CN101975090A - Intelligent stress automatic alarm system for monitoring stability of underground metal mine - Google Patents

Intelligent stress automatic alarm system for monitoring stability of underground metal mine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101975090A
CN101975090A CN 201010510431 CN201010510431A CN101975090A CN 101975090 A CN101975090 A CN 101975090A CN 201010510431 CN201010510431 CN 201010510431 CN 201010510431 A CN201010510431 A CN 201010510431A CN 101975090 A CN101975090 A CN 101975090A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
data
automatic alarm
metal mine
underground metal
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Application number
CN 201010510431
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许振华
朱利平
石飞
沈慧明
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中国瑞林工程技术有限公司
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Application filed by 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 filed Critical 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司
Priority to CN 201010510431 priority Critical patent/CN101975090A/en
Publication of CN101975090A publication Critical patent/CN101975090A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an intelligent stress automatic alarm system for monitoring the stability of an underground metal mine, relating to a stress automatic alarm system for monitoring an underground metal mine, which is used for realizing the automatic alarm on ground pressure disasters, i.e. realizing the dynamic all-weather monitoring on the ground pressure stress of the mine. The system comprises stress sensors, a data collection device and a data processing and analysis monitoring system, wherein a power supply device supplies electricity to the data collection device; the data collection device is connected with one or a plurality of the stress sensors; the data collection device analyzes and processes the information collected from the stress sensors, judges whether the alarm is required to be started or not and transmits the processed information to the data processing and analysis monitoring system; and the data processing and analysis monitoring system analyzes an early warning operation platform of monitoring personnel, processes the data from the data collection device, and automatically analyzes and judges or provides the analysis result or the analysis course to analysis personnel for the judgment operation. The stress automatic alarm system is especially suitable for the ground pressure monitoring forecast of the underground metal mine.

Description

The underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automatic alarm system, particularly relate to a kind of stress automatic alarm system of underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING.
Background technology
Rock pressure is a kind of common natural phenomena in the activity in production of mine.Ground pressure activity often causes accidents such as the inbreak of stope top board large tracts of land, tunnel cave in, subsidence, and the safety that directly threatens underground operators and equipment causes the waste of resource, destroys above ground structure and environment.At present, along with China's metal mine mining depth constantly increases, the dead zone volume that exploitation is left over strengthens day by day, and ground is pressed and also is on the rise, and not only causes ore loss ratio to increase, and produces also for simultaneously mining and brings very big potential safety hazard.Therefore, utilize and press with controlling well,, prevent geological disaster for guaranteeing safety, economical and efficient ground recovery of subterranean mineral resources, significant.
Ground is pressed and to be manifested and degree depends on the engineering specifications of geological conditions and mining substantially.Because engineering rock mass is discontinuous, heterogeneous body, the anisotropic body of under specific tax dis environment (geostatic stress, underground water, ground temperature etc.), its mechanics form or constitutive relation show very complicated non-linear, make at present and even all be difficult to method by numerical computations in quite long period and obtain the stable quantitative result that conforms to fully with engineering reality, that is to say that mining engineering ground presses that problem must be predicted by field monitoring, forecast, early warning.On the other hand, mining engineering itself is the dynamic process of constantly pushing ahead, and manifesting that the continuous variation of spatial shape is pressed feasiblely has dynamic property.Complexity that press on ground and dynamic have determined to compress into over the ground the row necessity of monitoring in real time, have only by monitoring and grasp the situation that manifests of pressing practically, could be correctly press feature and development and change trend thereof, for the safe, economic of mining activity with efficiently provide safeguard with holding.For a long time, China's rock pressure is monitored mainly based on stress monitoring, particularly the hard rock mine.Be characterized in that data acquisition is regularly by manually finishing, easy to implement, the monitoring expense is cheap, but can't implement continuous, real-time, dynamic monitoring, the people is that the monitored data distortion that causes happens occasionally, and the monitoring personnel are everlasting than image data under the big exposure area, cause big hidden danger for monitoring personnel's personal safety.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: provide a kind of underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, be used to realize pressing over the ground the automatic early-warning of disaster, promptly realize the dynamic round-the-clock automatic monitoring to the rock pressure stress monitoring, disaster is pressed on prevention underground construction ground.
In order to solve technical problem of the present invention, the present invention proposes a kind of underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, comprises strain gauge, and:
Data acquisition unit, by electric supply installation it is powered, it is connected with one or more strain gauges, the information that analyzing and processing is gathered from strain gauge, judge whether to need to start to report to the police, and will pass to the Data Management Analysis monitoring system after these information processings;
The Data Management Analysis monitoring system, analysis monitoring personnel's early warning operating platform, it is handled the data from data acquisition unit, and automatic analysis and judgment perhaps provides analysis result or analytic process to carry out decision operation by the analyst.
Preferably: described data acquisition unit is connected with described warning device.
Preferably: described warning device be audible alarm unit, photoelectric alarm device, acoustic-optic alarm any one.
Preferably: described electric supply installation is a battery.Electric supply installation can also be underground by the line wires introducing on ground, and power device is powered.
Preferably: described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected with display.Display can be one, also can be a plurality of while display monitoring contents.It can be a LCD display, also can be the LED large-screen display.
Preferably: described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected with handheld terminal by communication network.
Preferably: described handheld terminal is a mobile phone, and described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is carried out the data transmission with the note form to the cellphone subscriber.
Preferably: described data acquisition unit comprises the ground data output that extends to ground, the radio communication device on ground; Ground data output and be positioned on the described Data Management Analysis monitoring system on ground radio transmitter/receiver is installed; Described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected by wireless network with described data acquisition unit, and they are by the wireless network transmissions data.
Preferably: described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected by fiber optic network with described data acquisition unit, and they transmit data by fiber optic network.
Preferably: described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is a computer system, and this computer system inserts computer network, is connected with remote terminal, and remote terminal has the function of the data information in the access computer systems.Computer system comprises hardware components and functional software part.Computer network can be a LAN, also can be the internet.
Preferably: the Data Management Analysis monitoring system comprises with it and is connected warning device.Warning device can be the audio amplifier of Data Management Analysis monitoring system computer, also can be the acoustic-optic alarm that is connected with this computer, or the pop-up window prompting module at computer operating system interface, or display dodges screen mode warning etc.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Compared to existing technology, the present invention gathers the rock pressure characteristic information and the integrated digital information that is converted into by strain gauge automatically by means of Modern Transducer Technology and information and network technology, and offering database storage and network analysis, the anticipation early warning of disaster is pressed in final realization over the ground.When the stress that bears when strain gauge surpassed the fence coverage of setting, system then reported to the police automatically, reached the purpose of early warning.System utilizes sensor acquisition Test in Situ mechanical change feature, realize the seamless integrated of each data acquisition module in conjunction with monolithic technology, embedded micro OS and digital technology, realize real-time Transmission and analyze warning automatically by wired or wireless mode, have in real time, characteristics such as unmanned, round-the-clock military service, monitoring accuracy height, can effectively carry out dynamic round-the-clock monitoring, be specially adapted to the forecast of underground metal mine ground pressure monitoring rock pressure stress.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the present invention monitors schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is principle of the invention figure.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention one.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention two.
The specific embodiment
The invention provides a kind of underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING with intelligent stress automatic alarm system.
Referring to shown in Figure 2, this system comprises one or more strain gauges, and data acquisition unit, Data Management Analysis monitoring system.
Wherein data acquisition unit is powered to it by electric supply installation, it is connected with one or more strain gauges, the information that analyzing and processing is gathered from strain gauge judges whether to need to start to report to the police, and will pass to the Data Management Analysis monitoring system after these information processings.
The Data Management Analysis monitoring system, it is analysis monitoring personnel's an early warning operating platform, and it is handled the data from data acquisition unit, and automatic analysis and judgment perhaps provides analysis result or analytic process to carry out decision operation by the analyst.Data acquisition processing device is preferably computer system.
Data acquisition unit is connected with warning device.
Warning device be audible alarm unit, photoelectric alarm device, acoustic-optic alarm any one.Wherein the light type of alarm can be indicator lamp flicker warnings, incoming call flashing warning etc., and audio amplifier warning, SMS that audible alarm can be buzzer warning, is connected with computer are pointed out warning etc.Type of alarm is except aforesaid way; also can be the warning device of other type of alarm; report to the police, shift onto the warning of tower sieve board action form as display screen dialog box prompting, and the type of alarm of various forms such as water spray is all in protection scope of the present invention.
Electric supply installation can be battery, also directly power taking in electrical network.
The Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected with display.Display can be one, also can be many.
The Data Management Analysis monitoring system is a computer system, and this computer system inserts computer network, is connected the data information of remote terminal in can access computer systems with remote terminal.
The Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected with handheld terminal by communication network.Communication networks commonly used such as communication network can the GSM network, cdma network and 3G network and other.
Handheld terminal is a mobile phone, and the Data Management Analysis monitoring system sends to the cellphone subscriber with the early warning information that strain gauge collects with the note form.Handheld terminal can also be to have the communication terminal of communication function such as palm PC, notebook, GPS navigation instrument and other.
The Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected by fiber optic network with data acquisition unit, and they transmit data by fiber optic network.
Application of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, strain gauge 2 places ore pillar 1, data acquisition unit and autoalarm 3 are connected with strain gauge 2.The rock stress data that strain gauge 2 records send data acquisition unit and autoalarm 3 to, and transfer to the Data Management Analysis monitoring system by it and carry out analyzing and processing.Be that the strain gauge output signal is transferred in the data acquisition unit after modular converter is converted to data signal.Data acquisition unit onboard clock chip, and can gather the lower end strain gauge according to the instruction of receiving, and the data analysis alarm module of the transfer of data of gathering in the Data Management Analysis monitoring system, it is by comparative analysis, the data that exceed early warning range can cause warning device automatically and report to the police automatically, information after perhaps will handling be presented in the monitor staff in face of, by its judgement, further operate.
Embodiments of the invention one are referring to shown in Figure 3.Data acquisition unit is by storage battery power supply, and it connects by cable and a plurality of strain gauge (show 4 strain gauges among the figure, also can 1,2,3,5,6 or the like more strain gauges).Sound/photoelectric alarm device and data acquisition unit link together.Data acquisition unit and ground data Treatment Analysis monitoring system realize the transfer of data communication by fiber optic network.This computer system is connected with a plurality of remote computers that are used for data query.This computer system is connected with display, and people can implement to check rock stress data and variation by display.
Be provided with communication module on this computer system, it communicates by communication module and mobile phone, and for example, computer system is sent note to mobile phone, shows that the somewhere stress value is unusual.
Embodiments of the invention two as shown in Figure 4.
In this example, adopt wireless network to carry out transfer of data between data acquisition unit and the computer system, promptly at the ground data output of data acquisition unit and be positioned on the Data Management Analysis monitoring system on ground radio transmitter/receiver has been installed.Can certainly adopt wire transmission mode to carry out exchanges data.

Claims (10)

1. a underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING comprises strain gauge with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, it is characterized in that also comprising:
Data acquisition unit, by electric supply installation it is powered, it is connected with one or more strain gauges, the information that analyzing and processing is gathered from strain gauge, judge whether to need to start to report to the police, and will pass to the Data Management Analysis monitoring system after these information processings;
The Data Management Analysis monitoring system, analysis monitoring personnel's early warning operating platform, it is handled the data from data acquisition unit, and automatic analysis and judgment perhaps provides analysis result or analytic process to carry out decision operation by the analyst.
2. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 1 is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, and it is characterized in that: described data acquisition unit is connected with described warning device.
3. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 2 is characterized in that with intelligent stress automatic alarm system: described warning device be audible alarm unit, photoelectric alarm device, acoustic-optic alarm any one.
4. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 1 is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, and it is characterized in that: described electric supply installation is a battery.
5. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 1 is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, and it is characterized in that: described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected with display.
6. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 1 is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, and it is characterized in that: described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected with handheld terminal by communication network.
7. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 6 is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, and it is characterized in that: described handheld terminal is a mobile phone, and described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is carried out the data transmission with the note form to the cellphone subscriber.
8. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 1 is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, and it is characterized in that: described data acquisition unit comprises the ground data output that extends to ground, the radio communication device on ground; Ground data output and be positioned on the described Data Management Analysis monitoring system on ground radio transmitter/receiver is installed; Described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected by wireless network with described data acquisition unit, and they are by the wireless network transmissions data.
9. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 1 is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, it is characterized in that: described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is connected with described data acquisition unit by fiber optic network, carries out transfer of data by fiber optic network.
10. underground metal mine STABILITY MONITORING according to claim 1 is with intelligent stress automatic alarm system, it is characterized in that: described Data Management Analysis monitoring system is a computer system, this computer system inserts computer network, be connected the data information of remote terminal in can access computer systems with remote terminal.
CN 201010510431 2010-10-18 2010-10-18 Intelligent stress automatic alarm system for monitoring stability of underground metal mine CN101975090A (en)

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Cited By (14)

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CN102158552A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-08-17 中国科学院上海微系统与信息技术研究所 Wireless monitoring network for remains of bacteria, heavy metal, pesticide and veterinary drug in food
CN102174898A (en) * 2011-02-24 2011-09-07 江苏三恒科技集团有限公司 Mine ground pressure monitoring system
CN102364062A (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-02-29 成都众山科技有限公司 CDMA 1X (Code Division Multiple Access 1X) network communication-based coal mine monitoring system
CN102434208A (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-05-02 陈洪凯 Method and system for forecasting coal and gas bursting
CN102661871A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-09-12 山东省环境保护科学研究设计院 Early warning method and device for failure of underwater aeration equipment
CN102691523A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-09-26 中铁二十一局集团有限公司 Harmful gas remote digital intelligent monitoring and early warning method and system for underground engineering
CN102691521A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-26 北京安科兴业科技有限公司 Installation method for driving working face monitoring system
CN102691520A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-26 北京安科兴业科技有限公司 Monitoring system for heading face
CN102938095A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-02-20 湖南科技大学 Mining subsidence monitoring and early warning method based on multi-source data
CN103698064A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-02 天津森宇科技发展有限公司 Internal stress detection device for building
CN104373154A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-02-25 神华集团有限责任公司 Stability monitoring method of roadway top plate
CN106052926A (en) * 2016-06-11 2016-10-26 陈魏魏 Tunnel rock stratum monitor
CN108868886A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-23 巢湖学院 Mine Wireless mode and moving targets location precision enhance system
CN109443610A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-03-08 重庆大学 Long-distance interactive monitoring device and its monitoring method based on liquid metal sensor

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174898B (en) * 2011-02-24 2013-01-30 江苏三恒科技股份有限公司 Mine ground pressure monitoring system
CN102174898A (en) * 2011-02-24 2011-09-07 江苏三恒科技集团有限公司 Mine ground pressure monitoring system
CN102158552A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-08-17 中国科学院上海微系统与信息技术研究所 Wireless monitoring network for remains of bacteria, heavy metal, pesticide and veterinary drug in food
CN102364062A (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-02-29 成都众山科技有限公司 CDMA 1X (Code Division Multiple Access 1X) network communication-based coal mine monitoring system
CN102434208B (en) * 2011-10-14 2013-09-18 陈洪凯 Method and system for forecasting coal and gas bursting
CN102434208A (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-05-02 陈洪凯 Method and system for forecasting coal and gas bursting
CN102661871A (en) * 2012-05-04 2012-09-12 山东省环境保护科学研究设计院 Early warning method and device for failure of underwater aeration equipment
CN102691521A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-26 北京安科兴业科技有限公司 Installation method for driving working face monitoring system
CN102691520A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-26 北京安科兴业科技有限公司 Monitoring system for heading face
CN102691523A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-09-26 中铁二十一局集团有限公司 Harmful gas remote digital intelligent monitoring and early warning method and system for underground engineering
CN102938095A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-02-20 湖南科技大学 Mining subsidence monitoring and early warning method based on multi-source data
CN102938095B (en) * 2012-11-23 2015-07-08 湖南科技大学 Mining subsidence monitoring and early warning method based on multi-source data
CN103698064A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-02 天津森宇科技发展有限公司 Internal stress detection device for building
CN104373154A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-02-25 神华集团有限责任公司 Stability monitoring method of roadway top plate
CN106052926A (en) * 2016-06-11 2016-10-26 陈魏魏 Tunnel rock stratum monitor
CN108868886A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-23 巢湖学院 Mine Wireless mode and moving targets location precision enhance system
CN109443610A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-03-08 重庆大学 Long-distance interactive monitoring device and its monitoring method based on liquid metal sensor

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