CN101949120A - Circular groove lane with four extension ring inner edge ramp bridges - Google Patents

Circular groove lane with four extension ring inner edge ramp bridges Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101949120A
CN101949120A CN2010105064213A CN201010506421A CN101949120A CN 101949120 A CN101949120 A CN 101949120A CN 2010105064213 A CN2010105064213 A CN 2010105064213A CN 201010506421 A CN201010506421 A CN 201010506421A CN 101949120 A CN101949120 A CN 101949120A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
bridge
inner edge
lane
shaped groove
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CN2010105064213A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
廖大中
邹世才
廖礼毅
高健
邹凌云
罗凡洲
陆洋
Original Assignee
廖大中
邹世才
廖礼毅
高健
邹凌云
罗凡洲
陆洋
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Priority to CN200910216016 priority Critical
Priority to CN200910216016.5 priority
Priority to CN200910216013.1 priority
Priority to CN200910216015.0 priority
Priority to CN200910216014.6 priority
Priority to CN200910216014 priority
Priority to CN200910216013 priority
Priority to CN200910216015 priority
Application filed by 廖大中, 邹世才, 廖礼毅, 高健, 邹凌云, 罗凡洲, 陆洋 filed Critical 廖大中
Priority to CN2010105064213A priority patent/CN101949120A/en
Publication of CN101949120A publication Critical patent/CN101949120A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

The invention relates to a circular groove lane with four extension ring inner edge ramp bridges, belonging to the structural design of traffic building facilities without cross road occupation on a traffic-trench-type traffic lane of a cross intersection. Four bridge start points of the four extension ring inner edge ramp bridges of the circular groove lane are arranged above the outer edge of the circular groove lane, the lowest point is connected with the inner edge of the circular groove lane, the deepest point of four extension ring outer edge rampways is connected with the outer edge of the circular groove lane, and the four extension ring inner edge ramp bridges have the same rotating directions. The invention has the advantages that the heights of the exocyclic upslope bridge parts of the extension ring inner edge ramp bridges can be used for adjusting the depth of the circular groove lane, straightly running vehicles and turning vehicles at the cross can fully smoothly pass without cross road occupation regardless of a left-system or a right-system, the problems of traffic jam and vehicle blockage due to road occupation are solved, and particularly, straight lanes and turning lanes can realize smooth traffic without cross road occupation in a plurality of crosses of trunk roads with the maximum round diameter of mere 60-80 m in an old city.

Description

The ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges
Technical field
The invention belongs to the approach zone slot type track design of right-angled intersection, realize the transportation building facility structure that the has no road occupying design of straightgoing vehicle and large radius turn car (the left-hand rotation car of right lateral system, the right-hand rotation car of left lateral system).
Background technology
At present, the traffic of international and domestic usual friendship crossroad, arterial street is very crowded, often stops up, and is each metropolitan common fault of the whole world.Tracing it to its cause, is because the two road usual friendship, and on the crosspoint, two road are overlapping to have become a road, and the vehicle on the two road can only a shared road on node, has lost the path resource of half, is certain to influence road speed and vehicular traffic.Add pedestrian, bicycle and motor vehicle and mix row, the result that is inevitable blocks up.In order to solve this difficult problem, people have expected widening the road surface, increase the quantity of crossing runway.But the road surface can not infinitely be widened, the unlikely runway that doubles.Even accomplished that the track is double, but nonmotorized vehicle lane, greenbelt and sidewalk will have been arranged, still to wait traffic lights, therefore the contradiction that still has people's car to mix row can not tackle the problem at its root.People have expected groove again, but in existing groove theory, it is very difficult accomplishing unimpeded fully, at first is to want the multilayer groove, more will take very big land area and space, also will spend the very high cost of building.
Chinese patent 200720043390.6 " the full unblocked groove of individual layer " discloses a kind of combining structure associating groove of directly striding a groove and a ring-shaped groove of establishing at the parting of the ways.Its shortcoming: one is that a cross road has two kinds of driving standards, and the every cross road of crossing of driver will be seen clearly the operation sign of drawing on the ground, in case can not lane change after not seeing clearly or seeing clearly, can cause that origin cause of formation lane change causes go into the crossing before block up.The 2nd,----the road division standard of turning right is different from the road of existing left-hand rotation--craspedodrome---right-hand rotation and divides standard in left-hand rotation in craspedodrome from inside to outside, this make the driver very easy before away from the cross mouth road with existing turn left--craspedodromes---turn right divide the standard driving, see craspedodrome behind the groove near this invention clearly--left-hands rotation---had little time lane change during the road division standard of right-hand rotation.In a word,----the road division standard of turning right is different from the road of existing left-hand rotation--craspedodrome---right-hand rotation and divides standard, and this groove can not be used on the road of the road division standard that has--craspedodrome---right-hand rotation now in left-hand rotation in the craspedodrome from inside to outside of this groove requirement.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the runway of forward march from the left side to the right that meets existing driving system of keeping to the right or left lateral system and divide standard for--craspedodrome---right-hand rotation road that turns left, can only add ring-shaped groove lane at right-angled intersection, just can realize the individual layer transportation building facility of keeping straight on, turning left to have no road occupying with single bridge; In a word: the purpose of this invention is to provide the transportation building facility that right-angled intersection large radius turn car and straightgoing vehicle have no road occupying.
Design of the present invention is: direct lane is the shape road directly, but direct lane detours with the large radius turn track.In direct lane and the large radius turn track, the FEFO track that will leave the crossroad of detouring comes the outer ring, does not intersect road occupying when leaving.Direct lane and large radius turn track are all passed through from the bridge of individual layer ring-shaped groove lane top, in the ring of ring-shaped groove lane, connect ring-shaped groove lane from the inside edge of ring-shaped groove lane through T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge, when direct lane and the large radius turn track bridge floor above groove lane passes through like this, concentrate solved with ring-shaped groove lane on a plurality of between the vehicle intersect the problem of road occupying conflict point, the direct lane and the large radius turn track in four roads, crossroad are all used Correct Lane, do not have the conflict of intersection.
Structure of the present invention is:
Have the ring-shaped groove lane of four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges, it is characterized in that: comprise a ring-shaped groove lane 1, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 and four T-Ring outer rim ramps 3; A bridge point 4 of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is positioned at the outer rim top position of ring-shaped groove lane 1, and the minimum point 5 of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is joined with the inner edge of ring-shaped groove lane 1; The deepest point 6 in T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 joins with the outer rim of ring-shaped groove lane 1, and the ground point 7 in T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 is positioned at ring-shaped groove lane 1 outer rim top with position far away; To play bridge point 4 sensing minimum points 5 is the direction of rotation of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2, and the direction of rotation of four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 is identical, promptly all is clockwise direction or all is counter-clockwise direction.
The annular inner rim of the ring-shaped groove lane 1 in crossroad just is connected with, vehicle is four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 that travel from the top down.
It is that minimum point 5 is connected with ring-shaped groove lane 1 that T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 one ends sink to gash depth, and T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 other ends have been that bridge point 4 has two kinds of positions, and two kinds are played the bridge that bridge point 4 makes 2 one-tenth two kinds of structures of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge:
First kind, the bridge point 4 is positioned near the position the outer rim top of ring-shaped groove lane 1: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 play near the ground of bridge point 4 above ring-shaped groove lane 1 outward flange, the position is the level bridge part of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 directly over ring-shaped groove lane 1, through level bridge part ring-shaped groove lane 1 with interior be the One-way Downgrade bridge.So the structure of this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is combining structures that level bridge adds the One-way Downgrade bridge.The T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 that level bridge adds the composite bridge shape of One-way Downgrade bridge requires the gash depth of ring-shaped groove lane 1 to reach the height of one deck overpass bridge, promptly reaches at least 4.5 meters high that the stereo urban traffic height is stipulated.Be particularly suitable for entering the crossroad of the bad bridge construction of ground level road of crossroad.
The outer rim top that second kind, the bridge point 4 is positioned at ring-shaped groove lane 1 is with position far away: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 rise bridge point 4 above ring-shaped groove lane 1 outward flange with ground by-path far away on, 1 outward flange is a slope-climbing road from bridge point 4 to ring-shaped groove lane, what T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 strode across the bridge section from ring-shaped groove lane 1 top overhead highly is exactly that ring-shaped groove lane 1 reaches 4.5 meters diminishbb degree of depth of the degree of depth of regulation, promptly reduces the degree of depth of ring-shaped groove lane 1 with the height of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2.The structure of this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is the arc bridge constructions under having on having, and T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is high more, and the gash depth of ring-shaped groove lane 1 is shallow more.The gash depth sum that the height of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 adds ring-shaped groove lane 1 reaches at least 4.5 meters high that the stereo urban traffic height is stipulated.Its advantage is that the gash depth that the height with T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 adds ring-shaped groove lane 1 shares at least 4.5 meters high that reach stereo urban traffic height regulation, is particularly suitable for entering the unsuitable too dark crossroad, ditching tank car road of ground level road of crossroad.
Its main inventive point is: all vehicles that enter the craspedodrome of crossroad and large radius turn all will stride across ring-shaped groove lane 1 from the bridge of the top of ring-shaped groove lane 1, have solved the collision problem that intersects of vehicle in the vehicle that enters T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 and the ring-shaped groove lane 1.Make be introduced into ring-shaped groove lane 1 vehicle all the time after enter vehicle outer rim, the vehicle that is introduced into leaves earlier in the process of ring-shaped groove lane 1, not with after enter ring-shaped groove lane 1 vehicle the collision problem of intersection is arranged.
The present invention seeks to solve the traffic problems that the right-hand rotation car of left-hand rotation car, the left lateral system of crossroad straightgoing vehicle and large radius turn car right lateral system has no road occupying.So, the clockwise direction or the counter rotation of above-mentioned T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2, under right lateral system and left lateral system traffic rules condition, the form of structure that has following four kinds of tracks to connect:
First kind, right lateral system left turning vehicle are around the structure of 180 radian great circles: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is to be the merging bridge of left turn lane and direct lane from the left side to the right, or be the parallel bridge of two bridges of left-hand bend bridge and craspedodrome bridge from the left side to the right, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all are counter rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 or craspedodrome bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 opposites through ring-shaped groove lane 1; The left turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 or left-hand bend bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 left sides through ring-shaped groove lane 1.
" left side or the right " of the present invention, " left side or the right side " are to stand in the left side or the right, the left side or the right side of 2 bridge points of indication T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 4 in the face of ring-shaped groove lane 1 center with the people.
The technical program makes the outer ring at ring-shaped groove, the track of leaving ring-shaped groove lane 1 earlier, after leave the inner ring of the track of ring-shaped groove lane 1 at ring-shaped groove, make left turning vehicle on two tracks of same T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 and straightgoing vehicle on ring-shaped groove lane 1, intersect conflict.With regard to this programme, if in the crossroad of square crossing, direct lane leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 in the outer ring of ring-shaped groove around first the connection with T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 of 90 radians.The left-hand bend runway is communicated with T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 behind 180 radians at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove and leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1.If in the crossroad of skewed crossing, direct lane leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 in the outer ring of ring-shaped groove earlier around about 90 radians, and the left-hand bend runway leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove behind about 180 radians.
" radian " of the present invention is the radian in the center of circle with ring-shaped groove lane 1 center.
The structure that second kind, right lateral system left turning vehicle do not detour: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is to be the merging bridge of left turn lane and direct lane from the left side to the right, or be the parallel bridge of two bridges of left-hand bend bridge and craspedodrome bridge from the left side to the right, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all are the clockwise direction rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 or craspedodrome bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 opposites through ring-shaped groove lane 1; The left turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 or left-hand bend bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 left sides through ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The technical program makes the outer ring at ring-shaped groove, the track of leaving ring-shaped groove lane 1 earlier, after leave the inner ring of the track of ring-shaped groove lane 1 at ring-shaped groove, make left turning vehicle on two tracks of same T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 and straightgoing vehicle on ring-shaped groove lane 1, intersect conflict.With regard to this programme, if crossroad in square crossing, straightgoing vehicle leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove behind 90 radians, left turning vehicle enters ring-shaped groove lane 1 from T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 and promptly is communicated with T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 and leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The third, left lateral system right-hand bend car is around the structure of 180 radian great circles: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is to be the merging bridge of direct lane and right-turn lane from the left side to the right, or be the parallel bridge of two bridges of craspedodrome bridge and right-hand bend bridge from the left side to the right, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all are the clockwise direction rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 or craspedodrome bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 opposites through ring-shaped groove lane 1; The right-turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 or right-hand bend bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 right sides through ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The technical program makes the outer ring at ring-shaped groove, the track of leaving ring-shaped groove lane 1 earlier, after leave the inner ring of the track of ring-shaped groove lane 1 at ring-shaped groove, make right-hand bend car on two tracks of same T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 and straightgoing vehicle on ring-shaped groove lane 1, intersect conflict.With regard to this programme, if in the crossroad of square crossing, direct lane leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 in the outer ring of ring-shaped groove around first the connection with T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 of 90 radians.The right-turning traffic road is communicated with T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 behind 180 radians at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove and leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The structure that the 4th kind, left lateral system right-hand bend car do not detour: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is to be the merging bridge of direct lane and right-turn lane from the left side to the right, or be the parallel bridge of two bridges of craspedodrome bridge and right-hand bend bridge from the left side to the right, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all are counter rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 or craspedodrome bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 opposites through ring-shaped groove lane 1; The right-turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 or right-hand bend bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 right sides.
The technical program makes the outer ring at ring-shaped groove, the track of leaving ring-shaped groove lane 1 earlier, after leave the inner ring of the track of ring-shaped groove lane 1 at ring-shaped groove, make right-hand bend car on two tracks of same T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 and straightgoing vehicle on ring-shaped groove lane 1, intersect conflict.With regard to this programme, if crossroad in square crossing, straightgoing vehicle leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove behind 90 radians, the right-hand bend car enters ring-shaped groove lane 1 from T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 and promptly is communicated with T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 and leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The annular of above-mentioned ring-shaped groove lane 1 has two kinds at least: at ring-shaped groove lane 1 section corresponding between bridge point 4 and the minimum point 5 that rises of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2, promptly point-to-point transmission ring-shaped groove section 8 is to the curved section of ring-shaped groove lane 1 center evagination or the curved section of indent.Ring-shaped groove lane 1 global shape of outer convex is for circle or be similar to circle, and ring-shaped groove lane 1 global shape of indent arc is a quatrefoil shape.
The arc of above-mentioned T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 has three kinds at least:
First and second kind: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is the arc bridge of ring-shaped groove lane 1 center evagination or the arc bridge of indent.The arc of outer convex T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 can be approaching with the shape of the ring-shaped groove lane 1 of the arc of evagination, and indent arc T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 can fit in two kinds of form of structure with the ring-shaped groove lane 1 of the arc of the ring-shaped groove lane 1 of the arc of evagination or indent.A bridge section turning radius of the arc T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 of evagination is less, the section turning radius that arc T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 deepest points 6 of indent are connected with ring-shaped groove lane is less, is that ring-shaped groove lane below 80 meters cooperates so these two kinds of structures are not suitable for wide diameter.
The third: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is the serpentine bridge of forming to the arc of the arc of ring-shaped groove lane 1 center evagination and indent.Serpentine T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 has increased by 2 bridge sections of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge turning radius, also increased the section turning radius that deepest point 6 is connected with ring-shaped groove lane, and increased the length of climbing, reduced the gradient, made serpentine T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 can be applicable to that wide diameter is 60 meters--80 meters crossroad.Make the maximum round diameter in many major trunk roads crossroad, old city have only 60 meters--80 meters place, also can use this technical scheme, realize that craspedodrome road and large radius turn road have no road occupying unimpeded.Even the less crossroad access in old arterial street is unimpeded, vehicle is taken their own roads, the problem of the traffic congestion that has no road occupying.
T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 of the present invention comprises at least keeps straight on and two tracks of large radius turn.
Track of the present invention is can pass through at least road or the groove of a car, but described track or groove do not limit width, can increase many cars of width parallel.
The present invention's " counter-clockwise direction " or " clockwise direction " are that the center with ring-shaped groove lane 1 is the counter-clockwise direction or the clockwise direction in the center of circle.
The advantage of patent of the present invention: only add four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 and four T-Ring outer rim ramps 3, at the parting of the ways, just can realize that craspedodrome and large radius turn have no road occupying unimpeded with a ring-shaped groove from the sinking of ground certain depth.Promptly in the left-hand rotation of the four direction of vehicle right lateral system traffic rules, keep straight on that it is unimpeded all to have no road occupying.Equally, also can make right-hand rotation, the craspedodrome of the four direction of vehicle left lateral system traffic rules all have no road occupying unimpeded.In a word: the straightgoing vehicle of right lateral system and left lateral system and large radius turn car can all have no road occupying unimpeded, solve the traffic congestion produce because of road occupying at the parting of the ways, problem blocks the traffic.
Car with straightgoing vehicle of the present invention and large radius turn all will stride across from the bridge floor of ring-shaped groove top, concentrate on the car solved straightgoing vehicle and large radius turn and the ring-shaped groove problem of intersecting the road occupying conflict point between the track, the track that makes the direct lane in four roads, crossroad and large radius turn all shunting does not intersect conflict.
At the parting of the ways, divide the track, cooperate four serpentine T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 again, can make the many maximum round diameters in old city have only 60 meters with quatrefoil shape--80 meters major trunk roads crossroad, realize that craspedodrome road and large radius turn road have no road occupying unimpeded.Even the less crossroad access in old arterial street is unimpeded, vehicle is taken their own roads, the problem of the traffic congestion that has no road occupying.And existing various overpass bridges can not realize that maximum round diameter has only 60 meters--80 meters crossroad has no road occupying and has a good transport and communication network.
The climb altitude of the outer slope-climbing road part of the ring of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 can be used for the adjusting of ring-shaped groove lane 1 degree of depth.Be the outer slope-climbing road part of ring of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2, climb altitude is high more, and the degree of depth of ring-shaped groove lane 1 can be shallow more.At the parting of the ways, the degree of depth that can dig ring-shaped groove is dark more, and the height of the outer slope-climbing road part of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 rings on four ground by-paths of crossroad can be low more, influences four view and commerce on the by-path of ground less.If can dig the restriction that the degree of depth of ring-shaped groove is subjected to geology or underground pipeline, can not dig too deeply, then can increase the height of the outer slope-climbing road part of ring of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2, can realize still that the crossroad has no road occupying to have a good transport and communication network.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 be right lateral system left turning vehicle around 180 radian great circles, keep straight on around 90 radian ringlets, the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the schematic diagram of the present invention of quatrefoil shape;
Fig. 2 be right lateral system left turning vehicle not in ring-shaped groove lane around arc, keep straight on around 90 radian ringlets, the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the schematic diagram of the present invention of quatrefoil shape;
Fig. 3 be right lateral system turn left curved car not in ring-shaped groove lane around arc, keep straight on around 90 radian ringlets, T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge has the outer Ramp bridge of ring, the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the schematic diagram of the present invention of quatrefoil shape;
Fig. 4 be left lateral system right-hand bend car around 180 radian great circles, keep straight on around 90 radian ringlets, the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the schematic diagram of the present invention of quatrefoil shape;
Fig. 5 left lateral system right-hand bend car not in ring-shaped groove lane around arc, keep straight on around 90 radian ringlets, the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the schematic diagram of the present invention of quatrefoil shape;
In the Figure of description, Meaning is the upward slope runway, Meaning is parallel runway, Meaning is the descent driving road.
Among the figure: the 1st, ring-shaped groove lane, the 2nd, T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge, the 3rd, bridge point, the 5th is played, minimum point, the 6th, deepest point, the 7th, ground point, the 8th, ring-shaped groove section in T-Ring outer rim ramp, the 4th.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1, be that right lateral system left turning vehicle is around 180 radian great circles, craspedodrome is around 90 radian ringlets, T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge is made up of direct lane and left turn lane, and the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges of quatrefoil shape;
As Fig. 1, the overall structure of groove: four different positions of inward flange that integral body is quatrefoil shape ring-shaped groove lane 1 join with the minimum point 5 of four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 respectively, and the bridge point 4 that rises of four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 is positioned near the ground location in top beyond the ring-shaped groove lane 1; Different four positions of the outward flange of this ring-shaped groove lane 1 join with the deepest point 6 in four T-Ring outer rim ramps 3 respectively, and it is outer with ground location far away that the ground point 7 in T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 is positioned at ring-shaped groove lane 1.Overhead at least 4.5 meters high of the bottom surfaces of ring-shaped groove lane 1, the minimum point 5 of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is consistent with the bottom surface of ring-shaped groove lane 1 with the deepest point 6 in T-Ring outer rim ramp 3.T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is the arc bridge to ring-shaped groove lane 1 center indent, and making ring-shaped groove lane 1 global shape is quatrefoil shape.
The syndeton in left turn lane and direct lane and ring-shaped groove lane 1 and T-Ring outer rim ramp 3: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is to be the merging bridge of left turn lane and direct lane from the left side to the right, to play bridge point 4 sensing minimum points 5 is the direction of rotation of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2, and the direction of rotation of four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all is a counter-clockwise direction.The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 opposites through ring-shaped groove lane 1; The left turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 left sides through ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The Internal and external cycle structure that left turn lane and direct lane are mutual: present embodiment makes the outer ring at ring-shaped groove, the track of leaving ring-shaped groove lane 1 earlier, after leave the inner ring of the track of ring-shaped groove lane 1 at ring-shaped groove, make left turning vehicle on two tracks of same T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 and straightgoing vehicle on ring-shaped groove lane 1, intersect conflict.Direct lane leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 in the outer ring of ring-shaped groove earlier around 90 radians, and the left-hand bend runway leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove behind 180 radians.
Embodiment 2, right lateral system left turn lane not in ring-shaped groove lane around arc, craspedodrome is around 90 radian circles, T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge is made up of direct lane and left turn lane, and the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges of quatrefoil shape;
As Fig. 2, the overall structure of groove: the bridge point 4 that rises of four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all is positioned near position, road surface, ring-shaped groove lane 1 outward flange top, and other is same as embodiment 1.
The syndeton in left turn lane and direct lane and ring-shaped groove lane 1 and T-Ring outer rim ramp 3: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is to be the merging bridge of left turn lane and direct lane from the left side to the right, and four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all are the clockwise direction rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 opposites through ring-shaped groove lane 1; The left turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 left sides through ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The external and internal compositions that left turn lane and direct lane are mutual: direct lane leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove behind 90 radians, the left-hand bend runway enters ring-shaped groove lane 1, promptly leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 from the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on the left side and realizes.
Embodiment 3, be that left lateral system right-hand bend car is around 180 radian great circles, craspedodrome is around 90 radian ringlets, and T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge is made up of direct lane and right-turn lane, and the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges of quatrefoil shape;
As Fig. 4, the overall structure of groove: be same as embodiment 1.
The syndeton in right-turn lane and direct lane and ring-shaped groove lane 1 and T-Ring outer rim ramp 3: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is to be the merging bridge of direct lane and right-turn lane from the left side to the right, and four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all are the clockwise direction rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 opposites through ring-shaped groove lane 1; The right-turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 right sides through ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The external and internal compositions that right-turn lane and direct lane are mutual: direct lane leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 in the outer ring of ring-shaped groove earlier around 90 radians, and the right-turning traffic road leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove behind 180 radians.Embodiment 4, left lateral system right-turn lane not in ring-shaped groove lane around arc, craspedodrome is around 90 radian ringlets, and T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge is made up of direct lane and right-turn lane, and the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges of quatrefoil shape;
As Fig. 5, the overall structure of groove: 2 bridge points 4 of ring inner edge Ramp bridge are positioned at the road surface, outer circular edge top of ring-shaped groove lane 1 with position far away, and the structure of ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is the arc bridge constructions under having on having.What present embodiment T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 strode across ring-shaped groove lane 1 position overhead highly is 2.5 meters, and ring-shaped groove lane 1 degree of depth overhead is at least 2.0 meters.Other structure is same as embodiment 1.
The syndeton in right-turn lane and direct lane and ring-shaped groove lane 1 and T-Ring outer rim ramp 3: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is to be the merging bridge of direct lane and right-turn lane from the left side to the right, and four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 all are counter rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 opposites through ring-shaped groove lane 1; The right-turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 is communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on these T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 right sides through ring-shaped groove lane 1.
The external and internal compositions that right-turn lane and direct lane are mutual: direct lane leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 at the inner ring of ring-shaped groove behind 90 radians, the right-turning traffic road does not detour in ring-shaped groove lane 1, directly leaves ring-shaped groove lane 1 from the T-Ring outer rim ramp 3 on the right.
Embodiment 5, right lateral system left turning vehicle around not in ring-shaped groove lane around arc, craspedodrome is around 90 radian circles, T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge is made up of direct lane and left turn lane, and the ring-shaped groove lane global shape is the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges of quatrefoil shape;
As Fig. 2, the overall structure of groove: be same as embodiment 2.
The syndeton in left turn lane and direct lane and ring-shaped groove lane 1 and T-Ring outer rim ramp 3: be same as embodiment 2.
The external and internal compositions that left turn lane and direct lane are mutual: be same as embodiment 2.
The serpentine lower bridge section that the arc that four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges 2 are evagination and the arc of indent are formed.Serpentine T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 has increased the bridge section turning radius of bridge under the extreme higher position begins to turn, also increased the turning radius of serpentine T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 with ring-shaped groove lane 1 jointing, increased the length of climbing, reduced the gradient, making serpentine T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2 be fit to wide diameter is 60 meters--80 meters ring-shaped groove lane 1 cooperates, can be in ring-shaped groove lane 1 reduced to 60 meter--80 meters, also can satisfy the turning radius needs of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge 2.Make the maximum round diameter in many major trunk roads crossroad, old city have only 60 meters--80 meters place, also can use this technical scheme, realize that craspedodrome road and large radius turn road have no road occupying unimpeded.Even the less crossroad access in old arterial street is unimpeded, vehicle is taken their own roads, the problem of the traffic congestion that has no road occupying.
Present embodiment is a most preferred embodiment.

Claims (8)

1. have the ring-shaped groove lane of four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges, it is characterized in that: comprise a ring-shaped groove lane (1), four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges (2) and four T-Ring outer rim ramps (3); A bridge point (4) of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) is positioned at the outer rim top position of ring-shaped groove lane (1), and the minimum point (5) of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) is joined with the inner edge of ring-shaped groove lane (1); The deepest point (6) in T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) joins with the outer rim of ring-shaped groove lane (1), and the ground point (7) in T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) is positioned at ring-shaped groove lane (1) outer rim top with position far away; To point to a minimum point (5) is the direction of rotation of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) to play bridge point (4), and the direction of rotation of four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges (2) is identical, promptly all is clockwise direction or all is counter-clockwise direction.
2. the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) is to be the merging bridge of left turn lane and direct lane from the left side to the right, or be the parallel bridge of two bridges of left-hand bend bridge and craspedodrome bridge from the left side to the right, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges (2) all are counter rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) or craspedodrome bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) on this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) opposite through ring-shaped groove lane (1); The left turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) or left-hand bend bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) on this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) left side through ring-shaped groove lane (1).
3. the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) is to be the merging bridge of left turn lane and direct lane from the left side to the right, or be the parallel bridge of two bridges of left-hand bend bridge and craspedodrome bridge from the left side to the right, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges (2) all are the clockwise direction rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) or craspedodrome bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) on this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) opposite through ring-shaped groove lane (1); The left turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) or left-hand bend bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) on this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) left side through ring-shaped groove lane (1).
4. the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) is to be the merging bridge of direct lane and right-turn lane from the left side to the right, or be the parallel bridge of two bridges of craspedodrome bridge and right-hand bend bridge from the left side to the right, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges (2) all are the clockwise direction rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) or craspedodrome bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) on this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) opposite through ring-shaped groove lane (1); The right-turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) or right-hand bend bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) on this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) right side through ring-shaped groove lane (1).
5. the ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) is to be the merging bridge of direct lane and right-turn lane from the left side to the right, or be the parallel bridge of two bridges of craspedodrome bridge and right-hand bend bridge from the left side to the right, four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges (2) all are counter rotations; The direct lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) or craspedodrome bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) on this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) opposite through ring-shaped groove lane (1); The right-turn lane of each T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) or right-hand bend bridge are communicated with the T-Ring outer rim ramp (3) on this T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) right side through ring-shaped groove lane (1).
6. according to any one described ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: be positioned at ring-shaped groove lane (1) section corresponding between bridge point (4) and the minimum point (5) that rises of T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2), promptly point-to-point transmission ring-shaped groove section (8) is to the curved section of ring-shaped groove lane (1) center evagination or the curved section of indent.
7. according to any one described ring-shaped groove lane that has four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) is the arc bridge of ring-shaped groove lane (1) center evagination or the arc bridge of indent.
8. according to claim 3 or the 5 described ring-shaped groove lanes that have four T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridges, it is characterized in that: T-Ring inner edge Ramp bridge (2) is the serpentine bridge of forming to the arc of the arc of ring-shaped groove lane (1) center evagination and indent.
CN2010105064213A 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Circular groove lane with four extension ring inner edge ramp bridges Withdrawn CN101949120A (en)

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CN200910216016.5 2009-10-29
CN200910216013.1 2009-10-29
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CN200910216014.6 2009-10-29
CN200910216014 2009-10-29
CN200910216013 2009-10-29
CN200910216015 2009-10-29
CN2010105064213A CN101949120A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Circular groove lane with four extension ring inner edge ramp bridges

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CN2010105064355A Pending CN101967784A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Combined structure of four L-shaped tunnels turning in same direction
CN201010506429XA Withdrawn CN101949121A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Annular overpass with four connected ring inner edge slope bridges
CN2010105064054A Pending CN101949119A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Rotary traffic tunnel with four link-ring inner-edge slope tunnels
CN2010105064393A Withdrawn CN101962927A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Combined structure of four homodromous turning L-shaped arch bridges
CN2010105064213A Withdrawn CN101949120A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Circular groove lane with four extension ring inner edge ramp bridges

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CN2010105064355A Pending CN101967784A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Combined structure of four L-shaped tunnels turning in same direction
CN201010506429XA Withdrawn CN101949121A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Annular overpass with four connected ring inner edge slope bridges
CN2010105064054A Pending CN101949119A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Rotary traffic tunnel with four link-ring inner-edge slope tunnels
CN2010105064393A Withdrawn CN101962927A (en) 2009-10-29 2010-09-28 Combined structure of four homodromous turning L-shaped arch bridges

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102352587A (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-02-15 汪恩林 Rapid three-dimensional lane for urban traffic

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CN111794028A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-10-20 孙海鹰 Intersection four-direction passing overpass and passing method
CN113152183A (en) * 2021-04-13 2021-07-23 李益安 Five-fork road two-layer overpass

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CN1120263C (en) * 1998-07-31 2003-09-03 叶仰高 Overpass bridge with its loop road having direct lane and indicating lamp
CN100383340C (en) * 2000-06-12 2008-04-23 赵兆 One-way gallop bridge
US20040184879A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-23 Winkler Gary E. Roadway system interchange
CN2692196Y (en) * 2004-02-08 2005-04-13 王林 Semi automatic overpass structure
LT5330B (en) * 2004-07-02 2006-03-27 Stanislovas Buteliauskas Junction of roads
CN1657704A (en) * 2004-11-09 2005-08-24 肖大方 Turntable type interwine flyover crossing system
CN1869336A (en) * 2005-05-25 2006-11-29 贾连海 Road crossing
CN1776094A (en) * 2005-11-30 2006-05-24 顾逸民 Semi-submersible full-interpass man-vehicle separate flyover

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102352587A (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-02-15 汪恩林 Rapid three-dimensional lane for urban traffic

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CN101949121A (en) 2011-01-19
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CN101967784A (en) 2011-02-09

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