CN101963356B - Combustion system of vertical incinerator for household refuse suitable for power generation and control method thereof - Google Patents

Combustion system of vertical incinerator for household refuse suitable for power generation and control method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101963356B
CN101963356B CN2010105283719A CN201010528371A CN101963356B CN 101963356 B CN101963356 B CN 101963356B CN 2010105283719 A CN2010105283719 A CN 2010105283719A CN 201010528371 A CN201010528371 A CN 201010528371A CN 101963356 B CN101963356 B CN 101963356B
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air
temperature
combustion
flue
firing chamber
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CN2010105283719A
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CN101963356A (en
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江晓华
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深圳京基环保设备有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/12Heat utilisation in combustion or incineration of waste

Abstract

The invention provides a combustion system of a vertical incinerator for household refuse suitable for power generation. The combustion system comprises a vertical rotary incineration pyrolysis gasifier, a continuous feeding device and a slag extractor, wherein the flue-gas outlet of the vertical rotary incineration pyrolysis gasifier is connected with a secondary combustion chamber via a transitional flue duct; the flue-gas outlet of the secondary combustion chamber is connected with a flue-type waste heat boiler; the flue outlet of the waste heat boiler is connected with a tail gas purifier; primary air is fed into an air chamber at the bottom of the rotary incineration pyrolysis gasifier via a primary air duct by a primary fan; a first hot-air pipe led out from an air pre-heater is communicated with the primary air duct via a primary air valve; secondary air is fed into the transitional flue duct via a secondary air duct by a secondary air fan; a second hot-air pipe led out from the air pre-heater is communicated with the secondary air duct via a secondary air valve; the waste heat boiler comprises a film-type wall channel at the front part thereof and a flue duct at the tail part thereof; the heating surface at the tail part comprises a super-heater, an evaporation-heating surface, a coal economizer and the air pre-heater; and a flue-gas recirculation pipe is arranged on the bypass of the flue-gas outlet of the waste heat boiler, so that a part of the flue-gas is allowed to flow back to the inlet of the super-heater by the fan. Accordingly, the system of the invention can solve the problem of stability in combustion and heat exchange.

Description

Be applicable to the vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse and the control method of generating

Technical field

The present invention relates to vertical incinerator combustion system of a kind of house refuse and control method, especially relate to a kind of vertical rotating thermal decomposition furnace combustion system and control method that is applicable to generating.

Background technology

Economic development and urban population increase and the garbage environment pollution that produces has caused social effects of pollution.The processing method of domestic waste has burns and sanitary landfills two big classes, and the latter has caused secondary pollution because of taking a large amount of soils and oozing drop liquid polluted underground water again.The external incineration treatment of garbage that adopts has mostly realized minimizing, innoxious, resource purpose.Garbage combustion device mainly contains three kinds: i.e. mechanical kiln grate furnace, Circulation fluidized-bed furnace and thermal decomposition furnace.It has two kinds of forms thermal decomposition furnace, and the one, horizontal, the disposal of refuse amount was 150t/d in maximum day, the 2nd, the vertical rotating formula, the design maximum throughput is 100t/d.Vertical rotating is burned pyrolysis gasification furnace because of a series of problems such as its device systems, especially as far as containing the domestic waste that moisture is big, calorific value is on the low side, does not arrive the specified treating capacity of design as yet safely and steadly, especially is not suitable for generating.

The technological process that vertical rotating is burned pyrolysis gasification furnace is:

Rubbish is grasped in the garbage pool by grab-crane and puts in the drying step-transit conveyor bell mouth at the vertical feed bin of incinerator top, in the process that in conveyer, moves forward by bottom hot blast heat drying; Finally fall in the vertical feed bin of incinerator.

Rubbish is constantly sent into rubbish in the incinerator through the continuous rotation of the two roller chargers in feed bin bottom, and lets go uniformly.Get into rubbish in the stove and receive in the body of heater from bottom to top high-temperature flue gas stream and photothermal effect, can heat up rapidly, drying, pyrolysis, gasification, burning.The mixed flue gas that produces gets into dual firing chamber again, and fully burning is reduced to 200-300 ℃ after the waste heat recovery through the flue type residual heat boiler again under 900 ℃ ± 50 ℃ high temperature, gets into exhaust treatment system at last.Tail gas purifies up to standard after chimney enters atmosphere by deacidify spray drying tower and sack cleaner and active carbon spraying system.

Burn the coking shape residue that produces and become the block below the 150mm to be expelled in the water sealed tank of furnace bottom, discharge through the wet type slag-tapping system through the rotary fire grate attrition crushing.

The steam that waste heat boiler produces gets into female pipe and send the Turbo-generator Set generating.

Chinese patent 200710073251.2 discloses a kind of vertical life refuse heat decomposition incinerator, comprises the incinerator body, is hopper and adds feed bin that at incinerator body front end the rear end is a deslagging device; At hopper and add the feed bin front end feeding device is set; Described feeding device is a step-transit conveyor, mainly contains broach hopper, hopper, horizontal stepping plate, fluid pressure drive device and hot wind drying room and forms; The top of horizontal stepping plate connects broach hopper, and the below is provided with hot wind drying room; Horizontal stepping plate is driven by fluid pressure drive device, and step-by-step movement pushes discharging opening with rubbish.The hot wind drying room pipeline connects the flue gas air preheater in the incinerator body boiler back end ductwork.Go into the predrying of stokehold though it has solved rubbish, realize certain smooth combustion effect, still stable, controlled inadequately in the burning of incinerator and dual firing chamber, the vapor (steam) temperature that the heat exchange of waste heat boiler goes out is unstable more, is not suitable for generating.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse that is applicable to generating; Further purpose provides a kind of control method of above-mentioned incinerator; It is unstable to solve vertical incinerator burning of house refuse and heat exchange, is inappropriate for the problem of generating.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse that is applicable to generating, and it comprises vertical rotating burning pyrolysis gasification furnace (a combustion chamber), carries continuous-feeding device, the mucking machine of rubbish; The exhanst gas outlet that vertical rotating is burned pyrolysis gasification furnace connects dual firing chamber through transition flue duct, and the exhanst gas outlet of dual firing chamber connects the flue type residual heat boiler, and the exhanst gas outlet of waste heat boiler connects exhaust gas cleaner; It is characterized in that:

Described vertical rotating burn pyrolysis gasification furnace comprise vertically add feed bin, the continuous blanking machine of two roller, fixedly bell, turn round body of heater, can rotating convex fire grate, stove seat, turntable bearing and base.The bottom slag notch is provided with mucking machine.The air compartment of furnace bottom sent into a wind (cold wind) through airduct by primary air fan.Draw the first hot-air pipeline from air preheater and be communicated with an air pipe line through an air-valve.Overfire air fan is sent secondary wind (cold wind) into transition flue duct through the secondary wind pipeline, draws the second hot-air pipeline from air preheater and is communicated with the secondary wind pipeline through the secondary air-valve.In the dual firing chamber bottom assisted combustion device is set also, comprises the complementary fuel ank of burner and connection.

Described waste heat boiler adopts single drum Natural Circulation structure, is made up of anterior membrane wall passage and back-end ductwork, and back-end surfaces comprises superheater, evaporating heating surface, economizer and air preheater.Exhanst gas outlet bypass at waste heat boiler is provided with the flue gas recirculation pipeline, through gas recirculating fan partial fume is back to the superheater inlet, regulates the superheater inlet flue gas temperature.

A kind of control method that is applicable to the vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse of generating, purpose are the steady operations that keeps combustion system, and steam stable, that be applicable to generating is provided.One of comprise the steps:

1), the temperature of combustion chamber control: a combustion chamber furnace temperature generally requires between 700~950 ℃; When a combustion chamber furnace temperature is higher than 900 ℃, reduce primary air flow, and/or use hot blast instead cold wind, and/or increase rubbish is gone into the stove amount; When a combustion chamber furnace temperature is lower than 750 ℃, increases primary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, and/or reduce rubbish and go into the stove amount.

2), the temperature control of dual firing chamber: dual firing chamber's furnace temperature generally requires between 950 ℃ ± 100 ℃, when dual firing chamber's temperature is higher than 1020 ℃, reduces secondary air flow, and/or uses hot blast instead cold wind; If in 5 minutes, when dual firing chamber's temperature still is higher than 1020 ℃, reduce primary air flow, and/or use hot blast instead cold wind, and/or increase rubbish is gone into the stove amount; When dual firing chamber's temperature is lower than 880 ℃, increase secondary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, if in 5 minutes, when dual firing chamber's temperature still is lower than 880 ℃, simultaneously, increases primary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, and/or reduce rubbish and go into the stove amount.

3), flue-gas temperature control before the superheater of waste heat boiler: if flue-gas temperature is fallen the cigarette temperature with the heat boiler outlet smoke backflow greater than 630 ℃ before the superheater of waste heat boiler before superheater.

Further, described step 2) comprises also in, when dual firing chamber's temperature is lower than 850 ℃, except increasing by first and second air quantity, and/or cold wind used instead outside the hot blast that also must start assisted combustion device, combustion-supporting temperature raising is higher than 850 ℃ until dual firing chamber's temperature.

Principle of the present invention is, rubbish is from vertically adding the funnel input of feed bin top, and through be located on the bell the continuous blanking machine of two rollers with the rubbish in the feed bin according to setting every day 175 tons treating capacity evenly add in the stove incessantly continuously.Along with the rotation of incinerator body of heater, the rubbish that adds in the stove can be sprinkling upon on any one surface on the burner hearth circular section along the burner hearth edge grain.The revolution body of heater is divided into burner hearth, drying layer, pyrolytic layer, oxidizing fire layer, warm sludge layer, cold slag blanket, convex fire grate, bottom air compartment from top to bottom.The rubbish that gets in the stove from top to bottom slowly moves; And the air compartment of bottommost sent into a wind (cold wind or cold wind+hot blast) by primary air fan; From bottom to top getting into the oxidizing fire layer again provides combustion-supporting generation high temperature continued to rise to burner hearth, forms convection current with from top to bottom rubbish like this.The rubbish of just having gone into stove in its top-down moving, at first receive the effect of elevated temperature heat air-flow from bottom to top and heat up rapidly, drying evaporates moisture, along with temperature further be elevated to more than 600 ℃ the time, a large amount of organic matters begins to decompose and is gasificated into CO, H 2, combustible gas such as CmHn gets into dual firing chamber's burning with the high-temperature flue gas that rises.Carrying out along with dry thermal cracking; The temperature of rubbish further raises; Remaining carbon residue gets into the oxidizing fire layer and under a wind action, acutely burns and emit a large amount of heat after the organic thermal decomposition; This moment, the temperature of this part can reach about 1100 ℃, and these heats are supplied with the rubbish of just having gone into stove again and heated up and thermal decomposition process required in drying.Continue to move down the air cooling from bottom to top of middle quilt through remaining hot-engine sludge ash behind the oxidizing fire; With heat by absorption of air and make air preheat; Cooled residue is extruded the block that is broken into below the 150mm and enters in the taper ash bucket below the air compartment of bottom under the effect of convex fire grate, fall on the hydraulic pressure mucking machine in the water sealed tank of below through ash bucket then and pulled out from water by mucking machine.

The flue gas that burns pyrolysis gasification furnace (a combustion chamber) discharge from vertical rotating has a large amount of unburned pyrolysis gas, imports dual firing chamber through transition flue duct, under the secondary wind of capacity is combustion-supporting, makes its complete after-flame in dual firing chamber.

In order to control and regulate waste layer thickness, the batcher motor is frequency control, and simultaneously the fire grate reductor also is frequency control, when the rubbish floor height when surpassing the caution line, can accelerate the fire grate deslagging and suitably fall slow-motion material speed, otherwise cross when hanging down then when waste layer.

Beneficial effect of the present invention: regulate furnace temperature owing to mending into controlled hot and cold air in a combustion chamber, dual firing chamber and assisted combustion device being set in dual firing chamber; And adjust a combustion chamber rubbish and go into the stove amount, make more controlled, the flameholding of combustion system burning of the vertical incinerator of house refuse.Further adopt flue gas recirculation to regulate flue-gas temperature before the superheater of waste heat boiler, the vapor (steam) temperature that makes the heat exchange of waste heat boiler go out is more stable.Solved the difficult problem that the vertical incinerator of house refuse is used to generate electricity.

The combustion system of this stove has following characteristics than other compared with techniques:

1. rubbish continuous feed from the top, lime-ash is discharged from the bottom continuously.Rubbish gets in the stove from top to down in the burning disposal process, must pass through the high-temp combustion zone at stove middle part, and the ignition temperature of this combustion zone is above 1100 ℃.Organic matter and pathogen are destroyed by fire thoroughly, burn the back and all form coking shape carbon residues, and hot igloss amount can reach<and 3%.

2. a combustion chamber has alleviated flying dust to the erosive wear of waste heat boiler tube bank and the load of clarifying smoke system greatly because anoxycausis is decomposed, and furnace pressure is low, so the flying dust thing of being taken out of in the exhaust is few, has reduced the expense of operation and maintaining thus.

3. through the temperature of control dual firing chamber and the coefficient of excess of combustion air, this stove destroys clearance by fire and reaches 99.99%; Efficiency of combustion reaches 99.9%; Gas residence time>2 second can guarantee bioxin, CO, CH 4Deng elimination to the influential material of environment.Avoid secondary pollution to atmospheric environment.

4. rubbish moves in vertical heater after getting in the stove from top to bottom; Form convection current with the high-temperature flue gas that rises; Can be rapidly with the water evaporates of rubbish; When being warmed up to pyrolysis temperature, organic matter resolves into fuel gas, remaining coking carbon black and the air generation combustion reaction that feeds from the bottom, and it is required that the heat that reaction is emitted offers pyrolytic process again.Residue after the burning 1100 ℃ high temperate zones in stove form slag; Discharge after being become cold slag by air cooling in the folding process, the heat loss amount is little for the ash discharge process, and whole process is the highest to the utilization ratio of rubbish self heat energy; Greatly reduce dual firing chamber's auxiliary fuel amount, alleviated the garbage disposal expense.

Below will combine accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention will be carried out comparatively detailed explanation.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is an embodiment of the invention organigram.

The specific embodiment

Embodiment 1, and is as shown in Figure 1, a kind of vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse that is applicable to generating, and it comprises vertical rotating burning pyrolysis gasification furnace 1, carries continuous-feeding device 2, the mucking machine 3 of rubbish.The exhanst gas outlet that vertical rotating is burned pyrolysis gasification furnace 1 connects dual firing chamber 5 through transition flue duct 4, and the exhanst gas outlet connection of dual firing chamber is provided with flue type residual heat boiler 6, and the exhanst gas outlet connection of waste heat boiler 6 is provided with exhaust gas cleaner 7.

Described vertical rotating burn pyrolysis gasification furnace 1 comprise vertically add feed bin 11, the continuous blanking machine of two roller, fixedly bell 12, turn round body of heater 13, can rotating convex fire grate, stove seat, turntable bearing and base 14.The bottom slag notch is provided with the arm-type mucking machine 3 of hydraulic pressure bucket.The air compartment of furnace bottom sent into a wind (cold wind) through airduct 16 by primary air fan 15.Draw the first hot-air pipeline 81 from air preheater 8 (comprising air preheat blower fan 85) and be communicated with an air pipe line 16 through an air-valve 82.Overfire air fan 41 is sent secondary wind (cold wind) into transition flue duct 4 through secondary wind pipeline 42, draws the second hot-air pipeline 83 from air preheater 8 and is communicated with secondary wind pipeline 42 through secondary air-valve 84.In dual firing chamber 5 bottoms assisted combustion device is set also, it comprises burner 51 and the complementary fuel ank 52 that is communicated with.

Concrete, each unit architecture that vertical rotating is burned pyrolysis gasification furnace is:

The described feed bin that adds is a upright case structure spare, and it is that rubbish gets into the passage in the stove, is again the place of temporary rubbish.The rubbish that the work fashionable dress is gone in the feed bin accounts for more than 1/2 of whole feed bin height, and the flue gas that can intercept in the stove overflows in feed bin, guarantees the stable of the interior negative pressure of stove simultaneously.Two roller tooth feeders are contained in the bottom of feed bin, and the driving through reductor is slowly rotated two rollers the rubbish in the feed bin is dropped in the stove continuously equably.

Described fixedly bell is made up of box water girder construction, and the fire-resistant bed of material of building is built in bell bottom, arranges that above adding feed bin and two roller chargers, exhanst gas outlet and incinerator recirculated water imports and exports interface and fire exploring hole (bed of material), peep-hole.The bell bottom is provided with two layers of water seal circle; Interior side sealing intercepts inner flue gas of the stove; Outer side sealing intercepts the stove outer air, be the cavity area between two water seal circles, and be heated steam that the back produces of rotating furnace water jacket is outdoor through the conduit derivation that conduit imports behind the cavity area from the bell.For preventing the high-temperature flue gas acid corrosion of water seal circle, the water seal circle adopts stainless steel 1Cr13 material to make.

Described revolution body of heater is a upright cylindrical structure.Is made up of upper of furnace body, body of heater middle part, body of heater bottom, upper of furnace body is burner hearth part (flue gas flow through layer), and the middle part is drying garbage pyrolytic gasification, oxidizing fire and after-flame part, and the body of heater bottom is slag layer and discharge section.The upper of furnace body shell is a carbon steel, interior block fire resistant heat preserving heat-barrier material, and inside and outside two water sealed tanks are arranged at the top, and two water seal circles on the bell insert in these two water sealed tanks, annotate to water sealed tank and go up water to cut off the burner hearth flue gas and emerge or the stove outer air is scurried into burner hearth.Two water sealed tank middle parts have the conduit of two furnace water jackets can the steam in the water jacket of body of heater bottom be imported the cavity band between two water seal circles of bell.For preventing that water sealed tank receives the acid corrosion of flue gas, water sealed tank is made with the 1Cr13 stainless steel.The body of heater bottom is the water leg structure, uses demineralized water cooling body of heater, and interior cover material is the 20G material, and overcoat is a carbon steel.Through the overflow input, discharge through cavity between the two water seal circles of two water sealed tanks of conduit importing upper of furnace body and bell below and the conduit that passes through on the bell by the steam that produces when being heated by the outer side sealing of body of heater for water jacket water.Also be provided with slag resistance slag plate, slag-discharging device in the interior cover, be expelled to the taper receipts ash bucket of fire grate below through the extruding of convex travelling grate.

Described convex fire grate is made up of eccentric cap, break plate (grate bars plate), awl gear ring, support, central shaft, center cover for seat, bearing and Bevel Gear Transmission reductor.It is the core of incinerator continous-stable operation, plays supporting material, rotary slagging coutrol and even distributing wind.It is contained in the bottom of rotating furnace; Pass through during work to rotate slowly; First effect by eccentric cap and eccentric screen is extruded into stenosis with slag and is broken through the extruding with the body of heater lower inner wall; On body of heater, discharge the gap between grate bars plate under the barrier effect of slag-discharging device, the taper that drops to its below is received on the ash bucket.

Described stove seat and turntable are made up of tubular body of heater seat and revolution bull gear turntable bearing, drive speed reducer, supporting base etc.Tubular body of heater seat is the intermediate member that connects body of heater and turntable shaft bearing, is made up of carbon steel.Turntable bearing is the cylinder roller bearing structure; It is big to hold the power of cutting; Stability of rotation, bearing outer ring and gear ring are made of one, and slowly rotate through the little gear ring driving of reductor bull gear drive stove seat and body of heater; The rubbish that fixing bell blanking port is fallen in the stove is evenly let go, to keep the relatively stable of inner operating.

Described air compartment, slag tap water sealed tank and hydraulic pressure mucking machine are made up of steel parapet gutter and the arm-type mucking machine of hydraulic pressure bucket.Establish one time the wind air inlet in the middle of the tank.The taper ash bucket of body of heater bottom inserts in the water sealed tank, and airduct passes the entering air compartment from the center of taper ash bucket.The slag that falls falls in the water from the gap between ash bucket and the wind vertical tube, is deposited to arc slag chute bottom, is discharged by the arm-type mucking machine of hydraulic pressure bucket.

Described transition flue duct and secondary combustion chamber: transition flue duct and dual firing chamber's lower case are made up of steel frame construction spare, the fire-resistant pouring material of interior block.Overfiren air port is driveed near four the body of wall angles in the transition flue duct both sides at dual firing chamber smoke inlet place and bottom.Dual firing chamber's interface dimensions is 3050 * 3050mm, is a square-section, divides two parts up and down.Top is made in the membrane wall cavity of waste heat boiler membrane wall thorax below, and the bottom is seated on the waste heat boiler supporting steelframe.Upper expansion is to extending below, and lower expansion extends upward, and the seam between the top and the bottom is a dilatation seams.The flue gas that gets in the dual firing chamber begins to form turbulent flow through the wind action of different parts secondary from the bottom, and makes the flammable composition after-flame in the flue gas.

Described waste heat boiler 6 adopts single drum Natural Circulation structure, is made up of anterior membrane wall passage and back-end ductwork, and back-end surfaces comprises superheater 61, evaporating heating surface 62, economizer 63 and air preheater 8.Exhanst gas outlet bypass at waste heat boiler 6 is provided with flue gas recirculation pipeline 9, through gas recirculating fan 10 partial fume is back to superheater 61 inlets, regulates the superheater inlet flue gas temperature.

The waste heat boiler framework adopts all steel framework, comprising:

(1) drum and water separator

The drum internal diameter is 1400mm, and wall thickness is 40mm, and drum straight section length is about 5300mm, and material is 20G (No. 20 steel).Adopt the single hop vapo(u)rization system in the pot.Be furnished with internal units such as cyclone separator, screen separator, surface blow-off pipe, chemical feed pipe in the drum.

(2) anterior membrane wall passage

Adopt between anterior membrane wall passage and the dual firing chamber to flexibly connect, to reach sealing and to absorb the effect that expands, the fireproof heat-insulating layer is laid in the passage bottom.It is the pipe of 20G that membrane wall adopts material, and pitch is 100mm.

(3) superheater and vapor (steam) temperature are regulated

Superheater is arranged in the top of back-end ductwork, is furnished with high temperature level, middle temperature level, three grades of heat-exchange tubes of low temperature level along the flue gas flow direction, and adopts the flue gas recirculation technique of backflow.Control the high temperature superheater entrance flue gas temperature at 570-620 ℃, and when flue-gas temperature surpasses 630 ℃, adopt the secondary spray desuperheating, the protection pipe.The superheater steam exit temperature is 400 ℃; The high temperature level adopts pipe; Middle temperature level, low temperature level adopt pipe, and material is 12Cr1MoVG/GB5310.Main feedwater and spray desuperheating hydromining are regulated with electric control valve.

(4) evaporating heating surface

After evaporating heating surface was arranged in superheater, adopting material was the pipe of 20G.

(5) economizer

After economizer is arranged in evaporating heating surface; Pipe is to arrange along row; Adopting material is 20G, pipe.

(6) air preheater

After air preheater is arranged in economizer; Adopt channel structure, pipe adopts corrosion-resistant steel pipe (specification ).Hot-air is used for the rubbish on primary and secondary air or the dry stepping conveyer.Air preheater outlet air temperature>150 ℃.

(7) waste heat boiler scope interior conduit

Feed main is divided into three the tunnel before getting into waste heat boiler, goes to boiler, one-level attemperator and secondary attemperator respectively, regulates respectively through three electric control valves.

Waste heat boiler also is equipped with supervision, the control device of various necessity, like water gage, equalizing reservoir etc.

A spring loaded safety valve respectively is housed on drum and super-heater exit case, and each section of superheated steam is equipped with the thermocouple socket; Be respectively equipped with air valve and blowoff valve at the boiler highs and lows; Safety valve and muffler (three in every stove) is housed respectively on empty air bleeding valve; For supervision feedwater, stove water and steam quality, be equiped with feedwater, stove water, saturated vapor and superheated steam probe tube.

(8) furnace wall and sealing

Anterior membrane wall passage and furnace roof adopt tube, and back-end ductwork adopts furnace wall to add the metal lagging structure; Anterior membrane wall passage and furnace roof outer casing adopt corrugated sheet steel.After adopting external rock wool heat-preservation, drum, collection case and steam-water pipe adorn with the aluminium suitcase.The furnace wall that anterior membrane wall structure and back-end ductwork adopt adds the metal lagging structure and can guarantee that flue gas does not leak outside.For making the boiler safety reliability service, boiler is provided with the many places expansion gear, is equipped with expansion guide on each layer of incinerator buckstay, and boiler is expanded along expansion gear.

In order to keep the steady operation of combustion system, steam stable, that be applicable to generating is provided, the control method of the vertical incinerator combustion system of above-mentioned house refuse one of comprises the steps:

1), the temperature of combustion chamber control: a combustion chamber furnace temperature generally requires between 700~950 ℃; When a combustion chamber furnace temperature is higher than 900 ℃, reduce primary air flow, and/or use hot blast instead cold wind, and/or increase rubbish is gone into the stove amount; When a combustion chamber furnace temperature is lower than 750 ℃, increases primary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, and/or reduce rubbish and go into the stove amount.

2), the temperature control of dual firing chamber: dual firing chamber's furnace temperature generally requires between 950 ℃ ± 100 ℃, when dual firing chamber's temperature is higher than 1020 ℃, reduces secondary air flow, and/or uses hot blast instead cold wind; If in 5 minutes, when dual firing chamber's temperature still is higher than 1020 ℃, reduce primary air flow, and/or use hot blast instead cold wind, and/or increase rubbish is gone into the stove amount; When dual firing chamber's temperature is lower than 880 ℃, increase secondary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, if in 5 minutes, when dual firing chamber's temperature still is lower than 880 ℃, simultaneously, increases primary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, and/or reduce rubbish and go into the stove amount.

3), flue-gas temperature control before the superheater of waste heat boiler: if flue-gas temperature is fallen the cigarette temperature with the heat boiler outlet smoke backflow greater than 630 ℃ before the superheater of waste heat boiler before superheater.

Further, described step 2) comprises also in, when dual firing chamber's temperature is lower than 850 ℃, except increasing by first and second air quantity, and/or cold wind used instead outside the hot blast that also must start assisted combustion device, combustion-supporting temperature raising is higher than 850 ℃ until dual firing chamber's temperature.

Claims (4)

1. vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse that is applicable to generating, it comprises that vertical rotating burns pyrolysis gasification furnace, carries the continuous-feeding device and the mucking machine of rubbish; The exhanst gas outlet that vertical rotating is burned pyrolysis gasification furnace connects dual firing chamber through transition flue duct, and the exhanst gas outlet of dual firing chamber connects the flue type residual heat boiler, and the exhanst gas outlet of waste heat boiler connects exhaust gas cleaner; It is characterized in that:
Described vertical rotating burn pyrolysis gasification furnace comprise vertically add feed bin, the continuous blanking machine of two roller, fixedly bell, turn round body of heater, can rotating convex fire grate, stove seat, turntable bearing and base; The bottom slag notch is provided with mucking machine; Primary air fan is sent a wind into the air compartment that vertical rotating is burned the pyrolytic gasification furnace bottom through an airduct; Draw the first hot-air pipeline from air preheater and be communicated with an air pipe line through an air-valve; Overfire air fan is sent secondary wind into transition flue duct through the secondary wind pipeline, draws the second hot-air pipeline from air preheater and is communicated with the secondary wind pipeline through the secondary air-valve;
Described waste heat boiler adopts single drum Natural Circulation structure, is made up of anterior membrane wall passage and back-end ductwork, and back-end surfaces comprises superheater, evaporating heating surface, economizer and air preheater; Exhanst gas outlet bypass at waste heat boiler is provided with the flue gas recirculation pipeline, through gas recirculating fan partial fume is back to the superheater inlet.
2. a kind of vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse that is applicable to generating as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described dual firing chamber bottom also is provided with assisted combustion device, and it comprises the fuel tank of burner and connection.
3. a kind of control method that is applicable to the vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse of generating as claimed in claim 2 one of comprises the steps:
1), the temperature of combustion chamber control: a combustion chamber furnace temperature generally requires between 700~950 ℃; When a combustion chamber furnace temperature is higher than 900 ℃, reduce primary air flow, and/or use hot blast instead cold wind, and/or increase rubbish is gone into the stove amount; When a combustion chamber furnace temperature is lower than 750 ℃, increases primary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, and/or reduce rubbish and go into the stove amount;
2), the temperature control of dual firing chamber: dual firing chamber's furnace temperature generally requires between 950 ℃ ± 100 ℃, when dual firing chamber's temperature is higher than 1020 ℃, reduces secondary air flow, and/or uses hot blast instead cold wind; If in 5 minutes, when dual firing chamber's temperature still is higher than 1020 ℃, reduce primary air flow, and/or use hot blast instead cold wind, and/or increase rubbish is gone into the stove amount; When dual firing chamber's temperature is lower than 880 ℃, increase secondary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, if in 5 minutes, when dual firing chamber's temperature still is lower than 880 ℃, simultaneously, increases primary air flow, and/or use cold wind instead hot blast, and/or reduce rubbish and go into the stove amount;
3), flue-gas temperature control before the superheater of waste heat boiler: if flue-gas temperature is fallen the cigarette temperature with the heat boiler outlet smoke backflow greater than 630 ℃ before the superheater of waste heat boiler before superheater.
4. a kind of control method that is applicable to the vertical incinerator combustion system of house refuse of generating as claimed in claim 3; It is characterized in that: also comprise described step 2), when dual firing chamber's temperature is lower than 850 ℃, except increasing by first and second air quantity; And/or cold wind used instead outside the hot blast; Also must start assisted combustion device, combustion-supporting temperature raising is higher than 850 ℃ until dual firing chamber's temperature.
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