CN101956425A - Cordwood building system, element and assembling method - Google Patents

Cordwood building system, element and assembling method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101956425A
CN101956425A CN2010102813018A CN201010281301A CN101956425A CN 101956425 A CN101956425 A CN 101956425A CN 2010102813018 A CN2010102813018 A CN 2010102813018A CN 201010281301 A CN201010281301 A CN 201010281301A CN 101956425 A CN101956425 A CN 101956425A
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CN
China
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shape
building
assemble
building block
regular
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CN2010102813018A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李贤�
Original Assignee
路明
李严
万志平
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Application filed by 路明, 李严, 万志平 filed Critical 路明
Priority to CN2010102813018A priority Critical patent/CN101956425A/en
Priority claimed from US13/702,037 external-priority patent/US8966854B2/en
Publication of CN101956425A publication Critical patent/CN101956425A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to cordwood building system, elements and assembling method. The series of elements include a square-shaped element, a line-shaped element, an door-shaped element, a tripod-shaped element and a plurality of herringbone-shaped elements; wherein the herringbone elements are freely matched and combined by elements shaped like Chinese characters 'gong', 'wang', 'shi', 'yi', 'tu', 'gan', 'ao' and 'tu'. The series elements are in geometric shapes formed by combining a plurality of same cubes and arraying into the shapes like the Chinese characters according to the thickness of one cube; because the self-formed convex and concave parts of the series elements are in cube shapes, the series elements enable the concave and convex parts among the elements to be mutually buckled and jointed through various buckling and jointing assembly methods so as to form a plurality of objects which have stable structures and are formed by the structures in the shapes of planes and stand columns; and the series elements can be viewed as a universal part after the planes and the stand columns are disassembled.

Description

Building block system building system, element and assemble method
Technical field
Present invention relates in general to a kind of building structure, the technology of a kind of cordwood building structure specifically and method, it can be applied to building, furniture and toy field, simultaneously, scope of the present invention is not limited to the concrete application in above-mentioned field, it is evident that for the structure those skilled in the art the present invention also can be used for the application in other field.
Background technology
Present most modular system all is to be applied to the toy field, can only carry out common being connected to each other, and the object structures instability that is put together can be collapsed when running into vibrations, does not possess mutual fastening and autgmentability.The modular system fastening mutually of small part at present, but because the structural limitations of these toy building elements itself, the shape of composition is single, lacks better stability, cause to be difficult to be applied to other field, and as building field, field of furniture etc.
In order to make up building, existing mainstream applications technology is the frame construction that steel concrete is formed, be equipped with fragment of brick again, the body of wall that cement builds up is cut apart building space, this building of building with concrete, sandstone and reinforcing bar expends a large amount of resources, and must employ many heavy-duty machineries and build, and can produce a large amount of building debriss after the demolition; The shape of building and space can only be built by the drawing that designs, and want to change very difficulty after building up, and this class building does not possess mobility and extensibility.
Building except reinforced concrete structure, at present the cordwood building that occurs often refers to the container storehouse form that is similar to, by designing certain link or certain the buckle part of self, a container units is pressed in another above container units, this design is just simply cut apart building and is piled up, building seems to form the effect that a kind of building blocks are piled up from appearance, still equipment will employ big machinery in building course, the profile and the space of the building block module of building itself are unmodifiable, this specific character makes it not possess extensibility, this class building of while, must rely on other similar unit of some to pile up, this will make its mobility have a greatly reduced quality, this building does not possess the characteristic that breaks the whole up into parts simultaneously, and used raw material still can not be general with other building.
But also have a kind of building block system building to refer to steel bar and the plate that is designed to the assembly unit dismounting by framework and body of wall with building, by various links these steel bars and plate are combined into framework, the house that body of wall and floor are formed, as day being 2006.01.18 at the open of China, number of patent application is that the whole plate of building block system that proposes in the invention of CN200410028042.2 exempts to fit up rapid assembling house, the building block system building of this form has solved the extensibility and the raw-material recycling in space, can assemble out the house soon by industrialized this class component of a large amount of productions, satisfy the demand of living, but because the structural restriction of element itself, the building shape that assembling is come out can be the same with the structure of honeycomb with the space, the diversity of impersonalityization and selection in the design, and very large limitation arranged also on the versatility of Constracture unit, it can only be used to build some or certain a few given shape, the building of specific function.
As everyone knows, what adopt in the popular modular house housing construction of western countries such as America and Europe at present is lightweight steel construction, cold bending thin wall lightweight steel construction system particularly, this is Australian mature technology, the principle of this technology is the same with aforesaid ' the whole plate of building block system exempts to fit up rapid assembling house ', but also be steel bar and the plate that the framework of building and body of wall is designed to the assembly unit dismounting, by various links these steel bars and plate are combined into framework, the house that body of wall and floor are formed, but its principal character is all structural element of house dwelling house to design in computer in advance, build the control of design software then by special cad technique and lightweight steel construction, by the accurately processing automatically of Intelligent Machining equipment, directly produce and be combined into the needed structural element in house, as the wall frame, floor beam, roof truss, its overall process of manufacturing is to finish with the professional equipment of computer software control, all the other roofing floor systems adopt waterproof glass watt again, waterproof roll, the heat insulating material cotton, stringer, hang fire-resistant gypsum panel, whole process of production is just as the suitability for industrialized production auto parts and components, its advantage is that the precision error of member is in artificial unapproachable half millimeter, the production process maturation, its shortcoming is: the cost height, standardization, the interior layout of regularization and ancillary facility design are difficult to adapt to the custom that the masses can " handle arbitrarily " house, because steel work has been cut apart the house by design; The corrosivity of steel makes it must adopt the aluminum-zinc alloy steel in addition, could be farthest anticorrosion, and the main body steel work just can reach 50 years; This kind house requires often to new material in addition, and the structure of light steel dwelling house is joined materials such as heat-insulation and heat-preservation, and the New Building Materials that generally adopt lightweight are to reach the needs of easy construction; What pay special attention to is that its construction building course just designs the image construction in advance by computer, what its what is called " modular house " was expressed says that just removing to assemble these preformed materials as the assembly building blocks finishes house building, and be not that truly the use toy building element metric system is made the house, its structural element is not possess versatility, and also be weak aspect space and the function expansion, because must build construction according to original plan fully, so it does not possess the flexible and changeable property of building blocks.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the structural principle and the assemble method thereof of a kind of cordwood building system, series of elements, use general each other series of elements specifically, by the assembling mode of different snap engagement, finish the object that tiles out the various difference in functionalitys of forming by plane and column shape and structure.
The objective of the invention is to be realized in the following way, the element of this building block system building system includes ' mouth ' shape element that shape resembles Chinese character, ' one ' shape element, ' door ' shape element, ' ancient cooking vessel ' shape element, ' worker ' shape element, ' ten ' shape element, and the element of some kinds of fishbones, the element of fishbone is again by Chinese character ' worker ' shape, ' king ' shape, ' ten ' shape, ' one ' shape, ' soil ' shape, ' doing ' shape, ' recessed ' shape and the free matched combined of ' protruding ' shape form, the geometry of this series of elements is that the identical regular cube by some quantity combines, thickness according to 1 regular cube is arranged formation with the shape of above-mentioned Chinese character, because element self forms projection and the depression position all is the regular cube shape, this series of elements can make the mutual snap engagement in the concavo-convex position of interelement by multiple snap engagement assemble method, tile out many constitutionally stable objects of forming by plane and column shape and structure, this series of elements can be counted as the general part in plane and column disintegration back, various elements are by the mutual snap engagement of concaveconvex structure of self, element selects to have high tensile strength materials, and joint does not need other links just can reach constitutionally stable effect like this.
Essence of the present invention is with a series of various difform building blocks, and snap engagement is in order to assemble the object of the various difference in functionalitys of being made up of plane and column shape and structure mutually.The geometrical form principle of this series of elements is identical, is that the identical regular cube by some quantity combines, and arranges formation according to the thickness of 1 regular cube with the shape of above-mentioned Chinese character, wherein:
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 19 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' king ' shape last, ' soil ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Fig. 1 1);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 15 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' soil ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Fig. 1 2);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 16 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' soil ' shape last, ' soil ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Fig. 1 3);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 18 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' king ' shape last, ' worker ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Fig. 1 4);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 16 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' soil ' shape last, ' doing ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Fig. 1 5);
A kind of ' mouth ' shape element is 1 regular cube by 16 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' mouth ' shape to constitute (as the element among Fig. 1 6);
' one ' shape element is 1 regular cube by 5 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' one ' shape to constitute (as the element among Fig. 1 7);
' door ' shape element is 1 regular cube by 9 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' door ' shape to constitute (as the element among Fig. 1 8);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 15 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' ten ' shape last, ' ten ' shape in, ' ten ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Figure 13 9);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 21 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' worker ' shape in, ' worker ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Figure 13 10);
' ten ' shape element is 1 regular cube by 5 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' ten ' shape to constitute (as the element among Figure 13 11);
' worker ' shape element is 1 regular cube by 7 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' worker ' shape to constitute (as the element among Figure 13 12);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 17 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' ten ' shape last, ' worker ' shape in, ' ten ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Figure 13 13);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 15 identical regular cubes according to thickness, and last, ' recessed ' shape is placed in middle side direction with Chinese character ' ten ' shape, ' ten ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Figure 13 14);
A kind of ' mouth ' shape element is 1 regular cube by 8 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' mouth ' shape to constitute (as the element among Figure 13 15);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 16 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' worker ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Figure 13 16);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 12 identical regular cubes according to thickness, places in last side direction with Chinese character ' protruding ' shape, and ' protruding ' shape is placed in middle side direction, and ' protruding ' shape is arranged in the shape of side direction placement down and constituted (as the element among Figure 13 18);
' ancient cooking vessel ' shape element is 1 regular cube by 11 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' ancient cooking vessel ' shape to constitute (as the element among Fig. 3 3);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 33 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' worker ' shape in, ' worker ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Figure 23 5);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 23 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' soil ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Figure 23 6);
A kind of element is 1 regular cube by 17 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' mouth ' shape, arranges formation (as the element among Figure 23 7) Yi Bian wherein protrude the shape of 1 regular cube;
A kind of element is 1 regular cube by 12 identical regular cubes according to thickness, and with Chinese character ' door ' shape, the shape arrangement that wherein horizontal one side side direction is protruded 1 regular cube constitutes (as the element among Figure 23 8);
A kind of element of fishbone is 1 regular cube by 10 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' ten ' shape last, ' ten ' shape under shape arrange to constitute (as the element among Figure 23 8).
Operating principle of the present invention is, relying on element self to form projection all is the shape of regular cube with the depression position, make the mutual snap engagement in the concavo-convex position of interelement by multiple snap engagement assemble method, wherein a kind of main column snap engagement assemble method is: earlier with aforesaid two pairs of fishbone elements, it is the column body of 3X3 regular cube that the identical a pair of element a pair of element mutual snap engagement identical with the left and right sides in front and back formed cross section, use ' mouth ' shape element to entangle this column body again to reach the locking effect, utilize the hole of vacating behind ' one ' the shape element insertion column body member buckle to prevent its downward landing then to support ' mouth ' shape element, thereby finish the establishment of component of column body, be combined into the prolongation of column body again according to same assemble method, use this principle, cooperate different fishbone elements can assemble out multiple variform column body;
Use same principle, wherein a kind of main plane snap engagement assemble method is: earlier with aforesaid two pairs of fishbone elements, it is the column body of 3X3 regular cube that the identical a pair of element a pair of element mutual snap engagement identical with the left and right sides in front and back formed cross section, use ' mouth ' shape element to entangle this column body again to reach the locking effect, laterally place the column body then, it is regarded as the assembly of crossbeam, be combined into the prolongation of crossbeam again according to same assemble method, buckle ' door ' shape element above it, thereby finish the making of wall scroll crossbeam, be combined into many crossbeams according to same assemble method again, parallel placed side by side many crossbeams with regard to the unsettled plane structure of one-tenth capable of being combined, use this principle, during construction of buildings, not only can assemble flooring but also can assemble stair with the method;
Use same principle, wherein a kind of main body of wall snap engagement assemble method is the column body of 3X3 regular cube for forming cross section with the identical a pair of element in front and back with the mutual snap engagement of identical up and down a pair of element earlier, this column body is laterally placed with identical method and is prolonged, to leave the position behind per three pairs of element buckles up and down or front and back, be shaped as the sinking space of Chinese character ' ten ' shape or ' worker ' shape, make that three above-mentioned upright leant on body and by last with same method, in, horizontal parallel placement down, use the identical a pair of fishbone element in front and back again, the sunk part that the column body of two parallel placements is vacated in described the going up before withholding, identical another is to the fishbone element before and after using again, before withholding described in the sunk part vacated of the column body vicinity of following two parallel placements, to reach the effect of three column bodies of locking upper, middle and lower, continue to be combined into the expansion of body of wall then according to identical principle and assemble method.
The concrete course of work of the present invention is to assemble out the different but structure of various functions by building block all to have points of resemblance, and object of forming by plane and pillar construction shape all, can be applicable to the house dwelling house, the civic building facility, fields such as all kinds of furniture and toy, because element of the present invention mainly relies on the snap engagement on the self structure, therefore this series of elements need adopt and have the high tensile strength materials making, these materials are selected from and comprise shape, timber or synthetic wood, plastic or other material.
Advantage of the present invention from simplicity that install to use compared with prior art, when buildings such as construction house, because a series of Constracture units of the present invention do not need to use any reinforcing bar, cement, or other attachments, but utilize the characteristics on the self structure to be connected, because the unification of constitutive material, the contrast prior art can have been saved many construction process greatly, as saves welded reinforcement, cement injection, cement is done but or the like operation, and is same, when the present invention is applied in the field of furniture, the also link of without any need for irony is as other materials such as screw nut etc. or glue.
Advantage of the present invention from the angle of environmental protection and resource reutilization compared with prior art, when the present invention is applied in building, on the one hand, thereby owing to be to rely on self structure to carry out mutual buckle fastening to reach stable structure, the body of wall that builds up, column, beam and framework are without any need for middle dielectric material such as reinforcing bar, cement and sandstone, and this application makes that raw-material dependence has dropped to minimum building to resources such as reinforced concrete and sandstones; On the other hand, because series of elements of the present invention can form multiple shape by different compound modes, this flexible and changeable structure has been given element with life, just constitute the organ and the tissue of many difference in functionalitys as many different assortments of genes, identical several elements form building by different permutation and combination methods, both can build house (as shown in Figure 6), can build pedestrian overcrossing (as shown in Figure 5) again, both can build the street lamp pillar, can build electric pole again, both can build enclosure wall, can build roadblock (as shown in Figure 3) again, both can build bus stop (as shown in Figure 4), and can build yacht wharf again, this inborn design feature makes these Constracture units still can continue to be utilized again after building is finished mission and is removed.Generally speaking, furniture finish mission or with old damage after tend to go out of use and become rubbish, when the present invention is applied in field of furniture, its element conversion combination as required becomes another kind of furniture, as the chair of Fig. 1 and the desk of Fig. 2, just can use again with old thing quickly, significantly reduce this furniture and discarded, play environmental protection and recycling good effect equally environment damage.
Advantage of the present invention from versatility compared with prior art, be applied in the building field, element of the present invention is just as common fragment of brick, just fragment of brick will cooperate reinforced concrete just can build building, and element of the present invention connects the building that material just can be assembled into different shape without any need for intermediary, just are general purpose accessories of these buildings as these elements, part is pressed different aggregate erections, can make various body forms of forming by plane and column, as house, pedestrian overcrossing, street lamp, enclosure wall, bus stop or the like.Be applied in the field of furniture, element of the present invention more can be brought into play its powerful versatility, and people can produce the furniture that is fit to oneself according to the needs of oneself, as desk, and chair, bookcase, shoe chest or the like.
Advantage of the present invention from the autgmentability in space compared with prior art, when being applied in the building field, the building that elements combination of the present invention becomes has extraordinary autgmentability, as the house, people can transform the space in house at an easy rate; As pedestrian overcrossing, people can extend at an easy rate and widen, or increase rain-proof shed.When being applied to field of furniture, the furniture that elements combination of the present invention becomes has extraordinary autgmentability equally, such as chair, people can arbitrarily change its size, height and structure as required, do not work it out product by the industrialized standard size and do not need to use in the past.
Advantage of the present invention from make and maintenance cost on compared with prior art, be applied to building field, the present invention will save cost of production and time cost greatly, and it will change building construction pattern in the past, do not had the reinforced concrete sandstone, greatly reduced cost on the raw material; Many unnecessary operations have been reduced during construction, the restriction in break through and space when building, saved the help of heavy-duty machinery, can going into operation in 24 hours at the architecture construction scene abandons pretends already not produce big noise, has broken through the restriction on the engineering time like this; Simultaneously, big component-assembled can complete at factory floor and be transported to the job site again and splice, and has broken through the restriction on the space so again.Maintenance and repair is also quite easy, as long as it is just passable to change bad element.Raw-material minimizing, the minimizing of operation, the minimizing of construction equipment, maintenance maintenance is easy, the opening in time and space, by industrial mass production element of the present invention, people can just assemble out suitable house at an easy rate according to the needs of oneself.
Advantage of the present invention from anti-seismic performance compared with prior art; be applied in the building field; when building the house dwelling house; because each interelement combination is mutual fastening; join end to end; whole building is just as being both the integral body that a braiding is come out; can not ftracture and influence the stability of other element because of the element damage of certain position; the isostructural stress of the body of wall of the building of being built and column evenly distributes; can disperse violent vibrations to disintegrate easily; with the house that the present invention built, can in earthquake, protect the people's safety of life and property well.
Description of drawings
The present invention has following accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is for using building block system building system, element system Hepplewhite, Chair structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is for using building block system building system, element system Hepplewhite, table structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is for making highway roadblock structural representation with building block system building system, element system.
The bus stop structural representation of Fig. 4 for building with building block system building system, element.
The pedestrian overcrossing schematic diagram of Fig. 5 for building with building block system building system, element system.
Fig. 6 is the A part among Fig. 5, the structural representation of the stair support column of pedestrian overcrossing.
Fig. 7 is the B part among Fig. 5, the structural representation of the body supports post of pedestrian overcrossing.
Fig. 8 is the C part among Fig. 5, the structural representation of the middle part support column of pedestrian overcrossing.
Fig. 9 is the D part among Fig. 5, the structural representation of the stair of pedestrian overcrossing.
Figure 10 is the E part among Fig. 5, the plug into structural representation of platform of the stair of pedestrian overcrossing.
Figure 11 is the F part among Fig. 5, the structural representation of the bridge floor of pedestrian overcrossing.
The house dwelling house individual layer schematic diagram of Figure 12 for building with building block system building system, element system.
Figure 13 is the A part among Figure 12, the balcony structural representation in house.
Figure 14 is the B part among Figure 12, a kind of big window wall body structure schematic diagram in house.
Figure 15 is the C part among Figure 12, a kind of wicket wall body structure schematic diagram in house.
Figure 16 is the D part among Figure 12, the envelope wall body structure schematic diagram in house.
Figure 17 is the E part among Figure 12, the another kind of big window wall body structure schematic diagram in house.
Figure 18 is the F part among Figure 12, a kind of wall body structure schematic diagram that opens the door in house.
Figure 19 is the G part among Figure 12, the another kind in the house wall body structure schematic diagram that opens the door.
Figure 20 is the H part among Figure 12, the stair in the house platform structure schematic diagram of plugging into.
Figure 21 is the I part among Figure 12, the staircase structure schematic diagram in house.
Figure 22 is the J part among Figure 12, the stair-corridor structural representation in house.
Another kind of body of wall, the flooring model structure schematic diagram of Figure 23 for building with building block system building system, element system.
The specific embodiment
In concrete application of the present invention, the optional usefulness of production material of element has high tensile strength materials, comprise shape, timber or synthetic wood, plastic or other material, wherein because plastics have excellent chemical stability, corrosion resistance, electrical insulating property, thermal insulation, good shock-absorbing and noise reduction sound insulation effect, and has good elasticity, can be well and metal, glass, other materials such as timber are bonding, advantages such as easy machine-shaping, the material of element selects to use plastics in the embodiments of the invention, and element moulded make the bottom surface and leave a blank, main body is the structure of hollow subsidiary reinforcing rib, guarantee that the element light weight is beneficial to installation, below the concrete assemble method of each embodiment can be referring to the numeral of mark along the line in the Figure of description, this numeral is an applied element code name in this corresponding diagram.
With reference to Fig. 1, it shows an embodiment who is applied to field of furniture according to the present invention, a chair with building block system building system and element making, the building block of forming chair comprises element 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, these 8 kinds of elements engage column and the plane of forming chair in the buckle mode mutually in a certain order, the method of assembling chair socle body and backrest cylinder is, earlier with two pairs of fishbone elements, it is the column body of 3X3 regular cube that the identical a pair of element a pair of element mutual snap engagement identical with the left and right sides in front and back formed cross section, use ' mouth ' shape element to entangle this column body again to reach the locking effect, utilize the hole of vacating behind ' one ' the shape element insertion column body member buckle to prevent its downward landing then to support ' mouth ' shape element, thereby finish the establishment of component of column body, be combined into the prolongation of column body again according to same assemble method, take out ' one ' shape element in the time of dismounting earlier, slide then ' mouth ' shape element so that other fishbone elements can be eased out, this embodiment mainly illustrates a kind of constitutionally stable snap engagement mode and the effect of column body, with the Thickness Design of this series of elements is 1cm, then the overall height of chair is 100cm, and place, seat height is 44cm.
With reference to Fig. 2, it shows the embodiment that is applied to field of furniture according to the present invention, a desk with building block system building system and element making, the building block of forming desk comprises element 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, these 8 kinds of elements engage column and the plane of forming desk in the buckle mode mutually in a certain order, the method of assembling table pin is to prolong the pillar construction of using and improving earlier figures 1 embodiment, and paired fishbone element 4 is withheld two column bodies to form the more stable and stronger column body of weight capacity of structure; The method of assembling desktop is, earlier with two pairs of fishbone elements, it is the column body of 3X3 regular cube that the identical a pair of element a pair of element mutual snap engagement identical with the left and right sides in front and back formed cross section, use ' mouth ' shape element to entangle this column body again to reach the locking effect, laterally place the column body then, it is regarded as the assembly of desktop crossbeam, be combined into the prolongation of crossbeam again according to same assemble method, buckle ' door ' shape element above it, thereby finish the making of wall scroll crossbeam, be combined into many crossbeams according to same assemble method again, parallel placed side by side many crossbeams with regard to the unsettled plane structure of one-tenth capable of being combined, the below at desktop middle part wherein, the snapped-in position of utilizing the desktop crossbeam to reserve, use element 4,5 to add together with desktop two ends same structure, the buckle part of vertical and desktop crossbeam that fastening is adjoining.The demonstration of this embodiment mainly can be strengthened, reinforce by the table pin according to instructions for use, and desktop can extend, widen according to instructions for use, expresses the autgmentability that is had when the present invention uses with this.With the Thickness Design of this series of elements is 1cm, and then the height of desk is 39cm, and width is 70cm, and length is 109cm.
With reference to Fig. 3, it shows the embodiment that is applied to urban operating mechanism according to the present invention, roadblock with building block system building system and element making, the building block of forming roadblock comprises element 1,2,3 these 3 kinds of elements engage the composition roadblock in the buckle mode mutually in a certain order, by this embodiment, we can see element 1 among the figure, 2,3 three kinds of elements only need simple combination, just can finish the making of roadblock, prove absolutely the practicality and the simple installation of this series of elements, be 5cm with the Thickness Design of this series of elements, then the height of roadblock is 90cm among Fig. 3, and total length is 925cm.
With reference to Fig. 4, it shows the embodiment that is applied to urban operating mechanism according to the present invention, bus stop with building block system building system and element making, the building block of forming the bus stop comprises element 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, these 8 kinds of elements engage column and the crossbeam of forming the bus stop in the buckle mode mutually in a certain order, equally, the building block principle of this embodiment is identical with column and the crossbeam building block principle of Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, this embodiment need use concrete to seal the base component of bus stop admittedly, wave to both sides preventing, by this embodiment, we can see the chair with Fig. 1,8 kinds of structure components identical that Fig. 2 desk is identical use small-sized element to can be applicable to field of furniture, use large-scale element to can be applicable to urban operating mechanism or building field.With the Thickness Design of this series of elements is 5cm, and then the height of bus stop is 360cm among Fig. 4, and width is 235cm, and length is 1125cm.
With reference to Fig. 5, it shows the embodiment that is applied to civic building according to the present invention, pedestrian overcrossing with building block system building system and element making, this embodiment partly is divided into A, B, C, D, E, F with the primary structure of pedestrian overcrossing, this 6 employed elements of major part and Fig. 1, Fig. 2, element 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 among Fig. 4 is the same, each several part detailed structure schematic diagram is seen the stair support column of Fig. 6, the body supports post of Fig. 7, the middle part support column of Fig. 8, the stair of Fig. 9, the stair of Figure 10 platform of plugging into, the bridge floor of Figure 11.The versatility and the practicality of series of elements of the present invention have been described more by this embodiment.With the Thickness Design of this series of elements is 5cm, and then the bridge floor height of pedestrian overcrossing is 535cm among Fig. 5, and stairway width is 255cm, and guardrail height is 105cm, and the pontic span is 2350cm.
With reference to Fig. 9, it shows the structural representation of pedestrian overcrossing D part stair among Fig. 5, this part is compared with the used element of the other parts of pedestrian overcrossing, has more three sloped element, these three kinds of elements 9,10, the 11st, for bicycle passes through the specially designed inclined-plane of pedestrian overcrossing solid, below the recess position of element 11 can be pressed in ' one ' shape element 7 when installing, element 9,10 are buckled in ' one ' shape element 7 tops again, to prevent its slip.Staircase structure schematic diagram by pedestrian overcrossing embodiment, we can see that the stair that have inclined-plane character are by element 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 are deconstructed into plane and column shape and structure, having expressed essence of the present invention is with a series of various difform building blocks, and snap engagement is in order to assemble the object of the various difference in functionalitys of being made up of plane and column shape and structure mutually.
With reference to Figure 12, it shows the embodiment that is applied to building according to the present invention, house dwelling house single layer structure schematic diagram with building block system building system and element making, this embodiment is A with the primary structure of house dwelling house, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, 10 parts of J, use this embodiment, can regard the first floor of building up the house dwelling house as a unit, because the body of wall at house unit four sides, the column of balcony and stair all leaves the element with last layer corresponding position snap engagement, build second if desired, three, four or higher floor, it is just passable only to need to repeat the house unit made with the first floor same structure.Each several part detailed structure schematic diagram sees that open the door body of wall, Figure 20 of the another kind of a kind of body of wall that opens the door, Figure 19 of another kind of big window body of wall, Figure 18 of sealing body of wall, Figure 17 of a kind of wicket body of wall, Figure 16 of a kind of big window body of wall, Figure 15 of balcony, Figure 14 of Figure 13 is the stair of Figure 12 the plug into stair of platform, Figure 21, the stair-corridor structural representation of Figure 22.Component thickness of the present invention is designed to 5cm, and then the individual layer height of house dwelling house is 300cm among Figure 12.Thickness of wall body is 15cm.
With reference to Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18, Figure 19, Figure 20, Figure 21, Figure 22, the wherein applied series of elements element more used than pedestrian overcrossing adopted 10 kinds of elements more, as the element among Figure 13 9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18, wherein the fishbone element 9, the 10th, be used for firm house wall, the snap engagement assemble method of this body of wall is the column body of 3X3 regular cube for forming cross section with the identical a pair of element in front and back with the mutual snap engagement of identical up and down a pair of element earlier, this column body is laterally placed with identical method and is prolonged, to leave the position behind per three pairs of element buckles up and down or front and back, be shaped as the sinking space of Chinese character ' ten ' shape or ' worker ' shape, make that three above-mentioned upright leant on body and by last with same method, in, horizontal parallel placement down, use the identical a pair of fishbone element in front and back again, the sunk part that the column body of two parallel placements is vacated in described the going up before withholding, identical another is to the fishbone element before and after using again, before withholding described in the sunk part vacated of the column body vicinity of following two parallel placements, to reach the effect of three column bodies of locking upper, middle and lower, continue to be combined into the expansion of body of wall then according to identical principle and assemble method.And, element 11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18 are mounted in the position of the body of wall linking of floor up and down, or be the aperture position of door and window at body of wall, wherein element 9,10,13,14 are used to be connected fastening, all the other elements 11,12,15,16,17,18 are used to fill up body of wall or doorway, vacant locations in the middle of window and the body of wall, the element 11 that will be applied in this embodiment, 12,13,14,15,16,17,18 usage quantity is considerably less, and wherein element 11,12,14,16,17,18 can be by other elements 1,2,3,4,9,10, after cutting, 13 sanctions make, the applied Constracture unit of house dwelling house of whole embodiment mainly remains 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10, wherein most of element is consistent with the element of pedestrian overcrossing
With reference to body of wall shown in Figure 23 and flooring model, what this embodiment showed is with the similar element of another series of shapes, see the element 1 among the figure, 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10, this series of elements with produce with the component shape structure of previous embodiment unanimous on the whole, can from figure, see made body of wall, the body of wall of the house dwelling house that floor beam and floor and embodiment are shown in Figure 12, floor beam and floor shape are different, but the buckle mode of its structure and principle are the same with previous embodiment Figure 12 house dwelling house, this series of elements is fit to the building that needs add thick wall body, component thickness is designed to 5cm, and thickness of wall body is 25cm among Figure 23.By this embodiment explanation; the present invention to those skilled in the art; under this patent design and specific embodiment enlightenment; can be from this patent disclosure; some distortion that principle and general knowledge directly derive or associates; for example change the partial shape of element of the present invention; and the mode of interelement mutual different cards lock joint; or the like unsubstantiality change; structure and the element showed as Figure 23 embodiment, can realize equally or the function of similar the foregoing description and effect all belong to this patent protection domain.

Claims (30)

1. building block system building system, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of this building block system building system includes ' mouth ' shape element that shape resembles Chinese character, ' one ' shape element, ' door ' shape element, ' ancient cooking vessel ' shape element, and the element of some kinds of fishbones, the element of fishbone is again by Chinese character ' worker ' shape, ' king ' shape, ' ten ' shape, ' one ' shape, ' soil ' shape, ' doing ' shape, ' recessed ' shape and the free matched combined of ' protruding ' shape form, the geometry of this series of elements is the identical regular cube merging by some quantity, thickness according to 1 regular cube is arranged formation with the shape of above-mentioned Chinese character, because element self forms projection and the depression position all is the regular cube shape, this series of elements can make the mutual snap engagement in the concavo-convex position of interelement by multiple snap engagement assemble method, tile out many constitutionally stable objects of forming by plane and column shape and structure, this series of elements can be counted as the general part in plane and column disintegration back, various elements are by the mutual snap engagement of concaveconvex structure of self, element selects to have high tensile strength materials, and joint does not need other links just can reach constitutionally stable effect like this.
2. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 19 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' king ' shape last, ' soil ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
3. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 15 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' soil ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
4. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 16 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' soil ' shape last, ' soil ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
5. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 18 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' king ' shape last, ' worker ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
6. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 16 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' soil ' shape last, ' doing ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
7. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, a kind of ' mouth ' shape element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 16 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' mouth ' shape to constitute.
8. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method is characterized in that, ' ' shape element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 5 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arrange with the shape of Chinese character ' one ' shape to constitute.
9. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, ' door ' shape element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 9 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' door ' shape to constitute.
10. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 15 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' ten ' shape last, ' ten ' shape in, ' ten ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
11. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 21 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' worker ' shape in, ' worker ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
12. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, ' ten ' shape element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 5 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' ten ' shape to constitute.
13. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, ' worker ' shape element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 7 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' worker ' shape to constitute.
14. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 17 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' ten ' shape last, ' worker ' shape in, ' ten ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
15. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 15 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' ten ' shape last, ' recessed ' shape is placed in middle side direction, ' ten ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
16. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, a kind of ' mouth ' shape element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 8 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' mouth ' shape to constitute.
17. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 16 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' worker ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
18. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 12 identical regular cubes according to thickness, place in last side direction with Chinese character ' protruding ' shape, ' protruding ' shape is placed in middle side direction, and ' protruding ' shape is arranged formation in the shape of side direction placement down.
19. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, ' ancient cooking vessel ' shape element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 11 identical regular cubes according to thickness, arranges with the shape of Chinese character ' ancient cooking vessel ' shape to constitute.
20. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 33 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' worker ' shape in, ' worker ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
21. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 23 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' worker ' shape last, ' soil ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
22. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, a kind of element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 17 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' mouth ' shape, arrange formation Yi Bian wherein protrude the shape of 1 regular cube.
23. ponding formula building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, a kind of element of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 12 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' door ' shape, the shape arrangement that wherein horizontal one side side direction is protruded 1 regular cube constitutes.
24. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of a kind of fishbone of this building block system building system is 1 regular cube by 10 identical regular cubes according to thickness, with Chinese character ' ten ' shape last, ' ten ' shape under shape arrange to constitute.
25. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the shape of this series of elements is the identical regular cube merging by some quantity, thickness according to 1 regular cube is arranged formation with the shape of aforementioned Chinese character, because element self forms projection and the depression position all is the regular cube shape, this series of elements can make the mutual snap engagement in the concavo-convex position of interelement by multiple snap engagement assemble method, wherein a kind of main column snap engagement assemble method is earlier with aforesaid two pairs of fishbone elements, it is the column body of 3X3 regular cube that the identical a pair of element a pair of element mutual snap engagement identical with the left and right sides in front and back formed cross section, use ' mouth ' shape element to entangle this column body again to reach the locking effect, utilize the hole of vacating behind ' one ' the shape element insertion column body member buckle to prevent its downward landing then to support ' mouth ' shape element, thereby finish the assembly snap engagement of column body, be combined into the prolongation of column again according to same assemble method, use this principle, cooperate different fishbone elements can assemble out multiple variform column body.
26. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the shape of this series of elements is the identical regular cube merging by some quantity, thickness according to 1 regular cube is arranged formation with the shape of aforementioned Chinese character, because element self forms projection and the depression position all is the regular cube shape, this series of elements can make the mutual snap engagement in the concavo-convex position of interelement by multiple snap engagement assemble method, wherein a kind of main plane snap engagement assemble method is earlier with aforesaid two pairs of fishbone elements, it is the column body of 3X3 regular cube that the identical a pair of element a pair of element mutual snap engagement identical with the left and right sides in front and back formed cross section, use ' mouth ' shape element to entangle this column body again to reach the locking effect, laterally place the column body then, it is regarded as the assembly of crossbeam, be combined into the prolongation of crossbeam again according to same assemble method, buckle ' door ' shape element above it, thereby finish the making of wall scroll crossbeam, be combined into many crossbeams according to same assemble method again, parallel placed side by side many crossbeams with regard to the unsettled plane structure of one-tenth capable of being combined, use this principle, during construction of buildings, not only can assemble flooring but also can assemble stair with the method.
27. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the shape of this series of elements is the identical regular cube merging by some quantity, thickness according to 1 regular cube is arranged formation with the shape of aforementioned Chinese character, because element self forms projection and the depression position all is the regular cube shape, this series of elements can make the mutual snap engagement in the concavo-convex position of interelement by multiple snap engagement assemble method, wherein a kind of main body of wall snap engagement assemble method is the column body of 3X3 regular cube for forming cross section with the identical a pair of element in front and back with the mutual snap engagement of identical up and down a pair of element earlier, this column body is laterally placed with identical method and is prolonged, to leave the position behind per three pairs of element buckles up and down or front and back, be shaped as the sinking space of Chinese character ' ten ' shape or ' worker ' shape, make that three above-mentioned upright leant on body and by last with same method, in, horizontal parallel placement down, use the identical a pair of fishbone element in front and back again, the sunk part that the column body of two parallel placements is vacated in described the going up before withholding, identical another is to the fishbone element before and after using again, before withholding described in the sunk part vacated of the column body vicinity of following two parallel placements, to reach the effect of three column bodies of locking upper, middle and lower, continue to be combined into the expansion of body of wall then according to identical principle and assemble method.
28. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the various objects that can make of the element and the assemble method of this building block system building system by plane and pillar construction shape, as can be applicable to the house dwelling house, the civic building facility, fields such as all kinds of furniture and toy.
29. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that, the element of this building block system building system just can not connect combination owing to do not need other intermediaries to connect material, snap engagement is formed different shape mutually, simple installation is as building blocks, so called after: building block system building system and building block system Constracture unit.
30. building block system building system according to claim 1, element and assemble method, it is characterized in that the element of this building block system building system constitutes by having high tensile strength materials, these materials are selected from and comprise shape, timber or synthetic wood, plastic or other material.
CN2010102813018A 2010-09-13 2010-09-13 Cordwood building system, element and assembling method CN101956425A (en)

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WO2012034254A1 (en) * 2010-09-19 2012-03-22 Li Xian Modular construction system, element and assembly method therefor
CN103998797A (en) * 2011-11-25 2014-08-20 考赛罗努涅斯·佛兰西斯科 Double assembly system that can be used for pivoting, rotating or folding operations
CN106192728A (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-12-07 宋裕祺 Precasting locking nub, its stacked structure and energy dissipating post
CN107090907A (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-08-25 陈振洪 A kind of new-type Creative building unit for realizing quick construction of buildings
CN109736442A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-10 河南微术教育科技有限公司 Part building
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CN86209834U (en) * 1986-12-06 1987-12-05 牛立功 Special cubic building blocks
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WO2012034254A1 (en) * 2010-09-19 2012-03-22 Li Xian Modular construction system, element and assembly method therefor
CN103998797A (en) * 2011-11-25 2014-08-20 考赛罗努涅斯·佛兰西斯科 Double assembly system that can be used for pivoting, rotating or folding operations
CN106192728A (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-12-07 宋裕祺 Precasting locking nub, its stacked structure and energy dissipating post
CN107090907A (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-08-25 陈振洪 A kind of new-type Creative building unit for realizing quick construction of buildings
CN107090907B (en) * 2017-05-02 2019-04-12 陈振洪 A kind of quick lid building construct part
CN109736442A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-10 河南微术教育科技有限公司 Part building
CN109736442B (en) * 2019-01-24 2020-06-16 河南微术教育科技有限公司 Part building
CN111502026A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-08-07 上海思纳建筑规划设计股份有限公司 Ecological building with variable shapes

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