CN101955780B - Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar - Google Patents

Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101955780B
CN101955780B CN2010102872618A CN201010287261A CN101955780B CN 101955780 B CN101955780 B CN 101955780B CN 2010102872618 A CN2010102872618 A CN 2010102872618A CN 201010287261 A CN201010287261 A CN 201010287261A CN 101955780 B CN101955780 B CN 101955780B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
water
tube
wood
liquid separation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN2010102872618A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101955780A (en
Inventor
王有良
宋俊豪
王军
郜国有
邱翔
王康莉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHAANXI YIXIN BIOLOGICAL ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHAANXI YIXIN BIOLOGICAL ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHAANXI YIXIN BIOLOGICAL ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical SHAANXI YIXIN BIOLOGICAL ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN2010102872618A priority Critical patent/CN101955780B/en
Publication of CN101955780A publication Critical patent/CN101955780A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101955780B publication Critical patent/CN101955780B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses a co-production system and a co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar. The co-production system comprises a biomass dry distillation kettle, a high-temperature heating furnace, a water cooling device, a washing device, a liquid separation device, a gas storage tank, a water-ring vacuum pump, a compressor, wood tar storage tank and a wood vinegar storage tank, wherein the liquid separation device separates wood vinegar and wood tar in the mixed liquid obtained by gas-liquid separation of the water cooling device; the co-production method comprises the following steps: 1, charging; 2, high-temperature carbonization: water cooling and gas-liquid separation, washing, gas storage and separation and storage of liquid matters; and 3, obtaining of the biomass carbon after the high-temperature carbonization. The co-production system for the biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar has the advantages of reasonable design, convenient processing, simple mounting arrangement, easy operation and good effect; and the co-production method has the advantages of convenient realization, high yield, low cost, fast co-production and relatively high production purity and has obvious economic and social benefits and wide popularization and application prospect.

Description

Biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system and co-production
Technical field
The invention belongs to biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-production technology field, especially relate to a kind of biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system and co-production.
Background technology
Brought the increase of a large amount of energy demands in the social development process, the pressure of primary energy source (as coal, oil etc.) supply and the enhancing of human environmental consciousness make renewable resources obtain domestic and international scientist's extensive concern.Biomass have wide, the sustainable supply of distribution, transform characteristics such as convenient, and very suitable China's national situation is with a wide range of applications.But nowadays existing biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system and corresponding co-production thereof are all immature on the market, and the function imperfection, also exist problems to need further solution and perfect in the actual application.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is at above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of reasonable in design, processing and fabricating convenient, install and lay simple and use biomass charcoal easy and simple to handle, that result of use is good, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: comprise the biomass carbonization still, to the high-temperature heater that the vegetation raw material carries out high temperature carbonization of adorning in the biomass carbonization still, the gas mixture one that is produced in the described vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization process is cooled off and synchronously described gas mixture one is carried out the water cooling plant of gas-liquid separation and corresponding acquisition gas mixture two and mixed solution, the gas mixture two that is obtained after the water cooling plant cooling is washed the also water washing device of corresponding acquisition wood gas, wood vinegar in the described mixed solution that the water cooling plant gas-liquid separation is come out and wood tar oil are carried out isolating liquid separation device, the gas-holder that described wood gas is stored, water-ring vacuum pump and the compressor that joins with water-ring vacuum pump and the wood tar oil storage tank and the wood vinegar storage tank that are respectively applied for storage wood tar oil and wood vinegar, described biomass carbonization still is installed on the burner hearth of high-temperature heater, described biomass carbonization still is provided with mixed gas outlet one, water cooling plant is provided with combi inlet port two, mixed gas outlet two and mixture export two, water washing device is provided with combi inlet port three and washing outlet three, and liquid separation device is provided with fluid inlet, wood tar oil outlet and wood vinegar outlet; The mixed gas outlet one of described biomass carbonization still joins by the combi inlet port two of connecting tube one with water cooling plant, the mixed gas outlet two of water cooling plant joins by the combi inlet port three of connecting tube two with water washing device, the washing outlet three of water washing device is joined by connecting tube three and gas-holder, the mixture export two of water cooling plant joins by the fluid inlet of connecting tube four with liquid separation device, and the wood tar oil outlet and the wood vinegar outlet of liquid separation device are joined with wood tar oil storage tank and wood vinegar storage tank by connecting tube five and connecting tube six respectively; Be equipped with on the described connecting tube one and vacuumize control valve, the washing control valve is housed on the connecting tube two, connecting tube three is equipped with the gas storage control valve, wood tar oil storage control valve and wood vinegar storage control valve are housed respectively on connecting tube five and the connecting tube six, on the connecting tube four by-pass valve control are installed; Between described biomass carbonization still and the high-temperature heater exhausting pipeline is installed, one end of described exhausting pipeline and mixed gas outlet one join and its other end feeding heat furnace interior carries out combustion-supporting, the corresponding installing port that communicates with its inside and be used to install exhausting pipeline that is provided with on the body of heater of high-temperature heater, blow-off valve is installed on the exhausting pipeline, and exhausting pipeline forms the heat circulating system between biomass carbonization still and the high-temperature heater; Described biomass carbonization still and high-temperature heater are formed the pyroreaction system that the vegetation raw material is carried out dry blowing pyrolysis and high temperature carbonization and corresponding generation gas mixture one, water cooling plant and water washing device form successively to described gas mixture one cool off, washing and the isolating intermediate treatment of gas-liquid system one, liquid separation device is for to separating through the water cooling plant described mixed solution that gas-liquid separation is come out with water washing device and the intermediate treatment system two of corresponding acquisition wood tar oil and wood vinegar; Described water-ring vacuum pump is installed on the connecting tube three.
Above-mentioned biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system is characterized in that: also comprise controller and the indicating meter and the parameter set unit of joining with controller respectively; Described biomass carbonization still comprises that kettle and seal buckle are contained in the kettle cover on the kettle, are provided with the heat conduction cage in the kettle; Described heat conduction cage is provided with the temperature test device that the intravital temperature of still is detected in real time, and described temperature test device and controller join; Described high-temperature heater comprises that the cylindric body of heater that is built into by polylith refractory brick, thick pure aluminium silicate insulating cotton layer and the coaxial cylindric body of heater heat conduction liner that is laid in described cylindric body of heater inside of one deck 2cm~5cm that evenly is laid on the described cylindric body of heater form, and is filled with the layer of sand that a layer thickness is 10cm ± 3cm between described pure aluminium silicate insulating cotton layer and the described cylindric body of heater heat conduction liner; The described cylindric body of heater outside also is provided with the gas blower of being controlled by controller, and the blast pipe that joins with gas blower feeds described cylindric body of heater inside; Described high-temperature heater is that xyloid coal steam stove and the used fuel of described xyloid coal steam stove are the wood gas that is stored in the gas-holder, the air feed port that the burner of described xyloid coal steam stove is laid in the inside bottom of described cylindric heat conduction inner casing and described burner joins by the air outlet of gas pipe line and gas-holder, the gas transmission by-pass valve control of being controlled by controller is housed on the described gas pipe line, and described gas transmission by-pass valve control and controller join.
Above-mentioned biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: described water cooling plant comprises outer hull two, the inner chamber of outer hull two is by upper spacer and lower clapboard following three cavitys that are divided into, neutralize, wherein the cavity of lower clapboard bottom is a flow-dividing bin, and mixture export two is laid in the flow-dividing bin bottom; Cavity between upper spacer and the lower clapboard is the inner cooling storehouse that cooling fluid is housed, and the both sides up and down of cooling storehouse sidewall are respectively arranged with cooling liquid inlet and cooling liquid outlet; Two cavitys about the cavity on upper spacer top is divided into by vertical dividing plate, two cavitys of the vertical dividing plate left and right sides are respectively feeding warehouse two and go out feed bin two, and combi inlet port two and mixed gas outlet two are laid in feeding warehouse two respectively and go out on the feed bin two; Inside, described cooling storehouse is laid with many connecting tubes, many described connecting tubes with flow-dividing bin with feeding warehouse two with go out feed bin two and be communicated with.
Above-mentioned biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described water cooling plant is that a plurality of and a plurality of described water cooling plants are formed one and described gas mixture one cooled off step by step and the multi-level water cooling system of gas-liquid separation step by step, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage water cooling plant in the described multi-level water cooling system by connecting pipe, link to each other by connecting pipe between the mixed gas outlet two of the upper level water cooling plant in the wherein adjacent two-stage water cooling plant and the combi inlet port two of next stage water cooling plant, the combi inlet port two of the first step water cooling plant in the described multi-level water cooling system joins by connecting tube one and mixed gas outlet one, and the mixed gas outlet two of the last step water cooling plant in the described multi-level water cooling system joins by the combi inlet port three of connecting tube two with water washing device; The mixture export two of a plurality of described water cooling plants all joins by the fluid inlet of connecting tube four with liquid separation device.
Above-mentioned biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: described water washing device comprises outer hull three, outer hull three bottoms are inner washing chamber of filling water, combi inlet port three and washing outlet three all are laid in the side wall upper part of outer hull three, outer hull three inside are provided with the washing transfer lime, and the upper end of described washing transfer lime and combi inlet port three join and inside, described washing chamber is inserted in its bottom.
Above-mentioned biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described water washing device is that a plurality of and a plurality of described water washing devices are formed one and described gas mixture two washed step by step and the multistage water wash system of gas-liquid separation step by step, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage water washing device in the described multistage water wash system by connecting pipe, link to each other by connecting pipe between the combi inlet port three of the washing of the upper level water washing device in wherein adjacent two-stage water washing device outlet three and next stage water washing device, the combi inlet port three of the first step water washing device in the described multistage water wash system joins by the mixed gas outlet two of connecting tube two with the last step water cooling plant, and the washing outlet three of the last step water washing device in the described multistage water wash system is joined by connecting tube three and gas-holder.
Above-mentioned biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: the shared connecting tube four of described water cooling plant and water washing device, and the mixture export two of water cooling plant joins by a vertical pipe connecting and connecting tube four, and described connecting tube four is level to laying; Described liquid separation device comprises separating still, described separating still top is provided with and is connected with connecting tube four and is laid in level on the same horizontal plane to the primary input pipe with connecting tube four, and level is joined by vertical input tube between the delivery port of primary input pipe and fluid inlet; Level is provided with a level to bypass pipe directly over the primary input pipe, described level is joined and its other end joins by vertical input tube and fluid inlet to the primary input pipe by Y-tube and level to an end of bypass pipe; Described level exceeds 20cm ± 3cm to bypass pipe and level to the primary input pipe, and the level between described Y-tube and the vertical input tube is equipped with check valve on the primary input pipe; The outlet of described wood tar oil comprises wood tar oil outlet and the outlet of following wood tar oil, described go up wood tar oil outlet, wood vinegar outlet and following wood tar oil export be laid in respectively separating still upward, in and on the lower sides; Outlet of described upward wood tar oil and the outlet of following wood tar oil are joined by connecting tube five and wood tar oil storage tank respectively; Described fluid inlet is laid in the top of separating still.
Above-mentioned biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described liquid separation device is that a plurality of and a plurality of liquid separation devices compositions carry out isolating step by step multistage liquid separation system to wood vinegar in the described mixed solution and wood tar oil, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage liquid separation device in the described multistage liquid separation system by connecting pipe, link to each other by connecting pipe between the fluid inlet of the outlet of the wood vinegar of the upper level liquid separation device in the wherein adjacent two-stage liquid separation device and next stage liquid separation device, the fluid inlet of next stage liquid separation device is laid in the side wall upper part of separating still, and the installation position of the last wood tar oil outlet of upper level liquid separation device is higher than the installation position of the fluid inlet of next stage liquid separation device.
Above-mentioned biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: described gas-holder is floating type gas-holder or fixed gas-holder;
Described floating type gas-holder comprises that inside is equipped with the well one of water and tips upside down on the cylindric gas-holder body one of well one inside and bottom opening, the center that described gas-holder body one bottom is provided with gas-holder body one is the center of circle and along the circumferential direction equally distributed many union levers, form a water-in between adjacent two union levers, in the well one institute's water of adorn from water-in evenly enter gas-holder body one inner and enter the water of gas-holder body one inside should be in water seal one of gas-holder body one inside formation, and an airtight air storage chamber one that is used to store wood gas is formed at described water seal one top, the bottom of well one is installed with a vertical center fixation bar of laying, gas-holder body one inner correspondence is provided with one and is sleeved on the center fixation bar and fixed sleeving that control gas-holder body one moves straight up along the center fixation bar, the top of fixed sleeving is fixed on the top inner wall of gas-holder body one, stretch to well one inside bottom from top to bottom with washing outlet three connecting tubes that join three of water washing device, described air outlet is laid in gas-holder body one top;
Described fixed gas-holder comprises that inside is equipped with the well two of water and fixedly tips upside down on the gas-holder body two of well two inside, described gas-holder body two comprises base, be installed in cylindrical tank on the described base and spiral-lock tank deck on described cylindrical tank top, have a plurality of water entrys on the described base, in the well two institute's water of adorn from described water entry enter gas-holder body two inner and enter the water of gas-holder body two inside should be in water seal two of gas-holder body two inside formation, and an airtight air storage chamber two that is used to store wood gas is formed at described water seal two tops, gas-holder body two adopts the wave plate to make, described base is fixed on that pad is equipped with cushion block between the bottom of well two bottoms and described base and well two, from top to bottom stretches in the described water seal two of gas-holder body two inside bottom with washing outlet three connecting tubes that join three of water washing device; Described air outlet is laid in gas-holder body two tops.
Simultaneously, the invention also discloses that a kind of realization is convenient, output is high, input cost is low and charcoal, gas and the fireballing biomass charcoal of oily coproduction, gas, oily and wood vinegar co-production, it is characterized in that this method may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, charging: described vegetation raw material is packed into after compacting in the biomass carbonization still, adopt the biomass carbonization still that hanging device will be equipped with the vegetation raw material to lift to the burner hearth of high temperature process furnace again;
Step 2, high temperature carbonization: start high-temperature heater the vegetation raw material that is loaded in the biomass carbonization still is carried out heat, in the high-temperature heating process, the temperature T in the biomass carbonization still is carried out real-time monitored: as T<T 0The time, close and vacuumize control valve and open blow-off valve, the burner hearth inside of the gas mixture one that is produced in the biomass carbonization still being sent into high-temperature heater by exhausting pipeline is carried out combustion-supporting, and makes the biomass carbonization temperature in the kettle constantly upwards promote described T by the control high-temperature heater 0=80 ℃~100 ℃; Work as T 0≤ T<T hThe time, close and vacuumize control valve and close blow-off valve, and make the biomass carbonization temperature in the kettle constantly upwards promote by the control high-temperature heater, rise to T until the biomass carbonization temperature in the kettle h, T wherein h=430 ℃~500 ℃; When the biomass carbonization temperature in the kettle rises to T hThe time, then make the biomass carbonization temperature in the kettle remain on T by the control high-temperature heater h, close blow-off valve and unlatching simultaneously and vacuumize control valve, washing control valve, gas storage control valve, by-pass valve control, wood tar oil storage control valve and wood vinegar storage control valve, carry out charcoal, G﹠O coproduction, its joint process is as follows:
201, water-cooled and gas-liquid separation: under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump and compressor, earlier the gas mixture one that is produced in the described vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization process is pumped to water cooling plant and cooled off, and the temperature of described gas mixture one reduced to 50 ℃ ± 10 ℃, and synchronously described gas mixture one is carried out gas-liquid separation and corresponding acquisition gas mixture two and mixed solution by water cooling plant, the mixed solution that is produced is sent into liquid separation device by connecting tube four;
202, washing: the gas mixture two that is obtained after the water cooling plant gas-liquid separation is pumped to water washing device and is washed under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump and compressor, and corresponding acquisition wood gas;
203, gas storage and liquid object are separated and storage: the wood gas that is obtained after the water washing device gas-liquid separation under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump and compressor, is transported to gas-holder and stores;
Wash in the step 202 with step 3 in carry out gas storage and liquid object separate with storage process in, the mixed solution that is obtained after the water cooling plant gas-liquid separation carries out liquid state by liquid separation device to be separated, and wood tar oil and wood vinegar after the corresponding acquisition separation, wood tar oil after the separation and wood vinegar are delivered in wood tar oil storage tank and the wood vinegar storage tank by connecting tube five and connecting tube six respectively and store;
In step 201, step 202 and the step 203, the biomass carbonization temperature in the kettle should be remained at T h
Step 3, high temperature carbonization finish: after treating to be loaded on described in the step 1 vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization end of processing in the biomass carbonization still, then close and vacuumize control valve and close high-temperature heater, and adopt hanging device that the biomass carbonization still is hung out on high-temperature heater, and after treating that the biomass retort is cooled to room temperature, open the biomass carbonization still and can obtain biomass charcoal behind high temperature carbonization, thereby finish the joint process of biomass charcoal, G﹠O.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, reasonable in design, installation is laid between convenient and each component units and is connected reliably, and result of use is good.
2, used retort reasonable in design, processing and fabricating is easy and use easy to operate, the practical value height, result of use is good, can carry out fast the biomass in the heating cage, comprehensively heating, shortened the pyrogenous time, improved pyrogenous effect, seal by the earth that loads in kettle and the kettle cover snapping place inboard groove in the heat-processed simultaneously, sealing effectiveness not only, and it is with low cost, it is convenient to realize, for good destructive distillation effect has improved guarantee, and is provided with temperature sensor in this retort and can controls in real time the retort temperature inside, the kettle cover of this retort is provided with stiffening web simultaneously, has strengthened the intensity of kettle cover.
The water cooling plant reasonable in design that is adopted, installation laying convenience and cost of manufacture are lower, the good heat conductive performance of being laid between the last lower clapboard that connecting tube had and the cooling fluid in exterior cooling storehouse are carried out heat exchange, thereby reduce the temperature of mixed gas fast: at first, destructive distillation produces thing and moves straight down at the effect lower edge of feeding warehouse gaseous tension connecting tube, and straight down in the moving process, carry out heat exchange with the cooling fluid in exterior cooling storehouse, carry out the first step cooling; When producing thing arrival flow-dividing bin through the cooled destructive distillation of the first step, destructive distillation produces thing can produce a part of liquid (described mixed solution) in process of cooling, promptly can carry out gas-liquid separation synchronously in process of cooling, cooling fluid is discharged by outlet at bottom and the corresponding liquid object of carrying out is separated; And the gas that cooled destructive distillation produces in the thing is moving upward along connecting tube and is discharging from the air outlet, and in the process of moving upward, gas is further cooled, and has then obtained favorable cooling effect, have the dual-cooled effect, thereby popularizing application prospect is extensive.In addition, in the practice, can carry out arbitrary combination to a plurality of water cooling plants according to actual needs, and the multistage cooling system of corresponding composition is realized cooling step by step.
3, used liquid separation device reasonable in design, by be higher than level to the level of primary input pipe to bypass pipe, can effectively reduce the pressure reduction that flows into liquid object in the separating still, the assurance level maintains liquid object always in the primary input pipe, can not produce air, thereby can better controlled the flow and the flow velocity of liquid object, and utilized the proportion characteristic of wood vinegar and wood tar oil in the liquid object, the wood vinegar in the liquid object is purified with wood tar oil separate cleverly; And can a plurality of liquid separation devices arbitrarily be made up and make up easy according to the purification purity needs, and can corresponding realization multistage purification separates, and purifies, separating effect is very good.
4, the water washing device that is adopted is simple in structure, processing and fabricating convenient and it is easy and simple to handle to use, result of use good, in the practice, can carry out arbitrary combination to a plurality of water washing devices according to actual needs, and the multistage water wash system of corresponding composition is realized washing step by step.
5, used gas-holder comprises floating type and fixed two kinds, and the structure of two kinds of gas-holder is poly-all reasonable in design, installation is laid conveniently, input cost is low and it is effective to store, safety coefficient height, stable work in work; Wherein floating type gas-holder is by the use that matches of center fixation bar and fixed sleeving, make tank body to move straight up and canting can not take place, and store content is big and safety coefficient is high, all be provided with counterweight in tank base and top in addition, strengthened the safety in utilization of gas-holder, had great practical value; And the sidewall of fixed gas-holder is made by the wave plate, and not only processing and fabricating is easy, and has strengthened the ability to bear of sidewall greatly, and ultimate compression strength is big, thereby easy to utilize.
6, connect reliably between each component units, and can form a cycling and reutilization system that turns waste into wealth, economic benefit and obvious social benefit.
7, co-production degree height easy and simple to handle, intelligent and coproduction output height.
In sum, the used biomass charcoal of the present invention, gas, oil and the wood vinegar co-generation system is reasonable in design, processing and fabricating convenient, install lay simply and use easy and simple to handle, result of use good, used co-production is realized conveniently, output is high, input cost is low and coproduction speed is fast, product purity is higher, thereby having remarkable economic efficiency and social benefit, popularizing application prospect is extensive.
Below by drawings and Examples, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the user mode reference drawing of biomass charcoal of the present invention, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system.
Fig. 2 is the schematic block circuit diagram of biomass charcoal of the present invention, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of biomass carbonization still of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of set heat conduction cage in the biomass carbonization still of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of water cooling plant of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of water washing device of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of liquid separation device of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the floating type gas-holder of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the bottom construction synoptic diagram of the floating type gas-holder of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the fixed gas-holder of the present invention.
Figure 11 carries out the method flow diagram of biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar coproduction for the present invention adopts biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system.
Description of reference numerals:
1-biomass carbonization still; The 1-1-kettle; 1-2-heat conduction cage;
The 1-3-thermopair; The 1-4-kettle cover; The 1-5-double buckle;
The 1-6-draw ring; The 1-7-stiffening web; The 1-8-handle;
The vertical centibar of 1-9-; The 1-10-heat conduction ring; 1-11-heat conduction bar;
The horizontal heat conducting bar of 1-12-; 1-13-mixed gas outlet one; The 2-high-temperature heater;
The 3-water cooling plant; 3-1-outer hull two; 3-3-cools off the storehouse;
The 3-4-connecting tube; 3-6-goes out feed bin two; The vertical dividing plate of 3-7-;
3-9-feeding warehouse two; The 3-10-upper spacer; The 3-11-cooling liquid inlet;
The 3-12-cooling liquid outlet; The 3-13-lower clapboard; The 3-14-flow-dividing bin;
3-16-combi inlet port two; 3-17-mixed gas outlet two; 3-18-mixture export two;
The 4-water washing device; 4-1-combi inlet port three; 4-2-washing outlet three;
4-4-outer hull three; 4-5-washes transfer lime; The 5-gas-holder;
The 5-1-air outlet; 5-10-gas-holder body one; The 5-11-union lever;
5-12-well one; The 5-13-water-in; The airtight air storage chamber one of 5-14-;
5-15-center fixation bar; The 5-16-fixed sleeving; 5-17-knighthead one;
The 5-18-vertical clapboard; 5-19-knighthead two; The 5-101-ring baffle;
The 5-102-mass; 5-20-gas-holder body two; The airtight air storage chamber two of 5-21-;
The 5-22-cushion block; 6-wood tar oil storage tank; The 7-liquid separation device;
The 7-1-fluid inlet; The outlet of 7-3-wood vinegar; The 7-4-separating still;
The 7-5-level is to the primary input pipe; The 7-6-level is to bypass pipe; The 7-7-Y-tube;
The vertical input tube of 7-8-; The last wood tar oil outlet of 7-9-; Wood tar oil outlet under the 7-10-;
8-wood vinegar storage tank; The 9-water-ring vacuum pump; The 10-compressor;
11-1-connecting tube one; 11-2-connecting tube two; 11-3-connecting tube three;
11-4-connecting tube four; 11-5-connecting tube five; 11-6-connecting tube six;
12-vacuumizes control valve; 13-washes control valve; 14-gas storage control valve;
15-wood tar oil storage control 16-wood vinegar storage control 17-by-pass valve control;
Valve; Valve;
The 18-exhausting pipeline; The 19-blow-off valve; The 20-controller;
The 21-gas pipe line; The 22-gas blower; 23-gas transmission by-pass valve control;
The 24-indicating meter; The 25-parameter set unit; The vertical pipe connecting of 26-;
The 27-check valve; 28-well two.
Embodiment
As Fig. 1, a kind of biomass charcoal shown in Figure 2, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, comprise biomass carbonization still 1, the vegetation raw material of adorning in the biomass carbonization still 1 is carried out the high-temperature heater 2 of high temperature carbonization, the gas mixture one that is produced in the described vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization process is cooled off and synchronously described gas mixture one is carried out the water cooling plant 3 of gas-liquid separation and corresponding acquisition gas mixture two and mixed solution, the gas mixture two that is obtained after water cooling plant 3 coolings is washed the also water washing device 4 of corresponding acquisition wood gas, wood vinegar in the described mixed solution that comes out through water cooling plant 3 gas-liquid separations and wood tar oil are carried out isolating liquid separation device 7, the gas-holder 5 that described wood gas is stored, water-ring vacuum pump 9 and the compressor 10 that joins with water-ring vacuum pump 9 and the wood tar oil storage tank 6 and the wood vinegar storage tank 8 that are respectively applied for storage wood tar oil and wood vinegar, described biomass carbonization still 1 is installed on the burner hearth of high-temperature heater 2.Described biomass carbonization still 1 is provided with mixed gas outlet one 1-13, water cooling plant 3 is provided with combi inlet port two 3-16, mixed gas outlet two 3-17 and mixture export two 3-18, water washing device 4 is provided with combi inlet port three 4-1 and washing outlet three 4-2, and liquid separation device 7 is provided with fluid inlet 7-1, wood tar oil outlet and wood vinegar outlet 7-3.Mixed gas outlet one 1-13 of described biomass carbonization still 1 joins by combi inlet port two 3-16 of connecting tube one 11-1 and water cooling plant 3, mixed gas outlet two 3-17 of water cooling plant 3 join by combi inlet port three 4-1 of connecting tube two 11-2 and water washing device 4, the washing of water washing device 4 exports three 4-2 and joins by connecting tube three 11-3 and gas-holder 5, mixture export two 3-18 of water cooling plant 3 join by the fluid inlet 7-1 of connecting tube four 11-4 and liquid separation device 7, and the wood tar oil outlet of liquid separation device 7 and wood vinegar outlet 7-3 join with wood tar oil storage tank 6 and wood vinegar storage tank 8 by connecting tube five 11-5 and connecting tube six 11-6 respectively.Be equipped with on described connecting tube one 11-1 and vacuumize control valve 12, washing control valve 13 is housed on connecting tube two 11-2, connecting tube three 11-3 are equipped with gas storage control valve 14, wood tar oil storage control valve 15 and wood vinegar storage control valve 16 are housed respectively on connecting tube five 11-5 and connecting tube six 11-6, on connecting tube four 11-4 by-pass valve control 17 are installed.Between described biomass carbonization still 1 and the high-temperature heater 2 exhausting pipeline 18 is installed, one end of described exhausting pipeline 18 and mixed gas outlet one 1-13 join and its other end feeding high-temperature heater 2 inside are carried out combustion-supporting, the corresponding installing port that communicates with its inside and be used to install exhausting pipeline 18 that is provided with on the body of heater of high-temperature heater 2, blow-off valve 19 is installed on the exhausting pipeline 18, and the heat circulating system between exhausting pipeline 18 formation biomass carbonization stills 1 and the high-temperature heater 2.Described biomass carbonization still 1 and high-temperature heater 2 are formed the pyroreaction system that the vegetation raw material is carried out dry blowing pyrolysis and high temperature carbonization and corresponding generation gas mixture one, water cooling plant 3 and water washing device 4 form successively to described gas mixture one cool off, washing and the isolating intermediate treatment of gas-liquid system one, liquid separation device 7 is for to separating through the water cooling plant 3 described mixed solution that 4 gas-liquid separations are come out with water washing device and the intermediate treatment system two of corresponding acquisition wood tar oil and wood vinegar.Described water-ring vacuum pump 9 is installed on connecting tube three 11-3.
Simultaneously, biomass charcoal of the present invention, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system also comprise controller 20 and the indicating meter 24 and the parameter set unit 25 of joining with controller 20 respectively.In conjunction with Fig. 3, Fig. 4, described biomass carbonization still 1 comprises that kettle 1-1 and seal buckle are contained in the kettle cover 1-4 on the kettle 1-1, are provided with heat conduction cage 1-2 in the kettle 1-1.Described heat conduction cage 1-2 is provided with the temperature test device that the temperature in the kettle 1-1 is detected in real time, and described temperature test device and controller 20 join.
In the present embodiment, described temperature test device is thermopair 1-3.Described heat conduction cage 1-2 comprises and evenly is laid in a plurality of heat conduction ring 1-10 in the kettle 1-1 from top to bottom and is fixed on many vertical heat conducting bars between adjacent two heat conduction ring 1-10, a plurality of described heat conduction ring 1-10 big or small identical and all with the coaxial laying of kettle 1-1, described heat conduction 1-10 is level to laying and inner heat conduction ring 1-10 is provided with the many horizontal heat conducting bar 1-12 that are laid staggeredly.Be positioned at that the bottom of the heat conduction ring 1-10 of below is laid with a plurality of heat conduction bar 1-11 and a plurality of heat conduction bar 1-11 connects to form a circular carrier table, the middle part of described heat conduction cage 1-2 is provided with a vertical centibar 1-9, and the top of vertical centibar 1-9 is provided with handle 1-8 and itself and horizontal heat conducting bar 1-12 and connects as one.The middle and upper part of described kettle cover 1-4 is provided with draw ring 1-6, and described mixed gas outlet one 1-13 is laid in the flange-interface that kettle cover 1-4 goes up and communicates with kettle 1-1 inside.
Described kettle 1-1 is cylindric, and kettle cover 1-4 is circular, and between kettle 1-1 and the kettle cover 1-4 along the circumferential direction evenly a plurality of double buckle 1-5 of laying seal and be fastenedly connected.Described kettle cover 1-4 is provided with and along the circumferential direction is laid with many stiffening web 1-7, and set stiffening web 1-7 can effectively guarantee the intensity of kettle cover 1-4.
When reality is used biomass carbonization still 1, the vegetation raw material is packed on the circular carrier table in the heat conduction cage 1-2, the heat conduction cage 1-2 that the vegetation raw material will be housed with hanging device lifts in the kettle 1-1 again, and kettle cover 1-4 is contained on the kettle 1-1 by a plurality of double buckle 1-5 seal buckles; Adopt biomass carbonization still 1 that hanging device will be equipped with the vegetation raw material to put into high-temperature heater 2 subsequently again and carry out high temperature sintering, begin biomass are carried out thermal degradation, export by gas, steam and solid residue that mixed gas outlet one 1-13 produces destructive distillation.In the actual heat-processed of heating, by horizontal heat conducting bar 1-12 effectively raising the heating efficiency that heating cage 1-2 endogenous substance heats has been saved the pyrogenous time significantly.Described heating cage 1-2 matches with the shape of kettle 1-1 and heats the diameter of cage 1-2 and highly all less than diameter and the height of kettle 1-1, effectively utilized the internal space of kettle 1-1, increases and puts former material space, has improved production output.In addition, the junction between described kettle cover 1-4 and the kettle 1-1 is provided with sealed groove, and during actual the use, the earth of packing in described sealed groove seals, and is not only economical and practical, and good sealing effect, effectively improved pyrogenous effect.
Described high-temperature heater 2 comprises that the cylindric body of heater that is built into by polylith refractory brick, thick pure aluminium silicate insulating cotton layer and the coaxial cylindric body of heater heat conduction liner that is laid in described cylindric body of heater inside of one deck 2cm~5cm that evenly is laid on the described cylindric body of heater form, and is filled with the layer of sand that a layer thickness is 10cm ± 3cm between described pure aluminium silicate insulating cotton layer and the described cylindric body of heater heat conduction liner.The described cylindric body of heater outside also is provided with the gas blower of being controlled by controller 20 22, and the blast pipe that joins with gas blower 22 feeds described cylindric body of heater inside.Described high-temperature heater 2 is that xyloid coal steam stove and the used fuel of described xyloid coal steam stove are the wood gas that is stored in the gas-holder 5, the burner of described xyloid coal steam stove is laid in the inside bottom of described cylindric heat conduction inner casing and the air feed port of described burner joins by the air outlet 5-1 of gas pipe line 21 with gas-holder 5, the gas transmission by-pass valve control of being controlled by controller 20 23 is housed on the described gas pipe line 21, and described gas transmission by-pass valve control 23 joins with controller 20.
In the present embodiment, the thickness of described pure aluminium silicate insulating cotton layer is 3cm, and the thickness of described layer of sand is 10cm, and the height of described high-temperature heater 2 is 2m.In the actual production process, can the thickness of pure aluminium silicate insulating cotton layer and layer of sand be adjusted, and can adjust accordingly according to the height of concrete needs to high-temperature heater 2 according to the concrete needs of reality.
In conjunction with Fig. 5, described water cooling plant 3 comprises outer hull two 3-1, the inner chamber of outer hull two 3-1 is by upper spacer 3-10 and lower clapboard 3-13 following three cavitys that are divided into, neutralize, wherein the cavity of lower clapboard 3-13 bottom is flow-dividing bin 3-14, and mixture export two 3-18 are laid in flow-dividing bin 3-14 bottom.Cavity between described upper spacer 3-10 and the lower clapboard 3-13 is the inner cooling storehouse 3-3 that cooling fluid is housed, and the both sides up and down of cooling storehouse 3-3 sidewall are respectively arranged with cooling liquid inlet 3-11 and cooling liquid outlet 3-12.Two cavitys about the cavity on described upper spacer 3-10 top is divided into by vertical dividing plate 3-7, two cavitys of the vertical dividing plate 3-7 left and right sides are respectively feeding warehouse two 3-9 and go out feed bin two 3-6, and combi inlet port two 3-16 and mixed gas outlet two 3-17 are laid in feeding warehouse two 3-9 respectively and go out on feed bin two 3-6.3-3 inside, described cooling storehouse is laid with many connecting tube 3-4, many described connecting tube 3-4 with flow-dividing bin 3-14 with feeding warehouse two 3-9 with go out feed bin two 3-6 and be communicated with.
In the actual use, the quantity of described water cooling plant 3 is that a plurality of and a plurality of described water cooling plants 3 are formed one and described gas mixture one cooled off step by step and the multi-level water cooling system of gas-liquid separation step by step, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage water cooling plant 3 in the described multi-level water cooling system by connecting pipe, link to each other by connecting pipe between mixed gas outlet two 3-17 of the upper level water cooling plant 3 in the wherein adjacent two-stage water cooling plant 3 and combi inlet port two 3-16 of next stage water cooling plant 3, combi inlet port two 3-16 of the first step water cooling plant 3 in the described multi-level water cooling system join by connecting tube one 11-1 and mixed gas outlet one 1-13, and mixed gas outlet two 3-17 of the last step water cooling plant 3 in the described multi-level water cooling system join by combi inlet port three 4-1 of connecting tube two 11-2 and water washing device 4.Mixture export two 3-18 of a plurality of described water cooling plants 3 all join by the fluid inlet 7-1 of connecting tube four 11-4 and liquid separation device 7.
In the actual use, can be according to actual needs the quantity of water cooling plant 3 be adjusted accordingly, in the present embodiment, to be that two and two water cooling plants 3 are corresponding form a two-stage water-cooling system to the quantity of described water cooling plant 3.
In the described water cooling plant 3 actual uses, described gas mixture one (be biomass carbonization produce thing) flows to flow-dividing bin 3-14 straight down by combi inlet port two 3-16 input feeding warehouse two 3-9 and the connecting tube 3-4 by feeding warehouse two 3-9 one side, described gas mixture is once cooling storehouse 3-3 straight down in the flow process, the cooling fluid of cooling 3-3 inside, storehouse is cooled off described gas mixture one synchronously, particularly, described gas mixture one is by thermal conductivity and the cooling fluid generation heat exchange of connecting tube 3-4, thereby fast and effeciently the temperature with described gas mixture one reduces, and reaches cooling purpose.When described gas mixture one arrives flow-dividing bin 3-14, described gas mixture can produce a part of liquid (being described mixed solution) after cooling, described mixed solution flows out by mixture export two 3-18 and sends into liquid separation device 7 by connecting tube four 11-4 and carry out the liquid object separation; Remaining gas mixture two is flowed straight up by the connecting tube 3-4 that goes out feed bin two 3-6 one side and enters discharging storehouse two 3-6 in the described gas mixture one, export from mixed gas outlet two 3-17 at last, equally at described gas mixture two straight up in the flow process, heat exchange takes place with the cooling fluid of cooling off in the 3-3 of storehouse in described gas mixture two once more, thereby further cools off described gas mixture two.
In the present embodiment, the installation position of described cooling liquid inlet 3-11 is higher than the installation position of cooling liquid outlet 3-12, thereby cooling fluid is downward constantly mobile in cooling storehouse 3-3, when cooling fluid absorbs the heat of described gas mixture one and temperature is discharged by cooling liquid outlet 3-12 when raising, simultaneously from the lower cooling fluid of cooling liquid inlet 3-11 restock temperature, by cooling liquid inlet 3-11 is laid the position that is higher than cooling liquid outlet 3-12, can finish cooling fluid good circulating in cooling storehouse 3-3.Described cooling storehouse 3-3 is cylindrical, and flow-dividing bin 3-14 from top to bottom dwindles gradually for conical and its diameter.
In the present embodiment, described cooling fluid is a water, and cooling liquid inlet 3-11 joins by cold water pipes and water source, and cooling liquid outlet 3-12 is delivered to the place that needs to use hot water by hot water pipeline, thereby can bring a large amount of added economic values.Described flow-dividing bin 3-14 is designed to taper, can realizes described gas mixture after cooling, a part of liquid of generation (being described mixed solution) can compile in flow-dividing bin 3-14 fast, and adopts conical design, can save and make material, reduces cost of manufacture.
In conjunction with Fig. 6, described water washing device 4 comprises outer hull three 4-4, outer hull three 4-4 bottoms are inner washing chamber of filling water, combi inlet port three 4-1 and washing outlet three 4-2 all are laid in the side wall upper part of outer hull three 4-4, outer hull three 4-4 inside are provided with washing transfer lime 4-5, and the upper end of described washing transfer lime 4-5 and combi inlet port three 4-1 join and inside, described washing chamber is inserted in its bottom.In the present embodiment, the superstructure of described outer hull three 4-4 is that cylindric and described washing chamber is for conical.
Adorn in the described washing chamber and be laid with the alkaline matter that described gas mixture two is carried out depickling in the water, for example Wingdale.
The quantity of described water washing device 4 is that a plurality of and a plurality of described water washing devices 4 are formed one and described gas mixture two washed step by step and the multistage water wash system of gas-liquid separation step by step, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage water washing device 4 in the described multistage water wash system by connecting pipe, the washing of the upper level water washing device 4 in the wherein adjacent two-stage water washing device 4 exports between combi inlet port three 4-1 of three 4-2 and next stage water washing device 4 and links to each other by connecting pipe, combi inlet port three 4-1 of the first step water washing device 4 in the described multistage water wash system join by mixed gas outlet two 3-17 of connecting tube two 11-2 and last step water cooling plant 3, and the washing of the last step water washing device 4 in the described multistage water wash system exports three 4-2 and joins by connecting tube three 11-3 and gas-holder 5.
In the actual use, can be according to actual needs the quantity of water washing device 4 be adjusted accordingly, in the present embodiment, to be that two and two water washing devices 4 are corresponding form a two-stage water wash system to the quantity of described water washing device 4.
In the present embodiment, described water cooling plant 3 and water washing device 4 shared connecting tube four 11-4, and mixture export two 3-18 of water cooling plant 3 join with connecting tube four 11-4 by a vertical pipe connecting 26, and described connecting tube four 11-4 are level to laying.
In conjunction with Fig. 7, described liquid separation device 7 comprises separating still 7-4, described separating still 7-4 top is provided with and is connected with connecting tube four 11-4 and is laid in level on the same horizontal plane to primary input pipe 7-5 with connecting tube four 11-4, and level is joined by vertical input tube 7-8 between the delivery port of primary input pipe 7-5 and fluid inlet 7-1.Described level is provided with a level to bypass pipe 7-6 directly over primary input pipe 7-5, described level is joined and its other end joins by vertical input tube 7-8 and fluid inlet 7-1 to primary input pipe 7-5 by Y-tube 7-7 and level to the end of bypass pipe 7-6.Described level exceeds 20cm ± 3cm to bypass pipe 7-6 and level to primary input pipe 7-5, and the level between described Y-tube 7-7 and the vertical input tube 7-8 is equipped with check valve 27 on primary input pipe 7-5.The outlet of described wood tar oil comprises wood tar oil outlet 7-9 and following wood tar oil outlet 7-10, described go up wood tar oil outlet 7-9, wood vinegar outlet 7-3 and following wood tar oil export 7-10 be laid in respectively separating still 7-4 upward, in and on the lower sides.The described wood tar oil outlet 7-9 that goes up joins by connecting tube five 11-5 and wood tar oil storage tank 6 respectively with following wood tar oil outlet 7-10.Described fluid inlet 7-1 is laid in the top of separating still 7-4.
The quantity of described liquid separation device 7 is that a plurality of and a plurality of liquid separation devices 7 compositions carry out isolating step by step multistage liquid separation system to wood vinegar in the described mixed solution and wood tar oil, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage liquid separation device 7 in the described multistage liquid separation system by connecting pipe, link to each other by connecting pipe between the fluid inlet 7-1 of the wood vinegar of the upper level liquid separation device 7 in the wherein adjacent two-stage liquid separation device 7 outlet 7-3 and next stage liquid separation device 7, the fluid inlet 7-1 of next stage liquid separation device 7 is laid in the side wall upper part of separating still 7-4, and the installation position of the last wood tar oil outlet 7-9 of upper level liquid separation device 7 is higher than the installation position of the fluid inlet 7-1 of next stage liquid separation device 7.In the present embodiment, the middle part of described separating still 7-4 and top are cylindric, and the bottom of separating still 7-4 is coniform.The shared level of following wood tar oil outlet 7-10 of a plurality of liquid separation devices 7 is to connecting tube five 11-5.
In the present embodiment, the quantity of described liquid separation device 7 is that two and two liquid separation devices 7 are formed wood vinegar in the described mixed solution and wood tar oil are carried out the liquid separation system of isolating step by step two-stage.
During actual the use, because level is connected with mixture export two 3-18 of water cooling plant 3 to primary input pipe 7-5, after then closing check valve 27, level between Y-tube 7-7 and the vertical input tube 7-8 is blocked to primary input pipe 7-5, so mixed solution can only be transported to level to bypass pipe 7-6 through Y-tube 7-7, be input in the separating still 7-4 of first step liquid separation device 7 through vertical input tube 7-8 to bypass pipe 7-6 from level then, because level is positioned at level to primary input pipe 7-5 top to bypass pipe 7-6, be that level is higher than the installation position of level to primary input pipe 7-5 to the position of bypass pipe 7-6, after adopting this kind laying mode, can effectively reduce liquid object is interior flow and the flow velocity of separating still 7-4 that described mixed solution flows into first step liquid separation device 7, reduced the pressure reduction of the interior liquid object of separating still 7-4 of inflow first step liquid separation device 7, the level between connecting tube four 11-4 and the Y-tube 7-7 that guaranteed maintains liquid object always in primary input pipe 7-5, air can be do not produced, the flow and the flow velocity of liquid object can be controlled well; When liquid object will soon have flowed, open check valve 27 again, promptly connect whole level to primary input pipe 7-5, this moment, liquid object directly entered in the separating still 7-4 of first step liquid separation device 7 to primary input pipe 7-5 and vertical input tube 7-8 through level.When liquid object is after described mixed solution enters in the separating still 7-4 of first step liquid separation device 7, utilize the proportion difference in the separating still 7-4 of first step liquid separation device 7, to separate up and down voluntarily, wherein a part of wood tar oil (inner gelatinoid in addition) floats to separating still 7-4 top, and most wood tar oil sink down into separating still 7-4 bottom, wood vinegar is being positioned at separating still 7-4 middle part, after treating to separate end automatically, respectively by last wood tar oil outlet 7-9, following wood tar oil outlet 7-10 and wood vinegar outlet 7-3 isolating wood tar oil and wood vinegar voluntarily export respectively and deliver to respectively in wood tar oil storage tank 6 and the wood vinegar storage tank 8 and store.In addition, because wood tar oil storage control valve 15 and wood vinegar storage control valve 16 are housed respectively on connecting tube five 11-5 and connecting tube six 11-6, then can simple and convenient control output flow, to sum up, liquid separation device 7 utilizes the proportion characteristic of wood tar oil and wood vinegar self that the wood tar oil in the mixed solution is separated with wood vinegar, and it is very convenient to use.
During actual the separation, for isolating purer wood vinegar, second stage liquid separation device 7 then is set, particularly, the wood vinegar outlet 7-3 of first step liquid separation device 7 and the fluid inlet 7-1 of second stage liquid separation device 7 join by connecting pipe, to carry out further liquid separation and the wherein residual wood tar oil of general through the wood vinegar that first step liquid separation device 7 is separated further separates in second stage liquid separation device 7, the wood tar oil of same come-up is transported to wood tar oil storage tank 6 by last wood tar oil outlet 7-9, the wood tar oil that sinks is transported to wood tar oil storage tank 6 by following wood tar oil outlet 7-10, and the wood vinegar at middle part is transported to wood vinegar storage tank 8 by wood vinegar outlet 7-3.After of the secondary purification separation of the liquid separation system of two-stage, obtained higher wood tar oil and the wood vinegar of purity to mixed solution.
Described gas-holder 5 is floating type gas-holder or fixed gas-holder.In the actual use, can specifically select according to actual needs.
In conjunction with Fig. 8, Fig. 9, described floating type gas-holder comprises that inside is equipped with well one 5-12 of water and tips upside down on cylindric gas-holder body one 5-10 of well one 5-12 inside and bottom opening, the center that described gas-holder body one 5-10 bottom is provided with gas-holder body one 5-10 is the center of circle and along the circumferential direction equally distributed many union lever 5-11, form a water inlet 5-13 between adjacent two union lever 5-11, in well one 5-12 institute's water of adorn from the 5-13 of intaking evenly enter gas-holder body one 5-10 inner and enter the water of gas-holder body one 5-10 inside should be in water seal one of gas-holder body one 5-10 inside formation, and airtight air storage chamber one 5-14 who is used to store wood gas is formed at described water seal one top, the bottom of well one 5-12 is installed with a vertical center fixation bar 5-15 who lays, the inner correspondence of gas-holder body one 5-10 is provided with one and is sleeved on the fixed sleeving 5-16 that center fixation bar 5-15 goes up and control gas-holder body one 5-10 moves straight up along center fixation bar 5-15, the top of fixed sleeving 5-16 is fixed on the top inner wall of gas-holder body one 5-10, export connecting tube three 11-3 that three 4-2 join with the washing of water washing device 4 and stretch to well one 5-12 inside bottom from top to bottom, described air outlet 5-1 is laid in gas-holder body one 5-10 top.
In the present embodiment, the duct segments that described connecting tube three 11-3 stretch in well one 5-12 is an intake ducting, and described intake ducting is fixed on the center fixation bar 5-15.Be laid with knighthead one 5-17 that center fixed link 5-15 is supported around the bottom of described center fixation bar 5-15, the upper end of described knighthead one 5-17 is fixed on the center fixation bar 5-15 and its bottom is fixed on well one 5-12 bottom.Described gas-holder body one 5-10 middle and lower part is provided with one and is surrounded by horizontal baffle and vertical clapboard 5-18 and the inner counterweight chamber that water or mass are housed, and is connected by many knightheads two 5-19 between vertical clapboard 5-18 top and the fixed sleeving 5-16.Be provided with a ring baffle 5-101 directly over described gas-holder body one 5-10, described ring baffle 5-101 is equipped with mass 5-102 in inside.By described counterweight chamber and be laid in water or mass in the described counterweight chamber, thereby carry out counterweight for described floating type gas-holder, thereby further strengthened the security of floating, and realize conveniently, counterweight is simple.
Described mass 5-102 is a rubble etc., carries out counterweight then can for described floating type gas-holder, has further strengthened the security of floating.
In conjunction with Figure 10, described fixed gas-holder comprises that inside is equipped with the well 2 28 of water and fixedly tips upside down on gas-holder body two 5-20 of well 2 28 inside, described gas-holder body two 5-20 comprise base, be installed in cylindrical tank on the described base and spiral-lock tank deck on described cylindrical tank top, have a plurality of water entrys on the described base, in the well 2 28 institute's water of adorn from described water entry enter gas-holder body two 5-20 inner and enter the water of gas-holder body two 5-20 inside should be in water seal two of gas-holder body two 5-20 inside formation, and airtight air storage chamber two 5-21 that are used to store wood gas are formed at described water seal two tops, gas-holder body two 5-20 adopt the wave plate to make, described base is fixed on that pad is equipped with cushion block 5-22 between the bottom of well 2 28 bottoms and described base and well 2 28, exports connecting tube three 11-3 that three 4-2 join with the washing of water washing device 4 and from top to bottom stretches in the described water seal two of gas-holder body two 5-20 inside bottom.Described air outlet 5-1 is laid in gas-holder body two 5-20 tops.
In the present embodiment, described tank deck is provided with keel.In the actual use,, strengthened the ultimate compression strength of tank deck, improved the entire compression intensity and the stability of fixed gas-holder by on described tank deck, setting up keel.
In the present embodiment, described blow-off valve 19, vacuumize all solenoid electric valves of control valve 12, washing control valve 13, wood tar oil storage control valve 15, wood vinegar storage control valve 16, by-pass valve control 17 and check valve 27, and blow-off valve 19, vacuumize control valve 12, washing control valve 13, wood tar oil storage control valve 15, wood vinegar and store control valve 16, by-pass valve control 17 and check valve 27 and all join with controller 20 for controlling by controller 20.Described water-ring vacuum pump 9 and compressor 10 are controlled by controller 20 and the two all joins with controller 20.
Thereby working control is very convenient, and in the high temperature carbonization process, by thermopair 1-3 the temperature of biomass carbonization still 1 is detected in real time, and institute's detected temperatures signal is uploaded to controller 20 synchronously, 24 pairs of institutes of described controller 20 control indicating meters detected temperatures value shows synchronously.
A kind of biomass charcoal as shown in figure 11, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-production may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, charging: described vegetation raw material is packed into after compacting in the biomass carbonization still 1, adopt the biomass carbonization still 1 that hanging device will be equipped with the vegetation raw material to lift to the burner hearth of high temperature process furnace 2 again.
In the present embodiment, the vegetation raw material is packed into before the biomass carbonization still 1, also need adopt drying plant that described vegetation raw material is dried.When packing the vegetation raw material into biomass carbonization still 1 after compacting, the density of the described vegetation raw material after compacting is 0.9g/m 3~1.3g/m 3In addition, described vegetation raw material is grass or branch, and grass is packed into before the biomass carbonization still 1, also need adopt shredding unit that grass is pulverized, and grass meal is broken into the segment of 1mm~3mm.
In the actual use, the vegetation raw material that is adopted is various agriculture and forestry organic waste materials, comprises branch, tree bar, rice husk, straw, sawdust, wheat straw bar etc.
Step 2, high temperature carbonization: the vegetation raw material that 2 pairs of high-temperature heaters of startup are loaded in the biomass carbonization still 1 carries out heat, in the high-temperature heating process, the temperature T in the biomass carbonization still 1 is carried out real-time monitored: as T<T 0The time, close and vacuumize control valve 12 and open blow-off valve 19, the burner hearth inside of the gas mixture one that is produced in the biomass carbonization still 1 being sent into high-temperature heater 2 by exhausting pipeline 18 is carried out combustion-supporting, and makes that by control high-temperature heater 2 temperature constantly upwards promotes described T in the biomass carbonization still 1 0=80 ℃~100 ℃; Work as T 0≤ T<T hThe time, close and vacuumize control valve 12 and close blow-off valve 19, and make that by control high-temperature heater 2 temperature constantly upwards promotes in the biomass carbonization still 1, temperature rises to T in biomass carbonization still 1 h, T wherein h=430 ℃~500 ℃; Temperature rises to T in biomass carbonization still 1 hThe time, then make biomass carbonization still 1 interior temperature remain on T by control high-temperature heater 2 h, close blow-off valve 19 and unlatching simultaneously and vacuumize control valve 12, washing control valve 13, gas storage control valve 14, by-pass valve control 17, wood tar oil storage control valve 15 and wood vinegar storage control valve 16, carry out charcoal, G﹠O coproduction, its joint process is as follows:
201, water-cooled and gas-liquid separation: under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump 9 and compressor 10, earlier the gas mixture one that is produced in the described vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization process is pumped to water cooling plant 3 and cooled off, and the temperature of described gas mixture one reduced to 50 ℃ ± 10 ℃, and synchronously described gas mixture one is carried out gas-liquid separation and corresponding acquisition gas mixture two and mixed solution by water cooling plant 3, the mixed solution that is produced is sent into liquid separation device 7 by connecting tube four 11-4.
In the present embodiment, adopt the two-stage water-cooling system that described gas mixture one is carried out the two-stage cooling, wherein the temperature of described gas mixture one is reduced to 80 ℃~150 ℃, by second stage water cooling plant 3 temperature of described gas mixture one is further reduced to 50 ℃ ± 10 ℃ again by first step water cooling plant 3.
202, washing: the gas mixture two that is obtained after water cooling plant 3 gas-liquid separations is pumped to water washing device 4 and is washed under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump 9 and compressor 10, and corresponding acquisition wood gas.
203, gas storage and liquid object are separated and storage: the wood gas that is obtained after water washing device 4 gas-liquid separations under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump 9 and compressor 10, is transported to gas-holder 5 and stores.
Wash in the step 202 with step 3 in carry out gas storage and liquid object separate with storage process in, the mixed solution that is obtained after water cooling plant 3 gas-liquid separations carries out liquid state by liquid separation device 7 to be separated, and wood tar oil and wood vinegar after the corresponding acquisition separation, wood tar oil after the separation and wood vinegar are delivered in wood tar oil storage tank 6 and the wood vinegar storage tank 8 by connecting tube five 11-5 and connecting tube six 11-6 respectively and store.
In step 201, step 202 and the step 203, temperature in the biomass carbonization still 1 should be remained at T h
In the present embodiment, T 0=85 ℃, T h=460 ℃, in the actual use, can be according to the concrete needs of reality to T 0And T hAdjust accordingly.
Step 3, high temperature carbonization finish: after treating to be loaded on described in the step 1 vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization end of processing in the biomass carbonization still 1, then close and vacuumize control valve 12 and close high-temperature heater 2, and adopt hanging device that biomass carbonization still 1 is hung out on high-temperature heater 2, and after treating that biomass retort 1 is cooled to room temperature, open biomass carbonization still 1 and can obtain biomass charcoal behind high temperature carbonization, thereby finish the joint process of biomass charcoal, G﹠O.
The above; it only is preferred embodiment of the present invention; be not that the present invention is imposed any restrictions, everyly any simple modification that above embodiment did, change and equivalent structure changed, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention according to the technology of the present invention essence.

Claims (9)

1. biomass charcoal, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: comprise biomass carbonization still (1), the high-temperature heater (2) that the vegetation raw material of adorning in the biomass carbonization still (1) is carried out high temperature carbonization, the gas mixture one that is produced in the described vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization process is cooled off and synchronously described gas mixture one is carried out the water cooling plant (3) of gas-liquid separation and corresponding acquisition gas mixture two and mixed solution, the gas mixture two that is obtained after water cooling plant (3) cooling is washed the also water washing device (4) of corresponding acquisition wood gas, wood vinegar in the described mixed solution that comes out through water cooling plant (3) gas-liquid separation and wood tar oil are carried out isolating liquid separation device (7), the gas-holder (5) that described wood gas is stored, water-ring vacuum pump (9) and the compressor (10) that joins with water-ring vacuum pump (9) and the wood tar oil storage tank (6) and the wood vinegar storage tank (8) that are respectively applied for storage wood tar oil and wood vinegar, described biomass carbonization still (1) is installed on the burner hearth of high-temperature heater (2), described biomass carbonization still (1) is provided with mixed gas outlet one (1-13), water cooling plant (3) is provided with combi inlet port two (3-16), mixed gas outlet two (3-17) and mixture export two (3-18), water washing device (4) is provided with combi inlet port three (4-1) and washing outlet three (4-2), and liquid separation device (7) is provided with fluid inlet (7-1), wood tar oil outlet and wood vinegar outlet (7-3); The mixed gas outlet one (1-13) of described biomass carbonization still (1) joins by the combi inlet port two (3-16) of connecting tube one (11-1) with water cooling plant (3), the mixed gas outlet two (3-17) of water cooling plant (3) joins by the combi inlet port three (4-1) of connecting tube two (11-2) with water washing device (4), washing outlet three (4-2) of water washing device (4) join by connecting tube three (11-3) and gas-holder (5), the mixture export two (3-18) of water cooling plant (3) joins by the fluid inlet (7-1) of connecting tube four (11-4) with liquid separation device (7), and the wood tar oil outlet and the wood vinegar outlet (7-3) of liquid separation device (7) are joined with wood tar oil storage tank (6) and wood vinegar storage tank (8) by connecting tube five (11-5) and connecting tube six (11-6) respectively; Be equipped with on the described connecting tube one (11-1) and vacuumize control valve (12), washing control valve (13) is housed on the connecting tube two (11-2), connecting tube three (11-3) is equipped with gas storage control valve (14), wood tar oil storage control valve (15) and wood vinegar storage control valve (16) are housed respectively on connecting tube five (11-5) and the connecting tube six (11-6), by-pass valve control (17) is installed on the connecting tube four (11-4); Between described biomass carbonization still (1) and the high-temperature heater (2) exhausting pipeline (18) is installed, one end of described exhausting pipeline (18) and mixed gas outlet one (1-13) join and its other end feeding high-temperature heater (2) inside is carried out combustion-supporting, correspondence is provided with and communicates with its inside and be used to install the installing port of exhausting pipeline (18) on the body of heater of high-temperature heater (2), blow-off valve (19) is installed on the exhausting pipeline (18), and exhausting pipeline (18) forms the heat circulating system between biomass carbonization still (1) and the high-temperature heater (2); Described biomass carbonization still (1) and high-temperature heater (2) are formed the pyroreaction system that the vegetation raw material is carried out dry blowing pyrolysis and high temperature carbonization and corresponding generation gas mixture one, water cooling plant (3) and water washing device (4) form successively to described gas mixture one cool off, washing and the isolating intermediate treatment of gas-liquid system one, liquid separation device (7) is for to separating the also intermediate treatment system two of corresponding acquisition wood tar oil and wood vinegar through water cooling plant (3) the described mixed solution that gas-liquid separation is come out with water washing device (4); Described water-ring vacuum pump (9) is installed on the connecting tube three (11-3);
Described water cooling plant (3) and the shared connecting tube four of water washing device (4) (11-4), and the mixture export two (3-18) of water cooling plant (3) joins by a vertical pipe connecting (26) and connecting tube four (11-4), and described connecting tube four (11-4) is level to laying; Described liquid separation device (7) comprises separating still (7-4), described separating still (7-4) top is provided with and is connected with connecting tube four (11-4) and is laid in level on the same horizontal plane to primary input pipe (7-5) with connecting tube four (11-4), and level is joined by vertical input tube (7-8) between the delivery port of primary input pipe (7-5) and fluid inlet (7-1); Level is provided with a level to bypass pipe (7-6) directly over primary input pipe (7-5), described level is joined and its other end joins by vertical input tube (7-8) and fluid inlet (7-1) to primary input pipe (7-5) by Y-tube (7-7) and level to an end of bypass pipe (7-6); Described level exceeds 20cm ± 3cm to bypass pipe (7-6) and level to primary input pipe (7-5), and the level between described Y-tube (7-7) and the vertical input tube (7-8) is equipped with check valve (27) on primary input pipe (7-5); The outlet of described wood tar oil comprises wood tar oil outlet (7-9) and following wood tar oil outlet (7-10), described go up wood tar oil outlet (7-9), wood vinegar export (7-3) and following wood tar oil export (7-10) be laid in respectively separating still (7-4) upward, in and on the lower sides; Described upward wood tar oil outlet (7-9) and following wood tar oil outlet (7-10) are joined by connecting tube five (11-5) and wood tar oil storage tank (6) respectively; Described fluid inlet (7-1) is laid in the top of separating still (7-4).
2. according to the described biomass charcoal of claim 1, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: also comprise controller (20) and the indicating meter (24) and the parameter set unit (25) of joining with controller (20) respectively; Described biomass carbonization still (1) comprises that kettle (1-1) and seal buckle are contained in the kettle cover (1-4) on the kettle (1-1), are provided with heat conduction cage (1-2) in the kettle (1-1); Described heat conduction cage (1-2) is provided with the temperature test device that the temperature in the kettle (1-1) is detected in real time, and described temperature test device and controller (20) join; Described high-temperature heater (2) comprises that the cylindric body of heater that is built into by polylith refractory brick, thick pure aluminium silicate insulating cotton layer and the coaxial cylindric body of heater heat conduction liner that is laid in described cylindric body of heater inside of one deck 2cm~5cm that evenly is laid on the described cylindric body of heater form, and is filled with the layer of sand that a layer thickness is 10cm ± 3cm between described pure aluminium silicate insulating cotton layer and the described cylindric body of heater heat conduction liner; The described cylindric body of heater outside also is provided with the gas blower of being controlled by controller (20) (22), and the blast pipe that joins with gas blower (22) feeds described cylindric body of heater inside; The used fuel of described high-temperature heater (2) is the wood gas that is stored in the gas-holder (5), the burner of described high-temperature heater (2) is laid in the inside bottom of described cylindric heat conduction inner casing and the air feed port of described burner joins by the air outlet (5-1) of gas pipe line (21) with gas-holder (5), the gas transmission by-pass valve control of being controlled by controller (20) (23) is housed on the described gas pipe line (21), and described gas transmission by-pass valve control (23) joins with controller (20).
3. according to claim 1 or 2 described biomass charcoals, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: described water cooling plant (3) comprises outer hull two (3-1), the inner chamber of outer hull two (3-1) is by upper spacer (3-10) and lower clapboard (3-13) following three cavitys that are divided into, neutralize, wherein the cavity of lower clapboard (3-13) bottom is flow-dividing bin (3-14), and mixture export two (3-18) is laid in flow-dividing bin (3-14) bottom; Cavity between upper spacer (3-10) and the lower clapboard (3-13) is the inner cooling storehouse (3-3) that cooling fluid is housed, and the both sides up and down of cooling storehouse (3-3) sidewall are respectively arranged with cooling liquid inlet (3-11) and cooling liquid outlet (3-12); Two cavitys about the cavity on upper spacer (3-10) top is divided into by vertical dividing plate (3-7), two cavitys of vertical dividing plate (3-7) left and right sides are respectively feeding warehouse two (3-9) and go out feed bin two (3-6), and combi inlet port two (3-16) and mixed gas outlet two (3-17) are laid in feeding warehouse two (3-9) respectively and go out on the feed bin two (3-6); Inside, described cooling storehouse (3-3) is laid with many connecting tubes (3-4), many described connecting tubes (3-4) with flow-dividing bin (3-14) with feeding warehouse two (3-9) with go out feed bin two (3-6) and be communicated with.
4. according to the described biomass charcoal of claim 3, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described water cooling plant (3) is that a plurality of and a plurality of described water cooling plants (3) are formed one and described gas mixture one cooled off step by step and the multi-level water cooling system of gas-liquid separation step by step, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage water cooling plant (3) in the described multi-level water cooling system by connecting pipe, link to each other by connecting pipe between the mixed gas outlet two (3-17) of the upper level water cooling plant (3) in the wherein adjacent two-stage water cooling plant (3) and the combi inlet port two (3-16) of next stage water cooling plant (3), the combi inlet port two (3-16) of the first step water cooling plant (3) in the described multi-level water cooling system joins by connecting tube one (11-1) and mixed gas outlet one (1-13), and the mixed gas outlet two (3-17) of the last step water cooling plant (3) in the described multi-level water cooling system joins by the combi inlet port three (4-1) of connecting tube two (11-2) and water washing device (4); The mixture export two (3-18) of a plurality of described water cooling plants (3) all joins by the fluid inlet (7-1) of connecting tube four (11-4) with liquid separation device (7).
5. according to claim 1 or 2 described biomass charcoals, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: described water washing device (4) comprises outer hull three (4-4), outer hull three (4-4) bottom is inner washing chamber of filling water, combi inlet port three (4-1) and washing outlet three (4-2) all are laid in the side wall upper part of outer hull three (4-4), outer hull three (4-4) inside is provided with washing transfer lime (4-5), and the upper end of described washing transfer lime (4-5) and combi inlet port three (4-1) join and inside, described washing chamber is inserted in its bottom.
6. according to the described biomass charcoal of claim 5, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described water washing device (4) is that a plurality of and a plurality of described water washing devices (4) are formed one and described gas mixture two washed step by step and the multistage water wash system of gas-liquid separation step by step, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage water washing device (4) in the described multistage water wash system by connecting pipe, link to each other by connecting pipe between the combi inlet port three (4-1) of the washing of the upper level water washing device (4) in the wherein adjacent two-stage water washing device (4) outlet three (4-2) and next stage water washing device (4), the combi inlet port three (4-1) of the first step water washing device (4) in the described multistage water wash system joins by the mixed gas outlet two (3-17) of connecting tube two (11-2) with last step water cooling plant (3), and washing outlet three (4-2) of the last step water washing device (4) in the described multistage water wash system join by connecting tube three (11-3) and gas-holder (5).
7. according to the described biomass charcoal of claim 1, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described liquid separation device (7) is that a plurality of and a plurality of liquid separation devices (7) composition carries out isolating step by step multistage liquid separation system to wood vinegar in the described mixed solution and wood tar oil, all link to each other between the adjacent two-stage liquid separation device (7) in the described multistage liquid separation system by connecting pipe, link to each other by connecting pipe between the fluid inlet (7-1) of the wood vinegar of the upper level liquid separation device (7) in the wherein adjacent two-stage liquid separation device (7) outlet (7-3) and next stage liquid separation device (7), the fluid inlet (7-1) of next stage liquid separation device (7) is laid in the side wall upper part of separating still (7-4), and the installation position of the last wood tar oil outlet (7-9) of upper level liquid separation device (7) is higher than the installation position of the fluid inlet (7-1) of next stage liquid separation device (7).
8. according to claim 1 or 2 described biomass charcoals, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system, it is characterized in that: described gas-holder (5) is floating type gas-holder or fixed gas-holder;
Described floating type gas-holder comprises that inside is equipped with the well one (5-12) of water and tips upside down on the cylindric gas-holder body one (5-10) of well one (5-12) inside and bottom opening, the center that described gas-holder body one (5-10) bottom is provided with gas-holder body one (5-10) is the center of circle and along the circumferential direction equally distributed many union levers (5-11), form a water-in (5-13) between adjacent two union levers (5-11), in the well one (5-12) institute's water of adorn from water-in (5-13) evenly enter gas-holder body one (5-10) inner and enter the inner water of gas-holder body one (5-10) should be in water seal one of gas-holder body one (5-10) inside formation, and an airtight air storage chamber one (5-14) that is used to store wood gas is formed at described water seal one top, the bottom of well one (5-12) is installed with a vertical center fixation bar (5-15) of laying, the inner correspondence of gas-holder body one (5-10) is provided with one and is sleeved on the fixed sleeving (5-16) that center fixation bar (5-15) is gone up and control gas-holder body one (5-10) moves straight up along center fixation bar (5-15), the top of fixed sleeving (5-16) is fixed on the top inner wall of gas-holder body one (5-10), the connecting tube three (11-3) that joins with the washing of water washing device (4) outlet three (4-2) stretches to well one (5-12) inside bottom from top to bottom, and described air outlet (5-1) is laid in gas-holder body one (5-10) top;
Described fixed gas-holder comprises that inside is equipped with the well two (5-20) of water and fixedly tips upside down on the inner gas-holder body two (5-20) of well two (5-20), described gas-holder body two (5-20) comprises base, be installed in cylindrical tank on the described base and spiral-lock tank deck on described cylindrical tank top, have a plurality of water entrys on the described base, in the well two (5-20) institute's water of adorn from described water entry enter gas-holder body two (5-20) inner and enter the inner water of gas-holder body two (5-20) should be in water seal two of gas-holder body two (5-20) inside formation, and an airtight air storage chamber two (5-21) that is used to store wood gas is formed at described water seal two tops, gas-holder body two (5-20) adopts the wave plate to make, described base is fixed on that pad is equipped with cushion block (5-22) between the bottom of well two (5-20) bottom and described base and well two (5-20), exports the connecting tube three (11-3) that three (4-2) join with the washing of water washing device (4) and from top to bottom stretches in the described water seal two of gas-holder body two (5-20) inside bottom; Described air outlet (5-1) is laid in gas-holder body two (5-20) top.
9. method of utilizing biomass charcoal as claimed in claim 1, gas, oil and wood vinegar co-generation system to carry out biomass charcoal, gas, oily and wood vinegar coproduction is characterized in that this method may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, charging: described vegetation raw material is packed into after compacting in the biomass carbonization still (1), adopt the biomass carbonization still (1) that hanging device will be equipped with the vegetation raw material to lift to the burner hearth of high temperature process furnace (2) again;
Step 2, high temperature carbonization: start high-temperature heater (2) the vegetation raw material that is loaded in the biomass carbonization still (1) is carried out heat, in the high-temperature heating process, the temperature T in the biomass carbonization still (1) is carried out real-time monitored: as T<T 0The time, close and vacuumize control valve (12) and open blow-off valve (19), undertaken combustion-supporting by the burner hearth inside that exhausting pipeline (18) is sent the gas mixture one that is produced in the biomass carbonization still (1) into high-temperature heater (2), and make the constantly upwards lifting of interior the temperature of biomass carbonization still (1), described T by control high-temperature heater (2) 0=80 ℃~100 ℃; Work as T 0≤ T<T hThe time, close and vacuumize control valve (12) and close blow-off valve (19), and make the constantly upwards lifting of interior the temperature of biomass carbonization still (1) by control high-temperature heater (2), temperature rises to T in biomass carbonization still (1) h, T wherein h=430 ℃~500 ℃; Temperature rises to T in biomass carbonization still (1) hThe time, then make the interior temperature of biomass carbonization still (1) remain on T by control high-temperature heater (2) hClose blow-off valve (19) simultaneously and open and vacuumize control valve (12), washing control valve (13), gas storage control valve (14), by-pass valve control (17), wood tar oil storage control valve (15) and wood vinegar storage control valve (16), carry out charcoal, G﹠O coproduction, its joint process is as follows:
201, water-cooled and gas-liquid separation: under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump (9) and compressor (10), earlier the gas mixture one that is produced in the described vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization process is pumped to water cooling plant (3) and cooled off, and the temperature of described gas mixture one reduced to 50 ℃ ± 10 ℃, and synchronously described gas mixture one is carried out gas-liquid separation and corresponding acquisition gas mixture two and mixed solution by water cooling plant (3), the mixed solution that is produced is sent into liquid separation device (7) by connecting tube four (11-4);
202, washing: the gas mixture two that is obtained after water cooling plant (3) gas-liquid separation is pumped to water washing device (4) and is washed under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump (9) and compressor (10), and corresponding acquisition wood gas;
203, gas storage and liquid object are separated and storage: the wood gas that is obtained after water washing device (4) gas-liquid separation under the acting in conjunction of water-ring vacuum pump (9) and compressor (10), is transported to gas-holder (5) and stores;
Wash in the step 202 with step 3 in carry out gas storage and liquid object separate with storage process in, the mixed solution that is obtained after water cooling plant (3) gas-liquid separation carries out liquid state by liquid separation device (7) to be separated, and wood tar oil and wood vinegar after the corresponding acquisition separation, wood tar oil after the separation and wood vinegar are delivered in wood tar oil storage tank (6) and the wood vinegar storage tank (8) by connecting tube five (11-5) and connecting tube six (11-6) respectively and store;
In step 201, step 202 and the step 203, the interior temperature of biomass carbonization still (1) should be remained at T h
Step 3, high temperature carbonization finish: after treating to be loaded on described in the step 1 vegetation raw material high temperature carbonization end of processing in the biomass carbonization still (1), then close and vacuumize control valve (12) and close high-temperature heater (2), and adopt hanging device that biomass carbonization still (1) is hung out on high-temperature heater (2), and after treating that biomass retort (1) is cooled to room temperature, open biomass carbonization still (1) and can obtain biomass charcoal behind high temperature carbonization, thereby finish the joint process of biomass charcoal, G﹠O.
CN2010102872618A 2010-09-17 2010-09-17 Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar Active CN101955780B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102872618A CN101955780B (en) 2010-09-17 2010-09-17 Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102872618A CN101955780B (en) 2010-09-17 2010-09-17 Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101955780A CN101955780A (en) 2011-01-26
CN101955780B true CN101955780B (en) 2013-07-24

Family

ID=43483373

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010102872618A Active CN101955780B (en) 2010-09-17 2010-09-17 Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101955780B (en)

Families Citing this family (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102154021B (en) * 2011-02-24 2013-03-27 唐山汇力科技有限公司 Purification recovery system for producing charcoal, gas and oil by biomass raw material, and processing technique thereof
CN103060009A (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Biomass comprehensive transformation device
CN103060007A (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Agricultural biomass comprehensive transformation device and method thereof
CN103060008A (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Biomass comprehensive transformation device and method thereof
CN103059891A (en) * 2011-10-24 2013-04-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Preparation method of biologic tar product
CN103074118A (en) * 2011-10-25 2013-05-01 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Pyrolysis-gasification integrated conversion and utilization system and method for waste agricultural resources
CN103074120A (en) * 2011-10-26 2013-05-01 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Agricultural waste resource pyrolytic carbon gasification comprehensive conversion and utilization system and method
CN102517081B (en) * 2011-12-09 2016-06-15 贵州贵恒环保科技有限公司 Electricity turns full-automatic central gas supply gasified boiler system
CN102517083B (en) * 2011-12-13 2017-01-18 贵州贵恒环保科技有限公司 Gasifier system with centralized gas supply
CN102417837B (en) * 2011-12-15 2014-09-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Reverse combustion biomass waste resource pyrolysis gasification heating equipment
CN102517092B (en) * 2011-12-15 2014-09-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Counter combustion-type pyrolysis gasification equipment for biomass waste resources
CN102517091B (en) * 2011-12-15 2014-09-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Counter combustion-type pyrolysis gasification equipment for biomass waste resources
CN102424762B (en) * 2011-12-15 2014-07-30 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Counter-burning type biomass waste resource pyrolysis carbon gasification heating equipment
CN102911683B (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-23 蓝星(北京)化工机械有限公司 Carbonizing system and carbonizing process of wood materials
CN102863976A (en) * 2012-10-11 2013-01-09 南京瑞恰新能源科技有限公司 Vehicular straw treatment system and vehicular straw treatment method
CN103045274A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-17 重庆顿巴斯科技有限公司 Device for generating combustion gas and charcoal by biomass energy roasting and dry distillation
CN104514929A (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-15 天津阿尔佰生物科技有限公司 Environmentally-friendly sealing device for producing pyroligneous acid and wood charcoal through biomass waste by anaerobic carbonizing
CN104629780A (en) * 2013-11-07 2015-05-20 永胜县益农新能源开发有限公司 Machine-made charcoal flue gas recovery system
CN105131977A (en) * 2014-06-04 2015-12-09 袁承世 Linear mobile continuous destructive distillation kettle carbonization furnace
CN103980922B (en) * 2014-06-05 2017-01-04 邹炎 Co-producing bio charcoal, biological vinegar and the system of biological tar
CN104449772A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-03-25 刘长福 High-efficiency production system of wood creosote
CN104745231B (en) * 2015-03-30 2017-01-11 温恒勇 Carbon-gas-heat-electricity cogeneration biomass thermal cracking system
CN105950189A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-09-21 咸阳盘州现代农业有限公司 Carbonization furnace used for destructive distillation
CN105964015A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-09-28 安徽省化工设计院 Continuous type separating device for hydrochloric acid, benzene and chlorobenzene
CN106390671A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-02-15 安徽帝元现代农业投资发展有限公司 Biomass combustible gas tar separation and removal apparatus
CN106701212A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-24 广西北海浩邦新能源科技有限公司 Carbonizing tail gas treatment method
CN106701213A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-24 广西北海浩邦新能源科技有限公司 Gas purifying and flue gas recycling method

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201077830Y (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-06-25 周泽宇 Biomass heat pyrolytic air dust removing-washing-selective evaporation-decoking purifying-storage facility

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201077830Y (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-06-25 周泽宇 Biomass heat pyrolytic air dust removing-washing-selective evaporation-decoking purifying-storage facility

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101955780A (en) 2011-01-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101955780B (en) Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar
CN102776007B (en) Continuous biomass pyrolytic carbon gas-oil poly-generation system
CN201593035U (en) Gas production device using spiral dry distillation and decomposition of biomass
CN105132028A (en) Crop straw continuous segmented pyrolysis circulation system
CN105368497B (en) Biological material microwave radiation technology pyrolysis gasifying device and its application method
CN103923673A (en) Device and method for preparing biological oil, activated carbon and combustible gas by use of biomass poly-generation
CN201447458U (en) Multilayer gas distribution full cycle retort furnace
CN1928012A (en) Process and apparatus for preparing combustion gas by continuous carbonization utilizing biomass
CN101440291B (en) Biomass gasification equipment and process
CN201770658U (en) Biomass carbon, gas, oil and wood vinegar cogeneration system
CN104861997A (en) Biomass pyrolysis reaction system and pyrolysis method
CN102911677B (en) Coal thermolysis device for heat-carrying gas
CN204329319U (en) Biomass Briquette Hot-blast Stove
CN101993735B (en) Biomass dry gasification centralized air supply system
CN102964884B (en) Hot cracking method process for preparing carbon black by using co-production of tail gas
CN209081807U (en) A kind of self weight spiral progressive biomass high-efficiency energy-saving pyrolysis system
CN103361085A (en) Cleaner production system of carbonization furnace group
CN207738699U (en) A kind of gas complete alternation distillation system for the long flame dry distillation of coal
CN106152233A (en) A kind of multifunctional steam based on heat accumulation/air heating method and apparatus
CN202322729U (en) Squared up building block type continuous production device for preparing carbon by using biomass
CN203533874U (en) Water-cooled hot air furnace
CN105066602B (en) A kind of two drying chambers multifunctional drying apparatus
CN107739624A (en) A kind of gas complete alternation distillation system and technique for the long flame dry distillation of coal
CN203866260U (en) Continuous externally-heated water gas gasifier
CN203040299U (en) Greenhouse circulating type heating furnace

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
PLDC Enforcement, change and cancellation of contracts on pledge of patent right or utility model
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of invention: Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar

Effective date of registration: 20150906

Granted publication date: 20130724

Pledgee: Yangling Shaanxi rural commercial bank Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: Shaanxi Yixin Biological Energy Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2015610000014

PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Date of cancellation: 20190328

Granted publication date: 20130724

Pledgee: Yangling Shaanxi rural commercial bank Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: Shaanxi Yixin Biological Energy Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2015610000014

PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of invention: Co-production system and co-production method for biomass carbon, gas, wood tar and wood vinegar

Effective date of registration: 20190409

Granted publication date: 20130724

Pledgee: Yangling Shaanxi rural commercial bank Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: Shaanxi Yixin Biological Energy Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2019610000062