CN101950196A - Embedded controller based food traceability mobile supervision device and method - Google Patents

Embedded controller based food traceability mobile supervision device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101950196A
CN101950196A CN2010102605496A CN201010260549A CN101950196A CN 101950196 A CN101950196 A CN 101950196A CN 2010102605496 A CN2010102605496 A CN 2010102605496A CN 201010260549 A CN201010260549 A CN 201010260549A CN 101950196 A CN101950196 A CN 101950196A
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embedded controller
traceability
mobile device
battery
mobile
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CN2010102605496A
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Chinese (zh)
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包先雨
陆清
陈新
李军
陈枝楠
张扬
郭云
殷杰
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深圳市检验检疫科学研究院
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Priority to CN2010102605496A priority Critical patent/CN101950196A/en
Publication of CN101950196A publication Critical patent/CN101950196A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an embedded controller based food traceability mobile supervision device and an embedded controller based food traceability mobile supervision method. The supervision device comprises a host, a tangible LCD, a battery, a RFID reader-writer, a mobile Internet module, a peripheral interface and an embedded controller, wherein the battery is used for supplying power to the other components of the supervision device; the embedded controller is respectively connected with the host, the tangible LCD, the battery, the RFID reader-writer, the mobile Internet module and the peripheral interface, and a Flash storing an embedded control code is arranged in the embedded controller. The device and the method of the invention meet the supervision requirements of the food traceability industry so as to effectively solve the problem that the continuous operation without charging for a long time can not be realized when workers carry out field supervision in ports or factories.

Description

基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置及方法 Food traceability based mobile embedded controller regulatory apparatus and method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种食品溯源移动监管装置及方法,尤其是一种能更好的节省装置电量,能在食品数据库和食品标贴之间进行交互的基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a food regulatory traceability mobile apparatus and method, in particular a better means to save power, capable of moving food traceability embedded controller based on the interaction between the food and the food database stickers regulation apparatus and method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,计算机技术日益发展,人们对各种各样计算机功能的需求越来越多,这些要求根据不同行业的特点差异也很大。 [0002] Currently, the increasing development of computer technology, more and more demand for a variety of computer functions, these requirements also great differences in the characteristics of different industries. 所以就需要根据各行业的特点,灵活定制各种不同功能的计算机,从大型的服务器到小型的移动设备、从简单的低端设备到高性能的高端机器、 从工业用的工控机到军用加固机,都可以通过使用EC (Embedded Controller,嵌入式控制器)控制外围设备来实现普通或特殊的计算机功能。 Therefore, it is necessary according to the characteristics of various industries, the flexibility to customize a variety of different functions of the computer, from large servers to small mobile devices, from simple low-end devices to high-performance high-end machines, from the IPC to the industrial military reinforcement machine, or can be implemented normal function by using a special computer EC (embedded controller, embedded controller) to control peripheral devices.

[0003] 在小型的移动设备应用中,由于电池容量有限且需要长时间户外作业,所以其节能设计是一项非常关键的指标。 [0003] In small mobile device applications, due to the limited capacity of the battery and requires a long time outdoor work, so it is a very energy-saving design of key indicator. 手机和笔记本电脑虽然是现在用户广泛使用的两种移动设备,具备了互联网、互动、快速、可视化等特点,但也存在一些不足。 While cell phones and laptops are the two mobile device users are now widely used, with the Internet, interactive, fast and visualization features, but there are also some disadvantages. 手机是目前使用最多的移动设备,待机时间较长,但手机的主要功能还是在通信方面,在行业应用方面,由于应用软件兼容性差,且运算能力低,屏幕尺寸小,这些都将制约手机无法发挥行业应用的优势。 Phone is currently the most used mobile devices, long standby time, but the main functions of the phone or in communications, in the application of the industry, due to the application software compatibility is poor, and low computing power, small screen size, which will restrict the phone can not play the advantages of industrial applications. 对于笔记本电脑来说,可视化效果和操作都能很好的满足各种行业用户的需求,但在待机时间和便携性方面都略显不足。 For notebook computers, visualization and operation can well meet the various needs of industry users, but standby time and portability are slightly less.

[0004] 在食品溯源行业的应用中,利用这种小型的移动设备,监管部门工作人员在出入境的口岸现场就能调阅各种记录,实现现场数据比对、稽查、自动报警等功能;工作人员在食品查验和下厂监管时能在线完成查验记录填写,拍照取证,不用现场手写一次回单再照着录入一次,提升了执法效率。 [0004] traceability in the food industry, the use of such small mobile devices, regulatory staff will be able to access to a variety of recording entry and exit ports in the field for on-site data comparison, inspection, automatic alarm functions; staff at the plant under the supervision of food inspection and inspection records can be completed online fill in, photo evidence, not in handwriting shining once again back to a single entry time, enhance the efficiency of law enforcement.

[0005] 名称为一种嵌入式控制器及其更新固件的方法,公开号为CN1892587A的发明专利,是一种可有效解决制造笔记本计算机,对应不同版本BIOS更新嵌入式控制器固件的问题,但未涉及笔记本节能技术方面。 [0005] Title of an embedded controller and a method of updating firmware, Publication No. CN1892587A invention patent, is an effective solution to manufacture the computer, corresponding to different versions of the embedded controller BIOS firmware update problem, but energy-saving technologies not covered notebook.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 为了克服现有的基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置及方法耗电量大,连续工作时间短的不足,本发明提供一种新的基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置及方法,其满足食品溯源行业的监管需求,以有效解决工作人员口岸现场监管或下厂监管时, 实现长时间无需充电且连续作业的问题。 [0006] In order to overcome the existing embedded controller based food traceability regulatory apparatus and method of a mobile power consumption, a short continuous operating time is insufficient, the present invention provides a new embedded controller based on the movement of food regulatory traceability device and method that meets regulatory requirements traceability food industry, to effectively address the problem of staff port site supervision or under the supervision of plant realized for a long time without recharging and continuous operation.

[0007] 本发明为解决上述技术问题所采用的技术方案为: [0007] Technical Solution The present invention to solve the above technical problem is:

[0008] 一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置,其包括主机、带触摸的IXD、电池、RFID读写器、移动互联网模块和外围接口,所述电池为装置中其他设备供电,其还包括嵌入式控制器,所述嵌入式控制器分别与所述主机、所述带触摸的LCD、所述电池、所述RFID读写器、所述移动互联网模块和所述外围接口连接,所述嵌入式控制器内部有存储嵌入式控制代码的Flash。 [0008] A food regulatory traceability mobile device based on the embedded controller, which includes a main body, with a touch IXD, the battery, the RFID reader, mobile Internet and a peripheral interface module, the battery power supply device for other devices, further comprising an embedded controller, the embedded controller and the host, respectively, with a touch of the LCD, the battery, the RFID reader, the mobile Internet and the peripheral interface module, the embedded controller has internal memory control code embedded Flash.

[0009] 所述嵌入式控制器为一个十六位单片机。 [0009] The embedded controller is a sixteen-bit microcontroller.

[0010] 所述嵌入式控制器一直处于工作状态,所述嵌入式控制器控制所述主机上电。 [0010] The embedded controller has been in the working state, the embedded controller controls the power on the host.

[0011] 所述嵌入式控制器的GPIO管脚切断所述RFID读写器自动检测功能,所述嵌入式控制器控制所述RFID读写器开启与关闭。 The [0011] GPIO pins embedded controller cutting the RFID reader automatic detection, the embedded controller controls the RFID reader on and off.

[0012] 所述嵌入式控制器控制所述移动互联网模块的开启与关闭。 [0012] The embedded controller controls the opening and closing movement of the Internet module.

[0013] 所述嵌入式控制器以逐级降低的方式控制所述带触摸的LCD的亮度。 [0013] The embedded controller controls in a stepwise manner to reduce the brightness of the LCD with the touch.

[0014] 所述嵌入式控制器对所述电池进行节能管理。 [0014] The embedded controller for the battery energy management.

[0015] 一种实现以上所述的一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置的监管方法,其包括以下步骤: [0015] An implementation of one or more of the regulatory traceability method of moving food regulation device based on the embedded controller, comprising the steps of:

[0016] A.嵌入式控制器检测开机键是否按下; [0016] A. The embedded controller detects the start button is depressed;

[0017] B.若有开机键按下,则实现主机上电及工作;否则,继续等待开机键按下; [0017] B. If the power button is pressed, the power to achieve the host and work; otherwise, continue to wait for the power button is pressed;

[0018] C.利用RFID读写器读取食品包装上的RFID标签信息; [0018] C. using an RFID reader to read RFID tag information on food packaging;

[0019] D.利用移动互联网来访问监管部门数据库,获取食品生产/加工单位申报信息; [0019] D. using the mobile Internet to access the regulatory database, access to food production / processing units reporting information;

[0020] E.对步骤C和步骤D中的获取的数据进行比对; [0020] E. data acquired in Step C and Step D is for comparison;

[0021] F.若数据一致,则判断为合格;否则判断为不合格,所有数据存储到监管部门数据库中。 [0021] F. If the same data, it is determined to be acceptable; otherwise judged to be ineligible, storing all the data to the regulatory authorities in the database.

[0022] 本发明满足食品溯源行业的监管需求,以有效解决工作人员口岸现场监管或下厂监管时,实现长时间无需充电且连续作业的问题。 [0022] The present invention satisfies regulatory requirements traceability food industry, to effectively address the problem of staff port site supervision or under the supervision of plant realized for a long time without recharging and continuous operation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明: Figures and examples further illustrate the present invention, [0023] in conjunction with the following:

[0024] 图1是本发明实施例的结构框图; [0024] FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0025] 图2是本发明实施例的溯源监管流程图; [0025] FIG 2 is a flowchart of an embodiment of the regulatory traceability of the present invention;

[0026] 图3是传统IXD线性亮度TABLE示意图; [0026] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a conventional IXD TABLE linear luminance;

[0027] 图4是本发明实施例的IXD非线性亮度TABLE示意图。 [0027] FIG. 4 is an example of non-linear luminance IXD TABLE schematic embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0028] 下面根据附图和实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明: [0028] The following figures and examples will be further detailed description of the invention:

[0029] 如图所示,本实施例一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置及方法,本移动监管装置包括EC、主机、带触摸的IXD、电池、RFID读写器、移动互联网以及其他外围接口部分。 [0029] As shown, for example, a mobile device and method for food regulatory traceability embedded controller based on the present embodiment, the regulation device comprises a mobile EC, a host with a touch IXD, the battery, the RFID reader, mobile Internet and other peripheral interface section. 其中EC(Embedded Controller,嵌入式控制器)是一个16位单片机,它内部本身具有一定容量的Flash来存储EC代码。 Wherein EC (Embedded Controller, Embedded Controller) is a 16-bit microcontroller, which itself has a certain capacity internal Flash storage EC to the code. 在本移动监管装置中,无论是开机或者是关机状态,EC都是一直处于工作状态,除非将电池和电源适配器完全卸除。 In the mobile device supervision, whether a power-off state or, EC were been in working condition, battery and power adapter unless completely removed. 在主机关机的时候,EC 仍一直在运行并等待着用户按开机键。 When the PC is shut down, EC has been running and is still waiting for the user to press the power button. 在检测到用户按开机键后,EC会通知主机并按主机CPU的设计规范实现主机上电过程。 Upon detecting the user pressing the power button, EC press will inform the host CPU of the host electrical design specification process on the host.

[0030] 监管工作流程: [0030] supervision process:

[0031] a) EC检测开机键是否按下; [0031] a) EC detect whether the power button is pressed;

[0032] b)若有开机键按下,则实现主机上电及工作;否则,继续等待开机键按下。 [0032] b) if the power button is pressed, the power to achieve the host and work; otherwise, continue to wait for the power button is pressed. [0033] c)利用RFID读写器读取食品包装上的RFID标签信息; [0033] c) using an RFID reader to read RFID tag information on food packaging;

[0034] d)利用移动互联网来访问监管部门数据库,获取食品生产/加工单位申报信息; [0034] d) the use of mobile Internet access regulatory database, access to food production / processing units reporting information;

[0035] e)对步骤(3)和步骤(4)中的数据进行比对; [0035] e) in step (3) and step (data 4) for comparison;

[0036] f)若数据一致,则判断为合格;否则判断为不合格。 [0036] f) If the same data is determined to be acceptable; otherwise determined to be defective.

[0037] g)所有数据存储到监管部门数据库中。 [0037] g) all data stored in the regulatory database.

[0038] 移动监管设备节能方法: [0038] Regulated mobile device power saving method:

[0039] 通过EC的GPIO管脚切断RFID读写器自动检测功能,待准备进行RFID电子标签进行读写时,通过软件进行开启。 When the [0039] cutting the RFID reader via the GPIO pins EC automatic detection function, to be ready to read the RFID tags, software for opening. 若较长时间未使用RFID读写器,则EC将自动关闭RFID 读写器功能。 If a long time is not used RFID reader, the RFID reader will close automatically EC function.

[0040] 通过EC自动关闭移动互联网络搜索功能,待需要时通过软件进行开启。 [0040] carried out by the EC turned off automatically when the mobile Internet search software need be.

[0041] IXD亮度调整:IXD的最大亮度值都是由OEM定制的,传统的方法是EC通过写入一张线性亮度TABLE到EC代码中,在用户调节LCD亮度时,即通过EC索引该TABLE中的亮度值,并将其D/A转换或者PWM输出至LVDS,以驱动亮度变化。 [0041] Brightness Adjustment IXD: maximum luminance value IXD are customized by the OEM, the traditional method is by writing an EC the EC linear luminance TABLE code, when the user adjusts the luminance of LCD, i.e., the index of the EC by TABLE the luminance value, and D / a converter or the PWM output LVDS, to drive the luminance variation. 本发明充分利用人眼的视觉误差效应,一方面将亮度按图3的方式进行非线性调整,以实现较图2更好的节能效果;另一方面在主机空闲一段时间时,利用EC对屏幕亮度自动进行逐级降低,这样可达到较佳的节能目的。 The present invention fully utilizes the effect of the human eye's visual error, on the one hand to adjust the luminance non-linear manner in FIG. 3, FIG. 2 in order to achieve more better energy efficiency; on the other hand when the host is idle for some time, to the screen using the EC automatic brightness progressively decreases, which can achieve a better energy-saving purpose.

[0042] EC通过SMBus总线读取电池电量、温度、电压等信息,并对电池的充放电过程进行 [0042] EC and the battery charge and discharge process is carried out by reading information of the SMBus battery power, temperature, voltage, etc.

节能管理。 Energy management.

[0043] 本领域技术人员不脱离本发明的实质和精神,可以有多种变形方案实现本发明, 以上所述仅为本发明较佳可行的实施例而已,并非因此局限本发明的权利范围,凡运用本发明说明书及附图内容所作的等效结构变化,均包含于本发明的权利范围之内。 [0043] Those skilled in the art without departing from the essence and spirit of the invention, various modifications can be implemented embodiment of the present invention, the above description is only preferred embodiments of the present invention possible embodiments only, and therefore not limited the scope of the claimed invention, Where the use of the present specification and drawings taken equivalent structural variations are included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

  1. 一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置,其包括主机、带触摸的LCD、电池、RFID读写器、移动互联网模块和外围接口,所述电池为装置中其他设备供电,其特征在于:其还包括嵌入式控制器,所述嵌入式控制器分别与所述主机、所述带触摸的LCD、所述电池、所述RFID读写器、所述移动互联网模块和所述外围接口连接,所述嵌入式控制器内部有存储嵌入式控制代码的F1ash。 Regulated food traceability mobile device based on the embedded controller, which includes a main body, with a touch of the LCD, the battery, the RFID reader, mobile Internet and a peripheral interface module, the battery power supply device for other devices, wherein : further include embedded controllers, respectively, the embedded controller to the host, with a touch of the LCD, the battery, the RFID reader, the mobile Internet and the peripheral interface module the embedded controller has internal memory embedded control codes F1ash.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置,其特征在于:所述嵌入式控制器为一个十六位单片机。 2. one of the claims 1 based food regulatory traceability mobile device with an embedded controller, wherein: the embedded controller is a sixteen-bit microcontroller.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置,其特征在于:所述嵌入式控制器一直处于工作状态,所述嵌入式控制器控制所述主机上电。 3. one of the claims 1 based food regulatory traceability mobile device with an embedded controller, wherein: the embedded controller has been in the working state, the embedded controller controls the power on the host .
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置,其特征在于:所述嵌入式控制器的GPIO管脚切断所述RFID读写器自动检测功能,所述嵌入式控制器控制所述FID读写器开启与关闭。 4. one of the claims 1 Regulated mobile device based food traceability embedded controller, wherein: GPIO pin of the embedded controller of the RFID reader cutting automatic detection, the the embedded controller controls the opening and closing FID reader.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置,其特征在于:所述嵌入式控制器控制所述移动互联网模块的开启与关闭。 5. one of the claims 1 based food regulatory traceability mobile device with an embedded controller, wherein: the embedded controller controls the opening and closing movement of the Internet module.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置,其特征在于:所述嵌入式控制器以逐级降低的方式控制所述带触摸的LCD的亮度。 6. one of the claims 1 based food regulatory traceability mobile device with an embedded controller, wherein: the embedded controller controls in a stepwise manner to reduce the brightness of the LCD with the touch.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置,其特征在于:所述嵌入式控制器对所述电池进行节能管理。 7. The one of claims 1 based food regulatory traceability mobile device with an embedded controller, wherein: the embedded controller for the battery energy management.
  8. 8. 一种实现如权利要求1-7任意一项所述的一种基于嵌入式控制器的食品溯源移动监管装置的监管方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤:A.嵌入式控制器检测开机键是否按下;B.若有开机键按下,则实现主机上电及工作;否则,继续等待开机键按下;C.利用RFID读写器读取食品包装上的RFID标签信息;D.利用移动互联网来访问监管部门数据库,获取食品生产/加工单位申报信息;E.对步骤C和步骤D中的获取的数据进行比对;F.若数据一致,则判断为合格;否则判断为不合格,所有数据存储到监管部门数据库中。 A realization of an arbitrary one of the claims 1 to 7 in food regulatory traceability supervision mobile device based on an embedded controller, comprising the steps of:. A power button embedded controller detects is depressed;. B if the power button is pressed, the main power is achieved and the work; otherwise, continue to wait for the power button is pressed; C read information on the RFID tag using an RFID reader food packaging;. D use. mobile Internet to access the regulatory database, access to food production / processing units reporting information; E data acquisition step C and step D for comparison;. F If the data is consistent, it is judged as qualified; otherwise judged to be ineligible All data is stored in the database to regulatory authorities.
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