CN101976892A - Remote control method of circuit breaker and system applying method - Google Patents

Remote control method of circuit breaker and system applying method Download PDF

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CN101976892A
CN101976892A CN 201010527651 CN201010527651A CN101976892A CN 101976892 A CN101976892 A CN 101976892A CN 201010527651 CN201010527651 CN 201010527651 CN 201010527651 A CN201010527651 A CN 201010527651A CN 101976892 A CN101976892 A CN 101976892A
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circuit breaker
module
control
controller
step
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CN 201010527651
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Chinese (zh)
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何春林
冯学军
司金坡
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北京津宇嘉信科技开发有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a remote control method of a circuit breaker and a system applying the method. The method comprises the following steps of: acquiring the state of the circuit breaker and transmitting the state to a control terminal and a server by a controller; transmitting a control instruction of the circuit breaker by the control terminal through the operator; forwarding and transmitting the control instruction to the controller through the server; and controlling the circuit breaker to correspondingly operate by the controller. The system at least comprises the control terminal and the controller which are in communication connection; the controller comprises a power supply module, a communication module, a control module, a switching value acquisition module and a relay control module. The invention has the characteristics of intellectualization, remote, networking and real-time properties, can realize the remote closing and breaking of the miniature circuit breaker, shorten the fault time due to the problem of the circuit breaker, and reduce the loss to maximum extent, thereby being more practical.

Description

断路器的远程控制方法及应用该方法的系统 Circuit breaker control systems and remote application of the method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种断路器的操作系统,特别是涉及一种断路器的远程控制方法及应用该方法的系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a circuit breaker operating system, more particularly to a circuit breaker and a remote control method of application of the method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 微型断路器也称为自动空气开关,简称空气开关,其诞生于1923年,由ABB公司发明的微型断路器已具备了保护系统、电接触系统和开关机构等目前微型断路器的基本组成部分,此项发明技术于1924年在德国进行专利注册。 Current basic [0002] MCB also called air circuit breaker, referred to as the air switch, which was born in 1923, MCB invention by ABB company has a protection system, the electrical contact system and a switching mechanism or the like miniature circuit breaker part of this technology invention patents registered in Germany in 1924. 1968年,微型断路器开发出了导轨式安装的68MM规格的模数化断路器,随后,外形模数化尺寸和导轨规格被国际标准化组织采用。 1968, MCB 68MM specifications developed rail mounted modular circuit breakers, then the size and shape of the rail module specifications are adopted International Organization for Standardization. 20世纪末,由于小型化电脑的发展和普及,又有智能型断路器的问世。 20th century, due to the development and popularization of the miniaturization of computers, but also the advent of intelligent circuit breaker.

[0003] 随着微型断路器的标准化和稳定性的提高,其用途日益广泛,可应用于住宅、工业及商业中所有的配电场合,主要用于分配电能,对主、支路及电动机等实行保护,在发生严重的过载或者短路故障时自动切断电路,并且在分断故障电流后不需要更换零部件便可重新恢复供电。 [0003] With the standardization and enhance the stability of the miniature circuit breaker, which is increasingly widespread use, it can be used in residential, industrial and commercial distribution in all situations, mainly for distributing electric energy, main, branch and motors which protective, automatically cut off the circuit in the event of severe overload or short circuit fault, and after breaking a fault current does not need to supply replacement parts can be restored.

[0004] 现有的微型断路器由操作机构、触点、保护装置和灭弧系统组成,其主触点是靠手动操作或电动合间的。 [0004] by a conventional miniature circuit breaker operating mechanism, contact, protection devices and arc system, whose main contact is by manually or electrically inter-engaged. 现有微型断路器的内部活动触头和操作手柄相连接,而内部仍然存在一个固定触头,一个完整的断路器在外部只能看到操作手柄,通过操作外露的操作手柄, 带动其内部的活动触头和固定触头相接触,即完成了断路器的闭合,反之,则断路器断开。 And a movable contact inside the conventional miniature circuit breaker operating handle is connected, while there is still a fixed internal contact, a complete circuit breaker operating handle can only see the outside, exposed by operating the operation handle to drive its internal movable contact and the fixed contacts contact, to complete the closure of the circuit breaker, and vice versa, the circuit breaker trips.

[0005] 如上所述,现有的断路器主要通过手动操作来完成其动作,即要求所有操作均需要人员在断路器的安装现场进行,当设备所在地现场没有操作人员或操作人员不能及时赶到的情况下,就会造成故障时间的延长,从而带来更大的损失。 [0005] As described above, the conventional circuit breaker mainly by manual operation to complete its operation, which requires that all operations require personnel at the installation site of the circuit breaker, the location of the field when the device is not operated by a person or operator can not be rushed under the circumstances, it will cause extended downtime, leading to greater losses.

[0006] 例如在铁路运营领域,随着我国铁路的高速化和智能化的普及,越来越多的车站变为无人值守车站,这些无人值守车站有着固定的信号设备和供电设备,而其信号设备和供电设备上均使用了微型断路器进行分配供电并提供相应的短路和过载保护。 [0006] For example, in the field of railway operations, with high speed and intelligence of China's railway popularity, more and more become the station unattended station, which has a fixed unattended station signaling equipment and power supply equipment, and and a signal device on which the power devices are used for distributing the supply voltage miniature circuit breaker and provide short circuit and overload protection. 根据现场使用情况来说,微型断路器会因为雷击、瞬态冲击,短路等原因保护从而断开,由于现有断路器需要手动操作、不能及时恢复供电,因此容易造成信号设备的中断,甚至引起铁路的停运。 According to the site usage, the miniature circuit breakers because of lightning, transients, short circuit protection and other reasons to disconnect, because the existing circuit breakers require manual operation and can not restore power, and therefore likely to cause interruption of the signal equipment, or even cause outage railway.

[0007] 由此可见,上述现有的断路器操控方法和系统在组成、方法与使用上,显然仍存在有不便与缺陷,而亟待加以进一步改进。 [0007] Thus, the conventional control method and system of the circuit breaker in the composition, method and use, there is clearly still problems and disadvantages, and the urgent need to be further improved. 如何能创设一种可实现微型断路器的远程闭合和断开,缩短因断路器问题引起的故障时间的新的断路器的远程控制方法及应用该方法的系统,实属当前业界极需改进的目标。 Remote control method for remotely closing and opening, shorten the new circuit breaker breaker failure time due to problems caused by the realization of how can create an miniature circuit breakers and applications of this method, it is currently the industry badly in need of improvement aims.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种断路器的远程控制方法,使其可实现微型断路器的远程闭合和断开,缩短因断路器问题引起的故障时间,从而克服现有的断路器操控方法的不足。 [0008] The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a circuit breaker of remote control method, it may be implemented MCB remote closing and opening, reduce downtime due to problems caused by the circuit breaker, so as to overcome the existing inadequate breaker control methods.

3[0009] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明一种断路器的远程控制方法,包括:步骤一、通过控制器采集断路器的状态并发送至控制终端和服务器;步骤二、操作人员通过控制终端发出断路器控制指令;步骤三、控制指令通过服务器转发并下达至控制器;步骤四、控制器控制断路器进行相应操作。 3 [0009] To solve the above problems, a remote control method for a circuit breaker of the present invention, comprising: a step of collecting the state of the circuit breaker by the controller and sent to the control terminal and the server; step two, the operator by the control terminal issuing a control instruction circuit breaker; step three, the control command issued by the server and forwarded to the controller; step four, the controller controls the operation of the corresponding circuit breaker.

[0010] 作为本发明的一种改进,所述的步骤三、四之间还包括判断指令是否合法的步骤: 指令合法则继续步骤四;指令不合法,则向控制终端返回错误提示,重新进行步骤二。 [0010] An improvement of the present invention, as the step of determining further comprises the step of command is valid between three and four: Step four is continued legal instruction; command is invalid, the control terminal returns to the error, re step two.

[0011] 还包括以下步骤:服务器储存采集到的断路器状态及操作记录。 [0011] further comprising the step of: storing server breaker status and operation records collected.

[0012] 本发明还提供一种应用上述方法的断路器远程控制系统,使其更适于应用在无人值守的铁路车站,可实现站内微型断路器的远程闭合和断开,大大缩短故障停车延时,降低运营成本,为铁路系统带来良好的经济效益,从而克服现有的断路器操控系统的不足。 [0012] The present invention further provides a circuit breaker remote control system applying the method to make it more suitable for application in an unattended railway station, the remote closing and opening station miniature circuit breakers can be achieved, greatly reducing trouble parking delay, reduce operating costs and bring good economic benefits for the railway system to overcome the shortcomings of the existing circuit breaker control system.

[0013] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明一种应用上述方法的断路器远程控制系统,至少包括通讯连接的控制终端和控制器,该控制器包括电源模块、通讯模块、控制模块、开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块,其中:电源模块为通讯模块、控制模块、开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块供电;通讯模块与控制模块连接;控制模块与开关量采集模块、继电器控制模块连接;开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块还与断路器连接。 [0013] To solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a remote control system circuit breaker application of the above method, comprising at least a control terminal and a communication connection controller, the controller includes a power supply module, a communication module, a control module, a digital acquisition module and a relay control module, wherein: the power module is a communication module, a control module, a digital acquisition power supply module and a relay control module; communication module and control module; a control module with digital acquisition module, a relay control module; digital acquisition a control module and a relay module is further connected to the circuit breaker.

[0014] 作为上述技术方案的进一步改进,所述的控制终端还通过网络连接有服务器。 [0014] As an improvement to the above technical scheme, the control terminal is also connected to the server via a network.

[0015] 所述的电源模块、开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块为两个以上。 [0015] The power supply module, and a relay switch control module acquisition module is two or more.

[0016] 采用这样的设计后,本发明具有智能化、远程化、网络化和实时性的特点,可实现微型断路器的远程闭合和断开,缩短因断路器问题引起的故障时间,最大可能的减小损失, 从而更加适于实用。 [0016] With such a design, the present invention has an intelligent, remote, network and real-time characteristics, can be achieved MCB remote closing and opening, reduce downtime due to problems caused by the circuit breaker, the maximum possible reduced loss, which is more suitable for practical use.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 上述仅是本发明技术方案的概述,为了能够更清楚了解本发明的技术手段,以下结合附图与具体实施方式对本发明作进一步的详细说明。 [0017] The foregoing is merely an overview of the technical solution of the present invention, in order to more fully understood from the present invention, the following drawings in conjunction with the specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail.

[0018] 图1是本发明断路器的远程控制系统的组成框图。 [0018] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the remote control system circuit breaker according to the present invention.

[0019] 图2是本发明断路器的远程控制系统控制器的电路连接框图。 [0019] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a circuit connected to a remote control system circuit breaker according to the present invention controller.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020] 请参阅图1所示,本发明断路器的远程控制系统由控制终端、服务器和控制器组成。 [0020] Please refer to FIG. 1, the remote control system of circuit breaker according to the invention by a control terminal, a server and controller. 其中,整个系统通常至少配有一台服务器和一个控制终端,根据系统设置的实际情况, 也可将控制终端与服务器合二为一。 Wherein the system is usually equipped with at least one server and a control terminal, arranged according to the actual system, it can also be combined with the server control terminal. 并为每个控制站点配置控制器,控制器连接并控制相应站点内的多个断路器,并通过网络与控制终端、服务器通信连接。 And configure the controller for each control station, and the controller controls the plurality of circuit breakers connected to the appropriate site, and the control terminal via a network, the server communication connection.

[0021] 控制终端和服务器均为计算机。 [0021] The control terminal and the servers are computers. 控制器将采集到的断路器状态发送至控制终端和服务器,并显示于已安装的软件页面,一旦微型断路器的状态发生了变化,操作人员可以通过软件了解并通过控制终端的软件页面发出断路器控制指令,控制指令经过服务器转发至相关的控制器,在判断控制指令合法后,控制器控制断路器进行相应的断开或闭合操作;指令不合法,则拒绝下发该控制指令,并向控制终端返回错误提示,由操作人员重新发出控制指令。 The controller will be collected breaker status is transmitted to the control terminal and the server, and displays the page on the software installed, once the state of the miniature circuit breaker changes, the operator may be learned by software and issuing software page disconnection of the control terminal control instruction, the control command to the associated controller forwarded through the server, the control instruction is determined after the method, the controller controls the respective circuit breaker opening or closing operations; instruction is not valid, rejecting the control command issued, and the control terminal returns an error message, control commands issued by the operator again.

[0022] 其中,判断指令合法与否的操作可通过在控制器内增设单片机,或如图所示为控制器连接一站机来实现,增设的站机可为普通计算机,该站机还可同时实现控制器与控制终端、服务器之间的通讯连接。 [0022] wherein, determining whether or not the instruction operation may be valid within the controller by adding microcontroller, or shown as station controllers connected to a machine to achieve, additional stations may be a general computer machine, the machine may further station while achieving the controller and the control terminal, the communication connection between the server.

[0023] 服务器软件还可对断路器的状态变化及相应操作记录进行存储,记录断路器状态、断路器动作变化的时间、断路器名称、支路编号等信息。 [0023] The server software may change the state of operation of the circuit breaker and the corresponding records are stored, the recording circuit breaker status information changing circuit breaker operation time, the name of the circuit breaker, the branch number.

[0024] 请配合参阅图2所示,本发明中的控制器控制器采用自动控制技术,对断路器进行相应操作。 [0024] Please refer to FIG. 2 complex, in the present invention, automatic control technology controller uses the controller, the corresponding operation of the circuit breaker. 包括电源模块、通讯模块、控制模块、开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块。 It includes a power supply module, a communication module, a control module, and a relay switch control module acquisition module. 其中,电源模块、开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块均可根据需要设置一个或两个以上。 Wherein the power supply module, the switch control acquisition module and relay modules can be provided as necessary one or more than two.

[0025] 电源模块通过电源母线为控制器各模块提供电源。 [0025] The power supply module provides power to each module controller via the power bus. 通讯模块与控制模块连接,实现控制器与控制终端、服务器或站机之间的通讯连接。 Communication module and control module, connected to achieve communication between the controller and a control terminal, a server or machine station. 控制模块通过逻辑控制线与开关量采集模块、继电器控制模块连接,根据开关量采集模块采集到的断路器状态向继电器控制模块发出相应的断开或闭合指令。 Acquisition control module via control line switch logic module, a relay control module, sent to the respective relay control module disconnecting switch circuit breaker status collection module collects or closed according to the instructions. 开关量采集模块采集微型断路器的状态,并将其传送至控制模块。 Digital acquisition module collects miniature circuit breaker status, and transmits it to the control module. 继电器控制模块通过继电器控制线与断路器,控制断路器的断开与闭合。 Relay control module and line relay control circuit breaker, control opening and closing of the circuit breaker.

[0026] 根据目前铁路的发展现状,无人值守站越来越多,而且目前铁路客运专线正在全国范围内建设,一旦投入运行,铁路时速则均在200KM/H以上,而且客运专线采取的是固定间隔发车时间,两次列车之间的发车间隔很短,如果无人值守站上因断路器断开引起信号设备停电,会直接造成列车的停运,人员赶到无人值守站恢复又需要很长的时间,因此,本发明断路器的远程控制方法及应用该方法的系统解决了上述问题,实现了微型断路器的远程闭合和断开,缩短了因断路器问题引起的故障时间,最大可能的减小了损失,从而适于推 [0026] According to the current development status of the railway, more and more unmanned station, and passenger rail lines currently under construction across the country, once operational, the average speed railway in 200KM / H or more, and passenger line is taken fixed interval departure time, departure interval is very short between two trains, because if the breaker opening signal causes power equipment, a direct result of the outage unattended train station, staff station arrived unattended recovery and need a long time, therefore, the remote control method of a circuit breaker of the present invention and the application of the method to solve the above problems and achieve closing remote miniature circuit breaker and disconnection, reduces downtime due to problems caused by the circuit breaker, the maximum possible loss is reduced, thus adapted to push

[0027] 比如,当车站的某一个断路器跳闸后,该断路器所管理的设备将不能正常工作。 [0027] For example, when a station a circuit breaker trip, the circuit breaker apparatus will not function properly managed. 由于无人值守站距离值班工作室的距离远,一般都是几十公里甚至更远。 Since the distance from the duty station unattended studio far, usually tens of kilometers or even farther. 此时,若是在故障发生后,值班人员再去判断了解故障情况,再到现场去闭合该断路器,需要耗费很长的时间, 严重影响工作效率,甚至带来巨大的经济损失。 In this case, if after a failure, a failure to understand the duty officer again judge the situation, and then to the scene to close the circuit breaker, it takes a long time, seriously affecting work efficiency, and even bring huge economic losses. 应用我们的断路器远程控制系统后,无人值守站、值班室都在同一网络上,上述的断路器跳间故障,值班人员可以通过控制终端,在几秒内,就发现故障现象并远程闭合该车站跳闸的断路器,从而快速恢复设备工作。 After application of our remote control system circuit breaker, unmanned station, duty room are on the same network, among the above-described fault circuit breaker trips, by duty control terminal, in a few seconds, and remote fault phenomenon discovered closed the station tripped circuit breakers to quickly restore the device to work.

[0028] 断路器远程控制系统,也适用于远程对断路器的断开操作。 [0028] The remote control system of the circuit breaker, also suitable for remote operation of the circuit breaker is disconnected. 当车站某设备工作不正常时,可能需要将该设备断电,从而确保该设备的安全,因此需要设备的上级断路器进行断开操作。 When a station does not operate normally, the power is turned off may be required to ensure the safety of the apparatus, the apparatus requiring higher breaker opening operation. 同样,对于无人值守站,值班人员经过长途跋涉去现场进行断路器操作,有很多的弊端。 Similarly, for unattended station staff on duty after a long journey to the scene to carry out the circuit breaker operation, there are many drawbacks. 通过本发明的断路器远程控制系统,值班人员可以在控制终端上远程就实现故障设备断路器的断开操作,保障了现场的安全。 By remote control system circuit breaker according to the present invention, it may be attendant on the remote control OFF operation of the terminal equipment to achieve fault circuit breakers, to protect the safety of the site.

[0029] 以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非对本发明作任何形式上的限制,本领域技术人员利用上述揭示的技术内容做出些许简单修改、等同变化或修饰,均落在本发明的保护范围内。 [0029] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, not limitation of the present invention in any form, those skilled in the technical contents disclosed by the above made simple slight modifications, equivalent variations or modifications, are fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

  1. 一种断路器的远程控制方法,其特征在于包括:步骤一、通过控制器采集断路器的状态并发送至控制终端和服务器;步骤二、操作人员通过控制终端发出断路器控制指令;步骤三、控制指令通过服务器转发并下达至控制器;步骤四、控制器控制断路器进行相应操作。 Remote control method of a circuit breaker, comprising: a step of collecting the state of the circuit breaker by the controller and sent to the control terminal and the server; step two, the circuit breaker operator control instruction issued by the control terminal; Step three, a control command issued by the server and forwarded to the controller; step four, the controller controls the operation of the corresponding circuit breaker.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的断路器的远程控制方法,其特征在于所述的步骤三、四之间还包括判断指令是否合法的步骤:指令合法则继续步骤四;指令不合法,则向控制终端返回错误提示,重新进行步骤二。 The remote control method according to claim 1 of the circuit breaker, characterized by further comprising a step between said third and fourth step of determining whether the instruction valid: Step four is continued legal instruction; command is invalid, the error control terminal returns again to step two.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的断路器的远程控制方法,其特征在于还包括以下步骤:服务器储存采集到的断路器状态及操作记录。 3. The remote control method of a circuit breaker according to claim, characterized by further comprising the step of: storing server breaker status and operation records collected.
  4. 4. 一种应用权利要求1-3中任一项所述方法的断路器远程控制系统,其特征在于至少包括通讯连接的控制终端和控制器,该控制器包括电源模块、通讯模块、控制模块、开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块,其中:电源模块为通讯模块、控制模块、开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块供电;通讯模块与控制模块连接;控制模块与开关量采集模块、继电器控制模块连接;开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块还与断路器连接。 The remote control system of the circuit breaker in a method for an application according to any of claims 1 to 3, characterized by comprising at least a control terminal and a communication connection controller, the controller includes a power supply module, a communication module, a control module switch acquisition module and a relay control module, wherein: the power module is a communication module, a control module, a digital acquisition module and a relay control module power supply; communication module and control module; a control module with digital acquisition module, a relay control module ; acquisition module and relay switch control module is further connected to the circuit breaker.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的断路器远程控制系统,其特征在于所述的控制终端还通过网络连接有服务器。 The remote control system of circuit breaker according to claim 4, wherein said control terminal is also connected to the server via a network.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4所述的断路器远程控制系统,其特征在于所述的电源模块、开关量采集模块和继电器控制模块为两个以上。 6. The remote control system of circuit breaker according to claim 4, wherein said power module, a relay switch control module and a collection module of two or more.
CN 201010527651 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Remote control method of circuit breaker and system applying method CN101976892A (en)

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