CN101946831B - Full-automatic flow production line for flat tea and production method thereof - Google Patents

Full-automatic flow production line for flat tea and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101946831B
CN101946831B CN 201010234282 CN201010234282A CN101946831B CN 101946831 B CN101946831 B CN 101946831B CN 201010234282 CN201010234282 CN 201010234282 CN 201010234282 A CN201010234282 A CN 201010234282A CN 101946831 B CN101946831 B CN 101946831B
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tea
tealeaves
machine
automatic
frying
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CN101946831A (en
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苏和生
李革
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Hangzhou Qiandaohu Fengkai Industry Co Ltd
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Hangzhou Qiandaohu Fengkai Industry Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic flow production device for flat tea and a production method thereof. The full-automatic flow production device for the flat tea comprises a tea frying device and a connection conveying device, wherein the tea frying device and the connection conveying device are both connected with a central control cabinet; the tea frying device comprises an automatic quantitative equilibrium feeding machine for fresh tea, a continuous type roller fixing machine, a quick-cooling lifting and conveying machine, a tea dampening machine, a tea automatic strip-finishing machine, a tea automatic quantitative feeding distribution system and 3 to 10 continuous automatic frying machines for the flat tea; and the continuous automatic frying machines for the flat tea are connected with a roller type tea twice-heating flavoring machine and a tea plane screening machine through a groove type tea vibration screening and translation conveyor. The invention effectively solves the problems of dispersal processing, irregular quality, and manpower and device resource waste in the traditional flat tea production and also solves the problems of impure tea taste and low quality in the traditional production device for the flat tea.

Description

The full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea and processing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to processing field of tea leaves, especially relate to a kind of full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea and processing method of suitable flat tea large-scale production.
Background technology
Flat tea is improved seeds in the green tea, and the history of existing more than one thousand years has consequence in tea products.Flat tea profile smooth flat, length, size are evenly neat, and color and luster is emerald green, elegant in smell, vivid quiet and beautiful, deeply is subjected to broad masses' welcome.The processing of flat tea is very complicated traditional handicraft, all is manual frying all the time, and grasping its frying technology is a very long process, and each one tea quality of frying varies simultaneously, and is uneven.In recent years, Flat tea frying machine enters tea grower's huge numbers of families as unit in the innovation of flat tea processing equipment, in tea-processing, brought into play larger effect, but because each one frying technology differs with the level of using machine, the quality level of flat tea processing still exists the universal phenomenon uneven, that tea quality just differs, and has seriously restricted the sound development of Tea Industry.That too disperses adds Tea Processing, and process equipment is difficult to bring into play its maximal efficiency, and utilization rate is lower.Open day be that the patent document that March 25, publication number in 2009 are CN 101390545A discloses a kind of automatic continuous dragon well flat tea production line, comprise successively that the oblique conveyer, bobbing machine, green-keeping machine, the first gooseneck that link to each other are defeated, the first automatic dragon well flat tea maker, cooler, dryer, defeated, the second automatic dragon well flat tea maker of the second gooseneck, the output that the first gooseneck is failed is provided with meausring apparatus.Automatically the dragon well flat tea maker comprises frame, cylinder pressing mechanism, motor, transmission mechanism, control system, tea discharge bucket, described frame is provided with several frying pans, frying pan top is provided with the flight assembly of folding arms, the flight assembly of folding arms connects Self-pressurizing agri mechanism, and the bottom of a pan of frying pan is provided with automatic door-opening mechanism.Open day be that the patent document that July 15, publication number in 2009 are CN 101480207 discloses a kind of automatic flow process line for flat shape tea, by dehydration, the classification of tealeaves, complete, manage the equipment such as bar, frying, microwave moisture regain, press flat forming, brightness pot Titian and screening and be formed by connecting by tea-conveying device, charging device, whole production line is controlled automatically by central control cabinet.This streamline adopts the dolly that feeds intake in conjunction with the mode of the conveyer belt that feeds intake tealeaves to be assigned on the different frying machines, because every frying machine lacks corresponding tealeaves deposit, therefore tealeaves problem out of stock occurs easily, has reduced the operating efficiency of frying machine.Above-mentioned two kinds of flow production lines have solved the problem of the uneven and manpower of processing dispersion, quality that present flat tea production exists, device resource waste to a certain extent.Although the tealeaves of different production line production has different characteristics or local flavor, but above-mentioned two kinds of Tea Production streamlines lack necessary spreading for cooling moisture regain operation behind tea green-keeping, uneven problem can't be effectively controlled inside and outside the quality that tealeaves occurs in process, especially when adopting open type tea green-keeping technique, the phenomenon of the outer Jiao Lisheng of the easier appearance of tealeaves, and the moisture regain operation that is arranged on the streamline back segment does not almost act on this, therefore, the tealeaves that this class production line is produced is given birth to ripe inequality, the tealeaves mouthfeel is impure, can't produce high-quality tealeaves.
Summary of the invention
Uneven and manpower, device resource waste problem provide that a kind of suitable large-scale production, automaticity are high, the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea and the processing method of good product quality for the processing dispersion, the quality that solve present flat tea production and exist in the present invention.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of full-automatic Production line equipment of the high-quality flat tea of tealeaves and processing method of guaranteeing for solving the tealeaves mouthfeel problem impure, that quality is not high that present flat tea production line produces.
The present invention reaches the concrete technical scheme that above-mentioned technical purpose adopts to be: the full-automatic Production line equipment of a kind of flat tea, comprise tea frying equipment and be connected conveying device, tea frying equipment be connected conveying device and all connect central control cabinet, the full-automatic Production line equipment of described flat tea comprises bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine, bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine connects the continous way roller fixation machine, the continous way roller fixation machine connects the tealeaves damping machine by cooling off fast elevating conveyor, the tealeaves damping machine connects the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer connects the automatic carding machine of tealeaves, the automatic carding machine of tealeaves connects automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system by the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system connects 3 to 10 Flat tea frying continuous automatic machines, Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine connects drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine by the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine connects four-groove type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, and four-groove type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer connects tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine.The full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea of the present invention adopts the continous way roller fixation machine, and the amount of cure of this mode tealeaves that completes is higher, inside and outside high conformity, and the tealeaves mouthfeel is pure; The rear employing low temperature mode that completes is cooled off lifting fast with tealeaves, and prior art all adopts the spreading for cooling mode of normal temperature, the cooling of normal temperature mode tealeaves is slow, need the more spreading for cooling time, key is that tealeaves its freshness in relatively long temperature-fall period significantly decreases, so that the finished tea flavescence affects tea color; And the present invention cools off fast by low temperature behind tea green-keeping, and the freshness of tealeaves is kept to greatest extent, has kept more the emerald green color and luster of green tea, has improved significantly the quality of tealeaves.Moisture regain is to make the moisture of tealeaves inside rapidly to external diffusion, thereby reaches inside and outside uniformly purpose, guarantees tea quality.The automatic carding machine of tealeaves adopts the automatic carding machine of groove cooking-pot type tealeaves, and tealeaves is that move on reason bar limit, limit during this carding machine work, is easy to connect into streamline; The present invention begins till the automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system from bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine, and tealeaves is continuously, constant speed flows, and is Production line equipment truly; In addition, the present invention arranges automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system the tealeaves that the production line leading portion flows is distributed to several Flat tea frying continuous automatic machines, under the prerequisite that satisfies the distinctive flattening frying of flat tea operation, guaranteed that the tealeaves of whole production line is mobile; Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine adopts a plurality of frying pans by the form of different frying time, the frying of different frying temperature section; The quantity of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine can consider definite according to the working ability etc. of working ability, institute's tea-processing size and leading portion operation of himself, the Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine of a greater number also can be set, to satisfy the needs of various different situations, when demand was less, some Flat tea frying continuous automatic machines and the corresponding corollary apparatus of closing wherein got final product.Slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer goes in order to the tea dust sieve that will produce in the Tea Production process, wherein the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer has a sufficiently long vibration screening band, the tea export of all Flat tea frying continuous automatic machines all connects this vibration screening band, thereby the multichannel tea frying is merged into one the tunnel.Except the discharging opening of the feed end of bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine and last tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine needs the operative employee looks after, the whole Tea Processing process of production line of the present invention is controlled according to the program of setting in advance by central control cabinet, as long as set in advance the data such as processing temperature, process time and processing capacity of links in the production process, central control cabinet just can be by the production process of the whole streamline of programme-control of setting, need not manual intervention, automaticity is high, can save a large amount of human resources, reduce production cost.
As preferably, automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system comprises the front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor of a platform, front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor connects the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor consistent with Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine quantity by the movable tea dispenser, the movable tea dispenser is arranged on the guide rail by roller, front and back tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is equipped with the conveyer belt of incline structure, the low side of conveyer belt is feed end, high-end is discharge end, the feed end top of conveyer belt is provided with feed hopper, the discharge end below of conveyer belt is provided with rotary discharge bucket, and discharge bucket is arranged on the Weighing mechanism.Automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system is that the tealeaves of processing through early stage is distributed to several the Flat tea frying continuous automatic machines that are arranged in parallel.After crossing front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor and promote, weigh through the tea leaf of processing early stage, the tealeaves of constant weight is sent on the movable tea dispenser, the movable tea dispenser can be mobile at guide rail by roller, tealeaves is sent on the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor that connects Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine, after rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor again will promote, weigh, the tealeaves of specified quantity is sent into Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine, and front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is consistent with the basic structure of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor.
As preferably, the top of movable tea dispenser is provided with rotary receiving hopper, the bottom is provided with roller driving mechanism, and the feed hopper of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is provided with tea amount testing agency, and the movable tea dispenser is provided with the position sensor suitable with tea amount testing agency.The receiving hopper of movable tea dispenser is used for passing on tealeaves, when the tealeaves in the enterprising hopper of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is less than certain quantity, tea amount testing agency sends reinforced signal, the movable tea dispenser that is in wait state will move to the relevant position, for rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is carried tealeaves, because the tealeaves conveying capacity of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor only is the part of front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor, and the time of staying of tealeaves in Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine is longer, therefore a movable tea dispenser just can provide tealeaves for tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor behind many platforms, usually the feed hopper of tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor can store enough tealeaves before and after, can satisfy the tealeaves circulation requirement in the production process, tealeaves phenomenon out of stock can not occur.
Adopt its tealeaves assigning process of streamline of above-mentioned automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system as follows: the tea leaf of finishing the reason bar is crossed the feed hopper on the front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor that enters automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system after the screening of the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor enters discharge bucket after tealeaves is promoted, when the tealeaves of discharge bucket reaches the weight of setting, the conveyer belt of front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor stops, discharge bucket rotates pours tealeaves on the movable tea dispenser receiving hopper, and discharge bucket resets, and the conveyer belt of tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor continues to carry tealeaves before the rear unlatching; The movable tea dispenser moves to the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor next door of the tea amount deficiency of appointment along guide rail, tealeaves in the receiving hopper is poured into the feed hopper of the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor of appointment, after the receiving hopper of movable tea dispenser resetted, the movable tea dispenser moved along guide rail and moves to initial position and accept tealeaves; Conveyer belt on the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor rotates, and enters discharge bucket after tealeaves is promoted, and when the tealeaves of discharge bucket reached the weight of setting, the conveyer belt of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor stopped, and discharge bucket rotates and pours tealeaves into Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine.When the tealeaves in the enterprising hopper of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor was less than certain quantity, tea amount testing agency sent reinforced signal, and the movable tea dispenser that is in wait state will move to the relevant position, for rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is carried tealeaves.
As preferably, bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine comprises the conveyer belt that is obliquely installed, the low side of conveyer belt is feed end, high-end is discharge end, the top, middle part of conveyer belt is provided with material limiting device, material limiting device comprises adjustable limiting plate and the loopback wheel that arranges near adjustable limiting plate, the length of adjustable limiting plate and loopback wheel and the width of conveyer belt are suitable, the loopback wheel is provided with the material toggling pawl, the material toggling pawl is arcuation, the direction of rotation of its pawl point direction and material toggling pawl, the material toggling direction of material toggling pawl is opposite with the feed direction of conveyer belt, the inclined setting of adjustable limiting plate and conveyer belt surface, the incline direction of limiting plate is consistent with the feed direction of conveyer belt, the angle between limiting plate and the conveyer belt be 120 the degree to 140 the degree, the side that rewinds of conveyer belt is provided with rotating brush, the length of rotating brush and the width of conveyer belt are suitable, and the rotating brush below is provided with the case that connects material.Conveyer belt is delivered to the tea leaf conveying in the stationary hopper discharge end of higher position, tealeaves is from the discharge end continous way roller fixation machine of conveyer belt, the effect of material limiting device is to guarantee that tealeaves quantitatively, balancedly carry, prevent from occurring on the conveyer belt tealeaves situation in heaps, the tealeaves in heaps that conveyer belt occurs when transmitting tealeaves can enter the continous way roller fixation machine at one time, thereby affects the smooth running of Tea Processing operation; Adjustable limiting plate is used for the height of tealeaves on the limit transport band, and restriction is piled up too high tealeaves and upwards transmitted; Material toggling pawl on the loopback wheel will be piled up backward clawback of too high tealeaves, prevent from occurring on the conveyer belt tealeaves situation in heaps thereby reach.Adopt the mode of limiting plate and loopback wheel combination to control tea amount, can guarantee that tealeaves is quantitative, balancedly carry, although alone limiting plate or loopback wheel also can reach the purpose of restriction tealeaves to a certain extent, but alone limiting plate may cause tealeaves to be piled up at the limiting plate place, alone loopback wheel then may leak the tealeaves of some accumulation or need the loopback wheel just can reach requirement with faster speed rotation, and the too fast easy damage tealeaves of loopback wheel speed, reduce the quality of tealeaves, adopt mode that limiting plate and loopback wheel make up to rest near the limiting plate bottom owing to tealeaves is subject to stopping of limiting plate, the loopback wheel can adopt slower rotating speed with the tealeaves clawback of piling up, accomplish not only to prevent the tealeaves accumulation but also do not damage tealeaves, solved well problem.For the initial stage of Tea Processing, the material toggling pawl of arc structure is conducive to disperse the tealeaves piled up, and the direction of rotation of pawl point direction and material toggling pawl is in order to prevent that the material toggling pawl from damaging tealeaves.Limiting plate and conveyer belt surface be inclined to arrange the bottom that can shorten limiting plate and the distance between the material toggling pawl on the loopback wheel, thereby the tealeaves of limited plate resistance gear is dialled from limiting plate by the material toggling pawl as early as possible, prevented that the tealeaves of limiting plate bottom from damaging because of long-time the accumulation.The rotating brush that rewinds side of conveyer belt is used for removing the tealeaves that sticks on the conveyer belt, eliminates residual tealeaves to the impact of conveyer belt running, and the tealeaves that falls down simultaneously falls into the case that connects material of rotating brush below, thereby has reduced raw-material waste.
As preferably, cool off fast the blowing device that elevating conveyor comprises conveyer belt and connects refrigeration mechanism, blowing device is located at the conveyer belt top, and the leaving air temp of blowing device is 3 ℃ to 8 ℃.Used for conveyer belt is in promoting tealeaves, refrigeration mechanism can guarantee that the wind that blowing device blows out has enough low temperature, but the leaving air temp of blowing device can not be excessively low, crossing low temperature may make the part tealeaves near blowing device freeze, thereby affect tea leaf quality, according to size and the flowing velocity of tealeaves, the leaving air temp of blowing device is selected between 3 ℃ to 8 ℃ usually.
As preferably, it is tea lifter with the conveying device that is connected between the screen-dividing machine of tealeaves plane that the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and the automatic carding machine of tealeaves, the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine, four-groove type tea leaf vibration screen the translation conveyer.The effect of tea lifter is the height that promotes tealeaves, makes it be higher than the charging aperture of later process; Also can adopt the stagger streamline, thereby exempt corresponding tea lifter, reach the saving cost and be dealt into purpose.
As preferably, the frame of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine is provided with automatic oiling mechanism, described automatic oiling mechanism comprises the body that is arranged on the frying pan top and drives the motor that body rotates, the one end sealing of body also connects motor, other end opening also is provided with stopper, the side of body is provided with row's discharge opening, discharge opening axially is arranged in a linear body, described automatic oiling mechanism is arranged on the first frying pan top of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine, the length direction of body is consistent with the length direction of frying pan, the openend of body is arranged on to be with on the jagged holder, and the blind end of body is arranged on the sliding seat, and sliding seat and frame are hinged.Automatic oiling mechanism adds tea oil for the tea frying process, and tea oil is white powder, is a kind of preparation of allowing interpolation in the tealeaves manufacturing process.Tea juice in the tea frying process is sticking pot easily, thereby causes tealeaves to play knot, and is black, and tea oil then plays the effect in the lubricated the bottom of a pan, is conducive to prevent the tealeaves blackout, makes tealeaves have preferably color and luster and brightness.Normally manually add by rule of thumb tea oil in the tealeaves manufacturing process of prior art, randomness is larger.And tea oil very fewly causes tealeaves to play knot easily, tealeaves is black, and tea oil is crossed affects mouthfeel at most.The present invention adopts automatic oiling mechanism to add tea oil, rotary body is set above the first frying pan, can tea oil in the body, when interpolation tealeaves begins frying in the first frying pan, body is rotated a circle, and a certain amount of tea oil flows into frying pan by the discharge opening on the tube wall, thereby the automatic ration of realizing tea oil adds, avoid the randomness of artificial interpolation, guaranteed the quality of tealeaves.
As preferably, tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine connects automatic packaging machine of tea.Automatic packaging machine of tea can carry out automatic packaging and vanning with the different size tealeaves that flows out in the screen-dividing machine of tealeaves plane, thereby further improves the automaticity of Tea Production.
The flat tea processing method of the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea is controlled with being connected conveying device the tea frying equipment on the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea by central control cabinet, may further comprise the steps:
A. fresh tea passes is poured into bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine, bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine is promoted to a high position continuously, equably with tealeaves, enters the continous way roller fixation machine;
B. the temperature that completes of continous way roller fixation machine is controlled between 200 ℃ to 380 ℃;
C. finish the tealeaves that completes and enter quick cooling elevating conveyor, tealeaves cools off fast, promotes at quick cooling elevating conveyor, and chilling temperature is controlled at 3 ℃ to 8 ℃;
D. the tealeaves of finishing quick cooling enters the tealeaves damping machine, and the moisture regain temperature of tealeaves damping machine is controlled at 20 ℃ to 50 ℃;
E. the tealeaves of finishing moisture regain enters the automatic carding machine of tealeaves by tea lifter after the screening of the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the reason bar temperature of the automatic carding machine of tealeaves is 180 ℃ to 80 ℃;
F. finish and enter automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system after the tea leaf of managing bar is crossed the screening of the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, automatically, quantitatively tealeaves is distributed to each Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine, Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine adopts a plurality of frying pans by the form of different frying time, the frying of different frying temperature section, and the frying temperature of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine is controlled at 200 ℃ to 80 ℃;
G. each road tealeaves of finishing frying enters the screening of the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and merges, tea leaf after the screening is crossed tea lifter and is entered drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine, and the brightness pot temperature of drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine is controlled at 40 ℃ to 120 ℃;
H. the tealeaves of finishing the brightness pot enters four-groove type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, and the tea leaf after the screening is crossed tea lifter and entered tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine sieving and grading.
As the preferred version of above-mentioned processing method, the flowing velocity that tealeaves cools off on elevating conveyor, tealeaves damping machine, the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the automatic carding machine of tealeaves and the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer at automatic ration uniform feeding machine, continous way roller fixation machine, fast is identical.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: it has solved the problem of the uneven and manpower of processing dispersion, quality that present flat tea production exists, device resource waste effectively; also solved the problem that the tealeaves mouthfeel is impure, quality is not high that present flat tea production line is produced; the present invention is fit to large-scale production; automaticity height, good product quality, with short production cycle; particularly the artificial technology's work with complexity converts intelligentized streamline production to, can save a large amount of human resources.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of production procedure block diagram of the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of the bright leaf automatic ration of the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea of the present invention uniform feeding machine;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation that the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea of the present invention cools off elevating conveyor fast;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation of the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea of the present invention tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor;
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural representation of the automatic carding machine of flat tea of the present invention full-automatic Production line equipment tealeaves;
Fig. 6 is a kind of structural representation of the bright leaf Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine of the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural representation of the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea of the present invention automatic oiling mechanism.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of technical solution of the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 is the production procedure block diagram of the embodiment of the invention 1, the full-automatic Production line equipment of a kind of flat tea, comprise tea frying equipment and be connected conveying device, tea frying equipment be connected conveying device and all connect central control cabinet, the full-automatic Production line equipment of described flat tea comprises bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine (see figure 2), bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine comprises the conveyer belt 3 that is obliquely installed, the low side of conveyer belt is feed end 1, high-end is discharge end 2, the top, middle part of conveyer belt is provided with material limiting device, material limiting device comprises adjustable limiting plate 4 and the loopback wheel 5 that arranges near adjustable limiting plate, adjustable limiting plate connects lifting motor 26, the length of adjustable limiting plate and loopback wheel and the width of conveyer belt are suitable, the loopback wheel is provided with material toggling pawl 6, the material toggling pawl is arcuation, the direction of rotation of its pawl point direction and material toggling pawl, the material toggling direction of material toggling pawl is opposite with the feed direction of conveyer belt, the inclined setting of adjustable limiting plate and conveyer belt surface, the incline direction of limiting plate is consistent with the feed direction of conveyer belt, angle between limiting plate and the conveyer belt is that 120 degree are to 140 degree, the side that rewinds of conveyer belt is provided with rotating brush 7, the length of rotating brush and the width of conveyer belt are suitable, and the rotating brush below is provided with the case 8 that connects material.Bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine connects the continous way roller fixation machine, the continous way roller fixation machine connects the tealeaves damping machine by cooling off fast elevating conveyor, cooling elevating conveyor (see figure 3) comprises the blowing device 10 of conveyer belt and connection refrigeration mechanism 9 fast, blowing device is located at the conveyer belt top, and the leaving air temp adjustable extent of blowing device is 3 ℃ to 8 ℃.
The tealeaves damping machine connects the automatic carding machine (see figure 5) of tealeaves through the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and tea lifter, the automatic carding machine of tealeaves is the groove cooking-pot type, its feed end is provided with tealeaves distribution plate 23, and distribution plate connects elongated slot 24, and the end of elongated slot is blow tank 25.The automatic carding machine of tealeaves connects automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system by the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system adopts the dolly automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system that feeds intake that is dragged by conveyer belt of prior art to connect 3 Flat tea frying continuous automatic machines, Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine is by the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer connects drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine by tea lifter, and drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine connects tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine by four-groove type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and tea lifter.
The flat tea processing method of the full-automatic Production line equipment of the flat tea of embodiment 1 is by central control cabinet the tea frying equipment on the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea to be controlled with being connected conveying device, and its process may further comprise the steps:
A. fresh tea passes is poured into bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine, bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine is promoted to a high position continuously, equably with tealeaves, enters the continous way roller fixation machine;
B. the temperature that completes of continous way roller fixation machine is controlled between 200 ℃ to 380 ℃;
C. finish the tealeaves that completes and enter quick cooling elevating conveyor, tealeaves cools off fast, promotes at quick cooling elevating conveyor, and chilling temperature is controlled at 3 ℃ to 8 ℃;
D. the tealeaves of finishing quick cooling enters the tealeaves damping machine, and the moisture regain temperature of tealeaves damping machine is controlled at 20 ℃ to 50 ℃;
E. the tealeaves of finishing moisture regain enters the automatic carding machine of tealeaves by tea lifter after the screening of the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the reason bar temperature of the automatic carding machine of tealeaves is 180 ℃ to 80 ℃;
F. finish and enter automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system after the tea leaf of managing bar is crossed the screening of the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, automatically, quantitatively tealeaves is distributed to each Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine, Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine adopts a plurality of frying pans by the form of different frying time, the frying of different frying temperature section, and the frying temperature of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine is controlled at 200 ℃ to 80 ℃;
G. each road tealeaves of finishing frying enters the screening of the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and merges, tea leaf after the screening is crossed tea lifter and is entered drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine, and the brightness pot temperature of drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine is controlled at 40 ℃ to 120 ℃;
H. the tealeaves of finishing the brightness pot enters four-groove type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, and the tea leaf after the screening is crossed tea lifter and entered tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine sieving and grading.
Embodiment 2
The Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine quantity of embodiment 2 is 6, automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system comprises the front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor of a platform, front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor connects tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor behind 6 platforms by the movable tea dispenser, the movable tea dispenser is arranged on the guide rail by roller, front and back tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is equipped with the conveyer belt of incline structure, the low side of conveyer belt is feed end, high-end is discharge end, the feed end top of conveyer belt is provided with feed hopper, the discharge end below of conveyer belt is provided with rotary discharge bucket 11, and discharge bucket is arranged on (see figure 4) on the Weighing mechanism 12.The top of movable tea dispenser is provided with rotary receiving hopper, the bottom is provided with roller driving mechanism, the feed hopper of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is provided with tea amount testing agency, and the movable tea dispenser is provided with the position sensor suitable with tea amount testing agency.The flowing velocity that tealeaves cools off on elevating conveyor, tealeaves damping machine, the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the automatic carding machine of tealeaves and the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer at automatic ration uniform feeding machine, continous way roller fixation machine, fast is identical.All the other are identical with embodiment 1.
The tealeaves assigning process of the automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system of embodiment 2 is as follows: the tea leaf of finishing the reason bar is crossed the feed hopper on the front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor that enters automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system after the screening of the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor enters discharge bucket after tealeaves is promoted, when the tealeaves of discharge bucket reaches the weight of setting, the conveyer belt of front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor stops, discharge bucket rotates pours tealeaves on the movable tea dispenser receiving hopper, and discharge bucket resets, and the conveyer belt of tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor continues to carry tealeaves before the rear unlatching; The movable tea dispenser moves to the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor next door of the tea amount deficiency of appointment along guide rail, tealeaves in the receiving hopper is poured into the feed hopper of the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor of appointment, after the receiving hopper of movable tea dispenser resetted, the movable tea dispenser moved along guide rail and moves to initial position and accept tealeaves; Conveyer belt on the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor rotates, and enters discharge bucket after tealeaves is promoted, and when the tealeaves of discharge bucket reached the weight of setting, the conveyer belt of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor stopped, and discharge bucket rotates and pours tealeaves into Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine.When the tealeaves in the enterprising hopper of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor was less than certain quantity, tea amount testing agency sent reinforced signal, and the movable tea dispenser that is in wait state will move to the relevant position, for rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is carried tealeaves.In addition, by central control cabinet to the tea frying equipment on the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea be connected conveying device and control, so that the flowing velocity that tealeaves cools off on elevating conveyor, tealeaves damping machine, the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the automatic carding machine of tealeaves and the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer at automatic ration uniform feeding machine, continous way roller fixation machine, fast is identical, all the other are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
The Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine quantity of embodiment 3 is 9, the frame of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine is provided with automatic oiling mechanism 13(and sees Fig. 6), described automatic oiling mechanism comprises the body 14 that is arranged on the frying pan top and drives the motor 15 that body rotates, the one end sealing of body also connects motor, other end opening also is provided with stopper 16, the side of body is provided with row's discharge opening 17, discharge opening axially is arranged in a linear body, tea oil is placed in the cavity 22 of body, described automatic oiling mechanism is arranged on the first frying pan 18 tops of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine, the length direction of body is consistent with the length direction of frying pan, the openend of body is arranged on the holder 20 with recess 19, the blind end of body is arranged on the sliding seat 21, the hinged (see figure 7) of sliding seat and frame, all the other are identical with embodiment 2.
When interpolation tealeaves begins frying in the first frying pan, automatic oiling mechanism work, the driven by motor body rotates a circle, tea oil in the body flows into frying pan by the discharge opening on the tube wall, how much can being controlled by the rotating speed of regulating electric machine of tea oil amount, thereby the automatic ration of realizing tea oil adds, and has avoided the randomness of artificial interpolation, has guaranteed the quality of tealeaves.
In the above-described embodiments, connect automatic packaging machine of tea in the back of tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine, then consist of new embodiment.

Claims (6)

1. full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea, it is characterized in that: the full-automatic Production line equipment of described flat tea comprises bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine, bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine connects the continous way roller fixation machine, the continous way roller fixation machine connects the tealeaves damping machine by cooling off fast elevating conveyor, the tealeaves damping machine connects the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer connects the automatic carding machine of tealeaves, the automatic carding machine of tealeaves connects automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system by the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system connects 3 to 10 Flat tea frying continuous automatic machines, Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine connects drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine by the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine connects four-groove type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, and four-groove type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer connects tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine; Described quick cooling elevating conveyor comprises the blowing device (10) of conveyer belt and connection refrigeration mechanism (9), and blowing device is located at the conveyer belt top, and the leaving air temp of blowing device is 3 ℃ to 8 ℃; Described bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine comprises the conveyer belt (3) that is obliquely installed, the low side of conveyer belt is feed end (1), high-end is discharge end (2), the top, middle part of conveyer belt is provided with material limiting device, material limiting device comprises adjustable limiting plate (4) and the loopback wheel (5) that arranges near adjustable limiting plate, the length of adjustable limiting plate and loopback wheel and the width of conveyer belt are suitable, the loopback wheel is provided with material toggling pawl (6), the material toggling pawl is arcuation, the direction of rotation of its pawl point direction and material toggling pawl, the material toggling direction of material toggling pawl is opposite with the feed direction of conveyer belt, the inclined setting of adjustable limiting plate and conveyer belt surface, the incline direction of limiting plate is consistent with the feed direction of conveyer belt, angle between limiting plate and the conveyer belt is that 120 degree are to 140 degree, the side that rewinds of conveyer belt is provided with rotating brush (7), and the length of rotating brush and the width of conveyer belt are suitable, and the rotating brush below is provided with the case that connects material (8); Described automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system comprises the front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor of a platform, front tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor connects the rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor consistent with Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine quantity by the movable tea dispenser, the movable tea dispenser is arranged on the guide rail by roller, front and back tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is equipped with the conveyer belt of incline structure, the low side of conveyer belt is feed end, high-end is discharge end, the feed end top of conveyer belt is provided with feed hopper, the discharge end below of conveyer belt is provided with rotary discharge bucket (11), and discharge bucket is arranged on the Weighing mechanism (12); The frame of described Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine is provided with automatic oiling mechanism (13), described automatic oiling mechanism comprises the body (14) that is arranged on the frying pan top and drives the motor (15) that body rotates, the one end sealing of body also connects motor, other end opening also is provided with stopper (16), the side of body is provided with row's discharge opening (17), discharge opening axially is arranged in a linear body, described automatic oiling mechanism is arranged on the first frying pan (18) top of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine, the length direction of body is consistent with the length direction of frying pan, the openend of body is arranged on on the holder of recess (19) (20), the blind end of body is arranged on the sliding seat (21), and sliding seat and frame are hinged.
2. the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea according to claim 1, the top that it is characterized in that described movable tea dispenser is provided with rotary receiving hopper, the bottom is provided with roller driving mechanism, the feed hopper of rear tealeaves apron quantitive conveyor is provided with tea amount testing agency, and the movable tea dispenser is provided with the position sensor suitable with tea amount testing agency.
3. the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea according to claim 1 is characterized in that it is tea lifter with the conveying device that is connected between the screen-dividing machine of tealeaves plane that described the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and the automatic carding machine of tealeaves, the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine, four-groove type tea leaf vibration screen the translation conveyer.
4. according to claim 1 and 2 or the full-automatic Production line equipment of 3 described flat teas, it is characterized in that tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine connects automatic packaging machine of tea.
5. the flat tea processing method of the full-automatic Production line equipment of flat tea according to claim 1 is characterized in that the flat tea process may further comprise the steps:
A. fresh tea passes is poured into bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine, bright leaf automatic ration uniform feeding machine is promoted to a high position continuously, equably with tealeaves, enters the continous way roller fixation machine;
B. the temperature that completes of continous way roller fixation machine is controlled between 200 ℃ to 380 ℃;
C. finish the tealeaves that completes and enter quick cooling elevating conveyor, tealeaves cools off fast, promotes at quick cooling elevating conveyor, and chilling temperature is controlled at 3 ℃ to 8 ℃;
D. the tealeaves of finishing quick cooling enters the tealeaves damping machine, and the moisture regain temperature of tealeaves damping machine is controlled at 20 ℃ to 50 ℃;
E. the tealeaves of finishing moisture regain enters the automatic carding machine of tealeaves by tea lifter after the screening of the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the reason bar temperature of the automatic carding machine of tealeaves is 180 ℃ to 80 ℃;
F. finish and enter automatic quantitative tea-leaf feeding distribution system after the tea leaf of managing bar is crossed the screening of the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, automatically, quantitatively tealeaves is distributed to each Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine, Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine adopts a plurality of frying pans by the form of different frying time, the frying of different frying temperature section, and the frying temperature of Flat tea frying continuous automatic machine is controlled at 200 ℃ to 80 ℃;
G. each road tealeaves of finishing frying enters the screening of the 3rd slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer and merges, tea leaf after the screening is crossed tea lifter and is entered drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine, and the brightness pot temperature of drum-type tea brightness pot fragrance extracting machine is controlled at 40 ℃ to 120 ℃;
H. the tealeaves of finishing the brightness pot enters four-groove type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, and the tea leaf after the screening is crossed tea lifter and entered tealeaves plane screen-dividing machine sieving and grading.
6. flat tea processing method according to claim 5 is characterized in that tealeaves is identical in automatic ration uniform feeding machine, continous way roller fixation machine, the flowing velocity cooled off on elevating conveyor, tealeaves damping machine, the first slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer, the automatic carding machine of tealeaves and the second slot type tea leaf vibration screening translation conveyer fast.
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