CN101964842A - Mobile phone terminal-based self-organized video synchronous sharing player - Google Patents

Mobile phone terminal-based self-organized video synchronous sharing player Download PDF

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CN101964842A
CN101964842A CN201010279205XA CN201010279205A CN101964842A CN 101964842 A CN101964842 A CN 101964842A CN 201010279205X A CN201010279205X A CN 201010279205XA CN 201010279205 A CN201010279205 A CN 201010279205A CN 101964842 A CN101964842 A CN 101964842A
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video
module
distribution
node
player
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CN201010279205XA
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何智聪
刘磊
王新
王鑫
郑博玮
黄中杰
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复旦大学
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of video players, in particular relates to a mobile phone terminal-based self-organized video synchronous sharing player. The player consists of a networking module, a video streaming module, a video distribution module, a synchronous module and a playing module. A plurality of mobile phone terminals freely constitute a self-organized wireless playing local area network in a wireless connection mode by using a video synchronous player and a video is loaded among the mobile phone terminals by using a synchronous playing protocol, so that all mobile phones in the entire local area network can play a certain video synchronously. One mobile phone terminal in the local area network serves as a central node and undertakes a video distributing task. A distribution node can stream and distribute a local video file and directly forward an online video stream received from the Internet, so that other mobile phone terminal nodes can receive video data played by the distribution node currently.

Description

一种基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器 Based on self-organizing synchronized video phone terminal shared player

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于视频播放器技术领域,具体涉及一种基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of video player, a particularly relates to self-organized based on the video sync mobile terminals sharing the player.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 近年来,手机终端智能化技术逐步成熟,其娱乐也进一步融入到人们的休闲生活当中。 [0002] In recent years, mobile intelligent terminal technology matures, its entertainment further into people's leisure life. 在手机多媒体娱乐中,手机视频播放这一块占了很大的比重。 In mobile multimedia entertainment, mobile video players which accounts for a large proportion. 目前,手机播放器种类繁多,其功能更是日趋强大。 Currently, a wide range of players, mobile phones, its function is becoming more and more powerful. 但是相对传统的视频欣赏方式(如电视直播、电脑点播系统等),其屏幕的局限性使得用户间无法一起欣赏。 But compared to the traditional video viewing mode (such as live television, computer on-demand systems, etc.), the limitations of the screen so that users can not enjoy the room together. 这样大大减少了手机用户之间观看视频的喜悦感和互动性。 This greatly reduces Watch video between mobile phone users a sense of joy and interactivity.

[0003] 现阶段,手机终端上的播放器只是纯粹的播放器,只实现对视频的解码及播放功能。 [0003] At this stage, the player on the handset just pure player, only to realize the video decoding and playback. 而局域网内手机终端用户间视频分享的方式仍停留在文件分发,然后单用户播放的阶段,分享的效率低下,用户体验差,不能达到对视频的分享播放。 The inter-LAN end-user mobile phone video sharing way still remain in the distribution, then play a single-user stage, sharing inefficiency, poor user experience, can not reach the play to share the video. 除此之外,手机终端仍主要通过AP (Access Point)接入到附近的局域网中,脱离了AP手机终端不能独立组建成局域网,这在一定程度上限制了手机终端的组网自由度。 In addition, the mobile terminal is still mainly by AP (Access Point) to the vicinity of the LAN access, the mobile terminal from the AP can not be independently set to a local area network, which limits the freedom of mobile terminals in the network to some extent.

[0004] 出于上述方面的考虑,我们设想一种基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器。 [0004] For the consideration of the above aspects, we envisage a video phone terminal based on self-organized synchronization share player. 古人云:“独乐乐,不如众乐乐”。 An old saying: "independence Lele, Better Together." 同步分享播放器通过手机终端组成的一个视频同步播放网络,使得该网络内所有手机用户能实时分享视频信息(本地视频文件或在线视频流), 并且同步观赏到相同的视频,旨在增强多用户的视频体验质量。 Share a video sync the player via the mobile phone terminal network consisting of synchronous play, so that all mobile phone users within the network to share video (local video file or online video streaming) in real-time, synchronous and watch the same video, designed to enhance multi-user the video quality of experience.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的在于提供一种基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,使得多手机用户能实时分享视频信息,并且同步观赏相同的视频,以增强多用户的视频体验质量。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a self-organized based on the video sync mobile terminals sharing the player, such that the plurality of mobile phone users to share video information in real time, watch the same video and synchronized to enhance the video quality of experience multiple users.

[0006] 本发明提出的基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,首先由多个手机终端利用视频同步播放器通过无线连接(WiFi )方式自由地构成一个自组织无线播放局域网,即不借助外界任何其他设备(如AP,路由器等)自组织形成一个专用于同步播放的无线局域网。 [0006] The mobile terminals based ad hoc video synchronization proposed by the present invention share the player, a first plurality of mobile terminals synchronized with the video player is free to form an ad hoc wireless LAN player through a wireless connection (WiFi) manner, i.e., without the aid of any other external devices (such as AP, router, etc.) to form a self-organization dedicated to synchronous playback of the wireless LAN. 手机终端之间利用同步协议(本发明中称为同步播放协议)加载视频,使得整个局域网中所有手机同步播放某个视频(见图1)。 (Referred to in the present invention, synchronous playback Protocol) protocol between the synchronous load the video phone terminal, so that the entire local network of all mobile phone displays a video synchronization (see FIG. 1).

[0007] 该自组织无线播放局域网中,某个手机终端节点作为中心节点(本发明中称为分发节点),承担视频分发的任务。 [0007] The self-organizing wireless LAN player, a mobile phone terminal node as a center node (referred to in the present invention, the distribution node), assume the task of video distribution. 分发节点既可将本地视频文件进行流化,然后进行分发,也可以直接分发从Internet接收到的在线视频流,其最终目的都是以广播的方式分发相应的视频流到其他的手机终端节点,从而实现同步播放。 The distribution node can fluidized local video file, and then be distributed, may be received directly from the Internet to distribute online video stream, the ultimate goal is to distribute broadcast video streams corresponding to the other mobile terminal node, in order to achieve synchronous playback. 在这之前,其他的手机终端节点通过自组织形式连接到分发节点。 Prior to this, other mobile terminal nodes connected to a distribution node in the form of self-organization. 所有手机终端在播放视频的时候利用同步播放协议以达至同步播放的效果。 In order to achieve synchronized playback of all mobile terminals in effect when playing video synchronous playback agreement.

[0008] 在同一拓扑结构中,根据不同的视频来源,分发节点具有两种不同的功能: [0008] In the same topology, according to the different video sources, distribution nodes have two different functions:

(1)播放本地视频文件:分发节点对本地视频文件进行流化,同时也负责分发视频流给 (1) play local video files: distribution node for local video files to stream, is also responsible for the distribution of video streams to

4局域网内的其他手机终端节点(图2); Other mobile terminals 4 within the local area network nodes (FIG. 2);

(2)播放在线视频流:分发节点在播放的时候直接分发在线视频流(图3)。 (2) play an online video stream: distribution node directly online video streaming distribution (FIG. 3) during playback.

[0009] 本发明使手机终端无线网络访问模块功能得到增强,以满足手机终端之间自组织构建局域网的目的。 [0009] The present invention allows mobile terminals to access the wireless network module has been enhanced to meet the purpose of constructing the ad-hoc local area network between mobile terminals. 同时,引入手机终端上的视频流化技术,在手机终端硬件支持的情况下,通过软件编解码的方式实现对多种本地视频文件格式的流化,使得能在播放本地视频的同时对其进行分发。 At the same time, the introduction of video streaming technology on the mobile terminal, in a case where the mobile terminal hardware support by software codec means to achieve fluidization of the plurality of local video file format, thereby enabling it to be locally while playing a video distribution. 另外设计出一个同步播放协议,各手机终端在播放视频的时候加载该同步播放协议,以达到视频的同步分享播放。 In addition to design a synchronous playback agreement, the mobile phone terminal when playing the video player loads the synchronization protocol, in order to achieve synchronization to share video.

[0010] 本发明的自组织视频同步分享播放器由组网模块、视频流化模块,视频分发模块、 同步模块以及播放模块组成。 [0010] The present invention is self-organizing video synchronization networking module shared by the player, streaming video module, the video distribution module, a synchronization module and playback module.

[0011] 组网模块能将当前手机终端变为分发节点,允许附近的其他手机终端连接到当前手机终端自组织成无线播放局域网,也允许当前手机终端接入到已建立的自组织无线播放局域网中。 [0011] Mobile networking module terminal becomes able to distribute the current node, allowing other mobile terminals currently connected to the vicinity of the mobile terminal self-organize into a wireless local area network player, the current also allows the mobile terminal to access the ad-hoc established wireless LAN play in.

[0012] 视频流化模块负责对本地视频文件进行流化,并且将流化之后的视频流数据发送到视频分发模块。 [0012] module is responsible for the video stream of fluidizing local video file, and sends the data after the video stream to the video stream of the distribution module.

[0013] 视频分发模块将接收到的视频流数据以广播方式发送到自组织无线播放局域网中的其他手机终端节点。 [0013] Video distribution module received video stream data is broadcast to self-organizing nodes other mobile terminals in the wireless LAN playback.

[0014] 同步模块负责将其他手机终端上的视频播放时间同步到分发节点的视频播放时间,同时对播放的视频流媒体数据进行调度及控制。 [0014] The synchronization module is responsible for video playback time on other mobile terminals synchronized to the video playback time distribution node, while the video data playing streaming media scheduling and control.

[0015] 播放模块负责播放本地视频或网络中的在线视频流,以及提供一些基本的视频操作接口。 [0015] The video player module is responsible for playing the local network or online video streaming, video as well as providing some basic user interface. 当其在播放在线视频流的时,能将接收到的视频流媒体数据发送到视频分发模块。 Sent to the video distribution module when it is in the online playing a video stream, capable of receiving streaming video data.

[0016] 下面进一步描述各个模块。 [0016] each module further described below.

[0017] 一:组网模块 [0017] a: Network Module

组网模块负责完成手机终端之间的自组织构建无线局域网的功能,这是实现视频同步播放的必要保证。 Self-Organizing Network module is responsible for the completion of the terminal building between mobile phones wireless LAN function, it is necessary to ensure the realization of synchronized video playback.

[0018] 组网模块主要由以下几个部分组成: [0018] The network module consists of the following components:

1.分发节点设置模块; 1. The distribution node disposed modules;

2.无线局域网搜索模块; 2. Wireless LAN search module;

3.连接控制模块; 3. The connection control module;

4.网络控制/信息模块。 4. Network control / information module.

[0019] 具体来说,当用户需要将当前手机终端设置为分发节点,并允许其他手机终端通过无线方式连接到当前手机终端时,启动分发节点设置模块。 [0019] Specifically, when the user needs to set the current mobile terminals distributed nodes, and to allow other mobile terminals currently connected to the mobile terminal wirelessly, the distribution start node setting module. 分发节点设置模块将当前手机终端设置为分发节点,然后允许用户输入分发节点名称标识以及需要组建的无线播放局域网络名称标识,其后发布无线播放局域网信息,打开一个监听端口负责监听其他手机终端的网络检测数据包,同时打开一个监听端口负责监听其他手机终端的连接请求。 Distribution node setting module is set to the current handset distribution node, and then allows the user to enter a name to identify the distribution node and the need to set up a wireless local area network player name identification, followed by information released wireless LAN play, open a listening port is responsible for monitoring other mobile phone terminals detecting a packet network, while opening a connection request listening port is responsible for monitoring the other mobile terminals.

[0020] 无线局域网搜索模块用以发送网络检测数据包,并对分发节点返回的网络确认数据包进行分析,以显示当前手机终端周围的自组织无线播放局域网以及各自组织无线播放局域网分发节点正在播放的视频信息。 [0020] wireless LAN network search module to transmit detection data packet, and the distribution network node returns an acknowledgment packet is analyzed to display the mobile terminal around the current ad hoc wireless LAN, and each player playing hoc wireless local network and node being played the video information. 然后用户可通过连接控制模块发送连接请求,以及当前手机终端节点的名称标识。 The user can then send a connection request by the connection control module, and the name of the current node identifier of the mobile terminal. 分发节点的连接控制模块对收到的连接请求进行确认,由分发节点用户选择是否允许某个手机终端节点的连接请求。 A control module connected to the distribution node to acknowledge the received connection request, the user selects whether to allow the distribution node a connection request to a mobile phone terminal node. 若允许,则该手机终端节点连 If allowed, the mobile terminals connected node

5接到其发送连接请求的自组织无线播放局域网中,否则连接失败。 5 to the ad-hoc wireless connection request transmits the playback local area network, or the connection fails.

[0021] 分发节点通过网络控制/信息模块对当前无线局域网中的节点进行调度,显示各手机终端节点的链路状况和平均传输延时,并能随时中断某个手机终端节点的连接。 [0021] scheduling node distribution of current wireless LAN nodes via the network control / information module, the mobile terminal displays the link status of each node, and the average transmission delay, and a mobile phone connection can be interrupted at any terminal node. 其他手机终端节点通过网络控制/信息模块获取与当前分发节点的平均无线传输延时,并能随时中断与当前分发节点的连接。 Other mobile phone terminal node acquires transmission delay and the average current wireless nodes distributed through the network control / information module, and can be interrupted at any time connected with the current distribution node.

[0022] 二:视频流化模块 [0022] II: a video stream module

视频流化模块允许分发节点用户对当前播放的本地视频文件进行流化,即实时转化为流媒体数据,随即将流媒体数据发送至视频分发模块。 Streaming video module allows the user to distribute local node currently playing video file fluidizing, i.e., real-time streaming media data conversion, then transmits the data to the video streaming distribution module.

[0023] 视频流化模块主要由以下几个部分组成: [0023] Video streaming module consists of the following components:

1.解码模块; 1. The decoding module;

2.流化编码模块。 2. fluidizing encoding module.

[0024] 具体来说,解码模块将本地视频文件的视频数据与音频数据分离出来,并还原成相应的数据帧,然后发送至流化编码模块。 [0024] Specifically, the decoder module to separate the video data and audio data of local video files, and reduced to the corresponding data frame, and then transmitted to the flow of the encoding module. 流化编码模块实现了对标准流媒体传输协议如RTP/RTCP、RTSP等的支持,将相应的音视频数据进行编码和压缩,转化为相应的流媒体格式,然后将流化得到的流媒体数据实时发送至视频分发模块。 Fluidizing coding module implemented support for standard streaming protocols such as RTP / RTCP, RTSP, etc., corresponding audio and video data encoded and compressed, converted to the corresponding streaming media format, and then the fluidized obtained streaming media data to send real-time video distribution modules.

[0025] 三:视频分发模块 [0025] Three: video distribution module

视频分发模块用来部署流媒体分发服务器,将从视频流化模块接收到的流媒体数据分发到其他手机终端节点。 Video streaming media distribution module to deploy distribution server, receiving a video stream from the distribution of streaming media module to the mobile terminal data to other nodes.

[0026] 视频分发模块主要由以下几个部分组成: [0026] Video distribution module consists of the following components:

1.缓存模块; 1. The cache module;

2.分发模块; 2. The distribution module;

3.控制模块。 3. Control module.

[0027] 流媒体数据的传输和接收都需要缓存。 [0027] transmit and receive streaming data caches are required. 缓存模块对视频流化模块传输过来的流媒体数据进行相应的缓存,通常来说,缓存的数据控制在一定的大小。 A video stream buffer module modules streaming media data transmitted by the corresponding buffer, generally speaking, a certain control of the data buffer size. 同样的,若分发节点正在播放在线视频流,缓存模块也会将该网络流媒体数据进行缓存,以便进行分发。 Similarly, if the distribution node is playing online video streaming, the network cache module will cache the streaming media data for distribution.

[0028] 分发模块负责流媒体数据实时的分发。 [0028] distribution module is responsible for real-time streaming data distribution. 具体来说,分发模块在分发节点开启流媒体数据分发服务,对缓存模块得到的流媒体数据进行调度和传输分发,并允许其他手机终端节点通过URL访问方式播放分发节点当前发布的流媒体数据。 Specifically, the distribution module in open distribution node streaming media data distribution services for streaming media data cache module was subjected to scheduling and transmission distribution, and allow other phone terminal nodes play streaming media data distribution node currently published by URL access.

[0029] 分发模块通过运行标准流媒体传输协议,以交换流媒体数据传输所需的控制信息。 [0029] The distribution module by running a standard streaming protocols to exchange control information required for the streaming media data transmission. 控制模块根据相应的控制信息,以决定缓存模块相应的缓存数据量,以及自组织无线播放局域网内的数据包传输速度。 The control module according to the corresponding control information, to determine the amount of the corresponding cache data buffer module, and a data packet transmission rate from the playback hoc wireless LAN.

[0030] 四:同步模块 [0030] IV: synchronization module

同步模块通过同步播放协议,负责将自组织无线播放局域网内所有手机终端节点的播放时间同步到分发节点的播放时间,以实现视频的同步播放。 Synchronization module by synchronizing playback agreement, since the playing time will be responsible for all mobile phone terminal nodes within the organization to synchronize a wireless LAN players playing time distribution nodes to achieve synchronous video playback.

[0031] 同步模块主要由以下几个部分组成: [0031] The synchronization module consists of the following components:

1.时间管理模块; 1. The time management module;

2.控制更新模块。 2. Update control module.

[0032] 具体说来,同步播放协议的实现依赖于各手机终端的时间标签信息。 [0032] Specifically, to achieve synchronized playback time-dependent protocol label information of each mobile terminals. 若分发节点正在播放本地视频文件或在线视频流,则时间管理模块获取分发节点当前播放时间。 If the local distribution node is playing a video file or online video stream, time management module acquires distribution node current playing time. 然后通过控制更新模块定时将当前播放时间发送至其他手机终端节点。 Then the current playback time timing transmitted to another mobile terminals by the control nodes update module. 由于流媒体数据含有时间标签信息,各手机终端播放器可根据分发节点的播放时间信息搜索本地流媒体数据缓存,定位至当前播放时间所在的数据块,从而实现同步播放。 Since the streaming media data includes time tag information, the mobile phone terminal according to the play time of the player can search for information distributed node local cache streaming media data, the positioning data to the block where the current playback time, thereby achieving synchronized playback.

[0033] 分发节点上的控制更新模块负责检测播放器的播放状态,若检测到异常播放状态,例如分发节点用户的暂停、前进或后退还有其他手机终端节点用户将播放器切换到后台运行等相应操作,则立刻调用时间管理模块实时更新并校准分发节点的播放时间,以实现所有手机终端节点播放时间的同步,达到同步分享播放的效果。 [0033] Update control module is responsible for detecting the state of the player playing on the distribution node, when detecting an abnormal state of play, the user distribution nodes e.g. pause, forward or backward other node user mobile terminals to switch the player to run in the background like the appropriate action, then immediately calls time management module live update and calibrate the playing time distribution node to synchronize all mobile phone terminal nodes playing time, achieve synchronous sharing playback.

[0034] 五:播放模块 [0034] Five: Play Module

若用户不需要与其他用户进行视频分享同步播放,本发明的播放模块与普通音视频及流媒体播放器相差不大,直接播放本地视频文件或在线视频流即可。 If the user does not need to share with other users video synchronous playback, playback module of the present invention with ordinary video and audio streaming media player or less, or direct broadcast local video files to online video streaming.

[0035] 需要特别说明的就是,若用户手机终端接入到当前自组织无线播放局域网,参与到多用户视频同步播放中来,则各手机终端节点(分发节点和其他节点)同时播放的是分发节点视频分发模块发布的流媒体数据。 [0035] Of particular note is that if the user's mobile phone terminal access to the current ad-hoc wireless local area network play, to participate in multi-user video synchronous playback in the past, then the mobile phone terminal node (distribution nodes and other nodes) while playing is distributed video distribution node module released streaming data.

[0036] 同时,本播放模块支持Random Seek操作,也就是说播放器可以随意定位到任何需要播放的位置。 [0036] Meanwhile, the player module supports Random Seek operation, that is to say to locate the player can freely be played anywhere.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0037] 图1是基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器的系统架构图。 [0037] FIG. 1 is based on self-organization sharing video phone terminal synchronization system architecture diagram player.

[0038] 图2是播放本地视频文件时,同步播放器的架构图。 [0038] FIG. 2 is a local video file play, the player synchronization architecture FIG. 图中3部手机终端自组织无线播放局域网后,一部手机终端作为分发节点,对当前播放的本地视频文件进行流化并且分发到另外两部手机终端,通过加载同步播放协议实现同步播放。 FIG 3 since mobile terminals hoc wireless LAN player, a mobile phone terminal as a distribution node, of the currently playing video file local fluidization and distributed to two other mobile terminals, is achieved by loading the synchronous playback synchronous playback protocol.

[0039] 图3是播放在线视频流时,同步播放器的架构图。 [0039] FIG. 3 is a playing online video streaming, the architecture of the synchronous playing FIG. 图中3部手机终端自组织无线播放局域网后,一部手机终端作为分发节点,对当前播放的在线视频流进行缓存并且分发到另外两部手机终端,通过加载同步播放协议实现同步播放。 FIG 3 since mobile terminals hoc wireless LAN player, a mobile phone terminal as a distribution node, for a currently playing streaming online video and distributes to cache two other mobile terminals, is achieved by loading the synchronous playback synchronous playback protocol.

[0040] 图4是一个手机终端接入到无线播放局域网,并利用同步播放协议的进行播放的序列图示例。 [0040] FIG. 4 is the first mobile terminal access to a wireless local area network player, and play synchronization protocol using a sequence diagram of an example of playback. 首先该手机终端检测到附近的无线播放局域网和当前播放视频,然后向分发节点发送连接请求,分发节点用户允许该请求。 First, the mobile terminals to detect nearby wireless LAN and displays the currently playing video, and then sends a connection request to the distribution node, distribution node allows the user request. 该手机终端用户执行分享播放,分发节点先将一部分的流媒体数据分发到该手机终端,接着发送当前播放时间标签信息,该手机终端播放器通过该时间标签信息定位到当前到播放流媒体数据,达到同步播放。 The mobile phone terminal user performs playback sharing, distribution node first portion of streaming media data distributed to the mobile terminals, and then transmits the current playback time tag information, the mobile terminals by the player to the current time tag information positioned to play streaming media data, synchronized playback. 在这过程中, 分发节点用户因故执行暂停操作,则分发节点播放器检测到播放异常状态(暂停)并把该控制信息发送到其他手机终端节点。 In this process, the user distribution node operation execution is suspended for some reason, the player distribution node detects an abnormal state playback (pause) and transmits the control information to the other mobile phone terminal node. 待分发节点恢复正常播放后,再向其他手机终端节点发送相应的控制信息。 After the distribution node to resume normal play, sending the corresponding control information of other mobile terminals nodes again.

[0041] 图5是基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器系统工作流程图。 [0041] FIG. 5 is based on self-organizing mobile terminals a flowchart of the video player system synchronized sharing. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0042] 本发明具体实现的播放器,从功能上来分为单用户播放和多用户同步分享播放两部分。 [0042] The present invention is embodied in the player, the player function up into single-user and multiuser synchronous playback share two parts.

[0043] 当用户选择单用户播放时,具体操作类似于普通的播放器,只需要通过播放器打开本地视频文件或在线视频URL,即可完成单用户的本地或在线播放功能。 [0043] When the user selects a user to play a single, specific operation is similar to an ordinary player, only need to open a local file or a video player by the online video URL to complete single-user local or online playback. 当用户选择多用户同步分享播放时,又可主动分享和加入分享两种模式。 When the user selects multiple users to share synchronized playback, but also take the initiative to share and join sharing modes.

[0044] 主动分享模式意味着当前用户所在手机终端成为分发节点。 [0044] actively sharing model means that the current user's mobile terminals become distribution nodes. 具体操作为: 第一步:当前用户通过播放器将其手机终端设置为分发节点,并向周围发布以当前手 To do is: Step one: the current user through the player to phone terminal is set to distribute nodes and issues surrounding the current hand

机终端名称作为标识的无线局域网。 As a wireless LAN terminal identification name.

[0045] 第二步:附近的其他手机终端节点可通过播放器搜索到当前用户构建的无线局域网和当前分发节点用户正在播放的视频,然后发送连接请求。 [0045] The second step: the mobile terminal of other nearby nodes may search through the video player to the wireless LAN constructing the current user and the current distribution node user is playing, and then transmits a connection request.

[0046] 第三步:分发节点用户确定是否允许其他用户的连接请求,若允许,则其他手机终端连接到当前的自组织无线播放局域网中来。 [0046] Third Step: distribution node determines whether to permit the connection request the user to other users, if allowed, other mobile terminals currently connected to the ad-hoc wireless local network to play.

[0047] 第四步:分发节点用户执行分享播放模式,然后打开本地视频文件或网络URL,播放器会在后台执行相应的操作,并通过视频分发模块和同步模块发送相应的流媒体数据和时间标签。 [0047] The fourth step: distribution node sharing user performs the playback mode, then open the URL or network local video file, the player will perform the corresponding operations in the background, and transmits the corresponding streaming media data and video time synchronization module and a distribution module label. 其他手机终端用户执行分享播放模式,播放器会对接收到的流媒体数据进行缓存,并根据时间标签进行定位实现同步分享播放。 Other phones sharing the end user performs the playback mode, the player will have received streaming media data cache, and positioned according to the time synchronized playback shared tag.

[0048] 第五步:播放过程中,只有分发节点用户拥有视频控制权,其他手机节点用户被动地同步播放分发节点用户正在播放的视频。 [0048] The fifth step: During playback, only the video distribution node user has control over the other mobile phone user node passively synchronized playback of video distribution node user is playing.

[0049] 第六步:播放过程中,分发节点用户能随时中断与其他一个或多个手机终端节点的连接。 [0049] Step Six: During playback, the user can at any time interrupt distribution node connected to one or more other mobile terminals nodes. 其他手机终端节点用户也能随时中断与分发节点的连接。 Other handset users can be interrupted at any node connected to the distribution nodes.

[0050] 加入分享模式意味着当前手机用户需要接入到附近的自组织无线播放局域网中, 同步分享播放分发节点正在播放的视频。 [0050] Join sharing model means that the current mobile phone users need access to a nearby self-organizing wireless LAN player, synchronized video playback share distribution node being played. 具体操作为: To do is:

第一步:当前用户通过播放器搜索到其他用户构建的无线播放局域网和若干分发节点用户正在播放的视频标识,然后选择其中一个无线播放局域网,发送连接请求。 The first step: identifying the current user to the video search other users to build a wireless LAN and displays the user is playing a number of distribution nodes by the player, and then select a player wireless LAN, transmits a connection request.

[0051] 第二步:等待该无线播放局域网分发节点的返回确认请求。 [0051] The second step: wait for the wireless LAN player returns an acknowledgment request dispatching node. 成功收到确认请求并连接到该无线播放局域网后,方可执行后面的操作。 After successful receipt of the confirmation request and connect to the wireless LAN player before performing following operations.

[0052] 第三步:当前用户执行分享播放模式,播放器会对从分发节点接收到的流媒体数据进行缓存,并根据时间标签进行定位实现同步分享播放。 [0052] Step 2: When the user performs a playback sharing mode, the player would be received from the distribution node to cache streaming media data, and displays the positioning of sharing according to the time synchronization tags.

[0053] 第四步:播放过程中,当前手机用户只能被动地同步播放分发节点用户正在播放的视频。 [0053] The fourth step: During playback, the current mobile phone users can only passively synchronized playback of video distribution node user is playing.

[0054] 第五步:播放过程中,当前手机用户能随时中断与分发节点的连接。 [0054] The fifth step: During playback, the current mobile phone users can at any time terminate the connection with the distribution nodes.

8 8

Claims (7)

  1. 一种基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,其特征在于:由多个手机终端利用视频同步播放器通过无线连接方式自由地构成一个自组织无线播放局域网;该自组织无线播放局域网中,某个手机终端节点作为中心节点,也称为分发节点,承担视频分发的任务;分发节点将本地视频文件进行流化,然后进行分发,或者直接分发从Internet接收到的在线视频流,最终以广播的方式分发相应的视频流到其他的手机终端节点,实现同步播放;在这之前,其他的手机终端节点通过自组织形式连接到分发节点;所有手机终端在播放视频的时候利用同步播放协议进行同步播放。 A self-organizing video synchronization based mobile terminals sharing the player, wherein: the wireless connection free play constituting a self-organizing wireless LAN by a plurality of mobile terminals synchronized with the video player; play the ad hoc wireless LAN, a mobile phone terminal node as the central node, also known as distribution node, assume the task of video distribution; local distribution node to stream video files, and then distributed, or distributed directly received from the Internet to online video streams, and ultimately to broadcast way to distribute video streams corresponding to other mobile phone terminal node, synchronized playback; before this, the other nodes are connected to the mobile terminal in the form of self-organized distribution node; all mobile terminals when playing a video playback protocol for synchronization using a synchronization play.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,其特征在于由组网模块、视频流化模块,视频分发模块、同步模块以及播放模块组成;其中:所述的组网模块将当前手机终端变为分发节点,允许附近的其他手机终端连接到当前手机终端自组织成无线播放局域网,也允许当前手机终端接入到已建立的自组织无线播放局域网中;所述的视频流化模块负责对本地视频文件进行流化,并且将流化之后的视频流数据发送到视频分发模块;所述的视频分发模块将接收到的视频流数据以广播方式发送到自组织无线播放局域网中的其他手机终端节点;所述的同步模块负责将其他手机终端上的视频播放时间同步到分发节点的视频播放时间,同时对播放的视频流媒体数据进行调度及控制;所述的播放模块负责播放本地视频或网络中的在线视频流,并提 2. The self-organizing mobile terminals based on the video sync claim 1 share player, characterized by the networking module, the video stream of the module, a video distribution module, the synchronization module and the playback module; wherein: said Network module phone terminal becomes the current distribution nodes, allowing other mobile terminals currently connected to the vicinity of the mobile terminal self-organize into a wireless LAN playback, also allows the mobile terminal to access the current ad hoc wireless LAN established player; the the module is responsible for the video stream of fluidizing local video file, and transmits the video stream data of the video stream after the distribution module; video distribution module according to the received video stream data transmitted to the ad hoc wireless broadcast manner other mobile terminals playback local area network nodes; the synchronization module is responsible for video playback time on other mobile terminals synchronized to the video playback time distribution node, while the video data playing streaming media scheduling and control; the player module responsible for playing online video streaming video or local network, and mention 一些基本的视频操作接口;当其在播放在线视频流的时,将接收到的视频流媒体数据发送到视频分发模块。 Some basic video user interface; sent to the video distribution module when it is in the online playing a video stream, the received video streaming data.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,其特征在于所述的组网模块由以下几个部分组成:分发节点设置模块、无线局域网搜索模块、连接控制模块和网络控制/信息模块;其中:当用户需要将当前手机终端设置为分发节点,并允许其他手机终端通过无线方式连接到当前手机终端时,启动所述分发节点设置模块;分发节点设置模块将当前手机终端设置为分发节点,然后允许用户输入分发节点名称标识以及需要组建的无线播放局域网络名称标识,其后发布无线播放局域网信息,打开一个监听端口负责监听其他手机终端的网络检测数据包,同时打开一个监听端口负责监听其他手机终端的连接请求;所述无线局域网搜索模块用以发送网络检测数据包,并对分发节点返回的网络确认数据包进行分析,以显示当前手机终端周围的自组织 As claimed in claim 2 based on the self-organizing video synchronization of mobile terminals sharing the player, wherein the networking module consists of the following parts: distribution node setting module, a wireless local area network search module, a connection control module and a network control / information module; wherein: when the user needs to set the current mobile terminals distributed nodes, and to allow other mobile terminals currently connected to the mobile terminal wirelessly, the node starts the distribution module is provided; the current distribution node setting module mobile terminals to distribution nodes, and then allow the user to enter a name to identify the distribution node and a wireless local area network player name to identify the need to set up, followed by release of wireless local area network play information, opens a listening port is responsible for monitoring network packets detected other mobile terminals, while open listening port is responsible for monitoring a connection request to other mobile terminals; the wireless local area network search module to transmit detection data packets, and network distribution node returns an acknowledgment packet is analyzed, self-organizing mobile terminals to display around the current 无线播放局域网以及各自组织无线播放局域网分发节点正在播放的视频信息;然后用户通过所述连接控制模块发送连接请求,以及当前手机终端节点的名称标识;分发节点的连接控制模块对收到的连接请求进行确认, 由分发节点用户选择是否允许某个手机终端节点的连接请求;若允许,则该手机终端节点连接到其发送连接请求的自组织无线播放局域网中,否则连接失败;分发节点通过所述网络控制/信息模块对当前无线局域网中的节点进行调度,显示各手机终端节点的链路状况和平均传输延时,并随时中断某个手机终端节点的连接;其他手机终端节点通过所述网络控制/信息模块获取与当前分发节点的平均无线传输延时,并随时中断与当前分发节点的连接。 Wireless LAN and playback video information playback hoc wireless local network and each node being played; user then sends the name of the connection control module identifies a connection request, the mobile terminal and the current node; distribution node connection control module receiving a connection request confirmation, selected by the distribution node requests a user is allowed to connect the mobile phone terminal node; if allowed, the mobile terminals connected to the ad hoc wireless node which transmits the connection request player LAN, or the connection fails; distributed by said node network control / information module of the current WLAN node scheduling, the mobile terminal displays the link status of each node, and the average transmission delay, and to keep the mobile phone to disconnect a terminal node; other mobile terminals via the network control node / delay information acquisition module and wireless transmission of the current average distribution node and disconnect at any time with the current distribution node.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,其特征在于所述视频流化模块由解码模块和流化编码模块组成;其中:所述解码模块将本地视频文件的视频数据与音频数据分离出来,并还原成相应的数据帧,然后发送至流化编码模块;所述流化编码模块实现对标准流媒体传输协议的支持,将相应的音视频数据进行编码和压缩,转化为相应的流媒体格式,然后将流化得到的流媒体数据实时发送至视频分发模块。 4. The self-organizing mobile terminals based on the video sync claim 3 share player, wherein the video stream by the decoding module and the module fluidized encoding module; wherein: the local video file decoding module the video data and audio data is isolated and reduced to the corresponding data frame, and send to the fluidized encoding module; fluidizing the encoding module implementing support for streaming media transmission protocol standard, the corresponding audio and video data is encoded and compressed, converted to the corresponding streaming media format, and then the flow of real-time streaming media data transmitted to the video distribution obtained module.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,其特征在于所述视频分发模块由缓存模块、分发模块和控制模块组成;其中:所述缓存模块对视频流化模块传输过来的流媒体数据进行缓存,同样的,若分发节点正在播放在线视频流,缓存模块也会将该网络流媒体数据进行缓存,以便进行分发;所述分发模块负责流媒体数据实时的分发;即分发模块在分发节点开启流媒体数据分发服务,对缓存模块得到的流媒体数据进行调度和传输分发,并允许其他手机终端节点通过URL访问方式播放分发节点当前发布的流媒体数据;分发模块通过运行标准流媒体传输协议,以交换流媒体数据传输所需的控制信息;所述控制模块根据相应的控制信息,以决定缓存模块相应的缓存数据量,以及自组织无线播放局域网内的数据包传输速度。 5. The self-organizing mobile terminals synchronize video sharing player according to claim 4, wherein said video buffer module by the distribution module, the distribution module and a control module; wherein: the module buffer of the video stream means for communicating streaming media over the data cache, the same, if the distribution node being played online video streaming, will buffer the streaming media network module buffers data for distribution; the distribution module is responsible for distribution of streaming data in real time ; namely distribution module turned on distribution node streaming media data distribution services for streaming media data cache module was subjected to scheduling and transmission distribution, and allow other phone terminal nodes play streaming media data distribution node currently published by URL access method; distribution module by running a standard streaming protocols to exchange control information required for streaming media data transmission; the control module according to the corresponding control information, to determine the amount of the corresponding cache data buffer module, and the data packets from the playback hoc wireless LAN transfer speed.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,其特征在于所述同步模块由时间管理模块和控制更新模块组成;其中:同步播放协议的实现依赖于各手机终端的时间标签信息,若分发节点正在播放本地视频文件或在线视频流,则所述时间管理模块获取分发节点当前播放时间,然后通过控制更新模块定时将当前播放时间发送至其他手机终端节点;分发节点上的控制更新模块负责检测播放器的播放状态,若检测到异常播放状态,则立刻调用所述时间管理模块实时更新并校准分发节点的播放时间,以实现所有手机终端节点播放时间的同步,达到同步分享播放的效果;所述异常播放状态包括分发节点用户的暂停、前进或后退,或者其他手机终端节点用户将播放器切换到后台运行的相应操作。 As claimed in claim 6. The self-organizing mobile terminals synchronize video sharing player 5, characterized in that the management module by a time synchronization module and a control module updates; wherein: synchronous playback protocol implementation depends on the mobile phone terminal the time tag information, if the local distribution node being played online video file or video stream, the time management module acquires current playback time distribution node, and then sent through the timing control update module current play time to other mobile phone terminal node; distribution node update control module is responsible for detecting the state of play on the player, if the player detects an abnormal state, then immediately call the time management module is updated in real time and play time calibration distribution node to synchronize all mobile phone terminal nodes playing time, reach sharing effect synchronous playback; play state includes the abnormal distribution node user pause, forward or backward, mobile terminals or other user node switches to the corresponding operation of the player running in the background.
  7. 7.如权利要求6所述的基于手机终端的自组织视频同步分享播放器,其特征在于所述播放模块在用户不需要与其他用户进行视频分享同步播放时,直接播放本地视频文件或在线视频流;当有用户手机终端接入到当前自组织无线播放局域网,参与到多用户视频同步播放中来时,则对各手机终端节点同时播放分发节点视频分发模块发布的流媒体数据。 According to claim self-organizing mobile terminals synchronize video sharing player of claim 6, wherein said playback module when the user does not need to be shared with other users synchronized playback video, or local video files directly play online video stream; when a user mobile terminals to access current ad-hoc wireless local area network play, to participate in a multi-user video synchronization when to play, then play the streaming media data distribution node video distribution modules released at the same time the mobile phone terminal node.
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CN103136241A (en) * 2011-11-28 2013-06-05 联想(北京)有限公司 Method and electronic device for playing multi-media file
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CN103327648A (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-09-25 三星电子株式会社 Method for transmitting stream and electronic device for the method thereof
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CN103166941A (en) * 2011-12-19 2013-06-19 联想(北京)有限公司 Data sharing method and device
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CN103327648A (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-09-25 三星电子株式会社 Method for transmitting stream and electronic device for the method thereof
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CN103713868A (en) * 2012-10-05 2014-04-09 智原科技股份有限公司 Method and apparatus of data transfer dynamic adjustment in response to usage scenarios
CN103002015A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-03-27 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Method and system for close-range music sharing
CN103534679B (en) * 2012-12-12 2017-06-27 华为终端有限公司 Media Stream shared method and terminal
CN103534679A (en) * 2012-12-12 2014-01-22 华为终端有限公司 Media stream sharing method and terminal
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WO2014176907A1 (en) * 2013-04-28 2014-11-06 Tencent Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited Method and device for playing a video and computer-readable storage medium
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CN103813213A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-05-21 南京工业大学 Real-time video sharing platform and method based on mobile cloud computing
CN103839561A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-06-04 宇龙计算机通信科技(深圳)有限公司 Group play method and system of multi-media file and terminal
CN105357590A (en) * 2014-08-22 2016-02-24 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and device for achieving terminal multimedia broadcast
CN104244063B (en) * 2014-09-04 2017-05-31 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 The conversion method and device of many playback equipments
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CN104619039A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-13 北京奇虎科技有限公司 Terminal equipment interconnection method and system in wireless local area network (WLAN) and terminal equipment
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