CN101985205B - Piston ring coping machine - Google Patents

Piston ring coping machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101985205B
CN101985205B CN2010102266158A CN201010226615A CN101985205B CN 101985205 B CN101985205 B CN 101985205B CN 2010102266158 A CN2010102266158 A CN 2010102266158A CN 201010226615 A CN201010226615 A CN 201010226615A CN 101985205 B CN101985205 B CN 101985205B
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China
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fixed
plate
fixedly connected
guide
longitudinal
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CN2010102266158A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101985205A (en
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程明根
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安徽金斗机械制造有限责任公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a piston ring coping machine, comprising a base, a rack fixed on the base, an electrical control device fixed on the rack as well as a cooling device, a charging device, a feeding device, a pressing device, a grinding head device and a ring coping device. A piston ring falls on the charging device under the action of self gravity, enters into the feeding device for feedingunder the push action of a delivery sheet in the feeding device, and then enters into the pressing device for pressing, the pressed piston ring is subjected to ring grinding in the grinding head device, and then the well ground piston ring is subjected to ring coping in the ring coping device. By the technical scheme of the invention, the piston ring coping machine has the characteristic of stable and reliable performance, lowered labor intensity and production cost, and high efficiency, is simple in operation, can ensure consistent closed gaps of the piston ring, and effectively ensures the processing accuracy of the piston ring.

Description

一种活塞环修口机 One kind of piston rings repair Machine

(一)、技术领域: (A), technical areas:

[0001] 本发明涉及活塞环加工设备,具体涉及一种活塞环修口机。 [0001] The present invention relates to a piston ring machining equipment, particularly relates to a piston ring repair Machine.

(二)、背景技术: (II) BACKGROUND:

[0002]目前,国内市场上活塞环修口机大都采用人工上料、送料、压料、磨头和接料,劳动强度大,性能不稳定,操作复杂,无法保证活塞环闭口间隙一致,活塞环加工速度慢,成本高,影响活塞环加工精度和产品质量。 [0002] Currently, the domestic market mostly adopt the piston ring repair Machine artificial feeding, feeding, binder, and then grinding material, labor-intensive, unstable, complex operation, can not guarantee a consistent piston ring gap is closed, the piston ring slow processing speed, high cost, piston ring machining accuracy and product quality.

(三)、发明内容: (Three), the contents of the invention:

[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种活塞环修口机,该机性能稳定可靠,操作简单,能保证活塞环闭口间隙一致,降低了劳动强度和生产成本,效率高,能有效保证活塞环加工的精度。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a repair piston machine, reliable machine performance, simple operation, to ensure a consistent piston ring gap is closed, reducing the labor intensity and cost of production, high efficiency, can effectively guarantee a piston ring precision machining.

[0004] 为达到上述目的,本发明的一种活塞环修口机上料装置包括底座、固定在底座上的机架和固定在机架上的电气控制装置和冷却装置,其特征是:该修口机还包括上料装置、送料装置、压料装置、磨头装置和理环装置; [0004] To achieve the above object, a piston ring material of the present invention, the repair apparatus comprising port means for cooling the machine base, fixed to the base frame and is fixed on the frame of electrical control, characterized in that: the wiper machine further comprises feeding means, feeding means, nip means, grinding means and the processing means cyclic;

[0005] 所述上料装置固定在机架的台面上,是由中间设有孔的环形托架板、三个“L”形调整架和与三个“L”形调整架相对应的三个导向固定杆组成;在环形托架板上固定有三个“L”形调整架,三个“L”形调整架的横向直角边和纵向直角边的中间分别设有条形的槽口,在三个“L”形调整架的横向条形槽口中分别通过调节螺丝与环形托架板固定;三个“L”形调整架分别通过纵向条形槽口中的调节螺丝与对应的三个导向固定杆固定连接; [0005] The feed means is fixed to the frame table, by the intermediary is provided with holes on the annular carrier plate, three "L" shaped adjustment bracket and the three "L" shaped adjustment bracket corresponding to the three a fixed guide rods; annular plate fixed to the bracket has three "L" shaped adjustment bracket, and an intermediate transverse edges at right angles to the longitudinal edges of the three right-angled "L" shaped adjustment bracket are provided with strip-shaped notch, in three lateral notches strip "L" shaped adjustment bracket are fixed by the adjusting screw and the annular carrier plate; three "L" shaped adjustment bracket are fixed by means of three longitudinal strip of the guide slot and the corresponding adjustment screw rod is fixedly connected;

[0006] 所述送料装置固定在上料装置的下方,是由台面板、送料板、直线轴承、固定在台面板下方的直线导轨和气缸组成;送料板活动连接在台面板上,并通过台面板上槽口与直线轴承固定,直线轴承活动固定在直线导轨上,直线导轨的下方固定设有气缸,在台面板的左端固定设有修口模套,在台面板上固定设有导料板,导料板固定设在修口模套和送料板之间;所述压料装置固定在送料装置的上方,是由主气缸,第一固定板、阻尼气缸、左右两个导向块、左右两个导杆、支架、压料杆和压头组成;所述主气缸和阻尼气缸都与第一固定板固定连接,左右两个导向块分别活动固定在左右两个导杆上,左右两个导向块的上端通过法兰与主气缸和阻尼气缸固定连接,左右两个导向块的下端通过法兰与压料杆固定连接,在压料杆的下端固定连接有压头;所述左 [0006] The feeding means is fixed feed below the feeding device, by the deck, the feed plate, linear bearings, fixed below the deck of the linear guide and the cylinder composition; feed plate movably connected to the table plate, and through the station upper panel and the linear bearing fixing notches, linear bearings linear guide fixed to the activity, the lower cylinder is provided with a fixed linear guide, fixed in the left end of the table panel with the repair die sets, the mesa is provided with a fixed plate guide plate , fixed guide plate disposed between the repair sleeve and the die feed plate; a pressing device fixed above the feeding device, comprising a main cylinder, a first fixed plate, the damper cylinder, around two guide blocks, two left and right a guide bar holder, rod and ram nip composition; said master cylinder and the damper cylinder are fixedly connected to the first fixing plate, two guide blocks is about activities around two guide rods fixed to the left and right two guide the upper end of the block by a flange damper cylinder and the master cylinder is fixedly connected to the left and right two lower guide blocks via a flange to the die rod is fixedly connected to the lower end of the nip bar is fixedly connected ram; the left 右两个导杆的上端与第一固定板相固定,下端固定连接在第一支撑板上,支架的上端与第一固定板固定连接,下端与第一支撑板相固定,在支架的中间设有条形槽,并在条形槽内通过调节螺丝固定有上传感器和下传感器; A right upper end of two guide rods fixed to the first fixing plate, a lower end fixed to a first support plate connected to the upper end of the first bracket fixing plate fixedly connected to the lower end of the first support plate is fixed, is provided in the middle of the stent there are deep grooves, and fixed by adjusting screws on the sensor and lower sensor stripe groove;

[0007] 所述磨头装置固定在压料装置的下方,是由电机、纵向滑座、纵向滑体、横向滑座、横向滑体、磨头、砂轮片以及纵向手柄和横向手柄组成;所述纵向滑座固定在底座上,纵向滑体与纵向滑座活动固定,并且纵向滑体的一端和纵向手柄通过螺纹活动固定连接;所述横向滑座固定在纵向滑体上,横向滑体与横向滑座活动固定,并且横向滑体的一端和横向手柄通过螺纹活动固定连接,磨头固定连接在横向滑体上,在磨头的右端固定有砂轮片,磨头的左端通过横向滑体与电机的电机轴固定连接; [0007] The grinding means is fixed under the pressure device is a motor, the longitudinal slide, the longitudinal slide body transverse carriage, the transverse sliding member, grinding, grinding wheel and the longitudinal handles and the handle transverse composition; the said longitudinal carriage fixed to the base, the longitudinal sliding member fixed to the longitudinal carriage activities, and one end of the handle, and the longitudinal slide body longitudinally fixed by screwing activities; the transverse carriage body is fixed to the longitudinal carriage, the transverse carriage body and activity transverse carriage fixed, and one end of a handle and a transverse cross slide member is fixedly connected by a screw activity, grinding fixedly connected to the lateral slider body is fixed to the right end of the grinding wheel grinding, the grinding head and the left end by a transverse slide body fixedly connected to the motor shaft of the motor;

[0008] 所述理环装置固定在修口模套的下方,是由减速电机、与修口机机架固定连接的第二支撑板、调整板、锥形接料棒、输送簧、槽轴、接料板和接料架;所述减速电机固定在第二固定板上,第二固定板固定连接在第二支撑板上,调整板通过调节螺丝与第二固定板连接,减速电机的电机轴活动固定在锥形接料棒的槽口中,在锥形接料棒的左端的电机轴上固定设有输送簧,输送簧的右端固定在电机轴上;所述槽轴固定在输送簧的下方,右端与锥形接料棒固定,左端与接料板固定连接,槽轴的长度与输送簧相一致,在槽轴的中间设有条形凹槽,凹槽的形状、长度和深度与输送簧相匹配,在减速电机的下方固定有接料板,在接料板的下端固定有接料架。 [0008] The processing means is fixed below the ring die repair sleeve, by gear motor, and the second support plate fixed to machine frame repair port connection, the adjustment plate, the tapered splice bar, conveying spring, a grooved shaft , then plate and ground rack; the geared motor fixed to the second fixing plate, the second fixing plate is fixedly connected to the second support plate, the adjustment plate is connected through the adjusting screw and the second fixed plate, motor gear motor activities shaft fixed to the tapered splice bar slot, then the motor shaft of the tapered rods fixed to the left end of the conveyance spring is provided, the conveying motor fixed to the right end of spring shaft; the slot conveyor shaft is fixed spring below, the right end of the tapered rods fixed contact, a left end fixedly connected to the splice plate, the spring length of the conveying trough axis coincides with the strip-shaped groove of the intermediate shaft groove, the groove shape, depth, and length delivery spring matches the geared motor is fixed below the splice plate is fixed to the lower end of the splice holder splice plate.

[0009] 在上述技术方案中,该修口机在工作过程中,上料装置的活塞环通过自身重力下落到送料装置中的送料板的推动完成送料动作,有效地避免工件卡死现象的发生;压料装置采用了气液阻尼气缸,使气缸获得平稳运行,从而保证了压料动作可调,既快又稳;磨头装置装在一个十字型的滑台上,其纵横向都可以进行调整,调整十分方便;理环装置利用活塞环的开口,能保证在整理活塞环时,方向一致,便于包装运输。 [0009] In the above aspect, the repair Machine In operation, the feeding device piston rings fall to push the feed plate feeding device is completed feeding operation, effectively prevent the workpiece stuck phenomenon occurs by its own weight ; pressing device uses a liquid damping cylinder, the cylinder to obtain a smooth operation, thus ensuring the operation of the nip is adjustable, fast and stable; grinding means mounted on a cross-shaped table slide which can be vertical and horizontal adjustment, the adjustment is very convenient; opening processing apparatus using a piston ring, the piston ring to ensure that during finishing, in the same direction, to facilitate packaging and transportation. 该修口机还采用了电气控制装置,机床可按程序要求进行自动工作循环,动作可靠。 The machine is further port repair electrical control means, the machine can be programmed to require automatic work cycle, reliable operation. 采用本发明的技术方案,性能稳定可靠,操作简单,能保证活塞环闭口间隙一致,降低了劳动强度和生产成本,效率高,能有效保证活塞环加工的精度。 Aspect of the present invention, reliable performance, simple operation, to ensure a consistent piston ring gap is closed, reducing the labor intensity and cost of production, high efficiency, can effectively guarantee a piston ring machining accuracy.

(四)、附图说明: (IV) Brief Description:

[0010] 图I是本发明一种活塞环修口机的外部结构示意图; [0010] FIG. I is a schematic view of a piston ring according to the present invention, repair of the outer structure Machine;

[0011] 图2是本发明一种活塞环修口机的内部结构示意图; [0011] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an internal structure of the present invention a piston ring Machine repair;

[0012] 图3是本发明一种活塞环修口机的上料装置结构示意图: [0012] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of a piston ring feeding device of the present invention to repair Machine:

[0013] 图4是图3的俯视图; [0013] FIG. 4 is a plan view of FIG 3;

[0014] 图5是本发明一种活塞环修口机的送料装置的结构剖视图: [0014] FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a configuration of the present invention feeding apparatus repair Machine piston ring:

[0015] 图6是本发明一种活塞环修口机的磨头装置结构示意图: [0015] FIG. 6 is a diagram showing structure of a piston ring grinding apparatus of the present invention to repair Machine:

[0016] 图7是图6的右视图; [0016] FIG. 7 is a right side view of Figure 6;

[0017] 图8是本发明一种活塞环修口机的理环装置结构示意图: [0017] FIG. 8 is a structural diagram of a processing piston ring means repair opening machine of the present invention:

[0018] 图9是图8的左视图。 [0018] FIG. 9 is a left side view of FIG. 8.

(五)、具体实施方式: (E) Detailed Description:

[0019] 下面结合附图对本发明一种活塞环修口机作进一步详细说明。 [0019] The following figures of the present invention provides a piston ring Machine repair described in further detail in conjunction.

[0020] 由图I、由图2可见,本实施例包括底座I、固定在底座I上的机架2和固定在机架2上的电气控制装置3和冷却装置44以及上料装置、送料装置、压料装置、磨头装置和理环 [0020] FIG I, seen from Figure 2, the present embodiment includes a base I, means 3 and the cooling device 44 and the electrical supply means fixed to the frame 2 and fixed to the base frame 2 on the I control, feed means nip means, processing means and grinding ring

>JU装直。 > JU loaded straight.

[0021] 由图I、图2、图3、图4可见,在本实施例中,上料装置固定在机架2上的工作台上,是由中间设有孔的环形托架板4、三个“L”形调整架5和与三个“L”形调整架5相对应的三个导向固定杆6组成;在环形托架板4上固定有三个“L”形调整架5,三个“L”形调整架5的横向直角边和纵向直角边的中间分别设有条形的槽口,在三个“L”形调整架5的横向条形槽口中分别通过调节螺丝与环形托架板4固定,三个“L”形调整架5分别通过纵向条形槽口中的调节螺丝与对应的三个导向固定杆6固定连接。 [0021] FIG. I, 2, 3, 4 that, in the present embodiment, a table on the feeding device 2 is fixed to the frame, is provided with holes by the intermediate annular carrier plate 4, three "L" shaped adjustment bracket 5 and a three "L" shaped adjustment bracket 5 corresponding to the three guide rods 6 fixed composition; fixed three "L" shaped adjustment bracket 5 on an annular carrier plate 4, three a "L" shaped adjustment bracket 5 and the transverse edges at right angles to the longitudinal middle side of the right angle bar are respectively provided with a notch, three "L" shaped adjustment bracket slot transverse bar 5, respectively, by adjusting the screw and the annular holder fixed frame plate 4, three "L" shaped adjustment bracket 5 respectively in the three longitudinal guide slot strip adjustment screw 6 is fixedly connected with the corresponding fixation rod. 根据活塞环的大小,通过调整横向条形槽口中的调节螺丝,可以移动三个导向固定杆6的左右位置,以达到与活塞环大小相适应;通过调整纵向条形槽口的调节螺丝,将三个导向固定杆6上下调整到其下端面与送料装置中的送料板7之间约0. 3-0. 4mm的间隙量。 The piston ring according to the size, by adjusting the adjusting screw slot transverse bar can be moved three positions around the guide rod 6 is fixed, to achieve a size compatible with the piston ring; adjusted by adjusting the screw strip longitudinal slot, the three fixed guide rod 6 up and down to adjust the gap to an amount of about 0. 3-0. 4mm between the lower end surface 7 and the feed plate feeding apparatus. 一个角对准三个导向固定杆6之间的中心位置,便于固定所要加工的活塞环。 An angular alignment between the center position of the three guide rods 6 are fixed, easy to be machined fixed to the piston ring. 在本实施例中,加工前,通过三个“L”形调整架5上的调节螺丝调整好位置,与所要加工的活塞环环径相适应,料仓内的活塞环通过自身的重力由导向固定杆6下滑,通过环形托架板4进入到送料装置。 In the present embodiment, before processing, by three "L" shaped adjustment screw to adjust the position of the adjustment bracket 5 is good, and the piston ring diameter to be machined to adapt the piston ring in the hopper by gravity from the guide itself fixed rod 6 slipped into the annular carrier plate 4 by the feed device.

[0022] 由图I、图2、图5可见,本实施例中的送料装置固定在上料装置的下方,是由台面板7、送料板8、直线轴承9、固定在台面板7下方的直线导轨10和气缸11组成;送料板8活动连接在台面板7上,并通过台面板7上槽口与直线轴承9固定,直线轴承9活动固定在直线导轨10上,直线导轨10的下方固定设有气缸11,在台面板7的左端通过螺丝固定设有修口模套12,在台面板7上通过螺丝固定设有导料板13,导料板13固定设在修口模套12和送料板8之间。 [0022], FIG. 2, FIG. 5 seen from Figure I, below the feed device in the fixed below the feeding device, by the table plate 7, feed plate 8, the linear bearing 9 is fixed to the deck 7 embodiment linear guides 10 and the cylinder 11 composition; feed plate 8 is articulated on the deck 7 and 7 notches the linear bearing 9 is fixed through the deck, the linear bearing 9 activities is fixed to the linear guide 10, the lower linear guide 10 is fixed cylinder 11 is provided at a left end of the deck 7 by means of screws 12 is provided to repair the bushing, on the deck 7 by means of screws provided with guide plate 13, guide plate 13 is fixed die provided in the sleeve 12 and the repair 8 between the feed plate. 在实际操作过程中,首先将气缸11运行至右端位置,然后松开螺钉,再将压料装置中的压头21移至修口模套12上面,将送料板8向左移动并靠上压头21,使其V型面与压头21有0. 1-0. 2_的间隙量,再紧固螺钉即可。 In actual operation, the cylinder 11 is first run to the right end position, and loosening the screw, then the pressure device 21 moves the ram die repair sleeve 12 above the feed plate 8 and move to the left against the pressure head 21, so that the V-face and the pressure head 21 with a gap amount 0. 1-0. 2_, and then the fastening screw. 在本实施例中,在工作时,修口机中的上料装置通过活塞环自身的重力落到台面板7上时,由气缸11带动直线轴承9沿直线导轨10向左滑动,由此带动送料板8向左推动活塞环进入修口模套12中,进入压料装置。 In the present embodiment, during operation, the stage 7 on the panel feeding device opening machine repair falls by its own gravity piston, driven by the cylinder 11 along the straight linear guide 9 slides to the left bearing 10, thus driving 8 push the left feed plate die repair sleeve 12, the piston rings into the apparatus enters the nip. 通过本实施例的送料装置,可以有效提高加工精度,该装置摩擦阻力小,使用寿命长。 By feeding device according to the present embodiment can improve the processing accuracy, the apparatus small frictional resistance, long service life.

[0023] 由图I、图2可见本实施例中的压料装置固定在送料装置的上方,是由主气缸14,第一固定板15、阻尼气缸16、左右两个导向块17、左右两个导杆18、支架19、压料杆20和压头21组成;主气缸14和阻尼气缸16都与第一固定板15固定连接,左右两个导向块17分别活动固定在左右两个导杆18上,可以分别沿左右两个导杆18上下滑动,左右两个导向块17的上端通过法兰与主气缸14和阻尼气缸16固定连接,左右两个导向块17的下端通过法兰与压料杆20固定连接,在压料杆20的下端固定连接有压头21 ;左右两个导杆18的上端与第一固定板15相固定,下端固定连接在第一支撑板22上,支架19的上端与第一固定板15固定连接,下端与第一支撑板22相固定,在支架19的中间设有条形槽,并在条形槽内通过调节螺丝固定有上传感器23和下传感器24。 [0023] FIG. I, seen in Figure 2 pressure device of the present embodiment is fixed above the feeder device, comprising a main cylinder 14, a first fixed plate 15, the damper cylinder 16 embodiment, two left and right guide block 17, left and right guide bars 18, brackets 19, 20 and the nip bar 21 composed ram; 14 and the main cylinder 15 of the damper cylinder 16 is fixedly connected to the first fixing plate, the left and right guide block 17 is fixed to the left and right are two active guide rods 18, 18 can slide up and down along the right and left, respectively, two guide rods, two right and left upper guide block 17 through the main cylinder 14 and a flange damper cylinder 16 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the left and right guide block 17 through the flange and the pressure feed rod 20 is fixedly connected, is fixed to the lower end of ram 21 is connected at the nip of the rod 20; left and right upper ends of the two guide rods 18 fixed to the first fixing plate 15, a lower end fixedly connected to the first support plate 22, brackets 19 the upper end of the first fixing plate 15 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the first support plate 22 is fixed, it is provided in the strip-shaped intermediate support groove 19, and groove strip is fixed on the sensor 23 and the lower sensor 24 by adjusting the screw . 在实际操作过程中,如要更换活塞环品种,必须更换压头21,这时,只要松开螺钉就可卸下压头,更换新的压头21即可。 In actual operation, to replace the piston rings as varieties, the ram 21 must be replaced, then, just release the screw head can remove and replace the head 21 to a new. 在本实施例中,当压料装置在工作时,主气缸14启动,通过主气缸轴可以带动左右两个导向块17分别沿左右两个导杆18上下运动,从而带动压料杆20和压头21向下冲压,当压头快接近活塞环时,上下两个传感器感应到的信号传递给电气控制系统3,由电气控制系统3控制,此时主气缸14停止工作,阻尼气缸16启动,使气缸获得平稳运行,可以有效控制冲压的速度,使产品质量得以可靠保证,提高了了加工精度。 In the present embodiment, when the pressing device is in operation, the master cylinder 14 starts, the main shaft can be driven by the left and right cylinder blocks 17, respectively, along the guide 18 about the vertical movement of the two guide rods, so as to drive rod 20 and a press nip stamping head 21 downwardly, when the piston ram fast approaching, the two upper and lower sensor senses the electrical signal to the control system 3, 3 is controlled by the electrical control system, the main cylinder 14 is stopped at this time, the damper cylinder 16 is started, to obtain smooth operation of the cylinder, it can effectively control the speed of the press, so that product quality assurance is reliably improve the machining accuracy. 压料工序结束后,冲压后的活塞环进入到磨头装置。 After the nip step, after pressing the piston ring into the grinding apparatus.

[0024] 由图I、图2、图6、图7可见,本实施例中的磨头装置固定在压料装置的下方,是由电机25、纵向滑座26、纵向滑体27、横向滑座28、横向滑体29、磨头30、砂轮片31以及纵向手柄32和横向手柄33组成;纵向滑座26固定在机架2上,纵向滑体27与纵向滑座26通过楔形结构活动固定,纵向滑体27上凹槽与纵向滑座26上凸块组成楔形结构,纵向滑体27可以在纵向滑座26上滑动;纵向滑体27的一端和纵向手柄32通过螺纹活动固定连接;横向滑座28固定在纵向滑体27上,横向滑体29与横向滑座28活动固定,在本实施例中,横向滑体29与横向滑座28通过楔形结构活动固定,横向滑体29上凹槽与横向滑座28上凸块组成楔形结构,横向滑体29可以在横向滑座28上滑动;并且横向滑体29的一端和横向手柄33通过螺纹活动固定连接,磨头30固定连接在横向滑体29上,在磨头30的右端固定有砂 [0024], FIG. 2, FIG. 6, FIG. 7 seen from Figure I, in the grinding apparatus of the present embodiment is fixed under the pressure device, is 25, the longitudinal carriage motor 26, longitudinal carriage 27, cross slide seat 28, cross slide 29, the grinding head 30, grinding wheel 31 and the longitudinal 32 and lateral grip handle 33. the; vertical carriage 26 fixed to the frame 2, the longitudinal sliding carriage 27 with the longitudinal wedge structure 26 by fixing activity , the longitudinal direction of the slide body 27 projection 26 groove and the wedge structure composed of longitudinal slide, the longitudinal slide 27 can slide in the longitudinal direction of the carriage 26; the longitudinal slide body 32 is fixed at one end and a longitudinal handle 27 by a threaded connection active; lateral the carriage 28 fixed to the longitudinal carriage body 27, cross slide 29 and lateral 28 activity carriage is fixed, in the present embodiment, the cross slide member 29 and the transverse carriage 28 is fixed by the wedge structure activity lateral slide body 29 on the concave on the transverse slide grooves 28 of the wedge structure composed of a bump, lateral sliding body 29 can slide in the transverse carriage 28; and one end and a transverse cross slide handle 29 is secured by threaded connection 33 activity, grinding head 30 is fixedly connected to the transverse slide body 29, the right end of the grinding head 30 is fixed to sand 片31,磨头30的左端通过横向滑体29与电机25的电机轴固定连接。 Sheet 31, a left end 30 of the grinding head 29 by laterally sliding member is fixedly connected to the motor shaft 25 of the motor. 在本实施例中,当磨头装置在工作时,先分别旋转纵横向手柄32和33,调整好磨头30的位置,再启动电机25,电机25上的电机轴转动,通过磨头30带动磨头30上的砂轮片31转动,进行磨环,磨好后的活塞环进入到理环装置。 In the present embodiment, when the grinding device is in operation, the first handle 32 are rotated to the vertical and horizontal and 33, adjust the position of the grinding head 30, and then start the motor 25, the motor rotates the motor shaft 25, 30 driven by grinding grinding wheel in the grinding head 3031 is rotated, a grinding ring, the piston ring after the processing proceeds to a good grinding ring device. 由于本装置能够通过旋转纵向手柄32和横向手柄33,就可以对其纵横向进行调整,十分方便,大大提高了工作效率,降低了劳动力成本,也保证了活塞环加工精度。 Since the present device can handle 32 by rotation of the longitudinal and transverse handle 33, can be adjusted to its vertical and horizontal, is very convenient, greatly improving the work efficiency, reduce labor costs, but also to ensure the piston ring machining accuracy.

[0025] 由图I、图2、图8、图9可见,本实施例中的理环装置固定在修口模套12的下方,是由减速电机34、与修口机机架2固定连接的第二支撑板35、调整板37、锥形接料棒38、输送簧39、槽轴40、接料板41和接料架42 ;减速电机34固定在第二固定板36上,第二固定板36固定连接在第二支撑板35上,调整板37通过调节螺丝与第二固定板36连接,减速电机34的电机轴活动固定在锥形接料棒38的槽口中,在锥形接料棒38的左端的电机轴上固定设有输送簧39,输送簧39的右端固定在电机轴上;所述槽轴40固定在输送簧39的下方,右端与锥形接料棒38固定,左端与接料板41固定连接,槽轴40的长度与输送簧39相一致,在槽轴40的中间设有条形凹槽43,凹槽43的形状、长度和深度与输送簧39相匹配,在减速电机34的下方固定有接料板41,在接料板41的下端固定有接料架42。 [0025], FIG. 2, FIG. 8, FIG. 9 seen from Figure I, in the embodiment of the processing apparatus of the present embodiment the ring is fixed in the repair of the bushing 12 below, by the gear motor 34, and repair machine frame 2 fixedly connected to port a second support plate 35, adjustment plate 37, the tapered splice bar 38, the transport spring 39, a grooved shaft 40, splice plate 41 and the rack 42 then; geared motor 34 is fixed to the second fixing plate 36, a second a fixing plate 36 is fixedly connected on the second support plate 35, adjustment plate 37 is connected through the adjusting screw and the second fixed plate 36, gear motor 34 is fixed to the motor shaft in the event the slot contact the tapered rods 38, conical contact the left end of the feed bar 38 fixed to the motor shaft 39 is provided with spring transport, transport spring 39 is fixed to the right end of the motor shaft; the slot below the conveying shaft 40 is fixed to the spring 39, the right end of the tapered rods 38 fixed contact, left and then plate 41 is fixedly connected to the shaft length of the groove 39 of the transport spring 40 coincide, the intermediate shaft 40 is provided with a groove stripe groove 43, the shape of the groove 43, the transport length and depth to match the spring 39 , below the geared motor 34 is fixed to the splice plate 41 is fixed to the lower end of the splice holder 42 then plate 41. 当理环装置在工作时,减速电机34启动,通过电机轴可以带动电机轴上的输送簧39转动,当活塞环进入到输送簧39上时,向左运动,当活塞环运动左端时,活塞环能够按照开口向上的方向掉落接料板41上,再下滑到接料架42上,完成理环工序。 When the loop processing apparatus in operation, the motor 34 starts deceleration, the motor can drive the shaft of the delivery spring shaft 39 is rotated by the motor, when the piston 39 enters the spring onto the conveyor, moves to the left, the left end of the movement when the piston ring, piston drop ring can open in the direction upwards splice plate 41, then fell to the ground on the rack 42, to complete the loop processing step. 由于本装置能够保证在整理活塞环时,使其活塞环的方向保持一致,能够顺利进入下一工序,产品质量得到保证,节省了时间,提高了效率,保证了加工要求。 Since the present device can be guaranteed at the time of finishing the piston ring, the piston ring so that the direction is consistent can be smoothly into the next step, product quality assurance, to save time, improve efficiency, and ensure the machining requirements.

[0026] 在本实施例中,开启自动循环电气控制装置3,送料板8送环到模套12的中心,压料压头21向下运行到模套12的中心,此时磨头30进行修口,在阻尼气缸16稳定速度修口后,主气缸快进压料杆20把修口好的环压出模套12,落在自动理环装置的接料棒38上,随着自动理环装置的正常运行,修口好的环自动整理在接料架42上。 [0026] In the present embodiment, the control means open the electrical automatic cycle 3, the feed plate feeding ring 8 to the center of the die case 12, the head running nip 21 downwardly into the center of the die case 12, the case 30 for grinding repair port, the damper cylinder 16 at a steady rate after repair port, the master cylinder pressure fast forward feed lever 20 pressed out of the ring good repair die orifice sleeve 12, then falls automatically processing apparatus rods ring 38, with automatic grounds means running ring, the finishing rings good repair port on the receiving rack 42.

Claims (1)

1.一种活塞环修口机,包括底座(I)、固定在底座(I)上的机架(2)和固定在机架(2)上的电气控制装置(3)和冷却装置(39),其特征是:该修口机还包括上料装置、送料装置、压料装置、磨头装置和理环装置; 所述上料装置固定在机架(2)上的台面上,是由中间设有孔的环形托架板(4)、三个“L”形调整架(5)和与三个“L”形调整架(5)相对应的三个导向固定杆(6)组成;在环形托架板(4)上固定有三个“L”形调整架(5),三个“L”形调整架(5)的横向直角边和纵向直角边的中间分别设有条形的槽口,在三个“L”形调整架(5)的横向条形槽口中分别通过调节螺丝与环形托架板(4)固定;三个“L”形调整架(5)分别通过纵向条形槽口中的调节螺丝与对应的三个导向固定杆(6)固定连接; 所述送料装置固定在上料装置的下方,是由台面板(7)、送料板(8)、 A repair piston machine, comprising a base (I), fixed to the base (I) of the frame (2) and the electrical control means in the rack (3) (2) and a cooling device (39 ), characterized in that: the machine further comprising a feeding port repair means, feeding means, nip means, grinding means and the processing means ring; feed means fixed to the frame (2) of the upper table, it is intermediate annular carrier plate is provided with holes (4), three "L" shaped adjustment bracket (5) and a three "L" shaped adjustment bracket (5) fixed three guide rods (6) corresponding to the composition; the annular carrier plate (4) is fixed to three "L" shaped adjustment bracket (5), three "L" shaped adjustment bracket (5) and the transverse edges at right angles to the longitudinal middle side of the right-angle grooves are provided in the strip mouth, are fixed by the adjusting screw and the annular carrier plate (4) in the three "L" shaped adjustment bracket (5) a transverse bar notch; three "L" shaped adjustment bracket (5) respectively longitudinal bar three notches fixed rod guide and the corresponding adjustment screw (6) is fixedly connected; said feeding means is fixed below the feed supply means, and by the deck (7), the feed plate (8), 线轴承(9)、固定在台面板(7)下方的直线导轨(10)和气缸(11)组成;送料板(8)活动连接在台面板(7)上,并通过台面板(7)上槽口与直线轴承(9)固定,直线轴承(9)活动固定在直线导轨(10)上,直线导轨(10)的下方固定设有气缸(11),在台面板(7)的左端固定设有修口模套(12),在台面板(7)上固定设有导料板(13),导料板(13)固定设在修口模套(12)和送料板(8)之间; 所述压料装置固定在送料装置的上方,是由主气缸(14),第一固定板(15)、阻尼气缸(16)、左右两个导向块(17)、左右两个导杆(18)、支架(19)、压料杆(20)和压头(21)组成;所述主气缸(14)和阻尼气缸(16)都与第一固定板(15)固定连接,左右两个导向块(17)分别活动固定在左右两个导杆(18)上,左右两个导向块(17)的上端通过法兰与主气缸(14)和阻尼气缸(16)固定连接,左右两个导向块(17)的下 Line bearing (9), fixed (7) linear guide under the table panel (10) and the cylinder (11) composition; feed plate (8) articulated on the deck (7), and on through the deck (7) notches linear bearings (9) fixed linear bearings (9) fixed on the active linear guide (10), below the linear guides (10) provided with a fixed cylinder (11), provided on a left end fixed to the deck (7) there repair bushings (12) on the deck (7) is provided with a fixed guide plate (13), guide plate (13) is provided between the fixed die repair sleeve (12) and a feed plate (8) ; said nip means fixed above the feeding device, comprising a main cylinder (14), a first fixing plate (15), the damper cylinder (16), around two guide blocks (17), around two guide rods ( 18), the bracket (19), the pressure rod (20) and ram (21) composition; said master cylinder (14) and damping cylinder (16) are fixedly connected to the first fixing plate (15), left and right guide blocks (17) are fixed to the left and right event two guide rods (18), the upper left and right guide block (17) through the master cylinder flange (14) and damping cylinder (16) is fixedly connected to the left and right a lower guide block (17) 端通过法兰与压料杆(20)固定连接,在压料杆(20)的下端固定连接有压头(21);所述左右两个导杆(18)的上端与第一固定板(15)相固定,下端固定连接在第一支撑板(22)上,支架(19)的上端与第一固定板(15)固定连接,下端与第一支撑板(22)相固定,在支架(19)的中间设有条形槽,并在条形槽内通过调节螺丝固定有上传感器(23)和下传感器(24); 所述磨头装置固定在压料装置的下方,是由电机(25)、纵向滑座(26)、纵向滑体(27)、横向滑座(28)、横向滑体(29)、磨头(30)、砂轮片(31)以及纵向手柄(32)和横向手柄(33)组成;所述纵向滑座(26)固定在底座(I)上,纵向滑体(27)与纵向滑座(26)活动固定,并且纵向滑体(27)的一端和纵向手柄(32)通过螺纹活动固定连接;所述横向滑座(28)固定在纵向滑体(27)上,横向滑体(29)与横向滑座(28)活动固定,并且横向 By the end of the flange nip rod (20) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the press rod (20) is fixedly connected with a ram (21); the right and left guide rods (18) fixed to the upper end of the first plate ( 15) is fixed, the lower end is fixedly connected to a first support plate (22), the bracket (19) fixed to the upper end of the first plate (15) fixedly connected to the lower end of the first support plate (22) is fixed, the holder ( intermediate 19) provided with stripe grooves, and groove strip is fixed by the adjustment screw on the sensor (23) and the sensor (24); said grinding means is fixed under the pressure device, by a motor ( 25), the longitudinal carriage (26), the longitudinal slide body (27), the transverse carriage (28), a transverse slide body (29), grinding (30), grinding wheel (31) and a longitudinal handle (32) and a transverse a handle (33) consisting of; the longitudinal direction (26) fixed to the base (the I), the longitudinal slide body (27) to the longitudinal carriage (26) is fixed activity and the longitudinal slide body (27) and a longitudinal end of a handle carriage (32) is fixed by screwing activities; the transverse carriage (28) is fixed to the longitudinal carriage body (27) fixed to the transverse sliding member (29) with the transverse carriage (28) active, and the lateral 体(29)的一端和横向手柄(33)通过螺纹活动固定连接,磨头(30)固定连接在横向滑体(29)上,在磨头(30)的右端固定有砂轮片(31),磨头(30)的左端通过横向滑体(29)与电机(25)的电机轴固定连接; 所述理环装置固定在修口模套(12)的下方,是由减速电机(34)、与修口机机架(2)固定连接的第二支撑板(35)、调整板(37)、锥形接料棒(38)、输送簧(39)、槽轴(40)、接料板(41)和接料架(42);所述减速电机(34)固定在第二固定板(36)上,第二固定板(36)固定连接在第二支撑板(35)上,调整板(37)通过调节螺丝与第二固定板(36)连接,减速电机(34)的电机轴活动固定在锥形接料棒(38)的槽口中,在锥形接料棒(38)的左端的电机轴上固定设有输送簧(39),输送簧(39)的右端固定在电机轴上;所述槽轴(40)固定在输送簧(39)的下方,右端与锥形接料棒(38)固定, Body (29) and a transverse end handle (33) is fixed by screwing activity, grinding (30) fixedly connected to the transverse slide body (29), fixed to the grinding disc (31) in the grinding head (30) of the right end, grinding head (30) is fixed to the left end of the motor shaft are connected by a transverse slide body (29) and the motor (25); said processing means is fixed below the ring die repair sleeve (12) is a gear motor (34), and the second support plate (35), the adjustment plate (37) opening repair machine frame (2) fixedly connected to the conical connection rods (38), the transport spring (39), a grooved shaft (40), then plate (41) and splice holder (42); said gear motor (34) is fixed to the second fixing plate (36), a second fixing plate (36) fixedly connected on the second support plate (35), adjustment plate (37) via the adjusting screw and a second fixing plate (36), geared motor (34) fixed to the motor shaft activities tapered contact rods (38) in the slot, then the left end of the tapered rods (38) the conveyor spring is provided with a fixed shaft of the motor (39), the transport spring (39) is fixed to the right end of the motor shaft; said shaft groove (40) is fixed underneath the transport spring (39), connected to the right end of the tapered rods (38) is fixed, 端与接料板(41)固定连接,槽轴(40)的长度与输送簧(39)相一致,在槽轴(40)的中间设有条形凹槽(43),凹槽(43)的形状、长度和深度与输送簧(39)相匹配,在减速电机(34)的下方固定有接料板(41),在接料板(41)的下端固定有接料架(42)。 End of the splicing plate (41) fixedly connected to the shaft groove (40) the length of the delivery spring (39) coincides, the intermediate shaft in the groove (40) is provided with strip-shaped recesses (43), the groove (43) shape, length and depth of the delivery spring (39) matches under geared motor (34) is fixed to the splicing plate (41) fixed to splice holder (42) at the lower end of the splicing plate (41).
CN2010102266158A 2010-07-07 2010-07-07 Piston ring coping machine CN101985205B (en)

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CN104259952A (en) * 2014-08-22 2015-01-07 石家庄金刚凯源动力科技有限公司 Sharp angle removing and deburring machine special for piston ring grooves
CN106363479A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 长兴金诺机械有限公司 Ring opening, bidirectional stirring, arranging and grinding device

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CN102275059A (en) * 2011-07-13 2011-12-14 江苏环洋组合机床有限公司 Piston Ring Auto repair machine mouth
CN103753337B (en) * 2014-01-01 2016-02-17 安徽省佳瑞德机械设备有限公司 A kind of horizontal feeding device of piston ring automatic opening trimming machine
CN103769979A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-07 安徽省佳瑞德机械设备有限公司 Pushing device of automatic piston ring opening trimming machine
CN103978397B (en) * 2014-05-20 2016-06-08 江苏环洋组合机床有限公司 A kind of piston ring arranging mechanism
CN105171427B (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-03-08 重庆理工大学 Piston ring angled end-face fully automatic grinder
CN106112801A (en) * 2016-07-02 2016-11-16 王秀华 A kind of piston ring port repairment machine material pressing device
CN106378684B (en) * 2016-08-29 2019-08-20 长兴金诺机械有限公司 A kind of ring opening stirs arrangement and polishing step equipment
CN106347986B (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-10-30 长兴金诺机械有限公司 A kind of ring is two-way to stir arrangement and mill step equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104259952A (en) * 2014-08-22 2015-01-07 石家庄金刚凯源动力科技有限公司 Sharp angle removing and deburring machine special for piston ring grooves
CN106363479A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-01 长兴金诺机械有限公司 Ring opening, bidirectional stirring, arranging and grinding device
CN106363479B (en) * 2016-08-29 2019-08-20 长兴金诺机械有限公司 A kind of ring opening is two-way to stir arrangement and grinding device

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