% of tertiary color sill weight grinds, tertiary color sill after will grinding in tertiary color sill and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds the 3rd glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50~52%;
D. prepare trioxygen-containingization two boron 38~42% by weight percentage, calcium oxide 28~32%, strontium oxide 14~16%, the 4th color base material of zinc oxide 14~16%, adding water by 50~60% of the 4th color base material weight grinds, the 4th color base material after will grinding in the 4th color base material and 20: 100 ratio of transparent parent glaze weight ratio mixes with transparent parent glaze, adds the 4th glaze slip that water is made into total solid content 50~52%;
E. on ceramic body, execute first glaze slip, second glaze slip is executed in seasoning after 0.5~1 hour, the 3rd glaze slip is executed in seasoning after 1~1.5 hour again, the 4th glaze slip is executed in seasoning after 1~1.5 hour again, and the ratio of the consumption of first glaze slip, second glaze slip, the 3rd glaze slip and the 4th glaze slip is 1: 0.55~0.65: 0.35~0.45: 0.14~0.18;
F. the ceramic body after the glazing is fired: per hour heat up 180~200 ℃ in the time of 200~800 ℃; per hour heat up in the time of 800~1100 ℃ 90~100 ℃; per hour heat up in the time of 1100~1260 ℃ 50~60 ℃; cease fire when arriving 1260~1270 ℃ and lower the temperature, cooling back ceramic body becomes the imitative concavo-convex reticulate pattern ceramic of sesame stone.
2. according to the manufacture method of the concavo-convex reticulate pattern pottery of the described imitative sesame stone of claim 1, it is characterized in that in steps A, the weight percentage of the first color base material is a tindioxide 12%, zirconium dioxide 80%, nickel oxide 5%, cobalt oxide 3%.
3. according to the manufacture method of the concavo-convex reticulate pattern pottery of the described imitative sesame stone of claim 1, it is characterized in that in step B, the second color base material weight percentage composition is a cobalt oxide 15%, nickel oxide 10%, chromium sesquioxide 15%, ferric oxide 20%, Manganse Dioxide 40%.
4. according to the manufacture method of the concavo-convex reticulate pattern pottery of the described imitative sesame stone of claim 1, it is characterized in that in step C, the weight percentage of tertiary color sill is a tindioxide 10%, zirconium dioxide 70%, nickel oxide 3%, weisspiessglanz 10%.
5. according to the manufacture method of the concavo-convex reticulate pattern pottery of the described imitative sesame stone of claim 1, it is characterized in that in step D, the weight percentage of the 4th color base material is a boron trioxide 40%, calcium oxide 30%, strontium oxide 15%, zinc oxide 15%.
6. according to the manufacture method of the concavo-convex reticulate pattern pottery of the described imitative sesame stone of claim 1, it is characterized in that in step e, the ratio of the consumption of first glaze slip, second glaze slip, the 3rd glaze slip and the 4th glaze slip is 1: 0.6: 0.4: 0.18.
7. according to the manufacture method of the concavo-convex reticulate pattern pottery of the described imitative sesame stone of claim 1, it is characterized in that in step F, when sintering procedure is 800~900 ℃ in temperature, adopt the reduction mode to fire, other temperature range in addition adopts mode of oxidizing to fire.
CN201010590233A 2010-12-07 2010-12-07 Manufacturing method of ceramic imitating concavo-convex reticulation of sesame stone Active CN102001866B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104446671A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 广东省陶瓷研究所 Method for forming snakeskin-scale appearance effect on ceramic glaze surface
CN105036807A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-11 陈晓湘 Manufacturing method of imitation India red stone line ceramic
CN105036738A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-11 陈树波 Manufacturing method of imitation India red stone concave and convex cobwebbing ceramic
CN105060935A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 苏小洁 Manufacturing method for imitative Sangpu mountain gneissic granite concave-convex anilox ceramic
CN105060934A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 陈佩娟 Manufacturing method for branchite imitating knurled ceramic

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1218020A (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-06-02 协和陶瓷厂股份有限公司 Method for forming marble pattern on ceramics
CN1887558A (en) * 2006-07-20 2007-01-03 广东东鹏陶瓷股份有限公司 Material distributing method and device for making ceramic tile with imitative stone grains
CN101066890A (en) * 2007-06-01 2007-11-07 山东茂华硅工有限公司 Process of forming decorative marble patterns on ceramic product

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1218020A (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-06-02 协和陶瓷厂股份有限公司 Method for forming marble pattern on ceramics
CN1887558A (en) * 2006-07-20 2007-01-03 广东东鹏陶瓷股份有限公司 Material distributing method and device for making ceramic tile with imitative stone grains
CN101066890A (en) * 2007-06-01 2007-11-07 山东茂华硅工有限公司 Process of forming decorative marble patterns on ceramic product

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104446671A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 广东省陶瓷研究所 Method for forming snakeskin-scale appearance effect on ceramic glaze surface
CN104446671B (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-01-06 广东省陶瓷研究所 Ceramic glaze is formed the method for snakeskin scale appearance effect
CN105036738A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-11 陈树波 Manufacturing method of imitation India red stone concave and convex cobwebbing ceramic
CN105036807A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-11 陈晓湘 Manufacturing method of imitation India red stone line ceramic
CN105060935A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 苏小洁 Manufacturing method for imitative Sangpu mountain gneissic granite concave-convex anilox ceramic
CN105060934A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-18 陈佩娟 Manufacturing method for branchite imitating knurled ceramic

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