CN101999748B - Automatic tobacco-baking production system - Google Patents

Automatic tobacco-baking production system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101999748B
CN101999748B CN 201010521826 CN201010521826A CN101999748B CN 101999748 B CN101999748 B CN 101999748B CN 201010521826 CN201010521826 CN 201010521826 CN 201010521826 A CN201010521826 A CN 201010521826A CN 101999748 B CN101999748 B CN 101999748B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
bakery
tobacco
curing
baking
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201010521826
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101999748A (en
Inventor
周忠洪
杨宝纲
黄子玲
Original Assignee
珠海天济能源科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 珠海天济能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 珠海天济能源科技有限公司
Priority to CN 201010521826 priority Critical patent/CN101999748B/en
Publication of CN101999748A publication Critical patent/CN101999748A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101999748B publication Critical patent/CN101999748B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic tobacco-baking production system which comprises a baking room, wherein the front side of the baking room is provided with a homogenization region which is used for preheating and dehumidifying the tobacco leaves; a drying region is arranged behind the homogenization region in the baking room; an auxiliary region, which is used for secondarily drying or dampening the tobacco leaves, is arranged behind the drying region in the baking room; a tobacco circulating transmission system, which orderly penetrates through the homogenization region, drying region and auxiliary region, is arranged in the baking room; a tobacco-baking central heating system, which is used for simultaneously providing a heat source for the homogenization region, drying region and auxiliary region in the baking room through the pipeline, is arranged outside the baking room; a novel tobacco-baking air duct system, which is used for dehumidifying and heating air in the homogenization region, drying region and auxiliary region, and recycling the excess heat of the air after baking the tobacco leaves, is arranged in the baking room; and the side of the baking room is provided with an on-line control system, which is used for simultaneously monitoring the tobacco transmission system, the tobacco-baking central heating system and the novel tobacco-baking air duct system in real time.

Description

The tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system
[technical field]
The present invention relates to the specialty of tobacco leaf, extensive baking production, be specifically related to a kind of tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system.
[background technology]
At present, the method for flue-curing tobacco leaves great majority of China adopt artificial labor type, the tobacco flue-curing house of tobacco grower's widespread usage, heat and adopt picture adobe kang formula mode of heating in the past, be cut into flue at subsurface with brick, pyrotechnics passes in flue, heating flue is dried tobacco leaf again, use this furnace drying method, Tobacco leaf roasting room mostly adopts air-supply, return air design down, introduces new wind and dehumidifying by the form in hole in the ground, skylight, and the heating back is by sending on bakery top between the process heating earlier of the air in the bakery, and then heated circulation and so forth by the air-return duct of bottom; Wherein, the baking processing technology of tobacco leaf is undertaken by manual observation and experience basically, there is not rigorous science control device, wherein the volume cigarette before the baking is a link when taking a lot of work most in the tobacco leaf picking process, at present generally adopt bamboo pole and rope to carry out the establishment of tobacco leaf, it is time-consuming to compile the cigarette process, is difficult to reach effect low-cost, high benefit; Traditional barn nearly all is the baking method of the cigarette in a room simultaneously, pass through the filling of Artificial Control baking tobacco leaves mostly, lack the production-lines that can satisfy big capacity baking tobacco leaves, based on above situation, press for a kind of tobacco flue-curing production system of advanced science.
[summary of the invention]
The invention provides a kind of tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, adopt intelligent control device; Utilize streamline to carry out production operation, easy for installation, use quick; By cigarette on the cigarette car, last cigarette is more flexible; Effectively control air quantity and the speed of air-supply, return air and air draft by the intelligent air conditioner system of splitting leafy control valve, radiator composition, accurately the humiture difference in the barn and programming rate are carried out automation control; And detect the water content in the barn, the moisture removal in the control barn in real time, and can control the technological parameter in each stage of baking process accurately, easily, improve the crudy of tobacco leaf.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, comprise bakery, the tobacco leaf that is provided with entering at first in the bakery in the front side of bakery carries out the district that homogenizes that preliminary heating and dehumidification is handled, in bakery, homogenize and distinguish the dry section that is provided with afterwards the tobacco leaf drying dehumidifying, after bakery inner drying district, be provided with the auxiliary region that the tobacco leaf that has toasted is carried out redrying or moisture regain processing; In bakery, be provided with and run through the tobacco leaf loop transmission that the district that homogenizes, dry section, auxiliary region transmit required processing tobacco leaf successively; Being provided with outside bakery by pipeline provides the tobacco flue-curing of thermal source to concentrate heating system to the district that homogenizes, dry section, auxiliary region in the bakery simultaneously; The thermal source that utilizes described tobacco flue-curing to concentrate heating system to provide is provided in bakery, to the heat treated that dehumidifies of air in the district that homogenizes, dry section and the auxiliary region, and the tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system of air waste heat behind the recycling baking tobacco leaves; Be provided with the on-line control system of in real time tobacco leaf transmission system, tobacco flue-curing being concentrated heating system and tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system monitoring simultaneously in the bakery side.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, described tobacco leaf loop transmission comprises track driving-chain and the drive unit that runs through the district that homogenizes, dry section and auxiliary region in the bakery, be provided with at the track driving-chain and transmit homogenize in the bakery cigarette car of district, dry section, auxiliary region of tobacco leaf, being provided with fixedly at the cigarette car, the cigarette of tobacco leaf presss from both sides.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, described tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system is provided with many groups and utilizes tobacco flue-curing to concentrate hot water in the heating system, to the dehumidify air-supply EGR of air behind heat treated and the recycling baking tobacco leaves of air in the bakery; Described air-supply EGR also can behind the air and the mixing of the outside air proper proportion outside the bakery with loopback behind the baking tobacco leaves in the bakery, be sent into baking tobacco leaves in the bakery as required after the heat treated that dehumidifies again; The top of bakery be provided with many groups will toast in air behind the baking tobacco leaves send the return air EGR of air-supply EGR back to, described return air EGR also can be respectively according to the humidity value in the bakery, and the air in the control bakery behind the baking tobacco leaves is discharged outside the bakery; Described air-supply EGR is connected with the return air EGR by pipeline.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, described air-supply EGR comprise that the air inlet, first that connects in turn successively by pipeline splits leafy control valve, filter, dehumidifier, breeze fan, air channel and air diffuser; Described first split leafy control valve can be respectively according to homogenize humidity value in district and the dry section of bakery, the outer outside air input quantity of control bakery, reach the input quantity of loopback air behind the baking tobacco leaves; Described filter can be removed airborne large granular impurity in homogenize district and the dry section respectively; Described dehumidifier can be to carrying out dehumidification treatments through the air after the filter filtration treatment; Be provided with the hot water that utilizes tobacco flue-curing to concentrate heating system carries out heat treated respectively to air in homogenize district and the dry section wind-water heat exchanger in the described air channel; Send into respectively after the air even regulation of described air diffuser to heating and dehumidification in homogenize district and the dry section of bakery.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, described return air EGR comprises by current collector, the air outlet, second of pipeline connection splits leafy control valve, wet-emitting blower and exhaust outlet, the described current collector air behind the baking tobacco leaves that will homogenize respectively in district and the dry section is evenly collected, and sends into the air inlet of the EGR of blowing by described air outlet; Described second splits leafy control valve can be respectively according to the humidity value in homogenize district and the dry section, and control enters the air behind the baking tobacco leaves in homogenize district and the dry section respectively, discharges outside the bakery by separately wet-emitting blower and exhaust outlet.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, described tobacco flue-curing are concentrated heating system to comprise boiler and are used for concentrating the attemperater that hot water is provided, and are connected with pipeline force (forcing) pump with the pressurization of the hot water in the pipeline at the pipeline output of attemperater; The pipeline output of described pipeline force (forcing) pump is connected with the water flow control valve group of hot water current size in many group control pipers; At the pipeline output of every group of water flow control valve group, be connected with the wind-water heat exchanger in each air channel that is installed on tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system, by each wind-water heat exchanger the air in the bakery is carried out exchange heat and come baking tobacco leaves; The pipeline output of described wind-water heat exchanger is connected with control valve, is connected with the water return pipeline receiving terminal of boiler by pipeline respectively through the hot water outflow control valve after wind-water heat exchanger exchange.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, the exchange hot water that the pipeline output of a part of wind-water heat exchanger and control valve flows out in the described dry section optionally directly flows back to tobacco flue-curing and concentrates the boiler of heating system or arrange in pipeline and flow back to boiler after exchange hot water that flow direction control valve control flows out enters other wind-water heat exchanger recycling.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system before the water return pipeline receiving terminal of boiler, also is provided with and sends the pipeline circulating pump of boiler back to carrying out backwater after the exchange heat in described wind-water heat exchanger.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, described on-line control system comprise temperature sensor, humidity sensor, temperature rise sensor, tobacco leaf water content checkout gear and the PLC control centre that is installed in the bakery; The floor data in each stage in the detection bakery of temperature sensor, humidity sensor, temperature rise sensor and tobacco leaf water content checkout gear real-time online, control the transmission speed of tobacco leaf loop transmission, the thermal source supply size of the concentrated heating system of tobacco flue-curing and air output, the exhaust air rate of tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system respectively in real time by PLC control centre, accurately control each stage parameter of baking process.
Aforesaid tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system is provided with the heating and dehumidification device that the tobacco leaf that had toasted is carried out redrying in the bakery auxiliary region, or the sprayer unit that as required tobacco leaf that had toasted is got damp again and handles.
Advantage of the present invention: the present invention is according to hot-air rises naturally, cold air descends naturally principle, adopt intelligent control device, utilize the air channel air-supply, the air vent mode that the set air-flow rises the control heating, dehumidifies, namely aspect supply and exhaust, utilize the leafy control valve supply and exhaust of splitting of similar air-conditioning system mode, effectively control air quantity and the speed of air-supply, return air and air draft by splitting leafy control valve, radiator, thereby reach the technological requirement of tobacco flue-curing, improve the crudy of tobacco leaf.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is bakery top structure elevational schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is bakery polycrystalline substance schematic top plan view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of tobacco leaf loop transmission of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the three-dimensional structure for amplifying schematic diagram of A portion among Fig. 3.
[specific embodiment]
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, comprise bakery 1, the tobacco leaf that is provided with entering at first in the bakery 1 in the front side of bakery 1 carries out the district 2 that homogenizes that preliminary heating and dehumidification is handled, in bakery, homogenize and distinguish the dry section 3 that is provided with after 2 the tobacco leaf drying dehumidifying, after bakery inner drying district 3, be provided with the auxiliary region 4 that the tobacco leaf that has toasted is carried out redrying or moisture regain processing; In bakery, be provided with the tobacco leaf loop transmission 5 that runs through the district 2 that homogenizes, dry section 3, the required processing tobacco leaf of auxiliary region 4 transmission successively; Being provided with outside bakery 1 by pipeline provides the tobacco flue-curing of thermal source to concentrate heating system 6 to the district 2 that homogenizes, dry section 3, auxiliary region 4 in the bakery 1 simultaneously; The thermal source that utilizes described tobacco flue-curing to concentrate heating system 5 to provide is provided in bakery 1, to the heat treated that dehumidifies of air in the district 2 that homogenizes, dry section 3 and the auxiliary region 4, and the tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system 7 of air waste heat behind the recycling baking tobacco leaves; Be provided with the on-line control system of in real time tobacco leaf transmission system 5, tobacco flue-curing being concentrated heating system 6 and 7 monitoring of tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system simultaneously in bakery 1 side.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, tobacco leaf loop transmission 5 comprises track driving-chain 50 and the drive unit 51 that runs through homogenize district 2, dry section 3 and auxiliary region 4 in the bakery 1, be provided with at track driving-chain 50 and transmit homogenize in the bakery 1 cigarette car 52 of district 2, dry section 3, auxiliary region 4 of tobacco leaf, being provided with fixedly at cigarette car 52, the cigarette of tobacco leaf presss from both sides (not shown).During this part work, tobacco leaf loop transmission 5 runs through the baking overall process of whole flue-cured tobacco, be divided into three phases and carry out transmission at the district 2 that homogenizes, dry section 3, the auxiliary region 4 of bakery 1 successively, monitoring according to on-line control system, when each district arrives the technological requirement of appointment, driving-chain on the track driving-chain 51 that drive unit 51 by tobacco leaf loop transmission 5 drives rotates, drive accompanies the baking zone stepping of cigarette car 52 along the track on the track driving-chain 51 to another stage of tobacco leaf, is convenient to produce on a large scale.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, homogenize district 2 and dry section 3 at bakery 1, described tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system 7 is provided with many groups and utilizes tobacco flue-curing to concentrate hot water in the heating system 6, to the dehumidify air-supply EGR 70 of air behind heat treated and the recycling baking tobacco leaves of air in the bakery 1, described air-supply EGR 70 also can be as required, behind the air and the mixing of the outside air proper proportion outside the bakery with loopback behind the baking tobacco leaves in the bakery 1, send into baking tobacco leaves in the bakery 1 after the heat treated that dehumidifies again; Air in organizing bakery 1 top of bakery 1 is provided with behind the baking tobacco leaves is sent the return air EGR 71 of air-supply EGR 70 back to more, described return air EGR 71 also can be respectively according to the humidity value in the bakery 1, and the air in the control bakery 1 behind the baking tobacco leaves is discharged outside the bakery 1; Described air-supply EGR 70 is connected with return air EGR 71 by pipeline.
Continue as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the district 2 and dry section 3 that homogenizes of bakery 1, air-supply EGR 70 comprises that the air inlet 700, first that connects in turn successively by pipeline splits leafy control valve 701, filter 702, dehumidifier 703, breeze fan 704, air channel 705 and air diffuser 706; First split leafy control valve 701 can be respectively according to homogenize humidity value in district 2 and the dry section 3 of bakery 1, the outer outside air input quantity of control bakery 1, and baking tobacco leaves after the input quantity of loopback air; Filter 702 can be removed airborne large granular impurity in homogenize district 2 and the dry section 3 respectively; Dehumidifier 703 can be to carrying out dehumidification treatments through the air after filter 702 filtration treatment; Utilize tobacco flue-curing to concentrate the hot water of heating system 6 in the air channel 705, respectively air in homogenize district 2 and the dry section 3 is carried out heat treated by the wind-water heat exchanger in it; Send into respectively after the air even regulation of 706 pairs of heating and dehumidifications of air diffuser in homogenize district 2 and the dry section 3 of bakery.Described return air EGR 71 comprises by current collector 710, the air outlet 711, second of pipeline connection splits leafy control valve 712, wet-emitting blower 713 and exhaust outlet 714, current collector 710 air behind the baking tobacco leaves that will homogenize respectively in district 2 and the dry section 3 is evenly collected, and sends into the air inlet 700 of air-supply EGR 70 by air outlet 711; Second splits leafy control valve 712 can be respectively according to the humidity value in homogenize district 2 and the dry section 3, and control enters the air behind the baking tobacco leaves in homogenize district 2 and the dry section 3 respectively, discharges outside the bakery 1 by separately wet-emitting blower 713 and exhaust outlet 714.
As shown in Figure 2, tobacco flue-curing is concentrated heating system 6 to comprise boiler 60 and is used for concentrating the attemperater 61 that hot water is provided, and is connected with pipeline force (forcing) pump 62 with the pressurization of the hot water in the pipeline at the pipeline output of attemperater 61; The pipeline output of described pipeline force (forcing) pump 62 is connected with the water flow control valve group 63 of hot water current size in many group control pipers; Pipeline output every group of water flow control valve group 63, be connected with the wind-water heat exchanger 64 in each air channel 705 that is installed on tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system 7, carry out exchange heat by the air in 64 pairs of bakeries of each wind-water heat exchanger 1 and come baking tobacco leaves; The pipeline output of described wind-water heat exchanger 64 is connected with control valve 65, behind the hot water outflow control valve 65 after wind-water heat exchanger 64 exchange, the exchange hot water that the pipeline output of a part of wind-water heat exchangers 64 and control valve 65 flows out in the dry section 3 optionally directly flows back to boiler 60 or arranges in pipeline and flows back to boiler 60 after exchange hot water that flow direction control valve 66 controls flow out enters other wind-water heat exchangers 64 recyclings; Before the water return pipeline receiving terminal of described boiler 60, also be provided with and send the pipeline circulating pump 67 of boiler 60 back to carrying out backwater after the exchange heat in described wind-water heat exchanger 64.This tobacco flue-curing is concentrated heating system to adopt and is concentrated heating, and namely whole production line is concentrated and used a tobacco flue-curing to concentrate heating system, utilizes a plurality of wind-water heat exchangers 64 to carry out heat exchange, reduces the loss of energy; Problems such as carry out adjustment by water flow control valve group 63 regulating pondages, it is more accurate that temperature is controlled, and overcame in the past the instability that heats up to occur in the bake process, and it is inharmonious to avoid making a fire; Hot water after a part of wind of flow direction control valve 66 controls simultaneously-water heat exchanger exchange, flow back to boiler 60 after entering other wind-water heat exchanger 64 recyclings, can guarantee the effective rate of utilization of burning, water flow control valve group 63 guarantees that the air in the bakery 1 is effectively controlled in temperature-rise period, be convenient to the biochemical reactions in the tobacco leaf, guarantee that each stage is in the desired indicator in the bake process, can reduce the labour intensity of staff in the bakery simultaneously again.
Described on-line control system (not shown) comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor, the temperature rise sensor that is installed in the bakery 1, tobacco leaf water content checkout gear and PLC control centre (above equipment is not shown in the figures); The floor data in each stage in the detection bakery of temperature sensor, humidity sensor, temperature rise sensor and tobacco leaf water content checkout gear real-time online, control the transmission speed of tobacco leaf loop transmission 5, the thermal source supply size of the concentrated heating system 6 of tobacco flue-curing and air output, the exhaust air rate of tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system 7 respectively in real time by PLC control centre, accurately each stage parameter of control baking process is in the desired indicator biochemical reactions each stage in bake process in the tobacco leaf.
In conjunction with the embodiments, the concrete course of work of the present invention is done to describe in detail:
During the work of this tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system, clamping tobacco leaf on the cigarette car 52 of track driving-chain 50 at first, simultaneously, and the PLC control centre of on-line control system, the boiler heating of heating system is concentrated in control tobacco flue-curing, supplies with hot water in attemperater; After clamping finished, PLC control centre was by the drive unit of tobacco leaf loop transmission, and the cigarette car on the control drive track driving-chain enters the district that homogenizes in the bakery.
After tobacco leaf enters interior the homogenizing district of bakery on the cigarette car, PLC control centre controls tobacco flue-curing respectively and concentrates heating system and tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system to enter duty, the district that homogenizes at bakery, air-supply EGR and return air EGR by tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system, to entering different moisture levels in the bakery and the tobacco leaf of temperature regime, (concrete heating and dehumidification process is identical with the heating and dehumidification of dry section tobacco leaf to carry out preliminary heating and dehumidification, elaborate afterwards), after reaching the humidity and temperature conditions of unified area requirement, send into the dry section in the bakery; Then, in the dry section of bakery, filter by the air-supply EGR, remove impurity such as the interior airborne bulky grain dust of dry section, through the state point of dehumidifier dehumidifying section dehumidifying to the baking process requirement, deliver to heating period in air channel by breeze fan, after wind-water heat exchanger heating of heating system is concentrated in tobacco flue-curing in the air channel, deliver in the dry section again.In dry section in the tobacco flue-curing dehumidification process, after the air in bakery inner drying district heats through the tobacco leaf to dry section, after collecting through the current collector of return air EGR earlier, send back to the air-supply EGR by the road, the air-supply EGR is according to the detection of humidity sensor in the dry section; When needs increase fresh air is regulated the humidity in the bakery dry section, splitting leafy control valve by first of air-supply EGR regulates, the input quantity of loopback air behind the outside air input quantity that the control bakery is outer and the baking tobacco leaves, and then definite outside air and loopback Air mixing ratio, reduce the humidity load of air in the bakery dry section, after mixed processing, again behind air-supply EGR heating and dehumidification, send into the heating that circulates in the dry section of bakery.In this circulation heating and dehumidification process, the humidity value that the return air EGR detects according to humidity sensor in the dry section simultaneously, compare with standard value, when the air humidity in the bakery dry section is loaded greater than technological requirement, the exhaust air rate that leafy control valve is regulated humid air in the dry section 1 is split in control second, and by wet-emitting blower and exhaust outlet, the air of discharge section high humidity is finished in the bakery dry section tobacco leaf heating and dehumidification that circulates is for the first time handled outside bakery.Certainly, in the tobacco flue-curing dehumidification process, also can utilize extraneous Changes in weather in dry section, the air after changing by the external world is regulated the humidity in the bakery dry section.
Tobacco leaf is after the dry section heating and dehumidification finishes, PLC control centre is by the drive unit of tobacco leaf loop transmission, cigarette car on the control drive track driving-chain enters the auxiliary region in the bakery, according to tobacco leaf humidity and drying regime, tobacco leaf is carried out redrying or moisture regain processing, when tobacco leaf humidity does not also reach desired standard, by the heating and dehumidification device (not shown) in the auxiliary region, the tobacco leaf that had toasted is carried out redrying, make tobacco leaf reach predetermined water content; Too dry when tobacco leaf, humidity is crossed when low, by in the auxiliary region the sprayer unit (not shown), the tobacco leaf that has toasted is carried out spraying and dampening handles, make tobacco leaf be unlikely to overdrying; After the redrying or moisture regain processing of auxiliary region, tobacco leaf is sent bakery, finish cyclic process one time.
PLC control centre by on-line control system, the drive track driving-chain cycle operation of control tobacco leaf loop transmission, constantly will enter tobacco leaf in the bakery, concentrate the heating and dehumidification of heating system and tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system through tobacco flue-curing after, send bakery, finish the cyclic process of tobacco leaf.
Tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system of the present invention can also have other distortion, can be belt-type or other forms as track; Heating system can be heat pump or other heating plants; The air channel can be the air channel of rectangular duct or other types, and air outlet can be other form air ports of similar air diffuser; Control system can be Single-chip Controlling etc.; In a word, do apparent change according to the prompting of above-mentioned example, and other every change that does not break away from patent essence of the present invention all should be included within the described scope of claim.

Claims (10)

1. a tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system comprises bakery, it is characterized in that,
The tobacco leaf that is provided with entering at first in the bakery in the front side of bakery carries out the district that homogenizes that preliminary heating and dehumidification is handled, in bakery, homogenize and distinguish the dry section that is provided with afterwards the tobacco leaf drying dehumidifying, after bakery inner drying district, be provided with the auxiliary region that the tobacco leaf that has toasted is carried out redrying or moisture regain processing;
In bakery, be provided with and run through the tobacco leaf loop transmission that the district that homogenizes, dry section, auxiliary region transmit required processing tobacco leaf successively;
Being provided with outside bakery by pipeline provides the tobacco flue-curing of thermal source to concentrate heating system to the district that homogenizes, dry section, auxiliary region in the bakery simultaneously;
The thermal source that utilizes described tobacco flue-curing to concentrate heating system to provide is provided in bakery, to the heat treated that dehumidifies of air in the district that homogenizes, dry section and the auxiliary region, and the tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system of air waste heat behind the recycling baking tobacco leaves;
Be provided with the on-line control system of in real time tobacco leaf transmission system, tobacco flue-curing being concentrated heating system and tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system monitoring simultaneously in the bakery side.
2. tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described tobacco leaf loop transmission comprises track driving-chain and the drive unit that runs through the district that homogenizes, dry section and auxiliary region in the bakery, be provided with at the track driving-chain and transmit homogenize in the bakery cigarette car of district, dry section, auxiliary region of tobacco leaf, being provided with fixedly at the cigarette car, the cigarette of tobacco leaf presss from both sides.
3. tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system is provided with many groups and utilizes tobacco flue-curing to concentrate hot water in the heating system, to the dehumidify air-supply EGR of air behind heat treated and the recycling baking tobacco leaves of air in the bakery; Described air-supply EGR also can behind the air and the mixing of the outside air proper proportion outside the bakery with loopback behind the baking tobacco leaves in the bakery, be sent into baking tobacco leaves in the bakery as required after the heat treated that dehumidifies again; Air in organizing bakery the top of bakery is provided with behind the baking tobacco leaves is sent the return air EGR of air-supply EGR back to more, described return air EGR also can be respectively according to the humidity value in the bakery, and the air in the control bakery behind the baking tobacco leaves is discharged outside the bakery; Described air-supply EGR is connected with the return air EGR by pipeline.
4. tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described air-supply EGR comprises that the air inlet, first that connects in turn successively by pipeline splits leafy control valve, filter, dehumidifier, breeze fan, air channel and air diffuser; Described first split leafy control valve can be respectively according to homogenize humidity value in district and the dry section of bakery, the outer outside air input quantity of control bakery, reach the input quantity of loopback air behind the baking tobacco leaves; Described filter can be removed airborne large granular impurity in homogenize district and the dry section respectively; Described dehumidifier can be to carrying out dehumidification treatments through the air after the filter filtration treatment; Be provided with the hot water that utilizes tobacco flue-curing to concentrate heating system carries out heat treated respectively to air in homogenize district and the dry section wind-water heat exchanger in the described air channel; Send into respectively after the air even regulation of described air diffuser to heating and dehumidification in homogenize district and the dry section of bakery.
5. according to claim 3 or 4 described tobacco flue-curing mechanized production systems, it is characterized in that, described return air EGR comprises by current collector, the air outlet, second of pipeline connection splits leafy control valve, wet-emitting blower and exhaust outlet, the described current collector air behind the baking tobacco leaves that will homogenize respectively in district and the dry section is evenly collected, and sends into the air inlet of the EGR of blowing by described air outlet; Described second splits leafy control valve can be respectively according to the humidity value in homogenize district and the dry section, and control enters the air behind the baking tobacco leaves in homogenize district and the dry section respectively, discharges outside the bakery by separately wet-emitting blower and exhaust outlet.
6. tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described tobacco flue-curing is concentrated heating system to comprise boiler and is used for concentrating the attemperater that hot water is provided, and is connected with pipeline force (forcing) pump with the pressurization of the hot water in the pipeline at the pipeline output of attemperater; The pipeline output of described pipeline force (forcing) pump is connected with the water flow control valve group of hot water current size in many group control pipers; At the pipeline output of every group of water flow control valve group, be connected with the wind-water heat exchanger in each air channel that is installed on tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system, by each wind-water heat exchanger the air in the bakery is carried out exchange heat and come baking tobacco leaves; The pipeline output of described wind-water heat exchanger is connected with control valve, is connected with the water return pipeline receiving terminal of boiler by pipeline respectively through the hot water outflow control valve after wind-water heat exchanger exchange.
7. tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, the exchange hot water that the pipeline output of a part of wind-water heat exchanger and control valve flows out in the described dry section optionally directly flows back to tobacco flue-curing and concentrates the boiler of heating system or arrange in pipeline and flow back to boiler after exchange hot water that flow direction control valve control flows out enters other wind-water heat exchanger recycling.
8. tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system according to claim 7 is characterized in that, before the water return pipeline receiving terminal of boiler, also is provided with and sends the pipeline circulating pump of boiler back to carrying out backwater after the exchange heat in described wind-water heat exchanger.
9. tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described on-line control system comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor, temperature rise sensor, tobacco leaf water content checkout gear and the PLC control centre that is installed in the bakery; The floor data in each stage in the detection bakery of temperature sensor, humidity sensor, temperature rise sensor and tobacco leaf water content checkout gear real-time online, control the transmission speed of tobacco leaf loop transmission, the thermal source supply size of the concentrated heating system of tobacco flue-curing and air output, the exhaust air rate of tobacco flue-curing novel air duct system respectively in real time by PLC control centre, accurately control each stage parameter of baking process.
10. tobacco flue-curing mechanized production system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with the heating and dehumidification device that the tobacco leaf that had toasted is carried out redrying in the bakery auxiliary region, or the sprayer unit that as required tobacco leaf that had toasted is got damp again and handles.
CN 201010521826 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Automatic tobacco-baking production system CN101999748B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010521826 CN101999748B (en) 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Automatic tobacco-baking production system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010521826 CN101999748B (en) 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Automatic tobacco-baking production system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101999748A CN101999748A (en) 2011-04-06
CN101999748B true CN101999748B (en) 2013-10-02

Family

ID=43807637

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201010521826 CN101999748B (en) 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Automatic tobacco-baking production system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101999748B (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102538431A (en) * 2012-02-23 2012-07-04 谭锐 Safety type intelligent and efficient drying fan
CN103557594B (en) * 2013-11-21 2017-01-11 刘顺坤 Hot air circulation device for bakery
CN106152754A (en) * 2015-04-22 2016-11-23 建湖力诺机械科技有限公司 Full-automatic Flos Chrysanthemi energy-saving dryer

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101579144A (en) * 2009-06-08 2009-11-18 江苏科地现代农业有限公司 Method for baking tobacco leaves and baking room
CN201995566U (en) * 2010-10-27 2011-10-05 珠海天济能源科技有限公司 Tobacco leaf curing automatic production system

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101579144A (en) * 2009-06-08 2009-11-18 江苏科地现代农业有限公司 Method for baking tobacco leaves and baking room
CN201995566U (en) * 2010-10-27 2011-10-05 珠海天济能源科技有限公司 Tobacco leaf curing automatic production system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101999748A (en) 2011-04-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3810327A (en) Atmosphere control system for growing mushrooms and the like
CN102645095B (en) Intelligent electric heating drier
CN202085666U (en) Sectional type high-efficient energy-saving rice noodle dryer capable of automatically controlling temperature and humidity
CN104567330B (en) A kind of Intelligent internet of things drying unit
CN202675834U (en) Intelligent electric heating drier
CN103919245B (en) A kind of matrimony vine hot-air drying technology and device
CN201911283U (en) Intelligently-controlled dense type coal-fired baking house for drying tobaccos
CN203758201U (en) Fully-automatic sealed type heat pump drying system
CN201490266U (en) Full-automatic intelligent curing chamber for accumulator plate
CN203446487U (en) Fruit and vegetable drying device
CN105258488B (en) A kind of combined solar energy heat pump drying system and drying means
CN203735228U (en) Automatic temperature control hog house
CN103859018B (en) Large output low temperature circulating grain products drying equipment
CN103859019B (en) Large output low temperature circulating grain products drying means, drying equipment and installation method thereof
CN205747879U (en) A kind of airtight internal-circulation type Nicotiana tabacum L. drying unit
CN201787792U (en) Medicinal material baking device
CN105993422B (en) A kind of built-in bellows match the integrated storehouse of cereal baking storage tune of interlayer outside
CN106123134B (en) A kind of energy-efficient new blower and its working method for cold district
CN205783541U (en) A kind of intelligent fresh air and room air total system
CN204404377U (en) A kind of lift car of energy-conserving and environment-protective
CN202618227U (en) Drying unit for fruits and vegetables
CN201976709U (en) Edible-fungus drying equipment
CN105192120A (en) Tea leaf processing method
CN205192191U (en) Disappearance mould coating stoving room of wet function of band elimination
CN204388291U (en) A kind of IAQ control system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131002

Termination date: 20141027