CN101920075B - Tower escape apparatus - Google Patents

Tower escape apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101920075B
CN101920075B CN2010102444704A CN201010244470A CN101920075B CN 101920075 B CN101920075 B CN 101920075B CN 2010102444704 A CN2010102444704 A CN 2010102444704A CN 201010244470 A CN201010244470 A CN 201010244470A CN 101920075 B CN101920075 B CN 101920075B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
housing
winding roll
rope
operation handle
head
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010102444704A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101920075A (en
Inventor
林立
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Chongqing Jiaotong University
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Chongqing Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN2010102444704A priority Critical patent/CN101920075B/en
Publication of CN101920075A publication Critical patent/CN101920075A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101920075B publication Critical patent/CN101920075B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a tower escaper apparatus which comprises a bearing fixing support, a rope winding device, a riding accommodation device and a descending control device. The coiling device comprises a shell and a winding roll, the winding roll is wound with a bearing rope, and the rope winding device is suspended on the bearing fixing support through a free end of the bearing rope; the riding accommodation device is fixedly connected below the shell; and the descending control device comprises a friction brake and a descending operation handle which are tightly clasped to the winding roll in a normal state, and the descending operation handle is in transmission fit with the friction brake. When in use, the bearing fixing support is arranged on a window or a balcony or other places, a person can control the friction braking force of the friction brake to the winding roll through the descending operation handle so as to control the descending speed of the riding accommodation device to be in a safety range, and meanwhile, ground staff can unlock the winding roll through a reset unlocking mechanism and remotely control a motor through a remote controller to drive the winding roll to rotate so as to ensure that the riding accommodation device returns to a high place and can be used by other people for escape. In addition, the invention is comfortable in use and suitable for various people.

Description

High-rise escape apparatus
Technical field
The lifesaving appliance that the present invention relates in emergency circumstances use, particularly a kind of high-rise escape apparatus.
Background technology
Along with the quickening of urban construction process, skyscraper is also more and more, and skyscraper has many advantages; As can effectively increase the utilization rate in soil; Help representing cityscape etc., but also brought some problems simultaneously, people are difficult for problems such as escape during like disasters such as breaking out of fires.
At present, little outfit escaping tool in the skyscraper is like breaking out of fire; Basically be to escape, cause passageway for fire apparatus blocking-up or fire fighter not under the emergency situation such as fire extinguishing in time, will make the life security of indicator of trapped personnel receive great threat at fire spreading through passageway for fire apparatus or mode such as wait for rescue; To the problems referred to above; People have developed escaping tools such as descending lifeline, but existing descending lifeline has following some deficiency: 1. the original state damping is minimum, glides with maximal rate; The mode that control can only be taked to increase damping is slowed down decrease speed; Break down like misoperation or descending lifeline, cause potential safety hazards such as gliding speed is too fast easily, security reliability is relatively poor; 2. most of descending lifelines do not possess and return high function automatically, can only satisfy the people needs of escaping, even return H.Dly, need carry out manually-operated aloft yet and return height, can't adapt to the use under many people's needs escape situation; 3. complex structure, manufacturing cost is high, is difficult to applied, and is generally accepted by popular institute; 4. most descending lifelines only rely on safety belt etc. that human body is fixed, and comfortableness is not good enough, and wayward balance, can't satisfy the use of special populations such as old man, child.
Therefore, need to explore a kind of new high-rise escape apparatus, even if make it that situation about gliding at a high speed can not take place under the situation of misoperation yet; Improve security reliability, and possess Ground Control and return high function, satisfy the needs of many people's escapes; Simultaneously, make it simple in structure, low cost of manufacture; Be convenient to popularize, and satisfy all kinds of crowds' instructions for use.
Summary of the invention
In view of this; The present invention provides a kind of high-rise escape apparatus, and the escape personnel can control decrease speed through the step-down operation handle to the friction brake that is in on-position under the normality easily, and the decrease speed of avoiding maloperation to cause is too fast; Improve security reliability; Simultaneously, also can control it and return height automatically, satisfy the needs of many people's escapes through remote controller.
High-rise escape apparatus of the present invention comprises load-bearing fixed support, coiling apparatus, Riding Accommodation and descending control device; Said coiling apparatus comprises housing and is arranged at the winding roll in the housing with the mode of being rotatably assorted, and is wound with head-rope on the said winding roll, and said coiling apparatus hangs on the load-bearing fixed support through the free end of head-rope; Said Riding Accommodation is arranged at the coiling apparatus below and is fixedly connected with housing; Said descending control device comprises and is used for the friction brake that winding roll is braked and is arranged at the step-down operation handle on the Riding Accommodation; Be provided with between said housing and the friction brake friction brake is applied the elastomeric element that elastic force makes its locking winding roll, said step-down operation handle cooperates elastomeric element along the opposite direction transmission of elastic force.
Further; Said friction brake comprise with winding roll along the brake disc of circumferential secure fit and the hydraulic braking clamp that are used for the brake disc frictional fit; Between said housing and the hydraulic braking clamp tripping spring is set, tripping spring one end withstands housing, and the other end withstands the hydraulic braking clamp and makes its locking brake disc; Be connected with steel wire on the said step-down operation handle, the step-down operation handle acts on tripping spring through steel wire along the opposite direction of tripping spring elastic force;
Further; Said high-rise escape apparatus also comprises riser; Said riser comprises the motor that is arranged in the housing, be used for the remote controller of Remote motor start and stop and be used to remove the reset locking mechanism of hydraulic braking clamp locking state, and said drive of motor cooperates winding roll;
Further, said housing top has and is used for the hole that head-rope passes, and the guiding fixed pulley is set in the housing, and said head-rope is supported in the guiding fixed pulley and forms the structure of vertically passing the hole;
Further, said high-rise escape apparatus also comprises the link of key chain structure, and said head-rope hangs on the support with removable mode through link;
Further, said load-bearing fixed support comprises firm banking and cantilever support body, but said cantilever support body be arranged on the firm banking with the mode that along continuous straight runs rotates adjusting angle, said head-rope hangs on the cantilever support body through link;
Further; Said Riding Accommodation comprises and is fixedly connected with housing and stretches to main supporting arm, the operating grip support that is fixedly connected with main supporting arm of housing below and be fixedly set in the safety seat on the main supporting arm; Said step-down operation handle is arranged on the operating grip support, on the said safety seat safety belt is set;
Further, said Riding Accommodation also comprises the pedal support that hangs on the safety seat below;
Further, be with anti-skidding cover outside on the said operating grip support;
Further, said main supporting arm is a vertebra shape, and said safety seat is arranged at the concave side of vertebra shape master supporting arm, the cushion of safety seat be positioned at head-rope vertically section under.
The beneficial effect of the invention: high-rise escape apparatus of the present invention comprises load-bearing fixed support, coiling apparatus, Riding Accommodation and descending control device; Said coiling apparatus comprises housing and is arranged at the winding roll in the housing with the mode of being rotatably assorted, and is wound with head-rope on the said winding roll, and said coiling apparatus hangs on the load-bearing fixed support through the free end of head-rope; Said Riding Accommodation is arranged at the coiling apparatus below and is fixedly connected with housing; Said descending control device is included in the friction brake of locking winding roll under the elastic force effect and is arranged at the step-down operation handle on the Riding Accommodation, and said step-down operation handle is along the opposite direction transmission friction fit brake of elastic force, during use; The load-bearing fixed support is installed in window or balcony etc. locates, the personnel on the Riding Accommodation increase through the step-down operation handle or reduce the suffered elastic force of friction brake, thereby control its friction brake force to winding roll; With the decrease speed of control Riding Accommodation, reach the purpose that safety descends, when dropping to ground; Can carry out release to winding roll through reset locking mechanism, and rotate, make Riding Accommodation get back to eminence through remote motor-driven winding roll; Supply other people to escape, in addition, the present invention is simple in structure; Low cost of manufacture; Ride comfort is fit to all kinds of crowds and uses, and is easy to apply.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is not with the support bracket fastened left view of load-bearing for Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of coiling apparatus and riser;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of riser.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention; Fig. 2 is not with the support bracket fastened left view of load-bearing for Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is the structural representation of coiling apparatus and riser; Fig. 4 is the structural representation of riser, and is as shown in the figure: the high-rise escape apparatus of present embodiment comprises load-bearing fixed support 1, coiling apparatus, Riding Accommodation and descending control device; Said coiling apparatus comprises housing 2 and is arranged at the winding roll 3 in the housing 2 with the mode of being rotatably assorted; Here; Employing is passed axle and two bearings that are fixedly installed on the housing 2 of winding roll 3 centers and secure fit circumferential with it and is realized being rotatably assorted, and is wound with head-rope 4 on the said winding roll 3, and head-rope adopts the steel wire rope of Φ 5mm; Bear the weight of human body and complete equipment to reach enough tensile strength; Certainly, adopt other high strength cord all can realize the object of the invention, said coiling apparatus hangs on the load-bearing fixed support 1 through the free end of head-rope 4; Said Riding Accommodation is arranged at the coiling apparatus below and is fixedly connected with housing 2; Said descending control device comprises and is used for the friction brake that winding roll 3 is braked and is arranged at the step-down operation handle 5 on the Riding Accommodation that be provided with between said housing 2 and the friction brake friction brake is applied the elastomeric element that elastic force makes its locking winding roll 3, said step-down operation handle 5 cooperates elastomeric element along the opposite direction transmission of elastic force; In the present embodiment, said friction brake comprise with winding roll 3 along the brake disc 7 of circumferential secure fit and the hydraulic braking clamp 8 that are used for brake disc 7 frictional fit, between said housing 2 and the hydraulic braking clamp 8 tripping spring 6 is set; Tripping spring 6 one ends withstand housing 2, and the other end withstands the hydraulic braking clamp and makes its locking brake disc 7, can make winder when initial, be in the locking state; Be connected with steel wire on the said step-down operation handle 5; Step-down operation handle 5 acts on tripping spring 6 through steel wire along the opposite direction of tripping spring 6 elastic force, and the load-bearing fixed support is fixedly mounted on the convenient body of wall that arrives external positions, building such as window or balcony, during use; Personnel operation step-down operation handle on the Riding Accommodation; The pressure of the suffered tripping spring of friction brake is reduced, thereby its friction brake force to winding roll is reduced, under the effect of gravity; Riding Accommodation descends; Pulling winding roll unwrapping wire is until arrival ground, in the decline process; The member can control the decrease speed of Riding Accommodation through the amplitude of control step-down operation handle, reaches the purpose that safety descends.
In the present embodiment; Said high-rise escape apparatus also comprises riser, and said riser comprises the motor 9 that is arranged in the housing 2, be used for the remote controller of Remote motor 9 start and stop and be used to remove the reset locking mechanism 10 of hydraulic braking clamp 8 locking states, and said motor 9 transmissions cooperate winding roll 3; Battery to the motor power supply is set in the housing; When Riding Accommodation drops to ground, can carry out release to winding roll through operation reset locking mechanism and make it be in free state, and through remote motor-driven winding roll backward rotation; Riding Accommodation is got back to from the installation place to the arbitrary height on ground, supplied other people to escape.
In the present embodiment; Said housing 2 tops have and are used for the hole that head-rope 4 passes; Guiding fixed pulley 11 is set in the housing 2; Said head-rope 4 is supported in guiding fixed pulley 11 and forms the structure of vertically passing the hole, under the effect of lifting of head-rope, deflection does not take place to guarantee coiling apparatus, guarantees its stable equilibrium's up-down.
In the present embodiment, said high-rise escape apparatus also comprises the link 12 of key chain structure, and said head-rope 4 hangs on the load-bearing fixed support 1 with removable mode through link 12, folding and unfolding is installed conveniently, does not take redundant space.
In the present embodiment; Said load-bearing fixed support 1 comprises firm banking 1a and cantilever support body 1b; But said cantilever support body 1b is arranged on the firm banking 1a with the mode that along continuous straight runs rotates adjusting angle, and said head-rope 4 hangs on the cantilever support body 1b through link 12, regulates cantilever support body angle in the horizontal direction through rotating; So that it stretches out the building body, satisfy instructions for use.
In the present embodiment; Said Riding Accommodation comprises main supporting arm 13, the operating grip support 14 that is fixedly connected with main supporting arm 13 that is fixedly connected and stretches to housing 2 belows with housing 2 and is fixedly set in the safety seat 15 on the main supporting arm 13; Said step-down operation handle 5 is arranged on the operating grip support 14; On the said safety seat 15 safety belt 15a is set, the safety seat comfortableness is better, is fit to all kinds of crowds such as the elderly, children and uses; And the occupant just can operate the step-down operation handle as the biconditional operation bicycle brake, easy to use.
In the present embodiment, said Riding Accommodation also comprises the pedal support 16 that hangs on safety seat 15 belows, and the more support zone to the occupant is provided, and makes the occupant more flexible, is easy to adjust attitude and grasps balance.
In the present embodiment, be with anti-skidding cover 17 outward on the said operating grip support 14, prevent to skid when the hand-held operation handle bracket from operating, effectively reduce operation error.
In the present embodiment; Said main supporting arm 13 is a vertebra shape; Said safety seat 15 is arranged at the concave side of vertebra shape master supporting arm 13; The cushion 15b of safety seat 15 be positioned at head-rope 4 vertically section under, with the center of gravity that makes the occupant as much as possible be positioned at the head-rope supporting-point under, make the occupant be easier to control the stable equilibrium of safety seat.
In addition, present embodiment uses bionics principle in moulding, and integral body is processed fish shape, and housing is the fish head, and main supporting arm cross section is a rhombus, and as vertebra, seat is the fish body, and pedal support is a fish tail, makes this escape apparatus have more globality and interest, good looking appearance.
Explanation is at last; Above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described; Although with reference to preferred embodiment the present invention is specified, those of ordinary skill in the art should be appreciated that and can make amendment or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention; And not breaking away from the aim and the scope of technical scheme of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a high-rise escape apparatus is characterized in that: comprise load-bearing fixed support (1), coiling apparatus, Riding Accommodation and descending control device; Said coiling apparatus comprises housing (2) and is arranged at the winding roll (3) in the housing (2) with the mode of being rotatably assorted that be wound with head-rope (4) on the said winding roll (3), said coiling apparatus hangs on the load-bearing fixed support (1) through the free end of head-rope (4); Said Riding Accommodation is arranged at the coiling apparatus below and is fixedly connected with housing (2); Said descending control device comprises and is used for the friction brake that winding roll (3) is braked and is arranged at the step-down operation handle (5) on the Riding Accommodation; Be provided with between said housing (2) and the friction brake friction brake is applied the elastomeric element that elastic force makes its locking winding roll (3); Said step-down operation handle (5) cooperates elastomeric element along the opposite direction transmission of elastic force; Said friction brake comprise with winding roll (3) along the brake disc (7) of circumferential secure fit be used for and the hydraulic braking clamp (8) of brake disc (7) frictional fit; Between said housing (2) and the hydraulic braking clamp (8) tripping spring (6) is set; Tripping spring (6) one ends withstand housing (2); The other end withstands the hydraulic braking clamp and makes its locking brake disc (7), is connected with steel wire on the said step-down operation handle (5), and step-down operation handle (5) acts on tripping spring (6) through steel wire along the opposite direction of tripping spring (6) elastic force.
2. high-rise escape apparatus according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: also comprise riser; Said riser comprises motor (9), remote controller that is used for Remote motor (9) start and stop and the reset locking mechanism (10) that is used to remove hydraulic braking clamp (8) locking state that is arranged in the housing (2), and said motor (9) transmission cooperates winding roll (3).
3. high-rise escape apparatus according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: said housing (2) top has and is used for the hole that head-rope (4) passes; Guiding fixed pulley (11) is set in the housing (2), and said head-rope (4) is supported in guiding fixed pulley (11) and forms the structure of vertically passing the hole.
4. high-rise escape apparatus according to claim 3 is characterized in that: also comprise the link (12) of key chain structure, said head-rope (4) hangs on the load-bearing fixed support (1) with removable mode through link (12).
5. high-rise escape apparatus according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: said load-bearing fixed support (1) comprises firm banking (1a) and cantilever support body (1b); Said cantilever support body (1b) but be arranged on the firm banking (1a) with the mode that along continuous straight runs rotates adjusting angle, said head-rope (4) hangs on the cantilever support body (1b) through link (12).
6. high-rise escape apparatus according to claim 5; It is characterized in that: said Riding Accommodation comprises and is fixedly connected with housing (2) and stretches to main supporting arm (13), the operating grip support (14) that is fixedly connected with main supporting arm (13) of housing (2) below and be fixedly set in the safety seat (15) on the main supporting arm (13); Said step-down operation handle (5) is arranged on the operating grip support (14), and safety belt (15a) is set on the said safety seat (15).
7. high-rise escape apparatus according to claim 6 is characterized in that: said Riding Accommodation also comprises the pedal support (16) that hangs on safety seat (15) below.
8. high-rise escape apparatus according to claim 7 is characterized in that: said operating grip support (14) is gone up the outer anti-skidding cover (17) that is with.
9. high-rise escape apparatus according to claim 8; It is characterized in that: said main supporting arm (13) is vertebra shape; Said safety seat (15) is arranged at the concave side of vertebra shape master supporting arm (13), the cushion (15b) of safety seat (15) be positioned at head-rope (4) vertically section under.
CN2010102444704A 2010-08-04 2010-08-04 Tower escape apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN101920075B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102444704A CN101920075B (en) 2010-08-04 2010-08-04 Tower escape apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102444704A CN101920075B (en) 2010-08-04 2010-08-04 Tower escape apparatus

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN101920075A CN101920075A (en) 2010-12-22
CN101920075B true CN101920075B (en) 2012-08-15

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Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103638613A (en) * 2013-12-08 2014-03-19 颜从均 High-rise sliding device
CN105268121B (en) * 2014-05-29 2018-11-16 玉环汉新机械科技有限公司 A kind of improved lifesaving appliance
CN105311757A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-02-10 田彦恒 High-altitude emergency escape system for fire disaster
CN104831880B (en) * 2015-05-11 2017-04-12 上海扶手安控设备有限公司 Loading sliding device applied to circular pipe fittings
CN104958840B (en) * 2015-06-03 2018-09-07 陈先黄 A kind of portable escaping apparatus for building
CN105233432A (en) * 2015-09-25 2016-01-13 惠州莫思特科技有限公司 Quick escape device
CN105194812B (en) * 2015-09-25 2018-09-18 泉州市惠诚汽车服务有限公司 Safe escape device
CN107485802A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-19 张星熠 A kind of escape device for Indoor environment
CN108273203A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-07-13 金华市鸿讯机械工程技术有限公司 The high building escape equipment of adjustable whereabouts speed per hour
CN108543239B (en) * 2018-04-25 2021-02-09 中湾建设集团有限公司 Escape device for high-rise building
CN108853761A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-11-23 孙铭辰 The antitheft window escape compartment of skyscraper
CN110124226A (en) * 2019-05-14 2019-08-16 贵州大学 A kind of high-rise life saving emergency seat basket
CN112537710A (en) * 2020-08-14 2021-03-23 王伟兵 Lifter and lifesaving guarantee method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2740214Y (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-11-16 张岩 Lifesaving rope
CN2917685Y (en) * 2006-07-03 2007-07-04 段国胜 Emergent escaping device
CN201431713Y (en) * 2009-04-27 2010-03-31 陈雨彤 High-rise fire escaping seat
CN201469924U (en) * 2009-07-24 2010-05-19 赵可斌 High-rise disaster escape device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2740214Y (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-11-16 张岩 Lifesaving rope
CN2917685Y (en) * 2006-07-03 2007-07-04 段国胜 Emergent escaping device
CN201431713Y (en) * 2009-04-27 2010-03-31 陈雨彤 High-rise fire escaping seat
CN201469924U (en) * 2009-07-24 2010-05-19 赵可斌 High-rise disaster escape device

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