CN101944166B - System and method for controlling right representation by item risk undertaker - Google Patents

System and method for controlling right representation by item risk undertaker Download PDF

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CN101944166B
CN101944166B CN 201010290872 CN201010290872A CN101944166B CN 101944166 B CN101944166 B CN 101944166B CN 201010290872 CN201010290872 CN 201010290872 CN 201010290872 A CN201010290872 A CN 201010290872A CN 101944166 B CN101944166 B CN 101944166B
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rights
repository
use
item
exemplary embodiment
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CN 201010290872
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CN101944166A (en
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C·P·吉里安
E·J·陈
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康坦夹德控股股份有限公司
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Priority to CN03826878.72003.06.26 priority
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Abstract

The invention relates to a system and a method for controlling right representation by an item risk undertaker. For the system and the method for controlling the right representation, the right representation specifies the using mode of an item. The method comprises the following steps that: an item provider (110) specifies and indicates the right representation of the using mode of the item of an item receiver (130) and the conditions of using the item; the conditions indicate that the use of an item receiver is obedient to the control; the right representation is associated with the item; and the use of the item receiver is controlled on the basis of the conditions in the right representation. In other example embodiments, the use of the item receiver is obedient to the control of the risk undertaker and/or an item provider (120) and can be used for providing consumer protection on the basis of using parameters.

Description

用于由项的风险承担者控制权利表示的系统和方法 The system and method for controlling as claimed represented by the term stakeholders

[0001] 本申请是国际申请号为PCT/US2003/019985,国际申请日为2003年6月26日,进入中国国家阶段的申请号为03826878. 7,名称为《用于由项的风险承担者控制权利表示的系统和方法》的发明专利申请的分案申请。 [0001] This application is an International Application No. PCT / US2003 / 019985, international filing date is June 26, 2003, China entered the national phase Application No. 03826878.7, entitled "be used by the stakeholders item divisional application systems and methods "patent application of the invention represented by the control rights.

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明的示例性实施例一般地涉及数字作品的发行,尤其涉及由其风险承担者控制对数字作品或其他项的使用权利。 [0002] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention relates generally to distribution of digital works, particularly to its exposure to control for digital works usage rights or other items.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 为使数字作品的广泛发行的发展和通过电子方式尤其是因特网(Internet)对数字作品的使用进行管理得以实现,最重要的需要之一是在数字作品的发行和使用期间指明和实施知识产权以及内容拥有者、消费者以及其他风险承担者的其他权利,其中的数字作品包括例如计算机可读形式的文档或其他内容。 [0003] To enable wide distribution of digital works of development and particularly the Internet (Internet) to manage the use of digital works can be achieved through electronic means, one of the most important need is to specify and implement during the distribution and use of digital works intellectual property and other rights of content owners, consumers and other stakeholders, in which digital works include content such as documents or other computer-readable form. 为了达到这个需要的所做的努力已经被定为术语“知识产权管理(IPRM) ”、“数字产权管理(DPRM) ”、“知识财产管理(IPM) ”、“权利管理(RM) ”、以及“电子版权管理(ECM) ”,在此通称为“数字权利管理(DRM) ”。 To achieve this requires the efforts have been given to the term "Intellectual Property Rights Management (IPRM)", "Digital Rights Management (DPRM)", "Intellectual Property Management (IPM)", "rights management (RM)", and "electronic copyright management (ECM)", herein known as "digital rights management (the DRM)." 在数字权利管理中要考虑诸多问题。 In the digital rights management to consider many issues. 例如,应该考虑认证、授权、账目、付费和财务清算、权利申明、权利验证、权利实施、以及文档保护问题。 For example, you should consider authentication, authorization, accounting, payment and financial clearing, rights affirmed rights verification, rights enforcement, and document protection issues. 共同转让的编号为5,530,235,5, 629,980,5, 634,012、5,638,443,5, 715,403,6, 233,684、以及6,236,971的美国专利的全部内容通过引用包括于此,这些专利揭示了处理这些和其他问题的数字权利管理系统和方法。 Commonly assigned number 5,530,235,5, 629,980,5, 634,012,5,638,443,5, 715,403,6, 233,684, and US Patent 6,236,971 of the entire contents of which incorporated herein by reference, these patents disclose a process these digital rights management systems and methods, and other problems.

[0004] 在印刷文档的世界里,作者所创作的作品通常可提供给出版社,出版社能进行格式处理并印刷出作品的许许多多副本。 [0004] In the world of printed documents, the author is the author of works generally available to the press, publishers can handle the format and print out copies of many works. 然后,这样的副本能通过发行商发送到书店或其他零售渠道供最终用户购买。 Then, this copy is sent by publishers to bookstores or other retail channels for end users to buy. 尽管印刷材料的复制质量低、发行成本高已用成为制止大部分印刷文档的未授权复制的障碍,但是复制、篡改、以及重新发行未受保护的数字作品却是太容易了。 Despite the low quality of the printed copy of the material, with high distribution costs have become an obstacle to stop the majority of printed documents from unauthorized copying, but copying, tampering, and reissue unprotected digital works but it is too easy. 因此,某种保护数字作品的方法是必要的,以使未经授权的复制或以其它方式使用此类作品变得更加困难。 Therefore, some kind of method to protect digital works is necessary to make unauthorized copying or otherwise using such works more difficult.

[0005] 已经广泛地意识到,在当前的通用计算和通信系统内是难以防止、或甚至阻止人们制作电子作品的未经授权的副本、发行或做其他使用的,通用计算和通信系统诸如个人计算机、工作站、以及通过通信网络如局域网(LAN)、内联网、以及因特网(Internet)连接的其它设备。 [0005] has been widely recognized that in the current general-purpose computing and communications systems are difficult to prevent, or even to prevent people from making unauthorized copies of electronic distribution of a work or do other use, general-purpose computing and communications systems such as personal computers, workstations, and through a communication network such as local area (LAN), an intranet, the Internet and other devices (Internet) connection. 许多提供基于硬件的解决方案以防止未被授权的复制的尝试已经被证明是不成功的。 Many hardware-based solutions in order to try to prevent unauthorized copying have proven to be unsuccessful. 此外,基于硬件的解决方案不能保护消费者等的权利,由于这样的解决方案能防止合法权利的实现,例如,诸如授权的复制。 In addition, hardware-based solutions can not protect the rights of consumers, etc., since such a solution can prevent the realization of the legitimate rights, for example, such as unauthorized copying. 高带宽或宽带通信技术的增生将提供更加方便地电子地发行大的文档,包括视频文件,诸如未经删节的电影,并且从而移除对于电子作品的未授权的复制、发行或其他使用的剩余制止,并增加允许使授权的使用的需要。 The proliferation of high-bandwidth or broadband communication technologies will provide a more convenient shipping large documents electronically, including video files, such as unabridged film, and to remove unauthorized copy for electronic works, distribution or other use of the remaining stop, and increase the need to allow the authorized use. 相应地,电子权利管理技术正变成高优先级。 Accordingly, the electronic rights management technologies are becoming a high priority.

[0006] 两种基本的数字权利管理方案已经用于尝试解决文档保护问题,包括安全容器和信任的系统。 [0006] two basic types of digital rights management schemes have been used to try to solve the problem of document protection, including container security and trusted system. 安全容器或加密的文档提供一种方式以保持文档内容被加密直到一组授权条件被满足以及某些版权条款被承兌, 诸如为使用付款。 Security container or encrypted document provides a way to keep document contents encrypted until a set of authorization conditions are met and some copyright terms are accepted, such as the use of payment. 在多个条件和条款被文档提供者验证后,文档能以清晰的形式发行给用户。 After a number of conditions and terms are verified document provider, the document can be issued to the user in clear form. 诸如来自IBM的CRYTPOLOPES和来自InterTrust的DIGIPOXES的商业产品能落入这个类别中。 Such as from IBM CRYTPOLOPES and commercial products from DIGIPOXES InterTrust's can fall into this category. 安全容器方式提供在通过不安全信道的发送期间保护文档的解决方案,但不提供任何防止合法用户获取清晰文档并然后以违反内容拥有者的知识产权来使用和重新发行清晰文档的机制。 Secure container ways to provide solutions to protect documents during transmission over an insecure channel, but does not provide any documentation to prevent legitimate users to obtain a clear violation of intellectual property rights, and then the content owner to use and re-release mechanism clear document.

[0007] 密码机制一般用于加密或编码随后被公开地发行和存储,并最終由授权的用户私密地解密的文档。 [0007] cryptographic mechanisms generally used for encryption or coding are then publicly release and storage, and ultimately by the authorized user privacy decrypt documents. 这样的机制提供在文档从文档发行商通过公共网络发送到想要的用户期间以及在文档存储在不安全介质期间的保护的基本形式。 Such mechanisms provided during the user wants to send a document from the document issuer through the public network and the basic form of protection during document stored in unsecured Medium.

[0008] 通过信任系统的方式,整个系统负责防止文档未被授权的使用和发行。 [0008] By way of trust in the system, the entire system is responsible for preventing unauthorized use of documents and distribution. 建立信任系统一般需要引入新的硬件,诸如安全处理器、安全存储器和安全呈现设备。 Confidence-building systems generally require the introduction of new hardware, such as a secure processor, secure storage and secure rendering devices. 这也需要所有运行在信任系统上软件应用程序被证明为信任的。 It also requires all running on a trusted system software applications prove to be trusted. 尽管建立防止篡改的信任系统对于现有技术而言真是个挑战,但是当前市场趋势建议开放和非信任的系统,诸如使用浏览器访问Web的个人计算机(PCs)和工作站,将是用于访问数字作品的主导系统。 Despite the establishment of the trust system to prevent tampering with a real challenge to the prior art, but the current market trends and recommendations open untrusted systems, such as using a Web browser to access the personal computers (PCs) and workstations will be used to access digital the dominant system works. 在这种情况下,被配置诸如Windows、Macintosh、Linux、UNIX等通用操作系统和诸如Web浏览器等呈现应用的现有的计算环境,例如,PC、膝上型电脑、手持计算机、工作站等,一般不是信任系统并且一般在没有显著地更改其中的架构的情况下不能被制成信任系统。 In this case, configured as Windows, Macintosh, Linux, UNIX and other general-purpose operating system and Web browser, such as presenting existing computing environments, for example, PC, laptops, handheld computers, workstations, etc., the case is not generally trust the system and generally does not significantly change the architecture of which can not be made into a trusted system. 然而,架构的更改使Web主要的诸如灵活性和兼容性的目的失效。 However, changes to the architecture of the Web main purpose of such flexibility and compatibility of failure.

[0009] 例如,美国专利号为5,634,012的专利公开了用于控制数字文档的发行的系统,其中每个呈现设备能包括与之关联的储存库。 [0009] For example, U.S. Patent No. 5,634,012 patent discloses a system for controlling release of a digital document, wherein each of the rendering device can include a repository associated therewith. 一组预定的使用处理步骤能用于定义协议,该协议由储存库使用用于实现与文档关联的使用权利。 Using a predetermined set of processing steps can be used to define the protocol used by the repositories for implementing usage right associated with the document. 概念地,储存库包括一组定义核心功能的功能说明。 Conceptually, the repository comprising a set of instructions define the core function of the function. 由于储存库能维护物理完整、通信完整以及行为完整,储存库包括信任系统。 As the repository can maintain physical integrity, communication integrity and conduct full, the repository includes trust system. 储存库可以是可移动的或固定的,可以是大的或小的或可携帯的、可以是诸如卡或智能卡的任何合适的形状,或具有其他诸如微处理器的功能。 Repository may be mobile or stationary, and may be large or small or portable Bands can be any suitable shape such as a card or a smart card, or have other functions such as microprocessors.

[0010] 使用权利与文档内容一起封装或与文档相关联以与文档一起传播。 [0010] usage right content packaged with the document or to the document associated with the document propagation. 使用权利允许内容使用的各种类型或方式,诸如只能察看、使用一次、发行等。 Allows various types of use rights or content usage mode, such as can only view, used once, distribution and the like. 使用权利能基于付款或其他条件或可变因素而被授予并且一般在发行给用户前设定。 Use rights can be based on payment or other conditions or variables to be granted and the general set before release to users. 例如,使用权利能授予给内容的用户某些特权,诸如察看和打印内容的能力,以换取特定的费用。 For example, the right to use the content of the user can be granted to certain privileges, the ability to view and print content, such as, in exchange for a specific fee. 然而,存在能影响发行内容的成本或理想性的动态条件并且数字权利管理技术一般不说明这样动态的条件。 However, the cost of over or dynamic conditions can affect the release of the content and the presence of digital rights management technology is generally not described such dynamic conditions.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 因此,需要一种允许基于动态条件控制使用权利的系统和方法。 [0011] Accordingly, a need for a system and method for dynamic conditions allows control based on the use rights. 此外,需要ー种考虑由其风险承担者控制对数字作品或其他项的使用权利的系统和方法。 In addition, the species need ー consider its stakeholders control system and method for digital works or other items of use rights. 以上和其他需要通过本发明的示例性实施例来处理,本发明提供一种用于通过其风险承担者控制对数字作品或其他项的使用权利的系统和方法。 The above and other needs to be processed by an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the present invention provides a system and method for digital works or other items used by the rights control which stakeholders.

[0012] 相应地,在本发明的实施例的ー个方面中,提供ー种用于控制指定对项的使用方式的权利表示的方法,包括由项的提供者指定权利表示,该权利表示指示项的接受者使用项的方式以及指示接受者使用项的条件,条件指示接受者对项的使用由风险承担者控制;把权利表不与项相关联;以及由风险承担者基于权利表不中的条件控制接受:者对项的使用。 [0012] Accordingly, in an embodiment ー aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of controlling use of the specified item as claimed represented ー species, comprising items designated by the provider of claim said indication indicates that the claimed item manner using the recipient and the condition indicates that the recipient of the item using item, indicating the condition of the recipient using the items controlled by the stakeholders; the rights table entry is not associated with; and the stakeholders are not based on claim table the control accepts the conditions: to use for the item. [0013] 在本发明的实施例的另一个方面中,提供一种用于控制指定对项的使用方式的权利表示的系统,包括由项的提供者指定权利表示的装置,该权利表示指示项的接受者使用项的方式以及指示接受者使用项的条件,条件指示接受者对项的使用由风险承担者控制;把权利表不与项相关联的装置;以及风险承担者基于权利表不中的条件控制接受:者对项的使用的装置。 [0013] In another aspect of embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a system for controlling the use of the specified item of claim representation, including means designated by the provider of claim items represented by item indicating the rights expression recipient usage items indicates the recipient using the methods and conditions of entry, indicating the condition of the recipient using the items controlled by the stakeholders; means the table does not claim items associated; stakeholder and is not in the table based on the claim receiving control conditions: apparatus used for those items.

[0014] 在本发明的实施例的另一个方面中,提供一种用于控制指定对项的使用方式的权利表示的方法,包括由项的提供者指定权利表示,该权利表示指示项的接受者使用项的方式以及指示接受者使用项的条件,条件指示项的接受者的使用受到控制;把权利表示与项相关联;以及基于权利表示中的条件控制项的接受者的使用。 [0014] In another aspect of embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a method for controlling the use of the specified item of claim representation, including items specified by the provider of claim indicates that the right items indicated acceptance manner and to use the item condition indicates that the recipient use the item, the item indicating the condition of use is controlled by the recipient; item associated with the rights expression; and based on the usage right represents the condition of the recipient controls.

[0015] 在本发明的实施例的另一个方面中,提供一种用于控制指定对项的使用方式的权利表示的系统,包括由项的提供者指定权利表示的装置,该权利表示指示项的接受者使用项的方式以及指示接受者使用项的条件,条件指示项的接受者的使用受到控制;把权利表示与项相关联的装置;以及基于权利表示中的条件控制项的接受者的使用的装置。 [0015] In another aspect of embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a system for controlling the use of the specified item of claim representation, including means designated by the provider of claim items represented by item indicating the rights expression items recipient using the recipient indicating the conditions and manner of use item, the item indicating the conditions are controlled using the recipient; device associated with the claimed item represents; and based on the condition of the recipient claim representation of controls apparatus used.

[0016] 在本发明的实施例的另一个方面中,提供一种用于通过在系统内允许接受者以指定的方式使用项以实施指定项的使用方式的权利表示来保护项的接受者的方法,包括指定与项相关联的权利表不,权利表不指不接受:者有权利使用项的参数;指定风险承担者,风险承担者能确保根据使用参数允许接受者使用项;并且由风险承担者控制实施步骤以确保依据使用参数使用项。 [0016] In another aspect of embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a method for a recipient in the system by allowing a specified manner using the claimed embodiments to use items specified items to protect items represent recipient a method, comprising specifying rights table entry is not associated, rights table does not accept means: has the right to use the parameter item; specifying stakeholders, stakeholders will allow the receiver to ensure the use according to item parameters; and a risk undertaker control implementation steps to ensure that the basis for the use of the parameters used items.

[0017] 在本发明的实施例的另一个方面中,提供一种用于通过允许接受者以指定的方式使用项以实施指定项的使用方式的权利表示来保护项的接受者的系统,包括指定与项相关联的权利表示的装置,权利表示指示接受者有权利使用项的参数;指定风险承担者的装置,风险承担者能确保依据使用参数允许接受者使用项;以及风险承担者控制实施装置以确保依据使用参数使用项的装置。 [0017] In another aspect of embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a method for allowing a recipient by using the items in a specified manner to use the claimed embodiments representation of the specified item to protect the recipient system entry, comprising apparatus as claimed in item associated with the specified representation, representation indicating the recipient has the right to claim the use of the parameter item; means the specified stakeholder, based on stakeholders to ensure that allows the recipient to use the parameter item; control embodiment and stakeholder device to ensure that the devices use items based on usage parameters.

[0018] 尽管如此,本发明的其他方面、特性、以及优点从以下详细的描述中是容易地明显的,仅仅通过说明多个示例性实施例和实现,包括用于实现本发明的预期的最佳模式。 [0018] Nevertheless, other aspects, features, and advantages from the following detailed description will be readily apparent, by way of illustration only and achieve a plurality of exemplary embodiments, including the most contemplated for implementing the present invention. best mode. 在不背离本发明的精神和范围的情况下,本发明也能用于其它和不同的实施例,并且它的若干细节能在多种方面被修改。 Without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention can also be used for other and different embodiments, and its several details can be modified in various aspects. 相应地,附图和描述实质上被认为是说明性的,而不是限制性的。 Accordingly, the drawings and description are to be regarded as illustrative, and not restrictive.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 本发明在附图中作为例子而不作为限制来说明,其中类似的编号表示类似的元素,并且其中: [0019] The present invention is by way of example in the drawings and not described as a limitation, wherein like numerals denote like elements, and wherein:

[0020] 图I示出了示例性的数字内容发行系统,可在其上实现本发明的各种示例性实施例; [0020] Figure I illustrates an exemplary digital content distribution system, the exemplary embodiments may implement various embodiments of the present invention thereon;

[0021] 图2示出了可结合图I和3-8的示例性实施例所被使用的示例性计算机架构; [0021] FIG 2 illustrates an exemplary computer architecture in conjunction with Figure I and may be an exemplary embodiment of the embodiment 3-8 is used;

[0022] 图3示出了可结合图1、2和4-8的示例性实施例使用的权利模块的示例性查找表; [0022] FIG 3 illustrates an exemplary look-up table may be used in conjunction with modules claim exemplary embodiments of FIGS. 1, 2 and 4-8;

[0023] 图4示出了可在图1-3和5-8的示例性实施例中使用的用于改变图像分辨率的示例性技术;[0024] 图5示出了示例性数字权利管理系统,其中客户机和服务器储存库能创建和关联使用权利; [0023] FIG 4 illustrates an exemplary technique may be used in the exemplary embodiment of FIGS. 1-3 and 5-8 of the embodiment for changing the image resolution; [0024] FIG 5 illustrates an exemplary digital rights management The system, which the client and server repository can create and associate usage rights;

[0025] 图6示出了示例性数字权利管理系统,其中ー个以上的储存库把ー个以上的使用权利与项相关联; [0025] FIG. 6 illustrates an exemplary digital rights management system in which more than one repository ー The use claimed in one or more entries associated with ー;

[0026]图7示出了示例性数字权利管理系统,其中与其相关联的使用权利的中心控制储存库控制关于项被执行的功能; [0026] FIG. 7 illustrates an exemplary digital rights management system, wherein the center of its right to use the associated control item repository control function to be performed on;

[0027] 图8示出了可在图1-7的示例性实施例中使用的示例性储存库;以及 [0027] FIG 8 illustrates an exemplary repository can be used in the exemplary embodiment of FIGS. 1-7; and

[0028] 图9是由其中的风险承担者控制数字作品或其他项的使用权利的示例性过程的流程图,并且能在图1-8的示例性实施例中被使用。 [0028] FIG. 9 is a control in which the stakeholders digital work, or other items using a flowchart of an exemplary process as claimed and can be used in the exemplary embodiment of Figures 1-8.

[0029] 示例性实施例的详细描述 [0029] detailed description of exemplary embodiments

[0030] 描述了用于通过其中的风险承担者控制对数字作品或其他项的使用权利的系统和方法。 [0030] describes a system and method for digital works or other items used by claim wherein the control stakeholders. 在以下的描述中,为了解释的目的,阐明了多个详细的细节以提供本发明彻底的理解。 In the following description, for purposes of explanation, details are set forth in order to provide more detailed thorough understanding of the present invention. 然而,对于本领域的技术人员而言本发明能在没有这些详细的细节或在同等安排的情况下被实现是明显的。 However, for those skilled in the art of the present invention can be practiced without these details or details of the same in the case of the arrangement is implemented is evident. 在某些实例中,公知的结构和设备以框图的形式显示以避免本发明不必要的模糊。 In some instances, well-known structures and devices are shown in order to avoid unnecessarily obscure the present invention in block diagram form.

[0031] 在一示例性实施例中,与文档关联的有条件的或结果的权利允许对内容的有限使用,例如,基于绝对值、相对值等。 [0031] In an exemplary embodiment, the rights associated with a document or conditional results allow limited use of content, e.g., based on the absolute, relative, and the like. 例如,基于另一事件或另ー权利的权利的启动时间能触发诸如文档的内容的可用性或可用性的期满。 For example, based on the start time of the rights of another event or another ー rights can trigger the expiration of the availability of such content or availability of documents. 此外,限制内容的使用的时间能被表示为诸如具体的时间和日期的绝对值或诸如在第一个使用后满2分钟的使用权利的相对值。 Moreover, the time limit the use of content can be expressed as an absolute value, such as a specific time and date or use as claimed in at least 2 minutes after the first use of the relative value.

[0032] 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利也能被链接到诸如另一文档的权利届满等的其他事件。 [0032] In an exemplary embodiment, a claim can also be linked to other events, such as the expiration of another document rights or the like. 例如,在第二首音乐的权利已经过期后,一首音乐只能被听I分钟或音乐只能被听ー次。 For example, right after the second piece of music has expired, a music can only be heard I minute or music can only be heard ー times. 如此,在一示例性实施例中,条件能包括触发有条件的权利或结果的权利的一系列事件。 Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, the condition can include a series of events triggered claimed in claim or the result of conditional.

[0033] 在一示例性实施例中,能实现远程教学方案,例如,以达到技术、教育和版权协调法令(TEACH Act)的要求,该法令在2002年10月4日成为美国法律。 [0033] In an exemplary embodiment, the distance learning program can be achieved, for example, in order to meet the requirements of technology, education and Copyright Harmonization Act (TEACH Act) of the Act became law in the United States October 4, 2002. 一般地,在TEACHAct下,如果教育者保持在法律的界线内,那么教育者能使用某些具有版权的作品用作远程教学,而不需要来自版权拥有者的许可或对于版权拥有者支付版税并且没有版权侵权。 In general, under TEACHAct, if educators remain within the boundaries of the law, so educators can use certain copyrighted work as a remote teaching, without permission from the copyright owner or the copyright owner and pay royalties no copyright infringement.

[0034] 相应地,在一示例性实施例中,学院可被配置以通过因特网(Internet)提供第一个课程,例如,在给定的时间或具有对于被限制的第二个课程访问直到第一个课程已经被察看。 [0034] Accordingly, in an exemplary embodiment, it may be configured to provide INSTITUTE first courses through the Internet (the Internet), for example, at a given time or until the first to have restricted access to the second course a course already be viewed. 在其他示例性实施例中,对于具有5个部分的考试,对于每个部分,能被分配30分钟时间,并且用户能通过使用分配的30分钟或例如通过按在用户界面上的按钮继续到下一部分,该按钮指示用户已经完成给定的部分。 In other exemplary embodiments, for examination with 5 parts for each part can be allocated 30 minutes, and the user can use the assigned e.g. 30 minutes or by pressing a button on the user interface continues to the next part of the button indicating the user has completed the given portion.

[0035] 在其他示例性实施例中,其他触发事件和/或条件,诸如基于在部分3和4之间被分配的15分钟休息,也能用于管理顺序文档之间的转变。 [0035] In other exemplary embodiments, other trigger events and / or conditions, such as based on 15 minutes allocated between the rest portions 3 and 4, can also be used to manage the transition between sequential documents. 在一示例性的实施例中,多个定时器或计数器能用于记录对于每个部分和/或对于所有组合的部分的时间。 In an exemplary embodiment, a plurality of timer or counter can be used for each portion and / or the recording time for all combinations of the parts.

[0036] 在一示例性的实施例中,这样的有条件的或结果的权利分配能被链接到具有或不具有多于ー个步骤或条件和/或等级关系的其他事件,例如,如在共同被转让的,待批的美国专利申请号为09/867,748的Tadayon等人的标题为“METHOD AND APPARATUSFOR HIERARCHICALASSIGNMENT OF RIGHTS TO DOCUMENTS AND DOCUMENTSHAVING SUCHRIGHTS”(用于文档的权利等级分配和具有这样的权利的文档的方法和装置),在2001年5月31日申请的专利申请中被进一步描述,该申请的整体公开在此结合作为参考。 [0036] In an exemplary embodiment, such conditions or claim allocation result to be linked with or without steps or conditions and / or events other than ー hierarchical relationship, e.g., as described in commonly assigned, pending US Patent application No. 09 / 867,748 of Tadayon et al., entitled "METHOD aND APPARATUSFOR HIERARCHICALASSIGNMENT oF rIGHTS tO dOCUMENTS aND DOCUMENTSHAVING SUCHRIGHTS" (level distribution rights for the document and has the claimed method and apparatus of the document), is further described in the patent application filed 31 May 2001, the entire disclosure of which application is incorporated herein by reference. 在一示例性实施例中,等级权利能包括一个用户能传递给另一用户的使用权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, the levels can include a user to Claim transmitted to another user's usage right. 在其他示例性实施例中,这样的等级权利能在树结构等中被配置等等。 In other exemplary embodiments, such levels can be configured like as claimed in the tree structure or the like. 在一示例性实施例中,用户的权利越接近这样的树中的原始权利,用户的权利就越大。 In an exemplary embodiment, the user's rights closer to the original claims of such tree, the greater the user's rights.

[0037] 在一示例性实施例中,这样的概念能包括附属权利的概念,例如,其中某人授予权利给用户,如果该用户满足某些条件或执行动作。 [0037] In an exemplary embodiment, this concept can include the concept of the appended claims, for example, where a person granted rights to the user, if the user performs an action or certain conditions are met. 例如,一旦产生文档的副本,那么用户能被给予编辑权利。 For example, once the copy of the document, the user can be given the right to edit. 在其他示例性实施例中,对于合作计划,多于一个人能对文档给出建议和修改和/或设计更改,并且在数字权利管理系统的情况下,例如,能记录实现的权利、修改、修改源、日期、更改的命令、批准、表决、优先级等。 In other exemplary embodiments, for cooperation program, more than one person and can give advice that modifications and / or design changes to the document, and in the case of a digital rights management system, for example, can be recorded claim, modifying, modify the source, date, order changes, approved by a vote priority. 例如,在无纸化办公中,来自三个不同的部门的三个批准对于动作项是需要的。 For example, in the paperless office, the approval of three from three different departments for action items are needed.

[0038] 在一示例性实施例中,权利分配,例如,能结合到电子邮件或电子消息系统等中。 [0038] In an exemplary embodiment, the distribution rights, e.g., capable of binding to an email or electronic message systems, and the like. 例如,示例性系统能被配置以使内容拥有者把不同的权利分配给不同的个人并基于这样的权利共享或限制对于信息或文件的权利。 For example, the exemplary system can be configured so that the contents of different owners of rights assigned to different individuals, and for sharing rights or restrictions based on such information or documents as claimed. 在一示例性的实施例中,一朋友能被允许请求许可以察看或使用具体的文件或进一步把文件发行给另一个人或给每个在地址本内的人或全部公众。 In an exemplary embodiment, a friend be allowed to view or request permission to use a specific file or further to another person or to a document issued to each person in the address book or all of the public.

[0039] 在一示例性实施例中,权利能被配置,例如,以限制用户能把个人添加到邮件列表或地址本中或从邮件列表或地址本等中删除个人等等的程度。 [0039] In an exemplary embodiment, the claim can be configured, for example, to limit the user can add to the list or a personal address book or address from the message list or the like to remove this level of the individual and the like. 例如,察看地址本内的人的权利能基于使用权利而被限制。 For example, the address of the person claimed in view of the present can be limited based on the usage rights. 在进一步的示例性实施例中,当在即时消息模式中,用户能被允许具有权利以对具体的内容排斥或限制其他用户。 In a further exemplary embodiment, when an instant message mode, the user has the right to be allowed to limit the exclusion of other users or specific content.

[0040] 如果被分配的权利组通常被用于不同的文档,那么规则能被表示为,例如,模板,诸如那些在共同被转让的,待批的美国专利申请号为10/046,695的Lao等人的标题为“METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANAGINGDIGITAL CONTENT USAGE RIGHTS”(用于管理数字内容使用权利的方法和装置),在2002年I月17日申请的专利申请中被讨论的多连字符模板等,该申请的整体公开在此结合作为参考。 [0040] If a group is assigned rights are typically used for different documents, then the rule can be expressed as, for example, a template, such as those described in commonly assigned, copending U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 10 / 046,695 to Lao et al., entitled "mETHOD aND aPPARATUS fOR MANAGINGDIGITAL cONTENT USAGE rIGHTS" (method and apparatus for managing digital content usage rights), multiple hyphens template in patent application filed May 17, 2002 I was in discussions like this the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference. 一般地,只要用户希望分配预定的权利组给一个或诸如一组的多个其他用户,那么模板能被使用。 Generally, as long as the user wishes to dispense a predetermined group according to one or more other users, such as a group, then the templates can be used. 该模板能包括,例如,被具体地针对用户类、记帐指令等设计的使用权利组。 The template can include, for example, are set forth in particular used for user class, billing instructions, and so designed.

[0041] 现在参考附图,其中类似的参考编号指明在多个视图中同样的或相应的部分,尤其在图I中,示出了能结合描述的示例性实施例使用的示例性的数字内容发行或示例性数字权利管理系统100。 [0041] Referring now to the drawings, the same or corresponding parts in which like reference numerals indicate the several views, in particular in Figure I, there is shown an exemplary digital content exemplary embodiments described can be used in conjunction release or exemplary digital rights management system 100. 图I的示例性系统100,例如,能用于数字作品和其他项的电子发行,其他项诸如信件、书本、杂志、期刊、新闻报纸、其他报纸、软件、音频和视频剪辑、其他文件或对象等。 The exemplary system 100 of FIG. I, for example, can be used for digital works and other items of electronic distribution, other items such as letters, books, magazines, journals, newspapers, other papers, software, audio and video clips, documents or other objects Wait. 如此,数字作品能包括具有计算机可读形式的内容的元素的任何合适的类型。 Thus, the digital work can comprise any suitable type of element having content in computer readable form. 内容能包括数字作品的可察看或可用部分。 Content can include a digital work may be used or viewing portion.

[0042] 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能包括项的使用的允许的方式的具体说明,项能包括任何对其的使用能通过相关联的使用权利来控制的任何内容,诸如数字内容、软件、月艮务、货物、以及资源。 [0042] In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights can include the manner permitted to use items detailed description, items can include any use of them by any controlled content usage rights associated with digital content such as software, on Burgundy services, goods, and resources. 资源能包括数字设备或其中的部分,对其的访问能通过相关联的使用权利来控制。 Resources can include a digital device, or portion thereof, which access rights through the use of associated controls. 权利表示能包括任何合适的使用权利的表示,诸如权利标记、许可证、或其中的片断。 It represents claim can include any suitable representation of the use rights, such as a claim tag, license, or which fragments. 权利标记能包括不与具体的项关联的被预先打包的使用权利组。 The tag as claimed in claim comprising not used associated with a particular group of items to be prepackaged. 许可证能包括预先打包的使用权利组,该使用权利组包括项关联。 License rights can include the use of pre-packaged set, which includes a set of usage rights associated items. 诸如可扩展权利标记语言(XrML)、可扩展访问控制标记语言(XACML)、开放数字权利语言(ODRL)等的权利表示语言能用于表示权利表示井能包括任何具有预定义的语法和语义的井能用于表示使用权利的合适的语言。 As claimed in Extensible Markup Language (XrML), extensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML), Open Digital Rights Language rights (ODRL) and the like can be used to indicate the language representation showing well can include any claim having a predefined syntax and semantics wells can be used to indicate the appropriate rights language.

[0043] 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能用于指定使用的方式。 [0043] In an exemplary embodiment, the usage right can specify for use. 使用的方式能包括以指定的方式在指定的时间使用项、购买项用于指定的时间等的能力等等。 Method used can include the use of items in a specified manner at the designated time, items such as the ability to specify the time of purchase and so on. 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能被捆扎、能用于指定诸如发行权利的传送权利、能用于允许对于其他用户的使用权利的授予或用于允许使用权利的推导等。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights can be bundled, can be used to specify transfer rights, such as distribution rights and can permit granting or for allowing the use rights for derivation of usage rights to other users, and the like. 这样的使用权利也能被称为元权利,能包括能被处理、修改等以推导其他使用权利的权利。 This can also be referred to using the claimed element as claimed, can be treated include, modify, etc. used to derive the rights of other rights. 如此,元权利能包括针对使用权利的使用权利,诸如向其它或从其它提供、授予、获取、传送、委托、跟踪、交付、交換、撤销使用权利等的使用权利。 So, for the use of meta rights can include the right to use the rights, such as to the other or from other providers, granting, acquisition, transfer, delegate, track, delivery, exchange, cancellation of the right to use rights. 元权利能包括修改与其他权利关联的条件的权利。 Metaright can include modifying conditions associated with other rights claimed. 例如,元权利能包括扩展或减少具体权利的范围的权利。 For example, a claim can include extended meta or reduce the scope of rights of specific rights. 元权利也能包括延长或减少权利有效期的权利。 Metaright can also include extended or reduced as claimed in claim validity.

[0044] 在一示例性实施例中,一个或多个要被满足以实现以指定的使用权利实现使用方式的条件能被使用。 [0044] In an exemplary embodiment, the one or more conditions to be satisfied in order to achieve a specified usage right of use can be used to achieve. 例如,条件能包括费用的支付、个人数据的提交或在允许使用方式的实现之前的任何其他理想的合适的要求。 For example, the condition can include the payment of fees, and any other appropriate requirements of the ideal before submitting personal data or allows use of. 条件能包括访问条件。 Conditions can include access conditions. 例如,访问条件能应用到具体的用户组,用户组诸如大学内的学生或书友会的成员。 For example, access conditions can be applied to specific groups of users, user groups, such as student members within the university or book club. 在一示例性实施例中,条件可以是用户是具体的人或具体组的成员。 In an exemplary embodiment, the condition may be a member of a specific user or a specific group of people. 在一示例性实施例中,权利和条件能作为单独的实体存在或被结合。 In an exemplary embodiment, the rights and conditions can exist as separate entities or combined.

[0045] 在一示例性的实施例中,状态变量能用于追踪动态状态、条件等。 [0045] In an exemplary embodiment, the state variables can be used to track dynamic state conditions. 例如,状态变量能包括具有表示项的状态、使用权利的状态、许可证的状态或其他动态条件的值的变量。 For example, the state variables can include a term representing the state having a variable state of use rights, the status of the license or other dynamic conditions values. 状态变量能被例如通过交換所或另ー设备例如基干与项关联的许可证等内的识别机制来追踪。 Another state variable can be e.g. ー device identification mechanism within the backbone associated with the license terms, etc., for example, to track or by the exchange. 在一示例性实施例中,诸如XrML、XACML, ODRL等的权利语言能用于表示指定权利、条件、状态变量等的权利表示。 In an exemplary embodiment, such as XrML, XACML, ODRL, etc. can be used to indicate the language of claim claim claim specified, conditions, and other state variable representation. 然而,在其他示例性的实施例中,权利和条件能以任何合适的方式指定。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, the rights and conditions can be specified in any suitable manner. 相应地,指定权利的过程能包括任何用于把权利与项相关联的合适的过程。 Accordingly, the process can be designated as claimed in any of the claim and comprises a suitable procedure for the associated item.

[0046] 在图I中,作者110能创建诸如文档等的原始内容,并能发送内容到发行者120用于发行。 [0046] In Figure I, the author 110 to create original content, such as documents, etc., and can send content to issuer 120 for issuing. 在一示例性实施例中,作者110可以是内容的创建者。 In an exemplary embodiment, the author 110 may be a content creator. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,作者能包括创建者、拥有者、编辑者或其他控制内容的实体或诸如出版者的这类实体之一的代理。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, the author can include the creator, one of the agents of the entity owner, editors or other controls or content of such entities as the publisher. 在其他示例性实施例中,作者110也能例如在不涉及诸如发行者120的另一方的情况下直接发行这样的文档,并如此作者和发行者能是相同的实体。 In other exemplary embodiments, for example, of 110 can not involving the issuer, such as the case of the other 120 directly issue such documents, and thus the author and publisher can be the same entity.

[0047] 然而,在图I中指明的功能的划分可以是更有效的,由于这样的划分允许作者110关注内容创建而不是发行的管理功能。 [0047] However, the division of functions specified in Figure I can be more effective, since this division allows the author to focus on content creation rather than the 110 issue of management functions. 此外,这样的细分通过允许发行者120与多个作者110相关联以促进规模经济。 In addition, this segment by allowing the issuer 120 and 110 associated with multiple authors to promote economies of scale.

[0048] 发行者120能发行数字作品给用户130,例如,在来自用户130的请求后。 [0048] Publisher 120 can issue digital works to user 130, e.g., upon request from the user 130. 在一示例性实施例中,创建的作品能作为包括内容和相关联的使用权利的并且例如是以加密过的形式的文档来发行。 In an exemplary embodiment, for example, to create an encrypted work can comprise a content and usage rights and the associated over-release form of documentation. 在一示例性实施例中,发行者120能使用例如随机密钥加密这样的作品并且然后能使用对应于用户130的公共密钥加密随机密钥。 In an exemplary embodiment, the issuer 120 can be used, for example, such a work can be random key encrypted using the public key and then encrypts the random key corresponding to the user 130. 如此,加密过的作品能对于具体的用户130来定制。 So, encrypted work can be customized for a particular user 130. 然后,用户130能使用用户对应的私钥以解密随机密钥并使用被解密的随机密钥解密和察看作品的内容。 Then, the user can use the user 130 corresponding to the private key to decrypt the random key and the decrypted random key to decrypt and view the content of the work.

[0049] 为作品付款能从用户130例如通过交換所150发送至发行者120,交換所150收集来自用户130以及来自其他希望使用具体内容的用户的请求。 [0049] payment from the user to work through the exchange 130 transmits, for example, the issuer 150 to 120, the exchange 150 collected from the user 130 and from other users wish to use the specific request for the content. 交換所150也能收集付款信息,诸如借方交易、信用卡交易、或其他已知的电子支付方案,并转发收集的付款例如作为付款批给发行者120。 Payment Clearinghouse 150 can collect payment information, such as debit transactions, credit card transactions, or other known electronic payment schemes, for example, collected and forwarded to the issuer as a payment batch 120. 在一示例性实施例中,交换所150能保留来自用户130的付款的一部分作为用于交换所150服务的费用。 In an exemplary embodiment, the clearinghouse 150 to retain a portion of the payment from the user 130 as a fee for the 150 exchange services.

[0050] 发行者120能保留来自交换所150的批支付中的一部分用于发行服务并转发例如诸如版税等的付款给作者110。 [0050] 120 issuers can keep part of the payment for distribution services from approved clearing house 150 and forwards such as payment of royalties to authors such as 110. 在一示例性实施例中,发行者120能在发行作品之前汇编一包或一批对于单个作品的用户请求,其中,例如,能生成加密过的作品的单个实例用于由所有请求用户130来解密。 In an exemplary embodiment, the issuer 120 can compile a packet before issuing a number of works or works for a single user request, wherein, for example, a single instance of the encrypted work can be generated for all requests from the user 130 to decryption.

[0051] 在一示例性实施例中,当用户130请求或使用作品的内容时,记帐消息能发送给审计服务器140,审计服务器140能用于确保通过用户130的每个请求与由发行者120发送给用户130的文档匹配。 [0051] In an exemplary embodiment, when a user 130 requests content or use of the work, the billing message can be sent to the server 140 audit, the audit server 140 can be used to ensure that each request by the user 130 by the issuer 120 to a user 130 matches the document. 这样的记帐信息能通过审计服务器140例如直接从发行者120中接收。 Such billing information received by the audit server 140 directly, for example, from the issuer 120. 在这样的交易中的任何确定的不一致能通过报告传送给交换所150,然后交换所150能相应地调整对于发行者120做出的付款批次。 Determined by any inconsistencies in reporting such transactions are transmitted to the exchange 150, the exchange 150 can then adjust the payment batches 120 made to the issuer accordingly. 有利地,这样的记帐方案能在电子发行期间减少欺骗的可能性并能用于处理时间相关的使用权利,该时间相关的使用权利能导致根据持续时间或其他使用程度而变化的费用。 Advantageously, such a billing scheme can reduce the likelihood of deception during the electronic distribution of rights to use and can be used to deal with time-dependent, time-dependent usage rights that can lead to cost depending on the duration or other extent of use varies.

[0052] 图2示出了能结合图I和3-8的示例性实施例使用的示例性计算机架构。 [0052] FIG 2 illustrates an exemplary computer architecture capable of binding to Figure I and Example 3-8 using the exemplary embodiment. 示例性计算机架构例如能用于从发行者120中下载数字作品到用户130。 Exemplary computer architecture for downloading digital works, for example, can be from the issuer 120 to the user 130. 在图2中,示例性架构能使用诸如因特网(Internet)等的通信网络170用于数据传递。 In FIG. 2, exemplary architecture can use the communication networks such as Internet (Internet) or the like 170 for data transfer. 用户130能使用诸如个人计算机、个人数字助理(PDA)、数据终端、公用电话亭等的客户端计算机230与例如与发行者120关联的计算机服务器200通信。 230 can use the communication user 130 such as a personal computer, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a data terminal, a kiosk or the like for example the client computer and the server computer associated with the issuer 120,200. 客户端230能例如通过调制解调器、电话线和因特网(Internet)服务提供者(ISP)等耦合到因特网高速链路60。 The client 230 can, for example, through a modem, phone line and Internet (Internet) service provider (ISP) and other high speed link 60 coupled to the Internet. 客户端230能运行诸如Microsoft Windows 98、Microsoft Windows 2000等的操作系统,该操作系统具有图形用户界面(Gn)和诸如Web浏览器等允许图形用户界面例如通过超文本传送协议(HTTP)等基于诸如超文本标记语言(HTML)等的标准页面描述语言用于控制通过因特网(Internet)的通信的应用程序。 The client 230 can run such as Microsoft Windows 98, Microsoft Windows 2000, etc. operating system, the operating system with a graphical user interface (Gn) and such as Web browsers allow a graphical user interface, for example, via a hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) and the like based on such HTML (HTML) and other standard page description language used to control the applications that communicate over the Internet (Internet) is. 使用HTTP的因特网(Internet)服务器集合能被使用,诸如万维网(World Wide Web)或网络(Web)等。 Internet using HTTP (Internet) server collection can be used, such as the World Wide Web (World Wide Web) or network (Web) and so on.

[0053] 在一示例性实施例中,服务器200能与发行者120关联并且例如能包括个人计算机、服务器、小型计算机、计算机集合、计算机网络等。 [0053] In an exemplary embodiment, the server 200 can be associated with the issuer 120, and can include, for example, a personal computer, a server, a minicomputer, a collection of computers, computer networks. 服务器200能包括诸如磁性硬盘等用于存储包括控制程序210和诸如数字作品和其他项的内容203的信息的存储设备202、用于根据控制程序210控制信息流的中央处理单元(CPU) 204、以及随机存取存储器(RAM)和/或被用作CPU 204的工作空间的只读存储器206。 The server 200 can include such as a magnetic hard disk for storing a control program 210 and digital works and other items such as content information storage device 203, 202, a central processing unit 210 controls the flow of information in accordance with a control program (CPU) 204, and a random access memory (RAM) and / or the CPU 204 used as a work space in a read only memory 206. 在一示例性实施例中,服务器200能通过例如高速通信链路62耦合到因特网(Internet)高速链路60。 In an exemplary embodiment, the server 200 can, for example, high-speed communication link 62 coupled to the Internet (Internet) 60 high-speed link. 在其他示例性实施例中,服务器200能通过例如调制解调器和ISP以与类似于客户端230的方式或以任何其他合适的方式I禹合到因特网(Internet)高速链路60。 In other exemplary embodiments, the server 200 can, for example, a modem and the ISP 230 in a manner similar to the client, or in any other suitable manner to the Internet I and Yu (Internet) 60 high-speed link.

[0054] 控制程序210能存储在一个或多个存储设备202中并且能包括例如能用于追踪多个动态条件的动态条件模块212。 [0054] The control program 210 can be stored in one or more storage devices 202 and includes dynamic conditions can be, for example, can be used to track a plurality of dynamic conditions module 212. 控制程序210能包括权利模块214,该权利模块214能用于根据由动态条件模块212监控的动态条件设定用于内容的使用权利。 Program 210 can include a control module of claim 214, the module 214 can be used to set forth the use rights for content in accordance with the dynamic conditions monitored by dynamic conditions module 212.

[0055] 在一示例性实施例中,动态条件,例如,能包括以天为单位的时间。 [0055] In an exemplary embodiment, dynamic conditions, for example, can include time in days. 例如,示例性系统能被配置以允许用户能在非高峰时间期间访问流行的网站,根据网站流量以减少的费用获取内容。 For example, the exemplary system can be configured to allow users to access popular sites during off-peak hours, according to the website traffic in order to reduce the cost of acquiring content. 在一示例性实施例中,为了鼓励在非高峰时间期间的内容发行和对于服务器200更均匀的流量发行,发行者120能通过使用动态条件模块212监控时间以及通过基于诸如时间之类的给定条件使用权利模块214,以动态的方式设定相应的使用权利来对在非高峰时间期间的相同内容收取较低的费用,该动态条件模块212例如能參考服务器200的实时时钟。 In an exemplary embodiment, in order to encourage content distribution during off-peak times and for a more even flow issuer server 200, the issuer 120 through the use of dynamic conditions module 212 and time-based, such as a monitor or the like for a given time conditions of use rights module 214, a dynamic manner corresponding usage right is set to collect a lower cost for the same content during off-peak hours, for example, the dynamic conditions module 212 can reference the real time clock 200 of the server. 使用权利能以任何合适的方式分配,例如,包括例如在被一般转让的美国专利号为5,530,235,5, 629,980,5, 634,012,5, 638,443,5, 715,403,6, 233,684 以及6,236,971 的专利中被公开的技木,以上专利在此结合作为參考。 Use as claimed can be assigned in any suitable manner, e.g., including for example, the commonly assigned U.S. Patent No. 5,530,235,5, 629,980,5, 634,012,5, 638,443,5, 715 , 403,6, 233,684 and wood technology, patent 6,236,971 in the above patents disclosed herein are incorporated by reference.

[0056] 图3示出了能结合图I,2和4-8的示例性实施例使用的权利模块214的示例性查找表。 [0056] FIG. 3 shows a module capable of binding to FIG claim I, using the exemplary embodiment 2 and 4-8 an exemplary embodiment of the look-up table 214. 在图3中,条件值216能列在示例性查找表格的左栏而相应的使用权利218能列在示例性查找表格的右栏。 In Figure 3, the value 216 can be the conditions listed in the left column of the exemplary look-up table and the corresponding usage rights 218 can be listed in the right column of the exemplary look-up table. 例如,条件值A能包括对应于美国东部标准时间的上午9点到下午5点的值,条件值B能包括对应于美国太平洋标准时间的下午5点到下午11点的值,以及条件值C能包括对应于美国东部标准时间的下午11点到上午9点的值。 For example, the condition value A can include a value corresponding to 9 o'clock to 17 o'clock U.S. Eastern Standard Time, condition value B can include values ​​corresponding to the U.S. Pacific Standard Time 17:00 to 23:00, and condition value C It can include a value corresponding to 23:00 to 9:00 US eastern standard time. 对应的使用权利218能包括基于时间值AC的费用或标准费用的折扣。 Corresponding usage right 218 can include time values ​​based on the cost or standard AC discounted costs.

[0057] 在一示例性实施例中,如果服务器200倾向于在时间A期间最忙而在时间C期间最空闲,那么价格X能比价格Y高,价格Y能比价格Z高。 [0057] In an exemplary embodiment, if the server 200 tends to be most busy during time C during the most idle time A, then the price X can be higher than price Y, the price can be higher than price Y Z. 在其他示例性实施例中,如果X、 Y、和Z表示为折扣,那么逆关系是真的,例如,诸如Z比Y高,而Y比X高。 In other exemplary embodiments, if the X, Y, and Z are expressed as discounts, the inverse relationship is true, for example, such as a higher Z than Y, and Y is greater than X. 使用权利218能仅仅在发行前或以任何合适的方式例如基于时间周期分配给ー个或多个数字作品203。 218 can only use rights or assigned before its release in any suitable manner, for example based on a time period to one or more digital works ー 203.

[0058] 在一示例性实施例中,这样的费用时间表和/或其他使用权利能一般基于网络状态或尤其基于服务器例如通过从网络中获取多个负载參数来动态地调节。 [0058] In an exemplary embodiment, such a schedule cost and / or other usage rights can be generally or in particular network state based on the server dynamically adjusted, for example, by obtaining a plurality of load parameters from the network. 相应地,权利模块214能被配置以包括相应的更加复杂的查找表格或结合多种条件的其他逻辑以确定内容的相应的使用权利218。 Accordingly, the respective rights module 214 can be configured to use other logic to claim 218 comprising a respective more complex lookup table or more binding conditions to determine the content. 在一示例性实施例中,动态条件模块212能包括这样的用于监控服务器负载的软件工具,例如,该软件工具包括用于监控服务器负载的商用软件包,诸如来自Web Performance 有限公司的Web Performance Trainer 等。 In an exemplary embodiment, dynamic conditions module 212 can include a Web Performance Such software tools for monitoring server load, e.g., the software tool comprises means for monitoring server load commercial software packages, such as from Web Performance Ltd. Trainer and so on.

[0059] 在一示例性实施例中,动态使用权利的概念能应用于费用或任何合适的其他权利、条件等。 [0059] In an exemplary embodiment, the concept of dynamic usage rights can be applied to costs or any other suitable rights, conditions and the like. 例如,为数字作品指定的使用权利能基于动态条件来更改。 For example, for the specified usage right of the digital work can be changed based on dynamic conditions. 在一示例性实施例中,打印或发行内容的能力、内容功能被使用的次数、内容中的图像的分辨率等能基于动态条件设置和更改。 In an exemplary embodiment, the ability to print or distribute the content, the number of times the content function is used, the resolution of the image content changes and the like can be set based on dynamic conditions. 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能包括任何能由使用权利语言指定的合适的权利,诸如XrML或其他用于数字权利管理等的语法等。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights can include rights can be any suitable specified by the usage rights language, grammar such as XrML or other digital rights management. 使用权利模块214的逻辑,例如,能基于曲线、公式、表格、数据库或任何其他使用预定的或动态方案的合适的算法等。 Use as claimed in logic module 214, e.g., it can be based on curves, formulas, tables, databases or any other suitable algorithm using a predetermined program or the like dynamically.

[0060] 在一示例性实施例中,发行者120的佣金或费用的比率能在动态变化的使用权利中指定。 [0060], the ratio of the commission or fee of the issuer 120 can be specified using the dynamically changing claimed in one exemplary embodiment. 例如,根据网络条件或诸如网站访客的数量的參数或在那时相应的下载,以及为了鼓励在所有时间的更多的内容均匀发行,发行者120能在服务器200的较低使用期间收取较低的比率。 For example, the number of network conditions or parameters such as site visitors or corresponding download, as well as to encourage more even distribution of the content all the time at that time in accordance with, the issuer can charge 120 lower than during the use of server 200 low rate. 有利的是,发行者120能減少在服务器200的服务器贮藏所中的服务器数量并因而减少操作成本。 Advantageously, the issuer 120 can reduce the number of cache servers in the server 200 and thus reduce operating costs.

[0061] 在一示例性实施例中,内容的质量或其他特征能依照基于动态条件的使用权利来调节。 [0061] In an exemplary embodiment, the quality or other characteristics can be adjusted in accordance with the contents of usage right based on dynamic conditions. 例如,在高峰时间,允许用户130下载内容的低分辨率的图像或收取额外的费用用于下载高分辨率图像。 For example, during peak hours, allowing the low-resolution image 130 users downloading content or charge an additional fee for downloading high resolution images. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的内容可提供多个分辨率的形式。 In an exemplary embodiment, such content may be provided in the form of a plurality of resolutions. 然而,对每段内容以每个理想的分辨率存储多个分辨率图像是非常困难的并且能占用存储设备202内的大量内存和/或其他资源。 However, for each piece of content stored in each of the plurality of resolution over the resolution of the image it is very difficult and can take up a lot of memory and / or other resources within the storage device 202. 在一示例性实施例中,有利的是,子波分解或其他子波段分解技术能用于当减少资源开销时提供分辨率的灵活性。 In an exemplary embodiment, it is advantageous, wavelet decomposition or other subband decomposition technologies can be used to provide flexibility of resolution while reducing resource overhead.

[0062] 在一示例性实施例中,子波分解能包括信号处理的方法,其中信号能分割、分解到多个频率带宽的分量中等。 [0062] In an exemplary embodiment, the wavelet decomposition can comprise a signal processing method, wherein the signal can be split, decomposed into a plurality of component frequency bandwidth medium. 因而能使用子波分解和相关的转换,诸如在由MVeterrli和J. Kovacevic, Prentice Hall在1995内发表的“子波和子波段编码”(Wavelets andSubband Codin g)中描述的,该文档的公开在此结合作为参考。 Thus it can be used wavelet decomposition and related conversions, such as described in published by MVeterrli and J. Kovacevic, Prentice Hall in 1995 "wavelets and sub-band coding" (Wavelets andSubband Codin g) in the document disclosed herein incorporated by reference. 子波分解已经被应用于分析各种信号的时间频率域和数字压缩技术中。 Wavelet decomposition has been applied to analyzing the time-frequency domain of various signals and digital compression techniques.

[0063] 图4示出了能在图1-3和5-8的示例性实施例中使用的用于图像的分辨率的变化的示例性技术。 [0063] FIG 4 illustrates an exemplary technique that can be used in the exemplary embodiment of FIGS. 1-3 and 5-8 for the embodiment changes the resolution of the image. 在图4中,数字作品203能适应于提供可变的分辨率图像。 In FIG. 4, the digital work 203 can be adapted to provide a variable resolution image. 图像形式的作品203的内容能分解成子图像2071-2075。 Content image 203 in the form of work can be decomposed into sub-images 2071-2075. 每个子图像能对应于图像的子波、频率分量等。 Each sub-image corresponds to a wavelet can image, the frequency components and the like.

[0064] 在一示例性实施例中,子图像2071包括1/2分辨率图像,子图像2072包括1/4分辨率图像,子图像2073包括1/8分辨率图像,子图像2074包括1/16分辨率图像以及子图像2075包括1/32分辨率图像。 [0064] In an exemplary embodiment, sub-image 2071 comprises a 1/2 resolution image, sub-image 2072 comprises a 1/4 resolution image, sub-image 2073 comprises a 1/8 resolution image, sub-image 2074 comprises 1 / resolution image 16 and the sub picture 2075 includes a 1/32 resolution image. 子图像2071-2075能叠加和下载以提供多个可能的分辨率。 2071-2075 sub-image can be superimposed and download to provide the number of possible resolutions. 例如,下载子图像2071提供1/2分辨率图像。 For example, downloading a sub-image 2071 provides a ½ resolution image. 然而,把子图像2071与子图像2072叠加提供更高分辨率图像209。 However, the sub-image 2071 with sub-image 2072 provides a higher resolution image 209 is superimposed. 相应地,图3的使用权利X、Y和Z能被配置以对应各自的权利以下载多种子图像或它们的结合。 Accordingly, FIG. 3 used according to X, Y and Z can be configured to correspond to the respective right to download various sub-images or combinations thereof.

[0065] 在一示例性实施例中,在内容的子采样或过滤中使用的参数能用于确定合成的子图像的质量并能以任何合适的方式变化以做出任意合适数量的具有任何合适的分辨率的子图像。 Any suitable [0065] In an exemplary embodiment, the parameters used in sub-sampling or filtering content that can be used to determine the quality of the synthesized sub-image and can be varied in any suitable manner to make any number of suitable the sub-image resolution. 在其他示例性实施例中,尽管在图4中示出了子图像2071-2075,子图像不需要被分解和存储,而是能在不工作时例如通过使用在控制程序210内的数学技术来分解以提供理想的分辨率下载需要的子图像。 In other exemplary embodiments, although the sub-images 2071-2075 shown in FIG. 4, sub-images need not be decomposed and stored but can, for example, by the use of mathematical techniques in control program 210 when not to work decomposition sub-image to provide the desired resolution download required.

[0066] 在一示例性实施例中,内容拥有者能授予察看、打印或拷贝子波分解低分辨率子图像的权利例如用于试用或检查等目的。 [0066] In an exemplary embodiment, the content owner can grant view, print, or copy rights wavelet decomposition low resolution sub-images, for example, for the purpose of inspection or the like to try. 在一示例性实施例中,子图像能附加到相应的内容上用于使用权利分配或能在不工作时被生成。 In an exemplary embodiment, the sub-images can be attached to the corresponding content for usage rights assignment or can be generated does not work. 在一示例性的实施例中,图像的组件能被包括在相同的包内,并且分辨率或分辨率的组合能通过使用子波分解被容易地获得。 In an exemplary embodiment, the components of the image can be included in the same package, and a combination of resolution or resolution using wavelet decomposition can be readily obtained. 各种权利和关联的内容能存储在在相同的位置或不同的位置上。 Content and associated rights can be stored in the same location or in different locations.

[0067] 示例性实施例包括这样的认识,即在数字权利管理中,一般焦点已经集中在给予内容的拥有者对于内容的控制。 [0067] Exemplary embodiments include the recognition that in a digital rights management, the focus has generally focused on the content owner for the given content control. 相应地,示例性的实施例包括这样的认识,即存在其他风险承担者并且允许这样的其他风险承担者在数字权利的管理中具有角色。 Accordingly, such an understanding of the exemplary embodiment includes, i.e. the presence of other stakeholders and allows such other stakeholders having a role in the management of digital rights. 例如,这样的角色能包括通过发行允许由例如诸如政府、父母等其他风险承担者对内容的发行与使用行使控制。 For example, such a role can include, for example, through the issuance of permit by the government, parents and other stakeholders issuance and use of content, such as exercise control. 有利的是,示例性实施例允许政府、父母等控制或监控或涉及什么内容能发行以及谁能接收或使用这样的内容。 Advantageously, the exemplary embodiments allow the government, parents and other control or monitoring or issue involving what can and who can receive or use such content. 在其他示例性实施例中,政府或父母等也能被允许控制条款,在这些条款下,这样的内容能发行或使用。 In other exemplary embodiments, the government or the parents, also be allowed to control provisions, under these terms, such content can publish or use.

[0068] 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,也能涉及其他风险承担者,例如,包括公司或其他企业或其中的各种部门或其中管理机构的等级。 [0068] However, in other exemplary embodiments can also involve other stakeholders, for example, grades include companies or other companies or sectors, or in which the various regulatory agencies. 例如,一首音乐的作曲者或一本书的作者能被配置成在项的出版者之外的风险承担者。 For example, a music composer or author of a book can be configured to stakeholders outside the publisher of the item. 还有的示例性实施例提供例如能用于处理在某些国家的法律下的权利的方式,其中作品的创建者即使在售出作品后也能继续拥有作品的权利。 There exemplary embodiment provides such as the right way can be used to deal with rights under the laws of certain countries, which works even after the creator of the work can continue to have sold works. 这样的权利能包括精神权利等,并且作品的创建者能被包括在风险承担者中。 Such rights can include moral rights, etc., and the creator of the work can be included in the stakeholders.

[0069] 还有的示例性实施例提供例如能用于处理这样的法律的方式,该法律允许数字作品在被获取后被转让而不管例如创建者、拥有者或发行者的另一方是否希望让受方具有这样的权利。 Whether the other [0069] There is provided an exemplary embodiment, for example, can be used in a legal way such processing, the law allows the transfer of digital works regardless example creator is acquired after the owner or issuer to let the recipient has such a claim. 这样的权利能包括首先出售原则等,并且转让者和预期的受让人能被包括在风险承担者中。 Such rights can include the sale of first principles, and the transferor and transferee can be included in the expected risk takers in. [0070] 还有的示例性实施例提供例如能用于处理这样的法律的方式,该法律允许数字作品被复制或被使用等,在某些情况下以某些不管例如创建者、拥有者或发行者的另一方是否希望该方具有这样的权利的方式。 [0070] There are provided exemplary embodiments can be, for example, for processing such a manner that the law, the law allows use of the digital work to be copied or the like, in some cases, for example in certain regardless creator, owner, or are other issuers hope that the party has a way of such rights. 例如,这样的权利能包括消费者的做出数字作品的副本以使它能在消费者的家庭内的多种设备上使用的权利或能包括更改数字作品的格式或从作品中选取摘录的权利等。 For example, such a right to make digital copies include the consumer's right to work so that it can be used on multiple devices in the consumer's home or work can include changing digital formats or choose the right excerpts from the works Wait. 这样的权利能包括合理使用权利,并且具有这样的合理使用权利的一方能被包括在风险承担者中。 Such rights can include the right to use rational, reasonable and has the right to use can be included in one of the stakeholders. 如此,有利的是,结合不例性实施例,能指定风险承担者以确定项的接收方能根据同意的使用方式或由适用的法律或规则等指定的使用方式使用项。 So, it is advantageous, with no cases of embodiment, can be specified stakeholders in order to determine whether the received items according to how consent or used by the specified use and other applicable laws or Rules.

[0071] 在描述示例性实施例中,使用涉及数字作品的例子,其中数字作品能包括任何合适的数字信息。 [0071] In the described exemplary embodiment, the example relates to the use of the digital work, wherein the digital work can comprise any suitable digital information. 例如,通过最终用户消费的数字作品能包括诸如音频、视频、电子书本(e-book)等的数字内容。 For example, the end user consumption of the digital work as the digital content can include audio, video, electronic book (e-book) and the like. 然而,根据示例性实施例,最終结果不需要是音频、视频或电子书本等的获得或使用。 However, according to an exemplary embodiment, the end result need not be audio, video, electronic book, or the like to obtain or use. 例如,示例性实施例的数字权利管理能有利地应用于货物、服务、其他项等。 For example, digital rights management exemplary embodiment can be advantageously applied to goods, services, other items like.

[0072] 在一示例性实施例中,例如,最終結果是通过因特网(Internet)提供的服务的消费、货物的购买或进行测试等。 [0072] In an exemplary embodiment, for example, the end result is the consumption of goods provided by the Internet (Internet) services for later testing or the like. 相应地,风险承担者的概念能应用于所有这样合适的对象上。 Accordingly, the concept of stakeholders can be applied on all such appropriate object. 有利的是,结合示例性实施例,父母能阻止孩子访问因特网(Internet)站点除非孩子被授予许可,公司主席能阻止未经授权的员エ获取使用公司资源的汽车租用服务除非员エ被授予许可等。 Advantageously, in conjunction with exemplary embodiments, parents can prevent children access to the Internet (Internet) site unless the child is granted the license, the company chairman can prevent unauthorized use of company resources to obtain member Ester car hire service members unless permission is granted Ester Wait.

[0073] 在一示例性实施例中,根据第一个示例性使用情况,孩子能被允许以获取以音乐、视频等的项的形式存在的数字作品,但是由于父母的选择,孩子能基于来自父母的批准呈现例如播放音乐。 [0073] In an exemplary embodiment, according to a first exemplary use case, the child can be allowed to acquire the digital work in the form of music, video and other items, but since the selection of parents, children can be based on data from parents approve presents such as playing music. 在其他示例性实施例中,孩子希望获取音乐文件,但是由于这是父母的选择,如果父母提前批准那么该项能获取。 In other exemplary embodiments, the children want to get music files, but since this is a parent's choice, if approved in advance so that parents can get. 相应地,除了音乐的提供者和終端消费者孩子外,父母可以是风险承担者。 Accordingly, in addition to the music providers and end consumers children, parents may be risk takers.

[0074] 在一示例性实施例中,根据第二个示例性使用情况,在一国家内的成千上万的人能被允许拥有图片形式的数字作品,但是由于这是法律,他们能呈现数字作品,例如,包括打印数字作品或在计算机显示器上观看数字作品等,如果数字作品的内容能由政府的审查办公室放行。 [0074] In an exemplary embodiment, according to the second exemplary usage, thousands of people within a country be allowed to have a picture in the form of digital works, but because this is the law, they can present digital works, for example, includes a digital print work or watch digital works on a computer monitor, etc., if the contents of a digital work can be released by the office of the government's review. 在其他示例性实施例中,成千上万的人们希望获取数字作品,但是由于这是法律,如果政府审查办公室批准,那么作品能获得。 In other exemplary embodiments, the thousands of people want to get digital work, but because this is the law, if approved by government censors office, then the work can get. 为何制定使政府实体被涉及的法律不需要关心。 Why is the development of the legal government entities involved need not be concerned. 然而,政府关注,例如,可能在本质上是色情作品的、可能影响国家安全的、可能被合法地诽镑的或仅仅可能是淫秽等等的给定的项。 But it is concerned, for example, it may be, in essence, pornography, could affect national security, may be legally slander pounds or just obscene and so may be given items. 有利的是,示例性实施例的数字权利管理能用于实现能在政治的过程内決定的内容。 Advantageously, the digital rights management exemplary embodiment can be used to implement the content can be determined in the political process.

[0075] 在一示例性实施例中,根据第三个示例性使用情况,作者能被允许发行关于某些话题的书籍。 [0075] In an exemplary embodiment, according to the third exemplary usage, the authors can be allowed to issue books on certain topics. 然而,给定的国家的政府不允许由这样的作者关于这样的话题的书籍被发行到该国家或从该国家中发行,除非内容由政府批准或者除非政府批准书本发行的条款和条件。 However, given to the government of the country not allowed to be published by the author of such books on this topic to the issuing country or from the country, the terms and conditions approved by the government unless the content or unless the government approved the release of the book. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,也可能是这样的需要是某些其他的涉及,例如,诸如控制书本发行的政府本身。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, this may also be required to be directed to some other, e.g., such as control books issued by the government itself. 如以前,法律为何需要政府涉及是不关心的。 As before, why the law requires the government involved is not of concern. 然而,可能需要这样的政府涉及,例如,由于作者是安全机构以前的雇员或也许作者是犯重罪的具有法律义务以对受害者做出偿还的人并且政府涉及要确保对于书本的消费所支付的费用是给受害者的等。 However, you may need such a government involve, for example, because the author is a former employee of the security agency or perhaps the author is guilty of a felony who has a legal obligation to make the repayment of the victims and to the government involved to ensure that the consumer paid for books and so is the cost to the victim. 有利的是,示例性实施例的示例性数字权利管理系统能用于实现任何合适的法律等,而与这样的法律是什么法律或为何颁布这样的法律无关。 Advantageously, the exemplary digital rights management system of the exemplary embodiment can be used to implement any suitable legal, and anything with such law is enacted laws or why such non-legal.

[0076] 在一示例性实施例中,消费者的获取、呈现或还做出关于项的某些动作的权利的指定的条件可以是风险承担者的涉及。 [0076] consumer acquires an exemplary embodiment, the presentation conditions, or also made with respect to certain rights specified action item may involve stakeholder. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的涉及能包括批准从指定的风险承担者中获取。 Such can include granting access directed from stakeholders specified in an exemplary embodiment. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,这样的涉及能包括除了批准之外的动作,诸如风险承担者被允许追踪、审计或具有某些关于项的其他角色。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, can include such actions in addition to involving approval, such exposures are allowed to tracking, auditing, or with respect to certain items of other roles. 例如,在第三个示例性使用情况中,政府不关心犯重罪者的电子书籍的编辑内容只要其中用于销售的任何费用以政府授权的方式收集以使受害者得到偿付。 For example, in the third exemplary use case, the government does not care who edits felony for any costs of e-books for sale as long as the government authorized to collect the victims be reimbursed. 在一示例性实施例中,要是政府没有采取适当的金额补偿受害者,作为风险承担者的政府的涉及可继续并且其后能能停止政府的涉及。 In an exemplary embodiment, if the government did not take the appropriate amount of compensation for the victims, as government stakeholders involved can continue and can thereafter be able to stop the government involved. 相应地,在一示例性实施例中,风险承担者的涉及能停止或能在任何适当的时间开始。 Accordingly, in an exemplary embodiment, to stakeholders can stop or can be started at any suitable time.

[0077] 相应地,在一示例性实施例中,政府或其他实体作为风险承担者,能被允许控制、批准费用收集或其他与诸如犯重罪者的电子书籍等的项的电子发行相关联的机制等。 [0077] Accordingly, in an exemplary embodiment, government or other entities as stakeholders, be allowed to control the cost of approved collection or other persons with felony such as e-books and other items associated with the issuance of electronic mechanism. 在一示例性实施例中,条件能用于确保这样的发行以经批准的方式完成。 In an exemplary embodiment, the conditions can be used to ensure such a manner approved release completion. 这样的条件的状态能随机地、连续地以任何其他合适的时机、频率等被检测一次或多次,例如,当获得项时、每次呈现项时、每次发现项已经被更改时。 These conditions can be random, it is continuously detected one or more times in any other suitable timing, frequency, e.g., when the item is obtained, at each presentation items, each item has been changed when found.

[0078] 在一示例性实施例中,能实现第一个示例性使用情况,以使当孩子获得音乐的作品时,例如通过播放等呈现音乐作品的使用权利能包括指定授权需要从具有某个数字地址的授权储存库中获得的条件。 [0078] In an exemplary embodiment, to achieve a first exemplary use case, such that when children get musical works, for example, by presenting playback usage right specified musical composition can comprise from having certain required authorizations conditions database to obtain authorization to store numeric address. 这样的储存库能由孩子的父母控制。 This repository can be controlled by the child's parents. 音乐作品能与这样的使用权利和到授权存储库的通信链路相关联。 The musical piece can be associated with the communication link and to the use of such authorization rights repository. 孩子的储存库能发起对于授权储存库的请求并且如果授权储存库用授权来响应,那么能行使呈现音乐作品的权利。 Children repository can initiate a request for authorization if the authorization repository and repository with authority to respond, to exercise the right presents musical works.

[0079] 在一示例性实施例中,项不能被呈现直到授权被接收。 [0079] In an exemplary embodiment, the items can not be presented until the grant is received. 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能用于指定授权必须在每次呈现时获取,其中诸如政府、父母等的批准权利机构能被允许收回呈现项的批准。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights can be used to specify authorization must be obtained at each presentation, such as where the government, parents and other approved institutions be allowed to withdraw the approval of rights presented items. 相应地,即使音乐作品可由父母已经批准由孩子播放多次,当孩子的储存库请求随后的授权时,这样的请求能被拒绝并且音乐作品能不再被播放(如果父母这样选择)。 Accordingly, even if the music works by parents it has been approved by children playing many times, when a child repository subsequent authorization request, such a request be denied and musical works can no longer be played (if the parents so choose).

[0080] 在其他示例性实施例中,当授权储存库返回授权以呈现项时,授权储存库能被配置以强加一条件,例如,随后要呈现项的尝试需要其他的授权或授权仅仅能被使用一次等。 [0080] In other exemplary embodiments, when the authorization to return authorization to render the repository entry, authorization repository can be configured to impose a condition, e.g., the item to be presented subsequently attempts require additional authorization or authorization can only used once and so on. 在一示例性实施例中,授权储存库能在个人计算机、膝上型计算机、服务器、便携式硬件设备、手持设备或任何其他合适的设备等上被体现。 In an exemplary embodiment, the authorization repository can be embodied in a personal computer, a laptop computer, a server, a portable hardware device, a handheld device, or any other suitable equipment. 在一示例性实施例中,授权储存库能驻留在与呈现设备相同的设备内或软件内或能驻留在在其上能存储音乐作品的设备中或它们的组合等。 In an exemplary embodiment, the authorization repository can reside in the same device rendering device or software that reside in or on which the device can store a piece of music or a combination thereof.

[0081] 在一示例性实施例中,第二个示例性使用情况能被实现以使成千上万的人中的每个人能接收到电子通知,该电子通知为诸如图片等的项能例如通过因特网(Internet)下载或以任何诸如离线方式或通过物理介质的方式等其他合适的方式获得。 [0081] In an exemplary embodiment, the second exemplary use case can be implemented in each of thousands of people can receive electronic notification, such as a notification that the electronic image like items could e.g. (Internet) to download or otherwise obtained in any suitable manner such as off-line or by way of physical media like the Internet. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的通知能伴随着指定授权、许可等需要被获取的使用权利作为用于获取图片的条件。 In an exemplary embodiment, such a notification can be accompanied by specified authorization, licensing rights to be used as a condition for acquiring the acquired images. 这样的许可能通过使用示例性实施例的方法或任何其他合适的方式来获取。 Such a license by use of the exemplary embodiments or any other suitable way to get.

[0082] 在一示例性实施例中,在人们已经获得图片的情况下,用于图片的呈现的授权能以类似于那些关于第一个示例性使用情况描述的方式来实现,具有是成千上万的人们而不是一个孩子在请求这样的授权的显著区别。 [0082] In an exemplary embodiment, in a case where images have been obtained, the authorization for the image can be presented in a manner similar to those on a first exemplary use case described is achieved, it is having thousands thousands of people and not a significant difference in a child request such authorization. 在一示例性实施例中,对于这样的授权请求的回答不必与对于每个请求授权的人的回答相同。 In an exemplary embodiment, not necessarily the same for each person requesting authorization answer to answer the request for authorization. 例如,某些人能被授权以呈现项而其他人不能,其中授权的条件可以是人能确定他们的身份、人能确定他们在21岁以上、已支付费用等。 For example, some people can be authorized to present terms while others can not, which condition may be authorized people can determine their identity, one can be sure they are over 21 years old, has paid expenses. 有利的是,这样的条件能通过示例性实施例时不时地被更改。 Advantageously, such conditions can exemplary embodiment is changed from time to time. 虽然示例性实施例根据呈现被描述,任何其他合适的使用权利能被授权或被拒绝,诸如复制、移动、修改等。 Although exemplary embodiments are described in terms of exemplary embodiments presented, any other suitable use can be granted or denied rights, such as copy, move, modifications and the like.

[0083] 第三个示例性使用情况包括其他元素,例如,其中电子书籍的内容是重要的。 [0083] The third exemplary usage include other elements, for example, where an electronic book content is important. 在一示例性实施例中,能实现这样ー个决定,即一旦批准电子书籍发行,则电子书籍不能被更改,除非批准这样的更改。 In an exemplary embodiment, can achieve such ー a decision that once the issue of e-books approved, the e-books can not be changed unless approved such changes. 相应地,条件能用于指定不允许对电子书籍进行更改除非获得批准。 Accordingly, the condition can be used to specify the e-books are not allowed to make changes unless approved. 例如,政府作为风险承担者,不愿意电子书籍被任何人更改,任何人是作者或某些其他人,即使在电子书籍发行后。 For example, the government as a stakeholder, e-books are not willing to change anyone, any person is the author or some other person, even after the issuance of electronic books. 在一示例性实施例中,数字权利管理技术能用于确保内容不能被未授权的人更改。 In an exemplary embodiment, the digital rights management technology can be used to ensure that the content can not be changed by an unauthorized person. 在一不例性实施例中,除了项的拥有者,其他人一般是未被授权的一方。 In an exemplary embodiment not embodiments, except that the owner of the item, others are generally not authorized party. 在一示例性实施例中,拥有者能包括作者、出版者、电影工作室等 In an exemplary embodiment, the owners can include authors, publishers, movie studios, etc.

[0084] 在第三个示例性使用情况中,希望对项的更改行使控制的实体以及能防止对项做出更改的实体例如能包括作者(这与一般情况一致)和政府实体。 [0084] In the third exemplary use case, we wish to exercise physical control of changes to the items and can make changes to prevent entities such as items can include author (which is consistent with the general case) and government entities. 在一示例性实施例中,条件能用于确保政府实体批准对项的更改。 In an exemplary embodiment, the condition can be used to ensure that government entities approved changes to the item. 相应地,使用权利例如能用于指明没有人,即使是作者,也不能更改电子书籍除非政府批准这样的更改或不能做出任何更改除非这样的更改由政府做出等。 Accordingly, for example, it can be used to indicate the right to use that no one, even the author, e-books can not change unless the government approved such changes or can not make any changes unless such changes made by the government.

[0085] 在其他示例性实施例中,这样的条件能被基于正在被涉及批准或更改过程的ー个或多个实体来实现,一个或多个实体例如是作者和政府或作者或政府或仅仅是作者或仅仅是政府等。 [0085] In other exemplary embodiments, such conditions can be achieved based on one or more entities ー being directed to change the approval process, or, for example, one or more entities and government author or authors, or government or simply He is the author or just the government. 例如,作者能被给予权利以在政府的批准下做出更改,政府能被给予权利以结合来自作者的批准做出更改,或作者或政府能从这样的过程中被完全消除。 For example, the author can be given the right to make changes in the approval of the Government, which can be combined to give the right to make changes to the approval from the author or authors or government from such a process is completely eliminated.

[0086] 在其他示例性实施例中,风险承担者能包括作者、作者的出版者等。 [0086] In other exemplary embodiments, can comprise of stakeholders, and the like of the publisher. 有利的是,即使在作者把作品卖给出版者后,作者能使用示例性实施例保持对作品更改的控制。 Advantageously, even after the publisher of the works sold, authors can use an exemplary embodiment maintain control of work change. 如此,示例性实施例能用于实现、保护、加强例如在某些国家的法律下的精神权利等。 Thus, the exemplary embodiment can be used to implement, protection, etc., for example, to strengthen the moral rights under the law in certain countries. 在其他示例性实施例中,作者与出版者的合同权利例如能被加强、保护等。 In other exemplary embodiments, the publisher of contractual rights can be strengthened e.g., protection. 作者或其他各方的控制或參与不需要被限制于做出更改,而是能涉及任何合适的动作,例如诸如被发行的副本的数量的监控等。 Author or control or other parties involved need not be limited to make changes, but can involve any suitable action, such as the number of copies to be distributed monitoring.

[0087] 第三个示例性使用情况包括其他元素,例如,在其中由于电子书籍的话题或内容而激起政府涉及。 [0087] The third exemplary usage include other elements, for example, where due to the topic or content of e-books and goad the government involved. 在一示例性实施例中,如果电子数据包括关于政府利益的话题与其他不是关于政府利益的话题,那么示例性实施例的批准过程等能应用于关于政府利益的话题内的部分。 In an exemplary embodiment, if the electronic data includes topics on government benefits and other topics not on the interests of the government, then the approval process and other exemplary embodiments can be applied to the inner part of the topic of the Government's interest. 例如,如果电子书籍具有多个章节或其他部分或是合作作品,那么条件能应用于一个或多个这样的部分或应用于这样部分或电子书籍的任何子集等。 For example, if an electronic book having a plurality of sections, or other portions or cooperative work, the conditions can be applied to one or more such parts or portions applied to any subset of such electronic books or the like.

[0088] 第三个示例性使用情况包括其他元素,例如,在其中由于电子书籍的具体作者是犯重罪的人而激起政府涉及。 [0088] The third exemplary usage include other elements, for example, where due to the specific e-book author who is guilty of a felony and to goad the government involved. 在一示例性实施例中,如果合作作品是由多人所创作,那么示例性实施例的批准过程等能应用于合作作品中由诸如犯重罪的人或所关心的人创作的部分。 In an exemplary embodiment, if the cooperation works are created by people, then the approval process and other exemplary embodiments can be applied to create cooperation works in part by such person or persons to commit a felony concern. 有利的是,示例性实施例能应用于涉及任意合适数量的关于项的风险承担者的情況。 Advantageously, the exemplary embodiment can be applied to items on stakeholder relates to any suitable number of cases.

[0089] 在一示例性实施例中,能使用任意合适数量的动态条件。 [0089] In an exemplary embodiment, it can be used any suitable number of dynamic conditions. 例如,在第一个示例性使用情况中,孩子对于播放音乐作品的请求能由父母拒绝,例如由于父母收回或从未给出播放音乐作品的许可等。 For example, in one exemplary use case, a request for children to play musical pieces can be refused by the parents, for example, because their parents never recover or given permission to play music and other works. 相应地,父母能选择不许可孩子对于播放音乐作品的请求并且当相应的条件状态被检测时,发现缺少批准。 Accordingly, parents can choose not to request permission for children to play musical work and, when appropriate conditions are detected state, found the lack of approval.

[0090] 然而,在一示例性实施例中,其后父母能提供其他条件。 [0090] However, in an exemplary embodiment, the parents can provide other conditions thereafter. 例如,与音乐作品相关联的使用权利能指定在每次尝试呈现音乐作品时,或在不同的其它实例中,检测授权储存库并由授权储存库在此时要观察到指定的任何权利条件。 For example, use rights associated with the musical piece can be specified every time the attempt to render the piece of music, or in various other examples, the repository is detected by an authorized license repository to be observed at this point as claimed in any of the specified conditions. 如此,有利的是,父母能动态地更改授权,例如,从“是,你可呈现”到“是,你可呈现,但是只能呈现10次”等。 So, it is advantageous, parents can dynamically change authorization, for example, from "Yes, you can present" to "Yes, you can present, but only presented 10 times," and so on.

[0091] 相应地,任何合适数量的事物能动态地指定,诸如新条件的强加或以前权利的收回等。 [0091] Accordingly, any suitable number of things that can be dynamically assigned, such as to impose new conditions or the like to recover the previous claim. 例如,父母通过示例性实施例的授权储存库能指定音乐作品不能在例如上学期间播放。 For example, parents by authorized repository exemplary embodiment of the musical composition can not be specified, for example, in school during playback. 有利的是,如果这样的上学时间更改,那么这样的更改能与适当的动态条件一起来反映。 Advantageously, if such a school changes, then such a change can be with the proper dynamic conditions reflect together. 在其他示例性的实施例中,动态条件能用于指定诸如音乐作品等的项不能被复制或如果不能复制的条件已经存在,那么这样的限制能移除。 In other exemplary embodiments, dynamic conditions, such as a musical composition can be used to specify such items can not be copied or copying conditions, if not already exist, then such a restriction could be removed. 在其他示例性实施例中,这样的权利和/或条件能结合结果动态地更改,该结果为第一个对于呈现项的请求能导致“是,但只能10次”,而稍后第二个请求能导致“不”,例如,反悔先前呈现10次的权利。 In other exemplary embodiments, such rights and / or conditions capable of binding to dynamically change the result, the result is the first request for a presentation item can lead to "Yes, but only 10 times", and then later a second request can lead to "no", for example, go back to claim 10 previously presented.

[0092] 示例性实施例能使用数字票,例如,如进一步在美国专利号为6,336,971的专利中所描述的。 [0092] exemplary embodiment of the digital ticket can be used, e.g., as described further in U.S. Patent No. 6,336,971 is described. 在一示例性实施例中,数字票能包括数字令牌等,它的拥有可以是用于实现在使用权利中指定的使用方式的条件。 In an exemplary embodiment, the digital ticket can include a digital tokens, its owner can be specified in the condition for use as claimed in for use. 例如,在第三个示例性使用情况中,作者能从政府机构获取用于作品的数字发行许可证,该许可证能指定数字票的使用。 For example, in the third exemplary usage, the authors obtain a license for digital distribution of works from government agencies, the license can be specified using digital tickets. 发行许可证能用于指定作品不能被复制或转让直到诸如涉及的政府机构给出数字票的时候。 Distribution License can be used to specify when the work can not be copied or transferred until such time as the government agencies involved give the number of votes.

[0093] 在一示例性实施例中,数字票能用于表示数字作品或其他项由政府检查和批准的证书或批准数字作品或其他项的发行条款的证明书等。 [0093] In an exemplary embodiment, the digital ticket can be used to represent digital works and other items approved by the government inspection certificate or a certificate of approval and other digital works or other items or the terms of issue. 在一示例性实施例中,当数字票给予交换所150时,然后相应的项能被发行。 In an exemplary embodiment, when the digital ticket administered clearinghouse 150, then the corresponding entry can be issued. 在一示例性实施例中,当项被给予示例性实施例的数字权利管理系统时,与项关联的使用权利能包括给出数字票的条件。 In an exemplary embodiment, when the item is given an exemplary digital rights management system in this embodiment, the item can include a usage right associated conditions given digital ticket. 在其他示例性实施例中,使用权利能用于指定关于项的Edit(编辑)或Embed(插入)处理例如即使项的作者也不能执行,除非政府办公室给出证明批准这样的更改的数字票。 In other exemplary embodiments, the usage rights can be used to specify the item on the Edit (edit) or Embed (insert) process such as the author, even if the item can not be executed unless the government approved digital ticket office given proof of this change. 在其他示例性实施例中,任何其他合适的权利或条件能被指定为被允许或不被允许等。 In other exemplary embodiments, any other suitable conditions or rights can be assigned as being allowed or not allowed and the like.

[0094] 在一示例性的实施例中,数字票能结合第二个示例性使用情况来使用,其中当成千上万的人中的每个人接收能获取图片的电子通知时,数字票能与这样的通知以及相应的使用权利一起被包括。 When [0094] In an exemplary embodiment, the digital ticket can be used in conjunction with a second exemplary use case, wherein when each of thousands of people can receive electronic notification acquired images, and the digital ticket can with such notification and the corresponding usage right it is included. 例如,相应的使用权利能被配置以给出权利以获取图片和呈现图片,而用于实现这样的使用权利的条件能是数字票由指定的专门的票务机构打孔,该票务机构例如,驻留在由作为风险承担者的政府或其他实体控制的中央控制储存库上。 For example, the corresponding usage right can be configured to give rights for presenting pictures and images, and for realizing such a condition could be used to claim the ticket by specialized digital ticket punch mechanism designated the ticketing agency, for example, in stay in control repository by the central government or other entities as stakeholders of control.

[0095] 在一示例性实施例中,成千上万的人中的每个人能提交各自的数字票到这样的专门票务机构用于打孔。 [0095] In an exemplary embodiment, each of the tens of thousands of people can submit their votes to such digital ticket dedicated mechanism for puncturing. 政府检查了图片后,政府能确定是否允许某些人获得图片、呈现图片等。 After the government examined the pictures, the government can determine whether to allow some people to get the picture, showing pictures. 例如,只有来自某些被授权的储存库的请求能被授权以获得或呈现图片。 For example, only requests from certain authorized repository can be authorized to obtain or rendered picture. 在一示例性实施例中,专门票务机构能被配置以针对数据库检测每个数字票,该数据库包括关于请求储存库是否被指定为被授权获得或呈现图片的信息。 In an exemplary embodiment, ticketing agency specialized databases can be configured to detect for each of the digital ticket, the database includes information about whether the request is designated as the repository is authorized to obtain the image or presentation.

[0096] 在一示例性实施例中,当这样的数据库表明请求储存库是授权的储存库时,相应的数字票能被打孔,因而满足其中相应的条件并且能允许请求储存库获得或呈现图片。 [0096] In an exemplary embodiment, when such a repository is a database that the requesting authorization repository, the corresponding digital ticket can be punctured, thus satisfying the respective conditions wherein the permission request repository and can be obtained or presented image. 在一示例性实施例中,如果请求储存库未被授权,那么数字票不被打孔。 In an exemplary embodiment, the repository if the request is not authorized, the digital ticket is not punctured. 在其他示例性实施例中,数据库能动态地更改以使第一个对于呈现项的请求能导致“是”决定,而稍后的第二个对于呈现项的请求能导致“否”决定。 In other exemplary embodiments, the database can be dynamically changed so that the first "YES" decision request for presenting items can lead, and the second request for presenting items can result in "NO" decision later. 在其他示例性实施例中,票务机构能强加条件在对于呈现项的请求的“是”决定上,例如,诸如如果项通过察看而呈现,那么察看的权利在I小时后终止等。 In other exemplary embodiments, ticketing agency can impose conditions on the request for presentation of items "YES" decision, e.g., as presented by the view if the item, then the look claim I h after termination. [0097] 在一示例性实施例中,根据第一个示例性发行模型,并且通过适当的使用权利和/或条件,在电影的发行后,工作室能提供$5的下载以销售电影,包括在90内的期间内观看电影3次的权利或$4的下载,包括在90天的期间内观看电影I次的权利。 [0097] In an exemplary embodiment, according to the first exemplary release model, and by using the appropriate rights and / or conditions, after the release of the movie, studio provides download sales of $ 5 film, comprising watch movies or download right three times within the period within $ 4 of 90, including the right to watch a movie I times over a period of 90 days. 有利的是,在电影发行了I年后,工作室能把下载的价格降低到$3,具有在相应的使用权利和/或条件内指定的无限次观看电影的权利。 Advantageously, in the movie after I released years, the studio can download the price down to $ 3, have the right to unlimited movie viewing specified in the corresponding right to use and / or conditions. 此外,结合适当的使用权利和/或条件,工作室能允许诸如支付$5或$4下载电影的消费者这样的先前的消费者无限次观看电影的权利。 In addition, combined with appropriate use rights and / or conditions, such as allowing the studio can pay $ 5 or $ 4 consumers to download movies such consumers previously unlimited right to watch a movie. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的消费者不需要得到退款,而退款能通过使用示例性系统和方法在其他示例性实施例中实现。 In an exemplary embodiment, consumers do not need to obtain such a refund, and refund by using the exemplary system and method is implemented in other exemplary embodiments.

[0098] 在一示例性实施例中,在电影发行后的2年,结合适当的使用权利和/或条件,エ作室能允许先前的消费者具有制作无限制数量的电影副本和把电影的副本转让给任何他们希望的人的权利,其中,在先前制作电影的副本是不允许的。 [0098] In an exemplary embodiment, after 2 years of film distribution, combined with appropriate usage rights and / or conditions, for Ester chamber allow consumers having previously made and an unlimited number of copies of the movie film a copy of the transfer rights of any person they want, which in the previous film production copy is not allowed. 然而,为了观看电影,例如,通过播放呈现电影,能要求电影的每个新的接收者支付给工作室$2以获得通过相应的使用权利和/或条件呈现电影的权利。 However, to watch movies, for example, by playing a movie presentation, the recipient can ask each new movie to the studio paid $ 2 to get the movie rights by presenting the corresponding right to use and / or conditions. 这样的呈现权利能被配置以指定在无限制的时间内无限次观看等。 Such rights can be configured to specify presents unlimited viewing for an unlimited time. 由于对于工作室的消费者通过适当的使用权利和/或条件重新分配电影的激励,工作室能支付给消费者$1用于这样的人转让的每个副本,并且给工作室支付$2的费用。 Because consumers studio movie redistribution of incentives through appropriate use rights and / or conditions of the studio to the consumer can pay $ 1 for each copy of such a person transfers, and pay $ 2 to the studio. 有利的是,示例性发行情况能被配置以包括拥有者到消费者模型,该模型能发展成对等丰吴型等。 Advantageously, the exemplary issuance can be configured to include the owner to the consumer model, which can develop into an equivalent Feng Wu type.

[0099] 在一示例性实施例中,根据第二个示例性发行模型,并且通过适当的使用权利和/或条件,政府能颁发法律,由于考虑项的合理使用,该法律提供给消费者做出诸如电影文件、视频文件、音乐文件等消费者以数字形式购买的项的至多2个副本的权利。 [0099] In an exemplary embodiment, according to the second exemplary release model, and rights and / or conditions, by appropriate law issued by the government can use, in consideration of the rational use of the item, to the consumer to do the law such as the right to up to two copies of the movie files, video files, music files and other consumer purchase in digital form entry. 结合适当的使用权利和/或条件,政府能使销售电影是合法的,除非电影由伴有允许电影备份最多2次的技木。 Combined with appropriate use rights and / or conditions, the government can sell the movie is legal, unless accompanied by a movie Movie Backup allows up to 2 times' technology. 此外,结合适当的使用权利和/或条件,政府能允许诸如工作室的电影的拥有者使用防止做出多于2个副本的技术的权利。 Further, in conjunction with appropriate usage rights and / or conditions, government allow the owner such as a movie studio to make use of the right to prevent more than two copies of the art.

[0100] 在一示例性实施例中,I年后并且通过适当的使用权利和/或条件,政府能确定2个副本不够合理并且颁发提供给消费者做出最多3个副本的权利的法律。 [0100] In an exemplary embodiment, I years later and through appropriate use rights and / or conditions, the government can determine the two copies is not enough to make a reasonable offer and issue legal rights of up to 3 copies to consumers. 法律能提供3副本权利法律对于所有先前在2副本法律下售出的电影是有追溯力的,并且有利的是,能结合示例性实施例来实现。 Law 3 can provide a copy of the legal rights to all previous legal copies sold under the film 2 is retroactive, and advantageously, capable of binding to the exemplary embodiments are implemented. 如此,示例性实施例示出与合理使用立法结合的数字权利管理的使用。 Thus, the exemplary embodiment illustrates the use of the rational use of digital rights management legislation bound. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,能实现任何其他合适的法律或法规或根本不是法律,例如仅仅是工作室关于多少副本工作室希望允许的偏好。 However, in other exemplary embodiments can be realized in any other appropriate laws or regulations or is not legal, for example, only the studio preferences regarding how many copies you want to allow the studio. 由于将来观看电影对于工作室和电影的接收者而言是重要的,在示例性实施例中,能有利地指定风险承担者以确保对项的适当的将来使用。 Because the future is important for watching movies and movie studios recipient, in the exemplary embodiment, advantageously designated stakeholders to ensure proper future use items.

[0101] 在一示例性实施例中,根据第三个示例性发行模型,并且通过适当的使用权利和/或条件,企业能被配置以授予企业的科学家通过察看或打印等呈现在诸如企业的技术资源库等的中央储存库中的数字文档的权利。 [0101] In an exemplary embodiment, according to a third exemplary release model, and by using the appropriate rights and / or conditions, business enterprise can be configured to grant scientists view presented, such as printing or the enterprise right central storage of digital documents library of technical resources of libraries. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的使用权利和/或条件能用于指定科学家能被给予例如从中央储存库下载ー份副本到个人计算机的权利,而不被允许采取其他诸如转让下载的文档等动作。 In an exemplary embodiment, the use of such rights and / or conditions that can be used to specify, for example, scientists can be administered to claim ー download copies from a central repository to a personal computer, such as the transfer is not allowed to take other documents that are downloaded and other activities. 有利的是,I年后,企业能做出允许这样的打印不是好注意的商业決定,并且通过修改的使用权利和/或条件指定这样的打印不再允许,这样的规则被应用到先前下载到科学家的个人计算机的文档上。 It is advantageous, I years later, the company can make such a permit is not a good idea to print business decisions, and specify such printing is no longer allowed by modifying the right to use and / or conditions, such a rule to be applied to previously downloaded personal computer scientists on the document.

[0102] 在示例性发行模型内的一公共主题是动态更改。 [0102] a common theme in the exemplary release model is changed dynamically. 例如,在每个示例性发行模型内,某个人或某一方能被允许更改他们的想法。 For example, in each of the exemplary model release, one person or one party can be allowed to change their minds. 有利的是,示例性实施例的示例性系统和方法能用于实现这样的决定和更改。 Advantageously, the exemplary system and method of the exemplary embodiment can be used to implement such changes and decisions.

[0103] 在一示例性实施例中,数字票也能用于实现示例性发行模型。 [0103] In an exemplary embodiment, the digital ticket can be issued for implementing an exemplary model. 例如,在第三个发行模型中,相应的使用权利能用于指定数字票,其中能根据打孔数字票的专门票务机构做出对于文档的访问。 For example, in the third issue of the model, the appropriate usage rights can be used to specify the digital ticket, which can make access to documents in accordance with a special ticket agency punching digital tickets. 在一示例性实施例中,对于每个访问,数字票必须被给出和打孔。 In an exemplary embodiment, for each access, and digital tickets must be given punctured. 有利的是,如果稍后企业希望防止打印,那么当专门票务机构被科学家请求打孔数字票时,专门票务机构能被配置以拒绝请求。 Advantageously, if companies want to prevent later print, then when the specialized agencies are requested ticket punched digital ticket scientists, specialized ticket agencies can be configured to reject the request. 在一示例性实施例中,这可以是交互的结束,但在其他示例性实施例中,专门票务机构能被配置以提供给科学家诸如链路等的方式以获取新的许可证,其中新的许可证不需要包括打印权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, the end of which may be interactive, in other exemplary embodiments, the specialized manner ticket mechanism can be configured to provide a link, such as a scientist or the like to obtain a new license, wherein the new license need not include a print rights.

[0104] 在一示例性实施例中,以主许可证的形式存在的权利表示例如能包括主使用权利并且能被存储在一个或多个储存库中,并且能用于实现对于示例性发行模型的解决方案。 [0104] In an exemplary embodiment, the primary claim in the form of, for example, a license can include a primary representation of the right to use and can be stored in one or more repositories, and can be used to implement the exemplary model for Release s solution. 主许可证能包括合适于诸如数字作品或其他项的项的使用权利,例如,第一个和第二个示例性发行模型中的电影、第三个示例性发行模型中的技术文档等。 Main license can comprise suitable to work or other items such as a digital rights items used, e.g., a first and a second exemplary model release film, release a third exemplary model technical documentation. 项的用户、客户、消费者、发行者等能具有与主许可证相关联的引用或指针。 Users, customers, consumers, issuers and other items can have a reference or pointer associated with the master license.

[0105] 在一示例性实施例中,许多人能具有与公共主许可证相关联的指针或引用。 [0105] In an exemplary embodiment, many people can have a pointer associated with a common reference or master license. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,单个人能具有这样的引用或指针例如以实现由父母控制孩子访问的内容的第一个示例性使用情况。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, a single person can have, for example, such a reference or pointer to children by their parents for content access control in a first exemplary use case. 在一示例性实施例中,可存在一个以上的主许可证的副本,例如,驻留在位于不同的局域网(LAN)或设备上的服务器上,诸如位于各种地理范围内的服务器。 In an exemplary embodiment, there may be a copy of the main license one or more, for example, reside on located on different network (LAN) or a server device, such as a server located within the various geographical range. 在一示例性实施例中,多个许可证能是类似的或不同的。 In an exemplary embodiment, a plurality of licenses can be similar or different. 例如,能希望主许可证应用于除了法国之外的整个世界,并且这样的主许可证的变形能应用于法国。 For example, we can hope to master license applies to the entire world except France, and deformation of such a master license can be applied to France. 在一示例性实施例中,能提供用于与主许可证的法国变形相关联的客户端或人的适当的引用或指针。 In an exemplary embodiment, it can be provided with a main license for a suitable reference or pointer to the French end modification associated with the customer or a person.

[0106] 在一示例性实施例中,主许可证能包括所有适合于项的使用权利和条件,其中,有利的是,诸如电影的拥有者或示例性实施例的科学家的用户仅仅需要具有对于这样的主许可证的引用或指针。 [0106] In an exemplary embodiment, the main license can include all rights and conditions suitable for use item, wherein, advantageously, a user such as a scientist or a movie owner exemplary embodiment need only have to such a reference or pointer to main license. 有利的是,这样的示例性实施例在资源受限制的环境中是有用的,由于引用或指针比表示在主许可证内的信息消耗更少的空间。 Advantageously, this exemplary embodiment is useful in a resource-constrained environment, since the reference or pointer information indicating the ratio of consumption of the main license in less space. 在其他示例性实施例中,主许可证能指定少于所有的使用权利和条件。 In other exemplary embodiments, the main license can use less than all of the specified rights and conditions. 例如,某些权利和条件能在单独的使用权利中指定,单独的使用权利包括例如具体对于诸如示例性发行模型的对电影或技术文档的项的每个实例的使用权利。 For example, certain rights and conditions can be specified in a separate use rights, a separate use rights include rights such as, for example, using the specific exemplary release model for each instance of a movie or item of technical documentation.

[0107] 在一示例性实施例中,引用或指针能使用任何合适的诸如超链接的通信模式,诸如耦合两个硬件设备或在单设备中通信的离线通信模式。 [0107] In an exemplary embodiment, a reference or pointer can be used in any suitable mode of communication, such as a hyperlink, such as a hardware device coupled to two communication mode or off-line in a single device. 例如,包括与电影相关联的主许可证的储存库能在相同的计算机硬驱动器上作为电影存储在其中的储存库。 For example, the main movie including associated license repository can be used as a movie stored on the same computer hard drive in which the repository. 即使使用权利和电影在相同的设备上,也能包括在主许可证内指定的使用权利和电影之间建立对应的指针或引用。 On the same device can be comprised between the license specified in the main claim and the use of the film in correspondence pointer or reference to the use rights and even film.

[0108] 在一示例性实施例中,主许可证能指定要与项相关联的使用权利和条件,其中引用或指针能指向主许可证。 [0108] In an exemplary embodiment, the main license can be used to specify the rights and conditions associated with the item, wherein the reference or pointer can point the master license. 在一示例性实施例中,当诸如数字作品或其他项的项的拥有者,例如,在第一个和第二个示例性发行模型中电影的拥有者希望访问项,诸如呈现项、复制项或移动项到另一个储存库中,能访问主许可证。 In an exemplary embodiment, when the owner of such digital works or other items of items, for example, in the first and second exemplary model release movie owners hope to access items, such as a presentation items, copy items or move items to another repository, access to the master license. 访问的目的能是确定执行建议的处理的权利能与项相关联,诸如呈现项或复制项,以及检测和实现任何合适的条件的权利,诸如费用的支付等。 The right to deal with the purpose of the visit can be assured to implement the recommendations of the items can be associated with items such as a presentation or copy items, as well as to detect and implement any appropriate conditions for the right to pay such costs and so on. [0109] 在一示例性实施例中,这样的检测能在每次尝试使用的实例中执行,例如,以实现动态更改。 [0109], such detection can be performed on every attempt to use the example embodiment In an exemplary embodiment, for example, to enable dynamic changes. 例如,在第一个示例性发行模型中,I年后,电影副本的拥有者能发现观看电影的权利已经被升级到无限制的权利。 For example, in one exemplary release model, I years later, the film can find a copy of the owner the right to watch a movie that has been upgraded to unlimited right. 相应地,由于最佳实现动态地实现更改的目的,这样的检测结合主许可证在毎次尝试使用的实例中被执行是理想的。 Accordingly, since the preferred implementation to achieve the purpose of dynamic changes, such detection is performed in conjunction with the primary license every attempt to use instances is desirable. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,这样的检测可在多个时间、频率等上执行。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, such detection may be performed on a plurality of time and frequency.

[0110] 在一示例性实施例中,第一个示例性发行模型的电影工作室能使用机制以提供更改相应使用权利的通知。 [0110] In an exemplary embodiment, a first exemplary model movie studio release mechanism can be used to provide a notification to change the corresponding usage rights. 例如,这样的通知机制能包括发送电子邮件或把登录到诸如因特网(Internet)站点等的内容发行系统内的人、设备或系统指向被更改的主许可证。 For example, such a notification mechanism can include sending e-mail or log on to the Internet, such as people in the (Internet) sites and other content distribution systems, devices or systems pointing to the primary license is changed.

[0111] 在一示例性实施例中,毎次用户希望呈现或采取诸如拷贝或移动之类的关于项的动作吋,能通过例如解释等对主许可证检测其中使用权利的当前状态。 [0111] In an exemplary embodiment, every time the user wishes to take an action or presented inch class, such as a copying or movement on the item, for example, can permit interpretation of the main claim wherein the detection of the current status. 在一示例性实施例中,如果主许可证能被确定已经更改,那么相比起主许可证最后被引用时,能不同地解释主许可证。 In an exemplary embodiment, if the main license can be determined to have changed, the main license is finally compared to a reference, it can be interpreted differently master license. 相应地,昨天允许的动作今天可不允许或昨天拒绝的请求的动作今天可允许。 Accordingly, yesterday allowed actions may not allow or reject the last action request may allow today today. 在一示例性实施例中,主许可证可在任何合适的时间更改。 In an exemplary embodiment, the main license can be changed at any suitable time.

[0112] 在一示例性实施例中,主许可证能由其发行者持有或由除了发行者外的某个权利机构持有。 [0112] In an exemplary embodiment, the main license can be held or held by a mechanism as claimed in addition to the issuer by the issuer. 例如,拥有电影的工作室能使用可以管理工作室的主许可证的代理。 For example, with a movie studio can be used to manage the studio master license agent. 在一示例性实施例中,工作室能维护主许可证的合法控制,即使代理能持有或维持主许可证的物理控制。 In an exemplary embodiment, the control of the main chamber can be maintained valid licenses, even though the physical control agents to maintain or hold the master license. 在一示例性实施例中,工作室或它的代理能按需地或当由某些诸如政府等的其他实体要求这么做时更改主许可证,如在第二个示例性使用情况中。 In an exemplary embodiment, the chamber or its agents to change the main license on demand or when doing some other entities, such as government requirements, as in the second exemplary use case. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,主许可证也能例如在政府权利机构或实体的控制下由风险承担者持有而不受主许可证的发行者的控制,该实体诸如政府的审查办公室、消费者组织、エ业协会、制订规章的或自己制订规章的组织、诸如BetterBusiness Bureau之类的好的商业组织等。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, the master license can be for example under the control of government agencies or entities by the right stakeholders held without control of the main license issuer, such as a review of the entity's government office , consumer organizations, industry associations Ester develop regulations or formulate their own rules of organization, such as good business organizations BetterBusiness Bureau and the like.

[0113] 在其他示例性实施例中,主许可证能初始地由例如工作室的一方持有,而稍后由例如一个或多个风险承担者的另一方持有。 [0113] In other exemplary embodiments, the main license can be initially held by a party, for example, the studio, and then later, for example, held by one or more other stakeholder. 这种主许可证持有的更改能发生例如如在使用权利和/或条件中被指定的那样。 Changes can occur for example as specified in the usage right and / or conditions such as in the main licensee.

[0114] 在一示例性实施例中,能使用指向进而指向包括主许可证的许可证的引用或指针的数字票。 [0114] In an exemplary embodiment, and thus can be used to point a reference or pointer to point the main license including a digital license ticket. 例如,消费者能持有由权利持有者或其他风险承担者发行的数字票,诸如由作为权利持有者的内容拥有者或作为风险承担者的政府发行的数字票,其中数字票包括对于引用指针的指针。 For example, consumers can hold a digital ticket issued by the rights holders or other stakeholders, such as the content owned by the right holder or as a digital ticket the government issued stakeholders, which includes the ticket for the digital reference pointer pointers. 在一示例性实施例中,引用指针能被权利持有者作为其宿主、控制等,该权利持有者能包括项或内容拥有者或另ー风险承担者。 In an exemplary embodiment, the reference pointer can holder as claimed in its host, control, rights holders can include the item or content owner or another ー stakeholders. 在一示例性实施例中,任何合适的指针能被初始地由一方持有或控制而稍候由例如一个或多个风险承担者的另一方持有或控制。 In an exemplary embodiment, the pointers can be any suitable wait initially be held by one or the other is controlled by, for example, one or more of the stakeholders possession or control. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的在指针的控制内的更改能发生例如如在使用权利和/或条件中指定的那样。 In an exemplary embodiment, such control of the pointer in the change can occur, for example, as specified in the usage right and / or conditions that.

[0115] 在一示例性的实施例中,这样的引用指针能指向实际的使用权利,有利的是,在更改使用权利的实现中提供灵活性。 [0115] In an exemplary embodiment, such a reference pointer can point to claim actual use, it is advantageous to provide flexibility in implementation to change usage right. 例如,更改能通过更改正在被指向的实际使用权利而实现或能通过具有更改指针正在指向的例如使用权利的位置的引用指针而实现。 For example, changes can be achieved by having a reference pointer or claim e.g. using the pointer position is pointing change is achieved changing the actual usage right is being directed. 有利的是,这样的指针更改能在引用指针上发生,从而消除更改与数字票相关联的指针的需要。 Advantageously, such a change can take place the pointer on the reference pointer, thereby eliminating the need to change the pointer associated with the digital ticket.

[0116] 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,不需要使用数字票。 [0116] However, in other exemplary embodiments, without using a digital ticket. 例如,指针能与诸如数字作品或其他项的项相关联,并且包括作为包括与项相关联的使用权利的许可证的一部分。 For example, can such as a pointer or other digital work items associated with an item, and it includes a part including the rights to the item associated with the license. 如结合示例性数字票实施例,这样的指针能指向引用指针,该引用指针进而指向例如包括主许可证的实际的许可证。 As with the exemplary embodiment of the digital ticket, such a pointer can point reference pointer, the reference pointer in turn points to permit, for example, include the actual main license. 如此,在一示例性实施例中,项的用户、消费者、发行者等能持有使用权利,该使用权利是或能包括对于引用指针的指针。 Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, a user, consumer, and other items can issuer held use rights, the usage rights can include a pointer or a reference to a pointer. 引用指针能由权利持有者作为其宿主、控制等,该权利持有者能包括内容拥有者或另一风险承担者。 Reference pointers which can be used as hosts, and control by the rightsholder, rights holders can include the content owner, or other stakeholders.

[0117] 有利的是,根据示例性实施例,引用指针能被配置以指向实际的使用权利,从而为实现使用权利中的更改提供灵活性。 [0117] Advantageously, according to an exemplary embodiment, the reference pointer can be configured to point to actual usage rights, to provide flexibility to implement the change in the use rights. 例如,更改能通过仅仅更改正在被指向的实际使用权利来实现或能通过具有更改引用指针正在指向的例如使用权利的位置的应用指针来实现。 For example, by changing only the actual change is being pointed to claim or implemented by having an application example using the pointer changes the position of the claim reference pointer is pointing to achieve. 由于对于使用权利的指针的更改在引用指针上发生,有利的是,与数字票或许可证或使用权利相关联的指针不需要更改。 Since for usage right pointer change occurs in the reference pointer, it is advantageous that the digital ticket or a pointer or to use the license associated with the need to change.

[0118] 在一示例性实施例中,发行数字票、许可证、使用权利等的人不需要与作为引用指针的宿主或控制引用指针的人相同。 [0118] In an exemplary embodiment, the Issuer digital ticket, a license, usage rights, etc. need not be identical to the human host as a reference pointer of a pointer or reference to a control. 例如,发行者可以是诸如数字内容、数字作品或其他项的项的拥有者,并且引用指针能由诸如父母、政府权利机构或企业内权利机构的另一风险承担者作为其宿主或控制。 For example, the issuer may be such as digital content, digital works or other items the owner of the item, and can be used as reference pointer or controlled by its host, such as parents, other stakeholders within government agencies or corporate rights rights organization. 例如,在第二个示例性的发行模型中,如果作为风险承担者的政府控制这样的引用指针,那么政府能实现技术动作以更改消费者做三个而不是两个数字电影副本的权利,有利的是,避免实现强加动作以需要工作室更改相应许可证的需求。 For example, in the second exemplary issuance model, if a government stakeholder control such a reference pointer, then the government can implement technical actions to change consumer rights do three instead of two copies of digital cinema, favorable It is to avoid imposing action to achieve change with the needs of the studio needs a license.

[0119] 在一示例性实施例中,用于允许访问或使用数字作品或其他项的条件可以是请求访问或计划接收或存储或以任何涉及项的方式的储存库具有某些属性或以某些方式被配置或不具有某些属性或配置。 [0119] In an exemplary embodiment, to allow access to or use of digital works or other items or conditions may be scheduled to receive a request to access to a repository or storage or in any way relate to items having a certain property or these embodiment are configured with or without certain properties or configuration. 例如,储存库能被要求具有最小安全属性。 For example, the repository could be required to have a minimum safety attributes. 如果储存库是个人文档助理(PDA)设备的一部分,那么储存库能要求PDA具有指定的或最小的安全属性以及PDA被配置以允许PDA支持用于访问所要求的条件。 If the repository is part of a personal document assistant (PDA) device, then the repository can ask or PDA with the specified minimum security attributes and the PDA is configured to allow the PDA support for conditional access required.

[0120] 在一示例性实施例中,包括诸如PDA、个人计算机等设备的储存库能在这样的设备涉及数字作品或其他项之前被重新配置。 [0120] In an exemplary embodiment, the repository comprising a PDA, a personal computer and other equipment can be reconfigured as prior to such apparatus relates to digital works or other items. 例如,这样的重新配置能涉及在储存库或系统或控制储存库的设备上的新软件的安装,能涉及更改现有软件的参数或其他设置,能采取软件插件的形式等。 For example, such reconfiguration can be directed to install new software on a repository device or control system or a repository, and can involve other parameters or settings change existing software, plug-ins can take the form of software, and the like.

[0121] 在一示例性实施例中,用于任何合适类型的储存库或设备的数字作品或其他项的访问、占有或与涉及可以是储存库或设备允许他们本身被重新配置。 [0121] In an exemplary embodiment, the digital work for any suitable type of store, or access other devices or items, or possession may be directed to a repository or to allow the device to be reconfigured themselves. 例如,这样的重新配置能包括储存库或设备允许他们自己例如由中央控制储存库访问,用于更改默认设置、安装新的软件、修改现有软件、插入插件、禁止某些软件或特性等,例如,以这样的更改不能被否认或至少不容易被否认的方式。 For example, such reconfiguration can include a repository or device to allow themselves such as a central repository for access control, change the default settings for installing new software, modify existing software, insert the plug-in software or prohibit certain characteristics, for example, such a change can not be denied or at least not easily deny the way.

[0122] 在一示例性实施例中,如果储存库或其他设备不允许自己被访问或配置,那么这样的设备不需要被允许处理数字作品或其他项。 [0122] In an exemplary embodiment, if the repository or other device configured or not allow themselves to be accessed, then such a device need not be allowed to process the digital work or other item. 在其他示例性实施例中,这样的设备可被拒绝处理某些类型的项的权利或不被允许执行许可的功能。 In other exemplary embodiments, such a device may be denied rights of certain types of items or allowed to perform the processing functions of the license. 在其他示例性实施例中,如果在访问储存库或设备时,确定这样的设备不能以符合条件要求的方式被重新配置,例如,诸如当储存库即使在被重新配置后不具有安全的最小等级,那么可以拒绝访问或处理项的权利。 In other exemplary embodiments, if when accessing the repository or device to determine such a device is not a manner consistent with the conditions required to be reconfigured, e.g., such as when the minimum level repository without a safety after being reconfigured , you can deny access or right item processing.

[0123] 在其他示例性实施例中,访问储存库或设备的目的可以是确定诸如设备是否满足一个或多个条件。 [0123] In other exemplary embodiments, the object repository or access device may determine whether such devices meet one or more conditions. 例如,如果确定这样的设备的确符合这样的条件,那么重新配置不是必需的或如果确定诸如设备部分符合这样的条件,那么有限的重新配置可以是必需的。 For example, if it is determined such a device does meet such conditions, it is not necessary to reconfigure the device or if it is determined as part of the meet this condition, a limited reconfiguration may be necessary.

[0124] 在一示例性实施例中,储存库或设备是可重新配置的或被重新配置的条件例如能应用于任何合适类型的储存库或设备并且应用于任何合适的这样的设备可执行的功能上。 [0124] In an exemplary embodiment, the repository device or condition is reconfigured or reconfigured, for example, can be applied to any suitable type of store, or device and applied to any suitable device such executable functionality. 例如,条件能应用于任何合适的储存库或设备,该设备存储数字作品或其他项或呈现项或通过通信介质传送项或是通信介质。 For example, the condition can be applied to any suitable repository or storage device which stores the digital work or other item or items presented by the communication or transmission media or communication media item.

[0125] 在一示例性实施例中,由权利表示控制对数字资源的访问的数字权利管理系统能用于实现示例性实施例。 [0125] In an exemplary embodiment, the rights expression control access to digital resources digital rights management system can be used to implement exemplary embodiments. 一般地,在这样的系统中,能创建指定使用权利的权利表示并且与一个储存库上的项相关联以及然后另一储存库能在客户端-服务器关系中请求访问项。 Generally, in such systems can be used to create the specified and can be expressed as claimed in claim item associated with the repository and a repository and further a client - server relationship entry requests access. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,客户端和服务器储存库能创建使用权利并且把这样的使用权利与项相关联。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, the client and server to create a repository usage rights and the rights to use such terms is associated.

[0126] 示例性实施例进ー步包括这样的认识,即需要使保护诸如消费者的作为数字作品或其他项的接收者和持有者的其他人的权利成为可能。 [0126] Exemplary embodiments ー step comprises feeding the recognition that it is necessary to protect the consumer, such as the digital work rights of others or other items and recipient holders possible. 例如,当一个人获得数字作品或其他项以及项中的某些权利时,诸如复制项、打印项、播放项、转让项给另ー设备等的权利,该人期望技术不应该防止使用这样的权利的能力。 For example, when a person or other item to obtain a digital work rights as well as certain items, such as a copy item, a print item, the play item, item transfer to claim ー another device or the like, that person should not be expected to prevent the use of techniques such capacity rights. 在一示例性实施例中,例如,消费者能获得数字作品或其他项以及在项能在授权的设备上播放的情况下无限次播放项的权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, for example, consumers can obtain a digital work items or other items, and play rights in the case of items that can be played on authorized devices infinite. [0127] 相应地,毎次在设备上请求播放项时,示例性系统能被配置以执行检测以确定请求的设备是否被授权播放项。 When [0127] Accordingly, every time requests to play items on the device, the exemplary system can be configured to perform tests to determine whether the requesting device is authorized to play items. 然而,如果操作示例性系统的一方或实体已经停止、不能或漏做执行这样的检测,或由于任何其他合适的原因不能执行这样的检测,那么能剥夺消费者播放项的权利,即使消费者的设备是被授权的设备。 However, if one or the entity operating the exemplary system has stopped, or the drain do not perform such a detection, or for any other suitable reason for such detection can not be performed, then the consumer can deprive play item, even if the consumer equipment is an authorized device. 在其他示例性实施例中,在消费者做出一次付费$100另加每次使用服务的额外$1的付费的情况下,消费者能获得基于因特网(Internet)服务的权利。 In the case of other exemplary embodiments, the consumers make a payment to pay $ 100 per use service plus an additional $ 1, consumers can get the right Internet-based (Internet) services. 然而,如果消费者不能访问系统以向服务的提供者提供$1,例如,虽然消费者愿意支付,但是由于不能执行或漏做或任何其他合适的理由,能剥夺消费者访问服务的权利,并且如果不仅仅是暂时的,则能永久地剥夺消费者$100的初始付费的利益。 However, if consumers can not access the system to provide $ 1 to service providers, for example, although consumers are willing to pay, but because it is not implemented or omitted to be done or any other suitable reason, can deprive the rights of consumers to access the service, and if not just temporarily, then permanently deprive consumers pay an initial $ 100 in interest.

[0128] 因而,在一示例性实施例中,为了服务、数字作品以及其他项的提供者以及这样的提供者的接收客户的最佳利益,能指定风险承担者执行职责、需要的任务等以确保项的接收者能实现与项或服务相关联的权利。 [0128] Thus, in one exemplary embodiment, in order to serve, to receive digital works and the best interests of customers and providers of other items such provider that can perform the duties specified risk takers, and other tasks required to ensure that the recipient of the item can be achieved with the right item or service associated with it. 这样的指定能在合适的权利表示中做出。 Such designation can be made in an appropriate representation rights. 在其他示例性实施例中,例如,在某些条件满足时,诸如提供者停止做生意、停止遵守职责、变得不愿意或不能执行或以同意的或适当的方式或以法律规定的方式执行等,能指定风险承担者来实施。 In other exemplary embodiments, for example, when certain conditions are met, such as the provision to stop doing business, stopping to comply with duties, becomes unwilling or unable to perform or to consent or appropriate manner or performed in a manner prescribed by law etc., can be specified stakeholders to implement.

[0129] 在一示例性实施例中,这样的风险承担者能由接收者或提供者或某些其他方或实体来指定,并且能包括与数字作品或服务的提供者或拥有者联合、与消费者或其他接收者、政府实体的联合、制定规章的或自己制定规章的联合、诸如Better Business Bureau的联合、由任何以上描述的各方或任何合适的各方或实体指定的某个人等。 [0129] In an exemplary embodiment, such stakeholders can be specified by the recipient or the provider or some other party or entity, and can include digital work or services provider or the owner of the joint, and consumer or other recipient, the coalition government entities, rulemaking or develop their own joint regulations, such as the Better Business Bureau of the joint, such as a person designated by the parties or any of the parties or any suitable entity described above. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的风险承担者能由提供者和接收者之间的协议来指定,或其指定可以是由法律或政府条例或自我条例所要求的安排,诸如法规的部分或贸易联合惯例。 In an exemplary embodiment, such stakeholders can be specified by the agreement between the provider and recipient, or may be specified by law or regulation, or self-government regulations required by the arrangement, such as partially or regulation Trade union practices.

[0130] 图5示出了示例性数字权利管理系统500,其中客户端和服务器储存库能创建和关联使用权利。 [0130] FIG 5 illustrates an exemplary digital rights management system 500, where the client and server to create a repository and associated use rights. 在图5中,例如能使用诸如电影、歌曲等电子内容形式的数字作品或其他项502,但是示例性实施例能应用于任何合适类型的项。 In FIG. 5, it can be used, for example, movies, songs, and other forms of electronic content of the digital work or other item, such as 502, the exemplary embodiment can be applied to any suitable type of item. 创建者能创建项502以及通过权利表示指定用于与项502相关联的使用权利504。 Creator can create an entry 502 for indicating the specified item 502 associated with the claim 504 right through. 在一示例性实施例中,能将使用权利504和相关联的项502放入各个客户端储存库506b和506a中。 In an exemplary embodiment, it can use the rights 504 and line 502 into each associated client 506a and 506b in the repository. 在其他示例性实施例中,能将使用权利504和相关联的项502放入诸如公共储存库的相同的客户端储存库506中。 In other exemplary embodiments, can use the rights 504 and 502 associated items into the same client, such as a common repository repository 506. [0131] 在一示例性实施例中,储存库506b和506a可以是相同的或不同的物理设备。 [0131] In an exemplary embodiment, the repository 506a and 506b may be the same or different physical devices. 储存库506能初始与服务器储存库508的会话。 Session database 506 can be stored with the original server repository 508. 如果使用权利504和项502不在公共储存库中,那么储存库506或储存库506a能上传项502与相关联的使用权利504 —起到服务器储存库508中。 If items 502 and 504 not claimed in the common repository, the repository 506 or 506a can be uploaded using the repository 502 associated with the item claimed 504-- 508 functions as a server repository. 在一示例性实施例中,项502能被上传或在使用权利504被上传之前、之后或同时被发送。 In an exemplary embodiment, the item 502 can be uploaded prior to use or to be uploaded to claim 504, after or simultaneously transmitted. 例如,项502能在确定服务器储存库508接受到对其的访问后被上传。 For example, item 502 can be determined after uploading the repository server 508 receives access thereto. 服务器储存库508能检测以查看是否使用权利504指定服务器储存库508能访问项502。 Server repository 508 can detect to see if the right to use the server 504 to specify the repository 508 to access 502 items. 如果使用权利504不允许服务器储存库508访问项502,那么服务器储存库508能拒绝访问或终止会话。 If a claim is not allowed 504 508 access an item repository server 502, the server repository 508 can deny access or terminate a session. 然而,如果服务器储存库508能具有对项502的访问,那么服务器储存库508能根据服务器使用权利510执行由客户端储存库506请求的授权的动作。 However, if the server repository 508 can have access to the item 502, the server license repository 508 can be performed by client 510 as claimed in the repository server 506 according to an operation request. [0132] 在一示例性实施例中,如果使用权利504不允许服务器储存库508访问项502,那么服务器储存库508能发起与储存库506的会话,该储存库506请求访问和指定服务器储存库506请求的服务器使用权利510。 [0132] In an exemplary embodiment, if the usage rights do not allow the server 504 to access the repository 508 item 502, the server repository 508 can initiate a session with a repository 506. The repository 506 and requests access to the specified server repository 506 requests the server 510 to use rights. 在其他示例性实施例中,储存库506能发起这样的会话。 In other exemplary embodiment, the repository 506 can initiate such a session. 如果客户端储存库506同意这样的访问,那么能授予访问。 If the client repository 506 agreed to such access, you can grant access to.

[0133] 在一示例性实施例中,关于是否存在对于访问的协议的确定能基于由服务器储存库508指定的并且不被储存库506禁止的权利和条件,加上由储存库506指定的并且不被服务器储存库508禁止的权利和条件组合以形成协议的权利和条件。 [0133] In an exemplary embodiment, as to whether there is a protocol for accessing a determination can be specified by the server based repository 508 and store the rights and conditions are not prohibited by the library 506, plus 506 specified by the repository and They are not combined to form a protocol rights and conditions repository server of claim 508 and prohibition conditions. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,能使用其他规则。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, other rules can be used. 一个或多个客户端储存库506和服务器储存库508能执行确定是否存在协议或两个储存库都能这么做并且比较结果。 One or more repositories 506 and client server repository 508 can be performed to determine whether there is agreement or two repositories and can do a comparison result. 在一示例性实施例中,客户端506或服务器508储存库能发起请求并且因而成为请求储存库。 In an exemplary embodiment, the client 506 or the server 508 and a repository initiating a request can be thus requests the repository. 在一示例性的实施例中,具体的使用权利、请求或储存库不需要指定权利和条件。 In an exemplary embodiment, the specific usage rights, or request the repository need not specify the rights and conditions.

[0134] 在一示例性实施例中,在执行请求的动作后,服务器储存库508能基于请求的动作的执行提供反馈给储存库506。 [0134] In an exemplary embodiment, operation performed after the request, the server-based repository 508 can perform the requested operation 506 is fed back to the repository. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的反馈能包括请求的动作的结果或对收到请求的确认。 In an exemplary embodiment, the results of such an operation can include a feedback or acknowledgment of request receipt of the request.

[0135] 在一示例性实施例中,用于比较的权利和条件能以任何合适的方式生成。 [0135] In an exemplary embodiment, the rights and conditions for comparison can be generated in any suitable manner. 例如,能使用与数字作品或其他项以及一个或多个储存库相关联的使用权利。 For example, the digital work or can be used as well as other items or a plurality of usage rights associated with a repository. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,使用权利不需要使用。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, without the use of use rights. 在一示例性实施例中,与项相关联的使用权利能与在来自请求储存库的请求中指定的权利和条件比较。 In an exemplary embodiment, the item associated with a usage right can be compared with the rights and conditions specified in the request from the request storage library.

[0136] 在一示例性实施例中,在客户端-服务器模型内的客户端储存库能被配置以创建和把使用权利关联到诸如数字作品的项。 [0136] In an exemplary embodiment, in a client - server model within a client can be configured to create a repository and the usage right associated with the item, such as a digital work. 相反,一般的客户方储存库仅仅消费由服务器储存库发行的内容并且一般不涉及使用权利的创建。 On the contrary, the general content of client-side repository for consumption only issued by the server repository and generally does not involve the use of rights created. 通过提供给客户端储存库创建使用权利的能力,有利的是,能实现示例性使用情况和发行模型。 By providing the ability to create a repository using the client's rights, it is advantageous, to achieve exemplary usage and distribution model. 例如,如果风险承担者控制服务器储存库508和/或服务器使用权利510,那么这样的风险承担者能控制对项502做的动作。 For example, if the control server stakeholders repository 508 and / or the use of claim server 510, then such stakeholders 502 to control the operation of the item made.

[0137] 尽管图5的示例性系统500根据客户端设备储存库506和服务器设备储存库508来描述,在其他示例性实施例中,储存库的角色能被颠倒并且任何一个储存库都能在客户端和/或服务器模式中操作。 [0137] While the exemplary system 500 of FIG. 5 in accordance with the client device and the server device repository 506 described repository 508, in other exemplary embodiments, the role of repository can be reversed and can be in any of a repository client and / or server operating mode. 因而,使用权利或项或数字作品的存储、会话起始、使用权利的上传和检测以及其他功能,例如能由任何合适的包括另一个的储存库或任意合适数量的其他储存库执行。 Accordingly, the use of the digital work rights or item or storage, session initiation, and upload usage right detection and other functions, for example can include any other suitable repository or any other suitable number performed by the repository.

[0138] 在一示例性实施例中,服务器储存库508能分配服务器使用权利510或连同服务器使用权利510传递给诸如数字作品或其他项的具体的项502。 [0138] In an exemplary embodiment, the server repository 508 can use the distribution server as claimed in claim 510 or 510 is transmitted along with the server using the digital work or to other items, such as a specific item 502. 在一示例性实施例中,服务器储存库508功能能包括把使用权利与项502相关联的功能。 In an exemplary embodiment, the server repository 508 can include functional features and the use rights associated with the item 502. 如此,一旦被关联,项502能具有一个或多个与其相关联的使用权利,诸如由储存库508分配的使用权利以及诸如在项502遇到储存库之前与项502关联的使用权利504 (如果有的话)。 Thus, once the association item 502 can have one or more usage rights associated therewith, such as by the use rights assigned repository 508 and the use of such prior experience in the item repository 502 associated with the item of Claim 502 504 (if any). 使用权利的这样的分配能通过任何合适的方式完成。 Such usage rights assigned by any suitable manner. 在一示例性实施例中,然后与储存库相关联的使用权利能绑定到项,正如先前与这样的项相关联的使用权利一祥。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage right and the associated repository can be bound to an item, such as previously used and according to an item associated Cheung. 有利的是,如果风险承担者控制服务器储存库508和/或服务器使用权利510,这样的风险承担者能控制对于项502所做的动作。 Advantageously, if the control server stakeholders repository 508 and / or the use of claim server 510, such stakeholders for items 502 to control the operation done.

[0139] 在一示例性实施例中,多个储存库中的每个能用于分配使用权利到具体的项或在多个场合中仅仅ー个储存库能分配使用权利到项。 [0139] In an exemplary embodiment, each of the plurality of repositories can be used for distribution rights to a specific item or simply a repository ー on several occasions usage right can be assigned to an item. 分配储存库能由一个或多个实体或风险承担者控制。 Distribution repository can be controlled by one or more entities or stakeholders. 使用权利可以是累积的。 Use as claimed may be cumulative. 例如,在以电影文件、音乐文件等形式的数字作品的情况下,ー开始工作室能创建例如允许在30天内观看电影文件5次的使用权利。 For example, in the case of movie files, music files and other forms of digital works, the studio can create ー begin watching a movie, for example, allow the use of the right to file five times in 30 days. 然后,客户能获取具有相关联的使用权利的电影文件。 Then, customers can get a movie file that has the right to use associated. 29天后,工作室能决定提供给客户新的交易并且允许客户无限制观看电影文件I年。 29 days later, the studio can decide to offer customers new trading and allows clients unlimited file I watch movies on.

[0140] 因此,诸如通过因特网网站等的交易的使用任何合适方式的交易能在工作室和客户之间执行并且由客户拥有的电影能具有两个与其相关联的使用权利并且客户能实现两个使用权利中的任何ー个。 [0140] Accordingly, any such transaction can be performed in an appropriate way between studios and clients through the use of Internet sites and other transaction and the customer has the right to use the film can have two associated with it and the client to achieve two use as claimed in any one ー. 在一示例性实施例中,第一个使用权利能有效地作为第二个使用权利的子集,所以第二个使用权利能有效地定义客户具有的关于电影文件的权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, a first usage right can be effectively used as the second subset of rights, the right to use the second effective to define the rights of the client has the movie file.

[0141] 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,ー个以上的使用权利不需要是彼此的子集。 [0141] However, in other exemplary embodiments, one or more usage rights ー need not be a subset of another. 例如,客户获取的第一个使用权利可以是在无限制的时间内观看5次。 For example, the first to use the right customer acquisition can be viewed 5 times within an unlimited time. 如果在最初的29天内,客户使用那些5次观看中的2次,那么客户能开始使用在下一年无限制观看的权利,并且当该权利丧失时,客户依旧能具有第一个使用权利剩下的3次观看。 If in the first 29 days, the customer used twice in those five watch, then the customer can start watching unlimited right to use the next year, and when the loss of rights, the customer can still have a right to use the remaining first 3 views.

[0142] 在一示例性实施例中,工作室能指定作为客户接收第二个使用权利,客户必须放弃第一个使用权利的条件。 [0142] In an exemplary embodiment, the chamber can be designated as the client receives a second use rights, the client must give up the right to use the first condition. 在其他示例性实施例中,第一个使用权利或有干扰的使用权利能用于指定没有其他使用权利能与项相关联或没有更多的使用权利能这样分配除非满足某些条件。 In other exemplary embodiments, the first use rights or use rights of interference can be used to specify that no other energy term use rights associated with the right to use or not capable of more such dispensing unless certain conditions are met.

[0143] 图6示出了示例性数字权利管理系统600,其中ー个以上的储存库把ー个以上的使用权利与项相关联。 [0143] FIG. 6 illustrates an exemplary digital rights management system 600, wherein more than one repository ー The use claimed in one or more entries associated with ー. 在图6中,储存库602创建使用权利604并把使用权利604与诸如数字作品或其他项的项602相关联。 In FIG. 6, the repository 604 and 602 created with the use claimed in claim 604 or other item, such as a digital work item 602 is associated. 然后,储存库606能创建两个使用权利608和610并且把使用权利608和610与项612相关联。 Then, the repository 606 can be used to create two claim 608 and 610 and the usage right 608 and 610 and 612 associated with the item. 使用权利608和使用权利610能在同时或在不同时间生成。 Use as claimed in claim 608 and 610 can be used at different times or at the same time to generate. 在一不例性实施例中,使用权利608或610中的一个可以是其他使用权利608或610的子集或者每个使用权利608和610能包括与其他不同的或来自使用权利604的使用权利信息。 In one embodiment embodiment without using claim 608 or 610 may be a subset of the other use of claim 608 or 610, or 608 and 610 each usage rights can include other or different from the use as claimed in claim 604 information.

[0144] 在涉及电影文件、音乐文件等形式的项612的访问的示例性实施例中,储存库606能由电影工作室控制并且使用权利608能允许电影文件612在30天内观看5次。 [0144] In the exemplary embodiment relates to the form of movie files, music files, etc. of access to items 612, the repository 606 can be controlled by the movie studio and allow the use of claim 608 viewing the movie file 612 five times within 30 days. 随后允许无限制观看I年的使用权利610由工作室发行。 Then allow unrestricted right to use 610 I watch year issued by the studio. 在一示例性实施例中,工作室能创建与发行者的商业协议,例如通过示例性元权利给发行者发行工作室的电影的权利,包括把使用权利提供给电影文件612的拥有者的权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, the studio can create a commercial agreement with the issuer, such as a movie studio distribution rights to the issuer by way of illustrative yuan rights, including the right to use a movie file owner to provide 612 . 在一示例性实施例中,发行者能維持储存库602的控制。 In an exemplary embodiment, the issuer 602 can maintain control of the repository.

[0145] 在客户获取使用权利604后的一年多并且客户已经消费完所有使用权利608下的权利,客户知晓发行者正在提供允许电影文件612在支付$2的条件下无限次观看的使用权利。 More than a year [0145] to obtain the right to use 604 after a customer and the customer has complete rights under all usage rights 608 consumer, the customer knows issuer is provided to allow the right to use the movie file 612 at pay $ 2 unlimited viewing. 然后,客户能发起与储存库602的交易,支付$2费用并且获取与电影文件612相关联的使用权利604。 Then, the client can initiate repository 602 transactions fee of $ 2 and get use to the movie file 612 associated rights 604. 如此,电影文件612能具有与之相关联的使用权利604、608和610,其中由使用权利中的两个给予的权利已经过期。 Thus, the movie file 612 can have associated therewith a usage right 604, 608 and 610, two of which use claimed in claim administered has expired. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,使用权利604、608和610中的0个或多个能同时是有效的。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, the use of zero or more of claim 604, 608 and 610 are simultaneously active.

[0146] 在一示例性实施例中,诸如客户的用户能被允许实现用户拥有的一个以上的使用权利中的并且用户选择要实现的任何一个使用权利。 [0146] In an exemplary embodiment, a user such as a client and allows the user can select any one of claims implemented using one or more usage rights owned by the user. 有利的是,这样的自由的方式能特别合适商业到消费者情况。 Advantageously, in such a manner free to be particularly suitable business to consumer cases. 例如,具有允许以两个价格租用汽车的两个项票的消费者能选择最低的价格或限制最少的项票。 For example, consumers have a permit to rent a car at the price of two tickets two entries can choose the lowest price or the least restrictive entry ticket. 在一示例性实施例中,项票能包括机制,通过该机制许可证能与例如诸如货物或服务的有形的项的非数字项结合。 In an exemplary embodiment, the item ticket can include a mechanism, capable of binding to a tangible non-numeric keys of the key, such as goods or services by the license mechanism.

[0147] 在一示例性实施例中,具有歌曲文件、电影文件等的副本的客户能选择免费播放文件的权利而不是有偿播放文件的权利。 Customer [0147] In an exemplary embodiment, has a copy of the song files, movie files and other files can be selected to play for free right instead of right to paid to play the file. 在一示例性实施例中,任何合适的系统和方法能用于自动地选择最佳使用权利或用户能手动地例如通过人工介入等选择理想的权利或用户能指定规则或偏好以使系统能自动地基于这样的规则或偏好做出对于权利选择的决定。 In an exemplary embodiment, any suitable system and method can be used for automatically selecting the best user rights can be manually or, for example, rules or preferences can be specified by selecting a desired user rights or other human intervention to enable the system to automatically make decisions for the right to choose is based on the rules or preferences. 在其他示例性实施例中,能提供限制的系统,该系统一般能在商业、政府或其他企业环境中使用。 It can provide limited system, which is generally used in commercial, government, or other business environments in other exemplary embodiments. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的系统的使用、访问等能基于最限制的使用权利而被允许。 In an exemplary embodiment, the use of such a system, access rights, etc. can be used based on the most limiting is allowed.

[0148] 在一示例性实施例中,自由的和限制的系统的变更能包括这样的系统,在该系统中访问能基于最限制的权利除非满足某些条件。 [0148] In an exemplary embodiment, the change of free energy of the system and the limitations of such a system comprises, in this system can access rights based on the most limiting unless certain conditions are met. 在其他示例性实施例中,能提供这样的系统,在该系统中访问能基于最自由的权利除非不满足某些条件。 In other exemplary embodiments, to provide such a system can access the system based on the most freedom of claim unless certain conditions are not met. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的条件能包括数字票的出示或存在或缺乏。 In an exemplary embodiment, such conditions can include a digital ticket presented or the presence or absence. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的条件能是由状态变量等追踪的动态条件。 In an exemplary embodiment, such a condition could be a condition of dynamic tracking state variables.

[0149] 在一示例性实施例中,限制的系统能包括这样的系统,在该系统中一个以上的使用权利是相互的子集并且只有最小集使用权利能被实现。 [0149] In an exemplary embodiment, a restriction system can include systems, in the system as claimed in one or more using a subset of each other and only a minimal set of usage rights can be implemented. 实施权利管理的系统能做出应用哪个使用权利的选择,因而,与由客户作决定的情况相反。 Rights management system implementation of applications which can make use of the right to choice, therefore, in the case of the customer to make a decision contrary. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的选择能涉及人工介入、规则或它们的组合,其中能使用根据示例性实施例的与储存库相关联的使用权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, such a selection could involve human intervention, or a combination thereof rules, which can be used with the use rights associated with a repository according to an exemplary embodiment. 例如关于图5和6描述的示例性实施例能有利地用以提供给风险承担者分配使用权利的方式并因而影响、控制或影响有关项的使用、访问等。 For example the exemplary embodiment described with respect to FIGS. 5 and 6 can be advantageously used to provide a right to use stakeholder assigned manner and thus affect, control or affect the relevant item access.

[0150] 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能与储存库相关联。 [0150] In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights can be associated with a repository. 例如,使用权利504能分配给诸如数字作品或其他项的项502,并且服务器使用权利510能分配给服务器储存库508。 For example, use rights 504 can be assigned to such digital work items or other items 502, 510 and the server can use rights assigned to the server repository 508. 在一示例性实施例中,然后与储存库508相关联的使用权利510能被绑定到项502或与项502相关联。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage right 510 is then bound to the repository 508 can be associated with the item 502 or item 502 is associated. 然而,这样与项502相关联是可选的。 However, this is associated with the item 502 is optional.

[0151] 在一示例性实施例中,储存库508能具有一个或多个与其相关联的使用权利510。 [0151] In an exemplary embodiment, the repository 508 can use claimed in one or more than 510 associated therewith. 有利的是,使用权利510能用于通知储存库例如包括权利和/或条件的哪些使用权利能与项502相关联并且这样的使用权利不需要与和储存库508相关联的使用权利510相同。 Advantageously, the use of claim 510, for example, can be used to notify the repository using the same which includes the right to use and / or conditions can be associated with the item 502 and so forth does not need to use the repository 508 and associated rights 510.

[0152] 有利的是,与储存库508相关联的服务器使用权利510能用于使服务器储存库508能知道当服务器储存库508遇到项502时要做什么。 [0152] Advantageously, the repository server 508 associated use rights 510 can be a server for a repository server 508 to know when any item repository 508 502 do encounter. 在一示例性实施例中,与服务器储存库508相关联的服务器使用权利510能用于告诉服务器储存库508服务器储存库508能做什么和不能做什么。 In an exemplary embodiment, the server repository server 508 associated use rights 510 can be used to tell the server 508 repository server repository 508 can do and what not to do. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的使用权利不需要变得永久地与项502相关联。 In an exemplary embodiment, it does not require such use of claim 502 becomes permanently associated with the item.

[0153] 在一示例性实施例中,与项502相关联的使用权利504和与储存库508相关联的使用权利510的结合可以是暂时地,例如存在得足够长以使多种类型的使用权利的分析成为可能以使得能做出关于要执行什么功能的決定。 [0153] In an exemplary embodiment, the combination use of Claim 504 and 508 associated with the repository 510 according to item 502 may be associated with a temporarily, for example, there long enough to allow the use of a plurality of types of analysis of rights becomes possible to make the decision to make about what functions to be performed. 与储存库508相关联的使用权利510能用于发送项502或关于项502的信息或与项502相关联的使用权利504到诸如网络、节点、路由器、其他储存库等另一位置,在此可做出决定或在此项502能被重新路由。 With use rights associated repository 508 510 502 or 504 can be used to transmit to another location information item with item 502 or item associated with the use of claim 502 such as a network, nodes, routers, other storage libraries, this 502 can make a decision or be re-routed in this.

[0154] 在其他示例性实施例中,项502不需要被发送到这样的位置,而是能做出对于位置的引用用于确定,在这种情况下能发送关于项502的信息或其相关联的使用权利504。 [0154] In other exemplary embodiments, item 502 need not be sent to such a position, but can make the position of a reference for determining, in this case 502 can send information about the item, or a related use of claim 504 with. 类似地,与项503相关联的使用权利能用于发送项502或这样的其他信息到另ー这样的位置。 Similarly, with the right to use the associated item 503 item 502 can be used to transmit information, or such other location to another such ー. 在其他示例性实施例中,使用权利能用于指定不将项502发送到位置或对这样的位置做出引用或不能比被指定的位置更远。 In other exemplary embodiments, a claim can be used to not send the items to a position 502 or make reference to such a position or not further than the specified position.

[0155] 在一示例性实施例中,与储存库508相关联的使用权利510能用于通知储存库508储存库508能呈现任何合适的项502,诸如数字作品或其他提供给储存库508的项。 [0155] In an exemplary embodiment, the repository 508 with the associated use rights repository 510 508 can be used to notify the repository 508 can take any suitable items 502, such as a digital work or other repository 508 is provided to item. 在其他示例性实施例中,与储存库508相关联的使用权利能用于指定储存库508能执行除了例如呈现之外储存库508的请求的任何合适的动作。 In other exemplary embodiment, the repository 508 can use rights associated with any suitable action in addition to the example presented in the repository request 508 specifying the repository 508 can be performed. 在其他示例性实施例中,使用权利510能用于指定储存库508能做任何储存库508的请求的合适的动作,包括呈现,除了储存库508被限制于呈现某些类型的文件,诸如联合图像专家组文件(JPEG)等。 In other exemplary embodiments, the use of claim 510 can be used to specify the repository 508 can do any appropriate action request repository 508, rendering including, in addition to repository 508 is limited to the presentation of certain types of files, such as Joint picture Experts Group files (JPEG) and so on.

[0156] 因而,根据示例性实施例,使用权利510能被配置以许可例如允许任何事物或几乎所有事物或能被限制于例如仅仅允许JPEG文件的呈现。 [0156] Thus, according to an exemplary embodiment, the right to use the license 510, for example, can be configured to allow anything or almost anything, for example, or can be limited to only allow rendering JPEG file. 要点是使用权利510能适合于储存库508,而其他诸如使用权利504的使用权利能适合于项502。 Important is the use of claim 510 can be adapted to repository 508, while others such as the use rights usage right 504 can be adapted to item 502. 如此,适合于项502的使用权利504 (如果有的话)和适合于储存库508的使用权利510 (如果有的话)的结合能用于确定什么是被允许的。 Thus, suitable for use as claimed in item 502 504 (if any) and a repository adapted for the use of claim 508 510 (if any) can be used in combination to determine what is allowed. 如此,示例性实施例包括在此描述的示例性的统和方法,其中储存库能把使用权利关联到项或传递到项等等。 Thus, the exemplary embodiment includes an exemplary system and method described herein, wherein the repository can use the associated rights transferred to the item or items and the like.

[0157] 在一示例性实施例中,储存库的动作能应用于具体的数字作品或项或应用于这样的数字作品或项的组和类。 [0157] In an exemplary embodiment, the operation of the repository can be applied to the digital work or a particular item or class of such groups and applied to a digital work, or items. 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能用于指定储存库能例如基于某种条件被满足而执行请求的操作。 In an exemplary embodiment, an operation can be used to specify rights repository can be performed, for example, based on a request condition is satisfied. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的条件可以是动态的并且可以是基于状态变量的等。 In an exemplary embodiment, such conditions may be dynamic and may be based on the state variables and the like. 例如,能允许储存库执行关于项的操作,如果对应于这样的项的数字票存在。 For example, it allows the repository to perform operations on the item, if the ticket numbers corresponding to the presence of such items. 在一示例性实施例中,储存库能由与其相关联的使用权利通知以执行例如关于项的动作,该项具有多种水印或以某种方式签名或以某种方式是可以识别的。 In an exemplary embodiment, the repository can be notified by the use rights associated therewith, for example, to perform an operation on the item, the item having a plurality of watermark or signature in some way or in some way can be recognized. 这样的识别能基于某些因素,诸如项是什么,诸如视频文件、音乐文件等、项从哪里来,诸如来自信任的源或任何其他合适的因素。 Such recognition can be based on certain factors, such as what is the item, such as video files, music files and other items came from, such as from a trusted source, or any other appropriate factors.

[0158] 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利对于储存库的关联能用于确定能关于项被执行的动作。 [0158] In an exemplary embodiment, the associated use rights in the repository can be used to determine the operation can be performed on items. 在一示例性实施例中,任何合适的项能提供给储存库并且储存库能确定它是否能执行关于该项的请求的动作。 In an exemplary embodiment, any items can be provided to a suitable repository and the repository can determine whether it is capable of performing the requested operation on the.

[0159] 如此,根据示例性实施例,正在被管理和控制的事物是储存库。 [0159] Thus, according to an exemplary embodiment, and things are being managed repository is controlled. 储存库使用权利能通过与项相关联的使用权利控制。 Use as claimed repository by using the item associated with the control rights. 例如,如果与项相关联的使用权利指定不被允许的动作,而与储存库相关联的使用权利提供这样的动作是允许的,那么结果可以是储存库不执行这样的动作。 For example, if the operation is not allowed to use the rights specified item associated with the usage right associated with the repository to provide such operation is allowed, then the result may be a repository for such action is not performed. 如此,根据示例性实施例,储存库使用权利的主权可以是默认的模式。 Thus, according to an exemplary embodiment, the repository can be used to claim sovereign is the default mode. 然而,在其他示例性实施例中,根据某些在使用权利中指定的条件或在某些在使用权利指定的情况下,储存库使用权利能服从于项使用权利或储存库使用权利能服从于项使用权利。 However, in other exemplary embodiments, in accordance with certain usage right specified conditions or, in some cases the right to use the specified usage right can be the repository subject to the entry or use as claimed in claim repository can be used subject to term use rights.

[0160] 在其他示例性实施例中,正在被管理和控制的事物是项。 [0160] In other exemplary embodiments, are being managed and controlled items are things. 在一示例性实施例中,与这样的项相关联的使用权利能指定操作能通过例如某个储存库或某些储存库执行。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights associated with such an item can execute a specified operation can be performed, for example, store, or some repositories. 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能用于授予一个以上权利和指定这样的权利的某些子集能通过某些储存库执行或所有权利必须通过某些指定的储存库来执行。 In an exemplary embodiment, it can be used to grant the right to use a specified preceding and certain subsets of such rights through repository perform some or all the claims must be performed by certain specified repository. 这个概念能被考虑成与项相关联的权利的条件。 This concept can be considered as the condition item with the associated rights.

[0161] 在一示例性实施例中,与项相关联的使用权利不需要授予任何具体的权利或指定任何具体的条件,而能起到把项指向或引用到储存库的功能。 [0161] In an exemplary embodiment, the item associated with the usage rights need not confer any specific rights or specify any particular condition, but can play the function entry points to or references to the repository. 在一示例性实施例中,储存库的使用权利能定义和确定关于这样的项什么动作被允许。 In an exemplary embodiment, a rights repository to define and determine what actions with respect to such items is allowed. 因而,与项相关联的使用权利能用于把项提供或指向给指定的储存库或指定的多个储存库。 Accordingly, the usage right associated with the item can be used to provide a plurality of repositories or the entry point to a repository specified or designated. 在其他示例性实施例中,能提供一个或多个这样的指针。 In other exemplary embodiments, can provide one or more of such pointers. 在一示例性实施例中,项或关于项的信息能到任何通过这样的指针允许的合适的位置或能用于尝试定位将允许请求的动作的位置。 In an exemplary embodiment, the information about the item or items can be any suitable position allows this by attempting to locate a pointer or can be used to allow operation of the location request.

[0162] 通过把使用权利与储存库相关联,能有利地实现第三个示例性发行模型,其中允许电影工作室更改价格和观看电影的次数。 [0162] By the use of the rights associated with the repository can be advantageously achieved third exemplary release model, which allows movie studios to change the price and the number of movies to watch. 例如,当用户获得电影的副本时,与电影相关联的使用权利能包括观看权利。 For example, when a user obtains a copy of the movie, and the movie rights associated with the use of energy, including the right to watch. 也能指定这样的观看权利以通过例如访问指定的储存库等来实现在定义的时间内观看定义的次数等。 This can be specified by viewing the right to access the specified number of times, for example, be implemented like repository view defined within a defined time, and the like. 如此,当客户提供与电影相关联的使用权利或电影本身给授权的储存库用于呈现时,用户能发现观看权利已经被升级到无限次观看权利。 So, when customers associated with the movie or the right to use the film itself to an authorized repository for rendering, users can find the right watch has been upgraded to unlimited viewing rights. 有利的是,结合示例性实施例,电影工作室能在不必重新得到电影副本、不必更改已经与电影相关联的使用权利或不必采取任何其他合适的动作的情况下,更改使用权利。 Advantageously, the exemplary embodiments in conjunction with exemplary embodiments, without having to re-movie studio could get a copy of a movie, without having to change already with the case where the right or need not take any other suitable action movie associated use rights changes.

[0163] 在一示例性实施例中,储存库不必是功能说明的单个集合,并且不必是单个设备或软件程序或驻留在单个设备或软件程序中。 [0163] In an exemplary embodiment, the repository need not be a single set of functions described and need not be a single device or a software program or reside in a single device or a software program. 因而,储存库能包括虚拟储存库,该虚拟储存库例如包括一个以上的计算机、打印机、存储设备、传真机、处理器等。 Accordingly, the repository can include a virtual repository of the virtual repository comprising, for example, more than one computer, a printer, a storage device, a facsimile machine, a processor or the like. 可将这样的虚拟储存库视为把多个设备或功能转成单个虚拟设备或功能。 Such virtual repository may be considered or a plurality of functional devices into a single virtual switch devices or functions. 例如,家庭网络能被配置成单个储存库,能使用分布的计算能力以及能包括一个以上在信任区域内连结的储存库。 For example, a home network can be configured as a single repository can use the computing power distribution and the repository can include more than one link within the trust zone. 如此,在示例性实施例中,具有使用权利的储存库可以是能包括虚拟储存库的储存库。 Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, having use rights may be a repository can include a virtual repository repository. 在一示例性实施例中,当这样的虚拟储存库具有与其相关联的使用权利时,包括虚拟储存库的组内的其他储存库能具有各自的使用权利或从诸如组内的另一储存库的另一储存库、虚拟储存库的中央节点或中央控制储存库中得到这样各自的使用权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, when such a virtual repository having use rights associated therewith, including other virtual repository within the repository can have a respective set of usage rights to another repository or from a group such as another repository central node or virtual repository repository obtain such control their use rights.

[0164] 在一示例性实施例中,中央控制储存库能用于与各种其他储存库、项类型、动作等结合使用。 [0164] In an exemplary embodiment, the central control repository can be used for a variety of other repositories, item type, operation and the like in combination. 在一示例性实施例中,与项相关联的使用权利能执指向或引用这样的储存库并且能构成或包括指针。 In an exemplary embodiment, the item associated with a usage right can be executed or a reference point such as the repository and can be configured or includes a pointer. 在一示例性实施例中,中央控制储存库能通过诸如通信网络170的通信网络连结到其他能执行具体功能的储存库或设备,诸如打印机、路由器、计算机、音乐播放器、电子邮件服务器、复制机、存储储存库、视频播放器、DVD媒体播放器等。 In an exemplary embodiment, the central control repository via a communication network such as network 170 is a communication link to other repositories or device capable of performing a particular function, such as a printer, a router, a computer, a music player, e-mail server, replication machines, storage repository, video players, DVD players and other media. 在一示例性实施例中,中央控制储存库能被用作虚拟储存库。 In an exemplary embodiment, the central control can be used as a virtual repository repository.

[0165]图7示出了示例性数字权利管理系统700,其中具有与其相关联的使用权利的中央控制储存库控制要关于项执行的功能。 [0165] FIG. 7 illustrates an exemplary digital rights management system 700, wherein the use rights associated therewith a central repository for control to control functions performed on items. 在图7中,与诸如数字作品或其他项的项704相关联的使用权利702能用于指向中央控制储存库706。 In FIG. 7, such as a right to use the digital work items or other items 704 associated with the central control 702 can be used to point to repository 706. 在一示例性实施例中,与项704相关联的使用权利702能引用中央控制储存库706,作为指定什么使用权利适合于项704的位置。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights 704 associated with the item 702 can cite the central control repository 706, as the use rights specify what item 704 is adapted to position. 在其他示例性实施例中,使用权利702能用于定义适合项704的使用权利,但更能指定这样的权利仅仅能通过中央控制储存库706来行使。 In other exemplary embodiments, the use of claim 702 can be used to define terms for use of claim 704, but more can only specify this according to the central control repository 706 exercised. 对于中央控制储存库706的引用能被考虑成关于行使使用权利702中指定权利的权利的条件。 For the control of the central repository 706 can be considered as a reference condition on the exercise of rights 702 specify rights to use rights.

[0166] 在一示例性实施例中,中央控制储存库706能具有与其相关联的控制动作、功能等的储存库706被允许执行的使用权利708。 [0166] In an exemplary embodiment, the central repository 706 can control the operation of a control associated therewith, the function is allowed to use the repository 706 perform claim 708. 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利708可以是任何合适的类型,例如包括一般本质上或本质上特定的或两者之间的使用权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights 708 can be of any suitable type, for example, essentially comprising a general nature or specific use rights or between both. 例如,一般的使用权利708能包括不允许诸如文档等的项704的打印,即使与项704相关联的使用权利702允许打印,或如果项704大于I兆字节,那么不允许路由诸如电子邮件等的项704到电子邮件服务器718,即使与项704相关联的使用权利允许其电子邮件发送。 For example, the general use of claim 708 can include a print item 704 such as a document or the like is not allowed, even with the use rights associated with the item 704 allows the print 702, or if the term I is larger than 704 megabytes, the route is not allowed, such as email like e-mail server 718 to the item 704, even with the use rights associated item 704 allows it to email.

[0167] 在一示例性实施例中,特定的使用权利708能包括允许诸如电影文件、音乐文件等的项704的使用权利702升级以允许对项704的观看,即使由于允许观看的时间已经过期,与项704相关联的观看使用权利702的权利已经过期。 [0167] In an exemplary embodiment, the specific usage rights 708 can include allowing such movie files, music files and other items usage right 704 702 upgraded to allow viewing of the item 704, even if the allowable time viewing has expired with the right to watch usage rights associated with the item 704 702 has expired.

[0168] 在一示例性实施例中,中央控制储存库706能被配置以分析使用权利708和项704的使用权利702例如以确定允许什么功能、采取什么动作等。 [0168] In an exemplary embodiment, the central control repository 706 can be configured to use the right to use the analysis items 704 and 708 of claim 702, for example, allow to determine what functions, and so on what actions to take. 在一示例性实施例中,如果不允许对于执行功能或动作的请求,那么能拒绝这样的请求。 In an exemplary embodiment, if the request is not allowed to perform functions or acts, it can reject such requests. 然而,如果允许请求的功能或动作或如果允许ー个以上请求的功能或动作中的某些,那么中央控制储存库706能路由请求到储存库或其他授权的设备以执行请求的功能或动作。 However, if the function or functions or actions to allow the requested action or if certain ー or more functions or actions requested allowed, then the central control repository 706 can route the request to the repository, or other authorized device to perform the request. 在其他示例性实施例中,能授权中央控制储存库706并能执行给予的功能,其中路由步骤不需要使用。 In other exemplary embodiments, the central control can authorization repository 706 and can perform a given function, wherein the routing step is not required to use.

[0169] 如此,根据示例性实施例,如果请求打印功能,那么中央控制储存库706能路由请求到打印机710或712。 [0169] Thus, according to an exemplary embodiment, if the request is a print function, then the central control repository 706 can route the request to the printer 710 or 712. 有利的是,能将请求路由到请求的任何合适的打印机。 Advantageously, the request can be routed to any suitable printer requests. 然而,如果使用权利702或708指定在例如诸如打印机710的指定的一个打印机或多个打印机上打印,那么能将请求路由到被授权的一个打印机或多个打印机。 However, if specified in claim 702 or 708 such as a printer, for example, a printer to print on the specified printer 710 or more, then the request can be routed to a printer authorized or more printers.

[0170] 在其他示例性实施例中,如果请求打印的副本和数字副本两者,那么能将请求路由到打印机710和能执行做出数字副本功能的储存库716。 [0170] In other exemplary embodiments, if the request and a copy of both the digital copy printing, the printer 710 can route the request to make a digital copy can be performed and the function of the repository 716. 在一示例性实施例中,实现未授权的权利的尝试能导致后果,该后果诸如项或使用权利或两者被扣押或被持有用于机器或人工介入或做出关于尝试的报告或其他后果。 In an exemplary embodiment, an unauthorized attempt to achieve the right can cause consequences, the consequences of such items, or to use both of or seized or held by a machine or manual intervention or to report on attempts or other as a result of. 如此,使用权利能用于指定权利实现的条件是不尝试未被授权的动作以及,可选地,由未被授权的尝试中得出什么后果。 So, using the right conditions can be used to specify the realization of rights is not trying to unauthorized actions and, optionally, what are the consequences derived from the attempt unauthorized in.

[0171] 在一示例性实施例中,储存库710-720中的ー个或多个能具有与其相关联的使用权利(未示出)。 [0171] In an exemplary embodiment, stored in a library ー 710-720 can have one or more usage rights (not shown) associated therewith. 在一示例性实施例中,可存在如系统设计者所希望实现那样数量的层。 In an exemplary embodiment, there may be implemented as a system designer as desired number of layers. 例如,电子邮件服务器718能具有与其相关联的特定于电子邮件服务器718的使用权利,并且该使用权利定义电子邮件服务器718能做什么或不能做什么。 For example, an email server 718 can be used having associated therewith in a particular e-mail server of claim 718, and the usage rights defined e-mail server 718 can do or can not do.

[0172] 在一示例性实施例中,例如,与电子邮件服务器718相关联的使用权利能导致电子邮件服务器718不处理项704,即使中央控制储存库706和相关联的使用权利702以及项704不阻止这样的处理。 [0172] In an exemplary embodiment, for example, e-mail server 718 with use rights associated with the email server 718 does not result in the processing item 704, even if the central control repository 706 and associated with the use of claim 702 and item 704 It does not prevent such processing. 例如,通过与其相关联的合适的使用权利执行拷贝功能716的储存库能被配置以拒绝做出项704的副本或强加条件在做出这样的副本上,例如诸如支付$1费用,尽管由中央控制储存库706基于分析使用权利702和708做出能做作副本的确定。 For example, copy function performed by the appropriate use rights associated with a repository 716 can be configured to refuse to make a copy of the item 704 or impose conditions on such a replica made, such as payment of costs $ 1, although the control by the central repository 706 is determined based on analysis of the use rights for 702 and 708 to make a copy can do. 在其他示例性实施例中,储存库710-720中的一个或多个能被配置为虚拟储存库。 In other exemplary embodiment, the repository is one or more of 710-720 can be configured as a virtual repository.

[0173] 在一示例性实施例中,如果与ー个例如拷贝机储存库716的储存库相关联的使用权利以及例如与中央控制储存库706相关联的使用权利708的与另ー储存库相关联的使用权利是冲突的或能导致冲突交易或不能一致地处理相同的交易,例如,拷贝储存库706不允许打印而中央控制储存库使用权利708没有不允许打印,并且也没有明确地允许打印,那么能例如基于一个或多个规则做出解决各个使用权利的首位的决定。 [0173] In an exemplary embodiment, for example, if a claim ー replicator repository repository 716 associated with the central control and, for example 706 using the repository 708 associated rights to another repository associated with the ーuse rights associated conflict or conflicts can lead to the same transaction or the transaction can not be processed uniformly, e.g., printing is not permitted copy repository 706 and the central control repository 708 is not allowed to print using the claim, and also allows printing not explicitly , for example, you can make a decision to resolve the first individual usage rights based on one or more rules.

[0174] 在一示例性实施例中,例如如果储存库或项以特定的方式被配置,那么储存库能执行功能。 [0174] In an exemplary embodiment, for example, if the entry is configured to store, or in a specific manner, then the repositories perform the functions. 例如,艺术家想要允许诸如艺术家的数字作品的例如包括艺术的项704的黑白版本的打印,但阻止打印彩色版本。 For example, artists want to allow black and white print version of the 704 items including art, such as, for example, the artist's digital works, but prevents color print version. 与项704相关联的使用权利702能提供项704仅仅能在黑白打印机上打印。 Use as claimed in items 704 and 702 to provide the associated item 704 can be printed only in black and white printer. 相应地,在一示例性实施例中,条件能用于确保例如打印机712以某种方式配置,诸如配置为仅仅以灰度色标格式打印项704。 Accordingly, in an exemplary embodiment, the conditions can be used to ensure, for example, the printer 712 arranged in a certain way, such as configured to only print item 704 to a gray scale format. 例如,这样的条件能指定必须检测在打印机712内仅仅存在黑色打印盒。 For example, such conditions can be specified only necessary to detect the presence of the black print cartridge in the printer 712. 在一示例性实施例中,打印盒能以任何合适的方式识别,例如包括硬件或固件元素的存在的识别,诸如通过用于识别打印盒的CRUM技术。 In an exemplary embodiment, the print cartridges can be identified in any suitable manner, including, for example, to identify hardware or firmware elements present, such CRUM techniques for identifying the print cartridge.

[0175] 在一示例性实施例中,如果诸如特定厂商的打印盒的具体类型的打印盒在打印储存库712内存在,那么这样的条件能用于指定项704能打印。 [0175] In an exemplary embodiment, if a particular vendor-specific type of print cartridges print cartridge repository 712 in memory, such condition can be used to specify items such as 704 can be printed. 在一示例性实施例中,指定特定打印盒存在的条件能通过相应的具有项704、打印机储存库712或中央控制储存库706中的一个或多个的使用权利被关联。 In an exemplary embodiment, the designated specific condition by the presence of the print cartridge with the corresponding item 704, the printer repository 712 or a central control repository 706 or a plurality of usage rights are associated. 在其他示例性实施例中,条件能用于指定仅允许打印与授权结合,诸如通过提供数字票等。 In other exemplary embodiments, the specified conditions can be used to allow only authorized to print and bind, such as by providing a digital tickets. 有利的是,示例性实施例能被应用到任何合适的储存库或子储存库的配置上,诸如以某些方式依赖于另一储存库的储存库。 Advantageously, the exemplary embodiment can be applied to any suitable storage repository or library storage configuration, such as in some way dependent on the repository to another repository.

[0176] 在一示例性实施例中,项704不需具有与其相关联的使用权利,其中由中央控制储存库706对使用权利的分析可以是与其相关联的使用权利708的。 [0176] In an exemplary embodiment, items 704 need not have usage right associated therewith, wherein the analysis using the 706 pairs of claim controlled by the central repository may be used claim 708 associated therewith. 在一示例性实施例中,中央控制储存库706或其他储存库710-720中的一个或多个能被配置以检测和分析其他关于项704的属性,诸如元数据、文件类型、文件大小、适当的数字票的存在或缺失、水印或安全指示符、窜改的缺失或任何其他合适的特性。 In an exemplary embodiment, a central control repository 706 or 710-720 of a plurality of other repositories or can be configured to detect and analyze items 704 on other properties, such as metadata, file type, file size, the appropriate number of votes in the presence or absence, a watermark or security indicator, tampering or lack of any other suitable properties. 这样的特性中的一个或多个能被用作过程的一部分以确定储存库706和710-720中的哪个储存库能处理项704。 Such characteristics of one or more can be used as part of the process to determine the repository 706 and a repository which can handle 710-720 704 entries. 例如,如果诸如音乐文件、电影文件等的项704的确定的特性是项704在大小上大于I兆字节,确定可以是不以电子邮件形式发送项704,尽管用户请求电子邮件发送。 For example, if the determined characteristics, such as music files, movie files and other items of the item 704 is greater than 704 megabytes in size I, determination may not be sent as e-mail item 704, even though the user requests e-mail transmission.

[0177] 在一示例性实施例中,当使用权利与储存库相关联时,使用权利不需要与诸如数字作品或其他项的项相关联。 [0177] In an exemplary embodiment, when the usage right is associated with a repository, such as a right to use the digital work, or other items associated with the items required. 例如,项能具有对于位置的指针或引用以发现能对项做什么。 For example, the term can have a pointer or reference to the location of the item can do to find. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的位置可以是能具有与其相关联的使用权利的储存库。 In an exemplary embodiment, such a position may be able to have a repository usage rights associated therewith. 在其他示例性实施例中,能由项指向的储存库可以是要具有分配到项的使用权利的被授权的位置或要被重新路由到另一储存库的位置。 In other exemplary embodiments, can be pointed to by the term is to have a repository may be assigned to the authorized location or item usage right to be re-routed to another location repository.

[0178] 如此,根据示例性实施例,与诸如数字作品或项的项绑定或相关联的事物能以诸如使用指针的方式以定位被授权的储存库以确定对项能做什么。 [0178] Thus, according to an exemplary embodiment, such as a bound item or thing associated with the digital work or can be items in a manner such as using the pointer to locate the authorized repository to determine what to do items. 有利的是,示例性实施例能用在资源限制的环境中,由于引用比表示相应的使用权利的信息消耗更小的空间。 Advantageously, the exemplary embodiment can be used in resource-constrained environments, since the ratio of reference indicate corresponding usage right information consumes less space.

[0179] 在一示例性实施例中,储存库能被配置以分析提供给储存库的任何合适的项并基于与储存库相关联的使用权利、项的特性等确定关于项能执行什么功能。 [0179] In an exemplary embodiment, the repository can be configured to analyze the items provided to any suitable repository entry, and a determination based on what functions can be performed with the use rights associated with the repository, the item characteristics. 如此,有利的是,项不需要具有与项相关联的指针以为了使储存库分析项和执行功能或动作以把项导向具体的储存库。 Thus, advantageously, need not have entry pointer item associated with that repository so that the analysis items and performs the function or action to guide item specific repository. 相应地,结合示例性实施例,储存库能被配置以在任何提供给储存库的合适的项上或任何从授权的源中提供的合适的项上执行分析和功能或动作,例如,诸如来自中央控制储存库706或标识为授权储存库分析或处理的项。 Accordingly, in conjunction with exemplary embodiments, the library can be configured to store the items in any suitable repository or provided to any suitable item supplied from an authorized source and performing analysis functions or actions, e.g., such as from control 706 or central repository to store items identified as an authorized library analysis or processing.

[0180] 有利的是,通过具有与其相关联的使用权利的储存库的不具有与其相关联的使用权利的项的处理能在各种类型的商业应用中使用,但在企业或任何其他合适的类型的封闭环境中特别有用。 [0180] Advantageously, having its usage right associated with the repository does not have usage right associated with a process item can be used in various types of commercial applications by, in business or any other suitable type of closed environment is particularly useful. 例如,包括政府部门的企业能包括连接到固定的或诸如膝上型计算机、PDA等便携式客户端设备的内部网络。 For example, including government departments of companies connected to the internal network can include fixed or portable client devices such as laptop computers, PDA and so on. 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能与诸如服务器等的适当的储存库相关联,例如包括中央控制储存库706。 In an exemplary embodiment, and can be used as claimed in the appropriate repository associated with the server or the like, for example, includes a central control repository 706. 因而,任何从客户端设备离开的合适的项能传到或通过具有与其相关联的使用权利的储存库,该储存库能检测项并做出关于项的确定。 Thus, any suitable entry exiting from the client device or can be transmitted through repository usage rights associated therewith, which can detect a repository key and a determination is made items. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的确定能包括对项分配使用权利,其中这样的使用权利能包括状态信息或包括动态条件的条件。 In an exemplary embodiment, such a determination can include a right to use the key distribution, where such status information can include usage rights or conditions include dynamic conditions.

[0181] 在一示例性实施例中,客户端设备能被配置以不在设备的外部通信,例如在设备的硬驱动器的外部,除了通过企业的网络或通过授权的储存库或设备。 [0181] In an exemplary embodiment, the client device can be configured not to an external communication device, for example, an external hard drive device, except by authorized corporate network or through repository or device. 例如,在风险承担者是政府情况下,法律能被配置以要求所有或某些项通过ー个或多个授权的储存库,这些项诸如移动进国家、政府部分或其他环境和/或从它们移出的数字通信。 For example, the stakeholders are the government, the law can be configured to require all or some of the items by one or more authorized ー repositories, such as mobile these items into the country, government departments or other environmental and / or from their digital communication removed. 有利的是,储存库能被配置以根据与这样的储存库相关联的使用权利检测这样的项并且分析和处理这样的项。 Advantageously, the repository can be configured to use such items in accordance with such a repository associated rights and detecting and analyzing process such items.

[0182] 在其他示例性实施例中,储存库能被配置以检测项的任何合适的特性,诸如介质类型、内容、安全类型、大小、水印、起源、作者等。 [0182] In other exemplary embodiment, the repository can be configured in any suitable characteristic detections, such as media type, content, security type, the size, the watermark, the origin, of the like. 如果项也具有与其相关联的使用权利,那么这样的分析能包括把与项相关联的使用权利与那些与储存库相关联的使用权利做比较。 If you also have a right to use the term associated with it, then such analysis can include the right to use those items to do with the use of the repository associated with the rights associated with the comparison. 相应地,示例性实施例能被配置用于诸如政府等的实体,该实体能确定与项相关联的使用权利或某些使用权利能或将被忽略并且项将根据与储存库相关联的使用权利来处理,尽管使用权利与项相关联。 Accordingly, the exemplary embodiment can be configured as a government entity, and the entity can determine the usage right associated with the item or some usage rights or can be ignored and the term will be used in accordance with the associated repository claim processed, despite the use rights associated with an item.

[0183] 在一示例性实施例中,如果加密或以某些方式保护项,那么示例性系统能被编程或配置以拒绝处理这样的项。 [0183] In an exemplary embodiment, if the encryption or the protected item in some way, the exemplary system can be programmed or configured to refuse to process such items. 有利的是,具有未经风险承担者授权的使用权利的项不需要处理,例如,不需要离开或进入国家或其他环境,除非能超越这样的使用权利。 Advantageously, it has a right to use without the authorization of the stakeholders of items do not need to deal with, for example, do not need to leave or enter the country or other circumstances, unless it can transcend such use rights.

[0184] 示例性实施例能应用于除了政府之外的实体,诸如商业或个人企业。 [0184] An exemplary embodiment can be applied in addition to government entities, such as business or personal business. 例如,风险承担者可以是控制对于进入或离开家的信息的访问的父母,例如,使用诸如无线网络、WiFi网络、家庭网络等的网络,以及储存库,通过该储存库能处理进入或离开家的通信。 For example, stakeholders can be controlled for parents to access information entered or left the house, for example, such as wireless networks, WiFi networks, home networks and other networks, as well as repositories, through the repository can handle enter or leave the house Communication. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的控制和处理可以是用于任何合适的理由,诸如用于审计或调查或检查或控制或安全理由。 In an exemplary embodiment, such control and processing may be used for any suitable reason, such as for audit or investigation or inspection or control or safety reasons.

[0185] 在一示例性实施例中,通过储存库执行的关于使用权利的功能能包括把使用权利应用到诸如数字作品或其他项的项。 [0185] In an exemplary embodiment, by using the function on rights repository comprises performing the usage right can be applied to such as a digital work items or other items. 如此,根据示例性的实施例,任何进入和/或离开国家或其他环境的合适的项能具有通过诸如被授权的储存库的储存库与其相关联的使用权利,从而然后项能根据通过储存库与其相关联的使用权利在国内或其他环境内或国外或其他环境外被使用。 Thus, according to an exemplary embodiment of any entering and / or leaving the country suitable item or other environment capable of having, such as by an authorized repository repository its use rights associated, so that then term energy The through repository associated with their use rights are used outside of the country or abroad or within other environments or other environments. 在一示例性实施例中,能执行这样的使用权利的实施能,例如,如在一般转让的美国专利号为5,530,235,5, 629,980,5, 634,012,5, 638,443,5, 715,403,6, 233,684以及6,236,971的申请中被公开,以上专利在此结合作为引用。 In an exemplary embodiment, this can be performed using the claimed embodiment can, for example, as described in U.S. Patent No. 5,530,235,5 is commonly assigned, 629,980,5, 634,012,5, 638 , 443,5, 715,403,6, 233,684 and 6,236,971 applications are disclosed in the above patents are incorporated herein by reference.

[0186] 在其他示例性实施例中,不需要客户端设备提供项给例如企业的网络等用于对项分析或关于项被执行的操作,诸如对于项的使用权利的分配。 [0186] In other exemplary embodiments, the client device does not need to provide items such as a corporate network or the like for the operation term analysis to be performed on items, such as distribution rights for use of the item. 如此,在一示例性实施例中,连接到企业的网络或其他环境或其他风险承担者的诸如被授权的储存库的储存库能被配置以访问客户端或其他设备以及对于驻留在其中的发现的项,分析项、做出关于这样的项的决定或采取关于这样的项的动作。 Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, the connection to the corporate network or other environmental exposure, or other authorized person, such as a repository repository can be configured to access other clients or devices and reside therein for item found, item analysis, make decisions about such items or take action with respect to such items.

[0187] 在一示例性实施例中,关于第一个示例性使用情况,其中孩子访问音乐作品以及父母是附加的风险承担者,诸如中央控制储存库706的网络化的储存库能被配置访问诸如孩子的个人计算机的客户端设备、定位和访问诸如音乐作品的适当的数字作品或其他项、以及更改与项相关联的使用权利,以使项不能再被使用,例如播放。 [0187] In an exemplary embodiment, with respect to a first exemplary use case, where the child and the parents to access the additional piece of music stakeholders, such as a central repository for control of the network repository 706 can be configured to access client devices such as the child's personal computer, locate and access digital works appropriate piece of music or other items such as entry and the use of change and associated rights, so that items can not be reused, such as playing. 有利的是,结合示例性实施例,能执行父母做出的音乐作品不适合被孩子收听的决定。 Advantageously, in conjunction with exemplary embodiments, it can perform musical works to make parents is not suitable to be listening to the child's decision.

[0188] 图8示出了能在图1-7的示例性实施例中使用的示例性储存库800。 [0188] FIG 8 illustrates an exemplary repository 800 can be used in the exemplary embodiment of FIGS. 1-7. 在图8中,示例性储存库800能包括被配置以处理、解释等的处理器模块、以与储存库800相关联的使用权利的形式的权利表示808,例如用于指定在储存库800上的项812的使用的方式、项812的使用的条件等。 In Figure 8, an exemplary repository 800 can be configured to process comprising, interpretation of the processor module, and used in the form as claimed in claim repository 800 associated with the representation 808, for example in the repository 800 is used to specify the way to use the term 812, conditions of use of the item 812.

[0189] 示例性储存库800例如也能包括确定模块804。 [0189] Exemplary repository 800 can also include, for example, determining module 804. 确定模块804能被配置以基于权利表示808和/或一个或多个规则确定当储存库800处理项812或储存库800接收用于项812的请求时储存库800能采取什么动作。 Determining module 804 can be configured to Claim based representation 808 and / or one or more rules repository 800 to determine when the processing item 812 or item repository 800 receives the request 812 for the repository 800 can take any action.

[0190] 示例性储存库800例如也能包括比较模块806。 [0190] Exemplary repository 800 can also include, for example, comparison module 806. 比较模块806能被配置以把与项812相关联的以及例如指定项812的使用方式、使用条件等的权利表不810与权利表不808 做比较用于确定模块804以确定动作816。 The comparison module 806 can be configured with the associated item 812 and item 812, for example, specifies use of a using condition table as claimed in claim table does not 808 and 810 compared to 804 for determining module 816 determines motion.

[0191] 示例性实施例能被应用到任何合适类型的用于数字作品、货物、服务或其他事物或项的发行系统中。 [0191] Exemplary embodiments can be applied to any suitable type of distribution system for digital works, goods, services, or other thing or item. 在一示例性实施例中,任何合适数量的计算机或其他设备能用于实现示例性实施例。 In an exemplary embodiment, any suitable number of computers or other devices can be used to implement exemplary embodiments. 在一示例性实施例中,能监控动态条件等以及用于以任何合适的方式更改分配到内容的使用权利。 In an exemplary embodiment, the dynamic conditions can be monitored and used to change usage rights assigned to content in any suitable manner. 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利能包括关于数字作品或其他项或其内容的使用和/或发行的任何合适的特权或限制。 In an exemplary embodiment, the usage rights can include the use of the digital work on other items or the contents thereof, and / or any suitable privilege restrictions or released. 在一示例性实施例中,能监控动态条件并且使用权利例如能动态地分配或不断地、周期性地、只有当数字作品或其他项要被发行等时调节。 In an exemplary embodiment, the dynamic conditions can be monitored using, for example, can be dynamically allocated as claimed in continuously or periodically adjusted only when the digital work or other item to be issued and the like.

[0192] 在一示例性实施例中,发行者120、交换所150等的发行、记账、其他功能等能通过任何合适的方或任何合适的设备来实现。 [0192] In an exemplary embodiment, the issuer issuer 120, 150, etc. of the switching, billing, other functions can be accomplished in any suitable manner, or any suitable device. 例如,数字作品或其他项能在诸如电子书数字阅读器、PDA等的设备上呈现,响应于代码的输入或智能卡进入阅读器的插入。 For example, the digital work or other item can be presented on a device such as a digital electronic book readers, PDA or the like, in response to a code input or insert a smart card into the reader. 当项或记账数据被返回到特定的源时,能实现记账。 When the item or billing data is returned to a specific source, accounting can be realized. 在此公开的任务的划分是示例性的。 Division of tasks disclosed herein is exemplary.

[0193] 在一示例性实施例中,使用权利、记账数据等能与数字作品或其他项一起被封装或能被从中单独地存储。 [0193] In an exemplary embodiment, the usage right, accounting data can be encapsulated or digital work or can be stored separately from other items together. 用于呈现、解密、或项的允许或限制使用的代码能被存储在任何合适的设备上或能与项一起封装。 For rendering, decrypting, or allow or limit use of code can be stored on any suitable device or can be packaged together with the keys of the key. 在一示例性实施例中,能使用任何合适的发行安排,其中这样的安排能包括诸如个人计算机、服务器、PDA等设备的任何合适的结合,该设备以任何合适的方式相互通信作为传送理想的信息是必要的。 In an exemplary embodiment, it can be used in any suitable distribution arrangements, where such arrangements can include any suitable combination of such as a personal computer, server, PDA and other devices, the device in any suitable mutual communication as a transmission over a information is necessary.

[0194] 如此,示例性实施例能用于操作的在线和离线模式。 [0194] Thus, the exemplary embodiment can be used for online and offline modes of operation. 例如,包括使用权利的权利表示和储存库能驻留在与客户端设备相同的设备上。 For example, including the right to use and represents a repository of rights can reside on a client device in the same device. 这样的设备能包括个人计算机或某些其他手持的或便携式设备的硬驱动器。 Such devices can include a personal computer hard drive or some other handheld or portable devices. 有利的是,示例性的实施例使得在不必需建立与另一设备的通信会话的情况下,能通过因特网(Internet)或其他完成交易。 Advantageously, the exemplary embodiment is not necessarily so in the case of the other device to establish the communication session, through Internet (Internet) or another transaction to complete.

[0195] 在一示例性实施例中,在个人计算机上的硬驱动器能包括生成软件、文档准备软件、服务器软件等的权利表示。 [0195] In an exemplary embodiment, the hard drives on personal computers can include rights generation software, document preparation software, server software, etc. FIG. 这样的软件系统或组件能提供计算资源以创建、打包、准备例如诸如歌曲、电影等的内容的项等等,创建包括使用权利和条件的与项相关联的权利表示以及根据这样的权利和条件做出关于项的使用的决定。 Such a software system or component can provide computing resources to create, package, such as preparing items such as songs, movies, etc., etc., including the right to use and create the right conditions for representation and items associated with such rights and conditions of make decisions about the use of the term. 在一示例性实施例中,这样的软件系统能在个人计算机等的硬驱动器内相互通信。 In an exemplary embodiment, can communicate with each other such software systems in a hard drive of a personal computer or the like.

[0196] 在一示例性实施例中,在这样一种情况下,即在客户端设备外的通信用于为了某些原因处理交易,例如,为了做出财务付款,能在除了请求项或项的使用的时候进行在线会话。 [0196] In an exemplary embodiment, in such a case that the outer client device for communication processing transactions for some reason, e.g., in order to make financial payments, in addition to be able to request entry or entries when using the online conversation. 例如,客户端设备能与交換所150通信并且做出在线付款。 For example, the client device can communicate with the 150 exchange and make payments online. 付款能在例如客户端设备/上的软件组件内记录在客户端设备中。 Payment can be recorded in the client device, such as software components of the client device / on. 这样的记录能记录成诸如$100. 00的货币量或诸如观看电影文件10次或从具体的公司租用汽车的10个I天粗金额的单元或以任何其他合适的方式。 Such records can be recorded into the amount of money such as $ 100.00, or watch a movie file such as 10 or hire a car from specific companies 10 days I coarse amount of units or any other suitable manner.

[0197] 在一示例性实施例中,能记录每个项的使用并从授权的使用量或使用次数中扣除。 [0197] In an exemplary embodiment, the use of each item can be recorded and subtracted from the amount or number of authorized use. 在财务交易的情况下,使用诸如智能卡、可移动存储设备等的数字存储设备做出离线交易是可能的。 In the case of financial transactions, such as using a smart card, offline transactions can be made removable storage devices and other digital storage devices are possible. 在一示例性实施例中,要交換的信息能通过使用物理设备代替在线通信来交换。 In an exemplary embodiment, the information to be exchanged through the device instead of using a physical communication line exchange. 例如,许可证形式的权利表示能通过将具有存储在其中的许可证的诸如智能卡等的卡插入到个人计算机中来提供。 For example, the license can be expressed in the form of Claim card having stored therein a license such as a smart card or the like inserted into the personal computer is provided.

[0198] 在一示例性实施例中,持有与项相关联的诸如访问服务等的数字票的客户能提供数字票并获取项,有利的是,客户不必在获得服务的时候在线。 [0198] In an exemplary embodiment, the digital ticket holders and customers such as access to services and other items associated with the digital ticket can provide and acquire items, it is advantageous, when customers do not have online access to services. 获得的服务的本身能驻留在由客户控制的设备上,诸如个人计算机硬驱动器等。 Can be obtained and services resident on the device itself is controlled by the customer, such as a personal computer hard drive. 在一示例性实施例中,服务能包括计算机程序的执行。 In an exemplary embodiment, the service can include executing a computer program.

[0199] 图9是用于由其风险承担者控制对数字作品或其他项的使用权利的示例性过程的流程图,并且该流程图能被用在图1-8的示例性实施例中。 [0199] FIG. 9 is a flowchart of an exemplary process of the digital work, or other items used by its right to control exposure, and the flow chart can be used in the exemplary embodiment of Figures 1-8. 在图9,在步骤902,项的提供者能在权利表示中指定通过项的接收者对项的使用方式以及接收者的使用项的条件。 In step 902, the item provider can be specified by the recipient entry item use conditions and the use of the recipient's entry in claim 9 represented in FIG. 在一示例性实施例中,条件能用于指示通过项的接收者的使用服从于例如项的提供者和/或关于项的风险承担者等的控制。 In an exemplary embodiment, it can be used to indicate the condition of the recipient by using the items subject to control, for example by providing the item and the like stakeholders / or on the item. 在步骤904,权利表能与项相关联。 In step 904, the table can be associated with a claim term. 如果权利表不能与项相关联,如在步骤906所确定的,那么在步骤908项的接收者的使用能基于权利表示中的条件来控制。 If the rights associated with the table entry is not, as determined at step 906, then the claim can be controlled based on the conditions represented in step 908 using the recipient. 否则,在步骤910,能发送适当的消息,例如该消息指示权利表示不与项相关联。 Otherwise, at step 910, it can send an appropriate message, e.g. message indicating that the claim does not represent item associated.

[0200] 在一示例性实施例中,项的接收者的使用服从于由项的提供者和/或其他风险承担者的这样的控制,例如,如关于图1-8的关于消费者保护、ー个或多个储存库的使用的示例性实施例所描述的那样,包括中央控制储存库、数字票、主许可证、指针等。 [0200] In an exemplary embodiment, a recipient subject to the terms of the items providers and / or other such control by the stakeholders, e.g., as described with respect to Figures 1-8 on consumer protection, as ー or exemplary embodiment uses a plurality of repositories described, comprising a central control repository, a digital ticket, the main license, and other indicators.

[0201] 在一示例性实施例中,例如,针对消费者保护,风险承担者不需要是数字作品或其他项的提供者并且能给予关于对项的使用的实施的控制,例如,如在合适的权利表示中指示的。 [0201] In an exemplary embodiment, for example, for consumer protection, stakeholders need not be a digital work items or other providers on the implementation and can give control of the items used, e.g., as appropriate He indicated in claim indicated. 在一示例性实施例中,指定权利表示能包括创建、指示等权利表示的任何合适的方式。 In an exemplary embodiment, the specified rights expression can comprise any suitable manner to create a rights expression, indicating the like. 在一示例性实施例中,项的接收者能包括个人、系统、设备、软件或其他被授权使用项的实体,不需要要求实际地物理地接收权利表示或项,例如,如在远程访问项的情况中。 In an exemplary embodiment, the receiver can include personal items, systems, equipment, software, or other entity is authorized to use the item, does not need to physically receive as claimed in claim actually represent items or, for example, as the remote access key case. 在一示例性实施例中,项的使用參数能与使用方式不同并且不需要是特定的使用类型。 In an exemplary embodiment, the parameter entry can be used in different ways and need not be a specific type of use. 例如,使用參数能包括使用项以做出与现有法律定义的作为合理使用的数量一祥多的副本,其中相应的方式可以(如果使用的话)是复制以及相应的条件可以是副本数量不超过I个,在此现有法律允许ー个副本作为合理使用。 For example, using the parameters can include the use of the number of items in order to make fair use as defined in the existing legal copies of a multi-cheung, which may be the appropriate way to copy (if used) and the corresponding condition may be the number of copies is not I more than one, in this existing law allows ー copies as fair use.

[0202] 关于图1-9描述的示例性实施例的设备和子系统能例如通过通信网络170通信并且能包括任何合适的服务器、工作站、个人计算机(PC)、膝上型计算机、PDA、因特网装置、机顶盒、调制解调器、手持设备、电话机、蜂窝电话机、无线设备或其他能执行公开的示例性实施例的过程的设备。 [0202] FIGS 1-9 on the devices and subsystems of the exemplary embodiments described herein can be, for example, through communication with the communication network 170 and can include any suitable servers, workstations, personal computers (PC), a laptop computer, PDA, an Internet appliance , equipment set-top box, a modem, a handheld device, telephone, cellular telephone, or other wireless device capable of performing processes disclosed exemplary embodiments. 设备和子系统例如能通过使用任何合适的协议相互通信并且能通过使用通用计算机系统来实现。 Devices and subsystems for example, by using any suitable protocol and can communicate with each other using a general purpose computer system is achieved. 能使用一个或多个接ロ机制,例如包括以任何合适的形式的因特网(Internet)访问、电话通信,诸如语音、调制解调器等,无线通信介质等。 Can be used ro one or more access mechanisms, for example, include any suitable form of Internet (Internet) access, telephone communications, such as voice, modem, wireless communication media. 因此,通信网络170能包括例如无线通信网络、蜂窝通信网络、卫星通信网络、公共交换电话网络(PSTN)、包数据网络(TON)、因特网(Internet)、内部网、混合通信网络、它们的组合等。 Thus, the communications network 170 can include, for example, a wireless communication network, cellular communication network, satellite communication network, a public switched telephone network (PSTN), a packet data network (the TON), the Internet (the Internet), an intranet, a hybrid communication network, a combination thereof Wait. 因此,通信网络170能包括一个或多个网络。 Thus, the communications network 170 can include one or more networks.

[0203] 可以理解的是关于图1-9描述的示例性实施例是为了示例目的,用以实现公开的示例性实施例的特定硬件的多个变化是可能的。 [0203] It will be appreciated that the exemplary embodiment described with respect to Figures 1-9 is for illustrative purposes, a plurality of specific hardware used to implement changes in the disclosed exemplary embodiments are possible. 例如,设备的功能和示例性系统的子系统能通过一个或多个编程的计算机系统或设备来实现。 For example, the subsystem and function of the device via an exemplary system to implement one or more programmed computer systems or devices. 为了实现,这样的变化以及其他变化、一单计算机系统能被编程以执行示例性系统的设备和示例性子系统中的一个或多个的功能。 To achieve such variations and other variations, a single computer system can be programmed to perform the exemplary devices and subsystems of the exemplary system of one or more functions. 另一方面,两个或两个以上的编程的计算机系统或设备能替换成示例性系统的设备和示例性子系统中的一个或多个。 On the other hand, two or more programmed computer systems or devices can be replaced with one or more devices in the exemplary system and exemplary subsystem. 相应地,分布的处理的原理和优点,诸如冗余、复制等也能被如愿地实现例如以提高关于图1-9描述的示例性实施例的稳定和性能。 Accordingly, principles and advantages of distributed processing, such as redundancy, replication, etc. can also be implemented, for example, to desirably improve the stability and performance of the description of the exemplary embodiment of FIGS. 1-9 embodiment.

[0204] 关于图1-9描述的示例性系统能用于存储关于在此描述的多个过程的信息。 [0204] The exemplary system described with respect to Figures 1-9 can be used to store information on a plurality of the processes described herein. 该信息能存储在关于图1-9描述的示例性系统的设备和子系统的一个或多个存储器中,诸如硬盘、软盘、光盘、磁光盘、RAM、R0M等示例性。 This information can be stored in a device and subsystems of the exemplary system described with respect to Figures 1-9 or more memories, such as exemplary hard disk, a floppy disk, an optical disk, a magneto-optical disk, RAM, R0M like. 设备和子系统的一个或多个数据库能存储用以实现示例性实施例的信息。 Devices and subsystems of the one or more databases can store the information used to implement exemplary embodiments. 数据库能通过使用包括在一个或多个诸如以上列出的存储器的存储器中的数据结构来组织,该数据结构诸如记录、表格、数组、字段、图像、树、列表等。 Database including data structures used by the memory in one or more of memory, such as listed above to organize the data structure such as recording, tables, arrays, fields, images, trees, lists, etc.

[0205] 示例性关于图1-9描述的示例性实施例的全部或部分能通过使用一个或多个根据公开的示例性实施例的原理编程的通用计算机系统、微处理器、数字信号处理器、微控制器等被方便地实现。 [0205] Exemplary respect to FIGS. 1-9 all exemplary embodiments described herein or through the use of one or more portions in accordance with principles of the disclosed exemplary programming exemplary embodiment of a general purpose computer systems, microprocessors, digital signal processors , microcontroller or the like are easily implemented. 适当的软件能由普通的程序员基于公开的示例性实施例的原理被容易地准备。 Appropriate software can be readily prepared by one of ordinary programmers based on the principle disclosed exemplary embodiments. 此外,示例性实施例能通过专用集成电路的准备或通过互连组件线路的适当网络而实现。 Further, the exemplary embodiments can prepare specific integrated circuit or be realized by an appropriate network interconnection assembly lines.

[0206] 存储在任何一个或计算机可读介质组合上的本发明示例性实施例能包括用于控制关于图1-9描述的示例性系统的设备和示例性子系统的软件,用于驱动实现本发明的设备,以及用于使得关于图1-9描述的示例性系统的设备和示例性子系统能与人类用户交互。 [0206] Stored on any one or computer exemplary embodiment of the present invention on a combination of computer readable media can include for example the control apparatus and software subsystems on FIGS. 1-9 described exemplary system for implementing the driving invention apparatus, as well as for such devices and subsystems of an exemplary system described with respect to exemplary Figures 1-9 can interact with a human user. 这样的软件能包括,但不局限于,设备驱动器、固件、操作系统、开发工具、应用软件等。 Such software can include, but are not limited to, device drivers, firmware, operating systems, development tools, applications software. 这样的计算机可读介质还能包括用于执行在实现本发明中执行的处理的全部或部分(如果处理是分布的)的本发明的实施例的计算机程序产品。 Such computer-readable media also comprises embodiments for performing all or part of the processing performed in the present invention (if processing is distributed) of the present invention, a computer program product. 本发明的实施例的计算机代码设备能包括任何可解释的或可执行的代码机制,包括但不局限于脚本、可解释的程序、动态链接库(DLL)、Java类和小应用程序、完整可执行程序、公共对象请求代理架构(CORBA)对象等。 The computer code devices of the embodiments of the present invention can include any interpretable or executable code mechanism, including but not limited to scripts, interpretable programs, dynamic link library (DLL), Java classes and applets, complete can execution of the program, the common Object request Broker architecture (CORBA) objects. 此外,能分布本发明的实施例的处理的部分能用于更佳的性能、可靠性、和/或成本。 Further, part of the processing can be distributed embodiment of the present invention can be used for better performance, reliability, and / or cost.

[0207] 计算机可读介质能包括任何合适的参与提供指令给处理器用于执行的介质。 [0207] Computer-readable media can include any suitable medium that participates in providing instructions to a processor for execution. 这样的介质能采取多个形式,包括但不局限于,非易失性介质、易失性介质、传送介质等。 Such a medium can take a plurality of forms, including but not limited to, nonvolatile media, volatile media, transmission media and the like. 非易失型介质能包括,例如,光或磁盘、磁光盘等。 Non-volatile type media can include, for example, optical or magnetic disks, magneto-optical disk. 易失性介质能包括动态存储器等。 Volatile media can include dynamic memory and the like. 传送介质能包括同轴电缆、铜线以及光纤,包括组成计算机一条或多条总线的电线。 Transmission media can include coaxial cables, copper wire and fiber optics, including the composition of one or more computer bus wires. 传送介质也能采取声学、光、或电磁波的形式,诸如那些在射频(RF)和红外(IR)数据通信期间生成的。 Transmission media can take acoustic, optical, or electromagnetic waves, such as those generated during radio frequency (RF) and infrared (IR) data communications.

[0208] 如以上描述的,关于图1-9描述的示例性实施例能根据本发明的原理包括一个或多个计算机可读介质或存储器用于持有编程的指令以及用于包括在此描述的数据结构、表格、记录或其他数据。 [0208] As described above, with respect to FIGS. 1-9 described exemplary embodiments can comprise one or more computer-readable medium or memory for holding instructions programmed for and included in this invention according to the principles described data structures, tables, records, or other data. 计算机可读介质的一般形式能包括例如,软盘、软磁盘、硬盘、磁带、任何其他磁性介质、CD-ROM、CDRff, DVD、任何其他光性介质、穿孔卡片、纸带、光标记表、任何其他具有穿孔图案或其他可被光性地识别的标记的物理介质、RAM、PROM、以及EPROM、FLASH-EPROM、任何其他存储器芯片或盒、载波、或任何其他计算机能读的介质。 The general form of computer-readable media can include, for example, a floppy disk, hard disk, magnetic tape, any other magnetic medium, CD-ROM, CDRff, DVD, any other optical medium, punch cards, paper tape, optical mark sheets, any other physical medium with patterns or other perforations may be recognized by the light of the mark, RAM, PROM, and EPROM, FLASH-EPROM, any other memory chip or cartridge, a carrier wave, or any other medium from which a computer can read. [0209] 多种类型的计算机可读介质能涉及提供指令给处理器用于执行。 [0209] Various types of computer-readable media can be directed to providing instructions to a processor for execution. 例如,用于实现至少本发明的示例性实施例的部分的指令能最初出现在连接到网络170的远程计算机的磁盘上。 For example, the instruction component for implementing an exemplary embodiment of the present invention can be at least initially present at a connection to a remote computer network 170 of the disk. 在这种情况下,远程计算机能下载指令到主存储器并例如通过使用调制解调器的电话线发送指令。 In this case, the remote computer can download the instructions into main memory and sends the instructions over, for example, a telephone line using a modem. 本地计算机系统的调制解调器能接收电话线上的数据并使用红外发送器以把数据转换成红外信号并发送红外信号到诸如个人数字助理(PDA)、膝上型计算机、因特网(Internet)装置等的便携式计算设备。 Modem of a local computer system can receive the data on the telephone line and use an infrared transmitter to convert the data to an infrared signal and transmit the infrared signal to as personal digital assistants (PDA), a laptop computer, Internet (Internet) like portable devices computing devices. 在便携式计算设备上的红外检测器能接收信息以及通过红外信号携帯的指令以及在总线上放置数据。 You can receive information and instructions Bands by carrying an infrared signal and place the data on bus infrared detector on the portable computing device. 总线能把数据发送到主存储器,从中处理器检索和执行指令。 Bus can transmit data to main memory, from which a processor retrieves and executes the instructions. 通过主存储器接收到的指令能可选地在由处理器执行之前或之后存储在存储设备中。 Received by main memory can optionally be in the instruction storage before or after execution by the processor in the storage device.

[0210] 有利的是,示例性实施例能在离线系统、在线系统等中以及诸如TV应用、计算机应用、DVD应用、VCR应用、电器应用、CD播放器应用等的应用中使用。 [0210] Advantageously, the exemplary embodiments can be used in an offline application systems, and the like as well as online systems such as TV applications, computer, DVD applications, the VCR applications, appliance applications, CD player application, and the like. 此外,用于传送示例性实施例的合法表示的信号能被配置以在人的可视频谱、人的可听频谱、不在人的可视频谱、不在人的可听频谱、其中的组合等中传送。 Further, signals can be transmitted for the legality exemplary embodiment is disposed to the visual spectrum of the human, the human audible frequency spectrum, visible spectrum is not human, not human audible frequency spectrum, wherein the combination of transfer.

[0211] 尽管示例性实施例能根据在音乐、游戏、电影、优惠券、合法场地等中的应用来描述,示例性实施例可应用到任何合适的应用中,诸如数字和非数字内容、设备、软件、服务、货物、资源等,并且能结合技术、接ロ、语言、语法、内容、权利、提供、服务、速度、大小、限制、设备等中的变化来实现。 [0211] Although exemplary embodiments can be based on the application of music, games, movies, coupon, legitimate sites and the like described in the exemplary embodiments may be applied to any suitable application, such as digital and non-digital content, the device , software, services, goods, resources, etc., and can be combined with technology, then ro, language, grammar, content, rights, provide, service, speed, size, restrictions, equipment and other variations to achieve.

[0212] 尽管本发明已经结合多个示例性实施例和实现来描述,本发明不限制于此而是包括落在附加的权利要求书的范围内的各种修改或等同排列。 [0212] Although the present invention has been described in conjunction with a number of exemplary embodiments and implementations described embodiment, the present invention is not limited thereto but encompasses various modifications and equivalent arrangements falling within the appended claims scope.

Claims (16)

1. 一种用于控制项的使用的计算机实现方法,所述方法包括: 由项的提供者指定一计算机可读的权利表示,其中所述权利表示指示接收者对所述项的使用必须从授权储存库获得授权; 把所述权利表示与所述项相关联; 在所述授权储存库处接收来自所述接收者的使用所述项的请求; 风险承担者提供授权以允许所述接收者使用所述项,其中所述授权包括权利和条件中的至少ー个;以及所述风险承担者基于所述权利和条件中的至少ー个控制所述授权储存库从而控制所述接收者对所述项的使用,其中所述权利和条件中的至少ー个在多个请求之间动态地改变。 1. A method of using computer controls for the implemented method, comprising: a computer-readable claim specified by the item provider, where the rights expression indicating the item of the recipient must be used from the authorization authorization repository; the item with the rights associated with the representation; receiving a request from the use of the item in the recipient at the authorization repository; stakeholder providing authorization to allow the recipient using said item, wherein said grant includes at least one claim ー and conditions; and said at least based on stakeholder ー claimed and the control conditions to control the authorization repository as the recipient of the using said item, wherein said at least claimed ー conditions and dynamic change between a plurality of requests.
2.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述权利和条件中的至少ー个替代先前提供的权利和条件。 2. The method as claimed in claim I, wherein the rights and conditions in rights and conditions ー least two alternative previously provided.
3.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述条件是对所述项的使用的限制。 3. The method as claimed in claim I, wherein said condition limiting the use of the term.
4.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述条件是对所述授权的使用的限制。 4. The method as claimed in claim I, wherein said condition limiting the use of the authorization.
5.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述权利表示指定必须确定身份以获得授权,并且所述授权储存库被配置成基于所述身份来提供授权。 The method according to claim I, wherein said claimed identity must be determined to represent the specified authorization, and the authorization repository is configured to provide authorization based on the identity.
6.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述授权储存库对所述项进行追踪。 6. The method as claimed in claim I, wherein the authorization repository for tracking the items.
7.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述授权储存库对所述项进行审计。 7. A method as claimed in claim I, wherein the authorization repository the audit entries.
8.根据权利要求I所述的方法,其特征在于,所述权利和条件中的至少ー个应用于所述项的一部分。 8. The method as claimed in claim I, wherein the rights and conditions ー applied to at least a portion of said items.
9. 一种用于控制项的使用的系统,所述系统包括: 用于由项的提供者指定一计算机可读的权利表示的装置,其中所述权利表示指示接收者对所述项的使用必须从授权储存库获得授权; 把所述权利表示与所述项相关联的装置; 在所述授权储存库处接收来自所述接收者的使用所述项的请求的装置; 用于由风险承担者提供授权以允许所述接收者使用所述项的装置,其中所述授权包括权利和条件中的至少ー个;以及用于由所述风险承担者基于所述权利和条件中的至少ー个控制所述授权储存库从而控制所述接收者对所述项的使用的装置,其中所述权利和条件中的至少ー个在多个请求之间动态地改变。 9. A system for using a control key, the system comprising: a provider specified by means of a computer-readable entry claimed for representation, wherein said indication indicative of receivers as claimed in the item authorization must be obtained from the authorization repository; means associated with the item represented by said claim; receiving a request from the use of the item in the recipient at the authorization repository; bear the risk for provide authorization to allow the recipient of the item using the device, wherein the authorization rights and conditions comprising at least one ー; and for the stakeholder ー said at least one based on the rights and conditions controlling the authorization repository for the recipient apparatus to control use of said items, wherein said at least claimed ー conditions and dynamic change between a plurality of requests.
10.根据权利要求9所述的系统,其特征在于,所述权利和条件中的至少ー个替代先前提供的权利和条件。 10. The system according to claim 9, wherein the rights and conditions in rights and conditions ー least two alternative previously provided.
11.根据权利要求9所述的系统,其特征在于,所述条件是对所述项的使用的限制。 11. The system according to claim 9, wherein said condition limiting the use of the term.
12.根据权利要求9所述的系统,其特征在于,所述条件是对所述授权的使用的限制。 12. The system according to claim 9, wherein said condition limiting the use of the authorization.
13.根据权利要求9所述的系统,其特征在于,所述权利表示指定必须确定身份以获得授权,并且所述授权储存库被配置成基于所述身份来提供授权。 13. The system according to claim 9, wherein said determining the identity claim to represent the specified must obtain authorization, and the authorization repository is configured to provide authorization based on the identity.
14.根据权利要求9所述的系统,其特征在于,所述授权储存库对所述项进行追踪。 14. The system according to claim 9, wherein the authorization repository for tracking the items.
15.根据权利要求9所述的系统,其特征在于,所述授权储存库对所述项进行审计。 15. The system according to claim 9, wherein the authorization repository the audit entries.
16.根据权利要求9所述的系统,其特征在于,所述权利和条件中的至少ー个应用于所述项的一部分。 16. The system according to claim 9, wherein the rights and conditions ー applied to at least a portion of said items.
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US5940504A (en) 1991-07-01 1999-08-17 Infologic Software, Inc. Licensing management system and method in which datagrams including an address of a licensee and indicative of use of a licensed product are sent from the licensee's site
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Patent Citations (4)

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US5438508A (en) 1991-06-28 1995-08-01 Digital Equipment Corporation License document interchange format for license management system
US5940504A (en) 1991-07-01 1999-08-17 Infologic Software, Inc. Licensing management system and method in which datagrams including an address of a licensee and indicative of use of a licensed product are sent from the licensee's site
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US6141754A (en) 1997-11-28 2000-10-31 International Business Machines Corporation Integrated method and system for controlling information access and distribution

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