CN101946678A - Method for cultivating sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang - Google Patents

Method for cultivating sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101946678A
CN101946678A CN2010102463870A CN201010246387A CN101946678A CN 101946678 A CN101946678 A CN 101946678A CN 2010102463870 A CN2010102463870 A CN 2010102463870A CN 201010246387 A CN201010246387 A CN 201010246387A CN 101946678 A CN101946678 A CN 101946678A
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China
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root
red
spotted stonecrop
shitai county
shitaiense
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CN2010102463870A
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CN101946678B (en
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郑艳
李媛媛
李春雨
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Anhui Normal University
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Anhui Normal University
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cultivating sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang. The method comprises the following steps of: 1, washing the roots of field-acquired or tissue-cultured sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang and appropriately cutting old and ill roots as well as old and yellow leaves; and b, submerging the treated root system of the sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang in nutrition solution until white water roots are grown so as to obtain a potted landscape for selling, wherein the submersion length of the root system does not surpass a half of a total length. Compared with the prior art, the cultivated sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang is difficult to suffer from root rotting and the potted landscape manufactured from the sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang is particularly suitable for indoor arrangement at night.

Description

The breeding method of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop
Technical field
The invention belongs to the breeding method of plant, belong to the breeding method of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop especially.
Background technology
Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop (Sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang) is the Crassulaceae Sedum new plant that Zheng Yan (2000) delivers.Observe this perennial evergreen meat herbaceous plant of discovery except that the advantage that possesses Crassulaceae plants such as stringy stonecrop, stringy stonecrop by cultivation, domestication and the research of more than ten years, also have the following advantages: cold-resistant (the reproduction branch can still keep vitality at subzero 10 ℃), easily cultivation breeding (plant division, cuttage, seed, with cauline leaf etc. as explant carry out tissue culture etc. all can), the anti-accumulating of seedling; Spoon shape obovate is to the green plump blade gracefulness of width egg shape, tip nick; Morning at florescence and florescence are long, and cyme bright-coloured chrysanthemum in full bloom is ornamental and ornamental all good about the annual Spring Festival.Yet up to now, the training method of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop is that mixotrophism Jie of soil and fallen leaves, weeds, bamboo bits and/or wood chip cultivates.This cultivation method based on soil is because of root system of plant very easily mashed root even can cause plant death under the ponding situation.And mixtures such as soil or soil and fallen leaves impurity grow mosquito easily, and incubation time is long simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides the breeding method of its survival rate of effective raising and easy and simple to handle Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop.
The technical scheme of technical solution problem of the present invention is: the breeding method of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop may further comprise the steps:
Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop of a, Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop to field acquisition or tissue culture is washed root and is handled; Suitably wipe out old root, the yellow leaf of old complaint and Lao Ye;
B, the root system of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop of handling well is immersed in the nutrient solution, the length that root system immerses is no more than 1/2 of total length, generates up to the water root of adularescent, can sell as potted landscape; Described nutrient solution prepares by the following method: silkworm excrement is ground to form granularity less than 40 orders, carry out water again and carry, extraction temperature 40-80 ℃, extraction time 10-60 minute, material-water ratio (weight per volume) 1: 10-30 filtered, obtain filtrate, filtrate is diluted to 10-15 doubly (volume ratio), get final product;
Preferred extraction temperature is 60 ℃, extraction time 40 minutes, material-water ratio 1: 20.
The shape of described container without limits.
The material of preferred container is a glass.
Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop potted landscape can be cultivated with nutrient solution after selling, and also can cultivate with running water.
Existing in the market hydroponic plant night respiration vigorous, can discharge a large amount of carbonic acid gas, if put plant, be unfavorable for nighttime sleep in the bedroom, many consumers have to night plant be shifted out the bedroom.
The inventor thinks because the sengreen root is tiny focuses mostly in soil surface 2 centimeters, if excess moisture in the medium causes the medium anoxic, root system respiration is obstructed, and is in wet condition for a long time, will cause root system to rot.Simultaneously, plant is responsive for the growing environment of oneself, live by Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop being carried out the water root that water planting grows, having adapted in the water, thereby solved effectively a mashed root problem.
But Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop root system of water planting is fully in the submergence entry, because root system of plant (except absorbing nutrition and moisture) still will be breathed.At most can only submergence 1/2nd.If submergence fully also can cause mashed root.
The present invention compared with prior art, Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop of cultivating out is difficult for mashed root, with its potted landscape of producing, because Crassulaceae (Crassulaceae) plant has crassulacean acid metabolism approach (CAM circulation), discharge oxygen in the dark, these characteristics are determining and Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop potted landscape can be positioned in the middle of the bedroom, and needn't worry the oxygen of plant in can drain space.Be specially adapted to indoor placement at night.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that utilizes the made potted landscape of the inventive method.
As shown in Figure 1: 1 is that Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop, 2 is that field planting basket, 3 is that container, 4 is that nutrient solution, 5 is that aquatic animal, 6 is the solid ornament.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is done detailed explanation.
Embodiment 1:
Embodiment one
1, Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop to field acquisition or tissue culture is washed the root processing, suitably wipes out old root, the yellow leaf of old complaint and Lao Ye;
2, Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop 1 usefulness field planting basket 2 of handling well is fixed in various materials (as glass, plastics, pottery) different shape is (as circle, cylindrical, goblet shape) on the container on 3 (as shown in Figure 1), the length that root system immerses is no more than 1/2 of total length, up to the water root generation of adularescent, can sell as potted landscape; Described nutrient solution prepares by the following method: silkworm excrement is ground to form granularity less than 40 orders, carry out water again and carry, 40 ℃ of extraction temperatures, extraction time 60 minutes, material-water ratio (weight per volume) 1: 30 filters, obtain filtrate, filtrate is diluted to 10 times (volume ratios), get final product;
In order to strengthen the dynamic effect of potted landscape, also can in container 3, place some small-sized aquatic animals 5 (as small fish), also can place solid ornament 6 (as colored stone, little shell) at container bottom if needed.
Embodiment 2:
Except that the preparation method of nutrient solution, all the other are identical with embodiment 1.
The preparation method of described nutrient solution: silkworm excrement is ground to form granularity less than 40 orders, carry out water again and carry, 60 ℃ of extraction temperatures, extraction time 40 minutes, material-water ratio (weight per volume) 1: 20 filters, and obtains filtrate, and filtrate is diluted to 10 times (volume ratios), gets final product;
Embodiment 3:
Except that the preparation method of nutrient solution, all the other are identical with embodiment 1.
The preparation method of described nutrient solution: silkworm excrement is ground to form granularity less than 40 orders, carry out water again and carry, 80 ℃ of extraction temperatures, extraction time 60 minutes, material-water ratio (weight per volume) 1: 30 filters, and obtains filtrate, and filtrate is diluted to 15 times (volume ratios), gets final product;
Embodiment 4:
Growing white water root with nutrient solution at Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop, cultivating with the water that meets the running water standard.
Embodiment 5
Remove other plants such as collocation musciform red-spotted stonecrop, stringy stonecrop, stringy stonecrop, carry out outside the water planting, all the other and embodiment 1 are identical.
Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop potted landscape that embodiment 1,2,3,4 is cultivated, through behind the two weeks, the phenomenon of mashed root does not produce.The root system of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop potted landscape that embodiment 2 is cultivated is than the root system prosperity of other embodiment.

Claims (3)

1. the breeding method of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop of a, Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop to field acquisition or tissue culture is washed root and is handled, and suitably wipes out old root, the yellow leaf of old complaint and Lao Ye;
B, the root system of Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop of handling well is immersed in the nutrient solution, the length that root system immerses is no more than 1/2 of total length, generates up to the water root of adularescent, can sell as potted landscape; Described nutrient solution prepares by the following method: silkworm excrement is ground to form granularity less than 40 orders, carry out water again and carry, extraction temperature 40-80 ℃, extraction time 10-60 minute, material-water ratio (weight per volume) 1: 10-30 filtered, obtain filtrate, filtrate is diluted to 10-15 doubly (volume ratio), get final product.
2. the breeding method of Shitai County according to claim 1 red-spotted stonecrop is characterized in that: in the preparation of described nutrient solution, extraction temperature is 60 ℃, extraction time 40 minutes, material-water ratio 1: 20.
3. the breeding method of Shitai County according to claim 1 red-spotted stonecrop is characterized in that: Shitai County's red-spotted stonecrop potted landscape is cultivated with nutrient solution or running water after selling.
CN2010102463870A 2010-07-30 2010-07-30 Method for cultivating sedum shitaiense Yan Zheng et D.C.Zhang Active CN101946678B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102177798A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-09-14 太原师范学院 Method for making potted landscape
CN105165575A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-12-23 罗佳佳 Cultivation method facilitating rapid growth of cotyledon ladismithen
CN106386445A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-02-15 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Rooting method of Hylotelephium erythrostictum by using water culture and cutting

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1559181A (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-01-05 中国水稻研究所 Method for cultivating indoor soilless flower with root division
CN101209943A (en) * 2007-12-24 2008-07-02 安徽省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Long-acting flower fertilizer and producing method thereof
CN101675725A (en) * 2008-09-17 2010-03-24 张翠侠 Substratum for producing pleurotus eryngii with silkworm excrement

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1559181A (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-01-05 中国水稻研究所 Method for cultivating indoor soilless flower with root division
CN101209943A (en) * 2007-12-24 2008-07-02 安徽省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Long-acting flower fertilizer and producing method thereof
CN101675725A (en) * 2008-09-17 2010-03-24 张翠侠 Substratum for producing pleurotus eryngii with silkworm excrement

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102177798A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-09-14 太原师范学院 Method for making potted landscape
CN102177798B (en) * 2011-02-25 2012-07-04 太原师范学院 Method for making potted landscape
CN105165575A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-12-23 罗佳佳 Cultivation method facilitating rapid growth of cotyledon ladismithen
CN105165575B (en) * 2015-08-07 2018-03-13 丽水市智汇佳科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method beneficial to the beautiful dew fast-growth of ice lantern
CN106386445A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-02-15 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Rooting method of Hylotelephium erythrostictum by using water culture and cutting

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