CN101984706A - Gateway of Internet of things and automatic adaptation method of communication protocol - Google Patents

Gateway of Internet of things and automatic adaptation method of communication protocol Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101984706A
CN101984706A CN2010105318845A CN201010531884A CN101984706A CN 101984706 A CN101984706 A CN 101984706A CN 2010105318845 A CN2010105318845 A CN 2010105318845A CN 201010531884 A CN201010531884 A CN 201010531884A CN 101984706 A CN101984706 A CN 101984706A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
things
gateway
wireless sensor
protocol
management platform
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010105318845A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄海昆
Original Assignee
中国电信股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国电信股份有限公司 filed Critical 中国电信股份有限公司
Priority to CN2010105318845A priority Critical patent/CN101984706A/en
Publication of CN101984706A publication Critical patent/CN101984706A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a gateway of the Internet of things, which comprises a standard interface connector for inserting wireless sensing units, an information receiving module for receiving information of the wireless sensing units through the standard interface connector, a protocol query model for querying applicable protocol stacks from a management platform of the Internet of things at the network side according to the received information of the wireless sensing units, a protocol deployment module for downloading the queried protocol stacks applicable to the wireless sensing units into the gateway of the Internet of things for deployment, and a protocol conversion and adaptation module for carrying out protocol conversion and adaptation between nodes in a wireless sensor network and the management platform of the Internet of things according to the deployed protocol stacks and a message protocol format defined by the management platform of the Internet of things. In the invention, the gateway of the Internet of things can insert different wireless sensing units according to the specific need of the wireless sensor network and queries and downloads the protocol stacks corresponding to the wireless sensing units from the management platform of the Internet of things so as to adapt to various wireless networks rapidly.

Description

物联网网关及通信协议自动适配方法 Things gateways and protocol adaptation method automatically

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及物联网应用技术,尤其涉及一种物联网网关及对采用不同技术的传感器节点进行通信协议自动适配的方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to networking applications technology, particularly to a sensor and the IOT gateway nodes for communication with different technologies protocol automatic adaptation method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 物联网(The Internet of Things)的概念最早由美国麻省理工学院(MIT)在1999年首次提出,最初的概念是指把所有物品通过射频识别(RFID)等信息传感设备与互联网连接起来,实现智能化识别和管理的网络。 The concept [0002] Things (The Internet of Things) was first was first proposed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1999, the original concept refers to all items by radio frequency identification (RFID) and other information sensing device and the internet connected, intelligent identification and management of the network. 国际电信联盟(ITU)在2005年对物联网概念的涵义进行了扩展,该报告中指出,信息与通信技术的目标已经从任何时间、任何地点连接任何人,发展到连接任何物品的阶段,而万物的连接就形成了物联网。 The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in 2005 in the meaning of the concept of things was extended, the report pointed out that the target information and communication technologies have been from any time, any place connected to any person, the development stage is connected to anything, while the connection is formed all things.

[0003] 在这份报告所提到的物联网中,除RFID技术外,更多的新技术,例如:传感器、嵌入式芯片、蜂窝移动通信等技术被广泛应用。 [0003] In the things mentioned in this report, in addition to RFID technology, more new technologies, for example: a sensor chip is embedded, the cellular mobile communication technology is widely used. 全面感知、可靠传送、智能处理是物联网的特征:“全面感知”是指利用射频识别(RFID)、二维码、GPS、摄像头、传感器、传感器网络等感知、捕获、测量的技术手段随时随地对物品进行信息采集和获取;“可靠传送”是指通过各种通信网络与互联网的融合,将物品(Things)接入信息网络,随时随地进行可靠的信息交互和共享;“智能处理”是指利用云计算、模糊识别等各种智能计算技术,对海量的跨地域、跨行业、跨部门的数据和信息进行分析处理,提升对物理世界、经济社会各种活动和变化的洞察力,实现智能化的决策和控制。 Overall perception, reliable delivery, intelligent processing IoT features: "fully aware" refers to the use of radio frequency identification (RFID), two-dimensional code, GPS, camera, sensor, sensor networks sensing capture, measurement technology go items of information collection and acquisition; "reliable transport" refers to various communication networks and Internet convergence, the articles (Things) to access the network, reliable information exchange and sharing anywhere; "intelligent processing" refers to the use of cloud computing, fuzzy pattern recognition and other intelligent computing technology, the massive cross-regional, cross-industry, cross-sectoral data and information analysis and processing, enhance insight into the physical world, economic activities and social change, intelligent of decision-making and control. 物联网为全球经济社会发展带来的变化和影响将远远超越互联网。 Things change and the impact of the global economic and social development will bring far beyond the Internet.

[0004] 物联网被普遍认可的定义是:它是一个由感知层、网络层、应用层共同构成的庞大的社会信息系统。 [0004] Things are universally accepted definition is: it is a huge social information system by the common perception layer, network layer, application layer. 感知层负责感知收集信息,而网络层负责将信息传输到应用层,应用层通过感知和传输来的信息进行分析和处理,实现物与物、人与物之间的感知。 Sensing layer is responsible for collecting sensing information, and the network layer is responsible for transmitting information to the application layer, the application layer and analyzed by the information processing and transmission to the perception, and was achieved was perceived distance between persons and things.

[0005] 物联网将各种信息传感设备,如射频识别(RFID)装置、红外感应器、全球定位系统、激光扫描器、家用电器、安防设备等与互联网结合起来形成的一个巨大网络,让所有物品与网络连接在一起,方便识别、管理和监控,在此基础上实现融合的应用,最终为人们提供无所不在的全方位服务。 [0005] IOT various information sensing devices, radio frequency identification (RFID) devices, infrared sensors, global positioning systems, laser scanners, home appliances, security equipment combined with a huge Internet network is formed, so that all items connected to the network to facilitate the identification, management and monitoring, and application integration on this basis, ultimately providing people with full-service ubiquitous.

[0006] 处于感知层的无线传感网络通常由大量微型传感器节点组成,局域范围内的各节点之间采用短距离无线通信方式自动组成多跳的无线网络,这些传感节点采集的信息首先通过无线传感网络汇集到中心节点,然后通过网关设备将信息转发至远端的管理平台。 [0006] layer is perceived by a large number of wireless sensor network is typically tiny sensor nodes, using short-range wireless communication between the nodes within the local range automatically composing a multi-hop wireless network, information collected by the first sensor node together to a central node through the wireless sensor network, then the gateway device forwards the information to the remote management platform.

[0007] 目前市场上的无线传感网络网关设备大多采用分离的数传设备或路由器将无线传感网络的信息转发到后台管理平台,其中网关设备和无线传感网络中心节点之间通常通过串口连接。 [0007] The wireless sensor network gateway device currently on the market mostly adopt separate data transmission device or a router forwards the information back to the wireless sensor network management platform, wherein the gateway device between the central node and the wireless sensor network is typically through the serial port connection. 但是目前物联网网关设备存在以下缺点:首先由于短距离无线传输技术非常多,缺乏统一的标准,目前用的比较广泛的有RFID、ZigBee、蓝牙、Ζ-ffave等。 But things existing gateway device following disadvantages: First, due to the very large short-range wireless transmission technology, lack of uniform standards, currently used widely are RFID, ZigBee, Bluetooth, Ζ-ffave and so on. 既便对于同一种传输技术,如ZigBee,实际应用标准化程度也不高,很多厂商基于私有协议自己开发传输模块或传输芯片,所以不同厂商的ZigBee芯片间无法互通。 Both will be for the same transmission technologies such as ZigBee, the practical application of the degree of standardization is not high, many manufacturers developed their own proprietary protocols based on transmission or transmission chip module, so different ZigBee chip vendors can not communicate. 因此无线传感网往往是异构的,目前市场上的物联网网关设备往往仅针对特定案例定制,不利于物联网产业规模化发展,网关设备如何适配这些异构的无线传感网络,屏蔽无线传感网的差异性,使异构的无线传感网之间、无线传感网与通信网之间能实现协同工作,是迫切需要解决的问题。 So often heterogeneous wireless sensor networks, now things are often the gateway device on the market only tailored to the specific case, is not conducive to large-scale development of the networking industry, how a gateway device adaptation of these heterogeneous wireless sensor networks, shielding differences between the wireless sensor networks, wireless sensor networks so heterogeneous, between the wireless sensor network and the communication network to achieve interoperability is an urgent problem to be solved.

[0008] 另外,目前的网关设备仅对传感网络信息做透明转发,使得目前很多行业物联网应用系统处于局域、分离的状态,前端的各种信息传感设备采用的标准五花八门、很多还采用企业私有协议,采集的信息也仅限于在小范围内的行业专门应用场景中传播、分析和处理,而没有真正实现物联网可运营、可管理、可控、可信任和信息共享的建设目标。 [0008] Further, the current sensor network gateway device only transparently forward the information to do so in many sectors the current state of things in the local application, separate, standard variety distal sensing various information used by the device, many still enterprises using proprietary protocols, the information collected is limited to a small area of ​​industry-specific application scenarios dissemination, analysis and treatment, but did not really realize things can be operational, management, control, and trusted information shared goal of building .

[0009] 中国专利CN200810057221. 7提出一种网络互连方式可扩展的无线传感器网络网关设备,能够与无线传感网络各节点进行数据交换以及向其它网络转发。 [0009] Chinese patent CN200810057221. 7 provides a scalable interconnection network wireless sensor network gateway device capable of exchanging data with the wireless sensor network and each node forwarding to other network. 但是该专利提出的技术方案仅局限于解决网关设备如何适应不同的电信网络以便实现在各种应用场景下都可以方便地传输无线传感网络信息,并未涉及如何适应前端不同技术规格的无线传感网络进而形成统一的接口标准。 However, this patent is limited to the proposed technical solution to solve how to adapt the gateway device to achieve different telecommunication networks can easily transfer the wireless sensor network information, wireless transmission does not involve how to adapt to different technical specifications of the distal end in various application scenarios thus the formation of a unified sense of network interface standard.

[0010] 中国专利CN200610169744. 1提出一种无线传感器网络网关设备,采用GPRS无线单元实现远程服务器和无线传感网络之间的通信连接,其技术方案也未涉及如何适配各种不同的无线传感网络。 [0010] Chinese patent CN200610169744. 1 provides a wireless sensor network gateway, the wireless unit is implemented using GPRS communication connection between the remote server and the wireless sensor network, which is also not covered by the technical solution how to fit a variety of different wireless transmission sense network.

[0011] 综上所述,物联网的发展需要一种能够适应前端各种无线传感网络、具备标准接口的网关设备,通过这种网关设备能够真正将千千万万无线传感网络接入一个可运营、可管理、可控和信息共享的物联网。 [0011] In summary, the development of things need for a front end adapted to various wireless sensor network, the gateway device includes a standard interface, such a gateway device can actually be thousands of wireless sensor network access an operational, management, control and information sharing things.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0012] 本发明的目的是提出一种物联网网关及通信协议自动适配方法,能够在各种应用场景下方便地传输无线传感网络信息。 [0012] The object of the present invention is to propose a gateway and a communication protocol things automatic adaptation method, can easily transmit wireless sensor network information in a variety of application scenarios.

[0013] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供了一种物联网网关,包括: [0013] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a gateway things, comprising:

[0014] 标准接口连接器,用于插接作为中心汇聚节点通过天线接入无线传感网络的无线传感单元; [0014] standard interface connector, for insertion of a wireless sensor unit via the antenna center convergence node of the access to the wireless sensor network;

[0015] 信息接收模块,用于通过所述标准接口连接器接收所述无线传感单元的信息; [0015] The information receiving means for receiving the information through the wireless sensor unit standard interface connector;

[0016] 协议查询模块,用于根据接收的所述无线传感单元的信息向网络侧的物联网管理平台查询所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈; [0016] Protocol a query module configured to query the wireless sensor unit is adapted protocol stack network management platform to the network-side object according to the received information of the wireless sensor unit;

[0017] 协议部署模块,用于将查询到的所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈下载到所述物联网网关进行部署; [0017] The deployment module protocol, the protocol used to query the wireless sensor unit is adapted to download said stack things gateway deployment;

[0018] 协议转换适配模块,用于根据部署的协议栈和物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对无线传感网络中的各个节点与物联网管理平台之间进行协议转换和适配。 [0018] The protocol conversion adapter module, in accordance with a message protocol format and protocol stack deployed network management platform was defined between each of the wireless sensor network nodes and the network management platform thereof protocol conversion and adaptation.

[0019] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供了一种基于前述物联网网关的通信协议自动适配方法,包括: [0019] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a method of automatic adaptation of the communication protocol based on the Internet of Things gateway, comprising:

[0020] 接收插接在所述物联网网关上的无线传感单元的信息,并根据接收的信息向网络侧的物联网管理平台查询所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈; Information [0020] inserted in the received IOT gateway wireless sensor unit, and the network management query protocol internet wireless sensor unit is adapted to stack the network side object according to the received information;

[0021] 将查询到的所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈下载到所述物联网网关进行部署; [0021] query to the wireless sensor unit is adapted to download the protocol stack things gateway deployment;

[0022] 根据部署的协议栈和物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对无线传感网络中的各个节点与物联网管理平台之间进行协议转换和适配。 [0022] and adaptation protocol conversion between the wireless sensor network and each node was network management platform according to the deployment of the protocol stack and network management platform was defined message protocol format.

[0023] 基于上述技术方案,本发明的物联网网关可以根据具体的无线传感网络的需要插入不同的无线传感单元,并从物联网管理平台查询下载该无线传感单元对应的协议栈,从而快速适应各种无线网络;从另一个角度上,各种孤立的无线传感网络通过一个支持标准接口和AT指令集的无线传感单元,作为无线传感中心节点接入统一管理平台管理的物联网中,从而成为可运营、可管理、可控和信息共享的物联网的一部分。 [0023] Based on the above technical solution, the present invention gateway things can be inserted in different wireless sensing unit according to the specific needs of the wireless sensor network, and the wireless inquiries download sensing unit corresponding to the protocol stack from the network management platform thereof, to quickly adapt to a variety of wireless networks; from another point of view, various WSN isolated by a sensing unit support wireless interfaces and standard AT command set as the center of the wireless sensor node access to the unified management platform Internet of things, thus becoming part of operational, management, control and information sharing of things.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0024] 此处所说明的附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,构成本申请的一部分,本发明的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的不当限定。 [0024] The drawings described herein are provided for further understanding of the present invention, constitute a part of this application, exemplary embodiments of the present invention are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the present invention. 在附图中: In the drawings:

[0025] 图1为本发明物联网网关实施例的一种组网示意图。 [0025] FIG. 1 one kind of things gateway network schematic of an embodiment of the present invention.

[0026] 图2为本发明物联网网关的一实施例的结构示意图。 A structural diagram of an embodiment of the [0026] present invention. FIG. 2 IOT gateway.

[0027] 图3为本发明物联网网关的另一实施例的结构示意图。 [0027] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the invention, a gateway things embodiment.

[0028] 图4为本发明物联网网关实施例的一种硬件实现的结构示意图。 A hardware structural diagram of the embodiment of [0028] FIG. 4 of the present invention to achieve a gateway things.

[0029] 图5为本发明物联网网关实施例的另一种硬件实现的结构示意图。 Hardware configuration schematic diagram of another embodiment of the [0029] present invention. FIG. 5 IOT gateway implemented.

[0030] 图6为图5实施例的一种具体硬件实现方案的结构示意图。 [0030] FIG 6 is a fifth embodiment of a schematic structure of a particular hardware implementation of the scheme.

[0031] 图7为本发明物联网网关实施例中的标准接口连接器的一种信号线定义方式的示意图。 Schematic diagram of a signal line according to a standard interface connector as defined in embodiment [0031] FIG. 7 embodiment of the present invention, a gateway things.

[0032] 图8为本发明基于物联网网关的通信协议自动适配方法的一实施例的流程示意图。 [0032] FIG. 8 illustrates one embodiment of flow-based communication protocol gateway things automatic adaptation of the method of the present invention.

[0033] 图9为本发明基于物联网网关的通信协议自动适配方法实施例中软件升级流程的流程示意图。 Process [0033] FIG. 9 of the present invention, the software upgrade process embodiment implementing a communication protocol gateway automatic adaptation of things based on FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0034] 下面通过附图和实施例,对本发明的技术方案做进一步的详细描述。 [0034] The following drawings and embodiments, detailed description of the further aspect of the present invention.

[0035] 如图1所示,为本发明物联网网关实施例的一种组网示意图。 [0035] As shown in FIG 1, one kind of network gateway things schematic of an embodiment of the present invention. 在图1中多个无线传感网络的端节点和中继节点SlOl以及一个中心汇聚节点S102组成了前端的无线传感网络1,无线传感网络1可以为采用RFID、ZigBee、蓝牙、Z-Wave等技术的无线传感网络,该中心汇聚节点S102为适用于该无线传感网络的无线传感单元,可以插接在物联网网关2的标准接口连接器上,同时物联网网关通过例如GSM网络、CDMA网络、3G网络等的移动网络(图1中为CDMA网络)连接网络侧的物联网管理平台3,通过这种组网结构实现物联网管理平台和前端的无线传感网络的各节点之间的通信。 S102 sink node up the front end of the wireless sensor network in FIG 1 a plurality of end nodes in the wireless sensor network and the relay node and a central SlOl 1, wireless sensor network 1 may employ RFID, ZigBee, Bluetooth, Z- Wave wireless sensor network technology, the center convergence node S102 the wireless sensor unit is adapted to the wireless sensor network, things can be plugged on a standard gateway interface connector 2 while things such as GSM gateway each node in the network, a CDMA network, 3G network such a mobile network (CDMA network in FIG. 1) connected to the network side of the network management platform 3 thereof, to achieve network management platform and the front end thereof by such networking structure WSN communication between. 物联网网关2与无线传感单元之间采用承载在通用异步串行接口的AT指令集进行消息传递。 Set message delivery using AT commands carried Universal Asynchronous serial interface 2 between the gateway and the wireless Internet of Things sensing unit.

[0036] 在信息传递过程中,无线传感网络1采集的现场传感信息先汇集到中心节点S102,然后通过物联网网关2发送至物联网管理平台3。 [0036] In the process of information transmission, information of the wireless sensor network sensor field 1 collected together prior to the central node S102, and then was sent to the network management platform 3 through the gateway 2 things. 反之,物联网管理平台3对前端无线传感网络的管理信息也通过物联网网关2转发至每个无线传感网络1的节点。 Conversely, object management information network management platform 3 front-end wireless sensor network is also forwarded by the gateway 2 things to each node of the wireless sensor network 1.

[0037] 如图2所示,为本发明物联网网关的一实施例的结构示意图。 [0037] As shown in FIG 2, a structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention the gateway things. 在本实施例中,物联网网关具体包括:标准接口连接器21、信息接收模块协议22、查询模块协议23、部署模块协议24和转换适配模块25。 In the present embodiment, the gateway comprises things: a standard interface connector 21, the information receiving module protocol 22, protocol query module 23, and a deployment module 24 converts the protocol adaptation module 25.

[0038] 标准接口连接器21负责插接作为中心汇聚节点通过天线接入无线传感网络的无线传感单元。 [0038] standard interface connector plug 21 is responsible for radio access to the wireless sensor network sensor unit as a center sink node through an antenna. 标准接口连接器21的信号线定义可参见图7,其中VCCl和VCC2提供市场上 Standard interface connector signal line 21 may be defined in reference to Figure 7, wherein VCCl available on the market and VCC2

6常用无线传感模块的工作电源3. 3V和5V直流电源;TXD、RXD、RTS、CTS信号用于主控单元和无线传感单元之间的串口通信;Reset信号线是主控单元输出的控制信号,低电平有效, 用于复位无线传感单元;Sleep信号线是无线传感单元输出的状态指示,低电平有效,用于表示无线传感单元处于休眠状态;WakeUp信号线是主控单元输出的控制信号,用于唤醒休眠中的无线传感单元;另外预留Pinl2作为今后扩展之用。 6 common operating power wireless sensor module 3. 3V and 5V DC power supply; serial communication between the TXD, RXD, RTS, CTS signals for the wireless master unit and sensing unit; the Reset signal line is outputted from the main control unit control signal, active low, for resetting wireless sensor unit; sleep state of the signal line is indicative of the wireless sensor cell output, active low, indicates to the radio in a sleep state sensing unit; the WakeUp signal line is the main the control unit outputs a control signal for a radio dormancy wakeup sensing unit; reserved for additional future expansion, with Pinl2.

[0039] 信息接收模块22负责通过标准接口连接器21接收无线传感单元的信息,该信息包括厂商标识、支持的频带范围、软硬件版本号和设备序列号中的至少一种。 [0039] The information receiver 22 receives information 21 module is responsible for wireless sensor unit via a standard interface connector, which includes a vendor identification information, at least one of the supported frequency range, hardware and software version numbers and serial number of the device. 这些信息将作为在物联网管理平台查询对应无线传感单元的协议栈的查询基准。 The reference information as a query in a query object corresponding to a wireless internet network management protocol stack of the sensing unit.

[0040] 协议查询模块23通过移动通信网络与物联网管理平台建立联系,负责根据接收的无线传感单元的信息向网络侧的物联网管理平台查询所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈。 [0040] Protocol query module 23 via the mobile communication network to establish contact with a network management platform was responsible for querying the wireless sensor unit is adapted to the protocol stack network management platform, the network-side object according to the information received by the wireless sensor unit. 在获得了协议栈后,协议部署模块24将查询到的无线传感单元适用的协议栈下载到物联网网关进行部署。 After obtaining a stack, protocol deployment module 24 to query the wireless sensor unit is adapted to download the protocol stack of the gateway deployment things.

[0041] 在物联网网关中除了部署插接的无线传感单元的协议栈之外,通常在物联网网关接入到物联网管理平台时就进行了物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式的部署,以便物联网网关与物联网管理平台进行消息交互。 [0041] In addition to the IOT gateway protocol stack deployed wireless sensor unit is docked, the normal access to the management platform things things on the deployment gateway network management platform was defined message protocol format so things gateway exchange messages with the things management platform.

[0042] 在发生无线传感网络中的节点与物联网管理平台之间的消息交互时,协议转换适配模块25负责根据部署的协议栈和物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对无线传感网络中的各个节点与物联网管理平台之间进行协议转换和适配。 [0042] When the message interaction between the network management platform and the object nodes in a wireless sensor network occurs, a message protocol format adaptation module 25 is responsible for protocol conversion in accordance with a protocol stack and network management platform deployment thereof definition of wireless sensor and adaptation protocol conversion between the network and each node was network management platform.

[0043] 该协议转换适配模块25可以包括上行和下行两部分功能单元,上行部分具体包括:上行协议解析单元,用于当无线传感网络经由所述物联网网关向所述物联网管理平台上报消息时,根据部署的协议栈对上报的消息进行解析;上行重封装单元,将解析后的内容按照物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式重新封装,并发送给所述物联网管理平台。 [0043] The protocol conversion adapter module 25 may include two upstream and downstream portions of a functional unit, the upstream part comprises: an uplink protocol analysis means for sensing when the wireless network via the gateway things to the network management platform was when report message, according to the protocol stack deployed on the report message parsing; uplink encapsulation unit weight, the content of the message protocol format according to the parsed network management platform was defined repackaging, was sent to the network management platform. 下行部分具体包括:下行解析单元,用于在所述物联网管理平台经由所述物联网网关向无线传感网络的各节点发送消息时,根据物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对所述消息进行解析;下行重封装单元,用于将解析后的内容按照部署的协议栈进行重新封装,然后通过所述无线传感单元发送给无线传感网络的各节点。 Downlink portion comprises: a downlink parsing unit, configured to, when the message was sent to the network management platform of each node of the wireless sensor network via the gateway things, the network management platform message was defined according to the message protocol format parsing; re-encapsulated downlink unit for analyzing the contents of the package in accordance with the re-deployment of the protocol stack, and then transmitted to each node of a wireless sensor network via the wireless sensor unit.

[0044] 通过协议转换适配模块25就实现了不同的无线传感网络与物联网管理平台之间的信息交互,也就将不同的无线传感网络归入了物联网管理平台的管理范围。 [0044] The protocol conversion by the adaptation module 25 to achieve the information exchange between different wireless sensor networks and network management platform thereof, it will be classified as different wireless sensor network management scope of the network management platform.

[0045] 如图3所示,为本发明物联网网关的另一实施例的结构示意图。 [0045] 3, other things the present invention gateway schematic structural diagram of the embodiment. 与上一实施例相比,本实施例还包括:软件版本查询模块26、版本比较模块27和软件升级模块28。 Compared with the previous embodiment, the present embodiment further comprises: a query module 26 software version, the comparison module 27 and a software version upgrade module 28. 软件版本查询模块26负责向物联网管理平台查询所述无线传感单元的最新软件版本。 Software version query module 26 is responsible for the latest software version of the wireless sensor unit to the management of Things platform. 版本比较模块27负责将无线传感单元的最新软件版本与查询到的无线传感单元的软件版本号进行比较,判断所述无线传感单元的当前软件版本是否为最新软件版本。 Version comparison module 27 is responsible for the software version number of the latest software version of the wireless radio sensing unit sensing unit to compare a query, the wireless sensor unit determines the current software version is the latest software version. 软件升级模块28负责在无线传感单元的当前软件版本不是最新软件版本时,从所述物联网管理平台的升级服务器中获取最新软件版本对应的软件升级包进行升级操作。 Software upgrading module 28 is responsible for the current software version of the wireless sensor unit is not the latest version of the software, to obtain the latest version of the software corresponding to the software upgrade package from the object to upgrade the network management platform upgrade server.

[0046] 通过上述模块实现了无线传感单元的软件版本的检查和更新,以便确保无线传感单元的正常运行和信息交互的准确性。 [0046] The wireless version of the software implements the sensing unit to check and update via the module, in order to ensure the normal operation and the accuracy of information exchange wireless sensor unit.

[0047] 本发明物联网网关的各个模块在具体硬件实现中可由一个硬件来实现多个模块的功能,或者由多个硬件实现一个模块的功能等,如图4所示,为本发明物联网网关实施例的一种硬件实现的结构示意图。 [0047] module of the present invention, various things in a particular gateway may be a hardware implementation of hardware to implement the functions of a plurality of modules, or hardware functions of a plurality of modules, etc., shown in Figure 4, the present invention Things schematic diagram of an embodiment of the gateway hardware implementation structure. 在该硬件实现中,主要由应用处理器、FLASH、RAM、供电单元、移动通信模块(可采用GSM、3G、P0N通信模块等,本例中采用CDMA通信模块)、无线传感单元和标准接口连接器等部分组成。 In the hardware implementation, mainly by the application processor, FLASH, RAM, power supply unit, a mobile communication module (may employ GSM, 3G, P0N communication module, the present embodiment uses a CDMA communication module), and the standard radio interfaces sensing unit connectors and other components. 其中应用处理器负责运行物联网网关的固件程序,实现网关的各项业务和管理功能,包括信息接收、协议查询、协议部署、协议转换适配等功能, 具体实现上可以采用32位ARM7或ARM9系列等嵌入式处理器,处理能力可采用在40MIPS 以上的处理器。 Wherein the application processor is responsible for running the gateway firmware things, to achieve the operations and management of the gateway, including receiving information, query protocols, protocol deployment, adaptation protocol conversion functions, can use the 32-bit ARM7 or ARM9 embodied series, embedded processors, the processing capacity of a processor can be employed in the above 40MIPS. FLASH存储网关设备的固件程序等数据,存储容量大于2MB,还可以存储部署的协议栈和物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式。 FLASH memory device gateway firmware program data, the storage capacity greater than 2MB, may also be stored in a protocol stack deployed network management platform and was defined message protocol format. 采用SDRAM作为随机访问存储(RAM) 单元,提供设备固件程序运行所需的缓存空间,可以为无线传感网络中的各个节点与物联网管理平台之间的消息的协议转换适配提供缓存空间。 SDRAM is a (RAM) random access memory means, to provide the required device firmware running buffer space, buffer space may be provided adapted to convert messages between a protocol in the wireless sensor network and each node was network management platform.

[0048] 供电单元实现外部电源到内部各工作电压的AC/DC或DC/DC转换,负责给物联网网关各功能单元提供工作电源。 AC / DC or DC [0048] external power supply unit to achieve the respective internal operating voltage / DC converter, the power supply is responsible for providing the gateway to the IOT functional units. CDMA通信模块通过天线S201接入CDMA网络,以此与网络侧的物联网管理平台进行交互,并通过AT指令和应用处理器通信交互数据。 CDMA communication access module via the antenna S201 CDMA network, in order to interact with the network management platform, the network side thereof, and through AT commands and interactive data communications applications processor. 无线传感单元作为中心汇聚节点通过天线S202接入无线传感网络,同时作为外接单元通过标准接口连接器和应用处理器的异步串行通信接口连接。 Wireless sensing unit as a central access aggregation node through S202 antenna wireless sensor network, and an external unit as a standard asynchronous serial communication interface and the interface connector by the application processor.

[0049] 如图5所示,为本发明物联网网关实施例的另一种硬件实现的结构示意图。 As shown in [0049] FIG. 5, the gateway IOT hardware structural diagram of another example of embodiment of the invention implemented. 与上一硬件实现相比,本实施例中移动通信模块采用CDMA模块,包括CDMA射频处理单元和CDMA 基带处理以及内嵌微处理器单元,负责通过天线S301接入CDMA网络,实现网关设备各项业务和管理功能。 Compared with the previous hardware implementation, the embodiments according to the present embodiment uses the mobile communication module CDMA module comprising a processing unit and a CDMA CDMA RF and baseband embedded microprocessor unit, responsible for inserting through the antenna S301, the CDMA network, the gateway device to achieve the business and management capabilities. 本实施例大大简化了网关设备的开发工作,该方案适用于对网关的运算能力要求不是很高但是对功耗、成本敏感的应用场合。 This embodiment greatly simplifies the development of the gateway device, the program suitable for the gateway computing power is not very high but power, cost-sensitive applications.

[0050] 图6进一步给出了图5方案的具体硬件实现方案,该具体硬件实现方案是以美国高通公司的CDMA终端芯片解决方案为例,实现主控单元和无线通信单元的功能,同时通过主芯片的异步串行接口UART连接一个ZigBee模块实现无线传感单元功能。 [0050] FIG. 6 shows a further embodiment of the specific hardware implementation of FIG. 5, the specific hardware implementation is Qualcomm's CDMA terminal chip solution, for example, realize the function main control unit and a wireless communication unit, by simultaneously the main chip connected to an asynchronous serial interface UART module ZigBee wireless sensing unit function. 天线S401接收的CDMA信号经双工器送入CDMA主芯片QSC6055的RFL6000进行低噪声放大处理,然后经声表面波滤波器RxSAW滤波后送入RF接收模块RFR6000,RFR6000将接收信号解调至模拟基带后送入RxADC端口进行AD变换,将模拟基带信号转换成数字基带信号后再进行CDMA 信号处理。 S401 antenna CDMA signal received via the CDMA duplexer into the main chip RFL6000 QSC6055 low-noise amplification processing, and then after filtering surface acoustic wave filter RxSAW into RF receiving module RFR6000, RFR6000 the demodulated received signal to an analog baseband after transformation into RxADC AD port, converts the analog baseband signal into a digital baseband signal after signal processing for CDMA. 需要发送的CDMA基带信号通过Tx DAC送入RF发送模块RFT6100,经变频调制后进行滤波TxSAW、功率放大PA处理,最后通过双工器将射频发送信号馈入天线S401发送出去。 CDMA baseband signals need to be transmitted into the transmission by Tx DAC RF module RFT6100, after filtering TxSAW frequency modulated power amplifier PA process, and finally transmits a radio frequency signal is fed via an antenna duplexer sent S401.

[0051] 电源管理模块PM6050负责QSC6055内部的电源和时钟管理,包括电池管理,如供电、充电、电量显示等;电源电压升压降压转换;提供各芯片工作电源;RF接收、发送时钟管理、系统休眠时钟管理等等。 [0051] The power management module is responsible for the internal PM6050 QSC6055 power and clock management, including battery management, such as power supply, charging, battery indicator and the like; buck-boost converter power supply voltage; chips providing operating power; the RF receiver, transmit clock management, system sleep clock management. QSC6055内嵌有ARM7微处理器,可作为网关设备的主控单元即应用处理器单元使用。 QSC6055 embedded ARM7 microprocessor, the gateway device can be used as the master unit, i.e. the use of an application processor unit. 通过其并行数据总线、地址总线和存储器管理端口连接SDRAM和FLASH作为设备的存储单元。 Through the parallel data bus, an address bus and a memory management port SDRAM and FLASH device as a memory cell.

[0052] 用户识别模块UIM (User Identity Model)卡电路可直接连接至QSC6055的UART 接口。 [0052] User Identity Module UIM (User Identity Model) card circuit may be directly connected to the UART interface of QSC6055. 实现无线传感功能的ZigBee模块则通过一个标准接口连接器S403连接至MSM6050 的UART接口,当然为了提高该接口的电平适配性和驱动能力,可以在MSM6050的UART接口和S403之间增加异步通信接口芯片,如MAXIM公司的MAX3232。 ZigBee wireless sensing function module is connected via a standard interface connector to a UART interface MSM6050 S403, of course, in order to improve fit and level drive capability of the interface may be increased asynchronous UART interface between MSM6050 and S403 communications interface, such as the MAXIM's MAX3232.

[0053] ZigBee模块可选用美国TI公司的CC2431芯片实现,CC2431内嵌了C8051微处理器、2. 4GHz符合IEEE802. 15. 4标准的射频收发信机、128KB FLASH,8KB RAM,通过在C8051中装载ZigBee协议栈实现ZigBee FFD设备功能。 [0053] ZigBee CC2431 chip module can be selected in the United States TI, CC2431 C8051 embedded microprocessor, 2. 4GHz compliance with IEEE802. 15. 4 standard radio frequency transceiver, 128KB FLASH, 8KB RAM, by the C8051 loading the FFD ZigBee protocol stack ZigBee device functions.

[0054] 图6给出的硬件结构和设计方案中的CDMA通信单元支持CDMA20001x移动网络, 基于同样硬件结构和设计方案,只要将其中的CDMA主芯片换成QSC6085即可支持3G制式的CDMA2000EVD0移动网络。 [0054] The design of a hardware configuration of FIG. 6 and given a CDMA mobile communication unit supports CDMA20001x network, based on the same hardware configuration and design, as long as one of the main chip into QSC6085 CDMA 3G standard to support mobile networks CDMA2000EVD0 .

[0055] 在上述物联网网关实施例中,物联网网关与无线传感单元之间可通过通用异步串行接口UART连接,并采用一组承载在此串行接口之上的AT指令集完成对无线传感单元工作参数的设置、通过无线传感单元进而对其接入的无线传感网络各节点完成参数配置、无线传感单元上报自身和所属无线传感网络的工作状态信息、无线传感单元上报所属无线传感网络采集的传感数据等功能。 [0055] In the above embodiments, gateway things, may be connected through UART universal asynchronous serial interface between the gateway and the wireless Internet of Things sensing unit, and uses a set of AT commands carried on top of this complete set of serial interface setting operating parameters of the wireless sensor unit, and gain access to each node of the wireless sensor network via the wireless parameter configuration complete sensing unit, the wireless unit reports the operating state of the sensor itself and the information relevant to wireless sensor networks, wireless sensor reporting wireless sensor network unit belongs sensing data acquisition functions.

[0056] 基于前述的物联网网关,本发明还提供了物联网网关进行通信协议自动适配的方法的几个实施例,如图8所示,为本发明基于物联网网关的通信协议自动适配方法的一实施例的流程示意图。 [0056] Based on the above-described gateway things, the present invention also provides a communication protocol gateway things automatic adaptation of the several embodiments of the method, shown in FIG. 8, based on a communication protocol gateway automatically adjust things present invention with a flow of a method embodiment of FIG. 在本实施例中,通信协议自动适配流程包括: In the present embodiment, the communication protocol adapter automatically process comprising:

[0057] 步骤101、接收插接在所述物联网网关上的无线传感单元的信息; [0057] Step 101, the received IOT plugged on the wireless gateway information sensing unit;

[0058] 步骤102、根据接收的信息向网络侧的物联网管理平台查询所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈; [0058] Step 102, the received information was according to the protocol network management platform to the network side of the wireless sensor unit is adapted to query the stack;

[0059] 步骤103、将查询到的所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈下载到所述物联网网关进行部署; [0059] Step 103, the query to the wireless sensor unit is adapted to download the protocol stack things gateway deployment;

[0060] 步骤104、根据部署的协议栈和物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对无线传感网络中的各个节点与物联网管理平台之间进行协议转换和适配。 [0060] Step 104, based on the deployment protocol stack and network management platform was defined message protocol format conversion and protocol adaptation between a wireless sensor network and each node was network management platform.

[0061] 在本实施例中,物联网网关可以对根据具体的无线传感网络的需要插入的不同的无线传感单元进行信息获取,并从物联网管理平台查询下载该无线传感单元对应的协议栈,从而能够快速的实现无线传感网络与物联网管理平台之间的交互信息的协议转换和适配。 [0061] embodiment, things may be a gateway for information acquisition in accordance with the specific needs of the wireless sensor network wireless sensor inserted into a different cell in the present embodiment, and the query was downloaded from the internet to the wireless network management unit corresponding to the sensor protocol stack, it is possible to achieve rapid protocol conversion and adaptation of the mutual information between the wireless sensor network and network management platform thereof.

[0062] 在本实施例中,物联网网关与无线传感单元之间可采用承载在通用异步串行接口的AT指令集进行消息传递。 AT commands [0062] In the present embodiment, the wireless gateway between the IOT sensing unit can be carried in the set of universal asynchronous serial interface for messaging. 在步骤101中的无线传感单元的信息可以包括厂商标识、支持的频带范围、软硬件版本号和设备序列号中的至少一种。 Information of the wireless sensor unit in step 101 may include vendor identification, supported frequency bands, at least one of hardware and software version numbers and serial number of the device.

[0063] 在步骤104中,对上行和下行的信息均可以进行协议转换和适配。 [0063] In step 104, the information may be both uplink and downlink protocol conversion and adaptation. 当无线传感网络经由所述物联网网关向所述物联网管理平台上报消息时,物联网网关根据部署的协议栈对上报的消息进行解析;物联网网关将解析后的内容按照物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式重新封装,并发送给所述物联网管理平台;而当物联网管理平台经由所述物联网网关向无线传感网络的各节点发送消息时,所述物联网网关根据物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对所述消息进行解析;所述物联网网关将解析后的内容按照部署的协议栈进行重新封装,然后通过所述无线传感单元发送给无线传感网络的各节点。 When the wireless sensor network to report network management message to the object via the internet gateway things, things reported by the gateway parses the message in accordance with a protocol stack deployed; IOT contents gateway network management platform was resolved in accordance with the message protocol format definition repackaging, was sent to the network management platform; when the message was sent to the network management platform of each node of the wireless sensor network gateway via the IOT, the IOT was connected, at the gateway management platform defined message protocol format parsing the message; the gateway things parsed content re-encapsulation according to the protocol stack deployed, and then transmitted to each node of a wireless sensor network via the wireless sensor unit .

[0064] 为确保无线传感单元的正常运行和信息交互的准确性,可以增加对无线传感单元的软件版本的检查和更新地操作,在另一个实施例中,给出了软件升级的流程,如图9所示,为本发明基于物联网网关的通信协议自动适配方法实施例中软件升级流程的流程示意图。 [0064] To ensure the accuracy of the information exchange and the normal operation of the wireless sensor unit can be increased wireless sensor unit and to check the software version of update operations, in another embodiment, the software upgrade process is given as shown in FIG 9, the present invention is the process flow schematic diagram of the software update protocol gateway things based method of automatic adaptation. 该流程包括: The process includes:

[0065] 步骤201、所述物联网网关查询所述无线传感单元的最新软件版本; [0065] Step 201, the gateway things for the latest software version of the wireless sensor unit;

[0066] 步骤202、将所述无线传感单元的最新软件版本与查询到的无线传感单元的软件版本号进行比较,判断所述无线传感单元的当前软件版本是否为最新软件版本,如果是最新软件版本,则继续进行协议栈的获取;如果不是最新软件版本,则执行步骤203 ; [0066] Step 202, the wireless sensor unit is compared with the latest software version of the software version number query to the wireless sensor unit, the wireless sensor unit determines the current software version is the latest version of the software, if it is the latest version of the software, continue with protocol stack acquisition; if not the latest software version, step 203 is performed;

[0067] 步骤203、从物联网管理平台的升级服务器中获取最新软件版本对应的软件升级包进行升级操作。 [0067] Step 203, obtain the latest version of the software corresponding to the software upgrade package upgrade from a network management platform was upgrade server.

[0068] 综上所述,通过对本发明物联网网关和通信协议自动适配方法的实施例的说明, 可以了解物联网网关解决了现有技术中前端不同规格无线传感网络接入的难题,使得原本孤立的各种无线传感网络能够顺利的归入物联网管理平台的管理范围,成为可运营、可管理、可控和信息共享的物联网的一部分。 [0068] In summary, by way of illustration of the present invention and a communication network gateway protocol automatic adaptation of the embodiment of the method, the gateway can learn things solves the problem of the prior art distal different specifications wireless sensor network access, such that the original isolated various wireless sensor network can be classified smoothly managed network management platform scope thereof, can become operational, management, control and information sharing part IOT.

[0069] 本领域普通技术人员可以理解:实现上述方法实施例的全部或部分步骤可以通过程序指令相关的硬件来完成,前述的程序可以存储于一计算机可读取存储介质中,该程序在执行时,执行包括上述方法实施例的步骤;而前述的存储介质包括:R0M、RAM、磁碟或者光盘等各种可以存储程序代码的介质。 [0069] Those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated: realize all or part of the steps of the method described above may be implemented by a program instructing relevant hardware to complete, the program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium, the program execution when, comprising the step of performing the above-described embodiment of the method; and the storage medium comprising: a variety of medium may store program codes R0M, RAM, magnetic disk, or optical disk.

[0070] 最后应当说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非对其限制;尽管参照较佳实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,所属领域的普通技术人员应当理解:依然可以对本发明的具体实施方式进行修改或者对部分技术特征进行等同替换;而不脱离本发明技术方案的精神,其均应涵盖在本发明请求保护的技术方案范围当中。 [0070] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are intended to illustrate the present invention rather than limiting; While the present invention has been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: still may be made to specific embodiments of the present invention, modifications or equivalent substitutions to some technical features; art without departing from the spirit of the present invention, which should be covered by the present invention in which the claimed technical solution range.

10 10

Claims (10)

  1. 一种物联网网关,包括:标准接口连接器,用于插接作为中心汇聚节点通过天线接入无线传感网络的无线传感单元;信息接收模块,用于通过所述标准接口连接器接收所述无线传感单元的信息;协议查询模块,用于根据接收的所述无线传感单元的信息向网络侧的物联网管理平台查询所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈;协议部署模块,用于将查询到的所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈下载到所述物联网网关进行部署;协议转换适配模块,用于根据部署的协议栈和物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对无线传感网络中的各个节点与物联网管理平台之间进行协议转换和适配。 One kind of things gateway, comprising: a standard interface connector plug for wireless access to the wireless sensor network sensor unit as a center convergence node through an antenna; information receiving means for receiving via said standard interface connector said wireless sensor unit information; protocol query module configured to query the wireless sensor unit is adapted to the protocol stack network management platform, the network-side object according to the received information of the wireless sensor unit; deployment protocol module, with to query the wireless sensor unit is applied to a protocol stack downloaded to the IOT gateway deployment; adaptation protocol conversion module, a message protocol format based on the deployment of network management protocol stack and was defined radio platform and adaptation protocol conversion between the sensor network and each node was network management platform.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的物联网网关,其中所述协议转换适配模块具体包括:上行协议解析单元,用于当无线传感网络经由所述物联网网关向所述物联网管理平台上报消息时,根据部署的协议栈对上报的消息进行解析;上行重封装单元,将解析后的内容按照物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式重新封装,并发送给所述物联网管理平台。 The gateway of claim 1 things, wherein the protocol conversion module comprises adapting claim: uplink protocol parsing unit, configured to, when said wireless sensor network was reported to the network management via the internet gateway Things message, according to the protocol stack deployed on the report message parsing; uplink encapsulation unit weight, the content of the message protocol format according to the parsed network management platform was defined repackaging, was sent to the network management platform. 下行解析单元,用于在所述物联网管理平台经由所述物联网网关向无线传感网络的各节点发送消息时,根据物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对所述消息进行解析;下行重封装单元,用于将解析后的内容按照部署的协议栈进行重新封装,然后通过所述无线传感单元发送给无线传感网络的各节点。 Downlink parsing unit, configured to, when the message was sent to the network management platform of each node of the wireless sensor network via the gateway things, parsing the message according to network management platform was defined message protocol format; downlink weight encapsulating unit, configured to parse the contents of the package in accordance with the re-deployment of the protocol stack, and then transmitted to each node of a wireless sensor network via the wireless sensor unit.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的物联网网关,其中所述无线传感单元的信息包括厂商标识、支持的频带范围、软硬件版本号和设备序列号中的至少一种。 Things according to claim 1 or claim gateway, wherein information of the wireless sensor unit including a vendor identification, supported frequency bands, at least one of hardware and software version numbers and serial number of the device.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的物联网网关,其中还包括:软件版本查询模块,用于向所述物联网管理平台查询所述无线传感单元的最新软件版本;版本比较模块,用于将所述无线传感单元的最新软件版本与查询到的无线传感单元的软件版本号进行比较,判断所述无线传感单元的当前软件版本是否为最新软件版本;软件升级模块,用于在所述无线传感单元的当前软件版本不是最新软件版本时,从所述物联网管理平台的升级服务器中获取最新软件版本对应的软件升级包进行升级操作。 Things according to claim 3, said gateway, further comprises: software version query module configured to query the latest software version of the wireless unit to the object sensing network management platform; version comparing module, configured to the latest software version of the wireless sensor unit with software version query to the wireless sensor unit comparing the current software version of the wireless sensing unit determines whether the latest software version; upgrade software module for the the current software version of said wireless sensor units when the software is not the latest version, to obtain the latest version of the software corresponding to the software from the network management platform was upgraded upgrade server upgrade package.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的物联网网关,其中所述物联网网关与无线传感单元之间采用承载在通用异步串行接口的AT指令集进行消息传递。 The IOT gateway according to claim 1, wherein the set of messaging using AT commands carried universal asynchronous serial interface between the gateway and the wireless Internet of Things sensing unit.
  6. 6. 一种基于权利要求1〜5任一所述的物联网网关的通信协议自动适配方法,包括: 接收插接在所述物联网网关上的无线传感单元的信息,并根据接收的信息向网络侧的物联网管理平台查询所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈;将查询到的所述无线传感单元适用的协议栈下载到所述物联网网关进行部署; 根据部署的协议栈和物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对无线传感网络中的各个节点与物联网管理平台之间进行协议转换和适配。 6. A method as claimed in any one of claims 1 ~ 5 based on a communication protocol gateway things automatic adaptation method, comprising: receiving information on said plug things gateway wireless sensor unit, and in accordance with the received the wireless sensing information query unit is adapted to the protocol stack of the network management platform side of things; a sensing unit queries the wireless protocol stack applicable to the IOT downloaded to gateway deployment; according to the protocol stack deployed message protocol format and network management platform was defined between each of the wireless sensor network nodes and the network management platform thereof protocol conversion and adaptation.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的通信协议自动适配方法,其中所述根据部署的协议栈和物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对无线传感网络中的各个节点与物联网管理平台之间进行协议转换和适配具体包括:当无线传感网络经由所述物联网网关向所述物联网管理平台上报消息时,所述物联网网关根据部署的协议栈对上报的消息进行解析;所述物联网网关将解析后的内容按照物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式重新封装, 并发送给所述物联网管理平台;当所述物联网管理平台经由所述物联网网关向无线传感网络的各节点发送消息时,所述物联网网关根据物联网管理平台定义的消息协议格式对所述消息进行解析;所述物联网网关将解析后的内容按照部署的协议栈进行重新封装,然后通过所述无线传感单元发送给无线传感网络的各节点。 The communication protocol of the method of automatic adaptation as claimed in claim 6, wherein between said defined message protocol format based on the deployment of the network management protocol stack and was internet wireless sensor network and each node was network management platform protocol conversion and adaptation comprises: when the wireless sensor network to report network management message to the object via the internet gateway IOT, the IOT gateway parses the message in accordance with a protocol stack reported deployed; the things message gateway according to the agreement of the parsed network management platform was re-encapsulation format defined, was sent to the network management platform; network management platform when the object to the wireless sensor network via the gateway things when each node sends a message, the gateway things depending on the physical network management platform defined message protocol format parsing the message; the gateway things parsed content re-encapsulation stack according to the deployment, then the said wireless sensor unit sends to each node of a wireless sensor network.
  8. 8.根据权利要求6或7所述的通信协议自动适配方法,其中所述无线传感单元的信息包括厂商标识、支持的频带范围、软硬件版本号和设备序列号中的至少一种。 8. A method of automatic adaptation of the communication protocol according to claim 6 or 7, wherein information of the wireless sensor unit including a vendor identification, supported frequency bands, at least one of hardware and software version numbers and serial number of the device.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的通信协议自动适配方法,其中所述物联网网关在查询所述无线传感单元的协议栈时,还包括查询所述无线传感单元的最新软件版本的操作,具体包括:所述物联网网关查询所述无线传感单元的最新软件版本,并与查询到的无线传感单元的软件版本号进行比较,判断所述无线传感单元的当前软件版本是否为最新软件版本,如果不是最新软件版本,则从所述物联网管理平台的升级服务器中获取最新软件版本对应的软件升级包进行升级操作。 The communication protocol of the automatic adaptation of the method of claim 8, wherein said things gateway querying the protocol stack when the wireless sensor unit, further comprising querying the wireless unit sensing operation of the latest software version comprises: the gateway things for the latest software version of the wireless sensor unit, and compared with the software version of the query to the wireless sensor unit, the current software version of the wireless sensing unit determines whether the the latest software version, if not the latest version of the software, from the things management platform upgrade a server to obtain the latest version of the software corresponding to the software upgrade package to upgrade operations.
  10. 10.根据权利要求6所述的通信协议自动适配方法,其中所述物联网网关与无线传感单元之间采用承载在通用异步串行接口的AT指令集进行消息传递。 10. The communication protocol of the method of automatic adaptation as claimed in claim 6, wherein the set of messaging using AT commands carried universal asynchronous serial interface between the gateway and the wireless Internet of Things sensing unit.
CN2010105318845A 2010-11-04 2010-11-04 Gateway of Internet of things and automatic adaptation method of communication protocol CN101984706A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105318845A CN101984706A (en) 2010-11-04 2010-11-04 Gateway of Internet of things and automatic adaptation method of communication protocol

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105318845A CN101984706A (en) 2010-11-04 2010-11-04 Gateway of Internet of things and automatic adaptation method of communication protocol

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101984706A true CN101984706A (en) 2011-03-09

Family

ID=43641875

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010105318845A CN101984706A (en) 2010-11-04 2010-11-04 Gateway of Internet of things and automatic adaptation method of communication protocol

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101984706A (en)

Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102164427A (en) * 2011-04-26 2011-08-24 南京航空航天大学 Internet of Things gateway system based on wireless manner
CN102202093A (en) * 2011-05-12 2011-09-28 南京中兴新软件有限责任公司 Method for realizing sensor adaption and system thereof
CN102255810A (en) * 2011-07-14 2011-11-23 湖南艾特美电子科技有限公司 Routing method and router based on Internet of things
CN102255908A (en) * 2011-07-08 2011-11-23 北京邮电大学 Internet of things gateway protocol consistency realization method
CN102307223A (en) * 2011-05-12 2012-01-04 南京中兴新软件有限责任公司 Method and system for realizing adaptation of application platforms
CN102387095A (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-03-21 康才畯 Intelligent gateway with sensing slot structure for internet of things
CN102694870A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-09-26 汕头市易普联科技有限公司 Online upgrading method of gateway for dynamically allocating address
CN102710557A (en) * 2012-05-07 2012-10-03 无锡捷玛物联科技有限公司 Gateway of internet of things
CN102724143A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-10-10 北京时代凌宇科技有限公司 Method for sending internet of things data and internet of things gateway
CN102739476A (en) * 2011-04-15 2012-10-17 上海英明科技发展有限公司 Sensor network communication system
CN102769608A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-11-07 重庆和航科技股份有限公司 Internet of things protocol conversion system and method
CN102866735A (en) * 2012-09-10 2013-01-09 河海大学常州校区 Miniature type data acquisition node server based on WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network)
CN102957596A (en) * 2011-08-16 2013-03-06 海尔集团公司 Daughter gateway device, system and method for processing data of terminal equipment
CN102958105A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-03-06 大唐软件技术股份有限公司 Internet of things terminal access method and device
CN103002059A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-03-27 周小伟 Gateway cloud server system
CN103001838A (en) * 2011-09-14 2013-03-27 中国移动通信集团公司 Method and system for generation and use of sensor device identifiers and related devices
CN103095609A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-05-08 大唐软件技术股份有限公司 Access adaptive method and device based on Internet of things terminals
CN103117881A (en) * 2013-02-27 2013-05-22 中国电子器材总公司 Resource management system of Internet of Things
CN103118050A (en) * 2011-11-17 2013-05-22 上海贝尔股份有限公司 Method, equipment and system of realizing data aggregation based on data enhancement technology
CN103167517A (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-19 中国电信股份有限公司 Method and system for monitoring data recovery in internet of things
CN103200082A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-07-10 深圳市诺华尼克电子有限公司 Ethernet radio network gateway based on Z-Wave technology
CN103227998A (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-07-31 苏州博联科技有限公司 Configuration method for wireless sensor network nodes
CN103237085A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-08-07 晁彦公 Internet-of-things gateway and medical monitoring system comprising same
CN103297256A (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-09-11 感知技术无锡有限公司 Method and system for managing perceiving layer node of internet of things
CN103297306A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-11 王毅 Internet of Things system for agriculture
CN103313442A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-18 无锡锐泰节能系统科学有限公司 Novel gateway for internet of things
CN103428627A (en) * 2012-05-22 2013-12-04 中国移动通信集团江苏有限公司 Method for transferring data in internet of things, internet of things system and corresponding device
CN103533574A (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-01-22 中国联合网络通信集团有限公司 Method and device for data transmission between wireless sensor network and internet
CN103532835A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-22 江苏万全科技有限公司 Universal internet of things gateway
CN103607394A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 IEEE11073 PHD protocol automatic conversion method and apparatus of physiological parameter patient monitor
CN103825811A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-05-28 江苏飞尚安全监测咨询有限公司 Implementation scheme for accessing sensor protocol self-identification IOT (internet of things) gateway
CN103973717A (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-08-06 中国科学院计算技术研究所 Internet of things terminal capable of being rebuilt
CN103973763A (en) * 2013-02-05 2014-08-06 达创科技股份有限公司 Terminal control system and gateway
CN104010005A (en) * 2013-02-21 2014-08-27 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and system supporting access of sensors of different types
CN104202313A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-10 北京航空航天大学 Data forwarding method and gateway
CN104660596A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-05-27 常州万联网络数据信息安全股份有限公司 Heterogeneous network protocol standard knowledgeware, cloud monitoring and management system and method
CN104660498A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-05-27 联想(北京)有限公司 Gateway equipment and information processing method
CN105453047A (en) * 2013-05-06 2016-03-30 康维达无线有限责任公司 Internet of things (IoT) adaptation services
CN105656736A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 杭州古北电子科技有限公司 Software-defined wide area network system with low power consumption and configuration method thereof
CN106126230A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 杭州古北电子科技有限公司 Adaptation device and method for adapting control interface to Internet of Things platform
CN106302767A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-04 滁州学院 IOT (Internet of Things) application system based on WMMP protocol
CN106330901A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 杭州鸿雁电器有限公司 Protocol configuration method and device suitable for home equipment network environment
CN106506575A (en) * 2015-09-07 2017-03-15 奇点新源国际技术开发(北京)有限公司 Communication method and communication device
CN106534187A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-03-22 广东沅朋网络科技有限公司 Unified management method and system for multi-type wireless data transmission terminal
US10149335B2 (en) 2014-11-10 2018-12-04 Qualcomm Incorporated Connectivity module for internet of things (IOT) devices
US10230710B2 (en) 2016-08-04 2019-03-12 Visa International Service Association Token based network service among IoT applications

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101867530A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-20 西安电子科技大学;中国人民解放军总参谋部第六十一研究所;中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Things-internet gateway system based on virtual machine and data interactive method

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101867530A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-10-20 西安电子科技大学;中国人民解放军总参谋部第六十一研究所;中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Things-internet gateway system based on virtual machine and data interactive method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
黄海昆等: "《物联网网关技术与应用》", 《电信科学》 *

Cited By (64)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102739476A (en) * 2011-04-15 2012-10-17 上海英明科技发展有限公司 Sensor network communication system
CN102164427A (en) * 2011-04-26 2011-08-24 南京航空航天大学 Internet of Things gateway system based on wireless manner
WO2012152133A1 (en) * 2011-05-12 2012-11-15 南京中兴新软件有限责任公司 Method and system for implementing sensor adaptation
CN102202093A (en) * 2011-05-12 2011-09-28 南京中兴新软件有限责任公司 Method for realizing sensor adaption and system thereof
CN102307223A (en) * 2011-05-12 2012-01-04 南京中兴新软件有限责任公司 Method and system for realizing adaptation of application platforms
CN102307223B (en) * 2011-05-12 2016-01-20 南京中兴新软件有限责任公司 A method for implementing adaptation and application platform system
WO2012152132A1 (en) * 2011-05-12 2012-11-15 南京中兴新软件有限责任公司 Method and system for realizing application platform adaptation
CN102202093B (en) * 2011-05-12 2016-01-20 南京中兴新软件有限责任公司 A method for implementing a sensor system adapted and
CN102255908A (en) * 2011-07-08 2011-11-23 北京邮电大学 Internet of things gateway protocol consistency realization method
CN102255810A (en) * 2011-07-14 2011-11-23 湖南艾特美电子科技有限公司 Routing method and router based on Internet of things
CN102255810B (en) 2011-07-14 2014-06-11 湖南艾特美电子科技有限公司 Routing method and router based on Internet of things
CN102957596A (en) * 2011-08-16 2013-03-06 海尔集团公司 Daughter gateway device, system and method for processing data of terminal equipment
CN103001838A (en) * 2011-09-14 2013-03-27 中国移动通信集团公司 Method and system for generation and use of sensor device identifiers and related devices
CN103001838B (en) * 2011-09-14 2015-12-16 中国移动通信集团公司 Generating a sensor apparatus and method of identification, the system and related equipment
CN102387095A (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-03-21 康才畯 Intelligent gateway with sensing slot structure for internet of things
CN103118050A (en) * 2011-11-17 2013-05-22 上海贝尔股份有限公司 Method, equipment and system of realizing data aggregation based on data enhancement technology
CN103167517A (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-19 中国电信股份有限公司 Method and system for monitoring data recovery in internet of things
CN102724143B (en) * 2011-12-15 2016-01-20 北京时代凌宇科技有限公司 Things method of transmitting data and a gateway Things
CN102724143A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-10-10 北京时代凌宇科技有限公司 Method for sending internet of things data and internet of things gateway
CN103297256B (en) * 2012-02-23 2016-11-09 感知技术无锡有限公司 One kind of things management method and system level sensing node
CN103297256A (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-09-11 感知技术无锡有限公司 Method and system for managing perceiving layer node of internet of things
WO2013127191A1 (en) * 2012-02-28 2013-09-06 重庆和航科技股份有限公司 Internet of things protocol conversion system and conversion method
CN102769608A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-11-07 重庆和航科技股份有限公司 Internet of things protocol conversion system and method
CN102710557A (en) * 2012-05-07 2012-10-03 无锡捷玛物联科技有限公司 Gateway of internet of things
CN103428627A (en) * 2012-05-22 2013-12-04 中国移动通信集团江苏有限公司 Method for transferring data in internet of things, internet of things system and corresponding device
CN103428627B (en) * 2012-05-22 2016-12-14 中国移动通信集团江苏有限公司 The method of transmitting data in the IOT system, apparatus and corresponding system of things
CN102694870A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-09-26 汕头市易普联科技有限公司 Online upgrading method of gateway for dynamically allocating address
CN102694870B (en) * 2012-06-08 2015-12-16 汕头市易普联科技有限公司 Online upgrade gateway dynamically assigned address
CN102866735A (en) * 2012-09-10 2013-01-09 河海大学常州校区 Miniature type data acquisition node server based on WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network)
CN102958105B (en) * 2012-10-23 2015-09-09 大唐软件技术股份有限公司 One kind of terminal access network apparatus and a method thereof
CN102958105A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-03-06 大唐软件技术股份有限公司 Internet of things terminal access method and device
CN103002059B (en) * 2012-12-28 2015-11-11 周小伟 Gateway server cloud system
CN103002059A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-03-27 周小伟 Gateway cloud server system
CN103095609A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-05-08 大唐软件技术股份有限公司 Access adaptive method and device based on Internet of things terminals
CN103973717B (en) * 2013-01-24 2017-11-21 中国科学院计算技术研究所 A remodeling things terminal
CN103973717A (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-08-06 中国科学院计算技术研究所 Internet of things terminal capable of being rebuilt
CN103973763A (en) * 2013-02-05 2014-08-06 达创科技股份有限公司 Terminal control system and gateway
CN104010005A (en) * 2013-02-21 2014-08-27 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and system supporting access of sensors of different types
CN103117881A (en) * 2013-02-27 2013-05-22 中国电子器材总公司 Resource management system of Internet of Things
CN103200082A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-07-10 深圳市诺华尼克电子有限公司 Ethernet radio network gateway based on Z-Wave technology
CN103227998B (en) * 2013-04-22 2016-12-28 苏州博联科技有限公司 A method for configuring a network node of the wireless sensor
CN103227998A (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-07-31 苏州博联科技有限公司 Configuration method for wireless sensor network nodes
CN105453047A (en) * 2013-05-06 2016-03-30 康维达无线有限责任公司 Internet of things (IoT) adaptation services
CN103237085A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-08-07 晁彦公 Internet-of-things gateway and medical monitoring system comprising same
CN103313442A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-18 无锡锐泰节能系统科学有限公司 Novel gateway for internet of things
CN103297306B (en) * 2013-06-28 2016-04-06 王毅 An agricultural system of things
CN103297306A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-11 王毅 Internet of Things system for agriculture
CN103533574A (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-01-22 中国联合网络通信集团有限公司 Method and device for data transmission between wireless sensor network and internet
CN103825811A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-05-28 江苏飞尚安全监测咨询有限公司 Implementation scheme for accessing sensor protocol self-identification IOT (internet of things) gateway
CN103532835A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-22 江苏万全科技有限公司 Universal internet of things gateway
CN103607394A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-26 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 IEEE11073 PHD protocol automatic conversion method and apparatus of physiological parameter patient monitor
CN104202313A (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-10 北京航空航天大学 Data forwarding method and gateway
US10149335B2 (en) 2014-11-10 2018-12-04 Qualcomm Incorporated Connectivity module for internet of things (IOT) devices
CN104660596B (en) * 2015-02-10 2017-09-29 常州万联网络数据信息安全股份有限公司 Heterogeneous network protocol standard intellectual pieces, cloud monitoring and management system and method
CN104660596A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-05-27 常州万联网络数据信息安全股份有限公司 Heterogeneous network protocol standard knowledgeware, cloud monitoring and management system and method
CN104660498B (en) * 2015-03-17 2018-10-12 联想(北京)有限公司 The gateway device and information processing method
CN104660498A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-05-27 联想(北京)有限公司 Gateway equipment and information processing method
CN106506575A (en) * 2015-09-07 2017-03-15 奇点新源国际技术开发(北京)有限公司 Communication method and communication device
CN105656736A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 杭州古北电子科技有限公司 Software-defined wide area network system with low power consumption and configuration method thereof
CN106126230A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 杭州古北电子科技有限公司 Adaptation device and method for adapting control interface to Internet of Things platform
US10230710B2 (en) 2016-08-04 2019-03-12 Visa International Service Association Token based network service among IoT applications
CN106330901A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 杭州鸿雁电器有限公司 Protocol configuration method and device suitable for home equipment network environment
CN106302767A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-04 滁州学院 IOT (Internet of Things) application system based on WMMP protocol
CN106534187A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-03-22 广东沅朋网络科技有限公司 Unified management method and system for multi-type wireless data transmission terminal

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Oliveira et al. Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey on Environmental Monitoring.
Zhu et al. Iot gateway: Bridgingwireless sensor networks into internet of things
US8027282B2 (en) Heterogeneous wireless data transmission network
US20090104875A1 (en) Method and system for communication in near field communication network
Sheng et al. Recent advances in industrial wireless sensor networks toward efficient management in IoT
US8929306B2 (en) NAS-based signaling protocol for overload protection of random access in massive machine type communication
Mainetti et al. Evolution of wireless sensor networks towards the internet of things: A survey
US9565633B2 (en) Opportunistic information forwarding using wireless terminals in the internet-of-things
US20130204962A1 (en) Network and peripheral interface circuits, systems and processes
Mikhaylov et al. Performance analysis and comparison of Bluetooth Low Energy with IEEE 802.15. 4 and SimpliciTI
CN102055611B (en) Low-power wireless data acquisition system
KR20120071722A (en) Application field communication method and system
CN103179027B (en) Compatible electrical equipment for implementing a method and system peripherals Universal Access Gateway
JP2013529423A (en) Method and system for repackaging the wireless data-related applications
CN103596294A (en) Smart home wireless sensor network based on ZigBee
Bing et al. Design of an Internet of Things-based smart home system
JP5815783B2 (en) Static node positioning in the wireless network
CN102255908A (en) Internet of things gateway protocol consistency realization method
CN101232417B (en) Embedded type wireless sensing network intelligent platform
Chen et al. A smart gateway for health care system using wireless sensor network
CN101477720A (en) Gate inhibition system
CN102124764B (en) Method, device and system for information pushing and method and device for obtaining information
KR101452494B1 (en) Universal browsing system
CN102185802A (en) Smart home embedded gateway
JP6285549B2 (en) Context-aware proximity service

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01