CN101947128A - Bladder blood clot clearer - Google Patents

Bladder blood clot clearer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101947128A
CN101947128A CN 201010244652 CN201010244652A CN101947128A CN 101947128 A CN101947128 A CN 101947128A CN 201010244652 CN201010244652 CN 201010244652 CN 201010244652 A CN201010244652 A CN 201010244652A CN 101947128 A CN101947128 A CN 101947128A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
end
channel
bladder
fiber bundle
guide fiber
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CN 201010244652
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李为兵
沈文浩
鄢俊安
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中国人民解放军第三军医大学第一附属医院
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Priority to CN 201010244652 priority Critical patent/CN101947128A/en
Publication of CN101947128A publication Critical patent/CN101947128A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a bladder blood clot clearer comprising a rod body, wherein one end of the rod body is an movable end; a flushing channel, a suction channel, a control channel, a light guide fiber bundle and an image guide fiber bundle axially penetrating through the rod body are arranged in the rod body; one ends of the flushing channel, the suction channel, the light guide fiber bundle and the image guide fiber bundle are all paralleled and leveled to the end surface of the movable end of the rod body, and the other ends thereof are respectively connected with a flushing mouth, a suction mouth, a light source and an ocular; a connecting rod is arranged in the control channel; and one end of the connecting rod is articulated with the movable end, and the other end thereof is articulated with a control button for controlling the bending of the movable end. Compared with the prior art, the bladder blood clot clearer of the invention can ensure that blood clots can be observed in a multi-angle mode and cleared when clearing the blood clots in the bladder because a bending system and an endoscopic are arranged; no dead angle is maintained; the operation course is safe and fast; the work efficiency is high; and other functions of treatment, and the like can be realized because a liquid medicine channel is simultaneously provided.

Description

膀胱血块清除器 Bladder clot remover

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于医疗器械技术领域,具体涉及一种膀胱血块清除器。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of medical devices, particularly to a bladder clot remover. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 临床上膀胱内积血形成血凝块后会阻塞道造成尿潴留,一般采用导尿、膀胱内冲洗、吸引等方法处理,严重的需要采用手术打开膀胱清除血块。 [0002] Clinically the bladder after hemorrhage caused by blood clots can block the urinary tract, commonly used catheterization, bladder irrigation, suction processing or the like, using open surgery requires severe bladder remove blood clots. 授权公告号为CN2768793Y 的实用新型公开了一种膀胱血凝块清除机,但是该机在吸取时无法直接观察到血块的具体位置,吸取难度较大,无法全部清除干净。 Authorized announcement No. CN2768793Y utility model discloses a bladder clot removal machine, but the machine can not be observed directly the specific location of the clot in the Pipette difficult, not completely clean. 授权公告号为CN2879982Y的实用新型公开了一种膀胱血块吸除镜,虽然能在吸除的同时观察到血块的位置,但是其吸引管及内窥镜不能转动,视角及清除能力有限,并且功能单一。 Authorized announcement No. CN2879982Y utility model discloses a gettering bladder clot mirror, while at the same time can be observed in the suction position to the clot, but it can not rotate and endoscopic suction pipe, scavenging and limited viewing angle, and the function single.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 有鉴于此,本发明的目的在于提供一种可视性、多功能及高效的膀胱血块清除器。 [0003] In view of this, an object of the present invention is to provide a visibility, versatile and efficient bladder clot remover.

[0004] 本发明的膀胱血块清除器,包括杆体,所述杆体一端为活动端,杆体内设有沿轴向贯通杆体的冲洗通道、吸引通道、控制通道、导光纤维束和导像纤维束,所述冲洗通道、吸引通道、导光纤维束和导像纤维束的一端均与杆体的活动端端面平齐,另一端分别连接冲洗嘴、吸引嘴、光源和目镜,所述控制通道内设有连杆,所述连杆一端与活动端铰接,另一端铰接一个用于控制活动端弯曲的控制钮。 [0004] bladder clot remover of the present invention, comprising a shaft, said one end of the rod is movable end, the rod body is provided with axially extending through the shaft of the flushing channel, suction channel, the control channel, the light guide fiber bundle and the image guide fiber bundle the irrigation channel, suction channel, one end of the light guide and the image guide fiber bundle is fiber bundle and the movable end of each rod is flush with the surface, are connected to the other end of the flushing nozzle, the suction nozzle, the light source and the eyepiece, the site control channel there is a link, the link movable end is hinged at one end to the other end hinged to a free end of the control bending control knob.

[0005] 进一步,所述杆体内还设有沿轴向贯通杆体的给药通道,所述给药通道一端与杆体的活动端端面平齐,另一端连接给药嘴; [0005] Further, the rod body further has a passage axially extending through the administration of the shaft, the movable end of the administration of drugs rod-end face is flush with the other end connected to the mouth of administration;

[0006] 进一步,所述活动端的弯曲角度为30° ; [0006] Further, the movable end of the bend angle of 30 °;

[0007] 进一步,所述杆体直径为4〜8毫米; [0007] Further, the rod having a diameter of 4 to 8 mm;

[0008] 进一步,所述冲洗通道为两条,所述吸引通道的直径为冲洗通道直径的2〜4倍; [0008] Further, the flushing channel is two, the diameter of the suction passage of the flushing channel 2 ~ 4 times the diameter;

[0009] 进一步,所述杆体长度为15〜45厘米。 [0009] Further, the length of the rod 15~45 cm.

[0010] 本发明的有益效果在于:与现有技术相比,本发明膀胱血块清除器由于设有弯曲系统以及内窥系统,在清除膀胱内血块时,可以多角度观察并清除血块,不留死角,手术过程安全快捷,工作效率高;同时配以药液通道,可以实现治疗等其他功能。 [0010] Advantageous effects of the present invention is that: compared with the prior art, the present invention is bladder clot clearing system and provided with a curved since endoscopic system in the removal of blood clots in the bladder, can be observed and remove blood clots angles, leaving no dead during surgery safe, efficient, high working efficiency; the same time with liquid channels, enabling other functions treatment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面将结合附图对本发明作进一步的详细描述,其中: [0011] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the present invention will be further described in detail, wherein:

[0012] 图1为本发明膀胱血块清除器的结构示意图; [0012] FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration of bladder clot remover of the present invention;

[0013] 图2为图1中AA线的剖视示意图; [0013] FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view along the line AA of Figure 1;

[0014] 图3为本发明中控制钮控制活动端弯曲的示意图。 [0014] FIG. 3 is a schematic invention controls the end of the curved control activities. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015] 以下将参照附图,对本发明的优选实施例进行详细的描述。 [0015] below with reference to the accompanying drawings, detailed description of embodiments of the present invention is preferably.

[0016] 如图所示,本发明的膀胱血块清除器,包括杆体1,所述杆体1 一端为活动端3,杆体1内设有沿轴向贯通杆体1的冲洗通道11、吸引通道12、控制通道13、导光纤维束14和导像纤维束15,所述冲洗通道11、吸引通道12、导光纤维束14和导像纤维束15的一端均与杆体1的活动端3端面平齐,另一端分别连接冲洗嘴21、吸引嘴22、光源24和目镜25,所述控制通道13内设有连杆16,所述连杆16—端与活动端3铰接,另一端铰接一个用于控制活动端3弯曲的控制钮26 ;所述活动端3为波纹管结构,通过转动控制钮26,在连杆16的推拉作用下,活动端3可以向上弯曲,在临床操作中通过转动杆体1和控制活动端3弯曲,可以多角度观察并清除血块,不留死角。 [0016] As shown, the bladder clot remover of the present invention, comprises a shaft 1, one end of said rod 3 is movable end, the rod 1 equipped with a shaft axially extending through the flushing passage 11, suction passage 12, the control channel 13, the light guide fiber bundle 14 and image guide fiber bundle 15, the irrigation channel 11, suction passage 12, the light guide fiber bundle 14 and an end of the image guide fiber bundle 15 are flush with the end surface 3 1 of the movable rod end , the other terminal connected flush nozzle 21, the suction nozzle 22, the light source 24 and the eyepiece 25, the control passage 13 equipped with a link 16, 16 and the end of the free end of the connecting rod 3 is hinged, the other end is hinged to a 3 the movable end of the control knob 26 controls bending; 3 the movable end of the bellows structure, by turning the control knob 26, under the action of push rod 16, the movable end 3 may be bent upwardly, in the clinical practice by rotating the rod 1 bending ends 3 and control activities, and clear blood clots can be observed angles, leaving no.

[0017] 本实施例中,所述杆体1内还设有沿轴向贯通杆体1的给药通道17,所述给药通道17 一端与杆体1的活动端3端面平齐,另一端连接给药嘴27 ;所述给给药通道17可以设置两条,通过三通管和给药嘴27连通,设置给药通道17的目的是输入药液治疗。 [0017] In this embodiment, the rod body 1 is provided with further administration of the channel member 1 in the axial direction through the rod 17, one end of the dosing passage 17 is flush with the end surface 3 1 of the movable rod end, and the other end is connected to the mouthpiece 27; administering to the two channels 17 may be provided, communication through the nozzle 27 and dosing tee, channel 17 is provided where the purpose is to enter the treatment liquid.

[0018] 本实施例中,所述活动端3的弯曲角度为30° ;活动端3弯曲角度过大,在吸引血块的过程中容易堵塞,且装置设计更加复杂;活动端3铰接一根连杆16,弯曲角度为30°, 在临床操作中再配合杆体1的转动,即可满足使用需求,且结构非常简单、实用。 [0018] In this embodiment, the movable end 3 of the bending angle 30 °; active end 3 the bending angle is too large, easily clogged during the suction of blood clots, and the more complex apparatus design; 3 movable end hingedly connected one lever 16, the bending angle of 30 °, in clinical practice together with the rotation shaft 1, can meet the requirements, and the structure is very simple and practical.

[0019] 本实施例中,所述杆体1直径为4〜8毫米;杆体1直径不能太小,否则管道太窄, 不能顺利吸引清除血块,成年女性尿道直径为4〜10毫米,成年男性尿道直径为4〜8毫米,因此杆体1直径为4〜8毫米最佳。 [0019] In this embodiment, the rod body 1 is 4 to 8 mm in diameter; the diameter of the rod 1 can not be too small, or too narrow pipes, not smoothly clear the clot attract adult female urethra 4~10 mm in diameter, adult male urethra 4 to 8 mm in diameter, so the diameter of the rod 1 is 4 to 8 mm optimal.

[0020] 本实施例中,所述冲洗通道11为两条,所述吸引通道12的直径为冲洗通道11直径的2〜4倍;所述两条冲洗通道11通过三通管和冲洗嘴21连通,两条冲洗通道11可以达到对流冲洗的效果,由于膀胱内可能会有大的血块,因此吸引通道12的直径最好是大一些,以保证顺利地清除干净。 [0020] In this embodiment, the irrigation channel 11 is two, the diameter of the suction passage 12 is flush ~ 4 times the diameter of the channel 11; the two flushing channels 11 through the tee 21 and the flushing nozzle communication, irrigation channel 11 can reach two flushing the convection effect, since there may be a large blood clots in the bladder, so the diameter of suction channel 12 is preferably larger in order to ensure a smooth cleaned.

[0021] 本实施例中,所述杆体1长度为15〜45厘米;根据男性、女性的尿道长度,可以制作多种长度尺寸的杆体1,方便使用。 [0021] In this embodiment, the length of the rod 1 is 15~45 cm; The length of the urethra male, female, and can produce a variety of length of the rod 1, easy to use.

[0022] 使用时,先将杆体1插入膀胱内,冲洗液通过冲洗嘴21和冲洗通道11进入手术腔,加压冲洗,冲洗后通过吸引通道12和吸引嘴22负压抽出;在冲洗吸引的同时通过目镜25观察膀胱内血块位置及情况,同时操作控制钮26控制活动端3弯曲,如图3所示,通过转动控制钮26,在连杆16的推拉作用下,活动端3可以向上弯曲30°,在操作中通过转动杆体1和控制活动端3弯曲,可以多角度观察并清除血块,不留死角;冲洗吸引完成后,还可以通过给药嘴27和给药通道17输入药液治疗。 [0022] In use, the first rod 1 is inserted into the bladder, flushing fluid through the flushing nozzle 11 into the irrigation channel 21 and cavity surgery, pressure washing, after washing out through the suction passage 12 and the vacuum suction nozzle 22; suction of the rinse simultaneous observation through the eyepiece 25 and the case where the position of blood clots in the bladder, while the control knob 26 controls operation of the movable end 3 is bent, as shown in FIG. 3, by turning the control knob 26, under the action of push rod 16, the movable end may be bent upwardly 3 30 °, in operation, by the rotation of the active lever body 1 and the control terminal 3 is bent, and clear observation angles can clot, leaving; suction completion after rinsing, the input 17 may also be treated by the administration of the drug solution administered nozzle 27 and channels .

[0023] 最后说明的是,以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,尽管通过参照本发明的优选实施例已经对本发明进行了描述,但本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,可以在形式上和细节上对其作出各种各样的改变,而不偏离所附权利要求书所限定的本发明的精神和范围。 [0023] Finally is noted that, the above embodiments are intended to illustrate and not limit the present invention, although the embodiments of the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiment of the invention, but those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood, various changes may be made in form and detail without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention being defined by the appended claims.

4 4

Claims (6)

  1. 膀胱血块清除器,其特征在于:包括杆体(1),所述杆体(1)一端为活动端(3),杆体(1)内设有沿轴向贯通杆体(1)的冲洗通道(11)、吸引通道(12)、控制通道(13)、导光纤维束(14)和导像纤维束(15),所述冲洗通道(11)、吸引通道(12)、导光纤维束(14)和导像纤维束(15)的一端均与杆体(1)的活动端(3)端面平齐,另一端分别连接冲洗嘴(21)、吸引嘴(22)、光源(24)和目镜(25),所述控制通道(13)内设有连杆(16),所述连杆(16)一端与活动端(3)铰接,另一端铰接一个用于控制活动端(3)弯曲的控制钮(26)。 Bladder clot remover, characterized by: a shaft (1), said rod (1) is a movable end at one end (3), the rod (1) is provided with axially extending through the shaft (1) of the flushing channel (11) , suction channel (12), the control channel (13), a light guide fiber bundle (14) and the image guide fiber bundle (15), the flushing channel (11), suction channel (12), a light guide fiber bundle (14) movable end and one end of the image guide fiber bundle (15) are the rod (1) (3) - end, and the other terminal connected to the flushing nozzle (21), the suction nozzle (22), a light source (24) and an eyepiece (25 ), the control passage (13) is provided with a link (16), (16) an end of the movable end of the connecting rod (3) is hinged, the other end is hinged to a free end of the control (3) bending control knob (26).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的膀胱血块清除器,其特征在于:所述杆体(1)内还设有沿轴向贯通杆体⑴的给药通道(17),所述给药通道(17) —端与杆体⑴的活动端(3)端面平齐,另一端连接给药嘴(27)。 The bladder clot remover according to claim 1, wherein: said body further is provided with axially extending through the shaft ⑴ dosing channel (17) (1), the dosing passageway (17) - the end of the free end of shaft ⑴ (3) flush with the end face, and the other end connected to the nozzle administration (27).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的膀胱血块清除器,其特征在于:所述活动端(3)的弯曲角度为30°。 The bladder clot remover of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said movable end (3) of bending angle of 30 °.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或2所述的膀胱血块清除器,其特征在于:所述杆体(1)直径为4〜 8毫米。 The bladder clot remover of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said body (1) having a diameter of 4 ~ 8 mm.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的膀胱血块清除器,其特征在于:所述冲洗通道(11)为两条, 所述吸引通道(12)的直径为冲洗通道(11)直径的2〜4倍。 The bladder clot remover according to claim 4, wherein: said flushing channel (11) is two, the diameter of the suction passage (12) is a flushing channel (11) 2 ~ 4 times the diameter .
  6. 6.根据权利要求1或2所述的膀胱血块清除器,其特征在于:所述杆体(1)长度为15〜45厘米。 The bladder clot remover of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said shaft (1) is 15~45 cm in length.
CN 201010244652 2010-08-04 2010-08-04 Bladder blood clot clearer CN101947128A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103285504A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-11 重庆医科大学 Visualization cavity dosing device
CN107374577A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-11-24 重庆天如生物科技有限公司 Novel gastrointestinal endoscope system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070021737A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2007-01-25 Woojin Lee Surgical instrument guide device
WO2007136859A2 (en) * 2006-05-19 2007-11-29 Avantis Medical Systems, Inc. Device and method for reducing effects of video artifacts
US20080114203A1 (en) * 2006-11-09 2008-05-15 Crank Justin M Orientation Adapter for Injection Tube in Flexible Endoscope
CN201324233Y (en) * 2008-09-12 2009-10-14 夏术阶;赵 炜 Adjustable fiber urethrocystoscope

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070021737A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2007-01-25 Woojin Lee Surgical instrument guide device
WO2007136859A2 (en) * 2006-05-19 2007-11-29 Avantis Medical Systems, Inc. Device and method for reducing effects of video artifacts
US20080114203A1 (en) * 2006-11-09 2008-05-15 Crank Justin M Orientation Adapter for Injection Tube in Flexible Endoscope
CN201324233Y (en) * 2008-09-12 2009-10-14 夏术阶;赵 炜 Adjustable fiber urethrocystoscope

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103285504A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-11 重庆医科大学 Visualization cavity dosing device
CN107374577A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-11-24 重庆天如生物科技有限公司 Novel gastrointestinal endoscope system

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