CN101987499B - Microstructural multi-layer composite distributor - Google Patents

Microstructural multi-layer composite distributor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101987499B
CN101987499B CN2009103051714A CN200910305171A CN101987499B CN 101987499 B CN101987499 B CN 101987499B CN 2009103051714 A CN2009103051714 A CN 2009103051714A CN 200910305171 A CN200910305171 A CN 200910305171A CN 101987499 B CN101987499 B CN 101987499B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fluid layer
layer
structural
distributor
structural slab
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Application number
CN2009103051714A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101987499A (en
Inventor
梁斌
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浙江精诚模具机械有限公司
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Priority to CN2009103051714A priority Critical patent/CN101987499B/en
Publication of CN101987499A publication Critical patent/CN101987499A/en
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Publication of CN101987499B publication Critical patent/CN101987499B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/36Means for plasticising or homogenising the moulding material or forcing it through the nozzle or die
    • B29C48/50Details of extruders
    • B29C48/695Flow dividers, e.g. breaker plates
    • B29C48/70Flow dividers, e.g. breaker plates comprising means for dividing, distributing and recombining melt flows
    • B29C48/71Flow dividers, e.g. breaker plates comprising means for dividing, distributing and recombining melt flows for layer multiplication
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/255Flow control means, e.g. valves

Abstract

The invention discloses a microstructural multi-layer composite distributor, which comprises a microlayer distributor and a hybrid amplifier, wherein the microlayer distributor is formed by overlapping one or more structural plates; the structural plate is provided with a plurality of flow layer communicating ports at intervals; after a plurality of layers of structural plates are overlapped, corresponding flow layer communicating ports of the layers are communicated; a feed melt is injected from runners of the structural plates, is distributed by the flow layer communicating ports of the layers to be superposed, and is transmitted to the hybrid amplifier; the hybrid amplifier is provided with a plurality of flow layer channels which are overlapped in a staggered mode and form a hybrid outlet channel; and the flow layers are multiplied and overlapped at the hybrid outlet to form an integral flow layer. The ideal thickness of the flow layer is achieved through compression, the layer number of the structural plates can be increased so as to achieve the overlapping and multiplication of more layers, and various rays are reflected through interference of the surfaces of the hundreds of flow layers, so that a composite membrane has a rainbow effect.

Description

Micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor

Technical field

The present invention relates to the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor that is applied in composite membrane, the sheet material co-extrusion production field.

Background technology

Composite membrane, sheet material, especially multi-layer compound film are produced the compound distributor of this series products normally individual layer or nine layers of following structure in the market.Technical, the number of plies is more many, because film dissolving density causes the possibility of fracture to get over the end, the low number of plies fat melting polymer production product that comes out does not have stronger pliability, though it is still more smooth from product surface, because quality is not fundamentally having toughness, causes product to rupture easily, fineness does not reach satisfied effect yet.Some colors are required more not reach the effect of the desired various staggered colors of some consumer than the higher ornament materials.The MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor is to produce most important critical component in this series products, for distributor, the number of plies how much depend on number of layers after the runner mouth distributes, reach the more number of plies of big figure if desired, for example need to have the film of 100-500 layer, what the structure of distributor need be built at present is quite huge, can't realize basically.How to solve and reach MULTILAYER COMPOSITE in the production process, and make product have stronger pliability and color luminosity is the problem that faces at present.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor, product thickness requires certain, by the improvement to dispensing arrangement, the product of producing has the number of plies stack of compound multiple, this product has more multi-layered polymerization, can reach stronger pliability and the suitable color luminosity of effect.

Above-mentioned purpose is achieved through the following technical solutions:

Micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor, it is characterized in that: include microbedding distributor and compound multiplier, the microbedding distributor is made up of one or more structural slab stacks, wherein structural slab is provided with several fluid layer ports, have between several fluid layer ports at interval, the fluid layer port of each layer correspondence communicates after the double-layer structure panel stack, and the charging melt injects from the runner of structural slab and distributes the back to form stack by each laminar flow layer port, is transported in the compound multiplier; Have several fluid layer passages on the described compound multiplier, the fluid layer port that arranges on this fluid layer passage and the structural slab communicates one by one, and the interlaced stack of several fluid layer passages also forms same compound exit passageway.

Have two main charging ports on the described structural slab, each main charging port is communicated with coextruded structure, and co-extrusion mechanism links to each other with the fluid layer port, and main charging port communicates on each layer structural slab.

The stack of described double-layer structure panel is every increase one deck structural slab, and the fluid layer port opened gap on this one deck structural slab of its increase is expanded the gap size of a fluid layer port of Duoing than the fluid layer port gap of its last layer structural slab.

Described structural slab is provided with 4 fluid layer ports.

Described compound multiplier is formed an integral module by the polylith plate, and the fluid layer tunnel-shaped is formed between each plate, and several fluid layer passages have separately independently entrance and the compound outlet of common stack.

Fluid layer passage on the described compound multiplier is manifold-type runner compression stretching, expansion, being outwards to launch gradually and compression when Way out stretches, forms a whole fluid layer in the stack of compound exit at last.

Described compound multiplier is formed an integral module by 5 plates, is formed with 4 laminar flow layer passages between 5 plates, and 4 fluid layer ports on this 4 laminar flow layer passage and the structural slab are corresponding communicating one by one.

Described micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor includes plug from materials flow to the microbedding distributor that carry, can be according to the prescription of product and the incompatible replacing plug of type group of molten fat.

Compared to existing technology, the present invention has following advantage:

1, by the microbedding distributor, double-layer structure panel can be added to 20 layers ~ 50 layers and not wait, the charging solution injects from the runner of structural slab and distributes the back to form stack by each laminar flow layer port, flow to the fluid layer passage on the compound multiplier after the stack again, form a whole fluid layer after multilayer fluid layer passage superposes again, form the multiplication of the number of plies, at this moment, the number of plies of fluid layer reaches 100 layers even 1000 layers, makes every layer thickness only be 0.01 ~ 0.1mm of its thickness of film.The stack of radiance reflective layer and the interference that appear each bed boundary can make laminated film present the rainbow effect of various colors, and optical effect is fairly good.

2, ceaselessly alternation sum stack in process of production, product has more multi-layered polymerization, so product has very strong pliability, not easy fracture.For example: a general thin, broken because of stretching in the interaction meeting of different power, but through staggered stack, it is also very strong that the microbedding film that squeezes out has extraordinary stickiness, its flexible strength and a tear resistance, can offset excess load strength, avoid the goods fragmentation.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of single layer structure plate of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the fluid layer cross section structure schematic diagram of single layer structure plate of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the compound multiplier of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION schematic diagram of the compound multiplier of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of double-layer structure panel stack of the present invention;

The fluid layer sectional view that Fig. 6 forms for double-layer structure panel of the present invention;

The overall structure schematic diagram of Fig. 7 after for double-layer structure panel of the present invention stack.

The specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

As shown in Figure 1, micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor, include microbedding distributor 1 and compound multiplier 2, be microbedding distributor single layer structure plate G1 shown in Fig. 1, wherein structural slab G1 is provided with 4 fluid layer port C1, C2, C3, C4, have between 4 fluid layer ports at interval, form 4 independently fluid layers, the charging melt is from the main feeding-passage A of structural slab G1, inject among the B, and by coextruded structure A30, B30 enters fluid layer port C1, C2, C3, C4 distributes the back to form stack, and as shown in Figure 2, U10 is the fluid layer cross section that forms in the single layer structure plate, this moment, the number of plies was 2 layers, and fluid layer is respectively A1/B1, A2/B2, A3/B3, A4/B4.Have on the compound multiplier 2 as if 4 fluid layer passage F1, F2, F3, F4, this fluid layer passage F1, F2, F3, F4 go up the fluid layer port C1, C2, C3, the C4 that arrange with structural slab G1 and communicate one by one, and 4 interlaced stacks of fluid layer passage also form same compound outlet L.As shown in Figure 2, U20 is that 4 interlaced stacks of fluid layer passage form the fluid layer cross section on the compound multiplier 2, at this moment, the number of plies 2 layers from U10 have increased by 4 times, and fluid layer is A1/B1/A2/B2/A3/B3/A4/B4, total number of plies is increased to 8 layers, realizes the purpose of number of plies multiplication, as shown in Figure 3.Fluid layer passage F1 on the compound multiplier 2, F2, F3, F4 are manifold-type runner compression stretching, expansion, be outwards to launch gradually and compression when from the import to the Way out, stretching, stack forms a whole fluid layer at compound outlet L place at last, represented as U30 among Fig. 2 is the fluid layer cross section at compound outlet L place, and this moment, fluid layer reached desirable size U30 by compression.

Shown in Fig. 3,4, the integral module that compound multiplier 2 is made up of 5 plates, be formed with 4 laminar flow layer passage F1, F2, F3, F4 between 5 plate H1, H2, H3, H4, the H5, fluid layer passage F1, F2, F3, F4 go up the inflow entrance of C1, C2, C3, C4 fluid layer for structural slab G1, and 4 interlaced stacks of fluid layer passage also form a compound outlet L of common stack.

As shown in Figure 5, be 16 layers of structural slab overlaying structure schematic diagram, after 16 layers of structural slab stack, have A on the 1st layer of structural slab, fluid layer port that B master's charging port is corresponding with each layer communicates, a charging melt part flows in the fluid layer port of the 1st layer of structural slab through the coextruded structure on it from the 1st layer of structural slab A, B master's charging port, charging melt another part flows in the main charging port of other layers structural slab, flows out through each laminar flow layer port again, forms the stack of fluid layer.Double-layer structure panel stack is every increase one deck structural slab, and the fluid layer port opened gap on this one deck structural slab of its increase is expanded the gap size of a fluid layer port of Duoing than the fluid layer port gap of its last layer structural slab.For example the fluid layer port gap of the 1st layer of structural slab is Y, and the 2nd laminar flow layer port gap is Y+Y, and the fluid layer port gap of the 16th layer of structural slab is 16Y.As shown in Figure 6, P is the fluid layer cross section after the double-layer structure panel stack, again through compound multiplier, be outwards to launch gradually and compression when compound multiplier stretches from the import to the Way out, stack forms a whole fluid layer at compound outlet L place at last, reaches desirable fluid layer gauge by compression.

As shown in Figure 7, be the overall structure schematic diagram after the double-layer structure panel stack, at this moment, superpose by 3 pairs of 15 layers of structural slabs of sorting unit in Fig. 7 embodiment, the charging melt injects from A, the B master's charging port of the 1st layer of structural slab G1, after the layering stack through 15 layers of structural slab, this moment, the fluid layer number of plies was 30 layers, again through compound multiplier 2, doubled layer by layer by 4 fluid layer passage F1, F2, F3, F4, make the fluid layer number of plies increase by 4 times, namely total number of plies reaches 120 layers.Can increase the number of plies of structural slab according to particular demands, to reach the stack multiplication of more multi-layered number.The interference on up to a hundred layers fluid layer surface reflects various radiance, make composite membrane present multicoloured rainbow effect, adopt the distributor of said structure can produce complicated optical thin film, cast film, sheet material and extrusion film can be applied to, even higher-quality other sheet materials can also be produced.

Claims (8)

1. micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor, it is characterized in that: include microbedding distributor and compound multiplier, the microbedding distributor is made up of one or more structural slab stacks, wherein structural slab is provided with several fluid layer ports, have between several fluid layer ports at interval, the fluid layer port of each layer correspondence communicates after the double-layer structure panel stack, and the charging melt injects from the runner of structural slab and distributes the back to form stack by each laminar flow layer port, is transported in the compound multiplier; Have several fluid layer passages on the described compound multiplier, the fluid layer port that arranges on this fluid layer passage and the structural slab communicates one by one, and the interlaced stack of several fluid layer passages also forms same compound exit passageway.
2. micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: have two main charging ports on the described structural slab, each main charging port is communicated with coextruded structure, and coextruded structure links to each other with the fluid layer port, and main charging port communicates on each layer structural slab.
3. micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: double-layer structure panel stack is every increase one deck structural slab, and the fluid layer port opened gap on this one deck structural slab of its increase is expanded the gap size of a fluid layer port of Duoing than the fluid layer port gap of its last layer structural slab.
4. micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described structural slab is provided with 4 fluid layer ports.
5. micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described compound multiplier is formed an integral module by the polylith plate, the fluid layer tunnel-shaped is formed between each plate, and several fluid layer passages have separately independently entrance and the compound outlet of common stack.
6. micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: the fluid layer passage on the described compound multiplier is manifold-type runner compression stretching, being outwards to launch gradually and compression, form a whole fluid layer in the stack of compound exit at last when Way out stretches.
7. micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described compound multiplier is formed an integral module by 5 plates, be formed with 4 laminar flow layer passages between 5 plates, 4 fluid layer ports on this 4 laminar flow layer passage and the structural slab are corresponding communicating one by one.
8. micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described micro-structural MULTILAYER COMPOSITE distributor includes sorting unit plug from materials flow to the microbedding distributor that carry, can be according to the technical recipe of product and the incompatible replacing plug of type group of molten fat.
CN2009103051714A 2009-08-04 2009-08-04 Microstructural multi-layer composite distributor CN101987499B (en)

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CN101987499B true CN101987499B (en) 2013-10-02

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20180085060A (en) * 2010-05-07 2018-07-25 쓰리엠 이노베이티브 프로퍼티즈 컴파니 Apparatus for manufacturing multilayer polymeric films
US9108218B2 (en) * 2012-04-19 2015-08-18 Nordson Corporation System and method for making multilayer films and a layer multiplication device
CN103129070B (en) * 2013-01-31 2015-10-07 贵州省复合改性聚合物材料工程技术研究中心 Micro-nano MULTILAYER COMPOSITE dielectric material and preparation method thereof and device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5250248A (en) * 1990-05-09 1993-10-05 Tokai Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus and process for manufacturing a molding
EP0626247A1 (en) * 1993-05-07 1994-11-30 BATTENFELD GLOUCESTER ENGINEERING Co., Inc. Internally stacked blown film die
CN1600524A (en) * 2004-10-22 2005-03-30 高学文 Functional multi layer coex composite membranes
CN1850505A (en) * 2006-05-15 2006-10-25 高学文 PVDC polyolefin coextruded thermal-formed high-blocked composite packaging material
CN201544446U (en) * 2009-08-04 2010-08-11 梁斌 Microstructure multi-layer composite distributor

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5250248A (en) * 1990-05-09 1993-10-05 Tokai Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus and process for manufacturing a molding
EP0626247A1 (en) * 1993-05-07 1994-11-30 BATTENFELD GLOUCESTER ENGINEERING Co., Inc. Internally stacked blown film die
CN1600524A (en) * 2004-10-22 2005-03-30 高学文 Functional multi layer coex composite membranes
CN1850505A (en) * 2006-05-15 2006-10-25 高学文 PVDC polyolefin coextruded thermal-formed high-blocked composite packaging material
CN201544446U (en) * 2009-08-04 2010-08-11 梁斌 Microstructure multi-layer composite distributor

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Owner name: ZHEJIANG JINGCHENG MOLD MACHINERY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: LIANG BIN

Effective date: 20130722

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Address after: 318020 Taizhou Xicheng mould City, Huangyan, Zhejiang, Zhejiang Jingcheng mould machinery Co., Ltd.

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Address before: 318020 Taizhou Xicheng mould City, Huangyan, Zhejiang, Zhejiang Jingcheng mould machinery Co., Ltd.

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Denomination of invention: Microstructural multi-layer composite distributor

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