CN101994736A - Structure for fastening clamped workpiece on decorative plate, clamped workpiece and fastening method thereof - Google Patents

Structure for fastening clamped workpiece on decorative plate, clamped workpiece and fastening method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101994736A
CN101994736A CN 201010261303 CN201010261303A CN101994736A CN 101994736 A CN101994736 A CN 101994736A CN 201010261303 CN201010261303 CN 201010261303 CN 201010261303 A CN201010261303 A CN 201010261303A CN 101994736 A CN101994736 A CN 101994736A
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CN
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fastening
clamped
part
workpiece
base
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CN 201010261303
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101994736B (en )
Inventor
大沼健二
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丰田铁工株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/12Fastening strips or bars to sheets or plates, e.g. rubber strips, decorative strips for motor vehicles, by means of clips
    • F16B5/123Auxiliary fasteners specially designed for this purpose
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R13/00Elements for body-finishing, identifying, or decorating; Arrangements or adaptations for advertising purposes
    • B60R13/02Internal Trim mouldings ; Internal Ledges; Wall liners for passenger compartments; Roof liners
    • B60R13/0206Arrangements of fasteners and clips specially adapted for attaching inner vehicle liners or mouldings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/06Releasable fastening devices with snap-action
    • F16B21/07Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the socket has a resilient part
    • F16B21/071Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the socket has a resilient part the socket being integrally formed with a component to be fasted, e.g. a sheet, plate or strip
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/12Fastening strips or bars to sheets or plates, e.g. rubber strips, decorative strips for motor vehicles, by means of clips
    • F16B5/126Fastening strips or bars to sheets or plates, e.g. rubber strips, decorative strips for motor vehicles, by means of clips at least one of the sheets, plates, bars or strips having integrally formed or integrally connected snap-in-features
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/12Fastening strips or bars to sheets or plates, e.g. rubber strips, decorative strips for motor vehicles, by means of clips
    • F16B5/128Fastening strips or bars to sheets or plates, e.g. rubber strips, decorative strips for motor vehicles, by means of clips a strip with a C-or U-shaped cross section being fastened to a plate such that the fastening means remain invisible, e.g. the fastening being completely enclosed by the strip
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/06Releasable fastening devices with snap-action
    • F16B21/08Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the stud, pin, or spigot has a resilient part
    • F16B21/086Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the stud, pin, or spigot has a resilient part the shank of the stud, pin or spigot having elevations, ribs, fins or prongs intended for deformation or tilting predominantly in a direction perpendicular to the direction of insertion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/06Releasable fastening devices with snap-action
    • F16B21/08Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the stud, pin, or spigot has a resilient part
    • F16B21/088Releasable fastening devices with snap-action in which the stud, pin, or spigot has a resilient part the stud, pin or spigot being integrally formed with the component to be fastened, e.g. forming part of the sheet, plate or strip
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/30Trim molding fastener
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/30Trim molding fastener
    • Y10T24/303Trim molding fastener having laterally extending biasing appendage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/30Trim molding fastener
    • Y10T24/309Plastic type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44017Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof with specific mounting means for attaching to rigid or semirigid supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured
    • Y10T24/44026Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof with specific mounting means for attaching to rigid or semirigid supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured for cooperating with aperture in supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45005Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] with third detached member completing interlock [e.g., hook type]
    • Y10T24/45099Resilient element [e.g., snap type]
    • Y10T24/45105Resilient element [e.g., snap type] for upholstery, panel, trim strip, etc. [e.g., spring biased]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45602Receiving member includes either movable connection between interlocking components or variable configuration cavity
    • Y10T24/45775Receiving member includes either movable connection between interlocking components or variable configuration cavity having resiliently biased interlocking component or segment

Abstract

The invention provides a structure for fastening a clamped workpiece on a decorative plate, a clamped workpiece and a fastening method thereof. A second projected part of the clamped workpiece is fixed on the side parts of a vehicle body under the condition of fixing the first projected part thereof on the decorative plate, so as to integrally fix the plate with the side parts of the vehicle body; locally increased and decreased diameters along the direction vertical to the preset fastening direction of the decorative plate are arranged on the joint part of the first projected part; a plurality of blocking claws of a clamping base are used for positioning the clamped workpiece and expanding the distance between claws by elastically deforming when the joint part is jointed with the clamping base so as to fasten the first projected part on the clamping base by pushing and pressing along the fastening direction; and at least two joint parts with different diameters or at least two sets of claws having different jointed volume between the claws and the joint parts are respectively formed in the first projected part or on the separated position along the fastening direction in the clamping base; and the clamped workpiece is fastened on the clamping base at the state of at least two stages of medium fastening state of fastening on the clamping base with low load and the final fastening state with high fastening load.

Description

用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构、夹装件及其紧固方法 It means for fastening the clip to the trim board structure, and fastening means clamp attachments

[0001] 将2009年8月21日提交的日本专利申请No. 2009-191761的公开内容,包括说明书、附图及摘要,通过引用全部结合于此。 [0001] Japanese Patent August 21, 2009 filed Application No. 2009-191761 of the disclosure, including the specification, drawings and abstract, is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明涉及用于将夹装件(clip)紧固于车辆的装饰板(trim board)的结构, 更具体地,涉及使得能够同时将多个夹装件装配于被形成于装饰板的多个部位的夹装座(clip fitting seat)的技术。 [0002] The present invention relates to attachments for clip (Clip) secured to a vehicle trim panel (trim board) structure, and more particularly, to enabling simultaneously a plurality of clip attachments fitted is formed in the trim panel a plurality portions art clip fitting seats (clip fitting seat) is.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 已知一种用于通过使用夹装件而将用作车辆内饰件的装饰板固定于例如内板的车身侧部件的结构。 [0003] By using the known method for the interposed member to be used as vehicle interior trim panel member is fixed to the inner panel, for example, the vehicle body structure member. 该夹装件具有a)待紧固于装饰板的夹装座的第一突起部;和b)待紧固于车身侧部件的第二突起部,-c)由于是以将第一突起部紧固于装饰板的状态下将第二突起部紧固于车身侧部件,所以装饰板被紧固于车身侧部件。 The interposed member having a) a first projecting portion to be fastened to the clip fitting seat of the trim board; and and b) a second projecting portion to be fastened to the vehicle body member, -c) since the first projecting portion is fastened to the trim board at a state of the second projection is fastened to the vehicle body-side member, so that the trim panel is fastened to the vehicle body-side member. 日本专利申请公开No. 2004-183798 (JP-A-2004-183798)公开了上述紧固结构的一个例子。 Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 2004-183798 (JP-A-2004-183798) discloses an example of the above-described fastening structure. 根据JP-A-2004-183798,设置有一个球作为第一突起部,在被形成于装饰板的筒状夹装座中形成有一个球状凹部。 According to JP-A-2004-183798, a ball is provided with a first projecting portion, formed with a spherical concave portion is formed in a cylindrical clip fitting seat of the trim board in. 将该球沿垂直于装饰板的方向插入于夹装座,然后装配于该球状凹部, 在该夹装座的外周接合有防止展宽的肋部。 The ball in a direction perpendicular to the direction of the decorative panel is inserted in the clip fitting seat, and fitted to the spherical recessed portion, the outer periphery of the clip fitting seat engagement preventing widening of the rib. 结果,将夹装件紧固于装饰板(参照图1-图3)。 As a result, the clip is fastened to the trim board (see Figures 1-3).

[0004] 然而,在上述通常的夹装结构中,除非将夹装件一气紧固于装饰板使得该夹装件的球被装配于该球状凹部中,即所谓的紧固状态,否则夹装件将会从该球状凹部脱出。 [0004] However, in the conventional structure interposed, unless the clip is fastened to the trim board at a stretch member so that the ball is interposed member is fitted to the spherical recessed portion, i.e. a so-called fastened state, otherwise interposed member will be released from the spherical recess. 因此,难以通过例如压机同时将多个夹装件装配于多个夹装座。 Thus, it is difficult, for example, simultaneously press fitted in the plurality of clip attachments multiple clip fitting seats. 通常在该装饰板上形成多个夹装座,经由该多个夹装件将装饰板固定于车身侧部件。 Multiple clip fitting seats are typically formed in the trim panel, the plurality of clip attachments via the trim board is fixed to the vehicle body member. 因此,需要进行麻烦的工作,即需要逐个地将该多个夹装件分别装配于多个夹装座。 Accordingly, troublesome work is required, i.e., requires a plurality of individually interposed member are mounted on a plurality of the clip fitting seats. 即使当通过压机将多个夹装件推压而将其紧固于多个夹装座时,也需要逐个地将该多个夹装件分别装配于多个夹装座。 Even when a plurality of interposed by a press member pushed fastened to the multiple clip fitting seats, the need to individually clamp the plurality of attachments are fitted to the multiple clip fitting seats. 因此,将该多个夹装件装配于多个夹装座要花费很长时间,效率不高。 Thus, the clip is mounted on a plurality of multiple clip fitting seats takes a long time, the efficiency is not high.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明是着眼于上述的情况而做成的。 [0005] The present invention in view of the above situation made. 本发明的目的是使得可以通过使用例如压机同时将多个夹装件装配于被形成于装饰板的多个部位的夹装座。 Object of the present invention is such that, for example, by using a press member while the plurality of fitting interposed the clip fitting seat is formed of a plurality of portions of the decorative panel.

[0006] 该目的可以通过本发明的第一方面而实现,其提供一种用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,该夹装件具有紧固于装饰板的夹装座的第一突起部和紧固于车身侧部件的第二突起部,通过在将第一突起部紧固于装饰板的状态下将第二突起部紧固于车身侧部件,将装饰板一体地固定于车身侧部件,其中:(a)所述第一突起部具有接合部,该接合部具有沿大致垂直于装饰板的预定紧固方向局部地增减的直径,所述夹装座具有多个卡定爪,该多个卡定爪用于定位夹装件并且弹性变形使得当接合部与卡定爪接合时在该卡定爪之间的距离能够扩大,从而通过沿紧固方向推压而将第一突起部紧固于夹装座;(b)在第一突起部中在沿紧固方向彼此分开的位置上形成有直径不同的至少两种接合部,或者在夹装座中沿紧固方向彼此分开的位置上形成有卡定爪与接合部相接 [0006] This object can be achieved by a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for securing the decorative panel structure interposed member, the interposed member has fastened to the clip fitting seat of the trim board of a projection portion and the second projection is fastened to the vehicle body-side member, in a state by the first projection is fastened to the trim board of the second projection is fastened to the vehicle body-side member, the trim board integrally fixed to the vehicle body-side member, wherein: (a) the first projecting portion having an engagement portion having a predetermined diameter along the fastening direction substantially perpendicular to the trim board locally increases and decreases, the clip fitting seat has a plurality of cards claws, the plurality of locking claws for positioning and elastically deformable member interposed such that when the engagement portion engages with the locking pawl can be increased in distance between the locking pawl, so that by fastening direction will be pushed the first projection is fastened to the clip fitting seat; (b) is formed with a joint at least two different diameters, or in the fastening clip fitting seat in the fastening direction in a position apart from each other on the first projection portion It is formed with a locking pawl engaged with the engagement portion separated from each other in the orientation 合的接合量(engaged area,接合区域)不同的至少两组卡定爪,使得夹装件以至少两个阶段的紧固状态紧固于夹装座, 该至少两个阶段的紧固状态包括:通过以低紧固负荷将夹装件紧固于夹装座而实现的中间紧固状态,和通过以高紧固负荷将夹装件紧固于夹装座而实现的最终紧固状态。 The amount of engagement (engaged area, the bonding region) bonded to at least two different locking pawl, so that the clip member to secure the state of at least two phases is fastened to the clip fitting seat, which at least two stages of fastened state comprising : by a low fastening load the clip member is fastened to the clip fitting seat intermediate fastened state is achieved, and a high fastening load by fastening the clip in the final fastened state is achieved in the clip fitting seat.

[0007] 该目的可以通过本发明的第二方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第一方面的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其中,(a)第一突起部具有小直径部、直径比小直径部小的缩颈部、直径比小直径部大的大直径部和形成于大直径部与着座于夹装座的座部之间的小直径装配部,所述各部彼此同心地形成并且从该第一突起部的顶部沿将该第一突起部推压到夹装座中的方向以上述顺序布置;(b)所述夹装座具有在沿紧固方向将第一突起部相对推压到夹装座中时顺序地与小直径部和大直径部接合的一组卡定爪,在该卡定爪之间的距离由于弹性变形而扩大而使得允许各个小直径部和大直径部通过卡定爪之间;(c)具有至少两个阶段的紧固状态,在中间紧固状态下小直径部通过了卡定爪之间并且卡定爪位于缩颈部,在最终紧固状态下大直径部通过了卡定爪之 [0007] This object can be achieved by a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a structure fastened to the trim board according to a first aspect of the present invention is used for the clip member, wherein, (A) a first projecting portion the constricted portion has a small diameter portion, the small diameter portion smaller in diameter than a diameter larger than the large diameter portion and a small-diameter fitted portion formed between the seat base portion of the clip fitting seat in the large diameter portion and a small-diameter portion, the They said each part are formed concentrically with each other and projecting from the top of the first portion of the first projection is pushed into the clip fitting seat in a direction arranged in this order along the; (b) the clip fitting seat in the fastening direction has the first projection portion pushed to a set of opposing card sequentially with the small-diameter portion and the large diameter portion of the clip fitting seat engaging claw, the distance between the latch lugs is enlarged due to elastic deformation and so as to allow the respective a small diameter portion and the large diameter portion by latch lugs; (c) having at least two stages of fastened state, in the intermediate fastened state by the small-diameter portion of the locking claw and the locking claw is located between the constriction portion, in the final fastened state by a large-diameter portion of the locking pawl 并且卡定爪位于装配部;(d)从小直径部经由缩颈部到大直径部延伸的、并且用于将夹装件定位于中间紧固状态的第一直径增减部,以及从大直径部经由装配部到座部延伸的、并且用于将夹装件定位于最终紧固状态的第二直径增减部中的各个,用作为接合部。 And the locking claw located at the fitted portion; (d) a small diameter portion extending into the large diameter portion through the constricted portion, and for increasing or decreasing the diameter of the first portion positioned in the intermediate fastened state of the clip member, and from the large diameter via the fitting portion into the seat portion extending portion, and for each of the clip member is positioned in a final fastened state of the second diameter portion is increased or decreased, with a joint.

[0008] 上述目的可以通过本发明的第三方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第二方面的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其中,(a)大直径部具有锥形面,该锥形面具有随着接近缩颈部而减小的直径,所述一组卡定爪具有与该锥形面相对应的局部锥形保持面;(b) 在中间紧固状态下,卡定爪位于缩颈部而使得被夹在大直径部与小直径部之间,大直径部的锥形面与卡定爪的保持面面接触而使得夹装件被定位成一定的姿势。 [0008] The above object can be achieved by a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a second aspect of the present invention is used for fastening the clip to the trim board structure, wherein, (A) having a large diameter portion tapered surface, the tapered surface having a diameter decreasing as approaching the constricted portion, the locking pawl having a set of partial conical tapered surface corresponding to the holding surface; (b) in the intermediate fastened state , the latch lugs are located such that the constricted portion is sandwiched between the large diameter portion and the small diameter portion, the tapered surface of the holding surface contact with the large diameter portion of the locking pawl so that the clip member is positioned into a certain posture.

[0009] 上述目的可以通过本发明的第四方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第二或第三方面的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其中,夹装座由一对爪部件形成,该爪部件从装饰板延伸并且其上端部彼此通过一个小于小直径部的间隙g而分开;在该对爪部件的上端部中,彼此相对向地形成有一对卡定爪;并且,该一对卡定爪之间的距离由于该一对爪部件的弹性变形而扩大,使得允许各小直径部和大直径部通过该一对卡定爪之间。 [0009] The above object can be achieved by a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a structure for fastening the clip to the trim board according to the second or third aspect of the present invention is used, wherein the clip fitting seat by the a pair of claw members are formed, the pawl member extends from the trim board and an upper end portion separated by a gap g small diameter portion is smaller than each other; the upper end portion of the pair of the claw member, opposed to each formed with a pair of locking pawls each other ; and a distance between the pair of latch lugs due to elastic deformation of the pair of jaw members is enlarged, so as to allow the small diameter portion and the large diameter portion through the pair of latch lugs.

[0010] 上述目的可以通过本发明的第五方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第四方面的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其中,当从紧固方向观察时,所述一对卡定爪的端部具有弧形部,该弧形部以用于紧固夹装件的装配轴线0为中心并且具有直径d,该直径d小于小直径部但大于该一对爪部件之间的间隙g。 [0010] The above object can be achieved by the fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a structure fastened to the trim board according to a fourth aspect of the present invention is used for the clip member, wherein, when viewed from the fastening direction the pair of end portions of the locking pawl has an arcuate portion, the arcuate portion interposed fastening member for mounting the center axis 0 and having a diameter d, which is smaller than the diameter d of the small-diameter portion but larger than a g the gap between the pawl member.

[0011] 上述目的可以通过本发明的第六方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第四或第五方面的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其中,(a)该一对爪部件具有一对从装饰板立起而彼此平行的立板部,和从立板部的上端部沿与立板部大致垂直的方向弯曲延伸的横板部,使得横板部的端部彼此隔着间隙g相对;并且,(b)所述横板部的端部为台阶部,该台阶部通过将所述横板部的端部朝向装饰板弯曲而凹入而形成,并且该台阶部用作为卡定爪。 [0011] The above object can be achieved by a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a structure for fastening the clip to the trim board according to the fourth or fifth aspect of the present invention is used, wherein, (A) the pair of lug members has a pair of upright from the trim board and the upright plate portion parallel to each other, and a curved portion extending from the lateral plate along a vertical plate portion of the upper end portion of the upright plate portion substantially perpendicular direction, so that the end portion of the lateral plate g portion opposed to each other via a gap; and, (b) an end portion of the lateral plate portions are stepped portion, the stepped portion by the end portion of the lateral plate portions toward the trim board and a concave curved form, and the the step portion used as the latch lugs.

[0012] 上述目的可以通过本发明的第七方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第四或第五方面的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其中,(a)所述一对爪部件具有从装饰板立起的一对立板部,并且在至少该一对立板部的上端部留有间隙g地彼此大致平行,所述卡定爪与所述上端部的彼此相对的部分一体地形成;并且,(b)在立板部的紧邻卡定爪下方的部分分别形成有通孔,已在使立板部弹性变形而将该立板部彼此进一步分开的同时通过了卡定爪之间的小直径部和大直径部中的各个,分别用通孔的上缘卡定以防止被卸下。 [0012] The above object can be achieved by a seventh aspect of the present invention, there is provided according to the fourth or fifth aspect of the present invention is used for the structure for fastening the clip to the trim board, wherein, (A) the said pair of lug members has a vertical plate portion raised from the trim board, and at least substantially parallel to each other at an upper end portion of the pair of vertical plate portions of a gap g, the locking pawl of the upper portion relative to each other portion integrally formed; and, (b) a through hole is formed in a portion immediately below the card claw vertical plate portions, respectively, so that the vertical plate portion has an elastically deformable portion and the vertical plate are separated from each other at the same time further passed a small diameter portion and the large diameter portion between the locking pawl in each, respectively, on the edges of the through hole is removed to prevent a given.

[0013] 上述目的可以通过本发明的第八方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第一至第七方面中任一方面的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其中,在装饰板上形成有多个夹装座,夹装件紧固于该卡装座,并且紧固方向彼此平行。 [0013] The above object can be achieved by an eighth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a structure for fastening the clip to the trim board according to the first to seventh aspects of the present invention in any aspect, wherein, multiple clip fitting seats are formed, for fastening the clip fitting seat in the card, and the fastening directions parallel to each other on the trim board.

[0014] 上述目的可以通过本发明的第九方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第二至第七方面中任一方面的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构的夹装件。 [0014] The above object can be achieved by the ninth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a chucking aspect for fastening the clip to the trim board structure according to any of the second to seventh aspects of the present invention pieces.

[0015] 上述目的可以通过本发明的第十方面而实现,提供一种根据本发明的第八方面所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构中用于将夹装件紧固于多个夹装座的方法,包括: [0015] The above object can be achieved by a tenth aspect of the present invention, there is provided according to the eighth aspect of the present invention for fastening the clip to the trim board structure for tightening the clip member the method of fixing a plurality of the clip fitting seats, comprising:

[0016] (a)中间紧固步骤,用于通过使多个夹装件分别沿紧固方向相对移动而接近多个夹装座从而实现中间紧固状态;和(b)最终紧固步骤,用于通过利用压机沿紧固方向同时相对推压在中间紧固状态下已紧固到多个夹装座的多个夹装件从而实现最终紧固状态。 [0016] (a) an intermediate fastening step, by a plurality of relatively movable members are respectively interposed fastening direction approaches the multiple clip fitting seats in order to achieve the intermediate fastened state; and (b) a final fastening step, by using a press for fastening direction while pushing in the opposite intermediate fastened state is fastened to the multiple clip fitting seats in a plurality of clip attachments to achieve the final fastened state.

[0017] 根据本发明的第一方面,第一突起部具有接合部,该接合部具有沿大致垂直于装饰板的预定紧固方向局部地增减的直径,所述夹装座具有多个卡定爪,该多个卡定爪用于定位夹装件并且弹性变形使得当接合部与卡定爪接合时在该卡定爪之间的距离能够扩大, 从而通过沿紧固方向推压而将第一突起部紧固于夹装座;在第一突起部中,在沿紧固方向彼此分开的位置上形成有直径不同的至少两种接合部,或者在夹装座中沿紧固方向彼此分开的位置上形成有卡定爪与接合部相接合的接合量不同的至少两组卡定爪,使得夹装件以至少两个阶段的紧固状态紧固于夹装座,该至少两个阶段的紧固状态包括:通过以低紧固负荷将夹装件紧固于夹装座而实现的中间紧固状态,和通过以高紧固负荷将夹装件紧固于夹装座而实现的最终紧固状态。 [0017] According to a first aspect of the present invention, a first projection portion having an engagement portion having a predetermined diameter along the fastening direction substantially perpendicular to the trim board locally increases and decreases, the clip fitting seat has a plurality of cards claws, the plurality of locking claws for positioning and elastically deformable member interposed such that when the engagement portion engages with the locking pawl can be increased in distance between the locking pawl, so that by fastening direction will be pushed the first projection is fastened to the clip fitting seat; a first projecting portion formed at least two different diameters in the engagement direction, apart from each other in the fastening position, the fastening direction or in another clip fitting seat form separate different positions, a locking pawl engaged with the engaging amount of the engagement claws engaging at least two sets, so that the clip member to secure the state of at least two stages of fastened to the clip fitting seat, the at least two fastened state stage comprising: an intermediate member is fastened to the clip fitting seat fastened state is achieved, and the clip fitting seat at high fastening is achieved by fastening the clip to the load by a low fastening load the clip final fastened state. 如上所述,可以在中间紧固状态下将夹装件紧固于夹装座, 沿与装饰板大致垂直的预定紧固方向推压夹装件以使其被紧固于夹装座。 As described above, may be interposed in the intermediate fastened state is fastened to the clip fitting seat, substantially perpendicular to the trim panel along a predetermined fastening direction urging member interposed so as to be fastened to the clip fitting seat. 因此,即使形成有多个夹装座,已例如手动地在中间紧固状态下被紧固于夹装座的夹装件被通过例如单一的压机同时推压到夹装座以实现最终紧固状态。 Therefore, even if there are multiple clip fitting seats are formed, for example, has to be manually fastened to the clip fitting seat member is interposed, for example, by a single press simultaneously pushed into the clip fitting seats in the intermediate fastened state to achieve a final tight a solid state. 因此,可以提高夹装工作的效率,以自动地进行夹装工作。 Thus, it is possible to improve the efficiency of the work interposed, to carry out the work automatically interposed. 与通常的从一开始就需要大的紧固力的技术不同,可以防止紧固误差,例如,防止在将夹装件紧固于夹装座的同时该夹装件掉下。 And generally different from the start a large fastening force is needed in the art, can be prevented fastening error, for example, while preventing the clip is fastened to the clip fitting seat member interposed fall. 结果,改善了紧固工作的效率。 As a result, improve the efficiency of the fastening work.

[0018] 根据本发明的第二方面,夹装件的第一突起部具有小直径部、缩颈部、大直径部和装配部,它们彼此同心地形成并且从该第一突起部的顶部沿将该夹装件推压到夹装座中的方向以上述顺序布置。 [0018] According to a second aspect of the present invention, a first projecting portion interposed member has a small diameter portion, a constricted portion, a large diameter portion and a fitting portion, and are formed concentrically to one another along the top of the first projection portion the clip is pushed into the clip fitting seat in a direction arranged in this order. 当沿大致垂直于装饰板的紧固方向朝夹装座相对移动夹装件时,首先,小直径部与形成于夹装座的卡定爪接合。 When the fastening direction generally perpendicular to a direction toward the trim board is moved relative to the clip fitting seat member interposed, first, the small-diameter portion formed in the clip fitting seat card locking claw engagement. 然后,在使卡定爪之间的距离扩大的同时,小直径部通过卡定爪之间。 Then, the distance between the locking claw expanded while the small-diameter portion by latch lugs. 结果,实现卡定爪位于缩颈部的中间紧固状态。 As a result, to achieve locking claw located at the constricted neck portion of the intermediate fastened state. 当进一步推压夹装件时,在使卡定爪之间的距离扩大的同时,大直径部通过卡定爪之间。 When the clip is further pushed, the distance between the locking claw expanded while the large-diameter portion by latch lugs. 结果,实现卡定爪位于装配部的最终紧固状态。 As a result, the locking claw to achieve at the final assembled state of the fastening portion. 例如,可以在第一突起部中形成用于实现中间紧固状态的多个缩颈部,使得在卡定爪达到装配部之前该多个缩颈部通过卡定爪之间。 For example, a plurality of constricted portion may be formed for achieving the intermediate fastened state in which the first projection portion, such that prior to the locking claw portion fitted to reach the constricted portion by a plurality of latch lugs. 该结构形成为使得实现至少两个阶段的紧固状态。 The structure is formed so as to achieve at least two stages of fastened state.

[0019] 在该情况下,由于位于第一突起部的端部的小直径部在直径上小于大直径部,可以相对容易地将夹装件推压到夹装座中。 [0019] In this case, since the small diameter portion located at the end portion of the first projecting portion is smaller than the diameter of the large diameter portion can be relatively easily interposed member pushed into the clip fitting seat. 因此,能够容易地例如手动地实现中间紧固状态。 Thus, for example, can be easily achieved intermediate fastened state manually. 为了从中间紧固状态转换到最终紧固状态,需要将直径比小直径部大的大直径部穿过卡定爪之间。 To convert from the intermediate fastened state to the final fastened state, the large-diameter portion is larger than the diameter of the small-diameter portion need to pass through the locking between the claw. 因此,以较大的推力(以高的紧固负荷)例如通过压力机推压夹装件。 Therefore, a larger pushing force (at high fastening load) by, for example, pressing a press member interposed. 这样,可以用预定的紧固力将夹装件紧固到夹装座。 In this way, with a predetermined fastening force for fastening the clip to the clip fitting seat.

[0020] 根据本发明的第三方面,大直径部具有锥形面,该锥形面具有随着接近缩颈部而减小的直径,所述一组卡定爪具有与该锥形面相对应的局部锥形保持面;在中间紧固状态下,大直径部的锥形面与卡定爪的保持面面接触而使得夹装件被定位成一定的姿势。 [0020] According to a third aspect of the present invention, the large-diameter portion having a tapered surface, the tapered surface having a diameter decreasing as approaching the constricted portion, the locking pawl having a set corresponding to the tapered surface partially tapered holding faces; in the intermediate fastened state, the tapered surface of the large-diameter portion is in surface-contact retaining lugs so that the clip member is positioned to take a certain posture. 这样, 稳定了夹装件在中间紧固状态下的姿势。 Thus, the stabilizing member is interposed in the intermediate fastened state position. 因此,当将夹装件进一步推压而置于最终紧固状态时,可以防止可能会因夹装件掉下而引起的产品故障。 Thus, when the clip is pushed further disposed a final fastened state, it is possible to prevent product failure may be due to clip is caused to fall. 结果,可以改善生产率。 As a result, productivity can be improved.

[0021] 根据本发明的第四方面,夹装座由一对爪部件形成,该爪部件从装饰板延伸;在该对爪部件的上端部中,彼此相对向地形成有一对卡定爪;并且,该一对卡定爪之间的距离由于该一对爪部件的弹性变形而扩大,使得允许各小直径部和大直径部通过该一对卡定爪之间。 [0021] According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, the clip fitting seat is formed of a pair of jaw members, the pawl member extends from the trim board; the upper end portion of the pawl member, is formed radially opposite to each other with a pair of engaging claws; the distance between the pair of latch lugs due to elastic deformation of the pair of jaw members is enlarged, so as to allow the small diameter portion and the large diameter portion through the pair of latch lugs. 如上所述,由于一对卡定爪的弹性变形,各个小直径部和大直径部被允许穿过卡定爪之间。 As described above, since the pair of latch lugs is deformed elastically, each of the small diameter portion and the large diameter portion is allowed to pass through the latch lugs. 因此,与当例如仅有作为爪部件的部分的卡定爪发生弹性变形时相比,卡定爪的刚度较高并且以更高的紧固力更牢固地紧固到夹装座。 Accordingly, when compared with, for example, only the pawl member as the locking claw portion elastically deformed, the claw card high stiffness and a higher fastening force is more firmly fastened to the clip fitting seat. 此外,还可以通过改变一对爪部件的厚度或形状容易地调整紧固负荷和用于夹装件的紧固力。 In addition, the clamping load can be easily adjusted and the force for fastening the clip attachments by changing the thickness or the shape of one pair of pawl members.

[0022] 根据本发明的第五方面,一对卡定爪的端部具有弧形部,该弧形部以用于紧固夹装件的装配轴线0为中心并且具有直径d,该直径d小于小直径部但大于该一对爪部件之间的间隙g。 [0022] According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, a pair of end portions of the locking pawl has an arcuate portion, the arcuate portion interposed fastening member for mounting the center axis 0 and having a diameter d, the diameter d It is smaller than the small-diameter portion larger than the clearance g between the pair of pawl members. 由于该一对卡定爪的弧形部,使得夹装件以夹装件的中心轴线高精度地与装配轴线0重合的方式而紧固于装饰板。 Since the pair of locking pawl arcuate portions, so that the clip member is interposed in a central axis and the fitting axis with high precision 0 overlap fastened to the trim board. 结果,可以更容易地进行用于经由夹装件将装饰板经由夹装件紧固于车身侧部件的工作。 The results can be more easily used via the interposed member via a trim board for fastening the clip to the vehicle body-side member of the work.

[0023] 根据本发明的第六方面,该一对爪部件具有一对从装饰板立起而彼此平行的立板部,和从立板部的上端部沿与立板部大致垂直的方向弯曲延伸的横板部,使得横板部的端部为台阶部,该台阶部通过将所述横板部的端部朝向装饰板弯曲而凹入而形成,并且该台阶部用作为卡定爪。 [0023] According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, the pair of lug members has a pair of standing up from the trim board and the vertical plate portion parallel to each other, and the direction from the upper end portion of the upright plate portion of the upright plate portion bent in a direction substantially perpendicular extending lateral plate portion, so that the end portion of the lateral plate portion is a stepped portion, the stepped portion by the end portion of the lateral plate portions toward the trim board and a concave curved form, and the stepped portion is used as a locking pawl. 因此,通过使一对爪部件发生弹性变形以使得一对卡定爪变形而朝向装饰板弯曲而且在该卡定爪之间的距离扩大,可以容易地进行用于将第一突起部推压入夹装座的工作。 Accordingly, the pair of lug members elastically deformed so that the deformation of a pair of locking claws bent toward the trim board and the distance between the expansion of the locking claw can be easily performed for a first projection is pushed into the clip fitting seat work. 另一方面,在相反方向的卡定爪的变形,即卡定爪朝向这些卡定爪进一步从装饰板离开的方向的变形,却不容易,这是因为卡定爪和爪部件具有较高的刚度。 On the other hand, deformation of the card in the direction opposite to the claw, i.e., toward the locking claw from the locking claw direction of deformation is further away from the decorative panel, is not easy, since the locking claw and the claw member having a higher rigidity. 因此,一旦第一突起部的小直径部或大直径部穿过一对卡定爪之间并被紧固于夹装座,则难以将夹装件从夹装座卸下。 Thus, once the small-diameter portion or the large-diameter portion of the first projecting portion passes through a pair of locking and is fastened to the clip fitting seat between the jaws, it is difficult to remove the clip from the clip fitting seat member. 因此而实现了高紧固力。 Thus to achieve a high tightening force. 即,可以更容易地通过减小紧固负荷来进行紧固工作,而同时确保预定的紧固力。 I.e., may be more easily fastened to work by decreasing the fastening load, while ensuring predetermined fastening force. 此外,在该一对卡定爪的内侧形成有相对较大的空间。 Further, in the inside of the pair of latch lugs is formed with a relatively large space. 因此,当卡定爪与装饰板彼此一体地形成时的成形性得到改善,这使得可以更容易地设计包括滑动模的模制模具。 Accordingly, moldability when the locking pawl is formed integrally with the trim panel to each other is improved, which makes it easier to design molding dies including a slide die.

[0024] 根据本发明的第七方面,夹装座具有一对立板部,并且用该对立板部的上端部的彼此相对的部分来形成卡定爪,在紧邻卡定爪下方的部分形成有通孔,已在使立板部弹性变形而将该立板部彼此进一步分开的同时通过了卡定爪之间的小直径部和大直径部中的各个,用通孔的上缘卡定以防止被卸下。 [0024] According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, the clip fitting seat has a pair of vertical plate portions, and opposed to each other with a portion of the upper portion of the vertical plate portion of the locking claw formed, there is formed in a portion immediately below the locking pawl the through hole is deformed in the elastic portion and the vertical plate portions are further apart from each other upright plate simultaneously through each of the small diameter portion and a large diameter portion between the locking pawl, with the edges of the through hole to a given from being removed. 各个小直径部或大直径部的卡定状态经由通孔而以视觉直接检查。 Each of the small-diameter portion or the large-diameter portion engaged state via the through hole is visually checked directly. 因此,可以抑制产品故障的发生。 Therefore, it is possible to suppress the occurrence of product failure. 此外,在使立板部弹性变形的同时该夹装件的小直径部和大直径部中的各个通过卡定爪之间。 Further, when the vertical plate portion while elastically deforming a small diameter portion and the large diameter portion of the interposed element by the respective latch lugs. 因此,与当例如仅有作为爪部件的部分的卡定爪发生弹性变形时相比,卡定爪的刚度较高并且以更高的紧固力更牢固地紧固到夹装座。 Accordingly, when compared with, for example, only the pawl member as the locking claw portion elastically deformed, the claw card high stiffness and a higher fastening force is more firmly fastened to the clip fitting seat. 此外,还可以通过改变通孔的尺寸和位置适当地调整立板部的刚度并因此调整用于夹装件的紧固力。 In addition, also possible to appropriately adjust stiffness of the vertical plate portion by changing the size and position of the through hole and thus adjust the fastening force for the interposed member.

[0025] 根据本发明的第九方面,获得与根据本发明第二至第七发明的各项所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构中基本相同的效果。 [0025] According to a ninth aspect of the invention, obtained according to the second to seventh invention, the present invention is used for fastening the clip to the trim board structure and substantially the same effect.

[0026] 根据本发明的第十方面,通过沿在装饰板上形成有多个夹装座的情况下沿紧固方向使多个夹装件相对移动而接近多个夹装座,从而实现中间紧固状态;然后,通过利用压机沿紧固方向同时相对推压在中间紧固状态下已紧固到多个夹装座的多个夹装件从而实现最终紧固状态。 [0026] According to a tenth aspect of the invention, the trim panel is formed along a plurality of relatively moving members interposed approach the multiple clip fitting seats in the fastening direction when a plurality of the clip fitting seats case, in order to achieve intermediate fastened state; then, by using a press in the fastening direction while pushing in the opposite intermediate fastened state is fastened to the multiple clip fitting seats in a plurality of clip attachments to achieve the final fastened state. 从而,可以有效地紧固多个夹装件。 Whereby, a plurality of clips can be effectively fastened attachments.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0027] 图1A-1C是示出适用了根据本发明的第一实施例的夹装件紧固结构的车门装饰件(door trim)的例子的视图,图1A示意性地示出车门装饰件的外观,图IB示意性地示出车门装饰件的内面,图1C是从箭头A方向观察的图1B中的IC部分的透视图。 [0027] Figures 1A-1C are views illustrating a suitable embodiment of the first embodiment is interposed a member of the present invention, an example of a fastening structure of the door trim (door trim) according to FIG. 1A schematically shows a door trim appearance, FIG. IB schematically illustrates the inner surface of the door trim, FIG. 1C is a perspective view of an IC portion in FIG. 1B viewed from an arrow a direction.

[0028] 图2是沿图1C中的线II-II所取的放大截面图。 [0028] FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line 1C taken II-II.

[0029] 图3A和图3B是图示出用于将图1所示的车门装饰件固定于内板的步骤并对应于图2的截面图,图3A示出车门装饰件还未固定于内板的状态,图3B示出夹装件的第二突起部已固定于内板、并因此已将车门装饰件固定于内板的状态。 [0029] FIGS. 3A and 3B are diagrams for illustrating the step fixed to the inner door trim panel shown in Figure 1 and corresponds to a cross-sectional view of FIG. 2, FIG. 3A shows a door trim has not been fixed to the state plate, FIG. 3B shows a state of the second projecting portion is interposed member is fixed to the inner panel, door trim and so it has been fixed to the inner plate.

[0030] 图4A-4C是示出在将夹装件紧固于图1所示的车门装饰件之前的夹装座的视图, 图4A是对应于图1C的透视图,图4B是沿图4A中的线IVB-IVB所取的示出夹装座的放大截面图,图4C是示出从夹装件紧固于夹装座的方向观察的示出安装轴线0附近的一部分的平面图。 [0030] Figures 4A-4C are diagrams illustrating the door is fastened to the clip shown in Figure 1 is a view of the clip fitting seat of the trim before, corresponding to FIG. 4A is a perspective view of FIG. 1C, FIG. 4B is taken along 4A, a line IVB-IVB taken an enlarged sectional view of the clip fitting seat, and FIG. 4C is a diagram illustrating viewed from a direction for fastening the clip to the clip fitting seat portion of a plan view illustrating the vicinity of the mounting axis 0.

[0031] 图5A和图5B是仅示出图1的夹装件的图,图5A是透视图,图5B是垂直截面图。 [0031] FIGS. 5A and 5B are a diagram showing only the interposed member of Figure 1, is a perspective view of FIG. 5A, FIG. 5B is a vertical sectional view.

[0032] 图6A-6E是示出用于将夹装件紧固于图1所示的车门装饰件的夹装座的步骤的视图。 [0032] Figures 6A-6E are views for illustrating fastened to the vehicle door trim shown in FIG clip fitting seat member interposed steps.

[0033] 图7A-7B是示出自动进行图6B所示的中间(临时)紧固步骤和图6D所示的最终紧固步骤的情况的一个例子的图。 [0033] Figures 7A-7B are diagrams illustrating automatic intermediate shown in FIG. 6B (temporary) tightening step and 6D is an example of a case where the final fastening step in FIG.

[0034] 图8A-8C是示出本发明的第二实施例的图,其分别对应于图4A-4C。 [0034] FIGS. 8A-8C are diagrams showing a second embodiment of the present invention, which correspond to FIGS. 4A-4C.

[0035] 图9A-9E是示出向图8中的夹装座紧固夹装件的步骤的图,其分别对应于图6A-6E。 [0035] FIGS. 9A-9E are diagrams illustrating the fastening of the clip fitting seat in FIG. 8 interposed FIG step attachments, which respectively correspond to FIGS. 6A-6E.

[0036] 图10是示出从图9E所示的箭头X的方向观察的夹装件和夹装座的图。 [0036] FIG. 10 is a graph showing observed interposed member and the clip fitting seat in the direction of arrow X of FIG shown in FIG. 9E.

[0037] 图11A和11B是示出本发明的第三实施例的图,图11A是示出中间紧固状态的截面图,图11B是示出最终紧固状态的截面图。 [0037] FIGS. 11A and 11B are diagrams illustrating a third embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 11A is a sectional view showing an intermediate fastened state, and FIG 11B is a sectional view showing a final fastened state.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0038] 本发明涉及用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,该夹装件用于将装饰板(内饰件),例如,车门装饰件或仪表板固定于车身侧部件例如内板。 [0038] The present invention relates to a structure for fastening the clip to the trim board, the clip is used to trim board (interior parts), for example, a door trim or an instrument panel fixed to the vehicle body member e.g. board. 该装饰板通常由合成树脂材料制成,并例如在需要时在装饰板的表面上设置有内饰材料。 The trim board is usually made of a synthetic resin material, and provided when necessary, for example, interior decorative material on the surface of the plate. 该夹装件例如具有沿单一直线对齐以沿相对方向延伸,即向外延伸的第一突起部和第二突起部。 The interposed member are aligned along a single line, for example, having to extend in opposite directions, i.e., outwardly extending portion of the first projection and the second projection portion. 该夹装件也由合成树脂材料制成。 The clip is also made of a synthetic resin material. 可选地,该夹装件也可由其它材料,例如金属材料制成。 Alternatively, the interposed member may also be of other materials, such as metal material.

[0039] 通常,与装饰板一体地形成有多个夹装座,并且将夹装件紧固于该夹装座。 [0039] Generally, the trim panel is formed integrally with the multiple clip fitting seats, and fastening the clip to the clip fitting seat. 该装饰板经由该多个夹装件固定于车身侧部件。 The trim panel interposed member fixed to the vehicle body-side member via the plurality. 该多个夹装座形成为这样的姿势,使得其中将夹装件紧固于该夹装座的紧固方向彼此平行并基本垂直于装饰板。 The multiple clip fitting seats formed in such a posture, so that the clip in which the fastening member is fastened to the clip fitting seat in a direction parallel to each other and substantially perpendicular to the trim board. 紧固方向基本垂直于装饰板使得该多个夹装件可同时装配于多个夹装座。 Tightening direction substantially perpendicular to the trim board so that the plurality of clip attachments can be fitted simultaneously to the multiple clip fitting seats. 因此,紧固方向不必精确地垂直于装饰板。 Therefore, the fastening directions need not be exactly perpendicular to the trim board. 紧固方向可以以一预定角度相对于装饰板倾斜。 A fastening direction may be predetermined inclination angle with respect to the trim board. 而且,装饰板也不必具有平坦的表面。 Also, the trim board need not have a flat surface. 该装饰板可以为弯曲的或具有凹部以及突起部。 The trim panel may be curved or have recesses and protrusions. 夹装座不必相对于装饰板形成为统一的姿势, 例如其中夹装座垂直于装饰板的姿势,只要其中夹装件紧固于夹装座的紧固方向彼此平行即可。 The clip fitting seat with respect to the trim board need not be formed as a unified posture, for example, a vertical position wherein the clip fitting seat of the trim board, as long as for fastening the clip to the clip fitting seat in the fastening direction in parallel to each other.

[0040] 当将夹装件紧固于装饰板的夹装座时,可使该夹装件朝向装饰板移动。 [0040] When the clip is fastened to the clip fitting seat of the trim board, the interposed member can move toward the trim board. 可选地,可使装饰板朝向该夹装件移动。 Alternatively, the decorative plate can move toward the interposed member. 将夹装件紧固于夹装座的方式,在中间紧固步骤和最终紧固步骤之间可以不同。 Fastening the clip to the clip fitting seat manner, between the intermediate fastening step and a final fastening step may be different.

[0041] 在第二发明中,第一突起部具有从该第一突起部的顶部沿将夹装件推压到夹装座中的方向以下述顺序彼此同心地形成的小直径部、缩颈部(constricted portion)、大直径部和装配部。 [0041] In the second invention, the first portion having a projection projecting from the top of the first portion along the clip member is pushed into the clip fitting seat in a direction to the small-diameter portion following sequentially formed concentrically with each other, the constriction portion (constricted portion), a large diameter portion and a fitting portion. 实现两个紧固状态,即,其中卡定爪(latch lug)位于缩颈部的中间紧固状态, 和其中卡定爪位于装配部的最终紧固状态。 Two achieve fastened state, i.e., wherein the locking pawl (latch lug) fastened state in the middle of the constricted portion, and wherein the locking claw at the final assembled state of the fastening portion. 可选地,该结构也可以构成为使得可以实现三个以上的阶段的紧固状态。 Alternatively, the structure may be configured such that the fastening state can be achieved in three or more stages. 例如,在缩颈部和大直径部之间还可以形成中间直径部和缩颈部以使得在轴向的两个位置上实现中间紧固状态。 For example, between the constricted portion and the large diameter portion may be formed in the intermediate diameter portion and the neck portion so as to achieve the intermediate fastened state to the two positions on the axial direction. 相比实现中间紧固状态,要实现最终紧固状态至少需要一个较高的紧固负荷(当将夹装件紧固于夹装座时的推压负荷),而且,最终紧固状态也不必为这样一个紧固状态,其中紧固力、即、从夹装座拆除夹装件所需要的负荷较高时的状态。 Compared to achieve the intermediate fastened state, to achieve the final fastened state at least a higher fastening load (when the clip is fastened to the pressing load when the clip fitting seat), and the final fastened state need not for such a fastened state, wherein the fastening force, i.e., a state of high load attachments require removal from the clip fitting seat clamp.

[0042] 在第一发明中,在第一突起部上可以在沿紧固方向彼此分开的两个部位形成大直径突起部(接合部),并与形成于卡定爪中的接合凹部接合。 [0042] In the first invention, may be formed on the first projecting portion at two positions apart from each other in the tightening direction of the large-diameter projection portion (engaging portion), and the engagement recesses in the locking pawl in engagement with the formation. 可选地,可以在第一突起部中形成单一的接合部(接合凹部或突起部),并在夹装座中沿紧固方向彼此分开的两个部位形成两组卡定爪,使得可以实现两个阶段的紧固状态。 Alternatively, a single engagement portion may be formed in the first projecting portion (engaging recess or projection portions), and clamp two places apart from each other in the fitting seat in the fastening direction is formed two engaging claws, such may be achieved fastened state of two phases. 例如在JP-A-2004-183798的图1-图3中所示的实施例中,对应于卡定爪的球状凹部18可以在沿轴向彼此分开的两个部位形成于装配座16中。 For example, in the embodiment shown in 3 JP-A-2004-183798 in Figures 1-2, the corresponding spherical recesses in the locking pawl 18 may be formed in the mounting seat 16 at two locations axially spaced from each other. 该结构可以形成为使得实现紧固负荷不同的三个以上的阶段的紧固状态。 The structure may be formed as a fastened state so as to achieve different clamping load three or more stages.

[0043] 可以形成一组卡定爪或至少两组卡定爪,并且在每一组中的卡定爪之间的间距会例如由于卡定爪自身的弹性变形或由于诸如具有卡定爪的立板部的支承部的弹性变形而扩大。 [0043] may be formed of a set of at least two locking pawl or the locking pawls, and in each group the card in a given spacing between the jaws may, for example, since the locking pawl itself or due to elastic deformation such as a locking claw simultaneous elastic deformation of the support portion of the plate portion is enlarged. 一组卡定爪包括多个卡定爪。 A group comprising a plurality of locking claws engaging claws. 例如一对卡定爪形成为相对于装配轴线0对称,装配轴线0是沿其将第一突起部紧固于夹装座的轴线。 Such as a pair of engaging claws formed symmetrically with respect to the fitting axis O, along which the fitting axis 0 is the first projection fastened to the clip fitting seat axis. 可选地,可以绕装配轴线0等角度间隔地形成有三个以上的卡定爪。 Alternatively, it may be formed with three or more spaced apart claw card assembly about the axis 0 equal angles. 可以应用不对称的卡定爪。 It can be applied to asymmetric locking claws. 在本发明第四方面的一对爪部件中,至少该爪部件弹性变形。 In a fourth aspect of the pair of lug members of the present invention, at least the elastically deformable claw member. 可选地,除了该爪部件以外,卡定爪也可弹性变形。 Alternatively, except for the pawl member, the locking pawl may be elastically deformable.

[0044] 在本发明第三方面中,在大直径部中形成有一锥形面,该锥形面在中间紧固状态下与形成于多个(一组)卡定爪中的局部锥形保持面处于面接触。 [0044] In a third aspect of the present invention, there is formed a tapered face of the large diameter portion, the tapered surface in the intermediate fastened state is formed with a plurality (group) in the partial locking claw tapered retainer face is in surface contact. 然而,在本发明其它方面中,例如,当夹装件与夹装座在沿紧固方向彼此分开的多个部位接合时,夹装件可以布置成具有一定的姿势。 However, in other aspects of the present invention, for example, when a plurality of parts interposed member and the clip fitting seat in the fastening direction from each other engages the interposed member may be arranged to have a certain posture.

[0045] 在本发明第五方面中,一对卡定爪的端部具有弧形部,该弧形部以装配轴线0为中心并且具有直径d,当该弧形部和例如小直径部彼此相接合时,第一突起部的中心轴线与该装配轴线0相重合(同心)。 [0045] In a fifth aspect of the invention, a pair of end portions of the locking pawl has an arcuate portion, the arcuate portion to be fitted to the center axis O and having a diameter d, when the arcuate portion and a small diameter portion to each other e.g. It is engaged, the central axis of the first projecting portion and the fitting axis O coincide (concentric). 然而,也可以其它发明中作出各种变形。 However, the invention can also be made of other various modifications. 例如,一对卡定爪中的一方可以形成为平坦的形状,或可以形成为V形部来代替上述弧形部。 For example, one of the pair of latch lugs may be formed in a flat shape, or a V-shaped portion may be formed instead of the arc-shaped portion. [0046] 在本发明第六方面中,横板部的端部为通过弯曲以将该横板部的端部朝向装饰板凹入而形成的台阶部,该台阶部用作卡定爪。 Stepped portions [0046] In a sixth aspect of the present invention, the end portion of the horizontal plate portion by bending at an end portion of the lateral plate portions toward the trim board is formed of a concave, stepped portion serves as the locking pawl. 然而,在其它发明中,也可以作出各种变形。 However, in the other inventions, various modifications may be made. 例如,基本上平坦的该横板部可以不经处理而用作卡定爪。 For example, a substantially planar portion of the horizontal plate may be used as the locking pawl without treatment.

[0047] 在第七发明中,在立板部中形成有通孔(开口),并且,各个小直径部和大直径部的卡定状态经由通孔而以视觉直接检查。 [0047] In the seventh invention, a through hole (opening) in the upright plate portion, and each of the small diameter portion and the large diameter portion engaged state via the through hole is visually checked directly. 然而,在其它发明中,可以仅形成各个小直径部和大直径部可以被卡定的凹部。 However, in other invention, can be formed only a portion of each of the small diameter and the large diameter portion of the card may be given a recess portion.

[0048] 在第十发明中,当在装饰板上形成多个夹装座时,通过利用压机沿紧固方向同时相对推压在中间紧固状态下被紧固到夹装座的多个夹装件,来实现最终紧固状态。 [0048] In the tenth invention, when the decorative panel is formed a plurality of the clip fitting seats, the fastening directions by using a press simultaneously pushing a plurality of relative pressure in the intermediate fastened state is fastened to the clip fitting seat clamp attachments to achieve the final fastened state. 在中间紧固步骤中,可以手动或通过低负荷夹装机(例如气缸)将夹装件逐个地紧固到夹装座。 In the intermediate fastening step, either manually or by a low-load clip installed (such as a cylinder) the clip element individually fastened to the clip fitting seat. 在其它发明中,在最终紧固步骤中,也可以手动或通过压机(例如气缸或液压缸)将夹装件逐个地紧固到夹装座。 In another invention, the final fastening step, may be manual or by a press machine (e.g. an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder) the clip element individually fastened to the clip fitting seat.

[0049] 下面将结合附图说明本发明的第一实施例。 [0049] The accompanying drawings will be described a first embodiment of the present invention. 图1A-1C是示出适用了本发明的第一实施例的车门装饰件10的视图,图1A是示意性地示出车门装饰件10的外观面、即车门装饰件10的车室侧表面的视图。 Figures 1A-1C are views illustrating a suitable embodiment of the first embodiment of the door trim 10 of the present invention, FIG. 1A is a schematic showing the exterior surface of the door trim 10, namely the vehicle compartment side surface of the door trim 10 of view. 图1B是示意性地示出车门装饰件10的作为外观面的相对侧的内面的视图。 1B is a schematic view showing the appearance of a side surface opposite the inner surface of the door trim 10. 图1C是从箭头A方向观察的图1B中的IC部分的透视图。 1C is a perspective view of an IC portion in FIG. 1B viewed from an arrow A direction. 该车门装饰件10相当于装饰板,由合成树脂材料制成,并形成为单件部件。 The door trim 10 corresponds to a trim board, made of a synthetic resin material and formed as a single piece member. 多个(在图1B中为8个) 夹装座14与位于车门内侧(车室外侧上)的内面12的外周部一体地形成。 A plurality of (eight in FIG. 1B) clip fitting seats 14 formed in the inner surface of the outer peripheral portion 12 is located inside of the door (on the outside of the vehicle compartment) integrally. 夹装件16紧固于夹装座14。 The clip 16 is fastened to the clip fitting seat 14. 当夹装件16被一体地紧固到形成于车门(参照图3B)的内板18中的装配孔20中时,车门装饰件10被固定于内板18。 When the clip 16 fitting hole is integrally formed in the door fastened (see FIG. 3B) of the inner panel 18 20, the door trim 10 is fixed to the inner panel 18. 该内板18相当于车身侧部件。 The inner panel 18 corresponds to the vehicle body member.

[0050] 图2是沿图1C中的线II-II所取的示出IC部分的放大截面图。 [0050] FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view showing the IC portion in FIG. 1C along line II-II taken. 图4A-4C是示出在尚未紧固有夹装件16的夹装座14的视图。 Figures 4A-4C are diagrams illustrating yet in view of the clip is fastened to the clip fitting seat 14 to 16. 图5A和图5B是仅示出夹装件16的图。 5A and FIG. 5B is a diagram illustrating only the clip 16 of FIG. 图4A是对应于图1C的透视图,图4B是对应于图2的截面图,即是沿图4A中的线IVB-IVB所取的示出夹装座14的放大截面图,图4C是示出从夹装件16紧固于夹装座14的方向(下文在适当时称为“紧固方向”)观察(从图4B中的夹装座14的上方观察)的示出装配轴线0附近的一部分的平面图。 FIG. 4A corresponding to FIG. 1C is a perspective view, FIG 4B is a corresponding cross-sectional view of FIG. 2, that is, taken along FIG. 4A line IVB-IVB taken an enlarged sectional view of the clip fitting seat 14, and FIG. 4C is shown illustrating the fitting axis 0 for fastening the clip 16 to the clip fitting seat 14 in a direction (hereinafter referred to as "fastening direction" where appropriate) was observed (viewed from above the clip fitting seat 14 in FIG. 4B) of plan view of a portion near. 图5A是示出从相对于夹装件16倾斜且在该夹装件16上方的一点观察时的该夹装件16的透视图。 5A is a diagram illustrating a perspective view of the apparatus with respect to the clamp member 16 when the clip 16 is inclined and one o'clock in the observation above 16 interposed member. 图5B是夹装件16的纵向截面图,包括中心轴线S。 5B is a longitudinal sectional view of the interposed member 16 includes a central axis S.

[0051] 如图5A、5B中所示,夹装件16具有沿中心轴线S对齐以沿相反方向延伸,即向外延伸的第一突起部30和第二突起部32。 [0051] FIG. 5A, 5B shown, the clip 16 is aligned along the central axis S extending in the opposite direction, i.e., outwardly extending portion 30 of the first projection and the second projection portion 32. 此外,在第一突起部30和第二突起部32之间,形成有第一座部34和第二座部36,该第一座部34为大直径凸缘状并座落于夹装座14中,而第二座部36为大直径凸缘状并座落于内板18中。 Further, between the first projecting portion 30 and the second projection portion 32 is formed with a first seat portion 34 and the second seat portion 36, the first seat portion 34 and a large-diameter flange-shaped clip fitting seat is located in the 14, while the second seat portion 36 and a large-diameter flange-shaped plate 18 is located in. 第一突起部30、第二突起部32、第一座部34和第二座部36由合成树脂材料制成,并且彼此一体地形成。 The first projection portion 30, the second projection portion 32, the first seat portion 34 and the second seat portion 36 is made of a synthetic resin material and formed integrally with each other. 第一突起部30具有小直径部40、直径比小直径部40小的缩颈部42、直径比小直径部40大的大直径部44和形成于大直径部44与第一座部34之间的小直径装配部46,它们彼此同心地形成并且从该第一突起部30的顶部沿将该第一突起部30推压到夹装座14中的方向以该顺序布置。 The first projection portion 30 has a small diameter portion 40, diameter 42, diameter 40 larger than the small-diameter constricted portion smaller than the small-diameter portion 40 and the large-diameter portion 44 formed on the large diameter portion 44 and the first seat portion 34, fitting between the small-diameter portion 46, and are formed concentrically to each other along the first projection portion 30 is pushed into the clip fitting in the direction of arrangement 14 in this order from the top of the first projection portion 30. 通过这样的结构,该第一突起部30通过沿大致垂直于车门装饰件10的方向(图4B中的上下方向) 被推入夹装座14中而紧固于夹装座14。 With such a configuration, the first projecting portion 30 substantially perpendicular to the direction (the vertical direction in FIG. 4B) of the door trim 10 pushed into the clip fitting seat 14 fastened to the clip fitting seat 14 by. 小直径部40整体上形成为锥形,使得其直径随着接近顶端而减小。 Is formed integrally on the small-diameter portion 40 is tapered such that its diameter decreases toward the leading end. 此外,小直径部40的位于大直径基部一侧的外周部具有如图5B所示的截面的平滑的弧状,并且与小直径缩颈部42相连。 Further, the outer peripheral portion of the large diameter side of the base of the small-diameter portion 40 has a smooth arc cross section as shown in FIG. 5B, and is connected to the neck portion 42 and the small diameter shrinkage. 大直径部44具有直径随着接近缩颈部42而减小的锥面44t。 The large-diameter portion 44 having a tapered surface 44t as the diameter closer to the constricted portion 42 is reduced. 装配部46形成为具有预定直径D的柱状。 A columnar fitting portion 46 is formed having a predetermined diameter D. 该装配部46具有预定的长度,使得当如图2中所示将夹装座14的上端部弹性地夹紧于大直径部44和第一座部34 之间时,夹装件16以一定的姿势一体地紧固于夹装座14。 When the fitting portion 46 having a predetermined length, such as shown in Figure 2 the upper end portion of the clip fitting seat 14 is elastically clamped between the large diameter portion 44 and the first seat portion 34, the clip 16 at a constant posture fastened to the clip fitting seats 14 integrally.

[0052] 第二突起部32具有形成为柱状的直径比内板18的装配孔20大的基端部、和从该基端部突出并具有如图5B中的截面图中的平滑的半椭圆形状的心轴状顶端部。 [0052] The second projection portion 32 has formed a cylindrical larger diameter than the proximal end portion 20 mounting holes in the plate 18, and protrudes from the base end portion and having a smooth semi-elliptical shape as shown in cross section in FIG. 5B spindle-shaped tip portion. 此外,第二突起部32具有直径比装配孔20小的、作为缩颈部的、并形成于基端部和第二座部36之间的装配部48。 Further, the second projection portion 32 having a smaller diameter than the fitting hole 20, the constricted portion as a fitting portion, and is formed between the base end portion and a second portion 36 of the seat 48. 如图3B所示,第二突起部32从其顶端部插入装配孔20中。 3B, the second projection portion 20 in its tip end portion 32 inserted into the fitting hole. 在该柱状的基端部在发生弹性变形的同时通过装配孔20之后,内板18位于装配部48而且该内板18被弹性地夹紧于第二突起部32和第二座部36之间。 The proximal end portion of the columnar through hole 20 after assembly, the inner panel 18 located at the fitted portion 48 and elastically deformed while the inner panel 18 is elastically clamped to the second projection portion 32 and the second seat portion 36 between . 结果,夹装件16被紧固于内板18,并且结果将车门装饰件10固定于内板18。 As a result, the clip 16 is fastened to the inner panel 18, and as a result the door trim 10 is fixed to the inner panel 18.

[0053] 图4A和4B中所示的夹装座14具有一对爪部件50a、50b,它们与车门装饰件10 — 体地设置从而沿大致垂直于车门装饰件10的方向立起。 [0053] Figures 4A and 4B the clip fitting seat 14 shown having a pair of claw members 50a, 50b, which with the door trim 10 - member disposed along such a direction substantially perpendicular to the upright of the door trim 10. 该爪部件50a、50b通过使用滑动模(slide die)(活芯模,draw back die)等形成。 The pawl member 50a, 50b is formed by using a slide mold (slide die) (live mandrel, draw back die) and the like. 该爪部件50a、50b形成为相对于大致垂直于车门装饰件10的装配轴线0对称。 The pawl member 50a, 50b is formed substantially perpendicular to the fitting axis 0 symmetrically with respect to the vehicle door trim 10. 该爪部件50a、50b分别具有立板部54a、54b以及横板部56a、56b,该爪部件50a、50b的各个具有大致L字形的截面。 The pawl member 50a, 50b respectively have vertical plate portions 54a, 54b and the lateral plate portions 56a, 56b, the jaw members 50a, 50b each having a substantially L-shaped cross section. 立板部54a、54b沿大致垂直于内面12的方向从车门装饰件10的内面12立起。 The vertical plate portions 54a, 54b along a direction substantially perpendicular to the inner surface 12 from the inner face 12 of the door trim 10 rises. 横板部56a、56b从立板部54a、 54b的上端沿与立板部54a、54b大致垂直的方向弯曲延伸,使得横板部56a、56b的端部彼此相对。 The lateral plate portions 56a, 56b from the vertical plate portion 54a, along an upper end of the vertical plate portion 54b 54a, 54b extending in a direction substantially perpendicular bending, such that the lateral plate portion 56a, end portions 56b face each other. 该彼此相对的横板部56a、56b的端部彼此由一小的间隙g分开,该间隙g小于小直径部40。 Another lateral plate opposite to the portion 56a, end portion 56b is separated from each other by a small gap g, the gap g is smaller than the small-diameter portion 40. 此外,该端部为通过弯曲而使横板部56a、56b的端部朝向车门装饰件10凹入而形成的台阶部或曲柄状部。 Further, by bending the end portions of the lateral plate portions 56a, 56b are formed toward the end portion 10 of the stepped recessed portion of the door trim or the crank-shaped portion. 如此而形成的台阶部用作卡定爪58a、58b。 A stepped portion formed so as card lugs 58a, 58b. 图4C所示的小直径部40表示该小直径部40的最大直径,间隙g小于该小直径部40的最大直径。 The small diameter portion 40 shown in FIG 4C indicates the maximum diameter of the small diameter portion 40, the gap g is smaller than the maximum diameter of the small-diameter portion 40.

[0054] 在从将夹装件16装配于夹装座14 (参照图4C的状态)的方向观察的夹装座14的平面图中,该一对卡定爪58a、58b具有以装配轴线0为中心并且具有直径d的弧形部59a、 59b,该直径d小于小直径部40但大于间隙g。 [0054] in a direction from the clip member 16 is attached to (a state with reference to FIG. 4C) the clip fitting seat 14 viewed interposed plan fitting seat 14, the pair of latch lugs 58a, 58b has a fitting axis 0 and the arcuate portion 59a having a diameter d of the center, 59b, the diameter d is smaller than the small-diameter portion 40 larger than the clearance g. 当将弧形部59a、59b与小直径部40彼此接合时,夹装件16的中心轴线S与装配轴线0重合。 When the arc-shaped portions 59a, 59b and 40 engaged with each other, the small-diameter portion interposed member central axis S coincides with the fitting axis 16 is 0. 当在夹装件16从图4B中的夹装座14 的上方朝向该夹装座14移动并且使小直径部40与卡定爪58a、58b接合时,该一对爪部件50a、50b如图6B中的箭头B所示发生弹性变形。 When the clip 16 from the clip above the clip fitting seat 14 in FIG. 4B fitting seat 14 moves toward the small diameter portion 40 and the locking pawls 58a, 58b engage the pair of pawl members 50a, 50b in FIG. 6B is elastically deformed as shown by arrow B. 从而,在该一对爪部件50a、50b之间的间隙沿横向增大,从而,允许小直径部40通过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 Accordingly, the pair of pawl members 50a, 50b in the lateral direction of the gap between increases, thereby allowing the small-diameter portion 40 by a locking claw 58a, between 58b. 在第一实施例中,立板部54a,54b的上端部沿该上端部彼此之间进一步分开的方向发生弹性变形,立板部54a、54b 和横板部56a、56b彼此连接的角部弹性变形,使得在立板部54a、54b和横板部56a、56b之间的角度变小。 In the first embodiment, the elastic deformation of the upper end portion of the vertical plate portion 54a, 54b occurs in a direction further apart from each other between the upper end portion, the vertical plate portions 54a, 54b and the lateral plate portion 56a, an elastic corner portion 56b connected to each other deformed, so that the angle between the vertical plate portions 54a, 54b and the lateral plate portions 56a, 56b becomes smaller. 如此,在该一对卡定爪58a、58b弹性变形的同时该一对卡定爪58a、58b之间的间隙增大而朝向车门装饰件10弯曲。 Thus, the pair of locking claws 58a, 58b while elastically deforming the pair of latch lugs 58a, 58b is increased and the gap between the trim 10 is bent toward the door. 这样,夹装件16位于中间紧固状态,其中该一对卡定爪58a、58b位于缩颈部42,并被夹在小直径部40和大直径部44之间,如图6C所示。 Thus, the clip 16 is located intermediate fastened state where the pair of latch lugs 58a, 58b located in the constricted portion 42, and is interposed between the small diameter portion 40 and the large diameter portion 44, shown in Figure 6C.

[0055] 小直径部40和大直径部44之间的距离被设定为这样的一个值:当卡定爪58a、 58b被夹在夹装件16的小直径部40和大直径部44之间时夹装件16被定位而不发生摇摆。 [0055] The distance between the small-diameter portion 44 and the large diameter portion 40 is set to such a value: when the locking pawl 58a, 58b is sandwiched between the small-diameter portion 40 of the clip 16 and the large diameter portion 44 of the when interposed between member 16 is positioned without wobble. 在卡定爪58a、58b的上面中分别形成有对应于形成于大直径部44的锥面44t的锥形保持面60a、60b(参照图4A至图4C)。 The locking pawls 58a, 58b, respectively, formed in the above has a corresponding holding surface 60a is formed in the tapered portion tapered face 44t of the large-diameter 44, 60b (see FIG. 4A to FIG. 4C). 当锥形保持面60a、60b被推靠在锥面44t上而在中间紧固状态下与锥面44t形成面接触时,夹装件16被定位以处于夹装件16的中心轴线S与装配轴线0大致重合的一定姿势。 When holding the tapered surfaces 60a, 60b and pushed against the tapered face 44t formed in the intermediate surface contact with the tapered surface 44t fastened state, the clip 16 is positioned to the central axis S and the mounting member 16 is interposed 0 axis coincides substantially constant posture.

[0056] 当已处于上述中间紧固状态的夹装件16,被进一步沿由如图6D所示箭头A所示的方向推压时,该爪部件50a、50b与大直径部44接合,并如箭头B所示弹性变形,且卡定爪58a、58b之间的距离扩大。 [0056] when it has been in the intermediate fastened state of the clip 16, is further shown by the arrow direction shown in FIG. 6D A pressing direction, the pawl members 50a, 50b engaged with the large-diameter portion 44, and the elastic deformation indicated by arrow B, and the locking pawls 58a, 58b to expand the distance between. 这样,允许大直径部44通过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 Thus, the large diameter portion 44 allows the locking claw 58a, between 58b. 结果,夹装件16定位成最终紧固状态,其中该一对卡定爪58a、58b位于装配部46,卡定爪58a、58b和横板部56a、56b位于大直径部44和第一座部34之间,如图6E所示。 As a result, the clip 16 positioned to the final fastened state where the pair of latch lugs 58a, 58b located at the fitted portion 46, the locking pawls 58a, 58b and the lateral plate portions 56a, 56b and the first seat is located in the large-diameter portion 44 between the portions 34, shown in Figure 6E. 因为大直径部44的直径大于小直径部40,爪部件50a、50b需要以更大量弹性变形以允许大直径部44通过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 Because the diameter of the large diameter portion 44 is larger than the small-diameter portion 40, pawl member 50a, 50b need to be elastically deformable to allow a larger amount of the large-diameter portion 44 by a locking claw 58a, between 58b. 因此,与图6B中的中间紧固步骤相比,图6D中的最终紧固步骤中需要更大的推力(更大的紧固负荷)。 Thus, as compared with FIG. 6B intermediate fastening step, a larger driving force (higher fastening load) in FIG. 6D final fastening step is required. 与中间紧固状态下相比,夹装件16在最终紧固状态下以更大的紧固力更牢固地紧固于夹装座14。 Than in the intermediate fastened state, the clip 16 with greater fastening force is more firmly fastened to the clip fitting seat 14 in the final fastened state. 直径比大直径部44的第一座部34被推靠于并紧紧地紧固于横板部56a、56b的上表面,并且,与中间紧固状态下相比,夹装件16被更稳定地保持于其中中心轴线S与装配轴线0重合的一定姿势。 Diameter than the first seat portion 44 of the large-diameter portion 34 is pushed against and tightly fastened to the upper surface of the lateral plate portions 56a, 56b, and, as compared with the intermediate fastened state, the clip 16 is more stably maintained in which the central axis S coincides with the fitting axis 0 constant posture. 第一突起部30的第二直径增减部以及第一突起部30的第一直径增减部中的各个,对应于权利要求1中的接合部,其中,第一突起部30的第二直径增减部从大直径部44通过装配部46而到达第一座部34,并且被用于将夹装件16定位于最终紧固状态下,而第一突起部30的第一直径增减部则从小直径部40通过缩颈部42而到达大直径部44,并且被用于将夹装件16定位于中间紧固状态下。 Decrease the diameter of first diameter portion of the second portion of the first projecting portion 30 decrease and the first projection portion 30 in the respective, corresponding to claim 1 joint, wherein the first projecting portion 30 of a second diameter decrease portion from the large diameter portion 44 reaches the fitting portion 46 and the first seat portion 34, and is used for the clip member 16 is positioned in a final fastened state, the diameter of the first portion of the first projecting portion 30 decrease in the small-diameter portion 40 through the constricted portion 42 reaches the large diameter portion 44, and is used for the clip member 16 is positioned in the intermediate fastened state.

[0057] 可以通过适当地设定柱状装配部46 (参照图5A)的直径D以及形成于一对卡定爪58a、58b(参照图4C)的弧状部59a、59b的直径,来限制和控制夹装件16的定位。 [0057] can be appropriately set by the columnar fitting portion 46 (see FIG. 5A) and the diameter D is formed a pair of engaging claws 58a, 58b (see FIG. 4C) of the arcuate portions 59a, 59b of the diameter, to limit and control the positioning member 16 interposed. S卩,如果在装配部46和弧状部59a、59b之间形成预定量的游隙,允许夹装件16移动预定的距离,这使得可以吸收当将多个夹装件16紧固而与内板18的装配孔20接合时可能会发生的位置偏移(位置误差)。 S Jie, if a predetermined amount of play between the fitting portion 46 and the arc-shaped portions 59a, 59b, allow the clip 16 to move a predetermined distance attachments, which can be absorbed such that when a plurality of fastening clip 16 and the inner position may occur when engaging the fitting hole 20 of the offset plate 18 (position error). 如果需要的话,可以在将夹装件16定位之后,将间隙g设置为比直径D 小的值。 If desired, may be performed after the clip member 16 is positioned, the gap g is set to a value smaller than the diameter D of.

[0058] 在车门装饰件10的内面12上形成有多个夹装座14,使得夹装座14的装配轴线0 基本上彼此平行。 [0058] A plurality of clip fitting seats 14, so that the clip fitting seat assembly axis 014 substantially parallel to each other on the inner surface 12 of the door trim 10. 尽管车门装饰件10并非完全平坦的面,而是部分地弯曲或倾斜,在车门装饰件10上将夹装座14形成为其中装配轴线0、即紧固方向彼此平行的姿势,而不管车门装饰件10的形状如何。 Although the door trim 10 is not completely flat surface, but partially curved or angled in the door trim member 10 on the clip fitting seat 14 is formed in which the fitting axis 0, i.e., the direction parallel to each other in the fastening position, regardless of the door trim how shaped member 10. 因此,可以将夹装件16沿一定的紧固方向装配到夹装座14。 Accordingly, the clip 16 is fitted in a certain direction is fastened to the clip fitting seat 14.

[0059] 可以例如根据图6A-6E所示的步骤(紧固方法)将夹装件16紧固到形成在车门装饰件10的多个位置的夹装座14。 [0059] may be, for example, according to FIGS. 6A-6E steps (fastening method) shown in the clip 16 is fastened to a plurality of positions formed at the door trim 10 of the clip fitting seat 14. 图6A-6E是示出基本紧固步骤的图。 Figures 6A-6E are diagrams illustrating basic fastening steps of FIG. 在图6B所示的中间紧固步骤中,以相对较小的力将夹装件16沿由箭头A所示的紧固方向推压到夹装座14 中。 In the intermediate fastening step shown in FIG. 6B, a relatively small force to the clip member 16 along the fastening direction indicated by the arrow A pushed into the clip fitting seat 14. 这样,在使一对爪部件50a、50b弹性变形以如箭头B所示扩大卡定爪58a、58b之间的距离的同时,小直径部40穿过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 Thus, in the pair of claw members 50a, 50b elastically deformed to expand as shown by arrow B locking claw 58a, while the distance between 58b, the small-diameter portion 40 passes through the locking claw 58a, between 58b. 结果,实现如图6C中所示的中间紧固状态。 As a result, to achieve the intermediate fastened state shown in FIG. 6C. 当已处于中间紧固状态的夹装件16沿如图6D中箭头A所示的紧固方向以大的作用力被相对进一步地推入夹装座14中时,在使一对爪部件50a、50b弹性变形一较大量以如箭头B所示扩大卡定爪58a、58b之间的距离的同时,大直径部44穿过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 As has been in the intermediate fastened state of the fastening clip 16 in the direction indicated by the arrow A 6D in FIG relatively large force is further pushed into the clip fitting seat 14 when in the pair of lug members 50a , 50b elastically deformed to a larger amount of expansion as shown by arrow B locking claw 58a, while the distance between 58b, the large diameter portion 44 passes through the locking claw 58a, between 58b. 结果,实现如图6E中所示的最终紧固状态。 As a result, to achieve the final fastened state shown in FIG 6E. 可以使用例如利用空气缸或液压缸的紧固机械来自动地进行图6B和6D中的两个紧固步骤。 May be used, for example, mechanically fastened using an air or hydraulic cylinder is secured to automatically perform two steps in FIG. 6B and 6D. 可选地,工人可以手动地进行所有步骤。 Alternatively, a worker can manually perform all the steps. 在图6B的中间紧固步骤中,可以将夹装件16手动地逐个紧固到夹装座14,而在图6D的最终紧固步骤中,可以使用例如利用液压缸的紧固机械来自动地将多个夹装件16分别紧固到多个夹装座14。 In the intermediate fastening step in FIG. 6B, the clip 16 may be manually fastened one by one to the clip fitting seat 14, and in the final fastening step in FIG. 6D, a hydraulic cylinder may be used, for example, by using mechanical fastening automatically a plurality of ground clip 16 are fastened to the multiple clip fitting seats 14.

[0060] 图7A和7B示出当使用紧固机械来自动地进行图6B和6D中的两个紧固步骤时的情况。 [0060] FIGS. 7A and 7B show the case when using mechanically fastened to automatically perform FIGS. 6B and 6D two fastening step. 图7A示出中间紧固步骤,图7B示出最终紧固步骤。 7A shows the intermediate fastening step, and FIG. 7B shows the final fastening step. 在图7A的中间紧固步骤中,将设置于被用于将车门装饰件10和多个夹装座14彼此一体地形成的模压机62的下模63之上的车门装饰件10升高,并通过一个成形品移取机械手64将其移动到中间紧固地点。 In the intermediate fastening step in FIG. 7A, is set to be increased to 10 over the door trim 10 and the multiple clip fitting seats 14 are formed integrally molding machine of one another lower mold 6362 door trim, and a molded article by pipetting robot 64 to move it to an intermediate fastening site. 成形品移取机械手64具有例如安装有吸附装置的移取附件66。 A molded article having a pipetting robot 64 is mounted, for example, suction device 66 pipetting attachment. 在中间紧固地点,准备多个夹装件16以将其置于对应于多个夹装座14的多个位置,并设置有供给进给器68,例如空气缸。 In the middle of the fastening locations, the plurality of clip 16 is ready to be placed corresponding to the multiple clip fitting seats 14 in a plurality of positions, and provided with a supply feeder 68, such as an air cylinder. 由供给进给器68逐个地向上推送夹装件16,而将其以中间紧固状态紧固于夹装座14。 By the supply feeder 68 one by one upwardly push the clip 16, and the intermediate fastened state which is fastened to the clip fitting seat 14.

[0061] 在图7B的最终紧固步骤中,将其中夹装件16以中间紧固状态紧固于夹装座14 了的车门装饰件10,以使得夹装件16面朝上的姿势置于基座70上。 [0061] In the final fastening step in FIG. 7B, in which the clip 16 is fastened to the intermediate fastened state of the clip fitting seat 14 of the door trim 10, so that the posture of the opposed face 16 interposed member on the base 70. 当利用推压机72,例如液压缸将该基座70提升时,该多个夹装件16与设置在多个夹装座14上方的筒形推压夹具74接触。 When using the pusher machine 72, such as a hydraulic lifting cylinder 70 when the base, the plurality of contacts 16 interposed provided with a plurality of cylindrical clip fitting seats 14 in the top of the jig 74 is pressed. 这样,将多个夹装件16同时相对推压到多个夹装座14之中并置于最终紧固状态。 Thus, a plurality of opposing clip 16 while pushing the multiple clip fitting seats 14 and placed in the final fastened state. 作为推压机72,例如优选地使用压力机(press machine)。 As the pusher machine 72, such as preferably a press machine (press machine).

[0062] 在根据第一实施例的用于向车门装饰件10紧固夹装件的结构中,小直径部40、缩颈部42、大直径部44和装配部46沿紧固方向从该第一突起部30的顶部以该顺序同心地形成于该夹装件16的第一突起部30。 [0062] In the chucking member 10 is fastened to the vehicle door trim according to a first embodiment of the structure, the small-diameter portion 40, the constricted portion 42, the large-diameter portion 44 and the fitting portion 46 from the fastening direction top of the first projection portion 30 in this order to form a first protrusion portion 30 of the clip 16 is concentrically. 当使夹装件16沿与基于垂直于车门装饰件10的装配轴线0平行的紧固方向朝向夹装座14相对移动时,首先,如图6B中所示,小直径部40与形成在夹装座14中的一对卡定爪58a、58b接合。 When the clip 16 based on the vertical direction when the fastening direction parallel to the 0 axis of the door trim assembly 10 toward the clip fitting seat 14 relative to the movement, first, as shown in the small-diameter portion 40 formed in the clamp 6B fitting seat 14 in the pair of latch lugs 58a, 58b engage. 然后,小直径部40在弹性扩大该卡定爪58a、58b之间的距离的同时穿过该卡定爪58a、58b之间。 Then, the small-diameter portion 40 elastically expand the locking pawls 58a, 58b while passing through the distance between the locking pawls 58a, 58b between. 结果,如图6C所示,达到其中卡定爪58a、58b位于缩颈部42的中间紧固状态。 As a result, as shown in FIG. 6C, which reaches the engaging claw 58a, 58b in the middle of the constricted portion 42 is fastened state. 当进一步推压夹装件16时,如图6D中所示, 大直径部44在弹性扩大该卡定爪58a、58b之间的距离的同时穿过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 When further pushing member 16 is interposed, as shown in FIG large diameter portion of the elastic expanding 6D 44 of the engaging claw 58a, the distance between 58b while passing through the locking claw 58a, 58b between. 结果,实现如图6E中所示的其中卡定爪58a、58b位于装配部46的最终紧固状态。 As a result, as shown in FIG. 6E achieve wherein engaging claws 58a, 58b at the final fastened state of the fitting portion 46.

[0063] 在该情况下,由于位于第一突起部30的顶端的小直径部40其直径比大直径部44 小,所以可以在中间紧固状态较容易地将夹装件16推入夹装座14。 [0063] In this case, since the small-diameter portion located between the first projecting portion 30 of the tip 40 of a diameter smaller than the large diameter portion 44, the clip can be relatively easily fastened state in the intermediate member 16 is pushed into the clip fitting Block 14. 因此,能够容易地例如手动地实现中间紧固状态。 Thus, for example, can be easily achieved intermediate fastened state manually. 为了将状态从中间紧固状态转换到最终紧固状态,需要将直径比小直径部40大的大直径部44穿过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 To state from the intermediate fastened state to the final fastened state need to be larger in diameter than the large-diameter portion 40 Small-diameter portion 44 passes through the locking claw 58a, between 58b. 因此,在最终紧固步骤中以较大的推力(以高的紧固负荷)推压夹装件16。 Thus, in the final fastening step to a larger force (at high fastening load) pushing the clip 16. 这样,可以预定的紧固力将夹装件16装配到夹装座14。 In this way, a predetermined fastening force of the clip member 16 is fitted to the clip fitting seat 14.

[0064] 利用根据该第一实施例的夹装结构,可以以中间紧固状态将夹装件16装配到夹装座14,并且,将夹装件16沿与基于垂直于车门装饰件10的装配轴线0平行的紧固方向推压而紧固到夹装座14。 [0064] With the structure of the first embodiment of the interposed embodiment, the intermediate fastened state may be the clip 16 is fitted to the clip fitting seat 14, and the clip 16 based on the vertical direction of the door member 10 to the garnish 0 axis parallel to the direction of the fastening assembly is pushed fastened to the clip fitting seat 14. 因此,即使是形成有多个夹装座14,例如在图7B所示的最终紧固步骤中,利用单一的推压机72将在中间紧固状态下已紧固于夹装座14的夹装件16同时推压到夹装座14中,以达到最终紧固状态。 Therefore, even if the multiple clip fitting seats 14 are formed, for example, in the final fastening step shown in FIG. 7B, using a single pusher machine 72 is fastened to the clip fitting seats in the intermediate fastened state of the clip 14 attachments 16 simultaneously pushed into the clip fitting seat 14, to achieve the final fastened state. 因此,可以提高夹装件紧固工作的效率,并且自动地进行夹装件紧固工作。 Thus, it is possible to improve the efficiency of the work for fastening the clip, and automatically perform the work for fastening the clip. 与从一开始就需要大的紧固力的通常的技术不同,可以防止紧固误差,例如防止在将夹装件16紧固于夹装座14时该夹装件16发生翻转。 Is different from the start and requires a large fastening force conventional techniques can prevent fastening error, for example, to prevent the clip member 16 is fastened to the clip fitting seat 14 is interposed member 16 overturns. 结果,可以改善紧固工作的效率。 As a result, it can improve the efficiency of the fastening work. 在中间紧固步骤中,可以例如如图7A中的中间紧固步骤所示,通过使用成形品移取机械手64和供给进给器68自动地将夹装件16以中间紧固状态装配到多个夹装座14。 In the intermediate fastening step, for example, FIG. 7A intermediate fastening step, the molded article by using a pipetting robot 64 and the supply feeder 68 automatically clip 16 fitted in the intermediate fastened state to a multi- a clip fitting seat 14.

[0065] 在第一实施例中,夹装件16的第一突起部30的大直径部44具有直径朝向缩颈部42缩小的锥面44t,并且,一对卡定爪58a、58b具有与锥面44t相一致的局部锥形化的保持面60a、60b。 The large diameter portion of the first projection portion 30 [0065] In a first embodiment, the clip 16 has a diameter 44 of the dent tapered surface 44t narrowing 42, and the pair of locking claws 58a, 58b having tapered surface 44t consistent localized tapered holding faces 60a, 60b. 在中间紧固状态下,大直径部44的锥面44t被推靠于并面接触卡定爪58a、58b 的保持面60a、60b,将夹装件16定位成具有一定的姿势。 In the intermediate fastened state, the large-diameter portion of the tapered face 44t 44 and pushed against the contact surface of the locking claw holding surfaces 58a, 58b to 60a, 60b, the clip member 16 is positioned to have a certain posture. 这样,稳定了夹装件16在中间紧固状态下的姿势。 Thus, the stable posture of the clip 16 in the intermediate fastened state. 因此,当将夹装件16进一步推压而置于最终紧固状态时,可以防止可能会因夹装件16翻转而引起的产品故障。 Thus, when the clip 16 is further pushed and placed in the final fastened state, it is possible to prevent product failure may be due to the clip 16 inverted caused. 结果,可以改善生产率。 As a result, productivity can be improved.

[0066] 在第一实施例中,夹装座14由从车门装饰件10立起的一对爪部件50a、50b形成, 并且该一对卡定爪58a、58b形成于该爪部件50a、50b的上端部以彼此面对。 [0066] In the first embodiment, the clip fitting seat 14 by the 50a, 50b is formed from a pair of pawl members 10 standing door trim, and the pair of latch lugs 58a, 58b formed in the pawl members 50a, 50b the upper end portion to face each other. 此外,第一突起部30的小直径部40和大直径部44被允许由于爪部件50a、50b的弹性变形而通过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 Further, the first projecting portion 40 of the small diameter portion 30 and the large diameter portion 44 is allowed since the elastically deformable claw member 50a, 50b through the engaging claws 58a, between 58b. 因此,可以使卡定爪58a、58b的刚度较高以使得以与例如仅有作为爪部件50a、50b的部分的卡定爪58a、58b发生弹性变形时相比,以更高的紧固力将夹装件16更牢固地紧固于夹装座14。 Thus, the higher the locking pawl 58a, 58b so that the stiffness in the example, only when a pawl member 50a, 50b of the portion of the card lugs 58a, 58b are elastically deformed as compared to a higher tightening force the clip 16 is more firmly fastened to the clip fitting seat 14. 此外,还可以通过改变一对爪部件50a、50b的厚度或形状容易地调整紧固负荷和用于夹装件16的紧固力。 Further, by changing the pair of lug members 50a, 50b in the thickness or shape to easily adjust the fastening load and the fastening strength for the clip 16 is mounted.

[0067] 该一对爪部件50a、50b包括:由从车门装饰件10立起而彼此平行的立板部54a、 54b,和从立板部54a、54b的上端部延伸而沿与立板部54a、54b大致垂直的方向弯曲的横板部56a、56b,上述弯曲使得横板部56a、56b的端部彼此相对。 [0067] The pair of pawl members 50a, 50b comprises: a standing door trim 10 from the vertical plate portion parallel to each other 54a, 54b, and extends from the upper portion of the vertical plate portions 54a, 54b along the vertical plate portion 54a, 54b bent in a direction substantially perpendicular to the lateral plate portions 56a, 56b, so that the curved lateral plate portion 56a, end portions 56b face each other. 此外,横板部56a、56b的端部是用作卡定爪58a、58b的台阶部。 Further, the end portion of the lateral plate portions 56a, 56b is the stepped portion as the locking pawl 58a, 58b of. 因此,通过使一对爪部件50a、50b如图6B和6D中箭头B 所示的发生弹性变形以使得一对卡定爪58a、58b变形而朝向车门装饰件10弯曲而且在该卡定爪58a、58b之间的距离扩大,可以容易地进行用于将第一突起部30推压入夹装座14 的工作。 Accordingly, the pair of pawl members 50a, 50b elastically deformed as shown in FIG. 6B and 6D by arrow B so that the pair of latch lugs 58a, 58b deform toward the vehicle door trim 10 and is bent in a claw 58a of the card , the distance between the expansion 58b, can be easily performed for the first projection portion 30 is pushed into the clip fitting seat 14 in the work. 另一方面,在相反方向的卡定爪58a、58b的变形,即卡定爪58a、58b朝向该卡定爪58a、58b进一步从车门装饰件10离开的方向(图6A至6E中的上方)的变形,却不容易, 这是因为卡定爪58a、58b和爪部件50a、50b具有较高的刚度。 On the other hand, in the direction opposite to the card deformable lugs 58a, 58b, i.e., the locking pawls 58a, 58b toward the locking pawl 58a, a further (upper side in FIGS. 6A to 6E) 58b from a direction away from the door trim 10 deformation is not easy, since the locking claws 58a, 58b, and pawl member 50a, 50b has a high rigidity. 因此,一旦第一突起部30的小直径部40或大直径部44穿过一对卡定爪58a、58b之间并被紧固于夹装座14,则难以将夹装件16从夹装座14卸下。 Thus, once the large diameter portion 40 or the small diameter portion 44 of the first projecting portion 30 through a pair of engaging claws 58a, and is fastened to the clip fitting seat 14, it is difficult to clip 16 is interposed between the 58b 14 Remove the seat. 因此而实现了高紧固力。 Thus to achieve a high tightening force. 即,可以更容易地通过减小紧固负荷来进行紧固工作,而同时确保预定的紧固力。 I.e., may be more easily fastened to work by decreasing the fastening load, while ensuring predetermined fastening force. 此外,在一对爪部件50a、50b的内侧形成有较大的空间。 Further, the pair of pawl members 50a, 50b is formed inside a large space. 因此,当爪部件50a、50b与车门装饰件10彼此一体地形成时的成形性得到改善,这使得可以更容易地设计包括滑动模的成形模具。 Therefore, when moldability pawl member 50a, 50b of the door trim 10 are formed integrally with each other is improved, which makes it easier to design molding dies including a slide die.

[0068] 在第一实施例中,具有以装配轴线0为中心并且具有预定直径d的弧形部59a、 59b是形成于一对卡定爪58a、58b的端部。 [0068] In the first embodiment, it has a fitting axis O and having an arcuate portion centered on a predetermined diameter d 59a, 59b is formed in a portion of the end of latch lugs 58a, 58b of. 由于该弧形部59a、59b,使得以夹装件16的中心轴线S以高精度与装配轴线0重合的方式将夹装件16紧固于车门装饰件10。 Since the arcuate portions 59a, 59b, so that the central axis S of the clip 16 is assembled with high accuracy with the axis 0 overlap the clip member 16 is fastened to the door trim 10. 结果,可以更容易地进行用于经由夹装件16将车门装饰件10紧固于内板18的工作。 The results can be more easily performed for 16 fastened to the door trim 10 via a working member interposed in the inner panel 18.

[0069] 下面将说明本明的其它实施例。 [0069] Other embodiments will be described next. 在下面实施例中,与第一实施例中的基本相同的部分将标以与第一实施例相同的参考标号,并且在下面将不再进行重复的说明。 Embodiment, substantially the same parts of the first embodiment will be denoted in the following embodiments with the first embodiment the same reference numerals embodiment, and will not be repeated in the following description.

[0070] 图8A-8C是示出根据第二实施例的夹装座的图,其分别对应于图4A-4C。 [0070] FIGS. 8A-8C are diagrams showing a clip fitting seat in a second embodiment, which correspond to FIGS. 4A-4C. 图9A-9E 是示出向图8中的夹装座80紧固夹装件16的步骤的图,其分别对应于图6A-6E。 Figures 9A-9E are diagrams illustrating the clip fitting seat 80 in FIG. 8, step 16 of FIG fastening clamp attachments, which respectively correspond to FIGS. 6A-6E. 夹装座80具有一对从车门装饰件10延伸并一体地与该车门装饰件10形成的爪部件82a、82b。 Clip fitting seat 80 has a pair extending from the door trim 10 and formed integrally with the vehicle door trim 10 of the pawl members 82a, 82b. 该爪部件82a、82b与该车门装饰件10 —体形成,并形成为相对于基本上垂直于该车门装饰件10的装配轴线0对称。 The pawl member 82a, 82b with the door trim 10 - formed body, and is formed substantially perpendicular with respect to the vehicle door trim assembly 10 is symmetrical axis 0. 该爪部件82a、82b分别具有立板部84a、84b和横板部86a、86b。 The pawl member 82a, 82b respectively have vertical plate portions 84a, 84b and the lateral plate portions 86a, 86b. 立板部84a、84b从车门装饰件10的内表面12立起。 The vertical plate portions 84a, 84b rising from the inner surface 12 of the door trim 10. 横板部86a、86b从立板部84a、84b的上端部沿与立板部84a、84b大致垂直的相反的方向弯曲延伸。 The lateral plate portions 86a, 86b extend from 84a, 84b along the upper end portion of the vertical plate portion 84a, the upright plate portion 84b bent opposite to a direction substantially perpendicular. 爪部件82a、82b中的各个整体上具大致L字状的截面。 The claw member 82a, having a substantially L-shaped cross section 82b of each of the whole. 立板部84a、84b的中部弯曲,使得该立板部84a、84b的上部彼此平行并且基本垂直于该车门装饰件,并且该立板部84a、84b的下部相对于上部倾斜。 The vertical plate portions 84a, 84b of the central curved, so that the vertical plate portion 84a, the upper portion 84b parallel to each other and substantially perpendicular to the door trim and the vertical plate portion 84a, a lower portion 84b with respect to the upper inclined. 横板部86a、86b的彼此靠近的基端部,即立板部84a、84b的上端部彼此以一个小于夹装件16的小直径部40的直径(最大直径)的间隙g分开。 Horizontal plate portion 86a, the base end portion 86b close to each other, i.e., the vertical plate portion 84a, 84b at the upper end portion of a diameter smaller than the interposed another (maximum diameter) of the small-diameter portion 16 of the member 40 is separated from the gap g. 此外,一对卡定爪88a、88b形成于横板部86a、86b的基端部,即立板部84a、84b的彼此相对的上端部。 Further, a pair of locking pawls 88a, 88b formed in the lateral plate portions 86a, 86b of the base end portion, i.e., the vertical plate portion 84a, the upper end portion 84b of opposing each other.

[0071] 在从将夹装件16紧固于夹装座80 (参照图8C的状态)的方向观察的夹装座14的平面图中,该一对卡定爪88a、88b具有以装配轴线0为中心并且具有直径d的弧形部89a、 89b,该直径d小于小直径部40但大于间隙g。 A plan view of [0071] the clip fitting seat viewed in a direction from the clip 16 is fastened to the clip fitting seat 80 (see FIG. 8C state) 14, the pair of latch lugs 88a, 88b has a fitting axis 0 an arcuate portion having a center and diameter d 89a, 89b, the diameter d is smaller than the small-diameter portion 40 larger than the clearance g. 当将弧形部89a、89b与小直径部40彼此接合时,夹装件16的中心轴线S与装配轴线0重合。 40 engaged with each other when the arcuate portion 89a, 89b and the small diameter portion, interposed member central axis S coincides with the fitting axis 16 is 0. 当在图8B中夹装件16从夹装座80的上方朝向该夹装座80移动并且使小直径部40与卡定爪88a、88b接合时,该一对爪部件82a、 82b发生弹性变形,使得沿图9B中箭头C所示的左右方向进一步彼此分开。 When interposed in FIG. 8B member 16 toward the clip fitting seat 80 is moved from above the clip fitting seat 80 and the small-diameter portion 40 and the locking pawls 88a, 88b engage the pair of pawl members 82a, 82b are elastically deformed , so that along the arrow shown in FIG C 9B further apart from each other in the horizontal direction. 从而,在该一对卡定爪88a、88b之间的距离沿横向增大,从而,允许小直径部40通过卡定爪88a、88b之间。 Thus, the pair of latch lugs 88a, 88b from the lateral direction between increased, thereby allowing the small-diameter portion 40 by the engaging claws 88a, 88b between. 这样,将夹装件16定位于中间紧固状态,其中该一对卡定爪88a、88b位于缩颈部42,并被夹在小直径部40和大直径部44之间,如图9C所示。 Thus, the clip member 16 is positioned in the intermediate fastened state where the pair of latch lugs 88a, 88b located in the constricted portion 42, and is interposed between the small diameter portion 40 and the large diameter portion 44, as shown in FIG. 9C shows. 在卡定爪88a、88b的上面中分别形成有对应于形成于大直径部44的锥面44t的局部锥形化的保持面90a、90b。 The locking pawls 88a, 88b in the above are formed corresponding to the tapered surface is formed on the large-diameter portion 44 of the partially tapered holding faces 44t 90a, 90b. 当保持面90a、90b 被推靠在锥面44t上而在中间紧固状态下与锥面44t形成面接触时,夹装件16被定位以处于夹装件16的中心轴线S与装配轴线0大致重合的一定姿势。 When the holding surface 90a, 90b is pushed against the tapered surface 44t and 44t in surface contact with the tapered surface is formed in the intermediate fastened state, the clip 16 is positioned to the central axis S and the fitting axis of the clip 16 is 0 substantially coincides with a certain posture.

[0072] 当已处于上述中间紧固状态的夹装件16,被进一步沿由如图9D所示箭头A所示的紧固方向推压,该卡定爪88a、88b与大直径部44接合,在爪部件82a、82b如箭头C所示以更大量弹性变形的同时,卡定爪88a、88b之间的距离扩大。 [0072] As has been in the intermediate fastened state of the clip 16 is further pushed in the fastening direction indicated by the arrow shown in FIG. 9D A, the locking pawl 88a, 44 and the large diameter portion 88b engaged , the claw member 82a, 82b as shown by arrow C at the same time a larger amount of elastic deformation of the locking pawls 88a, 88b to expand the distance between. 这样,允许大直径部44通过卡定爪88a、88b之间。 Thus, the large-diameter portion 44 by allowing the locking pawl 88a, between 88b. 结果,夹装件16定位成最终紧固状态,其中该一对卡定爪88a、88b位于装配部46,卡定爪88a、88b以及横板部86a、86b位于大直径部44和第一座部34之间,如图9E所示。 As a result, the clip 16 positioned to the final fastened state where the pair of latch lugs 88a, 88b located at 46, the locking pawls 88a, 88b and the horizontal plate portion mounting portion 86a, 86b and the large diameter portion 44 of the first seat between the portions 34, shown in Figure 9E. 因为大直径部44的直径大于小直径部40,爪部件82a、82b需要以更大量弹性变形以允许大直径部44通过卡定爪88a、88b之间。 Because the diameter of the large diameter portion 44 is larger than the small-diameter portion 40, pawl member 82a, 82b need to be elastically deformable to allow a larger amount of the large-diameter portion 44 by a locking claw 88a, between 88b. 因此,与图9B中的中间紧固步骤相比, 图9D中的最终紧固步骤中需要更大的推力(更大的紧固负荷)。 Thus, as compared with FIG. 9B in an intermediate fastening step, a larger thrust force (higher fastening load) in FIG. 9D final fastening step is required. 与中间紧固状态下相比, 夹装件16在最终紧固状态下以更大的紧固力更牢固地紧固于夹装座80。 Than in the intermediate fastened state, the clip 16 with greater fastening force is more firmly fastened to the clip fitting seat 80 in the final fastened state. 直径比大直径部44大的第一座部34被推靠于并紧紧地紧固于横板部86a、86b的上表面,并且,与中间紧固状态下相比,夹装件16被更稳定地保持于其中中心轴线S与装配轴线0基本重合的一定姿势。 And the diameter, than in the intermediate fastened state, the clip fitting portion 44 is larger than the large diameter of the first seat portion 34 is pushed against and tightly fastened to the lateral plate portions 86a, 86b of the upper surface, 16 is wherein more stably held at the central axis S substantially coincides with the fitting axis 0 constant posture.

[0073] 夹装件16具有小直径部40、缩颈部42、大直径部44、装配部46和第一座部34等, 并具有与第一实施例中基本相同的结构。 [0073] The clip 16 has a small diameter portion 40, the constricted portion 42, the large diameter portion 44, fitting portion 46 and the first seating portion 34, etc., and having a first embodiment substantially the same configuration. 然而,各部的直径和轴向长度基于所需要的力量、 卡定爪88a、88b的尺寸等而适当地确定。 However, the diameter and axial length of each portion based on the power required, the locking pawls 88a, 88b and the like size appropriately determined.

[0074] 在一对爪部件82a、82b的立板部84a、84b的紧靠卡定爪88a、88b的下方的部分中,形成有通孔92a、92b。 [0074] In the pair of lug members 82a, 82b of the vertical plate portion 84a, 84b abuts against the locking claw 88a, 88b of the lower portion, a through hole is formed 92a, 92b. 在使立板部84a、84b弹性变形而将该立板部84a、84b彼此进一步分开的同时,已通过了卡定爪88a、88b之间的小直径部40或大直径部44,用通孔92a、 92b的上缘卡定以防止脱落。 In that the vertical plate portion 84a, 84b elastically deforming the vertical plate portions 84a, 84b are further apart from each other at the same time, has passed the locking pawl 88a, a small diameter portion between the large-diameter portion 88b 40 or 44, through hole 92a, 92b of the upper edge of locking to prevent falling. 换句话说,如果形成了通孔92a、92b,则在该通孔92a、92b上方的部分用作卡定爪88a、88b。 In other words, if the through holes are formed 92a, 92b, at the through hole 92a, the upper portion 92b of the card as lugs 88a, 88b. 此外,如图10所示,小直径部40或大直径部44的卡定状态经由通孔92a、92b而以视觉直接检查。 Further, as shown in the locked state or the small-diameter portion 40 of the large-diameter portion 44 via the through holes 92a, 92b and 10 is visually checked directly. 可以抑制产品故障的发生。 It can suppress the occurrence of product failure. 通过改变通孔92a、92b 的尺寸和位置,可以适当地调整爪部件82a、82b的刚度,并因此而调整用于夹装件16的紧固力。 By varying the through holes 92a, 92b size and position, the pawl member can be appropriately adjusted 82a, 82b stiffness, and thus adjust the fastening force for chucking member 16. 图10是示出从图9E所示的箭头X的方向观察的夹装件16和夹装座80的图。 FIG 10 is a diagram illustrating the direction of the arrow shown in FIG. 9E X as viewed in FIG. 16 and the clip fitting seat member 80 interposed.

[0075] 通过适当地设定在通孔92a、92b的宽度或形状与夹装件16的大直径部44的外径之间的关系、或者在柱形装配部46的直径D与形成于一对卡定爪88a、88b的弧形部89a、89b的直径d之间的关系,可以控制和限制处于最终紧固状态下的夹装件16的位置。 [0075] The relationship between the outer diameter or width of the shape of the through holes 92a, 92b and the large diameter portion 44 of the clip 16, or formed in the cylindrical fitting portion diameter D 46 is in that by appropriately setting a the arcuate portion of the locking pawl 89a 88a, 88b, and 89b of the relationship between the diameter d, can be controlled and restricted at a position interposed in the final fastened state 16. S卩,如果将各个通孔92a、92b的宽度设定为大于大直径部44的外径,并且将直径d设定为大于直径D,则允许夹装件16移动。 S Jie, if 92a, 92b of the width of each through hole is set larger than the outer diameter of the large-diameter portion 44, and the diameter d is set to be larger than the diameter D, the clip 16 is allowed to move. 因此,可以吸收在将多个夹装件16装配于内板18的装配孔20 中时可能会发生的位置偏移(位置误差)。 Thus, the position can be absorbed in a plurality of clip 16 is fitted in the fitting hole 18 of the inner panel 20 may occur offset (position error). 同样,在第二实施例中,在定位了夹装件16时, 如果需要,可以将间隙g设定为小于直径D的值。 Also in the second embodiment, when the positioning member 16 is interposed, if necessary, the gap g may be set to a value smaller than the diameter D.

[0076] 下面说明本发明的第三实施例。 [0076] The third embodiment of the present invention will be described below. 图IlA和IlB中的夹装座100与第一实施例中的夹装座14不同点在于,相对较小的一对卡定爪102a、102b (第一对卡定爪)以预定的距离形成于一对卡定爪(第二对卡定爪)58a、58b的上方位置。 FIG IlA and IlB clip fitting seat 100 that differs from the clip fitting seat 14 of the first embodiment, a relatively small pair of engaging pawls 102a, 102b (the first pair of locking pawl) are formed at a predetermined distance a pair of locking pawl (second locking pawl pair) above the position of 58a, 58b of. 夹装件104的第一突起部106具有大直径部44和装配部46,但不具有小直径部40和缩颈部42。 The first projection portion 104 of the interposed member 106 has a large diameter portion 44 and the fitting portion 46, but does not have the small-diameter portion 40 and the constricted portion 42. 在第三实施例中,当大直径部44与相对较小的卡定爪102a、102b接合时,一对爪部件50a、50b弹性变形以沿横向彼此进一步分开,并且,卡定爪102a、102b之间的距离扩大。 In the third embodiment, when the large-diameter portion 44 with a relatively small engaging claws 102a, 102b engage a pair of pawl members 50a, 50b elastically deformed to be further apart from each other in the lateral direction, and the locking claws 102a, 102b the distance between the expansion. 然后大直径部44穿过该卡定爪102a、102b之间并且位于在一对卡定爪58a、58b和一对卡定爪102a、102b之间。 Then the large-diameter portion 44 through which the locking claw 102a, and is located in the pair of latch lugs 58a and between 102b, 58b and a pair of locking pawls 102a, between 102b. 结果,实现图IlA中所示的中间紧固状态。 As a result, to achieve the intermediate fastened state shown in FIG IlA. 在该中间紧固状态下,大直径部44被弹性地夹在一对卡定爪58a、58b和一对卡定爪102a、102b之间,锥面44t和保持面60a、60b彼此形成面接触。 In the intermediate fastened state, the large-diameter portion 44 is elastically sandwiched between the pair of latch lugs 58a, 58b and a pair of locking pawls 102a, between 102b, the tapered surface 44t and the holding faces 60a, 60b formed in surface contact with each other . 这样,将夹装件104定位成具有中心轴线S与装配轴线0彼此大致重合的一定的姿势。 Thus, the clip member 104 positioned with a central axis S substantially coincides with the fitting axis 0 of the posture from each other.

[0077] 当夹装件104被进一步沿紧固方向推压时,大直径部44使该一对爪部件50a、50b 弹性变形,使得下部卡定爪58a、58b之间的距离扩大。 [0077] When the chucking member 104 is further pushed in the fastening direction, the large-diameter portion 44 so that the pair of lug members 50a, 50b elastically deformed, so that the lower locking pawls 58a, 58b to expand the distance between. 这样,允许大直径部44通过卡定爪58a、58b之间。 Thus, the large diameter portion 44 allows the locking claw 58a, between 58b. 结果,如图IlB所示,夹装件104被置于最终紧固状态,其中,卡定爪58a、58b 已翻越过大直径部44而处于装配部46,并与大直径部44的上表面接合,并且,第一座部34 座落于横板部56a、56b的上表面上,如同第一实施例中一样。 The results, shown in FIG. ILB, interposed member 104 is placed in the final fastened state, wherein the locking pawls 58a, 58b have climbed over the large diameter portion 44 is fitted portion 46 and the upper surface of the large-diameter portion 44 engaged, and the first seat portion 34 is located on the upper surface of the lateral plate portions 56a, 56b, and the same as in the first embodiment. 第一突起部106首先接合的卡定爪102a、102b具有较小的与大直径部44的接合量(当从紧固方向观察时卡定爪102a、 102b与大直径部44重叠量),并具有低的紧固负荷。 The first protrusion 106 first card engaging claw 102a, 102b and a smaller amount of engagement of the large diameter portion 44 (when viewed from the fastening direction of the locking claws 102a, 102b and the amount of overlap of the large diameter portion 44), and having a low fastening load. 与此相对,卡定爪58a、58b具有较大的与大直径部44的接合量,并具有大的紧固负荷。 On the other hand, the locking pawls 58a, 58b having a large amount of engagement with the large diameter portion 44, and has a large clamping load. 在第三实施例中,获得与上述第一实施例中相同的效果。 In a third embodiment, to obtain the same effect of the above-described first embodiment.

Claims (14)

  1. 一种用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,该夹装件具有紧固于装饰板的夹装座的第一突起部和紧固于车身侧部件的第二突起部,通过在将第一突起部紧固于装饰板的状态下将第二突起部紧固于车身侧部件,将装饰板一体地固定于车身侧部件,该结构的特征在于:所述第一突起部具有接合部,该接合部具有沿大致垂直于装饰板的预定紧固方向局部地增减的直径,所述夹装座具有多个卡定爪,该多个卡定爪用于定位夹装件并且弹性变形使得当接合部与卡定爪接合时在该卡定爪之间的距离能够扩大,从而通过沿紧固方向推压而将第一突起部紧固于夹装座;在第一突起部中在沿紧固方向彼此分开的位置上形成有直径不同的至少两种接合部,或者在夹装座中沿紧固方向彼此分开的位置上形成有卡定爪与接合部相接合的接合量不同的至少两组卡定爪,使得夹装 A method for the structure for fastening the clip to the trim board, the interposed member has a first projection is fastened to the clip fitting seat of the trim board and a second projection is fastened to the vehicle body member through the fastened to the lower trim panel portion of the second state of the first projection portion projecting member is fastened to the vehicle body, the trim board integrally fixed to the vehicle body member, characterized in that the structure of: having a first portion engaging projection portion, the engagement portion having a predetermined diameter along the fastening direction substantially perpendicular to the trim board locally increases and decreases, the clip fitting seat having a plurality of engaging claws, the plurality of locking claws for positioning and an elastic member interposed when so deformed to expand the distance between the locking pawl and the locking pawl when the engagement portion is engaged so that by fastening direction pushed first projection is fastened to the clip fitting seat; a first projecting portion is formed with a joint at least two different diameters, or with a locking pawl engaged with the engaging portion formed on the amount of engagement from each other in the fastening direction in the clip fitting seat in the fastening direction in different positions apart from each other on the position at least two locking pawl, so that the clip 以至少两个阶段的紧固状态紧固于夹装座,该至少两个阶段的紧固状态包括:通过以低紧固负荷将夹装件紧固于夹装座而实现的中间紧固状态,和通过以高紧固负荷将夹装件紧固于夹装座而实现的最终紧固状态。 At least two stages of fastened state fastened to the clip fitting seat, the fastened state at least two stages comprising: an intermediate fastened state by a low fastening load the clip member is fastened to the clip fitting seat achieved , and a high fastening load by fastening the clip in the final fastened state is achieved in the clip fitting seat.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,第一突起部具有小直径部、直径比小直径部小的缩颈部、直径比小直径部大的大直径部和形成于大直径部与着座于夹装座的座部之间的小直径装配部,所述各部彼此同心地形成并且从该第一突起部的顶端沿将该第一突起部推压到夹装座中的方向以上述顺序布置;所述夹装座具有在沿紧固方向将第一突起部相对推压到夹装座中时顺序地与小直径部和大直径部接合的一组卡定爪,在该卡定爪之间的距离由于弹性变形而扩大而使得允许各个小直径部和大直径部通过卡定爪之间;具有至少两个阶段的紧固状态,在中间紧固状态下小直径部通过了卡定爪之间并且卡定爪位于缩颈部,在最终紧固状态下大直径部通过了卡定爪之间并且卡定爪位于装配部; 并且,从小直径部经由缩颈部到大直 According to claim 1 for the structure for fastening the clip to the trim board, wherein the first projecting portion has a small diameter portion, the small diameter portion smaller in diameter than the neck portion, smaller than the diameter of the claims diameter portion and a large diameter portion and the large diameter portion is formed in the small-diameter fitted portion between the seat base portion of the clip fitting seat, each of the units are formed concentrically with each other and the direction from the top end of the first projecting portion a projection is pushed into the clip fitting seat in a direction arranged in this order; the clip fitting seat in the fastening direction has projecting portions opposing the first pushed into the clip fitting seat when sequentially with the small-diameter portion and the large a set of card diameter portion engaging claw, the distance between the latch lugs is enlarged due to elastic deformation and so as to allow each of the small diameter portion and the large diameter portion by latch lugs; having at least two stages of fastened state, in the intermediate fastened state by the small-diameter portion of the locking pawl and the locking pawl is located between the constricted portion in the final fastened state by a large-diameter portion of the locking pawl and the locking claw is located between the fitting portion ; and, through the small diameter portion to the large-constricted portion 径部延伸的、并且用于将夹装件定位于中间紧固状态的第一直径增减部,以及从大直径部经由装配部到座部延伸的、并且用于将夹装件定位于最终紧固状态的第二直径增减部中的各个,用作为接合部。 Diameter extending portion, and for the clip member is positioned in the intermediate fastened state of the first diameter portion decrease, and from the large diameter portion through the fitted portion to the seat portion extends, and the clip member is positioned for the final decrease the second diameter portion fastened state in each, with a joint.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,大直径部具有锥形面,该锥形面具有随着接近缩颈部而减小的直径,所述一组卡定爪具有与该锥形面相对应的局部锥形保持面;在中间紧固状态下,卡定爪位于缩颈部而使得其被夹在大直径部与小直径部之间,大直径部的锥形面与卡定爪的保持面面接触而使得夹装件被定位成一定的姿势。 According to the claim 2 the structure for fastening the clip to the trim board, wherein the large diameter portion having a tapered surface, the tapered surface having a constricted portion decreases as approaching the diameter, said locking pawl having a group corresponding to the partial conical tapered surface retaining surface; in the intermediate fastened state, the latch lugs are located such that the constricted portion and the large diameter portion and the small diameter portion which is sandwiched between the tapered surface and the large-diameter portion is in surface-contact retaining lugs so that the clip member is positioned to take a certain posture.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2或3所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,夹装座包括一对爪部件,该爪部件从装饰板延伸并且其上端部彼此通过一个小于小直径部的间隙g而分开;在该一对爪部件的上端部中,彼此相对向地形成有一对卡定爪;并且,该一对卡定爪之间的距离由于该一对爪部件的弹性变形而扩大,使得允许各小直径部和大直径部通过该一对卡定爪之间。 According to claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the structure for fastening the clip to the trim board, wherein the clip fitting seat comprises a pair of jaw members, the pawl member extends from the trim board and an upper end portion to each other be separated by a gap g is smaller than the small-diameter portion; and an upper end portion of the pair of jaw members relative to each other circumferentially formed with a pair of engaging claws; and a distance between the pair of latch lugs since the pair of elastically deformable claw member is enlarged, so as to allow the small diameter portion and the large diameter portion through the pair of latch lugs.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,当从紧固方向观察时,所述一对卡定爪的端部具有弧形部,该弧形部以用于紧固夹装件的装配轴线0为中心并且具有直径d,该直径d小于小直径部但大于该一对爪部件之间的间隙g。 The means for fastening the clip to the trim board structure, wherein, when viewed from the fastening direction of the pair of end portions having an arcuate locking claw portion according to claim 4, the arcuate portion for fastening clip fitting axis center 0 of attachments and has a diameter d, the diameter d is smaller than the small-diameter portion larger than the clearance g between the pair of pawl members.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4或5所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,该一对爪部件具有一对从装饰板立起而彼此平行的立板部,和从立板部的上端部沿与立板部大致垂直的方向弯曲延伸的横板部,所述横板部的弯曲延伸使得该横板部的端部彼此隔着间隙g相对;并且,所述横板部的端部为台阶部,该台阶部通过将所述横板部的端部朝向装饰板弯曲而凹入地形成,并且该台阶部用作为卡定爪。 According to claim 4 or 5, the structure for fastening the clip to the trim board, wherein the pair of jaw members having a pair of standing up from the trim board and the vertical plate portion parallel to each other claims, and the lateral plate portion bent from an upper end portion extending along a vertical plate portion of the upright plate portion in a direction substantially perpendicular to the horizontal plate portion extending such that the bent end portion of the lateral plate portions are disposed with a gap g therebetween; and, the said end portion of the horizontal plate portion of the stepped portion, the stepped portion by the end portion of the lateral plate portions toward the trim board is bent concavely formed, and the stepped portion is used as a locking pawl.
  7. 7.根据权利要求4或5所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,所述一对爪部件具有从装饰板立起的一对立板部,并且在至少该一对立板部的上端部留有间隙g地彼此大致平行,所述卡定爪与所述上端部的彼此相对的部分一体地形成;并且,在立板部的紧邻卡定爪下方的部分形成有通孔,各个已在使立板部弹性变形而将该立板部彼此进一步分开的同时通过了卡定爪之间的小直径部和大直径部,用通孔的上缘卡定以防止被卸下。 4 according to claim 5 or fastening the clip to the trim board structure, wherein the pair of jaw members having a vertical plate portion raised from the trim board, and at least an upper end portion of the pair of vertical plate portions substantially parallel to each other leaving a gap g, the card portion opposed to each other with the upper claw portion are formed integrally; and, below the claw portion adjacent to the vertical plate portion of the card a through hole is formed, so that each has an elastically deformable portion and the vertical plate portions are further apart from each other upright plate simultaneously through the small-diameter portion and the large diameter portion between the locking pawl, with the upper edges of the through hole to a given from being removed.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,第一突起部具有大直径部和形成于该大直径部与着座于夹装座的座部之间的小直径装配部,它们彼此同心地形成并且从该第一突起部的顶部沿将该第一突起部推压到夹装座中的方向以上述顺序布置;所述夹装座具有当将该第一突起部沿紧固方向相对地推压到夹装座中时与该大直径相接合的第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪,该第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪具有与该大直径相接合的不同的接合量,并且以预定的距离彼此分开设置,在该第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪中的各个卡定爪之间的距离由于弹性变形而扩大,使得允许大直径部顺序穿过具有小接合量的第一对卡定爪之间和具有大接合量的第二对卡定爪之间;具有至少两个阶段的紧固状态,在中间紧固状态下大直径部已通过了具有 8. fastened to the trim board according to the structure of the clip member of claim 1, wherein the first projecting portion having a large diameter portion and a large diameter portion formed to the seating on the seat with the clip fitting seat as claimed in claim the fitting portion between the small diameter portion is formed concentrically with each other and the direction of the first projection is pushed into the clip fitting seat from the top of the first projecting portion disposed in this order along; the clip fitting seat having when the projecting portion of the first fastening direction is relatively pushed into the clip fitting seat in contact with the large diameter engaging a first locking claw and a second pair of latch lugs, the first pair of locking claw and a second pair of locking pawls having different amounts of engagement with the engagement large diameter, and is provided at a predetermined distance apart from each other, each of the cards in the first pair and the second pair of locking pawls locking claw of the claw the distance between the enlarged due to elastic deformation, so that between the large-diameter portion allows the pawl sequentially passing through a first pair of card having a small amount of engagement between the claw and given a large amount of a second engagement pair of the card; having at least two stages the fastened state, in the intermediate fastened state by a large-diameter portion having been 接合量的第一对卡定爪之间并且位于所述第一对卡定爪和具有大接合量的第二对卡定爪之间,在最终紧固状态下大直径部已通过了具有大接合量的第二对卡定爪之间并且该第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪都位于装配部;并且,在中间紧固状态位于该第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪之间的大直径部、在最终紧固状态从大直径部延伸到座部的直径增减部、以及介置于大直径部和座部之间的该第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪中的各个用作为接合部。 And is located between the first pair of locking pawl having a large amount of engagement between the engaging amount of the first pair of latch lugs second locking claw, in the final fastened state by a large-diameter portion has a large the second predetermined amount to the card engagement between the claw and the first locking claw and a second pair of latch lugs are located at the fitted portion; and, positioned in the intermediate fastened state of the first pair and the second pair of locking claws between the large diameter portion of the locking claw, in the final fastened state extends from the large diameter portion to decrease the diameter of the seat portion, and the first dielectric disposed between the pair of locking pawls and the large diameter portion and the seat portion a second pair of locking jaws each with a joint.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,大直径部具有锥形面,该锥形面具有随着沿该第一突起部被推压到夹装座中的方向接近该第一突起部的顶部而减小的直径,所述具有大接合量的第二对卡定爪具有与该锥形面相对应的局部锥形保持面;在中间紧固状态下,大直径部定位成被夹在该第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪之间,并且大直径部的锥形面与第二对卡定爪的保持面面接触而使得夹装件被定位成一定的姿势。 According to claim 8 for the structure for fastening the clip to the trim board, wherein the large diameter portion having a tapered surface, the tapered surface having a first claim as the projection portion is pushed along the the second card is the diameter of the press-fitting seat in the direction of the clamp near the top of the first projecting portion is reduced, and a large amount of engagement of the locking claw having a partially tapered holding surface corresponding to the tapered face; in the intermediate fastened state, the large-diameter portion is positioned to be sandwiched between the first pair and the second pair of locking pawls locking claw, and the large diameter portion of the tapered surface and the second locking claw holding things to the contact member so that the clip is positioned to take a certain posture.
  10. 10.根据权利要求8或9所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,夹装座由一对爪部件形成,该爪部件从装饰板立起;在该一对爪部件的上端部中,分别彼此相对向地形成有各所述第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪;并且,各所述第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪之间的距离由于该一对爪部件的弹性变形而扩大,使得允许大直径部通过该第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪之间。 10. The claim for fastening the trim board structure interposed member 8 or claim 9, wherein the clip fitting seat is formed of a pair of jaw members, the jaw member rises from the trim board; the an upper end portion of the pair of pawl members, respectively, formed circumferentially relative to each other with a pair of each of said first and second locking claws of the locking pawl; and, each of the first pair and the second pair of locking pawls locking the distance between the jaws of the pair of elastic deformation of the pawl member is enlarged, so as to allow the large-diameter portion through the first pair and the second pair of locking pawls between the locking pawl.
  11. 11.根据权利要求10所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,所述一对爪部件具有:从装饰板立起而彼此平行的一对立板部,和从立板部的上端部沿与立板部大致垂直的方向弯曲延伸的横板部,所述弯曲延伸使得横板部的端部彼此接近;并且,横板部的端部上设置有该第一对卡定爪和第二对卡定爪。 11. The claim for fastening the clip to the trim board structure of claim 10, wherein said pair of lug members has: raised from the trim board and the pair of vertical plate portion parallel to each other, and curved cross-plate portion extending from the upper portion along the vertical plate portion of the upright plate portion in a direction substantially perpendicular to the curved portions of the lateral extension so that the end portion of the plate close to each other; and, provided on the end portion of the lateral plate has a first portion a pair of locking pawls and a pair of second locking claw.
  12. 12.根据权利要求1-11中任一项所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构,其特征在于,在装饰板上形成有多个夹装座,夹装件紧固于该卡装座,并且紧固方向彼此平行。 According to claim 12 for the structure for fastening the clip to the trim board according to any one of claims 1-11, wherein multiple clip fitting seats are formed, for fastening the clip on the trim board card installed in the seat, and the fastening directions parallel to each other.
  13. 13.使用于根据权利要求2-7中任一项所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构的夹装件。 13. Use according to the clip in clip is fastened to the trim board structure according to any one of claims 2-7.
  14. 14. 一种在根据权利要求12所述的用于将夹装件紧固于装饰板的结构中用于将夹装件紧固于多个夹装座的方法,其特征在于,包括:中间紧固步骤,用于通过使多个夹装件分别沿紧固方向相对移动而接近多个夹装座从而实现中间紧固状态;和最终紧固步骤,用于通过利用压机沿紧固方向同时相对推压在中间紧固状态下已紧固到多个夹装座的多个夹装件从而实现最终紧固状态。 14. A method according for fastening the clip to the trim board structure for fastening the clip to the clip fitting seats in a plurality of methods, wherein, according to claim 12 comprising: intermediate securing step, by a plurality of relatively movable members are interposed in the fastening direction approaches the multiple clip fitting seats in order to achieve the intermediate fastened state; and a final fastening step for fastening directions by using a press while opposing the pressing in the intermediate fastened state is fastened to the multiple clip fitting seats in a plurality of clip attachments to achieve the final fastened state.
CN 201010261303 2009-08-21 2010-08-23 Structure for fastening clamped workpiece on decorative plate, clamped workpiece and fastening method thereof CN101994736B (en)

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JP191761/2009 2009-08-21

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EP2287474A2 (en) 2011-02-23 application
JP2011043209A (en) 2011-03-03 application
US8584325B2 (en) 2013-11-19 grant
EP2287474A3 (en) 2015-09-09 application
US20110041299A1 (en) 2011-02-24 application
JP5059817B2 (en) 2012-10-31 grant
CN101994736B (en) 2014-12-10 grant

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