CN101936614B - Liquid-supplying and cold and hot water-circulating machine set of evaporative condensate pump - Google Patents

Liquid-supplying and cold and hot water-circulating machine set of evaporative condensate pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101936614B
CN101936614B CN2010102441195A CN201010244119A CN101936614B CN 101936614 B CN101936614 B CN 101936614B CN 2010102441195 A CN2010102441195 A CN 2010102441195A CN 201010244119 A CN201010244119 A CN 201010244119A CN 101936614 B CN101936614 B CN 101936614B
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China
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valve
liquid
heat pump
directional control
way directional
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CN101936614A (en
Inventor
李志明
石文星
吴伟营
韩林俊
何卫国
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HUADE INDUSTRY Co Ltd GUANGZHOU CITY
Tsinghua University
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HUADE INDUSTRY Co Ltd GUANGZHOU CITY
Tsinghua University
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B13/00Compression machines, plants or systems, with reversible cycle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • F25B41/20Disposition of valves, e.g. of on-off valves or flow control valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B41/00Fluid-circulation arrangements
    • F25B41/20Disposition of valves, e.g. of on-off valves or flow control valves
    • F25B41/24Arrangement of shut-off valves for disconnecting a part of the refrigerant cycle, e.g. an outdoor part
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B5/00Compression machines, plants or systems, with several evaporator circuits, e.g. for varying refrigerating capacity
    • F25B5/02Compression machines, plants or systems, with several evaporator circuits, e.g. for varying refrigerating capacity arranged in parallel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B6/00Compression machines, plants or systems, with several condenser circuits
    • F25B6/04Compression machines, plants or systems, with several condenser circuits arranged in series
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/19Pumping down refrigerant from one part of the cycle to another part of the cycle, e.g. when the cycle is changed from cooling to heating, or before a defrost cycle is started
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/23Separators

Abstract

The invention discloses a liquid-supplying and cold and hot water-circulating machine set of an evaporative condensate pump. The machine set comprises vapour compression refrigeration circulation and vapour compression heat pump circulation, wherein the vapour compression refrigeration circulation consists of a compressor, a first refrigeration valve, an evaporative condenser, a second refrigeration valve, a throttling device, a circulating liquid storing barrel, a liquid pump, a third refrigeration valve, an evaporator and a fourth refrigeration valve; and the vapour compression heat pump circulation consisting of a compressor, a first heat pump valve, an evaporator, a second heat pump valve, a throttling device, a circulating liquid storing barrel, a liquid pump, a third heat pump valve, an evaporative condenser and a fourth heat pump valve. The two kinds of circulation can be switched according to using needs and a liquid refrigerant is conveyed to the evaporator or the evaporativecondenser by the liquid pump. Compared with the prior art, the liquid-supplying and cold and hot water-circulating machine set of the evaporative condensate pump provided by the invention has higher heat exchange efficiency and safe and reliable use, can defrost and efficiently run in winter and can provide cost-free domestic hot water.

Description

A kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hot and cold water unit, especially a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit that need to be applicable to annual air conditioner cold-warm supply.
Background technology
Present steam compression type hot and cold water unit can be divided into Air-Cooled Heat Pump Unit, water cooling heat pump unit and earth source heat pump unit according to condensing mode.Air-Cooled Heat Pump Unit is to utilize forced ventilation to realize the heat exchange of heat exchanger and air, and when summer temperature was higher, heat exchanger effectiveness was low, causes condensation temperature high, affects the refrigerating efficiency of refrigeration system; Easily frosting of outdoor heat exchanger surface when heating in the winter time, low temperature tolerance ability is poor, so not only reduces the heat exchange efficiency of outdoor heat exchanger, and unit needs Defrost operation, has greatly reduced effectively to heat the working time.The water cooled refrigeration unit is realized heat exchange by cooling water in water-cooled condenser, its weak point is that systematic comparison is complicated, needs the circulatory system of water pump and cooling tower, and flies water and noise effect is serious.Earth source heat pump has higher requirements to the water yield and the water quality at water source, has the restriction of recharging and building geographical conditions when it is used and needs a large amount of underground areas.Therefore, higher, the heat pump techniques that is not subjected to geographical conditions restrictions of market demand heating efficiency.
In addition, also there are many deficiencies in existing evaporimeter feed liquid way, and the dry system Energy Efficiency Ratio is on the low side, and there are the problems such as liquid level control difficulty and oil return difficulty in the full-liquid type system, so the liquid feeding system for evaporators that the market demand heat exchange efficiency is higher, more safe and reliable improves the evaporimeter heat exchange efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for overcoming the shortcoming and defect of above-mentioned prior art existence, provide a kind of heat exchange efficiency high, safe and reliable, and can exempt in the winter time frost, efficient operation, and a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit that free domestic hot-water can be provided.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit comprises compressor 1, evaporative condenser 2, throttling arrangement 3, circulation liquid storing barrel 4, liquid pump 5, evaporimeter 6; The exhaust outlet of described compressor 1 is connected with the flue 2a of evaporative condenser 2 by the first refrigeration valve 11, and the air inlet of compressor 1 is connected with the top exit of circulation liquid storing barrel 4; The liquid line 2b of described evaporative condenser 2 is connected with throttling arrangement and is connected with the bottom entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4 by the second refrigeration valve 12 successively; The entrance of described liquid pump 5 is connected with the outlet at bottom of circulation liquid storing barrel 4, and the outlet of liquid pump 5 is connected with the liquid line 6a of evaporimeter 6 by the 3rd refrigeration valve 13; The flue 6b of described evaporimeter 6 is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4 by the 4th refrigeration valve 14; This unit also comprises the first heat pump valve 21, the second heat pump valve 22, the 3rd heat pump valve 23 and the 4th heat pump valve 24; The entrance of described the first heat pump valve 21 is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor 1, and the outlet of the first heat pump valve 21 is connected with the flue 6b of evaporimeter 6; The entrance of described the second heat pump valve 22 is connected with the liquid line 6a of evaporimeter 6, and the outlet of the second heat pump valve 22 is connected with the bottom entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4 by throttling arrangement 3; The entrance of described the 3rd heat pump valve 23 is connected with the outlet of liquid pump 5, and the outlet of the 3rd heat pump valve 23 is connected with the liquid line 2b of evaporative condenser 2; The entrance of described the 4th heat pump valve 24 is connected with the flue 2a of evaporative condenser 2, and the outlet of the 4th heat pump valve 24 is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4; Described compressor 1, the first refrigeration valve 11, evaporative condenser 2, the second refrigeration valve 12, throttling arrangement 3, circulation liquid storing barrel 4, liquid pump 5, the 3rd refrigeration valve 13, evaporimeter 6, the 4th refrigeration valve 14 form the steam compression type refrigerating circulation; Described compressor 1, the first heat pump valve 21, evaporimeter 6, the second heat pump valve 22, throttling arrangement 3, circulation liquid storing barrel 4, liquid pump 5, the 3rd heat pump valve 23, evaporative condenser 2, the 4th heat pump valve 24 form the vapor compression heat pump circulation.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, described the first refrigeration valve 11 and the first heat pump valve 21 are merged into the first two position three way directional control valve 31; Described the second refrigeration valve 12 and the 3rd heat pump valve 23 are merged into the second two position three way directional control valve 32; Described the 3rd refrigeration valve 13 and the second heat pump valve 22 are merged into the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33; Described the 4th refrigeration valve 14 and the 4th heat pump valve 24 are merged into the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34; The first port 31a of described the first two position three way directional control valve 31 is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor 1, the second port 31b of the first two position three way directional control valve 31 is connected with the flue 2a of evaporative condenser 2, and the 3rd port 31c of the first two position three way directional control valve 31 is connected with the flue 6b of evaporimeter 6; The first port 32a of described the second two position three way directional control valve 32 is connected with the liquid line 2b of evaporative condenser 2, the second port 32b of the second two position three way directional control valve 32 is connected with the entrance of throttling arrangement 3, and the 3rd port 32c of the second two position three way directional control valve 32 is connected with the outlet of liquid pump 5; The first port 33a of described the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33 is connected with the outlet of liquid pump 5, the second port 33b of the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33 is connected with the liquid line 6a of evaporimeter 6, and the 3rd port 33c of the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33 is connected with the entrance of throttling arrangement 3; The first port 34a of described the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 is connected with the flue 6b of evaporimeter 6, the second port 34b of the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 is connected with the flue 2a of evaporative condenser 2, and the 3rd port 34c of the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, described the first refrigeration valve 11, the second refrigeration valve 12, the 3rd refrigeration valve 13, the 4th refrigeration valve 14, the first heat pump valve 21, the second heat pump valve 22, the 3rd heat pump valve 23, the 4th heat pump valve 24 adopt magnetic valve or motor-driven valve.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, described the first two position three way directional control valve 31, the second two position three way directional control valve 32, the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33, the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 adopt electronic two position three way directional control valve or Pneumatic two-position three-way reversal valve.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, the exhaust outlet of described compressor 1 is provided with heat regenerator 7; The entrance of described heat regenerator 7 is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor 1, and the outlet of heat regenerator 7 connects respectively the entrance of the first refrigeration valve 11 and the entrance of the first heat pump valve 21, perhaps connects the first port 31a of the first two position three way directional control valve 31.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, described evaporative condenser 2 adopts tube-plate evaporative condensing device or coiled evaporative condenser.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, described evaporimeter 6 adopts shell and tube evaporator or finned evaporator.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, described evaporimeter 6 adopts a plurality of parallel waies to connect.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, the two ends of described liquid pump 5 are parallel with gravity force liquid-supply conversion valve 8.
As a kind of improvement of the present invention, be provided with device for drying and filtering 9 and liquid-sighting glass 10 between the import of the outlet of described evaporative condenser 2 and throttling arrangement 3.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, the present invention adopts liquid pump to the evaporimeter feed flow in summer during cooling condition, realizes the steam compression type refrigerating circulation, and more safe and reliable liquid feeding system for evaporators is provided, and has higher heat exchange efficiency than present traditional dry evaporator or flooded evaporator.
2, the present invention is in the winter time during heat pump working condition, by conversion valves such as two-port valve or two position three way directional control valves, realizes that evaporimeter and evaporative condenser function change mutually, and by liquid pump to evaporimeter or evaporative condenser feed flow, improve its heat exchange efficiency.In addition, in evaporative condenser, add antifreezing agent after, applicable to than the lower operating mode of traditional air-cooled heat pump temperature, and can realize exempting frost level and imitate and move.
3, the present invention utilizes heat regenerator 7 to collect the used heat that compressor 1 is discharged, in order to substitute domestic boiler supply hot water for life; Than prior art, the present invention not only can provide the domestic hot-water, has also reduced the condensing pressure of unit, saves operating cost; Save simultaneously the construction cost of boiler and boiler room, greatly saved coal, oil fuel expense, alleviated the pollution of boiler smoke to atmosphere.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 shows the systematic schematic diagram of a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit of the present invention.
Fig. 2 shows the systematic schematic diagram of a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit that adopts two position three way directional control valve.
Fig. 3 schematically shows steam compression type refrigerating circulation of the present invention, i.e. systematic schematic diagram under the cooling condition in summer.
Fig. 4 schematically shows vapor compression heat pump circulation of the present invention, i.e. systematic schematic diagram under the heat pump working condition in winter.
Fig. 5 shows the systematic schematic diagram that adopts a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit that a plurality of evaporimeters are connected in parallel.
Fig. 6 shows the systematic schematic diagram of a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit that adopts heat regenerator.
Fig. 7 shows the systematic schematic diagram of a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit that adopts the gravity force liquid-supply conversion valve.
Fig. 8 shows the systematic schematic diagram of a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit that adopts device for drying and filtering and liquid-sighting glass.
Among the figure: 1 compressor, 2 evaporative condensers, 3 throttling arrangements, 4 circulation liquid storing barrels, 5 liquid pumps, 6 evaporimeters, 7 heat regenerators, 8 gravity force liquid-supply conversion valves, 9 devices for drying and filtering, 10 liquid-sighting glass, 11 first refrigeration valve, 12 second refrigeration valve, 13 the 3rd refrigeration valve, 14 the 4th refrigeration valve, 21 first heat pump valves, 22 second heat pump valves, 23 the 3rd heat pump valves, 24 the 4th heat pump valves, 31 first two position three way directional control valves, 32 second two position three way directional control valves, 33 the 3rd two position three way directional control valves, 34 the 4th two position three way directional control valves.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 shows the systematic schematic diagram of a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit of the present invention, comprises compressor 1, evaporative condenser 2, throttling arrangement 3, circulation liquid storing barrel 4, liquid pump 5, evaporimeter 6; The exhaust outlet of described compressor 1 is connected with the flue 2a of evaporative condenser 2 by the first refrigeration valve 11, and the air inlet of compressor 1 is connected with the top exit of circulation liquid storing barrel 4; The liquid line 2b of described evaporative condenser 2 is connected with throttling arrangement and is connected with the bottom entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4 by the second refrigeration valve 12 successively; The entrance of described liquid pump 5 is connected with the outlet at bottom of circulation liquid storing barrel 4, and the outlet of liquid pump 5 is connected with the liquid line 6a of evaporimeter 6 by the 3rd refrigeration valve 13; The flue 6b of described evaporimeter 6 is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4 by the 4th refrigeration valve 14.
This unit also comprises the first heat pump valve 21, the second heat pump valve 22, the 3rd heat pump valve 23 and the 4th heat pump valve 24; The entrance of described the first heat pump valve 21 is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor 1, and the outlet of the first heat pump valve 21 is connected with the flue 6b of evaporimeter 6; The entrance of described the second heat pump valve 22 is connected with the liquid line 6a of evaporimeter 6, and the outlet of the second heat pump valve 22 is connected with the bottom entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4 by throttling arrangement 3; The entrance of described the 3rd heat pump valve 23 is connected with the outlet of liquid pump 5, and the outlet of the 3rd heat pump valve 23 is connected with the liquid line 2b of evaporative condenser 2; The entrance of described the 4th heat pump valve 24 is connected with the flue 2a of evaporative condenser 2, and the outlet of the 4th heat pump valve 24 is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4.
Described compressor 1, the first refrigeration valve 11, evaporative condenser 2, the second refrigeration valve 12, throttling arrangement 3, circulation liquid storing barrel 4, liquid pump 5, the 3rd refrigeration valve 13, evaporimeter 6, the 4th refrigeration valve 14 form the steam compression type refrigerating circulation; Described compressor 1, the first heat pump valve 21, evaporimeter 6, the second heat pump valve 22, throttling arrangement 3, circulation liquid storing barrel 4, liquid pump 5, the 3rd heat pump valve 23, evaporative condenser 2, the 4th heat pump valve 24 form the vapor compression heat pump circulation.
A kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit of described embodiment 1 has steam compression type refrigerating circulation and two kinds of operational modes of vapor compression heat pump circulation.
Fig. 3 schematically shows steam compression type refrigerating circulation of the present invention, i.e. systematic schematic diagram under the cooling condition in summer.As shown in Figure 3, compressor 1 and liquid pump 5 all move; Open the first refrigeration valve 11, the second refrigeration valve 12, the 3rd refrigeration valve 13 and the 4th refrigeration valve 14, close the first heat pump valve 21, the second heat pump valve 22, the 3rd heat pump valve 23 and the 4th heat pump valve 24, this moment, system carried out steam compression type refrigerating circulation: the gaseous refrigerant in the compressor 1 suction circulation liquid storing barrel 4 is compressed into the gas of high-temperature high-pressure state; The gaseous refrigerant of HTHP enters evaporative condenser 2 through the flue 2a of the first refrigeration valve 11, evaporative condenser 2 successively, and heat release is condensed into the liquid of temperature in the high pressure; High pressure liquid refrigerant enters in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 after the liquid line 2b of evaporative condenser, the second refrigeration valve 12, throttling arrangement 3 step-downs successively; Liquid refrigerant in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4, is sent in the evaporimeter 6 through the liquid line 6a of the 3rd refrigeration valve 13, evaporimeter 6 through liquid pump 5 superchargings more successively by the lower part outlet of circulation liquid storing barrel 4, carries out producing cold water or cold wind after the heat exchange with water or air; The gas-liquid mixture of cold-producing medium enters in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 through flue 6b, the 4th refrigeration valve 14 of evaporimeter 6 successively, realizes the steam compression type refrigerating circulation.
Fig. 4 schematically shows vapor compression heat pump circulation of the present invention, i.e. systematic schematic diagram under the heat pump working condition in winter.As shown in Figure 4, compressor 1 and liquid pump 5 all move; Open the first heat pump valve 21, the second heat pump valve 22, the 3rd heat pump valve 23 and the 4th heat pump valve 24, close the first refrigeration valve 11, the second refrigeration valve 12, the 3rd refrigeration valve 13 and the 4th refrigeration valve 14, this moment, system carried out vapor compression heat pump circulation: the gaseous refrigerant in the compressor 1 suction circulation liquid storing barrel 4 is compressed into the gas of high-temperature high-pressure state; The gaseous refrigerant of HTHP enters evaporimeter 6 through the flue 6b of the first heat pump valve 21, evaporimeter 6 successively, and heat release is condensed into the liquid of temperature in the high pressure; High pressure liquid refrigerant enters in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 after the liquid line 6a of evaporimeter, the second heat pump valve 22, throttling arrangement 3 step-downs successively; Liquid refrigerant in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 is by the lower part outlet of circulation liquid storing barrel 4, through liquid pump 5 superchargings, send in the evaporative condenser 2 through the liquid line 2b of the 3rd heat pump valve 23, evaporative condenser 2 successively again, carry out producing cold water or cold wind after the heat exchange with water or air; The gas-liquid mixture of cold-producing medium enters in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 through flue 2a, the 4th heat pump valve 24 of evaporative condenser 2 successively, realizes the vapor compression heat pump circulation.
Embodiment 2
Fig. 2 shows the systematic schematic diagram of a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit that adopts two position three way directional control valve.This scheme is merged into the first two position three way directional control valve 31 with described the first refrigeration valve 11 and the first heat pump valve 21; Described the second refrigeration valve 12 and the 3rd heat pump valve 23 are merged into the second two position three way directional control valve 32; Described the 3rd refrigeration valve 13 and the second heat pump valve 22 are merged into the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33; Described the 4th refrigeration valve 14 and the 4th heat pump valve 24 are merged into the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34; The first port 31a of described the first two position three way directional control valve 31 is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor 1, the second port 31b of the first two position three way directional control valve 31 is connected with the flue 2a of evaporative condenser 2, and the 3rd port 31c of the first two position three way directional control valve 31 is connected with the flue 6b of evaporimeter 6; The first port 32a of described the second two position three way directional control valve 32 is connected with the liquid line 2b of evaporative condenser 2, the second port 32b of the second two position three way directional control valve 32 is connected with the entrance of throttling arrangement 3, and the 3rd port 32c of the second two position three way directional control valve 32 is connected with the outlet of liquid pump 5; The first port 33a of described the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33 is connected with the outlet of liquid pump 5, the second port 33b of the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33 is connected with the liquid line 6a of evaporimeter 6, and the 3rd port 33c of the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33 is connected with the entrance of throttling arrangement 3; The first port 34a of described the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 is connected with the flue 6b of evaporimeter 6, the second port 34b of the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 is connected with the flue 2a of evaporative condenser 2, and the 3rd port 34c of the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel 4.
A kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit of described embodiment 1 still has steam compression type refrigerating circulation and two kinds of operational modes of vapor compression heat pump circulation.
Fig. 3 schematically shows steam compression type refrigerating circulation of the present invention, i.e. systematic schematic diagram under the cooling condition in summer.As shown in Figure 3, compressor 1 and liquid pump 5 all move, and this moment, system carried out steam compression type refrigerating circulation: the gaseous refrigerant in the compressor 1 suction circulation liquid storing barrel 4 is compressed into the gas of high-temperature high-pressure state; The gaseous refrigerant of HTHP enters evaporative condenser 2 through the flue 2a of the first two position three way directional control valve 31, evaporative condenser 2 successively, and heat release is condensed into the liquid of temperature in the high pressure; High pressure liquid refrigerant enters in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 after the liquid line 2b of evaporative condenser, the second two position three way directional control valve 32, throttling arrangement 3 step-downs successively; Liquid refrigerant in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 is by the lower part outlet of circulation liquid storing barrel 4, through liquid pump 5 superchargings, send in the evaporimeter 6 through the liquid line 6a of the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33, evaporimeter 6 successively again, carry out producing cold water or cold wind after the heat exchange with water or air; The gas-liquid mixture of cold-producing medium enters in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 through flue 6b, the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 of evaporimeter 6 successively, realizes the steam compression type refrigerating circulation.
Fig. 4 schematically shows vapor compression heat pump circulation of the present invention, i.e. systematic schematic diagram under the heat pump working condition in winter.As shown in Figure 4, compressor 1 and liquid pump 5 all move, and this moment, system carried out vapor compression heat pump circulation: the gaseous refrigerant in the compressor 1 suction circulation liquid storing barrel 4 is compressed into the gas of high-temperature high-pressure state; The gaseous refrigerant of HTHP enters evaporimeter 6 through the flue 6b of the first two position three way directional control valve 31, evaporimeter 6 successively, and heat release is condensed into the liquid of temperature in the high pressure; High pressure liquid refrigerant enters in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 after the liquid line 6a of evaporimeter, the 3rd two position three way directional control valve 33, throttling arrangement 3 step-downs successively; Liquid refrigerant in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 is by the lower part outlet of circulation liquid storing barrel 4, through liquid pump 5 superchargings, send in the evaporative condenser 2 through the liquid line 2b of the second two position three way directional control valve 32, evaporative condenser 2 successively again, carry out producing cold water or cold wind after the heat exchange with water or air; The gas-liquid mixture of cold-producing medium enters in the circulation liquid storing barrel 4 through flue 2a, the 4th two position three way directional control valve 34 of evaporative condenser 2 successively, realizes the vapor compression heat pump circulation.
As shown in Figure 5, described evaporimeter 6 can be the mode that a plurality of evaporimeters are connected in parallel, to satisfy the cooling demand in single or multiple spaces.As preferably, evaporimeter 3 can adopt shell and tube evaporator and finned evaporator.
As shown in Figure 6, at the exhaust outlet of described compressor 1 heat regenerator 7 can be set, adopt heat recovery technology in summer during cooling condition, then increase hot water supply function during heat pump working condition in the winter time, realize the recycling of condensation heat; The entrance of described heat regenerator 7 is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor 1, and the outlet of heat regenerator 7 connects respectively the entrance of the first refrigeration valve 11 and the entrance of the first heat pump valve 21, perhaps connects the first port 31a of the first two position three way directional control valve 31.
As shown in Figure 7, described liquid pump 5 two ends can gravity force liquid-supply conversion valve 8 in parallel.When compressor 6 refrigeration have just started, open gravity force liquid-supply conversion valve 8, close liquid pump 5, with gravity force liquid-supply mode feed flow; The level stability of liquid storing barrel 4 to be recycled, and the load of compressor 1 reaches 60% when above, opens liquid pump 5, closes gravity force liquid-supply conversion valve 8, is converted to liquid pump to supply refrigerant.This scheme has been avoided owing to the unstable cavitation surge phenomenon that causes liquid pump 5 of circulation liquid storing barrel 4 liquid levels.In addition, also can when sub-load or solution feed pump 5 break down, realize not moving solution feed pump 5 and adopt the gravity force liquid-supply mode directly to evaporimeter 6 or the operation of evaporative condenser 2 feed flows.
As preferably, described evaporative condenser 2 can adopt tube-plate evaporative condensing device or coiled evaporative condenser, can obtain lower condensation temperature, and can reduce system condensing pressure, thereby improves the Energy Efficiency Ratio of system.
As shown in Figure 8, between the import of the outlet of evaporative condenser 2 and throttling arrangement 3, be provided with device for drying and filtering 9 and liquid-sighting glass 10, form perfect refrigeration process pipeline.
Obviously, the invention is not restricted to above embodiment, many distortion can also be arranged.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from content disclosed by the invention all should be thought protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit comprises compressor (1), evaporative condenser (2), throttling arrangement (3), circulation liquid storing barrel (4), liquid pump (5), evaporimeter (6); The exhaust outlet of described compressor (1) is connected with the flue (2a) of evaporative condenser (2) by the first refrigeration valve (11), and the air inlet of compressor (1) is connected with the top exit of circulation liquid storing barrel (4); The liquid line (2b) of described evaporative condenser (2) is connected 3 by the second refrigeration valve (12) with throttling arrangement successively) be connected with the bottom entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel (4); The entrance of described liquid pump (5) is connected with the outlet at bottom of circulation liquid storing barrel (4), and the outlet of liquid pump (5) is connected with the liquid line (6a) of evaporimeter (6) by the 3rd refrigeration valve (13); The flue (6b) of described evaporimeter (6) is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel (4) by the 4th refrigeration valve (14), and it is characterized in that: this unit also comprises the first heat pump valve (21), the second heat pump valve (22), the 3rd heat pump valve (23) and the 4th heat pump valve (24); The entrance of described the first heat pump valve (21) is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor (1), and the outlet of the first heat pump valve (21) is connected with the flue (6b) of evaporimeter (6); The entrance of described the second heat pump valve (22) is connected with the liquid line (6a) of evaporimeter (6), and the outlet of the second heat pump valve (22) is connected with the bottom entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel (4) by throttling arrangement (3); The entrance of described the 3rd heat pump valve (23) is connected with the outlet of liquid pump (5), and the outlet of the 3rd heat pump valve (23) is connected with the liquid line (2b) of evaporative condenser (2); The entrance of described the 4th heat pump valve (24) is connected with the flue (2a) of evaporative condenser (2), and the outlet of the 4th heat pump valve (24) is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel (4); Described compressor (1), the first refrigeration valve (11), evaporative condenser (2), the second refrigeration valve (12), throttling arrangement (3), circulation liquid storing barrel (4), liquid pump (5), the 3rd refrigeration valve (13), evaporimeter (6), the 4th refrigeration valve (14) form the steam compression type refrigeration circulation; Described compressor (1), the first heat pump valve (21), evaporimeter (6), the second heat pump valve (22), throttling arrangement (3), circulation liquid storing barrel (4), liquid pump (5), the 3rd heat pump valve (23), evaporative condenser (2), the 4th heat pump valve (24) form the steam compression heat pump circulation; Described evaporative condenser (2) adopts tube-plate evaporative condensing device or coiled evaporative condenser; Described evaporimeter (6) adopts shell and tube evaporator or finned evaporator.
2. described a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described the first refrigeration valve (11) and the first heat pump valve (21) are merged into the first two position three way directional control valve (31); Described the second refrigeration valve (12) and the 3rd heat pump valve (23) are merged into the second two position three way directional control valve (32); Described the 3rd refrigeration valve (13) and the second heat pump valve (22) are merged into the 3rd two position three way directional control valve (33); Described the 4th refrigeration valve (14) and the 4th heat pump valve (24) are merged into the 4th two position three way directional control valve (34); First port (31a) of described the first two position three way directional control valve (31) is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor (1), second port (31b) of the first two position three way directional control valve (31) is connected with the flue (2a) of evaporative condenser (2), and the 3rd port (31c) of the first two position three way directional control valve (31) is connected with evaporimeter (6) flue (6b); First port (32a) of described the second two position three way directional control valve (32) is connected with the liquid line (2b) of evaporative condenser (2), second port (32b) of the second two position three way directional control valve (32) is connected with the entrance of throttling arrangement (3), and the 3rd port (32c) of the second two position three way directional control valve (32) is connected with the outlet of liquid pump (5); First port (33a) of described the 3rd two position three way directional control valve (33) is connected with the outlet of liquid pump (5), second port (33b) of the 3rd two position three way directional control valve (33) is connected with the liquid line (6a) of evaporimeter (6), and the 3rd port (33c) of the 3rd two position three way directional control valve (33) is connected with the entrance of throttling arrangement (3); First port (34a) of described the 4th two position three way directional control valve (34) is connected with the flue (6b) of evaporimeter (6), second port (34b) of the 4th two position three way directional control valve (34) is connected with the flue (2a) of evaporative condenser (2), and the 3rd port (34c) of the 4th two position three way directional control valve (34) is connected with the upper entrance of circulation liquid storing barrel (4).
3. a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described the first refrigeration valve (11), the second refrigeration valve (12), the 3rd refrigeration valve (13), the 4th refrigeration valve (14), the first heat pump valve (21), the second heat pump valve (22), the 3rd heat pump valve (23), the 4th heat pump valve (24) employing motor-driven valve.
4. a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described motor-driven valve is magnetic valve.
5. a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described the first two position three way directional control valve (31), the second two position three way directional control valve (32), the 3rd two position three way directional control valve (33), the 4th two position three way directional control valve (34) the electronic two position three way directional control valve of employing or Pneumatic two-position three-way reversal valve.
6. a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the exhaust outlet of described compressor (1) is provided with heat regenerator (7); The entrance of described heat regenerator (7) is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor (1), and the outlet of heat regenerator (7) connects respectively the entrance of the first refrigeration valve (11) and the entrance of the first heat pump valve (21).
7. a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the exhaust outlet of described compressor (1) is provided with heat regenerator (7); The entrance of described heat regenerator (7) is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor (1), and the outlet of heat regenerator (7) connects first port (31a) of the first two position three way directional control valve (31).
8. a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described evaporimeter (6) adopts the mode of a plurality of parallel connections to connect.
9. a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the two ends of described liquid pump (5) are parallel with gravity force liquid-supply conversion valve (8).
10. a kind of evaporating type condensing liquid pump to supply refrigerant circulation hot and cold water unit according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: be provided with device for drying and filtering (9) and liquid-sighting glass (10) between the import of the outlet of described evaporative condenser (2) and throttling arrangement (3).
CN2010102441195A 2010-08-03 2010-08-03 Liquid-supplying and cold and hot water-circulating machine set of evaporative condensate pump Active CN101936614B (en)

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CN2010102441195A CN101936614B (en) 2010-08-03 2010-08-03 Liquid-supplying and cold and hot water-circulating machine set of evaporative condensate pump
PCT/CN2011/073170 WO2012016452A1 (en) 2010-08-03 2011-04-22 Water chilling/heating unit with liquid supplied by liquid pump
HK11104835.8A HK1148642A2 (en) 2010-08-03 2011-05-17 A water cooler and heater set of an evaporative condensation liquid pump and with liquid supply cycle

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CN101936614B (en) * 2010-08-03 2013-03-06 广州市华德工业有限公司 Liquid-supplying and cold and hot water-circulating machine set of evaporative condensate pump
CN102563947B (en) * 2012-03-22 2016-06-01 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 A kind of heat pipe hot pump combination type refrigerating plant
CN103574965B (en) * 2012-07-20 2016-12-21 广州市华德工业有限公司 A kind of handpiece Water Chilling Units of band filler coupling coil pipe evaporative condenser
CN112556225B (en) * 2020-12-14 2022-08-09 广州兰石技术开发有限公司 Barrel pump refrigerating system

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CN201757537U (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-03-09 广州市华德工业有限公司 Liquid-feeding circulation cold/hot water unit of evaporative condensate pump

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US5056329A (en) * 1990-06-25 1991-10-15 Battelle Memorial Institute Heat pump systems
CN1342878A (en) * 2001-09-29 2002-04-03 朱健平 Internal liquid type refrigerating (heat pump) circulation system
CN2901183Y (en) * 2006-04-14 2007-05-16 广东美的电器股份有限公司 Heat pump type air conditioner
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