CN101994220B - Reactive dyeing equipment for cellulose fibre-contained yarns - Google Patents

Reactive dyeing equipment for cellulose fibre-contained yarns Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101994220B
CN101994220B CN201010580705A CN201010580705A CN101994220B CN 101994220 B CN101994220 B CN 101994220B CN 201010580705 A CN201010580705 A CN 201010580705A CN 201010580705 A CN201010580705 A CN 201010580705A CN 101994220 B CN101994220 B CN 101994220B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying cylinder
temperature
dyeing
drying
drying drum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201010580705A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101994220A (en
Inventor
马新华
李汝龙
梅建忠
蔡慧琴
朱礼青
郝彦磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SANDELI DYEING AND PRINTING CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SANDELI DYEING AND PRINTING CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SANDELI DYEING AND PRINTING CO Ltd filed Critical SANDELI DYEING AND PRINTING CO Ltd
Priority to CN201010580705A priority Critical patent/CN101994220B/en
Publication of CN101994220A publication Critical patent/CN101994220A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101994220B publication Critical patent/CN101994220B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to reactive dyeing equipment for cellulose fibre-contained yarns, comprising a baking device. The baking device comprises a drying drum support, a plurality of rotatable drying drums arranged on the drying drum support, a lead-in yarn guide roller and a lead-out yarn guide roller, wherein each drying drum comprises a drying drum outer wall, a drying drum inner wall and a drying drum side wall; the drying drum outer wall, a closed cavity is encircled by the drying drum inner wall and the drying drum side wall; heat conduction oil is filled in the cavity; an electric heating element used for heating the heat conduction oil is also arranged in the cavity; the drying drums, the lead-in yarn guide roller and the lead-out yarn guide roller synchronously rotate; and when in work, yarns led in by the lead-in yarn guide roller are led out by the lead-out yarn guide roller after bypassing the surface of each drying drum in sequence. Through utilizing the equipment, continuous pad dyeing can be carried out on the cellulose fibre-contained yarns by using reactive dyes, and moreover, in the dyeing process, the baking temperature is relatively low, the baking mode is simple, broken yarns are less and operators are easy to dispose, and therefore, the reactive dyeing equipment is especially suitable for the special requirements on the continuous pad dyeing of the yarn.

Description

The equipment that is used for the reactive dyeing of cellulose fiber yarn
Technical field
The present invention relates to the textile printing and dyeing field, the equipment that the dyeing and finishings that relate in particular to knitting, used dyed yarns of lining such as look is knitted, cowboy are used in handling.
Background technology
The dyeing of lining dyed yarns used, that contain cellulose fiber ingredients such as knitting, look is knitted, cowboy, as contain cotton, contain the dyeing of dyed yarns such as viscose glue, staining techniques such as hank dyeing, cheese dyeing, beam dyeing, sizing-dyeing machine dyeing adopted usually.Water consumption is big, power consumption is high because these staining techniques have, sewage discharge heavily waits significant disadvantages, the continuous knot dyeing technology of the cellulose fiber yarn that water consumption is little, production efficiency is high obtain the printing and dyeing primary study on boundary.
Patent of invention " a kind of production method of pigment dyed colored cloth " (patent No. 200610085843.1) is with the example of application of paints in the continuous knot dyeing technology of cellulose fiber yarn.In this The Application of Technology, coating can not effectively be penetrated into yarn fibers inside, causes tangible technology and quality problems thus: the one, and dyefastness is poor, and particularly crock fastness is poor, can only produce to be used for ready-made clothes polishing, the required yarn in washing aspect; The 2nd, it is poor that the core degree is passed through in dyeing; The 3rd, dye-uptake is low, and difficulty is high when dying dark color, quality is unstable, and it is serious that adhesive is stained with roller.
For cellulose fibre; REACTIVE DYES pass through on core degree and the dye-uptake in dyefastness, dyeing has more performance than coating; And cost is lower, and the continuous knot dyeing that REACTIVE DYES is applied to the cellulose fiber yarn is technological, will help to overcome the above problems.REACTIVE DYES are main the employing and the diverse dip method of continuous knot dyeing on yarn dyeing at present; Like hank dyeing, cheese dyeing, beam dyeing etc.; Though and the continuous knot dyeing method is mainly adopted in the dyeing of REACTIVE DYES on lining, the REACTIVE DYES continuous knot dyeing method of dyeing fabric mainly comprises two kinds of technologies, and a kind of is the curing fixation method; Be applicable to that mainly the K type dye dyes light color; The REACTIVE DYES, chromatogram that are not suitable for other types are complete, can not dye dark color, and baking temperature requires to reach more than 170 ℃, and this has seriously limited the application of this color-fixing method in cellulose fiber yarn continuous knot dyeing; Another kind is the vapour steaming colour fixing method; The dyeing object is behind exhaust dyeing solution; Immerse fixation liquid again and realize fixation through decatize; This method itself has problems such as the dyestuff hydrolysis is many, chroma in waste water height, as the fixation that the is used for yarn special-purpose yarn decatize case of needs also then, and exists and broken yarn takes place in the decatize case be difficult to difficult problems such as disposal.Therefore, REACTIVE DYES are applied in the continuous knot dyeing of cellulose fiber yarn, also lack effective process and corollary equipment at present.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of cellulose fiber yarn that is particularly suitable for and adopt the fixation equipment in the dyeing of REACTIVE DYES continuous knot dyeing.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of equipment that is used for the reactive dyeing of cellulose fiber yarn; This equipment comprises and bakes device; Describedly bake that device comprises the drying cylinder support, several are arranged on the drying cylinder that can rotate on the described drying cylinder support, import cord roller and derive cord roller; Each described drying cylinder all has drying cylinder outer wall, drying cylinder inwall and drying cylinder sidewall; Described drying cylinder outer wall, drying cylinder inwall and drying cylinder sidewall surround sealed hollow; Be marked with conduction oil in the described cavity; Also be provided with in the described cavity and be used for electrical heating elements that described conduction oil is heated, several described drying cylinders and described importing cord roller and derive cord roller and rotate are synchronously derived by described derivation cord roller after the yarn that is imported by described importing cord roller during work is walked around from the surface of each described drying cylinder successively again.
Preferably; Temperature sensor and temperature controller that the temperature of described conduction oil is monitored are set in the described cavity; Described temperature sensor and temperature controller connect with signal; Described temperature sensor can in time be transferred to described temperature controller with the temperature that records; Described temperature controller is connected with described electrical heating elements and can controls described electrical heating elements work, and when establishing the temperature threshold values, control described electrical heating elements break-off or reduce heating power by described temperature controller more than or equal to interior for the temperature that the described temperature sensor that receives when described temperature controller transmits.
Preferably; Several described drying cylinders are rotated by a drive mechanism simultaneously, and described driving mechanism comprises a motor, by this electric motor driven driving chain, and each described drying cylinder all has turning cylinder; All be coaxially arranged with a travelling gear on the turning cylinder of each described drying cylinder; Described driving chain is meshed with described travelling gear, and when described motor was worked, described driving chain moved; Described travelling gear rotates, and rotates around separately turning cylinder thereby drive described drying cylinder.
Preferably, the turning cylinder of described drying cylinder is provided with wire coil, and described electrical heating elements is through conductor wire, carbon brush and described wire coil built-up circuit.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: through adopting the device that bakes of the present invention; Make the continuous knot dyeing of cellulose fiber yarn can use REACTIVE DYES to dye; And baking temperature is relatively low, the mode that bakes is simple in the dyeing; Few and the operative employee of broken yarn handles easily, thereby is particularly suitable for unique requirement of yarn continuous pad dyeing.Compare with the curing fixation method of existing dyeing fabric, restriction, the chromatogram that on dyestuff uses, breaks through K type REACTIVE DYES is complete, dyestuff select for use scope wide, dark in light color can dye; Compare with the vapour steaming colour fixing method of existing dyeing fabric, make used additives simple, save auxiliary agents such as salt, urea, glauber salt, the dyestuff hydrolysis is few, chroma in waste water is low, and it is little that dyeing quality is stable, difference is criticized in front and back.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation that bakes device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the cross sectional view of single drying cylinder of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the longitudinal section profile of single drying cylinder of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 4 bakes the process chart that device dyes for utilization is of the present invention.
Wherein: 1, temperature controller; 2, steel pipe; 3, electric heating tube; 4, wire coil; 5, temperature sensor; 6, conductor wire; 7, conduction oil; 8, carbon brush; 9, drying cylinder sidewall; 10, drying cylinder outer wall; 11, drying cylinder inwall; 12, turning cylinder; 13, drying cylinder support; 14, travelling gear; 15, driving chain; 16, import cord roller; 16 ' derives cord roller; 17, motor; 18, yarn; 19, steam vent; 20, contain fuel tank; 21, oil guide pipe; 22, cavity; 23, drying cylinder.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, through specific embodiment---the practical implementation device with and be applied to the practical implementation technology of the REACTIVE DYES continuous knot dyeing of the textile dyed yarn of 32s/2, the present invention is further described.
The device that bakes as shown in Figure 1 comprises drying cylinder support 13, and drying cylinder support 13 is provided with 8 drying cylinders 23.These 8 drying cylinders 23 can rotate around the turning cylinder 12 of himself.Drying cylinder support 13 both ends are provided with and import cord roller 16 and derivation cord roller 16 ', and several drying cylinders 23 are with importing cord roller 16 and derive cord roller 16 ' rotation synchronously.By import yarn 18 that cord roller 16 imports walk around from the surface of each drying cylinder 23 successively after again by derive cord roller 16 ' derive 8 drying cylinders 23 by a drive mechanism to rotate simultaneously; The driving chain 15 that driving mechanism specifically comprises a motor 17, driven by this motor 17; Turning cylinder 12 on each drying cylinder 23 is coaxially arranged with a travelling gear 14, and driving chain 15 all meshes with each travelling gear 14.
Like Fig. 2, shown in 3; Each drying cylinder 23 comprises drying cylinder outer wall 10, drying cylinder inwall 11 and drying cylinder sidewall 9; Drying cylinder outer wall 10, drying cylinder inwall 11 are formed sealed hollow 22 with drying cylinder sidewall 9; Be marked with conduction oil 7 in the cavity 22, conduction oil 7 links to each other with Sheng fuel tank 20 through oil guide pipe 21, and containing fuel tank 20 has steam vent 19.In the cavity 22 electrical heating elements is installed; Being specially within it, portion is equipped with steel pipe 2; Cover electric heating tube 3 in the steel pipe 2, electric heating tube 3 is through conductor wire 6, carbon brush 8 and be fixed on wire coil 4 built-up circuits on the turning cylinder 12, the heat of electric heating tube 3 supply conduction oil 7 losses in time.
Drying cylinder 23 is provided with temperature sensor 5 and temperature controller 1, and temperature sensor 5 connects with signal with temperature controller 1, and temperature sensor 5 can in time be transferred to temperature controller 1 with the temperature that records, and temperature controller 1 connects with signal with electric heating tube 3.When temperature controller 1 receives from the temperature of temperature sensor 5 transmission more than or equal to interior when establishing the temperature threshold values, temperature controller 1 control electric heating tube 3 break-ofves or reduce heating power.
When motor 17 was opened, driving chain 15 drove each drying cylinder 23 and rotates, and after moving from 8 drying cylinder 23 outside wall surface successively from the yarn 18 that imports cord roller 16 importings, derived via deriving cord roller 16 '.
The technological process of production of the textile dyed yarn of present embodiment 32s/2 is as shown in Figure 4, and the main technique condition is following:
1, pads cation-modified solution.Through the cotton yarn of kiering pre-treatment, one soaks one rolls cation-modified solution.Constituting of cation-modified solution: cation modifier CL-200 20g/L, caustic soda 20g/L, nonionic penetrant AG-310 3g/L.
2, oven dry: yarn is dried through steam baking tube.
3, exhaust dyeing solution: yarn one soaks one and rolls reactive dyeing solution.Constituting of staining solution: red P-2B 100% 20g/L of REACTIVE DYES.
4, oven dry: yarn is dried through steam baking tube after infrared preliminary drying device carries out preliminary drying.
5, bake: yarn bakes through the above-mentioned device that bakes.Baking temperature 150-155 ℃, 1.5 minutes time.
6, washing: yarn is carried out the washing of 3 lattice, and the 1st lattice hot water wash temperature is 90-95 ℃, and the 2nd lattice washing temperature is 80-85 ℃, and the 3rd lattice are cold wash.
7, oven dry: yarn is dried through steam baking tube.
Quality index and other test technology contrast situation of product are seen table 1 after above technology dyeing.Technology 1 is the above technology in the table 1; The technology of test technology 2 is: (one soaks one rolls exhaust dyeing solution; Red P-2B 100% 20g/L of REACTIVE DYES)-oven dry-dipping fixation solution (salt 180g/L, soda ash 20g/L, caustic soda 5g/L)-decatize (102 ℃ of temperature; Time 40S)-and washing (3 lattice)-oven dry, test technology 2 is actually the technology imitation to the vapour steaming colour fixing method of dyeing fabric.The test of product colour test for using U.S. import colour photometer Gretag Macbeth Color-Eye 7000A to carry out.
The Color contrast shows; This specific embodiment is obviously dark overtesting technology 2 on product colour; The chroma in waste water of this specific embodiment is more shallow than test technology 2 in addition; And test technology 2 as commercially produce and then also need special-purpose yarn decatize case and exist broken yarn takes place in the decatize case to be difficult to difficult problems such as disposals, these these specific embodiments of combined factors there has been remarkable improvement than test technologies 2, the dyeing of suitable more yarn.
The inherent mechanism of technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: after the cellulose fiber yarn pads cation-modified solution; Dye on the cellulose fibre on the cation-modified agent molecule and be penetrated into cellulose fibre inside; And then be grafted on the cellulose fibre, and make the lotus that becomes positively charged after the cellulose fibre grafting through chemical reaction.This makes cellulose fibre when padding the solution of REACTIVE DYES, can and impel on the REACTIVE DYES and dye because of the REACTIVE DYES of the effective adsoption band negative electrical charge of attracting each other of positive and negative charge, and and then the combination that produces chemical bond.The process that this chemical bond combines is exactly the fixation process; Because chemical reaction mainly is cation modifier group and the chemical bond between the REACTIVE DYES that is grafted on the cellulose fibre in this fixation process; Be different from that the fixation process mainly is the chemical bond between cellulose fibre and the REACTIVE DYES in the conventional reactive dyeing; Therefore this fixation is handled under 150~170 ℃ high temperature and can be accomplished in 1~2 minute; Do not need auxiliary agents such as salt, urea, glauber salt to urge the effect of dying, do not need this color fixing condition of decatize of high humility yet.
The foregoing description only is explanation technical conceive of the present invention and characteristics, and its purpose is to let the personage who is familiar with this technology can understand content of the present invention and enforcement according to this, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.All equivalences that spirit is done according to the present invention change or modify, and all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. equipment that is used for the reactive dyeing of cellulose fiber yarn; This equipment comprises and bakes device; It is characterized in that: describedly bake that device comprises drying cylinder support (13), several are arranged on the drying cylinder that can rotate (23) on the described drying cylinder support (13), import cord roller (16) and derivation cord roller (16 '); Each described drying cylinder (23) all has drying cylinder outer wall (10), drying cylinder inwall (11) and drying cylinder sidewall (9); Described drying cylinder outer wall (10), drying cylinder inwall (11) surround sealed hollow (22) with drying cylinder sidewall (9); Be marked with conduction oil (7) in the described cavity (22); Also be provided with in the described cavity (22) and be used for electrical heating elements that described conduction oil (7) is heated; The turning cylinder (24) of described drying cylinder (23) is provided with wire coil (4); Described electrical heating elements is through conductor wire (6), carbon brush (8) and described wire coil (4) built-up circuit, and several described drying cylinders (23) are with described importing cord roller (16) and derive cord roller (16 ') rotation synchronously, derived by described derivation cord roller (16 ') after the yarn that is imported by described importing cord roller (16) during work is walked around from the surface of each described drying cylinder (23) successively again.
2. the equipment that is used for the reactive dyeing of cellulose fiber yarn according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: temperature sensor (5) and temperature controller (1) that the temperature of described conduction oil (7) is monitored are set in the described cavity (22); Described temperature sensor (5) is connected with temperature controller (1) signal; Described temperature sensor (5) can in time be transferred to described temperature controller (1) with the temperature that records; Described temperature controller (1) is connected with described electrical heating elements and can controls described electrical heating elements work; The temperature of described temperature sensor (5) transmission that receives when described temperature controller (1) is more than or equal to interior when establishing the temperature threshold values, described temperature controller (1) the described electrical heating elements break-off of control or reduce heating power.
CN201010580705A 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Reactive dyeing equipment for cellulose fibre-contained yarns Active CN101994220B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010580705A CN101994220B (en) 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Reactive dyeing equipment for cellulose fibre-contained yarns

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010580705A CN101994220B (en) 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Reactive dyeing equipment for cellulose fibre-contained yarns

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101994220A CN101994220A (en) 2011-03-30
CN101994220B true CN101994220B (en) 2012-09-26

Family

ID=43784939

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201010580705A Active CN101994220B (en) 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Reactive dyeing equipment for cellulose fibre-contained yarns

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101994220B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103526489A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-22 德清锐驰机械设备有限公司 Novel textile dyeing machine drying oven device
CN105220386A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-01-06 张家港三得利染整科技有限公司 Yarn dyeing baking device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3906755A (en) * 1969-07-28 1975-09-23 Sando Iron Works Co Apparatus for a continuous treatment of textile fiber goods
CN200967890Y (en) * 2006-10-17 2007-10-31 盐城纺织职业技术学院 Warping-sizing combined sample machine
CN201362789Y (en) * 2009-02-27 2009-12-16 杨立新 Continuous pad dyeing equipment for polyester yarn
CN101760919A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-06-30 邹必尚 Energy-saving heat conducting oil drying cylinder for sizing machines and sizing-dyeing machines
CN201915241U (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-08-03 张家港三得利染整科技有限公司 Reactive dyeing equipment for yarns containing cellulose fiber

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3906755A (en) * 1969-07-28 1975-09-23 Sando Iron Works Co Apparatus for a continuous treatment of textile fiber goods
CN200967890Y (en) * 2006-10-17 2007-10-31 盐城纺织职业技术学院 Warping-sizing combined sample machine
CN101760919A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-06-30 邹必尚 Energy-saving heat conducting oil drying cylinder for sizing machines and sizing-dyeing machines
CN201362789Y (en) * 2009-02-27 2009-12-16 杨立新 Continuous pad dyeing equipment for polyester yarn
CN201915241U (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-08-03 张家港三得利染整科技有限公司 Reactive dyeing equipment for yarns containing cellulose fiber

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101994220A (en) 2011-03-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102061634B (en) Method for dyeing yarn containing cellulose fiber by reactive dye
CN101597867B (en) Method for dyeing vivid fluorescent green on cotton knitwear
CN102409565A (en) One-bath one-step process for dispersing/reactive dye of cotton-polyester blended fabric
CN102363903B (en) Blended shell fabric and dying process thereof
CN103215827A (en) One-bath and one-step-method dyeing method of dacron cation composite shell fabric
CN104452352A (en) Salt-free low-alkali dyeing process for cellulosic fibers
CN102644207A (en) Processing method for colorful yarn fabric with cloud effect
CN106544887A (en) A kind of production method of cotton acrylic fabric
CN103046400A (en) Fluorescent staining method for cotton fiber
CN101994220B (en) Reactive dyeing equipment for cellulose fibre-contained yarns
CN102787458A (en) Production method of pigment-dyed jean fabric with various functions of resisting water, resisting oil and the like
CN201915241U (en) Reactive dyeing equipment for yarns containing cellulose fiber
CN101333773A (en) Dyeing process of cotton fiber
CN103061163A (en) Fluorescence dyeing method for polyester-cotton blended fiber
CN104452355A (en) Cationic modified dyeing process for cellulose fiber
CN101994219B (en) Equipment for dying cotton-containing yarn
CN201952634U (en) Equipment for dyeing wire containing cotton yarn
CN104480710A (en) Process for modifying cellulosic fibers by use of modifiers
CN101929084B (en) Method for dyeing slubby yarn cotton fabrics into raindrop or silk rain style
CN204434937U (en) A kind of production equipment of yam coatings continuous dyeing starching
CN204080428U (en) The continuous zero-emission dyeing machine of a kind of multifunction ultrasonic ion
CN104233682A (en) Multifunctional ultrasonic ion continuous zero-discharge dyeing machine and dyeing process thereof
CN104452358A (en) Salt-free low-alkali dyeing method for cellulosic fibers
CN104404793A (en) Salt-free low-alkaline modifying dyeing method of cellulose fiber
CN110344194A (en) A kind of new type of continuous colouring method and equipment

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model