CN101949583A - Environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler - Google Patents

Environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101949583A
CN101949583A CN2010101878496A CN201010187849A CN101949583A CN 101949583 A CN101949583 A CN 101949583A CN 2010101878496 A CN2010101878496 A CN 2010101878496A CN 201010187849 A CN201010187849 A CN 201010187849A CN 101949583 A CN101949583 A CN 101949583A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
chamber
communicated
smoke pipe
flue
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010101878496A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李守涛
李棒棒
Original Assignee
李守涛
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李守涛 filed Critical 李守涛
Priority to CN2010101878496A priority Critical patent/CN101949583A/en
Publication of CN101949583A publication Critical patent/CN101949583A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler comprising a water inlet, a water outlet, a furnace body with an interlayer and a flue, wherein a combustion chamber is arranged in the furnace body, a fire grate is arranged below the combustion chamber, and an ash chamber is arranged below the fire grate. The invention is characterized in that a water pipe fire grate communicated with the furnace body interlayer is arranged above the combustion chamber; a main combustion chamber is arranged above the water pipe fire grate; a water storage chamber communicated with the interlayer is arranged above the main combustion chamber; a flue gas chamber provided with the flue is arranged above the water storage chamber; a tube nest is arranged in the furnace body interlayer, and two ends of the tube nest are respectively communicated with the combustion chamber and the flue gas chamber; a water preheating device for boilers is arranged above the flue of the flue gas chamber and is composed of a water tank and a tube nest type dipping smuff heat exchanger, wherein the water tank is provided with the water inlet and the water outlet, the tube nest type dipping smuff heat exchanger is arranged in the water tank, and the top end of the water tank is provided with a smoke tube; and the water outlet of the water tank is communicated with the water inlet on the furnace body by a pipeline. The invention solves the technical problems of the low heat utilization, high coal consumption and environment pollution in the prior art.

Description

A kind of energy-saving environmental protection boiler
Technical field the invention belongs to the boiler technology field, relates to a kind of energy-saving environmental protection boiler.
The boiler of background technology prior art comprises the body of heater and the flue that are provided with intake-outlet and strap clamp layer, is provided with the combustion chamber in the body of heater, is provided with fire grate below the combustion chamber, is provided with cinder chamber below the fire grate.The boiler of this structure exists that heat utilization efficiency is low, coal consumption is high and the technical problem of contaminated environment.
Summary of the invention the objective of the invention is to solve that the prior art heat utilization efficiency is low, coal consumption is high and the technical problem of contaminated environment, provides a kind of energy-saving environmental protection boiler, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
To achieve these goals, energy-saving environmental protection boiler of the present invention comprises the body of heater and the flue that are provided with intake-outlet and strap clamp layer, is provided with the combustion chamber in the body of heater, is provided with fire grate below the combustion chamber, is provided with cinder chamber below the fire grate; It is provided with the water pipe furnace grate that is communicated with furnace sandwich above main points combustion chamber, be provided with main chamber above the water pipe furnace grate, is provided with the reservoir chamber that is communicated with interlayer above the main chamber, is provided with the smoke chamber of band flue above the reservoir chamber; Be provided with tubulation in the described furnace sandwich, the two ends of tubulation are communicated with combustion chamber and smoke chamber respectively; Be provided with the boiler feed water preheating device above the flue of described smoke chamber, the boiler feed water preheating device is made up of the shell and tube shredded tobacco for water pipes heat exchanger in water tank that is provided with intake-outlet and the water tank, and the top of water tank is provided with chimney; The delivery port of described water tank is communicated with water inlet on the body of heater by pipeline.
The cylindrical structure of described shell and tube shredded tobacco for water pipes heat exchanger, be provided with up smoke pipe, descending smoke pipe, up smoke pipe, descending smoke pipe and central row smoke pipe by the outer ring successively to inner lane, the lower end of the up smoke pipe of described outer ring is communicated with the flue of described body of heater, the lower end of the descending smoke pipe of described inner lane, up smoke pipe, descending smoke pipe and central row smoke pipe is communicated with the flue gas bag, and the upper end of described central row smoke pipe is communicated with the chimney on water tank top.
Structural design novelty of the present invention, rationally can make full use of the coal-fired heat that circulates at combustion chambers burn and flue gas in the boiler feed water preheating device, solved that the prior art heat utilization efficiency is low, coal consumption is high and the technical problem of contaminated environment.
Appended drawings is a structural representation of the present invention.
Among the figure 1, running water water inlet 2, boiler feed water preheating device 3, up smoke pipe 4, descending smoke pipe 5, up smoke pipe 6, descending smoke pipe 7, chimney 8, central row smoke pipe 9, water tank 10, flue gas bag 11, preheating water delivery port 12, pipeline 13, preheating water water inlet 14, cinder chamber 15, fire grate 16, combustion chamber 17, water pipe furnace grate 18, main chamber 19, reservoir chamber and interlayer connected entrance 20, reservoir chamber 21, tubulation 22, hot water outlet 23, the body of heater 24 of strap clamp layer, smoke chamber 25, flue
The specific embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawings, it comprises the body of heater 23 and flue 25 that is provided with intake-outlet 13,22 and strap clamp layer the present invention, is provided with combustion chamber 16 in the body of heater 23, is provided with fire grate 15 below the combustion chamber 16, is provided with cinder chamber 14 below the fire grate 15; Be provided with the water pipe furnace grate 17 that is communicated with furnace sandwich above the combustion chamber 16, be provided with main chamber 18 above the water pipe furnace grate 17, be provided with the reservoir chamber 20 that is communicated with interlayer above the main chamber 18, be provided with the smoke chamber 24 of band flue 25 above the reservoir chamber 20; Be provided with tubulation 21 in the furnace sandwich, the two ends of tubulation 21 are communicated with combustion chamber 16 and smoke chamber 24 respectively; Be provided with boiler feed water preheating device 2 above the flue 25 of smoke chamber 24, boiler feed water preheating device 2 is made up of the shell and tube shredded tobacco for water pipes heat exchanger in water tank 9 that is provided with intake-outlet 1,11 and the water tank 9, and the top of water tank is provided with chimney 7; The delivery port 11 of water tank is communicated with water inlet 13 on the body of heater 23 by pipeline 12; The cylindrical structure of shell and tube shredded tobacco for water pipes heat exchanger, be provided with up smoke pipe 3, descending smoke pipe 4, up smoke pipe 5, descending smoke pipe 6 and central row smoke pipe 8 by the outer ring successively to inner lane, the lower end of the up smoke pipe 3 of outer ring is communicated with the flue 25 of body of heater, the lower end of the descending smoke pipe 4 of inner lane, up smoke pipe 5, descending smoke pipe 6 and central row smoke pipe 8 is communicated with flue gas bag 10, and the upper end of central row smoke pipe 8 is communicated with the chimney 7 on water tank top.
Operation principle of the present invention is: coal is joined respectively in main chamber 18 and the combustion chamber 16, the thermal-flame that coal burning produces in main chamber 18 enters combustion chamber 16 by the gap of water pipe furnace grate 17, make carbonization of coal and fully burning in the combustion chamber 16, simultaneously, the flue gas such as carbon monoxide that do not burn in main chamber 18 completely also enters combustion chamber 16 thereupon and further burns, and the flue gas of generation enters smoke chamber 24 by tubulation 21 and enters water pre-heater apparatus 2 from flue 25; The heat of operation flue gas and the water in the interlayer carry out heat exchange in the tubulation 21, and the waste heat of flue gas is reasonably used; The two ends of water pipe furnace grate 17 are communicated with furnace sandwich, can make full use of the heat that coal produces; Boiler feed water preheating device 2 of the present invention is assembled in the top of the body of heater of strap clamp layer, intake-outlet 1,11 is connected with the water inlet 13 that is positioned at the body of heater bottom with running water pipe respectively, flue gas in the body of heater, enter the bottom of boiler feed water preheating device 2 through flue 25, it is up that flue gas at first enters the up smoke pipe 3 of outer ring, and it is descending to enter descending smoke pipe 4 again, and it is up to enter up smoke pipe 5 again, it is descending to enter descending smoke pipe 6 again, after the chimney 7 of passing through on the central row smoke pipe 8 is discharged into the high-altitude; When flue gas comes and goes operation, the water that enters water tank 9 shell and tube shredded tobacco for water pipes heat exchanger spaces is carried out preheating, through the water of preheating enter in the furnace sandwich again and the reservoir chamber 20 that is communicated with interlayer in further heat, for the use of hot family.
The present invention has made full use of the waste heat of boiler high temperature flue gas, and not only energy-conservation but also environmental protection facts have proved: the present invention is compared with prior art energy-conservation 20~30%, and is colourless, tasteless from the flue gas that chimney 7 is discharged, and meets national standard limit of smog release fully.

Claims (2)

1. an energy-saving environmental protection boiler comprises the body of heater and the flue that are provided with intake-outlet and strap clamp layer, is provided with the combustion chamber in the body of heater, is provided with fire grate below the combustion chamber, is provided with cinder chamber below the fire grate; It is characterized in that the combustion chamber above be provided with the water pipe furnace grate that is communicated with furnace sandwich, be provided with main chamber above the water pipe furnace grate, be provided with the reservoir chamber that is communicated with interlayer above the main chamber, be provided with above the reservoir chamber band flue smoke chamber; Be provided with tubulation in the described furnace sandwich, the two ends of tubulation are communicated with combustion chamber and smoke chamber respectively; Be provided with the boiler feed water preheating device above the flue of described smoke chamber, the boiler feed water preheating device is made up of the shell and tube shredded tobacco for water pipes heat exchanger in water tank that is provided with intake-outlet and the water tank, and the top of water tank is provided with chimney; The delivery port of described water tank is communicated with water inlet on the body of heater by pipeline.
2. energy-saving environmental protection boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the cylindrical structure of described shell and tube shredded tobacco for water pipes heat exchanger, be provided with up smoke pipe, descending smoke pipe, up smoke pipe, descending smoke pipe and central row smoke pipe by the outer ring successively to inner lane, the lower end of the up smoke pipe of described outer ring is communicated with the flue of described body of heater, the lower end of the descending smoke pipe of described inner lane, up smoke pipe, descending smoke pipe and central row smoke pipe is communicated with the flue gas bag, and the upper end of described central row smoke pipe is communicated with the chimney on water tank top.
CN2010101878496A 2010-06-01 2010-06-01 Environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler CN101949583A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101878496A CN101949583A (en) 2010-06-01 2010-06-01 Environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101878496A CN101949583A (en) 2010-06-01 2010-06-01 Environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101949583A true CN101949583A (en) 2011-01-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010101878496A CN101949583A (en) 2010-06-01 2010-06-01 Environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler

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CN (1) CN101949583A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102287911A (en) * 2011-06-03 2011-12-21 张书峰 Normal-pressure hot water boiler
CN102455054A (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-16 李守涛 Environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler
CN103604149A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-02-26 江苏索尔自动化设备有限公司 Gas heat supply unit
CN108895656A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-27 淮北市向阳锅炉厂 A kind of vertical Special-purpose boiler for public bathhouse
CN110806005A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-02-18 长沙市天珍科技有限公司 Environment-friendly staged combustion boiler

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2171772Y (en) * 1993-09-22 1994-07-13 范家辰 Reverse burning hot pipe boiler with double furnace zone
CN201215386Y (en) * 2008-04-02 2009-04-01 贾艳杰 Water-boiling boiler special for bathing

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2171772Y (en) * 1993-09-22 1994-07-13 范家辰 Reverse burning hot pipe boiler with double furnace zone
CN201215386Y (en) * 2008-04-02 2009-04-01 贾艳杰 Water-boiling boiler special for bathing

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102455054A (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-16 李守涛 Environmentally-friendly energy-saving boiler
CN102287911A (en) * 2011-06-03 2011-12-21 张书峰 Normal-pressure hot water boiler
CN103604149A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-02-26 江苏索尔自动化设备有限公司 Gas heat supply unit
CN108895656A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-27 淮北市向阳锅炉厂 A kind of vertical Special-purpose boiler for public bathhouse
CN110806005A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-02-18 长沙市天珍科技有限公司 Environment-friendly staged combustion boiler

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Application publication date: 20110119

C05 Deemed withdrawal (patent law before 1993)