CN101938230A - Wave vibration piezoelectric power generation and solar energy combined power generating method and system - Google Patents

Wave vibration piezoelectric power generation and solar energy combined power generating method and system Download PDF

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CN101938230A
CN101938230A CN 201010275162 CN201010275162A CN101938230A CN 101938230 A CN101938230 A CN 101938230A CN 201010275162 CN201010275162 CN 201010275162 CN 201010275162 A CN201010275162 A CN 201010275162A CN 101938230 A CN101938230 A CN 101938230A
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piezoelectric
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power
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CN101938230B (en )
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边义祥
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扬州大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to wave vibration piezoelectric power generation and solar energy combined power generating method and system. A solar-cell panel is used for converting solar energy into electric energy, and a piezoelectric element arranged on a cantilever slab is used for adsorbing the vibrating mechanical energy of waves; and when a power generating box is vibrated along with the waves, the cantilever slab is bent and elastically deformed so that the piezoelectric element adhered to the surface of the cantilever slab generates electric energy. The invention can effectively convert the wave vibration mechanical energy and solar energy into the electric energy and provides green power generating system and method. Meanwhile, the piezoelectric element of the invention is arranged in a power generating box shell, can not be impacted or damaged and has reliable work and high stability. In addition, the power generating system of the invention has the advantages of simple structure and low cost; and because solar energy and wave vibration can be obtained anywhere at broad lake or sea, and the bending deformation amount of a piezoelectric material, which is caused by vibrating, is larger, the invention has large power generating amount, wide application range and general applicability.

Description

波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法及其发电系统 Wave vibration of the piezoelectric power generating method and the solar power generation system in combination

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种发电方法及其发电系统,具体地,涉及一种波浪振动压电发电和太阳能组合发电方法及其发电系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a power generation method and system, in particular, to a piezoelectric vibration wave compositions and solar power generation method and system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着科学技术的发展和现代化进程的加快,人类对能源的需求与日俱增,造成一次能源消耗直线上升,并且在不久的将来将被用尽。 [0002] With the accelerated development and modernization of science and technology, human demand for energy is growing, resulting in primary energy consumption skyrocketed, and will be exhausted in the near future. 因此,人们把目光纷纷投向地球上最大的能源库——太阳和海洋,太阳能和海洋能源都是不污染环境的清洁能源,而且都是可再生得能源,取之不尽、用之不竭。 Therefore, people have to look toward the Earth's largest storehouse of energy - clean energy of the sun and the ocean, solar and ocean energy are not polluting the environment, and are renewable energy was inexhaustible. 利用太阳能和波浪发电可以为边远海岛和海上设施等提供电能,此外,还可以利用太阳能和波浪能提供的动力进行海水淡化、从深海提取低温海水进行空调制冷以及制氢等。 The use of solar and wave power can provide electricity to remote islands and offshore facilities, etc. In addition, you can also use solar power and wave energy provided by desalination, extracted from the deep cold seawater air-conditioning refrigeration and hydrogen production. 随着太阳能和波浪能发电技术的日渐成熟,其还可以代替部分常规能源,这对于缓解世界所面临的能源紧缺、温室效应和环境污染等都将有着重要的经济社会意义。 With the maturing of solar and wave energy power generation technology, which can also replace part of conventional energy, which for ease facing the world energy shortages, environmental pollution and the greenhouse effect and so will have important economic and social significance.

[0003] 其中,波浪能发电的关键技术在于装置对波浪能的有效吸收,目前研究最多、最有前途的三种装置为:振荡水柱波能装置、摆式波能装置、聚波水库波能装置。 [0003] wherein the key technology means that the wave energy absorption of wave energy efficiently, most present study, the most promising of three devices: oscillating water column wave energy devices, pendulum wave energy device, said wave wave energy reservoir device. 振荡水柱波能装置以空气作为转换的介质,利用压缩气流带动发电机发电。 Oscillating water column wave energy conversion device using air as a medium, using a stream of compressed air drive generators. 这种装置的优点是转动机构不与海水接触,避免了海水对装置的腐蚀,缺点是二级转换效率低,发电不稳定。 The advantage of this device is that the rotation mechanism is not in contact with seawater, the seawater to prevent corrosion of the apparatus, two disadvantages of low conversion efficiency, power generation is unstable.

[0004] 摆式波能装置是通过摆体在波浪力的作用下发生的前后或上下摆动,将波浪能转换为摆轴的动能,带动发电机发电。 [0004] Tilting the device by wave energy, or before and after the occurrence of the pendulum under the action of wave force bobbing, the wave energy is converted to kinetic energy of the pendulum shaft, drive generators. 这种装置的优点是转换效率高,可以方便地与相位控制技术相结合,使波能装置能吸收到装置迎波宽度以外的波浪能,其缺点是机械维护较为困难。 Advantage of this arrangement is that high conversion efficiency can be easily combined with the phase-control technology, the device is able to absorb wave energy than the wave energy device Ying wave width, the drawback is mechanically more difficult to maintain.

[0005] 聚波水库波能装置的关键技术是一个喇叭形的聚波器和逐渐变窄的楔形导槽,利用水库和外海间的水头落差驱动水轮发电机组发电。 [0005] Poly key technology wave wave energy reservoir means is a flared wave condenser and gradually narrowing wedge-shaped guide groove, the head gap between the reservoir and the use of offshore Hydrogenerator driving power. 聚波水库波能装置的优点是波能的转换无需设置活动部件,可靠性好且稳定,不足之处是建造这种电站对地形要求严格,不易推 Poly advantages wave device is RESERVOIR wave energy wave energy conversion member without providing activities, good reliability and stability, the downside is that the construction of such power plants terrain demanding, difficult to push

[0006] 此外,压电发电装置是利用压电材料,将周围环境的振动机械能转换成电能,其是一种新型的发电技术。 [0006] Further, the piezoelectric power generating device using a piezoelectric material, a mechanical vibration ambient energy into electrical energy, which is a new power generation technology. 中国专利CN1696499A提出了以波浪为能源动力的压电发电系统,压电元件固定于壳体,碰撞机构作为运转振子(主动),波动时使得压电元件产生变形,从而产生脉冲电能。 Chinese Patent No. CN1696499A proposes a piezoelectric power generator system in a wave-powered energy, the piezoelectric element is fixed to the housing, as the operation mechanism collision transducer (active), such that the fluctuations of the piezoelectric element is deformed, thereby generating electrical energy pulse. 这种压电发电系统发电量较小,压电元件长期碰撞后,容易损坏。 Such a piezoelectric power generation system smaller, and long-term impact of the piezoelectric element, easily damaged.

[0007] 因此,需要一种能够有效地利用波浪能和太阳能进行发电的方法和系统。 [0007] Accordingly, a need for an effective use of solar and wave energy power generation method and system.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明的目的是提供一种波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法及其发电系统,以克服或缓解现有技术的上述缺陷,将波浪的振动能和太阳能有效地转换成电能,从而能够加以存储和利用。 [0008] The object of the present invention is to provide a piezoelectric vibration wave generating method and the solar power generation system in combination, to overcome or alleviate the above disadvantages of the prior art, we will be able to efficiently convert solar energy into vibration wave energy and, It is possible to store and use.

[0009] 上述目的通过如下技术方案实现:波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法,包括如下步骤:(1)将太阳能电池板设置在水面上,以使得该太阳能电池板接收太阳能并利用太阳能形成直流电能;(2)将相对表面上粘贴有多个压电元件的至少一个悬臂板密封在箱体内,并将所述箱体悬浮在水面上或水中,通过波浪的振动使得所述悬臂板发生弯曲弹性变形,通过压电效应,使得粘贴在所述悬臂板相对表面上的多个所述压电元件产生交流电能,并将交流电能转换成直流电能;(3)将上述步骤(1)和(2)中形成的直流电能输送到储能装置储存。 [0009] The object is achieved by the following technical solution: a piezoelectric vibration wave generation and solar power generation methods in combination, comprising the steps of: (1) The solar cell panel disposed on the water, so that the solar panels to receive solar energy and solar energy is formed DC power; (2) a plurality of piezoelectric elements attached to at least one overhang on the opposite surface of the sealing plate in the housing, and the housing is suspended in the water or water, so that the vibration of the cantilever plate wave occurs bending elastically deformed by the piezoelectric effect, so that the plurality of piezoelectric elements attached on the opposite surface of said cantilever to generate AC power in a plate, and converts AC power into DC power; (3) the above steps (1) and DC (2) to form energy storage device can be delivered to the storage.

[0010] 优选地,所述波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法还包括如下步骤:将所述储能装置中储存的直流电能直接供给到直流用电负载、或者通过逆变器转换成交流电能后供给到交流用电负载或输入电网。 [0010] Preferably, a combination of vibration of the piezoelectric power generation and solar power generation method further comprising the step of said wave: the energy storage device capable of storing DC electrical current supplied to the load directly or to alternating current by an inverter after the electrical power supplied to the AC load or supply network.

[0011] 优选地,在上述步骤(2)中,所述多个压电元件产生的交流电能通过如下方式转换成直流电能:首先,将全部压电元件分组,并使得每一组压电元件内的压电元件相互串联,从而形成多个串联模块;其次,将多个串联模块分组,并使得每一组串联模块内的串联模块相互并联后再串联一个整流器,从而形成多个串联电路,将每个串联电路与一个第一二极管并联,以形成多个并联模块;再次,将多个并联模块分组,并将每一组并联模块内的并联模块相互串联后再与一个第二二极管串联,从而形成多个分支电路;最后,将所述多个分支电路并联后,进而与所述太阳能电池板的电路并联,并通过充电控制器对所述储能装置充电。 [0011] Preferably, in the above step (2), the plurality of piezoelectric elements convert alternating current generated to DC by the following manner: First, all of the piezoelectric element group, and each group so that the piezoelectric element the piezoelectric element in series with each other, thereby forming a plurality of modules connected in series; secondly, grouping the plurality of modules in series and modules in series so that in each group in parallel with each other and then series module series with a rectifier to form a plurality of series circuits, each series circuit of a first diode connected in parallel to form a plurality of modules in parallel; again, a plurality of parallel modules packets, and each set of parallel modules in series with each other after parallel modules and a second two diodes connected in series, thereby forming a plurality of branch circuits; Finally, the plurality of branch circuits connected in parallel, and further parallel circuit of the solar cell panel, and the energy storage device is charged by the charging controller.

[0012] 此外,本发明还提供一种波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,其设有多个水中发电箱体、多个水面发电箱体以及工作平台,所述水面发电箱体之间、水中发电箱体之间、以及水面发电箱体与水中发电箱体之间通过缆索连接,并且各个水面发电箱体、水中发电箱体还通过电缆与所述工作平台连接,其中,每个所述水中发电箱体设有密封的发电箱体外壳,该发电箱外壳内设有支架、至少一个重量块以及多个悬臂板,每个悬臂板的一端固定在所述支架上,另一端搭在所述重量块上;所述重量块通过弹性材料连接于所述发电箱体外壳;每个所述悬臂板的相对表面上粘接有多个压电元件,该多个压电元件连接于用于将所述压电元件产生的交流电能转换为直流电能的转换电路;每个所述水面发电箱体与所述水中发电箱体的结构相同,并且在每个所述 [0012] Further, the present invention also provides a vibration wave piezoelectric generator in combination with solar power generation system, which housing is provided with a plurality of water power, water power between the housing and a plurality of work platforms, the water generator housing , the tank water between the power generation and power between the surface casing and power cable connecting the tank through the water, water power generation and each box, box generation and the water is further connected via a cable to the working platform, wherein each of the said power generator is provided with the water tank shell casing sealed housing equipped with the power box holder, at least one weight block and a plurality of cantilever plate, one end of each cantilever plate is fixed to the bracket and the other end resting on the block weight; the weight of the block by generating an elastic material is connected to the tank shell; on the opposite surface of each of the cantilever plate is bonded a plurality of piezoelectric elements, the piezoelectric element is connected to a plurality of AC power to be generated by the piezoelectric element is converted into direct current energy converter circuit; each of the surface structure of the power generation box and the same water box, and in each of 水面发电箱体的上表面还设有太阳能电池板;所述工作平台设有工作平台外壳、充电控制器以及储能装置,所述转换电路以及太阳能电池板连接于所述充电控制器,该充电控制器连接于所述储能装置。 Generating on the surface of the water box is further provided with a solar cell panel; working platform of the working platform is provided with a housing, a charge controller and an energy storage means, said converting circuit and a solar panel controller is connected to the charge, the charge a controller connected to the energy storage device.

[0013] 优选地,所述弹性材料为弹性绳或弹簧,并且该弹性绳或弹簧的长度大于所述发电箱体外壳处于静止状态时所述重量块和该发电箱体外壳之间的距离。 The distance between the weight and the power block housing when the housing [0013] Preferably, the resilient material is a spring or elastic cord, and the length of the elastic cord or a spring housing casing is greater than the power in a stationary state.

[0014] 优选地,所述支架平行于或垂直于所述发电箱体外壳的底部,所述重量块与所述支架平行设置。 [0014] Preferably, the stent is parallel to or perpendicular to the bottom of the generator casing housing, said support block and said weight disposed in parallel.

[0015] 优选地,多个平行的所述悬壁板组成一列,至少一列所述悬臂板共用一个所述重量块。 [0015] Preferably, a plurality of parallel plates one of said cantilever, said cantilever at least one of said weight plates a common block.

[0016] 优选地,每个所述压电元件设有第一电极、压电材料以及第二电极(0403),所述压电材料为压电单晶、压电陶瓷、压电聚合物、压电复合材料中的一种或多种的组合物,所述储能装置为蓄电池、电容或超导储能装置,并且该储能装置还连接有逆变器。 [0016] Preferably, each of said piezoelectric element is provided with a first electrode, a second electrode and a piezoelectric material (0403), the piezoelectric material is a piezoelectric crystal, piezoelectric ceramic, piezoelectric polymer, the piezoelectric composite of one or more of the composition, the energy storage device is a battery, capacitor, or superconducting magnetic energy storage device, and the energy storage device is also connected to an inverter.

[0017] 优选地,各个所述水面发电箱体、水中发电箱体内的悬臂板和重量块的尺寸不相同,并且粘贴在所述悬臂板上的一个压电元件列中的各个压电元件尺寸相同,粘贴在所述悬臂板上的一个压电元件行(109)中的各个压电元件尺寸不相同。 [0017] Preferably, each of the power generation surface casing, the size and the weight of the cantilever plate block is not the same power cabinets water, and a piezoelectric element attached to the cantilever plate column in each piezoelectric element size the same size of each piezoelectric element attached to the cantilever plate row one piezoelectric element (109) is not identical.

[0018] 优选地,所述转换电路连接结构为:全部所述压电元件分组,并且每一组压电元件内的压电元件相互串联,从而形成多个串联模块;该多个串联模块分组,并使得每一组串联模块内的串联模块相互并联后再串联一个整流器,从而形成多个串联电路;每个串联电路与一个第一二极管并联,从而形成多个并联模块;该多个并联模块分组,并将每一组并联模块内的并联模块相互串联后再与一个第二二极管串联,从而形成多个分支电路;该多个分支电路并联后,进而与所述太阳能电池板的电路并联后连接于所述充电控制器。 [0018] Preferably, the circuit structure of the converter is connected to: all of the piezoelectric element group, and the piezoelectric element in each group of the piezoelectric elements connected in series with each other, thereby forming a plurality of modules connected in series; series module of the plurality of packets and such that each group of series modules within the module series after series with a rectifier connected in parallel with each other, thereby forming a plurality of series circuits; each series circuit with a first diode connected in parallel to form a plurality of modules in parallel; the plurality packet modules in parallel, and the parallel modules in each group of interconnected modules in series and then in parallel with a second diode connected in series, thereby forming a plurality of branch circuits; a plurality of the branch of the parallel circuit, and thus the solar cell panel after the circuit is connected in parallel to the charge controller.

[0019] 本发明的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法及其发电方法能够有效地利用太阳能和波浪振动机械能进行发电,从而实现了一种环保型的绿色发电系统和发电方法。 [0019] The present invention is a piezoelectric vibration wave generating method and the solar power generation method in combination can effectively utilize solar energy and mechanical energy wave to generate power, thereby realizing the power generation system green and environment-friendly method for generation. 同时,本发明的发电系统的压电元件设置在发电箱体的内部,不会受到撞击或损坏,工作可靠性、稳定性极好。 Meanwhile, the piezoelectric element of the present invention, the power generation system is provided inside the power box, without being knocked over or damaged, reliability, excellent in stability. 此外,本发明的发电系统结构简单,成本低廉,由于在广阔的湖面或海面上,太阳能和波浪振动随处可得,且振动导致压电材料的弯曲变形量较大,这使得本发明的发电装置发电量大、应用范围广,具有普遍的适用性。 Further, the structure of the power generation system of the present invention is simple, low cost, since in the vast lake or sea, solar and wave vibration widely available, and the amount of bending deformation due to vibration of the piezoelectric material is large, which makes the power generating apparatus of the present invention power generation capacity, wide range of applications, has universal applicability.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 图1为本发明具体实施方式的发电系统的主视示意图; The main power system [0020] DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 is schematic view of the present invention;

[0021] 图2为本发明具体实施方式的发电系统的俯视示意图; A top schematic view of a power generation system [0021] DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 2 embodiment of the present invention;

[0022] 图3为本发明具体实施方式的水面发电箱体的外形示意图; Generating surface profile housing [0022] DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the present invention;

[0023] 图4为本发明一种具体实施方式的水面发电箱体的主视剖面图; [0023] FIG. 4 of the present invention the water box generation of a specific embodiment elevational sectional view;

[0024] 图5为图4所示的水面发电箱体的俯视剖面图; [0024] FIG. 5 is a surface shown in FIG. 4 is a top sectional view of a generator casing;

[0025] 图6为本发明一种具体实施方式的位于水中发电箱体的主视剖面图; [0025] Figure 6 a specific embodiment of the present invention is positioned elevational sectional view of the tank of water power;

[0026] 图7为本发明具体实施方式的压电元件的结构示意图; The structural diagram of the piezoelectric element [0026] DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 7 embodiment of the present invention;

[0027] 图8为本发明具体实施方式的转换电路的原理示意图; Principle [0027] DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 8 conversion circuit schematic of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0028] 图9为本发明具体实施方式的工作平台的结构示意图; [0028] FIG. 9 is a schematic structural work platform specific embodiments of the invention;

[0029] 图10为本发明另一种具体实施方式的水面发电箱体的主视剖面图。 [0029] FIG. 10 is an elevational sectional view of the water box generation another specific embodiment of the invention.

[0030] 图中:1水面发电箱体、2缆索、3电缆、4工作平台、5水中发电箱体、101太阳能电池板、102发电箱体外壳、103支架、104压电元件、105悬臂板、106重量块107弹性绳或弹簧、108转换电路、109压电元件行、110压电元件列、111水面发电箱体外壳、112太阳能电池板、113支架、114压电元件、115悬臂板、116重量块、117弹性绳或弹簧、118转换电路、401 充电控制器、402工作平台外壳、403储能装置、404逆变器、10401第一电极、10402压电材料、10403第二电极、10801串联模块、10802第一二极管、10803整流器、10804第二二极管、 10805并联模块、10806分支电路、10807转换电路 [0030] FIG: 1 water generator casing, two cables, three cables, working platform 4, the casing 5 water power, solar panels 101, 102 generation tank shell, the bracket 103, the piezoelectric element 104, 105 cantilever plate , 106 weight elastic cord or a spring block 107, switching circuit 108, the piezoelectric element 109 rows of piezoelectric elements 110, 111 water tank shell the power generation, the solar panel 112, the bracket 113, the piezoelectric element 114, 115 cantilever plate, block 116 by weight, a spring or elastic cord 117, switching circuit 118, the charge controller 401, a housing 402 work platform, energy storage device 403, an inverter 404, a first electrode 10401, 10402 piezoelectric material, a second electrode 10403, 10801 series module, a first diode 10802, 10803 rectifier, a second diode 10 804, 10 805 modules in parallel, the branch circuit 10806, 10807 converter circuit

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0031] 下面结合实例例及附图对本发明作进一步详细的描述,但本发明的实施方式不限于此。 [0031] The following examples in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail, but the embodiment of the present invention is not limited thereto. 为了便于理解本发明,以下首先借助实施例描述本发明的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,在此基础上,再说明本发明的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法。 To facilitate understanding of the present invention, the following example describes first, with the piezoelectric vibration wave generation and solar power generation system of the present invention in combination, on this basis, the present invention is further described piezoelectric vibration wave generation and solar power generation methods in combination.

[0032] 实施例1 [0032] Example 1

[0033] 图1至图2示出了本实施例的发电系统的主要结构,本波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,包括若多个水面发电箱体1、多个水中发电箱体5和工作平台4;其中水面发电箱体1之间、水中发电箱体5之间、以及水面发电箱体1和水中发电箱体5之间用缆索2连接;各个水面发电箱体1、水中发电箱体5通过电缆3与工作平台4连接。 [0033] FIG. 1 to FIG 2 illustrates a main configuration example of a power generation system of the present embodiment, the vibration of the piezoelectric power generating waves in combination with solar power generation system comprising a plurality of water power if the housing 1, the casing 5 generating a plurality of water and the working platform 4; wherein generating surface between the housing 1, the housing 5 between the water power, and water power generation casing 5 and the housing 1 is connected with a cable 2 in water; water generating respective housing 1, the water generator the casing 5 is connected to the working platform 4 via the cable 3.

[0034] 图3描述了水面发电箱体1的结构,发电箱体外壳102的上表面覆盖了太阳能电池板101,太阳能电池板101可以把照射到的太阳能转换成直流电能。 [0034] FIG. 3 depicts the structure of the power generation surface of the housing 1, the upper surface of the housing 102 of the power housing cover 101 of the solar panel, the solar panel 101 can be irradiated to convert solar energy into direct current.

[0035] 图4至图5描述了本实施例的水面发电箱体1的内部结构,多个平行设置的悬臂板105组成一列,每个悬臂板105的相对表面(图4中为上下表面)粘贴有多个压电元件104,悬臂板的一端固定在支架103上,另一端搭在重量块106上,至少一列悬臂板共用一个重量块106,尽管图4中显示两列悬臂板共用一个重量块106,但本领域技术人员显然能够想到的是,在图4中右列悬臂板也可以单独设置一个重量块,而不与左列悬臂板共用重量块,这些简单变型均属于本发明的保护范围;支架103安装在发电箱体外壳102内部并垂直于该发电箱体外壳102的底部;重量块106的两端可以通过弹性材料(例如弹性绳或弹簧107)连接到发电箱体外壳102上,该弹性材料(例如弹性绳或弹簧107)的长度大于所述发电箱体处于静止状态时重量块和发电箱体外壳之间的距离,这样在发电箱体外壳的 [0035] FIG. 4 to FIG. 5 describes the internal structure of the power generation surface of the casing 1 of the present embodiment, a plurality of parallel cantilever plate composed of a set of 105, the opposing surface 105 of each cantilever plate (upper and lower surfaces in Fig. 4) a plurality of piezoelectric elements 104 is attached, one end of the cantilever plate is fixed to the bracket 103, the other end resting on the weight of the block 106, the at least one cantilever plates share a weight block 106, two cantilever plates show a common weight although FIG 4 block 106, those skilled in the art can obviously conceivable, by weight of a block may be provided separately in the right column of FIG cantilever plate 4, not shared with the left column of weights cantilever plate, which are simple modifications of the present invention fall within the protection range; bracket 103 is mounted inside the generator casing 102 and the housing 102 perpendicular to the bottom of the generator casing housing; ends by weight of block 106 may be a resilient material (e.g. spring or elastic cord 107) connected to the housing 102 to the generator housing , length of the resilient material (e.g. spring or elastic cord 107) is greater than the distance between the block and the weight generation housing when the housing is in a stationary housing of the power generation state, so that generation of the tank shell 幅过大时,可以抑制重量块106的振幅,避免压电元件的损坏;转换电路108安装在外壳内部;当水面发电箱体浮在水面,随着波浪的振动,发电箱体1也发生上下或左右振动,在自身重量和重量块106的共同作用下,悬臂板105发生交变的弯曲弹性变形,粘贴在悬臂板上下表面的压电元件104也产生交变的拉伸和压缩变形,由于压电效应,压电元件将产生交变的电能,通过转换电路108,整个发电箱体内所有压电元件产生的电能汇集起来并转换成直流电能;当悬臂板振动时,距离支架相同距离处的悬臂板表面的应变相同,所以一个压电元件110的应变尺寸相同,并能产生相同的电量;距离支架103不同距离处的悬臂板表面的应变也不相同,通过相应地改变一个压电元件排109中的压电元件的尺寸,可以使各个压电元件产生相同的电量;悬臂板的弯曲共振频率主要由 When the amplitude is too large, the amplitude can be suppressed by weight of the block 106, to avoid damage to the piezoelectric element; converting circuit 108 is mounted within the housing; generating surface when the tank floating in the water, with the vibration wave, the housing 1 may power down occurs vibration or so, under the action of its own weight and the weight of the block 106, the plate 105 is bent elastically deformable cantilever alternating occurrence, also attached a tensile and compression deformation of the cantilever plate alternating the lower surface of the piezoelectric element 104, since piezoelectric effect, the piezoelectric element generate an alternating power by switching circuit 108, the entire power generation of the piezoelectric element to produce all cabinets pooled and converted to DC; when the boom vibration plate, at the same distance from the bracket the same strain cantilever plate surface, so that a size of the same strain of the piezoelectric element 110, and can produce the same amount; distance is not the same strain cantilever plate 103 at different distances from the surface of the stent, by a corresponding change of the piezoelectric element row size of the piezoelectric element 109, the respective piezoelectric elements can produce the same amount; bending resonance frequency of the cantilever plate mainly by 臂板的材料和结构尺寸共同决定,当波浪的振动频率接近悬臂板的弯曲共振频率时,悬臂板的弯曲弹性变形达到极大值, 压电元件产生的电量也会达到极大值;在实际应用中,可以相应地使得各个发电箱体中悬臂板的尺寸不同,这样不同箱体中的悬臂板105的弯曲共振频率也不相同,从而可以使得发电系统可以有效吸收多个频率的波浪振动机械能,实现在较宽的波浪振动频率范围内有效地发电。 The materials and structures together determine the size of the arm plate, when the oscillation frequency of the wave plate is bent close to the resonance frequency of the cantilever, bending elastically deformable cantilever plate reaches the maximum value, the power generated by the piezoelectric element will reach a maximum value; the actual applications, it may be that the size of each power generation accordingly in the box cantilever plate different, so that different bending resonance frequency of the cantilever in the housing plate 105 is not the same, so that the power generation system can effectively absorb waves of mechanical vibration energy plurality of frequencies , to achieve efficient power production in a wide wave range of vibration frequencies.

[0036] 图6描述了本实施例的水中发电箱体5的内部结构,该水中发电箱体5除了未设置太阳能电池板之外,其内部结构和水面发电箱体1的内部结构相同。 [0036] Figure 6 depicts the internal structure of the water generator of the present embodiment the casing 5, the casing 5 of the generation of water in addition to the solar cell panel is not provided outside the power its internal structure and surface casing of the same internal structure.

[0037] 图7描述了压电元件的结构,压电元件包括压电材料10402、第一电极10401和第二电极10403。 [0037] FIG. 7 depicts the structure of the piezoelectric element, the piezoelectric element includes a piezoelectric material 10402, a first electrode 10401 and the second electrode 10403. 其中的第一电极10401和第二电极10403分别涂覆在压电材料10402的上下表面,压电材料(10402)位于两个电极的中间,类似三明治结构,其可以为压电单晶、压电陶瓷、压电聚合物、压电复合材料中的一种或多种的组合物;压电材料的极化方向平行于厚度方向。 Wherein the first electrode 10401 and the second electrode 10403 are coated on the upper and lower surfaces of the piezoelectric material 10402, a piezoelectric material (10,402) in the middle of two electrodes, a sandwich-like structure, which may be a piezoelectric single crystal, piezoelectric ceramic, piezoelectric polymer, a piezoelectric composite material or more thereof; polarization direction of the piezoelectric material is parallel to the thickness direction. 由于正压电效应,当压电元件受到应力应变时,将在电极上产生电荷和电压。 Since the piezoelectric effect when subjected to stress and strain of the piezoelectric element, the generated charge and voltage on the electrodes.

[0038] 此外,需要说明的是,发电箱体102内产生的交流电能可以通过各种公知的转换电路转换成直流电能,这对于本领域技术人员是熟知的。 [0038] Further, it is noted that the AC power generated in the power box 102 can be converted to DC by various known converting circuit, which for a person skilled in the art. 但是,优选地,本发明采用图8所示的转换电路。 However, preferably, the present invention uses conversion circuit 8 shown in FIG. 如图8所示,发电箱体中的多个压电元件104串联,形成串联模块10801 ; 多个串联模块10801并联后,串联一个整流器10803,从而形成串联电路,该串联电路进而再并联一个第一二极管10802,从而形成并联模块10805 ;多个并联模块10805串联后,再和一个第二二极管10804串联,形成分支电路10806 ;多个分支电路10806并联后,组成整个压电发电箱体的转换电路10807 ;通过该转换电路,系统可以把波浪的振动机械能转换成直流电能。 As shown, the power box 104 of the plurality of piezoelectric elements 8 connected in series to form a series module 10801; 10801 parallel the plurality of modules in series, a rectifier 10803 series to form a series circuit, the series circuit in parallel and then in turn a first 10802 a diode, connected in parallel to form a module 10805; 10805 series after a plurality of parallel modules, and then a second diode connected in series 10804, 10806 branch circuit is formed; 10806 after a plurality of branch circuits in parallel, the overall composition of the piezoelectric power generator box conversion circuit body 10807; by the conversion circuit, the mechanical vibration system can convert wave energy into direct current electrical energy.

[0039] 图9描述了工作平台的结构,工作平台可以包括工作平台外壳402、充电控制器401、储能装置403和逆变器404。 [0039] FIG. 9 depicts the structure of working platforms, work platforms work platform may include a housing 402, a charging controller 401, storage device 403 and an inverter 404. 如上所述,压电元件产生的交流电能经过转换电路转换成直流电能,和太阳能电池产生的直流电能,通过充电控制器401对储能装置403充电,充电控制器控制充电的电压、电流,并防止储能装置对压电元件和太阳能电池板反向充电;所述储能装置403可以为蓄电池、电容或超导储能装置等,储能装置可以直接对直流负载供电, 也可以通过逆变器404,把直流电转换成交流电,对交流负载供电,或输入电网。 AC power as described above, the piezoelectric element generated through the conversion to DC converter circuit, and the DC power generated by solar cells, the charging by the charging controller 401 pairs of energy storage device 403, the charge controller controls the charging voltage, current, and charging the energy storage device to prevent reverse piezoelectric element and a solar cell panel; the energy storage device 403 may be a battery, a capacitor or the like SMES, a DC energy storage device may directly power the load, the inverter can also 404, to convert the direct current into alternating current, the AC load, or input power.

[0040] 此外,对于本领域技术人员是显然地,上述水面发电箱体1和水中发电箱体5的外壳以及工作平台4要求密封,压电元件表面、电气接头部分需要经过绝缘处理。 [0040] Furthermore, the skilled person will be apparent to the casing 1 and the power generation surface of water tank shell and the working platform 5 of the seal in claim 4, the surface of the piezoelectric element, the electrical joint portion need to go through insulated.

[0041] 实施例2 [0041] Example 2

[0042] 图10显示了本发明水面发电箱体的另一种具体实施方式(水中发电箱体与水面发电箱体的结构相同,但水中发电箱体的上表面未设置太阳能电池板),该实施例2的水面发电箱体的结构与实施例1的结构基本相同,但是,在图10所示的实施例中,支架113平行于发电箱体外壳111底部,相应地,重量块116平行于支架113设置在悬臂板115上方;当发电箱体发生水平振动时,悬臂板115发生弯曲振动,从而使粘贴在悬臂板表面的压电元件产生电能。 [0042] FIG. 10 shows another specific embodiment of the present invention, the water generator housing (housing with the same structure as the water power generation surface of the casing, but the upper surface of the tank water generation solar cell panel is not provided), the generating surface configuration example embodiment of the housing structure 2 of Example 1 is substantially the same, however, in the embodiment shown in figure 10, the bracket 113 parallel to the bottom of the generator tank shell 111, respectively, parallel to the block 116 by weight boom holder 113 is disposed above the plate 115; occurs when a horizontal vibration generator housing, a cantilever bending vibration plate 115, such that the piezoelectric element is adhered to the surface of the cantilever plate to generate electrical energy. 这种实施例的水面发电箱体(以及水中发电箱体)主要用于吸收波浪的水平振动机械能。 Surface power box (box generation and water) of this embodiment mainly for absorbing mechanical energy level of the waves.

[0043] 以下描述本发明的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法,该发电方法包括如下步骤: [0043] The following description of the piezoelectric vibration wave generation and solar power generation method of the present invention compositions, the generation method comprising the steps of:

[0044] (1)将太阳能电池板设置在水面上,以使得该太阳能电池板接收太阳能并利用太阳能形成直流电能; [0044] (1) The solar cell panel disposed on the water, such that the solar receiver and the solar cell panel is formed using a DC power solar energy;

[0045] (2)将相对表面粘贴有多个压电元件的至少一个悬臂板密封在箱体内,并且将所述箱体悬浮在水面上或水中,通过波浪的振动使得悬臂板发生弯曲弹性变形,通过压电效应,使得粘贴在所述悬臂板相对表面的多个压电元件产生交流电能,并将交流电能转换成直流电能; [0045] (2) the opposing surfaces of the plurality of piezoelectric elements affixed to at least a cantilever plate sealed in the housing, and the housing is suspended in the water or water, so that the bending vibration waves occur elastically deformable cantilever plate , by the piezoelectric effect, so that AC power is generated in the paste plurality of piezoelectric elements opposite surface of the cantilever plate, and convert AC power to DC;

[0046] (3)将上述步骤(1)和(2)中形成的直流电能输送到储能装置进行储存。 [0046] (3) The above steps (1) and DC (2) formed in the energy storage device can be conveyed to storage.

[0047] 优选地,在上述发电方法还包括如下步骤:将所述储能装置中储存的直流电能直接供给到直流用电负载、或者通过逆变器转换成交流电能后供给到交流用电负载或输入电网。 [0047] Preferably, the above method further comprises the step of generating: the energy storage device capable of storing DC electrical current supplied to the load directly, or converted into AC power supplied to the load through the inverter AC power or enter the grid.

[0048] 此外,在上述步骤(2)中,多个压电元件善生的交流电能可以通过多种公知的方式转换成直流电能,但是优选地,该多个压电元件产生的交流电能通过如下方式转换成直流电能:首先,将所述多个压电元件分组,并使得每一组压电元件内的压电元件相互串联, 从而形成多个串联模块;其次,将多个串联模块分组,并使得每一组串联模块内的串联模块相互并联后再串联一个整流器,从而形成多个串联电路,将每个串联电路与一个第一二极管并联,以形成多个并联模块;再次,将多个并联模块分组,并将每一组并联模块内的并联模块相互串联后再与一个第二二极管串联,从而形成多个分支电路;最后,将多个分支电路并联后,进而与所述太阳能电池的电路并联,并通过充电控制器对储能装置充电。 [0048] Further, in the above step (2), a plurality of piezoelectric elements of good AC power can be converted by a variety of raw known manner to DC, but preferably, an alternating current generated by the plurality of piezoelectric elements are as follows to DC conversion method: first, the plurality of piezoelectric elements are grouped, and the piezoelectric element in each group of the piezoelectric elements are connected in series, thereby forming a plurality of modules connected in series; secondly, the plurality of modules grouped in series, and such that each group of series modules within the module series after series with a rectifier connected in parallel with each other, thereby forming a plurality of series circuits, each series circuit of a first diode connected in parallel to form a plurality of modules in parallel; again, grouping the plurality of modules in parallel, and the parallel modules in each group of interconnected modules in series and then in parallel with a second diode connected in series, thereby forming a plurality of branch circuits; Finally, the plurality of branch circuits connected in parallel, and further the said parallel circuit of the solar cell, and an energy storage device is charged by the charging controller.

[0049] 通过以上描述可以看出,本发明的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法及其发电方法能够有效地利用太阳能和波浪振动机械能进行发电,从而实现了一种环保型的发电系统和发电方法。 [0049] As can be seen from the above description, the present invention is a piezoelectric vibration wave generating method and the solar power generation method in combination can effectively utilize solar energy and mechanical energy wave to generate power, thereby realizing an environment-friendly power generation system, and power generation methods. 同时,本发明的发电系统的压电元件设置在发电箱体的内部,不会受到撞击或损坏,工作可靠性和稳定极好。 Meanwhile, the piezoelectric element of the present invention, the power generation system is provided inside the power box, or not damaged by the impact, excellent in stability and reliability. 此外,本发明的发电系统结构简单,成本低廉,由于在广阔的湖面或海面上,太阳能和波浪振动随处可得,且振动导致压电材料的弯曲变形量较大,本发明的发电装置发电量大、应用范围广,具有普遍的适用性。 Further, the structure of the power generation system of the present invention is simple, low cost, since in the vast lake or sea, solar and wave vibration widely available, and the amount of bending deformation due to vibration of the piezoelectric material is large, the amount of power generation device of the present invention. large, wide range of applications, has universal applicability.

[0050] 在上述具体实施方式中所描述的各个具体技术特征,可以通过任何合适的方式进行任意组合,其同样落入本发明所公开的范围之内。 [0050] In the various specific features of the described embodiments may be made by any combination in any suitable manner, which also falls within the scope of the present invention disclosed. 另外,本发明的各种不同的实施方式之间也可以进行任意组合,只要其不违背本发明的思想,其同样应当视为本发明所公开的内容。 Further, among various embodiments of the present invention may be performed in any combination, as long as it does not violate the spirit of the invention, which should also be considered as the disclosure of the present invention.

[0051] 以上结合附图详细描述了本发明的优选实施方式,但是,本发明并不限于上述实施方式中的具体细节,在本发明的技术构思范围内,可以对本发明的技术方案进行多种简单变型,这些简单变型均属于本发明的保护范围。 [0051] The above description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, however, the present invention is not limited to the specific details of the above embodiment, within the technical scope of the spirit of the present invention, various technical solutions of the present invention. simple variations, these simple modifications belong to the scope of the present invention. 本发明的保护范围由权利要求限定。 The scope of the invention defined by the claims.

Claims (10)

  1. 波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法,其特征是,包括如下步骤:(1)将太阳能电池板(101,112)设置在水面上,以使得该太阳能电池板(101,112)接收太阳能并利用太阳能形成直流电能;(2)将相对表面上粘贴有多个压电元件(104)的至少一个悬臂板(105)密封在箱体内,并将所述箱体悬浮在水面上或水中,通过波浪的振动使得所述悬臂板(105)发生弯曲弹性变形,通过压电效应,使得粘贴在所述悬臂板相对表面上的多个所述压电元件(104)产生交流电能,并将交流电能转换成直流电能;(3)将上述步骤(1)和(2)中形成的直流电能输送到储能装置(403)储存。 Wave vibration of the piezoelectric power and solar power generation method in combination, characterized by comprising the steps of: (1) The solar cell panel (101, 112) disposed on the water, so that the solar panels (101, 112) receiving solar energy and solar energy is formed using a direct current; (2) affixed on opposite surfaces of the at least a plurality of piezoelectric cantilever plate (105) member (104) is sealed in the housing, and the housing is suspended in the water or water, by vibration wave such that the cantilever plate (105) is bent elastically deformed by the piezoelectric effect, so that a plurality of paste relative to the piezoelectric element (104) is generated on the surface of the cantilever slab AC power, and AC power converted to DC; (3) the above steps (1) and DC (2) formed to the energy storage device can be transported (403) to store.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法,其特征是,还包括如下步骤:将所述储能装置(403)中储存的直流电能直接供给到直流用电负载、或者通过逆变器(403)转换成交流电能后供给到交流用电负载或输入电网。 The vibration of the piezoelectric wave power and solar power generating composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising the steps of: the energy storage device (403) stored in the DC power can be supplied directly to the DC load, or converted into AC power by an inverter (403) is supplied to the AC load, or electrical supply network.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电方法,其特征是,在所述步骤(2)中,所述多个压电元件(104)产生的交流电能通过如下方式转换成直流电能:首先,将全部压电元件(104)分组,并使得每一组压电元件内的压电元件相互串联,从而形成多个串联模块(10801);其次,将多个串联模块(10801)分组,并使得每一组串联模块内的串联模块相互并联后再串联一个整流器(10803),从而形成多个串联电路,将每个串联电路与一个第一二极管(10802)并联,以形成多个并联模块(10805);再次,将多个并联模块(10805)分组,并将每一组并联模块内的并联模块相互串联后再与一个第二二极管(10804)串联,从而形成多个分支电路(10806);最后,将所述多个分支电路(10806)并联后,进而与所述太阳能电池板(101,112)的电路并联,并通过充电控制器(401)对所 The vibration of the piezoelectric wave power and solar power generation method composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein, in the step (2), convert alternating current generated by said plurality of piezoelectric elements (104) into a can in the following manner DC power: first, all of the piezoelectric element (104) packets, and the piezoelectric element in each group of the piezoelectric elements are connected in series, thereby forming a plurality of series modules (10,801); secondly, the plurality of modules in series (10801 ) groups, and that each group of series modules within the module series after series with a rectifier connected in parallel with each other (10,803), thereby forming a plurality of series circuits, each series circuit of a first diode (10,802) connected in parallel, to forming a plurality of parallel modules (10,805); again, a plurality of parallel modules (10,805) packets, and each set of parallel modules in the parallel modules to each other in series and then connected in series with a second diode (10,804), thereby forming a plurality of branch circuits (10806); and finally, the plurality of branch circuits (10,806) after the parallel circuit in parallel with the further solar cell panel (101, 112) and by the charging controller (401) of their 述储能装置(403)充电。 Said energy storage device (403) is charged.
  4. 4. 一种波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,其特征是,设有多个水中发电箱体(5)、多个水面发电箱体⑴以及工作平台(4),所述水面发电箱体⑴之间、水中发电箱体(5)之间、以及水面发电箱体(1)与水中发电箱体(5)之间通过缆索(2)连接,并且各个水面发电箱体(1)、水中发电箱体(5)还通过电缆(3)与所述工作平台(4)连接,其中,每个所述水中发电箱体(5)设有密封的发电箱体外壳(102),该发电箱外壳(102)内设有支架(103)、至少一个重量块(106)以及多个悬臂板(105),每个悬臂板的一端固定在所述支架(103)上,另一端搭在所述重量块(106)上;所述重量块(106)通过弹性材料连接于所述发电箱体外壳(102);每个所述悬臂板(105)的相对表面上粘接有多个压电元件(104),该多个压电元件(104)连接于用于将所述压电元件产生的交流电能转换为直流 A piezoelectric vibration wave generation and solar power generation system in combination, characterized in that the housing is provided with a plurality of water generator (5), and a plurality of water generation work platform ⑴ housing (4), said water box generation between the body ⑴, generating between the casing (5) of water, water power generation and the housing (1) and the power casing (5) water connected by cables (2), and each power generation water tank (1), generating casing (5) of water through the cable (3) and the working platform (4) is connected, wherein each of said water generator housing (5) is provided with a sealing box housing generation (102), the power-generating a housing box (102) is provided with a bracket (103), at least one weight block (106) and a plurality of cantilever plate (105), one end of each cantilever plate is fixed on the bracket (103), the other end resting on the by weight of said block (106); said weight block (106) by an elastic material is connected to the generator casing housing (102); on the opposite surface of each of the cantilevered plate (105) is bonded to the plurality of piezoelectric element (104), the plurality of piezoelectric elements (104) for connection to the AC electrical energy generated by the piezoelectric element into a direct current 电能的转换电路(108);每个所述水面发电箱体(1)与所述水中发电箱体(5)的结构相同,并且在每个所述水面发电箱体(1)的上表面还设有太阳能电池板(101);所述工作平台(4)设有工作平台外壳(402)、充电控制器(401)以及储能装置(403), 所述转换电路(108)以及太阳能电池板(101)连接于所述充电控制器(401),该充电控制器(401)连接于所述储能装置(403)。 The power conversion circuit (108); each said surface power the same casing (1) and the water generator housing (5) of the structure, each of said surface and generating on the surface of the housing (1) further has solar panels (101); the working platform (4) is provided with a housing working platform (402), the charging controller (401) and an energy storage means (403), said switching circuit (108) and a solar panel (101) connected to said charge controller (401), the charging controller (401) connected to the energy storage device (403).
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,其特征是,所述弹性材料为弹性绳或弹簧(107),并且该弹性绳或弹簧(107)的长度大于所述发电箱体外壳(102)处于静止状态时所述重量块和该发电箱体外壳(102)之间的距离。 The vibration of the piezoelectric wave power and solar power generation system combination of claim 4, characterized in that the resilient material is a spring or elastic cord (107) as claimed in claim and a length of the elastic cord or a spring (107) is greater than the weight generation block and the distance between the housing casing (102) when said power box housing (102) is at a standstill.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4所述的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,其特征是,所述支架(3)平行于或垂直于所述发电箱体外壳(102)的底部,所述重量块(106)与所述支架(103)平行设置。 The vibration of the piezoelectric wave power and solar power generation system in combination according to claim 4, characterized in that the holder (3) parallel or perpendicular to the bottom of the box generator housing (102), said weight block (106) with the bracket (103) disposed in parallel.
  7. 7.根据权利要求4所述的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,其特征是,多个平行的所述悬壁板(105)组成一列,至少一列所述悬臂板共用一个所述重量块(106)。 The vibration of the piezoelectric wave power and solar power generation system in combination according to claim 4, wherein said plurality of parallel cantilevered plate (105) composed of one, at least one of said cantilever common one of said weight plates block (106).
  8. 8.根据权利要求4所述的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,其特征是,每个所述压电元件(104)设有第一电极(10401)、压电材料(10402)以及第二电极(0403),所述压电材料(10402)为压电单晶、压电陶瓷、压电聚合物、压电复合材料中的一种或多种的组合物,所述储能装置(403)为蓄电池、电容或超导储能装置,并且该储能装置(403)还连接有逆变器(404)。 The vibration of the piezoelectric wave power and solar power generation system in combination according to claim 4, characterized in that each of said piezoelectric element (104) is provided with (10401), the piezoelectric material of the first electrode (10,402) and a second electrode (0403), the piezoelectric material (10402) is a piezoelectric crystal, piezoelectric ceramic, piezoelectric polymer, a piezoelectric composite material or more compositions of the energy storage device (403) for the battery, capacitor, or superconducting magnetic energy storage device, and the energy storage device (403) is also connected to an inverter (404).
  9. 9.根据权利要求4所述的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,其特征是,各个所述水面发电箱体(1)、水中发电箱体(5)内的悬臂板(105)以及重量块(106)的尺寸不相同,并且粘贴在所述悬臂板(105)上的一个压电元件列(110)中的各个压电元件尺寸相同, 粘贴在所述悬臂板(105)上的一个压电元件行(109)中的各个压电元件尺寸不相同。 9. The vibration of the piezoelectric wave power and solar power generation system in combination according to claim 4, characterized in that each of said power generating water tank (1), the water box boom generation plate (105) (5) and dimensions weight block (106) is not the same, and paste on the cantilever plate (105) of a piezoelectric element column of the same size in each piezoelectric element (110), attached to the cantilever plate (105) a piezoelectric element row dimension of each piezoelectric element (109) are not the same.
  10. 10.根据权利要求4所述的波浪振动压电发电与太阳能组合发电系统,其特征是,所述转换电路(108)连接结构为:全部所述压电元件(104)分组,并且每一组压电元件内的压电元件相互串联,从而形成多个串联模块(10801);该多个串联模块(10801)分组,并使得每一组串联模块内的串联模块相互并联后再串联一个整流器(10803),从而形成多个串联电路;每个串联电路与一个第一二极管(10802)并联,从而形成多个并联模块(10805);该多个并联模块(10805)分组,并将每一组并联模块内的并联模块相互串联后再与一个第二二极管(10804)串联,从而形成多个分支电路(10806);该多个分支电路(10806)并联后,进而与所述太阳能电池板(101)的电路并联后连接于所述充电控制器(401)。 10. A vibration wave of the piezoelectric power generator 4 in combination with solar power generation system according to claim, characterized in that said converting circuit (108) connected to the structure: all of said piezoelectric element (104) packets, and each group the piezoelectric element in the piezoelectric element in series with each other, thereby forming a plurality of series modules (10,801); the plurality of modules in series (10801) packets, such that each group of series and modules in parallel with each other and then series module series with a rectifier ( 10803), thereby forming a plurality of series circuits; each series circuit with a first diode (10,802) connected in parallel to form a plurality of parallel modules (10,805); the plurality of parallel modules (10,805) packets, and each modules in parallel within each group of modules in series and then in parallel with a second diode (10,804) connected in series, thereby forming a plurality of branch circuits (10806); after (10806) of the plurality of branch circuits connected in parallel, and thus the solar cell a circuit board (101) connected in parallel to the rear of the charging controller (401). 3 3
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CN105099255A (en) * 2014-04-29 2015-11-25 北京纳米能源与系统研究所 Power generation system suitable for fluctuation liquid
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CN105141245A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司 Offshore chinampa type photovoltaic power generation system
CN105141245B (en) * 2015-09-02 2017-05-10 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司 One kind of floating island offshore type photovoltaic power generation system
CN106640505A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-05-10 江苏理工学院 Wave power generation system based on tubular type permanent-magnet linear generator

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