CN101961774B - Die manufacturing method - Google Patents

Die manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101961774B
CN101961774B CN 200910157676 CN200910157676A CN101961774B CN 101961774 B CN101961774 B CN 101961774B CN 200910157676 CN200910157676 CN 200910157676 CN 200910157676 A CN200910157676 A CN 200910157676A CN 101961774 B CN101961774 B CN 101961774B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mould
die
size
mentioned
finished
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CN 200910157676
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101961774A (en
Inventor
孙尚传
周彦昭
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深圳市大富科技股份有限公司
安徽省大富机电技术有限公司
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Priority to CN 200910157676 priority Critical patent/CN101961774B/en
Publication of CN101961774A publication Critical patent/CN101961774A/en
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Publication of CN101961774B publication Critical patent/CN101961774B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to the machining field, in particular to a die and a manufacturing method thereof. The die is made from the following materials: aluminum oxide, suzhou clay, silicon dioxide, an organic dispersing agent, a plasticizer and a surfactant, wherein, the weight percent of the aluminum oxide is 93.5%-97% and the aluminum oxide is used for forming a main crystal phase of the die; the suzhou clay and the silicon dioxide are used for reducing the sintering temperature of the die and facilitating forming a glass phase of the die; and the organic dispersing agent, the plasticizer and the surfactant are used for fully mixing the materials for manufacturing the die so that the materials can be bound together well for forming the die.

Description

The manufacture method of mould
Technical field
This patent relates to field of machining, relates in particular to mould and manufacture method thereof.
Background technology
At present, the part of many electronic products, automobile etc. is all produced by mould, and mould owing to its advantage aspect the production and processing cost, has become the first-selection of product, part processing production as the important element of field of machining day by day.
Mould briefly, is used for the instrument of shaped article or part exactly.According to the difference of shaped article, mould is divided into metal die and nonmetal mould, typical case's representative of the product of metal die moulding is exactly aluminium alloy, magnesium-alloy material, and typical case's representative of the product of nonmetal mould moulding is exactly pottery.And according to making the material difference that described mould uses, described mould is divided into sand mold mould, metal die, paraffin mould etc.
The metal material of making metal die is generally alloy, as the nickel nickel-chrome alloy steel.Utilize alloy mold contour alloy product, as magnesium alloy or alloy product, because the alloy mold long-term work is in high-temperature fusant magnesium alloy or aluminium alloy environment, composition in the alloy mold is flowed in the described shaped article, be that described alloy mold is corroded by shaped article or part, and then shortened the service life of described alloy mold, often behind several thousand products of described alloy mold moulding or part, namely need to repair to touch, even scrap.As everyone knows, the cycle of producing described alloy mold is longer usually, and cost is very high.But as mentioned above, the service life of alloy mold is so short, therefore, when needs shaped article in enormous quantities or part, described alloy mold need often repair a die or die sinking again, cause the production cost of producing described product or part to increase, be unfavorable for improving the market competitiveness of product or part.
Patent content
In view of this, this patent provides a kind of corrosion resistance and non-oxidizability is strong, intensity is high, in light weight, with short production cycle, mould that cost is low.
In addition, also be necessary to provide a kind of corrosion resistance and non-oxidizability is strong, intensity is high, the manufacture method of in light weight, with short production cycle, mould that cost is low.
A kind of mould, the material of making described mould comprises aluminium oxide, Suzhou soil, silica, organic dispersing agent, plasticizer, surfactant, and the shared ratio of described aluminium oxide is between 93.5% to 97%, described aluminium oxide is used to form the principal crystalline phase of described mould, described Suzhou soil and silica are for reducing the sintering temperature of described mould, help to form the glassy phase of described mould simultaneously, described organic dispersing agent, plasticizer, surfactant is used for making the various materials of making described mould fully to mix, the various materials of mfg. moulding die are better combined, be convenient to the moulding of described mould.
In the above-mentioned mould, described plasticizer is aliphatic dibasic acid fat, and described surfactant is carboxymethyl cellulose.
A kind of manufacture method of mould, the material of making described mould comprises aluminium oxide, Suzhou soil, silica, organic dispersing agent, plasticizer, surfactant, and the shared ratio of described aluminium oxide is between 93.5% to 97%, and the material that the manufacture method of described mould comprises the following steps: to make described mould is pulverized and fully mixed; Be the blank with regular shape with above-mentioned abundant mixed forming materials; Above-mentioned blank is carried out pre-burning; The blank of pre-burning being finished according to the definite size of the mould of described needs manufacturing carries out the car base; Elementary mould behind the above-mentioned car base is carried out high temperature sintering; The definite size of the mould of making according to described needs is polished to the mould that described sintering is finished; Check whether the size of the mould that above-mentioned polishing is finished and the size between the described mould that needs to make coincide, if coincide, then the manufacturing of described mould is finished.
In the above-mentioned mould manufacturing method, so material is pulverized by ball milling method.
In the above-mentioned mould manufacturing method, the temperature of described pre-burning is between 900 to 1000 degrees centigrade.
In the above-mentioned mould manufacturing method, the temperature of described high temperature sintering is more than 1650 degrees centigrade.
In the manufacture method of above-mentioned mould and mould, because to have adopted with the aluminium oxide be that main material is made described mould, and the more traditional cost of alloy of the cost of described aluminium oxide is much lower, makes the production cost of described mould be lower than the mould that tradition adopts alloy.Compare with the mould that tradition adopts alloy material to make, that employing provided by the invention with the aluminium oxide is that the mould of main material production has is high temperature resistant, strength and stiffness are strong; Because described mould is in the process of shaped metal articles, the alumina composition of described mould not with the metal ingredient of described metal product take place in conjunction with or reaction, the life-span that makes described mould adopts the life-span of the mould that metal material makes long than tradition.In addition, by described aluminium oxide be the weight mould made of the metal material that adopts of tradition in light weight of the mould of main material production.The shrinkage factor of mould provided by the present invention and the shrinkage factor of metal have notable difference, the demoulding after moulding of the product of described mould easy to use.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of manufacture method of the mould of a preferred embodiments.
The specific embodiment
A kind of mould that this patent provides, it is mainly used in shaped article and the part of alloying or metal material.Described mould adopts aluminium oxide to form for the primary raw material manufacturing, described aluminium oxide is mainly used in forming the principal crystalline phase of described mould in the forming process of described mould, make intensity and the rigidity of the described mould after the moulding be only second to diamond, and the cost of described aluminium oxide is lower, can reduce described mould production cost.
In the material of making described mould, also comprise Suzhou soil, silica, organic dispersing agent, plasticizer, surfactant etc.The main component of described Suzhou soil is aluminium oxide and silica, and described Suzhou soil and silica are mainly used in reducing the sintering temperature of described mould in the forming process of mould, helps described mould to generate glassy phase simultaneously.Described organic dispersing agent, plasticizer, surfactant are used for making the various materials of making described mould fully to mix, and the various materials of mfg. moulding die are better combined, and are convenient to the moulding of described mould.In the present embodiment, described plasticizer is aliphatic dibasic acid fat, and described surfactant is carboxymethyl cellulose.
In the various materials of the described mould of above-mentioned manufacturing, the proportion of the composition of described aluminium oxide in entire die is between 93.5% to 97%, and described Suzhou soil, silica, organic dispersing agent, plasticizer, the proportion of surfactant in entire die are between 6.5% to 3%.
See also Fig. 1, it makes the method flow schematic diagram of described mould for adopting above-mentioned material.The manufacturing of described mould need be passed through following steps:
S101: the various materials that will make described mould are pulverized and fully mixing.Described various material comprises aluminium oxide, Suzhou soil, silica, organic dispersing agent, plasticizer, surfactant etc., and the shared ratio of wherein said aluminium oxide is between 93.5% to 97%, and the shared ratio of other material is between 6.5% to 3%.After the described material preparation, through ball mill grinding, fully mix then, with standby.
S103: be the blank with regular shape with above-mentioned abundant mixed forming materials.Described mixed material is shaped to the blank with regular shape by the isostatic compaction method.
S105: above-mentioned blank is carried out pre-burning.Described blank is arranged in 900 to 1000 degrees centigrade environment pre-burning in temperature, makes described blank have certain rigidity and rigidity, so that processing also is unlikely to make simultaneously described mould broken diffusing.
S107: the blank of pre-burning being finished according to the definite size of the mould of described needs manufacturing carries out the car base.Consider the shrinkage factor of described blank, described blank is being carried out in the process of car base, need make the size of the elementary mould behind the car base need the size of the mould made bigger, stay leeway to give follow-up repairing a die.
S109: the elementary mould behind the above-mentioned car base is carried out high temperature sintering.Described elementary mould is arranged in environment sintering more than 1650 degrees centigrade in temperature, so that the strength and stiffness of above-mentioned elementary mould reach the requirement that needs the mould made.
S111: the definite size of the mould of making according to described needs, the mould that described high temperature sintering is finished is polished.Because in step S107, described elementary mould does not pass through high temperature sintering, the performance of its some aspect and parameter are not finally determined as yet, so the size to described elementary mould is allowed some leeway in step S107.And through the mould behind the high temperature sintering, the performance of its each side and parameter are all stable, so need be according to the mould that the definite size of the mould of described needs manufacturing is finished the described high temperature sintering processing of polishing, mould behind the described high temperature sintering is reached need the requirement of the mould of making.
S113: check whether the size of the mould that above-mentioned polishing is finished and the size between the described mould that needs to make coincide.If coincide, then the manufacturing of described mould is finished, otherwise, then need to continue execution in step S111, till described mould reaches requirement.
In the manufacture method of above-mentioned mould and mould, because to have adopted with the aluminium oxide be that main material is made described mould, and the more traditional cost of alloy of the cost of described aluminium oxide is much lower, makes the production cost of described mould be lower than the mould that tradition adopts alloy.Compare with the mould that tradition adopts alloy material to make, that employing provided by the invention with the aluminium oxide is that the mould of main material production has is high temperature resistant, strength and stiffness are strong; Because described mould is in the process of shaped metal articles, the alumina composition of described mould not with the metal ingredient of described metal product take place in conjunction with or reaction, the life-span that makes described mould adopts the life-span of the mould that metal material makes long than tradition.In addition, by described aluminium oxide be the weight mould made of the metal material that adopts of tradition in light weight of the mould of main material production.The shrinkage factor of mould provided by the present invention and the shrinkage factor of metal have notable difference, the demoulding after moulding of the product of described mould easy to use.

Claims (2)

1. the manufacture method of a mould, the material of making described mould comprises aluminium oxide, Suzhou soil, silica, organic dispersing agent, plasticizer, surfactant, and the shared ratio of described aluminium oxide is between 93.5% to 97%, and the manufacture method of described mould comprises the following steps:
The material of making described mould is pulverized and fully mixing;
Be the blank with regular shape with above-mentioned abundant mixed forming materials;
Above-mentioned blank is carried out pre-burning, and the temperature of described pre-burning is between 900 to 1000 degrees centigrade;
The blank of pre-burning being finished according to the definite size of the mould of described needs manufacturing carries out the car base, makes the size of the elementary mould behind the car base need the size of the mould made big;
Elementary mould behind the above-mentioned car base is carried out high temperature sintering, and the temperature of described high temperature sintering is more than 1700 degrees centigrade;
The definite size of the mould of making according to described needs is polished to the mould that described sintering is finished; Check whether the size of the mould that above-mentioned polishing is finished and the size between the described mould that needs to make coincide, if coincide, then the manufacturing of described mould is finished.
2. mould manufacturing method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: so material is pulverized by ball milling method.
CN 200910157676 2009-07-23 2009-07-23 Die manufacturing method CN101961774B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101961774B true CN101961774B (en) 2013-07-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105111485A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-02 滁州迪蒙德模具制造有限公司 Manufacturing method of mold

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105110764A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-02 滁州迪蒙德模具制造有限公司 Manufacturing method of high-performance die
CN106046666A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-26 宜兴市凯诚模具有限公司 Manufacturing method of high-performance nonmetal mold
CN106735177A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-31 江苏顺通管业有限公司 A kind of manufacture method of reducing pipe mold
CN106747361B (en) * 2017-01-23 2020-05-26 江苏三水企业孵化器有限公司 Manufacturing method of three-way die
CN106756400B (en) * 2017-01-23 2018-08-31 江苏顺通管业有限公司 A kind of manufacturing method of elbow module
CN107602084B (en) * 2017-09-07 2020-11-03 苏州卫优知识产权运营有限公司 Preparation method of wear-resistant material for die
CN109622912B (en) * 2019-01-04 2020-09-15 浙江吉盛机械有限公司 Automatic die-casting forming production line and process for aluminum parts

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EP0471523A3 (en) * 1990-08-13 1993-03-03 Ngk Insulators, Ltd. Beta alumina sintered body and method of manufacturing the same
CN101164963A (en) * 2007-09-26 2008-04-23 山东轻工业学院 Micro-nano composite ceramic die material and preparation method thereof
CN101544495A (en) * 2008-03-30 2009-09-30 霍景森 Light weight alloy ceramic body for die

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CN105111485A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-02 滁州迪蒙德模具制造有限公司 Manufacturing method of mold

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Address after: 518104, Guangdong, Shenzhen province Baoan District manhole Street oyster road manhole Industrial Company Third Industrial Zone A1, A2, A3 101 and 2 layers, A4

Applicant after: Shenzhen Tat Fook Technology Co., Ltd.

Co-applicant after: Anhui Dafu Electromechanical Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 518108 Bao'an District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, Shiyan Town, love group with the rich industrial area A \ B Dong

Applicant before: Shenzhen Tat Fook Technology Co., Ltd.

Co-applicant before: Anhui Dafu Electromechanical Technology Co., Ltd.

Address after: 518104, Guangdong, Shenzhen province Baoan District manhole Street oyster road manhole Industrial Company Third Industrial Zone A1, A2, A3 101 and 2 layers, A4

Applicant after: Shenzhen Tat Fook Technology Co., Ltd.

Co-applicant after: Anhui Dafu Electromechanical Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 518108 Bao'an District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, Shiyan Town, love group with the rich industrial area A \ B Dong

Applicant before: Shenzhen Tat Fook Technology Co., Ltd.

Co-applicant before: Anhui Dafu Electromechanical Technology Co., Ltd.

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Address after: 233000 building 4, national financial incubation Industrial Park, 17 Yannan Road, high tech Zone, Bengbu City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: Dafu Technology (Anhui) Co., Ltd

Patentee after: ANHUI DAFU ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 518104 Floors 101, 2 and A4 of A1, A2, A3 of Shajing Street, Shajing Street, Shajing Road, Shajing Industry Co., Ltd. No. 3 Industrial Zone, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

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Patentee before: ANHUI DAFU ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.