CN101923927A - Method and device thereof for automatically peeling and splitting scrap electrical wires - Google Patents

Method and device thereof for automatically peeling and splitting scrap electrical wires Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101923927A
CN101923927A CN2010102590306A CN201010259030A CN101923927A CN 101923927 A CN101923927 A CN 101923927A CN 2010102590306 A CN2010102590306 A CN 2010102590306A CN 201010259030 A CN201010259030 A CN 201010259030A CN 101923927 A CN101923927 A CN 101923927A
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China
Prior art keywords
wire
electric wire
integument
metal
cored
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Pending
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CN2010102590306A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张书廷
王庆年
杜玉明
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Tianjin University
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Tianjin University
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Application filed by Tianjin University filed Critical Tianjin University
Priority to CN2010102590306A priority Critical patent/CN101923927A/en
Publication of CN101923927A publication Critical patent/CN101923927A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

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  • Removal Of Insulation Or Armoring From Wires Or Cables (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and a device thereof for automatically peeling and splitting scrap electrical wires. The method comprises the following steps of: sectioning a coating layer of a single electric wire or an electric cable via a sectioning mechanism in the axial direction and then further separating the coating layer from a metal core by radial extrusion. The device at least comprises a feeding mechanism, a sectioning mechanism, an automatic splitting mechanism, an electromotor and a transmission mechanism. Two rotatable compression rollers with insection or two smooth rotatable compression rollers are mounted up and down behind the sectioning mechanism, and the electric wire sectioned by the sectioning mechanism penetrates through the two compression rollers, and the gap between the two compression rollers can be adjusted. By adopting the structure, a wire stripping machine not only strips waste electric wires, but also completely separates the coating layer from the metal core, realizes the automatic operation, has high operation speed, improves the efficiency and reduces the cost.

Description

Scrap electrical wires is peeled off the also method and the device thereof of separated time automatically
Technical field
The present invention relates to the integument of scrap electrical wires and the metal-cored method and apparatus of peeling off with separating, be applicable to the integument of scrap electrical wires cable is peeled off and separated with metal-cored.
Background technology
It all is very important that the resource of scrap electrical wires and cable reclaims for environmental protection and resource reutilization.Its thicker automatic stripping machine commonly used in center line footpath is realized integument and metal-cored peeling off.Therefore, wire stripper is a kind of at the widely used equipment in the recycling field of scrap electrical wires cable.It is to adopt to dissect the formula operation, and operation principle is that single regular electric wire is imported wire feeding hole, utilizes the blade of rotation or fixing blade along the wire axis direction integument to be dissectd out, and realizes plastic wraps layer and metal-cored peeling off with this.But at present wire stripper does not still possess automatic separated time function, and the plastic wraps layer after peeling off still closely connects together with metal-cored, and need be realized the two separation fully by handwork, troublesome poeration, and efficient is low.Therefore, exploitation can just seem extremely important with the metal-cored method and apparatus that separates automatically with the plastic wraps layer.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly the integument and the metal-cored automatic method and apparatus that separates of the electric wire that dissects can be separated the purpose of raising treatment effeciency automatically with metal-cored to realize electric wire integument through wire stripper dissects after.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
The method of the automatic separated time of a kind of wire stripper of the present invention is, after axis direction dissectd integument, further the extruding by radially made integument separate with metal-cored again through ctting agency for single electric wire or cable.
The device of the automatic separated time of a kind of wire stripper of the present invention, at least by inlet wire mechanism, ctting agency and automatic separated time mechanism, motor and transmission mechanism are formed.Behind ctting agency, be equipped be arranged above and below have groove or two smooth pressure rollers that can rotate, the electric wire that is dissectd by ctting agency passes in the middle of described two pressure rollers, the adjustable gaps joint between two pressure rollers.
Described two pressure rollers have different outside diameters in axial different sections.
After axis direction dissectd integument, further the extruding by radially made integument separate with metal-cored again through ctting agency for single electric wire or cable.By dissecing, be in the existing crack of outer field integument, but also do not have and metal-cored disengaging like this,, make its integument and metal-cored disengaging, realize both separation by follow-up radial compression.
Effect by two pressure rollers installing behind ctting agency makes integument separate with metal-cored reaching automatically, has improved efficient, has saved the cost of hand.
Entrance hole of the present invention or inlet wire groove can provide the position of inlet wire and the reference of line footpath size, promptly according to the diameter of waste electric wire to be processed, be inserted into close with it entrance hole, so both select the supporting with it follow-up size of dissecing cutter and Wirewinding roller, determined its position again.The inlet wire roller of rotation provides the power that imports electric wire.Ctting agency by blade form, when adopting rotating knife, the axis that can be rotating knife up and down on same vertical line, also can be before and after dislocation arrange.Particularly, electric wire is entered by incoming line, pinch roller pulling electric wire passes lower shaft, the blade that be positioned on the lower shaft this moment is dissected the plastic wraps layer along the wire axis direction, but plastic wraps layer and metal-coredly still closely be close together, electric wire continues to move to automatic separated time mechanism, makes under the effect of pressure roller that parcel is outer to be separated with metal-cored reaching automatically.
Two pressure rollers of described automatic separated time mechanism have different outside diameters in axial different sections, to adapt to different line footpaths, can handle the not electric wire or the cable in collinear footpath by a table apparatus.
Aforementioned solid wire not only refers to metal-cored for single, and also comprising metal-cored is that a lot of one metal wires form, and comprises that also also including multiply in the outer integument has plastic cement and be wrapped in metal-cored electric wire.Has plastic cement when being wrapped in metal-cored electric wire when including multiply in the outer integument, can be after once outermost integument being peeled off by wire stripper, again the sub-thread of multi cord is carried out again wire stripping, or the mode that thinner line then can adopt the chopping back to separate further separated obtain metal.
After adopting said structure, wire stripper has not only been finished the peeling to scrap electrical wires, and has realized integument and metal-cored separating fully, realizes automation mechanized operation, and service speed is fast, has improved efficient, has reduced cost.
                           
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the wire stripper structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the process schematic diagram of waste electric wire by wire stripper.
Fig. 3 is the round roller schematic diagram of different vertically sections different outside diameters.
Fig. 4 is for the circular hole of wire stripper and dissect the rotation pressure roller that tooth of synchronous belt is installed between the cutter and drive electric wire and move inward the schematic diagram that dissects.
Dissect the structural representation that cutter be two stationary knifes of Fig. 5 for disposing up and down.
Among the figure: 1 is the inlet wire circular hole; 1a, 1b, 1c are respectively the entrance hole of different inner diameters; 2 is waste electric wire; 3 is that cutter is dissectd in rotation; 4 for separating Wirewinding roller; 4a, 4b, 4c are respectively the different outside diameter sections of separating Wirewinding roller; 5 is the parcel skin of waste electric wire; 6 is metal-cored; 7 is support; 8 is motor; 9 is transmission mechanism; 10 for regulating the governor motion of roll gap; 11 are inlet wire rotation pressure roller; 12 are the fixed cutter that dissects.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment:
Embodiment 1
Figure 1 shows that the inlet wire circular hole that different-diameter is installed, can handle the not waste electric wire wire stripper in collinear footpath.After the waste electric wire 2 of different-diameter shown in Figure 2 inserts from the circular hole 1 in aperture immediate with it, parcel is outer when moving forward under the effect of dissecing cutter 3 of rotation is dissectd out, this line further enters between two pressure rollers 4 that can rotate of follow-up setting along direction shown in the arrow, under the effect of pressure roller, separated with metal-cored 6 by the parcel skin 5 that dissectd out and discharges (the preceding situation that enters of in Fig. 2, only having represented waste electric wire, with separate after integument and metal-cored situation, integument and copper core all are the continuous processs from import to outlet in the actual motion, its line also is the continuous lines of not cutting off in the axial direction, and the moving direction of line is shown in arrow among the figure).The power of wire stripper is provided by motor 8, drives by transmission mechanism 9 and dissects roller 3 rotations.Adopt chain drive in this example.Dissecing distance between the round roller of cutter is regulated by spring governor motion 10 and realizes.The distance that pressure roller is 4 is also regulated by the mechanism that is similar to spring governor motion 10 and is realized (not shown).Pressure roller 4 is that the round roller of the different outside diameters of different sections vertically as schematically shown in Figure 3 constitutes.Directly is metal wire in the integument externally, the waste electric wire of external diameter 5-80mm all has good adaptability, compares integument with the machine of backer roll 4 not and the metal-cored ratio of separating has been improved about 75% by original 18-20%, reaches 95-97%.No matter the metal-cored of inside is one or many compositions, treatment effect can both be protected.
Embodiment 2
At the circular hole of wire stripper shown in Figure 4 with dissect the rotation pressure roller 11 that tooth of synchronous belt is installed between the cutter and drive electric wires and move inward, to dissect, all the other are identical with embodiment 1.Transmission mechanism adopts belt transmission in this example.The scrap wire that externally includes nonmetal integument of multiply and metal-cored fine rule in the integument, the waste electric wire of external diameter 5-80mm all has good adaptability, compare ratio that outer wrapping layer and inner fine rule separate with the machine of backer roll 4 not and improved about 72%, reach about 92% by original about 20%.Fine rule in the outer wrapping layer can be used it again this machine and carry out integument and metal-cored separating as more than 5mm.The following fine rule of 5mm then can separate by cutting off the method for separating the back in this way.
Embodiment 3
The structure of wire stripper is identical with embodiment 2, and different is at the cutter that cutter is not rotation that dissects of wire stripper shown in Figure 1, but two stationary knifes 12 of configuration up and down as shown in Figure 5.When waste electric wire in a direction indicated by the arrow by the time, after stationary knife will wrap up skin and dissect out, the rotation pressure roller by postposition will wrap up skin and metal-coredly separate and discharge again.Integument and the metal-cored ratio of separating are also approaching with the moving-blade machine, at 94-95%.Remarkable behind the employing stationary knife for the effect of the initial stage cutter that uses, but because acting surface is little, load is big, and passivation is fast, changes more frequent.Therefore, more be applicable to the cable that integument is thicker.In addition, if integument contains the electric wire of material such as the similar rope made of hemp, then more be adapted to the type shown in the embodiment 1 and 2.

Claims (3)

1. the method for the automatic separated time of wire stripper is characterized in that: after axis direction dissectd integument, further the extruding by radially made integument separate with metal-cored again through ctting agency for single electric wire or cable.
2. the device of the automatic separated time of wire stripper is characterized in that at least by inlet wire mechanism, ctting agency and separated time mechanism automatically, and motor and transmission mechanism are formed; Behind ctting agency, be equipped be arranged above and below have groove or two smooth pressure rollers that can rotate, the electric wire that is dissectd by ctting agency passes in the middle of described two pressure rollers, the adjustable gaps joint between two pressure rollers.
3. device as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that described two pressure rollers have different outside diameters in axial different sections.
CN2010102590306A 2010-08-23 2010-08-23 Method and device thereof for automatically peeling and splitting scrap electrical wires Pending CN101923927A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102590306A CN101923927A (en) 2010-08-23 2010-08-23 Method and device thereof for automatically peeling and splitting scrap electrical wires

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102590306A CN101923927A (en) 2010-08-23 2010-08-23 Method and device thereof for automatically peeling and splitting scrap electrical wires

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CN101923927A true CN101923927A (en) 2010-12-22

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105185484A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-23 江苏通鼎光电科技有限公司 Railway through ground wire stripping device
CN105741987A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-07-06 烟台三新新能源科技有限公司 Cable harmless recovery processing device
CN105976945A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-28 烟台三新新能源科技有限公司 No-pollution waste and old wire recovery device
CN108183005A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-19 台州晟成祥环保设备有限公司 The core-pulling device of machine is disassembled in a kind of waste electric wire regeneration
CN109335558A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-15 芜湖顺成电子有限公司 A kind of electric wire cutting final finishing device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2434640A (en) * 1945-10-31 1948-01-20 Howard A Burdwood Machine for stripping covered cables
US2435660A (en) * 1945-07-23 1948-02-10 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Cable stripping device
US4534254A (en) * 1983-08-29 1985-08-13 At&T Nassau Metals Corporation Cable stripping apparatus
JP2001190976A (en) * 2000-01-12 2001-07-17 Seiko Epson Corp Method and device for separating coating material
CN101483088A (en) * 2009-02-18 2009-07-15 岳睿 Mechanical apparatus for longitudinally cutting electric cable

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2435660A (en) * 1945-07-23 1948-02-10 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Cable stripping device
US2434640A (en) * 1945-10-31 1948-01-20 Howard A Burdwood Machine for stripping covered cables
US4534254A (en) * 1983-08-29 1985-08-13 At&T Nassau Metals Corporation Cable stripping apparatus
JP2001190976A (en) * 2000-01-12 2001-07-17 Seiko Epson Corp Method and device for separating coating material
CN101483088A (en) * 2009-02-18 2009-07-15 岳睿 Mechanical apparatus for longitudinally cutting electric cable

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105185484A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-23 江苏通鼎光电科技有限公司 Railway through ground wire stripping device
CN105741987A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-07-06 烟台三新新能源科技有限公司 Cable harmless recovery processing device
CN105976945A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-28 烟台三新新能源科技有限公司 No-pollution waste and old wire recovery device
CN105741987B (en) * 2016-05-13 2017-10-31 郭汉权 A kind of innoxious recycling equipment of cable
CN107658076A (en) * 2016-05-13 2018-02-02 孙立民 A kind of innoxious recycling equipment of cable
CN107658076B (en) * 2016-05-13 2019-10-29 江苏锡沂高新区科技发展有限公司 A kind of innoxious recycling equipment of cable
CN108183005A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-19 台州晟成祥环保设备有限公司 The core-pulling device of machine is disassembled in a kind of waste electric wire regeneration
CN109335558A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-15 芜湖顺成电子有限公司 A kind of electric wire cutting final finishing device

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Open date: 20101222