CN101943435A - Thermoelectricity co-generation energy-saving device for supplying heat by using waste heat and energy-saving method thereof - Google Patents

Thermoelectricity co-generation energy-saving device for supplying heat by using waste heat and energy-saving method thereof Download PDF

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CN101943435A
CN101943435A CN2010102910107A CN201010291010A CN101943435A CN 101943435 A CN101943435 A CN 101943435A CN 2010102910107 A CN2010102910107 A CN 2010102910107A CN 201010291010 A CN201010291010 A CN 201010291010A CN 101943435 A CN101943435 A CN 101943435A
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heat
water
steam
heat pump
heat exchanger
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刘锋
向文国
高迎旭
田海江
夏彦龙
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BEIJING LIANHE YOUFA ENGINE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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BEIJING LIANHE YOUFA ENGINE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/12Hot water central heating systems using heat pumps

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Abstract

The invention provides a thermoelectricity co-generation energy-saving device for supplying heat by using waste heat and an energy-saving method thereof. The device comprises a steam boiler, a turbine, an electric generator, a steam condenser, a deaerator and a cooling tower, wherein the turbine is connected with the steam condenser by an exhaust hood, and the steam condenser is connected with the cooling tower to form a big circulation of waterway; the device also comprises a waste heat utilization hot water heater comprising an absorbing type heat pump and a heat exchanger; a steam inlet of the absorbing type heat pump is connected with an extraction opening of the turbine, a water inlet of the absorbing type heat pump is connected with a water returning end of a hot water pipe network, and the steam condenser, absorbing type heat pump and cooling tower are connected to form a small circulation of waterway; a steam inlet of the heat exchanger is connected with the extraction opening of the turbine, a water inlet end of the heat exchanger is connected with a water outlet end of the absorbing type heat pump, and the water outlet end of the heat exchanger is connected with a water inlet end of the hot water pipe network; and the water drainage ends of the heat exchanger and the absorbing type heat pump are joined and then connected to the deaerator. The device of the invention has the advantages of reducing loss of a cold source, improving comprehensive heat efficiency and electric heating ratio and lowering coal consumption of the machine set in power generation.

Description

A kind of cogeneration of heat and power energy saver and power-economizing method that utilizes the waste heat heat supply
Technical field
The invention belongs to energy technology field, relate to a kind of device and power-economizing method thereof that utilizes the heat supply of cogeneration of heat and power waste heat, reduces the unit generation coal consumption.
Background technology
According to " world energy sources Leader " report, the situation is tense for China's energy.Chinese population accounts for 20% of world population, and the resource occupancy volume of the energy is less than half of world average level per capita.China is the country of an energy resource structure based on coal, and beginning to develop based on cogeneration of heat and power, boiler room from the fifties in last century is that the central heating mode of assisting is supplied urban industry, civil heating.Become the important foundation facility in city to central heating in this century, improve energy utilization rate, improve the city atmospheric environment quality, aspect such as promote to produce, make things convenient for the people played important function.
Cogeneration of heat and power is to be converted into the high-grade electric energy with what coal burning produced than high-grade heat energy, simultaneously the process that is used for generating back residual low grade heat energy.In this process, steam power plant's heating efficiency is far above the central heating of other modes of employing.Cogeneration of heat and power can utilize the heat energy classification of different grades, and promptly high-grade heat energy is used for generating, and low-grade heat energy is used for central heating.Be a kind of high efficient energy sources mode of production of heat energy and electric energy Joint Production, its thermal efficiency can reach 80-90%.Compare with other heat-supplying modes, it is low that the cogeneration of heat and power central heating has energy consumption, and characteristics such as good economy performance all have clear superiority in resource distribution and environmental protection.Therefore, cogeneration of heat and power is the effective way that solves concentrated supply of heating in the city and improve power plant's comprehensive utilization of energy rate.
Along with maintaining sustained and rapid growth and the raising day by day of resident living level of economy, the industry of Future in China and resident's heating heat demand will keep quick growth trend.By 2010, the cogeneration of heat and power installed capacity will be doubled on basis in 2005, to satisfy ever-increasing industry and resident's heating heat demand.The development of cogeneration of heat and power central heating helps to realize the target for energy-saving and emission-reduction of China's Eleventh Five-Year Plan, makes positive contribution.In a midium or long term, the cogeneration of heat and power of Future in China still exists huge development potentiality.
Although the cogeneration of heat and power efficiency of cycle is high than pure condensate formula Turbo-generator Set, but still some steam (being commonly called as exhaust steam) is though there is big heat, but grade too low (exhaust steam pressure P=0.003-0.013MPa, exhaust temperature 20-55 ℃) can't be used again.This part steam only under the high vacuum condition of condenser, is condensed into condensate water, and adds the heat supply boiler again with boiler feedwater.
The latent heat of vaporization that steam (exhaust steam) is emitted when condenser condenses is passed to cooling water (recirculated water) by many pipes and is taken away.This part takes away the cooling water of heat, is sent in the condenser by water circulating pump after the cooling of the air of convection current to recycle in cooling tower again.
The natural suction force that relies on the height of cooling tower body of the tower to form as the air of cooling medium, flowing from bottom to top.Deliver to cooling tower top by the recirculated water after the condenser heat absorption through water pump and spray, quilt air stream cooling from bottom to top in dropping process by distribution channel.When carrying out heat exchange, a part of recirculated water is evaporated and is discharged in the atmosphere, and the influence that a part of recirculated water is subjected to surrounding environment is lost by wind, and some recirculated water concentrates blowdown because of repeatedly circulating and loses.In order not reduce the cooling effect of condenser, therefore also need regularly be replenished recirculated cooling water.Its water consumption can reach more than 60% of the full station-service water yield, thereby causes the significant wastage of water resource.
Heat in this part recirculated water is taken away and is discharged in the atmosphere by air, our general designation " always discarded and utilizable Lowlevel thermal energy ".
Enterprises such as cogeneration of heat and power power generation and heat supply are discharged into this part available discarded waste heat in the surrounding environment (atmosphere) in vain by existing technology.By measuring and calculating, a 60MW heat supply 160t/h cogeneration units per hour will be discharged and can be utilized waste heat to reach 4,700 ten thousand kilocalories; A 300MW heat supply 550t/h cogeneration units per hour will be discharged and can be utilized waste heat to reach more than 6,000 ten thousand kilocalories.
How to need according to heat supply (particularly municipal heating systems), reclaim the needs that these discarded heat energy satisfy heat supply, reaching energy-conservation effect is purpose of the present invention.
Summary of the invention
Technology of the present invention is dealt with problems and is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of cogeneration of heat and power energy saver and method of utilizing the waste heat heat supply is provided, the present invention can reduce cold source energy, raising integrated heat efficiency and electric heating proportion, the coal consumption of reduction unit generation.
Technical solution of the present invention is:
A kind of cogeneration of heat and power energy saver that utilizes the waste heat heat supply provided by the invention, comprise steam boiler, steam turbine, generator, condenser, oxygen-eliminating device and cooling tower, described steam turbine is connected with described condenser by exhaust casing, and described condenser and described cooling tower are connected to form the water route systemic circulation by pipeline; This device also comprises the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater, described UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater comprises absorption heat pump and heat exchanger, the steam inlet of described absorption heat pump is connected with the extraction opening of described steam turbine by pipeline, the water inlet end of described absorption heat pump is connected with the backwater end of hot water pipe net by pipeline, and described condenser, described absorption heat pump and described cooling tower are connected to form the water route partial circulating by pipeline; The steam inlet of described heat exchanger is connected with the extraction opening of described steam turbine by pipeline, and the water inlet end of described heat exchanger is connected with the water side of described absorption heat pump by pipeline, and the water side of described heat exchanger is connected with the water inlet end of hot water pipe net by pipeline; The hydrophobic back of converging of the hydrophobic and described absorption heat pump of described heat exchanger is connected with described oxygen-eliminating device.
A kind of cogeneration of heat and power power-economizing method that utilizes the waste heat heat supply provided by the invention may further comprise the steps:
A, steam turbine enter condenser by exhaust casing with exhaust steam used heat, and condenser and cooling tower form the water route systemic circulation, and the cooling water that the latent heat of vaporization in the described exhaust steam is sent here by cooling tower in condenser forms condensate water to its condensation;
B, described condenser, described cooling tower and absorption heat pump form the water route partial circulating, be transported in the described absorption heat pump by the backwater of pipeline hot water pipe net, water inlet as absorption heat pump, described absorption heat pump utilizes heat in the recirculated water that described condenser sends here to the water inlet heating, and heated hot water sent into by pipeline further be heated to the temperature that needs in the heat exchanger, high-temperature-hot-water after described heat exchanger will heat up is delivered to the water inlet end of hot water pipe net, and described absorption heat pump will lose the recirculated water of heat and deliver to described cooling tower;
The steam that C, described steam turbine are extracted out is divided into two strands, one enters described absorption heat pump, as driving steam, another thigh enters described heat exchanger, as the further thermal source that heats up of hot water, it is hydrophobic that two strands of steam condenses into after described absorption heat pump and described heat exchanger heat exchange, and two-way is hydrophobic sends into oxygen-eliminating device after converging.
Further, (1) if the water temperature of described heat exchanger water side less than design temperature, the circulating water intake flow of absorption heat pump described in the amount of drawing gas of steam turbine and the water route partial circulating is stated in the steam inlet place that then at first increases described absorption heat pump, and the amount of drawing gas of steam turbine is stated in next steam inlet place that increases described heat exchanger; (2) if the water temperature of described heat exchanger water side greater than design temperature, the amount of drawing gas of steam turbine is stated in the steam inlet place of then at first reducing described heat exchanger, and the circulating water intake flow of absorption heat pump described in the amount of drawing gas of steam turbine and the water route partial circulating is stated in next steam inlet place of reducing described absorption heat pump.
The present invention compared with prior art has following advantage:
(1) the present invention replaces surface-type heat exchangers for district heating of the prior art by the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater, increase the water route partial circulating between absorption heat pump and condenser, the cooling tower, absorption heat pump utilizes heat in the recirculated water that condenser sends here to the backwater heating of heating network (also hot water pipe network), backwater after will heating is again sent heating network back to, and then the outside heat supply of heating network.Not only effectively utilize the heat in the recirculated water, and reduced the heat transfer irreversible loss that the temperature difference of backwater in heating steam and the heating network causes.
(2) absorption heat pump of the present invention is by the steam drive of steam turbine extraction, effectively utilized the backwater in the heat heating heating network in the recirculated water, thereby reduced from the steam of steam turbine extraction, make the quantity of steam that continues in steam turbine, to do work increase, and then increased generated energy, improve unit efficiency.Under the situation of equal heat exhaustion,, make the gross coal consumption rate of unit obtain reduction because generated energy increases; Under the situation of same heating load, electric heating proportion is improved.
(3) the present invention is directed to the needs of different occasions, increased heat exchanger, make that the adjustable range of leaving water temperature is wideer, can satisfy demand widely the hot water temperature.
(4) the present invention has increased temperature controller and flow controller, if the return water temperature of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater outlet is less than design temperature, then at first increase the circulating water intake flow of absorption heat pump in absorption heat pump import extracted steam from turbine amount and the water route partial circulating, next increases heat exchanger import extracted steam from turbine amount; If the return water temperature of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater outlet then at first reduces heat exchanger import extracted steam from turbine amount greater than design temperature, next reduces the circulating water intake flow of absorption heat pump in absorption heat pump import extracted steam from turbine amount and the water route partial circulating.Make that the automatization level of cogeneration of heat and power industry is higher.
(5) the present invention is by watch-dog, can displays temperature value and flow value, and make device more convenient to operate.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the cogeneration of heat and power schematic diagram of prior art.
Fig. 2 is the cogeneration of heat and power energy saver schematic diagram that utilizes the waste heat heat supply according to of the present invention.
Among the figure, 1-UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater, 2-absorption heat pump, 3-heat exchanger, 4-steam turbine, 5-condenser, 6-oxygen-eliminating device, 7-cooling tower, 8-circulating water pool, heat supply network of 9-, 10-secondary heat supply network, 11-secondary heat exchangers for district heating, 12-surface-type heat exchangers for district heating.
The specific embodiment
Below with reference to accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is described.
As shown in Figure 1, the typical feature of prior art is: No. one time heat exchangers for district heating is the surface-type heat exchangers for district heating, the backwater heating that the steam that utilizes steam turbine to extract out is sent here heating network (also being hot water pipe net).
Heating network has two-stage: heat supply network and secondary heat supply network.What be connected by pipeline with the surface-type heat exchangers for district heating is a heat supply network, and the secondary heat supply network is used for outside heat supply.
As shown in Figure 2, according to the cogeneration of heat and power energy saver that utilizes the waste heat heat supply of the present invention, comprise steam boiler, steam turbine 4, generator, condenser 5, oxygen-eliminating device 6 and cooling tower 7, described steam turbine 4 is connected with described condenser 5 by exhaust casing, and described condenser 5 is connected to form the water route systemic circulation with described cooling tower 7 by pipeline; This device also comprises UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater 1, described UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater 1 comprises absorption heat pump 2 and heat exchanger 3, the steam inlet of described absorption heat pump 2 is connected by the extraction opening of pipeline with described steam turbine 4, (heating network has two-stage to the backwater end of the water inlet end of described absorption heat pump 2 by pipeline and hot water pipe net: heat supply network and secondary heat supply network, what be connected by pipeline with described absorption heat pump is a heat supply network, the secondary heat supply network is used for outside heat supply) connect described condenser 5, described absorption heat pump 2 is connected to form the water route partial circulating with described cooling tower 7 by pipeline; The steam inlet of described heat exchanger 3 is connected by the extraction opening of pipeline with described steam turbine 4, the water inlet end of described heat exchanger 3 is connected by the water side of pipeline with described absorption heat pump 2, (heating network has two-stage to the water inlet end of the water side of described heat exchanger 3 by pipeline and hot water pipe net: heat supply network and secondary heat supply network, what be connected by pipeline with described heat exchanger is a heat supply network, and the secondary heat supply network is used for outside heat supply) connect; The hydrophobic back of converging of the hydrophobic and described absorption heat pump 2 of described heat exchanger 3 is connected with described oxygen-eliminating device 6.
On the connecting line of described condenser 5 and described absorption heat pump 2, be provided with booster and flow control valve, on the connecting line of the extraction opening of the steam inlet of described absorption heat pump 2 and described steam turbine 4, be provided with extraction control valve, on the connecting line of the extraction opening of the steam inlet of described heat exchanger 3 and described steam turbine 4, be provided with extraction control valve.
(corresponding water inlet, delivery port, air intake, venthole) establishes by-pass valve control on the above-mentioned connecting line, and the present invention adopts automatic regulating valve door (also can adopt manually-operated gate).
Automatics in this device comprises:
First temperature controller is installed on the water side pipeline of described absorption heat pump;
Second temperature controller is installed on the water side pipeline of described heat exchanger hot water;
The first flow controller is installed on described absorption heat pump and the bleed steam pipework that described turbine bleed point is connected;
Second flow controller is installed on described heat exchanger and the bleed steam pipework that described turbine bleed point is connected;
The 3rd flow controller, the recirculated water that is installed in absorption heat pump described in the partial circulating of water route enters the mouth.
Watch-dog is connected with described first temperature controller, described second temperature controller, described first flow controller, described second flow controller and described the 3rd flow controller, is used for displays temperature value and flow value.
The cogeneration of heat and power power-economizing method that utilizes the waste heat heat supply provided by the invention may further comprise the steps:
A, steam turbine enter condenser by exhaust casing with exhaust steam used heat, and condenser and cooling tower form the water route systemic circulation, and the cooling water that the latent heat of vaporization in the described exhaust steam is sent here by cooling tower in condenser forms condensate water to its condensation;
B, described condenser, described cooling tower and absorption heat pump form the water route partial circulating, be transported in the described absorption heat pump by the backwater of pipeline hot water pipe net, water inlet as absorption heat pump, described absorption heat pump utilizes heat in the recirculated water that described condenser sends here to the water inlet heating, and heated hot water sent into by pipeline further be heated to the temperature that needs in the heat exchanger, high-temperature-hot-water after described heat exchanger will heat up is delivered to the water inlet end of hot water pipe net, and described absorption heat pump will lose the recirculated water of heat and deliver to described cooling tower;
The steam that C, described steam turbine are extracted out is divided into two strands, one enters described absorption heat pump, as driving steam, another thigh enters described heat exchanger, as the further thermal source that heats up of hot water, it is hydrophobic that two strands of steam condenses into after described absorption heat pump and described heat exchanger heat exchange, and two-way is hydrophobic sends into oxygen-eliminating device after converging.
The heat that water inlet absorbs in the absorption heat pump is equivalent to the summation of two bursts of steam condensate heat releases and the heat release of minor loop recirculated water.
Under the winter extreme operating condition, circulating water temperature lower (as being lower than 25 ℃), condenser described in the running will reduce the vacuum operation, suitably improve the exhaust steam pressure of described steam turbine, keep the service requirement that described condenser recirculated water leaving water temperature satisfies described absorption heat pump (promptly circulating water temperature>25 ℃) at this moment.
Owing to effectively utilized the heat heated feed water in the recirculated water, reduced from the steam of steam turbine extraction, make the quantity of steam that continues in steam turbine, to do work increase, thereby increased generated energy, and then raising unit efficiency, under the situation of same heating load, electric heating proportion is improved, and the gross coal consumption rate of unit obtains descending; In addition, owing to regained the heat in the recirculated water, circulating water temperature reduces, and can also reduce quantity of circulating water, changes water circulating pump into buncher (frequency conversion) and reduces water circulating pump power consumption, using electricity wisely.
In the course of work,
(1) if the outlet water temperature (being the water temperature of heat exchanger water side) of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater less than design temperature, as a certain numerical value in 60-130 ℃ (setting) with the climate temperature Automatic Optimal, three kinds of situations are then arranged: the one,, may be that the absorption heat pump throttle flow is few; The 2nd,, may be that to enter the recirculated water of absorption heat pump in the partial circulating of water route few; The 3rd,, the throttle flow that enters heat exchanger is few.At this moment at first to increase the amount of drawing gas and the circulating water intake flow that strengthens absorption heat pump in the partial circulating of water route of the steam inlet place steam turbine of absorption heat pump; Next increases the amount of drawing gas of the steam inlet place steam turbine of heat exchanger;
(2) if the outlet water temperature (being the water temperature of heat exchanger water side) of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater greater than design temperature, as a certain numerical value in 60-130 ℃ (setting) with the climate temperature Automatic Optimal, three kinds of situations are then arranged: the one,, may be that the absorption heat pump throttle flow is many; The 2nd,, may be that to enter the quantity of circulating water of absorption heat pump in the partial circulating of water route big; The 3rd,, the throttle flow that enters heat exchanger is big.At this moment at first reduce the amount of drawing gas of the steam inlet place steam turbine of heat exchanger, next reduces the amount of drawing gas and the circulating water intake flow that reduces absorption heat pump in the partial circulating of water route of the steam inlet place steam turbine of absorption heat pump.
The present invention adopts extracted steam from turbine to drive absorption heat pump, reclaim the waste heat that each system of Turbo-generator Set is discharged in the thermal energy exchange process, heating heat supply network backwater, what change was continued to use always is the surface-type heat exchange pattern of thermal source with the extracted steam from turbine, reach the reduction circulating water temperature, reduce the circulating cooling make-up water amount, improve energy efficiency and then reduce water circulating pump power, reduce station service.And when equal steam turbine inlet steam amount, increase generated energy or under steam turbine generator rated power, reduce the saving of boiler air demand and burn the coal amount, improve full factory integrated heat efficiency, reduce the unit generation coal consumption, the purpose that reaches energy-saving and emission-reduction and increase economic efficiency.
Subcritical Turbo-generator Set with 300M design heat supply 550t/t is an example, and year heat supply season hour calculated by 2880 hours according to utilizing.
(1) saves the mark coal year of the present invention and reach more than 11000 ton, reduce more than 29000 ton of CO2 emission, reduce 95 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions, reduce 84 tons of discharged nitrous oxides.
(2) the present invention utilizes the waste heat heat supply, has reduced the gross coal consumption rate of unit, has increased the generating capacity of unit, and a heat supply season can multiple electricity 4,700 ten thousand KWh.
(3) condenser of the present invention will be by 14000 tons of/hour recirculated waters cooling exhaust steam (230t/h displacement) by design, will be with the heat in 63% nearly 9000 tons of recirculated waters of quantity of circulating water by calculating pump type heat heat exchangers for district heating.By the design since recirculated water in the cooling tower cooling procedure, evaporation loss, windage loss and blowdown loss, its amount of makeup water is considered by 4%~6%, because nearly 9000T/H recirculated water has dropped to water temperature about about 20 ℃ by the pump type heat heat exchangers for district heating, so it can be reduced the loss, if amount of makeup water is considered by 4%, nearly 1,000,000 tons of the water yield of can reducing the loss, and can save the power consumption of a large amount of circulating pumps, calculate by station service power consumption rate 0.4%, power plant's power supply will increase by 2,000,000 kWh.
(4) the present invention will reduce unit generation coal consumption 5-25g/kWh after the waste heat heat supply under design conditions.
The content that is not described in detail in the specification of the present invention belongs to this area professional and technical personnel's known technology.
The present invention is not limited to the content that claim and the foregoing description are addressed, so long as any invention of creating out according to design of the present invention all should belong within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. cogeneration of heat and power energy saver that utilizes the waste heat heat supply, comprise steam boiler, steam turbine, generator, condenser, oxygen-eliminating device and cooling tower, described steam turbine is connected with described condenser by exhaust casing, and described condenser and described cooling tower are connected to form the water route systemic circulation by pipeline; It is characterized in that, this device also comprises the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater, described UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN hot-water heater comprises absorption heat pump and heat exchanger, the steam inlet of described absorption heat pump is connected with the extraction opening of described steam turbine by pipeline, the water inlet end of described absorption heat pump is connected with the backwater end of hot water pipe net by pipeline, and described condenser, described absorption heat pump and described cooling tower are connected to form the water route partial circulating by pipeline; The steam inlet of described heat exchanger is connected with the extraction opening of described steam turbine by pipeline, and the water inlet end of described heat exchanger is connected with the water side of described absorption heat pump by pipeline, and the water side of described heat exchanger is connected with the water inlet end of hot water pipe net by pipeline; The hydrophobic back of converging of the hydrophobic and described absorption heat pump of described heat exchanger is connected with described oxygen-eliminating device.
2. the cogeneration of heat and power energy saver that utilizes the waste heat heat supply according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with booster and flow control valve on the connecting line of described condenser and described absorption heat pump.
3. the cogeneration of heat and power energy saver that utilizes the waste heat heat supply according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with extraction control valve on the connecting line of the extraction opening of the steam inlet of described absorption heat pump and described steam turbine.
4. the cogeneration of heat and power energy saver that utilizes the waste heat heat supply according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with extraction control valve on the connecting line of the extraction opening of the steam inlet of described heat exchanger and described steam turbine.
5. the cogeneration of heat and power energy saver that utilizes the waste heat heat supply according to claim 1 is characterized in that this device also comprises
First temperature controller is installed on the water side pipeline of described absorption heat pump;
Second temperature controller is installed on the water side pipeline of described heat exchanger hot water;
The first flow controller is installed on described absorption heat pump and the bleed steam pipework that described turbine bleed point is connected;
Second flow controller is installed on described heat exchanger and the bleed steam pipework that described turbine bleed point is connected;
The 3rd flow controller, the recirculated water that is installed in absorption heat pump described in the partial circulating of water route enters the mouth.
6. the cogeneration of heat and power energy saver that utilizes the waste heat heat supply according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, this device also comprises the watch-dog that is used for displays temperature value and flow value, and described watch-dog is connected with described first temperature controller, described second temperature controller, described first flow controller, described second flow controller and described the 3rd flow controller.
7. a cogeneration of heat and power power-economizing method that utilizes the waste heat heat supply is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
A, steam turbine enter condenser by exhaust casing with exhaust steam used heat, and condenser and cooling tower form the water route systemic circulation, and the cooling water that the latent heat of vaporization in the described exhaust steam is sent here by cooling tower in condenser forms condensate water to its condensation;
B, described condenser, described cooling tower and absorption heat pump form the water route partial circulating, be transported in the described absorption heat pump by the backwater of pipeline hot water pipe net, water inlet as absorption heat pump, described absorption heat pump utilizes heat in the recirculated water that described condenser sends here to the water inlet heating, and heated hot water sent into by pipeline further be heated to the temperature that needs in the heat exchanger, high-temperature-hot-water after described heat exchanger will heat up is delivered to the water inlet end of hot water pipe net, and described absorption heat pump will lose the recirculated water of heat and deliver to described cooling tower;
The steam that C, described steam turbine are extracted out is divided into two strands, one enters described absorption heat pump, as driving steam, another thigh enters described heat exchanger, as the further thermal source that heats up of hot water, it is hydrophobic that two strands of steam condenses into after described absorption heat pump and described heat exchanger heat exchange, and two-way is hydrophobic sends into oxygen-eliminating device after converging.
8. the cogeneration of heat and power power-economizing method that utilizes the waste heat heat supply according to claim 7 is characterized in that,
(1) if the water temperature of described heat exchanger water side less than design temperature, the circulating water intake flow of absorption heat pump described in the amount of drawing gas of steam turbine and the water route partial circulating is stated in the steam inlet place that then at first increases described absorption heat pump, and the amount of drawing gas of steam turbine is stated in next steam inlet place that increases described heat exchanger;
(2) if the water temperature of described heat exchanger water side greater than design temperature, the amount of drawing gas of steam turbine is stated in the steam inlet place of then at first reducing described heat exchanger, and the circulating water intake flow of absorption heat pump described in the amount of drawing gas of steam turbine and the water route partial circulating is stated in next steam inlet place of reducing described absorption heat pump.
CN2010102910107A 2010-09-25 2010-09-25 Thermoelectricity co-generation energy-saving device for supplying heat by using waste heat and energy-saving method thereof Pending CN101943435A (en)

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CN102589035A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-18 华北电力大学 Energy-saving heat pump and co-generation coupled heating system and coupled heating method
CN102997224A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-03-27 浙江工商大学 Power plant condensing heat recycle system
CN103644006A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-19 东方电气集团东方汽轮机有限公司 Method for improving waste heat utilization of steam turbine unit
CN103968444A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-06 沈阳枫叶能源科技有限公司 Energy saving device for directly recycling waste heat from condenser of power plant to supply heat and energy saving method
CN106352397A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-25 华电电力科学研究院 Compound circulating water heat supply system and application
CN107420138A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-01 大唐东北电力试验研究所有限公司 Turbo-generator Set novel energy-conserving system and method
CN107477649A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-15 大唐东北电力试验研究所有限公司 Turbo-generator Set integrates afterheat utilizing system and method
CN108036384A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-15 华电电力科学研究院 A kind of energy source station system and operation method based on thermoelectricity unit steam extraction
CN108150999A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-12 华电电力科学研究院 A kind of combined cycle unit supplies thermal drain deaerating type of cycles and deoxidation method
CN108167914A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-06-15 烟台龙源电力技术股份有限公司 A kind of heating system
CN108469059A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-08-31 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 A kind of the steam energy cascade utilization coupled system and working method of annual operation
CN109441577A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-03-08 国网天津市电力公司电力科学研究院 Absorption heat pump cogeneration units recirculated cooling water tower operation method above freezing
CN109579112A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-05 清华大学 A kind of thermal power plant unit thermoelectricity decoupled system and its operation method
CN112607806A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-04-06 武汉大学 Novel water and electricity cogeneration device utilizing low-grade waste heat
CN113137650A (en) * 2021-04-16 2021-07-20 浙江大学 Steam heat network system combined with distributed power generation and regulation and control method
CN114754398A (en) * 2022-03-11 2022-07-15 华电电力科学研究院有限公司 Combined heat and power generation system and method capable of simultaneously heating water for heat supply network and steam for heat supply network

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CN102331028A (en) * 2011-07-27 2012-01-25 双良节能系统股份有限公司 Afterheat steam-water type heat supply system for recycling and absorption type heat pump of thermal power plant
CN102589035A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-18 华北电力大学 Energy-saving heat pump and co-generation coupled heating system and coupled heating method
CN102589035B (en) * 2012-03-14 2014-06-18 华北电力大学 Energy-saving heat pump and co-generation coupled heating system and coupled heating method
CN102997224A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-03-27 浙江工商大学 Power plant condensing heat recycle system
CN103644006A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-19 东方电气集团东方汽轮机有限公司 Method for improving waste heat utilization of steam turbine unit
CN103968444A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-06 沈阳枫叶能源科技有限公司 Energy saving device for directly recycling waste heat from condenser of power plant to supply heat and energy saving method
CN106352397A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-25 华电电力科学研究院 Compound circulating water heat supply system and application
CN107420138A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-01 大唐东北电力试验研究所有限公司 Turbo-generator Set novel energy-conserving system and method
CN107477649A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-15 大唐东北电力试验研究所有限公司 Turbo-generator Set integrates afterheat utilizing system and method
CN108150999A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-12 华电电力科学研究院 A kind of combined cycle unit supplies thermal drain deaerating type of cycles and deoxidation method
CN108150999B (en) * 2017-12-28 2023-03-28 华电电力科学研究院有限公司 Heat supply drainage deoxygenation system and deoxygenation method for combined cycle unit
CN108036384A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-15 华电电力科学研究院 A kind of energy source station system and operation method based on thermoelectricity unit steam extraction
CN108036384B (en) * 2017-12-31 2023-08-15 华电电力科学研究院有限公司 Energy station system based on thermoelectric unit steam extraction and operation method
CN108167914A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-06-15 烟台龙源电力技术股份有限公司 A kind of heating system
CN108469059A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-08-31 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 A kind of the steam energy cascade utilization coupled system and working method of annual operation
CN109441577A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-03-08 国网天津市电力公司电力科学研究院 Absorption heat pump cogeneration units recirculated cooling water tower operation method above freezing
CN109579112A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-05 清华大学 A kind of thermal power plant unit thermoelectricity decoupled system and its operation method
CN112607806A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-04-06 武汉大学 Novel water and electricity cogeneration device utilizing low-grade waste heat
CN112607806B (en) * 2020-11-24 2022-03-15 武汉大学 Water and electricity co-production device utilizing low-grade waste heat
CN113137650A (en) * 2021-04-16 2021-07-20 浙江大学 Steam heat network system combined with distributed power generation and regulation and control method
CN114754398A (en) * 2022-03-11 2022-07-15 华电电力科学研究院有限公司 Combined heat and power generation system and method capable of simultaneously heating water for heat supply network and steam for heat supply network

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