CN101926262A - Morel indoor cultivation method and greenhouse thereof - Google Patents

Morel indoor cultivation method and greenhouse thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101926262A
CN101926262A CN2010101485656A CN201010148565A CN101926262A CN 101926262 A CN101926262 A CN 101926262A CN 2010101485656 A CN2010101485656 A CN 2010101485656A CN 201010148565 A CN201010148565 A CN 201010148565A CN 101926262 A CN101926262 A CN 101926262A
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soil
sclerotium
air
water
air compartment
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CN2010101485656A
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CN101926262B (en
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董毅
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董毅
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a morel indoor cultivation method and a greenhouse thereof. The method includes the following steps: (1) cultivation material is prepared; (2) filling is carried out, namely equivoluminal cultivation material and soil are filled in a disinfected bag or tank; (3) disinfection is carried out; (4) inoculation is carried out, namely agar containing morel is placed on the soil layer in the step (2), and sclerotium is inoculated; (5) sclerotium growth is carried out in dark place, and temperature and relative air humidity are maintained; (6) culture medium is prepared, namely the sclerotium is uniformly intercalated into two soil layers with the thickness of 1-3cm, and indoor temperature and relative air humidity are maintained; (7) watering is carried out on the culture medium until the culture medium is completely permeated by water; (8) uniform ventilation is carried out, (9) morel is matured, namely the humidity of the culture medium is maintained, and meanwhile the indoor temperature and relative air humidity are maintained until the morel is matured. By adopting the method, indoor cultivation of morel having high nutrition value can be realized, mass production can be carried out, and yield is high.

Description

Indoor growing method of hickory chick and used greenhouse thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to indoor growing method and the used greenhouse thereof of a kind of hickory chick.
Background technology
Hickory chick (Morel) claims sheep tripe mushroom again, is universally acknowledged a kind of rare food, medicinal fungus.Not only the fragrance uniqueness is nutritious, and contains multivitamin and amino acid, is rich in organic germanium especially, the function of have kidney tonifying, establishing-Yang, benefit brain, refreshing oneself; Cure mainly deficiency of the kidney damage, impotence erectile problem, sexual desire indifference, the good curing effect arranged dizziness insomnia, stomach inflammation, weakness of the spleen and the stomach, indigestion, diet are depressed; Also can give protection against cancer simultaneously, anticancer, preventing cold, strengthen the effect of body immunity, significant values is medically being arranged.Because it is multiple functional, food is imitated significantly, and is very well sold and in short supply in the international market, but its wild resource is very limited.
Over 100 years, the market value of hickory chick is promoting the research of artificial cultivation technique always.By manually educating mycelia and the favourable natural conditions of utilizing the original producton location, present outdoor artificial planting is successful on the whole.But because the uncontrollability of outdoor conditions, and limited the cultivation place of hickory chick, also can only have the season can be for operation in 1 year, output be difficult to guarantee.The hickory chick research of China is being carried out always, and particularly in recent years, bacterial classification is available anywhere, and the technology of artificial cultivation hickory chick is spread wide, and emerges in an endless stream; But, show the artificial indoor growing hickory chick achieving success of commercialization without any report.The hickory chick of Chu Shouing is artificial wild harvesting in the market.
Because wild resource is very limited, so artificial indoor growing and the development and use of hickory chick have vast market prospect.In recent years, global consumer is of high nutritive value in pursuit, wholesome green organic food, and the fresh hickory chick of indoor growing just is perfect candidate.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides the indoor growing method of a kind of hickory chick, make the large-scale production of hickory chick become a reality.
The indoor growing method of hickory chick provided by the invention comprises the steps:
(1). the preparation cultivate material: get the sucrose of percentage by weight 1~10% and 90~99% wheat and evenly mix, mixture adds heating kettle, adds water, the weight ratio of mixture and water 1: 1~1.5, heating is absorbed water fully, gets cultivate material;
(2). load: get isopyknic cultivate material and soil be filled into through the bag of sterilization or jar in, soil horizon is last, culture medium layer is down, middlely is separated by with aluminium foil or screen window;
(3). sterilization: bag after the filling that step (2) is obtained or jar sterilization.Sterilization method adopts the bus sterilization, and the condition of sterilization is: 40~50min, 121 ℃, 18-20psi.
(4). inoculation: the agar that will have the hickory chick kind places on the described soil horizon of step (2), the inoculation sclerotium;
(5). the sclerotium growth: lucifuge, maintain the temperature at 18-20 ℃, relative air humidity 75-85% keeps air to flow and makes temperature even, to the sclerotium maturation;
(6). the preparation of medium: get ripe sclerotium fragmentation, preferably be broken for 3 centimeters square or round fritters, evenly sandwich in the middle of the thick soil of two-layer up and down each 1~3cm, get medium.The preparation method of above-mentioned soil is: get big grain sand 20~30% by weight percentage, the broken granite 20~30% of 2-5mm diameter, mellow soil 40~60%, mix, place heater, maintain the temperature at 70~100 ℃, continue 3~5 hours, to water evaporates with go out except that all microorganisms.
(7). water: water to described medium, it is permeated by water fully, the water saturation of medium but be not the immersion shape;
(8) evenly ventilate: evenly ventilated for 3~4 weeks in the holding chamber.
(9). become mushroom: keep the humidity 50~70% of the soil of described medium, keep indoor temperature 16-20 ℃ simultaneously, relative air humidity 75-85% is to the hickory chick maturation.
The present invention also provides a kind of dustproof greenhouse that is used for described cultivation method, it is characterized in that, it includes the air compartment of at least ten insulations that are arranged in a linear, the metope central authorities at described each air compartment two ends offer entrance door and outlet portal respectively, described each entrance door and outlet portal all are set to outside two the opening of equity, and it is described after each all opens, the outlet portal of previous air compartment should be able to dock the entrance door of a back air compartment, thereby can form a semi-enclosed passage between any two adjacent described air compartments.
Further, be equipped with external ventilation unit on the metope of outlet one side of each air compartment.Evenly be provided with a plurality of air intake pipe orifices on the metope of the inlet side of each air compartment, described each air intake pipe orifice is to be told by a house steward, and described house steward is connected with the temperature and humidity control device.As preferably, above-mentioned each air compartment is equipped with many go-carts that have Universal castor.
Technical scheme provided by the invention reaches following technique effect:
1, realization has the indoor growing of the hickory chick of high nutritive value, can be mass-produced the output height.
2, medium selects the sucrose of percentage by weight 1~10% and 90~99% the mixed uniformly mixture of wheat, when guaranteeing nutrition, makes the maturation that sclerotium can be rapidly and efficiently.
3, each step of cultivation method keeps specific temperature, relative moisture and soil moisture, has guaranteed the output of hickory chick.
4, the soil of step (2) is used for water conservation, adopts soil last, and medium is down, and the mode that the centre is separated by is loaded, and makes ripe sclerotium can not contact medium.
5, the greenhouse that is used for the hickory chick cultivation provided by the invention can provide the good ventilation and the controlled condition of temperature humidity, thereby guarantees the output of hickory chick.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the indoor growing method of hickory chick of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the air compartment interior schematic diagram that the present invention is used for the hickory chick indoor growing.
Fig. 3 is the outside arrangement architecture schematic diagram of air compartment that the present invention is used for the hickory chick indoor growing.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, can be implemented so that those skilled in the art can better understand the present invention also, but illustrated embodiment is not as a limitation of the invention.Embodiment
1, the structure in the dustproof greenhouse of insulation
In factory building is prevented dust in an insulation that has 1200 square metres at least, build the air compartment 1 of at least ten rectangular insulations that are arranged in a linear, these air compartments 1 can be called as air compartment one, air compartment two, air compartment three in regular turn ...Length L, width W and the height H (as shown in Figure 1) of each air compartment 1 can be set to 6 meters, 4 meters, 4 meters respectively.
Metope central authorities at each air compartment 1 two ends offer entrance door 12 and outlet portal 11 respectively, and the size of each can be made as 1 meter 2 wide, 2 meters high.These air compartments 1 are wanted the door t door arranged in series, and as shown in Figure 2, between each air compartment 1 is 1.2 meters (being the width of each) apart from d.The inlet of the corresponding next air compartment 1 of the outlet of previous air compartment 1 is arranged in order.Week in the basic corresponding production processes of condition such as the temperature of each air compartment 1, wet, air-flow.
As shown in Figure 1, the entrance door 12 of air compartment 1 is outside two the opening of equity with outlet portal 11.As shown in Figure 2, want after the entrance door 12 of the outlet portal 11 of previous air compartment (for example air compartment one) and a back air compartment (for example air compartment two) is opened and to dock, make between any two adjacent air compartments, to form a semiclosed passage.
Apace be transported to next air compartment from an air compartment via above-mentioned semiclosed passage for the ease of the bag or the jar that will be filled with cultivate material and soil, as shown in Figure 1, each air compartment also is equipped with 10 15, the go-carts 15 of go-cart that have a Universal castor can be set to 1 meter wide, 1.5 meters long, 1.7 meters high and have 6 layers of shelf.
The dustproof factory building of this insulation will have the external ventilation condition that adds filtration, can on the metope of outlet one side of each air compartment 1 ventilation unit be set.In the present embodiment, be the external ventilating fan 14 that four adjustable-speed evenly are set on the metope of outlet one side of each air compartment 1.
In addition, on the metope of inlet side every square feet to be provided with a diameter be 1 square inch air intake pipe orifice 13.Air intake pipe orifice 13 is to tell from a house steward (scheming not shown), and this house steward is connected with temperature and humidity control.
The dustproof factory building of the insulation that aforesaid way makes up can satisfy the requirement of the temperature and humidity of hickory chick, maintains the circulation of air simultaneously, is beneficial to the growth of hickory chick.
2, in above-mentioned greenhouse, plant hickory chick
(1) sclerotium is cultivated
(1). the preparation cultivate material: get the sucrose of percentage by weight 1~10% and 90~99% wheat and evenly mix, mixture adds heating kettle, adds water, the weight ratio of mixture and water 1: 1~1.5, heating is absorbed water fully, gets cultivate material.
(2). load: get isopyknic cultivate material and soil be filled into through the bag of sterilization or jar in, soil horizon is last, culture medium layer is down, middlely is separated by with aluminium foil or screen window.
(3). sterilization: the bag after the filling that step (2) is obtained or jar sterilize: 18~20psi, 121 ℃, 45min through pasteurization.
(4). inoculation: the agar that will have the hickory chick kind places on the described soil horizon of step (2), in the go-cart 15 that has Universal castor, the inoculation sclerotium.
(5). the sclerotium growth: in air compartment 1, lucifuge is opened external air exhausting device 14 and air intake pipe orifice 13, maintains the temperature at 18-20 ℃, and relative air humidity 75-85% keeps air to flow and makes temperature even, after 4~5 weeks, the sclerotium maturation.
(2) cultivation of hickory chick
(6). the preparation of medium: get ripe sclerotium fragmentation, evenly sandwich in the middle of the thick soil of two-layer up and down each 1~3cm, medium, be positioned in the above-mentioned go-cart 15 that has a Universal castor.Medium places above-mentioned composition of the soil to be by weight percentage big grain husky 20~30%, the broken granite 20~30% of 2-5mm diameter, mellow soil 40~60%, evenly mix and be placed in the heater, maintain the temperature at 70~100 ℃, continue 3~5 hours, to water evaporates with go out except that all microorganisms.
(7). water: water to described medium, it is permeated by water fully, the water saturation of medium, but do not soak.The criterion of medium water saturation: the back medium lower soil that waters oozes out oversaturated moisture with the speed of every square metre of 3~4ml/min.If it is not enough to water the water yield, every square feet of the output of hickory chick is less than 1/10 pound.
(8). evenly ventilate: evenly ventilated for 3~4 weeks in the holding chamber.
(9). become mushroom: the water saturation that keeps medium, keep interior temperature 16-20 ℃ of air compartment simultaneously, relative air humidity 75-85%, it is smooth and easy to ventilate, the bacterium bud appearred after one week, after the bacterium bud occurring, if humidity height or circulation of air are not enough, conidium may occur and the mulching soil surface, for exempting to influence the growth of hickory chick, blow away this one deck mustiness thing (in time do not brushed, hickory chick grows up hardly-No kernels or seeds are gathered, as in a year of scarcity) with sprayer, four~five week back results hickory chicks.Can gather in the crops at least 1/2 pound for average every square feet.
Said method, realization has the indoor growing of the hickory chick of high nutritive value, can be mass-produced, and cost is low, the output height.
The above embodiment is the preferred embodiment that proves absolutely that the present invention lifts, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.Being equal to that those skilled in the art are done on basis of the present invention substitutes or conversion, all within protection scope of the present invention.Protection scope of the present invention is as the criterion with claims.

Claims (8)

1. the indoor growing method of a hickory chick is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1). the preparation cultivate material: get the sucrose of percentage by weight 1~10% and 90~99% wheat and evenly mix, mixture adds heating kettle, adds water, the weight ratio of mixture and water 1: 1~1.5, heating is absorbed water fully, gets cultivate material;
(2). load: get isopyknic cultivate material and soil be filled into through the bag of sterilization or jar in, soil horizon is last, the cultivation bed of material is down, middlely is separated by with aluminium foil or screen window;
(3). sterilization: bag after the filling that step (2) is obtained or jar sterilization.
(4). inoculation: the agar that will have the hickory chick kind places on the described soil horizon of step (2), the inoculation sclerotium;
(5). the sclerotium growth: lucifuge, maintain the temperature at 18~20 ℃, relative air humidity 75-85% keeps air to flow and makes temperature even, to the sclerotium maturation;
(6). the preparation of medium: get ripe sclerotium fragmentation, evenly sandwich in the middle of the thick soil of two-layer up and down each 1~3cm, get medium;
(7). water: water to described medium, it is permeated by water fully, the water saturation of medium but be not the immersion shape;
(8). evenly ventilate: evenly ventilate in the holding chamber;
(9). become mushroom: keep the humidity 50~70% of the soil of described medium, keep indoor temperature 16-20 ℃ simultaneously, relative air humidity 75-85%, the conidium of blowing away soil surface with sprayer is to the hickory chick maturation.
2. method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the bus sterilization is adopted in the described sterilization of step (3), and the condition of sterilization is: 40~50min, 121 ℃, 18-20psi.
3. method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the described sclerotium of step (6) is broken for 3 centimeters square or round fritters.
4. method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the preparation method of the soil of the described medium of step (6) is: get big grain husky 20~30% by weight percentage, the broken granite 20~30% of 2-5mm diameter, mellow soil 40~60% mixes, place heater, maintain the temperature at 70~100 ℃, continue 3~5 hours, to water evaporates with go out except that all microorganisms.
5. dustproof greenhouse that is used for the described cultivation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that, it includes the air compartment of at least ten insulations that are arranged in a linear, the metope central authorities at described each air compartment two ends offer entrance door and outlet portal respectively, described each entrance door and outlet portal all are set to outside two the opening of equity, and it is described after each all opens, the outlet portal of previous air compartment should be able to dock the entrance door of a back air compartment, thereby can form a semi-enclosed passage between any two adjacent described air compartments.
6. greenhouse according to claim 5 is characterized in that, is equipped with external ventilation unit on the metope of outlet one side of described each air compartment.
7. greenhouse according to claim 5 is characterized in that, evenly is provided with a plurality of air intake pipe orifices on the metope of the inlet side of described each air compartment, and described each air intake pipe orifice is to be told by a house steward, and described house steward is connected with the temperature and humidity control device.
8. greenhouse according to claim 5 is characterized in that, is equipped with many go-carts that have Universal castor at described each air compartment.
CN2010101485656A 2010-04-16 2010-04-16 Morel indoor cultivation method and greenhouse thereof Expired - Fee Related CN101926262B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104137736A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-12 梁平县顶力羊肚菌种植基地 Method for cultivating morchella esculenta strain
CN105075668A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-25 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Conversion bag for promoting formation of common morel sclerotium and common morel cultivation method
CN106305131A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-11 定西市源顺生物科技有限责任公司 Morchella sunlight greenhouse bionic environment high-yield cultivation method
CN106416751A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-22 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Method for cultivating morchella single-spore strains by adopting 'artificial pollination'
CN106538241A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-03-29 郝哲 A kind of Wind-sandy Area Morchella esculenta (L.) Perss artificial cultivation method
CN107593279A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-19 巫溪县秦万农业有限公司 A kind of nutrient solution and hickory chick cultural method that promote sclerotium of morchella esculenta to be formed
CN107660441A (en) * 2016-07-27 2018-02-06 北京市农业技术推广站 A kind of artificial cultivation method of hickory chick
CN112616559A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-04-09 南阳市农业科学院 Box cultivation method for morchella

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1095885A (en) * 1993-10-30 1994-12-07 朱斗锡 The cultivation method of hickory chick
CN1315129A (en) * 2000-03-30 2001-10-03 朱斗锡 Cultivation method of morel
CN101053302A (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-17 朱斗锡 Indoor cultivation method of morel

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1095885A (en) * 1993-10-30 1994-12-07 朱斗锡 The cultivation method of hickory chick
CN1315129A (en) * 2000-03-30 2001-10-03 朱斗锡 Cultivation method of morel
CN101053302A (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-17 朱斗锡 Indoor cultivation method of morel

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104137736A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-12 梁平县顶力羊肚菌种植基地 Method for cultivating morchella esculenta strain
CN105075668A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-25 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Conversion bag for promoting formation of common morel sclerotium and common morel cultivation method
CN107660441A (en) * 2016-07-27 2018-02-06 北京市农业技术推广站 A kind of artificial cultivation method of hickory chick
CN106305131A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-11 定西市源顺生物科技有限责任公司 Morchella sunlight greenhouse bionic environment high-yield cultivation method
CN106416751A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-22 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Method for cultivating morchella single-spore strains by adopting 'artificial pollination'
CN106416751B (en) * 2016-09-27 2019-11-22 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 The method that hickory chick single-ascospore strain is cultivated using " artificial pollination "
CN106538241A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-03-29 郝哲 A kind of Wind-sandy Area Morchella esculenta (L.) Perss artificial cultivation method
CN107593279A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-19 巫溪县秦万农业有限公司 A kind of nutrient solution and hickory chick cultural method that promote sclerotium of morchella esculenta to be formed
CN112616559A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-04-09 南阳市农业科学院 Box cultivation method for morchella
CN112616559B (en) * 2021-01-26 2022-09-30 南阳市农业科学院 Box cultivation method for morchella

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