CN101950998B - Charging system of electric vehicle internet of things - Google Patents

Charging system of electric vehicle internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101950998B
CN101950998B CN2010102751952A CN201010275195A CN101950998B CN 101950998 B CN101950998 B CN 101950998B CN 2010102751952 A CN2010102751952 A CN 2010102751952A CN 201010275195 A CN201010275195 A CN 201010275195A CN 101950998 B CN101950998 B CN 101950998B
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charging
vehicle
battery
information
things
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CN2010102751952A
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CN101950998A (en
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刘红超
薛飞
雷宪章
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北京许继电气有限公司
许继集团有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • Y02T90/168Remote or cooperative charging operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/12Remote or cooperative charging

Abstract

The invention relates to a charging system of electric vehicle internet of things. A three-stage framework of internet of things comprises a vehicle internet of things, a battery internet of things, and a charging facility network, entities in each network are all provided with unique electronic label chips so as to identify identities and record respective character information of the entities, and the entities can carry out information exchange with each other and gather information to a monitoring center so that the monitoring center can carry out intelligent charging/discharging management. In the invention, decoupling is realized between the charging time as well as place of the batteries and vehicle power services, and the charging/discharging operation of the batteries can be flexibly arranged; the invention supports that a user can carry out self charging by means of charging piles distributed in a remote control way, and the user can enjoy freedom and service to the maximum degree as long as corresponding information is recorded and exchanged; and the platform of internet of things realizes the full-scale collection and sharing of information, which makes providing more complex and advanced services for clients possible.

Description

电动汽车物联网充电系统 Things electric vehicle charging system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及电动汽车物联网充电系统,属于电动汽车充电技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to an electric vehicle charging system of things, electric vehicle charging technical field belongs.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 电动汽车尤其是纯电动汽车要想走进寻常百姓家,必须借助便捷的充电网络。 [0002] In particular, electric vehicles, pure electric vehicles in order into the homes of ordinary people, you have to rely on convenient charging network. 目前,世界各国也正在积极制定电动汽车奖励和推广政策,帮助电动汽车早日实现商业化运 Currently, the world is also actively developing electric vehicles and incentives to promote policies to help achieve early commercialization of electric vehicles transported

口ο Mouth ο

[0003] 我国正在掀起充电站建设热潮,如何合理规划和建设面向大众的充电网络,成为人们关注的热点问题。 [0003] China is set off charging station construction boom, how rational planning and construction for the general public charging network, has become a hot issue of concern.

[0004] 我国已经成为世界上汽车保有量增长最快的国家。 [0004] car ownership in China has become the world's fastest growing countries. 2010年初,汽车销售量首次超过美国成为世界第一。 In early 2010, car sales surpassed the United States as the world. 从汽车产业作为我国经济的支柱产业,以及我国与发达国家的汽车保有量的差距来看,预计今后一段时期,我国汽车保有量仍将保持持续的增长。 From the auto industry as a pillar industry of China's economy, as well as car ownership gap between China and developed countries, it expected the coming period, car ownership in China will maintain a sustained growth. 目前我国85%的汽油被汽车消耗,而我国作为石油资源相对贫乏的国家,2009年石油对外依存度已经超过50%,已经严重威胁到我国能源安全。 At present, China is 85% of the gasoline consumed by cars, and our oil resources as a relatively poor country in 2009, dependence on foreign oil has more than 50%, has been a serious threat to our energy security. 大力发展新能源汽车已成为我国应对气候变化和推动节能减排的一项重要措施,以电动汽车为代表的新能源汽车将会成为未来的发展趋势和方向。 Development of new energy vehicles have become an important measure of our response to climate change and promote energy conservation to electric vehicles as the representative of new energy vehicles will become the future development trends and directions. 2008年国家财政部、科技部在全国推行“十城千辆”节能和新能源计划,国家财政部预计将投入2000亿元用于推广和使用新能源汽车。 In 2008 the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Science national implementation of the "Ten Cities" energy-saving and new energy plan, the Ministry of Finance is expected to invest 200 billion yuan for the promotion and use of new energy vehicles. 随着我国纯电动汽车研发力度的加大,纯电动汽车的电池、电机等技术难关被一一攻克,纯电动汽车技术已经趋于成熟。 With the increase of research and development of pure electric vehicles, pure electric car batteries, motors and other technical difficulties to overcome was 11, a pure electric vehicle technology has become mature.

[0005] 电动汽车要想取代传统的燃油汽车必须解决能源供给问题。 [0005] electric vehicles in order to replace the traditional fuel vehicles have to solve the energy supply problem. 电动汽车的动力来源于车载电池,如果没有布局合理、设施完善的充电网络,就会大大降低电动汽车使用的便利性,严重削弱电动汽车的市场竞争力,制约电动汽车的推广和发展。 Powered electric car comes from the car battery, if there is no reasonable layout, well-equipped charging network, will greatly reduce the ease of use of electric vehicles, seriously undermine the competitiveness of electric vehicles, restricting the promotion and development of electric vehicles.

[0006]目前,美国、法国、德国、英国、加拿大等国家都已建成了各自的电动汽车充电设施,主要以充电桩为主。 [0006] Currently, the United States, France, Germany, Britain, Canada and other countries have built their own electric vehicle charging facilities, mainly in charge pile based.

[0007] 我国电动汽车充电站试点大多局限于电动公交汽车或内部集团用车,因此我国还没有建成真正面向不同用户的充电站服务网络。 [0007] Pilot in China electric vehicle charging station is mostly limited to electric buses or cars within the group, so our country has not built a real network charging stations for different users.

[0008] 充电设施的建设方案应充分考虑电动汽车的种类以及其行驶要求。 Building programs [0008] charging facilities should take full account of the type of electric vehicles as well as their travel requirements. 按照传统的思路,公交车、市政环卫车辆行驶线路固定,可以利用已有的停车场建设充电站,采用以快换为主结合快充的方式,保证车辆的正常行驶和工作。 According to traditional thinking, buses, municipal sanitation vehicles with fixed line, you can use an existing parking building charging stations, mainly in conjunction with the use of quick-change to fast-charge manner, and work to ensure the normal running of the vehicle. 而政府公务车、企业商用车、示范园区用车等运行区域比较固定集中,则可以在政府集中办公场所或企业集聚附近区域、博览会中心区域建设电动汽车充电站,采用以慢充为主,结合快充或快换的方式。 The government official cars, commercial vehicles business, car parks and other operational demonstration area relatively fixed focus, you can focus on an area near government offices or corporate gathering, regional construction fair center electric car charging stations, using slow charge, combined fast-charge or quick manner. 但是对于向出租车、私家车等,由于运行线路和区域不确定,应该在机场、火车站、酒店、医院、购物中心、超市等公共停车场或者小区停车位中建大量充电桩,采用快充或者慢充的方式给车辆进行充电。 But for the taxis, private cars and so on, due to the operation of the line and regional uncertainty, it should be built at the airport, railway stations, hotels, hospitals, shopping centers, supermarkets and other public parking lot or parking spaces in a large number of charging pile, using the fast charge or slow charge way to charge the vehicle.

[0009] 电动汽车商业化运营需要多种力量支持,根据运营过程中主体参与者不同,目前电动汽车充电站的商业化运营模式主要有政府主导型、充电系统关联企业主导型、社会企业主导型和电动车辆用户主导型四种。 [0009] commercialization of electric vehicles need more forces to support operations, according to the operator of the Subject different players, the current commercial operation mode electric vehicle charging stations are mainly government-led, charging system affiliates oriented, business-oriented society and electric vehicle user-driven four. 、[0010] 由于国内电动汽车及充电站商业运营还处于发展初期探索阶段,因此,具体采用哪种运营方式,必须考虑电动汽车的发展程度以及不同电动汽车的运营特点。 , [0010] As the domestic electric vehicle charging stations and commercial operation is still in the early development exploratory stage, therefore, the specific use of which way they operate, operators must take into account the characteristics of the degree of development of electric vehicles and various electric vehicles. 然而,以色列Better Place公司开创性的提出了象运营手机一样来运营电动汽车充电业务,以一个全新的思路提出了电动汽车充电技术和运营模式的新方向。 However, the Israeli company Better Place made a groundbreaking cell phones as operators to operate electric vehicle charging business to a new idea proposed new direction of the electric vehicle charging technology and business model. 然而,如何从技术角度实现和支撑这样新的运营方式,一直是其全面落实的障碍。 However, from a technical point of view and how to support such new ways of operating, it has been an obstacle to their full implementation.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 本发明的目的是提供一种电动汽车物联网充电系统,以解决电动汽车的大规模充电业务如何向电网提供灵活、安全、有效的储能和供电服务,以及充电业务如何更加快捷便利的向用户提供不间断动力服务的问题。 [0011] The present invention is to provide an electric vehicle charging system of things, how to solve large-scale electric vehicle charging services to provide a flexible, how safe, effective energy storage and power supply services, and business more efficient and convenient charging to the grid It provides uninterrupted power service to user problems.

[0012] 为实现上述目的,本发明的电动汽车物联网充电系统包括: [0013] 汽车物联网,其中每台电动汽车包括车载管理芯片和车载移动终端,所述车载管理芯片用于记录电动汽车各自的特性,所述车载移动终端用于电动汽车行驶数据的采集、 无线信息交互及客户端软件的运行; [0012] To achieve the above object, an electric vehicle charging system of things according to the invention comprises: [0013] Things cars, electric vehicles wherein each vehicle comprises a mobile terminal management chip and a vehicle, the vehicle management chip for recording an electric vehicle the respective characteristics, the on-board mobile terminal for an electric car data acquisition, wireless information exchange and run client software;

[0014] 电池物联网,其中每一块电池都包括电池管理芯片,该芯片用于记录其自身的品牌、类型、容量、使用寿命和充放电次数特性信息; [0014] Things cell, wherein each cell includes a battery management chip, which is used to record its own brand, type, capacity, charge and discharge characteristics and life information;

[0015] 充电设施网络,充电设施包括充电桩、换电站和集中充电站,且每种充电设施包括充电设施芯片,用于记录充电设施的容量、位置、状态特性信息,以及与电池管理芯片进行数据的交互; [0015] Network charging facility, the charging facility includes a charging pile, charging stations for power plants and concentration, the charging facility and each chip comprising charging facility, the charging facility for the recording capacity, location, status characteristics information, as well as the battery management chip interactive data;

[0016] 监控中心,包括监控子站和监控主站,监控子站用于汇总监控区域内所有充电设施芯片、车载管理芯片传递的汽车信息,所述监控主站用于接收、存储监控子站上传的数据,并根据上传的数据监控和规划整个系统的充电设施充放电的操作,调配电池在各充电站之间的分配; [0016] The monitoring center, the monitoring includes monitoring the sub-station and main station, sub-station for the monitoring of all the charging facility chips, chips are delivered to a vehicle management summary information monitoring area of ​​the vehicle, the monitoring master station for receiving, storing monitor substation upload data, and the operation of the data monitoring and planning of the system uploads the charging and discharging of the charging facility, among formulations dispensing the battery charging station;

[0017] 所述汽车物联网、电池物联网、充电设施网络分别通过各车载管理芯片、电池管理芯片、充电设施芯片与监控中心通讯连接。 The [0017] automobile things, things the battery, the charging facility are connected to the network through the vehicle management chip, chip battery management, the charging facility to communicate with the monitoring center of the chip.

[0018] 进一步的,所述汽车物联网中的车载管理芯片嵌入车辆电池管理系统中,所述车载管理芯片含有车辆的唯一识别码VEHICLE_ID。 [0018] Further, the automotive vehicle IOT management chip embedded in the vehicle a battery management system, the vehicle management chip containing a unique identification code VEHICLE_ID vehicle.

[0019] 进一步的,所述车载管理芯片包括VEHICLE_ID验证模块、汽车特性记录模块和安全准入验证模块。 [0019] Further, the vehicle includes a management chip VEHICLE_ID authentication module, and automotive safety characteristics of the recording module access authentication module.

[0020] 进一步的,所述车载管理芯片用于记录车辆各自不同的特性,如汽车的耗电量、载重量、总行驶里程数。 [0020] Further, the vehicle onboard management chip for recording respective different characteristics, such as automotive power consumption, load, total mileage.

[0021] 进一步的,所述车载移动终端包括分别通过接口与车载管理芯片、电池管理芯片通讯连接的车辆信息输出及电池信息输入模块、VEHICLE_ID及车辆特性模块,以及车辆行驶数据采集模块、GPS定位模块、充电设施状况描述模块和VEHICLE_ID验证模块,上述功能模块均与主控程序模块相连。 [0021] Further, the vehicle includes a mobile terminal, respectively, through an interface chip vehicle management, vehicle battery management chip communication connection information input module output and battery information, VEHICLE_ID module and the vehicle characteristics, and the vehicle running data acquisition module, GPS positioning module, and a charging facility VEHICLE_ID description module status verification module, the functional modules are connected with the main control program module.

[0022] 进一步的,所述电池管理芯片包括BATTERY_ID验证模块、车辆数据记录模块、 充电记录模块和电池数据记录模块,该电池数据记录模块与所述车辆数据记录模块、 BATTERY_ID验证模块双向通讯连接,所述充电记录模块与BATTERY_ID验证模块通讯连接。 [0022] Further, the battery management chip comprising BATTERY_ID verification module, vehicle data logging module, recording charging data recording module and a battery module, the battery module and the vehicle data recording data recording module, a validation module BATTERY_ID bidirectional communication connection, the charging recording module and the authentication module BATTERY_ID communication connection.

[0023] 进一步的,所述充电设施芯片具有唯一的标识码MACHINE_ID。 [0023] Further, the charging facility chip has a unique identification code MACHINE_ID. [0024] 进一步的,所述监控子站还用于与行驶在该区域内的电动汽车实时通信、处理行驶数据,向电动汽车发送所需信息。 [0024] Further, the monitoring station is further configured to communicate with the sub in the region with an electric vehicle in real time, with data processing, transmits the required information to the electric car.

[0025] 进一步的,所述监控主站的运行管理功能包括智能充电单元、电池调度单元,智能充电单元用于监控和规划整个系统的充电设施充放电的操作;电池调度单元根据所收集地理信息系统GIS的信息监控所有电池在各充电站之间的分布和流动状态,根据汽车的流量和向电网反向售电的规划,调配电池在各充电站之间的分配。 [0025] Further, the monitoring operation of the master station includes a management function intelligent charging unit, a battery scheduling unit, a charging unit for operating the intelligent monitoring and planning of the overall system of charging and discharging the charging facility; cell scheduling unit according to geographical information collected GIS information systems to monitor the state of all cells and flow distribution between the charging station and vehicle according to the flow of the reverse vending network planning, deployment distribution among the battery charging station.

[0026] 进一步的,所述监控主站还包括计费结算功能单元,该单元用于根据销售合同实时进行与汽车用户之间的计费和结算;根据需要与电网公司进行电量解算;同时,由于充电站内大量的电池组可以作为储能装置和分布式电源向电网反送电能,该单元也要同时处理向电网公司反向售电的结算。 [0026] Further, the master station further includes a monitor billing function unit which according to the billing and settlement between the real-time sales contract with the vehicle user; required for electricity grid solver Corporation; at the same time Since the large battery pack charging station can be used as an energy storage device and a distributed power to the power grid against send, the processing unit also simultaneously to the grid electricity sales company reverse billing.

[0027] 本发明的电动汽车物联网充电系统以物联网技术为基础,通过汽车、电池以及充电设施之间架起的信息交互渠道构建起了面向电动汽车业务的物联网,通过将物联网信息整合传递给监控系统进行综合管理运营,并实现与电网的技术整合和信息交互。 [0027] IOT electric vehicle charging system according to the invention was based on networking technology, automobile passes between the battery and the charging facility information exchange channels to set up a build things for the electric vehicle operations, information integration by the IOT deliver integrated management system operators to monitor and implement technology integration and information exchange with the grid. 在实施中, 通过成立一个专职的物联网运营公司,面向用户提供标准电池的更换服务,用户不需对充电时间的等待,也不需要自己购买电池。 In practice, through the establishment of a full-time things operating company, to provide user-oriented standard battery replacement service, users do not need to wait for the charging time, you do not need to buy their own batteries. 通过汽车、电池以及充电机之间交换的数据信息, 可以进行各种必须的计费结算和管理功能。 Through the data exchange between the car battery and the charger, various necessary billing and management functions. 同时,因为在电池的充电时间和地点上实现了与汽车动力服务的解耦,可以更加灵活的有序安排电池的充放电运行(智能充电管理),以满足电网的特定需求。 At the same time, because the realization of decoupling and automotive power in the service of the battery charging time and place, can charge and discharge more flexible arrangements for the orderly operation of the battery (intelligent charging management) to meet the specific needs of the grid. 此外,也可以支持用户通过被远程控制的分布式充电桩进行自主充电,只要相应的信息得到记录和交互,用户即可享受最大限度的自由和服务。 In addition, users can also support self-charging controlled by remote distributed charging pile, as long as the information is recorded and the corresponding interaction, users can enjoy maximum freedom and service. 在本发明中, 无论是汽车、电池、充电机还是电网的信息,因为物联网的平台实现了全面的采集和共享, 使得为客户提供更加复杂和高级的服务成为可能。 In the present invention, whether it is auto, battery, charger or grid information because of Things platform to achieve a comprehensive collection and sharing, making for customers with more complex and advanced services possible.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0028] 图I是本发明实施例的物联网架构示意图; [0028] FIG. I IoT embodiment of the present invention, a schematic view of the architecture;

[0029] 图2是本发明实施例的辅助运营系统构成示意图; [0029] FIG. 2 is a secondary operating system embodiment of the present invention is composed of a schematic embodiment;

[0030] 图3是本发明实施例的智能充电管理示意图; [0030] FIG. 3 is an embodiment of the present invention, the intelligent charging management schematic diagram;

[0031] 图4是本发明实施例的车载管理芯片功能框图; [0031] FIG. 4 is a functional block diagram of a vehicle management chip embodiment of the present invention;

[0032] 图5是本发明实施例的车载移动终端功能框图; [0032] FIG. 5 is a functional block diagram of vehicle-mounted mobile terminal of the present embodiment of the invention;

[0033] 图6是本发明实施例的标准电池管理芯片功能框图; [0033] FIG. 6 is a functional block diagram of a standard battery management chip embodiment of the present invention;

[0034] 图7是本发明实施例的智能充电管理层次图; [0034] FIG. 7 is a smart charging management level diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0035] 图8是本发明实施例的监控系统与系统架构。 [0035] FIG. 8 is a monitoring system and system architecture of an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0036] 本发明以物联网技术为基础,通过汽车物联网、电池物联网和充电设施网络构建的物联网络及其内部的电能和信息流动,为新的运营模式提供了一种全面的技术框架方案作为支撑,以实现对汽车用户灵活便捷的动力服务,以及对电网安全有效的储能和供电服务,即解决了电池造价以及动力服务快速便捷等汽车用户侧的障碍,也解决了充电设施和电池的集中控制管理等电网侧的障碍。 [0036] In the present invention was based on networking technology, through the car things, things and the battery charging facility to build networks of electric power and information flow inside the network and its associated objects, there is provided a new technology for comprehensive business model framework program as a support to achieve flexible and convenient auto power user services, as well as on the power grid safe and effective energy storage and power supply services, which addresses obstacles user side of the car battery cost and power services quickly and easily, but also to solve the charging facility cell disorders and central control and management of the power grid side.

[0037] 从广义上讲,实现物体与物体之间的信息交互的技术都可以称之为物联网。 [0037] Broadly speaking, techniques to achieve the information exchange between the object and the object can be called things. 无论互联网还是物联网,其本质都是提供了信息交互的渠道和平台。 Whether or Internet of things, its essence is to provide a platform for information exchange channels and. 而物联网的这种信息交互已经不仅仅停留在计算机之间,而是任何相关的实际物体。 And this information exchange things have not only stay between computers, but any related real objects. 在电动汽车充电业务中,通过汽车、电池以及充电设施之间架起的信息交互渠道构建起了面向电动汽车业务的物联网,通过将物联网信息整合传递给监控系统进行综合管理运营,并实现与电网的技术整合和信息交互。 In the electric vehicle charging business, through information exchange channels to set up the car, the battery and charging facilities built up between the things for the electric car business, integrated management operations through the integration of information passed to the IOT monitoring system, and implemented with technology integration and information exchange grid. 通过成立一个专职的物联网运营公司,面向用户提供标准电池的更换服务,用户不需对充电时间的等待,也不需要自己购买电池。 Through the establishment of a full-time things operating company, to provide user-oriented standard battery replacement service, users do not need to wait for the charging time, you do not need to buy their own batteries. 通过汽车、电池以及充电机之间交换的数据信息,可以进行各种必须的计费结算和管理功能。 Through the data exchange between the car battery and the charger, various necessary billing and management functions. 同时,因为在电池的充电时间和地点上实现了与汽车动力服务的解耦,可以更加灵活的有序安排电池的充放电运行(智能充电管理), 以满足电网的特定需求。 At the same time, because the realization of decoupling and automotive power in the service of the battery charging time and place, can charge and discharge more flexible arrangements for the orderly operation of the battery (intelligent charging management) to meet the specific needs of the grid. 此外,也可以支持用户通过被远程控制的分布式充电桩进行自主充电,只要相应的信息得到记录和交互,用户即可享受最大限度的自由和服务。 In addition, users can also support self-charging controlled by remote distributed charging pile, as long as the information is recorded and the corresponding interaction, users can enjoy maximum freedom and service. 在这一方案中,起决定性作用的是信息,无论是汽车、电池、充电机还是电网的信息,因为物联网的平台实现了全面的采集和共享。 In this scenario, the decisive role that information, whether it is auto, battery, charger or information grid, because of Things platform to achieve a comprehensive collection and sharing. 也是因为对信息的全面掌握,使得更加复杂和高级的经营管理方式成为可能。 But also because of the complete control of information, making it more complex and advanced management methods possible.

[0038] 物联网架构 [0038] Internet of Things architecture

[0039] 本发明实施例的系统采取三级架构,可以看成是三层不同的网络纵向结合而成: 汽车物联网、电池物联网、充电设施网络。 [0039] The architecture of the system to take three embodiments of the present invention, can be seen as three different networks longitudinal bind together: automobile things, things the battery, the charging facility network.

[0040] 三层网络结构如图I所示,每一层网络内的实体都具有自身唯一的电子标签芯片以标识身份,并记录其特性信息。 [0040] FIG I in a three-layer network architecture, network entities in each layer has its own unique identification tag chip to identify and record the characteristic information.

[0041] 汽车物联网中汽车通过内嵌的车载管理芯片具有唯一的识别码VEHICLE_ID,并记录汽车各自不同的特性,如汽车的耗电量、载重量、总行驶里程数等。 [0041] Automotive vehicles have the IOT unique identification code embedded by VEHICLE_ID vehicle management chip, and each record car different characteristics, such as automotive power consumption, load, total mileage and the like. 用于结算的汽车行驶路程等信息,根据用户选择,可以通过电池芯片中转上传给监控中心,也可以通过实时远程无线通信传递,形成一个信息交互的网络。 For billing information from other cars, according to user selection, can transit through the cell chip uploaded to the monitoring center, may be transmitted by a remote wireless communication in real time, a network is formed of information exchange. 该网络架构,如果进一步开发利用,可以承载智能交通管理等更多高级应用。 The network architecture, if further development and utilization, can carry more advanced intelligent traffic management applications.

[0042] 电池物联网中,每一块电池通过电池管理芯片具有唯一的标识码BATTERY_ID,用于记录电池自身的品牌、类型、容量、使用寿命和充放电次数等特性信息。 [0042] IOT cell, each cell has a unique identification code by BATTERY_ID battery management chip, the information recording characteristics of the battery for its own brand, type, capacity, charge and discharge life and the like. 这些信息用来为每一块电池建立其技术档案,以便进行全生命周期的资产管理,也用于在使用过程中判断其是否因用户的不当使用造成了损坏。 This information is used to establish that every piece of battery technology files for the asset management of the entire life cycle, is also used to determine whether in the course of its users due to improper use caused damage.

[0043] 充电设施网络中,无论是充电站中的充电设施还是充电桩,都具有唯一的标识码MACHINE_ID,并记录其容量、位置、状态等特性信息。 [0043] charging facility in the network, whether it is in the charging station or charging post charging facility, have a unique identification code MACHINE_ID, characteristic information and its recording capacity, location, status and the like. 此外,由于充电设施也是电网资产的一部分,所以由图可见,充电设施网络可以看做是未来智能电网的一部分。 In addition, since the charging facility is also part of the grid assets, so it is seen from the figure, charging infrastructure network can be seen as part of the future smart grid. 所有充电设施都具有与电池管理芯片交互数据的能力,这样无论是车辆行驶的信息还是电池使用的信息,都可以通过充电设施上传给监控后台。 All charging facilities have the ability to interact with data and battery management chip, so whether it is information on the vehicle battery or travel information, can be uploaded to the monitoring of the background by charging facilities. 此外,由于所有充电设施与监控系统具有双向通信能力,充电设施的运行完全处于监控后台的控制之下,这也为实现智能充电管理建立了有效的架构体系。 In addition, since all charging facilities and monitoring system with two-way communication capability, charging facilities run entirely under the control of the monitoring of the background, which also intelligent charging management established an effective system architecture.

[0044] 由图I所示,上、中、下三层中,层与层之间的实体也可以发生关联,如图中虚线所示,但是这种关联是动态和变化的。 [0044] shown in FIG. I, the upper, middle and lower three layers, between physical layers may also be associated occur, as shown in dashed line, but this association is dynamic and changing. 例如,一辆汽车使用了一块电池,它们之间发生了关联, 但是这种关联是暂时性的,等到汽车更换电池后,就发生了另一个新的关联。 For example, a car using a battery, there was an association between them, but this association is temporary, until the car battery replacement, took place another new association. 一块电池也可以在不同的充电设施进行充放电操作,它们之间也发生了关联,这种关联也是动态和暂时的,随着电池进一步流通,这个关联就消失了。 A battery may be performed in different charge and discharge operation of the charging facility, the association also occurs between them, this association is temporary and dynamic, with further flow batteries, this association disappeared. 每一次发生这样的关联,就伴随着电能和信息的双向流动,如图I中空心箭头表示电能流动的方向,黑实体箭头表示信息流动的方向。 Each such association occurs, it is accompanied by two-way flow of information and power, as shown in the white arrow I represents the direction of energy flow, the solid black arrows indicate the direction of information flow.

[0045] 这种物联网架构的设计,确保了三层网络实体之间的解耦,也确保了它们可以自由关联,通过对信息的交互和记录,又使得它们之间的这种自由交互可以完全在运行和计费结算中完整的体现出来。 [0045] Such things architecture is designed to ensure that the decoupling between the three network entities, but also to ensure that they are free to associate, through interactive information and records, but also makes the interaction between them this freedom can fully in operation and billing in full reflected. 尤其是实现了车辆与电池的完全解耦,并保证了它们之间任意组合的自由。 In particular to achieve a complete decoupling of the vehicle and a battery, and to ensure the freedom of any combination therebetween. 这样,运营公司可以只关注于电池的管理和信息回收,而不受车辆位置等因素的制约。 In this way, the operating company can only focus on information management and battery recycling, without constraints vehicle location. 不管用户以何种方式归还电池就可以进行计费结算,而不一定要把车辆开入充电站;即使用户使用充电桩自主充电,由于充电桩可以采集电池信息和双向通信,也不影响按照里程数进行计费结算的功能。 Regardless of the manner in which the user can return the batteries billing, and should not necessarily vehicle opening into the charging station; Even when using a charging post autonomous charge, since the charging of the battery post can collect information and two-way communication, in accordance with the mileage does not affect number perform billing functions. 而且,这种解耦和信息传递方式,使得用户采用其它动力源行驶的里程不会被错误记进物联网运营公司的账单。 Further, this decoupling, and transmission of information, using other power source such that a user with the mileage is not mistakenly referred things into operating company bills.

[0046] 辅助运营系统 [0046] Auxiliary operating systems

[0047] 为了实现上述物联网架构的运营,相应的设计了其运营系统的结构,如图2所示, 整个系统可以大致划分为电网交互层、运营公司内部应用层、用户交互层三个层次: [0047] In order to achieve the above-described operation of the architecture of things, the design of the structure of its corresponding operating system, shown in Figure 2, the entire system can be roughly divided into grid alternating layers, three levels of application layer company's internal operations, user interaction layer :

[0048] 图中所有商务功能的连接用细箭头表示,所有技术功能的连接用粗箭头表示。 [0048] FIG connect all business functions indicated by thin arrows, connecting all technical function indicated by thick arrows. 由图可知,电网交互层对应物联网运营公司与电网公司的信息交互,相应的功能和信息均为技术的,也就意味着电网公司只接受与电网运行相关的技术信息,而不过问商务信息;用户交互层对应物联网运营公司与用户的交互,相应的接口信息均为商务的,说明用户只与物联网公司发生商务往来,而不参与技术问题。 The figure shows that the interactive information exchange network layer corresponds to things operating companies and grid companies, the corresponding function and information are technology, which means power companies will only accept associated with the operation of the grid information technology, business information and not to interfere ; user interaction layer corresponding to the operating companies of things interaction with the user, the corresponding interface information are business, user and explain things happen only company business dealings, rather than technical issues involved. 这样设计的目的是要达到以下两点设计原则: This is designed to achieve the following two design principles:

[0049] a.电网公司与营销业务的解耦,不要把商务问题交给电网公司解决; [0049] a decoupling grid company and marketing business, not to business problems to solve grid companies.;

[0050] b.用户与技术方案的解耦,不要把技术问题遗留给用户。 [0050] b. Decouple the user and the technical solution, not the technical problems left to the user.

[0051] 这样,实质性的商务和技术实现功能都集中在内部应用层,由物联网运营公司内部实现和把握,达到其商业运作的独立性以及技术实现的完整性。 [0051] In this way, substantial business and technology functions are concentrated within the application layer, to achieve internal and grasp things by the operating company, the integrity of its business operations to achieve independence and technology. 对于电网来说,物联网运营公司成为一个独立的与其它电力用户无差别的用户;对于用户来说,为其提供最为简便快捷的服务,可在多种服务中灵活选择而不需要关心任何技术问题,也不需要过于复杂的使用方式,技术的实现也不需要用户特殊的配合。 For power, the operating company of things to be a user independent of other power users no difference; for the user, providing the most convenient and efficient service, the flexibility to choose a variety of services without the need for any technical concerns problem, do not need too complicated to use, to achieve the user does not need special technical cooperation.

[0052] 物联网运营公司所有的业务范围用矩形框圈出。 [0052] All things operating company business circle with a rectangular box.

[0053] 系统流程 [0053] The system processes

[0054] I)如图2所示,用户通过销售终端与物联网运营公司达成SLA(ServiceLevel Agreement)服务协议,包括购买行驶里程数,有选择性的选取所需的高级汽车服务选项,合同内容被记录于销售终端,合同信息通过互联网上传到监控中心。 [0054] I) as shown in Figure 2 users reached through the sale of terminal operating companies and things SLA (ServiceLevel Agreement) services agreement, including the purchase of the mileage, selective senior automotive service options to select desired contract was recorded in the sale terminals, contract information is uploaded to the monitoring center via the Internet. 由于不同类型的汽车载重量和耗电量不同,在购买同样里程数的合同时,其价格应有所差异。 Because different types of car load and power consumption, at the time of the purchase contract the same number of miles, its price should vary.

[0055] 2)用户在达成销售合同后,获得车载管理芯片以及车载移动终端,该芯片含有车辆的唯一识别码VEHICLE_ID,该芯片嵌入车载电池管理系统后,成为外界识别电动汽车身份及其特性(如耗电量、载重量等)的唯一接口,也是监控中心与汽车通信识别汽车地理位置的标志。 [0055] 2) After the user reached the sales contract, vehicle and get onboard the mobile terminal management chip, the chip containing a unique identification code VEHICLE_ID vehicle, the vehicle battery embedded in the chip management system, the electric vehicle environment recognizing the identity and characteristics ( such as power consumption, load, etc.) only interface, the center of the car is monitored communication identification flag car geographic location.

[0056] 3)车载移动终端是通用设备,与车载芯片结合使用,车载芯片实现对汽车的身份识别和自身特性的记录,而移动终端负责汽车行驶数据的采集、无线信息交互以及本地客户端软件的运行。 [0056] 3) onboard the mobile terminal is a generic device, used in conjunction with vehicle-mounted chip, car chip recording identification vehicles and their characteristics, and the mobile terminal is responsible for collecting cars data, wireless information exchange and a local client software operation.

[0057] 4)与每一个识别码VEHICLE_ID对应建立一个账号,用户在账户内预存一定量的采购资金,在合同执行过程中进行结算。 [0057] 4) with each identification code corresponds VEHICLE_ID establish an account, you stored a certain amount of procurement funds in the account, the settlement during the execution of the contract.

[0058] 5)物联网运营公司负责在运营区域建设众多充电设施,包括充电桩、换电站和集中充电站。 [0058] 5) Things operating company responsible for the construction in the area of ​​operation of many charging infrastructure, including charging pile, charging stations for power plants and centralized. 用户凭识别码VEHICLE_ID以及合同在充电站获取电池,并将电池安装在电动汽车上与车载电池管理系统对接。 VEHICLE_ID user identification code and the contract with the get battery charging station, and interfacing with the battery mounted on the vehicle battery management system of an electric vehicle.

[0059] 6)每一块标准电池都含有唯一的电池管理芯片,作为电池的唯一识别标志BATTERY_ID,并与车载移动终端通信,验证身份以及权限,并交互用户、电量、时间以及行驶路程等息。 [0059] 6) each with a standard battery contains a unique battery management chip, a unique identification of the cell BATTERY_ID, and the vehicle-mounted mobile terminal to communicate with, to verify the identity and privileges, and user interaction, power, time, and with other distance information.

[0060] 7)在行驶过程中,车载移动终端通过移动通信网络与监控中心通信,监控中心向移动终端传递必要的实时信息。 [0060] 7) during traveling, the vehicle-mounted mobile terminal through the mobile communication network communication with the monitoring center, the monitoring center passing necessary information to the mobile terminal in real time. 移动终端结合实时信息以及提前下载的网络信息,在本地进行客户服务的运算。 Mobile terminal combined with real-time information and network information downloaded in advance, calculates customer service locally. 根据用户需求,也可提供路线规划、充电规划、换电规划、电量告警、 余额告警、充电站查询等高级汽车服务功能。 According to user needs, can provide route planning, charging plan, planning for electricity, power alarm, balance alerts, query and other advanced car charging stations services. 除此之外,根据用户选择,电池和汽车的运行数据可以暂时存储在移动终端或芯片上,也可以实时发送回监控中心。 In addition, according to user selection, battery and vehicle operation data may be temporarily stored on the mobile terminal or chip, it may be transmitted back to the control center in real time.

[0061] 8)用户行驶一定距离后,可在另一个换电站凭合同归还并更换电池,换电站的电池经物流调度统一在集中充电站充电。 After [0061] 8) with a distance from the user, the other may contract for power plants with return and replace the battery, a battery for power plants via stream scheduled unified centralized charging station. 无论哪里的充电装置都含有电子标签,作为唯一识别MACHINE_ID,并可以同监控中心进行双向通信。 Wherever a charging device contains an electronic tag, a unique identification MACHINE_ID, and can be bi-directional communication with the monitoring center. 当电池进行充电时,其存储的汽车和电池的运行及行驶记录被读入,并通过互联网上传给该区域的监控子站。 When charging the battery, and the battery of automobile operation and stored with its record is read, the slave station and uploaded to the monitor area through the Internet.

[0062] 9)用户也可以在公共或私人充电桩(由运营公司按客户要求在私人家庭或企业安装)充电。 [0062] 9) You can also charge pile in the public or private (by the operating companies charge according to customer requirements in private homes or businesses to install). 充电桩与监控中心具有双向通信能力和唯一的MACHINE_ID,并且具有读取电池芯片所记录数据的功能。 Charging post with the monitoring center and the two-way communication only MACHINE_ID, and a battery having a chip reading record data. 这样,即使用户利用充电桩自主充电,其使用电池和车辆行驶的信息也可以被系统获取,并根据MACHINE_ID记录其为电池充电的历史数据,这样无论用户采取换电还是充电的方式,都不影响统一的结算。 Thus, even if the user using the charging post autonomous charge, and a battery using the vehicle driving information acquisition system may also be, and record the history data according MACHINE_ID which to charge the battery, so that regardless of the user, or take the form of charging for electricity, will not affect unified billing. · ·

[0063] 10)监控子站负责某一指定区域内所有充电设施、销售终端以及传递的汽车行驶信息汇总,经处理后的数据被继续上传给监控主站,存入海量存储数据库,以供更多高级应用使用。 All charging facilities, sales terminals and transmitting summary information with automobiles within a specified area [0063] 10) is responsible for the monitoring sub-station, the treated data is uploaded to the monitoring continues master database stored in the mass storage, for more and more advanced applications. 子站也负责与行驶在该区域内的汽车实时通信、处理行驶数据,向汽车发送必要信息,提供高级汽车服务。 Sub-station is also responsible for driving the car in real-time communication within the region, with data processing, send the necessary information to the car, providing advanced car service.

[0064] 11)监控主站的销售合同管理单元,根据车载电池管理系统的芯片VEHICLE_ID, 分析汇总持有该芯片的车辆在所有的行驶记录和电池使用记录,以检查合同的完成情况。 Vehicle [0064] 11) monitor the master contract sales management unit, according to the chip VEHICLE_ID vehicle battery management system, analysis of summary records used to hold the chip in the drive recorder and all batteries, to check the completion of the contract.

[0065] 12)监控主站的购电合同管理单元,根据需要与电网公司进行电量结算;同时,由于充电站内大量的电池组可以作为储能装置和分布式电源向电网反送电能,该单元也要同时处理向电网公司反向售电的结算。 [0065] 12) monitor the master purchase contracts management unit, as required for the grid power settlement company; the same time, since the charging station within the large battery pack can be used as an energy storage device and a distributed power to the power grid against send, the cell while the reverse process also sell electricity to the grid settlement company.

[0066] 13)监控主站的智能充电单元监控和规划整个系统的充电设施充放电的操作,在考虑电网需求和汽车动力服务以及网络约束等条件下,既要满足电网在削峰填谷或负荷管理等方面的需求,也要满足用户对于汽车动力服务的需求。 Operation [0066] 13) monitor the master intelligent charging unit monitors the overall system planning and charging and discharging of the charging facility, in consideration of the power demand and vehicle dynamic constraints and network service conditions, necessary to meet the load shaving or grid demand load management, etc., but also to meet user demand for automotive power services. 如图3所示。 As shown in Figure 3.

[0067] 14)监控主站的电池调控单元根据所收集地理信息系统(Geographicinformation system,简称GIS)的信息监控所有电池在各充电站之间的分布和流动状况,根据汽车的流量和向电网反向售电的规划,调配电池在各充电站之间的分配。 [0067] 14) regulated battery monitoring unit according to the master geographic information system (Geographicinformation system, referred to as GIS) the collected information monitoring all batteries and flow rate distribution between the charging station, and according to the flow of reverse power car the sale of electricity planning, allocation between the battery charging station assignment.

[0068] 15)监控中心主站的子站协调管理系统要识别和管理不同区域的子站,当电池接入不同的子站区域,要协调管理其数据的存储和使用。 [0068] 15) sub-station management system to coordinate monitoring center master station to the slave station identification and management of different regions, different battery access stations when the sub-region, to coordinate and manage the use of their data storage. 如果某一子站由于故障退出运行,也可以将其管理区域转交给其它子站负责,以此保证其灵活性。 If a sub-station out of operation due to a fault, it can also be transferred to other sub-regional management in charge of the station, in order to ensure flexibility. 此外,其它所有涉及跨区域的服务和信息共享,都要有该单元协调管理。 In addition, any work that involves cross-regional services and information sharing, coordination and management of the unit should have.

[0069] 16)销售合同与购电合同的信息经汇总处理后提供给现金结算单元,根据合同内容和执行结果向银行进行现金结算。 [0069] 16) sales contracts and power purchase contracts after the summary information processing unit provided to the cash settlement, cash settlement to the bank under the contract content and execution results.

[0070] 17)主站监控单元收集所有与电网运行相关的参数,通过专用通信接口与电网交互数据。 [0070] 17) monitor the master unit collects all parameters associated with the operation of the grid, through a dedicated data communication interface to interact with the grid.

[0071] 18)主站汇总所有由子站采集上传的用户同意开放的GIS信息,包括车辆和电池等不同设备,将这些信息汇总后得到所有相关实体的地理分布,作为其它高级应用的依据。 [0071] 18) the master summary of all users acquired by the sub-station uploaded agreed to open GIS information, including a vehicle and a battery, such as different devices, after the information is aggregated to obtain the geographical distribution of all the relevant entities, as other advanced application basis.

[0072] 19)对于用户在路途中意外断电或电池故障等造成的无动力状况提供应急救援, 由主站实行应急救援指挥;活在交通事故等其它意外事故时,协助与交通和医疗救援部门沟通,提供救援。 [0072] 19) For non-power user status on the road unexpected power or battery failure caused provide emergency rescue, the implementation of the emergency rescue command by the master; when living in other traffic accidents and other accidents, to assist with transportation and medical assistance departmental communication, provide relief.

[0073] 20)根据用户选择,提供附加的道路交通信息服务,主站负责所有道路交通信息的采集、维护以及发布。 [0073] 20) according to user selection, to provide additional road traffic information service, the master is responsible for collecting all road traffic information, maintenance and publishing.

[0074] 21)物联网公司所掌握的所有信息,在适当的条件下可以与其它有需求的部门(例如交通管理部门)交互,主站可以预先保留一个标准的交互接口。 All information [0074] 21) Things disposal company, under appropriate conditions with other sectors in need (such as traffic management department) interaction, the main station can be pre-reserved a standard interactive interface.

[0075] 本发明的具体实施方式可以分解为不同的软硬件装置,其详细结构和功能分别叙述如下: [0075] The embodiment of the present invention can be decomposed into different hardware and software means, the detailed structure and function are described as follows:

[0076] 一.车载管理芯片以及移动终端 [0076] a. Onboard management chip and a mobile terminal

[0077] 车载管理芯片,作为用户取得销售合同的凭证,同时也是系统识别车辆身份的标志VEHICLE_ID和接口(与移动电话的SM卡以及对应的电话号码相似)。 [0077]-board management chip, as the user's credentials to obtain sales contracts, but also the system recognizes a vehicle status symbol VEHICLE_ID and interfaces (similar to mobile phone SM card and a phone number). 用户将该芯片植入车载电池管理系统,作为外界识别的接口,同时采集汽车的如耗电量、载重量等特性信息。 The user chip implanted vehicle battery management system, the interface identified as outside, while acquiring characteristic information of an automobile such as power consumption, load and the like. 车载管理芯片如图4所示,包括VEHICLE_ID验证模块、汽车特性记录模块和安全准入验证模块。 Vehicle management chip 4, the verification module comprising VEHICLE_ID, automotive safety access characteristics of the recording module and verification module.

[0078] VEHICLE_ID验证:VEHICLE_ID作为识别车辆身份的唯一标识,在车载管理芯片或车载移动终端与外界进行任何通信操作之前都必须验证和记录用户身份。 And recording the user is required to verify the identity as a unique identifier identifying the vehicle VEHICLE_ID identity, communication operation in any vehicle or vehicle management chip and the outside world before the mobile terminal: [0078] VEHICLE_ID verification.

[0079] 汽车特性记录:记载汽车自身的一些特性数据,如耗电量或载重量等。 [0079] Cars recording characteristics: according to some other characteristic data of the car itself, such as power consumption or load. 汽车的特性信息在用户注册时会同时记入服务器数据库。 Characteristic information of the car at the time of user registration will also be credited to the database server. 为防止恶意欺诈,比如注册登记为小型车辆,但是将车载芯片安装在重型车辆上使用(同样的里程数,载重量和耗电量不同,价格应该不同),芯片接入车辆后会进行相应的安全验证,以确保车辆实际状况与系统登记并用来结算的信息一致。 To prevent malicious fraud, such as registration for small vehicles, but the on-board chip is mounted on a heavy vehicle use (the same number of miles, different load and power consumption, the price should be different), the chip will make the appropriate vehicle access security verification to ensure that the actual condition of the vehicle with the registration system and for the settlement of the same information.

[0080] 安全准入验证:验证载入芯片的汽车是否为登记等级的车辆,汽车特性是否符合; [0080] Security Access Verification: Verify whether the car is loaded chip level vehicle registration, vehicle characteristics compliance;

[0081] 移动终端对车辆行驶信息进行统计记录,并从车载芯片获取车辆身份以及车辆特性信息。 [0081] mobile terminal for vehicle travel information for statistical records and obtain the identity of the vehicle and the vehicle characteristics information from the on-board chip. 将必要的信息写入电池管理芯片。 The necessary information into the battery management chip. 此外,它具备语音提示和图形显示功能,利用GPS和3G移动通信技术与监控中心交互信息,实现高级汽车服务项目。 In addition, it has voice prompts and graphic display, using GPS and 3G mobile communications technology and interactive information monitoring center for advanced automotive services.

[0082] 车载移动终端的功能框图如图5所示,车载移动终端包括车辆信息输出及电池信息输入模块、VEHICLE_ID及车辆特性模块,车辆行驶数据采集模块、GPS定位模块、充电设施状况描述模块、VEHICLE_ID验证模块、地理信息存储模块、帐户信息模块和语音提示及图形显示模块,且上述功能模块均与主控程序模块相连,车载管理芯片通过VEHICLE_ID及车辆特性模块将车辆信息连入车载移动终端,车辆信息输出及电池信息输入模块通过电池芯片接口与电池管理芯片通讯。 [0082] The vehicle function block diagram of the mobile terminal shown in Figure 5, the vehicle-mounted mobile terminal includes a vehicle information input module output and battery information, VEHICLE_ID module and vehicle characteristics, the vehicle running data acquisition module, GPS positioning module, the charging facility condition description module, VEHICLE_ID authentication module, geographic information storage module, and account information module voice prompts and graphics display module, and the functional modules are connected with the main control program module, chip-board management module by VEHICLE_ID vehicle characteristics and vehicle information terminal connected to the mobile vehicle, the vehicle information input module output and battery information chip interface through the battery and the battery management chip communication. 车载移动终端的主要功能描述如下: The main function of vehicle mobile terminal will be described as follows:

[0083] VEHICLE_ID验证:每一台移动终端与使用该设备的用户VEHICLE_ID绑定,在与监控中心无线通信之前必须验证身份和权限。 [0083] VEHICLE_ID validation: each mobile terminal and a user using the apparatus VEHICLE_ID bound, in a wireless communication with the control center before must verify the identity and privileges.

[0084] GPS定位:通过GPS定位技术确定汽车所在的位置; [0084] GPS positioning: to determine the location where the car via GPS technology;

[0085] 地理信息存储:道路信息以及充电站分部信息存储;地理信息在不断变化之中, 所以提供地理信息下载升级功能,校验当前版本是否为最新版本并提示; [0085] Geographic Information Store: road information Segment information storage and charging stations; geographic information in constantly changing, so providing geographic information to download the upgrade function, check the current version is up to date and prompt;

[0086] 车辆行驶数据采集:采集车辆行驶里程等信息; [0086] Data collection vehicle with: information collection vehicle mileage;

[0087] 账户信息:通过与监控中心无线通信获取用户当前账户余额; [0087] Account Information: obtaining the user's current account balance by wireless communication with the monitoring center;

[0088] 充电设施状况描述:指定充电站内设备可用状况、电池供应状况、拥挤状况; [0089] VEHICLE_ID及车辆特性:通过与车载管理芯片,获取车辆VEHICLE_ID以及车辆特性信息; [0088] Availability charging facility Description: Specifies the available status, the status of the battery charging station supply apparatus, congestion state; [0089] VEHICLE_ID and vehicle characteristics: vehicle and vehicle characteristics VEHICLE_ID-vehicle information management chip, acquired;

[0090] 主控程序:获取以上所有信息后,在本地进行服务项目要求的分析,获得分析结果; [0090] the master program: After obtaining all of the above information, analytical services in the local project requirements, obtain analytical results;

[0091] 语音提示及图形显示:分析结果以语音和图形的方式呈现给用户; [0091] voice prompts and graphical display: analysis of voice and graphically presented to the user;

[0092] 车辆信息输出及电池信息输入:将车辆身份、行驶里程等信息写入电池管理芯片, 由电池管理芯片转回监控中心,供结算使用。 [0092] The vehicle information output and battery input information: the identity of the other vehicles, mileage information into the chip battery management, battery management chip back to the monitoring center for settlement use. 这样可以实现结算与车辆的解耦,运营公司只需要收回电池就可以获得结算的足够信息,而不必关心车辆在哪里;一块电池离开换电站后,即使被不同车辆使用,也不影响结算;将电池信息输入,可以监控自主充电时电池电量状态以及行驶时电池剩余电量。 This decoupling settlement with the vehicle, operating companies only need to recover the battery can get settled enough information without having to be concerned about where the vehicle; after leaving a battery for power plants, even if they are using different vehicles, does not affect the settlement; the battery information input, can monitor the battery charge status and the remaining battery power with time when the autonomous charge.

[0093] 该移动通信终端的设计原则应该是在保证功能的前提下,尽量减少无线通信的负担以及用户个人隐私的透露。 [0093] The design principle in the mobile terminal should be in the function of ensuring the premise, as well as to minimize the burden on the user to disclose personal privacy of wireless communications. 高级服务所需的分析计算全部在本地车载终端进行,监控中心服务器只是向所有终端发送其所需的标准格式的实时信息,而不需要在没有取得用户同意下由汽车向服务器发送汽车的特殊信息。 Advanced analysis and calculation of all required services at a local car terminal, the monitoring center server to send real-time information they need just a standard form to all terminals, without the need for special information is sent to the server by the car the car without obtaining the consent of the user .

[0094] 二.标准电池管理芯片 [0094] II. Battery Management Standard

[0095] 标准电池管理芯片内嵌于标准化电池,实现电池BATTERY_ID的识别、电池充放电、运行数据和用户使用信息的记录、与充电设施的通信。 [0095] Battery management chip embedded in the standard battery standardization, to achieve recognition of BATTERY_ID battery, battery charge and discharge, the recording operation data and user information, the charging communications facilities. 其基本功能框图如图6所示。 Its basic function block diagram shown in Figure 6. 电池管理芯片也即是电子标签芯片,包括BATTERY_ID验证模块、车辆数据记录模块、充电记录模块和电池数据记录模块,该电池数据记录模块与车辆数据记录模块、BATTERY_ID验证模块双向通讯连接,述充电记录模块与BATTERY_ID验证模块通讯连接。 Battery management chip that is, the electronic tag chip, comprising BATTERY_ID verification module, a vehicle data recording module, a charging recording module and battery data recording module, the battery data recording module and the vehicle data recording module BATTERY_ID verification module bidirectional communication connection, said charging record BATTERY_ID verification module and module communication connection.

[0096] BATTERY_ID验证:每一台电池的内嵌芯片都要分配唯一的BATTERY_ID,在电池接入充电设施后,首先要进行电池BATTERY_ID身份的识别,一方面便于对数据的处理,一方面控制其权限。 [0096] BATTERY_ID authentication: each cell must be assigned a unique chip embedded BATTERY_ID, access to the battery after the charging facility, the battery must first be identified BATTERY_ID identity, to facilitate processing of the data on the one hand, on the one hand controlled authority. 对于无法通过验证的电池,不允许充电操作。 For the battery can not be authenticated, the charging operation is not allowed. 另一方面,当电池接入汽车, 如果不能通过对汽车用户的验证,电池拒绝向汽车输出电能。 On the other hand, when the battery access car, if the car is not verified by the user, to the car battery output power rejection.

[0097] 车辆数据记录:从车载移动终端获取使用电池的车辆身份以及车辆行驶里程等信 [0097] The vehicle data records: acquired from the vehicle-mounted battery of the mobile terminal with the vehicle identification and vehicle mileage and other channel

肩、O Shoulder, O

[0098] 电池数据记录:电池的充放电和运行数据,以及用户使用信息被采集并存储下来, 例如其充放电状态、电量水平、运行时间、使用寿命等。 [0098] Battery data records: a battery charging and discharging and operating data, and user information is collected and stored, for example, the state of charge and discharge, charge level, run time, service life.

[0099] 充电记录:当用户利用充电桩进行自主充电时,要记录充电地点和电量,以及用户 [0099] Charging recording: When the user charging post autonomously charging, charging location and quantity to be recorded, and the user

信息,以供结算使用。 Information for settlement use. [0100] 要特别说明电池芯片存储汽车信息的目的,如果用户出于个人隐私的顾虑不愿开通无线通信实时传递信息,而用户在归还电池时并不一定会将汽车开入充电站,或只是携带电池来归还,那么汽车在使用这块电池期间的所有信息就只有依靠电池芯片来传递。 [0100] for a particular cell chip described object stored vehicle information, and if the privacy concerns for the user do not want to open a wireless communication transmission of information in real time, and when the user will not necessarily return the car to open the battery into the charging station, or just carry batteries to be returned, then the car all the information during the use of this battery is the only battery chips rely on to deliver. 此夕卜,汽车所形式的里程,要区分其动力来源,通过电池传递结算数据,也就保证了只有在运营公司电池的动力下的里程才用来结算,其它动力(比如私人电池)形式的路程不在结算之内。 Bu this evening, the car in the form of mileage, to distinguish its power source, transfer the settlement data through the battery, it ensures that only mileage under dynamic operating companies of the battery was used for settlement, other power (such as private cell) in the form of not from within the settlement.

[0101] 三.充电设施 [0101] III. Charging facilities

[0102] 全系统充电设施包括分布在公共区域或私人区域的充电桩或小型充电场所、换电站以及大型集中充电站。 [0102] System-wide distribution of charging facilities in the charging post comprises a small rechargeable or place of public areas or private areas, for power plants and large centralized charging station.

[0103] 充电桩:分布于公共区域、企业或按用户要求安装在用户家庭私人区域,供用户进行自主充电使用。 [0103] charging poles: distribution in public areas, business or according to user requirements to install in-home private area for users to use self-charging. 所有充电桩同样具有电子标签,并可以读取电池芯片记录的信息。 All charging post also has an electronic tag, and the cell chip can read information recorded. 当用户在充电桩对车载电池进行自主充电时,充电桩会通过与电池芯片的通信记录用户身份、充电时间、地点、电量。 When the user of the vehicle-mounted battery charging post autonomously charged, by recording the charging post will communicate with the user identity of the cell chip, charging time, location, power. 这些信息被上传到监控中心,结合指定用户的合同信息进行结算。 This information is uploaded to the monitoring center, in conjunction with the information specified user contract settlement. 所有充电桩需要具有与电池芯片交互数据的能力,也需要有与监控中心双向通信的能力。 All charging post cell chip need to have the ability to interact with the data, but also requires the ability to bi-directional communication with the monitoring center. 监控中心可以通过远程通信控制和管理充电操作,以便进行全面优化,相见“智能充电管理”。 The monitoring center can be charged via remote communications control and management operations, in order to fully optimize, meet "smart charge management."

[0104] 换电站:根据公路交通网络的结构进行合理分布,覆盖一定的范围。 [0104] for power plants: The structure reasonable distribution of road traffic network covering a certain range. 换电站只对用户提供更换电池服务,而不必就地进行充电操作。 Only for power plants to replace the battery service users, without having to place the charging operation. 这样,换电站的选址和建设可以不必过多考虑充电操作的约束,而更加关注于如何更好的向用户提供服务。 In this way, for siting and construction of power plants do not have to give much thought to the constraints of the charging operation, and more focus on how to provide better services to users.

[0105] 大型集中充电站:将换电站更换下来的电池集中进行充电管理,这一方面减少换电站选址建设的束缚,也更加便于面向电网的充放电操作,因为这样的充电站更加集中、容量更大、建设和运行更具有针对性,对电网服务的效果也越明显。 [0105] large centralized charging stations: the changed battery for power plants centralized management of charging, that the reduction of the construction site for power plants to be bound, but also easier to charge and discharge power for operation, such as charging stations more focused, greater capacity, construction and operation of more targeted, the effect of grid services is also more obvious. 充电站与换电站之间通过物流调配来调节电池的流通和循环。 Between the charging station and for power plants, and to regulate the cell cycle by flow stream deployment.

[0106] 所有充换电设施都应该具有电子标签、与电池管理芯片的信息交互能力以及与监控中心的双向通信能力。 [0106] All charging for electric facilities should have an electronic tag, chip and battery management capabilities and information exchange with the control center of the two-way communication capability.

[0107] 智能充电管理:全系统的充电操作需要进行统一的规划和管理,合理的充电规划管理可以大大降低充电业务对电网的冲击,降低电网运行和投资的成本。 [0107] intelligent charging management: charging operation of the entire system needs to be unified planning and management, charging reasonable planning and management can significantly reduce the impact on power charging business, reduce costs grid operation and investment. 智能充电管理需要从两个不同的角度看待充电操作,一是从电网的角度看电网期望电池充电何时、何地、如何进行,有何特定需求;另一个是从汽车用户的角度看,电池的充电应该满足哪些条件,在两方面的各种约束条件下,寻求最优化的充电方案。 Intelligent charging management needs to look at from two different angles charging operation, one look at the grid to expect from the perspective of the grid battery charging when, where, how, what specific needs; another car from the user's perspective, battery What conditions should be met charging, under various constraints in two ways, seeking to optimize the charging scheme. 从功能的角度看,智能充电管理的相关因素可以从三个不同的层次来看待,如图7所示。 From a functional point of view, intelligent charging management related factors can be viewed from three different levels, as shown in FIG.

[0108] 四.监控中心 [0108] IV. Monitoring Center

[0109] 整个系统的软件框架可以概括为三个平台:信息集成平台、业务运行平台、综合监视平台。 [0109] software framework of the entire system can be summarized in three platforms: information integration platform, business operating platform, integrated monitoring platform.

[0110] 这三个平台总体由车载终端、销售终端、充电设施终端以及监控主站和监控子站联合构成。 [0110] The overall three-vehicle terminal internet sales terminal, the terminal and the charging facility monitoring master station and slave stations monitor joint configuration.

[0111] 信息集成平台由车载终端、销售终端、充电设施终端以及监控子站和监控主站的电网信息单元以及海量数据存储构成,完成对于用户、汽车、电网运行数据信息的采集、传输、存储。 [0111] Information integration platform from the vehicle terminal, the sales terminal, the charging facility terminal and a monitoring network information unit, and a mass data storage constituting the sub-station and the monitoring master station, complete for collecting user, cars, operational data network information, transmission, storage .

[0112] 业务运行平台由监控主站的五大功能模块(计费结算、资产管理、运行管理、物流调度、客户服务)构成。 [0112] monitoring of business operations platform consists of five functional master module (billing, asset management, operation management, logistics, scheduling, customer service).

[0113] 综合监视平台是整个系统与运行管理人员的接口,将全系统的实时状态形象便捷的展示给运行人员,以便于及时监控和调度,它由监控主站在监控中心的综合展示模块来实现。 [0113] integrated monitoring platform is the interface with the system operation and management personnel, real-time image of the state of the whole system easy to show the operators, in order to facilitate timely monitoring and scheduling, it stood by the main control center to monitor the integrated display module achieve.

[0114] 尽管从功能上可以将系统软件架构划分为以上三个平台,但是从具体实现的位置和集成的角度来看,除分布于服务网点和汽车移动的终端外,其它集中安装在区域和中央控制中心的监控软件可以统一归纳为监控中心的监控系统。 [0114] Although the system software architecture is divided into three platforms or more, but from the position and angle of the integrated specific implementation point of view, in addition to the terminal located in the service network and the car is moving, the other mounting concentrated in a region from the function and central control center monitoring software can be summed up as a unified monitoring system monitoring center.

[0115] 监控系统是运营商管理整个充电物联网的综合管理平台,由于智能充电站分布于广阔的区域,可以设置多个子站,负责在对应区域内对接入系统的充电站和销售终端,进行管理并采集汇总数据,与行驶在该区域内的电动汽车的通信和数据交互。 [0115] Monitoring System operators manage the entire charge of things integrated management platform, since the charging stations located in the intelligent wide area, a plurality of slave stations may be provided, and a charging station is responsible for the sale terminals to access the system in the corresponding region, manage and collect aggregate data, communications and data exchange with traveling in the region of electric vehicles. 这样的设计出于对灵活性和可靠性的考虑,由于分区域控制,即使在主站或通信故障时,子站区域依然可以保持短期运行,在服务恢复后将子站存储的数据重新上传给主站。 This design flexibility and reliability out of consideration, because the sub-regional control, even when the master station or communication failure, the sub-station area still remain short-run, in the service restoration after sub-station to re-upload stored data Main site. 如果某个子站故障,可以将该区域的管理权限和业务转移给有能力冗余的其它子站代理。 If a sub-station failure, you can transfer the management authority and service area to have the ability of other redundant sub-station agent.

[0116] 从功能上讲,整个监控系统(包括主站和子站)的功能可以划分为5类:计费结算、资产管理、运行管理、物流调度、客户服务。 [0116] Functionally, the entire monitoring system (comprising a primary station and a slave station) function can be divided into five categories: billing, asset management, operation management, logistics scheduling, customer service. [0117] 监控中心在整个系统架构中的位置和功能如图8所示。 [0117] the monitoring center location and function in the overall system architecture shown in Fig.

Claims (10)

1. 一种电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于,包括:汽车物联网,其中每台电动汽车包括车载管理芯片和车载移动终端,所述车载管理芯片用于记录电动汽车各自的特性,所述车载移动终端用于电动汽车行驶数据的采集、无线信息交互及客户端软件的运行;电池物联网,其中每一块电池都包括电池管理芯片,该芯片用于记录其自身的品牌、类型、容量、使用寿命和充放电次数特性信息;充电设施网络,充电设施包括充电桩、换电站和集中充电站,且每种充电设施包括充电设施芯片,用于记录充电设施的容量、位置、状态特性信息,以及与电池管理芯片进行数据的交互;监控中心,包括监控子站和监控主站,监控子站用于汇总监控区域内所有充电设施芯片、车载管理芯片传递的汽车信息,所述监控主站用于接收、存储监控子站上传的数据,并根据 An electric vehicle charging system of things, characterized by comprising: a car things, wherein each electric vehicle and a vehicle comprising a vehicle-mounted mobile terminal management chip, the in-vehicle electric vehicle management chip for recording a respective characteristic, the said vehicle mobile terminal for operating an electric vehicle with collecting data, and wireless information exchange client software; things cell, wherein each cell includes a battery management chip, which is used to record its own brand, type, capacity , life and charge and discharge characteristics information; network charging facility, the charging facility includes a charging pile, charging stations for power plants and concentration, the charging facility and each chip comprising charging facility, the charging facility for the recording capacity, location, status characteristics information , and the interaction data to the battery management chip; monitoring center, the monitoring includes monitoring the sub-station and main station, sub-station for the monitoring of all the charging facility chips, chip-board management information in the summary transmitted automobiles monitoring area, the monitoring master station It means for receiving, monitoring data storage sub-station to upload, and in accordance with 传的数据监控和规划整个系统的充电设施充放电的操作,调配电池在各充电站之间的分配;所述汽车物联网、电池物联网、充电设施网络分别通过各车载管理芯片、电池管理芯片、充电设施芯片与监控中心通讯连接。 Monitoring operation of data transfer and programming of the system of charging and discharging the charging facility, among formulations dispensing the battery charging station; the car things, things the battery, the charging facility network management chip, respectively through the vehicle, the battery management chip , charging facilities chip communication connection with the monitoring center.
2.根据权利要求I所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于,所述汽车物联网中的车载管理芯片嵌入车辆电池管理系统中,所述车载管理芯片含有车辆的唯一识别码VH1ICLE_ID。 I according to claim things the electric vehicle charging system, characterized in that said automotive vehicle IOT management chip embedded in the vehicle a battery management system, the vehicle management chip containing a unique identification code VH1ICLE_ID vehicle.
3.根据权利要求2所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于:所述车载管理芯片包括VEHICLE_ID验证模块、汽车特性记录模块和安全准入验证模块。 The electric vehicle charging system of the IOT as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the vehicle includes a management chip VEHICLE_ID authentication module, and automotive safety characteristics of the recording module access authentication module.
4.根据权利要求3所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于:所述车载管理芯片用于记录电动汽车各自不同的特性,包括电动汽车的耗电量、载重量、总行驶里程数。 4. The electric vehicle charging system of things claim 3, wherein: said vehicle management chip for recording respective different characteristics of electric vehicles, electric vehicles, including power consumption, load, total mileage .
5.根据权利要求I所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于:所述车载移动终端包括分别通过接口与车载管理芯片、电池管理芯片通讯连接的车辆信息输出及电池信息输入模块、VEHICLE_ID及车辆特性模块,以及车辆行驶数据采集模块、GPS定位模块、充电设施状况描述模块和VEHICLE_ID验证模块,上述功能模块均与主控程序模块相连。 The electric vehicle charging system of things according to claim I, wherein: the vehicle includes a mobile terminal, respectively, through an interface chip vehicle management, vehicle battery management chip communication connection information input module output and battery information, VEHICLE_ID and vehicle characteristics module, and a vehicle with a data acquisition module, GPS positioning module, and a charging facility VEHICLE_ID description module status verification module, the functional modules are connected with the main control program module.
6.根据权利要求I所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于:所述电池管理芯片包括BATTERY_ID验证模块、车辆数据记录模块、充电记录模块和电池数据记录模块,该电池数据记录模块与所述车辆数据记录模块、BATTERY_ID验证模块双向通讯连接,所述充电记录模块与BATTERY_ID验证模块通讯连接。 The electric vehicle charging system of things according to claim I, wherein: the battery management chip comprising BATTERY_ID verification module, vehicle data logging module, recording charging data recording module and a battery module, the battery module with the data record recording the vehicle data module, two-way communication BATTERY_ID verification module connected to a charging recording module and verification module communication connection BATTERY_ID.
7.根据权利要求I所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于:所述充电设施芯片具有唯一的标识码MACHINE_ID。 The electric vehicle charging system of things according to claim I, wherein: the charging facility chip has a unique identification code MACHINE_ID.
8.根据权利要求1-7中任一项所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于:所述监控子站还用于与行驶在该区域内的电动汽车实时通信、处理行驶数据,向电动汽车发送所需/[目息。 The electric vehicle charging system 1-7 things any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that: said monitor is further configured to communicate with the slave station in the region with an electric vehicle in real time, with data processing, required to transmit to the electric car / [mesh information.
9.根据权利要求8所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于:所述监控主站包括智能充电单元、电池调度单元,智能充电单元用于监控和规划整个系统的充电设施充放电的操作;电池调度单元根据所收集地理信息系统GIS的信息监控所有电池在各充电站之间的分布和流动状态,根据汽车的流量和向电网反向售电的规划,调配电池在各充电站之间的分配。 9. The composition of electric vehicles according to claim 8 networked charging system, wherein: said master station includes a monitoring unit intelligent charging, the battery scheduling unit, a charging unit for intelligent monitoring and planning of the entire system of charging and discharging the charging facility operation; cell scheduling unit according to the information system GIS information collected to monitor the state of all cells and flow distribution between the charging station and vehicle according to the flow of the reverse vending network planning, deployment of the battery in each of the charging stations between assignments.
10.根据权利要求9所述的电动汽车物联网充电系统,其特征在于:所述监控主站还包括计费结算功能单元,该单元用于根据销售合同实时进行与汽车用户之间的计费和结算; 根据需要与电网公司进行电量结算;同时,由于充电站内大量的电池作为储能装置和分布式电源向电网反送电能,该单元也要同时处理向电网公司反向售电的结算。 Things electric vehicle charging system according to claim 9, wherein: said monitoring station further comprising a billing main functional units, a unit for charging the sales contract between the users based on real-time with the car and settlement; required for grid power settlement company; the same time, due to the large energy storage battery in the charging station as a distributed power to the grid means and reverse power, the unit is also processed simultaneously to the grid electricity sales company reverse billing.
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