CN101963803B - Intelligent building integrated system - Google Patents

Intelligent building integrated system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101963803B
CN101963803B CN2010102763451A CN201010276345A CN101963803B CN 101963803 B CN101963803 B CN 101963803B CN 2010102763451 A CN2010102763451 A CN 2010102763451A CN 201010276345 A CN201010276345 A CN 201010276345A CN 101963803 B CN101963803 B CN 101963803B
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control
integrated
bms
network
building
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CN2010102763451A
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CN101963803A (en
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袁毅
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上海数字智能化系统工程有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to an intelligent building integrated system. The system has a two-stage network structure, of which the first stage is a management layer network and the second layer is a monitoring layer network, wherein the management layer network comprises a control center; a central working station is arranged in the control center; a central working station system consists of a server, a working station, a display and a printer and is directly connected with Ethernet; the management layer network has a bus type network topological structure; the monitoring layer network comprises each protocol gateway, a direct digital controller, an I/O module, a sensor for acquiring a field signal, an executing mechanism and a valve; and the monitoring layer network is a field bus control network. The integrated system also comprises an intelligent lighting control system, an air conditioner, an air feeding and discharging system and a water supply, drainage and treatment system; and the intelligent lighting control system is used for intelligently controlling lighting equipment, to which the intelligent lighting control system belongs, in buildings. The system performs unified monitoring and management to realize necessary gang control so as to truly realize information and resource sharing of the entire building; and thus the best management level is achieved and environment-friendly, complete, high-quality, safe, comfortable and fast service is provided for users.

Description

The intelligent building integrated system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the architecture information management system, be specifically related to a kind of intelligent building integrated system.
Background technology
At present; The standard that complete enforceable design and construction about building equipment management system (BMS) is not arranged in the world as yet, its main cause be in the world building equipment engineering because of differences such as region, tradition, the energy, standards, the system design scheme of Architectural Equipment is very different; And it is many to relate to specialty; Planning, construction, debugging cycle are long, require special engineering, and the factor that needs to consider is more; And much all be nontechnical factor, such as factors such as management, engineering, user's requests.Therefore to building equipment management system (BMS), its method for designing also has bigger difference.
Traditional building equipment management system also is automatic building control system (BAS); As using the widest building equipment management system the earliest and at present; The main effect of BAS only is the electromechanical equipment in the monitoring building; Rely on the computing machine under the software support to carry out information processing, data analysis, logic determines and graphics process, the electromechanical equipment in whole building is made concentrate monitoring and control; Through each relevant devices of timely start and stop of programming, electromechanical equipment is turned round according to time or pre-set program, when saving the building energy consumption, can practice thrift the operation cost of unit of operation again.
The current system integration, requirement are the integrated of networking, and are the center with processor or server no longer.Computer environment also just progressively develops to the direction of Browser/Server and Client/Network from Client/Server.The exploitation of integrated system also no longer is a procedure-oriented, but object-oriented combines application demand closely, stresses comprehensive always integrated.From the information interaction angle,, develop into content-based processing and fusion from simple status information combination with based on the processing of monitoring, and based on virtual and man-machine interface multimedia technology.
Therefore, need a kind of intelligent building integrated system of development and Design (be called for short BMS), it is the platform that on application layer, each light current of whole intelligent building and computer subsystem is carried out information integration, and this information integration has the notion of three levels:
Information gathers: be exactly the data acquisition of each light current subsystem (like BA, FA, SA, room system etc.) and existing computer application system (like smart card system etc.) and be summarised in together, information original dispersion, that isolate can be concentrated under the same interface browse and monitor.
Information sharing: on the basis that information gathers, relevant data are precipitated, be kept in the concentrated database, be convenient to the data call between each system.
Information interaction: realize the interaction between subsystem, just system interlink.As between BA and the FA, between FA and the gate inhibition, between SA and the BA or the like.
Except that the Modular building management function, this system also provides buildings such as energy-conservation and " green " ecological circulation to optimize service.
Summary of the invention
Task of the present invention provides a kind of intelligent building integrated system; It has solved the problem that prior art exists; Realized the information and the resource sharing in whole building, thereby reached best management level, for the user provides green, comprehensive, high quality, safe, comfortable and fast service.
Technical solution of the present invention is following:
A kind of intelligent building integrated system; It is the two grade network structure, and the first order is the administration and supervision authorities network, comprises control center; Establish central workstation in the control center; The central workstation system is made up of server, workstation, display and printer, directly connects Ethernet, and said administration and supervision authorities network is the network topology structure of bus-type; The second level is the supervisory layers network, comprises sensor and the topworks and the valve of each protocol gateway, direct-type digitial controller, I/O module, collection site signal, and said supervisory layers network is the Fieldbus Control network;
Said integrated system comprises that also the light fixture to affiliated in building carries out the intelligent lighting system of Based Intelligent Control, carries out communication through MODBUS-RTU agreement and said integrated system and is connected;
Said integrated system also comprises air-conditioning and air supplying and exhausting system, and the RS485 communication interface through the Modbus agreement connects said integrated system;
Said integrated system also comprises plumbing and water treatment system, connects said integrated system.
Said intelligent building integrated system also comprises the elevator device that the running status of elevator and fault alarm and energy feedback situation are monitored, and carries out communication through MODBUS-RTU agreement and said integrated system and is connected.
Said intelligent building integrated system also comprises the water treatment system that sanitary wastewater is handled and environmental pollution and wastewater treatment water quality are monitored, connects said integrated system.
Said intelligent building integrated system also comprises collects solar radiant energy the solar water heating system of water heating, connects said integrated system.
Said intelligent building integrated system also comprises photovoltaic and wind generator system, connects said integrated system.
Said intelligent building integrated system also comprises the external sunshade control system, connects said integrated system.
Said intelligent building integrated system also comprises the building energy management system, connects said integrated system.
Intelligent building integrated system of the present invention (being called for short BMS) is an opening, safety, uniform platform; Each light current subsystems such as automatic building control system (BA), fire fighting monitoring system (FA), security system (SA) and card system in building are carried out unified monitoring and management; Realize necessary interlock control; Real information and the resource sharing that realizes whole building; Thereby reach best management level, for the user provides green, comprehensive, high quality, safe, comfortable and fast service.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of intelligent building integrated system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is each subsystem and the connected mode synoptic diagram of integrated system in Fig. 1 integrated system.
Fig. 3 is air-conditioning and the schematic diagram of air supplying and exhausting system in Fig. 1 integrated system.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is elaborated.
Referring to Fig. 1, the invention provides a kind of intelligent building integrated system, and be applied among the concrete embodiment, be Schneider TAC automatic building control system, its system architecture is following:
One, hardware configuration:
Schneider TAC automatic building control system network structure can be divided into secondary.The first order is the administration and supervision authorities network; It is control center; Establish central workstation in the control center, the central workstation system is made up of server, workstation, display and printer, is the core of BMS system; The electromechanical equipment of being monitored in the whole building is all here managed concentratedly and is shown, it can directly link to each other with Ethernet.The second level is the supervisory layers network, is made up of sensor and the topworks and the valve etc. of each protocol gateway, direct-type digitial controller (DDC), I/O module, collection site signal.Direct-type digitial controller, I/O module, sensor and topworks and valve etc. are provided with in company with controlled device nearby.
1, administration and supervision authorities network: the VISTA system of Schneider TAC adopts the network topology structure of bus-type to constitute LAN, supports ICP/IP protocol, and the telemanagement solution based on Internet can be provided.Simultaneously, operating personnel can also adopt browser IE that system is monitored, and the unit in the Lonworks network browsed and controlled to input IP address or domain name can through internet or intranet.The warning that system produces can be passed to one or more recipient with the mode of E-mail through internet or intranet.
The remote monitoring of equipment need not be passed through central station software, and system can adopt the mode of small-sized Web server that controlled device is realized monitoring with dynamic intuitively.On-line customer's (being authorized to) can revise the parameter and the set point of system; Inspection and affirmation are reported to the police.According to the rank that is authorized to the user, the specific file of user in also can browing system is like technological document, form or the like.The value of all renewals all can show in a dynamic way in real time.If user's modification setting value, the user data of all networkings can both real-time update.
Can easily realize with buildings between other related system and the independent intellectualizing system that is provided with data communication, the system integration and with the connecting of other vendor equipment and system.Can feed back to central station display frame to all monitor messages among the BMS in time through this layer network, and relevant devices also can be waited until through this network convey program, instruction by the central station system.Third party interface softwares such as OPC are provided.Message transmission rate is not less than 10Mbps.
2, TAC supervisory layers network: adopt Fieldbus Control network technology leading in the world, all freely programmable controllers all have the LonMark authentication marks.Controller is to have 32 CPU.As the communication network between the collecting and distributing control substation adopt that bus topolopy or free topological structure are realized between each substation, between substation and the central station and they with special-purposely control, the data communication of interfacing equipment.Central station can be sent to any data designated communication to information through this layer network.All substations are the point to point system information that communicates with each other with par.The supervisory layers network can be set up its subnet according to actual needs.Message transmission rate is not less than 78Kbps, and can bring up to 1.25Mbps as required.The bus communication distance is not less than 2700 meters.
Two, software architecture: use the BMS system, it is integrated mainly following system to be networked, and comprises data acquisition and State Control.
Three, each integral subsystem control flow of BMS is described:
Comprise building automatic control, gate inhibition and patrol system, fire-fighting system, IR alarm system, intelligent illuminating system, wind generator system, fuel cell, peripheral structure shading system, passenger flow information acquisition system, energy monitoring metering system or the like numerous subsystems; Have only these subsystem informations are integrated on the identical platform; Through system information exchange and inner interlock fully soft, Hardware configuration of optimization system and monitoring flow process, and fully show of the effect of each item new technology at aspect such as ecological, energy-conservation.
The system integration relates to interface coordination between each system, in order really to accomplish the system integration, to signal intelligence, at first deepens design proposal, and communication modes is confirmed in software emulation test afterwards, and HWIL simulation test then, material object dock test.Guarantee the BMS system set be used.
Referring to Fig. 2, shown the connected mode of each subsystem and BMS among the figure.
1, Intelligent Illuminating System Control: intelligent illuminating system carries out communication through MODBUS-RTU mode and BMS system, can realize following control function:
(1) can regulate the spot effect of illumination at any time, system's setting scheme mode of turning on light for example, and on computer screen the deployment scenarios of emulation lighting, show the pattern of turning on light and the on off state of each lamp group.
(2) have unusual startup of light fixture and automatic protection functions.
(3) has light fixture start-up time, bulk registration and light fixture life-span statistical function on probation.
(4) be provided with the hand automatic change over, so that in case of necessity the switch of each lamp group is carried out manual operation.
(5) have scene preset, regularly, sequential control and soft start, soft turn-off function.
(6) can carry out the automatic adjusting of illumination according to the illuminance transducer signal and the external sunshade control situation of the BMS system integration that are installed in the building.
(7) can carry out the control of respective regions light according to the signal of systems such as the fire-fighting of the BMS system integration, gate inhibition, warning, CCTV.
The illumination control of system finally is introduced as the master with natural light or natural light, and other is aided with automatic control light fixture.Cooperate other illumination control function to reach the purpose of energy savings.
2, elevator device is kept watch on: the elevator device of present embodiment is made up of 2 sightseeing elevators, and the BMS system monitors the running status of elevator and fault alarm and energy feedback situation.
Managerial personnel can understand the running status of elevator in real time through BMS, in time know elevator faults; Can directly monitor the generation of fault, the risk of accident is reduced to minimum point; Can detect the total power consumption and the gross energy value of feedback of elevator, amount of electricity saving of elevator or the like function after this function of analysis use; Can also practice thrift human resources widely, increase work efficiency.
Elevator device carries out communication through communication modes and the BMS system of MODBUS-RTU.
3, plumbing and water treatment system:
(1) feedwater: the former water that the reusing sewage treatment facility is handled comes from sanitary sewage and collects the waste water of washing one's hands that pipe network is collected.The feedwater of the tap water of reusing sewage treatment facility is by " Code for design of building water supply and sewerage " related specifications design such as (GBJ15-88).The used rainwater of reusing sewage treatment facility comes from rainwater and collects the circulation system, with water pump rainwater is transported to regulating tank.Water purification after the reusing sewage treatment facility is handled gets into clear water tanks, can be used for ground flushing, washing, recoil, medicament configuration etc.
(2) draining: the draining of sewage disposal device mainly is floor cleaning wash-down water, the ultrafiltration recoil water between wastewater treatment etc., enters trench nearby.
(3) water treatment system: the waste water that this sewage treatment equipment is handled comes from the sanitary wastewater of system.The waste water that being mainly derived from of waste water washed one's hands, floor cleaning produced.Wherein major pollutants are hand cleanser and suspension.
The more than feedwater and the equipment of draining, its signal directly inserts the BMS system, is monitored by the BMS systematic unity.
The water treatment system signal can be uploaded the BMS system.Its power-equipment all can directly start.Main technique equipment all is provided with automatically and manual two kinds of control modes.Control by PLC or BMS system during automated manner; On the machine room control box, operate during manual mode, change through SS, SS is installed on the local control box; Manual mode has precedence over the PLC automated manner, and the PLC automated manner is superior to BMS control.Range of control has the high low-water level control of start and stop, each water pump control, medicine system, the water tank of ultrafiltration system, various water quality parameters etc.
4, water treatment system functional description:, and in real life, use the required water requirement that reaches, the final technological process of adopting " pretreatment system+ultrafiltration system+aftertreatment decontamination system " according to the raw water quality situation analysis.System's sewage load can reach 2m 3/ h; Aquifer yield 1.8m 3/ h; Recovery utilization rate reaches 90%.The sanitary wastewater disposal system has characteristics such as treatment effect is good, stable water outlet, production cleaning, and environmental pollution and wastewater treatment water quality are monitored etc. simultaneously.
(1) pretreatment system: adopt continuous filtration technology, fundamental purpose is large granular impurity and the partial organic substances of removing in the water (mainly being LAS).Pretreatment system first road is a biofilter, and second road is an activated carbon filtration.Place the modified fibre filtrate in the biofilter, this filtrate is through modification COD in the planar water well, and progressively is degraded to the dead matter of environmental sound.Place high grade quartz sand in the more medium filter, the colloid in the planar water, suspension etc. play the effect that purifies water well.
(2) accurate filter: shell adopts high-quality SUS304 stainless steel, and surface finish is handled or inferior light Passivation Treatment.The pore size filter of the filter core of accurate filter is smaller or equal to 5 μ m, can remove colloidal solid remaining in the water well, and the destruction with the suspended particle that prevents to exist shields to film and high-pressure pump.Usually it is pretreated together last, so be commonly called as filer element type security personnel filtrator.
(3) ultrafiltration system: the ultrafiltration principle is a kind of film detachment process principle; Ultrafiltration utilizes a kind of pressure active membrane; At extraneous expulsive force (pressure) effect colloid, particle and the higher relatively material of molecular weight in the trap water down, and water and little particles of solute are through the detachment process of film.But the micropore screening molecular cut off through the film surface is the material of 3 * 10000 μ m~1 * 10000 μ m.When processed water by means of the work of ambient pressure in order to certain flow velocity during through the film surface; Hydrone and molecular weight see through film less than the solute of 300~500 μ m; And greater than the particulate of fenestra, big molecule etc. since sieving actoion be trapped, thereby water is purified.That is to say, after water passes through ultra filtration membrane, can the most of colloid silicon that contain in the water be removed, can remove a large amount of organism etc. simultaneously.
(4) disinfection by chlorine dioxide system: chlorine dioxide is a kind of spectrum, disinfection sanitizer efficiently, experiment confirm, and it all has good killing effect to bacterium, gemma, algae, fungi, virus etc.Sterilization mechanism about chlorine dioxide; Multiple explanation is arranged, it is generally acknowledged, chlorine dioxide has absorption and penetration preferably to microorganism wall; Porous is to cell interior and contain sulfydryl (enzyme reaction SH); Make it rapid inactivation, suppress the synthetic of intracellular protein, thereby reach purpose bacteria inactivation rate.
Through the monitoring of above process, the BMS system can carry out tabulate statistics to the situation of plumbing and water treatment, and form is provided, so that unit of operation is to the understanding of water treatment facilities operating position.
5, air-conditioning and air supplying and exhausting system:
(1) control of air-conditioning system:
This programme is controlled relevant adjusting, as: the adjusting control of cold/hot water valve, air-valve are regulated control, variable frequency adjustment control etc., work out PID closed loop adjustment strategy, and be as shown in Figure 3.Concrete control is described below:
(A) start and stop and sequential control: unit opens/shutdown group pressure fan according to predefined time-program(me) automatically, and the start chronologically that meets the requirements is if any then sending warning unusually.Running status, the malfunction of blower fan detected in the start back, as sending warning message unusually.
To air-conditioning unit and new blower fan group, the new air door of start front opening is driven pressure fan, heat water valve.During shutdown, shutoff valve, Blowing stopper closes air door.Pressure fan and new air-valve, air returning valve interlocking during the air-conditioning compressor emergency shutdown, are closed new air-valve automatically, and air returning valve is all opened.
(B) detection of air pressure difference: the air-conditioning unit is provided with just/medium effeciency filter with new blower fan group, is provided with the pressure differential detection switch, when filtrator stops up, sends warning message, to guarantee the cleanliness factor of air-supply.Simultaneously, the blower fan side is provided with the leeway switch, and differential pressure conditions behind the detection fan starting is to protect positive blower fan normal operation.Like blower fan fault is arranged, then the pressure reduction warning message can be provided.
(C) air themperature control: according to sending/return air temperature; Dynamoelectric water valve and new/air returning valve to coil pipe carry out automatic PID adjusting, control the aperture of each valve, change wind pushing temperature; Cooperate fan frequency conversion control simultaneously; Regulate air output, utilize enthalpy control, indoor temperature is controlled within the scope of setting.
(D) air quality control: according to indoor CO 2Concentration (return side) is regulated valve area and blower fan frequency, changes resh air requirement and air output, makes indoor air quality (IAQ) reach satisfaction.
(E) humidification switch and antifreeze switch control: the air-conditioning unit all is equipped with the wet-film humidifying device with new blower fan group, the humiture setting value that controller requires and blows according to indoor temperature and humidity, and control damping device switch makes air handling process reach humidity requirement.Simultaneously, antifreeze switch is set, when outside air temperature possibly cause frost hazard, in time sends alerting signal, prevent device damage to controller in new wind side.
(F) fan coil control: this programme can be realized control and center system remote monitoring on the spot to room inner blower coil pipe to the fan coil configuration of networked type fan coil controller in each room.Equipment wall dress liquid crystal display temperature control panel in each room, temperature control panel and the direct communication of fan coil controller can show temperature in the room on the spot, can regulate and set room temperature simultaneously, also can set high, medium and low third gear wind speed.
(2) control of ventilating system:
For each equipment of ventilating system, check the state of unit before the each start of blowing and discharging fan in advance, start chronologically meets the requirements; If any then sending warning unusually; Running status, the malfunction of blower fan detected in the start back, and accumulated running time, regularly sends the maintenance cue.Each dynamic operation parameter of blowing and discharging fan, energy management parameter and energy consumption all can write down automatically, store, tabulate, and timed print, so that managerial personnel's inquiry, management and analysis.All pre-set programs all can be by actual needs and requirement, and redjustment and modification on the central management workstation are to satisfy user's use.
(3) interlock control requires:
Except that above control required, the BA system also needed to carry out according to the integrated fire-fighting system signal of BMS, Detection of Air Quality signal, passenger flow statistical system data etc. the interlock control of air-conditioning and air supplying and exhausting system.
For example: circulation of air control is main with natural ventilation, and air quantity is restarted the ventilating system on the roof inadequately; Temperature control is adjusted to the master with ventilation, for replenishing, is reserve with earth source heat pump again with the electric air conditioner; The input quantity of adjusting new wind according to the distribution situation of passenger flow reaches the purpose of energy savings.
6, solution dehumidification fresh air conditioner: adopt the solution conditioning technique, to absorption of air or release moisture, realize adjusting to air humidity through solution.Simultaneously, this unit has the full heat recovery technology of solution, can utilize damping solution cold in the air draft or heat recovery, and pass to new wind, has made full use of the new wind of energy of exhaust air precooling or preheating, with energy efficient.
Solution dehumidification fresh air conditioner unit provides the RS485 communication interface of conformance with standard Modbus agreement, is used to insert automatic building control system, realizes remote monitoring and control to unit.
7, solar water heating system:
Last decade comes; Heliotechnics has become emerging and popular technology; Sunny by this derives from technology can the architecture-integral technology be the needs of large-scale application sun power, also is the human best way of utilizing this final unique safe and reliable energy of sun power nearby.Combine sun power with ecology, house for thousands of years be human living, becalm take shelter from rain, the simple architectural development of amusement becomes separate energy source, self-round-robin novel building, this also is the certainty of human progress and society, scientific technological advance.
Solar water heating system is to utilize solar thermal collector, collects solar radiant energy a kind of device of water heating, is tool economic worth, the most ripe and business-like application product of technology in the present solar thermal energy application development.
What present embodiment used is that water heater is used in electric energy and sun power mixing; For the ease of management with show, need to calculate day of water heater effective hot actually what? What does the heat energy that electrical heating produces have? What does the heat energy that sun power produces have? What does the hot water output of unit area have again? Or the like parameter.The energy digitizing that solar water heater is practiced thrift, promote the use of green energy resource better.
The solar energy heat distribution system of present embodiment adopts 34 flat plate collectors, and 4 cover volume 100L hot water storage tanks adopt the SR530C8 intelligent controller, satisfy the annual demand of using hot water of resident family basically.By the BA system corresponding energy measurement instrument is installed, reads the various parameters of solar water heater, add up and gather, form form, show again.
8, photovoltaic and wind generator system:
The green energy resource of narrow sense is meant regenerative resource, like water ability, wind energy, biological energy source, sun power, geothermal energy and ocean energy.Seldom produce after these energy resource consumptions and pollute, can recover additional.The green energy resource of broad sense then is included in the productive consumption process of the energy, selects for use and pollutes or the free of contamination energy ecologic environment is low.The development and use green energy resource is not only the outlet that the world solves energy crisis, also is the selection that realizes sustainable development.
As ecological and green building, using regenerative resource power supply is also to be necessary, is limited to the scale of total system, has finally selected the photovoltaic of current popularization emphatically in the renewable new forms of energy and wind generator system to carry out the part power supply.
The alternating electromotive force that direct current power that the solar energy photovoltaic array sends and aerogenerator send, each panel box that the process intelligent controller is transported to the building is for use.Intelligent controller can carry out communication with the BMS system simultaneously, uploads the parameters of photovoltaic and wind generator system.The data of the control point of BMS system through the interface fetch equipment, and preserving generate various analysis diagrams, supply administrative authority to optimize and analyze, and alerting signal occurs producing when unusual at routine data.
9, external sunshade control system:
Intelligence sun-shading louver control system can differently be carried out sunshine tracking and shade calculates according to what season, weather, time and direction of building and shade distributed.System will according to sunshine angle and outside vertical surface of building shade distribution situation adjust automatically the blind blades angle or control blind go up and down, to satisfy the user to greatest extent to energy-conservation and comfortable requirement.System is made up of sun-shading louver, motor, sensing unit and control system.It is based on the controller of fieldbus, can carry out communication with the BMS system easily, by this controller of BMS system management.
The main effect of intelligence shading system comprises:
(1) blocking-up radiation heat.Reduce the sunlight direct projection, avoid dazzle.
(2) utilize natural light as far as possible, reduce artificial light.
(3) according to season, weather, time, shade and outer facade towards difference, regulate curtain sheet angle automatically, reach best shaded effects.
(4) curtain in all or part zone goes up and down simultaneously or unifies to carry out the upset of blind curtain sheet in pulpit centralized control or timing controlled buildings, keeps the outer facade of mansion unified, attractive in appearance.
(5) open and close according to Various Seasonal and outdoor temperature control curtain, utilize natural conditions to regulate temperature in the buildings as far as possible, reduce the air-conditioning system power consumption, save the energy.
(6) with the fire alarm system interlock.When receiving fire alarm signal, all blinds are unconditionally packed up automatically in the buildings, and system shields other all control signals automatically, satisfies security requirement.
(7) " user is comfortable " that freely defines reach " energy-conservation " pattern realize to greatest extent energy-conservation in, also can satisfy user's different demands.
(8) can manage local control authority, satisfy the dual requirements of owner and property.
The advanced part of intelligence sun-shading louver Control System Design is the full intellectuality of its control system; This system can be automatically according to the irradiating angle of sunlight, the power of light, the size of wind-force, the factors such as quality of weather under full automatic pattern; Automatically regulate the position of blind and the opening angle of curtain sheet; Even can the position and the curtain sheet angle of blind be fed back to control center, control to make things convenient for the supvr.Certainly, system also can convert artificial mode to satisfy the different needs of user to greatest extent, realizes truly " people-oriented for science and technology ".Automatic operation through artificial intervention or system; The blade of each facade of buildings all can be in different run locations; Or open, or it is closed, or a certain unified angle of inclination. whole buildings has had the outward appearance of per season dynamic mapping every day when per.
10, building energy management system: to the dwelling house characteristic of system, efficiently move, avoid invalid energy consumption, in integrated management system, should incorporate the more consideration of multi-energy management than general item for guaranteeing Architectural Equipment.
(1) all blower fans, pump equipment install frequency converter additional.Frequency converter not only can be adjusted machine utilization with energy savings according to the actual requirements, and also directly the enforcement running status of feedback device, energy consumption data etc. are so that equipment and energy management.
(2) in the indoor section zone temperature/humidity and CO are installed 2Sensor.Dynamically adjust equipment running status according to air condition, take into account comfortable and energy-conservation.Through temperature/humidity and CO 2Reference record embodies the design effect of natural ventilation.
(3) illuminance transducer is installed in the partial building zone.According to sunshine shading system dynamically being controlled.
(4) interlock of air-conditioning system and door and window and seizure condition control.Air-conditioning system is carried out mode switch according to door and window and seizure condition.For example air-conditioning system quits work with energy savings automatically when the room window is opened; When being in unoccupied state space-time adjusting system, the room changes energy conservation model etc. automatically over to.
(5) Cooling and Heat Source house steward and each new blower fan group, air-conditioning unit are carried out thermal metering.Through the directly energy resource consumption of the cold and hot amount of the unit of acquisition of comparative analysis of output heat energy, consumes power etc., to pass judgment on the quality of control strategy.
(6) set up model according to air conditioning area flow of the people situation, the cold and hot amount demand in estimation range, and compare the feasibility of analyses and prediction control with actual demand.
(7), all energy resource consumptions (electricity, water, gas etc.) and the renewable sources of energy (wind-power electricity generation, photovoltaic cell etc.) of system are managed through energy management software.
(8) meterings such as electricity, water, gas are gathered by third party device, import energy management software into through the gateway communication then.
(9) all energy resource consumptions of energy management software records and produce data and carry out record, and can according to the day/weeks/months produces corresponding report and figure.
(10) energy management software is also monitored the quality of power supply, sends warning when going wrong.Warning message can send to the related work personnel through the Email mode.
(11), and report to the police to the abnormal conditions in the historical law analytical equipment operational process.Warning message can send to the related work personnel through the Email mode.
(12) can source data and equipment running status, meteorological condition etc. compared at that time, discovering device invalid working time, improved the equipment operation strategy.
(13) through can source data finding that the energy that exists in the Architectural Equipment improves the space, as improve wall, window material heat-insulating property, improve lamp luminescence efficient, improve Cooling and Heat Source Energy Efficiency Ratio etc., and assess the input-output efficiency of various improvement measures.
11, the integrated explanation of video safety-protection system:
The video safety defense monitoring system mainly is through the video camera of installing gateway important in the BMS system, common part, valuable apparatus storehouse, lift car etc. to be located to keep watch on and record a video.It is a relatively independent subsystem, also can be used for the interlock control of other system (like intrusion alarm system, gateway control system), when meeting accident, carries out field monitor and video recording.Surveillance center should be able to observe the situation of its each control point of managing clear, in time, all sidedly, and observed situation is recorded file.Important area can be kept watch on by emphasis on watch-dog, and can carry out uploading of vision signal according to the requirement of garden.
(1) system satisfies whole regulations of relevant system interlink in the intrusion alarm system of present embodiment.
(2) system provides intrusion alarm system interlock image.
(3) system preserves safety check management system interlock electronics snapshot.
12, the integrated explanation of intrusion alarm system:
Ground such as the indoor important area of building such as machine room, important office, entrance and exit of the passage, disabled person lavatory, the following window balcony of second floor are provided with two technological detectors of infrared microwave intelligence and danger button; Alarm host machine is placed at the control center disappearing; Alarm host machine can be uploaded information and network to the BMS system and with garden secondary security protection control center, and can link with weak electricity systems such as video system, gate control systems.
(1) with video safety defense monitoring system interlock: the image caution, report to the police and pre-record, play automatically, can start and control integrated quick enforcement Automatic Target Following etc. according to alarm linkage.
(2) with the interlock of lighting control system: interlink warning zone light, and the follow-up light control that the zone of alert possibly occur of prompting early warning.
(3) entrance guard management of gateway control system discriminant alarm information institute corresponding region zone, and make and preset action (like unlatching or close etc.) accordingly.
13, the integrated explanation of gate inhibition's patrol system:
Place, between each important machine room (power distribution station, machine room etc.), strong and weak electricity and special area gateway is provided with the entrance guard management information point, and system can upload information and also can link for the BMS system with weak electricity systems such as video system, fire-fighting systems.
(1) whole regulations of relevant system interlink in system's intrusion alarm system that should satisfy present embodiment and the safety monitoring.
(2) can make according to the situation of fire protection warning and preset action (as open the door or close the door etc.) accordingly.
14, the integrated explanation of fire-fighting system:
One cover fire protection warning control system is set as total fire protection control center at B1, controls the fire protection warning equipment of whole floor.At the fire protection control center of this engineering, the automatic fire alarm system form adopts the concentrated alarm control system, the various alerting signals in can automatic display system, each related system of linkage.
Can carry out communication through the MODBUS-RTU form with the BMS system, upload automatic fire alarm system relevant device information.
To sum up can know; Intelligent building integrated system of the present invention (BMS) is an opening, safety, uniform platform; Each light current subsystems such as automatic building control system (BA), fire fighting monitoring system (FA), security system (SA) and card system in building are carried out unified monitoring and management; Realize necessary interlock control; Real information and the resource sharing that realizes whole building, thus reach best management level, for the user provides green, comprehensive, high quality, safe, comfortable and fast service.
Certainly; Those skilled in the art in the present technique field will be appreciated that; The foregoing description only is to be used for explaining the present invention; And be not with opposing qualification of the present invention, as long as in connotation scope of the present invention, all will drop in the scope of claim of the present invention the variation of the foregoing description, modification etc.

Claims (2)

1. intelligent building integrated system; It is characterized in that: said intelligent building integrated system is that the BMS system is the two grade network structure, and the first order is the administration and supervision authorities network, comprises control center; Establish central workstation in the control center; The system of central workstation is made up of server, workstation, display and printer, directly connects Ethernet, and said administration and supervision authorities network is the network topology structure of bus-type; The second level is the supervisory layers network, comprises sensor and the topworks and the valve of each protocol gateway, direct-type digitial controller, I/O module, collection site signal, and said supervisory layers network is the Fieldbus Control network;
Said integrated system comprises that also the light fixture to affiliated in building carries out the intelligent lighting system of Based Intelligent Control, carries out communication through MODBUS-RTU agreement and said integrated system and is connected;
Said integrated system also comprises air-conditioning and air supplying and exhausting system, and the RS485 communication interface through the Modbus agreement connects said integrated system;
Said integrated system also comprises plumbing and water treatment system, connects said integrated system; Wherein the signal of feedwater and drainage equipment directly inserts the BMS system, is monitored by the BMS systematic unity; The water treatment system signal is uploaded the BMS system, and its power-equipment all can directly start; Wherein main technique equipment all is provided with automatically and manual two kinds of control modes; Control by PLC or BMS system during automated manner; On the machine room control box, operate during manual mode, change through SS, SS is installed on the local control box; Manual mode has precedence over the PLC automated manner, and the PLC automated manner is superior to BMS control; Range of control has the high low-water level control of start and stop, each water pump control, medicine system, the water tank of ultrafiltration system, various water quality parameter;
Said integrated system also comprises the elevator device that the running status of elevator and fault alarm and energy feedback situation are monitored, and carries out communication through MODBUS-RTU agreement and said integrated system and is connected;
Said integrated system also comprises the water treatment system that sanitary wastewater is handled and environmental pollution and wastewater treatment water quality are monitored, connects said integrated system;
Said integrated system also comprises collects solar radiant energy the solar water heating system of water heating, connects said integrated system;
Said integrated system also comprises the external sunshade control system, connects said integrated system; Wherein, this external sunshade control system can differently be carried out sunshine tracking and shade calculates according to what season, weather, time and direction of building and shade distributed; System will go up and down according to blade angle or the control sun-shading louver curtain that sunshine angle and outside vertical surface of building shade distribution situation are adjusted the sun-shading louver curtain automatically, to satisfy the user to greatest extent to energy-conservation and comfortable requirement; This external sunshade control system is made up of sun-shading louver curtain, motor, sensing unit and control system, and control system wherein is based on the controller of fieldbus, can carry out communication with the BMS system easily, by this controller of BMS system management;
Said integrated system also comprises photovoltaic and wind generator system, connects said integrated system; Wherein, the alternating electromotive force that direct current power that the solar energy photovoltaic array sends and aerogenerator send, each panel box that the process intelligent controller is transported to the building is for use; Intelligent controller and BMS system carry out communication simultaneously, upload the parameters of photovoltaic and wind generator system; The data of the control point of BMS system through the interface fetch equipment, and preserving generate various analysis diagrams, supply administrative authority to optimize and analyze, and alerting signal occurs producing when unusual at routine data.
2. intelligent building integrated system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also comprise the building energy management system, connect said integrated system.
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