CN101936653A - Energy-saving glazing roller kiln for producing interior wall bricks - Google Patents

Energy-saving glazing roller kiln for producing interior wall bricks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101936653A
CN101936653A CN2010102774193A CN201010277419A CN101936653A CN 101936653 A CN101936653 A CN 101936653A CN 2010102774193 A CN2010102774193 A CN 2010102774193A CN 201010277419 A CN201010277419 A CN 201010277419A CN 101936653 A CN101936653 A CN 101936653A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
kiln
brick
bricks
firing
smoke evacuation
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Granted
Application number
CN2010102774193A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101936653B (en
Inventor
柳丹
张通林
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Foshan Zhongyao Ceramic Kiln Co., Ltd.
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柳丹
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The invention provides an energy-saving glazing roller kiln for producing interior wall bricks. The kiln top of the roller kiln is built by using a suspended wool board structure. The kiln bottom of a firing region consists of low-iron and high-aluminum heat reserving bricks, high-aluminum poly-light ball heat reserving bricks and light clay bricks, wherein the light clay bricks are positioned in a bottom layer at the kiln bottom of the firing region; the high-aluminum poly-light ball heat reserving bricks and the low-iron and high-aluminum heat reserving bricks are built in turn above the light clay bricks; a fume extractor is arranged in the built kiln and positioned above a smoke exhaust region of the roller kiln and comprises a top exhaust tube and a main exhaust tube; and one end of the top exhaust tube and one end of a side exhaust tube are connected to the smoke exhaust region of the roller kiln, while the other ends are connected with the main exhaust tube. In the fume extractor, top extraction and side extraction are combined, so that air stream uniformly flows towards a direction opposite to the running direction of unburned bricks, brick bodies are heated stably and glaze cracks possibly caused by non-uniform heating are avoided.

Description

A kind of energy-conservation glaze firing roller kilns of producing internal wall brick
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the kiln technical field, refer in particular to a kind of energy-conservation glaze firing roller kilns of producing internal wall brick.
Background technology:
Along with the continuous development of ceramic industry, the fierceness day by day of competition has only increasing output, cuts down the consumption of energy, and improves the quality of products simultaneously, could occupy favourable position in this environment with keen competition.And traditional internal wall brick glaze firing roller kilns, its kiln structure is more single, and the insulating brick ceiling structure is adopted on the kiln top, weight is big, and it is dirty to fall on the easy brick face in kiln, thereby causes the glaze planar defect, and kiln body inner width is narrower, the negligible amounts that batch is fired, output is difficult to significantly promote, and energy consumption is just bigger relatively, how to improve output, cut down the consumption of energy, improve the glazed tile quality simultaneously and be the primary research topic of current Production of Ceramics producer.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of fast, measured energy-conservation glaze firing roller kilns of production back brick glaze face matter of speed of production of producing internal wall brick are provided.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme provided by the present invention is: a kind of energy-conservation glaze firing roller kilns of producing internal wall brick, described roller kilns include the smoke evacuation district, firing zone, the cooling zone, the smoke evacuation district, firing zone, the kiln of cooling zone top is all adopted and is hung cotton plate structure and build by laying bricks or stones, at the bottom of the firing zone kiln by low iron high alumina insulating brick, high alumina gathers light ball insulating brick, light weight fireclay brick constitutes, wherein, light weight fireclay brick is positioned at bottom at the bottom of the firing zone kiln, the light weight fireclay brick top has been built poly-light ball insulating brick of high alumina and low iron high alumina insulating brick successively by laying bricks or stones, be provided with fume extractor in the kiln after building by laying bricks or stones, described fume extractor is positioned at top, roller kilns smoke evacuation district, it includes the top exhaust column, the side exhaust column, smoke evacuation is responsible for, wherein, top exhaust column, side exhaust column one end is attached in the roller kilns smoke evacuation district, and the other end is responsible for smoke evacuation and is linked.
Describedly hang cotton plate structure and include I shape boatswain chair brick, alumina silicate cotton blanket, cordierite ceiling board, wherein, I shape boatswain chair brick is fixed on the kiln frame, and is supporting the cordierite ceiling board, is coated with the alumina silicate cotton blanket on the cordierite ceiling board.
Described at firing zone the cordierite ceiling board and the alumina silicate cotton blanket between also be coated with high-purity cotton blanket and contain the zirconium cotton blanket, wherein, contain the zirconium cotton blanket and cover on the cordierite ceiling board, high-purity cotton blanket covers and contains on the zirconium cotton blanket.
The present invention is after having adopted such scheme, after the kiln top is adopted and is hung cotton plate structure, solved the glaze dirty defective that falls well, product quality after the production is significantly improved, the firing zone kiln inner width of this programme is 3200mm, adobe is by the beginning of kiln inlet, and 9 wide 300mm/ sheet proper alignment of horizontal every row are fed forward.Fume extractor adopts the top to take out with side and takes out the mode that combines, and air-flow is flowed towards the rightabout of adobe operation equably, and the heating of brick body is steadily avoided because of the uneven issuable glaze slight crack that is heated.Because after base substrate through the biscuiting shaping, entered firing zone, emphasis was that glaze is heated, glaze exports output temperature at finished product interior wall glazed ceramic wall tile 60 ℃ below through the cooling zone at kiln through after firing shaping.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the discharge fume kiln roof construction schematic diagram of district, cooling zone of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of firing zone of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of fume extractor of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the attached view of Fig. 3.
Reference numeral: 1-I shape boatswain chair brick, 2-alumina silicate cotton blanket, 3-cordierite ceiling board, the high-purity cotton blanket of 4-, 5-contain zirconium cotton blanket, 6-top exhaust column, 7-side exhaust column, the 8-smoke evacuation person in charge, the low iron high alumina insulating brick of 9-, the poly-light ball insulating brick of 10-high alumina, 11-light weight fireclay brick.
The specific embodiment:
The invention will be further described to accompanying drawing 4 below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1, preferred embodiment of the present invention is: the described energy-conservation glaze firing roller kilns of present embodiment include smoke evacuation district, firing zone, cooling zone, the kiln of described smoke evacuation district, firing zone, cooling zone top is all adopted and is hung cotton plate structure and build by laying bricks or stones, describedly hang cotton plate structure and include I shape boatswain chair brick 1, alumina silicate cotton blanket 2, cordierite ceiling board 3, wherein, I shape boatswain chair brick 1 is fixed on the kiln frame, and supporting cordierite ceiling board 3, be coated with alumina silicate cotton blanket 2 on the cordierite ceiling board 3.Also be coated with high-purity cotton blanket 4 and contain zirconium cotton blanket 5 between the cordierite ceiling board 3 of firing zone and alumina silicate cotton blanket 2, wherein, contain zirconium cotton blanket 5 and cover on the cordierite ceiling board 3, high-purity cotton blanket 4 covers and contains on the zirconium cotton blanket 5.After the kiln top is adopted and is hung cotton plate structure, solved the glaze dirty defective that falls well, product quality after the production is significantly improved, constitute by low iron high alumina insulating brick 9, the poly-light ball insulating brick 10 of high alumina, light weight fireclay brick 11 at the bottom of the firing zone kiln, wherein, light weight fireclay brick 11 is positioned at bottom at the bottom of the firing zone kiln, light weight fireclay brick 11 tops have been built poly-light ball insulating brick 10 of high alumina and low iron high alumina insulating brick 9 successively by laying bricks or stones, the firing zone kiln inner width of this programme is 3200mm, adobe is by the beginning of kiln inlet, 9 wide 300mm/ sheet proper alignment of horizontal every row are fed forward.Be provided with fume extractor in the kiln after building by laying bricks or stones, described fume extractor is positioned at top, roller kilns smoke evacuation district, it includes top exhaust column 6, side exhaust column 7, the smoke evacuation person in charge 8, wherein, top exhaust column 6, side exhaust column 7 one ends are attached in the roller kilns smoke evacuation district, and the other end is connected to the outdoor smoke evacuation person in charge 8 and links.The fume extractor of present embodiment adopts the top to take out with side and takes out the mode that combines, and air-flow is flowed towards the rightabout of adobe operation equably, and the heating of brick body is steadily avoided because of the uneven issuable glaze slight crack that is heated.Because after base substrate through the biscuiting shaping, entered firing zone, emphasis was that glaze is heated, glaze exports output temperature at finished product interior wall glazed ceramic wall tile 60 ℃ below through the cooling zone at kiln through after firing shaping.Compare existing internal wall brick glaze firing roller kilns, output improves 12.5% behind employing this programme, and energy consumption reduces by 15%, and the product quality percentage is brought up to more than 95%, economic benefit and obvious social benefit.
The embodiment of the above only is the present invention's preferred embodiment, is not to limit practical range of the present invention with this, so the variation that all shapes according to the present invention, principle are done all should be encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. energy-conservation glaze firing roller kilns of producing internal wall brick, described roller kilns include the smoke evacuation district, firing zone, the cooling zone, it is characterized in that: the smoke evacuation district, firing zone, the kiln of cooling zone top is all adopted and is hung cotton plate structure and build by laying bricks or stones, at the bottom of the firing zone kiln by low iron high alumina insulating brick (9), high alumina gathers light ball insulating brick (10), light weight fireclay brick (11) constitutes, wherein, light weight fireclay brick (11) is positioned at bottom at the bottom of the firing zone kiln, light weight fireclay brick (11) top has been built poly-light ball insulating brick (10) of high alumina and low iron high alumina insulating brick (9) successively by laying bricks or stones, be provided with fume extractor in the kiln after building by laying bricks or stones, described fume extractor is positioned at top, roller kilns smoke evacuation district, it includes top exhaust column (6), side exhaust column (7), (8) are responsible in smoke evacuation, wherein, top exhaust column (6), side exhaust column (7) one ends are attached in the roller kilns smoke evacuation district, and the other end is connected to the outdoor smoke evacuation person in charge (8) and links.
2. a kind of energy-conservation glaze firing roller kilns of producing internal wall brick according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: describedly hang cotton plate structure and include I shape boatswain chair brick (1), alumina silicate cotton blanket (2), cordierite ceiling board (3), wherein, I shape boatswain chair brick (1) is fixed on the kiln frame, and supporting cordierite ceiling board (3), be coated with alumina silicate cotton blanket (2) on the cordierite ceiling board (3).
3. a kind of energy-conservation glaze firing roller kilns of producing internal wall brick according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: be positioned between the cordierite ceiling board (3) of firing zone and the alumina silicate cotton blanket (2) and also be coated with high-purity cotton blanket (4) and contain zirconium cotton blanket (5), wherein, contain zirconium cotton blanket (5) and cover on the cordierite ceiling board (3), high-purity cotton blanket (4) covers and contains on the zirconium cotton blanket (5).
CN2010102774193A 2010-09-08 2010-09-08 Energy-saving glazing roller kiln for producing interior wall bricks Active CN101936653B (en)

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CN101936653B CN101936653B (en) 2012-04-25

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102072647A (en) * 2011-01-28 2011-05-25 柳丹 Novel roller kiln wall structure
CN103245191A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-08-14 常州循天节能科技有限公司 Attemperator for ceramic roller kiln

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57188948A (en) * 1981-05-19 1982-11-20 Takasago Thermal Eng Co Lts Device for generating air having low humidity
CN101256053A (en) * 2008-03-11 2008-09-03 侯敬东 Middle-far infrared radiation high-efficiency heat-transferring roller-way calcining kiln and roller-way dry kiln
JP2008249317A (en) * 2007-03-08 2008-10-16 Nippon Steel Engineering Co Ltd Furnace bottom structure of waste melting furnace
CN201250180Y (en) * 2008-05-24 2009-06-03 湖北华夏窑炉工业(集团)有限公司 Crystallite glass shuttle-type kiln
CN201322539Y (en) * 2008-12-12 2009-10-07 北京创导工业陶瓷有限公司 Component for kiln walls
CN201772744U (en) * 2010-09-08 2011-03-23 柳丹 Energy-saving glaze firing roller kiln for producing inner wall bricks

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57188948A (en) * 1981-05-19 1982-11-20 Takasago Thermal Eng Co Lts Device for generating air having low humidity
JP2008249317A (en) * 2007-03-08 2008-10-16 Nippon Steel Engineering Co Ltd Furnace bottom structure of waste melting furnace
CN101256053A (en) * 2008-03-11 2008-09-03 侯敬东 Middle-far infrared radiation high-efficiency heat-transferring roller-way calcining kiln and roller-way dry kiln
CN201250180Y (en) * 2008-05-24 2009-06-03 湖北华夏窑炉工业(集团)有限公司 Crystallite glass shuttle-type kiln
CN201322539Y (en) * 2008-12-12 2009-10-07 北京创导工业陶瓷有限公司 Component for kiln walls
CN201772744U (en) * 2010-09-08 2011-03-23 柳丹 Energy-saving glaze firing roller kiln for producing inner wall bricks

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
《中国建材科技》 20090228 张根栓,等 薄型砖辊道窑的轻质耐火材料砌筑 , 第1期 2 *
《科技创新导报》 20080610 鲁昌龙,等 陶瓷纤维在窑炉构筑中的应用 , 第16期 2 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102072647A (en) * 2011-01-28 2011-05-25 柳丹 Novel roller kiln wall structure
CN102072647B (en) * 2011-01-28 2013-01-09 广东中窑窑业股份有限公司 Novel roller kiln wall structure
CN103245191A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-08-14 常州循天节能科技有限公司 Attemperator for ceramic roller kiln

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Effective date of registration: 20111209

Address after: 528226 Foshan, Nanhai District, Guangdong Luo Village Industrial Park Road East

Applicant after: Foshan Zhongyao Ceramic Kiln Co., Ltd.

Address before: Nanhai District of Guangdong city of Foshan province Luo village 528226 Industrial Avenue East Xiabai pottery kiln in Foshan Development Co. Ltd.

Applicant before: Liu Dan

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
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Owner name: GUANGDONG ZHONGYAO KILN CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: LIU DAN

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Application publication date: 20110105

Assignee: Guangdong Yaoda Financial Leasing Co., Ltd

Assignor: GUANGDONG ZHONGYAO CERAMIC Co.,Ltd.

Contract record no.: X2020980005487

Denomination of invention: An energy saving glazed roller kiln for producing interior wall tiles

Granted publication date: 20120425

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20200828

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract
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Denomination of invention: An energy saving glazed roller kiln for producing interior wall tiles

Effective date of registration: 20200901

Granted publication date: 20120425

Pledgee: Guangdong Yaoda Financial Leasing Co., Ltd

Pledgor: GUANGDONG ZHONGYAO CERAMIC Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2020980005615