CN101964575B - Double-equal pole double-section stator/rotor reluctance generator - Google Patents

Double-equal pole double-section stator/rotor reluctance generator Download PDF

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CN101964575B
CN101964575B CN2009101173967A CN200910117396A CN101964575B CN 101964575 B CN101964575 B CN 101964575B CN 2009101173967 A CN2009101173967 A CN 2009101173967A CN 200910117396 A CN200910117396 A CN 200910117396A CN 101964575 B CN101964575 B CN 101964575B
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rotor
pole
stator
slip ring
poles
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CN2009101173967A
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CN101964575A (en
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张世清
张红梅
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张世清
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Abstract

The invention relates to a double-equal pole double-section stator/rotor reluctance generator, comprising two sections of stators and rotors of a salient pole structure or a non-salient-pole structure formed by laminating silicon-steel plates. A stator salient pole is provided with armature concentrated windings or layer windings; the windings are connected in series or in parallel according to the N-N polarity of the armature windings to form a phase, and the windings are connected in series or in parallel according to the S-S polarity of the armature windings to form the other phase; the rotors are equipped with rotating magnetic poles with the same pole number with the stators, and the adjacent pole windings of the rotors are connected in series or in parallel to form a plurality of N and S groups; the rotors can adopt excitation magnetic poles and permanent magnetic poles in different forms and permanent magnetic and electro-magnetic mixed poles, and a rotor excitation device is arranged on a motor shaft; each rotor can be divided into an inner rotor and an outer rotor; and the armature windings can be arranged on the stators or the rotors. In the invention, by adopting an equal-pole-number stator/rotor technology and series/parallel connection dynamic combination of the windings, output voltage can be regulated conveniently, the utilization ratio of the windings is improved, and power density and efficiency of the generator are enhanced.

Description

双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机 Two-stage double-pole rotor reluctance generator, etc.

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于发电机技术领域,涉及一种磁阻发电机,尤其涉及一种双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field generator, reluctance generator relates particularly to a two-pole two-stage and other rotor reluctance generator.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有的开关磁阻电机(SRM)系双凸极磁极结构的电动机,它的定子、转子均由普通硅钢片叠压制成凸极式,在定子磁极上绕有集中绕组,而转子既无绕组也无永磁体;该电机按相数可分为单相、两相、三相、四相和多相开关磁阻电机,又以三相6/4极结构,12/8极结构和四相8/6极结构居多;开关磁阻电机的优点是:结构简单,容易制造,运行效率高,功率因数高,启动电流小,启动转矩大,过载能力强,同时在宽调速范围内都具有高效率。 [0002] The conventional switched reluctance motor (SRM) motor based magnetic poles lenticular structure, its stator, a rotor pole, concentrated winding wound on the stator magnetic poles formed by laminating silicon steel ordinary convex and the rotor neither the windings nor permanent magnets; the machine can be divided by the number of phases of a single phase, two-phase, three-phase, four-phase and multi-phase switched reluctance motor, again a three-phase electrode structure 6/4, 12/8-pole structure and the majority of four-phase 8/6 structure; switched reluctance motor advantages: simple structure, easy to manufacture, high efficiency, high power factor, starting current, starting torque, strong overload, while wide speed the range has a high efficiency. 因其转子无线圈绕组,故增加了开关磁阻电机发电机的复杂性,定子绕组既是励磁绕组又是发电绕组,当依次给各相绕组通电,电机才会产生电磁转矩,使电机连续旋转,在电动机状态时电流是单向的。 Its coil-winding rotor, it increases the complexity of the generator of the switched reluctance motor, both the stator windings and a field winding of the dynamo coil, when energized sequentially to each phase winding, the motor will produce an electromagnetic torque, the motor is continuously rotated in the state when the motor current is unidirectional. 然而,现有技术的开关磁阻电机(SRM)由机械驱动在开关磁阻发电机(简称SRG)状态时励磁是单向可控分时性的,而发电是单向分时性不可控的,并且发电状态电流也是单向的;更重要的是原有的开关磁阻电机SRM转换为开关磁阻发电机SRG状态下输出的是直流电能而不是交流电能。 However, prior art switched reluctance motor (SRM) mechanically driven by a switched reluctance generator (referred to as SRG) when the state of the field is time-controlled way, while the power is not controllable unidirectional time-resolved , and the power generation state current is unidirectional; more important is the original switched reluctance motor SRM converts the output of the SRG SRG DC power state rather than AC power.

[0003] 由于开关磁阻电机双凸极磁极结构存在差极即定转子磁极不相等,定子磁极数大于转子磁极数,以及在发电状态也需要开关管控制定子绕组的励磁电流并控制其励磁控制角的时间,这样增加了制造成本和运行成本1/3〜2/5,并且励磁方式是分相分阶段励磁的方式,也就是说开关磁阻电机在可逆状态作为发电运行中它的控制更复杂,在电机旋转一周时通过电子控制功率管分相励磁分时性的轮流励磁分相发电,如控制的好最多二相发电,由于分时励磁占据了一定的时间,发电功率仅为电机功率的60%,所以影响了发电效率。 [0003] Due to the difference doubly salient switched reluctance motor pole structure, ie pole stator and rotor poles are not equal, the number of stator poles greater than the number of rotor poles, and the power generation state of the switch need to control the field current in the stator windings and control the excitation control time angle, which increases manufacturing cost and running cost 1 / 3~2 / 5, and the phase excitation mode is a mode of excitation phases, i.e. switched reluctance motor as the power generation operation in the reversible state it more control complex, the revolution of the motor when the time-of-phase excitation phase excitation in turn generates power by controlling power management electronic components such as the control of the two-phase power most good, since time-excitation occupy a certain time, the power generation motor power only 60%, so the impact of the power generation efficiency.

[0004] 本人已申请的发明专利《开关磁阻电机发电机》(申请号200810017433. 2)是在转子不励磁的状态下通过电子控制定子绕组,通电产生旋转磁场作为电动机使用,由机械驱动旋转力的作用下通过励磁产生电能输出,并且定转子磁极数不相等,定子磁极大于转子磁极数,可以由不同相数不同极数组成,属于分相发电技术,转子只能是带有绕组的电激磁极转子组成,而不能采用永磁磁极。 [0004] Patent "Switched Reluctance Motor generator" my invention has application (Application No. 200810017433.2) is not in the state of the rotor excitation by the electronic control stator winding is energized to produce a rotating magnetic field as the motor is rotated by a mechanical driving under the force generated by the excitation power output, and the number of rotor poles are not equal, the number of stator poles greater than rotor poles, the number of phases may be different by a different number of poles, belonging to phase generation technology, with the rotor windings can be electrically excitation of the rotor poles composition, and not with the PM magnetic pole. 由于依据开关磁阻电机不同相数和定转差极技术,发出的电能与现有用电系统不兼容,只能经整流器转化成直流电才能应用,而且控制技术比较复杂,制造成本高。 Since the number of phases and the technical basis for a given slip pole switched reluctance motor, the power emitted by the conventional power system is not compatible, it can be converted into direct current by the rectifier to apply, and the control technology is complicated, costly to manufacture.

[0005] 本人已申请的发明专利《单相磁阻发电机》(申请号200810018034. 8)体积小、重量轻,由于采用了定转子等极技术,并不需用电子控制,所以只能作单相交流发电机而不能一机两用。 [0005] I have applied for a patent disclosure, "single-phase reluctance generator" (Application No. 200810018034.8) small size, light weight, the use of pole rotor and other technology, electronic control is not required, it can only be single-phase AC generator can not be in one machine. 但该发电机定转子均为凸极,转子可采用永磁磁极,转子磁极可采用带激磁绕组的电励磁极、永磁电激磁合型、爪极混合型等,应用非常灵活,并能满足不同功率、不同电压、不同频率的需要,输出功率大,输出电压正弦波形好,经整流输出直流电压脉动小,在微型小功率、多极数、中高速运行时效果好。 However, the generator stator and rotor poles are salient rotor pole permanent magnet may be employed, the electrical field rotor poles may be employed with the excitation winding pole, the permanent magnet type electric excitation engagement, the claw-pole like a hybrid, very flexible, and can meet the different power needs, different voltage and different frequency, output power, good sinusoidal output voltage, the rectified output DC voltage pulsation, the miniature power, the number of multi-polar, in high-speed operation effect is good. 但在中功率、少极数、运行在低速时效果就不那么完美了,尤其是采用了定转子等极技术提高功率输出后,定转子等极技术的磁极相当于定转子N、S、N、S磁路在静止磁极闭合状态,所以形成静态阻力特别大,从而造成发电启动阻力大、低速耗能大、低速噪声大、高速噪声小、低速振动大、高速振动小。 But after the power, a small number of poles, running at a low speed not so perfect results, especially the use of technology to increase the power output pole rotor and the like, like the rotor poles art given pole rotor corresponds to N, S, N , S pole magnetic path closed in the rest state, and is particularly large stiction, resulting in power generation start resistance, low energy consumption, low noise is large, noise is small high-speed, low-speed vibration, a small high-speed vibration. 经测试发现,其振动的振幅噪声的大小与极数多少有关,极数越少振幅越大,噪声越大;振动的频率与转速有关,转速越低振幅越高,噪声越大。 Testing has been found, its size and the number of poles of the vibration amplitude noise related to the number, the smaller the number of poles of the amplitude, the greater the noise; vibration frequency related to the rotational speed, the higher the speed the lower the amplitude, the greater the noise.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种发电效率更高、应用广泛、制造成本低的双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机。 [0006] The present invention solves the technical problem to provide a higher power generation efficiency, is widely used, inexpensive to manufacture two-stage double-pole rotor reluctance generator and the like.

[0007] 为解决上述问题,本发明所述的一种双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,包括呈凸极磁极结构的二段定子和转子;所述定子包括定子外壳、第一段定子磁轭、第二段定子磁轭、 第一段定子电枢集中绕组、第二段定子电枢集中绕组、第一段定子磁极、第二段定子磁极以及机座;所述转子包括第一段转子永磁磁极、第二段转子永磁磁极、第一段电励磁转子磁极、第二段电励磁转子磁极、第一段电励磁转子励磁绕组、第二段电励磁转子励磁绕组、第一段转子磁轭、第二段转子磁轭、转子轴、第一段转子磁轭固定键槽、第二段转子磁轭固定键槽、第一段转子轴孔、第二段转子轴孔以及前轴承、后轴承;所述呈凸极磁极结构的二段定子和转子的定子凸极磁极上设有电枢集中绕组或分层绕组,绕组依电枢绕组的N、N极性串联或并联构成一相,电枢绕组的S、S极 [0007] In order to solve the above problems, a two-pole two-stage and the like according to the present invention, rotor reluctance generator including a stator and a rotor as a Sec salient pole structure; said stator includes a stator housing, the first section stator yoke, the stator yoke second segment, the first segment concentrated winding stator armature, stator armature concentrated winding second section, the first stage stator poles, stator poles, and a second segment base; said rotor comprises a first a permanent magnet rotor pole segment, a second segment of the rotor permanent magnet poles, the first section electrically excited rotor poles, the second section electrically excited rotor poles, the rotor field winding electrically exciting the first section, second section electrically exciting the rotor field winding, a first the rotor yoke section, the second section of the rotor yoke, the rotor shaft, the rotor yoke fixed to the first section the keyway, a second section fixed to the rotor yoke keyway, the first section of the rotor shaft hole, the second section and the front rotor shaft bearing hole, rear bearing; was provided on the stator salient poles and the rotor poles Sec salient pole of the stator magnetic pole concentrated winding structure of the armature winding or layering, by winding an armature winding N, N polarity in series or parallel configuration relative to a , S armature winding, S pole 串联或并联构成另一相,其特征在于: Series or in parallel with another configuration, wherein:

[0008] a、所述转子上设有和定子极数相等的旋转磁极,旋转磁极有绕组电励磁磁极或永磁磁极以及永磁电励磁混合磁极; [0008] a, and the stator pole is provided with an equal number of magnetic poles on the rotor rotation, the rotary electric pole windings and the field pole or poles of the permanent magnet pole permanent electrical field mixed;

[0009] b、所述转子可分为内转子和外转子式,其上绕组为励磁绕组,其结构分为磁极励磁绕组、爪极励磁绕组、永磁磁极式隐极式磁极以及爪极永磁励磁混合绕组和磁极永磁励磁混合绕组; [0009] b, the rotor may be divided into the inner rotor and the outer rotor type, which is a winding field winding, the field winding pole structure is divided into claw-pole field windings, salient pole type permanent magnet magnetic pole claw pole permanent magnetic poles and mixing magnetic field excitation winding and the poles of the permanent mixing winding;

[0010] C、所述b中转子的励磁绕组安装在电机轴上,电机轴上有电机旋转轴电励磁出线孔,将发电机的励磁绕组用电励磁旋转供电滑环组件转子励磁绕组引出线经电机旋转轴电励磁出线孔的转子励磁引线通过电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+导电铜镙杆和电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-导电铜镙杆与旋转的电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环连接,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环之间设有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件滑环绝缘套,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件滑环绝缘套内有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件金属固定套通过转子轴的固定键槽固定在转子轴非轴伸端即非负载端并与电机轴同步旋转;电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒、 电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒通过电励磁旋转供电滑环组 [0010] C, b of the rotor field winding of the motor with a rotating shaft mounted electrical excitation outlet hole motor shaft, the motor shaft, the rotating field winding excitation power supply lead slip ring assembly of the rotor field windings of the generator by the rotor field leads the motor rotation shaft electrical excitation outlet hole by electrically exciting rotary power slip ring assembly V + conductive copper Luo rod and the electrical field rotational power slip ring assembly V- conductive copper Luo lever with the rotating electric field rotary power slip ring assembly V + The rotating slip ring, the rotating electric field supply V- rotary slip ring assembly connected to the slip ring, the rotating electric field V + supply slip ring rotary slip ring assembly, a rotary electric field between the electrical power supply slip ring rotary field rotating slip ring assembly V- the slip ring assembly slip rings insulating sheath, electrically powered rotating field slip ring assembly with an electrical slip ring insulated sleeve rotating field slip ring assembly powered by a metal mounting sleeve fixed to the rotor shaft is fixed in a non-keyway shaft extension end of the rotor shaft i.e., a non-load side and synchronous rotation with the motor shaft; rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring brushes cartridge assembly, the rotating electrical excitation power supply slip ring assembly V- carbon brush cartridge by rotation of the electric excitation power slip ring group 供电碳刷架支承镙杆及法兰盘与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件安装支承固定法兰盘带轴承外盖制造为一体连接在后端盖上,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆上设有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆绝缘套管;电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环分别与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷接触并与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒的碳刷对应安装;电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒与碳刷架连为一体,正、负碳刷架相互绝缘并固定于后端盖静止不旋转。 Luo powered brush holder support rod mounting support flange and electrically powered rotating field slip ring assembly dribbling bearing cover fastening flange integrally manufactured cap is connected to the rear end, the rotating electrical excitation power supply slip ring brush holder assembly the support rod is provided with screws rotating electrical excitation power supply slip ring assembly of the brush holder support rod bushing screws; electrically powered rotating field slip ring rotary V + slip ring assembly, power supply slip ring assembly rotating field rotating slide ring, respectively V- rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring carbon brush assembly, the rotating electric field with the electrical power supply slip ring brushes cartridge assembly V +, V- ring assembly excitation power supply slip ring assembly rotating brushes contacting V- power supply and the rotating field slip Brush Brush corresponding to the cartridge mounting; rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring brushes cartridge assembly, the rotating electrical excitation power supply slip ring assembly V- brushes and the brush holder box as a single entity, positive, negative brush holder each the stationary end cap does not rotate and is fixed to the insulation.

[0011] 所述二段定子和转子均为隐极磁极结构,该隐极磁极上设有电枢集中绕组。 [0011] The two-stage stator and rotor poles are salient pole configuration, provided with an armature winding Cain concentrated magnetic poles.

[0012] 所述二段定子和转子中的同段转子相邻磁极绕组反极性串联构成N、S、N、S……多组,也可隔极同极性并联为N、N、S、S、……多组。 [0012] The rotor section with the Sec stator and the rotor windings of adjacent poles of opposite polarity in series N, S, N, S ...... plurality of groups, may be separated parallel same polarity as the pole N, N, S , S, ...... multiple sets.

[0013] 两段转子激磁绕组可同极性并联运行,也可同极性串联运行。 [0013] two rotor field windings of the same polarity may be run in parallel, you can run the same polarity connected in series.

[0014] 所述二段定子和转子中的定子绕组可组成每相绕组多组反极性串联或同极性并联,亦可部分反极性串联后再同极性并联。 [0014] The two-stage stator windings of the stator and the rotor may constitute a plurality of groups each phase winding polarity or reverse polarity in parallel with the series, also part of the same polarity reverse polarity series and then in parallel.

[0015] 所述二段定子和转子中的定转子极数由2极、4极、6极、8极、10、12极......η极组 [0015] The number of rotor Sec stator and the rotor poles by a 2-pole, 4-pole, 6-pole, 8-pole, 10, 12 ...... pole electrode group [eta]

成,并且都是偶数极组成,即对极组成。 Into, and are even very composition, i.e. the composition of the electrode.

[0016] 所述二段定子和转子中的定转子可由不同极对数组成,两段定子、转子的两段长度必须相等;其中两段转子铁心极齿对齐,第一段定子磁极中心与第二段定子磁极互差1/2极距角,即第一段与第二段定子电枢输出电压互差90度相位角;两段定子铁心极齿对齐,第一段转子永磁磁极中心与第二段转子永磁磁极互差1/2极距角,即第一段与第二段转子电枢输出电压互差90度相位角。 [0016] The two-stage rotor stator and the rotor may be composed of a different number of pole pairs, two lengths of two of the stator, the rotor must be equal; in which the two pole teeth of the rotor core aligned with the first section of the stator magnetic pole center Sec difference between each stator poles 1/2 pole pitch angle, i.e. Sections I and II the output voltage of the stator armature 90 degree phase difference between each angle; two pole teeth of the stator core are aligned, the center pole permanent magnet rotor and the first section the rotor permanent magnet poles difference between each second segment 1/2 pole pitch angle, i.e. Sections I and II of the rotor armature voltage difference between each output phase angle of 90 degrees.

[0017] 所述二段定子和转子中的两段转子永磁磁极均采用直长条形磁极或斜面长条形磁极,且永磁极的底部凹面制成凸燕尾形状。 [0017] The two-stage two stator and rotor poles are permanent magnets of the rotor with straight elongated pole or beveled elongated pole, the permanent magnet poles and bottom of the concave dovetail shape made convex.

[0018] 本发明与现有技术相比具有以下优点: [0018] The present invention and the prior art has the following advantages:

[0019] I、由于本发明打破常规,使开关磁阻电机由差极(定子磁极Ns >转子磁极队)变为等极(Ns =队),转子上加装了永磁磁极或电励磁磁极,所有定子磁极绕组均同时处在发电状态,并使定子的所有磁极区域都得到利用,也使定子绕组所有绕组均得到同时利用,因此根据功率合成原理使得发电功率密度可以成倍增加,发电机的性能和效率也得到了有效提高,同时降低了运行温升。 [0019] I, the present invention is to break the routine since the difference by the pole switched reluctance motor (stator pole Ns> Force rotor poles) becomes the other electrode (Ns = team), the installation of the rotor pole permanent magnet field pole or electrical all stator poles while windings are in the power generation state, and all the area of ​​the stator poles have been utilized, but also the stator windings are obtained while using all of the windings, so according to the principle that the synthesized power density of power generation can be multiplied, the generator performance and efficiency has been effectively improved, while reducing the operating temperature.

[0020] 2、本发明利用绕组串并联的动态组合,使输出电压调节更为方便并能提高绕组的利用率:调节不同的转速可得到不同的频率不同的电压,使发电机在发电状态下省去了定子电枢绕组电子控制装置,而只有转子可调直流电源励磁装置,没有开关功耗(不需要电枢电子开关管控制),因而降低了设备成本1/3〜2/5,提高了设备的可靠性;同时,使其没有了开关间歇期,解决了定子绕组电感在发电状态整流续流效率不高的影响。 [0020] 2, the present invention utilizes a dynamic combination of series and parallel winding, the output voltage regulation is more convenient and can improve the utilization of the windings: adjusting different speeds to obtain different voltages of different frequencies, the generator in the power generation state the stator armature windings eliminating the electronic control unit, and only the exciter rotor adjustable DC power supply, no power switch (not need armature electronic switch control), thereby reducing the cost of the device 1 / 3~2 / 5, to improve the the reliability of the device; the same time, it does not switch the intermittent period, the solution in the stator winding inductance generation state freewheeling rectifier efficiency is not high impact.

[0021] 3、由于本发明将通常的转子设置成内转子和外转子的形式,因此当电枢绕组置于外转子需要滑环供电时,而内定子励磁磁极则不需要滑环;当励磁磁极置于外转子时,只适用于凸极磁极,并且外转子需要滑环;当采用永磁式外转子时则不需要滑环。 [0021] 3, since the rotor of the present invention will generally be provided in the form of the inner rotor and the outer rotor, so that when the armature windings are placed outside the rotor slip rings required power, and stator field pole slip ring is not required; if the field when placed in the outer rotor pole, salient magnetic poles is only applicable to, the outer rotor and the slip rings required; when you do not need a permanent magnet external rotor slip rings.

[0022] 4、由于本发明输出的电能是交流电能,因此其输出应用时不需要安装逆变装置。 [0022] 4, due to the power output of the present invention is to AC power, it is not necessary to install the inverter output when the application means. 如果本发明采用直流输出,则可以采用分相分极性绕组整流器,其效果比常规产品效果更佳,无论对发电机或外部电子整流器、逆变器,均可降低损耗,减小发热。 If the DC output of the present invention, may be employed polar winding phase sub rectifier effect is better effect than conventional products, regardless of the external electrical generator or rectifier, inverter, can reduce the loss, reduce fever.

[0023] 5、由于本发明磁路设计新颖,因此可有效地增强工作气隙间的磁通密度,保证磁间隙内的强磁作用和功率密度,不产生单边磁拉力,并且不产生磁拉力振动。 [0023] 5, due to the novel design of the magnetic circuit of the present invention, it can effectively enhance the magnetic flux density in the working air band to band, and to ensure the magnetic effect of the power density in the magnetic gap, unilateral magnetic force is not generated, and do not generate a magnetic Rally vibration.

[0024] 6、采用本发明设计,有效地解决了单相单段发电机固有的磁共振所引起的机械共振振动和磁机共振噪声,使其运行振动减小,噪声降低;同时也解决了静态磁场阻力,减小了静态阻力及运行阻力。 [0024] 6, using the design of the present invention, an effective solution to the mechanical resonance of the natural vibration resonance single-phase single-stage generator caused by noise and magnetic resonance machines, to run reduced vibration, noise reduction; also solved static magnetic resistance, reduced stiction and running resistance.

[0025] 7、由于本发明采用了定转子等极数技术,即采用“两段定对齐,一段定转子一对 [0025] 7, since the present invention employs a number of rotor poles and the like technique, i.e., a "two aligned fixed, predetermined period of a pair of rotors

6齐,而另一段定转子错位”或“两段转子对齐,一段定转子对齐,而另一定转子错位”磁极错位技术,因此使静动态磁阻减小。 6 together, and the other section of the stator and rotor displacement "or" two aligned rotor, the stator and rotor aligned period, while the other rotor must offset "offset technology poles, thus the static and dynamic magnetic resistance decreases.

[0026] 8、由于本发明采用了两段定转子错位技术,两段绕组之间相位差为90度,因此同一段的电枢绕组在并联时同为首端或同为尾端没有电位差,各绕组段首尾有电位差;但绕组串联可提高输出电压,输出电流等于绕组的额定电流,并联可降低电压增加输出电流。 [0026] 8, since the present invention employs a two-stage rotor displacement technology, the phase difference between the two windings is 90 degrees, the same section of the armature winding when connected in parallel with the trailing end of the same headend or no potential difference, each winding segments end to end with a potential difference; winding connected in series, but can increase the output voltage, output current is equal to the rated current of the windings, the voltage may be reduced in parallel to increase output current. 由于各绕组串联电压是各绕组电压的和,电流是单绕组的额定输出电流,但并联时各绕组电压相等,输出电流是各绕组电流的和,因此绕组串并联的动态组合使输出电压调节更为方便,并通过调节驱动机械的转速,可调节发电的输出频率以适应不同频率条件的场合。 Since each winding in series voltage winding voltage and current is the rated output current of the single winding, the winding voltage equal to the parallel connection, output current of each winding current and therefore the dynamic combination of series and parallel winding output voltage regulation and more For convenience, and by adjusting the speed of the drive machine, adjusting the output frequency of the power frequency to adapt to different conditions of the case.

[0027] 9、由于本发明绕组经变极性灵活组合,因此经分段整流器整流输出波纹比常规单相整流降低一倍,且优于三相整流。 [0027] 9, since the winding polarity by the present invention becomes flexible combination, therefore segmented double rectifier for rectifying the output ripple reduction than conventional single-phase rectifier, and superior to three-phase rectifier. 经测试,本发明与单相磁阻发电机相比,虽然体积、长度增加30%,但功率可增加一倍。 After testing, the present invention as compared to a single-phase reluctance generator, although the volume, 30% increase in length, but the power can be doubled.

[0028] 10、本发明还可以在发电极数定型情况下,运行于不同的速度,即可得到不同的电源频率,如磁阻发电机SRG8/8每分钟750转=50赫兹、速度升每分钟3000转=200赫兹, 又如SRG20/20每分钟300转=50赫兹,速度提升到每分钟3000转=500赫兹。 [0028] 10, the present invention may also be in the case where the number of poles styling power, operating at different speeds, to obtain different power frequencies, such as reluctance generator SRG8 / 8 750 revolutions per minute = 50 Hz, the speed liters per min = 200 Hz at 3000 rpm, and if SRG20 / 20 300 revolutions per minute = 50 Hz, the speed increase to 3000 rpm = 500 Hz. 所以本发明适用于各种变频变速、变频变压、变频变功的新技术领域。 Therefore, the present invention is applicable to a variety of new technologies frequency shift, frequency transformer, inverter becomes successful.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0029] 下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式作进一步详细的说明。 [0029] The following drawings of specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail in conjunction.

[0030] 图Ia为本发明内转子发电机正弦集中绕组8/8两段定子极机械角度相同(对齐),两段转子磁极互差22. 5°机械角度,第一段定子与转子磁极同机械角度剖面原理示意图。 [0030] FIG. Ia of the present invention, the rotor of the generator sinusoidal same pole concentrated winding two mechanical angle of 8/8 of the stator (alignment), the mutual differences of two rotor poles 22. 5 ° mechanical angle, with the first stage stator and the rotor poles schematic cross-sectional view of mechanical angle.

[0031] 图Ib为本发明内转子发电机正弦集中绕组8/8两段定子极机械角度相同(对齐),两段转子磁极互差2. 5°机械角度,第二段转子与定子磁极互差22. 5°机械角度剖面原理示意图。 [0031] FIG. Ib of the present invention, the rotor of the generator sinusoidal same pole concentrated winding two mechanical angle of 8/8 of the stator (alignment), two magnetic poles of the rotor 2. 5 ° difference between each mechanical angle, a second section of the rotor and the stator poles mutual 22. 5 ° difference between the mechanical angle schematic sectional principle.

[0032] 图2a为本发明内转子发电机正弦双层绕组8/8两段定子磁极互差22. 5°机械角度,两段转子磁极机械角度相同(对齐),第一段定子与转子磁极同机械角的剖面原理示意图。 [0032] Figure 2a of the present invention within the rotor windings of the generator sinusoidal 8/8 two double stator magnetic poles 22. 5 ° difference between each mechanical angle, two like poles of the rotor mechanical angle (alignment), the first stage stator and the rotor poles schematic cross-sectional view with the mechanical angle.

[0033] 图2b为本发明内转子发电机正弦双层绕组8/8两段定子机械角度磁极其互差22.5°,两段转子磁极角度同(对齐),第二段定子与转子磁极互差22. 5°机械角度剖面原理示意图。 [0033] FIG 2b of the present invention within the rotor windings of the generator sinusoidal 8/8 two double mechanical angle of the stator magnetic pole mutual difference 22.5 °, with the two rotor pole angle (alignment), the second paragraph of stator and rotor poles mutual differences 22. 5 ° mechanical angle schematic sectional principle.

[0034] 图3a为本发明内转子电励磁发电机定子正弦集中绕组6/6两段定子磁极机械角度相等(对齐),两段转子磁极互差30°,第一段定子与转子磁极同机械角度剖面示意图。 [0034] FIG. 3a generator stator rotor of the present invention within the exciting sinusoidal electric concentrated winding stator poles 6/6 two mechanical angles are equal (aligned), two mutual difference rotor poles 30 °, with the first stage stator and the rotor poles mechanically sectional view angle.

[0035] 图3b为本发明内转子电励磁发电机定子正弦集中绕组6/6两段定子磁极机械角度相等(对齐),两段转子磁极互差30°,第二段定子与转子磁极互差30°机械角度剖面示意图。 [0035] FIG. 3b electrical rotor excitation generator stator of the present invention, sine the two stator magnetic pole concentrated winding 6/6 mechanical angles are equal (aligned), two mutual difference rotor poles 30 °, the second segment stator and the rotor poles mutual differences 30 ° mechanical angle schematic cross-sectional view.

[0036] 图4a为本发明外转子永磁发电机定子正弦集中绕组6/6两段定子磁极机械角度相等(对齐),两段转子磁极互差30°,第一段定子与转子磁极同机械角度剖面示意图。 [0036] FIG. 4a sinusoidal permanent magnet outer rotor generator stator two stator magnetic pole concentrated winding 6/6 mechanical angles are equal (aligned), two rotor poles 30 ° mutual difference of the present invention, the first stage stator and the rotor poles with the mechanical sectional view angle.

[0037] 图4b为本发明外转子永磁发电机定子正弦集中绕组6/6两段定子磁极机械角度相等(对齐),两段转子磁极互差30°,第二段定子与转子磁极互差30°机械角度剖面示意图。 [0037] FIG. 4b of the present invention, a permanent magnet outer rotor generator stator sine two stator magnetic pole concentrated winding 6/6 mechanical angles are equal (aligned), two mutual difference rotor poles 30 °, the second segment stator and the rotor poles mutual differences 30 ° mechanical angle schematic cross-sectional view.

[0038] 图5为本发明永磁转子磁极斜体式整体结构示意图。 [0038] Fig 5 a schematic view of the overall structure italics pole permanent magnet rotor of the present invention.

[0039] 图6为本发明电励磁转子外滑环供电整体结构示意图。 [0039] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the electric power supply slip ring outer exciter rotor invention.

[0040] 图7为本发明分段电励磁转子内滑环供电整体结构示意图。 [0040] FIG. 7 segments slide within the overall schematic structural diagram of an electrical power supply exciter rotor ring of the present invention.

[0041] 图8为本发明永磁极外转子整体结构示意图。 [0041] FIG. 8 is a schematic overall configuration of an outer rotor permanent invention.

[0042] 图9为本发明电励磁转子8/8极两段绕组串并联接线示意图:其中a为第一段定子电枢绕组N极顺极性串联、S极反极性串联后,N、S两极并联接线图;b为第二段定子电枢绕组N极顺极性串联、S极反极性串联后,N、S两极并联接线图;c为第一段定子电枢绕组N 极顺极性串联、S极反极性串联后,N、S两极反相串联接线图;(1为第二段定子电枢绕组N极顺极性串联、S极反极性串联后,N、S两极反相串联接线图^为两段转子绕组电压高电流小时的并联接线图;f为两段转子绕组电压低电流大时的串联接线图。 Two 8/8 pole winding in series-parallel electrical wiring diagram exciter rotor [0042] FIG. 9 of the present invention: wherein a is the first stage stator armature windings connected in series in forward polarities N pole, S pole of opposite polarity in series, N, FIG S poles parallel connection; the stator armature windings of the second segment b is cis-polarity series N pole, S pole of opposite polarity in series, N, S poles parallel wiring diagram; C is a first stage stator armature winding N pole cis after polarity series, S series with opposite polarity poles, N, S poles inverted series wiring diagram; (a second segment of the stator armature windings connected in series in forward polarities N pole, the S pole of opposite polarity in series, N, S FIG poles inverted ^ is wired in series two rotor winding voltage high-current parallel connection FIG hours; F is a series connection diagram when two large rotor winding voltage and low current.

[0043] 图10为本发明8/8极两段定子电枢输出电压波形合成图:其中a为第一段N极电枢绕组顺极性串联在转子旋转一周所示波形图;b为第一段S极电枢绕组顺极性串联在转子旋转一周所示波形图;(3为第二段N极电枢绕组顺极性串联在转子旋转一周所示波形图; d为第二段S极电枢绕组顺极性串联在转子旋转一周所示波形图;e为第一、第二段N极电枢绕组顺极性串联在转子旋转一周两段波形合成图;f为第一、第二段S极电枢绕组顺极性串联在转子旋转一周两段波形合成图;g为第一段N极S极电枢绕组顺极性串联在转子旋转一周两极分极性整流直流并联波形图;h为第二段N极S极电枢绕组顺极性串联在转子旋转一周两极分极性整流直流并联波形图。 [0043] FIG. 10 shows a two-pole stator armature 8/8 output voltage waveform synthesizer FIG invention: wherein a is N-pole armature winding first section forward polarity series waveform shown in FIG rotation of the rotor; B for the first some S-pole armature winding in the forward polarity series waveform shown in FIG rotation of the rotor; (3 N-pole armature winding of the second section forward polarity series one week in rotation of the rotor shown in FIG waveform; d is a second segment S the armature pole winding in forward polarity series waveform shown in FIG rotation of the rotor; E is a first, second segment N-pole armature winding two forward polarity series waveform synthesis FIG rotation of the rotor; F to the first, cis polar armature pole winding Sec S series rotation of the rotor in FIG two waveform synthesis; G-pole armature winding connected in series in forward polarities DC rectified waveform diagram of a parallel two-pole polarity as the first stage partial rotation of the rotor poles N S ; second segment H N pole S pole of the armature winding in the forward polarity series parallel polarity DC rectified waveform diagram partial rotation of the rotor poles.

[0044] 图中:1_定子外壳2-第一段定子磁轭3-第一段定子电枢集中绕组4-第一段定子磁极5-第一段转子永磁磁极6-第一段转子磁轭7-第一段转子磁轭固定键槽8-第一段转子轴孔9-第二段定子磁轭10-第二段定子电枢集中绕组11-第二段定子磁极12-第二段转子永磁磁极13-第二段转子磁轭14-第二段转子磁轭固定键槽15-第二段转子轴孔16-第一段电励磁转子磁极17-第一段电励磁转子励磁绕组18-第二段电励磁转子磁极19-第二段电励磁转子励磁绕组20-外转子旋转外壳发电机转子21-第一段外转子旋转磁轭22-第一段外转子旋转永磁磁极23-第一段内定子励磁绕组24-第一段内定子励磁磁极25-第二段外转子旋转磁轭26-第二段外转子旋转永磁磁极27-第二段内定子励磁绕组28-第二段内定子励磁磁极29-后轴承外盖30-后轴承31-后轴承内盖32-后端盖固定锡杆33-后端盖34-发电机外壳35-发电机轴中间 [0044] FIG: 1_ first stage stator shell stator yoke 2- 3- 4- concentrated winding stator armature first segment first segment first segment stator pole permanent magnet rotor poles 5- 6- first stage rotor a yoke fixed to the rotor yoke 7- first section first stage rotor shaft hole keyway 8- 9- 10- second paragraph of the second section of the stator yoke stator armature stator magnetic pole concentrated winding second section 11- 12- second segment The rotor permanent magnet poles of the rotor yoke 14- 13- second segment a second segment of the rotor yoke 15 fixed to the second section of the rotor shaft keyway hole 16- 17- pole rotor electric excitation first section first stage rotor field winding 18 is electrically exciting - 19- second section electrically excited rotor poles electrically second section 20 of the outer rotor field winding of a rotating rotor field rotating magnetic outer rotor 21 first segment generator rotor housing first section outer yoke 22- 23- pole rotor rotating permanent 24- first stage stator field winding of the first section 25 second section stator field pole outer rotor yoke rotation of the second segment of the outer rotor rotating permanent 26- 27- pole stator field winding second section a second 28- after 32- 33 after the cap fixed to cover the intermediate lever tin 34- generator housing rear section 35 of the generator shaft stator field poles bearing cover after the 29- 31- 30- bearing inner bearing cap 固定分段套36-前端盖37-前端盖固定锡杆38-前轴承内盖39-前轴承40-前轴承外盖41-转子轴42-机座固定孔43-机座44-第一段永磁转子永磁斜体磁极45-第二段永磁转子永磁斜体磁极46-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷49-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架50-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-导电铜镙杆51-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件滑环绝缘套52-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件金属固定套53-电机旋转轴电励磁出线孔54-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件转子励磁绕组引出线55-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+导电铜镙杆56-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环57-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环58-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒59-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒60-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆61-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆绝缘套管62-电励磁旋转供电 Fixing the distal end cover segment sets 36- 37- 39- front cover retaining lever before the tin 38- 41- front rotor shaft bearing cap 40 bearing the front cover of the outer bearing cradle fixing hole 42- 43- 44- first stage base 45- pole permanent magnet rotor permanent italics italics second stage the permanent magnet rotor pole permanent magnet rotating electrical excitation 46- power supply slip ring assembly V + 49- brushes rotating electrical excitation power supply slip ring assembly of the brush holder 50 rotating electric field V- supply slip ring assembly 51 is electrically conductive copper rod screws rotating field slip ring power supply slip ring assembly is electrically insulating jacket 52- excitation supply spool rotating the rotary shaft sleeve fixed to the metal ring assembly line 53- rotary motor field excitation power supply via 54- lead slip ring assembly of the rotor rotary field winding 55- electric excitation power slip ring assembly screws V + conductivity copper rod 56- electrically powered rotating field slip ring assembly V + 57- rotary slip ring power supply slip ring assembly rotating field rotating slip ring 58 V- - rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring assembly is electrically exciting the rotating brushes 59- cartridge supply V- slip ring assembly 60 is electrically powered brushes 61- cartridge electrical excitation field rotational power supply slip ring assembly powered rotary brush holder support rod screws The slip ring assembly powered brush holder support rod bushing 62- screws rotating electric excitation power 环组件安装支承固定法兰盘带轴承外盖63-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件第二转子段励磁极V+供电碳刷(适用于两段转子磁分段励磁)64_电励磁旋转供电滑环组件第二段转子励磁极V+旋转滑环65-电励磁旋转供电滑环组件第二段转子励磁极V+供电碳刷盒66-外转子旋转双定转子等极永磁发电机固定法兰盘67-外转子旋转双定转子等极永磁发电机固定法兰盘固定孔68-外转子旋转双定转子等极永磁发电机固定法兰盘定子轴固定镙帽69-外转子旋转双定转子等极永磁发电机定子轴70-外转子旋转双定转子等极永磁发电机第一段定子电枢绕组出线71-外转子旋转双定转子等极永磁发电机第二段定子电枢绕组出线A-电枢绕组N极首端W-电枢绕组N极尾端B-电枢绕组S极首端X-电枢绕组S极尾端101〜104-第一段电枢绕组数字编号201〜204-第二段电枢绕组数字编号WEl-第一段励磁绕组WE2-第二段励 63- electrical excitation power rotary slip ring assembly ring mounting flange dribbling fixed bearing support assembly second rotor section outer cap field poles V + supply brushes (for two rotor magnetic field segments) 64_ electrically powered rotating field slip ring second stage rotor assembly rotating field poles V + slip ring 65 is electrically powered rotating field slip ring assembly second stage rotor field poles V + supply cartridge 66- Brush outer rotor rotating dual pole permanent magnet generator rotor and other fixed flange 67 - 68- outer rotor rotating outer rotor pole permanent magnet fixed to the generator rotor and other double flange fixing holes of the rotating rotor and other double-pole permanent magnet generator stator shaft fixed to the fixed flange cap screws 69- bis outer rotor rotating rotor other pole permanent magnet rotor 70 Stator outer shaft rotor and other double-pole permanent magnet generator stator armature windings of the first section line 71- outer rotor rotating rotor and other double-pole permanent magnet generator stator armature second segment winding an armature winding line A- headend W- N pole armature winding N pole S pole armature winding trailing end B- headend X- S-pole armature winding the trailing end of the first section of the armature winding figures 101~104- 201~204- the second paragraph of the armature winding figures WEl- the second paragraph of the first section of the field winding WE2- Reed 绕组L+-绕组首端接V+励磁电源L—绕组尾端接V-励磁电源Un-交流发电状态U1、U5-第一段发电机电枢绕组首端U2、U6-第一段发电机电枢绕组尾端U3、U7-第二段发电机电枢绕组首端U4、U8-第二段发电机电枢绕组尾端 Winding L + - winding first terminations V + connected to the trailing end of the field winding supply V- L- Un- excitation power generation state of the AC U1, U5- generator armature winding of the first section headend U2, U6- generator armature winding end of the first section end of the U3, U7- generator armature winding of the second section first end U4, U8- generator armature winding of the trailing end of the second segment

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0045] 一种双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,包括均由硅钢片叠压制成呈凸极磁极结构的二段定子和转子(如图I〜图9所示),其中图la、2a、3a、4a为第一段定子转子原理剖面图,图lb、2b、3b、4b为第二段定子转子原理剖面图。 [0045] A double-pole double-like section rotor reluctance generator, comprising by laminating silicon steel was made Sec salient pole stator and the rotor pole structure (FIG I~ FIG. 9), wherein FIG. La , 2a, 3a, 4a is a schematic section first stage rotor a stator, FIG lb, 2b, 3b, 4b for the second stage cross-sectional view of a stator rotor principle.

[0046] 定子包括定子外壳I、第一段定子磁轭2、第二段定子磁轭9、第一段定子电枢集中绕组3、第二段定子电枢集中绕组10、第一段定子磁极4、第二段定子磁极11以及机座43。 [0046] The stator includes a stator housing I, the first section 2 of the stator yoke, the stator yoke 9 second segment, the first segment concentrated winding stator armature 3, stator armature concentrated winding second section 10, the first stage stator poles 4, the stator pole 11 and the second section 43 stands.

[0047] 二段定子和转子中的定转子极数由2极、4极、6极、8极、10、12极......n极组成, [0047] The number of rotor Sec stator and the rotor poles by a 2-pole, 4-pole, 6-pole, 8-pole, 10, 12, ...... n-pole electrode composition,

并且都是偶数极组成,即对极组成,以适应不同的转速。 And are even very composition, i.e. the composition of the electrode, to accommodate different speed.

[0048] 呈凸极磁极结构的二段定子和转子的定子凸极磁极上设有电枢集中绕组或分层绕组,绕组依电枢绕组的N、S反极性串联构成一相;或依N、N极性串联或并联构成一相,电枢绕组的S、S极性串联或并联构成另一相,来完成不同电压的输出和不同电流的输出,根椐不同频率的输出可运行于不同的转速。 [0048] provided on the stator magnetic pole salient pole salient pole structure as a two-stage stator and a rotor or armature winding layered concentrated windings, the armature winding by N, S of opposite polarity connected in series with a; or by N, N-polarity series or in parallel to form a phase, S armature winding, S polarity in series or parallel configuration relative to the other, and to complete the different output currents of different voltages, different output frequencies may be noted in the run different rotational speeds.

[0049] 如图9a、b、C、d所示,a为第一段定子电枢绕组N极顺极性串联、S极反极性串联后,N、S两极并联接线图;U1为第一段发电机电枢绕组首端、U2为第一段发电机电枢绕组尾端,输出电压为发电机额定电压的1/2倍,输出电流为额定电流的2倍;b为第二段定子电枢绕组N极顺极性串联、S极反极性串联后,N、S两极并联接线图;U3为第二段发电机电枢绕组首端、U4为第二段发电机电枢绕组尾端,输出电压为发电机额定电压的1/2倍,输出电流为额定电流的2倍;c为第一段定子电枢绕组N极顺极性串联、S极反极性串联后,N、S两极反相串联接线图,U5为第一段发电机电枢绕组首端、U6为第一段发电机电枢绕组尾端, 输出电压为发电机额定电压,输出电流为额定电流;d为第二段定子电枢绕组N极顺极性串联、S极反极性串联后,N、S两极反相串联接线图,U7为第二段发电 [0049] FIG. 9a, b, C, d as shown, a is the first stage stator armature windings connected in series in forward polarities N pole, S pole after reverse polarity series, N, S poles parallel wiring diagram; Ul for the first the first end section of the generator armature windings, U2 is the first stage tail generator armature windings, the generator output voltage is 1/2 the rated voltage, the output current is two times the rated current; b. a second segment of the stator is electrically after the N-pole armature windings forward polarity series, S series with opposite polarity poles, N, S poles parallel wiring diagram; U3 second section is a head-end generator armature windings, U4 generator armature winding of the trailing end of the second section, the output the generator voltage is 1/2 of the rated voltage, the output current is two times rated current; c is the first segment of the stator armature windings connected in series in forward polarities N pole, S pole of opposite polarity in series, N, S poles trans FIG connection in series, the first end of the armature winding U5 is a first stage turbine, first stage generator armature windings U6 to tail, the rated voltage of the generator output voltage, output current of the rated current; d is a second segment of the stator is electrically after the N-pole armature windings forward polarity series, S series with opposite polarity poles, N, S poles inverted series wiring diagram, U7 generating second segment 电枢绕组首端、U8为第二段发电机电枢绕组尾端,输出电压为发电机额定电压,输出电流为额定电流;Un为交流发电状态,U6、U8短接为两相的公共电位端;如果在直流发电状态则U6、U8不短接,两相分组整流器输出。 Armature winding head end, second segment U8 tail generator armature winding, a generator output voltage is the rated voltage, the output current of the rated current; Un AC power state, U6, U8 common potential short ends of the two phases ; if the power generation state in the DC U6, U8 not less then two phase rectifier output packet.

[0050] 当交流电输出,此时相当于两台单相发电机的输出,其输出电压相等,但电压相位不同,Un为两相绕组串联或并联后尾端接公共零电位端;如需直流输出则需两组单相整流桥分相整流后将直流并联输出,其输出功率为两段功率的和。 [0050] When AC output, this time corresponds to the output of the two single-phase generator, the output voltage is equal to, but different phase voltage, Un is the two-phase windings connected in series or parallel trailing end of the common zero potential; For DC need two output single-phase rectifier bridge minutes after phase rectifier DC output in parallel, the output power and power of two. 如果将U2、U4短接为Un,Ul-Un, U3-Un输出交流电压相等为220V,但两段相位差90°,其输出波形参照图10所示; 而如果将U6、U8尾端短接为Un,此时U5-Un、U7-Un输出电压相等为440V,两段相位差90°, 其输出波形参照图10所示。 If U2, U4 shorted to Un, Ul-Un, U3-Un is equal to the output AC voltage is 220V, but the two phase 90 °, with reference to the output waveform shown in FIG. 10; and if U6, U8 short tail connected to Un, at this time U5-Un, U7-Un is equal to the output voltage of 440V, two phase difference of 90 °, the output waveform 10 shown with reference to FIG. 因此使其相位差90°交流输出,可以满足某些特殊需要,并能使直流输出脉动减小一倍。 Thus making 90 ° phase AC output, to meet special needs, and the DC output ripple can be reduced twice.

[0051] 转子包括第一段转子永磁磁极5、第二段转子永磁磁极12、第一段电励磁转子磁极16、第二段电励磁转子磁极18、第一段电励磁转子励磁绕组17、第二段电励磁转子励磁绕组19、第一段转子磁轭6、第二段转子磁轭13、转子轴41、第一段转子磁轭固定键槽7、第二段转子磁轭固定键槽14、第一段转子轴孔8、第二段转子轴孔15以及前轴承39、后轴承30。 [0051] The permanent magnet rotor pole rotor 5 includes a first section, second section 12 of permanent magnetic poles of the rotor, rotor poles 16 electrically exciting the first section, second section electrically excited rotor poles 18, the first section electrically exciting the rotor field winding 17 second section electrically exciting the rotor field winding 19, the rotor yoke 6 first stage, second stage rotor yoke 13, rotor shaft 41, the rotor yoke fixed to the first section 7 keyway, a second section fixed to the rotor yoke keyway 14 the first section of the rotor shaft hole 8, the second section 15 and a front rotor shaft bearing hole 39, the rear bearing 30. 二段定子和转子中的两段转子永磁磁极均采用直长条形磁极或斜面长条形磁极,且永磁极的底部凹面制成凸燕尾形状,使之强磁场高速离心力都有稳定性。 Sec two stator and rotor poles are permanent magnets of the rotor with straight elongated pole or beveled elongated pole, and the permanent magnet poles formed convex bottom of the concave dovetail shape, so that a strong magnetic field have a high-speed centrifugal stability.

[0052] 转子上设有和定子极数相等的旋转磁极,旋转磁极有绕组电励磁磁极或永磁磁极以及永磁电励磁混合磁极。 [0052] The features of the stator poles and the magnetic poles on the rotor rotation equal to the rotation pole electrical excitation windings and the permanent magnet pole or poles of the permanent electrical field pole mixing.

[0053] 转子可分为内转子和外转子式,其上绕组为励磁绕组,其结构分为磁极励磁绕组、 爪极励磁绕组、永磁磁极式隐极式磁极以及爪极永磁励磁混合绕组和磁极永磁励磁混合绕组。 [0053] The rotor may be divided into the inner rotor and the outer rotor type, which is a winding field winding, the field winding pole structure is divided into claw-pole field winding, the PM magnetic pole type magnetic poles and the salient pole claw pole permanent magnet excited winding mixing and mixing pole permanent magnet field winding. 如图4a、b所示,为二相6/6双凸极永磁式等极式外转子发电机,采用的技术是将转子改变为永磁式的外转子,即内定子外转子均不需要滑环(不励磁),电机的外壳20为旋转的外壳或旋转的皮带轮;此技术仅将转子的永磁极改外转子。 FIG. 4a, b, the two-phase 6/6 DSPM pole outer rotor type generator and the like, technology used is changed to a permanent magnet rotor of an outer rotor, i.e. not the outer rotor stator required slip ring (not energized), the housing of the motor 20 to rotate the rotating pulley or housing; this technique only the permanent magnet rotor of the outer rotor pole change. 其原理及应用与图3相同;定子电枢串并联接线均与图3所述一样。 And application of the same principle in FIG. 3; the stator armature series-parallel connections are the same as FIG.

[0054] 转子的励磁绕组安装在电机轴上,电机轴上有电机旋转轴电励磁出线孔53,将发电机的励磁绕组用电励磁旋转供电滑环组件转子励磁绕组引出线54经电机旋转轴电励磁出线孔53的转子励磁引线通过电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+导电铜镙杆55和电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-导电铜镙杆50与旋转的电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环56、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环57连接,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环56、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环57之间设有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件滑环绝缘套51,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件滑环绝缘套51内有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件金属固定套52通过转子轴41的固定键槽固定在转子轴41非轴伸端即非负载端并与电机轴同步旋转;电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒58、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒59通过电励磁旋转 [0054] installed in the field winding of the rotor 53, the rotating exciter field winding electric power slip ring assembly of the rotor field windings of the generator 54 via lead motor rotary shaft motor rotation shaft outlet hole electrically excited motor shaft, the motor shaft rotor excitation leads electrically exciting the outlet hole 53 by electrically exciting the rotary power supply slip ring assembly V + conductivity copper Luo rod 55 and the electric field rotational power slip ring assembly V- conductive copper screws rod 50 and the electrically exciting rotary power slip ring assembly rotates V + rotation slip rings 56, the rotating electric field supply V- rotary slip ring assembly connected to the slip ring 57, the rotating electric field V + supply slip ring assembly rotating slip ring 56, the rotating electric field supply V- slip ring assembly between a rotary slide ring 57 provided with an electric excitation rotary power slip ring assembly of the slip ring insulated sleeve 51, electrically exciting rotary power slip ring assembly slip ring electrical excitation rotary power slip ring assembly metal fixing sleeve insulating sheath 5152 via a rotor shaft fixed key groove 41 is fixed to the rotor shaft 41 non- i.e. non-load-side shaft extension end and rotated synchronously with the motor shaft; rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring brushes cartridge assembly 58, the rotating electrical excitation power supply V- brushes slip ring assembly 59 is rotated by the electric excitation cartridge 供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆60及法兰盘与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件安装支承固定法兰盘带轴承外盖62制造为一体连接在后端盖33上,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆60上设有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆绝缘套管61 ;电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环56、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环57分别与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷46、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷48接触并与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒58、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒59的碳刷对应安装;电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒58、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒59与碳刷架连为一体,正、负碳刷架相互绝缘并固定于后端盖33静止不旋转。 Power supply slip ring assembly the brush holder 60 and the support rod screws mounting support flange and electrically powered rotating field slip ring assembly dribbling fastening flange outer bearing cap 62 manufactured integrally connected to a rear end cover 33, is electrically powered rotating field the slip ring assembly is provided with power supply brush holder support rod 60 screws rotating electrical excitation power supply slip ring assembly of the brush holder support rod bushing screws 61; the rotating electric field V + supply slip ring assembly rotating slip ring 56, rotation of the supply electric field the slip ring assembly V- rotary slide ring 5746, the rotating electrical excitation power supply V- carbon brush slip ring assembly in electrical contact with the slip ring assembly excitation rotary power supply V + and the power supply brushes 48 are electrically powered rotating field slip ring assembly carbon supply V + brush box 58, electrical brushes corresponding mounting V- supply cassette 59 brushes rotating excitation power supply slip ring assembly; rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring brushes cartridge assembly 58, the rotating electrical excitation power supply slip ring assembly brush V- the brush holder 59 and cartridge as a single entity, positive, negative brush holder insulated from each other and fixed to a stationary cover 33 is not rotated after.

[0055] 滑环组件可外置(如图6所示),也可内置(如图7所示)。 [0055] The slip ring assembly may be external (as shown in Figure 6), it may also be embedded (as shown in Figure 7). 其中图7的滑环组件增加了一组滑环将转子两段分段励磁,并通过外部控制可单段发电。 FIG 7 wherein the slip ring assembly is a set of slip rings increases the rotor excitation two segments, and a single segment can be controlled by an external power.

[0056] 电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环56供第一段转子励磁绕组WEl的L+电源, 电励磁旋转供电滑环组件第二段转子励磁极V+旋转滑环64供第二段转子励磁绕组WE2的L+电源,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环57为WEUWEl的负端L-电源共用滑环,分段励磁只适合分段并联而不适应两段串联(可参阅本人申请的双定转子开关磁阻电机;专利申请号200810017432. 8)。 [0056] The rotating electric field V + supply slip ring assembly for the rotary slide ring 56 of the first stage rotor field winding WEl L + power supply, a second segment ring assembly rotating the rotor excitation field pole V + supply spool 64 for rotation of the second section of the rotor slip ring L + WE2 field winding of the power supply, the rotating electric field supply V- rotary slip ring assembly 57 is a slip ring WEUWEl common negative terminal L- power slip ring, excitation segment suited only for segments in parallel and two series (refer to I dual switched reluctance motor rotor application; Patent application No. 200810017432.8).

[0057] 两段转子激磁绕组可同极性并联运行,也可同极性串联为运行。 [0057] The two rotor field windings of the same polarity may be run in parallel, it can be run with the polarity series.

[0058] 二段定子和转子中的同段转子相邻磁极绕组反极性串联构成N、S、N、S……多组, 也可隔极同极性并联为N、N、S、S、……多组。 [0058] the same section of the rotor Sec stator and the rotor windings of adjacent poles of opposite polarity in series N, S, N, S ...... plurality of groups, may be separated parallel same polarity as the pole N, N, S, S ,……s. 两段转子与滑环的连接可并联也可串联,如图10e、f所示。 The rotor is connected to two slip rings can also be connected in series parallel, FIG. 10e, f shown in FIG. 根椐不同频率的输出可运行于不同的转速。 As noted in the different output frequencies may be run on different speeds.

[0059] 二段定子和转子中的定转子可由不同极对数组成,两段定子、转子的两段长度必须相等;其中两段转子铁心极齿对齐,第一段定子磁极4中心与第二段定子磁极11互差1/2极距角,即第一段与第二段定子电枢输出电压互差90度相位角;两段定子铁心极齿对齐,第一段转子永磁磁极5中心与第二段转子永磁磁极12互差1/2极距角,即第一段与第二段转子电枢输出电压互差90度相位角。 [0059] Sec rotor stator and the rotor may be composed of a different number of pole pairs, two lengths of two of the stator, the rotor must be equal; in which the two pole teeth of the rotor core aligned with the center of the first section and the second stator poles 4 the stator pole section 11 cross the 1/2 pole pitch angle, i.e. sections I and II the output voltage of the stator armature 90 degree phase difference between each angle; two pole teeth of a stator core aligned, the PM magnetic pole center of the first section of the rotor 5 PM magnetic pole of the rotor 12 and the second section mutual differences 1/2 pole pitch angle, i.e. Sections I and II of the rotor armature voltage difference between each output phase angle of 90 degrees. 这样无论采用那种组合,都使一段定子铁心磁极中心和转子磁极中心在对正状态,另一段不对正定子或转子磁极中心都在横跨对正的两间,从而减小了磁极大面积对正单极磁拉力,并且对正单极磁拉力和不对正两极磁推吸力互相低消,使静态磁阻力减小,启动磁阻减小,启动平稳,在少极数、低速运行更明显减少阻力,振动大大降低,噪声明显减小,和常规三相、单相发电机比较没有什么两样;但与常规产品单相发电机相比电励磁的体积小,永磁式体积更小重量轻,由于等极技术单极绕组,绕组节距小绕组端部短,耗铜量减少,铜耗降低,温升降低,更容易制造多极数的低速发电机。 Such compositions regardless of the kind, so that both the center section of the stator core and the rotor poles in the magnetic pole center of the positive state, not definite promoter or another section of rotor pole centers are aligned across the two, thereby reducing the large area of ​​the pole positive monopole magnetic pull, push and low consumption of each suction positive monopole magnetic force and the magnetic poles are not positive, so that the static magnetic resistance is reduced to reduce the magnetic reluctance start, soft start, in a very small number, more significant low speed reduce drag greatly reduce vibration, noise is significantly reduced, and the conventional three-phase, single-phase generator of the comparative no different; however, smaller than the electric field of the single-phase generator and a conventional product size, light weight volume smaller permanent magnet Since other technical unipolar pole winding, the winding pitch of the short end of the winding, to reduce the amount of copper consumption, reduced copper loss, to reduce the temperature rise, the number easier to manufacture multi-pole low-speed generator. 如图3所示,为二相6/6双凸极电励磁式等极式内转子发电机剖面示意图,其两段定子磁极安装于同一机械角度,第一段转子与定子磁极同相位,而第二段转子与定磁极差30°机械角度安装,第一段定子电枢绕组为集中绕组,第二段为分层绕组,两段转子铁心磁极制造为隐极式的磁极以方便制造。 3, a schematic diagram of a two-phase doubly salient electric 6/6 excitation generator rotor pole like in cross-section, which two stator poles mounted on the same mechanical angle, the rotor and stator poles first stage phase, and a magnetic rotor fixed second section poor mechanical angle of 30 ° is mounted, the first segment concentrated winding stator armature windings, the second segment is a layered winding, two magnetic poles of the rotor core manufactured as a salient pole magnetic poles to facilitate manufacture.

[0060] 二段定子和转子也可均为隐极磁极结构,该隐极磁极上设有集中电枢绕组。 [0060] Sec are also stator and rotor pole salient pole structure, with concentrated armature winding Cain magnetic poles.

Claims (8)

1. 一种双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,包括呈凸极磁极结构的二段定子和转子;所述定子包括定子外壳(I)、第一段定子磁轭(2)、第二段定子磁轭(9)、第一段定子电枢集中绕组(3)、第二段定子电枢集中绕组(10)、第一段定子磁极(4)、第二段定子磁极(11)以及机座(43);所述转子包括第一段转子永磁磁极(5)、第二段转子永磁磁极(12)、第一段电励磁转子磁极(16)、第二段电励磁转子磁极(18)、第一段电励磁转子励磁绕组(17)、第二段电励磁转子励磁绕组(19)、第一段转子磁轭¢)、第二段转子磁轭(13)、转子轴(41)、第一段转子磁轭固定键槽(7)、第二段转子磁轭固定键槽(14)、第一段转子轴孔(8)、第二段转子轴孔(15)以及前轴承(39)、后轴承(30);所述呈凸极磁极结构的二段定子和转子的定子凸极磁极上设有电枢集中绕组或分层绕组,绕组依电 1. A dual pole dual segment like rotor reluctance generator including a stator and a rotor as a Sec salient pole structure; the stator comprising a stator housing (the I), the first stage stator yoke (2), Sec stator yoke (9), the first segment concentrated winding stator armature (3), the second paragraph of concentrated winding stator armature (10), the first stage stator poles (4), a second section of the stator poles (11) and a base (43); said rotor comprising a first section of permanent magnetic poles of the rotor (5), the second section of the rotor permanent magnet poles (12), the first section electrically excited rotor poles (16), the second section electrically exciter rotor poles (18), the first section electrically exciting the rotor field winding (17), the second section electrically exciting the rotor field winding (19), the first stage rotor yoke ¢), the second paragraph of the rotor yoke (13), the rotor shaft (41), the first section of the rotor yoke fixing grooves (7), a second section fixed to the rotor yoke keyway (14), the first section of the rotor shaft hole (8), the second section of the rotor shaft hole (15) and a front bearing (39), a rear bearing (30); the form of a concentrated winding or armature layered windings, power is provided by the stator salient poles of the stator and rotor Sec salient pole structure 绕组的N、N极性串联或并联构成一相,电枢绕组的S、S极性串联或并联构成另一相,其特征在于:a、所述转子上设有和定子极数相等的旋转磁极,旋转磁极有绕组电励磁磁极或永磁磁极以及永磁电励磁混合磁极;b、所述转子可分为内转子和外转子式,其上绕组为励磁绕组,其结构分为磁极励磁绕组、爪极励磁绕组、永磁磁极式隐极式磁极以及爪极永磁励磁混合绕组和磁极永磁励磁混合绕组;C、所述b中转子的励磁绕组安装在电机轴上,电机轴上有电机旋转轴电励磁出线孔(53),将发电机的励磁绕组用电励磁旋转供电滑环组件转子励磁绕组引出线(54)经电机旋转轴电励磁出线孔(53)的转子励磁引线通过电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+导电铜镙杆(55)和电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-导电铜镙杆(50)与旋转的电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环(56)、电励磁旋转供 Winding the N, N-polarity series or in parallel to form a phase, S armature winding, S polarity in series or parallel with another configuration, wherein: a, with the poles of the stator and the rotor rotation equal pole rotating electrical pole windings and the field pole or poles of the permanent magnet pole permanent electrical field mixed; B, the rotor can be divided into the inner rotor and outer rotor type, which is a winding field winding, the field winding pole structure is divided into claw pole field winding, the PM magnetic pole type magnetic poles and the salient pole claw pole permanent magnet field pole permanent magnet excitation winding and mixing mixed windings; C, b of the rotor field winding is mounted on the motor shaft, the motor shaft has electrical excitation motor rotation shaft outlet hole (53), the rotary field winding excitation power supply slip ring assembly of the generator rotor field winding lead wire (54) via the motor rotor field rotating shaft leads electrically excited outlet hole (53) through the electrically excitation rotary power slip ring assembly V + conductivity copper Luo rod (55) and the electric field rotary power slip ring assembly V- conductive copper Luo rod (50) with a rotating electric field rotary power slip ring assembly V + rotary slide ring (56), electrically excitation for rotation 滑环组件V-旋转滑环(57)连接,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环(56)、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-旋转滑环(57)之间设有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件滑环绝缘套(51),电励磁旋转供电滑环组件滑环绝缘套(51)内有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件金属固定套(52)通过转子轴(41)的固定键槽固定在转子轴(41)非轴伸端即非负载端并与电机轴同步旋转;电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒(58)、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒(59)通过电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆(60)及法兰盘与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件安装支承固定法兰盘带轴承外盖¢2)制造为一体连接在后端盖(33)上,电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆¢0)上设有电励磁旋转供电滑环组件供电碳刷架支承镙杆绝缘套管¢1);电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+旋转滑环(56)、电励磁旋转供 The slip ring assembly V- rotary slide ring (57) is connected to the rotating electric field V + supply slip ring rotary slip ring assembly (56), provided with an electric field between the electric field rotating rotary power slip ring assembly V- rotary slide ring (57) power supply slip ring assembly slip ring insulated sleeve (51), electrically exciting rotary power slip ring assembly sliding electric field rotary power slip ring assembly metal mounting sleeve (52) within the ring an insulating sleeve (51) via the rotor shaft (41) fixed keyway fixed on the rotor shaft (41) of the shaft extension that is non-load-side end of the motor shaft and rotated synchronously; rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring brushes cartridge assembly (58), the rotating electric field power supply slip ring assembly Brush V- box (59) by rotation of the electric field power supply slip ring brush holder assembly screws bearing rod (60) and the flange and electrically powered rotating field slip ring support assembly mounting the fastening flange of the outer bearing cap dribbling ¢ 2) manufactured integrally connected to a rear end cap (33), the rotating electric field power supply slip ring assembly of the brush holder support rod screws provided with an electrical field 0 ¢ rotational power supply slip ring brush holder assembly screws bearing on the rod bushing ¢) 1) ; rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring assembly of the rotary slide ring (56), for rotating the electric field 电滑环组件V-旋转滑环(57)分别与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷(46)、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷(48)接触并与电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒(58)、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒(59)的碳刷对应安装;电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V+供电碳刷盒(58)、电励磁旋转供电滑环组件V-供电碳刷盒(59)与碳刷架连为一体,正、负碳刷架相互绝缘并固定于后端盖(33)静止不旋转。 V- slip ring rotary slip ring assembly (57), respectively, the rotating electrical excitation power supply V- brushes slip ring assembly (48) in electrical contact with the slip ring assembly excitation rotary power supply V + supply brushes (46) and rotates with the electrical field V + power supply slip ring brushes cartridge assembly (58), the rotating electric field power supply slip ring brushes V- cartridge assembly (59) of the corresponding mounting brushes; rotating electrical excitation power supply V + slip ring brushes cartridge assembly (58) , the rotating electrical excitation power supply slip ring brushes V- cartridge assembly (59) is integral with the brush holder, positive, negative brush holder insulated from each other and fixed to the rear end cover (33) still does not rotate.
2.如权利要求I所述的双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,其特征在于:所述二段定子和转子均为隐极磁极结构,该隐极磁极上设有电枢集中绕组。 2. The dual I according to claim two-stage rotor and a very reluctance generator, wherein: said two-stage stator and rotor poles are salient pole configuration, with the concentrated winding an armature magnetic poles Cain .
3.如权利要求I或2所述的双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,其特征在于:所述二段定子和转子中的同段转子相邻磁极绕组反极性串联构成N、S、N、S……多组,也可隔极同极性并联为N、N、S、S、……多组。 3. The dual pole dual segment I or the like according to claim 2 reluctance generator rotor, wherein: said rotor section with two-stage stator and the rotor windings of adjacent poles of opposite polarity connected in series N, S, N, S ...... plurality of groups, may be separated parallel same polarity as the pole N, N, S, S, ...... plurality of sets.
4.如权利要求I或2所述的双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,其特征在于:两段转子激磁绕组可同极性并联运行,也可同极性串联运行。 4. The dual pole dual segment I or the like according to claim 2 reluctance generator rotor, wherein: two of the rotor field windings may be operated in parallel of the same polarity, the same polarity can also be run in series.
5.如权利要求I或2所述的双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,其特征在于:所述二段定子和转子中的定子绕组可组成每相绕组多组反极性串联或同极性并联,亦可部分反极性串联后再同极性并联。 5. I double or the like according to claim 2 Two-stage rotor pole reluctance generator, wherein: the stator winding of the two-stage stator and the rotor may constitute a plurality of sets of opposite polarity or in series for each phase winding same polarity connected in parallel, also part of the same polarity connected in parallel and then reverse polarity series.
6.如权利要求I或2所述的双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,其特征在于:所述二段定子和转子中的定转子极数由2极、4极、6极、8极、10、12极……η极组成,并且都是偶数极组成,即对极组成。 6. The dual pole dual segment I or the like according to claim 2 reluctance generator rotor, characterized in that: the number of rotor Sec stator and the rotor poles by a 2-pole, 4-pole, 6-pole, 8-pole, 10, 12 [eta] ...... pole electrode composition, and are even very composition, i.e. the composition of the electrode.
7.如权利要求I或2所述的双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,其特征在于:所述二段定子和转子中的定转子可由不同极对数组成,两段定子、转子的两段长度必须相等;其中两段转子铁心极齿对齐,第一段定子磁极(4)中心与第二段定子磁极(11)互差1/2极距角,即第一段与第二段定子电枢输出电压互差90度相位角;两段定子铁心极齿对齐,第一段转子永磁磁极(5)中心与第二段转子永磁磁极(12)互差1/2极距角,即第一段与第二段转子电枢输出电压互差90度相位角。 7. The dual pole dual segment I or the like according to claim 2 reluctance generator rotor, characterized in that: said two-stage rotor stator and the rotor may be composed of a different number of pole pairs, two stator, a rotor the two lengths must be equal; in which the two pole teeth of the rotor core aligned with the first stage stator poles (4) and the center of the second section of the stator poles (11) the mutual difference 1/2 pole pitch angle, i.e., the first segment and the second section stator armature voltage difference between each output phase angle of 90 degrees; two pole teeth of a stator core aligned with the first section the permanent magnet rotor poles (5) and the center of the second section of the rotor permanent magnet poles (12) half pole pitch mutual deviation angle, i.e. Sections I and II of the rotor armature voltage difference between each output phase angle of 90 degrees.
8.如权利要求I或2所述的双等极双段定转子磁阻发电机,其特征在于:所述二段定子和转子中的两段转子永磁磁极均采用直长条形磁极或斜面长条形磁极,且永磁极的底部凹面制成凸燕尾形状。 8. The dual pole dual segment I or the like according to claim 2 reluctance generator rotor, characterized in that: said two-stage stator and the rotor poles of two permanent magnets of the rotor are elongated with straight pole or ramp elongated pole, and the permanent magnet poles formed convex bottom of the concave dovetail shape.
CN2009101173967A 2009-07-23 2009-07-23 Double-equal pole double-section stator/rotor reluctance generator CN101964575B (en)

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CN102195422A (en) * 2011-05-20 2011-09-21 戴珊珊 Multilayer coupling type external rotor permanent magnet brushless motor
CN102957290B (en) * 2011-08-23 2015-01-14 合肥神话机电有限公司 Two-phase multipolar switch reluctance motor
CN102386829B (en) * 2011-08-24 2013-07-24 南京航空航天大学 Starting power generation system for electric automobile
CN102437694B (en) * 2011-10-14 2013-12-11 北京市普利门电子科技有限公司 Mixed-excitation-type impeller generator for petroleum drilling
CN102868246B (en) * 2012-09-19 2015-07-22 武汉新能源接入装备与技术研究院有限公司 High-capacity low-speed permanent-magnet wind-driven generator
CN103762805A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-30 杭州电子科技大学 Shade pole type single-phase alternating current asynchronous motor with low vibration torque
CN106981937B (en) * 2017-03-10 2019-07-30 东南大学 A kind of rotor misconstruction motor
CN108649765A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-10-12 淮阴工学院 A kind of outer rotor five degrees of freedom without bearing switched reluctance machines

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