CN101942901A - Support frame or scaffold and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Support frame or scaffold and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101942901A
CN101942901A CN 201010278139 CN201010278139A CN101942901A CN 101942901 A CN101942901 A CN 101942901A CN 201010278139 CN201010278139 CN 201010278139 CN 201010278139 A CN201010278139 A CN 201010278139A CN 101942901 A CN101942901 A CN 101942901A
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China
Prior art keywords
brace
rod
vertical rod
cross bar
scaffold
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Pending
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CN 201010278139
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘辉
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刘辉
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Priority to CN 201010278139 priority Critical patent/CN101942901A/en
Publication of CN101942901A publication Critical patent/CN101942901A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a support frame or a scaffold and a construction method thereof. The support frame or the scaffold comprises a transverse rod, a horizontal inclined rod, an upright rod and an inclined rod, and is characterized in that: a disk chuck is arranged on the upright rod; the transverse rod, and the horizontal inclined rod and the inclined rod are clamped on the disk chuck through joints thereon and are fixed through pins. The support frame or the scaffold has the advantages of simple structure, standard members, high bearing capacity, steel conservation, rapid assembly and disassembly and easy transportation.

Description

A kind of bracing frame or scaffold and job practices thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of construction tool, especially relate to a kind of bracing frame or scaffold.
Background technology
In fields such as building operations, industrial maintenance, theatrical performances and sports tournament activity, the bowl fastening type scaffold of extensive use, steel tube fastener formula scaffold, various plug-in type scaffold and door-type scaffold, exist following several significant problem, be that major casualties takes place frequently, a large amount of waste steel, waste man-hour in a large number, the main cause of wasting freight charges in a large number.The first, obscured the notion of scaffold and bracing frame two series products, mistakenly scaffold has been used as bracing frame.Scaffold is applied to fields such as external wall frame, finishing maintenance, industrial facility maintenance, theatrical performances and sports tournament activity more, the load that is characterized in acting on scaffold is lower, and all act on the adjusting nut, be transmitted in the vertical rod by node again by scaffold floor.Bracing frame then is mainly used in bridge and the building operations, in the form bracing system of fluid concrete.Be characterized in that the load that acts on bracing frame is higher relatively, and directly acts in the vertical rod of bracing frame.Based on the difference of above-mentioned application, require bracing frame in when design, the ultimate bearing capacity of its vertical rod be far longer than the vertical rod bearing capacity of scaffold, and the bearing capacity of scaffold whippletree needs the bearing capacity greater than bracing frame again.Thereby above-mentioned a few money scaffold from the control of material selection, mechanics design and manufacturing process, all has different greatly with bracing frame when design.Use as bracing frame with these products that are designed to scaffold originally, consequently increase vertical rod quantity in large quantities, thereby increase steel using amount.The consequence of increase system rod member quantity and steel using amount is that the waste steel are wasted and mounted and dismounted man-hour, the waste freight charges.The second, at present a large amount of scaffolds use as supporting, and except above-mentioned first shortcoming, the fastening degree of node has greatly determined the stability of system, and this link is actual uncontrollable, causes huge potential safety hazard.Three, scaffold is widely used in the support system of bridge and building, and except above-mentioned first shortcoming, because design, system lacks reliably, the brace rod member of standard, is the major reason that causes the support system unstability.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure, member standard, bearing capacity big, save steel, dismounting are quick, be easy to transport a kind of bracing frame or scaffold.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of bracing frame or scaffold, comprise cross bar, horizontal brace, vertical rod and brace, described vertical rod is provided with floral disc, and described cross bar and described horizontal brace and described brace all are connected on the described floral disc by the joint on it, and fix by latch.
Described floral disc is one to have the disk body of round center hole, offer four cross bar jacks and four brace jacks on the described disk body, the cross section of each cross bar jack is to be the zhou duicheng tuxing of axis of symmetry with the disk body diameter, described cross section is by upper groove, low groove, limit, left side and right edge closure are formed by connecting, described disk body outer periphery be equipped with eight arc concave stations and in twos the arc concave station with respect to described disk body level and vertical central axis symmetry, described latch is a bar shaped plate wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, its left side facade is a vertical surface, described latch comprises epimere from top to bottom successively, stage casing and hypomere, the right side facade in described stage casing is provided with a projection.
The diameter of described disk body is The thickness of described disk body is 8mm-11mm, and the bottom land width of described upper groove and low groove is 5.5mm-7.5mm;
The epimere top of described latch is provided with through hole, and the hypomere bottom of described latch is provided with lower through-hole, and the maximum lateral width that the stage casing of described latch is provided with high spot is 16mm-20mm, and the thickness of described latch is 5mm-7mm.
The thickness of described latch is preferably 6mm.
Described cross bar comprises the cross bar body of rod and the cross bar joint that is welded on cross bar body of rod both sides, and described cross bar length is 500mm~2500mm, and the described cross bar body of rod is that round tube and external diameter are Wall thickness is 2mm~3.2mm;
Described horizontal brace comprises the horizontal brace body of rod and the horizontal brace joint that is welded on horizontal brace body of rod both sides, and described horizontal brace length is 2000mm~3000mm, and the described horizontal brace body of rod is that round tube and external diameter are Wall thickness is 2mm~3.2mm;
Described brace comprises the brace body of rod and is positioned at the brace joint of brace body of rod both sides, the described brace body of rod is the round tube of two flattening and flattening place perforate, described brace joint is connected with the described brace body of rod by the shouldered tap bolt bolt, described shouldered tap bolt comprises bolt head, cylinder table and threaded rod from top to bottom successively, and described brace body of rod length is that 1100mm~3200mm and external diameter are Wall thickness is 2mm~3mm;
Described vertical rod two ends respectively have a through hole, described vertical rod is passed the round center hole of described floral disc and is welded to connect, described vertical rod also comprises pitman, described pitman is that square tube and described pitman are connected with described vertical rod by the elasticity card, described elasticity card is the V-type shell fragment that two ends have projection, described projection is cylinder or Rotary-table, and described vertical rod length is that 500mm~3000mm and external diameter are Or Wall thickness is 2.9mm~3.5mm.
Described cross bar length is preferably 539.7mm or 839.7mm or 1139.7mm or 1439.7mm or 1739.7mm or 2339.7mm, and cross bar body of rod external diameter is preferably Cross bar body of rod wall thickness is preferably 2.5mm or 3.05mm;
Described horizontal brace length is preferably 2062.7mm or 2284.5mm or 2487.0mm or 2771.6mm, and horizontal brace body of rod external diameter is preferably Horizontal brace body of rod wall thickness is 2.5mm or 3.05mm;
Described brace length is preferably 1163.4mm or 1324.9mm or 1763.6mm or 2015.1mm or 1627.3mm or 1745.2mm or 2095.7mm or 2310.7mm or 2788.9mm or 3091.4mm, and brace body of rod external diameter is preferably Brace body of rod wall thickness is preferably 2.5mm;
Described vertical rod length is preferably 500mm or 1000mm or 1500mm or 2000mm or 2500mm or 3000mm, and the vertical rod external diameter is preferably Or The vertical rod wall thickness is preferably 3.05mm or 3.2mm.
The top and bottom of described vertical rod are respectively equipped with adjustable base and the adjustable jacking of U type, are provided with the standard pedestal between described vertical rod and described adjustable base.
Described cross bar, described horizontal brace, described brace, described vertical rod material are all the Q345B structural section, and described floral disc material is Q235 or Q345B or 16Mn alloy, and described latch material is for adopting heat treated No. 45 steel.
Described cross bar, described horizontal brace, described brace, described vertical rod, described floral disc and described latch surface all adopt hot dip galvanizing process.
Can adopt following two kinds of job practicess during construction, common construction method or mechanical hoisting construction method,
Common construction method may further comprise the steps:
Installation process is:
The first step: at first will put ground in order, guarantee that ground meets under the prerequisite of relevant national standard, lay steel sheet pile, channel-section steel or flitch earlier;
Second step: press the node location of standpipe in the above, place adjustable base, the height of base should meet the standard of national standard, can not be too high;
The 3rd step: installation code pedestal on adjustable base;
The 4th step: horizontal brace is installed;
The 5th step: cross bar is installed in order;
The 6th step: use level gauge,, adjust the level of whole frame body by the height of fine setting adjustable base;
The 7th step: on the standard pedestal, the vertical rod with pitman is installed not;
The 8th step: by the step pitch of design whippletree and brace are installed successively;
The 9th step: if needed, then in vertical rod, the vertical rod of mounting strap pitman;
The tenth step:, the adjustable jacking of U type is installed at the top of supporting;
The 11 step: place i beam at the adjustable jacking of U type, cooperate with the template on top;
The 12 step: according to design, cross the height of finely tuning the adjustable jacking of U type, adjust the level of i beam;
Dismantled and be called:
The first step: at first finely tune the adjustable jacking of U type, turn down the height of the adjustable jacking of U type;
Second step: extract i beam out;
The 3rd step: remove slash, whippletree, horizontal slash and vertical rod from top to bottom successively;
The mechanical hoisting construction method may further comprise the steps:
Installation process is:
The first step: at first will put ground in order, guarantee that ground meets under the prerequisite of relevant national standard, lay steel sheet pile, channel-section steel or flitch earlier;
Second step: press the node location of standpipe in the above, place adjustable base, the height of base should meet the standard of national standard, can not be too high;
The 3rd step: near ground, horizontal positioned standard pedestal is generally square shape or day font on the ground.
The 4th step: horizontal brace is installed;
The 5th step: cross bar is installed in order;
The 6th step: the support body that standard pedestal and horizontal brace, cross bar are formed fell, and made the direction of vertical rod parallel to the ground.
The 7th step: the vertical rod with pitman is installed not;
The 8th step: by the step pitch of design whippletree and brace are installed successively;
The 9th step: if needed, then in vertical rod, the vertical rod of mounting strap pitman;
The tenth step:, the adjustable jacking of U type is installed at the top of supporting;
The 11 step: tie up top with suspender belt, support body is vertically sling, hang, the position of corresponding adjustable base to work plane with crane at support body;
The 12 step: soon vertically land suitable height at support body, and adjustable base is installed in will mark in the pedestal;
The 13 step: use level gauge,, adjust the level of whole frame body by the height of fine setting adjustable base;
The 13 step: use cross bar,, couple together the different mouthful words of lifting or day cabinet frame body;
The 14 step:, reexamine one time and whether lock to the latch on each node on the support body;
The 15 step: place i beam at the adjustable jacking of U type, cooperate with the template on top;
The 16 step: according to design, cross the height of finely tuning the adjustable jacking of U type, adjust the level of i beam;
Dismantled and be called:
The first step: at first finely tune the adjustable jacking of U type, turn down the height of the adjustable jacking of U type;
Second step: extract i beam out with crane;
The 3rd step: the cross bar of removing connector word or day cabinet frame body;
The 4th step: near the position suitable work plane, lay slide rail, a mouth word or a day cabinet frame body translation are gone out work plane;
The 5th step: with crane support body was fallen, and removed brace, whippletree and vertical rod successively;
The 6th step: with slide rail or crane, a mouth word or a day cabinet frame body are moved to next work plane, the position of corresponding adjustable base begins the installation process of next engineering section, repeats the 12 in the installation process then and goes on foot for the 16 step;
Advantage and good effect that the present invention has are:
1, at bracing frame purposes and the loading characteristic different with scaffold, effective and reasonable distinguish and standard be used for scaffold and be used for the specifications parameter of the various rod members of bracing frame, changed people for bracing frame or the big more viewpoint of the thick more load-bearing of scaffold rod member wall thickness;
2, select suitable rod member length, the weight of control rod member is convenient to workman's carrying and installation, farthest increases work efficiency;
3, main load-carrying member has adopted the Q345B structural section, effectively raises the bearing capacity of cross bar, has reduced total steel quantity of using of whole bracing frame or scaffold simultaneously;
4, the cross section that adopts between the more piece vertical rod is square connector, has increased the horizontal torsional property of vertical rod, has increased the safety factor of whole connection system for guide rail or bracing frame system;
5, all adopt hot dip galvanizing process to handle inside and outside each member, prevent that cross bar from getting rusty and wearing and tearing, and improved the security and stability of whole bracing frame or scaffold in abominable environment for use;
6, the form fit of the shape of the jack on the floral disc and latch is reasonable, make each member can by floral disc be fixed together closely and bracing frame or scaffold whole when mobile the particular design of latch integral body can not become flexible, realized the integral hoisting of bracing frame or scaffold;
7, the floral disc that has the arc concave station of particular design makes vertical rod pile up more reasonable in transportation and pile up morely, has saved cost of transportation greatly;
8, bracing frame or scaffold can realize that integral hoisting moves, make bracing frame or scaffold realize installing at ground level, install by the lifting machine lifting then, not only improved the speed of installing, saved the set-up time, and reduced the normal construction high and medium to greatest extent the danger that bracing frame or scaffold bring is installed;
9, bracing frame or scaffold bottom frame are to be made of the standard pedestal, and center of gravity reduces, and have increased the stability of whole system.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of connected node of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of floral disc among the present invention;
Fig. 2-the 1st, the structural representation of the cross bar jack of floral disc among the present invention;
Fig. 2-the 2nd, the structural representation of latch among the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cross bar among the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of horizontal brace among the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of brace among the present invention;
Fig. 5-the 1st, the partial enlarged drawing of brace A part among the present invention;
Fig. 5-the 2nd, the structural representation of the shouldered tap bolt of brace among the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of vertical rod among the present invention;
Fig. 6-the 1st, many structural representations that vertical rod connects among the present invention;
Fig. 6-the 2nd, the sectional drawing of A-A direction among Fig. 6-1;
Fig. 6-the 3rd, the vertical view of Fig. 6-2;
Fig. 6-the 4th, the structural representation of elasticity card among the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that latch among the present invention, cross bar and floral disc are connected;
Fig. 8 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of standard pedestal among the present invention;
Fig. 9 is bracing frame of the present invention or scaffold overall structure schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes cross bar 1, horizontal brace 2, vertical rod 3 and brace 4, described vertical rod 3 is provided with floral disc 5, and described cross bar 1 and described horizontal brace 2 and described brace 4 all are connected on the described floral disc 5 by the joint on it, and fixing by latch 6.
As Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 2-1, described floral disc 5 is one to have the disk body 501 of round center hole 502, offer four cross bar jacks 503 and four brace jacks 504 on the described disk body 501, the cross section of each cross bar jack 503 is to be the zhou duicheng tuxing of axis of symmetry with disk body 501 diameters, described cross section is by upper groove 506, low groove 507, limit 508, left side and right edge 509 closures are formed by connecting, described disk body 501 outer periphery are equipped with eight arc concave stations 505 and arc concave station 505 is with respect to described disk body 501 levels and vertical central axis symmetry in twos, and the diameter of described disk body 501 is The thickness of described disk body 501 is 8mm-11mm, and the bottom land width of described upper groove 506 and low groove 507 is 5.5mm-7.5mm.
Shown in Fig. 2-2, described latch 6 is a bar shaped plate wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, and its left side facade is a vertical surface, and described latch comprises epimere 601, stage casing 602 and hypomere 603 from top to bottom successively, and the right side facade in described stage casing 602 is provided with a projection 604; Epimere 601 tops of described latch 6 are provided with through hole 605, hypomere 603 bottoms of described latch 6 are provided with lower through-hole 606, the maximum lateral width that the stage casing 602 of described latch 6 is provided with protruding 604 places is 16mm-20mm, the thickness of described latch 6 is 5mm-7mm, and the thickness of described latch 6 is preferably 6mm.
As shown in Figure 3, described cross bar 1 comprises the cross bar body of rod 101 and the cross bar joint 102 that is welded on the cross bar body of rod 101 both sides, and described cross bar 1 length is 500mm~2500mm, and the described cross bar body of rod 101 for round tube and external diameter is Wall thickness is 2mm~3.2mm;
As shown in Figure 4, described horizontal brace 2 comprises the horizontal brace body of rod 201 and the horizontal brace joint 202 that is welded on the horizontal brace body of rod 201 both sides, and described horizontal brace 2 length are 2000mm~3000mm, and the described horizontal brace body of rod 201 for round tube and external diameter is Wall thickness is 2mm~3.2mm;
As shown in Figure 5, described brace 4 comprises the brace body of rod 401 and is positioned at the brace joint 402 of the brace body of rod 401 both sides, the described brace body of rod 401 is the round tube of two flattening and flattening place perforate, described brace joint 402 is connected with the described brace body of rod 401 by shouldered tap bolt bolt 403, described shouldered tap bolt 403 comprises bolt head 404, cylinder table 405 and threaded rod 406 from top to bottom successively, and the described brace body of rod 401 length are that 1100mm~3200mm and external diameter are Wall thickness is 2mm~3mm;
Shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 6, Fig. 6-1, Fig. 6-2, Fig. 6-3, Fig. 6-4, described vertical rod 3 two ends respectively have a through hole 301, described vertical rod 3 is passed the round center hole 502 of described floral disc 5 and is welded to connect, described vertical rod 3 also comprises pitman 7, described pitman 7 is that square tube and described pitman 7 are connected with described vertical rod 3 by elasticity card 8, described elasticity card 8 is the V-type shell fragment 801 that two ends have projection 802, described protruding 802 is cylinder or Rotary-table, and described vertical rod 3 length are that 500mm~3000mm and external diameter are Or Wall thickness is 2.9mm~3.5mm, and described vertical rod 3 is provided with the floral disc 5 of varying number from top to bottom according to the difference of length, and first floral disc 5 is apart from top 100mm, the set downwards successively last floral disc 500mm of floral disc distance.
As shown in Figure 7, when various cross bar joints 102 are connected with vertical rod 3, elder generation is with cross bar jack 503 correspondences of cross bar joint 102 and floral disc 5, then latch 6 is inserted in the cross bar jack 503 of cross bar joint 102 and floral disc 5, beat with instrument, the below of the projection 604 of latch 6 being struck cross bar jack 503 gets final product, the same cross bar of the mounting means of horizontal brace and brace.
As Fig. 8, shown in Figure 9, the top and bottom of described vertical rod 3 are respectively equipped with adjustable base 10 and the adjustable jacking 11 of U type, between described vertical rod 3 and described adjustable base 10, be provided with standard pedestal 9, described standard base 9 comprises sleeve 901, standpipe 902 and floral disc 5, described standpipe 902 outside dimensions and described vertical rod 3 are identical and be welded in the described sleeve 901, described floral disc be welded on the standpipe and described floral disc apart from riser top ends 100mm, described vertical rod is inserted in the sleeve of described standard pedestal and is contacted with the standpipe of described standard pedestal, and floral disc below the described like this vertical rod and the floral disc spacing on the described standard pedestal are 500mm.
Described cross bar 1, described horizontal brace 2, described brace 4, described vertical rod 3 materials are all the Q345B structural section, and described floral disc 5 materials are Q235 or Q345B or 16Mn alloy, and described latch 6 materials are for adopting heat treated No. 45 steel.
Hot dip galvanizing process is all adopted on described cross bar 1, described horizontal brace 2, described brace 4, described vertical rod 3, described floral disc 5 and described latch 6 surfaces.
Select for use as follows if the present invention is used for the specifications parameter of each member of scaffold:
Described cross bar length is preferably 539.7mm or 839.7mm or 1139.7mm or 1439.7mm or 1739.7mm or 2339.7mm, and cross bar body of rod external diameter is preferably Cross bar body of rod wall thickness is preferably 3.05mm;
Described horizontal brace length is preferably 2062.7mm or 2284.5mm or 2487.0mm or 2771.6mm, and horizontal brace body of rod external diameter is preferably Horizontal brace body of rod wall thickness is preferably 3.05mm;
Described brace length is preferably 1163.4mm or 1324.9mm or 1763.6mm or 2015.1mm or 1627.3mm or 1745.2mm or 2095.7mm or 2310.7mm or 2788.9mm or 3091.4mm, and brace body of rod external diameter is preferably Brace body of rod wall thickness is preferably 2.5mm;
Described vertical rod length is preferably 500mm or 1000mm or 1500mm or 2000mm or 2500mm or 3000mm, and the vertical rod external diameter is preferably The vertical rod wall thickness is preferably 3.05mm.
Select for use as follows if the present invention is used for the specifications parameter of each member of bracing frame:
Described cross bar length is preferably 539.7mm or 839.7mm or 1139.7mm or 1439.7mm or 1739.7mm or 2339.7mm, and cross bar body of rod external diameter is preferably Cross bar body of rod wall thickness is preferably 2.5mm;
Described horizontal brace length is preferably 2062.7mm or 2284.5mm or 2487.0mm or 2771.6mm, and horizontal brace body of rod external diameter is preferably Horizontal brace body of rod wall thickness is preferably and is 2.5mm;
Described brace length is preferably 1163.4mm or 1324.9mm or 1763.6mm or 2015.1mm or 1627.3mm or 1745.2mm or 2095.7mm or 2310.7mm or 2788.9mm or 3091.4mm, and brace body of rod external diameter is preferably Brace body of rod wall thickness is preferably 2.5mm;
Described vertical rod length is preferably 500mm or 1000mm or 1500mm or 2000mm or 2500mm or 3000mm, and the vertical rod external diameter is preferably The vertical rod wall thickness is preferably 3.2mm.
Job practices: job practices is divided two kinds, is respectively common construction method and mechanical hoisting construction method,
Common construction method may further comprise the steps:
Installation process is:
The first step: at first will put ground in order, guarantee that ground meets under the prerequisite of relevant national standard, lay steel sheet pile, channel-section steel or flitch earlier;
Second step: press the node location of standpipe in the above, place adjustable base, the height of base should meet the standard of national standard, can not be too high;
The 3rd step: installation code pedestal on adjustable base;
The 4th step: horizontal brace is installed;
The 5th step: cross bar is installed in order;
The 6th step: use level gauge,, adjust the level of whole frame body by the height of fine setting adjustable base;
The 7th step: on the standard pedestal, the vertical rod with pitman is installed not;
The 8th step: by the step pitch of design whippletree and brace are installed successively;
The 9th step: if needed, then in vertical rod, the vertical rod of mounting strap pitman;
The tenth step:, the adjustable jacking of U type is installed at the top of supporting;
The 11 step: place i beam at the adjustable jacking of U type, cooperate with the template on top;
The 12 step: according to design, cross the height of finely tuning the adjustable jacking of U type, adjust the level of i beam;
Dismantled and be called:
The first step: at first finely tune the adjustable jacking of U type, turn down the height of the adjustable jacking of U type;
Second step: extract i beam out;
The 3rd step: remove slash, whippletree, horizontal slash and vertical rod from top to bottom successively;
The mechanical hoisting construction method may further comprise the steps:
Installation process is:
The first step: at first will put ground in order, guarantee that ground meets under the prerequisite of relevant national standard, lay steel sheet pile, channel-section steel or flitch earlier;
Second step: press the node location of standpipe in the above, place adjustable base, the height of base should meet the standard of national standard, can not be too high;
The 3rd step: near ground, horizontal positioned standard pedestal is generally square shape or day font on the ground.
The 4th step: horizontal brace is installed;
The 5th step: cross bar is installed in order;
The 6th step: the support body that standard pedestal and horizontal brace, cross bar are formed fell, and made the direction of vertical rod parallel to the ground.
The 7th step: the vertical rod with pitman is installed not;
The 8th step: by the step pitch of design whippletree and brace are installed successively;
The 9th step: if needed, then in vertical rod, the vertical rod of mounting strap pitman;
The tenth step:, the adjustable jacking of U type is installed at the top of supporting;
The 11 step: tie up top with suspender belt, support body is vertically sling, hang, the position of corresponding adjustable base to work plane with crane at support body;
The 12 step: soon vertically land suitable height at support body, and adjustable base is installed in will mark in the pedestal;
The 13 step: use level gauge,, adjust the level of whole frame body by the height of fine setting adjustable base;
The 13 step: use cross bar,, couple together the different mouthful words of lifting or day cabinet frame body;
The 14 step:, reexamine one time and whether lock to the latch on each node on the support body;
The 15 step: place i beam at the adjustable jacking of U type, cooperate with the template on top;
The 16 step: according to design, cross the height of finely tuning the adjustable jacking of U type, adjust the level of i beam;
Dismantled and be called:
The first step: at first finely tune the adjustable jacking of U type, turn down the height of the adjustable jacking of U type;
Second step: extract i beam out with crane;
The 3rd step: the cross bar of removing connector word or day cabinet frame body;
The 4th step: near the position suitable work plane, lay slide rail, a mouth word or a day cabinet frame body translation are gone out work plane;
The 5th step: with crane support body was fallen, and removed brace, whippletree and vertical rod successively;
The 6th step: with slide rail or crane, a mouth word or a day cabinet frame body are moved to next work plane, the position of corresponding adjustable base begins the installation process of next engineering section, repeats the 12 in the installation process then and goes on foot for the 16 step;
More than one embodiment of the present of invention are had been described in detail, but described content only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, can not be considered to be used to limit practical range of the present invention.All equalizations of doing according to the present patent application scope change and improve etc., all should still belong within the patent covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. bracing frame or scaffold, comprise cross bar, horizontal brace, vertical rod and brace, it is characterized in that: described vertical rod is provided with floral disc, and described cross bar and described horizontal brace and described brace all are connected on the described floral disc by the joint on it, and fix by latch.
2. bracing frame according to claim 1 or scaffold, it is characterized in that: described floral disc is one to have the disk body of round center hole, offer four cross bar jacks and four brace jacks on the described disk body, the cross section of each cross bar jack is to be the zhou duicheng tuxing of axis of symmetry with the disk body diameter, described cross section is by upper groove, low groove, limit, left side and right edge closure are formed by connecting, described disk body outer periphery be equipped with eight arc concave stations and in twos the arc concave station with respect to described disk body level and vertical central axis symmetry, described latch is a bar shaped plate wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, its left side facade is a vertical surface, described latch comprises epimere from top to bottom successively, stage casing and hypomere, the right side facade in described stage casing is provided with a projection.
3. bracing frame according to claim 2 or scaffold is characterized in that: the diameter of described disk body is The thickness of described disk body is 8mm-11mm, and the bottom land width of described upper groove and low groove is 5.5mm-7.5mm;
The epimere top of described latch is provided with through hole, and the hypomere bottom of described latch is provided with lower through-hole, and the maximum lateral width that the stage casing of described latch is provided with high spot is 16mm-20mm, and the thickness of described latch is 5mm-7mm.
4. bracing frame according to claim 3 or scaffold is characterized in that: the thickness of described latch is preferably 6mm.
5. bracing frame according to claim 1 or scaffold is characterized in that:
Described cross bar comprises the cross bar body of rod and the cross bar joint that is welded on cross bar body of rod both sides, and described cross bar length is 500mm~2500mm, and the described cross bar body of rod is that round tube and external diameter are Wall thickness is 2mm~3.2mm;
Described horizontal brace comprises the horizontal brace body of rod and the horizontal brace joint that is welded on horizontal brace body of rod both sides, and described horizontal brace length is 2000mm~3000mm, and the described horizontal brace body of rod is that round tube and external diameter are Wall thickness is 2mm~3.2mm;
Described brace comprises the brace body of rod and is positioned at the brace joint of brace body of rod both sides, the described brace body of rod is the round tube of two flattening and flattening place perforate, described brace joint is connected with the described brace body of rod by the shouldered tap bolt bolt, described shouldered tap bolt comprises bolt head, cylinder table and threaded rod from top to bottom successively, and described brace body of rod length is that 1100mm~3200mm and external diameter are Wall thickness is 2mm~3mm;
Described vertical rod two ends respectively have a through hole, described vertical rod is passed the round center hole of described floral disc and is welded to connect, described vertical rod also comprises pitman, described pitman is that square tube and described pitman are connected with described vertical rod by the elasticity card, described elasticity card is the V-type shell fragment that two ends have projection, described projection is cylinder or Rotary-table, and described vertical rod length is that 500mm~3000mm and external diameter are Or Wall thickness is 2.9mm~3.5mm.
6. bracing frame according to claim 5 or scaffold is characterized in that:
Described cross bar length is preferably 539.7mm or 839.7mm or 1139.7mm or 1439.7mm or 1739.7mm or 2339.7mm, and cross bar body of rod external diameter is preferably Cross bar body of rod wall thickness is preferably 2.5mm or 3.05mm;
Described horizontal brace length is preferably 2062.7mm or 2284.5mm or 2487.0mm or 2771.6mm, and horizontal brace body of rod external diameter is preferably Horizontal brace body of rod wall thickness is 2.5mm or 3.05mm;
Described brace length is preferably 1163.4mm or 1324.9mm or 1763.6mm or 2015.1mm or 1627.3mm or 1745.2mm or 2095.7mm or 2310.7mm or 2788.9mm or 3091.4mm, and brace body of rod external diameter is preferably Brace body of rod wall thickness is preferably 2.5mm;
Described vertical rod length is preferably 500mm or 1000mm or 1500mm or 2000mm or 2500mm or 3000mm, and the vertical rod external diameter is preferably Or The vertical rod wall thickness is preferably 3.05mm or 3.2mm.
7. bracing frame according to claim 1 or scaffold is characterized in that: the top and bottom of described vertical rod are respectively equipped with adjustable base and the adjustable jacking of U type, are provided with the standard pedestal between described vertical rod and described adjustable base.
8. bracing frame according to claim 1 or scaffold, it is characterized in that: described cross bar, described horizontal brace, described brace, described vertical rod material are all the Q345B structural section, described floral disc material is Q235 or Q345B or 16Mn alloy, and described latch material is for adopting heat treated No. 45 steel.
9. bracing frame according to claim 1 or scaffold is characterized in that: described cross bar, described horizontal brace, described brace, described vertical rod, described floral disc and described latch surface all adopt hot dip galvanizing process.
10. one kind is used described bracing frame of claim 1 or Scaffold construction, it is characterized in that: can adopt following two kinds of job practicess during construction, and common construction method or mechanical hoisting construction method,
Common construction method may further comprise the steps:
Installation process is:
The first step: at first will put ground in order, guarantee that ground meets under the prerequisite of relevant national standard, lay steel sheet pile, channel-section steel or flitch earlier;
Second step: press the node location of standpipe in the above, place adjustable base, the height of base should meet the standard of national standard, can not be too high;
The 3rd step: installation code pedestal on adjustable base;
The 4th step: horizontal brace is installed;
The 5th step: cross bar is installed in order;
The 6th step: use level gauge,, adjust the level of whole frame body by the height of fine setting adjustable base;
The 7th step: on the standard pedestal, the vertical rod with pitman is installed not;
The 8th step: by the step pitch of design whippletree and brace are installed successively;
The 9th step: if needed, then in vertical rod, the vertical rod of mounting strap pitman;
The tenth step:, the adjustable jacking of U type is installed at the top of supporting;
The 11 step: place i beam at the adjustable jacking of U type, cooperate with the template on top;
The 12 step:,, adjust the level of i beam by the height of the adjustable jacking of fine setting U type according to design;
Unloading process is:
The first step: at first finely tune the adjustable jacking of U type, turn down the height of the adjustable jacking of U type;
Second step: extract i beam out;
The 3rd step: remove slash, whippletree, horizontal slash and vertical rod from top to bottom successively;
The mechanical hoisting construction method may further comprise the steps:
Installation process is:
The first step: at first will put ground in order, guarantee that ground meets under the prerequisite of relevant national standard, lay steel sheet pile, channel-section steel or flitch earlier;
Second step: press the node location of standpipe in the above, place adjustable base, the height of base should meet the standard of national standard, can not be too high;
The 3rd step: near ground, horizontal positioned standard pedestal is generally square shape or day font on the ground.
The 4th step: horizontal brace is installed;
The 5th step: cross bar is installed in order;
The 6th step: the support body that standard pedestal and horizontal brace, cross bar are formed fell, and made the direction of vertical rod parallel to the ground.
The 7th step: the vertical rod with pitman is installed not;
The 8th step: by the step pitch of design whippletree and brace are installed successively;
The 9th step: if needed, then in vertical rod, the vertical rod of mounting strap pitman;
The tenth step:, the adjustable jacking of U type is installed at the top of supporting;
The 11 step: tie up top with suspender belt, support body is vertically sling, hang, the position of corresponding adjustable base to work plane with crane at support body;
The 12 step: soon vertically land suitable height at support body, and adjustable base is installed in will mark in the pedestal;
The 13 step: use level gauge,, adjust the level of whole frame body by the height of fine setting adjustable base;
The 13 step: use cross bar,, couple together the different mouthful words of lifting or day cabinet frame body;
The 14 step:, reexamine one time and whether lock to the latch on each node on the support body;
The 15 step: place i beam at the adjustable jacking of U type, cooperate with the template on top;
The 16 step:,, adjust the level of i beam by the height of the adjustable jacking of fine setting U type according to design;
Dismantled and be called:
The first step: at first finely tune the adjustable jacking of U type, turn down the height of the adjustable jacking of U type;
Second step: extract i beam out with crane;
The 3rd step: the cross bar of removing connector word or day cabinet frame body;
The 4th step: near the position suitable work plane, lay slide rail, a mouth word or a day cabinet frame body translation are gone out work plane;
The 5th step: with crane support body was fallen, and removed brace, whippletree and vertical rod successively;
The 6th step: or with slide rail or crane, a mouth word or a day cabinet frame body are moved to next work plane, the position of corresponding adjustable base begins the installation process of next engineering section, repeats the 12 in the installation process then and goes on foot for the 16 step.
CN 201010278139 2010-09-10 2010-09-10 Support frame or scaffold and construction method thereof Pending CN101942901A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102127962A (en) * 2011-01-15 2011-07-20 四川华山建筑有限公司 Improved bidirectionally stressed foundation knot attached to lifting scaffold
CN102720341A (en) * 2012-06-28 2012-10-10 中建一局集团第二建筑有限公司 Frame column construction operation rack and mounting method thereof
CN102777021A (en) * 2012-07-30 2012-11-14 林淑琴 Height-adjustable scaffold
CN103243933A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-08-14 上海宝冶集团有限公司 Demountable combined supporting device used for steel structure construction
CN103266755A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-08-28 云南云岭高速公路桥梁工程有限公司 Height adjusting member for cap type safety support scaffold
CN104533074A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-22 天津大学 Universal joint inclined strut capable of being conveniently applied inside and outside supporting frame
WO2015041622A3 (en) * 2013-09-11 2015-05-28 Murat Emin AYTAÇOĞLU Innovation in constructional scaffolding system
CN110306772A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-08 巩义市永裕节能新材料厂 Light scaffold

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CN201771172U (en) * 2010-09-10 2011-03-23 刘辉 Support rack or scaffold

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CN101736896A (en) * 2009-12-09 2010-06-16 北京卓良模板有限公司 cross-plate scaffold
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102127962A (en) * 2011-01-15 2011-07-20 四川华山建筑有限公司 Improved bidirectionally stressed foundation knot attached to lifting scaffold
CN102127962B (en) * 2011-01-15 2015-09-23 苏茂兵 The bidirectional stress base section of the attached lift scaffold improved
CN102720341A (en) * 2012-06-28 2012-10-10 中建一局集团第二建筑有限公司 Frame column construction operation rack and mounting method thereof
CN102720341B (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-04-22 中建一局集团第二建筑有限公司 Frame column construction operation rack and mounting method thereof
CN102777021A (en) * 2012-07-30 2012-11-14 林淑琴 Height-adjustable scaffold
CN103243933A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-08-14 上海宝冶集团有限公司 Demountable combined supporting device used for steel structure construction
CN103266755A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-08-28 云南云岭高速公路桥梁工程有限公司 Height adjusting member for cap type safety support scaffold
CN103266755B (en) * 2013-05-16 2015-09-09 云南云岭高速公路建设集团有限公司 The height adjustment member of hat type safety supports scaffold
WO2015041622A3 (en) * 2013-09-11 2015-05-28 Murat Emin AYTAÇOĞLU Innovation in constructional scaffolding system
CN104533074A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-22 天津大学 Universal joint inclined strut capable of being conveniently applied inside and outside supporting frame
CN110306772A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-08 巩义市永裕节能新材料厂 Light scaffold

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