CN101992910A - Container - Google Patents

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Publication number
CN101992910A
CN101992910A CN2009100917185A CN200910091718A CN101992910A CN 101992910 A CN101992910 A CN 101992910A CN 2009100917185 A CN2009100917185 A CN 2009100917185A CN 200910091718 A CN200910091718 A CN 200910091718A CN 101992910 A CN101992910 A CN 101992910A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
rod
locking bar
freight container
door
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009100917185A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101992910B (en
Inventor
李爱华
刘荣
董春健
郭伟嘉
Original Assignee
中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司
南通中集特种运输设备制造有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司, 南通中集特种运输设备制造有限公司 filed Critical 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司
Priority to CN2009100917185A priority Critical patent/CN101992910B/en
Publication of CN101992910A publication Critical patent/CN101992910A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101992910B publication Critical patent/CN101992910B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a container which comprises at least one locking mechanism used for locking a door plate. The locking mechanism comprises a lock rod, at least one set of connecting rod mechanism and a motor, wherein the lock rod can be rotatably arranged at the outer side of a corresponding side plate between an opening position and a locking position, one end of the connecting rod mechanism is fixed to the lock rod, and the other end of the connecting rod mechanism is matched with the door plate, and an output shaft of the motor is coaxially connected to the lock rod. When the lock rod rotates to the opening position, the connecting rod mechanism is separated from the door plate; and when the lock rod rotates to the locking position, the connecting rod mechanism locks the door plate. The locking mechanism can realize opening and locking through automation control.

Description

A kind of freight container
Technical field
The present invention relates to freight container, particularly relate to a kind of freight container with catch gear.
Background technology
Freight container as logistics transportation means commonly used generally includes: base plate, relative to one another be fixed on the base plate both sides two side plates, be arranged on base plate one end openable door-plate, be fixed on the end plate of the base plate other end.When handling goods, need at first open door-plate.And in the freight container traffic process, door-plate will keep the transportation safety of closed condition with goods in the guard box.Therefore, on freight container, also be provided with the catch gear that door-plate can be locked in closed condition usually.
For present general container, opening of catch gear and locking operation are mostly taked manually-operated mode.Yet under some special occasions, as when transporting particular cargo (for example rubbish), take manual operation can't satisfy actual user demand.People wish and can realize operation to catch gear by automatic guidance.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of freight container, this freight container is provided with the catch gear that can operate by the automation mode.
For achieving the above object, the present invention proposes a kind of freight container, comprise base plate, relative to one another be arranged on these base plate both sides two side plates, be arranged on this base plate one end openable door-plate, be arranged on the end plate of this base plate other end.This freight container comprises that also at least one is used to lock the catch gear of this door-plate.This catch gear comprises: locking bar can be arranged on the outside of corresponding side plate rotationally between an open position and a locked position; At least one cover connecting rod mechanism, this connecting rod mechanism one end is fixed to this locking bar and the other end matches with this door-plate, wherein, when this locking bar turns to open position, this connecting rod mechanism and this door-plate are separated, and when this locking bar turned to locked position, this connecting rod mechanism locked this door-plate; And motor, its output shaft is connected to this locking bar coaxially.
Preferably, every cover connecting rod mechanism comprises: extension rod, an end are fixed to this locking bar and stretch out from this locking bar; Latch hook, an end of this latch hook are provided with and are used for the hook portion that matches with this door-plate; And connecting rod, the two ends of this connecting rod are pivotally connected to the other end of this extension rod and the other end of this latch hook respectively, and the pivot that wherein is used for connecting this connecting rod and this latch hook is limited to a chute movably, and this chute is arranged on the desired location of corresponding side plate.Wherein, when this locking bar turned to locked position, the hook portion of this latch hook was hooked this door-plate, and this extension rod extends near cooresponding side plate and to the direction away from this door-plate; When this locking bar turned to open position, the hook portion of this latch hook and this door-plate were separated, and this extension rod becomes predetermined angular with corresponding side plate.
Preferably, for every cover connecting rod mechanism, this catch gear also comprises the inhibiting device that is used to limit this latch hook rotation direction.
Preferably, this latch hook also comprises bar portion, and this inhibiting device comprises the inboard that is separately positioned on this latch hook bar portion and the block and the pin in the outside.
Preferably, this bar portion comprise first section of being provided with this hook portion and with respect to this first section towards second section of this side plate bevelled, wherein when locking bar is in locked position, this block and this bar portion first section matches and this pin and this bar portion second section matches; When this locking bar was shown in an open position, this block and this pin all matched with second section of this bar portion.
Preferably, this connecting rod is to crooked outstanding away from the direction of this side plate.
Preferably, this chute along continuous straight runs is provided with.
Preferably, described motor is a HM Hydraulic Motor.
Preferably, this locking bar bottom is fixed with the first clutch tooth, and the output shaft of this motor is provided with the second clutch tooth that can slide up and down that matches with this first clutch tooth.
Preferably, be fixed with a support on this second clutch tooth, below this support, be provided with and be used to drive first driving cylinder that this support moves up and down.
Preferably, this catch gear comprises three covers connecting rod mechanism parallel to each other.
Preferably, wherein a cover connecting rod mechanism comprises that also the end that links to each other with this connecting rod from this extension rod is to the handle away from the direction extension of this locking bar.
Preferably, this catch gear also comprises and is used for this locking bar is remained on safety device on this locked position, this safety device comprises: first dwang parallel to each other and second dwang, this first dwang and second dwang are arranged on this side plate respectively rotationally, and in them each has respectively away from first end of this locking bar with near second end of this locking bar; Pipe link, the two ends of this pipe link are pivotally connected to first end of this first dwang and first end of this second dwang respectively; With the safety pin that this handle matches, be arranged on second end of this first dwang; And be used to drive second driving cylinder that this second dwang rotates, be connected to second end of this second dwang.
Preferably, this freight container comprises two catch gears, is separately positioned on the opposing sideplates.
The present invention drives the rotation of locking bar by motor, thereby has realized the automation mechanized operation of opening and locking of catch gear.Being arranged so that locking mechanism structure among the present invention is simple, being easy to realize of HM Hydraulic Motor.Where necessary, still can operate catch gear, improve the safety and the reliability of freight container by manual type.
The present invention is described in detail with detailed embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 shows the freight container that is provided with catch gear according to of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of catch gear among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the detailed maps of the matching relationship of motor and locking bar;
Fig. 4 is the birds-eye view of connecting rod mechanism among Fig. 2, and wherein, this connecting rod mechanism is in locking state;
Fig. 5 is the birds-eye view of connecting rod mechanism, and wherein, this connecting rod mechanism is in open mode; And
Scheme drawing when Fig. 6 is in open mode for safety device has wherein omitted motor.
The specific embodiment
Below, by exemplary embodiment the present invention is specifically described.Yet should be appreciated that under the situation that is not having further narration element, structure and feature in embodiment also can be attached in other embodiment valuably.
As shown in Figure 1, freight container 10 of the present invention, comprise base plate 11, relative to one another be arranged on the base plate both sides two side plates 12, be arranged on an end of base plate 11 openable door-plate 13, be arranged on the end plate 14 of the other end of base plate 11.Container top can be provided with top board also can not be provided with top board.Also be provided with at least one catch gear that is used for lock door panel 13 20 in the side of freight container.Preferably, can on two relative side plates, a catch gear be set respectively, to realize locking better to door-plate.
As shown in Figure 2, catch gear 20 comprises: locking bar 21 is arranged on the outside of side plate 12, and can rotates between an open position and a locked position; Motor 22, its output shaft are connected on the locking bar 21 and are coaxial with this locking bar; And at least one cover is used for the connecting rod mechanism 30 that matches with door-plate 13.Wherein, an end of connecting rod mechanism 30 is fixed to locking bar 21 and the other end matches with door-plate 13.When locking bar 21 turned to open position, connecting rod mechanism 30 was separated with door-plate 13, thereby makes door-plate freely to open; When locking bar 21 turns to locked position, connecting rod mechanism 30 these door-plates of locking, so that door-plate 13 is remained on closed condition, this moment, door-plate can not be unlocked.
Rotate to predetermined direction by motor 22 may command locking bars 21.Preferably, motor 22 is a HM Hydraulic Motor, thereby can operate motor more easily.As shown in Figure 3, the output shaft 221 of motor 22 can link to each other with locking bar 21 by a pair of clutch tooth 23,24.Wherein, the first clutch tooth 23 can be fixed to the bottom of locking bar 21 by for example flat key 231; And the second clutch tooth 24 can slide up and down to be connected to motor output shaft 221 by for example spline 241.Be fixed with horizontally extending support 25 on the second clutch tooth 24, an end of support is connected with first driving cylinder 26.Handle first driving cylinder 26 and can drive support 25 and move up and down, thereby can make the second clutch tooth 24 move up and down, thus the engagement that realizes the second clutch tooth 24 and the first clutch tooth 23 with separate.When two clutch teeth 23,24 are engaged to a time-out, motor 22 can drive locking bars 21 by its output shaft 221 and rotate.
The connecting rod mechanism 30 that is used for lock door panel 13 can have multiple implementation.Shown in Figure 4 and 5, connecting rod mechanism comprises according to an embodiment of the invention: extension rod 31, one end are fixed to locking bar 21 and stretch out from locking bar 21; Latch hook 33, the one end is provided with hook portion 331, is used for matching with door-plate 13; And connecting rod 32.The two ends of connecting rod 32 are pivotally connected to the other end of extension rod 31 and the other end of latch hook 33 respectively.Be provided with chute 35 on the desired location of side plate 12, the pivot 34 that connects connecting rod 32 and latch hook 33 is limited in this chute 35 movably.Preferably, chute 35 along continuous straight runs settings.Like this, when locking bar 21 rotated, extension rod 31 rotated thereupon, moved in chute 35 thereby drive pivot 34.When locking bar 21 turned to locked position, as shown in Figure 4, pivot 34 moved to the end away from door-plate 34 of chute 35, and the hook portion 331 of latch hook 33 is hooked the edge of door-plate 13.At this moment, extension rod 31 extends near side plate 12 and to the direction away from door-plate 13.When locking bar 21 turned to open position, as shown in Figure 5, pivot 34 moved to an end of the close door-plate 34 of chute 35, and the hook portion 331 and the door-plate of latch hook 33 are separated.At this moment, extension rod 31 rotates predetermined angular with respect to side plate 12.Connecting rod 32 is preferably bandy shape, promptly to outstanding away from the direction of side plate 12, interferes with other structure in motion process avoiding.
Usually, people wish that latch hook 33 can outwards rotate predetermined angular with respect to side plate 12 when being separated with door-plate 13, so that the unlatching of door-plate 13.This can realize with the inhibiting device that cooperates of the bar portion 332 of latch hook 33 by setting on side plate 12.Specifically, inhibiting device can comprise the inboard that is separately positioned on latch hook bar portion 332 and the block 36 and the pin 37 in the outside.The bar portion 332 of latch hook comprise first section 333 of being provided with hook portion 331 and with respect to this first section towards second section 332 of side plate 12 bevelled.When locking bar 21 was in locked position, as shown in Figure 4, second section 334 of pin 37 and latch hook bar portion was matched, and rotated to the direction away from side plate 12 with restriction latch hook 33, thereby avoided latch hook hook portion 331 and door-plate to break away from.At this moment, first of latch hook bar portion section 333 is fitted on the block 36.When locking bar 21 when open position rotates, pivot 34 moves to an end of the close door-plate 13 of chute 35.At this moment, the interference effect of second section 334 in 36 pairs of latch hook bars of block portion makes latch hook 33 rotate to the direction away from side plate 12 gradually; Pin 37 then matches with second section 334 of latch hook bar portion, and is excessive with the rotational angle of avoiding latch hook 33.When locking bar 21 was shown in an open position, as shown in Figure 5, second section 334 of latch hook bar portion was limited between block 36 and the pin 37.
Catch gear 20 can comprise many covers connecting rod mechanism 30 parallel to each other, and to realize the locking to door-plate 13 more reliably, for example three shown in Fig. 2 overlaps.Can comprise also in cover (for example nethermost an a cover) connecting rod mechanism 30 that wherein the end that links to each other with connecting rod 32 from extension rod 31 is to the handle 38 away from the direction extension of locking bar 21.Like this, where necessary, also can realize opening and locking of catch gear by manual operation handle 38.
Preferably, catch gear 20 also comprises the safety device 40 that is used for locking bar 21 is remained on locked position.As shown in Figure 6, safety device 40 comprises: first dwang 41 parallel to each other and second dwang 42 and the pipe link 43 that is connected this first and second dwang.First dwang 41 and second dwang 42 are arranged on the side plate 12 respectively rotationally; And each in first and second dwangs 41,42 has the second end 41b, 42b away from the first end 41a, the 42a of locking bar 21 and close locking bar 21 respectively.Pipe link 43 two ends are pivotally connected to first end 41a of first dwang and the first end 42a of second dwang respectively.Like this, first dwang 41 can rotate simultaneously in the same way with second dwang 42.Be provided with second driving cylinder 45 that is used to drive this second dwang rotation at the second end 42b of second dwang 42.Preferably, turning cylinder 41c, the 42c of first and second dwangs 41,42 can be separately positioned near its separately first end 41a, the position of 42a, rotates thereby can handle dwang more effortlessly.
The second end 41b at first dwang is provided with the safety pin 44 that matches with handle 38.When needs rotating rod lock 21, operate second driving cylinder 45 and make that the second end 42b of second dwang 42 is upwards lifted, thereby make safety pin 44 upwards be mentioned and be separated with handle 38, as shown in Figure 6, so that locking bar 21 can freely rotate.When locking bar 21 turns to locked position, operate second driving cylinder 45 and make the second end 42b of second dwang 42 move down, thereby make safety pin 44 also move down and be positioned at the outside of handle 38, as shown in Figure 2, thereby limited the rotation of locking bar 21.
Here, first driving cylinder 26 and second driving cylinder 45 can adopt oil cylinder also can adopt cylinder.According to one embodiment of present invention, motor 22, first driving cylinder 26 and/or second driving cylinder 45 can be used as the outside that corollary equipment is arranged on freight container, for example are used to transport the vehicle of this freight container.Certainly, they also can be arranged on other suitable position as required, as place the platform of this freight container or container base etc., do not describe in detail here.
Though should be pointed out that invention has been described by above-mentioned embodiment, yet the present invention also can have other numerous embodiments.Without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; those of ordinary skill in the art obviously can make various corresponding changes and distortion to the present invention, but these changes and distortion all should belong in the scope that claims of the present invention and equivalent thereof protect.

Claims (14)

1. freight container, comprise base plate, relative to one another be arranged on these base plate both sides two side plates, be arranged on this base plate one end openable door-plate, be arranged on the end plate of this base plate other end, this freight container comprises that also at least one is used to lock the catch gear of this door-plate, it is characterized in that this catch gear comprises:
Locking bar can be arranged on the outside of corresponding side plate rotationally between an open position and a locked position;
At least one cover connecting rod mechanism, this connecting rod mechanism one end is fixed to this locking bar and the other end matches with this door-plate, and wherein, when this locking bar turned to open position, this connecting rod mechanism and this door-plate were separated; When this locking bar turned to locked position, this connecting rod mechanism locked this door-plate; And
Motor, its output shaft is connected to this locking bar coaxially.
2. freight container according to claim 1 is characterized in that, every cover connecting rod mechanism comprises:
Extension rod, an end are fixed to this locking bar and stretch out from this locking bar;
Latch hook, an end of this latch hook are provided with and are used for the hook portion that matches with this door-plate; And
Connecting rod, the two ends of this connecting rod are pivotally connected to the other end of this extension rod and the other end of this latch hook respectively, and the pivot that wherein is used for connecting this connecting rod and this latch hook is limited to a chute movably, and this chute is arranged on the desired location of corresponding side plate,
Wherein, when this locking bar turned to locked position, the hook portion of this latch hook was hooked this door-plate, and this extension rod extends near cooresponding side plate and to the direction away from this door-plate; When this locking bar turned to open position, the hook portion of this latch hook and this door-plate were separated, and this extension rod becomes predetermined angular with corresponding side plate.
3. freight container according to claim 2 is characterized in that, for every cover connecting rod mechanism, this catch gear also comprises the inhibiting device that is used to limit this latch hook rotation direction.
4. freight container according to claim 3 is characterized in that this latch hook also comprises bar portion, and this inhibiting device comprises the inboard that is separately positioned on this latch hook bar portion and the block and the pin in the outside.
5. freight container according to claim 4 is characterized in that, this bar portion comprise first section of being provided with this hook portion and with respect to this first section towards second section of this side plate bevelled, wherein
When locking bar was in locked position, this block and this bar portion first section matched and this pin and this bar portion second section matches; When this locking bar was shown in an open position, this block and this pin all matched with second section of this bar portion.
6. freight container according to claim 2 is characterized in that, this connecting rod is to crooked outstanding away from the direction of this side plate.
7. freight container according to claim 2 is characterized in that, this chute along continuous straight runs is provided with.
8. freight container according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described motor is a HM Hydraulic Motor.
9. freight container according to claim 1 is characterized in that, this locking bar bottom is fixed with the first clutch tooth, and the output shaft of this motor is provided with the second clutch tooth that can slide up and down that matches with this first clutch tooth.
10. freight container according to claim 9 is characterized in that, is fixed with a support on this second clutch tooth, is provided with to be used to drive first driving cylinder that this support moves up and down below this support.
11. freight container according to claim 2 is characterized in that, this catch gear comprises three covers connecting rod mechanism parallel to each other.
12., it is characterized in that wherein a cover connecting rod mechanism comprises that also the end that links to each other with this connecting rod from this extension rod is to the handle away from the direction extension of this locking bar according to claim 2 or 11 described freight containers.
13. freight container according to claim 12 is characterized in that, this catch gear comprises also and is used for this locking bar is remained on safety device on this locked position that this safety device comprises:
First dwang parallel to each other and second dwang, this first dwang and second dwang are arranged on this side plate respectively rotationally, and in them each has respectively away from first end of this locking bar with near second end of this locking bar;
Pipe link, the two ends of this pipe link are pivotally connected to first end of this first dwang and first end of this second dwang respectively;
With the safety pin that this handle matches, be arranged on second end of this first dwang; And
Be used to drive second driving cylinder that this second dwang rotates, be connected to second end of this second dwang.
14. freight container according to claim 1 is characterized in that, this freight container comprises two catch gears, is separately positioned on the opposing sideplates.
CN2009100917185A 2009-08-26 2009-08-26 Container CN101992910B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100917185A CN101992910B (en) 2009-08-26 2009-08-26 Container

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100917185A CN101992910B (en) 2009-08-26 2009-08-26 Container

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CN101992910A true CN101992910A (en) 2011-03-30
CN101992910B CN101992910B (en) 2012-07-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103964097A (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-08-06 南通中集特种运输设备制造有限公司 Locking structure of container and container provided with locking structure
CN104097878A (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-10-15 嘉善新华昌集装箱有限公司 Locking device at bottom of container door panel

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2647798Y (en) * 2003-10-04 2004-10-13 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Link type locking and opening device for large container
CN201367208Y (en) * 2009-02-13 2009-12-23 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Container

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103964097A (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-08-06 南通中集特种运输设备制造有限公司 Locking structure of container and container provided with locking structure
CN103964097B (en) * 2013-01-28 2017-04-12 太仓中集特种物流装备有限公司 Locking structure of container and container provided with locking structure
CN104097878A (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-10-15 嘉善新华昌集装箱有限公司 Locking device at bottom of container door panel

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101992910B (en) 2012-07-25

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Effective date of registration: 20130703

Address after: 226003 Nantong City, Jiangsu Province Port Road, No. 159

Patentee after: Nantong CIMC Special Transportation Equipment Manufacture Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: Chinese International Marine Container (Group) Co., Ltd.

Address before: Harbour Road Shekou Industrial District of Shenzhen City, Guangdong province 518067 No. 2 CIMC Research Center Building

Patentee before: Chinese International Marine Container (Group) Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Nantong CIMC Special Transportation Equipment Manufacture Co., Ltd.

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: CHINESE INTERNATIONAL MARINE CONTAINER (GROUP) CO.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: NANTONG ZHONGJI SPECIAL TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURE CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20130703

Owner name: NANTONG ZHONGJI SPECIAL TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT M

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Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 518067 SHENZHEN, GUANGDONG PROVINCE TO: 226003 NANTONG, JIANGSU PROVINCE