CN101948014B - Full automatic ceramic tile packaging equipment - Google Patents

Full automatic ceramic tile packaging equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101948014B
CN101948014B CN2010102688183A CN201010268818A CN101948014B CN 101948014 B CN101948014 B CN 101948014B CN 2010102688183 A CN2010102688183 A CN 2010102688183A CN 201010268818 A CN201010268818 A CN 201010268818A CN 101948014 B CN101948014 B CN 101948014B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cornerite
frame
ceramic tile
transfer
load
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CN2010102688183A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101948014A (en
Inventor
赵维珂
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山东润科机电设备有限公司
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Priority to CN2010102688183A priority Critical patent/CN101948014B/en
Publication of CN101948014A publication Critical patent/CN101948014A/en
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Publication of CN101948014B publication Critical patent/CN101948014B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses full automatic ceramic tile packaging equipment, and belongs to the technical field of packaging, in particular to a ceramic tile packaging system. The full automatic ceramic tile packaging equipment comprises a frame, a tile loading conveyor belt, a tile overlapping mechanism, an angle wrapping mechanism and a carbon fetching and conveying mechanism; a tile overlapping conveyor belt is arranged ahead the tile loading conveyor belt; a tile overlapping traction frame is arranged above the tile overlapping conveyor belt, and is driven by a horizontal movement control device; the frame is fixed with catch levers positioned above the tile overlapping conveyor belt; the frame is provided with a ceramic tile aligning mechanism and the angle wrapping mechanism; a ceramic tile angle wrapping conveyor belt is arranged ahead the tile overlapping conveyor belt; an angle wrapping string conveyor belt is arranged on the frame above the ceramic tile angle wrapping conveyor belt; the end part adjacent part of the angle wrapping string conveyor belt is provided with a vertical angle wrapping sliding rail; the angle wrapping mechanism is positioned on the bottom of the vertical angle wrapping sliding rail; and the carbon fetching and conveying mechanism is positioned on one side of the ceramic tile angle wrapping conveyor belt. The full automatic ceramic tile packaging equipment has the advantages of simplifying the structure of each piece of equipment, reducing the equipment failure rate, reducing cost, improving production efficiency, and realizing the automation of packaging ceramic tiles.

Description

A kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities
Technical field
The invention belongs to the packing technique field, be specifically related to a kind of packaging system of ceramic tile.
Background technology
China is a Production of Ceramics big country, and the production history of pottery has several thousand.At present, the building ceramics factory of producing ceramic tile all adopts conveyor line production to carry ceramic tile.After rolling off the production line, the finished product ceramic tile need put into the warehouse with sealing up for safekeeping after the packed in cases.In the building ceramics factory production technology, the packing ceramic tile belongs to last procedure.For a long time, the packing ceramic tile all adopts manual work, and step is divided into: folded brick, with ceramic tile be placed in the carton, package, piling.Because building ceramics factory production was not shut down in 24 hours, from conveyor line, had finished bricks to roll off the production line continuously, needed the workman ceaselessly to pack.For meet requirements, need multiple person cooperational to accomplish the operation of packing ceramic tile on the conveyor line.Since need ceaselessly folded brick, package, piling etc., high to operative employee's physical fitness requirement, belong to heavy physical labour, and this manually-operated mode efficient is extremely low, can not adapt to the needs of enterprise development.In order to address this problem, people have invented the machinery of automatic packing ceramic tile, realize full automatic packing ceramic tile technology by mechanization.
The equipment of present tile packs system is many, and device structure is complicated and loaded down with trivial details, needs often maintenance, and it is unreliable to work, the situation that can occur losing efficacy once in a while.In case a certain link breaks down, will cause whole tile packs system cisco unity malfunction.Because the conveyor line of building ceramics factory was not shut down in 24 hours, in order on some link of tile packs, not cause delay, the mode of the manual work of just having to adopt has once more strengthened enterprise cost, has reduced productivity effect.
Summary of the invention
The technical matters that the present invention solved is: design a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities, reduce equipment failure rate, cost-cutting is enhanced productivity, and realizes the automation of tile packs.
The technical scheme that the present invention is adopted for its technical matters of solution is: a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities; Comprise frame, go up the brick conveyer belt, fold brick mechanism, cornerite mechanism, carton conveyer mechanism; It is characterized in that: folded brick load-transfer device is set in the place ahead of last brick conveyer belt, folded brick drawbar frame is set above folded brick load-transfer device, folded brick drawbar frame is driven by the parallel motion control setup; Fixing pin on frame, pin are positioned at the top of folded brick load-transfer device; The place ahead at folded brick load-transfer device is provided with ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device; On the frame of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device top cornerite string load-transfer device is set; The end adjacent of cornerite string load-transfer device is provided with vertical cornerite dragging track, and cornerite mechanism is positioned at the bottom of vertical cornerite dragging track; On the frame of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device top ceramic tile registration mechanism and cornerite mechanism are set, the carton conveyer mechanism is positioned at a side of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device.
Support is set in the ceramic tile registration mechanism, claps neat plate, retractor device and jacking system, clap neat plate and retractor device and link, support and jacking system link, and clap neat plate and retractor device and all are fixed on the support.
Be provided with in the cornerite mechanism and send hornblock and push away angle control, send hornblock and push away angle control to link, send hornblock to be positioned at the bottom of vertical cornerite dragging track.Send platform is set on the hornblock.
The swing posting is set on the frame of cornerite string load-transfer device top, the pincers knife bar that clamps cutter is installed, the swing posting is all hinged with frame with the pincers knife bar, and swing posting and pincers knife bar connect actuating device respectively.Actuating device adopts pulling-rod frame; Pulling-rod frame connects engine installation, and the quantity of pincers knife bar is two and is the dihedral setting that the upper position of pulling-rod frame is provided with pushing block; Described pushing block is between two pincers knife bars; The upper end of two pincers knife bars connects spring, and the bottom of pulling-rod frame is provided with wedge, and the swing posting contacts with wedge.
On the frame of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device one side the support pressure pin is set, hinged swing frame on the frame, swing frame connects engine installation, and the carton feedway is installed on the swing frame, supports the top that pressure pin is positioned at swing frame.The carton feedway adopts pulley gear, and belt is set in the pulley gear, on the belt wherein one section thickness greater than the thickness of another section.The upper surface friction coefficient of that section that thickness is bigger on the belt is greater than another section upper surface friction coefficient.
Frame first line of a couplet splicing case retaining frame, carton retaining frame is surrounded by the carton baffle plate, between fwd carton baffle plate bottom and the support pressure pin carton outlet is set.
The beneficial effect that the present invention had is:
1. folded brick load-transfer device is set in the place ahead of last brick conveyer belt, folded brick drawbar frame is set above folded brick load-transfer device, folded brick drawbar frame is driven by the parallel motion control setup, fixing pin on frame, and pin is positioned at the top of folding the brick load-transfer device; Ceramic tile registration mechanism and cornerite mechanism are set on the frame; The place ahead at folded brick load-transfer device is provided with ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device; On the frame of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device top cornerite string load-transfer device is set; The end adjacent of cornerite string load-transfer device is provided with vertical cornerite dragging track, and cornerite mechanism is positioned at the bottom of vertical cornerite dragging track; The carton conveyer mechanism is positioned at a side of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device.Simplified the structure of each equipment, reduced equipment failure rate, cost-cutting is enhanced productivity, and realizes the automation of tile packs simultaneously.
2. in the ceramic tile registration mechanism support is set, claps neat plate, retractor device and jacking system, clap neat plate and retractor device and link, support and jacking system link; Clapping neat plate and retractor device all is fixed on the support; Can realize ceramic tile centering, clap together, accomplish the ceramic tile cornerite action of equipment, that also can realize ceramic tile mentions, transfers action; Miscellaneous equipment on ceramic tile cornerite equipment and the tile packs conveyor line is cooperatively interacted, form the continuous-flow type automated job.
3. be provided with in the cornerite mechanism and send hornblock and push away angle control; Send hornblock and push away angle control to link, the ceramic tile cornerite action of equipment can be accomplished in the bottom of sending hornblock to be positioned at vertical cornerite dragging track; Ceramic tile cornerite mechanism can be linked to each other with the individual separation device of cornerite; It is individual not need manual work to throw in the plastics cornerite to assigned position, has improved production efficiency, has reduced cost.
4. send platform is set on the hornblock, make cornerite fall into the position of regulation, can directly not fall conveyer belt or the outer place of other regulation.
5. on the frame of cornerite string load-transfer device top the swing posting is set, the pincers knife bar that clamps cutter is installed; The swing posting is all hinged with frame with the pincers knife bar; The swing posting connects actuating device respectively with the pincers knife bar; Can realize clamping the accurate location of cutter to gap between the cornerite, make equipment can separate in light weight, connect cornerite string closely.
6. cornerite separates actuating device employing pulling-rod frame, and pulling-rod frame connects engine installation, and the quantity of pincers knife bar is two and is the dihedral setting; The upper position of pulling-rod frame is provided with pushing block, and described pushing block is between two pincers knife bars, and the upper end of two pincers knife bars connects spring; The bottom of pulling-rod frame is provided with wedge, and the swing posting contacts with wedge, utilizes the deformation-recovery performance of spring; Make the cornerite separating action coherent, reciprocal, utilize lever principle that less power is transformed for bigger power simultaneously.
7. on the frame of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device one side the support pressure pin is set, hinged swing frame on the frame, swing frame connects engine installation, and the carton feedway is installed on the swing frame.Swing frame can be around hinge through, drive the belt that is installed on the swing frame and rise or descend, thereby away from contact carton, can accomplish easily automatically and fetch and deliver the carton operation, need not manual operation, improved production efficiency.
8. belt adopts pulley gear, and belt is set in the pulley gear, on the belt wherein one section thickness greater than the thickness of another section.The thickness of belt driving surface is different, make that only drag a carton moves at every turn, thereby realization the single of carton is fetched and delivered.
9. the upper surface friction coefficient of that section that thickness is bigger on the belt is greater than another section upper surface friction coefficient.The roughness of surface of belt driving surface is different, make that only drag a carton moves at every turn, thereby realization the single of carton is fetched and delivered.
10. frame first line of a couplet splicing case keeps off frame, and carton retaining frame is surrounded by the carton baffle plate, between fwd carton baffle plate bottom and the support pressure pin carton outlet is set.Can the carton conveyer mechanism be linked to each other with ceramic tile cornerite mechanism, form the tile packs conveyor line, the centre need not a dead lift or extra carrying mechanism is set, and has improved production efficiency, has reduced cost.
11. the present invention compared with prior art, has cancelled employing manipulator or sucker structure, has simplified the equipment structure greatly, greatly reduces fault rate, makes cost further reduce, and adapts to the present situation that China builds the pottery enterprise development.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of full-automatically tile packaging system apparatus sketch;
Fig. 2 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to structural representation;
Fig. 3 is folded brick mechanism structure scheme drawing;
Fig. 4 is that the B of Fig. 3 is to structural representation;
Fig. 5 is that ceramic tile piles up the process scheme drawing;
Fig. 6 is a ceramic tile cornerite mechanism structure scheme drawing;
Fig. 7 be ceramic tile cornerite mechanism pick and place angle mechanism structure scheme drawing;
Fig. 8 is a cornerite separation device structural representation;
Fig. 9 is a cornerite separation process scheme drawing;
Figure 10 is a carton conveyer mechanism structural representation;
Figure 11 is that the C of Figure 10 is to structural representation;
Figure 12 gets carton process scheme drawing;
Among the figure: 1. go up the brick conveyer belt, 2. frame, 3. ceramic tile, 4. ceramic tile tipping arrangement, 5. parallel motion control setup, 6. folded brick drawbar frame; 7. pin, 8. folded brick load-transfer device, 9. ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device, the 10. lifting power plant of registration mechanism, 11. registration mechanism, 12. clap neat plate; 13. retractor device, 14. send hornblock, and 15. push away angle control, 16. vertical cornerite dragging tracks, and 17. send the hornblock platform, 18. transverse bars; 19. pulling-rod frame, 20. pushing blocks, 21. wedges, 22. springs, 23. spring hangers, 24. pincers knife bars; 25. the pincers cutter, 26. hinges, 27. swing postings, 28. cornerite locating pieces, 29. cornerite string load-transfer devices, 30. cornerite strings; 31. pincers cutter locating wheel, 32. carton conveyer mechanisms, 33. cartons retaining frame, 34. support pressure pin, 35. swing frames, 36. swing frame axles; 37. belt, 38. belt shafts, 39. belt pulleys, 40. cartons, 41. ceramic tile packed in cases tape punches.
The specific embodiment
As shown in the figure: the ceramic tile of producing arrives the ceramic tile tipping arrangement through transportation; The ceramic tile that the ceramic tile tipping arrangement is come transportation; Be turned into one positive one anti-order; The adjacent tiles of heads ceramic tile on conveyer belt be face down always, and the adjacent tiles of the ceramic tile of face down on conveyer belt be always heads.Like this, pile up in the process, just can not produce ceramic tile front worn-down situation at follow-up ceramic tile.The ceramic tile tipping arrangement belongs to prior art, can buy on the market, repeats no more at this.
As shown in Figure 3, in the place ahead of last brick conveyer belt 1 folded brick load-transfer device 8 is set, folded brick drawbar frame 6 is set above folded brick load-transfer device 8, parallel motion control setup 5 is a chain wheel actuator.Folded brick drawbar frame 6 is fixed on the chain and by chain and drives, fixing pin 7 on frame, and pin 7 is positioned at the top of folding brick load-transfer device 8.The upper surface of folded brick load-transfer device 8 is lower than the upper surface of going up brick conveyer belt 1.Being shaped as of folded brick drawbar frame 6 is L shaped.The arrow indication is the ceramic tile transporting direction among the figure, and ceramic tile 3 is transported to folded brick mechanism through after overturning.Ceramic tile 3 is transported to parallel motion control setup 5 by last brick conveyer belt 1, and ceramic tile 3 front ends ride on the folded brick drawbar frame 6, and brick conveyer belt 1 is not left in the rear end.Last brick conveyer belt 1 continues motion, and folded simultaneously brick drawbar frame 6 drives ceramic tile 3 motions of taking above that also with 5 motions of parallel motion control setup.Motion along with last brick conveyer belt 1 and folded brick drawbar frame 6; Because the upper surface of folded brick load-transfer device 8 is lower than the upper surface of going up brick conveyer belt 1; Thereby ceramic tile 3 rear ends leave brick conveyer belt 1, fall on the folded brick load-transfer device 8, but the ceramic tile front end continue to ride on the folded brick drawbar frame 6.Load-transfer device contacts with ceramic tile, and ceramic tile is produced friction force, and the one side that plays translocation is called driving surface, and supine that section of the work of load-transfer device is called the upper surface of load-transfer device.Subsequently, the ceramic tile that rides on the folded brick drawbar frame 6 touches pin 7, stopped by pin 7, and ceramic tile 3 stop motions, and folded brick drawbar frame 6 continues motion, thereby ceramic tile 3 leaves folded brick drawbar frame 6, integral body is fallen on the folded brick load-transfer device 8.The upper surface of folded brick load-transfer device 8 also can be concordant with the upper surface of last brick conveyer belt 1; But this requires the parallel motion control setup 5 can up-and-down movement; Thereby strengthened structural requirement to equipment; Increased equipment failure rate, it is simple that the scheme that the upper surface that present embodiment is chosen folded brick load-transfer device is lower than the upper surface of going up the brick conveyer belt has a device structure, the advantage that fault rate is low.
Then, next identical folded brick process begins.The ceramic tile in back is transported to parallel motion control setup 5 by last brick conveyer belt 1, and the ceramic tile front end rides on the folded brick drawbar frame 6, and brick conveyer belt 1 is not left in the rear end.Along with the motion of last brick conveyer belt 1 and folded brick drawbar frame 6, brick conveyer belt 1 is left in the ceramic tile rear end, fall on the last block of ceramic tile, and the ceramic tile front end continues to ride on the folded brick drawbar frame 6.Subsequently, the ceramic tile that rides on the folded brick drawbar frame 6 touches pin 7, stopped by pin 7, and ceramic tile stop motion, and folded brick drawbar frame 6 continues motion, thereby ceramic tile leaves folded brick drawbar frame 6, integral body is fallen on the last block of ceramic tile.After the brick that stacks has three or several, accomplish ceramic tile and pile up operation.It is enough to detect folded brick quantity through detection control apparatus correspondingly, and folded then brick load-transfer device 8 runnings are transported to subsequent processing with the ceramic tile after folding, and wait to be packaged.Then, next identical folded brick process begins, successively circulation.Piling up of ceramic tile can be two, more than three and three, the ceramic tile quantity of stacking depends on the circumstances.Carrying out ceramic tile when piling up operation, can be according to the folded brick drawbar frame of the size Selection corresponding size of ceramic tile, the position of adjusting mechanism.The quantity of folded brick drawbar frame can be two or more, should confirm the quantity of folded brick drawbar frame according to the size of ceramic tile and conveyer belt.Being shaped as of folded brick drawbar frame is L shaped; It also can be other shape; So long as a platform is arranged; Be convenient to its installation on the parallel motion control setup simultaneously, guarantee to connect firm getting final product, the L shaped scheme that is shaped as that present embodiment is chosen folded brick drawbar frame just is being based on the purpose that satisfies above-mentioned requirements while simplified apparatus structure.
Ceramic tile just can carry out the packed in cases of ceramic tile and play band after will passing through centering after piling up, clapping neat, cornerite.Like Fig. 6, shown in Figure 7, designed a kind of ceramic tile cornerite mechanism, realize ceramic tile centering, clap neat, cornerite operation.Ceramic tile is stacked into polylith and is called piled bricks, and piled bricks is transported to registration mechanism 11 belows of ceramic tile cornerite mechanism by folded brick load-transfer device 8, ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9.Registration mechanism 11 is positioned at ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9 tops, claps neat plate 12 away from ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9, send hornblock 14 and the hornblock platform 17 that send that is provided with aligns with vertical cornerite dragging track 16.The cornerite individuality is fallen by vertical cornerite dragging track 16 and is sent on the hornblock platform 17.
The lifting power plant 10 control registration mechanism 11 that are installed in the registration mechanism on registration mechanism 11 and the frame 2 descend, and the neat plate 12 of bat that is installed on the registration mechanism 11 also descends thereupon.When clap neat plate 12 lower edges and ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9 concordant after, control the lifting power plant 10 of registration mechanism, stop the decline of registration mechanism 11.Retractor device 13 is in elongation state when initial, clap neat plate 12 lower edges and ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9 concordant after, open retractor device 13, neat plate 12 retractions are clapped in control, with the piled bricks arrangement neatly.The lifting power plant 10 of control registration mechanism rises registration mechanism 11, and the neat plate 12 of bat that piled bricks in the drive clamping rises thereupon.Rise to piled bricks that clamping and fall to putting the cornerite that is sending on the hornblock platform 17 when concordant when clapping neat plate 12, control the lifting power plant 10 of registration mechanism, stop the rising of registration mechanism 11.
Clap neat plate 12 clip piled bricks rise to fall to putting the cornerite that is sending on the hornblock platform 17 concordant after, push away angle control 15 controls and send hornblock 14 overhanging, cornerite is installed on four angles of piled bricks, push away angle control 15 controls then and send hornblock 14 to bounce back.Send hornblock 14 and on be provided with send hornblock platform 17 and vertical cornerite dragging track 16 to align after, new cornerite falls into to send and supplies use next time on the hornblock platform 17.Subsequently, the lifting power plant 10 of control registration mechanism descends registration mechanism 11, drives clamping and that the neat plate 12 of bat of the piled bricks of cornerite descends thereupon, and the piled bricks of cornerite is put back on the ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9.Control retractor device 13 makes that to clap neat plate 12 overhanging, no longer the clamping piled bricks of cornerite.The lifting power plant 10 of control registration mechanism rises registration mechanism 11, claps neat plate 12 and leaves ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9.The piled bricks of cornerite is seen off by ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9, accomplishes the cornerite of ceramic tile.
Because present plastics cornerite on the market is not single sale, but the plastics cornerite of bunchiness piles up together formation cornerite string.Before the automation cornerite, must each plastics cornerite on the cornerite string be separated.Therefore to realize automatic packaging, also must the individual separation device of a kind of cornerite of design, connecting ceramic tile cornerite mechanism, for the cornerite of ceramic tile provides cornerite individual.Generally, the cornerite of a piled bricks needs 4 cornerite individualities.
Like Fig. 8, shown in Figure 9, designed the individual separation device of a kind of cornerite.Cornerite string load-transfer device 29 is transported to the individual disengagement gear of cornerite with cornerite string 30 compressed together, and under the initial condition, cornerite string 30 is blocked by cornerite locating piece 28,28 pairs of cornerite strings 30 of cornerite locating piece play stop, positioning action.
Through engine installation pulling-rod frame 19 is applied pulling force upwards, be arranged on pushing block 20 and wedge 21 upward movement thereupon on the pulling-rod frame 19.Pushing block 20 upward movements promote pincers knife bar 24 and rotate around hinge 26, and pincers knife bar 24 upper ends apply power through the 23 pairs of springs 22 of spring hanger that connect with it, and spring 22 is stretched; Pincers knife bar 24 drives pincers cutter 25 motions that are installed on its lower end, makes pincers cutter 25 make closed holding action.The positioning action that stops owing to 28 pairs of cornerite strings 30 of cornerite locating piece makes cornerite string 30 static on load-transfer device.31 pairs of pincers cutter 25 guide-localizations of pincers cutter locating wheel, pincers cutter 25 can stretch into the gap between adjacent two cornerites accurately, blocks cornerite at the back motionless.Wedge 21 upward movements drive swing posting 27 motions shelve above that, swing posting 27 is swayed as low-angle around transverse bar 18, thereby make the cornerite locating piece 28 that is installed on the swing posting 27 individual away from the cornerite that is separated out.The fwd cornerite moves forward with cornerite string load-transfer device 29, and the cornerite string 30 of back is blocked by pincers cutter 25, can't advance, and has accomplished the individual separating action of cornerite thus.Thus, a cornerite individuality is separated with cornerite string 30.
After a cornerite separating action is accomplished, stop pulling-rod frame 19 is applied to upper pulling force.Through engine installation pulling-rod frame 19 reversing senses are applied downward thrust; Pushing block 20 moves down with pulling-rod frame 19, and spring 22 resets under self elastic force effect, drives the pincers knife bar 24 that connects with it through spring hanger 23 around hinge 26 rotations; Pincers knife bar 24 drives pincers cutter 25 motions that are installed on its lower end; Make pincers cutter 25 make opening action, pincers cutter 25 leaves cornerite string 30, no longer cornerite string 29 is played barrier effect.Pulling-rod frame 19 promotes wedges 21 and moves downward, and swing posting 27 placed on it is also followed its motion, and swing posting 27 is swayed as low-angle around transverse bar 18, gets back to original position location.Cornerite string 30 continues motion with cornerite string load-transfer device 29, touches the cornerite locating piece 28 that is installed on the swing posting 27, is blocked by cornerite locating piece 28.Cornerite locating piece 28 once more cornerite string 30 is played stop, positioning action, next working cycle begins.
The engine installation that is provided with on the pulling-rod frame 19 can be air pressure or hydraulic control device, in order to size and the in-service time that its propulsive effort and control effort are provided.Pulling-rod frame 19, pushing block 20, wedge 21 can be casting integrated, in order to guarantee the coordinate synchronization property of pincers cutter 25 and 28 motions of cornerite locating piece.Pincers knife bar 24 connects frame 2 through hinge mounted thereto 26, and hinge 26 can be casting integrated with pincers knife bar 24, so that become the fulcrum that pincers knife bar 24 rotates.Spring 22 can be set directly on the pincers knife bar 24, is to be in the different two ends of hinge 26 with pincers cutter 25 as long as the position is set.The pincers cutter locating wheel 31 that is installed on the frame 2 can be around himself rotational, and pincers cutter locating wheel 31 can be a ring-type, and the intermediate portion is used for and the connecting of frame 2.
The individual separation equipment of cornerite is installed in ceramic tile cornerite equipment top, makes the vertical cornerite dragging track 16 of ceramic tile cornerite equipment be positioned at the below of cornerite locating piece 28.Like this, the cornerite individuality of separation enters into the vertical cornerite dragging track 16 of ceramic tile cornerite mechanism after leaving cornerite string load-transfer device 29, and to move employed cornerite individual thereby provide ceramic tile cornerite mechanism to carry out the ceramic tile cornerite.
Ceramic tile through piling up, behind the cornerite, the packed in cases that just can carry out ceramic tile reaches to beat has been with.The packed in cases of ceramic tile and play band and need to use carton uses relevant device that a carton is placed under the process ceramic tile of cornerite, or the ceramic tile that will pass through cornerite is put on the carton of taking-up, again ceramic tile is carried out packed in cases and reaches and play band.No matter be which kind of mode, all to use equipment in the carton that is stacked, to take out a carton, and then carry out packed in cases and play band.Designed a kind of carton conveyer mechanism like Figure 10, once taken out a carton for use.
Carton 40 is put in the carton retaining frame 33, is supported on the pressure pin 34.Motor connects belt shaft 38, and belt 37 connects belt shaft 38.Open motor, driven by motor belt shaft 38 rotates, and belt shaft 38 drives belt 37 motions through belt pulley 39.Motor only is belt 37 setting in motions after opening, and swing frame 35 does not move, and carton 40 is deposited in the carton retaining frame 33, supports on the pressure pin 34, supports between pressure pin 34 and the carton retaining frame 33 to have the gap.At this moment, belt 37 does not contact carton 40.
The device that turns on the power drives swing frame 35 and rotates around swing frame axle 36.Swing frame 35 drives moving, drive carton feedway mounted thereto and follow its synchronous swing, thereby belt touches the carton of placing in the carton retaining frame 33 40, one section big carton belt 37 of the thickness that is of contact carton.After carton of belt 37 drives moved to certain position, engine installation began to drive swing frame 35 around swing frame axle 36 counter-rotation, and belt 37 is gradually away from carton 40.The certain position that driven of the carton of below is the watershed area of conveyer belt thickness cataclysm.In this process, that carton that contacts with belt still receives the friction force of belt 37 and moves.Because belt 37 is away from carton 40, belt 37 self has variation in thickness, produces a drop; The bending that the carton of that contacts with conveyer belt above the carton produces owing to self is softer is little than the conveyer belt variation in thickness; The rear end can not taken on the conveyer belt, but sky takes or fall and support on the pressure pin 34, and front end rides on that carton that contacts with belt 37; But because friction force is little between the carton, following carton can not drive top carton motion.Thereby realized that the single of carton fetch and deliver.After carton was fetched and delivered, belt 37 no longer contacted carton 40 away from carton retaining frame 33.
Need to prove: belt 37 can contact carton, and carton is produced friction force, thus drive the carton motion that simultaneously be called the driving surface of belt 37.The part that conveyer belt thickness is big is the reinforcement of conveyer belt, both can with the same model of former conveyer belt, also can be different model, that is: the roughness of surface of one of thickening section conveyer belt can be greater than the roughness of surface of one section conveyer belt of thickening not.At this moment, what contact carton is the big driving surface of roughness of surface of belt 37, and this section driving surface can produce bigger friction force, drives the carton motion; After the carton of below was driven certain position, the top carton of the carton of being fetched and delivered may produce crooked owing to self is softer, and the rear end sky is taken or fallen on the support pressure pin 34; If carton is too soft, the rear end can be taken on one section less conveyer belt of driving surface roughness of surface, but because roughness of surface is less, can not produce enough friction force, thereby can not drive the carton motion.
The bottom of carton retaining frame 33 is open, mainly is to accomplish by supporting pressure pin 34 to the supporting role of carton.Driving swing frame 35 can be air pressure or hydraulic control device around the engine installation that swing frame axle 36 rotates, and engine installation can directly connect swing frame 35, also can connect swing frame axle 36, rotates around swing frame axle 36 as long as can drive swing frame 35.
In the present invention, carton conveyer mechanism 32 connects with ceramic tile cornerite mechanism.Ceramic tile centering, clap in neat, the cornerite process, clap neat plate 12 with ceramic tile clap neat, mention after, carton is fetched and delivered equipment and is got a carton and deliver to through conveyer belt and clap neat ceramic tile below.After ceramic tile carries out cornerite, clap neat plate 12 the piled bricks of cornerite be put on the carton.Like this; In follow-up packed in cases, beat in the band process; The action that can no longer carry brick, put carton, put brick; Just need not design again on the ceramic tile packed in cases tape punch 41 or between ceramic tile packed in cases tape punch 41 and the ceramic tile cornerite mechanism and carry the mechanism that brick is put brick, thereby simplify device structure, reduce cost.
Ceramic tile through folded brick, cornerite, pick and place the packed in cases that just can carry out ceramic tile after the carton and reach to beat and be with.The piled bricks of cornerite places on the carton, is transported to ceramic tile packed in cases tape punch 41 by ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device 9, carries out packed in cases and plays the band operation.Packed in cases reaches to beat is with operation to belong to prior art, and its structure and operation logic are known those of ordinary skills.The present invention sets forth no longer in detail.
Ceramic tile is beaten after the band through packing, just becomes finished product, through transportation, and behind the arrival assigned address, just can shipment, become commodity.
It should be noted last that: above embodiment is the unrestricted technical scheme of the present invention in order to explanation only; Although the present invention is specified with reference to the foregoing description; Will be understood by those skilled in the art that: still can make amendment or be equal to replacement the present invention; And replace any modification or the part that do not break away from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. full-automatically tile packaging facilities; Comprise frame, go up the brick conveyer belt, fold brick mechanism, cornerite mechanism, carton conveyer mechanism; It is characterized in that: folded brick load-transfer device is set in the place ahead of last brick conveyer belt, folded brick drawbar frame is set above folded brick load-transfer device, folded brick drawbar frame is driven by the parallel motion control setup; Fixing pin on frame, pin are positioned at the top of folded brick load-transfer device; The place ahead at folded brick load-transfer device is provided with ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device; On the frame of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device top cornerite string load-transfer device is set; The end adjacent of cornerite string load-transfer device is provided with vertical cornerite dragging track, and cornerite mechanism is positioned at the bottom of vertical cornerite dragging track; On the frame of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device top ceramic tile registration mechanism and cornerite mechanism are set, the carton conveyer mechanism is positioned at a side of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device.
2. a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: support is set in the ceramic tile registration mechanism, claps neat plate, retractor device and jacking system; Clap neat plate and retractor device and link, support and jacking system link, and clap neat plate and retractor device and all are fixed on the support.
3. a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities according to claim 2 is characterized in that: be provided with in the cornerite mechanism and send hornblock and push away angle control, send hornblock and push away angle control to link, send hornblock to be positioned at the bottom of vertical cornerite dragging track.
4. a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities according to claim 3 is characterized in that: send platform is set on the hornblock.
5. a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: the swing posting is set on the frame of cornerite string load-transfer device top, the pincers knife bar that clamps cutter is installed; The swing posting is all hinged with frame with the pincers knife bar, and the swing posting connects actuating device respectively with the pincers knife bar.
6. a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities according to claim 5 is characterized in that: actuating device adopts pulling-rod frame, and pulling-rod frame connects engine installation; The quantity of pincers knife bar is two and is the dihedral setting; The upper position of pulling-rod frame is provided with pushing block, and described pushing block is between two pincers knife bars, and the upper end of two pincers knife bars connects spring; The bottom of pulling-rod frame is provided with wedge, and the swing posting contacts with wedge.
7. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities; It is characterized in that: on the frame of ceramic tile cornerite load-transfer device one side the support pressure pin is set; Hinged swing frame on the frame; Swing frame connects engine installation, and the carton feedway is installed on the swing frame, supports the top that pressure pin is positioned at swing frame.
8. a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the carton feedway adopts pulley gear, and belt is set in the pulley gear, on the belt wherein one section thickness greater than the thickness of another section.
9. a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the upper surface friction coefficient of that section that thickness is bigger on the belt is greater than another section upper surface friction coefficient.
10. a kind of full-automatically tile packaging facilities according to claim 9 is characterized in that: frame first line of a couplet splicing case retaining frame, carton retaining frame is surrounded by the carton baffle plate, between fwd carton baffle plate bottom and the support pressure pin carton outlet is set.
CN2010102688183A 2010-09-01 2010-09-01 Full automatic ceramic tile packaging equipment CN101948014B (en)

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CN102275648B (en) * 2011-05-19 2013-05-29 广东新劲刚超硬材料有限公司 Automatic packing production line of ceramic tiles
CN102658879B (en) * 2012-05-21 2013-09-11 南安市信捷机械有限公司 Novel small-scale drying line for ceramic tile uniformly-distributed array mould-charging paster
CN102658877B (en) * 2012-05-24 2014-07-23 浙江中烟工业有限责任公司 Packaging machine capable of automatically adding corner protectors
CN103979171A (en) * 2013-02-09 2014-08-13 佛山市科信达机器人技术与装备有限公司 Wrap angle laying method applied to ceramic chip group packaging and wrap angle laying device
CN103129766B (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-07-09 福建敏捷机械有限公司 Ceramic tile full-automatic packaging production line
CN103552703B (en) * 2013-11-06 2015-11-18 广州中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所分所 A kind of automatically getting installation and getting dress method for small tiles paster group
CN104773330B (en) * 2014-01-13 2016-09-14 广东科达洁能股份有限公司 A kind of folded brick device
CN104925297B (en) * 2015-04-30 2017-09-29 山东明菲特机械有限公司 Ceramics automatic packaging line
CN105366113B (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-07-25 南京林业大学 A kind of laminated flooring automatic packaging system
CN105819015B (en) * 2016-06-02 2018-01-12 佛山市鼎航智能装备有限公司 A kind of safe edge corner protector and packing machine
CN106114959A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-16 佛山市鼎吉包装技术有限公司 A kind of space delamination ceramics packer
CN108454936A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-08-28 佛山市南海区多麦机械设备有限公司 A kind of full-automatic cornerite packaging production line of ceramic tile

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ITMO20060290A1 (en) * 2006-09-25 2008-03-26 System Spa Apparatus and method for forming packs and composing pallets of ceramic tiles, in particular large format.
CN201023685Y (en) * 2007-04-03 2008-02-20 曾苏跃 Full-automatic ceramic tile packing and producing line
CN201198376Y (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-02-25 广东科达机电股份有限公司 Ceramic tile simple packaging system

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