CN101964149A - Intelligent parking control system used for parking lot - Google Patents

Intelligent parking control system used for parking lot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101964149A
CN101964149A CN 201010501599 CN201010501599A CN101964149A CN 101964149 A CN101964149 A CN 101964149A CN 201010501599 CN201010501599 CN 201010501599 CN 201010501599 A CN201010501599 A CN 201010501599A CN 101964149 A CN101964149 A CN 101964149A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parking
parking lot
intelligent
used
control system
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CN 201010501599
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张元刚
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上海朔阳信息科技有限公司
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Priority to CN 201010501599 priority Critical patent/CN101964149A/en
Publication of CN101964149A publication Critical patent/CN101964149A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent parking control system used for a parking lot and a parking lot intelligent control platform. The system comprises a plurality of induction chips, at least one set of induction signal reading equipment, a controlled barrier, at least one electronic display screen, human-computer interaction equipment and master equipment, wherein the plurality of the induction chips are arranged relative to each parking position in the parking lot; the induction signal reading equipment is used for receiving signals from each of the induction chips; the controlled barrier is arranged at the entrance of the parking lot; the electronic display screen is arranged in the parking lot; the master control equipment can update the attribute of each parking vehicle at each parking position according to information provided by an induction signal, can control the controlled barrier to open or not, can send the information such as an empty parking position which needs to be displayed to each electronic display screen, and even can send the information such as vehicle parking position, parking time, expense and the like to a vehicle owner according to the information such as a mobile phone number and the like provided by the vehicle owner, which is convenient for the vehicle owner to find a vehicle. A parking lot management platform is arranged based on the system, so that the vehicle owner can obtain more convenient parking service.

Description

The intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot.

Background technology

Along with the progress in expanding economy and epoch, earth-shaking variation has taken place in people's living environment and life style.Small shop has become large-scale market, department store, supermarket, shopping center gradually; The dwelling house of single household is slowly replaced by a flickering the commercial house, has developed into the residential area; Commercial office building, conference centre, exhibition center, hotel etc. are then converged in the area, down town.

The concentration of population in these places is very high, and the thing followed is the high concentration of private car and highly circulation.Manage effectively for the private car that these is had huge quantity, arise at the historic moment in a kind of new place: large parking lot.

The managing system of car parking that is being used at present has following two kinds:

First kind, common parking lot.Adopt the most original way to manage, artificial post is set in the porch, the vehicle in the parking lot of coming in and going out is taked total man worker's charge, and labor management mode, forbid newly advancing vehicle pass-through when not having idle parking stall.

Second kind, the traditional intelligence parking lot.Adopt the full-computerized management mode, comprising: 1) adopt the charge-by-card mode to control the vehicle turnover at track valve place; 2) electronic display being set points out available parking stall situation; 3) with camera the whole day conduct monitoring at all levels is carried out in the parking lot, guaranteed parking lot safety; 4) coil is inductively felt in laying under each parking stall, in order to judge the operating position of parking stall.

As can be seen, the traditional intelligence parking lot system that uses at present exists following problem:

---input cost is big.Need a large amount of consumptive materials to connect up, to guarantee the efficient and the stability of system.

---the construction cost height.Ground induction coil need be embedded in underground, and whole construction course needs extra construction fund and longer engineering time.

---the improvement expenses height.The frame mode of wiring means just need be transformed whole ground, circuit in case need transform the parking lot, and expense height, cycle are long.

---in poor service.The mode efficient that car owner oneself seeks the parking stall is lower, and the situation of looking for car everywhere when the car owner picks up the car often occurs.

Exactly because there are problems in existing parking lot, so disposed some places in parking lot originally, for example, megastore, supermarket, shopping center, residential area, business office building, conference centre, exhibition center, hotel etc., press for the secondary transformation is carried out in old parking lot, promote its service quality; And some place, because needing of a period of time needs to build short term parking again, as large-scale exhibition, large-scale temporary meeting, large-scale open-air activity etc.

In addition, for the clan owning cars of living in the city in a large number, the problem of going out to worry the most is exactly a parking difficulty, exactly because the also problem of Ting Cheing and causes a lot of people helpless selection of going on a journey to squeeze subway, squeezes public transport, and some even walking have seriously reduced people's quality of the life.

Therefore, in the face of above-mentioned various demands, how to provide a kind of cost low and have the parking lot management system of high-quality service, become the problem that presses for solution.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot, to realize that quick parking, room are with the function of stopping, reach the vehicle that searches out oneself fast.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of parking lot intelligent control platform.

Reach other purposes in order to achieve the above object, the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot provided by the invention, it comprises: with respect to a plurality of induction chips of each parking spot setting in the parking lot; At least one induced signal fetch equipment is used to receive the signal from each induction chip, so that judge according to the intensity of signal whether the pairing parking stall of each induction chip has parked vehicle; Be arranged on the controlled banister at Entrance place; Be arranged at least one electronic display in parking lot, be used to show the parking condition information on parking stall in the parking lot; And main control equipment, be connected with each induced signal fetch equipment, controlled banister and each electronic display, be used for the parking condition that the result upgrades each parking stall, parking lot that reads according to each induced signal fetch equipment, so that lastest imformation is sent to each electronic display, so that the parking condition in electronic display screen displays parking lot, and then guiding waits to stop to vacant parking stall, and forbids that described controlled banister is to the vehicle unlatching of waiting to enter the parking lot when no vacant parking stall.

Wherein, described induction chip can be the RFID chip; On the ground on each parking stall or at least one induction chip is set side wall and induced signal fetch equipment can read the information of the induction chip that is arranged on a plurality of parking stalls.

In addition, described main control equipment can be connected with network, is used for sending the information relevant with its vehicle parking according to the information that is write down to car owner's (for example its mobile phone or mailbox etc.).

Parking lot of the present invention intelligent control platform comprises at least one cover intelligent parking control system, and the parking lot management platform that is connected of the main control equipment by network and intelligent parking control system, be used for the parking resource in the parking lot at each intelligent parking control system place is integrated, so that offer each car owner.Wherein, the structure of intelligent parking control system as mentioned above.

In sum, the intelligent parking control system in parking lot that is used for of the present invention is by being provided with induction chip etc. on each parking stall, can accurately obtain the information whether each parking stall parks vehicle thus, simultaneously can also provide information such as the position of its vehicle of parking and storage period, expense to the car owner by network, for the car owner provides high-quality intimate parking service, and set up a cover parking lot management platform on this basis again, promptly can be numerous car owners more convenient omnibearing parking service is provided.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the basic framework synoptic diagram that is used for the intelligent parking control system in parking lot of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the basic framework synoptic diagram of parking lot of the present invention intelligent control platform.

Embodiment

See also Fig. 1, the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot of the present invention comprises: induction chip, induced signal fetch equipment, controlled banister, electronic display, human-computer interaction device and main control equipment etc.

Described induction chip is provided with one by one with respect to each parking spot in the parking lot, and it can be active or passive RFID radio frequency chip etc.Preferable, induction chip can be sticked on the ground or side wall on each parking stall, also can be attached on the support column on parking stall.A common parking stall is provided with an induction chip, but for improving accuracy, also can establish a plurality of induction chips on a parking stall.Each induction chip all is provided with the numbering of self, promptly ID number.For example, for a large parking lot, it is divided into A district, B district, C district totally 3 parking areas, wherein, the A district is provided with 10 parking stalls, be parking stall A01-A10, be sticked respectively at parking stall A1-A10 and be numbered the induction chip of 01-10, be provided with 5 on parking stall in the B district, be parking stall B01-B05, corresponding each parking stall is sticked respectively and is numbered the induction chip of 11-15, is provided with 5 on parking stall in the C district, be parking stall C01-C05, corresponding each parking stall induction chip that is numbered 16-20 etc. that is sticked respectively.

Described induced signal fetch equipment is used to receive the signal from each induction chip, so that judge according to the intensity of signal whether the pairing parking stall of each induction chip has parked vehicle.For example, can be the RFID card reader.Usually, a parking lot, can dispose the induced signal fetch equipment of respective number according to the occupied area in the sensitivity of induced signal fetch equipment and parking lot, generally speaking, the distance of reaction 2-5M of an induced signal fetch equipment is an optimal distance, being no more than 8M farthest, is good with the signal that reads the induction chip that is provided with on 1-8 the parking stall just.For example, in aforesaid parking lot, the A district disposes 2 induced signal fetch equipments, and B district and C district dispose 1 induced signal fetch equipment respectively.When a parking stall does not park cars, the induced signal fetch equipment can read the information of the induction chip that is arranged on this parking stall, and when vehicle has been parked on this parking stall, because the interference of vehicle or shielding effect, can cause corresponding induced signal fetch equipment read less than or only can read the information that faint induction chip sends, thus, can or have or not according to the intensity of signal and judge whether corresponding parking stall has parked vehicle.

Described controlled banister is arranged on each place, gateway, parking lot, is used for stoping or clearance vehicle turnover parking lot, and it can be controlled by described human-computer interaction device or described main control equipment.Usually, a parking lot can be provided with at least two controlled banisters, a porch that is arranged on the parking lot, an exit that is arranged on the parking lot.Certainly, for large parking lot,, then correspondingly all controlled banister can be set at each vehicle inlet and each vehicle exit if be provided with a plurality of vehicles inlet and vehicle outlet.

Described electronic display is arranged on the parking lot, is used to show the parking condition information on parking stall in the parking lot.Usually, the inlet in the parking lot can be provided with electronic display, is used for showing whether also have empty wagons position and empty wagons bit position information etc. in the whole parking lot.In addition, inner each zone also can be provided with electronic display in the parking lot, for example, for aforesaid parking lot, it can be provided with an electronic display in the porch, be used to show the information on the parking stall of equivalent layer, in the A district, B district and C district be provided with an electronic display more respectively, be respectively applied for the parking space information that shows A district, B district and C district etc.

Described human-computer interaction device is arranged on each gateway in parking lot, is used to gather car owner's relevant information and car owner's vehicle parking positional information.Described human-computer interaction device can be that multimedia touches machine, so, when the car owner enter the parking lot with vehicle parking after, the personal information of can fill in the car owner on the operation interface that described human-computer interaction device provides, parking parking stall and some car owners (for example, phone number, email address etc.), so, described human-computer interaction device gives record with the information that the car owner fills in.And return when picking up the car as the car owner, also can on described human-computer interaction device, inquire about the positional information of its vehicle parking, the temporal information of parking, need expense of payment or the like, for the car owner provides very convenient service.In addition, described human-computer interaction device also can be exactly common card reader, and it is when reading the parking card that the car owner shows, owing to there is car owner's relevant information in the parking card, thus, it also can finish the collection etc. of car owner's relevant information.Certainly, described human-computer interaction device abovely lifts example and exceeds.Preferable, the human-computer interaction device of vehicle porch that can the parking lot is set to multimedia and touches machine, and the human-computer interaction device in the vehicle exit in parking lot is set to common card reader.

Described main control equipment and described human-computer interaction device, each induced signal fetch equipment, and each electronic display be connected, be used for the parking condition that the result upgrades each parking stall, parking lot that reads according to each induced signal fetch equipment, so that lastest imformation is sent to each electronic display, make the parking condition in electronic display screen displays parking lot, and then guiding waits to stop to vacant parking stall, and forbids that when vacant parking stall is 0 described controlled banister is to the vehicle unlatching of waiting to enter the parking lot.Described main control equipment can be arranged on the server of light current machine room, also can be arranged on main frame in the pulpit, parking lot etc.

Described main control equipment is as the higher management in whole parking lot, and its main function is exactly the vacant parking stall in statistics parking lot, issue of parking space information or the like.So described main control equipment can wait the parking information that upgrades each parking area according to the signal that each induced signal fetch equipment is provided, for example, if the information that the induction chip from being numbered 01 and 09 that two induced signal fetch equipments of A district configuration provide respectively sends is very weak or almost do not have, then described main control equipment can be in view of the above can be updated to the attribute of the parking stall A01 in parking area A district and A09 has parked vehicle, thus will be on the electronic display in A district and the information that is arranged on the electronic display at Entrance place give corresponding renewal.And if the induced signal fetch equipment that is arranged on two induced signal fetch equipments in A district and is arranged on B district and C district does not all provide the information from induction chip, the attribute on renewable these all parking stalls, parking lot of then described main control equipment makes each electronic display screen displays Occupied for parking cars.In addition, be by main control equipment control if be arranged on the controlled banister of porch, then this moment, described main control equipment sent inhibit signal to described controlled banister, controlled this controlled banister and no longer opened to the vehicle that will enter the parking lot; And if controlled banister is by human-computer interaction device's control, then this moment, described main control equipment sent inhibit signal to described human-computer interaction device, controlled this controlled banister by described human-computer interaction device and no longer opened to the vehicle that will enter the parking lot.Have again, need to prove, for preventing to cause statistics that mistake takes place because of some car owner changes parking stall or other factors in the parking lot, when whether described main control equipment has the empty wagons position in the calculating parking lot, usually can add up according to the number of vehicles passing in and out, the number of vehicles that is about to enter Entrance deducts the number of vehicles of rolling EXIT away from, because when vehicle sails the parking lot into, the car owner need operate the human-computer interaction device usually, for example, swipe the card etc., and when rolling the parking lot away from, also need carry out corresponding operating on the human-computer interaction device, so, described main control equipment can carry out accurate empty wagons position statistics according to the information that the human-computer interaction device is sent to.

In addition, described main control equipment also has a very important function, that is exactly can be according to the car owner's that described human-computer interaction device gathered information, send the relevant information of its vehicle parking by network to the car owner, for example, information such as car owner down time, Parking Fee, parking spot are sent to car owner's mobile phone or mailbox etc., thus, can make things convenient for the car owner to understand the parking situation of own vehicle first, moreover also can make things convenient for the car owner to pick up the car, remove the hardship of looking for car of car owner when picking up the car from.

Therefore the course of work of above-mentioned intelligent parking control system comprises the following aspects:

1 room is judged

According to above RFID (radio-frequency (RF) identification) technology, use a RFID chip can judge whether vehicle parking is arranged on the parking stall, perhaps also can improve system accuracy by many RFID chips.

The guiding of 2 rooms

When vehicle is entered, select recently the room of (or other meet the position commonly used that people are stopped and are accustomed to), inform the parking people by electronic curtain.

The electronic display of inside, parking lot, show room, region information in real time, after the information of no room, region (can freely be provided with), show the room information that other are regional, all parked full vehicle up to all parking stalls, shown on the electronic display " full ".

3 rooms are upgraded

After vehicle stopped the room, distance sensing signal fetch equipment was notified described main control equipment, and the idle attribute in parking stall is upgraded.

The sum control of 4 rooms

(the inlet port vehicle enters promptly and calculates to enter vehicle, not being meant parked vehicles) quantity deducts the vehicle of going out and (leaves after the outlet and just calculate, be not meant and leave the parking stall) when quantity equals total space, close and lock the controlled banister of inlet port, just open up to there being vehicle to go out.

The registration of 5 multimedia parking stalls

On the multimedia touch machine of personnel gateway, registration parking people mobile phone, parking stall.

The inquiry of 6 multimedia parking stalls

When the parking people gets back to the doorway, parking lot, the parking information of oneself be can on multimedia touch machine, inquire about, down time, expense and position, parking stall comprised.

7 SMS notification

Behind the parking certain hour (one hour two hours waited and can be provided with in five hours), described main control equipment sends SMS message automatically to the parking people, informs information such as down time, Parking Fee, parking spot.

From the above mentioned, the described advantage that is used for the intelligent parking control system in parking lot comprises: 1, short message prompt function: after car owner's vehicle enters the parking stall, system can send a note automatically to its mobile phone according to car owner's data, short message content comprises parking stall title and pay imformation etc.; When the car owner need pick up the car, can follow the definite position of knowing car according to short message, saved and looked in a large number the car time.The short message service function allows the car owner feel that total system all serving for own, furthered and the car owner between distance, the whole efficiency that having improved stops picks up the car, and promoted the service quality in parking lot.2), abandoned present traditional ground induction coil induction mode, adopt the up-to-date information platform and in conjunction with the RFID technology, that cost drops into is low, it is simple to install, reduce construction cost, than the traditional intelligence parking lot, cost can reduce at least 20%.

See also Fig. 2 again, parking lot of the present invention intelligent control platform comprises: a plurality of intelligent parking control system that are arranged on different parking lots, and the parking lot management that is connected with the main control equipment network of each intelligent parking control system control platform.In the present embodiment, the parking lot intelligent control platform comprises: be arranged on parking lot 1 intelligent parking control system 1, be arranged on the intelligent parking control system 2 in parking lot 2 ... be arranged on the intelligent parking control system n of parking lot n, the main control equipment of each intelligent parking control system can be communicated by letter with parking lot management control platform by internet, 3G network etc.Described parking lot management control platform can be the server set that Cloud Server or multiple servers constitute, and its main function comprises: collect real-time parking stall information that each main control equipment uploads, upgrade the parking lot identity (for example the actual geographic position in parking lot etc.), query interface is provided, reservation interface is provided, concentrates and send client's short message.In addition, the parking stall booking service can also be provided, also parking ground navigation service etc. can be provided.In addition, described parking lot management control platform can provide the various open interface that comprise API, Web Service, for third party application person provides parking stall real time data interface and reservation interface, thus, the third party is using and can carry out the information inquiry of parking stall etc. and reservation etc. by landing described parking lot management control platform.For example, concrete booking process can be as follows:

At first by the car owner who needs predetermined parking space by communication apparatus, for example, smart mobile phone, removable computer, or other vehicle-mounted mobile communication equipments etc., send reservation request to described parking lot management control platform, this reservation request comprises parking spot, required parking stall number etc., after described parking lot management control platform is received reservation request, position according to request parking in the described reservation request, inquire and be arranged near the intelligent parking control system in this position or this position, and send reservation request to the main control equipment of this intelligent parking control system, after confirming successfully, this main control equipment returns to described parking lot management control platform, send successful confirmation by described parking lot management control platform to the car owner, stop so that the car owner relies on this confirmation can enter corresponding parking lot, this main control equipment then reduces the room number in the parking lot self controlled after feeding back to confirmation; And if main control equipment confirm failure (inquire about just have vehicle to enter after one second to cause the room number be zero or other reasons), then return messages are given, described parking lot management control platform feeds back to the car owner by its failure affirmation.When the vehicle of subscribing overtime car owner arrive this parking lot, then this main control equipment can send the information of canceling a reservation to described parking lot management control platform, and time-out time can be set, the vacancy of parking lots quantity recovery of cancellation back.

Corresponding, just according to room quantity=parking position summation-inlet port quantity+go out the overtime cancellation quantity of export volume-predetermined number+reservation, calculate on each main control equipment statistics vacant separately parking stall.

So, in a city even a plurality of city, can manage the parking lot that is distributed in diverse location by the parking lot management platform, when the car owner need go out, it can inquire about it by described parking lot management platform will go part, near whether the parking stall that whether parking stall is arranged in parking lot, the parking lot even can subscribe this parking lot is in advance arranged, go on a journey because of can not find the inconvenience that bring on the parking stall avoiding.Simultaneously, be unfamiliar with the car owner of position, parking lot, also can control the parking ground navigation service that platform provides, realize smoothly stopping by this parking lot management for some.

In sum, parking lot of the present invention intelligent control platform is the information in each parking lot comprehensively, for numerous car owners provide parking service more easily.

The foregoing description just lists expressivity principle of the present invention and effect is described, but not is used to limit the present invention.Any personnel that are familiar with this technology all can make amendment to the foregoing description under spirit of the present invention and scope.Therefore, the scope of the present invention should be listed as claims.

Claims (11)

1. intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot is characterized in that comprising:
A plurality of induction chips are provided with respect to each parking spot in the parking lot;
At least one induced signal fetch equipment is used to receive the signal from each induction chip, so that judge according to the intensity of signal whether the pairing parking stall of each induction chip has parked vehicle;
With respect to the vehicle in and out port in parking lot and at least one the controlled banister that is provided with;
Be arranged at least one the electronic display in parking lot, be used to show the parking condition information on parking stall in the parking lot;
With respect to the vehicle in and out port in parking lot and at least one the human-computer interaction device who is provided with is used to gather car owner's relevant information and car owner's vehicle parking positional information;
Main control equipment, with described human-computer interaction device, each induced signal fetch equipment, and each electronic display be connected, be used for the parking condition that the result upgrades each parking stall, parking lot that reads according to each induced signal fetch equipment, so that lastest imformation is sent to each electronic display, make the parking condition in electronic display screen displays parking lot, and then guiding waits to stop to vacant parking stall, and sends inhibit signal so that forbid that described controlled banister is to the vehicle unlatching of waiting to enter the parking lot when the empty wagons position adds up to zero.
2. the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described induction chip is the RFID chip.
3. the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: ground or side wall on each parking stall are provided with at least one induction chip.
4. the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: an induced signal fetch equipment reads the information of the induction chip that is arranged on a plurality of parking stalls.
5. the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: the number on the parking stall of an induced signal fetch equipment correspondence is chosen in 1 to 8 scope.
6. the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described at least one electronic display comprises the electronic display that is arranged on the porch and each the regional electronic display that is arranged in the parking lot.
7. the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described human-computer interaction device touches machine for multimedia.
8. as claim 1 or the 7 described intelligent parking control system that are used for the parking lot, it is characterized in that: one in controlled banister and described human-computer interaction device and the main control equipment is connected.
9. parking lot intelligent control platform is characterized in that comprising:
The arbitrary intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot of at least one claim 1 to 8;
By network and the parking lot management platform that the main control equipment of the intelligent parking control system that is used for the parking lot is connected, be used for the parking resource in the parking lot at the intelligent parking control system place that respectively is used for the parking lot is integrated to offer each car owner.
10. parking lot as claimed in claim 9 intelligent control platform is characterized in that; Described parking lot management platform is the server set that Cloud Server or multiple servers constitute.
11. parking lot as claimed in claim 9 intelligent control platform is characterized in that: described parking lot management platform is the platform with navigation feature.
CN 201010501599 2010-10-09 2010-10-09 Intelligent parking control system used for parking lot CN101964149A (en)

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Application publication date: 20110202